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Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food

Nikolić, Valentina; Žilić, Slađana; Simić, Marijana; Perić, Vesna; Srdić, Jelena; Vasić, Marko G.

(Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 2022-03-17)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Perić, Vesna
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Vasić, Marko G.
PY  - 2022-03-17
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/847
AB  - Black  soybean  seed  coat  has  a  considerable  content  of  anthocyanins  which  can  providea  positive  effect  on  the  health  of  the  consumers through food products enriched with the extracts of these valuable bioactive compounds. Nevertheless, the use of soybean seed  coat,  a  by-product  from  soybean  processing,  additionally  valorizes  this  raw  material.The  possibility  of  enrichment  of  sweet maize  grains  with  anthocyanin  extract  was  investigated.  Several  procedures  with  acetic  acid  were  applied  in  the  experiments  of  anthocyanins  extraction  from  black  soybean  seed  coat.  During  the  marination  process,  the  grains  were  stained,  changing  their  standard yellow color to a crimson red. Since the brines with the addition of citric acid became cloudy (opalescent) after some time, lactic  acid  was  used  as  an  anthocyanin  stabilizer  in  the  continuation  of  the  research.  Depending  on  the  extraction  conditions,  the spectrophotometrically determined content of total anthocyanins in the solution varied from 3541.90 to 5387.70 μg CGE/g d.m., and in the marinated maize grain between 179.89 and 286.05 μg CGE/g d.m. After seven days, the total anthocyanin content in the grain did not increase significantly, so this aging period was selected as optimal for marinating maize products.
AB  - Semenjača  crne  soje  ima  značajan  sadržaj  antocijana,  koji  mogu  pozitivno  uticati  na  zdravlje  potrošača  kroz  prehrambene  proizvode  obogaćene  ekstraktima  ovih  vrednih  bioaktivnih  jedinjenja.  Istovremeno,  upotrebom  sojine  semenjače,  sporednog  proizvoda prerade soje, dodatno se valorizuje ova sirovinu. Ispitivana je mogućnost obogaćivanja zrna kukuruza šećerca ekstraktom antocijana.  U  eksperimentima  ekstrakcije  antocijana  iz  semenjače  crne  soje  primenjeno  je  nekoliko  postupaka  sa  sirćetnom kiselinom.  Tokom  procesa  mariniranja,  zrna  su  promenila  boju,  menjajući  standardnu  žutu  boju  u  tamnocrvenu.  S  obzirom  da  su  posle izvesnog vremena nalivi za mariniranje sa dodatkom limunske kiseline postali zamućeni (opalescentni), u nastavku istraživanja je  korišćena  mlečna  kiselina  kao  stabilizator  antocijana.  U  zavisnosti  od  uslova  ekstrakcije,  spektrofotometrijski  utvrđen  sadržaj  ukupnih  antocijana  u  rastvoru  varirao  je  od  3541,90  do  5387,70  mg  CGE/g  d.m.,  a  u  zrnu  mariniranog  kukuruza  između  179,89  i  286,05  mg  CGE/g.  Posle  sedam  dana,  ukupan  sadržaj  antocijana  u  zrnu  nije  značajno  povećan,  pa  je  ovaj  period  odležavanja  izabran kao optimalan za mariniranje proizvoda od kukuruza.
PB  - Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture
PB  - Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi
T2  - Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
T1  - Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food
T1  - Optimizacija procesa ekstrakcije antocijana iz semenjače crne soje za pripremu funkcionalne hrane od kukuruza
VL  - 26
IS  - 1
SP  - 19
EP  - 22
DO  - 10.5937/jpea%v-36635
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Žilić, Slađana and Simić, Marijana and Perić, Vesna and Srdić, Jelena and Vasić, Marko G.",
year = "2022-03-17",
abstract = "Black  soybean  seed  coat  has  a  considerable  content  of  anthocyanins  which  can  providea  positive  effect  on  the  health  of  the  consumers through food products enriched with the extracts of these valuable bioactive compounds. Nevertheless, the use of soybean seed  coat,  a  by-product  from  soybean  processing,  additionally  valorizes  this  raw  material.The  possibility  of  enrichment  of  sweet maize  grains  with  anthocyanin  extract  was  investigated.  Several  procedures  with  acetic  acid  were  applied  in  the  experiments  of  anthocyanins  extraction  from  black  soybean  seed  coat.  During  the  marination  process,  the  grains  were  stained,  changing  their  standard yellow color to a crimson red. Since the brines with the addition of citric acid became cloudy (opalescent) after some time, lactic  acid  was  used  as  an  anthocyanin  stabilizer  in  the  continuation  of  the  research.  Depending  on  the  extraction  conditions,  the spectrophotometrically determined content of total anthocyanins in the solution varied from 3541.90 to 5387.70 μg CGE/g d.m., and in the marinated maize grain between 179.89 and 286.05 μg CGE/g d.m. After seven days, the total anthocyanin content in the grain did not increase significantly, so this aging period was selected as optimal for marinating maize products., Semenjača  crne  soje  ima  značajan  sadržaj  antocijana,  koji  mogu  pozitivno  uticati  na  zdravlje  potrošača  kroz  prehrambene  proizvode  obogaćene  ekstraktima  ovih  vrednih  bioaktivnih  jedinjenja.  Istovremeno,  upotrebom  sojine  semenjače,  sporednog  proizvoda prerade soje, dodatno se valorizuje ova sirovinu. Ispitivana je mogućnost obogaćivanja zrna kukuruza šećerca ekstraktom antocijana.  U  eksperimentima  ekstrakcije  antocijana  iz  semenjače  crne  soje  primenjeno  je  nekoliko  postupaka  sa  sirćetnom kiselinom.  Tokom  procesa  mariniranja,  zrna  su  promenila  boju,  menjajući  standardnu  žutu  boju  u  tamnocrvenu.  S  obzirom  da  su  posle izvesnog vremena nalivi za mariniranje sa dodatkom limunske kiseline postali zamućeni (opalescentni), u nastavku istraživanja je  korišćena  mlečna  kiselina  kao  stabilizator  antocijana.  U  zavisnosti  od  uslova  ekstrakcije,  spektrofotometrijski  utvrđen  sadržaj  ukupnih  antocijana  u  rastvoru  varirao  je  od  3541,90  do  5387,70  mg  CGE/g  d.m.,  a  u  zrnu  mariniranog  kukuruza  između  179,89  i  286,05  mg  CGE/g.  Posle  sedam  dana,  ukupan  sadržaj  antocijana  u  zrnu  nije  značajno  povećan,  pa  je  ovaj  period  odležavanja  izabran kao optimalan za mariniranje proizvoda od kukuruza.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi",
journal = "Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture",
title = "Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food, Optimizacija procesa ekstrakcije antocijana iz semenjače crne soje za pripremu funkcionalne hrane od kukuruza",
volume = "26",
number = "1",
pages = "19-22",
doi = "10.5937/jpea%v-36635"
}
Nikolić, V., Žilić, S., Simić, M., Perić, V., Srdić, J.,& Vasić, M. G.. (2022-03-17). Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture., 26(1), 19-22.
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea%v-36635
Nikolić V, Žilić S, Simić M, Perić V, Srdić J, Vasić MG. Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture. 2022;26(1):19-22.
doi:10.5937/jpea%v-36635 .
Nikolić, Valentina, Žilić, Slađana, Simić, Marijana, Perić, Vesna, Srdić, Jelena, Vasić, Marko G., "Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food" in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 26, no. 1 (2022-03-17):19-22,
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea%v-36635 . .

The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research

Nikolić, Valentina; Babić, Vojka; Kravić, Natalija; Filipović, Milomir; Žilić, Slađana; Simić, Marijana; Radosavljević, Milica

(Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers, 2022-01-21)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Radosavljević, Milica
PY  - 2022-01-21
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/849
AB  - In the process of hybrid maize breeding, the greatest attention is directed towards increasing the level and stability of the yield, while grain quality is of secondary importance. The very
principles of hybrid breeding, as well as the economic aspects and competition between different breeding companies, have led to an enormous narrowing of the genetic basis of commercial
maize hybrids. Concurrently, there is usually a small number of often related hybrids of similar
technological and nutritional quality present on the market. Six best-selling ZP maize hybrids
in the previous ten years were chosen as the subject of this study. In the period from 2009-2018,
both the yield components and parameters of technological and nutritional quality of the grain
were studied. It was found that the examined parameters varied a lot in different years of production and that some parameters were more influenced by genotype (number of kernel rows per ear,
portion of pericarp, and crude fiber content) while others were more influenced by the environment (kernel weight per ear, total protein, starch, and oil content, respectively). The amount and
the distribution of precipitation during the vegetative period affected not only the yield components i.e. grain yield but also the technological qualitz parametres and nutritional properties of
the grain. Based on the observed parental components, it is evident that they are related hybrids
that, despite the high genotype by environment interactions, consequently have similar parameters of technological quality and nutritional composition. The imperative is to develop special
breeding programs aiming to create both the starting material and parental components to provide hybrids of improved technological quality and nutritional properties on the market. In that
way, the needs of the processing industry for raw materials of certain characteristics can be met.
AB  - U procesu hibridnog oplemenjivanja kukuruza, najviše pažnje se posvećuje povećanju nivoa
i stabilnosti prinosa, dok je kvalitet zrna od sekundarnog značaja. Sami principi hibridnog oplemenjivanja, kao i ekonomski aspekti i konkurencija između različitih oplemenjivačkih kuća,
doveli su do enormnog suženja genetičke osnove komercijalnih hibrida kukuruza. Na tržištu je
istovremeno najčešće prisutan mali broj, često srodnih hibrida sličnog tehnološkog i nutritivnog
kvaliteta. Za ovo istraživanje je odabrano šest ZP hibrida kukuruza najprodavanijih u prethodnih
deset godina. U periodu od 2009-2018. godine, praćene su, kako komponente prinosa, tako i
parametri tehnološkog i nutritivnog kvaliteta zrna. Utvrđeno je da su ispitivani parametri veoma
varirali u različitim godinama gajenja, kao i da su neki parametri bili pod većim uticajem genotipa (broj redova zrna, udeo perikarpa i sirove celuloze), a neki pod većim uticajem spoljašnje sredine (masa zrna po klipu, udeo ukupnih proteina, skroba i ulja, respektivno). Količina i raspored
padavina u toku vegetativnog perioda su uticali ne samo na komponente prinosa, odnosno na
prinos zrna, već i na parametre tehnološkog kvaliteta i nutritivna svojstva. Na osnovu posmatranih roditeljskih komponenata, evidentno je da se radi o srodnim hibridima koji, bez obzira na
visoke interakcije između genotipa i spoljašnje sredine, posledično imaju slične parametre tehnološkog kvaliteta kao i nutritivni sastav. Neophodno je razvijati posebne oplemenjivačke programe
koji imaju za cilj stvaranje kako početnog materijala, tako i roditeljskih komponenata, kako bi
se na tržištu obezbedili hibridi poboljšanog tehnološkog kvaliteta i nutritivnih svojstava i na taj
način zadovoljile potrebe prerađivačke industrije za sirovinama određenih karakteristika.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research
T1  - Varijabilnost i međuzavisnost osnovnih parametara tehnološkog kvaliteta hibrida kukuruza u dugoročnim istraživanjima
VL  - 27
IS  - 2
SP  - 21
EP  - 33
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem2102021N
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Babić, Vojka and Kravić, Natalija and Filipović, Milomir and Žilić, Slađana and Simić, Marijana and Radosavljević, Milica",
year = "2022-01-21",
abstract = "In the process of hybrid maize breeding, the greatest attention is directed towards increasing the level and stability of the yield, while grain quality is of secondary importance. The very
principles of hybrid breeding, as well as the economic aspects and competition between different breeding companies, have led to an enormous narrowing of the genetic basis of commercial
maize hybrids. Concurrently, there is usually a small number of often related hybrids of similar
technological and nutritional quality present on the market. Six best-selling ZP maize hybrids
in the previous ten years were chosen as the subject of this study. In the period from 2009-2018,
both the yield components and parameters of technological and nutritional quality of the grain
were studied. It was found that the examined parameters varied a lot in different years of production and that some parameters were more influenced by genotype (number of kernel rows per ear,
portion of pericarp, and crude fiber content) while others were more influenced by the environment (kernel weight per ear, total protein, starch, and oil content, respectively). The amount and
the distribution of precipitation during the vegetative period affected not only the yield components i.e. grain yield but also the technological qualitz parametres and nutritional properties of
the grain. Based on the observed parental components, it is evident that they are related hybrids
that, despite the high genotype by environment interactions, consequently have similar parameters of technological quality and nutritional composition. The imperative is to develop special
breeding programs aiming to create both the starting material and parental components to provide hybrids of improved technological quality and nutritional properties on the market. In that
way, the needs of the processing industry for raw materials of certain characteristics can be met., U procesu hibridnog oplemenjivanja kukuruza, najviše pažnje se posvećuje povećanju nivoa
i stabilnosti prinosa, dok je kvalitet zrna od sekundarnog značaja. Sami principi hibridnog oplemenjivanja, kao i ekonomski aspekti i konkurencija između različitih oplemenjivačkih kuća,
doveli su do enormnog suženja genetičke osnove komercijalnih hibrida kukuruza. Na tržištu je
istovremeno najčešće prisutan mali broj, često srodnih hibrida sličnog tehnološkog i nutritivnog
kvaliteta. Za ovo istraživanje je odabrano šest ZP hibrida kukuruza najprodavanijih u prethodnih
deset godina. U periodu od 2009-2018. godine, praćene su, kako komponente prinosa, tako i
parametri tehnološkog i nutritivnog kvaliteta zrna. Utvrđeno je da su ispitivani parametri veoma
varirali u različitim godinama gajenja, kao i da su neki parametri bili pod većim uticajem genotipa (broj redova zrna, udeo perikarpa i sirove celuloze), a neki pod većim uticajem spoljašnje sredine (masa zrna po klipu, udeo ukupnih proteina, skroba i ulja, respektivno). Količina i raspored
padavina u toku vegetativnog perioda su uticali ne samo na komponente prinosa, odnosno na
prinos zrna, već i na parametre tehnološkog kvaliteta i nutritivna svojstva. Na osnovu posmatranih roditeljskih komponenata, evidentno je da se radi o srodnim hibridima koji, bez obzira na
visoke interakcije između genotipa i spoljašnje sredine, posledično imaju slične parametre tehnološkog kvaliteta kao i nutritivni sastav. Neophodno je razvijati posebne oplemenjivačke programe
koji imaju za cilj stvaranje kako početnog materijala, tako i roditeljskih komponenata, kako bi
se na tržištu obezbedili hibridi poboljšanog tehnološkog kvaliteta i nutritivnih svojstava i na taj
način zadovoljile potrebe prerađivačke industrije za sirovinama određenih karakteristika.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers, Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research, Varijabilnost i međuzavisnost osnovnih parametara tehnološkog kvaliteta hibrida kukuruza u dugoročnim istraživanjima",
volume = "27",
number = "2",
pages = "21-33",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem2102021N"
}
Nikolić, V., Babić, V., Kravić, N., Filipović, M., Žilić, S., Simić, M.,& Radosavljević, M.. (2022-01-21). The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers., 27(2), 21-33.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2102021N
Nikolić V, Babić V, Kravić N, Filipović M, Žilić S, Simić M, Radosavljević M. The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2022;27(2):21-33.
doi:10.5937/SelSem2102021N .
Nikolić, Valentina, Babić, Vojka, Kravić, Natalija, Filipović, Milomir, Žilić, Slađana, Simić, Marijana, Radosavljević, Milica, "The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 27, no. 2 (2022-01-21):21-33,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2102021N . .

