Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200040 (Maize Research Institute 'Zemun Polje', Belgrade-Zemun)

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Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200040 (Maize Research Institute 'Zemun Polje', Belgrade-Zemun) (en)
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije, Ugovor br. 451-03-68/2020-14/200040 (Institut za kukuruz 'Zemun polje', Beograd-Zemun) (sr_RS)
Министарство просвете, науке и технолошког развоја Републике Србије, Уговор бр. 451-03-68/2020-14/200040 (Институт за кукуруз 'Земун поље', Београд-Земун) (sr)
Authors

Publications

A post‑emergence herbicide program for weedy sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) control in maize

Brankov, Milan; Simić, Milena; Piskackova, Theresa; Zarić, Miloš; Rajković, Miloš; Pavlović, Natalija; Dragičević, Vesna

(Springer Nature, 2024)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Piskackova, Theresa
AU  - Zarić, Miloš
AU  - Rajković, Miloš
AU  - Pavlović, Natalija
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2024
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1394
AB  - During the last 15 years in Serbia, there has been an invasion of H. annuus across the country.Plants were initially limited to non-cultivated areas near arable fields, while in recent years the species has started to occur and establish populations in crop fields, especially into wide-row crops. We tested eight herbicides in two greenhouse experiments: 1) a doseresponse study; 2) an efficacy study with reduced herbicide rates adding an adjuvant. The tested herbicides showed satisfactory weed control, where all estimated effective doses 90 (ED90) were lower than the recommended field rate for each herbicide, except for dicamba. The addition of non-ionic surfactants significantly increased the efficacy of glyphosate, mesotrione,rimsulfuron, and foramsulfuron. Whereas, there was no clear advantage to adding an adjuvant to bentazone and tembotrione, as the H. annuus population was already very sensitive (plants died in 1/8 of recommended rate in a dose-response study). All tested herbicides, except dicamba, can be used for satisfactory H. annuus control in maize, while glyphosate can be used for control of the species in non-agriculturallands.
PB  - Springer Nature
T2  - Phytoparasitica
T1  - A post‑emergence herbicide program for weedy sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) control in maize
VL  - 52
SP  - 12
DO  - 10.1007/s12600-024-01126-w
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Simić, Milena and Piskackova, Theresa and Zarić, Miloš and Rajković, Miloš and Pavlović, Natalija and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2024",
abstract = "During the last 15 years in Serbia, there has been an invasion of H. annuus across the country.Plants were initially limited to non-cultivated areas near arable fields, while in recent years the species has started to occur and establish populations in crop fields, especially into wide-row crops. We tested eight herbicides in two greenhouse experiments: 1) a doseresponse study; 2) an efficacy study with reduced herbicide rates adding an adjuvant. The tested herbicides showed satisfactory weed control, where all estimated effective doses 90 (ED90) were lower than the recommended field rate for each herbicide, except for dicamba. The addition of non-ionic surfactants significantly increased the efficacy of glyphosate, mesotrione,rimsulfuron, and foramsulfuron. Whereas, there was no clear advantage to adding an adjuvant to bentazone and tembotrione, as the H. annuus population was already very sensitive (plants died in 1/8 of recommended rate in a dose-response study). All tested herbicides, except dicamba, can be used for satisfactory H. annuus control in maize, while glyphosate can be used for control of the species in non-agriculturallands.",
publisher = "Springer Nature",
journal = "Phytoparasitica",
title = "A post‑emergence herbicide program for weedy sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) control in maize",
volume = "52",
pages = "12",
doi = "10.1007/s12600-024-01126-w"
}
Brankov, M., Simić, M., Piskackova, T., Zarić, M., Rajković, M., Pavlović, N.,& Dragičević, V.. (2024). A post‑emergence herbicide program for weedy sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) control in maize. in Phytoparasitica
Springer Nature., 52, 12.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12600-024-01126-w
Brankov M, Simić M, Piskackova T, Zarić M, Rajković M, Pavlović N, Dragičević V. A post‑emergence herbicide program for weedy sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) control in maize. in Phytoparasitica. 2024;52:12.
doi:10.1007/s12600-024-01126-w .
Brankov, Milan, Simić, Milena, Piskackova, Theresa, Zarić, Miloš, Rajković, Miloš, Pavlović, Natalija, Dragičević, Vesna, "A post‑emergence herbicide program for weedy sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) control in maize" in Phytoparasitica, 52 (2024):12,
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12600-024-01126-w . .

Stability of grain yield and oil content in early maturing soybean varieties

Peric, Vesna; Simic, Marijana; Nikolić, Valentina; Tabaković, Marijenka; Ristic, Danijela; Kostadinović, Marija; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana

(Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture, 2023-10-08)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Peric, Vesna
AU  - Simic, Marijana
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Ristic, Danijela
AU  - Kostadinović, Marija
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
PY  - 2023-10-08
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1327
AB  - The aim of this study was to examine the magnitude of genotype × environment (G × E)
interaction for the grain yield and grain oil content in soybean genotypes from the collection
of Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje and to identify stable sources for breeding for these
traits. Fourteen soybean genotypes from maturity group 00 were tested in the field trials set
up over two years, at two locations (Zemun Polje and Pancevo), according to a completely
randomized block design. After harvest, the oil content in the grain was measured on a NIRT
(near infra-red transmission) analyzer. Interaction G × E for grain yield and oil content was
evaluated by the application of AMMI-1 (additive main effects and multiplicative interaction)
model. A great portion of the variation (80.91%) of G × E interaction for the grain oil content
in soybean genotypes was explained by the first interaction axis of the AMMI-1 model. Eight
genotypes were distributed close to the stability line. The most important among them where
two cultivars with above the average oil content and high stability, as well as the Agassiz
variety, with a maximum average value of this parameter, expressing small interaction with
environment. AMMI analysis for grain yield revealed that first interaction axis had explained
55.3% of the variation of G × E interaction for this trait. The largest number of genotypes
achieved grain yield similar to the general average, with various interaction effects. The most
stable grain yield was noted for Maple Presto variety, while the Olima, Evrika, PI 180507 and
Kabott genotypes showed satisfactory stability. Cultivars Korana and Krajina proved to be
superior to other genotypes, both in terms of yield and stability, confirming that domestic
genotypes had adaptation to local agro-ecological conditions as compared to introduced ones.
PB  - Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture
T2  - 14. international scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2023" - Book of abstracts
T1  - Stability of grain yield and oil content in early maturing soybean varieties
EP  - 226
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1327
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Peric, Vesna and Simic, Marijana and Nikolić, Valentina and Tabaković, Marijenka and Ristic, Danijela and Kostadinović, Marija and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana",
year = "2023-10-08",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to examine the magnitude of genotype × environment (G × E)
interaction for the grain yield and grain oil content in soybean genotypes from the collection
of Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje and to identify stable sources for breeding for these
traits. Fourteen soybean genotypes from maturity group 00 were tested in the field trials set
up over two years, at two locations (Zemun Polje and Pancevo), according to a completely
randomized block design. After harvest, the oil content in the grain was measured on a NIRT
(near infra-red transmission) analyzer. Interaction G × E for grain yield and oil content was
evaluated by the application of AMMI-1 (additive main effects and multiplicative interaction)
model. A great portion of the variation (80.91%) of G × E interaction for the grain oil content
in soybean genotypes was explained by the first interaction axis of the AMMI-1 model. Eight
genotypes were distributed close to the stability line. The most important among them where
two cultivars with above the average oil content and high stability, as well as the Agassiz
variety, with a maximum average value of this parameter, expressing small interaction with
environment. AMMI analysis for grain yield revealed that first interaction axis had explained
55.3% of the variation of G × E interaction for this trait. The largest number of genotypes
achieved grain yield similar to the general average, with various interaction effects. The most
stable grain yield was noted for Maple Presto variety, while the Olima, Evrika, PI 180507 and
Kabott genotypes showed satisfactory stability. Cultivars Korana and Krajina proved to be
superior to other genotypes, both in terms of yield and stability, confirming that domestic
genotypes had adaptation to local agro-ecological conditions as compared to introduced ones.",
publisher = "Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture",
journal = "14. international scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2023" - Book of abstracts",
title = "Stability of grain yield and oil content in early maturing soybean varieties",
pages = "226",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1327"
}
Peric, V., Simic, M., Nikolić, V., Tabaković, M., Ristic, D., Kostadinović, M.,& Mladenović Drinić, S.. (2023-10-08). Stability of grain yield and oil content in early maturing soybean varieties. in 14. international scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2023" - Book of abstracts
Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture..
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1327
Peric V, Simic M, Nikolić V, Tabaković M, Ristic D, Kostadinović M, Mladenović Drinić S. Stability of grain yield and oil content in early maturing soybean varieties. in 14. international scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2023" - Book of abstracts. 2023;:null-226.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1327 .
Peric, Vesna, Simic, Marijana, Nikolić, Valentina, Tabaković, Marijenka, Ristic, Danijela, Kostadinović, Marija, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, "Stability of grain yield and oil content in early maturing soybean varieties" in 14. international scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2023" - Book of abstracts (2023-10-08),
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1327 .

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT PESTICIDES AND EUROPEAN CORN BORER ATTACK ON PHYTIC PHOSPHORUS CONTENT IN MAIZE GRAIN

Ristić, Danijela; Gošić-Dondo, Snežana; Kostadinović, Marija; Grcak, Dragan; Perić, Vesna; Čamdžija, Zoran; Dragičević, Vesna

(Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, 2023)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Ristić, Danijela
AU  - Gošić-Dondo, Snežana
AU  - Kostadinović, Marija
AU  - Grcak, Dragan
AU  - Perić, Vesna
AU  - Čamdžija, Zoran
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1395
AB  - This work aimed to evaluate changes in phytic phosphorus content as the response of three
maize hybrids (ZP 457, ZP 5601, and ZP 606) to different pesticide treatments for European Corn
Borer (ECB) attacks and, as well as the correlation between damage caused by ECB attack and
Pphy content. In the experimental field, maize ears were sampled and dried at a moisture content
of 14% for the determination of changes in phytic phosphorus content in the grain. The content of phytic phosphorus was determined using UV / VIS spectrophotometry. Observed results showed the highest content of phytic phosphorus for untreated control for all tested hybrids, compared to pesticide treatments. The content of Pphy in the tested maize kernel samples ranged from 2.12 to 3.40 mg g -1. A significant positive correlation between attacks of larvae and Pphy content could indicate activation of its antioxidative function as a response to damage caused by ECB attack.
AB  - Cilj ovog rada je procena promene u sadržaju fitinskog fosfora kao odgovora tri hibrida kukuruza (ZP 457, ZP 5601 i ZP 606) na različite tretmane pesticidima protiv napada kukuruznog
plamenca, kao i određivanje korelacije između oštećenja biljke izazvane napadom larvi i sadržaja
fitinskog fosfora. U oglednom polju uzorkovani su klipovi kukuruza radi određivanja promene
sadržaja fitinskog fosfora u zrnu UV/VIS spektrofotometrijom. Dobijeni rezultati su pokazali najveći sadržaj fitinskog fosfora za netretiranu kontrolu kod svih ispitivanih hibrida u poređenju sa
tretmanima pesticidima. Sadržaj fitinskog fosfora u ispitivanim uzorcima zrna kukuruza kretao
se od 2,12 do 3,40 mg g-1. Uočena značajna pozitivna korelacija između napada larvi i sadržaja fitinskog P može ukazivati na aktivaciju njegove antioksidativne funkcije kao odgovor na oštećenja izazvana napadom kukuruznog plamenca.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - EFFECT OF DIFFERENT PESTICIDES AND EUROPEAN CORN BORER ATTACK ON PHYTIC PHOSPHORUS CONTENT IN MAIZE GRAIN
T1  - Uticaj različitih pesticida i napada kukuruznog plamenca na sadržaj fitinskog fosfora u zrnu kukuruza
VL  - 29
IS  - 2
SP  - 51
EP  - 59
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem2302051R
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Ristić, Danijela and Gošić-Dondo, Snežana and Kostadinović, Marija and Grcak, Dragan and Perić, Vesna and Čamdžija, Zoran and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2023",
abstract = "This work aimed to evaluate changes in phytic phosphorus content as the response of three
maize hybrids (ZP 457, ZP 5601, and ZP 606) to different pesticide treatments for European Corn
Borer (ECB) attacks and, as well as the correlation between damage caused by ECB attack and
Pphy content. In the experimental field, maize ears were sampled and dried at a moisture content
of 14% for the determination of changes in phytic phosphorus content in the grain. The content of phytic phosphorus was determined using UV / VIS spectrophotometry. Observed results showed the highest content of phytic phosphorus for untreated control for all tested hybrids, compared to pesticide treatments. The content of Pphy in the tested maize kernel samples ranged from 2.12 to 3.40 mg g -1. A significant positive correlation between attacks of larvae and Pphy content could indicate activation of its antioxidative function as a response to damage caused by ECB attack., Cilj ovog rada je procena promene u sadržaju fitinskog fosfora kao odgovora tri hibrida kukuruza (ZP 457, ZP 5601 i ZP 606) na različite tretmane pesticidima protiv napada kukuruznog
plamenca, kao i određivanje korelacije između oštećenja biljke izazvane napadom larvi i sadržaja
fitinskog fosfora. U oglednom polju uzorkovani su klipovi kukuruza radi određivanja promene
sadržaja fitinskog fosfora u zrnu UV/VIS spektrofotometrijom. Dobijeni rezultati su pokazali najveći sadržaj fitinskog fosfora za netretiranu kontrolu kod svih ispitivanih hibrida u poređenju sa
tretmanima pesticidima. Sadržaj fitinskog fosfora u ispitivanim uzorcima zrna kukuruza kretao
se od 2,12 do 3,40 mg g-1. Uočena značajna pozitivna korelacija između napada larvi i sadržaja fitinskog P može ukazivati na aktivaciju njegove antioksidativne funkcije kao odgovor na oštećenja izazvana napadom kukuruznog plamenca.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "EFFECT OF DIFFERENT PESTICIDES AND EUROPEAN CORN BORER ATTACK ON PHYTIC PHOSPHORUS CONTENT IN MAIZE GRAIN, Uticaj različitih pesticida i napada kukuruznog plamenca na sadržaj fitinskog fosfora u zrnu kukuruza",
volume = "29",
number = "2",
pages = "51-59",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem2302051R"
}
Ristić, D., Gošić-Dondo, S., Kostadinović, M., Grcak, D., Perić, V., Čamdžija, Z.,& Dragičević, V.. (2023). EFFECT OF DIFFERENT PESTICIDES AND EUROPEAN CORN BORER ATTACK ON PHYTIC PHOSPHORUS CONTENT IN MAIZE GRAIN. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije., 29(2), 51-59.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2302051R
Ristić D, Gošić-Dondo S, Kostadinović M, Grcak D, Perić V, Čamdžija Z, Dragičević V. EFFECT OF DIFFERENT PESTICIDES AND EUROPEAN CORN BORER ATTACK ON PHYTIC PHOSPHORUS CONTENT IN MAIZE GRAIN. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2023;29(2):51-59.
doi:10.5937/SelSem2302051R .
Ristić, Danijela, Gošić-Dondo, Snežana, Kostadinović, Marija, Grcak, Dragan, Perić, Vesna, Čamdžija, Zoran, Dragičević, Vesna, "EFFECT OF DIFFERENT PESTICIDES AND EUROPEAN CORN BORER ATTACK ON PHYTIC PHOSPHORUS CONTENT IN MAIZE GRAIN" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 29, no. 2 (2023):51-59,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2302051R . .

MARKER-ASSISTED GА1-S INCORPORATION INTO WHITE MAIZE HYBRID´S PARENTAL LINES

Kostadinović, Marija; Ristić, Danijela; Božinović, Sofija; Djordjevic Melnik, Olivera; Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana; Vančetović, Jelena

(Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd, 2023)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Kostadinović, Marija
AU  - Ristić, Danijela
AU  - Božinović, Sofija
AU  - Djordjevic Melnik, Olivera
AU  - Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1393
AB  - Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje has a marker assisted backcross breeding (MABB) program aimed to incorporate the strong allele of incompatibility gene Gа1 into parental components of the hybrids with specific traits (white kernel). The main objective of this research was marker assisted development of the white maize hybrid´s parental lines with the complete cross-incompatibility to foreign pollens. Ga1-S-tightly-linked molecular markers successfully identified heterozygous plants with the percentage of approximately 50% after all three backcrossing. Regarding the background selection, 69% of progenies had recurrent parent’s genome (RPG) above the theoretical value for BC3 generation. Also, a few individuals even had 99%, the value theoretically achieved in BC6 generation, showing that MABB made a genetic gain in RPG recovery. Foreground selection in this generation aimed to identify homozygous dominant individuals. Out of 264 BC3F2 plants, 70 (26.5%) were dominant homozygotes, which is in accordance with the expected Mendelian ratio. Progenies of the BC3F2 homozygous dominant plants were planted alternatively with yellow-kernel maize of the same maturity to check cross-incompatibility. Unfortunately, none of the dominant progenies had a 100% white kernel, most likely due to the presence of modifier genes that increase/decrease the effectiveness of pollen exclusion or that, alternatively, modifiers were lost during the backcrossing. It could be expected that successfully employed functional markers (developed from the sequence polymorphisms present within functional gene(s) associated with phenotypic trait variations) would outbalance the noted impediments and enhance MABB efficiency to transfer the desired gene(s) controlling simple or complex trait(s) into cultivated varieties.
AB  - U Institutu za kukuruz “Zemun Polje” postoji program selekcije pomoću molekularnih markera (MAS) čiji je cilj ugradnja gena za inkompatibilnost Gа1-S u linije kukuruza koje su roditeljske komponente hibrida belog zrna. Glavni cilj ovog rada je bio stvaranje linija kukuruza belog
zrna sa potpunom unakrsnom inkompatibilnošću sa stranim polenom pomoću molekularnih
makera. Molekularnim markerima koji su blisko vezani za Ga1-S gen uspešno su identifikovane
heterozigotne biljke (50%) nakon sva tri povratna ukrštanja. Rezultati utvrđivanja procenta genoma rekurentnog roditelja (RPG) u BC3 generaciji pokazali su vrednost iznad očekivane kod 69%
potomstva, dok je kod određenog broja RPG iznosio 99%, što predstavlja vrednost koja se teoretski dostiže u BC6 generaciji. Od 264 BC3
F2 pojedinačnih biljaka, 70 (26,5%) je bilo dominantno
homozigotno, što je u skladu sa očekivanim, prema pravilima Mendelovog nasleđivanja. Potomstva BC3
F2 dominantno homozigotnih biljaka posejana su sa kukuruzom žutog zrna iste grupe
zrenja radi provere unakrsne inkompatibilnosti. Nijedno od dobijenih potomstava nije imalo 100%
belo zrno, najverovatnije usled prisustva gena modifikatora koji menjaju efikasnost isključivanja
polena, ili je došlo do gubljenja ovih gena prilikom povratnog ukrštanja. Moglo bi se očekivati da
će uspešna primena funkcionalnih markera (stvorenih na osnovu polimorfizama sekvenci unutar
samog gena vezanog za fenotipsku osobinu) prevazići uočene prepreke i poboljšati efikasnost MAS
za prenos željenih gena koji kontrolišu prostu ili složenu osobinu u gajene kulture.
PB  - Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - MARKER-ASSISTED GА1-S INCORPORATION INTO WHITE MAIZE HYBRID´S PARENTAL LINES
T1  - UGRADNJA GА1-S GENA U RODITELJSKE LINIJE HIBRIDA KUKURUZA BELOG ZRNA POMOĆU MOLEKULARNIH MARKERA
VL  - 29
IS  - 2
SP  - 17
EP  - 24
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem2302017K
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Kostadinović, Marija and Ristić, Danijela and Božinović, Sofija and Djordjevic Melnik, Olivera and Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana and Vančetović, Jelena",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje has a marker assisted backcross breeding (MABB) program aimed to incorporate the strong allele of incompatibility gene Gа1 into parental components of the hybrids with specific traits (white kernel). The main objective of this research was marker assisted development of the white maize hybrid´s parental lines with the complete cross-incompatibility to foreign pollens. Ga1-S-tightly-linked molecular markers successfully identified heterozygous plants with the percentage of approximately 50% after all three backcrossing. Regarding the background selection, 69% of progenies had recurrent parent’s genome (RPG) above the theoretical value for BC3 generation. Also, a few individuals even had 99%, the value theoretically achieved in BC6 generation, showing that MABB made a genetic gain in RPG recovery. Foreground selection in this generation aimed to identify homozygous dominant individuals. Out of 264 BC3F2 plants, 70 (26.5%) were dominant homozygotes, which is in accordance with the expected Mendelian ratio. Progenies of the BC3F2 homozygous dominant plants were planted alternatively with yellow-kernel maize of the same maturity to check cross-incompatibility. Unfortunately, none of the dominant progenies had a 100% white kernel, most likely due to the presence of modifier genes that increase/decrease the effectiveness of pollen exclusion or that, alternatively, modifiers were lost during the backcrossing. It could be expected that successfully employed functional markers (developed from the sequence polymorphisms present within functional gene(s) associated with phenotypic trait variations) would outbalance the noted impediments and enhance MABB efficiency to transfer the desired gene(s) controlling simple or complex trait(s) into cultivated varieties., U Institutu za kukuruz “Zemun Polje” postoji program selekcije pomoću molekularnih markera (MAS) čiji je cilj ugradnja gena za inkompatibilnost Gа1-S u linije kukuruza koje su roditeljske komponente hibrida belog zrna. Glavni cilj ovog rada je bio stvaranje linija kukuruza belog
zrna sa potpunom unakrsnom inkompatibilnošću sa stranim polenom pomoću molekularnih
makera. Molekularnim markerima koji su blisko vezani za Ga1-S gen uspešno su identifikovane
heterozigotne biljke (50%) nakon sva tri povratna ukrštanja. Rezultati utvrđivanja procenta genoma rekurentnog roditelja (RPG) u BC3 generaciji pokazali su vrednost iznad očekivane kod 69%
potomstva, dok je kod određenog broja RPG iznosio 99%, što predstavlja vrednost koja se teoretski dostiže u BC6 generaciji. Od 264 BC3
F2 pojedinačnih biljaka, 70 (26,5%) je bilo dominantno
homozigotno, što je u skladu sa očekivanim, prema pravilima Mendelovog nasleđivanja. Potomstva BC3
F2 dominantno homozigotnih biljaka posejana su sa kukuruzom žutog zrna iste grupe
zrenja radi provere unakrsne inkompatibilnosti. Nijedno od dobijenih potomstava nije imalo 100%
belo zrno, najverovatnije usled prisustva gena modifikatora koji menjaju efikasnost isključivanja
polena, ili je došlo do gubljenja ovih gena prilikom povratnog ukrštanja. Moglo bi se očekivati da
će uspešna primena funkcionalnih markera (stvorenih na osnovu polimorfizama sekvenci unutar
samog gena vezanog za fenotipsku osobinu) prevazići uočene prepreke i poboljšati efikasnost MAS
za prenos željenih gena koji kontrolišu prostu ili složenu osobinu u gajene kulture.",
publisher = "Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "MARKER-ASSISTED GА1-S INCORPORATION INTO WHITE MAIZE HYBRID´S PARENTAL LINES, UGRADNJA GА1-S GENA U RODITELJSKE LINIJE HIBRIDA KUKURUZA BELOG ZRNA POMOĆU MOLEKULARNIH MARKERA",
volume = "29",
number = "2",
pages = "17-24",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem2302017K"
}
Kostadinović, M., Ristić, D., Božinović, S., Djordjevic Melnik, O., Ignjatović-Micić, D.,& Vančetović, J.. (2023). MARKER-ASSISTED GА1-S INCORPORATION INTO WHITE MAIZE HYBRID´S PARENTAL LINES. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd., 29(2), 17-24.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2302017K
Kostadinović M, Ristić D, Božinović S, Djordjevic Melnik O, Ignjatović-Micić D, Vančetović J. MARKER-ASSISTED GА1-S INCORPORATION INTO WHITE MAIZE HYBRID´S PARENTAL LINES. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2023;29(2):17-24.
doi:10.5937/SelSem2302017K .
Kostadinović, Marija, Ristić, Danijela, Božinović, Sofija, Djordjevic Melnik, Olivera, Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana, Vančetović, Jelena, "MARKER-ASSISTED GА1-S INCORPORATION INTO WHITE MAIZE HYBRID´S PARENTAL LINES" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 29, no. 2 (2023):17-24,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2302017K . .

Efekat hemijskog tretmana na sadržaj vlage upakovanog semena

Petrović, Tanja; Sečanski, Mile; Milivojević, Marija; Jovanović, Snežana; Brankovic-Radojcic, Dragana; Marković, Ksenija

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Petrović, Tanja
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Milivojević, Marija
AU  - Jovanović, Snežana
AU  - Brankovic-Radojcic, Dragana
AU  - Marković, Ksenija
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1191
AB  - Površinska primena hemijskih tretmana semena u vidu vodenih rastvora je uobičajena praksa u doradi semena u cilju zaštite semena od patogena i štetočina tokom početnih faza klijanja. Međutim, primena vodenih rastvora na površini semena može izazvati povećanje sadržaja vlage unutar semena, što za posledicu ima povećan rizik od gubitka klijavosti usled ubrzanog starenja tokom skladištenja kao i obilnog razvoja patogena i saprofita. Prilikom rutinskog laboratorijskog ispitivanja sadržaja vlage, u nekim uzorcima su uočene vrednosti koje se graniče sa propisanim. Ovo je iniciralo istraživanje sa ciljem da se utvrdi da li vlaga, koja se nanosi na seme tokom tretmana, ostaje na površini i isparava u okolni prostor ili je seme apsorbuje. Uzorci semena strnih žita za ispitivanje sadržaja vlage uzeti su pre hemijskog tretmana, neposredno posle tretmana i nakon izvesnog perioda čuvanja upakovanog semena. Sadržaj vlage je određen gravimetrijskom metodom, propisanom od strane ISTA. Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da hemijski tretman povećava sadržaj vlage u semenu koji ostaje uglavnom stabilan tokom čuvanja. Iako povećanje sadržaja vlage nije statistički značajno, činjenica da vlaga ostaje u semenu ukazuje da je potrebno uzeti u obzir sadržaj vlage u semenu pre primene tretmana i da je potrebno razmotriti redukciju udela vode u formulaciji tretmana do nivoa koji ne bi kompromitovao distribuciju tretmana po površini semena.
AB  - Treatment of seeds with pesticides and other chemicals is common practice in the seed business. These chemicals are administered to seeds as aqueous solutions most of the time what affects moisture content in seeds. The sample for moisture content determination is normally taken from the composite sample obtained by the automatic sampler before bag filling or by sampling from the package of seeds. Laboratory analysis of the moisture content sometimes indicates increase in the content which is approaching upper limit of the specified value. The main purpose of this study was to explore whether chemical treatments applied on seeds contribute to the overall seed moisture content or the increase in moisture is transient due to equilibration with surrounding environment. In other words, whether additional attention should be paid to the application of chemical treatments when moisture content is approaching upper limits of specified values.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
C3  - 10. Simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. Simpozijum sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18.10.2023. godine - Zbornik apstrakata
T1  - Efekat hemijskog tretmana na sadržaj vlage upakovanog semena
T1  - Effect of chemical treatment on moisture content of packaged seeds
SP  - 221
EP  - 222
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1191
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Petrović, Tanja and Sečanski, Mile and Milivojević, Marija and Jovanović, Snežana and Brankovic-Radojcic, Dragana and Marković, Ksenija",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Površinska primena hemijskih tretmana semena u vidu vodenih rastvora je uobičajena praksa u doradi semena u cilju zaštite semena od patogena i štetočina tokom početnih faza klijanja. Međutim, primena vodenih rastvora na površini semena može izazvati povećanje sadržaja vlage unutar semena, što za posledicu ima povećan rizik od gubitka klijavosti usled ubrzanog starenja tokom skladištenja kao i obilnog razvoja patogena i saprofita. Prilikom rutinskog laboratorijskog ispitivanja sadržaja vlage, u nekim uzorcima su uočene vrednosti koje se graniče sa propisanim. Ovo je iniciralo istraživanje sa ciljem da se utvrdi da li vlaga, koja se nanosi na seme tokom tretmana, ostaje na površini i isparava u okolni prostor ili je seme apsorbuje. Uzorci semena strnih žita za ispitivanje sadržaja vlage uzeti su pre hemijskog tretmana, neposredno posle tretmana i nakon izvesnog perioda čuvanja upakovanog semena. Sadržaj vlage je određen gravimetrijskom metodom, propisanom od strane ISTA. Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da hemijski tretman povećava sadržaj vlage u semenu koji ostaje uglavnom stabilan tokom čuvanja. Iako povećanje sadržaja vlage nije statistički značajno, činjenica da vlaga ostaje u semenu ukazuje da je potrebno uzeti u obzir sadržaj vlage u semenu pre primene tretmana i da je potrebno razmotriti redukciju udela vode u formulaciji tretmana do nivoa koji ne bi kompromitovao distribuciju tretmana po površini semena., Treatment of seeds with pesticides and other chemicals is common practice in the seed business. These chemicals are administered to seeds as aqueous solutions most of the time what affects moisture content in seeds. The sample for moisture content determination is normally taken from the composite sample obtained by the automatic sampler before bag filling or by sampling from the package of seeds. Laboratory analysis of the moisture content sometimes indicates increase in the content which is approaching upper limit of the specified value. The main purpose of this study was to explore whether chemical treatments applied on seeds contribute to the overall seed moisture content or the increase in moisture is transient due to equilibration with surrounding environment. In other words, whether additional attention should be paid to the application of chemical treatments when moisture content is approaching upper limits of specified values.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "10. Simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. Simpozijum sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18.10.2023. godine - Zbornik apstrakata",
title = "Efekat hemijskog tretmana na sadržaj vlage upakovanog semena, Effect of chemical treatment on moisture content of packaged seeds",
pages = "221-222",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1191"
}
Petrović, T., Sečanski, M., Milivojević, M., Jovanović, S., Brankovic-Radojcic, D.,& Marković, K.. (2023). Efekat hemijskog tretmana na sadržaj vlage upakovanog semena. in 10. Simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. Simpozijum sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18.10.2023. godine - Zbornik apstrakata
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 221-222.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1191
Petrović T, Sečanski M, Milivojević M, Jovanović S, Brankovic-Radojcic D, Marković K. Efekat hemijskog tretmana na sadržaj vlage upakovanog semena. in 10. Simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. Simpozijum sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18.10.2023. godine - Zbornik apstrakata. 2023;:221-222.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1191 .
Petrović, Tanja, Sečanski, Mile, Milivojević, Marija, Jovanović, Snežana, Brankovic-Radojcic, Dragana, Marković, Ksenija, "Efekat hemijskog tretmana na sadržaj vlage upakovanog semena" in 10. Simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. Simpozijum sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18.10.2023. godine - Zbornik apstrakata (2023):221-222,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1191 .

Morphological diversity of soybean in Maize Research Institute collection

Perić, Vesna; Ristić, Danijela; Nikolić, Valentina; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana

(Vienna : University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Perić, Vesna
AU  - Ristić, Danijela
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1380
AB  - Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje soybean collection is a small, local collection consisted of
approximately 500 accessions from different regions of the world. Until now, there has been no
systematic and precise evaluation of samples in the collection, as well as the assessment of
genetic diversity. Genotype’s information is mainly limited to passport data, a description of
several morphological traits and yield data. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of
phenotypic variation in collection on the sample of 90 accessions of different geographical origin.
Morphological description was performed by screening of 16 traits according to the UPOV
technical guideline for conducting of DUS tests in soybean. Diversity of morphological traits was
estimated by Shannon diversity index. Morphological similarity of genotypes was estimated by the
application of multivariate statistics models (analysis of homogeneity - HOMALS and cluster 
analysis). HOMALS analysis revealed the descriptors of high discriminatory power, with the 
greatest importance for genotype’s distinction: colour of the seed coat, intensity of pod colour,
pubescence colour, and to a lesser extent the growth type. Genotypes were divided into six
homogeneous and moderately separated groups with similar morphological profiles. Geographical
component of morphological variability, as well as pedigree-based grouping could not be observed
in pattern obtained by HOMALS. Cluster analysis showed a slightly different grouping model
compared to the HOMALS analysis. All genotypes were grouped according to the colour of flower
into two main clusters, and further into subgroups according to the type of growth and
pubescence colour. Genotype’s positioning in subclusters did not correspond to their geographical
origin. Consistency of clustering according to pedigree could be observed for individual pairs of
genotypes or a small number of groups within subclusters. Despite the satisfactory level of
morphological diversity of the collection revealed in the study, it is necessary to enrich the
collection with new sources of variation to ensure continued success in breeding.
PB  - Vienna : University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences
C3  - 11. World Soybean Research Conference (WSRC 11), 18-23 June 2023, Vienna, Austria - Book of abstracts
T1  - Morphological diversity of soybean in Maize Research Institute collection
SP  - 215
EP  - 215
DO  - 10.5281/zenodo.7974681
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Perić, Vesna and Ristić, Danijela and Nikolić, Valentina and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje soybean collection is a small, local collection consisted of
approximately 500 accessions from different regions of the world. Until now, there has been no
systematic and precise evaluation of samples in the collection, as well as the assessment of
genetic diversity. Genotype’s information is mainly limited to passport data, a description of
several morphological traits and yield data. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of
phenotypic variation in collection on the sample of 90 accessions of different geographical origin.
Morphological description was performed by screening of 16 traits according to the UPOV
technical guideline for conducting of DUS tests in soybean. Diversity of morphological traits was
estimated by Shannon diversity index. Morphological similarity of genotypes was estimated by the
application of multivariate statistics models (analysis of homogeneity - HOMALS and cluster 
analysis). HOMALS analysis revealed the descriptors of high discriminatory power, with the 
greatest importance for genotype’s distinction: colour of the seed coat, intensity of pod colour,
pubescence colour, and to a lesser extent the growth type. Genotypes were divided into six
homogeneous and moderately separated groups with similar morphological profiles. Geographical
component of morphological variability, as well as pedigree-based grouping could not be observed
in pattern obtained by HOMALS. Cluster analysis showed a slightly different grouping model
compared to the HOMALS analysis. All genotypes were grouped according to the colour of flower
into two main clusters, and further into subgroups according to the type of growth and
pubescence colour. Genotype’s positioning in subclusters did not correspond to their geographical
origin. Consistency of clustering according to pedigree could be observed for individual pairs of
genotypes or a small number of groups within subclusters. Despite the satisfactory level of
morphological diversity of the collection revealed in the study, it is necessary to enrich the
collection with new sources of variation to ensure continued success in breeding.",
publisher = "Vienna : University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences",
journal = "11. World Soybean Research Conference (WSRC 11), 18-23 June 2023, Vienna, Austria - Book of abstracts",
title = "Morphological diversity of soybean in Maize Research Institute collection",
pages = "215-215",
doi = "10.5281/zenodo.7974681"
}
Perić, V., Ristić, D., Nikolić, V.,& Mladenović Drinić, S.. (2023). Morphological diversity of soybean in Maize Research Institute collection. in 11. World Soybean Research Conference (WSRC 11), 18-23 June 2023, Vienna, Austria - Book of abstracts
Vienna : University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences., 215-215.
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7974681
Perić V, Ristić D, Nikolić V, Mladenović Drinić S. Morphological diversity of soybean in Maize Research Institute collection. in 11. World Soybean Research Conference (WSRC 11), 18-23 June 2023, Vienna, Austria - Book of abstracts. 2023;:215-215.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.7974681 .
Perić, Vesna, Ristić, Danijela, Nikolić, Valentina, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, "Morphological diversity of soybean in Maize Research Institute collection" in 11. World Soybean Research Conference (WSRC 11), 18-23 June 2023, Vienna, Austria - Book of abstracts (2023):215-215,
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7974681 . .

Genetčкa varijabilnost profila dijetalnih vlaкana i njihov uticaj na tehnološкi кvalitet brašna durum pšenice

Simić, Marijana; Nikolić, Valentina; Kandić, Vesna; Sarić, Beka; Milovanović, Danka

