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Effects of pre-sowing seed treatments for improving germination and the growth of pepper and tomato seedlings

Štrbanović, Ratibor; Poštić, Dobrivoj; Tabaković, Marijenka; Knežević, Jasmina; Živanović, Ljubiša; Stanisavljević, Rade

(Lublin : Wydawnictwo Akademii Rolniczej, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Štrbanović, Ratibor
AU  - Poštić, Dobrivoj
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Knežević, Jasmina
AU  - Živanović, Ljubiša
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/821
AB  - The aim of this study was to establish the effect of different seed treatments on germination
,
 and the growth 
of  the  embryonic  stem  and  the  radicle  of  tomato  and  pepper  varieties.  Four  treatments  were  used  in  the  
study: MIX [(Coveron + zinc (Zn 0.5%) + boron (B 0.025%)]; Coveron; zinc (ZnSO
4
, Zn 0.5%) and boron 
(B 0.025%). The treatments were applied on seeds of following four pepper varieties: Šorokšari, Somborka, 
Kraljica, and Mirtima and three tomato varieties: Rio Grande, Saint Pierre, and Tomato apple of Novi Sad 
(Novosadski jabučar). Germination and the growth increase of both the embryonic stem (cm) and the radicle 
(cm) were observed in the germination cabinets and pots containing soil in two laboratories – locations. Af-
ter the treatment applied to the pepper seeds and testing in the laboratory germination cabinet the following 
was established: i) the maximum increase in germination of 90% was when the MIX and Zn treatment was 
applied to seeds, ii) the growth increase of embryonic stems of 2.7 cm was recorded when the MIX treatment 
was applied, iii) the growth increase of radicles of 1.7 cm was gained when the Coveron and MIX treatment 
was applied. Tests performed in pots showed that Coveron was the most efficient treatment. Treatments on 
tomato seeds during the seed testing in the germination cabinet provided: vi) the germination increase of 13% 
with the MIX treatment, vii) the growth increase of the embryonic stem of 2.6 cm with the same treatment, 
vii) the growth increase of 1.7 cm of radicles. Coveron was the most efficient treatment in tests in pots.
PB  - Lublin : Wydawnictwo Akademii Rolniczej
T2  - Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Hortorum Cultus
T1  - Effects of pre-sowing seed treatments for improving germination and the growth of pepper and tomato seedlings
VL  - 20
IS  - 1
SP  - 101
EP  - 109
DO  - 10.24326/asphc.2021.1.9
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Štrbanović, Ratibor and Poštić, Dobrivoj and Tabaković, Marijenka and Knežević, Jasmina and Živanović, Ljubiša and Stanisavljević, Rade",
year = "2021",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/821",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to establish the effect of different seed treatments on germination
,
 and the growth 
of  the  embryonic  stem  and  the  radicle  of  tomato  and  pepper  varieties.  Four  treatments  were  used  in  the  
study: MIX [(Coveron + zinc (Zn 0.5%) + boron (B 0.025%)]; Coveron; zinc (ZnSO
4
, Zn 0.5%) and boron 
(B 0.025%). The treatments were applied on seeds of following four pepper varieties: Šorokšari, Somborka, 
Kraljica, and Mirtima and three tomato varieties: Rio Grande, Saint Pierre, and Tomato apple of Novi Sad 
(Novosadski jabučar). Germination and the growth increase of both the embryonic stem (cm) and the radicle 
(cm) were observed in the germination cabinets and pots containing soil in two laboratories – locations. Af-
ter the treatment applied to the pepper seeds and testing in the laboratory germination cabinet the following 
was established: i) the maximum increase in germination of 90% was when the MIX and Zn treatment was 
applied to seeds, ii) the growth increase of embryonic stems of 2.7 cm was recorded when the MIX treatment 
was applied, iii) the growth increase of radicles of 1.7 cm was gained when the Coveron and MIX treatment 
was applied. Tests performed in pots showed that Coveron was the most efficient treatment. Treatments on 
tomato seeds during the seed testing in the germination cabinet provided: vi) the germination increase of 13% 
with the MIX treatment, vii) the growth increase of the embryonic stem of 2.6 cm with the same treatment, 
vii) the growth increase of 1.7 cm of radicles. Coveron was the most efficient treatment in tests in pots.",
publisher = "Lublin : Wydawnictwo Akademii Rolniczej",
journal = "Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Hortorum Cultus",
title = "Effects of pre-sowing seed treatments for improving germination and the growth of pepper and tomato seedlings",
volume = "20",
number = "1",
pages = "101-109",
doi = "10.24326/asphc.2021.1.9"
}
Štrbanović, R., Poštić, D., Tabaković, M., Knežević, J., Živanović, L.,& Stanisavljević, R. (2021). Effects of pre-sowing seed treatments for improving germination and the growth of pepper and tomato seedlings.
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Hortorum CultusLublin : Wydawnictwo Akademii Rolniczej., 20(1), 101-109.
https://doi.org/10.24326/asphc.2021.1.9
Štrbanović R, Poštić D, Tabaković M, Knežević J, Živanović L, Stanisavljević R. Effects of pre-sowing seed treatments for improving germination and the growth of pepper and tomato seedlings. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Hortorum Cultus. 2021;20(1):101-109
Štrbanović Ratibor, Poštić Dobrivoj, Tabaković Marijenka, Knežević Jasmina, Živanović Ljubiša, Stanisavljević Rade, "Effects of pre-sowing seed treatments for improving germination and the growth of pepper and tomato seedlings" 20, no. 1 (2021):101-109,
https://doi.org/10.24326/asphc.2021.1.9 .

The impact of diet and fibre fractions on plasma adipocytokine levels in prediabetic adults

Dodevska, Margarita; Šobajić, Slađana; Dragičević, Vesna; Stanković, Ivan; Ivanović, Nevena; Đorđević, Brižita

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dodevska, Margarita
AU  - Šobajić, Slađana
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Stanković, Ivan
AU  - Ivanović, Nevena
AU  - Đorđević, Brižita
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/822
AB  - The impact of diet and fibre fractions on adipocytokines in obese subjects with a risk of diabetes has not been investigated in detail yet. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effects of a 12-month lifestyle intervention with different fibre profiles (resistant starch (RS)—rich fibre, or ordinary food fibre profiles) on adipocytokine levels. Fifty participants are divided into two groups (RS group and Fibre group). The groups differ only in the percentage of the recommended level of the RS consumed as a fraction of the same total fibre amount. The applied dietary intervention includes intake of 7531 KJ/daywith a total fibre portion of 25–35 g/dayfor both groups that includes 15 g/day of RS for the RS group only. The levels of leptin, adiponectin, apelin, resistin, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and C-reactive protein (CRP) are measured, and their relationship to anthropometric and biochemical parameters is estimated. Along with significant body weight loss, only leptin is significantly reduced by 13% in the RS group while in the Fibre group, apelin levels are significant (−21%). Polynomial regression shows a negative correlation between RS intake and adiponectin (R2 = 0.145) and resistin level (R2 = 0.461) in the RS group. This study indicates the possibility that fibre fractions differently influence the outcome of lifestyle interventions, as well as their adipocytokine levels, in obese prediabetic adults.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Nutrients
T1  - The impact of diet and fibre fractions on plasma adipocytokine levels in prediabetic adults
VL  - 13
IS  - 2
SP  - 487
DO  - 10.3390/nu13020487
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dodevska, Margarita and Šobajić, Slađana and Dragičević, Vesna and Stanković, Ivan and Ivanović, Nevena and Đorđević, Brižita",
year = "2021",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/822",
abstract = "The impact of diet and fibre fractions on adipocytokines in obese subjects with a risk of diabetes has not been investigated in detail yet. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effects of a 12-month lifestyle intervention with different fibre profiles (resistant starch (RS)—rich fibre, or ordinary food fibre profiles) on adipocytokine levels. Fifty participants are divided into two groups (RS group and Fibre group). The groups differ only in the percentage of the recommended level of the RS consumed as a fraction of the same total fibre amount. The applied dietary intervention includes intake of 7531 KJ/daywith a total fibre portion of 25–35 g/dayfor both groups that includes 15 g/day of RS for the RS group only. The levels of leptin, adiponectin, apelin, resistin, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and C-reactive protein (CRP) are measured, and their relationship to anthropometric and biochemical parameters is estimated. Along with significant body weight loss, only leptin is significantly reduced by 13% in the RS group while in the Fibre group, apelin levels are significant (−21%). Polynomial regression shows a negative correlation between RS intake and adiponectin (R2 = 0.145) and resistin level (R2 = 0.461) in the RS group. This study indicates the possibility that fibre fractions differently influence the outcome of lifestyle interventions, as well as their adipocytokine levels, in obese prediabetic adults.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Nutrients",
title = "The impact of diet and fibre fractions on plasma adipocytokine levels in prediabetic adults",
volume = "13",
number = "2",
pages = "487",
doi = "10.3390/nu13020487"
}
Dodevska, M., Šobajić, S., Dragičević, V., Stanković, I., Ivanović, N.,& Đorđević, B. (2021). The impact of diet and fibre fractions on plasma adipocytokine levels in prediabetic adults.
NutrientsBasel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 13(2), 487.
https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020487
Dodevska M, Šobajić S, Dragičević V, Stanković I, Ivanović N, Đorđević B. The impact of diet and fibre fractions on plasma adipocytokine levels in prediabetic adults. Nutrients. 2021;13(2):487
Dodevska Margarita, Šobajić Slađana, Dragičević Vesna, Stanković Ivan, Ivanović Nevena, Đorđević Brižita, "The impact of diet and fibre fractions on plasma adipocytokine levels in prediabetic adults" 13, no. 2 (2021):487,
https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020487 .

Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize

Mandić, Violeta; Bijelić, Zorica; Krnjaja, Vesna; Đorđević, Snežana; Brankov, Milan; Mićić, Nenad; Stanojković, Aleksandar

(Lahore : Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Đorđević, Snežana
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Mićić, Nenad
AU  - Stanojković, Aleksandar
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/811
AB  - Maize silage is source of palatable and high-energy forage for ruminants. Therefore, production of high quality forage maize represents an essential strategy for stable production of milk and meat on livestock farms. This study examined the effect of harvest date (early dent, at half milk line, at three quarters milk line and black layer) on the quantitative and qualitative parameters of whole maize plant under contrasting climatic conditions in the Srem - Serbia. A 2 × 4 factorial (two years and the four cutting times) randomized blocks design was used, with three replications. The plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves per plant, forage yield, dry matter yield and dry matter content were higher in 2014 probably due to favorable weather conditions. With the delay of the harvest the forage yield, crude protein content, acid detergent fiber (ADF) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) decreased, and dry matter yield, dry matter content and ear percentage increased. Sufficiently high dry matter content and ear percentage were achieved at the third harvest. However, the delay of harvested time reduces the quality parameters of the biomass, but this loss in the entire plant is moderated by grain filling.
PB  - Lahore : Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum
T2  - Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences
T1  - Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize
VL  - 31
IS  - 1
SP  - 103
EP  - 107
DO  - 10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0198
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mandić, Violeta and Bijelić, Zorica and Krnjaja, Vesna and Đorđević, Snežana and Brankov, Milan and Mićić, Nenad and Stanojković, Aleksandar",
year = "2021",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/811",
abstract = "Maize silage is source of palatable and high-energy forage for ruminants. Therefore, production of high quality forage maize represents an essential strategy for stable production of milk and meat on livestock farms. This study examined the effect of harvest date (early dent, at half milk line, at three quarters milk line and black layer) on the quantitative and qualitative parameters of whole maize plant under contrasting climatic conditions in the Srem - Serbia. A 2 × 4 factorial (two years and the four cutting times) randomized blocks design was used, with three replications. The plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves per plant, forage yield, dry matter yield and dry matter content were higher in 2014 probably due to favorable weather conditions. With the delay of the harvest the forage yield, crude protein content, acid detergent fiber (ADF) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) decreased, and dry matter yield, dry matter content and ear percentage increased. Sufficiently high dry matter content and ear percentage were achieved at the third harvest. However, the delay of harvested time reduces the quality parameters of the biomass, but this loss in the entire plant is moderated by grain filling.",
publisher = "Lahore : Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum",
journal = "Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences",
title = "Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize",
volume = "31",
number = "1",
pages = "103-107",
doi = "10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0198"
}
Mandić, V., Bijelić, Z., Krnjaja, V., Đorđević, S., Brankov, M., Mićić, N.,& Stanojković, A. (2021). Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize.
Journal of Animal and Plant SciencesLahore : Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum., 31(1), 103-107.
https://doi.org/10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0198
Mandić V, Bijelić Z, Krnjaja V, Đorđević S, Brankov M, Mićić N, Stanojković A. Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences. 2021;31(1):103-107
Mandić Violeta, Bijelić Zorica, Krnjaja Vesna, Đorđević Snežana, Brankov Milan, Mićić Nenad, Stanojković Aleksandar, "Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize" 31, no. 1 (2021):103-107,
https://doi.org/10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0198 .

Black soya bean and black chia seeds as a source of nutrients and bioactive compounds with health benefits

Nikolić, Valentina; Žilić, Slađana; Simić, Marijana; Perić, Vesna

(Novi Sad : Institute of Food Technology, University of Novi Sad, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Perić, Vesna
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/820
AB  - Recent trends in healthy lifestyle and diet made functional foods rich in
quality nutrients and bioactive compounds with potential health benefits highly sought
after. Some cultivated plants, such as soya and chia can provide a viable source of
nutraceuticals with high fibre, protein, and protective antioxidant potential. The wholegrain flours of black soya beans and black chia seeds were used in this study. Potential
nutritive and health-benefitting properties of these flours were compared by assessing
their chemical composition and antioxidant profile. The content of dietary fibres such
as NDF, ADF, ADL and hemicellulose determined in black chia seed sample was
higher than in black soya soya beans which had higher fibre content. The total protein
content recorded in black soya beans was almost as twice as high (42.26+0.14%) as
chia protein content (25.04+0,20%). Black soya beans had the highest content of water
soluble proteins (29.00+0.13% d.m.) with NSI (nitrogen solubility index) acounting
for as much as 70.96+0.31% of total proteins, while black chia seeds had the highest
content of globulins (14.64+0.07% d.m.) and NSI 58.48+0.27% of total proteins. Both
black soya bean and black chia contained a high amount of total phenolic compounds
(830,66+5.46 and 1201.94+16.29 mg GAE/kg, respectively) and exhibited a
considerable total antioxidant capacity, which makes them good contestants for
functional food ingredients with potential health benefits.
PB  - Novi Sad : Institute of Food Technology, University of Novi Sad
T2  - Food and Feed Research
T1  - Black soya bean and black chia seeds as a source of nutrients and bioactive compounds with health benefits
VL  - 47
IS  - 2
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Žilić, Slađana and Simić, Marijana and Perić, Vesna",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/820",
abstract = "Recent trends in healthy lifestyle and diet made functional foods rich in
quality nutrients and bioactive compounds with potential health benefits highly sought
after. Some cultivated plants, such as soya and chia can provide a viable source of
nutraceuticals with high fibre, protein, and protective antioxidant potential. The wholegrain flours of black soya beans and black chia seeds were used in this study. Potential
nutritive and health-benefitting properties of these flours were compared by assessing
their chemical composition and antioxidant profile. The content of dietary fibres such
as NDF, ADF, ADL and hemicellulose determined in black chia seed sample was
higher than in black soya soya beans which had higher fibre content. The total protein
content recorded in black soya beans was almost as twice as high (42.26+0.14%) as
chia protein content (25.04+0,20%). Black soya beans had the highest content of water
soluble proteins (29.00+0.13% d.m.) with NSI (nitrogen solubility index) acounting
for as much as 70.96+0.31% of total proteins, while black chia seeds had the highest
content of globulins (14.64+0.07% d.m.) and NSI 58.48+0.27% of total proteins. Both
black soya bean and black chia contained a high amount of total phenolic compounds
(830,66+5.46 and 1201.94+16.29 mg GAE/kg, respectively) and exhibited a
considerable total antioxidant capacity, which makes them good contestants for
functional food ingredients with potential health benefits.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : Institute of Food Technology, University of Novi Sad",
journal = "Food and Feed Research",
title = "Black soya bean and black chia seeds as a source of nutrients and bioactive compounds with health benefits",
volume = "47",
number = "2"
}
Nikolić, V., Žilić, S., Simić, M.,& Perić, V. (2020). Black soya bean and black chia seeds as a source of nutrients and bioactive compounds with health benefits.
Food and Feed ResearchNovi Sad : Institute of Food Technology, University of Novi Sad., 47(2).
Nikolić V, Žilić S, Simić M, Perić V. Black soya bean and black chia seeds as a source of nutrients and bioactive compounds with health benefits. Food and Feed Research. 2020;47(2)
Nikolić Valentina, Žilić Slađana, Simić Marijana, Perić Vesna, "Black soya bean and black chia seeds as a source of nutrients and bioactive compounds with health benefits" 47, no. 2 (2020)

The response of maize lines to foliar fertilizing

Brankov, Milan; Simić, Milena; Dolijanović, Željko; Rajković, Miloš; Mandić, Violeta; Dragičević, Vesna