Molecular characterization of popcorn inbreds using 25k snp array

Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Srdić, Jelena; Anđelković, Violeta; Grčić, Nikola; Kravić, Natalija; Filipović, Milomir; Nikolić, Ana

(Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Anđelković, Violeta
AU  - Grčić, Nikola
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/958
AB  - Popcorn is a type of specialty maize and plays important role in the history and the spread of
this species. This type of maize historicaly received little atention in genetic diversity studies
while the fact is that information on genetic variability and population structure is of crucial
importance for improvement of breeding programs. The genetic variation of popcorn maize
was mainly analysed using SSR markers, but there are not many studies applying high-density
SNP markers with lower genotyping errors. The aim of this study was the assesment of genetic
diversity and population structure of popcorn germplasm which represents the genetic
resources currently used in breeding programs in Maize Research Institute „Zemun Polje“.
Molecular characterization of 44 popcorn genotypes was done using 25k SNP Illumina Infinum
Array for maize. After quality control filtering, 12335 SNPs were selected for downstream
analyses. Genetic distance detected ranged from 0.001 to 0.51 with an average of 0.33. The
majority of genetic distances (70.6%) fell between 0.30 and 0.51 revealing significant genetic
variability in a set of maize genotypes under study. SNP markes were moderatly informative
with an average PIC value of 0.26. Also, for more than 50% of SNPs, PIC value was greater
than 0.30. The average observed heterozygosity was 0.04 ranging from 0 to 0.11. The
clustering, principal component and model-based STRUCTURE analyses showed similar
grouping of popcorn lines, generally in accordance with their genetic background. The results
of this research gave valuable information for initiation of future breeding strategies.
PB  - Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
C3  - 25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
T1  - Molecular characterization of popcorn inbreds using 25k snp array
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Srdić, Jelena and Anđelković, Violeta and Grčić, Nikola and Kravić, Natalija and Filipović, Milomir and Nikolić, Ana",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Popcorn is a type of specialty maize and plays important role in the history and the spread of
this species. This type of maize historicaly received little atention in genetic diversity studies
while the fact is that information on genetic variability and population structure is of crucial
importance for improvement of breeding programs. The genetic variation of popcorn maize
was mainly analysed using SSR markers, but there are not many studies applying high-density
SNP markers with lower genotyping errors. The aim of this study was the assesment of genetic
diversity and population structure of popcorn germplasm which represents the genetic
resources currently used in breeding programs in Maize Research Institute „Zemun Polje“.
Molecular characterization of 44 popcorn genotypes was done using 25k SNP Illumina Infinum
Array for maize. After quality control filtering, 12335 SNPs were selected for downstream
analyses. Genetic distance detected ranged from 0.001 to 0.51 with an average of 0.33. The
majority of genetic distances (70.6%) fell between 0.30 and 0.51 revealing significant genetic
variability in a set of maize genotypes under study. SNP markes were moderatly informative
with an average PIC value of 0.26. Also, for more than 50% of SNPs, PIC value was greater
than 0.30. The average observed heterozygosity was 0.04 ranging from 0 to 0.11. The
clustering, principal component and model-based STRUCTURE analyses showed similar
grouping of popcorn lines, generally in accordance with their genetic background. The results
of this research gave valuable information for initiation of future breeding strategies.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts",
title = "Molecular characterization of popcorn inbreds using 25k snp array"
}
Mladenović Drinić, S., Srdić, J., Anđelković, V., Grčić, N., Kravić, N., Filipović, M.,& Nikolić, A.. (2022). Molecular characterization of popcorn inbreds using 25k snp array. in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje..
Mladenović Drinić S, Srdić J, Anđelković V, Grčić N, Kravić N, Filipović M, Nikolić A. Molecular characterization of popcorn inbreds using 25k snp array. in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts. 2022;..
Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, Srdić, Jelena, Anđelković, Violeta, Grčić, Nikola, Kravić, Natalija, Filipović, Milomir, Nikolić, Ana, "Molecular characterization of popcorn inbreds using 25k snp array" in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts (2022).

Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding

(Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2022)

TY  - BOOK
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/957
PB  - Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
T2  - 25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
T1  - Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding
ER  - 
@book{
year = "2022",
publisher = "Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts",
title = "Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding"
}
(2022). Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding. in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje..
Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding. in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts. 2022;..
"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding" in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts (2022).

Identification of early decline of seed quality by vigor tests

Petrović, Tanja; Milivojević, Marija; Branković-Radojčić, Dragana V.; Jovanović, Snežana; Vujinović, Jasna; Vukadinović, Radmila; Stojadinović-Životić, Jasmina

(Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Petrović, Tanja
AU  - Milivojević, Marija
AU  - Branković-Radojčić, Dragana V.
AU  - Jovanović, Snežana
AU  - Vujinović, Jasna
AU  - Vukadinović, Radmila
AU  - Stojadinović-Životić, Jasmina
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/953
AB  - Seed vigor is the quality parameter which indicates germination under wide range of 
environmental conditions. This trait can be identified by standard germination test as so-called 
first count germination or germination energy. In addition, several tests for vigor evaluation 
were adopted by seed testing associations such as ISTA and AOSA. The main purpose for 
developing additional vigor tests is to obtain fast and reliable information on seed vigor which 
contributes to decision making in the inventory management. ISTA rules prescribes several 
tests for evaluating seed vigor, namely: conductivity test, accelerated ageing (AA) for soybean, 
controlled deterioration for Brassica seeds, Radicle emergence (RE) and Tetrazolium (TZ) 
vigor test for soybean. Seed testing laboratory of the Maize Research Institute is accredited by 
ISTA for RE vigor test, has internally developed cold-test and is capable for application of TZ 
vigor test for research purposes. These tests were applied on several maize seeds lots with 
declining germination energy and still highly rated final germination. Results of vigor tests 
were correlated with the standard germination quality parameters, germination energy and final 
count, in order to identify vigor test which provides the most approximate output to the standard 
germination test. Correlations were significant for all vigor tests, in average 0.882 and 0.713 
for germination first and final count, respectively. The highest compatibility between vigor and 
germination tests was identified for cold test with correlation coefficients of 0.952 and 0.839 
for germination first and final count, respectively. However, due to duration of cold test (2 
weeks), it is not capable of providing fast information. Therefore, other two vigor tests, TZ and 
RE, which are shorter and have high correlation with germination energy (0.901 and 0.811, 
respectively) and final count (0.713 and 0.728, respectively) can be recommended for this 
purpose.
PB  - Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
C3  - 25. EUCARPIA Maize and Sorghum Conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
T1  - Identification of early decline of seed quality by vigor tests
SP  - 61
EP  - 61
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Petrović, Tanja and Milivojević, Marija and Branković-Radojčić, Dragana V. and Jovanović, Snežana and Vujinović, Jasna and Vukadinović, Radmila and Stojadinović-Životić, Jasmina",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Seed vigor is the quality parameter which indicates germination under wide range of 
environmental conditions. This trait can be identified by standard germination test as so-called 
first count germination or germination energy. In addition, several tests for vigor evaluation 
were adopted by seed testing associations such as ISTA and AOSA. The main purpose for 
developing additional vigor tests is to obtain fast and reliable information on seed vigor which 
contributes to decision making in the inventory management. ISTA rules prescribes several 
tests for evaluating seed vigor, namely: conductivity test, accelerated ageing (AA) for soybean, 
controlled deterioration for Brassica seeds, Radicle emergence (RE) and Tetrazolium (TZ) 
vigor test for soybean. Seed testing laboratory of the Maize Research Institute is accredited by 
ISTA for RE vigor test, has internally developed cold-test and is capable for application of TZ 
vigor test for research purposes. These tests were applied on several maize seeds lots with 
declining germination energy and still highly rated final germination. Results of vigor tests 
were correlated with the standard germination quality parameters, germination energy and final 
count, in order to identify vigor test which provides the most approximate output to the standard 
germination test. Correlations were significant for all vigor tests, in average 0.882 and 0.713 
for germination first and final count, respectively. The highest compatibility between vigor and 
germination tests was identified for cold test with correlation coefficients of 0.952 and 0.839 
for germination first and final count, respectively. However, due to duration of cold test (2 
weeks), it is not capable of providing fast information. Therefore, other two vigor tests, TZ and 
RE, which are shorter and have high correlation with germination energy (0.901 and 0.811, 
respectively) and final count (0.713 and 0.728, respectively) can be recommended for this 
purpose.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "25. EUCARPIA Maize and Sorghum Conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts",
title = "Identification of early decline of seed quality by vigor tests",
pages = "61-61"
}
Petrović, T., Milivojević, M., Branković-Radojčić, D. V., Jovanović, S., Vujinović, J., Vukadinović, R.,& Stojadinović-Životić, J.. (2022). Identification of early decline of seed quality by vigor tests. in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and Sorghum Conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje., 61-61.
Petrović T, Milivojević M, Branković-Radojčić DV, Jovanović S, Vujinović J, Vukadinović R, Stojadinović-Životić J. Identification of early decline of seed quality by vigor tests. in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and Sorghum Conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts. 2022;:61-61..
Petrović, Tanja, Milivojević, Marija, Branković-Radojčić, Dragana V., Jovanović, Snežana, Vujinović, Jasna, Vukadinović, Radmila, Stojadinović-Životić, Jasmina, "Identification of early decline of seed quality by vigor tests" in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and Sorghum Conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts (2022):61-61.

Non-parametric yield stability analysis of zp maize hybrids in serbia

Branković-Radojčić, Dragana V.; Babić, Vojka; Petrović, Tanja; Milivojević, Marija; Jovanović, Snežana; Popović, Aleksandar; Srdić, Jelena

(Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Branković-Radojčić, Dragana V.
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Petrović, Tanja
AU  - Milivojević, Marija
AU  - Jovanović, Snežana
AU  - Popović, Aleksandar
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/954
AB  - High and stabile yield in different production environments is priority in maize breeding. New 
statistical methods are constantly being sought to accompany analysis of variance, in order to 
achieve more reliable hybrid assessment. In this study non-parametric stability analysis is 
applied in order to assess GxE interaction for yield of 36 commercial maize hybrids. The 
experiment was set up at five locations in Serbia for three years according to the RCBD design 
in three replications. Yield stability of investigated genotypes was analysed by stability 
parameters Si(1), Si(2), Si(3), Si(6), TOP and RS. Analysis of variance identified highly significant 
F values for all experimental factors. Bredenkamp method confirmed the existence of non crossover GxE interaction, for maize yield. Hybrid ZPH15 achieved the most stable yield based 
on parameters Si(1) and Si(2). According to parameter Si(3) it was ZPH5, while based on 
parameter Si(6) it was ZPH34. The highest overall yield achieved ZPH36 (11.18 t/ha), which 
was quite unstable (rank 24 in parameters Si(1) and Si(2)), and very unstable (rank 34 in 
parameters Si(3) and Si(6)). The most stable hybrids had average yields. In total, the hybrid 
ZPH23 had the best average rank (15.93). Based on TOP parameters, ZPH36 had the best rank 
(yield), followed by ZPH11, ZPH20, ZPH21 and ZPH9. However, RS parameter, revealed that 
ZPH21 was the most stable hybrid, so taking into account both TOP and RS parameters this is 
the most productive and the most stable hybrid. Based on this research, TOP and RS are the 
best parameters for selecting new maize hybrids for production in particular environment. In 
case of identical TOP value, the genotype with the lowest RS value should be selected. The 
parameters Si(1), Si(2), Si(3) and Si(6) can be used as alternative methods for the selection of 
genotypes with moderate yield and high stability.
PB  - Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
C3  - 25. EUCARPIA Maize and Sorghum Conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
T1  - Non-parametric yield stability analysis of zp maize hybrids in serbia
EP  - 46
EP  - 46
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Branković-Radojčić, Dragana V. and Babić, Vojka and Petrović, Tanja and Milivojević, Marija and Jovanović, Snežana and Popović, Aleksandar and Srdić, Jelena",
year = "2022",
abstract = "High and stabile yield in different production environments is priority in maize breeding. New 
statistical methods are constantly being sought to accompany analysis of variance, in order to 
achieve more reliable hybrid assessment. In this study non-parametric stability analysis is 
applied in order to assess GxE interaction for yield of 36 commercial maize hybrids. The 
experiment was set up at five locations in Serbia for three years according to the RCBD design 
in three replications. Yield stability of investigated genotypes was analysed by stability 
parameters Si(1), Si(2), Si(3), Si(6), TOP and RS. Analysis of variance identified highly significant 
F values for all experimental factors. Bredenkamp method confirmed the existence of non crossover GxE interaction, for maize yield. Hybrid ZPH15 achieved the most stable yield based 
on parameters Si(1) and Si(2). According to parameter Si(3) it was ZPH5, while based on 
parameter Si(6) it was ZPH34. The highest overall yield achieved ZPH36 (11.18 t/ha), which 
was quite unstable (rank 24 in parameters Si(1) and Si(2)), and very unstable (rank 34 in 
parameters Si(3) and Si(6)). The most stable hybrids had average yields. In total, the hybrid 
ZPH23 had the best average rank (15.93). Based on TOP parameters, ZPH36 had the best rank 
(yield), followed by ZPH11, ZPH20, ZPH21 and ZPH9. However, RS parameter, revealed that 
ZPH21 was the most stable hybrid, so taking into account both TOP and RS parameters this is 
the most productive and the most stable hybrid. Based on this research, TOP and RS are the 
best parameters for selecting new maize hybrids for production in particular environment. In 
case of identical TOP value, the genotype with the lowest RS value should be selected. The 
parameters Si(1), Si(2), Si(3) and Si(6) can be used as alternative methods for the selection of 
genotypes with moderate yield and high stability.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "25. EUCARPIA Maize and Sorghum Conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts",
title = "Non-parametric yield stability analysis of zp maize hybrids in serbia",
pages = "46-46"
}
Branković-Radojčić, D. V., Babić, V., Petrović, T., Milivojević, M., Jovanović, S., Popović, A.,& Srdić, J.. (2022). Non-parametric yield stability analysis of zp maize hybrids in serbia. in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and Sorghum Conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje..
Branković-Radojčić DV, Babić V, Petrović T, Milivojević M, Jovanović S, Popović A, Srdić J. Non-parametric yield stability analysis of zp maize hybrids in serbia. in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and Sorghum Conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts. 2022;:null-46..
Branković-Radojčić, Dragana V., Babić, Vojka, Petrović, Tanja, Milivojević, Marija, Jovanović, Snežana, Popović, Aleksandar, Srdić, Jelena, "Non-parametric yield stability analysis of zp maize hybrids in serbia" in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and Sorghum Conference:"Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum breeding", 30.05-02.06.2022., Belgrade - Book of abstracts (2022).

Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study

Bartolić, Dragana; Mutavdzic, Dragosav; Carstensen, Jens Michael; Stanković, Slavica; Nikolić, Milica; Krstović, Saša; Radotić, Ksenija

(Berlin : Springer Nature, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Bartolić, Dragana
AU  - Mutavdzic, Dragosav
AU  - Carstensen, Jens Michael
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Krstović, Saša
AU  - Radotić, Ksenija
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/838
AB  - Cereal seeds safety may be compromised by the presence of toxic contaminants, such as aflatoxins.
Besides being carcinogenic, they have other adverse health effects on humans and animals. In
this preliminary study, we used two non‑invasive optical techniques, optical fiber fluorescence
spectroscopy and multispectral imaging (MSI), for discrimination of maize seeds naturally
contaminated with aflatoxin B 1 (AFB 1 ) from the uncontaminated seeds. The AFB 1‑contaminated
seeds exhibited a red shift of the emission maximum position compared to the control samples.
Using linear discrimination analysis to analyse fluorescence data, classification accuracy of 100%
was obtained to discriminate uncontaminated and AFB 1‑contaminated seeds. The MSI analysis
combined with a normalized canonical discriminant analysis, provided spectral and spatial patterns
of the analysed seeds. The AFB 1‑contaminated seeds showed a 7.9 to 9.6‑fold increase in the seed
reflectance in the VIS region, and 10.4 and 12.2‑fold increase in the NIR spectral region, compared
with the uncontaminated seeds. Thus the MSI method classified successfully contaminated from
uncontaminated seeds with high accuracy. The results may have an impact on development of
spectroscopic non‑invasive methods for detection of AFs presence in seeds, providing valuable
information for the assessment of seed adulteration in the field of food forensics and food safety.
PB  - Berlin : Springer Nature
T2  - Scientific Reports
T1  - Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study
VL  - 12
SP  - 4849
DO  - 10.1038/s41598-022-08352-4
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Bartolić, Dragana and Mutavdzic, Dragosav and Carstensen, Jens Michael and Stanković, Slavica and Nikolić, Milica and Krstović, Saša and Radotić, Ksenija",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Cereal seeds safety may be compromised by the presence of toxic contaminants, such as aflatoxins.
Besides being carcinogenic, they have other adverse health effects on humans and animals. In
this preliminary study, we used two non‑invasive optical techniques, optical fiber fluorescence
spectroscopy and multispectral imaging (MSI), for discrimination of maize seeds naturally
contaminated with aflatoxin B 1 (AFB 1 ) from the uncontaminated seeds. The AFB 1‑contaminated
seeds exhibited a red shift of the emission maximum position compared to the control samples.
Using linear discrimination analysis to analyse fluorescence data, classification accuracy of 100%
was obtained to discriminate uncontaminated and AFB 1‑contaminated seeds. The MSI analysis
combined with a normalized canonical discriminant analysis, provided spectral and spatial patterns
of the analysed seeds. The AFB 1‑contaminated seeds showed a 7.9 to 9.6‑fold increase in the seed
reflectance in the VIS region, and 10.4 and 12.2‑fold increase in the NIR spectral region, compared
with the uncontaminated seeds. Thus the MSI method classified successfully contaminated from
uncontaminated seeds with high accuracy. The results may have an impact on development of
spectroscopic non‑invasive methods for detection of AFs presence in seeds, providing valuable
information for the assessment of seed adulteration in the field of food forensics and food safety.",
publisher = "Berlin : Springer Nature",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
title = "Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study",
volume = "12",
pages = "4849",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-022-08352-4"
}
Bartolić, D., Mutavdzic, D., Carstensen, J. M., Stanković, S., Nikolić, M., Krstović, S.,& Radotić, K.. (2022). Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study. in Scientific Reports
Berlin : Springer Nature., 12, 4849.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-08352-4
Bartolić D, Mutavdzic D, Carstensen JM, Stanković S, Nikolić M, Krstović S, Radotić K. Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study. in Scientific Reports. 2022;12:4849.
doi:10.1038/s41598-022-08352-4 .
Bartolić, Dragana, Mutavdzic, Dragosav, Carstensen, Jens Michael, Stanković, Slavica, Nikolić, Milica, Krstović, Saša, Radotić, Ksenija, "Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study" in Scientific Reports, 12 (2022):4849,
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-08352-4 . .
1

Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production

Nikolić, Valentina; Simić, Marijana; Žilić, Slađana; Kravić, Natalija; Babić, Vojka; Filipović, Milomir; Srdić, Jelena

(Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/874
AB  - The main goal of this study was to observe the properties of fifteen
different genotypes of maize hybrids from Serbia in order to determine their
suitability for the production of high-quality silage for ruminant feed. The research
was conducted in a two-year field experiment at the location of the Maize Research
Institute in Zemun Polje, Serbia, and the laboratory analyses included yield structure
of the investigated maize hybrids, assessment of the lignocellulosic fiber
composition, as well as the in vitro dry matter digestibility of the whole plant
samples. All maize hybrids have shown good quality traits that are a prerequisite for
the production of high-quality silage.
PB  - Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy
C3  - 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova
T1  - Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production
SP  - 105
EP  - 110
DO  - 10.46793/SBT27.105N
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Simić, Marijana and Žilić, Slađana and Kravić, Natalija and Babić, Vojka and Filipović, Milomir and Srdić, Jelena",
year = "2022",
abstract = "The main goal of this study was to observe the properties of fifteen
different genotypes of maize hybrids from Serbia in order to determine their
suitability for the production of high-quality silage for ruminant feed. The research
was conducted in a two-year field experiment at the location of the Maize Research
Institute in Zemun Polje, Serbia, and the laboratory analyses included yield structure
of the investigated maize hybrids, assessment of the lignocellulosic fiber
composition, as well as the in vitro dry matter digestibility of the whole plant
samples. All maize hybrids have shown good quality traits that are a prerequisite for
the production of high-quality silage.",
publisher = "Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy",
journal = "27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova",
title = "Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production",
pages = "105-110",
doi = "10.46793/SBT27.105N"
}
Nikolić, V., Simić, M., Žilić, S., Kravić, N., Babić, V., Filipović, M.,& Srdić, J.. (2022). Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production. in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova
Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy., 105-110.
https://doi.org/10.46793/SBT27.105N
Nikolić V, Simić M, Žilić S, Kravić N, Babić V, Filipović M, Srdić J. Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production. in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova. 2022;:105-110.
doi:10.46793/SBT27.105N .
Nikolić, Valentina, Simić, Marijana, Žilić, Slađana, Kravić, Natalija, Babić, Vojka, Filipović, Milomir, Srdić, Jelena, "Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production" in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova (2022):105-110,
https://doi.org/10.46793/SBT27.105N . .

Traditional Foods From Maize (Zea mays L.) in Europe

Revilla, Pedro; Alves, Mara; Anđelković, Violeta; Balconi, Carlotta; Dinis, Isabel; Mendes-Moreira, Pedro; Redaelli, Rita; RUIZ DE GALARRETA, JOSE IGNACIO; Vaz Patto, Maria Carlota; Žilić, Slađana; Malvar, Rosa Ana

(Lausanne : Frontiers media, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Revilla, Pedro
AU  - Alves, Mara
AU  - Anđelković, Violeta
AU  - Balconi, Carlotta
AU  - Dinis, Isabel
AU  - Mendes-Moreira, Pedro
AU  - Redaelli, Rita
AU  - RUIZ DE GALARRETA, JOSE IGNACIO
AU  - Vaz Patto, Maria Carlota
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Malvar, Rosa Ana
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/835
AB  - Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the major crops of the world for feed, food, and
industrial uses. It was originated in Central America and introduced into Europe and
other continents after Columbus trips at the end of the 15th century. Due to the large
adaptability of maize, farmers have originated a wide variability of genetic resources
with wide diversity of adaptation, characteristics, and uses. Nowadays, in Europe,
maize is mainly used for feed, but several food specialties were originated during these
five centuries of maize history and became traditional food specialties. This review
summarizes the state of the art of traditional foodstuffs made with maize in Southern,
South-Western and South-Eastern Europe, from an historic evolution to the last research
activities that focus on improving sustainability, quality and safety of food production.
PB  - Lausanne : Frontiers media
T2  - Frontiers in Nutrition
T1  - Traditional Foods From Maize (Zea mays L.) in Europe
VL  - 8
SP  - 683399
DO  - 10.3389/fnut.2021.683399
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Revilla, Pedro and Alves, Mara and Anđelković, Violeta and Balconi, Carlotta and Dinis, Isabel and Mendes-Moreira, Pedro and Redaelli, Rita and RUIZ DE GALARRETA, JOSE IGNACIO and Vaz Patto, Maria Carlota and Žilić, Slađana and Malvar, Rosa Ana",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the major crops of the world for feed, food, and
industrial uses. It was originated in Central America and introduced into Europe and
other continents after Columbus trips at the end of the 15th century. Due to the large
adaptability of maize, farmers have originated a wide variability of genetic resources
with wide diversity of adaptation, characteristics, and uses. Nowadays, in Europe,
maize is mainly used for feed, but several food specialties were originated during these
five centuries of maize history and became traditional food specialties. This review
summarizes the state of the art of traditional foodstuffs made with maize in Southern,
South-Western and South-Eastern Europe, from an historic evolution to the last research
activities that focus on improving sustainability, quality and safety of food production.",
publisher = "Lausanne : Frontiers media",
journal = "Frontiers in Nutrition",
title = "Traditional Foods From Maize (Zea mays L.) in Europe",
volume = "8",
pages = "683399",
doi = "10.3389/fnut.2021.683399"
}
Revilla, P., Alves, M., Anđelković, V., Balconi, C., Dinis, I., Mendes-Moreira, P., Redaelli, R., RUIZ DE GALARRETA, J. I., Vaz Patto, M. C., Žilić, S.,& Malvar, R. A.. (2022). Traditional Foods From Maize (Zea mays L.) in Europe. in Frontiers in Nutrition
Lausanne : Frontiers media., 8, 683399.
https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2021.683399
Revilla P, Alves M, Anđelković V, Balconi C, Dinis I, Mendes-Moreira P, Redaelli R, RUIZ DE GALARRETA JI, Vaz Patto MC, Žilić S, Malvar RA. Traditional Foods From Maize (Zea mays L.) in Europe. in Frontiers in Nutrition. 2022;8:683399.
doi:10.3389/fnut.2021.683399 .
Revilla, Pedro, Alves, Mara, Anđelković, Violeta, Balconi, Carlotta, Dinis, Isabel, Mendes-Moreira, Pedro, Redaelli, Rita, RUIZ DE GALARRETA, JOSE IGNACIO, Vaz Patto, Maria Carlota, Žilić, Slađana, Malvar, Rosa Ana, "Traditional Foods From Maize (Zea mays L.) in Europe" in Frontiers in Nutrition, 8 (2022):683399,
https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2021.683399 . .
12
3

Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazme na masu 1000 semena

Jovanović V., Snežana; Todorović, Goran; Tolimir, Miodrag; Petrović, Tanja; Novković, Nebojša; Štrbanović, Ratibor; Stanisavljević, Rade

(Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Jovanović V., Snežana
AU  - Todorović, Goran
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Petrović, Tanja
AU  - Novković, Nebojša
AU  - Štrbanović, Ratibor
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/955
AB  - Hibridi kukuruza dobijaju se ukrštanjem inbred linija, koje nastaju u procesu selekcije kontrolisanom samooplodnjom odabranih genotipova do postizanja homozigotnosti. U proizvodnji semena hibrida kukuruza potrebno je zakidati metlice na majčinskoj komponenti kako ne bi došlo do samooplodnje i smanjenja heterozisa hibrida F1 generacije.
Cilj rada je bio da se utvrdi masa 1000 semena 12 inbred linija sa različitim tipom citoplazme.
Istraživanja su sprovedena na dve pracele: Šlolsko dobro i Selekciono polje u toku dve godine.
Ogledi su postavljeni po slučajnom blok sistemu u okviru svakog tipa citoplazme u tri ponavljanja.
Statističko-biometrijska obrada podataka se zasnivala na srednjim vrednostima po ponavljanju i 
obuhvatila je analizu varijanse. Na osnovu analize varijanse utvrđeno je da postoje veoma značajne razlike između inbred linija na masu 1000 semena u zavisnosti od tipa citoplazme, godine i lokacije. Najmanu prosečnu vrednost mase 1000 semena imala je inbred linija L7 (259,5 g), a najveću inbred linija L1 (394,0 g). Prosečne vrednosti mase 1000 semena inbred linija, veoma značajno su (P≤1%) varirale u zavisnosti od godina ispitivanja i lokacija. Veća vrednost mase 1000 semena imale su inbred linije u drugoj. godini (326,58 g) u odnosu na prvu godinu (298,93 g). Na lokaciji Selekciono polje ostvarena je veća prosečna vrednost (321,62 g) mase 1000 semena u odnosu na lokaciju Školsko dobro (303,90 g). Veoma značajno (Lsd0,01) većuvrednost mase 1000 semena imale su inbred linije sa citoplazmom cms-C tipa u odnosu na inbred linije sa fertilnom i citoplazmom cms-S tipa. Masa 1000 semena inbred linija po godinama veoma značajno (Lsd0,01) se razlikovala kod većine linija osim L4, L10 i L12 gde nije bilo razlike.
U zavisnosti od tipa citoplazme i godina ispitivanja veoma značajne (Lsd0,01) razlike mase 1000 semena nisu utvrđene samo kod inbred linija L4 i L11.Prosečne vrednosti mase 1000 semena inbred linija po lokacijama su se veoma značajno (Lsd0,01) razlikovale kod inbred linija: L1, L2, L5, L8, L9 i L10 dok kod ostalih šest ispitivanih linija nisu utvrđene razlike.Između inbred linija sa različitim tipovima citoplazme utvrđene su značajne (Lsd0,05) razlike u masi 1000 semena po ispitivanim lokacijama. Linije istog tipa citoplazme dale su veću masu 1000 semena 
na prvoj nego na drugoj lokaciji.Godine ispitivanja i lokacije veoma značajno su uticale na masu 1000 semena. Najveću prosečnu vrednost mase 1000 semena ostvarile su inbred linije u drugoj godini na prvoj lokaciji  Interakcija inbred linija x godina x lokacija je bila statistički značajna(Lsd0,05). Prosečna masa 1000 semena kod L4 nije se značajno razlikovala u zavisnosti od godina i lokacija ispitivanja. Ostale ispitivane inbred linije imale su veoma značajna variranja mase 1000 semena u različitim uslovima spoljašnje sredine
PB  - Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi
T2  - 34. Nacionalna konferencija procesna tehnika i energetika u poljoprivredi - PTEP, 03-08.04.2022., Sokobanja -  Zbornik izvoda
T1  - Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazme na masu 1000 semena
SP  - 26
EP  - 26
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Jovanović V., Snežana and Todorović, Goran and Tolimir, Miodrag and Petrović, Tanja and Novković, Nebojša and Štrbanović, Ratibor and Stanisavljević, Rade",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Hibridi kukuruza dobijaju se ukrštanjem inbred linija, koje nastaju u procesu selekcije kontrolisanom samooplodnjom odabranih genotipova do postizanja homozigotnosti. U proizvodnji semena hibrida kukuruza potrebno je zakidati metlice na majčinskoj komponenti kako ne bi došlo do samooplodnje i smanjenja heterozisa hibrida F1 generacije.
Cilj rada je bio da se utvrdi masa 1000 semena 12 inbred linija sa različitim tipom citoplazme.
Istraživanja su sprovedena na dve pracele: Šlolsko dobro i Selekciono polje u toku dve godine.
Ogledi su postavljeni po slučajnom blok sistemu u okviru svakog tipa citoplazme u tri ponavljanja.
Statističko-biometrijska obrada podataka se zasnivala na srednjim vrednostima po ponavljanju i 
obuhvatila je analizu varijanse. Na osnovu analize varijanse utvrđeno je da postoje veoma značajne razlike između inbred linija na masu 1000 semena u zavisnosti od tipa citoplazme, godine i lokacije. Najmanu prosečnu vrednost mase 1000 semena imala je inbred linija L7 (259,5 g), a najveću inbred linija L1 (394,0 g). Prosečne vrednosti mase 1000 semena inbred linija, veoma značajno su (P≤1%) varirale u zavisnosti od godina ispitivanja i lokacija. Veća vrednost mase 1000 semena imale su inbred linije u drugoj. godini (326,58 g) u odnosu na prvu godinu (298,93 g). Na lokaciji Selekciono polje ostvarena je veća prosečna vrednost (321,62 g) mase 1000 semena u odnosu na lokaciju Školsko dobro (303,90 g). Veoma značajno (Lsd0,01) većuvrednost mase 1000 semena imale su inbred linije sa citoplazmom cms-C tipa u odnosu na inbred linije sa fertilnom i citoplazmom cms-S tipa. Masa 1000 semena inbred linija po godinama veoma značajno (Lsd0,01) se razlikovala kod većine linija osim L4, L10 i L12 gde nije bilo razlike.
U zavisnosti od tipa citoplazme i godina ispitivanja veoma značajne (Lsd0,01) razlike mase 1000 semena nisu utvrđene samo kod inbred linija L4 i L11.Prosečne vrednosti mase 1000 semena inbred linija po lokacijama su se veoma značajno (Lsd0,01) razlikovale kod inbred linija: L1, L2, L5, L8, L9 i L10 dok kod ostalih šest ispitivanih linija nisu utvrđene razlike.Između inbred linija sa različitim tipovima citoplazme utvrđene su značajne (Lsd0,05) razlike u masi 1000 semena po ispitivanim lokacijama. Linije istog tipa citoplazme dale su veću masu 1000 semena 
na prvoj nego na drugoj lokaciji.Godine ispitivanja i lokacije veoma značajno su uticale na masu 1000 semena. Najveću prosečnu vrednost mase 1000 semena ostvarile su inbred linije u drugoj godini na prvoj lokaciji  Interakcija inbred linija x godina x lokacija je bila statistički značajna(Lsd0,05). Prosečna masa 1000 semena kod L4 nije se značajno razlikovala u zavisnosti od godina i lokacija ispitivanja. Ostale ispitivane inbred linije imale su veoma značajna variranja mase 1000 semena u različitim uslovima spoljašnje sredine",
publisher = "Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi",
journal = "34. Nacionalna konferencija procesna tehnika i energetika u poljoprivredi - PTEP, 03-08.04.2022., Sokobanja -  Zbornik izvoda",
title = "Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazme na masu 1000 semena",
pages = "26-26"
}
Jovanović V., S., Todorović, G., Tolimir, M., Petrović, T., Novković, N., Štrbanović, R.,& Stanisavljević, R.. (2022). Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazme na masu 1000 semena. in 34. Nacionalna konferencija procesna tehnika i energetika u poljoprivredi - PTEP, 03-08.04.2022., Sokobanja -  Zbornik izvoda
Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi., 26-26.
Jovanović V. S, Todorović G, Tolimir M, Petrović T, Novković N, Štrbanović R, Stanisavljević R. Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazme na masu 1000 semena. in 34. Nacionalna konferencija procesna tehnika i energetika u poljoprivredi - PTEP, 03-08.04.2022., Sokobanja -  Zbornik izvoda. 2022;:26-26..
Jovanović V., Snežana, Todorović, Goran, Tolimir, Miodrag, Petrović, Tanja, Novković, Nebojša, Štrbanović, Ratibor, Stanisavljević, Rade, "Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazme na masu 1000 semena" in 34. Nacionalna konferencija procesna tehnika i energetika u poljoprivredi - PTEP, 03-08.04.2022., Sokobanja -  Zbornik izvoda (2022):26-26.