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Sarić, Beka
AU  - Milovanović, Danka
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1365
AB  - Durum pšenica (Triticum durum Desf.) se koristi kao sirovina za testenine,
kvasni i beskvasni hleb, kus-kus, i druge proizvode. Tehnološke i nutritivne osobine
durum brašna umnogome zavise od sadržaja dijetalnih vlakana, što je osobina
koja zavisi od genotipa i uticaja sredine. U cilju utvrđivanja efekata genetičke varijabilnosti
sadržaja dijetalnih vlakana korišćeno je dvanaest genotipova durum
pšenice gajenih u dve vegetacione sezone. Pored toga, ispitivani su i efekti profila
dijetalnih vlakana durum pšenice na reološka svojstva testa. Sadržaj NDF je varirao
od 12,68 do 74,06% i od 10,16 do 67,14% u 2020. i 2021. godini, respektivno.
Genotip VII-3 sa najvećim udelom nerastvorljivih vlakana, odnosno sadržajem
NDF (74,06%), takođe je imao veoma visok procenat hemiceluloze (β-glukana i
arabinoksilana) (62,49%). Najveći sadržaj ADF (9,98%) i ADL (7,47%) detektovan
je kod genotipa VII-I, dok je genotip Agaton imao 69,4% i 92,0% manji sadržaj
ADF i ADL, respektivno. Celuloza i hemiceluloza, kao glavni neskrobni polisaharidi
prisutni u durum pšenici, kretali su se od 6,82% do 62,80% i od 8,74% do
60,46%, respektivno. Efekti dijetalnih vlakana na viskozna svojstva integralnog
brašna durum pšenice su ispitivani korišćenjem Brabender viskografa. Maksimalni,
konačni i naknadni viskozitet su se značajno razlikovali (p<0,05) u okviru
ispitivanih uzoraka integralnog brašna durum pšenice. Rezultati su pokazali smanjenje
maksimalnog viskoziteta i konačnog viskoziteta integralnog durum brašna
sa povećanjem sadržaja dijetalnih vlakana.
AB  - Durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) is the preferred raw material for pasta,
leavened and unleavened breads, couscous, ect. The technological and nutritional
properties of durum wheat flour depend mainly on the dietary fibre content, which
is a genotype- and environment-dependent trait. In order to determine the effects
of the genetic variability of dietary fibre content, twelve durum wheat genotypes
cultivated in two growing seasons were used. In addition, the effects of durum wheat
dietary fibre profiles on the rheological properties of dough were also investigated.
The content of NDF varied from 12.68 to 74.06% and from 10.16 to 67.14% in the
years 2020 and 2021, respectively. Genotype VII-3 with the highest insoluble fibre
share, i.e. NDF content (74.06%), also had a very high percentageofhemicellulose
(β-glucansandarabinoxylans) (62.49%). The highest content of ADF (9.98%) and
ADL (7.47%) were detected in genotype VII-I, while the Agaton genotype was
found to have 69.4% and 92.0% lower content of ADF and ALD, respectively.
Cellulose and hemicellulose, which are principal non-starch polysaccharides
present in durum wheat ranged from 6.82% to 62.80% and from 8.74% to 60.46%,
respectively. Effectsof the dietary fibers on the pasting properties of wholegrain
durumflourwereinvestigatedusing a Brabenderviscograph.Peakviscosity (PK),
finalviscosity (FV) andsetback viscosity (SB) were significantly different (p<0.05)
among wholegrain durum flours. Results showed a reduction in peak viscosity and
final viscosity of the wholegrain durum flours with increasing dietary fiber content.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakata
T1  - Genetčкa varijabilnost profila dijetalnih vlaкana i njihov uticaj na tehnološкi кvalitet brašna durum pšenice
T1  - Genetic variability of dietary fibres profile and their effect on technological quality of durum wheat flour
SP  - 141
EP  - 142
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1365
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Marijana and Nikolić, Valentina and Kandić, Vesna and Sarić, Beka and Milovanović, Danka",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Durum pšenica (Triticum durum Desf.) se koristi kao sirovina za testenine,
kvasni i beskvasni hleb, kus-kus, i druge proizvode. Tehnološke i nutritivne osobine
durum brašna umnogome zavise od sadržaja dijetalnih vlakana, što je osobina
koja zavisi od genotipa i uticaja sredine. U cilju utvrđivanja efekata genetičke varijabilnosti
sadržaja dijetalnih vlakana korišćeno je dvanaest genotipova durum
pšenice gajenih u dve vegetacione sezone. Pored toga, ispitivani su i efekti profila
dijetalnih vlakana durum pšenice na reološka svojstva testa. Sadržaj NDF je varirao
od 12,68 do 74,06% i od 10,16 do 67,14% u 2020. i 2021. godini, respektivno.
Genotip VII-3 sa najvećim udelom nerastvorljivih vlakana, odnosno sadržajem
NDF (74,06%), takođe je imao veoma visok procenat hemiceluloze (β-glukana i
arabinoksilana) (62,49%). Najveći sadržaj ADF (9,98%) i ADL (7,47%) detektovan
je kod genotipa VII-I, dok je genotip Agaton imao 69,4% i 92,0% manji sadržaj
ADF i ADL, respektivno. Celuloza i hemiceluloza, kao glavni neskrobni polisaharidi
prisutni u durum pšenici, kretali su se od 6,82% do 62,80% i od 8,74% do
60,46%, respektivno. Efekti dijetalnih vlakana na viskozna svojstva integralnog
brašna durum pšenice su ispitivani korišćenjem Brabender viskografa. Maksimalni,
konačni i naknadni viskozitet su se značajno razlikovali (p<0,05) u okviru
ispitivanih uzoraka integralnog brašna durum pšenice. Rezultati su pokazali smanjenje
maksimalnog viskoziteta i konačnog viskoziteta integralnog durum brašna
sa povećanjem sadržaja dijetalnih vlakana., Durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) is the preferred raw material for pasta,
leavened and unleavened breads, couscous, ect. The technological and nutritional
properties of durum wheat flour depend mainly on the dietary fibre content, which
is a genotype- and environment-dependent trait. In order to determine the effects
of the genetic variability of dietary fibre content, twelve durum wheat genotypes
cultivated in two growing seasons were used. In addition, the effects of durum wheat
dietary fibre profiles on the rheological properties of dough were also investigated.
The content of NDF varied from 12.68 to 74.06% and from 10.16 to 67.14% in the
years 2020 and 2021, respectively. Genotype VII-3 with the highest insoluble fibre
share, i.e. NDF content (74.06%), also had a very high percentageofhemicellulose
(β-glucansandarabinoxylans) (62.49%). The highest content of ADF (9.98%) and
ADL (7.47%) were detected in genotype VII-I, while the Agaton genotype was
found to have 69.4% and 92.0% lower content of ADF and ALD, respectively.
Cellulose and hemicellulose, which are principal non-starch polysaccharides
present in durum wheat ranged from 6.82% to 62.80% and from 8.74% to 60.46%,
respectively. Effectsof the dietary fibers on the pasting properties of wholegrain
durumflourwereinvestigatedusing a Brabenderviscograph.Peakviscosity (PK),
finalviscosity (FV) andsetback viscosity (SB) were significantly different (p<0.05)
among wholegrain durum flours. Results showed a reduction in peak viscosity and
final viscosity of the wholegrain durum flours with increasing dietary fiber content.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakata",
title = "Genetčкa varijabilnost profila dijetalnih vlaкana i njihov uticaj na tehnološкi кvalitet brašna durum pšenice, Genetic variability of dietary fibres profile and their effect on technological quality of durum wheat flour",
pages = "141-142",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1365"
}
Simić, M., Nikolić, V., Kandić, V., Sarić, B.,& Milovanović, D.. (2023). Genetčкa varijabilnost profila dijetalnih vlaкana i njihov uticaj na tehnološкi кvalitet brašna durum pšenice. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakata
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 141-142.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1365
Simić M, Nikolić V, Kandić V, Sarić B, Milovanović D. Genetčкa varijabilnost profila dijetalnih vlaкana i njihov uticaj na tehnološкi кvalitet brašna durum pšenice. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakata. 2023;:141-142.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1365 .
Simić, Marijana, Nikolić, Valentina, Kandić, Vesna, Sarić, Beka, Milovanović, Danka, "Genetčкa varijabilnost profila dijetalnih vlaкana i njihov uticaj na tehnološкi кvalitet brašna durum pšenice" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakata (2023):141-142,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1365 .

Uticaj genotipa pšenice na funkcionalna svojstva integralnog brašna

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1367
AB  - Integralno pšenično brašno dobijeno mlevenjem celog zrna predstavlja bogat
izvor hranljivih materija, prehrambenih vlakana, kompleksnih ugljenih hidrata,
proteina, vitamina B grupe, minerala, kao i antioksidanata koji igraju važnu ulogu
u prevenciji karcinoma i kardiovaskularnih bolesti. Normalni pšenični skrob se
sastoji u proseku od 22–35% amiloze, dok voštani skrob sadrži oko 100% amilopektina.
Različiti odnos osnovnih komponenata skroba, amiloze i amilopektina, kao i
struktura skrobnih granula mogu uticati na funkcionalna svojstva, fizičko-hemijske
karakteristike brašna, kvalitet i ukus krajnjeg proizvoda. U ovom istraživanju
ispitivano jeintegralno brašno šestgenotipova pšenice, od toga tri standardnog
sadržaja amiloze (22%,24% i 28%), jedan visokoamilozni (36,5% amiloze) i dva
voskovca(100% amilopektin).Paramtri ispitivanih uzoraka poređeni su sa komercijalnim
rafinisanim brašnom (21,5% amiloze).Nakon određivanja hemijskog
sastava, analiziran je kapacitetbrašna na upijanjerazličitih rastvarača (SRC -solvent
retention capacity), i izračunat jeindeks učinka glutena (GPI - gluten performance
index).Kapacitet apsorpcije vode kreatao se od 72,61 do 84,16%, mlečne kiseline
od 77,01 do 91,81%, natrijum karbonata od 79,92 do 97,83%, saharoze od 93,78 do
116,20%, dok je GPI varirao od 0,43 do 0,45. Sadržaj vlakana bio je u negativnoj
korelaciji sa ispitivanim parametrima koji utiču na funkcionalna svojstva brašna.
Na osnovu vrednosti upijanja različitih rastvarača, kao i indeksa učinka glutena,
integralna brašna ispitivanih genotipova pšenice mogu naći primenu prvenstveno
u proizvodnji hleba, kao i u konditorskoj industriji. Ova metoda može biti korisna
u procesu selekcije genotipova pšenice kada su u fokusu funkcionalna svojstava
brašna neophodna za poboljšanje kvaliteta pojedinih pekarskih proizvoda.
AB  - Wheat flour obtained by grinding the whole grain is a rich source of nutrients,
dietary fiber, complex carbohydrates, proteins, B-group vitamins, minerals, and
antioxidants that play an important role in the prevention of cancer and cardiovascular
diseases. Normal wheat starch consists of an average of 22–35% amylose,
while waxy starch contains about 100% amylopectin. The different ratio of the basic
components of starch, amylose and amylopectin, as well as the starch granules’structure
can affect the functional, physical and chemical properties of flour, quality
and taste of the final product. In this research, whole-grain flour of six genotypes
of wheat was examined, of which three had standard amylose content (22%, 24%
and 28%), one high-amylose (36.5%) and two waxy (100% amylopectin). The
parameters of the tested samples were compared with commercial refined flour
(21.5% amylose). After determining the chemical composition, the solvent retention
capacities of the flour (SRC) were analyzed, and their gluten performance index
(GPI) was calculated. The water SRC ranged from 72.61 to 84.16%, lactic acid from
77.01 to 91.81%, sodium carbonate from 79.92 to 97.83%, sucrose from 93.78 to
116.20%, while the GPI varied from 0.43 to 0.45. The fiber content was negatively
correlated with the tested parameters that affect the flour’s functional properties.
Based on the SRC values of different solvents, and the GPI, whole-grain flour of
the tested wheat genotypes can be used primarily in bread production, and in the
confectionery industry. This method can be useful in the wheat breeding process
with focus on the flour’sfunctional properties necessary for improving the quality
of certain bakery products.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata
T1  - Uticaj genotipa pšenice na funkcionalna svojstva integralnog brašna
T1  - The effect of wheat genotype on the functional properties of whole-grain flour
SP  - 137
EP  - 138
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1367
ER  - 
@conference{
year = "2023",
abstract = "Integralno pšenično brašno dobijeno mlevenjem celog zrna predstavlja bogat
izvor hranljivih materija, prehrambenih vlakana, kompleksnih ugljenih hidrata,
proteina, vitamina B grupe, minerala, kao i antioksidanata koji igraju važnu ulogu
u prevenciji karcinoma i kardiovaskularnih bolesti. Normalni pšenični skrob se
sastoji u proseku od 22–35% amiloze, dok voštani skrob sadrži oko 100% amilopektina.
Različiti odnos osnovnih komponenata skroba, amiloze i amilopektina, kao i
struktura skrobnih granula mogu uticati na funkcionalna svojstva, fizičko-hemijske
karakteristike brašna, kvalitet i ukus krajnjeg proizvoda. U ovom istraživanju
ispitivano jeintegralno brašno šestgenotipova pšenice, od toga tri standardnog
sadržaja amiloze (22%,24% i 28%), jedan visokoamilozni (36,5% amiloze) i dva
voskovca(100% amilopektin).Paramtri ispitivanih uzoraka poređeni su sa komercijalnim
rafinisanim brašnom (21,5% amiloze).Nakon određivanja hemijskog
sastava, analiziran je kapacitetbrašna na upijanjerazličitih rastvarača (SRC -solvent
retention capacity), i izračunat jeindeks učinka glutena (GPI - gluten performance
index).Kapacitet apsorpcije vode kreatao se od 72,61 do 84,16%, mlečne kiseline
od 77,01 do 91,81%, natrijum karbonata od 79,92 do 97,83%, saharoze od 93,78 do
116,20%, dok je GPI varirao od 0,43 do 0,45. Sadržaj vlakana bio je u negativnoj
korelaciji sa ispitivanim parametrima koji utiču na funkcionalna svojstva brašna.
Na osnovu vrednosti upijanja različitih rastvarača, kao i indeksa učinka glutena,
integralna brašna ispitivanih genotipova pšenice mogu naći primenu prvenstveno
u proizvodnji hleba, kao i u konditorskoj industriji. Ova metoda može biti korisna
u procesu selekcije genotipova pšenice kada su u fokusu funkcionalna svojstava
brašna neophodna za poboljšanje kvaliteta pojedinih pekarskih proizvoda., Wheat flour obtained by grinding the whole grain is a rich source of nutrients,
dietary fiber, complex carbohydrates, proteins, B-group vitamins, minerals, and
antioxidants that play an important role in the prevention of cancer and cardiovascular
diseases. Normal wheat starch consists of an average of 22–35% amylose,
while waxy starch contains about 100% amylopectin. The different ratio of the basic
components of starch, amylose and amylopectin, as well as the starch granules’structure
can affect the functional, physical and chemical properties of flour, quality
and taste of the final product. In this research, whole-grain flour of six genotypes
of wheat was examined, of which three had standard amylose content (22%, 24%
and 28%), one high-amylose (36.5%) and two waxy (100% amylopectin). The
parameters of the tested samples were compared with commercial refined flour
(21.5% amylose). After determining the chemical composition, the solvent retention
capacities of the flour (SRC) were analyzed, and their gluten performance index
(GPI) was calculated. The water SRC ranged from 72.61 to 84.16%, lactic acid from
77.01 to 91.81%, sodium carbonate from 79.92 to 97.83%, sucrose from 93.78 to
116.20%, while the GPI varied from 0.43 to 0.45. The fiber content was negatively
correlated with the tested parameters that affect the flour’s functional properties.
Based on the SRC values of different solvents, and the GPI, whole-grain flour of
the tested wheat genotypes can be used primarily in bread production, and in the
confectionery industry. This method can be useful in the wheat breeding process
with focus on the flour’sfunctional properties necessary for improving the quality
of certain bakery products.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata",
title = "Uticaj genotipa pšenice na funkcionalna svojstva integralnog brašna, The effect of wheat genotype on the functional properties of whole-grain flour",
pages = "137-138",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1367"
}
(2023). Uticaj genotipa pšenice na funkcionalna svojstva integralnog brašna. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 137-138.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1367
Uticaj genotipa pšenice na funkcionalna svojstva integralnog brašna. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata. 2023;:137-138.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1367 .
"Uticaj genotipa pšenice na funkcionalna svojstva integralnog brašna" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata (2023):137-138,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1367 .

Kvalitet zrna i mogućnosti primene deset novorazvijenih ZP hibrida kukuruza

Nikolić, Valentina; Simić, Marijana; Žilić, Slađana; Milovanović, Danka; Filipović, Milomir; Vančetović, Jelena; Srdić, Jelena

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Milovanović, Danka
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1364
AB  - Proces oplemenjivanja hibrida kukuruza (Zea mays L.) decenijama je bio
usmeren ka dobijanju viših prinosa zrna i povećanju tolerancije na faktore životne
sredine i biološke stresore, dok je kvalitet zrna bio od sekundarnog značaja. Rezultati
višegodišnjih istraživanja ukazuju na bojazan od smanjenja kvaliteta zrna
kao direktne posledice oplemenjivanja na veći prinos. Ova studija je imala za cilj
da ispita kvalitet zrna deset nedavno razvijenih ZP hibrida kukuruza kako bi se
utvrdila njihova pogodnost za različite primene. Tri uzastopne godine analizirani
su fizička svojstva i hemijski sastav sedam žutih, dva crvena zubana i jednog hibrida
kokičara različitih grupa zrenja. Rezultati su pokazali određene varijacije koje su
se manifestovale kao statističke razlike u pogledu pojedinih osobina kvaliteta zrna,
a koje se mogu pripisati faktorima sredine, kao što su temperaturne fluktuacije
i godišnji nivoi padavina, kao i genetska stabilnost ispitivanih hibrida kukuruza.
Apsolutna masa zrna, karakteristika značajnaza mokro mlevenjezbog višeg prinosa
skroba i proteina i manjeg prinosa vlakana, kretala se od 136,60 g u kokičaru
ZP 6119k do 400,40 g u žutom zubanu ZP 6364. Udeo tvrdog endosperma, koji
utiče na efikasnost mlevenja zrna, kretao se od 48,23% (ZP 4123) do 75,11% (ZP
6119k). Najviši sadržaj skroba (72,31%) utvrđen je kod hibrida ZP 4123, dok su
proteini,esencijalni makronutrijenti,bili najzastupljeniji u ZP 6119k (12,53%) i ZP
6715 (11,07%). Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da analizirani hibridi kukuruza mogu
pružiti različite mogućnosti primene u proizvodnji hrane za ljude i životinje, kao
i drugim industrijama.
AB  - The hybrid maize (Zea mays L.) breeding process has, for decades, been focused
on obtaining higher grain yields and increased tolerance towards environmental
and biological stressors, while grain quality was of secondary importance. The results
of long-term research indicate a concern about a decrease in grain quality as a
direct result of breeding for higher yield. This study aimed to investigate the grain
quality of ten recently developed ZP maize hybrids to determine their suitability
for different applications. The physical properties and chemical composition of
seven yellow dents, two red dents, and one popcorn hybrid of different maturity
groups, were analyzed for three consecutive years. The results showed some variation
manifested as statistical differences regarding individual grain quality traits
that may be attributed to environmental factors, such as temperature fluctuations
and yearly precipitation levels, as well as the genetic stability of the studied maize
hybrids. The 1000-kernel weight, a preferred wet-milling characteristic associated
with higher starch and protein yield and lesser fiber contents, ranged from 136.60 g
in popcorn hybrid ZP 6119k to 400.40 g in yellow dent ZP 6364. Hard endosperm
share, which affects the efficacy of grain milling, ranged from 48.23% (ZP 4123) to
75.11% (ZP 6119k). The highest starch content (72.31%) was determined in hybrid
ZP 4123, while ZP 6119k (12.53%) and ZP 6715 (11.07%) were the most abundant
in proteins, among essential macronutrients. The obtained results indicate that the
analyzed maize hybrids may provide various possibilities for application in food,
feed, and other industries.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata
T1  - Kvalitet zrna i mogućnosti primene deset novorazvijenih ZP hibrida kukuruza
T1  - Grain quality and possibilities for application of ten recently developed ZP maize hybrids
SP  - 101
EP  - 102
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1364
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Simić, Marijana and Žilić, Slađana and Milovanović, Danka and Filipović, Milomir and Vančetović, Jelena and Srdić, Jelena",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Proces oplemenjivanja hibrida kukuruza (Zea mays L.) decenijama je bio
usmeren ka dobijanju viših prinosa zrna i povećanju tolerancije na faktore životne
sredine i biološke stresore, dok je kvalitet zrna bio od sekundarnog značaja. Rezultati
višegodišnjih istraživanja ukazuju na bojazan od smanjenja kvaliteta zrna
kao direktne posledice oplemenjivanja na veći prinos. Ova studija je imala za cilj
da ispita kvalitet zrna deset nedavno razvijenih ZP hibrida kukuruza kako bi se
utvrdila njihova pogodnost za različite primene. Tri uzastopne godine analizirani
su fizička svojstva i hemijski sastav sedam žutih, dva crvena zubana i jednog hibrida
kokičara različitih grupa zrenja. Rezultati su pokazali određene varijacije koje su
se manifestovale kao statističke razlike u pogledu pojedinih osobina kvaliteta zrna,
a koje se mogu pripisati faktorima sredine, kao što su temperaturne fluktuacije
i godišnji nivoi padavina, kao i genetska stabilnost ispitivanih hibrida kukuruza.
Apsolutna masa zrna, karakteristika značajnaza mokro mlevenjezbog višeg prinosa
skroba i proteina i manjeg prinosa vlakana, kretala se od 136,60 g u kokičaru
ZP 6119k do 400,40 g u žutom zubanu ZP 6364. Udeo tvrdog endosperma, koji
utiče na efikasnost mlevenja zrna, kretao se od 48,23% (ZP 4123) do 75,11% (ZP
6119k). Najviši sadržaj skroba (72,31%) utvrđen je kod hibrida ZP 4123, dok su
proteini,esencijalni makronutrijenti,bili najzastupljeniji u ZP 6119k (12,53%) i ZP
6715 (11,07%). Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da analizirani hibridi kukuruza mogu
pružiti različite mogućnosti primene u proizvodnji hrane za ljude i životinje, kao
i drugim industrijama., The hybrid maize (Zea mays L.) breeding process has, for decades, been focused
on obtaining higher grain yields and increased tolerance towards environmental
and biological stressors, while grain quality was of secondary importance. The results
of long-term research indicate a concern about a decrease in grain quality as a
direct result of breeding for higher yield. This study aimed to investigate the grain
quality of ten recently developed ZP maize hybrids to determine their suitability
for different applications. The physical properties and chemical composition of
seven yellow dents, two red dents, and one popcorn hybrid of different maturity
groups, were analyzed for three consecutive years. The results showed some variation
manifested as statistical differences regarding individual grain quality traits
that may be attributed to environmental factors, such as temperature fluctuations
and yearly precipitation levels, as well as the genetic stability of the studied maize
hybrids. The 1000-kernel weight, a preferred wet-milling characteristic associated
with higher starch and protein yield and lesser fiber contents, ranged from 136.60 g
in popcorn hybrid ZP 6119k to 400.40 g in yellow dent ZP 6364. Hard endosperm
share, which affects the efficacy of grain milling, ranged from 48.23% (ZP 4123) to
75.11% (ZP 6119k). The highest starch content (72.31%) was determined in hybrid
ZP 4123, while ZP 6119k (12.53%) and ZP 6715 (11.07%) were the most abundant
in proteins, among essential macronutrients. The obtained results indicate that the
analyzed maize hybrids may provide various possibilities for application in food,
feed, and other industries.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata",
title = "Kvalitet zrna i mogućnosti primene deset novorazvijenih ZP hibrida kukuruza, Grain quality and possibilities for application of ten recently developed ZP maize hybrids",
pages = "101-102",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1364"
}
Nikolić, V., Simić, M., Žilić, S., Milovanović, D., Filipović, M., Vančetović, J.,& Srdić, J.. (2023). Kvalitet zrna i mogućnosti primene deset novorazvijenih ZP hibrida kukuruza. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 101-102.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1364
Nikolić V, Simić M, Žilić S, Milovanović D, Filipović M, Vančetović J, Srdić J. Kvalitet zrna i mogućnosti primene deset novorazvijenih ZP hibrida kukuruza. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata. 2023;:101-102.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1364 .
Nikolić, Valentina, Simić, Marijana, Žilić, Slađana, Milovanović, Danka, Filipović, Milomir, Vančetović, Jelena, Srdić, Jelena, "Kvalitet zrna i mogućnosti primene deset novorazvijenih ZP hibrida kukuruza" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata (2023):101-102,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1364 .