(Basel : MDPI AG, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Rajković, Miloš
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/810
AB  - The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of two foliar fertilizers applied on five
maize (Zea mays L.) lines. Fertilizers were applied at different growth stages of maize, during three consecutive years (2010–2012) at the experimental field of the Maize Research Institute “Zemun Polje”, Serbia. Maize growth parameters such as fresh matter, height, leaf area and grain yield were recorded. Foliar fertilizer with amino acids (FAA) was more advantageous to maize plants compared to fertilizer containing phosphorus (FP) as a main component. Applied FAA has shown positive effects by increasing fresh matter, leaf area index, and plant height in all three years. In 2012, due to unfavorable meteorological conditions, grain yield and harvest index were very low, compared to the previous two years, although, positive effects on morphological traits were observed 21 days after treatments (DAT), as well as in the anthesis stage. The best results of 30% of grain yield and harvest index increase were recorded in line L1 in 2010 and 2011. The same line had an increase of more than 40% of fresh matter and leaf area on average for all three years. The positive effects that have been noticed in this research could recommend foliar fertilizing with fertilizer containing N in a form of an amino acids complex.
PB  - Basel : MDPI AG
T2  - Agriculture (Switzerland)
T1  - The response of maize lines to foliar fertilizing
VL  - 10
IS  - 9
SP  - 365
DO  - 10.3390/agriculture10090365
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Simić, Milena and Dolijanović, Željko and Rajković, Miloš and Mandić, Violeta and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/810",
abstract = "The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of two foliar fertilizers applied on five
maize (Zea mays L.) lines. Fertilizers were applied at different growth stages of maize, during three consecutive years (2010–2012) at the experimental field of the Maize Research Institute “Zemun Polje”, Serbia. Maize growth parameters such as fresh matter, height, leaf area and grain yield were recorded. Foliar fertilizer with amino acids (FAA) was more advantageous to maize plants compared to fertilizer containing phosphorus (FP) as a main component. Applied FAA has shown positive effects by increasing fresh matter, leaf area index, and plant height in all three years. In 2012, due to unfavorable meteorological conditions, grain yield and harvest index were very low, compared to the previous two years, although, positive effects on morphological traits were observed 21 days after treatments (DAT), as well as in the anthesis stage. The best results of 30% of grain yield and harvest index increase were recorded in line L1 in 2010 and 2011. The same line had an increase of more than 40% of fresh matter and leaf area on average for all three years. The positive effects that have been noticed in this research could recommend foliar fertilizing with fertilizer containing N in a form of an amino acids complex.",
publisher = "Basel : MDPI AG",
journal = "Agriculture (Switzerland)",
title = "The response of maize lines to foliar fertilizing",
volume = "10",
number = "9",
pages = "365",
doi = "10.3390/agriculture10090365"
}
Brankov, M., Simić, M., Dolijanović, Ž., Rajković, M., Mandić, V.,& Dragičević, V. (2020). The response of maize lines to foliar fertilizing.
Agriculture (Switzerland)Basel : MDPI AG., 10(9), 365.
https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10090365
Brankov M, Simić M, Dolijanović Ž, Rajković M, Mandić V, Dragičević V. The response of maize lines to foliar fertilizing. Agriculture (Switzerland). 2020;10(9):365
Brankov Milan, Simić Milena, Dolijanović Željko, Rajković Miloš, Mandić Violeta, Dragičević Vesna, "The response of maize lines to foliar fertilizing" 10, no. 9 (2020):365,
https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10090365 .
1

The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Vukadinović, Jelena; Kresović, Branka; Tabaković, Marijenka; Brankov, Milan

(Basel : MDPI, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Vukadinović, Jelena
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/802
AB  - A soil tillage system adjusted to the soil type and agro-ecological conditions, togetherwith the optimal nutrient supply, is a prerequisite for high maize (Zea mays L.) yield. However,there is little knowledge about the influence of soil tillage and nitrogen (N) rates on maize grainquality. A study was initiated in 1978 in Zemun Polje, Belgrade, Serbia, on the chernozem soil type.The effects of three N rates—0, 180 and 240 kg N ha−1—within three tillage practices—no-tillage,reduced and conventional tillage—and their influence on grain yield (GY) and the content of proteins,starch, oil, total tocopherols and carotenoids, phytic phosphorus (Phy), glutathione (GSH), phenolsand inorganic P (Pi) in maize grain were analysed in the period 2016–2018. Differences in maizeGY were 2.57 and 3.01 t ha−1for reduced- or no-tillage, respectively, in comparison to conventionaltillage. Conventional tillage and higher N rates contributed to the increase in maize yield and thegrain nutritional quality with regard to the increased level of proteins, GSH and Phy. On the otherhand reduced inputs were beneficial only for grain quality, in relation to the increase in tocopherolsand phenols.
PB  - Basel : MDPI
T2  - Agronomy
T1  - The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain
VL  - 10
IS  - 7
SP  - 976
DO  - 10.3390/agronomy10070976
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Vukadinović, Jelena and Kresović, Branka and Tabaković, Marijenka and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/802",
abstract = "A soil tillage system adjusted to the soil type and agro-ecological conditions, togetherwith the optimal nutrient supply, is a prerequisite for high maize (Zea mays L.) yield. However,there is little knowledge about the influence of soil tillage and nitrogen (N) rates on maize grainquality. A study was initiated in 1978 in Zemun Polje, Belgrade, Serbia, on the chernozem soil type.The effects of three N rates—0, 180 and 240 kg N ha−1—within three tillage practices—no-tillage,reduced and conventional tillage—and their influence on grain yield (GY) and the content of proteins,starch, oil, total tocopherols and carotenoids, phytic phosphorus (Phy), glutathione (GSH), phenolsand inorganic P (Pi) in maize grain were analysed in the period 2016–2018. Differences in maizeGY were 2.57 and 3.01 t ha−1for reduced- or no-tillage, respectively, in comparison to conventionaltillage. Conventional tillage and higher N rates contributed to the increase in maize yield and thegrain nutritional quality with regard to the increased level of proteins, GSH and Phy. On the otherhand reduced inputs were beneficial only for grain quality, in relation to the increase in tocopherolsand phenols.",
publisher = "Basel : MDPI",
journal = "Agronomy",
title = "The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain",
volume = "10",
number = "7",
pages = "976",
doi = "10.3390/agronomy10070976"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Mladenović Drinić, S., Vukadinović, J., Kresović, B., Tabaković, M.,& Brankov, M. (2020). The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain.
AgronomyBasel : MDPI., 10(7), 976.
https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10070976
Simić M, Dragičević V, Mladenović Drinić S, Vukadinović J, Kresović B, Tabaković M, Brankov M. The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain. Agronomy. 2020;10(7):976
Simić Milena, Dragičević Vesna, Mladenović Drinić Snežana, Vukadinović Jelena, Kresović Branka, Tabaković Marijenka, Brankov Milan, "The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain" 10, no. 7 (2020):976,
https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10070976 .
1

Differences in nutritive and bioactive compounds content between hybrid and open-pollinated maize varieties

Babić, Vojka; Kravić, Natalija; Vančetović, Jelena; Delić, Nenad; Žilić, Slađana

(Novi Sad : University of Novi Sad - Scientific Institute of Food Technology, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
AU  - Delić, Nenad
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/774
AB  - The  contemporary  trends  in  maize  breeding  are  directed  at  identification  of  genotypes  with improved grain quality for human consumption, industrial processing, and their incorporation into breeding  programmes.  In  this  study,  three  maize  hybrids  and  three  open-pollinated  varieties  (OPVs),  differing in grain colour and type, were used to examine the differences in the total carotenoid content, the phenolic compounds profile and total antioxidant capacity (TAC). In addition, physical parameters, basic  chemical  composition,  as  well  as  the  content  of  protein  fractions  in  grain,  were  analysed.  The  multivariate  approach  through  Principal  Component  Analysis  (PCA)  application  contributed  to  better  understanding  of  the  complexity  of  the  interdependence  for  maize  grain  quality  parameters  tested.  From  the  aspect  of  different  end  use,  better  technological  quality  desirable  for  dry  milling  and  snack  food processing found in OPVs Osmak and Bosanac, as well as high content of bioactive compounds (i.e. TAC) exhibited by OPV Rumenka, make these genotypes superior compared to hybrids’ varieties evaluated.
AB  - Savremeni trendovi u oplemenjivanju kukuruza idu u pravcu identifikacije genotipova povećanog kvaliteta zrna za ljudsku upotrebu, industrijsku preradu i njihovog uključivanja u komercijalne oplemenjivačke programe. Za ovo istraživanje odabrane su tri hibridne i tri slobodnooprašujuće sorte kukuruza različite po boji i tipu zrna, u cilju ispitivanja razlika u sadržaju ukupnih karotenoida, fenolnih jedinjenja i ukupnom antioksidativnom kapacitetu. Dodatno su analizirane fizičke karakteristike i osnovni hemijski sastav zrna, kao i sadržaj proteinskih frakcija. Multivarijacioni pristup, kroz primenu analize glavnih komponenata (PCA) doprineo je boljem razumevanju složenih veza ispitivanih parametara kvaliteta. Sa aspekta različite upotrebne vrednosti, bolji tehnološki kvalitet poželjan za proces suvog mlevenja i proces proizvodnje grickalica (snek proizvoda) je identifikovan kod slobodnooprašujućih sorti Osmak i Bosanac, dok se sorta Rumenka odlikovala visokim sadržajem bioaktivnih jedinjenja (tj. visokim antioksidativnim kapacitetom). Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju na superiornost slobodnooprašujućih sorti u poređenju sa hibridnim.
PB  - Novi Sad : University of Novi Sad - Scientific Institute of Food Technology
T2  - Food & Feed Research
T1  - Differences in nutritive and bioactive compounds content between hybrid and open-pollinated maize varieties
VL  - 47
IS  - 1
SP  - 1
EP  - 12
DO  - 10.5937/FFR2001001B
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Babić, Vojka and Kravić, Natalija and Vančetović, Jelena and Delić, Nenad and Žilić, Slađana",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/774",
abstract = "The  contemporary  trends  in  maize  breeding  are  directed  at  identification  of  genotypes  with improved grain quality for human consumption, industrial processing, and their incorporation into breeding  programmes.  In  this  study,  three  maize  hybrids  and  three  open-pollinated  varieties  (OPVs),  differing in grain colour and type, were used to examine the differences in the total carotenoid content, the phenolic compounds profile and total antioxidant capacity (TAC). In addition, physical parameters, basic  chemical  composition,  as  well  as  the  content  of  protein  fractions  in  grain,  were  analysed.  The  multivariate  approach  through  Principal  Component  Analysis  (PCA)  application  contributed  to  better  understanding  of  the  complexity  of  the  interdependence  for  maize  grain  quality  parameters  tested.  From  the  aspect  of  different  end  use,  better  technological  quality  desirable  for  dry  milling  and  snack  food processing found in OPVs Osmak and Bosanac, as well as high content of bioactive compounds (i.e. TAC) exhibited by OPV Rumenka, make these genotypes superior compared to hybrids’ varieties evaluated., Savremeni trendovi u oplemenjivanju kukuruza idu u pravcu identifikacije genotipova povećanog kvaliteta zrna za ljudsku upotrebu, industrijsku preradu i njihovog uključivanja u komercijalne oplemenjivačke programe. Za ovo istraživanje odabrane su tri hibridne i tri slobodnooprašujuće sorte kukuruza različite po boji i tipu zrna, u cilju ispitivanja razlika u sadržaju ukupnih karotenoida, fenolnih jedinjenja i ukupnom antioksidativnom kapacitetu. Dodatno su analizirane fizičke karakteristike i osnovni hemijski sastav zrna, kao i sadržaj proteinskih frakcija. Multivarijacioni pristup, kroz primenu analize glavnih komponenata (PCA) doprineo je boljem razumevanju složenih veza ispitivanih parametara kvaliteta. Sa aspekta različite upotrebne vrednosti, bolji tehnološki kvalitet poželjan za proces suvog mlevenja i proces proizvodnje grickalica (snek proizvoda) je identifikovan kod slobodnooprašujućih sorti Osmak i Bosanac, dok se sorta Rumenka odlikovala visokim sadržajem bioaktivnih jedinjenja (tj. visokim antioksidativnim kapacitetom). Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju na superiornost slobodnooprašujućih sorti u poređenju sa hibridnim.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : University of Novi Sad - Scientific Institute of Food Technology",
journal = "Food & Feed Research",
title = "Differences in nutritive and bioactive compounds content between hybrid and open-pollinated maize varieties",
volume = "47",
number = "1",
pages = "1-12",
doi = "10.5937/FFR2001001B"
}
Babić, V., Kravić, N., Vančetović, J., Delić, N.,& Žilić, S. (2020). Differences in nutritive and bioactive compounds content between hybrid and open-pollinated maize varieties.
Food & Feed ResearchNovi Sad : University of Novi Sad - Scientific Institute of Food Technology., 47(1), 1-12.
https://doi.org/10.5937/FFR2001001B
Babić V, Kravić N, Vančetović J, Delić N, Žilić S. Differences in nutritive and bioactive compounds content between hybrid and open-pollinated maize varieties. Food & Feed Research. 2020;47(1):1-12
Babić Vojka, Kravić Natalija, Vančetović Jelena, Delić Nenad, Žilić Slađana, "Differences in nutritive and bioactive compounds content between hybrid and open-pollinated maize varieties" 47, no. 1 (2020):1-12,
https://doi.org/10.5937/FFR2001001B .

Evaluation of temperate quality protein maize (Qpm) hybrids for field performance and grain quality

Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana; Kostadinović, Marija; Božinović, Sofija; Djordjevic Melnik, Olivera; Stanković, Goran; Delić, Nenad; Vančetović, Jelena

(Chile : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana
AU  - Kostadinović, Marija
AU  - Božinović, Sofija
AU  - Djordjevic Melnik, Olivera
AU  - Stanković, Goran
AU  - Delić, Nenad
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/819
AB  - Quality protein maize (QPM) (Zea mays L.) is primarily used for food in countries of tropical and sub-tropical regions
where maize is the main source of protein. Although its cultivation in temperate regions is hampered by residues of
exotic germplasm, it could be beneficial for use in livestock feeds as it was shown that substitution of standard maize
with QPM can improve livestock characteristics and decrease dietary lysine supplementation. The aim of this study
was to test 11 QPM hybrids obtained by crossing adapted QPM inbred lines for their performance in field trials in 2
yr at four locations, as well as to determine their relevant biochemical components. The main reason for rejecting nine
QPM hybrids was low grain yield, standard hybrids had higher yields on average for 37.8%. Hybrid ZPQPM6 had good
agronomic characteristics, but its biochemical components were nonsignificantly different from the standard hybrid.
Only hybrid ZPQPM13 met necessary criteria, grain yield comparable with standard hybrids, high tryptophan content
in different environments (average 0.083%) and hard endosperm (average score 1.87). Lysine content, measured after
mercantile production, was 0.44%. Quality index, although below the QPM threshold (which is 0.80%) was significantly
higher (p < 0.05) in ZPQPM13 in comparison with standard hybrid, indicating improved nutritional quality of the protein.
The results indicated that presence of exotic germplasm in these QPM hybrids is a consequential difficulty and that in their
parental inbred lines at least one more backcross with temperate germplasm should be done to select better adapted QPM.
PB  - Chile : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA
T2  - Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
T1  - Evaluation of temperate quality protein maize (Qpm) hybrids for field performance and grain quality
VL  - 80
IS  - 4
SP  - 598
EP  - 607
DO  - 10.4067/S0718-58392020000400598
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana and Kostadinović, Marija and Božinović, Sofija and Djordjevic Melnik, Olivera and Stanković, Goran and Delić, Nenad and Vančetović, Jelena",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/819",
abstract = "Quality protein maize (QPM) (Zea mays L.) is primarily used for food in countries of tropical and sub-tropical regions
where maize is the main source of protein. Although its cultivation in temperate regions is hampered by residues of
exotic germplasm, it could be beneficial for use in livestock feeds as it was shown that substitution of standard maize
with QPM can improve livestock characteristics and decrease dietary lysine supplementation. The aim of this study
was to test 11 QPM hybrids obtained by crossing adapted QPM inbred lines for their performance in field trials in 2
yr at four locations, as well as to determine their relevant biochemical components. The main reason for rejecting nine
QPM hybrids was low grain yield, standard hybrids had higher yields on average for 37.8%. Hybrid ZPQPM6 had good
agronomic characteristics, but its biochemical components were nonsignificantly different from the standard hybrid.
Only hybrid ZPQPM13 met necessary criteria, grain yield comparable with standard hybrids, high tryptophan content
in different environments (average 0.083%) and hard endosperm (average score 1.87). Lysine content, measured after
mercantile production, was 0.44%. Quality index, although below the QPM threshold (which is 0.80%) was significantly
higher (p < 0.05) in ZPQPM13 in comparison with standard hybrid, indicating improved nutritional quality of the protein.
The results indicated that presence of exotic germplasm in these QPM hybrids is a consequential difficulty and that in their
parental inbred lines at least one more backcross with temperate germplasm should be done to select better adapted QPM.",
publisher = "Chile : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA",
journal = "Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research",
title = "Evaluation of temperate quality protein maize (Qpm) hybrids for field performance and grain quality",
volume = "80",
number = "4",
pages = "598-607",
doi = "10.4067/S0718-58392020000400598"
}
Ignjatović-Micić, D., Kostadinović, M., Božinović, S., Djordjevic Melnik, O., Stanković, G., Delić, N.,& Vančetović, J. (2020). Evaluation of temperate quality protein maize (Qpm) hybrids for field performance and grain quality.
Chilean Journal of Agricultural ResearchChile : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA., 80(4), 598-607.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392020000400598
Ignjatović-Micić D, Kostadinović M, Božinović S, Djordjevic Melnik O, Stanković G, Delić N, Vančetović J. Evaluation of temperate quality protein maize (Qpm) hybrids for field performance and grain quality. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 2020;80(4):598-607
Ignjatović-Micić Dragana, Kostadinović Marija, Božinović Sofija, Djordjevic Melnik Olivera, Stanković Goran, Delić Nenad, Vančetović Jelena, "Evaluation of temperate quality protein maize (Qpm) hybrids for field performance and grain quality" 80, no. 4 (2020):598-607,
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392020000400598 .