First Report of Head Blight of Wheat Caused by Fusarium vorosii in Serbia

Obradović, Ana; Stepanović, Jelena; Krnjaja, Vesna; Bulajić, Aleksandra; Stanković, Goran; Stevanović, Milan; Stanković, Slavica

(St. Paul : APS publications, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Obradović, Ana
AU  - Stepanović, Jelena
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Bulajić, Aleksandra
AU  - Stanković, Goran
AU  - Stevanović, Milan
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/853
PB  - St. Paul : APS publications
T2  - Plant Disease
T1  - First Report of Head Blight of Wheat Caused by Fusarium vorosii in Serbia
VL  - 106
IS  - 2
SP  - 758
EP  - 758
DO  - 10.1094/PDIS-04-21-0715-PDN
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Obradović, Ana and Stepanović, Jelena and Krnjaja, Vesna and Bulajić, Aleksandra and Stanković, Goran and Stevanović, Milan and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2022",
publisher = "St. Paul : APS publications",
journal = "Plant Disease",
title = "First Report of Head Blight of Wheat Caused by Fusarium vorosii in Serbia",
volume = "106",
number = "2",
pages = "758-758",
doi = "10.1094/PDIS-04-21-0715-PDN"
}
Obradović, A., Stepanović, J., Krnjaja, V., Bulajić, A., Stanković, G., Stevanović, M.,& Stanković, S.. (2022). First Report of Head Blight of Wheat Caused by Fusarium vorosii in Serbia. in Plant Disease
St. Paul : APS publications., 106(2), 758-758.
https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-04-21-0715-PDN
Obradović A, Stepanović J, Krnjaja V, Bulajić A, Stanković G, Stevanović M, Stanković S. First Report of Head Blight of Wheat Caused by Fusarium vorosii in Serbia. in Plant Disease. 2022;106(2):758-758.
doi:10.1094/PDIS-04-21-0715-PDN .
Obradović, Ana, Stepanović, Jelena, Krnjaja, Vesna, Bulajić, Aleksandra, Stanković, Goran, Stevanović, Milan, Stanković, Slavica, "First Report of Head Blight of Wheat Caused by Fusarium vorosii in Serbia" in Plant Disease, 106, no. 2 (2022):758-758,
https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-04-21-0715-PDN . .

Monitoring of seed counter in 1000 seed weight testing

Milivojević, Marija; Vujinović, Jasna; Branković-Radojčić, Dragana V.; Vukadinović, Radmila; Petrović, Tanja

(Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Milivojević, Marija
AU  - Vujinović, Jasna
AU  - Branković-Radojčić, Dragana V.
AU  - Vukadinović, Radmila
AU  - Petrović, Tanja
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/899
AB  - Accuracy and random selection of seeds when testing the 1000 seeds weight in the laboratory is of great importance in order to ensure the representativeness of the sample and precise information for further packaging process. The aim of this research was to check whether the laboratory seed counter selects seeds by shape and size and whether there is a trend during operation at maximum and reduced speed. Ten species of different seed sizes were used. Ten replicates of 100 seeds were counted by counter, the number of seeds was manually checked and the weight measured. The analysis of the obtained results showed that the counter is precise, but weight results showed selection of smaller seeds (Capsicum annuum and Glycine max) at maximum counting speed. Trend of larger seed selection was observed in Medicago sativa and pelleted Beta vulgaris. Slower counting (50% of the maximum speed), is ensured precise counting without trends.
AB  - Praćenje i kontrola rada laboratorijske opreme je jedan od zahteva akreditacionih standarda za laboratorije za ispitivanje
semena. U dosadašnjoj praksi nije se obraćala pažnja da li prilikom rada brojača dolazi do selektivnog izbora semena koje se broji.
Preciznost i slučajan izbor semena kod ispitivanja mase 1000 semena u laboratoriji je od velike važnosti kako bi se obezbedila
reprezentativnost uzorka. Cilj ovog istraživanja je provera da li laboratorijski brojač semena u toku svog rada, pri maksimalnoj i
smanjenoj brzini selektuje seme po obliku i veličini i da li postoji trend. U radu je ispitivano 10 vrsta različite krupno će semena
(Capsicum annuum, peletirano seme Beta vulgaris, Brassica napus, Medicago sativa, Raphanus sativus, Sinapis alba, Triticum
aestivum, Helianthus annuus, Glycine max i Zea mays). Analizom dobijenih rezultata utvrđeno je da brojač precizno broji. Na osnovu
rezultata izmerene mase uočeno je da se na maksimalnoj brzini brojanja pojavljuje trend selektovanja prvo sitnijeg, a zatim krupnijeg
semena kod vrsta Capsicum annuum i Glycine max. Nasuprot tome, kod semena Medicago sativa i peletiranog semena Beta vulgaris,
uočen je trend selektovanja semena od krupnijeg ka sitnijem. Prilikom sporijeg brojanja (50% od maksimalne brzine), postiže se
slučajan odabir semena tj. ne pojavljuje se trend prilikom rada brojača, kod gore navedenih vrsta semena. Za ostale vrste nije uočen
trend postepenog smanjenja niti pove ćanja vrednosti mase u okviru ispitivanih 10 ponavljanja. Rezultati ovih analiza ukazuju na
važnost provere opreme kako u smislu tačnosti brojanja tako i selektovanja semena u cilju dobijanja tačnih rezultata ispitivanja mase
1000 semena.
PB  - Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi
PB  - Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture
T2  - Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
T1  - Monitoring of seed counter in 1000 seed weight testing
T1  - Provera brojača semena u ispitivanju mase 1000 semena
VL  - 26
IS  - 1
SP  - 34
EP  - 37
EP  - 
DO  - 10.5937/jpea26-36855
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Milivojević, Marija and Vujinović, Jasna and Branković-Radojčić, Dragana V. and Vukadinović, Radmila and Petrović, Tanja",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Accuracy and random selection of seeds when testing the 1000 seeds weight in the laboratory is of great importance in order to ensure the representativeness of the sample and precise information for further packaging process. The aim of this research was to check whether the laboratory seed counter selects seeds by shape and size and whether there is a trend during operation at maximum and reduced speed. Ten species of different seed sizes were used. Ten replicates of 100 seeds were counted by counter, the number of seeds was manually checked and the weight measured. The analysis of the obtained results showed that the counter is precise, but weight results showed selection of smaller seeds (Capsicum annuum and Glycine max) at maximum counting speed. Trend of larger seed selection was observed in Medicago sativa and pelleted Beta vulgaris. Slower counting (50% of the maximum speed), is ensured precise counting without trends., Praćenje i kontrola rada laboratorijske opreme je jedan od zahteva akreditacionih standarda za laboratorije za ispitivanje
semena. U dosadašnjoj praksi nije se obraćala pažnja da li prilikom rada brojača dolazi do selektivnog izbora semena koje se broji.
Preciznost i slučajan izbor semena kod ispitivanja mase 1000 semena u laboratoriji je od velike važnosti kako bi se obezbedila
reprezentativnost uzorka. Cilj ovog istraživanja je provera da li laboratorijski brojač semena u toku svog rada, pri maksimalnoj i
smanjenoj brzini selektuje seme po obliku i veličini i da li postoji trend. U radu je ispitivano 10 vrsta različite krupno će semena
(Capsicum annuum, peletirano seme Beta vulgaris, Brassica napus, Medicago sativa, Raphanus sativus, Sinapis alba, Triticum
aestivum, Helianthus annuus, Glycine max i Zea mays). Analizom dobijenih rezultata utvrđeno je da brojač precizno broji. Na osnovu
rezultata izmerene mase uočeno je da se na maksimalnoj brzini brojanja pojavljuje trend selektovanja prvo sitnijeg, a zatim krupnijeg
semena kod vrsta Capsicum annuum i Glycine max. Nasuprot tome, kod semena Medicago sativa i peletiranog semena Beta vulgaris,
uočen je trend selektovanja semena od krupnijeg ka sitnijem. Prilikom sporijeg brojanja (50% od maksimalne brzine), postiže se
slučajan odabir semena tj. ne pojavljuje se trend prilikom rada brojača, kod gore navedenih vrsta semena. Za ostale vrste nije uočen
trend postepenog smanjenja niti pove ćanja vrednosti mase u okviru ispitivanih 10 ponavljanja. Rezultati ovih analiza ukazuju na
važnost provere opreme kako u smislu tačnosti brojanja tako i selektovanja semena u cilju dobijanja tačnih rezultata ispitivanja mase
1000 semena.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture",
journal = "Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture",
title = "Monitoring of seed counter in 1000 seed weight testing, Provera brojača semena u ispitivanju mase 1000 semena",
volume = "26",
number = "1",
pages = "34-37-",
doi = "10.5937/jpea26-36855"
}
Milivojević, M., Vujinović, J., Branković-Radojčić, D. V., Vukadinović, R.,& Petrović, T.. (2022). Monitoring of seed counter in 1000 seed weight testing. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi., 26(1), 34-37.
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea26-36855
Milivojević M, Vujinović J, Branković-Radojčić DV, Vukadinović R, Petrović T. Monitoring of seed counter in 1000 seed weight testing. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture. 2022;26(1):34-37.
doi:10.5937/jpea26-36855 .
Milivojević, Marija, Vujinović, Jasna, Branković-Radojčić, Dragana V., Vukadinović, Radmila, Petrović, Tanja, "Monitoring of seed counter in 1000 seed weight testing" in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 26, no. 1 (2022):34-37,
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea26-36855 . .

Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia

Nikolić, Valentina; Simić, Marijana; Žilić, Slađana

(Kiev : Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/898
AB  - The quality of five silage maize hybrids grown
in 2020 at five different locations in Serbia (two in
the northern province of Vojvodina (Srem) and three
in Central Serbia) was tested in 2021 in the laboratory
of the Department of Food Technology and
Biochemistry of the Maize Research Institute “Zemun
Polje“. The dry matter content, lignocellulose
fiber content, and in vitro dry matter digestibility
(IVDMD) of of the whole plant maize hybrids: ZP
707, ZP 7357, ZP 790, ZP 8701, and ZP 873 were
investigated. The 7001 hybrid was used as a standard.
The average dry matter content varied between
37.77±1.88% (ZP 790) and 42.64±7.19% (ZP
707), while in vitro dry matter digestibility ranged
from 58.77±1.96% (ZP 8701) to 63.77±2.09% (ZP
707). The share, as well as the type of the plant
cell wall components – lignocellulosic fibers, determines
the nutritional quality of silage maize
as animal feed. The NDF content ranged from As
the NDF content increases with maize maturity,
animals show a tendency for lower silage intake.
However, although in some cases NDF can be considered
a negative indicator of silage quality, NDF
is a necessary component of ruminant nutrition.
Based on the achieved results, it can be concluded
that hybrids ZP 707 and ZP 7357 proved to be the
best silage maize forms. At most locations, these
hybrids achieved better results than the standard.
The ZP 707 hybrid on average had the highest dry
matter content, the highest digestibility of dry
matter, as well as the lowest content of all lignocellulosic
fibers, which all indicate its potential
as silage maize form. The lack of hybrids ZP 707
and ZP 7357 can be considered the fact that the
dry matter content of the whole plant showed to be
less stable in different agro-ecological conditions.In terms of digestibility and dry matter content,
the ZP 790 hybrid can be singled out as the most
stable. The ZP 790 hybrid is less recommended for
Srem, but in Central Serbia, it could match the ZP
707 and ZP 7357 hybrids. ZP 8701 proved to be the
weakest hybrid at all locations, followed by ZP 873.
The in vitro digestibility and dry matter content
of the whole plant of the investigated hybrids were
far more stable in Srem than in Central Serbia.
These findings can be of great importance for future
breeding programs directed toward creating
new and improved silage maize hybrids.
PB  - Kiev : Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination
C3  - 10. International applied science conference of young scientists and experts, April 29, 2022, the village of Tsentralne, Kyiv region, Ukraine - Book of proceedings
T1  - Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia
SP  - 78
EP  - 79
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Simić, Marijana and Žilić, Slađana",
year = "2022",
abstract = "The quality of five silage maize hybrids grown
in 2020 at five different locations in Serbia (two in
the northern province of Vojvodina (Srem) and three
in Central Serbia) was tested in 2021 in the laboratory
of the Department of Food Technology and
Biochemistry of the Maize Research Institute “Zemun
Polje“. The dry matter content, lignocellulose
fiber content, and in vitro dry matter digestibility
(IVDMD) of of the whole plant maize hybrids: ZP
707, ZP 7357, ZP 790, ZP 8701, and ZP 873 were
investigated. The 7001 hybrid was used as a standard.
The average dry matter content varied between
37.77±1.88% (ZP 790) and 42.64±7.19% (ZP
707), while in vitro dry matter digestibility ranged
from 58.77±1.96% (ZP 8701) to 63.77±2.09% (ZP
707). The share, as well as the type of the plant
cell wall components – lignocellulosic fibers, determines
the nutritional quality of silage maize
as animal feed. The NDF content ranged from As
the NDF content increases with maize maturity,
animals show a tendency for lower silage intake.
However, although in some cases NDF can be considered
a negative indicator of silage quality, NDF
is a necessary component of ruminant nutrition.
Based on the achieved results, it can be concluded
that hybrids ZP 707 and ZP 7357 proved to be the
best silage maize forms. At most locations, these
hybrids achieved better results than the standard.
The ZP 707 hybrid on average had the highest dry
matter content, the highest digestibility of dry
matter, as well as the lowest content of all lignocellulosic
fibers, which all indicate its potential
as silage maize form. The lack of hybrids ZP 707
and ZP 7357 can be considered the fact that the
dry matter content of the whole plant showed to be
less stable in different agro-ecological conditions.In terms of digestibility and dry matter content,
the ZP 790 hybrid can be singled out as the most
stable. The ZP 790 hybrid is less recommended for
Srem, but in Central Serbia, it could match the ZP
707 and ZP 7357 hybrids. ZP 8701 proved to be the
weakest hybrid at all locations, followed by ZP 873.
The in vitro digestibility and dry matter content
of the whole plant of the investigated hybrids were
far more stable in Srem than in Central Serbia.
These findings can be of great importance for future
breeding programs directed toward creating
new and improved silage maize hybrids.",
publisher = "Kiev : Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination",
journal = "10. International applied science conference of young scientists and experts, April 29, 2022, the village of Tsentralne, Kyiv region, Ukraine - Book of proceedings",
title = "Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia",
pages = "78-79"
}
Nikolić, V., Simić, M.,& Žilić, S.. (2022). Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia. in 10. International applied science conference of young scientists and experts, April 29, 2022, the village of Tsentralne, Kyiv region, Ukraine - Book of proceedings
Kiev : Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination., 78-79.
Nikolić V, Simić M, Žilić S. Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia. in 10. International applied science conference of young scientists and experts, April 29, 2022, the village of Tsentralne, Kyiv region, Ukraine - Book of proceedings. 2022;:78-79..
Nikolić, Valentina, Simić, Marijana, Žilić, Slađana, "Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia" in 10. International applied science conference of young scientists and experts, April 29, 2022, the village of Tsentralne, Kyiv region, Ukraine - Book of proceedings (2022):78-79.

Assesment of seed quality of different cabbage lots during aging

Poštić, Dobrivoj; Štrbanović, Ratibor; Broćić, Zoran; Tabaković, Marijenka; Đurić, Nenad; Pavlović, Nenad; Stanisavljević, Rade

(Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku u poljoprivredi, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Poštić, Dobrivoj
AU  - Štrbanović, Ratibor
AU  - Broćić, Zoran
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Đurić, Nenad
AU  - Pavlović, Nenad
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/865
AB  - The aim of the research was to evaluate the influence of the year and the seed lots on the most important indicators of cabbage
seed quality. Quality testing of nine different seed lots of Potomac F1 cabbage was performed during three years (2019, 2020 and
2021). Analyses of variance showed a significant effect (p<0.01) of the year (Y), while seed lot (L) and their interaction (Y × L)
showed a significant effect (p<0.05) on all observed parameters quality (germination energy, total germination, abnormal seedlings
and dead seeds). The strongest correlation between the examined parameters was in the first year and weakened in the second and
third years. In the first year as expected, significant positive correlation between germination energy and total germination was
found (r = 0.84779, p<0.01). The highly and negative interdependence was achieved between total germination and dead seeds (r = -
0.94363, p<0.001) and abnormal seedlings (r = -0.78019, p<0.05). Also negative interdependence was found between germination
energy and dead seeds (r = -0.80000, p<0.01) and abnormal seedlings (r = -0.66144, p<0.05). The germination energy and the total
germination of the cabbage seeds considered were found to decrease with the increasing seed age, in contrast to the numbers of their
abnormal seedlings and dead seeds which continued to increase with seed aging. The obtained results indicate that the germination
of highly hybrid conventional cabbage seeds decreases significantly during aging, as a direct consequence of a very significant
increase in the number of abnormal seedlings.
AB  - Cilj istraživanja je bio da se izvrši ocena uticaja godine i partije semena na najznačajnije pokazatelje kvaliteta semena kupusa.
Ispitivanje kvaliteta semena devet različitih partija kupusa Potomak F1, izvedena su tokom tri godine (2019, 2020 i 2021). Analiza
energije klijanja, ukupne klijavosti, nenormalnih klijanaca i mrtvog semena kupusa pokazala je visoko značajne razlike (р<0,01) pod
uticajem faktora godina (Y), dok je uticaj partija semena (L) i interakcija (Y × L) na ispitivane pokazatelje bio na nivou (р<0,05).
Najjače korelacije između ispitivanih parametara kvaliteta semena zabeležene su u prvoj godini i slabile su drugoj i trećoj godini. U
prvoj godini zabeležena je značajna korelacija (r = 0,84779, p<0,01) između energije klijanja i ukupne klijavosti, odnosno u drugoj
godini (r = 0,75057, p≤0,05), dok je u trećoj godini izostala. Visoka negativna međuzavisnost dobijena je između ukupne klijavosti i
mrtvog semena (r = -0,94363, p<0,001) i nenormalnih klijanaca (r = -0,78019, p<0,05). Takođe, negativna korelacija utvrđena je
između energije klijanja i mrtvog semena (r = -0,80000, p<0,01) i nenormalnih klijanaca (r = -0,66144, p<0,05). Zabeleženo je da
se energija klijanja i ukupna klijavost ispitivanog semena kupusa smanjuju sa povećanjem starosti semena, za razliku od broja
nenormalnih klijanaca i mrtvog semena, koji rastu sa starenjem semena. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata možemo konstatovati da se
ukupna klijavost visoko hibridnog konvencionalnog semena kupusa veoma zanačajno smanjuje tokom starenja, kao direktna
posledica veoma značajnog povećanja broja nenormalnih klijanaca.
PB  - Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku u poljoprivredi
T2  - Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
T1  - Assesment of seed quality of different cabbage lots during aging
T1  - Ocena kvaliteta semena različitih partija kupusa tokom starenja
VL  - 26
IS  - 1
SP  - 23
EP  - 26
DO  - 10.5937/jpea%v-36458
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Poštić, Dobrivoj and Štrbanović, Ratibor and Broćić, Zoran and Tabaković, Marijenka and Đurić, Nenad and Pavlović, Nenad and Stanisavljević, Rade",
year = "2022",
abstract = "The aim of the research was to evaluate the influence of the year and the seed lots on the most important indicators of cabbage
seed quality. Quality testing of nine different seed lots of Potomac F1 cabbage was performed during three years (2019, 2020 and
2021). Analyses of variance showed a significant effect (p<0.01) of the year (Y), while seed lot (L) and their interaction (Y × L)
showed a significant effect (p<0.05) on all observed parameters quality (germination energy, total germination, abnormal seedlings
and dead seeds). The strongest correlation between the examined parameters was in the first year and weakened in the second and
third years. In the first year as expected, significant positive correlation between germination energy and total germination was
found (r = 0.84779, p<0.01). The highly and negative interdependence was achieved between total germination and dead seeds (r = -
0.94363, p<0.001) and abnormal seedlings (r = -0.78019, p<0.05). Also negative interdependence was found between germination
energy and dead seeds (r = -0.80000, p<0.01) and abnormal seedlings (r = -0.66144, p<0.05). The germination energy and the total
germination of the cabbage seeds considered were found to decrease with the increasing seed age, in contrast to the numbers of their
abnormal seedlings and dead seeds which continued to increase with seed aging. The obtained results indicate that the germination
of highly hybrid conventional cabbage seeds decreases significantly during aging, as a direct consequence of a very significant
increase in the number of abnormal seedlings., Cilj istraživanja je bio da se izvrši ocena uticaja godine i partije semena na najznačajnije pokazatelje kvaliteta semena kupusa.
Ispitivanje kvaliteta semena devet različitih partija kupusa Potomak F1, izvedena su tokom tri godine (2019, 2020 i 2021). Analiza
energije klijanja, ukupne klijavosti, nenormalnih klijanaca i mrtvog semena kupusa pokazala je visoko značajne razlike (р<0,01) pod
uticajem faktora godina (Y), dok je uticaj partija semena (L) i interakcija (Y × L) na ispitivane pokazatelje bio na nivou (р<0,05).
Najjače korelacije između ispitivanih parametara kvaliteta semena zabeležene su u prvoj godini i slabile su drugoj i trećoj godini. U
prvoj godini zabeležena je značajna korelacija (r = 0,84779, p<0,01) između energije klijanja i ukupne klijavosti, odnosno u drugoj
godini (r = 0,75057, p≤0,05), dok je u trećoj godini izostala. Visoka negativna međuzavisnost dobijena je između ukupne klijavosti i
mrtvog semena (r = -0,94363, p<0,001) i nenormalnih klijanaca (r = -0,78019, p<0,05). Takođe, negativna korelacija utvrđena je
između energije klijanja i mrtvog semena (r = -0,80000, p<0,01) i nenormalnih klijanaca (r = -0,66144, p<0,05). Zabeleženo je da
se energija klijanja i ukupna klijavost ispitivanog semena kupusa smanjuju sa povećanjem starosti semena, za razliku od broja
nenormalnih klijanaca i mrtvog semena, koji rastu sa starenjem semena. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata možemo konstatovati da se
ukupna klijavost visoko hibridnog konvencionalnog semena kupusa veoma zanačajno smanjuje tokom starenja, kao direktna
posledica veoma značajnog povećanja broja nenormalnih klijanaca.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku u poljoprivredi",
journal = "Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture",
title = "Assesment of seed quality of different cabbage lots during aging, Ocena kvaliteta semena različitih partija kupusa tokom starenja",
volume = "26",
number = "1",
pages = "23-26",
doi = "10.5937/jpea%v-36458"
}
Poštić, D., Štrbanović, R., Broćić, Z., Tabaković, M., Đurić, N., Pavlović, N.,& Stanisavljević, R.. (2022). Assesment of seed quality of different cabbage lots during aging. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku u poljoprivredi., 26(1), 23-26.
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea%v-36458
Poštić D, Štrbanović R, Broćić Z, Tabaković M, Đurić N, Pavlović N, Stanisavljević R. Assesment of seed quality of different cabbage lots during aging. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture. 2022;26(1):23-26.
doi:10.5937/jpea%v-36458 .
Poštić, Dobrivoj, Štrbanović, Ratibor, Broćić, Zoran, Tabaković, Marijenka, Đurić, Nenad, Pavlović, Nenad, Stanisavljević, Rade, "Assesment of seed quality of different cabbage lots during aging" in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 26, no. 1 (2022):23-26,
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea%v-36458 . .

Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review

Žilić, Slađana; Nikolić, Valentina; Mogol, Burce Atac; Hamzalioglu, Aytul; Tas, Neslihan Goncuoglu; Kocadagli, Tolgahan; Simić, Marijana; Gokmen, Vural

(Washington : ACS Publications, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Mogol, Burce Atac
AU  - Hamzalioglu, Aytul
AU  - Tas, Neslihan Goncuoglu
AU  - Kocadagli, Tolgahan
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Gokmen, Vural
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/855
AB  - Widely consumed thermally processed corn-based foods can have a great contribution to acrylamide dietary intake,
thus bearing a high public health risk and requiring attention and application of strategies for its reduction. This paper reviews the
literature on the acrylamide content of corn-based food products present in the market around the world. The potential of corn for
acrylamide formation due to its content of free asparagine and reducing sugars is described. Human exposure to acrylamide from
corn-based foods is also discussed. The content of acrylamide in corn/tortilla chips, popcorn, and corn flakes, as widely consumed
products all over the world, is reported in the literature to be between 5 and 6360 μg/kg, between <LOD and 2220 μg/kg and
between <LOD and 1186 μg/kg, respectively. Although these products are important acrylamide sources in the common diet of all
age populations, higher intake values occurred among younger generations.
PB  - Washington : ACS Publications
T2  - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
T1  - Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review
VL  - 70
SP  - 4165
EP  - 4181
DO  - 10.1021/acs.jafc.1c07249
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Žilić, Slađana and Nikolić, Valentina and Mogol, Burce Atac and Hamzalioglu, Aytul and Tas, Neslihan Goncuoglu and Kocadagli, Tolgahan and Simić, Marijana and Gokmen, Vural",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Widely consumed thermally processed corn-based foods can have a great contribution to acrylamide dietary intake,
thus bearing a high public health risk and requiring attention and application of strategies for its reduction. This paper reviews the
literature on the acrylamide content of corn-based food products present in the market around the world. The potential of corn for
acrylamide formation due to its content of free asparagine and reducing sugars is described. Human exposure to acrylamide from
corn-based foods is also discussed. The content of acrylamide in corn/tortilla chips, popcorn, and corn flakes, as widely consumed
products all over the world, is reported in the literature to be between 5 and 6360 μg/kg, between <LOD and 2220 μg/kg and
between <LOD and 1186 μg/kg, respectively. Although these products are important acrylamide sources in the common diet of all
age populations, higher intake values occurred among younger generations.",
publisher = "Washington : ACS Publications",
journal = "Journal of agricultural and food chemistry",
title = "Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review",
volume = "70",
pages = "4165-4181",
doi = "10.1021/acs.jafc.1c07249"
}
Žilić, S., Nikolić, V., Mogol, B. A., Hamzalioglu, A., Tas, N. G., Kocadagli, T., Simić, M.,& Gokmen, V.. (2022). Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review. in Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
Washington : ACS Publications., 70, 4165-4181.
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.1c07249
Žilić S, Nikolić V, Mogol BA, Hamzalioglu A, Tas NG, Kocadagli T, Simić M, Gokmen V. Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review. in Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2022;70:4165-4181.
doi:10.1021/acs.jafc.1c07249 .
Žilić, Slađana, Nikolić, Valentina, Mogol, Burce Atac, Hamzalioglu, Aytul, Tas, Neslihan Goncuoglu, Kocadagli, Tolgahan, Simić, Marijana, Gokmen, Vural, "Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review" in Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 70 (2022):4165-4181,
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.1c07249 . .
1

Possibilities of dried distillers' grains with solubles application in animal feed

Nikolić, Valentina; Milašinović Šeremešić, Marija; Radosavljević, Milica; Simić, Marijana; Žilić, Slađana; Vančetović, Jelena; Božinović, Sofija

(Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 2021-11-30)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Milašinović Šeremešić, Marija
AU  - Radosavljević, Milica
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
AU  - Božinović, Sofija
PY  - 2021-11-30
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/845
AB  - The possibility of utilization of dried distillers’ grains with solubles (DDGS) in animal feed was investigated. Samples of maize
hybrids ZP 548 and ZP 655b, and DDGS obtained from hybrids ZP 548 and ZP 548c were used as components of the feed. The total
protein content ranged from 12.42% to 31.18%, moisture from 5.49% to 9.55, and ash content from 1.85% to 4.37%. The contents of
NDF, ADF, ADL, hemicellulose and cellulose fibers ranged from: 13.90% to 48.13%; 2.9% to 20.69%; 0.27% to 2.44%; 10.69% to
30.17%, 2.62% to 18.32%, respectively. In vitro, dry matter digestibility ranged from 55.20% to 89.76%. It was concluded that the
samples of DDG obtained from red and yellow maize hybrids kernel are very suitable as components for the preparation of animal
feed.
AB  - Ispitivana je mogućnost primene suve kukuruzne džibre u smešama za ishranu domaćih životinja. Kao komponente korišćeni su
uzorci cele biljke i zrna hibrida ZP 548 i ZP 655b i uzorci džibre dobijeni od hibrida ZP 548 i ZP 548c (hibrid crvenog zrna). Uzorci
kukuruzne džibre, sporednog produkta iz proizvodnje bioetanola, dobijeni su postupkom odvojene dvostepene hidrolize i fermentacije
skroba iz kukuruznog brašna. Metoda se zasniva na korišćenju enzimskih preparata u fazama hidrolize i primeni kvasca S. cerevisiae
var. ellipsoideus tokom fermentacije. Uzorci džibre sušeni su u ventilacionoj sušnici na temperaturi 60˚C u trajanju od 48h, a potom
samleveni u laboratorijskom mlinu. Sadržaj proteina kretao se od 12,42% do 31,18%, vlage od 5,49% do 9,55%, a pepela od 1,85%
do 4,37%. Sadržaj NDF-a kretao se od 13,90% (zrno ZP 548 + 15% džibre ZP 548) do 48,13% (cela biljka ZP 655b + 20% džibre
ZP 548c); ADF-a od 2,96% (zrno ZP 548 +15% džibre ZP 548c) do 20,69% (cela biljka ZP 655b + 10% džibre ZP 548c); ADL-a od
0,27% do 2,44f%: hemiceluloze od 10,69% do 30,17% i celuloze od 2,62% do 18,32%. In vitro svarljivost suve materije određena
enzimskom pepsin-celulaznom metodom kretala se u rasponu od 55,20% do 89,76%. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata ustanovljeno je
da su uzorci suve kukuruzne džibre dobijeni od zrna žutog i crvenog hibrida kukuruza pogodni kao hranivo za pripremu smeša za
ishranu domaćih životinja.
PB  - Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture
PB  - Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi
T2  - Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
T1  - Possibilities of dried distillers' grains with solubles application in animal feed
T1  - Mogućnosti primene suve destilerijske džibre u smešama za ishranu životinja
VL  - 25
IS  - 3
SP  - 96
EP  - 100
DO  - 10.5937/jpea25-34890
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Milašinović Šeremešić, Marija and Radosavljević, Milica and Simić, Marijana and Žilić, Slađana and Vančetović, Jelena and Božinović, Sofija",
year = "2021-11-30",
abstract = "The possibility of utilization of dried distillers’ grains with solubles (DDGS) in animal feed was investigated. Samples of maize
hybrids ZP 548 and ZP 655b, and DDGS obtained from hybrids ZP 548 and ZP 548c were used as components of the feed. The total
protein content ranged from 12.42% to 31.18%, moisture from 5.49% to 9.55, and ash content from 1.85% to 4.37%. The contents of
NDF, ADF, ADL, hemicellulose and cellulose fibers ranged from: 13.90% to 48.13%; 2.9% to 20.69%; 0.27% to 2.44%; 10.69% to
30.17%, 2.62% to 18.32%, respectively. In vitro, dry matter digestibility ranged from 55.20% to 89.76%. It was concluded that the
samples of DDG obtained from red and yellow maize hybrids kernel are very suitable as components for the preparation of animal
feed., Ispitivana je mogućnost primene suve kukuruzne džibre u smešama za ishranu domaćih životinja. Kao komponente korišćeni su
uzorci cele biljke i zrna hibrida ZP 548 i ZP 655b i uzorci džibre dobijeni od hibrida ZP 548 i ZP 548c (hibrid crvenog zrna). Uzorci
kukuruzne džibre, sporednog produkta iz proizvodnje bioetanola, dobijeni su postupkom odvojene dvostepene hidrolize i fermentacije
skroba iz kukuruznog brašna. Metoda se zasniva na korišćenju enzimskih preparata u fazama hidrolize i primeni kvasca S. cerevisiae
var. ellipsoideus tokom fermentacije. Uzorci džibre sušeni su u ventilacionoj sušnici na temperaturi 60˚C u trajanju od 48h, a potom
samleveni u laboratorijskom mlinu. Sadržaj proteina kretao se od 12,42% do 31,18%, vlage od 5,49% do 9,55%, a pepela od 1,85%
do 4,37%. Sadržaj NDF-a kretao se od 13,90% (zrno ZP 548 + 15% džibre ZP 548) do 48,13% (cela biljka ZP 655b + 20% džibre
ZP 548c); ADF-a od 2,96% (zrno ZP 548 +15% džibre ZP 548c) do 20,69% (cela biljka ZP 655b + 10% džibre ZP 548c); ADL-a od
0,27% do 2,44f%: hemiceluloze od 10,69% do 30,17% i celuloze od 2,62% do 18,32%. In vitro svarljivost suve materije određena
enzimskom pepsin-celulaznom metodom kretala se u rasponu od 55,20% do 89,76%. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata ustanovljeno je
da su uzorci suve kukuruzne džibre dobijeni od zrna žutog i crvenog hibrida kukuruza pogodni kao hranivo za pripremu smeša za
ishranu domaćih životinja.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi",
journal = "Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture",
title = "Possibilities of dried distillers' grains with solubles application in animal feed, Mogućnosti primene suve destilerijske džibre u smešama za ishranu životinja",
volume = "25",
number = "3",
pages = "96-100",
doi = "10.5937/jpea25-34890"
}
Nikolić, V., Milašinović Šeremešić, M., Radosavljević, M., Simić, M., Žilić, S., Vančetović, J.,& Božinović, S.. (2021-11-30). Possibilities of dried distillers' grains with solubles application in animal feed. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture., 25(3), 96-100.
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea25-34890
Nikolić V, Milašinović Šeremešić M, Radosavljević M, Simić M, Žilić S, Vančetović J, Božinović S. Possibilities of dried distillers' grains with solubles application in animal feed. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture. 2021;25(3):96-100.
doi:10.5937/jpea25-34890 .
Nikolić, Valentina, Milašinović Šeremešić, Marija, Radosavljević, Milica, Simić, Marijana, Žilić, Slađana, Vančetović, Jelena, Božinović, Sofija, "Possibilities of dried distillers' grains with solubles application in animal feed" in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 25, no. 3 (2021-11-30):96-100,
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea25-34890 . .

Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane

Nikolić, Valentina; Žilić, Slađana; Simić, Marijana; Vasić, Marko G.; Srdić, Jelena; Delić, Nenad; Delić, Nenad

(Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 2021-05-07)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Vasić, Marko G.
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Delić, Nenad
AU  - Delić, Nenad
PY  - 2021-05-07
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/846
AB  - Five maize hybrids were used in this research: two yellow and one white dent, sweet hybrid, and yellow popcorn. Five brine
recipes with acetic acid were examined, of which two with the addition of potassium sorbate. The brines with preservatives were
stable for 16 months without colour changes of the liquid and corn cobs. The pH of brines ranged from 3.39 to 3.89. Canned hybrids
ZP 366 and ZP 611k in brine without sugar, and with the addition of potassium sorbate and potassium metabisulfite marked as
Number 5, showed the best sensory characteristics. The protein content determined in ZP 366 (9.56 %) and ZP 611k (10.23 %) did
not vary significantly compared to whole-grain maize flour, while crude fibre content (7.67 and 6.88 %), and ash content (21.96 and
20.72 %) were significantly higher than in flour (crude fibre: 2.40; 2.64 %, ash:1.35; 1.48 %, respectively). This research will be
continued in order to implement preliminary findings and new data on this subject
PB  - Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture
PB  - Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi
T2  - Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
T1  - Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane
T1  - Possibilities of maize hybrids utilization in canned baby corn production
VL  - 25
IS  - 1
SP  - 16
EP  - 19
DO  - 10.5937/jpea25-30887
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Žilić, Slađana and Simić, Marijana and Vasić, Marko G. and Srdić, Jelena and Delić, Nenad and Delić, Nenad",
year = "2021-05-07",
abstract = "Five maize hybrids were used in this research: two yellow and one white dent, sweet hybrid, and yellow popcorn. Five brine
recipes with acetic acid were examined, of which two with the addition of potassium sorbate. The brines with preservatives were
stable for 16 months without colour changes of the liquid and corn cobs. The pH of brines ranged from 3.39 to 3.89. Canned hybrids
ZP 366 and ZP 611k in brine without sugar, and with the addition of potassium sorbate and potassium metabisulfite marked as
Number 5, showed the best sensory characteristics. The protein content determined in ZP 366 (9.56 %) and ZP 611k (10.23 %) did
not vary significantly compared to whole-grain maize flour, while crude fibre content (7.67 and 6.88 %), and ash content (21.96 and
20.72 %) were significantly higher than in flour (crude fibre: 2.40; 2.64 %, ash:1.35; 1.48 %, respectively). This research will be
continued in order to implement preliminary findings and new data on this subject",
publisher = "Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi",
journal = "Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture",
title = "Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane, Possibilities of maize hybrids utilization in canned baby corn production",
volume = "25",
number = "1",
pages = "16-19",
doi = "10.5937/jpea25-30887"
}
Nikolić, V., Žilić, S., Simić, M., Vasić, M. G., Srdić, J., Delić, N.,& Delić, N.. (2021-05-07). Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture., 25(1), 16-19.
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea25-30887
Nikolić V, Žilić S, Simić M, Vasić MG, Srdić J, Delić N, Delić N. Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture. 2021;25(1):16-19.
doi:10.5937/jpea25-30887 .
Nikolić, Valentina, Žilić, Slađana, Simić, Marijana, Vasić, Marko G., Srdić, Jelena, Delić, Nenad, Delić, Nenad, "Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane" in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 25, no. 1 (2021-05-07):16-19,
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea25-30887 . .
1

Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals

Žilić, Slađana; Aktaĝ, Işil; Dodig, Dejan; Gökmen, Vural

(Elsevier, 2021-04)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Aktaĝ, Işil
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Gökmen, Vural
PY  - 2021-04
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/893
AB  - In this study, the content of Maillard reaction products from its initial, intermediate and final stage (5-
hydroxymethylfurfural, α-dicarbonyl compounds, furosine, N-ε-carboxymethyllysine and N-ε-carboxyethyllysine)
was measured in sweet cookies made of wholegrain flour of eight genotypes of small-grain cereals
(bread wheat, durum wheat, soft wheat, hard wheat, triticale, rye, hulless barley and hulless oat) and four corn
genotypes (white-, yellow- and red-colored standard seeded corn and blue-colored popping corn). Furthermore, 
the effect of the initial content of sugars, total proteins, free and total lysine in flour on the formation of Maillard
reaction products was investigated using the principle component analysis. 3-deoxyglucosone was the predominant
α-dicarbonyl compound in all cereal cookies and the highest content was measured in those made from
flour of different colored corn genotypes (on average, 98.35, 151.28 and 172.85 mg/kg after baking for 7, 10 and
13 min, respectively). Heating dough at 180 ◦C for 7, 10 and 13 min differently affected the content of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
and α-dicarbonyl compounds in the cereal cookies. The 5-hydroxymethylfurfural content
gradually increased, while a reduction in 3-deoxyglucosone content was observed in the cookies baked for 13
min except for those made from soft wheat, hulless oat, red- and blue-colored corn. After 7 min of heating, the
content of furosine measured in the cereal cookies reached its maximum (from 320.9 mg/kg in yellow-colored
corn-based cookies to 585.7 mg/kg in hulless oat-based cookies), while N-ε-carboxymethyllysine and N-ε-carboxyethyllysine
showed the opposite trend. The highest content of advanced glycation end products was detected
in cookies also made from hulless oat flour rich in proteins (16.80%) and total lysine (10670.3 mg/kg). The
interrelationship analysis showed that the initial content of sugars in flour of cereals affected 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
and 3-deoxyglucosone formation in the cookies. In addition, a high correlation between protein-bound
Maillard reaction products in the cookies and the total proteins and the total lysine content in the flours was
found.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Food Research International
T1  - Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals
VL  - 144
SP  - 110352
DO  - 10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110352
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Žilić, Slađana and Aktaĝ, Işil and Dodig, Dejan and Gökmen, Vural",
year = "2021-04",
abstract = "In this study, the content of Maillard reaction products from its initial, intermediate and final stage (5-
hydroxymethylfurfural, α-dicarbonyl compounds, furosine, N-ε-carboxymethyllysine and N-ε-carboxyethyllysine)
was measured in sweet cookies made of wholegrain flour of eight genotypes of small-grain cereals
(bread wheat, durum wheat, soft wheat, hard wheat, triticale, rye, hulless barley and hulless oat) and four corn
genotypes (white-, yellow- and red-colored standard seeded corn and blue-colored popping corn). Furthermore, 
the effect of the initial content of sugars, total proteins, free and total lysine in flour on the formation of Maillard
reaction products was investigated using the principle component analysis. 3-deoxyglucosone was the predominant
α-dicarbonyl compound in all cereal cookies and the highest content was measured in those made from
flour of different colored corn genotypes (on average, 98.35, 151.28 and 172.85 mg/kg after baking for 7, 10 and
13 min, respectively). Heating dough at 180 ◦C for 7, 10 and 13 min differently affected the content of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
and α-dicarbonyl compounds in the cereal cookies. The 5-hydroxymethylfurfural content
gradually increased, while a reduction in 3-deoxyglucosone content was observed in the cookies baked for 13
min except for those made from soft wheat, hulless oat, red- and blue-colored corn. After 7 min of heating, the
content of furosine measured in the cereal cookies reached its maximum (from 320.9 mg/kg in yellow-colored
corn-based cookies to 585.7 mg/kg in hulless oat-based cookies), while N-ε-carboxymethyllysine and N-ε-carboxyethyllysine
showed the opposite trend. The highest content of advanced glycation end products was detected
in cookies also made from hulless oat flour rich in proteins (16.80%) and total lysine (10670.3 mg/kg). The
interrelationship analysis showed that the initial content of sugars in flour of cereals affected 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
and 3-deoxyglucosone formation in the cookies. In addition, a high correlation between protein-bound
Maillard reaction products in the cookies and the total proteins and the total lysine content in the flours was
found.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Food Research International",
title = "Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals",
volume = "144",
pages = "110352",
doi = "10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110352"
}
Žilić, S., Aktaĝ, I., Dodig, D.,& Gökmen, V.. (2021-04). Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals. in Food Research International
Elsevier., 144, 110352.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110352
Žilić S, Aktaĝ I, Dodig D, Gökmen V. Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals. in Food Research International. 2021;144:110352.
doi:10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110352 .
Žilić, Slađana, Aktaĝ, Işil, Dodig, Dejan, Gökmen, Vural, "Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals" in Food Research International, 144 (2021-04):110352,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110352 . .
3

Grain properties of yellow and red kernel maize hybrids from Serbia

Nikolić, Valentina; Božinović, Sofija; Vančetović, Jelena; Radosavljević, Milica; Žilić, Slađana

(Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers, 2021-01-19)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Božinović, Sofija
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
AU  - Radosavljević, Milica
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
PY  - 2021-01-19
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/843
AB  - Physical traits, kernel structure and chemical composition of five yellow and five red kernel maize hybrids were the subjects of this study. The 1000-kernel weight, a physical indicator of grain quality, ranged from 325.76±7.47 g (ZP 555 red) to 375.63±4.18 g (ZP 606). The
hard endosperm fraction content varied between 57.66±0.93% (ZP 4007) and 67.08±0.42% (ZP
366 red). Regarding chemical composition, starch was predominant constituent ranging from
66.80±0.18 (ZP 4007 red) to 72.96±0.37 (ZP 606). The highest protein content was detected in
ZP 606 (10.72±0.11) and the lowest in ZP 7007 red hybrid (8.63±0.04%). Milling response was
highly influenced by hard endosperm fraction content (0.81**), and starch content was strongly
correlated to 1000-kernel weight (0.77**). Whole-grain maize flours produced from yellow and
red kernels without removing the germ are naturally gluten-free and can be used as functional
food ingredients. All yellow and red kernel maize hybrids investigated in this study showed good
quality parameters regarding physical properties and variations in chemical composition which
makes them suitable for different industrial uses, primarily for food and feed production.
AB  - Fizičke karakteristike, struktura zrna i hemijski sastav pet hibrida kukuruza žutog i pet crvenog zrna, bili su predmet ovog istraživanja. Masa 1000 zrna, važan fizički pokazatelj kvaliteta
zrna, kretala se u rasponu od 325,76±7,47 g (ZP 555 crveni) do 375,63±4,18 g (ZP 606). Sadržaj
tvrde frakcije endosperma bio je od 57,66±0,93% (ZP 4007) do 67,08±0,42% (ZP 366 crveni), a
meke od 32,92 ± 0,43% (ZP 366 crveni) do 42,34 ± 0,93% (ZP 4007). Skrob, kao najzastupljenija hemijska komponenta, varirao je od 66,80±0,18 (ZP 4007 crveni) do 72,96±0,37 (ZP 606).
Najviši udeo proteina određen je u zrnu hibrida ZP 606 (10,72±0,11%), a najniži u ZP 7007
(8,63 ± 0,04%). Otpornost na mlevenje bila je u visokoj pozitivnoj korelaciji sa udelom tvrdog
endosperma (0.81**), a sadržaj skroba sa hektolitarskom masom (0,77**). Integralna kukuruzna
brašna, dobijena mlevenjem celog zrna žutih i crvenih hibrida, su prirodno bezglutenska i mogu
se koristiti kao sastojci funkcionalne hrane. Svi hibridi kukuruza žutog i crvenog zrna ispitivani u
ovom istraživanju pokazali su dobre parametre kvaliteta u pogledu fizičkih svojstava i varijacija u
hemijskom sastavu što ih čini pogodnim za različite industrijske namene, prvenstveno za proizvodnju hrane za ljude i životinje.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - Grain properties of yellow and red kernel maize hybrids from Serbia
T1  - Fizičko-hemijska svojstva zrna žutih i crvenih hibrida kukuruza iz Srbije
VL  - 26
IS  - 2
SP  - 7
EP  - 14
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem2002007N
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Božinović, Sofija and Vančetović, Jelena and Radosavljević, Milica and Žilić, Slađana",
year = "2021-01-19",
abstract = "Physical traits, kernel structure and chemical composition of five yellow and five red kernel maize hybrids were the subjects of this study. The 1000-kernel weight, a physical indicator of grain quality, ranged from 325.76±7.47 g (ZP 555 red) to 375.63±4.18 g (ZP 606). The
hard endosperm fraction content varied between 57.66±0.93% (ZP 4007) and 67.08±0.42% (ZP
366 red). Regarding chemical composition, starch was predominant constituent ranging from
66.80±0.18 (ZP 4007 red) to 72.96±0.37 (ZP 606). The highest protein content was detected in
ZP 606 (10.72±0.11) and the lowest in ZP 7007 red hybrid (8.63±0.04%). Milling response was
highly influenced by hard endosperm fraction content (0.81**), and starch content was strongly
correlated to 1000-kernel weight (0.77**). Whole-grain maize flours produced from yellow and
red kernels without removing the germ are naturally gluten-free and can be used as functional
food ingredients. All yellow and red kernel maize hybrids investigated in this study showed good
quality parameters regarding physical properties and variations in chemical composition which
makes them suitable for different industrial uses, primarily for food and feed production., Fizičke karakteristike, struktura zrna i hemijski sastav pet hibrida kukuruza žutog i pet crvenog zrna, bili su predmet ovog istraživanja. Masa 1000 zrna, važan fizički pokazatelj kvaliteta
zrna, kretala se u rasponu od 325,76±7,47 g (ZP 555 crveni) do 375,63±4,18 g (ZP 606). Sadržaj
tvrde frakcije endosperma bio je od 57,66±0,93% (ZP 4007) do 67,08±0,42% (ZP 366 crveni), a
meke od 32,92 ± 0,43% (ZP 366 crveni) do 42,34 ± 0,93% (ZP 4007). Skrob, kao najzastupljenija hemijska komponenta, varirao je od 66,80±0,18 (ZP 4007 crveni) do 72,96±0,37 (ZP 606).
Najviši udeo proteina određen je u zrnu hibrida ZP 606 (10,72±0,11%), a najniži u ZP 7007
(8,63 ± 0,04%). Otpornost na mlevenje bila je u visokoj pozitivnoj korelaciji sa udelom tvrdog
endosperma (0.81**), a sadržaj skroba sa hektolitarskom masom (0,77**). Integralna kukuruzna
brašna, dobijena mlevenjem celog zrna žutih i crvenih hibrida, su prirodno bezglutenska i mogu
se koristiti kao sastojci funkcionalne hrane. Svi hibridi kukuruza žutog i crvenog zrna ispitivani u
ovom istraživanju pokazali su dobre parametre kvaliteta u pogledu fizičkih svojstava i varijacija u
hemijskom sastavu što ih čini pogodnim za različite industrijske namene, prvenstveno za proizvodnju hrane za ljude i životinje.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers, Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "Grain properties of yellow and red kernel maize hybrids from Serbia, Fizičko-hemijska svojstva zrna žutih i crvenih hibrida kukuruza iz Srbije",
volume = "26",
number = "2",
pages = "7-14",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem2002007N"
}
Nikolić, V., Božinović, S., Vančetović, J., Radosavljević, M.,& Žilić, S.. (2021-01-19). Grain properties of yellow and red kernel maize hybrids from Serbia. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers., 26(2), 7-14.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2002007N
Nikolić V, Božinović S, Vančetović J, Radosavljević M, Žilić S. Grain properties of yellow and red kernel maize hybrids from Serbia. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2021;26(2):7-14.
doi:10.5937/SelSem2002007N .
Nikolić, Valentina, Božinović, Sofija, Vančetović, Jelena, Radosavljević, Milica, Žilić, Slađana, "Grain properties of yellow and red kernel maize hybrids from Serbia" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 26, no. 2 (2021-01-19):7-14,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2002007N . .
1