Jasminka – nova sorta soje Instituta za kukuruz „Zemun Polje“

Perić, Vesna; Srebrić, Mirjana; Srdić, Jelena; Nikolić, Valentina; Simić, Marijana

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Perić, Vesna
AU  - Srebrić, Mirjana
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Simić, Marijana
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1366
AB  - Oplemenjivački rad na soji u Institutu za kukuruz „Zemun Polje“ za cilj ima
stvaranje sorti standardnog kvaliteta zrna visokog i stabilnog prinosa, tolerantnih
na abiotičke i biotičke faktore spoljašnje sredine, te otpornih prema poleganju i
pucanju mahuna. Kao rezultat ovog procesa, u toku 2023. godine priznata je sorta
soje “Jasminka”. Kao početni materijal za dobijanje varijabilnosti segregirajuće
populacije korišćeni su domaći genotipovi soje, a primenjen je pedigree metod
selekcije. Sorta pripada grupi zrenja I, sa dužinom vegetacije od oko 125 dana,
zavisno od temperaturne sume i obezbeđenosti vlagom u toku vegetacione sezone.
Preporučeno vreme setve je polovina aprila, a optimalna gustina useva 450000
biljaka/ha. U sortnim ogledima Odseka za priznavanje sorti, Uprave za zaštitu bilja
Ministarstva poljoprivrede, šumarstva i vodoprivrede Republike Srbije izvedenim
u toku 2021. i 2022. godine na četiri lokaliteta, ostvarila je prosečan prinos od 2,71
t/ha. S obzirom da su obe godine ispitivanja bile nepovoljne za gajenje soje (suša u
2022.), sorta je ispoljila i dobru toleranciju na deficit vlage. Masa 1000 zrna iznosi
oko 200 g. Sadržaj proteina u zrnu je visok i iznosi 43,3%, dok je sadržaj ulja na
zadovoljavajućem nivou (19,7%). Sorta se odlikuje srednje visokim stablom (90-
110 cm) indeterminantnog tipa porasta, uspravnim habitusom, sivim maljama i
ljubičastim cvetom. Mahuna je svetlo braon boje, a seme je žute semenjače i svetlo
braon hiluma. Sorta se odlikuje dobrom otpornošću na poleganje, te je pogodna
za gajenje u uslovima navodnjavanja.
AB  - Soybean breeding program at the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje aims
to create varieties of standard grain type, with high and stable yield and good tolerance
to abiotic and biotic factors of the environment, resistant to lodging and
shattering, with special emphasis on short and mid-season varieties. As a result
of this program, a new soybean variety “Jasminka” was released in year 2023.
Domestic, well adapted soybean genotypes were used as parental material for
developing the variability of the segregating population, and the pedigree method
of selection was applied. The variety belongs to maturity group I, with 125 days to
maturity, depending on the sum of active temperatures and water supply during
the season. The recommended sowing time is mid-April, and the optimal crop
density is 450000 plants/ha. In variety trials of the Department for Recognition of
Varieties, Directorate for Plant Protection of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry
and Water Management of the Republic of Serbia conducted in 2021 and 2022 at
four locations,” Jasminka” achieved an average yield of 2.71 t/ha. Despite the fact
that both years of testing were unfavourable for soybean production (drought in
2022), the variety showed good tolerance to soil moisture deficit. A 1000-seed
weight is around 200 g. The protein content in the grain is high and amounts to
43.3%, while the oil content is at a satisfactory level (19.7%). A new variety has
medium-high stem (90-110 cm), indeterminate type of growth, erect habit, gray
pubescence and a purple flower. Pods are a light brown, and the seed coat is yellow
with a yellow hilum. The variety has good resistance to shattering and lodging,
and is suitable for growing in irrigation system.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. -  Zbornik apstrakata
T1  - Jasminka – nova sorta soje Instituta za kukuruz „Zemun Polje“
T1  - Jasminka – a new soybean variety developed at Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje
SP  - 233
EP  - 234
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1366
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Perić, Vesna and Srebrić, Mirjana and Srdić, Jelena and Nikolić, Valentina and Simić, Marijana",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Oplemenjivački rad na soji u Institutu za kukuruz „Zemun Polje“ za cilj ima
stvaranje sorti standardnog kvaliteta zrna visokog i stabilnog prinosa, tolerantnih
na abiotičke i biotičke faktore spoljašnje sredine, te otpornih prema poleganju i
pucanju mahuna. Kao rezultat ovog procesa, u toku 2023. godine priznata je sorta
soje “Jasminka”. Kao početni materijal za dobijanje varijabilnosti segregirajuće
populacije korišćeni su domaći genotipovi soje, a primenjen je pedigree metod
selekcije. Sorta pripada grupi zrenja I, sa dužinom vegetacije od oko 125 dana,
zavisno od temperaturne sume i obezbeđenosti vlagom u toku vegetacione sezone.
Preporučeno vreme setve je polovina aprila, a optimalna gustina useva 450000
biljaka/ha. U sortnim ogledima Odseka za priznavanje sorti, Uprave za zaštitu bilja
Ministarstva poljoprivrede, šumarstva i vodoprivrede Republike Srbije izvedenim
u toku 2021. i 2022. godine na četiri lokaliteta, ostvarila je prosečan prinos od 2,71
t/ha. S obzirom da su obe godine ispitivanja bile nepovoljne za gajenje soje (suša u
2022.), sorta je ispoljila i dobru toleranciju na deficit vlage. Masa 1000 zrna iznosi
oko 200 g. Sadržaj proteina u zrnu je visok i iznosi 43,3%, dok je sadržaj ulja na
zadovoljavajućem nivou (19,7%). Sorta se odlikuje srednje visokim stablom (90-
110 cm) indeterminantnog tipa porasta, uspravnim habitusom, sivim maljama i
ljubičastim cvetom. Mahuna je svetlo braon boje, a seme je žute semenjače i svetlo
braon hiluma. Sorta se odlikuje dobrom otpornošću na poleganje, te je pogodna
za gajenje u uslovima navodnjavanja., Soybean breeding program at the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje aims
to create varieties of standard grain type, with high and stable yield and good tolerance
to abiotic and biotic factors of the environment, resistant to lodging and
shattering, with special emphasis on short and mid-season varieties. As a result
of this program, a new soybean variety “Jasminka” was released in year 2023.
Domestic, well adapted soybean genotypes were used as parental material for
developing the variability of the segregating population, and the pedigree method
of selection was applied. The variety belongs to maturity group I, with 125 days to
maturity, depending on the sum of active temperatures and water supply during
the season. The recommended sowing time is mid-April, and the optimal crop
density is 450000 plants/ha. In variety trials of the Department for Recognition of
Varieties, Directorate for Plant Protection of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry
and Water Management of the Republic of Serbia conducted in 2021 and 2022 at
four locations,” Jasminka” achieved an average yield of 2.71 t/ha. Despite the fact
that both years of testing were unfavourable for soybean production (drought in
2022), the variety showed good tolerance to soil moisture deficit. A 1000-seed
weight is around 200 g. The protein content in the grain is high and amounts to
43.3%, while the oil content is at a satisfactory level (19.7%). A new variety has
medium-high stem (90-110 cm), indeterminate type of growth, erect habit, gray
pubescence and a purple flower. Pods are a light brown, and the seed coat is yellow
with a yellow hilum. The variety has good resistance to shattering and lodging,
and is suitable for growing in irrigation system.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. -  Zbornik apstrakata",
title = "Jasminka – nova sorta soje Instituta za kukuruz „Zemun Polje“, Jasminka – a new soybean variety developed at Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje",
pages = "233-234",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1366"
}
Perić, V., Srebrić, M., Srdić, J., Nikolić, V.,& Simić, M.. (2023). Jasminka – nova sorta soje Instituta za kukuruz „Zemun Polje“. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. -  Zbornik apstrakata
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 233-234.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1366
Perić V, Srebrić M, Srdić J, Nikolić V, Simić M. Jasminka – nova sorta soje Instituta za kukuruz „Zemun Polje“. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. -  Zbornik apstrakata. 2023;:233-234.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1366 .
Perić, Vesna, Srebrić, Mirjana, Srdić, Jelena, Nikolić, Valentina, Simić, Marijana, "Jasminka – nova sorta soje Instituta za kukuruz „Zemun Polje“" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. -  Zbornik apstrakata (2023):233-234,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1366 .

Potencijal komercijalnih hibrida kukuruza za formiranje akrilamida

Sarić, Beka; Simić, Marijana; Nikolić, Valentina; Milovanović, Danka; Žilić, Slađana

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Sarić, Beka
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Milovanović, Danka
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1363
AB  - Kukuruz (Zea mais L.) je jedan od najsvestranijih useva za ishranu ljudi u
brojnim zemljama i može se uzgajati u različitim uslovima životne sredine i ima
raznovrsnu upotrebu kao hrana za ljude. Kukuruz mora biti termički obrađen za
ishranu, što stvara rizik od kontaminacije. Jedan od kontaminenata je akrilamid, koji
je najverovatnije kancerogen za ljude. Cilj ovog rada bio je da se utvrdi potencijal
komercijalnih hibrida za formiranje akrilamida u hrani, odnosno da se analizira
sadržaj prekursora akrilamida – sadržaj slobodnog asparagina i redukujućih šećera.
Ova studija je obuhvatila devetnaest genotipova kukuruza gajenih 2021. i 2022.
godine. Biljni materijal razvijen u MRIZP-u obuhvatao je četrnaest genotipova
standardnog zrna, jedan beli kukuruz, tri kokičara i jedan genotip kukuruza
šećerca. Rezultati su pokazali da nije bilo statistički značajne razlike između dve
godine u pogledu sadržaja slobodnog asparagina, ali se uticaj spoljašnje sredine
odrazio na sadržaj šećera. Sadržaj fruktoze, glukoze, saharoze i maltoze bio je
oko 42%, 21%, 31%, odnosno 33% manji kod genotipova uzgajanih 2022. godine.
Genotipovi su se statistički razlikovali na osnovu detekcije slobodnog asparagina
i sadržaja šećera. Prema sadržaju slobodnog asparagina mogu se razlikovati tri
grupe genotipova. Četiri genotipa su imala sadržaj asparagina od 200-300 μg/kg,
jedanaest genotipova je imalo 300-400 μg/kg, a još četiri genotipa su imala više
od 400 μg/kg. ZP427 je imao najveći potencijal za proizvodnju akrilamida, dok je
ZP504su imao 50% manji sadržaj aparagina.
AB  - Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the most versatile human food crop in a number
of countries crops and can be grown in diverse environmental conditions and has
diversified uses as human food. Maize must be thermally processed into food,
which creates a risk of contamination. One of the contaminants is acrylamide,
which is probably carcinogenic to humans. The aim of this work was to determine
the potential of commercial hybrids for the formation of acrylamide in food i.e.
to analysis the content of acrylamide precursors - free-asparagine and reducing
sugar content. This study included a nineteen maize genotypes grown during the
seasons of 2021 and 2022. The plant material developed at the MRIZP encompassed
fourteen yellow dent, one white dent, three popping, and one sweet maize
genotype. The results showed that there was no statistically significant difference
between the two years in terms of asparagine content, however the effect of the
environment conditions was reflected in the sugar content. The content of fructose,
glucose, sucrose, and maltose was approximately 42%, 21%, 31%, and 33% lower
in genotypes cultivated in 2022, respectively. The genotypes were statistically different
based on the detection of the free-asparagine and sugar content. According
to the content of free-asparagine, three groups of genotypes can be distinguished.
Four genotypes had an asparagine content of 200-300 μg/kg, eleven genotypes had
300-400 μg/kg, and another four genotypes had more than 400 μg/kg. ZP427 had
the largest potential for acrylamide production, while ZP504su had a 50% lower
aparagine content.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
T1  - Potencijal komercijalnih hibrida kukuruza za formiranje akrilamida
T1  - Potential of commercial corn hybrids for acrylamide formation
SP  - 59
EP  - 60
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1363
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Sarić, Beka and Simić, Marijana and Nikolić, Valentina and Milovanović, Danka and Žilić, Slađana",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Kukuruz (Zea mais L.) je jedan od najsvestranijih useva za ishranu ljudi u
brojnim zemljama i može se uzgajati u različitim uslovima životne sredine i ima
raznovrsnu upotrebu kao hrana za ljude. Kukuruz mora biti termički obrađen za
ishranu, što stvara rizik od kontaminacije. Jedan od kontaminenata je akrilamid, koji
je najverovatnije kancerogen za ljude. Cilj ovog rada bio je da se utvrdi potencijal
komercijalnih hibrida za formiranje akrilamida u hrani, odnosno da se analizira
sadržaj prekursora akrilamida – sadržaj slobodnog asparagina i redukujućih šećera.
Ova studija je obuhvatila devetnaest genotipova kukuruza gajenih 2021. i 2022.
godine. Biljni materijal razvijen u MRIZP-u obuhvatao je četrnaest genotipova
standardnog zrna, jedan beli kukuruz, tri kokičara i jedan genotip kukuruza
šećerca. Rezultati su pokazali da nije bilo statistički značajne razlike između dve
godine u pogledu sadržaja slobodnog asparagina, ali se uticaj spoljašnje sredine
odrazio na sadržaj šećera. Sadržaj fruktoze, glukoze, saharoze i maltoze bio je
oko 42%, 21%, 31%, odnosno 33% manji kod genotipova uzgajanih 2022. godine.
Genotipovi su se statistički razlikovali na osnovu detekcije slobodnog asparagina
i sadržaja šećera. Prema sadržaju slobodnog asparagina mogu se razlikovati tri
grupe genotipova. Četiri genotipa su imala sadržaj asparagina od 200-300 μg/kg,
jedanaest genotipova je imalo 300-400 μg/kg, a još četiri genotipa su imala više
od 400 μg/kg. ZP427 je imao najveći potencijal za proizvodnju akrilamida, dok je
ZP504su imao 50% manji sadržaj aparagina., Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the most versatile human food crop in a number
of countries crops and can be grown in diverse environmental conditions and has
diversified uses as human food. Maize must be thermally processed into food,
which creates a risk of contamination. One of the contaminants is acrylamide,
which is probably carcinogenic to humans. The aim of this work was to determine
the potential of commercial hybrids for the formation of acrylamide in food i.e.
to analysis the content of acrylamide precursors - free-asparagine and reducing
sugar content. This study included a nineteen maize genotypes grown during the
seasons of 2021 and 2022. The plant material developed at the MRIZP encompassed
fourteen yellow dent, one white dent, three popping, and one sweet maize
genotype. The results showed that there was no statistically significant difference
between the two years in terms of asparagine content, however the effect of the
environment conditions was reflected in the sugar content. The content of fructose,
glucose, sucrose, and maltose was approximately 42%, 21%, 31%, and 33% lower
in genotypes cultivated in 2022, respectively. The genotypes were statistically different
based on the detection of the free-asparagine and sugar content. According
to the content of free-asparagine, three groups of genotypes can be distinguished.
Four genotypes had an asparagine content of 200-300 μg/kg, eleven genotypes had
300-400 μg/kg, and another four genotypes had more than 400 μg/kg. ZP427 had
the largest potential for acrylamide production, while ZP504su had a 50% lower
aparagine content.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta",
title = "Potencijal komercijalnih hibrida kukuruza za formiranje akrilamida, Potential of commercial corn hybrids for acrylamide formation",
pages = "59-60",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1363"
}
Sarić, B., Simić, M., Nikolić, V., Milovanović, D.,& Žilić, S.. (2023). Potencijal komercijalnih hibrida kukuruza za formiranje akrilamida. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 59-60.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1363
Sarić B, Simić M, Nikolić V, Milovanović D, Žilić S. Potencijal komercijalnih hibrida kukuruza za formiranje akrilamida. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta. 2023;:59-60.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1363 .
Sarić, Beka, Simić, Marijana, Nikolić, Valentina, Milovanović, Danka, Žilić, Slađana, "Potencijal komercijalnih hibrida kukuruza za formiranje akrilamida" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta (2023):59-60,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1363 .