Genotype and sowing time effects on soybean yield and quality

Mandić, Violeta; Đorđević, Snežana; Đorđević, Nikola; Bijelić, Zorica; Krnjaja, Vesna; Petričević, Maja; Brankov, Milan

(Basel : MDPI AG, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Đorđević, Snežana
AU  - Đorđević, Nikola
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Petričević, Maja
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/818
AB  - The successful production of soybeans is largely dependent on the sowing time, because
every sowing outside the optimal time contributes significantly to yield losses. This field study
aimed to evaluate the effects of sowing time (optimal—April 5; late—April 27) on the quantitative
and quality traits of three soybean genotypes (Galina—0 maturity group; Sava—I maturity group;
and Rubin—II maturity group) under dryland conditions in Vojvodina Province (Serbia) during
2017 and 2018. The genotype Sava had higher yield in climatic-unfavorable 2017, while Rubin had a
higher yield in climatic-favorable 2018. The yields significantly decreased when the soybeans were
sown in late April due to reductions in the number of pods per plant, seed weight per plant, and
1000-seed weight. The reduction in yield components was likely due to the accelerated senescence of
plants and the negative effect of high temperature and low precipitation during the seed filling stage.
Accordingly, the various sowing times and properly chosen genotypes provide a better utilization of
soil and water resources. A proper genotype selection and sowing time can contribute to a high yield.
At the same time, the protein and oil contents can be altered by the sowing time, especially under
water stress during the reproductive stage.
PB  - Basel : MDPI AG
T2  - Agriculture (Switzerland)
T1  - Genotype and sowing time effects on soybean yield and quality
VL  - 10
IS  - 11
SP  - 502
SP  - 1
EP  - 9
DO  - 10.3390/agriculture10110502
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mandić, Violeta and Đorđević, Snežana and Đorđević, Nikola and Bijelić, Zorica and Krnjaja, Vesna and Petričević, Maja and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/818",
abstract = "The successful production of soybeans is largely dependent on the sowing time, because
every sowing outside the optimal time contributes significantly to yield losses. This field study
aimed to evaluate the effects of sowing time (optimal—April 5; late—April 27) on the quantitative
and quality traits of three soybean genotypes (Galina—0 maturity group; Sava—I maturity group;
and Rubin—II maturity group) under dryland conditions in Vojvodina Province (Serbia) during
2017 and 2018. The genotype Sava had higher yield in climatic-unfavorable 2017, while Rubin had a
higher yield in climatic-favorable 2018. The yields significantly decreased when the soybeans were
sown in late April due to reductions in the number of pods per plant, seed weight per plant, and
1000-seed weight. The reduction in yield components was likely due to the accelerated senescence of
plants and the negative effect of high temperature and low precipitation during the seed filling stage.
Accordingly, the various sowing times and properly chosen genotypes provide a better utilization of
soil and water resources. A proper genotype selection and sowing time can contribute to a high yield.
At the same time, the protein and oil contents can be altered by the sowing time, especially under
water stress during the reproductive stage.",
publisher = "Basel : MDPI AG",
journal = "Agriculture (Switzerland)",
title = "Genotype and sowing time effects on soybean yield and quality",
volume = "10",
number = "11",
pages = "502-1-9",
doi = "10.3390/agriculture10110502"
}
Mandić, V., Đorđević, S., Đorđević, N., Bijelić, Z., Krnjaja, V., Petričević, M.,& Brankov, M. (2020). Genotype and sowing time effects on soybean yield and quality.
Agriculture (Switzerland)Basel : MDPI AG., 10(11), 1-9.
https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10110502
Mandić V, Đorđević S, Đorđević N, Bijelić Z, Krnjaja V, Petričević M, Brankov M. Genotype and sowing time effects on soybean yield and quality. Agriculture (Switzerland). 2020;10(11):1-9
Mandić Violeta, Đorđević Snežana, Đorđević Nikola, Bijelić Zorica, Krnjaja Vesna, Petričević Maja, Brankov Milan, "Genotype and sowing time effects on soybean yield and quality" 10, no. 11 (2020):1-9,
https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10110502 .
1

Use of plant genetic resources in crop improvement–example of Serbia

Anđelković, Violeta; Cvejić, Sandra; Jocić, Siniša; Kondić-Špika, Ankica; Marjanović Jeromela, Ana; Mikić, Sanja; Prodanović, Slaven; Radanović, Aleksandra; Savić-Ivanov, Milena; Trkulja, Dragana; Miladinović, Dragana

(Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Anđelković, Violeta
AU  - Cvejić, Sandra
AU  - Jocić, Siniša
AU  - Kondić-Špika, Ankica
AU  - Marjanović Jeromela, Ana
AU  - Mikić, Sanja
AU  - Prodanović, Slaven
AU  - Radanović, Aleksandra
AU  - Savić-Ivanov, Milena
AU  - Trkulja, Dragana
AU  - Miladinović, Dragana
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/815
AB  - Plant genetic resources are a link between agriculture, environment and trade, so their conservation requires cooperation from different sectors. The existing diversity in genetic resources is the foundation in breeding for new challenges or new markets in the future. The number of crop genetic resources in Serbia is obscure because there is no national inventory. It is thought that there are about 15,000 seed accessions and 3500 accessions of fruit trees and grape in collections of different national institutes and stakeholders. In the National Plant Gene Bank, there are more than 4000 accessions of nearly 250 plant species. Crops kept in ex situ collections are used in breeding programs and interspecific crosses, for selection and introduction of desired traits through pre-breeding programs. Serbia as a state participates in all national and international efforts for preservation, management and use of plant genetic resources. Additionally, Serbia has also established a set of national regulations related to plant genetic resources and their use in breeding. Since Serbia is one of Europe’s most important crop producers, especially in maize (11% of EU-27 production), soya (35%), sunflowers (6%) and sugar beet (2.5%), this paper discusses certain issues and achievements in the use of plant genetic resources in cereal and oil crops improvement in Serbia, as well as national and international regulations affecting their exploitation.
PB  - Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
T2  - Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution
T1  - Use of plant genetic resources in crop improvement–example of Serbia
DO  - 10.1007/s10722-020-01029-9
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Anđelković, Violeta and Cvejić, Sandra and Jocić, Siniša and Kondić-Špika, Ankica and Marjanović Jeromela, Ana and Mikić, Sanja and Prodanović, Slaven and Radanović, Aleksandra and Savić-Ivanov, Milena and Trkulja, Dragana and Miladinović, Dragana",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/815",
abstract = "Plant genetic resources are a link between agriculture, environment and trade, so their conservation requires cooperation from different sectors. The existing diversity in genetic resources is the foundation in breeding for new challenges or new markets in the future. The number of crop genetic resources in Serbia is obscure because there is no national inventory. It is thought that there are about 15,000 seed accessions and 3500 accessions of fruit trees and grape in collections of different national institutes and stakeholders. In the National Plant Gene Bank, there are more than 4000 accessions of nearly 250 plant species. Crops kept in ex situ collections are used in breeding programs and interspecific crosses, for selection and introduction of desired traits through pre-breeding programs. Serbia as a state participates in all national and international efforts for preservation, management and use of plant genetic resources. Additionally, Serbia has also established a set of national regulations related to plant genetic resources and their use in breeding. Since Serbia is one of Europe’s most important crop producers, especially in maize (11% of EU-27 production), soya (35%), sunflowers (6%) and sugar beet (2.5%), this paper discusses certain issues and achievements in the use of plant genetic resources in cereal and oil crops improvement in Serbia, as well as national and international regulations affecting their exploitation.",
publisher = "Springer Science+Business Media B.V.",
journal = "Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution",
title = "Use of plant genetic resources in crop improvement–example of Serbia",
doi = "10.1007/s10722-020-01029-9"
}
Anđelković, V., Cvejić, S., Jocić, S., Kondić-Špika, A., Marjanović Jeromela, A., Mikić, S., Prodanović, S., Radanović, A., Savić-Ivanov, M., Trkulja, D.,& Miladinović, D. (2020). Use of plant genetic resources in crop improvement–example of Serbia.
Genetic Resources and Crop EvolutionSpringer Science+Business Media B.V...
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-020-01029-9
Anđelković V, Cvejić S, Jocić S, Kondić-Špika A, Marjanović Jeromela A, Mikić S, Prodanović S, Radanović A, Savić-Ivanov M, Trkulja D, Miladinović D. Use of plant genetic resources in crop improvement–example of Serbia. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 2020;
Anđelković Violeta, Cvejić Sandra, Jocić Siniša, Kondić-Špika Ankica, Marjanović Jeromela Ana, Mikić Sanja, Prodanović Slaven, Radanović Aleksandra, Savić-Ivanov Milena, Trkulja Dragana, Miladinović Dragana, "Use of plant genetic resources in crop improvement–example of Serbia" (2020),
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-020-01029-9 .

Morphological and physiological response of maize seedlings to chilling stress

Nikolić, Ana; Kravić, Natalija; Ristić, Danijela; Anđelković, Violeta; Marković, Ksenija; Vančetović, Jelena; Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana

(Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Ristić, Danijela
AU  - Anđelković, Violeta
AU  - Marković, Ksenija
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
AU  - Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/814
AB  - Although accompanied with adverse low temperatures, early maize sowing could be
used to avoid drought during flowering and diminish yield losses. Herein, a small-scale
experiment of low temperature stress (LTS) on maize lines L1 (tolerant), L2 (medium
tolerant) and L3 (susceptible) is presented. Plants were grown in pots exposed to
exterior suboptimal (March) and optimal (late April) temperatures until three leaf stage.
Chlorophyll (CH), flavonoids (FL), anthocyanins (AN) and nitrogen balance (NBI)
indices were measured using Dualex Scientific optical device. Growth parameters were
also determined. Under LTS, number of plants was unchanged for L1 and halved for L2
and L3. Compared to L2 and L3, L1 had significantly higher (p<0.05) shoot fresh
weight (0.649 g vs. 0.406 g and 0.303 g), AN (0.17 vs. 0.13) and FL (1.47 vs. 1.38 and
1.36). For recovery evaluation, plants were transplanted into the field. Transplanted
stressed L1 plants showed the highest grain yield per plant (55g) in the field. Due to
high correlations (p<0.01) between FL in three leaf stage and grain yield per plant, FL
could be used as an indicator of plant recovery of maize genotypes exposed to LTS
during early sowing.
AB  - Ranom setvom kukuruza se može izbeći efekat suše u fazi cvetanja i tako preduprediti smanjenje
prinosa uprkos nepovoljnim temperaturama u tom periodu. U ovom istraživanju prezentovani su
rezultati efekta niskih temperatura na tri linije kukuruza: L1 (tolerantna), L2 (srednje osetljiva) i
L3 (osetljiva). Biljke su gajene do faze trećeg lista u saksijama izloženim suboptimalnim (mart) i
optimalnim (april) spoljnim temperaturama. Sadržaj hlorofila, flavonoida i antocijana kao i
nitrogen balance index (NBI) su mereni korišćenjem uređaja Dualex Scientific (Force-A, Orsay,
France). Takođe, mereni su i parametri rasta. U poređenju sa L2 i L3, L1 je imao značajno veću
(p<0.05) svežu masu nadzemnog dela biljke (0.649 g vs. 0.406 g i 0.303 g), antocijana (0.17 vs.
0.13) i flavonoida (1.47 vs. 1.38 i 1.36). Biljke su presađene u polje radi procene oporavka.
Presađene biljke genotipa L1 su pokazale najveći prinos po biljci u polju (55g). S obzirom na
visoku korelaciju između sadržaja flavonoida u fazi trećeg lista i prinosa po biljci (p<0.01),
flavonoidi mogu biti korišćeni kao indikator oporavka biljke kukuruza izloženih niskim
temperaturama u fazi rane setve
PB  - Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Morphological and physiological response of maize seedlings to chilling stress
VL  - 52
IS  - 2
SP  - 689
EP  - 698
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2002689N
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Ana and Kravić, Natalija and Ristić, Danijela and Anđelković, Violeta and Marković, Ksenija and Vančetović, Jelena and Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/814",
abstract = "Although accompanied with adverse low temperatures, early maize sowing could be
used to avoid drought during flowering and diminish yield losses. Herein, a small-scale
experiment of low temperature stress (LTS) on maize lines L1 (tolerant), L2 (medium
tolerant) and L3 (susceptible) is presented. Plants were grown in pots exposed to
exterior suboptimal (March) and optimal (late April) temperatures until three leaf stage.
Chlorophyll (CH), flavonoids (FL), anthocyanins (AN) and nitrogen balance (NBI)
indices were measured using Dualex Scientific optical device. Growth parameters were
also determined. Under LTS, number of plants was unchanged for L1 and halved for L2
and L3. Compared to L2 and L3, L1 had significantly higher (p<0.05) shoot fresh
weight (0.649 g vs. 0.406 g and 0.303 g), AN (0.17 vs. 0.13) and FL (1.47 vs. 1.38 and
1.36). For recovery evaluation, plants were transplanted into the field. Transplanted
stressed L1 plants showed the highest grain yield per plant (55g) in the field. Due to
high correlations (p<0.01) between FL in three leaf stage and grain yield per plant, FL
could be used as an indicator of plant recovery of maize genotypes exposed to LTS
during early sowing., Ranom setvom kukuruza se može izbeći efekat suše u fazi cvetanja i tako preduprediti smanjenje
prinosa uprkos nepovoljnim temperaturama u tom periodu. U ovom istraživanju prezentovani su
rezultati efekta niskih temperatura na tri linije kukuruza: L1 (tolerantna), L2 (srednje osetljiva) i
L3 (osetljiva). Biljke su gajene do faze trećeg lista u saksijama izloženim suboptimalnim (mart) i
optimalnim (april) spoljnim temperaturama. Sadržaj hlorofila, flavonoida i antocijana kao i
nitrogen balance index (NBI) su mereni korišćenjem uređaja Dualex Scientific (Force-A, Orsay,
France). Takođe, mereni su i parametri rasta. U poređenju sa L2 i L3, L1 je imao značajno veću
(p<0.05) svežu masu nadzemnog dela biljke (0.649 g vs. 0.406 g i 0.303 g), antocijana (0.17 vs.
0.13) i flavonoida (1.47 vs. 1.38 i 1.36). Biljke su presađene u polje radi procene oporavka.
Presađene biljke genotipa L1 su pokazale najveći prinos po biljci u polju (55g). S obzirom na
visoku korelaciju između sadržaja flavonoida u fazi trećeg lista i prinosa po biljci (p<0.01),
flavonoidi mogu biti korišćeni kao indikator oporavka biljke kukuruza izloženih niskim
temperaturama u fazi rane setve",
publisher = "Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Morphological and physiological response of maize seedlings to chilling stress",
volume = "52",
number = "2",
pages = "689-698",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2002689N"
}
Nikolić, A., Kravić, N., Ristić, D., Anđelković, V., Marković, K., Vančetović, J.,& Ignjatović-Micić, D. (2020). Morphological and physiological response of maize seedlings to chilling stress.
GenetikaBeograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije., 52(2), 689-698.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2002689N
Nikolić A, Kravić N, Ristić D, Anđelković V, Marković K, Vančetović J, Ignjatović-Micić D. Morphological and physiological response of maize seedlings to chilling stress. Genetika. 2020;52(2):689-698
Nikolić Ana, Kravić Natalija, Ristić Danijela, Anđelković Violeta, Marković Ksenija, Vančetović Jelena, Ignjatović-Micić Dragana, "Morphological and physiological response of maize seedlings to chilling stress" 52, no. 2 (2020):689-698,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2002689N .

Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency

Dragičević, Vesna; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Dumanović, Zoran; Sečanski, Mile; Milenković, Milena

(Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dumanović, Zoran
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Milenković, Milena
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/813
AB  - Nitrogen (N) is an important element for many physiological processes in crops, and grain yield realisation. Nitrogen loss could be significant through leaching and evaporation, and from this reason lower quantities for fertilization are required. A genotype could be an important source for improved N management in crops. Breeding for high yield and nutrient-efficient genotypes is the most important strategy to enable food security, resolve resource scarcity and environmental pollution. Variability of 36 maize lines grown in optimal and low-N (without fertilization) conditions was assessed through grain yield, 1000 kernel weight, N utilization efficiency (NUtE) and N apparent recovery fraction (nitrogen use efficiency – NUE), during seasons 2017 and 2018. The
genotype and year are important sources for variation of grain yield, 1000 kernel weight and NUtE, as a factor which defines N utilization efficiency. The lines, such as L1, L6, L13, L16, L26, L27, L32 and L34 are able to achieve higher grain yield when grown on low-N. Furthermore, L16, L22, L24 and L26 have high NUtE values in both experimental years (even in 2017, season with low and unequal precipitation level), especially in low-N treatment. From that point of view, they could be characterized as efficient N users, even in low-N conditions, as well as tolerant to stressful conditions. Nevertheless, L1, L6 and L27 are the lines with negative NUE, what gives them attribute as the best N users in low-N conditions. Based on the similarity of NUtE values, the genotypes such as L2, L3, L4, L8, L11, L12, L14, L15, L16, L18, L19, L24, L26, L32, L33, L34 could be considered as the primary focus for further breeding programs, due to the fact that they don’t have only improved NUE, but also high grain yield (even in unfavourable years), which indicates improved tolerance to various abiotic stressful factors.
AB  - Azot je element koji je važan za brojne fiziološke procese, kao i ostvarenje prinosa useva. Veliki
gubici azota se ostvaruju putem ispiranja i evaporacije i stoga se preporučuju niže doze ovog
elementa za đubrenje. Genotip može predstavljati važnu bazu za efikasniji menadžment azotom
kod useva. Selekcija genotipova sa visokim prinosom i efikasnošću iskorišćenja nutritiva
predstavlja važnu strategiju za istovremeno obezbeđivanje sigurnosti hrane, rešavanje nedostatka
resursa i zagađenja životne sredine. Varijabilnost u reakciji 36 linija kukuruza gajenih u
uslovima optimalne N obezbeđenosti i niskog N (bez đubrenja) praćena je tokom 2017. i 2018.
godine, preko prinosa zrna, mase 1000 zrna, efikasnosti iskorišćenja N (NUtE) i nadoknade N
(NUE). Genotip i godina su predstavljali važne izvore variranja prinosa zrna, mase 1000 zrna i
NutE, kao faktora koji definišu efikasnost iskorišćenja N. Linije L1, L6, L13, L16, L26, L27,
L32 i L34 su imale veće vrednosti prinosa u uslovima niskog N. Osim toga, L16, L22, L24 i L26
su imale veće vrednosti NutE tokom obe eksperimentalne sezone (čak i u 2017, sezoni sa nižim
nivoom i lošijim rasporedom padavina), posebno pri niskom N. Sa te tačke gledašta, navedene
linije bi mogle biti okarakerisane kao efikasni N potrošači, kao i genotipovi sa većom
toleratnošću na stresne uslove. Takođe, L1, L6 i L27, sa negativnim NUE vrednostima bi mogle
predstavljati najekonomičnije N potrošače u uslovima niske N obezbeđenosti. Na osnovu
sličnosti NutE vrednosti, genotipovi L2, L3, L4, L8, L11, L12, L14, L15, L16, L18, L19, L24,
L26, L32, L33, L34 bi mogli da predstavljaju fokus, odnosno, mogli bi načelno da se uzmu u
razmatranje u selekcionim programima, s obzirom da nemaju samo poboljšan NUE, već i visok
prinos (čak i tokom nepovoljne sezone), u odnosu na ostale genotipove, što bi ih moglo
okarakterisati kao genotipove sa poboljšanom tolerantnošću na abiotički stres.
PB  - Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency
VL  - 52
IS  - 2
SP  - 585
EP  - 596
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2002585D
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Dumanović, Zoran and Sečanski, Mile and Milenković, Milena",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/813",
abstract = "Nitrogen (N) is an important element for many physiological processes in crops, and grain yield realisation. Nitrogen loss could be significant through leaching and evaporation, and from this reason lower quantities for fertilization are required. A genotype could be an important source for improved N management in crops. Breeding for high yield and nutrient-efficient genotypes is the most important strategy to enable food security, resolve resource scarcity and environmental pollution. Variability of 36 maize lines grown in optimal and low-N (without fertilization) conditions was assessed through grain yield, 1000 kernel weight, N utilization efficiency (NUtE) and N apparent recovery fraction (nitrogen use efficiency – NUE), during seasons 2017 and 2018. The
genotype and year are important sources for variation of grain yield, 1000 kernel weight and NUtE, as a factor which defines N utilization efficiency. The lines, such as L1, L6, L13, L16, L26, L27, L32 and L34 are able to achieve higher grain yield when grown on low-N. Furthermore, L16, L22, L24 and L26 have high NUtE values in both experimental years (even in 2017, season with low and unequal precipitation level), especially in low-N treatment. From that point of view, they could be characterized as efficient N users, even in low-N conditions, as well as tolerant to stressful conditions. Nevertheless, L1, L6 and L27 are the lines with negative NUE, what gives them attribute as the best N users in low-N conditions. Based on the similarity of NUtE values, the genotypes such as L2, L3, L4, L8, L11, L12, L14, L15, L16, L18, L19, L24, L26, L32, L33, L34 could be considered as the primary focus for further breeding programs, due to the fact that they don’t have only improved NUE, but also high grain yield (even in unfavourable years), which indicates improved tolerance to various abiotic stressful factors., Azot je element koji je važan za brojne fiziološke procese, kao i ostvarenje prinosa useva. Veliki
gubici azota se ostvaruju putem ispiranja i evaporacije i stoga se preporučuju niže doze ovog
elementa za đubrenje. Genotip može predstavljati važnu bazu za efikasniji menadžment azotom
kod useva. Selekcija genotipova sa visokim prinosom i efikasnošću iskorišćenja nutritiva
predstavlja važnu strategiju za istovremeno obezbeđivanje sigurnosti hrane, rešavanje nedostatka
resursa i zagađenja životne sredine. Varijabilnost u reakciji 36 linija kukuruza gajenih u
uslovima optimalne N obezbeđenosti i niskog N (bez đubrenja) praćena je tokom 2017. i 2018.
godine, preko prinosa zrna, mase 1000 zrna, efikasnosti iskorišćenja N (NUtE) i nadoknade N
(NUE). Genotip i godina su predstavljali važne izvore variranja prinosa zrna, mase 1000 zrna i
NutE, kao faktora koji definišu efikasnost iskorišćenja N. Linije L1, L6, L13, L16, L26, L27,
L32 i L34 su imale veće vrednosti prinosa u uslovima niskog N. Osim toga, L16, L22, L24 i L26
su imale veće vrednosti NutE tokom obe eksperimentalne sezone (čak i u 2017, sezoni sa nižim
nivoom i lošijim rasporedom padavina), posebno pri niskom N. Sa te tačke gledašta, navedene
linije bi mogle biti okarakerisane kao efikasni N potrošači, kao i genotipovi sa većom
toleratnošću na stresne uslove. Takođe, L1, L6 i L27, sa negativnim NUE vrednostima bi mogle
predstavljati najekonomičnije N potrošače u uslovima niske N obezbeđenosti. Na osnovu
sličnosti NutE vrednosti, genotipovi L2, L3, L4, L8, L11, L12, L14, L15, L16, L18, L19, L24,
L26, L32, L33, L34 bi mogli da predstavljaju fokus, odnosno, mogli bi načelno da se uzmu u
razmatranje u selekcionim programima, s obzirom da nemaju samo poboljšan NUE, već i visok
prinos (čak i tokom nepovoljne sezone), u odnosu na ostale genotipove, što bi ih moglo
okarakterisati kao genotipove sa poboljšanom tolerantnošću na abiotički stres.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency",
volume = "52",
number = "2",
pages = "585-596",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2002585D"
}
Dragičević, V., Mladenović Drinić, S., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Dumanović, Z., Sečanski, M.,& Milenković, M. (2020). Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency.
GenetikaBeograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije., 52(2), 585-596.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2002585D
Dragičević V, Mladenović Drinić S, Simić M, Brankov M, Dumanović Z, Sečanski M, Milenković M. Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency. Genetika. 2020;52(2):585-596
Dragičević Vesna, Mladenović Drinić Snežana, Simić Milena, Brankov Milan, Dumanović Zoran, Sečanski Mile, Milenković Milena, "Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency" 52, no. 2 (2020):585-596,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2002585D .

Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes

Tabaković, Marijenka; Simić, Milena; Stanisavljević, Rade; Milivojević, Marija; Sečanski, Mile; Poštić, Dobrivoj

(Santiago : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Milivojević, Marija
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Poštić, Dobrivoj
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/808
AB  - The uniform seed material is a prerequisite of stable yields. Therefore, the aim of the study was to observe variability of physiological seed traits depending on the classification of seeds by size and shape, and to determine advantages of large over small seed fractions. Three maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids (ZP 505, ZP 677, ZP 684), produced in two locations (Orahovo, Plavna), were  classified into six fractions; small flat seed (SFS), medium small flat seed (MSFS), large flat
seed (LFS), small round seed (SRS), medium small round seed (MSRS) and large round seed (LRS). Two laboratory treatments were applied on seed: TR1 (cold test) and TR2 (20/30 ºC). In both temperature treatments, the first evaluation was done after 72-h germination, and then every 24 h until 7th day. The highest total germination (G) was recorded for ZP 677 (93.7%), location Orahovo (94.9%), temperature TR2 (95.2%) and MSFS fraction (89.7%). The total proportion of
factors in the variance for G was R2  = 0.694. Locations and genotypes predominantly affected the germination rate (GR), η = 0.338. Flat fraction seeds had more rapid emergence (> 90%) of seedlings than the round fraction seeds (> 85%). Round seeds were more susceptible and seed size had a greater effect on vigour than LRS, 70%. The partial effect of the fraction on G was not estimated (η = 0.037), but its cumulative effect with other factors was evident (Hybrid × Fraction,
η = 0.070).
PB  - Santiago : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA
T2  - Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
T1  - Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes
VL  - 80
IS  - 3
SP  - 381
EP  - 392
DO  - 10.4067/S0718-58392020000300381
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Tabaković, Marijenka and Simić, Milena and Stanisavljević, Rade and Milivojević, Marija and Sečanski, Mile and Poštić, Dobrivoj",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/808",
abstract = "The uniform seed material is a prerequisite of stable yields. Therefore, the aim of the study was to observe variability of physiological seed traits depending on the classification of seeds by size and shape, and to determine advantages of large over small seed fractions. Three maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids (ZP 505, ZP 677, ZP 684), produced in two locations (Orahovo, Plavna), were  classified into six fractions; small flat seed (SFS), medium small flat seed (MSFS), large flat
seed (LFS), small round seed (SRS), medium small round seed (MSRS) and large round seed (LRS). Two laboratory treatments were applied on seed: TR1 (cold test) and TR2 (20/30 ºC). In both temperature treatments, the first evaluation was done after 72-h germination, and then every 24 h until 7th day. The highest total germination (G) was recorded for ZP 677 (93.7%), location Orahovo (94.9%), temperature TR2 (95.2%) and MSFS fraction (89.7%). The total proportion of
factors in the variance for G was R2  = 0.694. Locations and genotypes predominantly affected the germination rate (GR), η = 0.338. Flat fraction seeds had more rapid emergence (> 90%) of seedlings than the round fraction seeds (> 85%). Round seeds were more susceptible and seed size had a greater effect on vigour than LRS, 70%. The partial effect of the fraction on G was not estimated (η = 0.037), but its cumulative effect with other factors was evident (Hybrid × Fraction,
η = 0.070).",
publisher = "Santiago : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA",
journal = "Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research",
title = "Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes",
volume = "80",
number = "3",
pages = "381-392",
doi = "10.4067/S0718-58392020000300381"
}
Tabaković, M., Simić, M., Stanisavljević, R., Milivojević, M., Sečanski, M.,& Poštić, D. (2020). Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes.
Chilean Journal of Agricultural ResearchSantiago : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA., 80(3), 381-392.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392020000300381
Tabaković M, Simić M, Stanisavljević R, Milivojević M, Sečanski M, Poštić D. Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 2020;80(3):381-392
Tabaković Marijenka, Simić Milena, Stanisavljević Rade, Milivojević Marija, Sečanski Mile, Poštić Dobrivoj, "Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes" 80, no. 3 (2020):381-392,
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392020000300381 .
1
1

The conversion of forestland into agricultural land without appropriate measures to conserve SOM leads to the degradation of physical and rheological soil properties

Tolimir, Miodrag; Kresović, Branka; Životić, Ljubomir; Dragović, Snežana; Dragović, Ranko; Sredojević, Zorica; Gajić, Boško

(London : Natue Research, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Životić, Ljubomir
AU  - Dragović, Snežana
AU  - Dragović, Ranko
AU  - Sredojević, Zorica
AU  - Gajić, Boško
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/807
AB  - This study was conducted to compare soil particle density (ρs), soil total porosity (TP), liquid limit (LL), plastic limit (PL), and plasticity index, and their relations with soil organic matter (SOM), of non-carbonate silty clay Fluvisols under different land uses. Three neighboring land uses were studied: native deciduous forest, arable land, and meadow, managed in the same way for more than 100 years. Soil was collected from 27 soil profiles and from three depths (0–15, 15–30 and 30–45 cm). Land use caused statistically significant but different impacts on soil properties, particularly in the topsoil. The forest topsoil measured the lowest ρs and bulk density (ρb) but the highest SOM and soil water content at PL, compared to meadow and arable soil. Statistically significant linear relationship was observed with the SOM content and ρs (− 0.851**), ρb (− 0.567**), calculated TP (0.567**) and measured TP (− 0.280**). There was a nonlinear relationship between SOM and LL (0.704**) and PL (0.845**) at the topsoil. The findings suggested that SOM content strongly affected ρs, ρb, TP, LL and LP. This regional study showed that the conversion of forestland into agricultural land without appropriate measures to conserve SOM leads to the degradation of physical and rheological soil properties.
PB  - London : Natue Research
T2  - Scientific Reports
T1  - The conversion of forestland into agricultural land without appropriate measures to conserve SOM leads to the degradation of physical and rheological soil properties
VL  - 10
IS  - 1
SP  - 13668
DO  - 10.1038/s41598-020-70464-6
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Tolimir, Miodrag and Kresović, Branka and Životić, Ljubomir and Dragović, Snežana and Dragović, Ranko and Sredojević, Zorica and Gajić, Boško",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/807",
abstract = "This study was conducted to compare soil particle density (ρs), soil total porosity (TP), liquid limit (LL), plastic limit (PL), and plasticity index, and their relations with soil organic matter (SOM), of non-carbonate silty clay Fluvisols under different land uses. Three neighboring land uses were studied: native deciduous forest, arable land, and meadow, managed in the same way for more than 100 years. Soil was collected from 27 soil profiles and from three depths (0–15, 15–30 and 30–45 cm). Land use caused statistically significant but different impacts on soil properties, particularly in the topsoil. The forest topsoil measured the lowest ρs and bulk density (ρb) but the highest SOM and soil water content at PL, compared to meadow and arable soil. Statistically significant linear relationship was observed with the SOM content and ρs (− 0.851**), ρb (− 0.567**), calculated TP (0.567**) and measured TP (− 0.280**). There was a nonlinear relationship between SOM and LL (0.704**) and PL (0.845**) at the topsoil. The findings suggested that SOM content strongly affected ρs, ρb, TP, LL and LP. This regional study showed that the conversion of forestland into agricultural land without appropriate measures to conserve SOM leads to the degradation of physical and rheological soil properties.",
publisher = "London : Natue Research",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
title = "The conversion of forestland into agricultural land without appropriate measures to conserve SOM leads to the degradation of physical and rheological soil properties",
volume = "10",
number = "1",
pages = "13668",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-020-70464-6"
}
Tolimir, M., Kresović, B., Životić, L., Dragović, S., Dragović, R., Sredojević, Z.,& Gajić, B. (2020). The conversion of forestland into agricultural land without appropriate measures to conserve SOM leads to the degradation of physical and rheological soil properties.
Scientific ReportsLondon : Natue Research., 10(1), 13668.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-70464-6
Tolimir M, Kresović B, Životić L, Dragović S, Dragović R, Sredojević Z, Gajić B. The conversion of forestland into agricultural land without appropriate measures to conserve SOM leads to the degradation of physical and rheological soil properties. Scientific Reports. 2020;10(1):13668
Tolimir Miodrag, Kresović Branka, Životić Ljubomir, Dragović Snežana, Dragović Ranko, Sredojević Zorica, Gajić Boško, "The conversion of forestland into agricultural land without appropriate measures to conserve SOM leads to the degradation of physical and rheological soil properties" 10, no. 1 (2020):13668,
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-70464-6 .
1

Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Chachalis, Demosthenis; Dolijanović, Željko; Brankov, Milan

(Vilnius : Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Chachalis, Demosthenis
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/804
AB  - The effects of different measures within maize cropping technology, aimed to suppress weeds as a part of integrated weed management (IWM) system, are analysed and evaluated in this manuscript, in line with the results of longterm experiments. For sustainable maize (Zea mays L.) production, implementation of IWM system aiming to reduce reliance on chemical weed control within Europe is a key priority. This IWM system includes all possible solutions, such as preventive, direct, biological, mechanical and alternative measures. A cropping system approach
is essential to manage weeds, utilize genetic potential of maize genotypes and reduce yield losses due to weed competition. Long-term experiments are nowadays rare, but they are an excellent and reliable method for comparing cropping systems regarding yield and reduction of weed infestation level. In the research program implemented at the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje in Central Serbia, the effects of different cropping measures and their interactions
as a part of IWMs were studied during ten years. Maize rotations with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.), combined with herbicide application, showed the best effect on weed biomass reduction, 92.1% and 92.2%, respectively. Winter wheat was a better preceding crop for maize than soybean, especially in combination with herbicides applied in recommended as well as in half of recommended rate. Intensification of soil tillage significantly reduced maize weed infestation, especially abundance of perennial species: Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.), Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.) and field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.). Other measures, such as type of fertilizer, maize row space and crop density, cover cropping and intercropping also affected weed biomass production in maize fields. Maize growing with reduced row spacing contributed to weed biomass reduction by 27.4%, while application of slow-release urea contributed to crop competitiveness. Weed biomass in sweet maize (Zea mays L. convar. saccharata) grown with common vetch as a cover crop was significantly reduced (48.5 g m-2) compared with the treatment without a cover crop
 (564.3 g m-2).
AB  - Straipsnyje analizuojama kukurūzų įvairių auginimo priemonių ir auginimo technologijų įtaka piktžolių mažėjimui ilgalaikio eksperimento metu. Europoje tvaraus kukurūzų auginimo svarbiausias prioritetas yra integruota piktžolių kontrolės (IPK) sistema, kuria siekiama sumažinti priklausomumą nuo cheminės piktžolių kontrolės. IPK sistema apima visus įmanomus sprendimus, pavyzdžiui, prevencines tiesiogines, biologines, mechanines ir alternatyvias priemones. Augalininkystės sistemų metodas yra labai svarbus siekiant kontroliuoti piktžoles, išnaudoti kukurūzų genotipų genetinį potencialą ir sumažinti derliaus nuostolius dėl piktžolių.
Šiais laikais ilgalaikiai eksperimentai vykdomi retai, tačiau jie yra puikus ir patikimas būdas augalininkystės sistemas palyginti pagal derlių ir pasėlių piktžolėtumo mažinimą. Centrinėje Serbijoje esančiame Kukurūzų tyrimų institute Zemun Polje įgyvendinant mokslinių tyrimų programą, kelerius metus kaip IPK dalis buvo tirta įvairių agrotechnikos priemonių įtaka ir jų sąveika. Siekiant sumažinti piktžolių biomasę efektyviausia buvo paprastųjų kukurūzų (Zea mays L.) sėjomaina su žieminiais kviečiais ir sojomis kartu su herbicidų panaudojimu – atitinkamai
92,1 ir 92,2 %. Žieminiai kviečiai buvo geresnis kukurūzų priešsėlis nei sojos, ypač kartu su herbicidais, panaudojus ir rekomenduojamą normą, ir pusę rekomenduojamos jų normos. Žemės dirbimas turėjo reikšmingos įtakos kukurūzų pasėlio piktžolėtumui, ypač daugiametėms piktžolėms: Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers., Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. ir Convolvulus arvensis L. Kitos priemonės, pavyzdžiui, trąšų rūšis, kukurūzų tarpueilių plotis ir augalų tankumas, antsėlis bei įsėlis, taip pat turėjo įtakos piktžolių biomasei kukurūzų lauke. Kukurūzų auginimas mažesniu
tarpueilių pločiu piktžolių biomasę sumažino 27,4 %, o lėtai atpalaiduojamo karbamido panaudojimas padidino augalų konkurencinę gebą. Saldžiųjų kukurūzų (Zea mays L. convar. saccharata), augintų su vikių antsėliu, pasėlyje piktžolių biomasė reikšmingai sumažėjo 
(48,5 g m-2), palyginus su variantu be antsėlio (564,3 g m-2).
PB  - Vilnius : Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry
PB  - Kaunas : Vytautas Magnus University
T2  - Zemdirbyste
T1  - Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation
VL  - 107
IS  - 1
SP  - 33
EP  - 40
DO  - 10.13080/z-a.2020.107.005
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Chachalis, Demosthenis and Dolijanović, Željko and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/804",
abstract = "The effects of different measures within maize cropping technology, aimed to suppress weeds as a part of integrated weed management (IWM) system, are analysed and evaluated in this manuscript, in line with the results of longterm experiments. For sustainable maize (Zea mays L.) production, implementation of IWM system aiming to reduce reliance on chemical weed control within Europe is a key priority. This IWM system includes all possible solutions, such as preventive, direct, biological, mechanical and alternative measures. A cropping system approach
is essential to manage weeds, utilize genetic potential of maize genotypes and reduce yield losses due to weed competition. Long-term experiments are nowadays rare, but they are an excellent and reliable method for comparing cropping systems regarding yield and reduction of weed infestation level. In the research program implemented at the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje in Central Serbia, the effects of different cropping measures and their interactions
as a part of IWMs were studied during ten years. Maize rotations with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.), combined with herbicide application, showed the best effect on weed biomass reduction, 92.1% and 92.2%, respectively. Winter wheat was a better preceding crop for maize than soybean, especially in combination with herbicides applied in recommended as well as in half of recommended rate. Intensification of soil tillage significantly reduced maize weed infestation, especially abundance of perennial species: Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.), Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.) and field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.). Other measures, such as type of fertilizer, maize row space and crop density, cover cropping and intercropping also affected weed biomass production in maize fields. Maize growing with reduced row spacing contributed to weed biomass reduction by 27.4%, while application of slow-release urea contributed to crop competitiveness. Weed biomass in sweet maize (Zea mays L. convar. saccharata) grown with common vetch as a cover crop was significantly reduced (48.5 g m-2) compared with the treatment without a cover crop
 (564.3 g m-2)., Straipsnyje analizuojama kukurūzų įvairių auginimo priemonių ir auginimo technologijų įtaka piktžolių mažėjimui ilgalaikio eksperimento metu. Europoje tvaraus kukurūzų auginimo svarbiausias prioritetas yra integruota piktžolių kontrolės (IPK) sistema, kuria siekiama sumažinti priklausomumą nuo cheminės piktžolių kontrolės. IPK sistema apima visus įmanomus sprendimus, pavyzdžiui, prevencines tiesiogines, biologines, mechanines ir alternatyvias priemones. Augalininkystės sistemų metodas yra labai svarbus siekiant kontroliuoti piktžoles, išnaudoti kukurūzų genotipų genetinį potencialą ir sumažinti derliaus nuostolius dėl piktžolių.
Šiais laikais ilgalaikiai eksperimentai vykdomi retai, tačiau jie yra puikus ir patikimas būdas augalininkystės sistemas palyginti pagal derlių ir pasėlių piktžolėtumo mažinimą. Centrinėje Serbijoje esančiame Kukurūzų tyrimų institute Zemun Polje įgyvendinant mokslinių tyrimų programą, kelerius metus kaip IPK dalis buvo tirta įvairių agrotechnikos priemonių įtaka ir jų sąveika. Siekiant sumažinti piktžolių biomasę efektyviausia buvo paprastųjų kukurūzų (Zea mays L.) sėjomaina su žieminiais kviečiais ir sojomis kartu su herbicidų panaudojimu – atitinkamai
92,1 ir 92,2 %. Žieminiai kviečiai buvo geresnis kukurūzų priešsėlis nei sojos, ypač kartu su herbicidais, panaudojus ir rekomenduojamą normą, ir pusę rekomenduojamos jų normos. Žemės dirbimas turėjo reikšmingos įtakos kukurūzų pasėlio piktžolėtumui, ypač daugiametėms piktžolėms: Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers., Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. ir Convolvulus arvensis L. Kitos priemonės, pavyzdžiui, trąšų rūšis, kukurūzų tarpueilių plotis ir augalų tankumas, antsėlis bei įsėlis, taip pat turėjo įtakos piktžolių biomasei kukurūzų lauke. Kukurūzų auginimas mažesniu
tarpueilių pločiu piktžolių biomasę sumažino 27,4 %, o lėtai atpalaiduojamo karbamido panaudojimas padidino augalų konkurencinę gebą. Saldžiųjų kukurūzų (Zea mays L. convar. saccharata), augintų su vikių antsėliu, pasėlyje piktžolių biomasė reikšmingai sumažėjo 
(48,5 g m-2), palyginus su variantu be antsėlio (564,3 g m-2).",
publisher = "Vilnius : Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Kaunas : Vytautas Magnus University",
journal = "Zemdirbyste",
title = "Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation",
volume = "107",
number = "1",
pages = "33-40",
doi = "10.13080/z-a.2020.107.005"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Chachalis, D., Dolijanović, Ž.,& Brankov, M. (2020). Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation.
ZemdirbysteKaunas : Vytautas Magnus University., 107(1), 33-40.
https://doi.org/10.13080/z-a.2020.107.005
Simić M, Dragičević V, Chachalis D, Dolijanović Ž, Brankov M. Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation. Zemdirbyste. 2020;107(1):33-40
Simić Milena, Dragičević Vesna, Chachalis Demosthenis, Dolijanović Željko, Brankov Milan, "Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation" 107, no. 1 (2020):33-40,
https://doi.org/10.13080/z-a.2020.107.005 .
2