The role of maize hybrids in current trends of bioethanol production

Nikolić, Valentina; Žilić, Slađana; Radosavljević, Milica; Simić, Marijana

(Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers, 2021-01-19)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Radosavljević, Milica
AU  - Simić, Marijana
PY  - 2021-01-19
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/852
AB  - Bioethanol is a biofuel that is mostly used as a replacement for fossil fuels worldwide with
yearly production reaching nearly 110 billion liters in 2019. Trends of producing this alternative
fuel are rising and maize is considered as one of the best renewable raw materials for the production of fuel ethanol due to the high content of starch in the grain. Taking into account that
Serbia is one of the most prominent maize producers in Europe, the surpluses of this crop could
be directed toward bioethanol production. Even though there is no organized production and
consumption of bioethanol as an automotive fuel in Serbia, the Serbian Government has recently
introduced some new regulations regarding biofuels. However, due to the reduction of economic
activities since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, the global demand for crude oil has
fallen sharply, negatively affecting the gasoline demand, and thus bioethanol, which makes the
future of this alternative fuel production notably uncertain.
AB  - Bioetanol je biogorivo koje se uglavnom koristi kao zamena za fosilna goriva širom sveta,
a godišnja proizvodnja dostigla je gotovo 110 milijardi litara u 2019. godini. Trendovi proizvodnje ovog alternativnog goriva rastu, a kukuruz se smatra jednom od najboljih obnovljivih
sirovina za proizvodnju bioetanola zahvaljujući visokom sadržaju skroba u zrnu. Uzimajući u
obzir da je Srbija jedan od najistaknutijih proizvođača kukuruza u Evropi, viškovi useva ove
poljoprivredne kulture mogli bi se usmeriti ka proizvodnji bioetanola. Iako u Srbiji ne postoji
organizovana proizvodnja i potrošnja bioetanola kao transportnog goriva, Vlada Republike Srbije nedavno je usvojila nekoliko novih uredbi u vezi sa stavljanjem u promet, obeležavanjem i
potrošnjom biogoriva. Međutim, zbog smanjenja ekonomskih aktivnosti od početka pandemije
virusa COVID-19 tokom 2020. godine, globalna potražnja za sirovom naftom naglo je opala, što
je negativno uticalo na potražnju za benzinom, a time i za bioetanolom, zbog čega je budućnost
proizvodnje ovog alternativnog goriva za sada u velikoj meri neizvesna.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - The role of maize hybrids in current trends of bioethanol production
VL  - 26
IS  - 2
SP  - 21
EP  - 29
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem2002021N
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Žilić, Slađana and Radosavljević, Milica and Simić, Marijana",
year = "2021-01-19",
abstract = "Bioethanol is a biofuel that is mostly used as a replacement for fossil fuels worldwide with
yearly production reaching nearly 110 billion liters in 2019. Trends of producing this alternative
fuel are rising and maize is considered as one of the best renewable raw materials for the production of fuel ethanol due to the high content of starch in the grain. Taking into account that
Serbia is one of the most prominent maize producers in Europe, the surpluses of this crop could
be directed toward bioethanol production. Even though there is no organized production and
consumption of bioethanol as an automotive fuel in Serbia, the Serbian Government has recently
introduced some new regulations regarding biofuels. However, due to the reduction of economic
activities since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, the global demand for crude oil has
fallen sharply, negatively affecting the gasoline demand, and thus bioethanol, which makes the
future of this alternative fuel production notably uncertain., Bioetanol je biogorivo koje se uglavnom koristi kao zamena za fosilna goriva širom sveta,
a godišnja proizvodnja dostigla je gotovo 110 milijardi litara u 2019. godini. Trendovi proizvodnje ovog alternativnog goriva rastu, a kukuruz se smatra jednom od najboljih obnovljivih
sirovina za proizvodnju bioetanola zahvaljujući visokom sadržaju skroba u zrnu. Uzimajući u
obzir da je Srbija jedan od najistaknutijih proizvođača kukuruza u Evropi, viškovi useva ove
poljoprivredne kulture mogli bi se usmeriti ka proizvodnji bioetanola. Iako u Srbiji ne postoji
organizovana proizvodnja i potrošnja bioetanola kao transportnog goriva, Vlada Republike Srbije nedavno je usvojila nekoliko novih uredbi u vezi sa stavljanjem u promet, obeležavanjem i
potrošnjom biogoriva. Međutim, zbog smanjenja ekonomskih aktivnosti od početka pandemije
virusa COVID-19 tokom 2020. godine, globalna potražnja za sirovom naftom naglo je opala, što
je negativno uticalo na potražnju za benzinom, a time i za bioetanolom, zbog čega je budućnost
proizvodnje ovog alternativnog goriva za sada u velikoj meri neizvesna.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers, Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "The role of maize hybrids in current trends of bioethanol production",
volume = "26",
number = "2",
pages = "21-29",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem2002021N"
}
Nikolić, V., Žilić, S., Radosavljević, M.,& Simić, M.. (2021-01-19). The role of maize hybrids in current trends of bioethanol production. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers., 26(2), 21-29.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2002021N
Nikolić V, Žilić S, Radosavljević M, Simić M. The role of maize hybrids in current trends of bioethanol production. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2021;26(2):21-29.
doi:10.5937/SelSem2002021N .
Nikolić, Valentina, Žilić, Slađana, Radosavljević, Milica, Simić, Marijana, "The role of maize hybrids in current trends of bioethanol production" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 26, no. 2 (2021-01-19):21-29,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2002021N . .
2

Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljković, Milovan; Delić, Nenad; Tolimir, Miodrag; Šenk, Milena

(Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljković, Milovan
AU  - Delić, Nenad
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Šenk, Milena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/942
AB  - Зрно кукуруза је важан извор минералних елемената у људској исхрани. Разлике у
садржају минерала у зрну кукуруза могу зависити од генотипа, система гајења,
примене ђубрива, као и метеоролошких услова. Циљ експеримента је био да се испита
утицај различитих система ђубрења (минерално ђубриво – уреа, органско ђубриво –
Fertor, микробиолошко ђубриво – Team micoriza plus, контрола – без ђубрења) на
принос и промене у садржају P, S, Ca, Mg и Fe у кукурузу белог, жутог и црвеног зрна,
током вегетационе сезоне 2017. и 2018. године. У погледу метеоролошких услова,
уочен је сушан период током јуна–августа 2017., док је 2018. имала равномеран
распоред падавина. Зато је у 2017. просечан принос зрна био скоро двоструко мањи, за
4,6 t ha-1, у односу на 2018. годину, али је у 2017. била знатно виша просечна
концентрација Ca, Mg, S и Fе. Зрно црвеног кукуруза је уз просечно већи принос, било
богатије у садржају Cа, Fе и P, док је, органско ђубриво у највећој мери утицало на
повећање приноса и акумулацију Mg, P и S. Код кукуруза црвеног зрна примена
органског ђубрива је у највећем степену довела до већег приноса, као и концентрације
Mg и P, док је микробиолошко ђубриво повећало концентрацију Ca, а уреа Fе. Једино
је већи ниво S био забележен у контроли код кукуруза жуте боје зрна. Највећа
варирања вредности приноса била су код жутог кукуруза (третман са органским
ђубривом и контрола) и црвеног у третману са уреом, док су највећа варирања P, S, Mg
и Fе била код кукуруза црвеног зрна (третман са микробилошким и органским
ђубривом), као и кукуруза жутог зрна у контроли. Приказани резултати указују да се
преко услова гајења може утицати на накупљање важних минерала у зрну кукуруза и
то посебно црвене боје, које би се стога могло сматрати важним извором P, Cа, Mg и
Fе, док би жуто зрно кукуруза могло представљати значајан извор S.
AB  - Maize kernel is an important source of mineral elements in human nutrition. Differences in
mineral content in maize kernel depend on genotype, cropping systems, fertilization, and
meteorological conditions. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of different
fertilization systems (mineral fertilizer – urea, organic fertilizer – Fertor, biofertilizer – Team
micoriza plus, control – without fertilization) on kernel yield and variations in content of P, S,
Ca, Mg, and Fe in kernel of white, yellow and red maize, during 2017 and 2018.
Meteorological conditions indicated dry period during June–August 2017, while in 2018
precipitations were equally distributed. Therefore, the average yield was almost double lower
in 2017 (to 4.6 t ha-1), compared to 2018, while higher average concentration of Ca, Mg, S,
and Fe in maize kernels was recorded in 2017. With higher average yield, red maize kernel
was richer in Ca, Fe, and P. Organic fertilizer increased average yield, and accumulation of
Mg, P, and S in kernels. In regard to combinations, application of organic fertilizer in red
maize resulted in increase of yield, Mg and P, while the biofertilizer increased Ca and urea
increased Fe concentration in kernel. S concentration achieved the highest value in the
control in yellow maize kernel. The greatest variations of kernel yield were in yellow maize
(treatment with the organic fertilizer and control) and in red maize with the urea treatment,
while the greatest variability of P, S, Mg, and Fe concentration was in red maize kernel
(treatment with the bio- and organic fertilizer), as well as yellow maize kernel in the control.
Presented results indicated that adjustments in growing conditions could impact accumulation
of important minerals in kernel, particularly in red maize, which could be considered as a
significant source of P, CA, Mg, and Fe, while yellow maize kernel could be referred as a
significant source of S.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda
T1  - Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна
T1  - Status of some macro-elements in maize kernel with different colour
SP  - 66
EP  - 67
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljković, Milovan and Delić, Nenad and Tolimir, Miodrag and Šenk, Milena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Зрно кукуруза је важан извор минералних елемената у људској исхрани. Разлике у
садржају минерала у зрну кукуруза могу зависити од генотипа, система гајења,
примене ђубрива, као и метеоролошких услова. Циљ експеримента је био да се испита
утицај различитих система ђубрења (минерално ђубриво – уреа, органско ђубриво –
Fertor, микробиолошко ђубриво – Team micoriza plus, контрола – без ђубрења) на
принос и промене у садржају P, S, Ca, Mg и Fe у кукурузу белог, жутог и црвеног зрна,
током вегетационе сезоне 2017. и 2018. године. У погледу метеоролошких услова,
уочен је сушан период током јуна–августа 2017., док је 2018. имала равномеран
распоред падавина. Зато је у 2017. просечан принос зрна био скоро двоструко мањи, за
4,6 t ha-1, у односу на 2018. годину, али је у 2017. била знатно виша просечна
концентрација Ca, Mg, S и Fе. Зрно црвеног кукуруза је уз просечно већи принос, било
богатије у садржају Cа, Fе и P, док је, органско ђубриво у највећој мери утицало на
повећање приноса и акумулацију Mg, P и S. Код кукуруза црвеног зрна примена
органског ђубрива је у највећем степену довела до већег приноса, као и концентрације
Mg и P, док је микробиолошко ђубриво повећало концентрацију Ca, а уреа Fе. Једино
је већи ниво S био забележен у контроли код кукуруза жуте боје зрна. Највећа
варирања вредности приноса била су код жутог кукуруза (третман са органским
ђубривом и контрола) и црвеног у третману са уреом, док су највећа варирања P, S, Mg
и Fе била код кукуруза црвеног зрна (третман са микробилошким и органским
ђубривом), као и кукуруза жутог зрна у контроли. Приказани резултати указују да се
преко услова гајења може утицати на накупљање важних минерала у зрну кукуруза и
то посебно црвене боје, које би се стога могло сматрати важним извором P, Cа, Mg и
Fе, док би жуто зрно кукуруза могло представљати значајан извор S., Maize kernel is an important source of mineral elements in human nutrition. Differences in
mineral content in maize kernel depend on genotype, cropping systems, fertilization, and
meteorological conditions. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of different
fertilization systems (mineral fertilizer – urea, organic fertilizer – Fertor, biofertilizer – Team
micoriza plus, control – without fertilization) on kernel yield and variations in content of P, S,
Ca, Mg, and Fe in kernel of white, yellow and red maize, during 2017 and 2018.
Meteorological conditions indicated dry period during June–August 2017, while in 2018
precipitations were equally distributed. Therefore, the average yield was almost double lower
in 2017 (to 4.6 t ha-1), compared to 2018, while higher average concentration of Ca, Mg, S,
and Fe in maize kernels was recorded in 2017. With higher average yield, red maize kernel
was richer in Ca, Fe, and P. Organic fertilizer increased average yield, and accumulation of
Mg, P, and S in kernels. In regard to combinations, application of organic fertilizer in red
maize resulted in increase of yield, Mg and P, while the biofertilizer increased Ca and urea
increased Fe concentration in kernel. S concentration achieved the highest value in the
control in yellow maize kernel. The greatest variations of kernel yield were in yellow maize
(treatment with the organic fertilizer and control) and in red maize with the urea treatment,
while the greatest variability of P, S, Mg, and Fe concentration was in red maize kernel
(treatment with the bio- and organic fertilizer), as well as yellow maize kernel in the control.
Presented results indicated that adjustments in growing conditions could impact accumulation
of important minerals in kernel, particularly in red maize, which could be considered as a
significant source of P, CA, Mg, and Fe, while yellow maize kernel could be referred as a
significant source of S.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda",
title = "Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна, Status of some macro-elements in maize kernel with different colour",
pages = "66-67"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Stoiljković, M., Delić, N., Tolimir, M.,& Šenk, M.. (2021). Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda
Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet., 66-67.
Dragičević V, Simić M, Brankov M, Stoiljković M, Delić N, Tolimir M, Šenk M. Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda. 2021;:66-67..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljković, Milovan, Delić, Nenad, Tolimir, Miodrag, Šenk, Milena, "Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна" in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda (2021):66-67.

Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines

Ranković, Dejan; Todorović, Goran; Tabaković, Marijenka; Prodanović, Slaven; Boćanski, Jan; Delić, Nenad

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Ranković, Dejan
AU  - Todorović, Goran
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Prodanović, Slaven
AU  - Boćanski, Jan
AU  - Delić, Nenad
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/850
AB  - The aim of this study was to observe direct and joint effects of three factors (genotypes,
ecological environmental conditions and the applied crop density) on the level of defoliation intensity
and yield. Three inbred lines (G) of maize (G1–L217RfC, G2–L335/99 and G3–L76B004) were used
in the study. The trials were performed in two years (Y) (Y1 = 2016 and Y2 = 2017) and in two
locations (L) (L1 and L2) under four ecological conditions of the year–location interaction (E1–E4)
and in two densities (D1 and D2) (50,000 and 65,000 plants ha−1
). Prior to tasselling, the following
five treatments of detasseling and defoliation (T) were applied: T1—control, no leaf removal only
detasseling, T2–T5—removal of tassels and top leaves (from one to four top leaves). The defoliation
treatments had the most pronounced effect on the yield reduction in G1 (T1–Tn+1 . . . T5), p < 0.05.
The ecological conditions on yield variability were expressed under poor weather conditions (E3 and
E4), while lower densities were less favorable for the application of defoliation treatments. The result
of joint effects of factors was the lowest grain yield (896 kg/ha) in G3 in the variant E3D1 for T2 and
the highest grain yield (11,389 kg/ha) in G3 in the variant E2D2 for T1. The smallest effect of the
defoliation treatment was on the kernel row number (KRN)
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Agriculture
T1  - Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines
VL  - 11
IS  - 6
SP  - 509
DO  - 10.3390/ agriculture11060509
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Ranković, Dejan and Todorović, Goran and Tabaković, Marijenka and Prodanović, Slaven and Boćanski, Jan and Delić, Nenad",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to observe direct and joint effects of three factors (genotypes,
ecological environmental conditions and the applied crop density) on the level of defoliation intensity
and yield. Three inbred lines (G) of maize (G1–L217RfC, G2–L335/99 and G3–L76B004) were used
in the study. The trials were performed in two years (Y) (Y1 = 2016 and Y2 = 2017) and in two
locations (L) (L1 and L2) under four ecological conditions of the year–location interaction (E1–E4)
and in two densities (D1 and D2) (50,000 and 65,000 plants ha−1
). Prior to tasselling, the following
five treatments of detasseling and defoliation (T) were applied: T1—control, no leaf removal only
detasseling, T2–T5—removal of tassels and top leaves (from one to four top leaves). The defoliation
treatments had the most pronounced effect on the yield reduction in G1 (T1–Tn+1 . . . T5), p < 0.05.
The ecological conditions on yield variability were expressed under poor weather conditions (E3 and
E4), while lower densities were less favorable for the application of defoliation treatments. The result
of joint effects of factors was the lowest grain yield (896 kg/ha) in G3 in the variant E3D1 for T2 and
the highest grain yield (11,389 kg/ha) in G3 in the variant E2D2 for T1. The smallest effect of the
defoliation treatment was on the kernel row number (KRN)",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Agriculture",
title = "Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines",
volume = "11",
number = "6",
pages = "509",
doi = "10.3390/ agriculture11060509"
}
Ranković, D., Todorović, G., Tabaković, M., Prodanović, S., Boćanski, J.,& Delić, N.. (2021). Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines. in Agriculture
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 11(6), 509.
https://doi.org/10.3390/ agriculture11060509
Ranković D, Todorović G, Tabaković M, Prodanović S, Boćanski J, Delić N. Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines. in Agriculture. 2021;11(6):509.
doi:10.3390/ agriculture11060509 .
Ranković, Dejan, Todorović, Goran, Tabaković, Marijenka, Prodanović, Slaven, Boćanski, Jan, Delić, Nenad, "Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines" in Agriculture, 11, no. 6 (2021):509,
https://doi.org/10.3390/ agriculture11060509 . .