Karakterizacija kukuruznog skroba kao produkta mokrog mlevenja zrna u cilju njgove upotrebe u prehrambenoj industriji

Milovanović, Danka; Nikolić, Valentina; Simić, Marijana; Sarić, Beka; Žilić, Slađana

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Milovanović, Danka
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Sarić, Beka
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1362
AB  - Skrob je glavna komponenta zrna kukuruza koja se akumulira u endospermu
i čini oko 70% suve materije. U ovom radu, sa ciljem određivanja mogućnosti
primene u prehrambenoj industiji, vršena je karakterizacija skroba deset odabranih
genotipova (šest genotipova standardnog zrna žute boje, tri voskovca i jedan
genotip standardnog zrna crvene boje). Skrob je izolovan laboratorijskim procesom
mokrog mlevenja, pri čemu je određen prinos skroba i sporednih proizvoda
(gluten, klica, mekinje, procesna voda i voda od močenja), sadržaj proteina, procenat
iskorišćenja skroba, in vitro svarljivost kao i parametri želatinizacije. Stepen
iskorišćenja skroba kretao se od 70,31% (ZP 6073wx) do 90,84% (ZP 299). Skrob
sedam genotipova standardnog zrna imao je očekivan sadržaj amiloze (20-24%),
dok su tri voskovca imala očekivan sadržaj amilopektina (100%). Enzimskom
metodom je utvrđeno da je skrob poreklom od genotipova voskovaca ispoljio viši
stepen svarjivosti u odnosu na skrob genotipova standardnog zrna. Najvišu moć
bubrenja imao je amilopektinski skrob genotipa ZP 6066wx (13,12%), najviši indeks
rastvorljivosti genotip ZP 704wx (20,50%) dok je kod genotipa standardnog
zrna crvene boje najviši bio stepen apsorpcije vode (12,74%). Pokazalo se da postoji
korelacija između parametara želatinizacije i svarljivosti skroba, pri čemusu
viši stepen svarljivosti imali amilopektinski skrobovi u poređenju sa skrobovima
standardnog zrna. Ostvareni rezultati ukazuju na široke mogućnosti primene
kukuruzuznog skroba u prehrambenoj industriji budući da se savremeni trendovi
ne baziraju isključivo na upotrebi skroba kao sastojka hrane već i kao komponente
ekološki prihvatljive, jestive, biorazgradive ambalaže.
AB  - Starch is the main component of maize grains and makes up about 70% of the
dry matter. In this study, with the aim of determining the possibility of application
in the food industry, the characterization of the starch of ten selected genotypes was
carried out (six genotypes of standard yellow grain, three waxy and one genotype
of standard red grain). Starch was isolated by a laboratory wet milling process,
the yield of starch and co-products (gluten, germ, bran, process water and CSL),
protein content, percentage of starch utilization, in vitro digestibility and gelatinization
parameters were determined. The degree of starch utilization ranged from
70.31% (ZP 6073wx) to 90.84% (ZP 299). The starch of the standard grain and
waxy had the expected amylose and amylopectincontent (20-24%) and (100%),
respectively. It was determined that the starch originating from the waxy genotypes
exhibited a higher degree of digestibility compared to the starch of standard grain.
The highest swelling power was determined in the genotype ZP 6066wx (13.12%),
the highest solubility index was the genotype ZP 704wx (20.50%), the standard
red grain had the highest water absorption index (12.74%). There is a correlation
between gelatinization parameters and starch digestibility, where amylopectin
starches having a higher degree of digestibility compared to standard grain starches.
The achieved results indicate the wide possibilities of applying maize starch
in the food industry, since modern trends are not based exclusively on the use of
starch as a food ingredient, but also as a component of environmentally friendly,
edible, biodegradable packaging.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
T1  - Karakterizacija kukuruznog skroba kao produkta mokrog mlevenja zrna u cilju njgove upotrebe u prehrambenoj industriji
T1  - Characterization of maize starch as a product of wet grain milling for its use in the food industry
SP  - 55
EP  - 56
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1362
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Milovanović, Danka and Nikolić, Valentina and Simić, Marijana and Sarić, Beka and Žilić, Slađana",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Skrob je glavna komponenta zrna kukuruza koja se akumulira u endospermu
i čini oko 70% suve materije. U ovom radu, sa ciljem određivanja mogućnosti
primene u prehrambenoj industiji, vršena je karakterizacija skroba deset odabranih
genotipova (šest genotipova standardnog zrna žute boje, tri voskovca i jedan
genotip standardnog zrna crvene boje). Skrob je izolovan laboratorijskim procesom
mokrog mlevenja, pri čemu je određen prinos skroba i sporednih proizvoda
(gluten, klica, mekinje, procesna voda i voda od močenja), sadržaj proteina, procenat
iskorišćenja skroba, in vitro svarljivost kao i parametri želatinizacije. Stepen
iskorišćenja skroba kretao se od 70,31% (ZP 6073wx) do 90,84% (ZP 299). Skrob
sedam genotipova standardnog zrna imao je očekivan sadržaj amiloze (20-24%),
dok su tri voskovca imala očekivan sadržaj amilopektina (100%). Enzimskom
metodom je utvrđeno da je skrob poreklom od genotipova voskovaca ispoljio viši
stepen svarjivosti u odnosu na skrob genotipova standardnog zrna. Najvišu moć
bubrenja imao je amilopektinski skrob genotipa ZP 6066wx (13,12%), najviši indeks
rastvorljivosti genotip ZP 704wx (20,50%) dok je kod genotipa standardnog
zrna crvene boje najviši bio stepen apsorpcije vode (12,74%). Pokazalo se da postoji
korelacija između parametara želatinizacije i svarljivosti skroba, pri čemusu
viši stepen svarljivosti imali amilopektinski skrobovi u poređenju sa skrobovima
standardnog zrna. Ostvareni rezultati ukazuju na široke mogućnosti primene
kukuruzuznog skroba u prehrambenoj industriji budući da se savremeni trendovi
ne baziraju isključivo na upotrebi skroba kao sastojka hrane već i kao komponente
ekološki prihvatljive, jestive, biorazgradive ambalaže., Starch is the main component of maize grains and makes up about 70% of the
dry matter. In this study, with the aim of determining the possibility of application
in the food industry, the characterization of the starch of ten selected genotypes was
carried out (six genotypes of standard yellow grain, three waxy and one genotype
of standard red grain). Starch was isolated by a laboratory wet milling process,
the yield of starch and co-products (gluten, germ, bran, process water and CSL),
protein content, percentage of starch utilization, in vitro digestibility and gelatinization
parameters were determined. The degree of starch utilization ranged from
70.31% (ZP 6073wx) to 90.84% (ZP 299). The starch of the standard grain and
waxy had the expected amylose and amylopectincontent (20-24%) and (100%),
respectively. It was determined that the starch originating from the waxy genotypes
exhibited a higher degree of digestibility compared to the starch of standard grain.
The highest swelling power was determined in the genotype ZP 6066wx (13.12%),
the highest solubility index was the genotype ZP 704wx (20.50%), the standard
red grain had the highest water absorption index (12.74%). There is a correlation
between gelatinization parameters and starch digestibility, where amylopectin
starches having a higher degree of digestibility compared to standard grain starches.
The achieved results indicate the wide possibilities of applying maize starch
in the food industry, since modern trends are not based exclusively on the use of
starch as a food ingredient, but also as a component of environmentally friendly,
edible, biodegradable packaging.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta",
title = "Karakterizacija kukuruznog skroba kao produkta mokrog mlevenja zrna u cilju njgove upotrebe u prehrambenoj industriji, Characterization of maize starch as a product of wet grain milling for its use in the food industry",
pages = "55-56",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1362"
}
Milovanović, D., Nikolić, V., Simić, M., Sarić, B.,& Žilić, S.. (2023). Karakterizacija kukuruznog skroba kao produkta mokrog mlevenja zrna u cilju njgove upotrebe u prehrambenoj industriji. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 55-56.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1362
Milovanović D, Nikolić V, Simić M, Sarić B, Žilić S. Karakterizacija kukuruznog skroba kao produkta mokrog mlevenja zrna u cilju njgove upotrebe u prehrambenoj industriji. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta. 2023;:55-56.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1362 .
Milovanović, Danka, Nikolić, Valentina, Simić, Marijana, Sarić, Beka, Žilić, Slađana, "Karakterizacija kukuruznog skroba kao produkta mokrog mlevenja zrna u cilju njgove upotrebe u prehrambenoj industriji" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta (2023):55-56,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1362 .

Procena lokalnih populacija kukuruza za osnovne nutritivne vrednosti pomoću NIR spektroskopije

Popović, Aleksandar; Babić, Vojka; Pavlov, Jovan; Grčić, Nikola; Sečanski, Mile; Golijan Pantović, Jelena

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Popović, Aleksandar
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Pavlov, Jovan
AU  - Grčić, Nikola
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Golijan Pantović, Jelena
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1347
AB  - Sastav zrna kukuruza, posebno skroba, proteina i lipida, ključan je za ishranu
ljudi i životinja. U savremenim programima oplemenjivanja kukuruza prioritet se
daje prinosu, što dovodi do smanjenja sadržaja proteina i povećanja sadržaja skroba.
U potrazi za zdravijom hranom, lokalne populacije privlače pažnju kao vredan
genetički resurs. Cilj ovog rada je da se identifikuju lokalne populacije kukuruza
koje su, kada su ukrštane sa divergentnim tester linijama, proizvele potomstvo sa
povećanim sadržajem proteina, skroba ili lipida uz održavanje zadovoljavajućeg
prinosa. Trideset i jedna lokalna populacija kukuruza je ukrštena sa tri genetički
različite linije testera. Nutritivne vrednosti dobijenih test cross hibrida procenjene
su tokom dve godine i na sedam lokacija korišćenjem bliske infracrvene (NIR)
spektroskopije za nedestruktivnu i brzu analizu. Istraživanja su otkrila značajan
uticaj sadržaja skroba na prinos hibrida, uz obrnutu korelaciju između sadržaja
proteina i skroba. Populacije kukuruza sa visokim sadržajem skroba dale su hibride
sa niskim sadržajem proteina i obrnuto. Kod sadržaj lipida u zrnu nisu utvrđene
jasne zakonitosti. PCA analiza je identifikovala 12 populacija sa visokim sadržajem
proteina, 12 sa visokim sadržajem skroba i 7 sa visokim sadržajem lipida. Lokalne
populacije kao što su MB13 i MB197, identifikovane su kao donori osobina
važnih za prinos zrna i sadržaj proteina (vrednosti OKS od 0,51* (9,96%) i 0,57*
(9,89%) respektivno). Populacija MB594 je pokazala da unosi visok sadržaj skroba
(70,39%), dok je MB632 pokazala potencijal za poboljšanje sadržaja lipida (4,39%)
i visoko značajnu pozitivnu OKS vrednost od 0,33**. Rezultati rada su pokazali da
NIR spektroskopija kao nedestruktivna i brza metoda može poslužiti za procenu
sastava zrna kukuruza i da identifikuje lokalne populacije kukuruza za programe
oplemenjivanja usmerenih na poboljšanje specifičnih nutritivnih osobina.
AB  - The composition of maize grains, specifically starch, protein, and lipid content,
is crucial for both human and animal nutrition. Modern maize breeding programs
often prioritize yield, leading to a decrease in protein content and an increase in
starch content. In search of healthier food options, maize landraces have gained
attention as a valuable genetic resource. This study aimed to identify maize landraces
that, when crossed with divergent tester lines, produced progeny with enhanced
protein, starch, or lipid content while maintaining satisfactory yield. Thirty-one
local maize populations were crossed with three genetically diverse tester lines.
The nutritional values of resulting test cross hybrids were assessed over two years
and across seven locations using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy for non-destructive
and rapid analysis. The study revealed significant impact of starch content
on hybrid yield, with an inverse correlation between protein and starch content.
Landraces with high starch content produced hybrids with low protein content
and vice versa. Lipid content showed no clear pattern. PCA analysis identified
12 landraces with high protein content, 12 with high starch content, and 7 with
high lipid content. Certain landraces, such as MB13 and MB197, were identified
as donors of traits important for grain yield and protein content (GCA values of
0.51* (9.96%) and 0.57* (9.89%) respectively). Landrace MB594 exhibited a high
starch content (70.39%), while MB632 showed potential for lipid content (4.39%)
improvement and a highly significant positive GCA value of 0.33**. This study demonstrates
the utility of NIR spectroscopy as a non-destructive and rapid method
for assessing maize grain composition. It identified promising maize landraces for
breeding programs focused on enhancing specific nutritional traits.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
T1  - Procena lokalnih populacija kukuruza za osnovne nutritivne vrednosti pomoću NIR spektroskopije
T1  - Evaluation of maize landraces for basic nutritional traits using NIR spectrophotometry
SP  - 107
EP  - 108
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1347
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Popović, Aleksandar and Babić, Vojka and Pavlov, Jovan and Grčić, Nikola and Sečanski, Mile and Golijan Pantović, Jelena",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Sastav zrna kukuruza, posebno skroba, proteina i lipida, ključan je za ishranu
ljudi i životinja. U savremenim programima oplemenjivanja kukuruza prioritet se
daje prinosu, što dovodi do smanjenja sadržaja proteina i povećanja sadržaja skroba.
U potrazi za zdravijom hranom, lokalne populacije privlače pažnju kao vredan
genetički resurs. Cilj ovog rada je da se identifikuju lokalne populacije kukuruza
koje su, kada su ukrštane sa divergentnim tester linijama, proizvele potomstvo sa
povećanim sadržajem proteina, skroba ili lipida uz održavanje zadovoljavajućeg
prinosa. Trideset i jedna lokalna populacija kukuruza je ukrštena sa tri genetički
različite linije testera. Nutritivne vrednosti dobijenih test cross hibrida procenjene
su tokom dve godine i na sedam lokacija korišćenjem bliske infracrvene (NIR)
spektroskopije za nedestruktivnu i brzu analizu. Istraživanja su otkrila značajan
uticaj sadržaja skroba na prinos hibrida, uz obrnutu korelaciju između sadržaja
proteina i skroba. Populacije kukuruza sa visokim sadržajem skroba dale su hibride
sa niskim sadržajem proteina i obrnuto. Kod sadržaj lipida u zrnu nisu utvrđene
jasne zakonitosti. PCA analiza je identifikovala 12 populacija sa visokim sadržajem
proteina, 12 sa visokim sadržajem skroba i 7 sa visokim sadržajem lipida. Lokalne
populacije kao što su MB13 i MB197, identifikovane su kao donori osobina
važnih za prinos zrna i sadržaj proteina (vrednosti OKS od 0,51* (9,96%) i 0,57*
(9,89%) respektivno). Populacija MB594 je pokazala da unosi visok sadržaj skroba
(70,39%), dok je MB632 pokazala potencijal za poboljšanje sadržaja lipida (4,39%)
i visoko značajnu pozitivnu OKS vrednost od 0,33**. Rezultati rada su pokazali da
NIR spektroskopija kao nedestruktivna i brza metoda može poslužiti za procenu
sastava zrna kukuruza i da identifikuje lokalne populacije kukuruza za programe
oplemenjivanja usmerenih na poboljšanje specifičnih nutritivnih osobina., The composition of maize grains, specifically starch, protein, and lipid content,
is crucial for both human and animal nutrition. Modern maize breeding programs
often prioritize yield, leading to a decrease in protein content and an increase in
starch content. In search of healthier food options, maize landraces have gained
attention as a valuable genetic resource. This study aimed to identify maize landraces
that, when crossed with divergent tester lines, produced progeny with enhanced
protein, starch, or lipid content while maintaining satisfactory yield. Thirty-one
local maize populations were crossed with three genetically diverse tester lines.
The nutritional values of resulting test cross hybrids were assessed over two years
and across seven locations using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy for non-destructive
and rapid analysis. The study revealed significant impact of starch content
on hybrid yield, with an inverse correlation between protein and starch content.
Landraces with high starch content produced hybrids with low protein content
and vice versa. Lipid content showed no clear pattern. PCA analysis identified
12 landraces with high protein content, 12 with high starch content, and 7 with
high lipid content. Certain landraces, such as MB13 and MB197, were identified
as donors of traits important for grain yield and protein content (GCA values of
0.51* (9.96%) and 0.57* (9.89%) respectively). Landrace MB594 exhibited a high
starch content (70.39%), while MB632 showed potential for lipid content (4.39%)
improvement and a highly significant positive GCA value of 0.33**. This study demonstrates
the utility of NIR spectroscopy as a non-destructive and rapid method
for assessing maize grain composition. It identified promising maize landraces for
breeding programs focused on enhancing specific nutritional traits.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta",
title = "Procena lokalnih populacija kukuruza za osnovne nutritivne vrednosti pomoću NIR spektroskopije, Evaluation of maize landraces for basic nutritional traits using NIR spectrophotometry",
pages = "107-108",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1347"
}
Popović, A., Babić, V., Pavlov, J., Grčić, N., Sečanski, M.,& Golijan Pantović, J.. (2023). Procena lokalnih populacija kukuruza za osnovne nutritivne vrednosti pomoću NIR spektroskopije. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 107-108.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1347
Popović A, Babić V, Pavlov J, Grčić N, Sečanski M, Golijan Pantović J. Procena lokalnih populacija kukuruza za osnovne nutritivne vrednosti pomoću NIR spektroskopije. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta. 2023;:107-108.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1347 .
Popović, Aleksandar, Babić, Vojka, Pavlov, Jovan, Grčić, Nikola, Sečanski, Mile, Golijan Pantović, Jelena, "Procena lokalnih populacija kukuruza za osnovne nutritivne vrednosti pomoću NIR spektroskopije" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta (2023):107-108,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1347 .

ZP 5557- Novi hibrid kukuruza

Pavlov, Jovan; Delić, Nenad

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Pavlov, Jovan
AU  - Delić, Nenad
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1346
AB  - Hibridi srednje grupe zrenja FAO 500 imaju sve veći značaj u proizvodnji kukuruza
u Srbiji. Imajući u vidu da je u poslednjih nekoliko godina prisutan trend
gajenja hibrida koji imaju niži sadržaj vlage u momentu žetve, hibridi grupe zrenja
FAO 500 predstavljaju odličnu kombinaciju visokog prinosa i nižeg sadržaja vlage
u zrnu. Mogu se ubirati i u klipu i u zrnu, što ih čini veoma dobrom alternativom
za hibride kasnih grupa zrenja koji se odlikuju visokim potencijalom za prinos
ali i visokim sadržajem vlage u žetvi. Hibrid ZP 5557 registrovan je 2023. godine.
U ogledima Sortne komisije je ispitivan u periodu 2021-2022. godine. Karakteristično
je da su obe godine bile nepovoljne za gajenje kukuruza, što se naročito
odnosi na 2022. godinu. Hibrid ZP 5557 je u obe godine ispitivanja ostvario viši
prosečan prinos u odnosu na prosek standardnih hibrida, uz niži sadržaj vlage i
manji procenat poleglih i slomljenih biljaka. U dvogodišnjem proseku ostvario je
prinos od 104,4% u odnosu na prosek standardnih hibrida. Na osnovu rezultata
postignutih u ogledima sortne komisije, hibrid ZP 5557 biće uključen u postkomisijske
oglede Instituta za kukuruz i u slučaju da ponovi dobar rezultat biće
započeta komercijalizacija ovog hibrida.
AB  - Hybrids of medium maturity group FAO 500 become more important in maize
production in Serbia. Taking into account that in the last few years there has been
a trend of growing hybrids with lower harvest moisture, the hybrids of the FAO
500 maturity group represent an excellent combination of high yield and lower
grain moisture content in harvest. They can be harvested both in ear and grain,
which makes them a very good alternative for hybrids of late maturity groups
that are characterized by high yield potential but also high moisture content at
harvest. Hybrid ZP 5557 was registered in 2023. It was tested in the trials of the
State Variety Commission in the period 2021-2022 years. It is characteristic that
both years were unfavorable for growing maize, which especially applies to the
year 2022. Hybrid ZP 5557 achieved a higher average yield in both years of testing
compared to the average of check hybrids, with lower moisture content and a
lower percentage of broken and lodged plants. In the two-year average, it achieved
a yield of 104.4% compared to the average of check hybrids. Based on the results
achieved in the tests of the variety commission, hybrid ZP 5557 will be included
in the post-official trials of the Maize Research Institute and in case it obtain good
result, the commercialization of this hybrid will be started.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
T1  - ZP 5557- Novi hibrid kukuruza
T1  - ZP 5557 – New maize hybrid
SP  - 225
EP  - 226
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1346
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Pavlov, Jovan and Delić, Nenad",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Hibridi srednje grupe zrenja FAO 500 imaju sve veći značaj u proizvodnji kukuruza
u Srbiji. Imajući u vidu da je u poslednjih nekoliko godina prisutan trend
gajenja hibrida koji imaju niži sadržaj vlage u momentu žetve, hibridi grupe zrenja
FAO 500 predstavljaju odličnu kombinaciju visokog prinosa i nižeg sadržaja vlage
u zrnu. Mogu se ubirati i u klipu i u zrnu, što ih čini veoma dobrom alternativom
za hibride kasnih grupa zrenja koji se odlikuju visokim potencijalom za prinos
ali i visokim sadržajem vlage u žetvi. Hibrid ZP 5557 registrovan je 2023. godine.
U ogledima Sortne komisije je ispitivan u periodu 2021-2022. godine. Karakteristično
je da su obe godine bile nepovoljne za gajenje kukuruza, što se naročito
odnosi na 2022. godinu. Hibrid ZP 5557 je u obe godine ispitivanja ostvario viši
prosečan prinos u odnosu na prosek standardnih hibrida, uz niži sadržaj vlage i
manji procenat poleglih i slomljenih biljaka. U dvogodišnjem proseku ostvario je
prinos od 104,4% u odnosu na prosek standardnih hibrida. Na osnovu rezultata
postignutih u ogledima sortne komisije, hibrid ZP 5557 biće uključen u postkomisijske
oglede Instituta za kukuruz i u slučaju da ponovi dobar rezultat biće
započeta komercijalizacija ovog hibrida., Hybrids of medium maturity group FAO 500 become more important in maize
production in Serbia. Taking into account that in the last few years there has been
a trend of growing hybrids with lower harvest moisture, the hybrids of the FAO
500 maturity group represent an excellent combination of high yield and lower
grain moisture content in harvest. They can be harvested both in ear and grain,
which makes them a very good alternative for hybrids of late maturity groups
that are characterized by high yield potential but also high moisture content at
harvest. Hybrid ZP 5557 was registered in 2023. It was tested in the trials of the
State Variety Commission in the period 2021-2022 years. It is characteristic that
both years were unfavorable for growing maize, which especially applies to the
year 2022. Hybrid ZP 5557 achieved a higher average yield in both years of testing
compared to the average of check hybrids, with lower moisture content and a
lower percentage of broken and lodged plants. In the two-year average, it achieved
a yield of 104.4% compared to the average of check hybrids. Based on the results
achieved in the tests of the variety commission, hybrid ZP 5557 will be included
in the post-official trials of the Maize Research Institute and in case it obtain good
result, the commercialization of this hybrid will be started.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta",
title = "ZP 5557- Novi hibrid kukuruza, ZP 5557 – New maize hybrid",
pages = "225-226",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1346"
}
Pavlov, J.,& Delić, N.. (2023). ZP 5557- Novi hibrid kukuruza. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 225-226.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1346
Pavlov J, Delić N. ZP 5557- Novi hibrid kukuruza. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta. 2023;:225-226.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1346 .
Pavlov, Jovan, Delić, Nenad, "ZP 5557- Novi hibrid kukuruza" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta (2023):225-226,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1346 .