Agronomic responses of soybean genotypes to starter nitrogen fertilizer rate

Mandić, Violeta; Đorđević, Snežana; Bijelić, Zorica; Krnjaja, Vesna; Pantelić, Vlada; Simić, Aleksandar; Dragičević, Vesna

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Đorđević, Snežana
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Pantelić, Vlada
AU  - Simić, Aleksandar
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/798
AB  - The main nitrogen (N) sources in soybean production originate from soil fixing bacteria
Bradyrhizobium spp. and from mineralization of soil organic N. These sources of N are often not
su cient to cover the N needs of the soybean. The present two-year field study aimed to evaluate the e ects of soybean genotypes (Valjevka and Galina) and rates of starter fertilizer N (0, 30, 60, and 90 kg ha�����1) on quantitative and qualitative parameters and on rain use e ciency (RUE) under contrasting weather conditions in the Pannonian region of Serbia. A field study conducted during two di erent growing seasons: first year with unfavorable weather conditions and second year with favorable weather conditions. As expected, the quantitative parameters, oil content, and RUE were higher in the year with favorable growing season, the second one. According to measured parameters, the genotype Valjevka performed higher yield potential as compared to the genotype Galina. The highest values of quantitative parameters and RUE were recorded at 60 kg N ha�����1, protein content at 90 kg N ha�����1 and oil content 0 kg N ha�����1 (control). This study suggests that proper genotype selection and application of 60 kg N ha�����1 as a starter dose with rhizobial inoculation could contribute to the high yield, while protein could be altered by N amount, independently on genotype.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
T2  - Agronomy
T1  - Agronomic responses of soybean genotypes to starter nitrogen fertilizer rate
VL  - 10
IS  - 4
SP  - 535
DO  - 10.3390/agronomy10040535
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mandić, Violeta and Đorđević, Snežana and Bijelić, Zorica and Krnjaja, Vesna and Pantelić, Vlada and Simić, Aleksandar and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/798",
abstract = "The main nitrogen (N) sources in soybean production originate from soil fixing bacteria
Bradyrhizobium spp. and from mineralization of soil organic N. These sources of N are often not
su cient to cover the N needs of the soybean. The present two-year field study aimed to evaluate the e ects of soybean genotypes (Valjevka and Galina) and rates of starter fertilizer N (0, 30, 60, and 90 kg ha�����1) on quantitative and qualitative parameters and on rain use e ciency (RUE) under contrasting weather conditions in the Pannonian region of Serbia. A field study conducted during two di erent growing seasons: first year with unfavorable weather conditions and second year with favorable weather conditions. As expected, the quantitative parameters, oil content, and RUE were higher in the year with favorable growing season, the second one. According to measured parameters, the genotype Valjevka performed higher yield potential as compared to the genotype Galina. The highest values of quantitative parameters and RUE were recorded at 60 kg N ha�����1, protein content at 90 kg N ha�����1 and oil content 0 kg N ha�����1 (control). This study suggests that proper genotype selection and application of 60 kg N ha�����1 as a starter dose with rhizobial inoculation could contribute to the high yield, while protein could be altered by N amount, independently on genotype.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute",
journal = "Agronomy",
title = "Agronomic responses of soybean genotypes to starter nitrogen fertilizer rate",
volume = "10",
number = "4",
pages = "535",
doi = "10.3390/agronomy10040535"
}
Mandić, V., Đorđević, S., Bijelić, Z., Krnjaja, V., Pantelić, V., Simić, A.,& Dragičević, V. (2020). Agronomic responses of soybean genotypes to starter nitrogen fertilizer rate.
AgronomyBasel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute., 10(4), 535.
https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10040535
Mandić V, Đorđević S, Bijelić Z, Krnjaja V, Pantelić V, Simić A, Dragičević V. Agronomic responses of soybean genotypes to starter nitrogen fertilizer rate. Agronomy. 2020;10(4):535
Mandić Violeta, Đorđević Snežana, Bijelić Zorica, Krnjaja Vesna, Pantelić Vlada, Simić Aleksandar, Dragičević Vesna, "Agronomic responses of soybean genotypes to starter nitrogen fertilizer rate" 10, no. 4 (2020):535,
https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10040535 .
1
4
2
3

First report of Aspergillus parasiticus on Barley Grain in Serbia

Nikolić, Milica; Savić, Iva; Obradović, Ana; Srdić, Jelena; Stanković, Goran; Stevanović, Milan; Stanković, Slavica

(St. Paul : The American Phytopathological Society (APS), 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Obradović, Ana
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Stanković, Goran
AU  - Stevanović, Milan
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/796
AB  - Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is a secondary grain crop in Serbia used commercially for animal feed, seed, and human food applications. The production of barley in the 2016 to 2017 growing season reached a record yield of almost 400,000 metric tons (USDA 2017). Aspergillus contamination has been rare in the agroecological conditions of cereal-growing areas in Serbia. Changes in climatic factors, such as occurrence of high temperatures and prolonged droughts, increased frequency of Aspergillus spp. Species Aspergillus parasiticus was isolated from maize grain for the first time in Serbia in 2012 and from wheat grains in 2017 (Nikolic et al. 2018). We hypothesized that these pathogens can also be present in barley fields in Serbia. Barley spikes exhibiting bleaching were sampled at the beginning of June 2017 grown in northern Serbia. In severe infections, barley spikes get a dry look with awns that stand upright and firm. The incidence of the disease of the bleached spiked in the field was 15 to 20%. From each representative sample, 100 shriveled grains were collected. After surface sterilization with bleach/distilled water 1:3, 100 grains per sample (10 per Petri dish) were placed on potato dextrose agar and incubated at 25°C for 7 days. After isolation, 50% of isolates were identified as Alternaria spp., 20% as Fusarium spp., approximately 15% as Aspergillus spp. In order to reliably identify individual species of fungi, the fragments of colonies were transferred to malt extract agar (MEA) and Czapek yeast agar (CYA) and incubated in the dark for 7 days. The fungal colonies were dark green. The reverse side was pale yellow. The average colony diameter was 65 mm. Conidia were spherical and rough with thick walls. The average size of conidia was 5.1 µm. Colonies were floccose and thin on MEA and CYA. Based on growth and morphological characteristics, isolates were determined as A. parasiticus (Pitt and Hocking 2009). Molecular detection of Aspergillus species was done by using PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the aflR-aflJ (genes for aflatoxin biosynthesis) intergenic spacer. The restriction enzyme BglII was able to cut the PCR product of A. parasiticus at one restriction site, resulting in two fragments of 363 and 311 bp (El Khoury et al. 2011). A. parasiticus CBS 100926 was used as a reference isolate. The pathogenicity of 20 isolates was verified on a group of 20 randomly selected spikes in four replicates (Mesterházy et al. 1999). A 7-day-old culture of each isolate was used for the preparation of the spore suspension (1 × 10⁶ spores/ml). Inoculation was carried out after 50% of plants reached the anthesis stage. Groups of 20 selected spikes were sprayed from all sides with 20 ml of fungal spore suspension. Control spikes were inoculated by applying an equal amount of sterile distilled water. The infection rate was estimated after 3 weeks on a 1 to 7 scale, with 1 = 0 to 5%, 2 = 5 to 15%, 3 = 15 to 30%, 4 = 30 to 50%, 5 = 50 to 75%, 6 = 75 to 90%, and 7 = 90 to 100% infected spike area. The average infection rate was 3.2. The pathogen was reisolated from the inoculated spikes and identified as A. parasiticus, with the aim to confirm Koch’s postulates. Developed symptoms were similar to those observed on spikes collected from the field. Control spikes did not show any symptoms of the disease. These results confirmed the pathogenicity of A. parasiticus on H. vulgare. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the occurrence of A. parasiticus on barley grain in Serbia. Because A. parasiticus is known to be a severe aflatoxin producer and climatic changes can increase the frequency of this fungus, further studies are necessary to improve strategies for food safety and quality.
PB  - St. Paul : The American Phytopathological Society (APS)
T2  - Plant Disease
T1  - First report of Aspergillus parasiticus on Barley Grain in Serbia
VL  - 104
IS  - 3
SP  - 987
DO  - 10.1094/PDIS-07-19-1364-PDN
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Milica and Savić, Iva and Obradović, Ana and Srdić, Jelena and Stanković, Goran and Stevanović, Milan and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/796",
abstract = "Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is a secondary grain crop in Serbia used commercially for animal feed, seed, and human food applications. The production of barley in the 2016 to 2017 growing season reached a record yield of almost 400,000 metric tons (USDA 2017). Aspergillus contamination has been rare in the agroecological conditions of cereal-growing areas in Serbia. Changes in climatic factors, such as occurrence of high temperatures and prolonged droughts, increased frequency of Aspergillus spp. Species Aspergillus parasiticus was isolated from maize grain for the first time in Serbia in 2012 and from wheat grains in 2017 (Nikolic et al. 2018). We hypothesized that these pathogens can also be present in barley fields in Serbia. Barley spikes exhibiting bleaching were sampled at the beginning of June 2017 grown in northern Serbia. In severe infections, barley spikes get a dry look with awns that stand upright and firm. The incidence of the disease of the bleached spiked in the field was 15 to 20%. From each representative sample, 100 shriveled grains were collected. After surface sterilization with bleach/distilled water 1:3, 100 grains per sample (10 per Petri dish) were placed on potato dextrose agar and incubated at 25°C for 7 days. After isolation, 50% of isolates were identified as Alternaria spp., 20% as Fusarium spp., approximately 15% as Aspergillus spp. In order to reliably identify individual species of fungi, the fragments of colonies were transferred to malt extract agar (MEA) and Czapek yeast agar (CYA) and incubated in the dark for 7 days. The fungal colonies were dark green. The reverse side was pale yellow. The average colony diameter was 65 mm. Conidia were spherical and rough with thick walls. The average size of conidia was 5.1 µm. Colonies were floccose and thin on MEA and CYA. Based on growth and morphological characteristics, isolates were determined as A. parasiticus (Pitt and Hocking 2009). Molecular detection of Aspergillus species was done by using PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the aflR-aflJ (genes for aflatoxin biosynthesis) intergenic spacer. The restriction enzyme BglII was able to cut the PCR product of A. parasiticus at one restriction site, resulting in two fragments of 363 and 311 bp (El Khoury et al. 2011). A. parasiticus CBS 100926 was used as a reference isolate. The pathogenicity of 20 isolates was verified on a group of 20 randomly selected spikes in four replicates (Mesterházy et al. 1999). A 7-day-old culture of each isolate was used for the preparation of the spore suspension (1 × 10⁶ spores/ml). Inoculation was carried out after 50% of plants reached the anthesis stage. Groups of 20 selected spikes were sprayed from all sides with 20 ml of fungal spore suspension. Control spikes were inoculated by applying an equal amount of sterile distilled water. The infection rate was estimated after 3 weeks on a 1 to 7 scale, with 1 = 0 to 5%, 2 = 5 to 15%, 3 = 15 to 30%, 4 = 30 to 50%, 5 = 50 to 75%, 6 = 75 to 90%, and 7 = 90 to 100% infected spike area. The average infection rate was 3.2. The pathogen was reisolated from the inoculated spikes and identified as A. parasiticus, with the aim to confirm Koch’s postulates. Developed symptoms were similar to those observed on spikes collected from the field. Control spikes did not show any symptoms of the disease. These results confirmed the pathogenicity of A. parasiticus on H. vulgare. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the occurrence of A. parasiticus on barley grain in Serbia. Because A. parasiticus is known to be a severe aflatoxin producer and climatic changes can increase the frequency of this fungus, further studies are necessary to improve strategies for food safety and quality.",
publisher = "St. Paul : The American Phytopathological Society (APS)",
journal = "Plant Disease",
title = "First report of Aspergillus parasiticus on Barley Grain in Serbia",
volume = "104",
number = "3",
pages = "987",
doi = "10.1094/PDIS-07-19-1364-PDN"
}
Nikolić, M., Savić, I., Obradović, A., Srdić, J., Stanković, G., Stevanović, M.,& Stanković, S. (2020). First report of Aspergillus parasiticus on Barley Grain in Serbia.
Plant DiseaseSt. Paul : The American Phytopathological Society (APS)., 104(3), 987.
https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-07-19-1364-PDN
Nikolić M, Savić I, Obradović A, Srdić J, Stanković G, Stevanović M, Stanković S. First report of Aspergillus parasiticus on Barley Grain in Serbia. Plant Disease. 2020;104(3):987
Nikolić Milica, Savić Iva, Obradović Ana, Srdić Jelena, Stanković Goran, Stevanović Milan, Stanković Slavica, "First report of Aspergillus parasiticus on Barley Grain in Serbia" 104, no. 3 (2020):987,
https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-07-19-1364-PDN .