High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food

Radenović, Čedomir; Delić, Nenad; Radosavljević, Milica; Jovanović, Života; Sečanski, Mile; Popović, Aleksandar; Crevar, Miloš; Radosavljević, Nebojša

(Beograd : Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Radenović, Čedomir
AU  - Delić, Nenad
AU  - Radosavljević, Milica
AU  - Jovanović, Života
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Popović, Aleksandar
AU  - Crevar, Miloš
AU  - Radosavljević, Nebojša
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/826
AB  - Introduction/purpose: This paper presents the results of several different research studies. The inbred lines ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159 and the maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 are primarily intended for human and livestock nutrition. Their selection took about four decades. Methods: Spectral bands were registered using the method of resonant Raman spectroscopy of the leaves of inbred maize lines. These spectral bands indicate the conformational characteristics of not only carotenoid molecules but also other compounds (phosphate, gluten, and amide III) in the leaf. Results: A systematic examination of the inbred lines ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159 and their maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 was performed in this paper. It was stated that the new inbred lines of corn, i.e. ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159, are rich in carotenoids and yellow pigments. These lines also have significant quantities of other valuable bioactive compounds and good physical characteristics. The lines have an upright position of the top leaves and belong to the group of maize lines with significant characteristics of the photosynthetic model. They are resistant to high temperatures and are drought tolerant. Conclusion: This paper presents the relevant properties, characteristics and parameters of the new studied inbred maize lines that can be used in selection processes in the future. High-yielding and high-quality maize hybrids, i.e. ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737, have been created from the mentioned inbred maize lines. They are recognizable by their qualities. The hybrid ZP633 is especially noteworthy for human consumption (children and the elderly). Further, from the agronomic-veterinary point of view, it is confirmed that the hybrids ZP 735 and ZP 737 are the most suitable for livestock feeding with the programmed use of corn silage. The relevant agronomic, morphological and nutritional properties of the maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 are also presented in this paper. The results regarding the grain structure and yield height for grain and silage for the hybrids ZP 677 and ZP 684, produced in Serbia and the countries of Southeastern Europe, are also given.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija
T2  - Vojnotehnički glasnik
T1  - High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food
VL  - 69
IS  - 1
SP  - 114
EP  - 147
DO  - 10.5937/vojteh69-29512
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Radenović, Čedomir and Delić, Nenad and Radosavljević, Milica and Jovanović, Života and Sečanski, Mile and Popović, Aleksandar and Crevar, Miloš and Radosavljević, Nebojša",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Introduction/purpose: This paper presents the results of several different research studies. The inbred lines ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159 and the maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 are primarily intended for human and livestock nutrition. Their selection took about four decades. Methods: Spectral bands were registered using the method of resonant Raman spectroscopy of the leaves of inbred maize lines. These spectral bands indicate the conformational characteristics of not only carotenoid molecules but also other compounds (phosphate, gluten, and amide III) in the leaf. Results: A systematic examination of the inbred lines ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159 and their maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 was performed in this paper. It was stated that the new inbred lines of corn, i.e. ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159, are rich in carotenoids and yellow pigments. These lines also have significant quantities of other valuable bioactive compounds and good physical characteristics. The lines have an upright position of the top leaves and belong to the group of maize lines with significant characteristics of the photosynthetic model. They are resistant to high temperatures and are drought tolerant. Conclusion: This paper presents the relevant properties, characteristics and parameters of the new studied inbred maize lines that can be used in selection processes in the future. High-yielding and high-quality maize hybrids, i.e. ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737, have been created from the mentioned inbred maize lines. They are recognizable by their qualities. The hybrid ZP633 is especially noteworthy for human consumption (children and the elderly). Further, from the agronomic-veterinary point of view, it is confirmed that the hybrids ZP 735 and ZP 737 are the most suitable for livestock feeding with the programmed use of corn silage. The relevant agronomic, morphological and nutritional properties of the maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 are also presented in this paper. The results regarding the grain structure and yield height for grain and silage for the hybrids ZP 677 and ZP 684, produced in Serbia and the countries of Southeastern Europe, are also given.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija",
journal = "Vojnotehnički glasnik",
title = "High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food",
volume = "69",
number = "1",
pages = "114-147",
doi = "10.5937/vojteh69-29512"
}
Radenović, Č., Delić, N., Radosavljević, M., Jovanović, Ž., Sečanski, M., Popović, A., Crevar, M.,& Radosavljević, N.. (2021). High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food. in Vojnotehnički glasnik
Beograd : Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija., 69(1), 114-147.
https://doi.org/10.5937/vojteh69-29512
Radenović Č, Delić N, Radosavljević M, Jovanović Ž, Sečanski M, Popović A, Crevar M, Radosavljević N. High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food. in Vojnotehnički glasnik. 2021;69(1):114-147.
doi:10.5937/vojteh69-29512 .
Radenović, Čedomir, Delić, Nenad, Radosavljević, Milica, Jovanović, Života, Sečanski, Mile, Popović, Aleksandar, Crevar, Miloš, Radosavljević, Nebojša, "High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food" in Vojnotehnički glasnik, 69, no. 1 (2021):114-147,
https://doi.org/10.5937/vojteh69-29512 . .

Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia

Nikolić, Milica; Savić, Iva; Nikolić, Ana; Jauković, Marko; Kandić, Vesna; Stevanović, Milan; Stanković, Slavica

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Jauković, Marko
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Stevanović, Milan
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/836
AB  - In Serbia, aspergillus ear rot caused by the disease pathogen Aspergillus parasiticus
(A. parasiticus) was first detected in 2012 under both field and storage conditions. Global climate
shifts, primarily warming, favour the contamination of maize with aflatoxins in temperate climates,
including Serbia. A five-year study (2012–2016) comprising of 46 A. parasiticus strains isolated from
maize kernels was performed to observe the morphological, molecular, pathogenic, and toxigenic
traits of this pathogen. The HPLC method was applied to evaluate mycotoxin concentrations in this
causal agent. The A. parasiticus isolates synthesised mainly aflatoxin AFB1 (84.78%). The percentage
of isolates synthesising aflatoxin AFG1 (15.22%) was considerably lower. Furthermore, the concen-
tration of AFG1 was higher than that of AFB1 in eight isolates. The polyphase approach, used to
characterise isolates, showed that they were A. parasiticus species. This identification was verified by
the multiplex RLFP-PCR detection method with the use of restriction enzymes. These results form an
excellent baseline for further studies with the aim of application in the production, processing, and
storage of cereal grains and seeds, and in technological processes to ensure the safe production of
food and feed.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Toxins
T1  - Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia
VL  - 13
SP  - 847
DO  - 10.3390/toxins13120847
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Milica and Savić, Iva and Nikolić, Ana and Jauković, Marko and Kandić, Vesna and Stevanović, Milan and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2021",
abstract = "In Serbia, aspergillus ear rot caused by the disease pathogen Aspergillus parasiticus
(A. parasiticus) was first detected in 2012 under both field and storage conditions. Global climate
shifts, primarily warming, favour the contamination of maize with aflatoxins in temperate climates,
including Serbia. A five-year study (2012–2016) comprising of 46 A. parasiticus strains isolated from
maize kernels was performed to observe the morphological, molecular, pathogenic, and toxigenic
traits of this pathogen. The HPLC method was applied to evaluate mycotoxin concentrations in this
causal agent. The A. parasiticus isolates synthesised mainly aflatoxin AFB1 (84.78%). The percentage
of isolates synthesising aflatoxin AFG1 (15.22%) was considerably lower. Furthermore, the concen-
tration of AFG1 was higher than that of AFB1 in eight isolates. The polyphase approach, used to
characterise isolates, showed that they were A. parasiticus species. This identification was verified by
the multiplex RLFP-PCR detection method with the use of restriction enzymes. These results form an
excellent baseline for further studies with the aim of application in the production, processing, and
storage of cereal grains and seeds, and in technological processes to ensure the safe production of
food and feed.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Toxins",
title = "Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia",
volume = "13",
pages = "847",
doi = "10.3390/toxins13120847"
}
Nikolić, M., Savić, I., Nikolić, A., Jauković, M., Kandić, V., Stevanović, M.,& Stanković, S.. (2021). Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia. in Toxins
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 13, 847.
https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13120847
Nikolić M, Savić I, Nikolić A, Jauković M, Kandić V, Stevanović M, Stanković S. Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia. in Toxins. 2021;13:847.
doi:10.3390/toxins13120847 .
Nikolić, Milica, Savić, Iva, Nikolić, Ana, Jauković, Marko, Kandić, Vesna, Stevanović, Milan, Stanković, Slavica, "Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia" in Toxins, 13 (2021):847,
https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13120847 . .

The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids

Nikolić, Milica; Srdić, Jelena; Savić, Iva; Žilić, Slađana; Stevanović, Milan; Kandić, Vesna; Stanković, Slavica

(Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Stevanović, Milan
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/833
AB  - The objective of the present study was to investigate the susceptibility of maize hybrids to the
natural mycotoxins contamination: aflatoxin total (AFLA), deoxynivalenol (DON),
zearalenon (ZEA) and fumonisins (FB). Hybrids were grown during two production years
(2019 and 2020) in two locations. Mycotoxin contamination of maize grains was evaluated in
five sweet maize hybrids. Contamination level of investigated hybrids of first cluster was
mainly by below average values of ZEA (all equal to zero) and DON. Hybrids PK4 (S) 2020,
PK6 (MS) 2020 and PK4 (MS) 2020 had below average values for AFLA, while remaining
treatments of this cluster have mostly elevated values of this mycotoxin. Contamination level
of investigated hybrids of second cluster mostly had increased values of mycotoxins ZEA
and DON and below average values of AFLA. Samples did not contain fumonisins.
Mycotoxin contamination were significantly affected by hybrids and years. We have
established that DON and ZEA levels were influenced by the environmental conditions.
There were no significant effects of location on the level of AFLA in the sweet maize
hybrids. The variation in the properties of mycotoxin content (DON) was significantly
influenced by hybrids, and there was no significance of hybrids x location interaction.
Differences were more expressed for the content of ZEA and AFLA compared to the content
of DON. Hybrid PK1 had the lowest content of DON, while it had the highest content of
ZEA. Mycotoxin analyses showed that in all tested hybrids, levels of AFLA, DON, ZEA and
FBs were below the maximum permissible levels stipulated by the legislation of the
European Union and the Republic of Serbia in maize intended for direct human consumption.
These results confirmed that the susceptibility of hybrids is one of the important risks, in addition to climatic factors, for the appearance of toxigenic fungi and their mycotoxins.
Genotype tolerance is very important as a preventive measure, which indicates that breeders
have to pay attention to it in sweet maize breeding programs.
AB  - Cilj ovog rada bio je da se prouči osteljivost hibrida kukuruza na prirodnu kontaminaciju
mikotoksinima (aflatoksin B1 (AFB1), deoksnivalenol (DON), zearalenol (ZEA) i fumonizini
(FB)). Hibrdi su gajeni tokom dve proizvodne godine (2019. i 2020) u dve lokacije.
Kontaminacija zrna kukuruza mikotoksinima ispitivana je na pet hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Nivo
kontaminacije proučavanih hibrida prvog klastera bio je uglavnom ispod prosečnih vrednosti
ZEA (sve vrednosti su bile nula) i DON. Vrednosti AFLA kod hibrida PK4 (S) 2020, PK6 (MS)
2020 i PK4 (MS) 2020 su bile ispod prosečne vrednosti, dok su vrednosti ovog mikotoksina bile
više od prosečnih vrednosti za ostale tretmane ovog klastera. Nivoi kontaminacije proučavanih
hibrida drugog klastera su uglavnom bili viši za mikotoksine ZEA i DON i niži za AFLA.
Fumnonizni nisu utrvđreni u uzorcima. Na kontaminaciju mikotoksinima značajno su uticali
hibiridi i godine. Utvrđeno je da su uslovi sredine uticali na nivoe DON i ZEA. Lokacija nije
značajno uticala na nivo AFLA kod hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Hibridi su značajno uticali na
variranje sadržaja mikotoksina (DON), dok hibrid × lokacija interakcija nije bila značajna.
Razlike su bile izraženije za sadržaj ZEA i ALFA nego za sadržaj DON. Najniži sadržaj DON
utvrđen je kod hibrida PK1, kod koga je sadržaj ZEA bio najviši. Analize mikotoksina pokazuju
da su nivoi AFLA, DON, ZEA i FB u svim ispitivanim hibridima bili ispod maksimalno
dozvoljenih nivoa koji su propisani zankonima Evropske Unije i Republike Srbije za kukuruz
koji je namenjen za direktnu ljudsku konzumaciju. Ovi rezultati potvrđuju da je osetljivost
hibrida jedan od važnih rizika pored klimatskih faktora za pojavu toksigenih gljiva i njihovih
mikotoksima. Tolerantnost genotipa je veoma važna preventivna mera, na koju oplemenjivači
moraju da obrate pažnju u programima oplemenjivanja kukuruza šećerca.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society
T2  - Genetika
T1  - The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids
VL  - 53
IS  - 3
SP  - 1311
EP  - 1320
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2103311N
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Milica and Srdić, Jelena and Savić, Iva and Žilić, Slađana and Stevanović, Milan and Kandić, Vesna and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The objective of the present study was to investigate the susceptibility of maize hybrids to the
natural mycotoxins contamination: aflatoxin total (AFLA), deoxynivalenol (DON),
zearalenon (ZEA) and fumonisins (FB). Hybrids were grown during two production years
(2019 and 2020) in two locations. Mycotoxin contamination of maize grains was evaluated in
five sweet maize hybrids. Contamination level of investigated hybrids of first cluster was
mainly by below average values of ZEA (all equal to zero) and DON. Hybrids PK4 (S) 2020,
PK6 (MS) 2020 and PK4 (MS) 2020 had below average values for AFLA, while remaining
treatments of this cluster have mostly elevated values of this mycotoxin. Contamination level
of investigated hybrids of second cluster mostly had increased values of mycotoxins ZEA
and DON and below average values of AFLA. Samples did not contain fumonisins.
Mycotoxin contamination were significantly affected by hybrids and years. We have
established that DON and ZEA levels were influenced by the environmental conditions.
There were no significant effects of location on the level of AFLA in the sweet maize
hybrids. The variation in the properties of mycotoxin content (DON) was significantly
influenced by hybrids, and there was no significance of hybrids x location interaction.
Differences were more expressed for the content of ZEA and AFLA compared to the content
of DON. Hybrid PK1 had the lowest content of DON, while it had the highest content of
ZEA. Mycotoxin analyses showed that in all tested hybrids, levels of AFLA, DON, ZEA and
FBs were below the maximum permissible levels stipulated by the legislation of the
European Union and the Republic of Serbia in maize intended for direct human consumption.
These results confirmed that the susceptibility of hybrids is one of the important risks, in addition to climatic factors, for the appearance of toxigenic fungi and their mycotoxins.
Genotype tolerance is very important as a preventive measure, which indicates that breeders
have to pay attention to it in sweet maize breeding programs., Cilj ovog rada bio je da se prouči osteljivost hibrida kukuruza na prirodnu kontaminaciju
mikotoksinima (aflatoksin B1 (AFB1), deoksnivalenol (DON), zearalenol (ZEA) i fumonizini
(FB)). Hibrdi su gajeni tokom dve proizvodne godine (2019. i 2020) u dve lokacije.
Kontaminacija zrna kukuruza mikotoksinima ispitivana je na pet hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Nivo
kontaminacije proučavanih hibrida prvog klastera bio je uglavnom ispod prosečnih vrednosti
ZEA (sve vrednosti su bile nula) i DON. Vrednosti AFLA kod hibrida PK4 (S) 2020, PK6 (MS)
2020 i PK4 (MS) 2020 su bile ispod prosečne vrednosti, dok su vrednosti ovog mikotoksina bile
više od prosečnih vrednosti za ostale tretmane ovog klastera. Nivoi kontaminacije proučavanih
hibrida drugog klastera su uglavnom bili viši za mikotoksine ZEA i DON i niži za AFLA.
Fumnonizni nisu utrvđreni u uzorcima. Na kontaminaciju mikotoksinima značajno su uticali
hibiridi i godine. Utvrđeno je da su uslovi sredine uticali na nivoe DON i ZEA. Lokacija nije
značajno uticala na nivo AFLA kod hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Hibridi su značajno uticali na
variranje sadržaja mikotoksina (DON), dok hibrid × lokacija interakcija nije bila značajna.
Razlike su bile izraženije za sadržaj ZEA i ALFA nego za sadržaj DON. Najniži sadržaj DON
utvrđen je kod hibrida PK1, kod koga je sadržaj ZEA bio najviši. Analize mikotoksina pokazuju
da su nivoi AFLA, DON, ZEA i FB u svim ispitivanim hibridima bili ispod maksimalno
dozvoljenih nivoa koji su propisani zankonima Evropske Unije i Republike Srbije za kukuruz
koji je namenjen za direktnu ljudsku konzumaciju. Ovi rezultati potvrđuju da je osetljivost
hibrida jedan od važnih rizika pored klimatskih faktora za pojavu toksigenih gljiva i njihovih
mikotoksima. Tolerantnost genotipa je veoma važna preventivna mera, na koju oplemenjivači
moraju da obrate pažnju u programima oplemenjivanja kukuruza šećerca.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids",
volume = "53",
number = "3",
pages = "1311-1320",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2103311N"
}
Nikolić, M., Srdić, J., Savić, I., Žilić, S., Stevanović, M., Kandić, V.,& Stanković, S.. (2021). The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids. in Genetika
Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society., 53(3), 1311-1320.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2103311N
Nikolić M, Srdić J, Savić I, Žilić S, Stevanović M, Kandić V, Stanković S. The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids. in Genetika. 2021;53(3):1311-1320.
doi:10.2298/GENSR2103311N .
Nikolić, Milica, Srdić, Jelena, Savić, Iva, Žilić, Slađana, Stevanović, Milan, Kandić, Vesna, Stanković, Slavica, "The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids" in Genetika, 53, no. 3 (2021):1311-1320,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2103311N . .