Germinacija nakon predtretmana semena i formiranje klijanaca kod kukuruza

Kravić, Natalija; Petrović, Tanja; Milivojević, Marija; Babić, Milosav; Čanak, Petar; Srdić, Jelena; Babić, Vojka

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Petrović, Tanja
AU  - Milivojević, Marija
AU  - Babić, Milosav
AU  - Čanak, Petar
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Babić, Vojka
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1342
AB  - Tokom čuvanja, dolazi do propadanja semena i gubitka životne sposobnosti,
energije i kvaliteta. S obzirom da se set međusobno povezanih biohemijskih
promena, tj. aktivacija enzima, sinteza hormona–stimulatora rastenja, razgradnja
inhibitora klijanja i reparacija ćelijskog oštećenja, javlja kao odgovor na izlaganje
semena agensima predtretmana, eksperiment je imao za cilj procenu ekasnosti
različitog prajminga semena na vigor i ukupnu performansu klijanaca kukuruza.
Izvršena je evaluacija četiri sorte kukuruza čuvane 5 i 35 godina u srednjoročnim
uslovima (t=4-5°C; RH=40-45%), standardnim testiranjem klijavosti na lter papiru
(BP, 20⇔30°C, ISTA Rules) i cold testom. Poređenjem sa netretiranim semenom, u
suboptimalnim uslovima cold testa je utvrđen pozitivan efekat primene predtretmana
semena
na
klijanje,
uključujući
i
energiju
klijanja,
kao
i
na
smanjenje
broja

mrtvih
semena,
naročito
izražen
kod
dugo
čuvanog
semena.
Ispitivanjem
ranog

porasta
klijanaca,
samo
u
cold
testu
je
evidentiran
pozitivan
uticaj
predtretmanana

na
rast

klijanaca dugo čuvanog semena. Međutim, kod semena kraćeg perioda 
čuvanja, utvrđeno je da je uticaj predtretmana na izduživanje klijanca uglavnom
determinisan genotipom. Testiranjem na lter papiru semena i kraćeg i dugog
perioda čuvanja, utvrđen je pozitivan efekat KNO
 predtretmana na svežu masu
korena, odnosno pozitivan efekat H
2
3
S predtretmana na svežu masu celog klijanca.
Oba predtretmana su uticala na porast suve mase korena samo kod dugo čuvanog
semena, odnosno na porast suve mase izdanka semena kraćeg perioda čuvanja.
Testiranjem u uslovima cold testa semena i kraćeg i dugog perioda čuvanja, utvrđeno
je da su svi predtretmani doprineli porastu sveže i naročito suve mase klijanca.
AB  - During storage, seed deteriorates, loses viability and quality. Given that a
set of interlinked biochemical changes (i.e. activation of enzymes, synthesis of
growth-promoting substances, germination inhibitors’ metabolism and cell damage
repair) occurs in response to seed exposure to priming stimuli, this experiment
aimed at estimating the efficiency of different seed priming on vigour and overall
maize seedlings performance. Four maize landraces kept for 5 and 35 years under
cold storage–CS (t=4-5°C; RH=45-50%) were evaluated, using standard seed germination
test
on
lter
paper
(BP,
20⇔30°C,
ISTA
Rules)
and
cold
test.
Compared

to
unprimed
seeds
(control),
in
suboptimal
conditions
of
cold
test,
positive
effect

of
seed
priming
on
germination,
including
germination
energy,
as
well
as
on
the

reduction
of
the
number
of
dead
seeds,
was
determined,
while
being
more
pronounced
in
seeds
of
long
CS
lifespan.
In
addition,
a
positive
effect
of
seed
priming

on
early
seedlings
growth
was
recorded
in
seeds
of
long
CS
lifespan,
being
mainly

genotype-specific in seeds of short CS lifespan. For seeds of both the short and
long CS lifespans, standard testing on filter paper showed that the halo–KNO3
 and
acidic–H2
S priming contributed to root, i.e. whole seedling fresh weight increase,
respectively. Both seed priming contributed to root i.e. shoot dry weight in seeds
of long i.e., short CS lifespan, respectively. Under conditions of cold test, in seeds
of both the short and long CS lifespans, a positive impact of all evaluated seed
priming on the seedlings fresh and especially dry weight was observed.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakata
T1  - Germinacija nakon predtretmana semena i formiranje klijanaca kod kukuruza
T1  - Post-priming germination and seedling establishment in maize
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1342
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Kravić, Natalija and Petrović, Tanja and Milivojević, Marija and Babić, Milosav and Čanak, Petar and Srdić, Jelena and Babić, Vojka",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Tokom čuvanja, dolazi do propadanja semena i gubitka životne sposobnosti,
energije i kvaliteta. S obzirom da se set međusobno povezanih biohemijskih
promena, tj. aktivacija enzima, sinteza hormona–stimulatora rastenja, razgradnja
inhibitora klijanja i reparacija ćelijskog oštećenja, javlja kao odgovor na izlaganje
semena agensima predtretmana, eksperiment je imao za cilj procenu ekasnosti
različitog prajminga semena na vigor i ukupnu performansu klijanaca kukuruza.
Izvršena je evaluacija četiri sorte kukuruza čuvane 5 i 35 godina u srednjoročnim
uslovima (t=4-5°C; RH=40-45%), standardnim testiranjem klijavosti na lter papiru
(BP, 20⇔30°C, ISTA Rules) i cold testom. Poređenjem sa netretiranim semenom, u
suboptimalnim uslovima cold testa je utvrđen pozitivan efekat primene predtretmana
semena
na
klijanje,
uključujući
i
energiju
klijanja,
kao
i
na
smanjenje
broja

mrtvih
semena,
naročito
izražen
kod
dugo
čuvanog
semena.
Ispitivanjem
ranog

porasta
klijanaca,
samo
u
cold
testu
je
evidentiran
pozitivan
uticaj
predtretmanana

na
rast

klijanaca dugo čuvanog semena. Međutim, kod semena kraćeg perioda 
čuvanja, utvrđeno je da je uticaj predtretmana na izduživanje klijanca uglavnom
determinisan genotipom. Testiranjem na lter papiru semena i kraćeg i dugog
perioda čuvanja, utvrđen je pozitivan efekat KNO
 predtretmana na svežu masu
korena, odnosno pozitivan efekat H
2
3
S predtretmana na svežu masu celog klijanca.
Oba predtretmana su uticala na porast suve mase korena samo kod dugo čuvanog
semena, odnosno na porast suve mase izdanka semena kraćeg perioda čuvanja.
Testiranjem u uslovima cold testa semena i kraćeg i dugog perioda čuvanja, utvrđeno
je da su svi predtretmani doprineli porastu sveže i naročito suve mase klijanca., During storage, seed deteriorates, loses viability and quality. Given that a
set of interlinked biochemical changes (i.e. activation of enzymes, synthesis of
growth-promoting substances, germination inhibitors’ metabolism and cell damage
repair) occurs in response to seed exposure to priming stimuli, this experiment
aimed at estimating the efficiency of different seed priming on vigour and overall
maize seedlings performance. Four maize landraces kept for 5 and 35 years under
cold storage–CS (t=4-5°C; RH=45-50%) were evaluated, using standard seed germination
test
on
lter
paper
(BP,
20⇔30°C,
ISTA
Rules)
and
cold
test.
Compared

to
unprimed
seeds
(control),
in
suboptimal
conditions
of
cold
test,
positive
effect

of
seed
priming
on
germination,
including
germination
energy,
as
well
as
on
the

reduction
of
the
number
of
dead
seeds,
was
determined,
while
being
more
pronounced
in
seeds
of
long
CS
lifespan.
In
addition,
a
positive
effect
of
seed
priming

on
early
seedlings
growth
was
recorded
in
seeds
of
long
CS
lifespan,
being
mainly

genotype-specific in seeds of short CS lifespan. For seeds of both the short and
long CS lifespans, standard testing on filter paper showed that the halo–KNO3
 and
acidic–H2
S priming contributed to root, i.e. whole seedling fresh weight increase,
respectively. Both seed priming contributed to root i.e. shoot dry weight in seeds
of long i.e., short CS lifespan, respectively. Under conditions of cold test, in seeds
of both the short and long CS lifespans, a positive impact of all evaluated seed
priming on the seedlings fresh and especially dry weight was observed.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakata",
title = "Germinacija nakon predtretmana semena i formiranje klijanaca kod kukuruza, Post-priming germination and seedling establishment in maize",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1342"
}
Kravić, N., Petrović, T., Milivojević, M., Babić, M., Čanak, P., Srdić, J.,& Babić, V.. (2023). Germinacija nakon predtretmana semena i formiranje klijanaca kod kukuruza. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakata
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije..
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1342
Kravić N, Petrović T, Milivojević M, Babić M, Čanak P, Srdić J, Babić V. Germinacija nakon predtretmana semena i formiranje klijanaca kod kukuruza. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakata. 2023;.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1342 .
Kravić, Natalija, Petrović, Tanja, Milivojević, Marija, Babić, Milosav, Čanak, Petar, Srdić, Jelena, Babić, Vojka, "Germinacija nakon predtretmana semena i formiranje klijanaca kod kukuruza" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakata (2023),
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1342 .

Uticaj abiotičkog i biotičkog stresa na promenu fitohemikalija u listu i zrnu kukuruza - posledice po kvalitet i bezbednost hrane

Ristić, Danijela; Gošić-Dondo, Snežana; Vukadinović, Jelena; Kostadinović, Marija; Kravić, Natalija; Kovinčić, Anika; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Ristić, Danijela
AU  - Gošić-Dondo, Snežana
AU  - Vukadinović, Jelena
AU  - Kostadinović, Marija
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Kovinčić, Anika
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1341
AB  - Upotreba kukuruza u ishrani ljudi i životinja ima široku primenu jer predstavlja
izvor različitih tohemikalija koje povoljno utiču na metaboličke procese. Tokom
vegetacije biljka kukuruza izložena je različitim uticajima abiotičkog i biotičkog
stresa. Napad jedne od najznačajnijih štetočina kukuruza, larve Ostrinia nubilalis
zavisi od uslova sredine i može dovesti do smenjenja prinosa i do 30%. Oštećenja
nadzemnih delova biljke povećavaju rizik od pojave truleži klipa, jer predstavljaju
mesta

sekundarne infekcije izazvane različitim patogenim gljivama. Jedna
od neophodnih agrotehničkih mera je primena pesticida u poljoprivredi u cilju
suzbijanju kako štetočina tako i korova, obezbeđujući stabilan prinosa. S druge
strane, primena pesticida, nepovoljni uslovi spoljašnje sredine i biotički stres mogu
dovesti do oksidativnog stresa, oštećenja ćelija i pojave slobodnih radikala i reaktivnih
vrsta
kiseonika
(engl.
reactive
oxygen
species
-
ROS).
Ćelije
i
tkiva
biljaka

imaju
razvijene
antioksidativne
sisteme
odbrane
koji
ihibiraju
ili
vezuju
slobodne

radikale.

Najznačajniji neenzimski antioksidansi su avonoidi, fenolne kiseline,
karotenoidi, tokoferoli, tinska kiselina, vitamin C, i glutation. Osim promena u 
prinosu i antioksidativnom statusu, kod biljke može doći i do promena u količini
i drugih tohemikalija kao što su proteini, šećeri, amnokiseline i masne kiseline.
Do sada su nedovljno ispitani uticaji pesticida i abiotički stres koji mogu da izazovu
promene
na
različitim
tkivima
kukuruza,
pri
čemu
je
više
pažnje
posvećano

promeni
tohemikalija

izazvanoj uticajem spoljašnje sredine kao što je vodni
decit. U cilju pronalaženja karakterističnog odgovora genotipa, u odnosu na
promene tohemijskog sadržaja, kao i eventualno izdvajanje genotipa tolerantnog
na potencijalni stres primenjuju su metode spekrofotometrije i savremene metode
tečne i gasne hromatograje za odredjivanje tohemikalija u biljci.
AB  - The use of maize in human nutrition and livestock feed is widely used because it
is a source of various phytochemicals that have a positive efect on metabolic processes.
During
the
growing
season,
the
maize
plant
is
exposed
to
various
influences

of
abiotic
and
biotic
stress.
Ostrinia
nubilalis
larvae,
one
of
the
predominant
maize

pests,
can
reduce
plant
growth
and
cause
stalk
and
ear
damage,
leading
to
a
yield

decrease
of
up
to
30%.
Damage
to
the
above-ground
parts
of
the
plant
increases

the
risk
of
cob
rot,
presenting
sites
of
secondary
infection
caused
by
pathogenic

fungi.
One
of
the
necessary
agrotechnical
strategies
is
the
application
of
pesticides

in
order

to control both pest and weed impact, providing stability of yield. On
the other hand, the application of pesticides, negative environmental impacts,
and biotic stress can lead to oxidative stress, cell damage and the appearance of
free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Cells and plant tissues have developed
antioxidant
defense
systems
that
inhibit
or
bind
free
radicals.
The
most

important
non-enzymatic
antioxidants
are
flavonoids,
phenolic
acids,
carotenoids,

tocopherols,

phytic acid, vitamin C, and glutathione. In addition to changes in 
yield and antioxidant status, alteration of other phytochemicals such as proteins,
sugars, amino acids and fatty acids can also occur in the plant. The effects of pesticides
and
abiotic
stress
that
they
can
cause
on
different
tissues
of

maize have
been insufficiently investigated. More attention has been given to the changes in
phytochemicals content caused by the influence of the environment such as water
deficit. In order to find the response of the genotype, in relation to changes in the
phytochemical content, as well as the eventual selection of a genotype tolerant
to potential stress, spectrophotometry methods and modern methods of liquid
and gas chromatography were applied to determine phytochemicals in the plant.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakata
T1  - Uticaj abiotičkog i biotičkog stresa na promenu fitohemikalija u listu i zrnu kukuruza - posledice po kvalitet i bezbednost hrane
T1  - Effect of abiotic and biotic stress on alteration of phytochemicals in maize leaf and  grain - aftereffect on food quality and safety
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1341
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Ristić, Danijela and Gošić-Dondo, Snežana and Vukadinović, Jelena and Kostadinović, Marija and Kravić, Natalija and Kovinčić, Anika and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Upotreba kukuruza u ishrani ljudi i životinja ima široku primenu jer predstavlja
izvor različitih tohemikalija koje povoljno utiču na metaboličke procese. Tokom
vegetacije biljka kukuruza izložena je različitim uticajima abiotičkog i biotičkog
stresa. Napad jedne od najznačajnijih štetočina kukuruza, larve Ostrinia nubilalis
zavisi od uslova sredine i može dovesti do smenjenja prinosa i do 30%. Oštećenja
nadzemnih delova biljke povećavaju rizik od pojave truleži klipa, jer predstavljaju
mesta

sekundarne infekcije izazvane različitim patogenim gljivama. Jedna
od neophodnih agrotehničkih mera je primena pesticida u poljoprivredi u cilju
suzbijanju kako štetočina tako i korova, obezbeđujući stabilan prinosa. S druge
strane, primena pesticida, nepovoljni uslovi spoljašnje sredine i biotički stres mogu
dovesti do oksidativnog stresa, oštećenja ćelija i pojave slobodnih radikala i reaktivnih
vrsta
kiseonika
(engl.
reactive
oxygen
species
-
ROS).
Ćelije
i
tkiva
biljaka

imaju
razvijene
antioksidativne
sisteme
odbrane
koji
ihibiraju
ili
vezuju
slobodne

radikale.

Najznačajniji neenzimski antioksidansi su avonoidi, fenolne kiseline,
karotenoidi, tokoferoli, tinska kiselina, vitamin C, i glutation. Osim promena u 
prinosu i antioksidativnom statusu, kod biljke može doći i do promena u količini
i drugih tohemikalija kao što su proteini, šećeri, amnokiseline i masne kiseline.
Do sada su nedovljno ispitani uticaji pesticida i abiotički stres koji mogu da izazovu
promene
na
različitim
tkivima
kukuruza,
pri
čemu
je
više
pažnje
posvećano

promeni
tohemikalija

izazvanoj uticajem spoljašnje sredine kao što je vodni
decit. U cilju pronalaženja karakterističnog odgovora genotipa, u odnosu na
promene tohemijskog sadržaja, kao i eventualno izdvajanje genotipa tolerantnog
na potencijalni stres primenjuju su metode spekrofotometrije i savremene metode
tečne i gasne hromatograje za odredjivanje tohemikalija u biljci., The use of maize in human nutrition and livestock feed is widely used because it
is a source of various phytochemicals that have a positive efect on metabolic processes.
During
the
growing
season,
the
maize
plant
is
exposed
to
various
influences

of
abiotic
and
biotic
stress.
Ostrinia
nubilalis
larvae,
one
of
the
predominant
maize

pests,
can
reduce
plant
growth
and
cause
stalk
and
ear
damage,
leading
to
a
yield

decrease
of
up
to
30%.
Damage
to
the
above-ground
parts
of
the
plant
increases

the
risk
of
cob
rot,
presenting
sites
of
secondary
infection
caused
by
pathogenic

fungi.
One
of
the
necessary
agrotechnical
strategies
is
the
application
of
pesticides

in
order

to control both pest and weed impact, providing stability of yield. On
the other hand, the application of pesticides, negative environmental impacts,
and biotic stress can lead to oxidative stress, cell damage and the appearance of
free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Cells and plant tissues have developed
antioxidant
defense
systems
that
inhibit
or
bind
free
radicals.
The
most

important
non-enzymatic
antioxidants
are
flavonoids,
phenolic
acids,
carotenoids,

tocopherols,

phytic acid, vitamin C, and glutathione. In addition to changes in 
yield and antioxidant status, alteration of other phytochemicals such as proteins,
sugars, amino acids and fatty acids can also occur in the plant. The effects of pesticides
and
abiotic
stress
that
they
can
cause
on
different
tissues
of

maize have
been insufficiently investigated. More attention has been given to the changes in
phytochemicals content caused by the influence of the environment such as water
deficit. In order to find the response of the genotype, in relation to changes in the
phytochemical content, as well as the eventual selection of a genotype tolerant
to potential stress, spectrophotometry methods and modern methods of liquid
and gas chromatography were applied to determine phytochemicals in the plant.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakata",
title = "Uticaj abiotičkog i biotičkog stresa na promenu fitohemikalija u listu i zrnu kukuruza - posledice po kvalitet i bezbednost hrane, Effect of abiotic and biotic stress on alteration of phytochemicals in maize leaf and  grain - aftereffect on food quality and safety",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1341"
}
Ristić, D., Gošić-Dondo, S., Vukadinović, J., Kostadinović, M., Kravić, N., Kovinčić, A.,& Mladenović Drinić, S.. (2023). Uticaj abiotičkog i biotičkog stresa na promenu fitohemikalija u listu i zrnu kukuruza - posledice po kvalitet i bezbednost hrane. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakata
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije..
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1341
Ristić D, Gošić-Dondo S, Vukadinović J, Kostadinović M, Kravić N, Kovinčić A, Mladenović Drinić S. Uticaj abiotičkog i biotičkog stresa na promenu fitohemikalija u listu i zrnu kukuruza - posledice po kvalitet i bezbednost hrane. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakata. 2023;.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1341 .
Ristić, Danijela, Gošić-Dondo, Snežana, Vukadinović, Jelena, Kostadinović, Marija, Kravić, Natalija, Kovinčić, Anika, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, "Uticaj abiotičkog i biotičkog stresa na promenu fitohemikalija u listu i zrnu kukuruza - posledice po kvalitet i bezbednost hrane" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakata (2023),
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1341 .