The impact of plant density on the seed yield and the spring field pea’s yield component

Krizmanić, Goran; Tucak, Marijana; Brkić, Andrija; Marković, Monika; Jovanović, Snežana; Čupić, Tihomir

(Osijek : Poljoprivredni Fakultet Osijek, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krizmanić, Goran
AU  - Tucak, Marijana
AU  - Brkić, Andrija
AU  - Marković, Monika
AU  - Jovanović, Snežana
AU  - Čupić, Tihomir
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/795
AB  - The spring field pea is one of the most important coarse legumes. This study was
carried out to investigate the response of a spring field pea variety to three plant
densities (50, 100, and 150 plant m-2) during the 2017 and 2019 growing seasons
in eastern Croatia. The field study was set up as a Randomized Complete Block
Design (RCBD) in four replications. The results have demonstrated a significant
effect of the plant densities and the growing seasons on the seed yield and on the
following yield components: plant height and the number of pods/plant. The effect
of plant densities on the number of seeds/pod and the thousand-seed weight was
not significant. As for a growing season, the highest seed yield, plant height, the
number of pods/plant were obtained in the second growing season. Furthermore,
a maximum seed yield was recorded at the 150-plant m-2 plant density. This study
has demonstrated that planting the spring field pea at different plant densities significantly
modifies the spring field pea yield, plant height and number of pods/plant.
AB  - Jari stočni grašak jedna je od najznačajnijih krupnozrnih mahunarki. Ovo je istraživanje provedeno kako bismo vidjeli reakciju utjecaja različitih gustoća sjetve na jari stočni grašak tijekom dvaju vegetacijskih ciklusa 2017. i 2019. godine u istočnome dijelu Republike Hrvatske. Pokus je postavljen po RCBD sustavu u četiri ponavljanja. Rezultati pokazuju značajan utjecaj gustoće sjetve i godina istraživanja na prinos zrna i većinu komponenata prinosa: visinu biljke i broja mahuna po biljci, osim broja zrna po mahuni i mase tisuću zrna, gdje gustoća sjetve nije statistički značajno utjecala na razlike u vrijednostima istraživanih svojstava. Najveće vrijednosti prinosa zrna, visine biljke i broja mahuna po biljci ostvarene su u drugoj godini istraživanja. Najveći prinos zrna zabilježen je pri gustoći sjetve od 150 biljaka/m2. Istraživanje pokazuje da različite gustoće sjetve značajno modificiraju/utječu na visinu prinosa zrna i komponente prinosa jaroga stočnog graška.
PB  - Osijek : Poljoprivredni Fakultet Osijek
T2  - Poljoprivreda
T1  - The impact of plant density on the seed yield and the spring field pea’s yield component
T1  - Utjecaj gustoće sjetve na prinos zrna i komponente prinosa jaroga stočnog graška
VL  - 26
IS  - 1
SP  - 25
EP  - 31
DO  - 10.18047/poljo.26.1.4
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krizmanić, Goran and Tucak, Marijana and Brkić, Andrija and Marković, Monika and Jovanović, Snežana and Čupić, Tihomir",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/795",
abstract = "The spring field pea is one of the most important coarse legumes. This study was
carried out to investigate the response of a spring field pea variety to three plant
densities (50, 100, and 150 plant m-2) during the 2017 and 2019 growing seasons
in eastern Croatia. The field study was set up as a Randomized Complete Block
Design (RCBD) in four replications. The results have demonstrated a significant
effect of the plant densities and the growing seasons on the seed yield and on the
following yield components: plant height and the number of pods/plant. The effect
of plant densities on the number of seeds/pod and the thousand-seed weight was
not significant. As for a growing season, the highest seed yield, plant height, the
number of pods/plant were obtained in the second growing season. Furthermore,
a maximum seed yield was recorded at the 150-plant m-2 plant density. This study
has demonstrated that planting the spring field pea at different plant densities significantly
modifies the spring field pea yield, plant height and number of pods/plant., Jari stočni grašak jedna je od najznačajnijih krupnozrnih mahunarki. Ovo je istraživanje provedeno kako bismo vidjeli reakciju utjecaja različitih gustoća sjetve na jari stočni grašak tijekom dvaju vegetacijskih ciklusa 2017. i 2019. godine u istočnome dijelu Republike Hrvatske. Pokus je postavljen po RCBD sustavu u četiri ponavljanja. Rezultati pokazuju značajan utjecaj gustoće sjetve i godina istraživanja na prinos zrna i većinu komponenata prinosa: visinu biljke i broja mahuna po biljci, osim broja zrna po mahuni i mase tisuću zrna, gdje gustoća sjetve nije statistički značajno utjecala na razlike u vrijednostima istraživanih svojstava. Najveće vrijednosti prinosa zrna, visine biljke i broja mahuna po biljci ostvarene su u drugoj godini istraživanja. Najveći prinos zrna zabilježen je pri gustoći sjetve od 150 biljaka/m2. Istraživanje pokazuje da različite gustoće sjetve značajno modificiraju/utječu na visinu prinosa zrna i komponente prinosa jaroga stočnog graška.",
publisher = "Osijek : Poljoprivredni Fakultet Osijek",
journal = "Poljoprivreda",
title = "The impact of plant density on the seed yield and the spring field pea’s yield component, Utjecaj gustoće sjetve na prinos zrna i komponente prinosa jaroga stočnog graška",
volume = "26",
number = "1",
pages = "25-31",
doi = "10.18047/poljo.26.1.4"
}
Krizmanić, G., Tucak, M., Brkić, A., Marković, M., Jovanović, S.,& Čupić, T. (2020). Utjecaj gustoće sjetve na prinos zrna i komponente prinosa jaroga stočnog graška.
PoljoprivredaOsijek : Poljoprivredni Fakultet Osijek., 26(1), 25-31.
https://doi.org/10.18047/poljo.26.1.4
Krizmanić G, Tucak M, Brkić A, Marković M, Jovanović S, Čupić T. Utjecaj gustoće sjetve na prinos zrna i komponente prinosa jaroga stočnog graška. Poljoprivreda. 2020;26(1):25-31
Krizmanić Goran, Tucak Marijana, Brkić Andrija, Marković Monika, Jovanović Snežana, Čupić Tihomir, "Utjecaj gustoće sjetve na prinos zrna i komponente prinosa jaroga stočnog graška" 26, no. 1 (2020):25-31,
https://doi.org/10.18047/poljo.26.1.4 .

Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Babić, Milosav; Brankov, Milan; Filipović, Milomir

(John Wiley and Sons Inc., 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Babić, Milosav
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/801
AB  - To control weeds and cultivate maize (Zea mays L.) with higher yields, production systems have to include more efficient forms of N and appropriate herbicide treatments. The timing of N release could give maize an advantage over weeds in competition for resources, whereas cultivation at lower row spacing often decreases weed biomass. Knowledge about the different factors affecting herbicide efficiency increases the accuracy and reliability of chemical control. This study tested the weed infestation level and the development and productivity of a recently developed maize hybrid grown with the application of several integrated practices. The maize hybrid was sown with application of standard and slow-releasing urea, with row spacing of 50 and 70 cm and treatment with either a pre-emergence or a post-emergence mix of herbicides. The numbers of plants of each weed species and their biomass were lower after the application of herbicides, although N form and row spacing produced no significant differences in the average weed infestation level for 3 yr. The post-emergence herbicide treatment was more effective than the pre-emergence treatment for weed biomass reduction and enhancing maize yield parameters. The N form did not influence any measured yield parameter, whereas the 70-cm row spacing resulted in significantly higher harvest index and grain yield (0.45 and 9.19 Mg ha−1, respectively) than the 50-cm spacing (0.43 and 7.36 Mg ha−1, respectively). The wider row spacing resulted in higher grain yield through its interaction with N form and herbicide treatment.
PB  - John Wiley and Sons Inc.
T2  - Agronomy Journal
T1  - Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize
VL  - 112
IS  - 2
SP  - 748
EP  - 757
DO  - 10.1002/agj2.20024
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Babić, Milosav and Brankov, Milan and Filipović, Milomir",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/801",
abstract = "To control weeds and cultivate maize (Zea mays L.) with higher yields, production systems have to include more efficient forms of N and appropriate herbicide treatments. The timing of N release could give maize an advantage over weeds in competition for resources, whereas cultivation at lower row spacing often decreases weed biomass. Knowledge about the different factors affecting herbicide efficiency increases the accuracy and reliability of chemical control. This study tested the weed infestation level and the development and productivity of a recently developed maize hybrid grown with the application of several integrated practices. The maize hybrid was sown with application of standard and slow-releasing urea, with row spacing of 50 and 70 cm and treatment with either a pre-emergence or a post-emergence mix of herbicides. The numbers of plants of each weed species and their biomass were lower after the application of herbicides, although N form and row spacing produced no significant differences in the average weed infestation level for 3 yr. The post-emergence herbicide treatment was more effective than the pre-emergence treatment for weed biomass reduction and enhancing maize yield parameters. The N form did not influence any measured yield parameter, whereas the 70-cm row spacing resulted in significantly higher harvest index and grain yield (0.45 and 9.19 Mg ha−1, respectively) than the 50-cm spacing (0.43 and 7.36 Mg ha−1, respectively). The wider row spacing resulted in higher grain yield through its interaction with N form and herbicide treatment.",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
journal = "Agronomy Journal",
title = "Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize",
volume = "112",
number = "2",
pages = "748-757",
doi = "10.1002/agj2.20024"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Babić, M., Brankov, M.,& Filipović, M. (2020). Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize.
Agronomy JournalJohn Wiley and Sons Inc.., 112(2), 748-757.
https://doi.org/10.1002/agj2.20024
Simić M, Dragičević V, Babić M, Brankov M, Filipović M. Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize. Agronomy Journal. 2020;112(2):748-757
Simić Milena, Dragičević Vesna, Babić Milosav, Brankov Milan, Filipović Milomir, "Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize" 112, no. 2 (2020):748-757,
https://doi.org/10.1002/agj2.20024 .
1
1

Effect of Cold Acclimation on Selected Metabolic Enzymes During Diapause in The European Corn Borer Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn

Uzelac, Iva; Avramov, Miloš; Vukašinović, Elvira; Gošić-Dondo, Snežana; Purać, Jelena; Kojić, Danijela; Blagojević, Duško; Popović, Željko D.

(Berlin : Nature Research is part of Springer Nature, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Uzelac, Iva
AU  - Avramov, Miloš
AU  - Vukašinović, Elvira
AU  - Gošić-Dondo, Snežana
AU  - Purać, Jelena
AU  - Kojić, Danijela
AU  - Blagojević, Duško
AU  - Popović, Željko D.
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/793
AB  - The European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn., is a pest Lepidopteran species whose larvae overwinter by entering diapause, gradually becoming cold-hardy. To investigate metabolic changes during cold hardening, activities of four metabolic enzymes – citrate synthase (CS), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were measured in whole-body homogenates of pupae, non-diapausing and diapausing larvae acclimated to 5 °C, −3 °C and −16 °C. The highest CS activity was detected in non-diapausing larvae, reflecting active development, while the highest in vitro LDH activity was recorded in diapausing larvae at temperatures close to 0 °C, evidencing a metabolic switch towards anaerobic metabolism. However, in-gel LDH activity showed that production of pyruvate from lactate is triggered by sub-zero temperatures. The activities of both aminotransferases were highest in non-diapausing larvae. Our findings suggest that during diapause and cold hardening the aminotransferases catalyse production of L-alanine, an important cryoprotectant, and L-aspartate, which is closely tied to both transamination reactions and Krebs cycle. The results of this study indicate that, during diapause, the activity of metabolic enzymes is synchronized with exogenous factors, such as temperatures close to 0 °C. These findings support the notion that diapause is metabolically plastic and vibrant, rather than simply a passive, resting state.
PB  - Berlin : Nature Research is part of Springer Nature
T2  - Scientific Reports
T1  - Effect of Cold Acclimation on Selected Metabolic Enzymes During Diapause in The European Corn Borer Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn
VL  - 10
IS  - 1
SP  - 9085
DO  - 10.1038/s41598-020-65926-w
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Uzelac, Iva and Avramov, Miloš and Vukašinović, Elvira and Gošić-Dondo, Snežana and Purać, Jelena and Kojić, Danijela and Blagojević, Duško and Popović, Željko D.",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/793",
abstract = "The European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn., is a pest Lepidopteran species whose larvae overwinter by entering diapause, gradually becoming cold-hardy. To investigate metabolic changes during cold hardening, activities of four metabolic enzymes – citrate synthase (CS), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were measured in whole-body homogenates of pupae, non-diapausing and diapausing larvae acclimated to 5 °C, −3 °C and −16 °C. The highest CS activity was detected in non-diapausing larvae, reflecting active development, while the highest in vitro LDH activity was recorded in diapausing larvae at temperatures close to 0 °C, evidencing a metabolic switch towards anaerobic metabolism. However, in-gel LDH activity showed that production of pyruvate from lactate is triggered by sub-zero temperatures. The activities of both aminotransferases were highest in non-diapausing larvae. Our findings suggest that during diapause and cold hardening the aminotransferases catalyse production of L-alanine, an important cryoprotectant, and L-aspartate, which is closely tied to both transamination reactions and Krebs cycle. The results of this study indicate that, during diapause, the activity of metabolic enzymes is synchronized with exogenous factors, such as temperatures close to 0 °C. These findings support the notion that diapause is metabolically plastic and vibrant, rather than simply a passive, resting state.",
publisher = "Berlin : Nature Research is part of Springer Nature",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
title = "Effect of Cold Acclimation on Selected Metabolic Enzymes During Diapause in The European Corn Borer Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn",
volume = "10",
number = "1",
pages = "9085",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-020-65926-w"
}
Uzelac, I., Avramov, M., Vukašinović, E., Gošić-Dondo, S., Purać, J., Kojić, D., Blagojević, D.,& Popović, Ž. D. (2020). Effect of Cold Acclimation on Selected Metabolic Enzymes During Diapause in The European Corn Borer Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn.
Scientific ReportsBerlin : Nature Research is part of Springer Nature., 10(1), 9085.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65926-w
Uzelac I, Avramov M, Vukašinović E, Gošić-Dondo S, Purać J, Kojić D, Blagojević D, Popović ŽD. Effect of Cold Acclimation on Selected Metabolic Enzymes During Diapause in The European Corn Borer Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn. Scientific Reports. 2020;10(1):9085
Uzelac Iva, Avramov Miloš, Vukašinović Elvira, Gošić-Dondo Snežana, Purać Jelena, Kojić Danijela, Blagojević Duško, Popović Željko D., "Effect of Cold Acclimation on Selected Metabolic Enzymes During Diapause in The European Corn Borer Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn" 10, no. 1 (2020):9085,
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65926-w .
2
2
1

The effect of insecticides on the total percentage of Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn attack on maize hybrids

Gošić-Dondo, Snežana; Grčak, Dragan; Grčak, Milosav; Kondić, Danijela; Hajder, Đurađ; Popović, Željko; Knežević, Desimir

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Gošić-Dondo, Snežana
AU  - Grčak, Dragan
AU  - Grčak, Milosav
AU  - Kondić, Danijela
AU  - Hajder, Đurađ
AU  - Popović, Željko
AU  - Knežević, Desimir
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/792
AB  - The   objective   of   the   paper   was   to   determine   the   effect   of   insecticides   on   the development  of  the  European  corn  borer  (Ostinia  nubilalisHbn)  and  the  effect  of damage  in  six  maize  hybrids  of  different  maturity  groups.  The  research  involved  the following  hybrids:  ZP  427,  ZP  434,  ZP  555,  ZP  600,  ZP 606  and  ZP  666.  In  the  field trial,  insecticides  were  applied  in  two  terms,  during  the  flight  of O.  nubilalisfirst generation and during theflight ofsecondO. nubilalisgeneration. We  used Fobos EC insecticide and a combination of Match 050 EC + Nurelle D insecticides, whose active substances are different. The active substance in Fobos EC insecticide is bifenthrin 100 g l-1,  in  Match  050  EC  lufenuron  50  g l-1 and,  in  Nurelle  D  insecticide,  the  active ingredient  is  a  combination  of  chlorpyrifos  500  g l-1and  cypermethrin  50  g l-1.  The damageinflicted  on  plants  was  assessed  in  July  and  September.  Fobos  insecticide  had the  best  plant  protection  effect,  after  its  use,  the  arithmetic  mean  of  the  total  attack percentage of all hybrids was approximately 81.62% while in the control group, it  was approximately 91.72%.
AB  - Cilj  rada  je  bio  da  se  utvrdi  efekat  insekticida  na  razvoj  kukuruznog  moljca  (Ostinia nubilalisHbn) i efekat oštećenja u šest hibrida kukuruza razliĉitih grupa zrenja. Istraţivanje je obuhvatilo  sledeće  hibride  ZP  427,  ZP  434,  ZP  555,  ZP  600,  ZP  606  i  ZP  666.  U  ogledu, insekticidi su primenjeni u dva termina i to: u vreme leta prve generacije O. nubilalisi posle toga u vreme letenja druge  generacije  O. nubilalis.  U istraţivanjima su korišćeni insekticidi: Fobos EC insekticid i kombinacija insekticida Match 050 EC + Nurelle D ĉije su aktivne supstance razliĉite. Aktivna supstanca kod insekticida FobosEC je bifentrin 100 g l-1, kod Match 050 EC je lufenuron 50 g l-1, a kod  insekticida Nurelle D  aktivna supstanca je kombinacija  hlorpirifos 500 g l-1i  cipermetrin  50  g l-1. Ocena oštećenja na biljkama je vršena u julu i septembru u godini eksperimenta. Insekticid  Fobos je imao nabolji efekat zaštite biljaka. Ustanovljen  je najbolji efekat Fobosa u zaštiti biljaka, posle ĉije primene je nadjeno oštećenje kod 81.62% proseĉno za sve hibride, što je znaĉajno razliĉito od napada  kukuruznog plamenca na kontrolnoj  varijanti, bez upotrebe insekticida, na kojoj je nadjeno 91,72% napadnutih biljaka proseĉno za sve hibride. U analizi tretmana insekticidima, najniţi ukupni napad je nadjen kod ZP 434 hibrida i to 77,12% napadnutih biljaka posle tretmana Fobos (I-1); dok je najveći ukupni napad (88.55%) nadjen kod  ZP  555  hibrid  posle  tretmana  Match  +  Nurelle  (II-1).  U  proseku  primena  insekticida  u  vreme prve  generacije  napada  je  bila  efikasnija  nego  primena  insekticida  u  vreme  razvijene  druge generacije   kukuruznog   plamenca   (Ostrinia   nubilalis).   Intenzitet   napada   prve   generacije kukuruznog  plamenca,  je  bio  najniţi  kod  ZP  666  hibrida  (13,07%)  u  varijanti  primenjenog insekticida Fobos (I-1), dok je najviši u ZP 427 hibrida -35.54%. Napad druge generacije je bio najmanjeg intenziteta kod ZP 434 hibrida (43,24%), a najviša u ZP 666 hibrida (68,62%) posle tretmana sa insekticidom Fobos (I-1). Proseĉno za sve hibride najveći intenzitet napada u vreme  prve, kao i u vreme druge  generacije kukuruznog plamenca je ustanovljen u kontrolnoj varijanti (bez tretmana insekticidom) koji je bio veći u odnosu intenzitet napada na tretiranim varijantama sa  insekticidom.  Na  kontrolnoj  varijanti,  intenzitet  napada  ocenjen  u  vreme  prve  generacije O. nubilalisje vrarirao u rasponu od najvećeg kod  ZP 606 hibrida (69.29%), do najmanjeg kod ZP 434 hibrida (64.36% ), dok je u vreme druge generacije intenzitet  napada  varirao u rasponu od najvećeg kod ZP 666 hibrida (26,93%) do najmanjeg kod kod ZP 555 hibrida (23.9%).
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
T2  - Genetika
T1  - The effect of insecticides on the total percentage of Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn attack on maize hybrids
T1  - Uticaj insekticida na ukupan procenat napada Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn kod hibrida kukuruza
VL  - 52
IS  - 1
SP  - 351
EP  - 365
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2001351G
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Gošić-Dondo, Snežana and Grčak, Dragan and Grčak, Milosav and Kondić, Danijela and Hajder, Đurađ and Popović, Željko and Knežević, Desimir",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/792",
abstract = "The   objective   of   the   paper   was   to   determine   the   effect   of   insecticides   on   the development  of  the  European  corn  borer  (Ostinia  nubilalisHbn)  and  the  effect  of damage  in  six  maize  hybrids  of  different  maturity  groups.  The  research  involved  the following  hybrids:  ZP  427,  ZP  434,  ZP  555,  ZP  600,  ZP 606  and  ZP  666.  In  the  field trial,  insecticides  were  applied  in  two  terms,  during  the  flight  of O.  nubilalisfirst generation and during theflight ofsecondO. nubilalisgeneration. We  used Fobos EC insecticide and a combination of Match 050 EC + Nurelle D insecticides, whose active substances are different. The active substance in Fobos EC insecticide is bifenthrin 100 g l-1,  in  Match  050  EC  lufenuron  50  g l-1 and,  in  Nurelle  D  insecticide,  the  active ingredient  is  a  combination  of  chlorpyrifos  500  g l-1and  cypermethrin  50  g l-1.  The damageinflicted  on  plants  was  assessed  in  July  and  September.  Fobos  insecticide  had the  best  plant  protection  effect,  after  its  use,  the  arithmetic  mean  of  the  total  attack percentage of all hybrids was approximately 81.62% while in the control group, it  was approximately 91.72%., Cilj  rada  je  bio  da  se  utvrdi  efekat  insekticida  na  razvoj  kukuruznog  moljca  (Ostinia nubilalisHbn) i efekat oštećenja u šest hibrida kukuruza razliĉitih grupa zrenja. Istraţivanje je obuhvatilo  sledeće  hibride  ZP  427,  ZP  434,  ZP  555,  ZP  600,  ZP  606  i  ZP  666.  U  ogledu, insekticidi su primenjeni u dva termina i to: u vreme leta prve generacije O. nubilalisi posle toga u vreme letenja druge  generacije  O. nubilalis.  U istraţivanjima su korišćeni insekticidi: Fobos EC insekticid i kombinacija insekticida Match 050 EC + Nurelle D ĉije su aktivne supstance razliĉite. Aktivna supstanca kod insekticida FobosEC je bifentrin 100 g l-1, kod Match 050 EC je lufenuron 50 g l-1, a kod  insekticida Nurelle D  aktivna supstanca je kombinacija  hlorpirifos 500 g l-1i  cipermetrin  50  g l-1. Ocena oštećenja na biljkama je vršena u julu i septembru u godini eksperimenta. Insekticid  Fobos je imao nabolji efekat zaštite biljaka. Ustanovljen  je najbolji efekat Fobosa u zaštiti biljaka, posle ĉije primene je nadjeno oštećenje kod 81.62% proseĉno za sve hibride, što je znaĉajno razliĉito od napada  kukuruznog plamenca na kontrolnoj  varijanti, bez upotrebe insekticida, na kojoj je nadjeno 91,72% napadnutih biljaka proseĉno za sve hibride. U analizi tretmana insekticidima, najniţi ukupni napad je nadjen kod ZP 434 hibrida i to 77,12% napadnutih biljaka posle tretmana Fobos (I-1); dok je najveći ukupni napad (88.55%) nadjen kod  ZP  555  hibrid  posle  tretmana  Match  +  Nurelle  (II-1).  U  proseku  primena  insekticida  u  vreme prve  generacije  napada  je  bila  efikasnija  nego  primena  insekticida  u  vreme  razvijene  druge generacije   kukuruznog   plamenca   (Ostrinia   nubilalis).   Intenzitet   napada   prve   generacije kukuruznog  plamenca,  je  bio  najniţi  kod  ZP  666  hibrida  (13,07%)  u  varijanti  primenjenog insekticida Fobos (I-1), dok je najviši u ZP 427 hibrida -35.54%. Napad druge generacije je bio najmanjeg intenziteta kod ZP 434 hibrida (43,24%), a najviša u ZP 666 hibrida (68,62%) posle tretmana sa insekticidom Fobos (I-1). Proseĉno za sve hibride najveći intenzitet napada u vreme  prve, kao i u vreme druge  generacije kukuruznog plamenca je ustanovljen u kontrolnoj varijanti (bez tretmana insekticidom) koji je bio veći u odnosu intenzitet napada na tretiranim varijantama sa  insekticidom.  Na  kontrolnoj  varijanti,  intenzitet  napada  ocenjen  u  vreme  prve  generacije O. nubilalisje vrarirao u rasponu od najvećeg kod  ZP 606 hibrida (69.29%), do najmanjeg kod ZP 434 hibrida (64.36% ), dok je u vreme druge generacije intenzitet  napada  varirao u rasponu od najvećeg kod ZP 666 hibrida (26,93%) do najmanjeg kod kod ZP 555 hibrida (23.9%).",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "The effect of insecticides on the total percentage of Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn attack on maize hybrids, Uticaj insekticida na ukupan procenat napada Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn kod hibrida kukuruza",
volume = "52",
number = "1",
pages = "351-365",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2001351G"
}
Gošić-Dondo, S., Grčak, D., Grčak, M., Kondić, D., Hajder, Đ., Popović, Ž.,& Knežević, D. (2020). Uticaj insekticida na ukupan procenat napada Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn kod hibrida kukuruza.
GenetikaBeograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 52(1), 351-365.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2001351G
Gošić-Dondo S, Grčak D, Grčak M, Kondić D, Hajder Đ, Popović Ž, Knežević D. Uticaj insekticida na ukupan procenat napada Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn kod hibrida kukuruza. Genetika. 2020;52(1):351-365
Gošić-Dondo Snežana, Grčak Dragan, Grčak Milosav, Kondić Danijela, Hajder Đurađ, Popović Željko, Knežević Desimir, "Uticaj insekticida na ukupan procenat napada Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn kod hibrida kukuruza" 52, no. 1 (2020):351-365,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2001351G .
1

Agronomic, biochemical and genetic attributes of maizehigh grain quality accessions

Vančetović, Jelena; Kostadinović, Marija; Božinović, Sofija; Nikolić, Ana; Vukadinović, Jelena; Marković, Ksenija; Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
AU  - Kostadinović, Marija
AU  - Božinović, Sofija
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Vukadinović, Jelena
AU  - Marković, Ksenija
AU  - Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/791
AB  - Nutritional  quality  of  maize  is  low  because  maize  protein  is  poor  in  several  essential amino  acids.  The  purpose  of  this  research  was  to  analyze  agronomic  traits  and  kernel biochemical and physical properties of 16 gene bank accessions which comprise a mini-core  collection  for  grain  quality  and  to  identify  populations  for  improving  protein quality.  Standard  ZP341  hybrid  was  superior  for  half  of  agronomic  traits  tested, especially  grain  yield,  which  was  higher  from  24%  to  six  times.  Ten  accessions  had protein  content  over  14  %  and  were  further  analyzed  for  amino  acid  composition  and kernel  characteristics.  Additionally,  genetic  relationships  between  the  accessions  were determined   by   Simple   Sequence   Repeats   (SSRs)   analysis   with   30   primers.   All accessions  showed  elevated  contents  of  most  essential  amino  acids.  Population  L492 with  1.87  and  0.68  g  100g-1dry  weight  had  the  highest  contents  of  leucine  and phenylalanine, respectively, but also higher contents of most other analyzed amino acids (p<0.05). Cluster analysis based on SSRs also distinguished L492 by separating it from all other accessions. Compared to ZP341, accessions were significantly inferior in grain weight  and  dimensions  (p<0.05),  but  superior  in  most  hardness  parameters  (p<0.05). Pearson  correlations  revealed  lack  of  negative  correlations  between  biochemical  traits, indicating  a  possibility  for  concurrent  improvement  of  several  amino  acids.  The  best way  of  improving  protein  quality  of  elite  materials  is  through  backcrossing  and  as populations  were  chosen  according  to  their  good  general  combining  ability  (with IoDent,  Lancaster  and  BSSS),  they  could  serve  for  improvement  of  elite  materials  of these genetic origins.
AB  - Nutritivna vrednost kukuruza je niska zbog nedostatka nekoliko esencijalnih amino kiselina. Cilj ovog  rada  jebio da se analiziraju agronomske osobine, sadržaj proteina i amino kiselina kao i fiziĉka  svojstva  zrna  16  uzoraka  iz  banke  gena  koji  ĉine  mini coreza  kvalitet,  da  bi  se identifikovale populacije za poboljšanje kvaliteta proteina kukuruza. Hibrid ZP 341 (standard) je bio superioran za većinu testiranih agronomskih svojstava, sa prinosom zrna većim za 24% do 600%. Deset uzoraka kod kojih je sadržaj proteina bio veći od 14% je analizirano na sadržaj aminokiselina i karakteristike zrna. TakoĊe su utvrĊeni genetiĉki odnosi izmeĊu uzoraka pomoću 30  SSR  markera.  Svi  uzorci  su  pokazali  povećan  sadržaj  većine  esencijalnih  amino  kiselina. Populacija L492 je imala najveći sadržaj leucina (1.87g 100g-1suve  mase)  i  fenilalanina  (0.68g 100g-1suve  mase),  ali  i  veće  sadržaje  ostalih  aminokiselina  (p<0.05)  u  odnosu  na  ZP341  i analizirane  populacije.  Klaster  analiza  zasnovana  na  SSR  markerima  je  takoĊe  izdvojila populaciju  L492  od  svih  ostalih  populacija.  U  odnosu  na  ZP  341,  populacije  iz  banke  gena  su bile  inferiorne  u  masi  i  dimenzijama  zrna  (p<0.05), ali superiorne u većini parametara tvrdoće zrna   (p<0.05).  Pirsonove   korelacije  su  pokazale  nedostatak  negativnih  korelacija  izmeĊu analiziranih  biohemijskih  svojstava,  što  ukazuje  na  mogućnost  poboljšanja  kukuruza  na  više amino kiselina istovremeno. Najbolji naĉin poboljšanja kvaliteta proteina elitnog materijala je putem   povratnih  ukrštanja,  a  kako  su  populacije  izabrane  prema  svojim  dobrim  opštim kombinacionim sposobnostima (sa IoDent, Lancaster i BSSS), mogle bi da služe za poboljšanje elitnog materijala navedenih heterotiĉnih grupa.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Agronomic, biochemical and genetic attributes of maizehigh grain quality accessions
T1  - Agronomska, biohemijska i genetička svojstva populacija kukuruza visokog kvaliteta proteina iz banke gena
VL  - 52
IS  - 1
SP  - 273
EP  - 289
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2001273V
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Vančetović, Jelena and Kostadinović, Marija and Božinović, Sofija and Nikolić, Ana and Vukadinović, Jelena and Marković, Ksenija and Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/791",
abstract = "Nutritional  quality  of  maize  is  low  because  maize  protein  is  poor  in  several  essential amino  acids.  The  purpose  of  this  research  was  to  analyze  agronomic  traits  and  kernel biochemical and physical properties of 16 gene bank accessions which comprise a mini-core  collection  for  grain  quality  and  to  identify  populations  for  improving  protein quality.  Standard  ZP341  hybrid  was  superior  for  half  of  agronomic  traits  tested, especially  grain  yield,  which  was  higher  from  24%  to  six  times.  Ten  accessions  had protein  content  over  14  %  and  were  further  analyzed  for  amino  acid  composition  and kernel  characteristics.  Additionally,  genetic  relationships  between  the  accessions  were determined   by   Simple   Sequence   Repeats   (SSRs)   analysis   with   30   primers.   All accessions  showed  elevated  contents  of  most  essential  amino  acids.  Population  L492 with  1.87  and  0.68  g  100g-1dry  weight  had  the  highest  contents  of  leucine  and phenylalanine, respectively, but also higher contents of most other analyzed amino acids (p<0.05). Cluster analysis based on SSRs also distinguished L492 by separating it from all other accessions. Compared to ZP341, accessions were significantly inferior in grain weight  and  dimensions  (p<0.05),  but  superior  in  most  hardness  parameters  (p<0.05). Pearson  correlations  revealed  lack  of  negative  correlations  between  biochemical  traits, indicating  a  possibility  for  concurrent  improvement  of  several  amino  acids.  The  best way  of  improving  protein  quality  of  elite  materials  is  through  backcrossing  and  as populations  were  chosen  according  to  their  good  general  combining  ability  (with IoDent,  Lancaster  and  BSSS),  they  could  serve  for  improvement  of  elite  materials  of these genetic origins., Nutritivna vrednost kukuruza je niska zbog nedostatka nekoliko esencijalnih amino kiselina. Cilj ovog  rada  jebio da se analiziraju agronomske osobine, sadržaj proteina i amino kiselina kao i fiziĉka  svojstva  zrna  16  uzoraka  iz  banke  gena  koji  ĉine  mini coreza  kvalitet,  da  bi  se identifikovale populacije za poboljšanje kvaliteta proteina kukuruza. Hibrid ZP 341 (standard) je bio superioran za većinu testiranih agronomskih svojstava, sa prinosom zrna većim za 24% do 600%. Deset uzoraka kod kojih je sadržaj proteina bio veći od 14% je analizirano na sadržaj aminokiselina i karakteristike zrna. TakoĊe su utvrĊeni genetiĉki odnosi izmeĊu uzoraka pomoću 30  SSR  markera.  Svi  uzorci  su  pokazali  povećan  sadržaj  većine  esencijalnih  amino  kiselina. Populacija L492 je imala najveći sadržaj leucina (1.87g 100g-1suve  mase)  i  fenilalanina  (0.68g 100g-1suve  mase),  ali  i  veće  sadržaje  ostalih  aminokiselina  (p<0.05)  u  odnosu  na  ZP341  i analizirane  populacije.  Klaster  analiza  zasnovana  na  SSR  markerima  je  takoĊe  izdvojila populaciju  L492  od  svih  ostalih  populacija.  U  odnosu  na  ZP  341,  populacije  iz  banke  gena  su bile  inferiorne  u  masi  i  dimenzijama  zrna  (p<0.05), ali superiorne u većini parametara tvrdoće zrna   (p<0.05).  Pirsonove   korelacije  su  pokazale  nedostatak  negativnih  korelacija  izmeĊu analiziranih  biohemijskih  svojstava,  što  ukazuje  na  mogućnost  poboljšanja  kukuruza  na  više amino kiselina istovremeno. Najbolji naĉin poboljšanja kvaliteta proteina elitnog materijala je putem   povratnih  ukrštanja,  a  kako  su  populacije  izabrane  prema  svojim  dobrim  opštim kombinacionim sposobnostima (sa IoDent, Lancaster i BSSS), mogle bi da služe za poboljšanje elitnog materijala navedenih heterotiĉnih grupa.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Agronomic, biochemical and genetic attributes of maizehigh grain quality accessions, Agronomska, biohemijska i genetička svojstva populacija kukuruza visokog kvaliteta proteina iz banke gena",
volume = "52",
number = "1",
pages = "273-289",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2001273V"
}
Vančetović, J., Kostadinović, M., Božinović, S., Nikolić, A., Vukadinović, J., Marković, K.,& Ignjatović-Micić, D. (2020). Agronomska, biohemijska i genetička svojstva populacija kukuruza visokog kvaliteta proteina iz banke gena.
GenetikaBeograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 52(1), 273-289.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2001273V
Vančetović J, Kostadinović M, Božinović S, Nikolić A, Vukadinović J, Marković K, Ignjatović-Micić D. Agronomska, biohemijska i genetička svojstva populacija kukuruza visokog kvaliteta proteina iz banke gena. Genetika. 2020;52(1):273-289
Vančetović Jelena, Kostadinović Marija, Božinović Sofija, Nikolić Ana, Vukadinović Jelena, Marković Ksenija, Ignjatović-Micić Dragana, "Agronomska, biohemijska i genetička svojstva populacija kukuruza visokog kvaliteta proteina iz banke gena" 52, no. 1 (2020):273-289,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2001273V .