Fuzariotoksini i aflatoksini u kukuruzu

Nikolić, Milica; Savić, Iva; Obradović, Ana; Stanković, Slavica

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Obradović, Ana
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1325
AB  - Ova studija je sprovedena sa ciljem da se ispita prirodna pojava toksigenih vrsta gljiva i sadržaj fumonizina (FB), ukupnih aflatoksina (AFLA), zearalenona (ZEA) i deoksinivalenola (DON) u zrnu kukuruza, uskladištenom neposredno nakon berbe 2022. godine. Prikupljeni su uzorci zrna kukuruza sa tri lokacije (Zemun Polje, Školsko Dobro i Zagajica) u Srbiji i analizirani na prisustvo mikotoksina. Nakon sušenja i mlevenja, uzorci su homogenizovani sa 25 ml 70% rastvora metanola i destilovanom vodom (3:1), a zatim ekstrahovani. Kvantifikacija ukupnog sadržaja mikotoksina izvršena je metodom imunoapsorpcionih enzima (ELISA) prema uputstvu za upotrebu proizvođača (Tecna S.R.L., Italija, Celer Test Kit).
Analizom 100 uzoraka zrna kukuruza utvrđena je velika varijabilnost u koncentraciji ispitivanih mikotoksina. Svi ispitivani uzorci su bili pozitivni na najmanje jedan od ispitivanih mikotoksina (FB, AFLA, ZEA, DON). Fumonizin je detektovan u koncentraciji od 0 do 0,268 ppm, ukupni aflatoksin od 0,423 do 3,925 ppb, zearalenon od 0 do 9,685 ppb, i deoksinivalenol od 0,005 do 3,581 ppm.
U svim ispitivanim hibridima, analize mikotoksina su pokazale da su nivoi FB, AFLA, ZEA i DON bili ispod maksimalno dozvoljenih nivoa propisanih zakonodavstvom Evropske unije i Republike Srbije, namenjenom za kukuruz i proizvode od kukuruza. Neophodno je kontinuirano praćenje sadržaja mikotoksina, s obzirom da se isti menja iz godine u godinu.
AB  - This study was conducted to investigate the natural occurrence of toxigenic fungal species and the levels of fumonisin (FB), zearalenone (ZEA), deoxynivalenol (DON), and total aflatoxin (AFLA) in corn kernels stored immediately after harvest in 2022. Samples of maize kernels from two locations (Zemun Polje and Zagajica) in Serbia were collected and analyzed for the presence of mycotoxins. After drying and milling, the samples were homogenized with 25 ml of 70% metanol solution and distilled water (3:1) and then extracted. Quantification of total mycotoxin content was performed using the immunoapsorption enzyme method according to the manufacturer's instructions (Tecna S.R.L., Italy, Celer Test Kit).
The analysis of 100 maize kernels samples was determined by a great variability in the concentration of mycotoxins studied. All samples tested were positive for at least one of the mycotoxins tested (fumonisin, aflatoxin, zearalenone or deoxynivalenol). Fumonisin is determined at a concentration of 0 to 0.268 ppm, total aflatoxin at a concentration of 0.423 to 3.925 ppb, zearalenone at a concentration of 0 to 9.685 ppb, while deoxynivalenol is detected at a concentration of 0.005 to 3.581 ppm.
In all tested hybrids, mycotoxin analyses showed that the levels of AFLA, DON, ZEA and FBs were below the maximum permissible levels established by the legislation of the European Union and the Republic of Serbia in maize intended for maize and maize products. Continuous monitoring of mycotoxin content is necessary as it changes from year to year.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
T1  - Fuzariotoksini i aflatoksini u kukuruzu
T1  - Fusariotoxins and aflatoxins in maize kernels
SP  - 95
SP  - 95
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1325
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Nikolić, Milica and Savić, Iva and Obradović, Ana and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Ova studija je sprovedena sa ciljem da se ispita prirodna pojava toksigenih vrsta gljiva i sadržaj fumonizina (FB), ukupnih aflatoksina (AFLA), zearalenona (ZEA) i deoksinivalenola (DON) u zrnu kukuruza, uskladištenom neposredno nakon berbe 2022. godine. Prikupljeni su uzorci zrna kukuruza sa tri lokacije (Zemun Polje, Školsko Dobro i Zagajica) u Srbiji i analizirani na prisustvo mikotoksina. Nakon sušenja i mlevenja, uzorci su homogenizovani sa 25 ml 70% rastvora metanola i destilovanom vodom (3:1), a zatim ekstrahovani. Kvantifikacija ukupnog sadržaja mikotoksina izvršena je metodom imunoapsorpcionih enzima (ELISA) prema uputstvu za upotrebu proizvođača (Tecna S.R.L., Italija, Celer Test Kit).
Analizom 100 uzoraka zrna kukuruza utvrđena je velika varijabilnost u koncentraciji ispitivanih mikotoksina. Svi ispitivani uzorci su bili pozitivni na najmanje jedan od ispitivanih mikotoksina (FB, AFLA, ZEA, DON). Fumonizin je detektovan u koncentraciji od 0 do 0,268 ppm, ukupni aflatoksin od 0,423 do 3,925 ppb, zearalenon od 0 do 9,685 ppb, i deoksinivalenol od 0,005 do 3,581 ppm.
U svim ispitivanim hibridima, analize mikotoksina su pokazale da su nivoi FB, AFLA, ZEA i DON bili ispod maksimalno dozvoljenih nivoa propisanih zakonodavstvom Evropske unije i Republike Srbije, namenjenom za kukuruz i proizvode od kukuruza. Neophodno je kontinuirano praćenje sadržaja mikotoksina, s obzirom da se isti menja iz godine u godinu., This study was conducted to investigate the natural occurrence of toxigenic fungal species and the levels of fumonisin (FB), zearalenone (ZEA), deoxynivalenol (DON), and total aflatoxin (AFLA) in corn kernels stored immediately after harvest in 2022. Samples of maize kernels from two locations (Zemun Polje and Zagajica) in Serbia were collected and analyzed for the presence of mycotoxins. After drying and milling, the samples were homogenized with 25 ml of 70% metanol solution and distilled water (3:1) and then extracted. Quantification of total mycotoxin content was performed using the immunoapsorption enzyme method according to the manufacturer's instructions (Tecna S.R.L., Italy, Celer Test Kit).
The analysis of 100 maize kernels samples was determined by a great variability in the concentration of mycotoxins studied. All samples tested were positive for at least one of the mycotoxins tested (fumonisin, aflatoxin, zearalenone or deoxynivalenol). Fumonisin is determined at a concentration of 0 to 0.268 ppm, total aflatoxin at a concentration of 0.423 to 3.925 ppb, zearalenone at a concentration of 0 to 9.685 ppb, while deoxynivalenol is detected at a concentration of 0.005 to 3.581 ppm.
In all tested hybrids, mycotoxin analyses showed that the levels of AFLA, DON, ZEA and FBs were below the maximum permissible levels established by the legislation of the European Union and the Republic of Serbia in maize intended for maize and maize products. Continuous monitoring of mycotoxin content is necessary as it changes from year to year.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta",
title = "Fuzariotoksini i aflatoksini u kukuruzu, Fusariotoxins and aflatoxins in maize kernels",
pages = "95-95",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1325"
}
Nikolić, M., Savić, I., Obradović, A.,& Stanković, S.. (2023). Fuzariotoksini i aflatoksini u kukuruzu. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 95.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1325
Nikolić M, Savić I, Obradović A, Stanković S. Fuzariotoksini i aflatoksini u kukuruzu. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta. 2023;:95.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1325 .
Nikolić, Milica, Savić, Iva, Obradović, Ana, Stanković, Slavica, "Fuzariotoksini i aflatoksini u kukuruzu" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta (2023):95,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1325 .

Prinos i parametri kvaliteta zrna elitnih hibrida kukuruza, diverzitet i multikolinearnost ispitivanih osobina

Babić, Vojka; Nikolić, Valentina; Babić, Milosav; Kravić, Natalija; Pavlov, Jovan; Čamdžija, Zoran; Filipović, Milomir

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Babić, Milosav
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Pavlov, Jovan
AU  - Čamdžija, Zoran
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1324
AB  - Genetska konstitucija, uslovi gajenja, uključujući agrotehniku i manipulaciju
posle žetve, utiču na kvalitet zrna kukuruza. Zahtevi za kvalitet se razlikuju od
jedne do druge upotrebe i uvek moraju biti definisani u skladu sa metodama koje
se primenjuju u preradi i korišćenju. Ciljevi ovog istraživanja bili su da se : i) procene prinos, komponente prinosa i kvaliteta zrna šest elitnih hibrida kukuruza,
ispitivanih tokom 5 godina u mikro i makro ogledima; ii) utvrde međusobni odnosi
ispitivanih osobina u zavisnosti od efekta hibrida, godine i roditeljskih komponti.
Efekat godine je u velikoj meri uticao na varijaciju svih ispitivanih parametara,
efekat oca nije bio statistički značajan za komponente prinosa, dok su efekti i oca i
majke bili značajni za većinu ispitivanih osobina kvaliteta. PCA analiza je ukazala
na značajan uticaj genetske konstitucije hibrida na fizičke parametre i strukturu
zrna. Hibridi oca LM3 imali su veću apsolutnu masu, udeo mekog endosperma
i otpornost na mlevenje, a niži indeks apsorpcije vode i udeo perikarpa. Hibridi
majke LF2 su imali veći udeo endosperma, dok su hibridi majke LF1 imali veći udeo
klice i ulja u zrnu. Rezultati su ukazali da je moguće simultano oplemenjivanje na
povećanje skroba i proteina (uz povećanje prinosa), kao i oplemenjivanje na povećanje sadržaja proteina i ulja (uz smanjenje prinosa). Istovremeno oplemenjivanje
u pravcu povećanja sadržaja skroba i ulja bilo bi otežano višestrukim negativnim
odnosima ove dve osobine. Međutim, iako su utvrđene statistički značajne razlike
u parametrima kvaliteta, one nisu napravile kvalitativnu razliku u proizvodnim
ogledima. Zbog toga je potrebno formirati posebne programe oplemenjivanja za
različite namene.
AB  - Genetic background, environmental conditions, agricultural practices and
post-harvesting influence maize grain quality. The quality requirements differ
from one use to another, and need to be defined in accordance with the methods
applied in processing and utilisation. The objectives of this research were: i) to
evaluate yield and grain quality traits of six elite maize hybrids, tested during 5-year
micro and macro trials; ii) to determine the evaluated traits relationshipaccording
to hybrid-, year- and parental components-dependence pattern. The year effect
greatly influenced the variation of all examined parameters, the male effect was not
significant for yield components, while the effects of both, male and female parent
were significant for most of the examined quality traits. PC analysis indicated a
significant effect of the hybrid’s genetic composition on physical parameters and
kernel structure. Hybrids of male LM3 had higher 1000 kernelweight, portion of
soft endosperm and resistance to grinding, and lower water absorption index and
pericarp portion. Hybrids of female LF2 had a higher portion of endosperm, while
hybrids of female LF1 had higher portion of germ and oil in the grain. Accordingly,
simultaneous breeding for increased starch and protein resulted in yield increase,
forincrease protein and oil content in yield reduction, while simultaneous breeding
for increased starch and oil content is hampered by multiple negative relationships.
Although significant differences in quality parameters were determined, they did
not make a qualitative difference in production trials. Therefore, it is necessary to
form special breeding programmes for different purposes.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 8. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16.-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata
T1  - Prinos i parametri kvaliteta zrna elitnih hibrida kukuruza, diverzitet i multikolinearnost ispitivanih osobina
T1  - Grain yield and grain quality of elite maize hybrids, diversity and multicollinearity of evaluated traits
SP  - 81
EP  - 82
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1324
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Babić, Vojka and Nikolić, Valentina and Babić, Milosav and Kravić, Natalija and Pavlov, Jovan and Čamdžija, Zoran and Filipović, Milomir",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Genetska konstitucija, uslovi gajenja, uključujući agrotehniku i manipulaciju
posle žetve, utiču na kvalitet zrna kukuruza. Zahtevi za kvalitet se razlikuju od
jedne do druge upotrebe i uvek moraju biti definisani u skladu sa metodama koje
se primenjuju u preradi i korišćenju. Ciljevi ovog istraživanja bili su da se : i) procene prinos, komponente prinosa i kvaliteta zrna šest elitnih hibrida kukuruza,
ispitivanih tokom 5 godina u mikro i makro ogledima; ii) utvrde međusobni odnosi
ispitivanih osobina u zavisnosti od efekta hibrida, godine i roditeljskih komponti.
Efekat godine je u velikoj meri uticao na varijaciju svih ispitivanih parametara,
efekat oca nije bio statistički značajan za komponente prinosa, dok su efekti i oca i
majke bili značajni za većinu ispitivanih osobina kvaliteta. PCA analiza je ukazala
na značajan uticaj genetske konstitucije hibrida na fizičke parametre i strukturu
zrna. Hibridi oca LM3 imali su veću apsolutnu masu, udeo mekog endosperma
i otpornost na mlevenje, a niži indeks apsorpcije vode i udeo perikarpa. Hibridi
majke LF2 su imali veći udeo endosperma, dok su hibridi majke LF1 imali veći udeo
klice i ulja u zrnu. Rezultati su ukazali da je moguće simultano oplemenjivanje na
povećanje skroba i proteina (uz povećanje prinosa), kao i oplemenjivanje na povećanje sadržaja proteina i ulja (uz smanjenje prinosa). Istovremeno oplemenjivanje
u pravcu povećanja sadržaja skroba i ulja bilo bi otežano višestrukim negativnim
odnosima ove dve osobine. Međutim, iako su utvrđene statistički značajne razlike
u parametrima kvaliteta, one nisu napravile kvalitativnu razliku u proizvodnim
ogledima. Zbog toga je potrebno formirati posebne programe oplemenjivanja za
različite namene., Genetic background, environmental conditions, agricultural practices and
post-harvesting influence maize grain quality. The quality requirements differ
from one use to another, and need to be defined in accordance with the methods
applied in processing and utilisation. The objectives of this research were: i) to
evaluate yield and grain quality traits of six elite maize hybrids, tested during 5-year
micro and macro trials; ii) to determine the evaluated traits relationshipaccording
to hybrid-, year- and parental components-dependence pattern. The year effect
greatly influenced the variation of all examined parameters, the male effect was not
significant for yield components, while the effects of both, male and female parent
were significant for most of the examined quality traits. PC analysis indicated a
significant effect of the hybrid’s genetic composition on physical parameters and
kernel structure. Hybrids of male LM3 had higher 1000 kernelweight, portion of
soft endosperm and resistance to grinding, and lower water absorption index and
pericarp portion. Hybrids of female LF2 had a higher portion of endosperm, while
hybrids of female LF1 had higher portion of germ and oil in the grain. Accordingly,
simultaneous breeding for increased starch and protein resulted in yield increase,
forincrease protein and oil content in yield reduction, while simultaneous breeding
for increased starch and oil content is hampered by multiple negative relationships.
Although significant differences in quality parameters were determined, they did
not make a qualitative difference in production trials. Therefore, it is necessary to
form special breeding programmes for different purposes.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 8. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16.-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata",
title = "Prinos i parametri kvaliteta zrna elitnih hibrida kukuruza, diverzitet i multikolinearnost ispitivanih osobina, Grain yield and grain quality of elite maize hybrids, diversity and multicollinearity of evaluated traits",
pages = "81-82",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1324"
}
Babić, V., Nikolić, V., Babić, M., Kravić, N., Pavlov, J., Čamdžija, Z.,& Filipović, M.. (2023). Prinos i parametri kvaliteta zrna elitnih hibrida kukuruza, diverzitet i multikolinearnost ispitivanih osobina. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 8. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16.-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 81-82.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1324
Babić V, Nikolić V, Babić M, Kravić N, Pavlov J, Čamdžija Z, Filipović M. Prinos i parametri kvaliteta zrna elitnih hibrida kukuruza, diverzitet i multikolinearnost ispitivanih osobina. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 8. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16.-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata. 2023;:81-82.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1324 .
Babić, Vojka, Nikolić, Valentina, Babić, Milosav, Kravić, Natalija, Pavlov, Jovan, Čamdžija, Zoran, Filipović, Milomir, "Prinos i parametri kvaliteta zrna elitnih hibrida kukuruza, diverzitet i multikolinearnost ispitivanih osobina" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 8. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16.-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata (2023):81-82,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1324 .