Sowing and fertilization strategies to improve maize productivity

Mandić, Violeta; Bijelić, Zorica; Krnjaja, Vesna; Simić, Aleksandar; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Đorđević, Snežana

(Roma : Unità di Ricerca per la Valorizzazione qualitativa dei cereali, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Aleksandar
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Đorđević, Snežana
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/817
AB  - Field experiment was conducted to examine the impacts of two sowing dates (8 April - first date of sowing and
21 April - second date of sowing) and four nitrogen rates (0, 60, 120 and 180 kg ha-1) on the productivity of maize hybrid ‘ZP 434’ in the Pannonian region of Serbia during 2016 and 2017 seasons. The dry period during late
vegetative development and grain filling stage in 2017 decreased ear traits, grain yield, starch and oil contents,
nitrogen agronomic (NAE) and nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). The highest number of grains per ear, starch and oil
contents, starch and oil yields and lower rainfall use efficiency (RUE) and protein content were obtained from the
early sowing date. The ear traits, grain yield, RUE, protein content, oil content and yield of starch, protein and oil
significantly increased while NAE, NUE and starch content significantly decreased with increasing nitrogen rate.
The results indicated a significant inverse correlation between starch and protein contents, which prevents the
improvement of these two parameters simultaneously. Thus, timely sowing and nitrogen input should be used as
long term management strategies for increasing maize yield and grain quality.
PB  - Roma : Unità di Ricerca per la Valorizzazione qualitativa dei cereali
T2  - Maydica
T1  - Sowing and fertilization strategies to improve maize productivity
VL  - 65
IS  - 2
SP  - 1
EP  - 9
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mandić, Violeta and Bijelić, Zorica and Krnjaja, Vesna and Simić, Aleksandar and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Đorđević, Snežana",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/817",
abstract = "Field experiment was conducted to examine the impacts of two sowing dates (8 April - first date of sowing and
21 April - second date of sowing) and four nitrogen rates (0, 60, 120 and 180 kg ha-1) on the productivity of maize hybrid ‘ZP 434’ in the Pannonian region of Serbia during 2016 and 2017 seasons. The dry period during late
vegetative development and grain filling stage in 2017 decreased ear traits, grain yield, starch and oil contents,
nitrogen agronomic (NAE) and nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). The highest number of grains per ear, starch and oil
contents, starch and oil yields and lower rainfall use efficiency (RUE) and protein content were obtained from the
early sowing date. The ear traits, grain yield, RUE, protein content, oil content and yield of starch, protein and oil
significantly increased while NAE, NUE and starch content significantly decreased with increasing nitrogen rate.
The results indicated a significant inverse correlation between starch and protein contents, which prevents the
improvement of these two parameters simultaneously. Thus, timely sowing and nitrogen input should be used as
long term management strategies for increasing maize yield and grain quality.",
publisher = "Roma : Unità di Ricerca per la Valorizzazione qualitativa dei cereali",
journal = "Maydica",
title = "Sowing and fertilization strategies to improve maize productivity",
volume = "65",
number = "2",
pages = "1-9"
}
Mandić, V., Bijelić, Z., Krnjaja, V., Simić, A., Simić, M., Brankov, M.,& Đorđević, S. (2020). Sowing and fertilization strategies to improve maize productivity.
MaydicaRoma : Unità di Ricerca per la Valorizzazione qualitativa dei cereali., 65(2), 1-9.
Mandić V, Bijelić Z, Krnjaja V, Simić A, Simić M, Brankov M, Đorđević S. Sowing and fertilization strategies to improve maize productivity. Maydica. 2020;65(2):1-9
Mandić Violeta, Bijelić Zorica, Krnjaja Vesna, Simić Aleksandar, Simić Milena, Brankov Milan, Đorđević Snežana, "Sowing and fertilization strategies to improve maize productivity" 65, no. 2 (2020):1-9

Grain yield, yield components and protein content of organic spelt wheat (Triticum speltaL.) grown in different agro-ecological conditions of northern Serbia

Vojnov, Bojan; Manojlović, Maja; Latković, Dragana; Milošev, Dragiša; Dolijanović, Željko; Simić, Milena; Babec, Brankica; Šeremešić, Srđan

(Novi Sad : Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Vojnov, Bojan
AU  - Manojlović, Maja
AU  - Latković, Dragana
AU  - Milošev, Dragiša
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Babec, Brankica
AU  - Šeremešić, Srđan
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/777
AB  - Spelt wheat (Triticum spelta L.) is regarded as a crop with high nutritional properties. Cultivar Nirvana was analyzed on nine locations in semiarid conditions of northern Serbia in order to assess the effects of different agro-ecological conditions on the organic spelt wheat production, grain yield and yield components, as well as the quality of the spelt wheat. The highest dehulled grain yield was obtained in Nadalj organic farm (3.98 t ha-1) on a carbonated chernozem, and the highest protein content in whole grain flour was found in organic spelt wheat from Pančevo (13.94%). Correlation analysis showed significant positive correlations among grain yield, spike length, spike weight, number of grains per spike, 1000-grain weight and harvest index and among plant height, spike length, weight spike, and grain weight per spike. Our study indicated that growing spelt wheat in northern Serbia could result in higher grain yield, but protein content depended on crop management on each location.
AB  - Zbog svojih nutritivnih osobina, krupnik (Triticum spelta L.) je sve više u interesovanju organskih proizvođača i potrošača. U cilju unapređenja organske proizvodnje i uvođenja alternativnih kultura, sprovedeno je istraživanje na ovoj vrsti pšenice kako bi se sagledao uticaj različitih agroekoloških uslova na prinos i komponente prinosa, kao i kvalitet krupnika. Predmet istraživanja bila je sorta krupnika Nirvana, a istraživanje je obavljeno na 9 različitih lokaliteta u Vojvodini i u okolini Beograda na kojima je krupnik gajen u sistemu organske proizvodnje. Najveći prinos oljuštenog zrna krupnika utvrđen je na organskoj parceli u Nadalju sa 3,98 t/ha na karbonatnom černozemu, a najveći sadržaj proteina (13,94%) u integralnom brašnu sa organske parcele iz Pančeva. Korelaciona analiza je pokazala da na ispitivanim lokalitetima postoji statistički značajna korelacija između prinosa krupnika i dužine klasa, mase klasa, broja zrna, mase 1000 zrna i žetvenog indeksa, a takođe postoji uzajamni uticaj između visine biljaka, dužine klasa, mase klasa i mase zrna po klasu. Iako je krupnik relativno skromnih zahteva prema plodnosti zemljišta i podnosi nepotpunu agrotehniku, utvrđeno je da odlično reaguje na đubrenje stajnjakom sa produženim dejstvom i na intenzivniju agrotehniku pri kojoj se mogu postići prinosi i do 4 t ha-1 oljuštenog zrna. Najveći uticaj na prinos su imali vreme setve, raspored i količina padavina, kao i obezbeđenost biljaka potrebnim hranivima. Takođe, utvrđeno je da pravilna agrotehnika može da ublaži negativni uticaj nepovoljnih uslova spoljašnje sredine, što je uticalo da se na različitim lokalitetima ostvare visoki prinosi.
PB  - Novi Sad : Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops
T2  - Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo
T1  - Grain yield, yield components and protein content of organic spelt wheat (Triticum speltaL.) grown in different agro-ecological conditions of northern Serbia
VL  - 57
IS  - 1
SP  - 1
EP  - 7
DO  - 10.5937/ratpov57-23867
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Vojnov, Bojan and Manojlović, Maja and Latković, Dragana and Milošev, Dragiša and Dolijanović, Željko and Simić, Milena and Babec, Brankica and Šeremešić, Srđan",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/777",
abstract = "Spelt wheat (Triticum spelta L.) is regarded as a crop with high nutritional properties. Cultivar Nirvana was analyzed on nine locations in semiarid conditions of northern Serbia in order to assess the effects of different agro-ecological conditions on the organic spelt wheat production, grain yield and yield components, as well as the quality of the spelt wheat. The highest dehulled grain yield was obtained in Nadalj organic farm (3.98 t ha-1) on a carbonated chernozem, and the highest protein content in whole grain flour was found in organic spelt wheat from Pančevo (13.94%). Correlation analysis showed significant positive correlations among grain yield, spike length, spike weight, number of grains per spike, 1000-grain weight and harvest index and among plant height, spike length, weight spike, and grain weight per spike. Our study indicated that growing spelt wheat in northern Serbia could result in higher grain yield, but protein content depended on crop management on each location., Zbog svojih nutritivnih osobina, krupnik (Triticum spelta L.) je sve više u interesovanju organskih proizvođača i potrošača. U cilju unapređenja organske proizvodnje i uvođenja alternativnih kultura, sprovedeno je istraživanje na ovoj vrsti pšenice kako bi se sagledao uticaj različitih agroekoloških uslova na prinos i komponente prinosa, kao i kvalitet krupnika. Predmet istraživanja bila je sorta krupnika Nirvana, a istraživanje je obavljeno na 9 različitih lokaliteta u Vojvodini i u okolini Beograda na kojima je krupnik gajen u sistemu organske proizvodnje. Najveći prinos oljuštenog zrna krupnika utvrđen je na organskoj parceli u Nadalju sa 3,98 t/ha na karbonatnom černozemu, a najveći sadržaj proteina (13,94%) u integralnom brašnu sa organske parcele iz Pančeva. Korelaciona analiza je pokazala da na ispitivanim lokalitetima postoji statistički značajna korelacija između prinosa krupnika i dužine klasa, mase klasa, broja zrna, mase 1000 zrna i žetvenog indeksa, a takođe postoji uzajamni uticaj između visine biljaka, dužine klasa, mase klasa i mase zrna po klasu. Iako je krupnik relativno skromnih zahteva prema plodnosti zemljišta i podnosi nepotpunu agrotehniku, utvrđeno je da odlično reaguje na đubrenje stajnjakom sa produženim dejstvom i na intenzivniju agrotehniku pri kojoj se mogu postići prinosi i do 4 t ha-1 oljuštenog zrna. Najveći uticaj na prinos su imali vreme setve, raspored i količina padavina, kao i obezbeđenost biljaka potrebnim hranivima. Takođe, utvrđeno je da pravilna agrotehnika može da ublaži negativni uticaj nepovoljnih uslova spoljašnje sredine, što je uticalo da se na različitim lokalitetima ostvare visoki prinosi.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops",
journal = "Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo",
title = "Grain yield, yield components and protein content of organic spelt wheat (Triticum speltaL.) grown in different agro-ecological conditions of northern Serbia",
volume = "57",
number = "1",
pages = "1-7",
doi = "10.5937/ratpov57-23867"
}
Vojnov, B., Manojlović, M., Latković, D., Milošev, D., Dolijanović, Ž., Simić, M., Babec, B.,& Šeremešić, S. (2020). Grain yield, yield components and protein content of organic spelt wheat (Triticum speltaL.) grown in different agro-ecological conditions of northern Serbia.
Ratarstvo i povrtarstvoNovi Sad : Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops., 57(1), 1-7.
https://doi.org/10.5937/ratpov57-23867
Vojnov B, Manojlović M, Latković D, Milošev D, Dolijanović Ž, Simić M, Babec B, Šeremešić S. Grain yield, yield components and protein content of organic spelt wheat (Triticum speltaL.) grown in different agro-ecological conditions of northern Serbia. Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo. 2020;57(1):1-7
Vojnov Bojan, Manojlović Maja, Latković Dragana, Milošev Dragiša, Dolijanović Željko, Simić Milena, Babec Brankica, Šeremešić Srđan, "Grain yield, yield components and protein content of organic spelt wheat (Triticum speltaL.) grown in different agro-ecological conditions of northern Serbia" 57, no. 1 (2020):1-7,
https://doi.org/10.5937/ratpov57-23867 .
1

Neka fizička svojstva dugotrajno zalivanih livadskih zemljišta doline Belog Drima u području Kline

Gajić, Boško; Kresović, Branka; Pejić, Borivoj; Tapanarova, Angelina; Dugalić, Goran; Životić, Ljubomir; Sredojević, Zorica; Tolimir, Miodrag

(Beograd : Srpsko društvo za proučavanje zemljišta, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Gajić, Boško
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Pejić, Borivoj
AU  - Tapanarova, Angelina
AU  - Dugalić, Goran
AU  - Životić, Ljubomir
AU  - Sredojević, Zorica
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/775
AB  - Fiziĉka svojstva igraju važnu ulogu u određivanju pogodnosti zemljišta za poljoprivredne, melioracione, ekološke i tehniĉke namene. Od njih zavisi kretanje, zadržavanje i dostupnost vode i hranljivih materija biljkama,lakoća prodiranja korena biljaka, te kretanje toplote i vazduha.Takođe, ona utiĉu na hemijska i biološka svojstva zemljišta. Iako su fluvisoli (aluvijalno-livadska zemljišta) jedno od najrasprostranjenijih zemljišta u Srbiji, oni su još uvek nedovoljno istraženi. Stoga je cilj ovog istraživanja bio proceniti glavna fiziĉka svojstva stolećima navodnjavanih fluvisola formiranih na karbonatnom nanosu reke Beli Drim na Kosovu i Metohiji (Srbija). Prouĉavano je osam profila, tj. 23 uzorka zemljišta u poremećenom stanju i 69 uzoraka u neporemećenom stanju. Dubina gornjeg dela zemljišnog profila, koji leži iznad sloja peska, kamenja i šljunka, u kom se razvija koren biljaka, je veoma neujednaĉena idući od profila  do  profila, odnosno varira od male (oko 30 cm) pa do veoma velike (>200 cm). Istraženi fluvisoli pripadaju teškim glinušama (>50% frakcije gline).  Rezultati  ukazuju  na  visoku  varijabilnost  fiziĉkih svojstava u površinskom sloju zemljišta. Većina istraženih fiziĉkih svojstva osam otvorenih profila fluvisolova, i pored priliĉno teškog mehaniĉkog sastava, dosta su povoljne i uz  to priliĉno ujednaĉene u orniĉnom horizontu, dok su znatno manje povoljne, mada ne izrazito nepovoljne, u podorniĉnom horizontu dubljih profila.
AB  - Physical properties play an important role in determining suitability of soil for agricultural, amelioration, ecological and technical purposes. They are influence on movement, storage and availability of water and nutrients  for  plants,  ease  of  plant  root penetration  and  movement  of  heat  and  air.  Furthermore,  they  are also effect chemical and biological properties of soil. Although Fluvisols (alluvial-meadow soils) are one of the most widespread soils in Serbia, little research has been done on them. The aim of this study was therefore  to  evaluate  the  most  important  physical  properties  of  long-term  irrigated  Fluvisols  that  were formed  on  the  carbonate  deposit  of  the  White  Drim  River  in  Kosovo  and  Metohija  (Serbia).  Eight profiles, i.e. 23 undisturbed soil samplesand 69 disturbed soil sampleswere examined.The depth of the upperpart of the soil profile, which lies above the layer of sand, stones and gravel, in which the roots of the plants develop, is very uneven from profile to profile, i.e. it varies from small (approx. 30 cm) to very large (>200 cm). The investigated Fluvisols are heavy textured (>50% clay content). The results show a high  variability  of  the  physical  properties  in  the  surface  layerof  thesesoils.  Most  of  the  investigated physical properties of the eight open Fluvisol profiles, in addition to the heavy texture, are quitefavorable and  fairly  uniform  in  the  plow  layer,  while  they  are  much  less  favorable,  though  not  particularly unfavorable, under the plow layer in deeper profiles.
PB  - Beograd : Srpsko društvo za proučavanje zemljišta
T2  - Zemljište i biljka
T1  - Neka fizička svojstva dugotrajno zalivanih livadskih zemljišta doline Belog Drima u području Kline
VL  - 69
IS  - 1
SP  - 21
EP  - 35
DO  - 10.5937/ZemBilj2001021G
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Gajić, Boško and Kresović, Branka and Pejić, Borivoj and Tapanarova, Angelina and Dugalić, Goran and Životić, Ljubomir and Sredojević, Zorica and Tolimir, Miodrag",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/775",
abstract = "Fiziĉka svojstva igraju važnu ulogu u određivanju pogodnosti zemljišta za poljoprivredne, melioracione, ekološke i tehniĉke namene. Od njih zavisi kretanje, zadržavanje i dostupnost vode i hranljivih materija biljkama,lakoća prodiranja korena biljaka, te kretanje toplote i vazduha.Takođe, ona utiĉu na hemijska i biološka svojstva zemljišta. Iako su fluvisoli (aluvijalno-livadska zemljišta) jedno od najrasprostranjenijih zemljišta u Srbiji, oni su još uvek nedovoljno istraženi. Stoga je cilj ovog istraživanja bio proceniti glavna fiziĉka svojstva stolećima navodnjavanih fluvisola formiranih na karbonatnom nanosu reke Beli Drim na Kosovu i Metohiji (Srbija). Prouĉavano je osam profila, tj. 23 uzorka zemljišta u poremećenom stanju i 69 uzoraka u neporemećenom stanju. Dubina gornjeg dela zemljišnog profila, koji leži iznad sloja peska, kamenja i šljunka, u kom se razvija koren biljaka, je veoma neujednaĉena idući od profila  do  profila, odnosno varira od male (oko 30 cm) pa do veoma velike (>200 cm). Istraženi fluvisoli pripadaju teškim glinušama (>50% frakcije gline).  Rezultati  ukazuju  na  visoku  varijabilnost  fiziĉkih svojstava u površinskom sloju zemljišta. Većina istraženih fiziĉkih svojstva osam otvorenih profila fluvisolova, i pored priliĉno teškog mehaniĉkog sastava, dosta su povoljne i uz  to priliĉno ujednaĉene u orniĉnom horizontu, dok su znatno manje povoljne, mada ne izrazito nepovoljne, u podorniĉnom horizontu dubljih profila., Physical properties play an important role in determining suitability of soil for agricultural, amelioration, ecological and technical purposes. They are influence on movement, storage and availability of water and nutrients  for  plants,  ease  of  plant  root penetration  and  movement  of  heat  and  air.  Furthermore,  they  are also effect chemical and biological properties of soil. Although Fluvisols (alluvial-meadow soils) are one of the most widespread soils in Serbia, little research has been done on them. The aim of this study was therefore  to  evaluate  the  most  important  physical  properties  of  long-term  irrigated  Fluvisols  that  were formed  on  the  carbonate  deposit  of  the  White  Drim  River  in  Kosovo  and  Metohija  (Serbia).  Eight profiles, i.e. 23 undisturbed soil samplesand 69 disturbed soil sampleswere examined.The depth of the upperpart of the soil profile, which lies above the layer of sand, stones and gravel, in which the roots of the plants develop, is very uneven from profile to profile, i.e. it varies from small (approx. 30 cm) to very large (>200 cm). The investigated Fluvisols are heavy textured (>50% clay content). The results show a high  variability  of  the  physical  properties  in  the  surface  layerof  thesesoils.  Most  of  the  investigated physical properties of the eight open Fluvisol profiles, in addition to the heavy texture, are quitefavorable and  fairly  uniform  in  the  plow  layer,  while  they  are  much  less  favorable,  though  not  particularly unfavorable, under the plow layer in deeper profiles.",
publisher = "Beograd : Srpsko društvo za proučavanje zemljišta",
journal = "Zemljište i biljka",
title = "Neka fizička svojstva dugotrajno zalivanih livadskih zemljišta doline Belog Drima u području Kline",
volume = "69",
number = "1",
pages = "21-35",
doi = "10.5937/ZemBilj2001021G"
}
Gajić, B., Kresović, B., Pejić, B., Tapanarova, A., Dugalić, G., Životić, L., Sredojević, Z.,& Tolimir, M. (2020). Neka fizička svojstva dugotrajno zalivanih livadskih zemljišta doline Belog Drima u području Kline.
Zemljište i biljkaBeograd : Srpsko društvo za proučavanje zemljišta., 69(1), 21-35.
https://doi.org/10.5937/ZemBilj2001021G
Gajić B, Kresović B, Pejić B, Tapanarova A, Dugalić G, Životić L, Sredojević Z, Tolimir M. Neka fizička svojstva dugotrajno zalivanih livadskih zemljišta doline Belog Drima u području Kline. Zemljište i biljka. 2020;69(1):21-35
Gajić Boško, Kresović Branka, Pejić Borivoj, Tapanarova Angelina, Dugalić Goran, Životić Ljubomir, Sredojević Zorica, Tolimir Miodrag, "Neka fizička svojstva dugotrajno zalivanih livadskih zemljišta doline Belog Drima u području Kline" 69, no. 1 (2020):21-35,
https://doi.org/10.5937/ZemBilj2001021G .
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