Total sugar content in soybean grain and its relationship with protein, oil and fibers

Peric, Vesna; Nikolić, Valentina; Simic, Marijana; Zilic, Sladjana; Tabaković, Marijenka; Ristic, Danijela; Kostadinović, Marija

(Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture, 2023)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Peric, Vesna
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Simic, Marijana
AU  - Zilic, Sladjana
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Ristic, Danijela
AU  - Kostadinović, Marija
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1328
AB  - Soybean grain is one of the most important food and feed sources, containing approximately
40% protein, 20% oil, 35% carbohydrates and 5% minerals. The proportion of seed
composition determines the uses of soybean. High-oil varieties are recommended for oil and
soy-diesel industries, while food production usually requires lower oil, but higher protein and
sugar contents.High level of sucrose, glucose, and fructose provides sweet taste and
favourable flavour of soyproducts. The aim of the study was to evaluate 10 soybean
genotypes (released cultivars and experimental lines) developed at the Maize Research
Institute Zemun Polje by analysing their chemical composition and biochemical properties
and determining the correlations between the observed parameters. The highest content of
total fibre (NDF) was found in cultivar Lidija (22.75%), while the lowest was noted for line
L193 (10.10%). Total proteins varied from 37.82% in variety Laura to 42.03% in cultivar
Selena, while oil content reached values from 19.9% in L0161 to 22.05% in cultivar
Laura.Total sugar content ranged from 6.48% in cultivar Laura to 11.52% in line L0161.
Accordingly, the lowest (5.43%) and the highest (10.31%) sucrose content was observed for
latter genotypes, confirming highly positive correlation between total sugar content and
sucrose level (0.99).A negative correlation between total sugars and total fibre was observed
(-0.37), as well as a negative correlation (-0.69) between total sugars and oil in soybean grain.
Relationship between grain sugars and protein was extremely low (0.10), suggesting that
improvement of sugars may not necessarily affect protein. A line L0161 was identified as a
unique germplasm line with favourable seed composition, containing the highest level of
sucrose and total sugar, minimum oil and above average protein content (39.87%).
PB  - Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture
T2  - 14. international scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2023" - Book of abstracts
T1  - Total sugar content in soybean grain and its relationship with protein, oil and fibers
EP  - 225
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1328
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Peric, Vesna and Nikolić, Valentina and Simic, Marijana and Zilic, Sladjana and Tabaković, Marijenka and Ristic, Danijela and Kostadinović, Marija",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Soybean grain is one of the most important food and feed sources, containing approximately
40% protein, 20% oil, 35% carbohydrates and 5% minerals. The proportion of seed
composition determines the uses of soybean. High-oil varieties are recommended for oil and
soy-diesel industries, while food production usually requires lower oil, but higher protein and
sugar contents.High level of sucrose, glucose, and fructose provides sweet taste and
favourable flavour of soyproducts. The aim of the study was to evaluate 10 soybean
genotypes (released cultivars and experimental lines) developed at the Maize Research
Institute Zemun Polje by analysing their chemical composition and biochemical properties
and determining the correlations between the observed parameters. The highest content of
total fibre (NDF) was found in cultivar Lidija (22.75%), while the lowest was noted for line
L193 (10.10%). Total proteins varied from 37.82% in variety Laura to 42.03% in cultivar
Selena, while oil content reached values from 19.9% in L0161 to 22.05% in cultivar
Laura.Total sugar content ranged from 6.48% in cultivar Laura to 11.52% in line L0161.
Accordingly, the lowest (5.43%) and the highest (10.31%) sucrose content was observed for
latter genotypes, confirming highly positive correlation between total sugar content and
sucrose level (0.99).A negative correlation between total sugars and total fibre was observed
(-0.37), as well as a negative correlation (-0.69) between total sugars and oil in soybean grain.
Relationship between grain sugars and protein was extremely low (0.10), suggesting that
improvement of sugars may not necessarily affect protein. A line L0161 was identified as a
unique germplasm line with favourable seed composition, containing the highest level of
sucrose and total sugar, minimum oil and above average protein content (39.87%).",
publisher = "Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture",
journal = "14. international scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2023" - Book of abstracts",
title = "Total sugar content in soybean grain and its relationship with protein, oil and fibers",
pages = "225",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1328"
}
Peric, V., Nikolić, V., Simic, M., Zilic, S., Tabaković, M., Ristic, D.,& Kostadinović, M.. (2023). Total sugar content in soybean grain and its relationship with protein, oil and fibers. in 14. international scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2023" - Book of abstracts
Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture..
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1328
Peric V, Nikolić V, Simic M, Zilic S, Tabaković M, Ristic D, Kostadinović M. Total sugar content in soybean grain and its relationship with protein, oil and fibers. in 14. international scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2023" - Book of abstracts. 2023;:null-225.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1328 .
Peric, Vesna, Nikolić, Valentina, Simic, Marijana, Zilic, Sladjana, Tabaković, Marijenka, Ristic, Danijela, Kostadinović, Marija, "Total sugar content in soybean grain and its relationship with protein, oil and fibers" in 14. international scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2023" - Book of abstracts (2023),
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1328 .

Effects of essential oils of oregano, lavender and cinnamon on the germination of creeping thistle (Cirsum arvense L.).

Tabaković, Marijenka; Dragicevic, Vesna; Šenk, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Stanisavljević, Rade; Poštić, Dobrivoj; Oro, Violeta

(Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture, 2023)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Dragicevic, Vesna
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Poštić, Dobrivoj
AU  - Oro, Violeta
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1329
AB  - Weeds are an important challenge in agriculture significantly reducing crop yields. The use of
pesticides in conventional agriculture to control weeds is associated with environmental and
health risks, which has led to interest in more environmentally friendly methods of weed
control. The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of the use of essential oils as
an alternative for controlling invasive weed species. The effect of essential oils of oregano
(Origanum vulgare L.), lavender (Lavandula officinalis L.) and cinnamon (Cinnamomum
zeilanicum L.) on the germination of creeping thistle (Cirsum arvense L.) seeds was
investigated. Germination tests were performed in a germination chamber at 4 °C for 21 days,
as well as at 25 °C (day) and 15 °C (dark) for seven days. Each essential oil was applied at
four concentrations — 1%, 0.5%, 0.2% and 0.01% — and water as a control. Cirsium arvense
seeds were completely prevented from germinating when exposed to treatments containing
high amounts of EO essential oils (1% and 0.5%). The most effective oil at a concentration of
0.2% to prevent seed germination was cinnamon oil, which had a 30% germination success
rate. Oregano and lavender were next, with 31% and 35% germination success. The lowest
concentration applied to creeping thistle seed for all oils was similar. The average number of
germinating seeds in a concentration of 0.01% was 45%. The obtained results show that it is
possible to use essential oils as natural pesticides to control various weeds in sustainable
agriculture.
PB  - Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture
T2  - 14. international scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2023" - Book of abstracts
T1  - Effects of essential oils of oregano, lavender and cinnamon on the germination of creeping thistle (Cirsum arvense L.).
EP  - 414
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1329
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Tabaković, Marijenka and Dragicevic, Vesna and Šenk, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Stanisavljević, Rade and Poštić, Dobrivoj and Oro, Violeta",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Weeds are an important challenge in agriculture significantly reducing crop yields. The use of
pesticides in conventional agriculture to control weeds is associated with environmental and
health risks, which has led to interest in more environmentally friendly methods of weed
control. The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of the use of essential oils as
an alternative for controlling invasive weed species. The effect of essential oils of oregano
(Origanum vulgare L.), lavender (Lavandula officinalis L.) and cinnamon (Cinnamomum
zeilanicum L.) on the germination of creeping thistle (Cirsum arvense L.) seeds was
investigated. Germination tests were performed in a germination chamber at 4 °C for 21 days,
as well as at 25 °C (day) and 15 °C (dark) for seven days. Each essential oil was applied at
four concentrations — 1%, 0.5%, 0.2% and 0.01% — and water as a control. Cirsium arvense
seeds were completely prevented from germinating when exposed to treatments containing
high amounts of EO essential oils (1% and 0.5%). The most effective oil at a concentration of
0.2% to prevent seed germination was cinnamon oil, which had a 30% germination success
rate. Oregano and lavender were next, with 31% and 35% germination success. The lowest
concentration applied to creeping thistle seed for all oils was similar. The average number of
germinating seeds in a concentration of 0.01% was 45%. The obtained results show that it is
possible to use essential oils as natural pesticides to control various weeds in sustainable
agriculture.",
publisher = "Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture",
journal = "14. international scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2023" - Book of abstracts",
title = "Effects of essential oils of oregano, lavender and cinnamon on the germination of creeping thistle (Cirsum arvense L.).",
pages = "414",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1329"
}
Tabaković, M., Dragicevic, V., Šenk, M., Brankov, M., Stanisavljević, R., Poštić, D.,& Oro, V.. (2023). Effects of essential oils of oregano, lavender and cinnamon on the germination of creeping thistle (Cirsum arvense L.).. in 14. international scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2023" - Book of abstracts
Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture..
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1329
Tabaković M, Dragicevic V, Šenk M, Brankov M, Stanisavljević R, Poštić D, Oro V. Effects of essential oils of oregano, lavender and cinnamon on the germination of creeping thistle (Cirsum arvense L.).. in 14. international scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2023" - Book of abstracts. 2023;:null-414.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1329 .
Tabaković, Marijenka, Dragicevic, Vesna, Šenk, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Stanisavljević, Rade, Poštić, Dobrivoj, Oro, Violeta, "Effects of essential oils of oregano, lavender and cinnamon on the germination of creeping thistle (Cirsum arvense L.)." in 14. international scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2023" - Book of abstracts (2023),
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1329 .

Functionality and Application of Colored Cereals, Chapter 4: Colored cereals: Food applications

Žilić, Slađana; Simić, Marijana; Nikolić, Valentina

(Academic Press, 2023)

TY  - CHAP
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1336
AB  - In this chapter, an overview of the results related to the food applications of colored cereals such as black, blue, purple, pink and red maize, rice, wheat, barley, oat, sorghum, and millet is presented. Anthocyanins are the largest group of pigments in cereal synthesized in grain outer layers, i.e., pericarp and/or aleurone. Interest in anthocyanin-rich cereals has intensified because of their possible health benefits. Anthocyanins have demonstrated antioxidant potential in both in vitro and in vivo studies, and the consumption of foods high in anthocyanins has been linked to lower risks of chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. Rich in anthocyanin, colored cereals can be used as functional food ingredients, dietary supplements, and sources of natural food colorants in the food and beverage industry that will be discussed in this chapter.
PB  - Academic Press
T2  - Functionality and Application of Colored Cereals
T1  - Functionality and Application of Colored Cereals, Chapter 4: Colored cereals: Food applications
SP  - 73
EP  - 109
DO  - 10.1016/B978-0-323-99733-1.09992-1
ER  - 
@inbook{
author = "Žilić, Slađana and Simić, Marijana and Nikolić, Valentina",
year = "2023",
abstract = "In this chapter, an overview of the results related to the food applications of colored cereals such as black, blue, purple, pink and red maize, rice, wheat, barley, oat, sorghum, and millet is presented. Anthocyanins are the largest group of pigments in cereal synthesized in grain outer layers, i.e., pericarp and/or aleurone. Interest in anthocyanin-rich cereals has intensified because of their possible health benefits. Anthocyanins have demonstrated antioxidant potential in both in vitro and in vivo studies, and the consumption of foods high in anthocyanins has been linked to lower risks of chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. Rich in anthocyanin, colored cereals can be used as functional food ingredients, dietary supplements, and sources of natural food colorants in the food and beverage industry that will be discussed in this chapter.",
publisher = "Academic Press",
journal = "Functionality and Application of Colored Cereals",
booktitle = "Functionality and Application of Colored Cereals, Chapter 4: Colored cereals: Food applications",
pages = "73-109",
doi = "10.1016/B978-0-323-99733-1.09992-1"
}
Žilić, S., Simić, M.,& Nikolić, V.. (2023). Functionality and Application of Colored Cereals, Chapter 4: Colored cereals: Food applications. in Functionality and Application of Colored Cereals
Academic Press., 73-109.
https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-99733-1.09992-1
Žilić S, Simić M, Nikolić V. Functionality and Application of Colored Cereals, Chapter 4: Colored cereals: Food applications. in Functionality and Application of Colored Cereals. 2023;:73-109.
doi:10.1016/B978-0-323-99733-1.09992-1 .
Žilić, Slađana, Simić, Marijana, Nikolić, Valentina, "Functionality and Application of Colored Cereals, Chapter 4: Colored cereals: Food applications" in Functionality and Application of Colored Cereals (2023):73-109,
https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-99733-1.09992-1 . .

Molekularna identifikacija vrste Fusarium verticillioides patogena zrna strnih žita

Savić, Iva; Lucev, Milica; Nikolić, Ana; Kandić, Vesna; Vico, Ivana; Duduk, Natasa; Stanković, Slavica

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Lucev, Milica
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Vico, Ivana
AU  - Duduk, Natasa
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1326
AB  - Gljive roda Fusarium spadaju u grupu ekonomski značajnih prouzrokovača fuzarioze klasa strnih žita. Vrsta Fusarium verticillioides je kosmopolitski rasprostranjena, ekonomski značajna i toksigena vrsta. Primarni domaćin ove vrste je kukuruz, ali je njeno prisustvo zabeleženo i na pšenici, durum pšenici i ječmu.
Za potrebe izolacije DNK zasejano je 36 izolata Fusarium spp. koji su gajeni na KDA podlozi, 7 dana u termostatu pri temperaturi od 25°C.
Molekularna identifikacija i karakterizacija izvršena je primenom prajmera specifičnih za vrstu F. verticillioides. Specifični prajmeri koji su korišćeni za identifikaciju su VER1/VER2, zasnovani na genu za kalmodulin, i FV-F2/FV-FR, zasnovani na gaoB genu. Odabranih 14 izolata je okarakterisano na osnovu tri regiona: ITS regiona primenom prajmera ITS1 i ITS4. ITS region je univerzalni region za identifikaciju gljiva. Zatim, izolati su okarakterisani i na osnovu delu gena za elongacioni faktor (TEF 1-α regiona) pomoću prajmera EF1/EF2. TEF 1-α region je primarni region za identifikaciju vrste F. verticillioides. Takođe identifikacija je izvršena i na osnovu delu gena za RNK polimerazu (RPB2) primenom 7cf/11ar prajmera. RPB2 region je sekundarni barkod marker za identifikaciju vrste F. verticillioides. Sekvenciranjem tri regiona dobijene su sekvence na osnovu kojih su rekonstruisana filogenetska stabla za svaki region posebno. 
Od 36 izolata, kod 14 izolata dobijeni su amplikoni očekivanih veličina sa prajmerima VER1/VER2 i FV-F2/FV-R. Identifikacija ovih izolata potvrđena je i na osnovu sva tri regiona (ITS, TEF1-α i RPB2).
AB  - Fungi of the genus Fusarium belong to the group of economically important species that cause fusariosis on small grain cereals. The species Fusarium verticillioides is a cosmopolitan, economically important and toxigenic species. The primary host of this species is maize, but its presence has also been detected on wheat, durum wheat and barley.
For the purposes of DNA isolation, 36 isolates of Fusarium spp. were grown on PDA medium, for 7 days in a thermostat at a temperature of 25°C.
Molecular identification and characterization was performed using primers specific for the species F. verticillioides. The specific primers used for identification were VER1/VER2, based on the calmodulin gene, and FV-F2/FV-FR, based on the gaoB gene. The selected 14 isolates were characterized based on three regions: ITS region using primers ITS1 and ITS4. The ITS region is a universal region for fungal identification. Then, the isolates were characterized based on part of the elongation factor gene (TEF 1-α region) using EF1/EF2 primers. The TEF 1-α region is the primary region for identification F. verticillioides. Identification was also performed based on part of the gene for RNA polymerase (RPB2) using the 7cf/11ar primer. The RPB2 region is a secondary barcode marker for species identification of F. verticillioides. By sequencing three regions, sequences were obtained on the basis of which phylogenetic trees were reconstructed for each region separately.
Out of 36 isolates, 14 isolates obtained amplicons of expected sizes with primers VER1/VER2 and FV-F2/FV-R. The identification of these isolates was confirmed based on all three regions (ITS, TEF1-α and RPB2).
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
T1  - Molekularna identifikacija vrste Fusarium verticillioides patogena zrna strnih žita
T1  - Molecular identification of Fusarium verticillioides pathogen of small grain kernels
SP  - 69
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1326
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Savić, Iva and Lucev, Milica and Nikolić, Ana and Kandić, Vesna and Vico, Ivana and Duduk, Natasa and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Gljive roda Fusarium spadaju u grupu ekonomski značajnih prouzrokovača fuzarioze klasa strnih žita. Vrsta Fusarium verticillioides je kosmopolitski rasprostranjena, ekonomski značajna i toksigena vrsta. Primarni domaćin ove vrste je kukuruz, ali je njeno prisustvo zabeleženo i na pšenici, durum pšenici i ječmu.
Za potrebe izolacije DNK zasejano je 36 izolata Fusarium spp. koji su gajeni na KDA podlozi, 7 dana u termostatu pri temperaturi od 25°C.
Molekularna identifikacija i karakterizacija izvršena je primenom prajmera specifičnih za vrstu F. verticillioides. Specifični prajmeri koji su korišćeni za identifikaciju su VER1/VER2, zasnovani na genu za kalmodulin, i FV-F2/FV-FR, zasnovani na gaoB genu. Odabranih 14 izolata je okarakterisano na osnovu tri regiona: ITS regiona primenom prajmera ITS1 i ITS4. ITS region je univerzalni region za identifikaciju gljiva. Zatim, izolati su okarakterisani i na osnovu delu gena za elongacioni faktor (TEF 1-α regiona) pomoću prajmera EF1/EF2. TEF 1-α region je primarni region za identifikaciju vrste F. verticillioides. Takođe identifikacija je izvršena i na osnovu delu gena za RNK polimerazu (RPB2) primenom 7cf/11ar prajmera. RPB2 region je sekundarni barkod marker za identifikaciju vrste F. verticillioides. Sekvenciranjem tri regiona dobijene su sekvence na osnovu kojih su rekonstruisana filogenetska stabla za svaki region posebno. 
Od 36 izolata, kod 14 izolata dobijeni su amplikoni očekivanih veličina sa prajmerima VER1/VER2 i FV-F2/FV-R. Identifikacija ovih izolata potvrđena je i na osnovu sva tri regiona (ITS, TEF1-α i RPB2)., Fungi of the genus Fusarium belong to the group of economically important species that cause fusariosis on small grain cereals. The species Fusarium verticillioides is a cosmopolitan, economically important and toxigenic species. The primary host of this species is maize, but its presence has also been detected on wheat, durum wheat and barley.
For the purposes of DNA isolation, 36 isolates of Fusarium spp. were grown on PDA medium, for 7 days in a thermostat at a temperature of 25°C.
Molecular identification and characterization was performed using primers specific for the species F. verticillioides. The specific primers used for identification were VER1/VER2, based on the calmodulin gene, and FV-F2/FV-FR, based on the gaoB gene. The selected 14 isolates were characterized based on three regions: ITS region using primers ITS1 and ITS4. The ITS region is a universal region for fungal identification. Then, the isolates were characterized based on part of the elongation factor gene (TEF 1-α region) using EF1/EF2 primers. The TEF 1-α region is the primary region for identification F. verticillioides. Identification was also performed based on part of the gene for RNA polymerase (RPB2) using the 7cf/11ar primer. The RPB2 region is a secondary barcode marker for species identification of F. verticillioides. By sequencing three regions, sequences were obtained on the basis of which phylogenetic trees were reconstructed for each region separately.
Out of 36 isolates, 14 isolates obtained amplicons of expected sizes with primers VER1/VER2 and FV-F2/FV-R. The identification of these isolates was confirmed based on all three regions (ITS, TEF1-α and RPB2).",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta",
title = "Molekularna identifikacija vrste Fusarium verticillioides patogena zrna strnih žita, Molecular identification of Fusarium verticillioides pathogen of small grain kernels",
pages = "69",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1326"
}
Savić, I., Lucev, M., Nikolić, A., Kandić, V., Vico, I., Duduk, N.,& Stanković, S.. (2023). Molekularna identifikacija vrste Fusarium verticillioides patogena zrna strnih žita. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 69.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1326
Savić I, Lucev M, Nikolić A, Kandić V, Vico I, Duduk N, Stanković S. Molekularna identifikacija vrste Fusarium verticillioides patogena zrna strnih žita. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta. 2023;:69.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1326 .
Savić, Iva, Lucev, Milica, Nikolić, Ana, Kandić, Vesna, Vico, Ivana, Duduk, Natasa, Stanković, Slavica, "Molekularna identifikacija vrste Fusarium verticillioides patogena zrna strnih žita" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta (2023):69,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1326 .

Influence of intercropping and bio-fertilizer on the level of antioxidants in soybean and common millet grains

Šenk, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Peric, Vesna; Tabaković, Marijenka; Dragicevic, Vesna; Simić, Milena

(Sarajevo: University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Peric, Vesna
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Dragicevic, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1306
AB  - While climate change severely affects food production and its security, each practice which boost yield and quality of crops in an eco-friendly way is required. Soybean (S) and common millet (M) present valuable crops regarding nutritive quality of grains, and their intercropping (IC) can be used to enhance performance of both crops in a sustainable way. Field experiment was performed during 2018 and 2020, as completely randomized block design. Three combinations of intercrops: S-M, SS-MM and SS-MMMM, as well as sole crops were included in trial. Additionally, the influence of bio-fertilizer Coveron (containing Glomus sp., Trichoderma atroviride and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria) was also investigated. The quality of grains was determined by measuring the level of three important antioxidants: yellow pigment - YP, total phenolic compounds - TPC and phytic phosphorus - PPhy. In terms of soybean, IC was insignificant for variability in concentration of antioxidants, while in millet grains, concentrations of Pphy, TPC and YP were significantly affected by IC. Pphy and TPC levels were mainly increased by IC, but not YP level. The only combination that influenced simultaneous increase of all three parameters was SS-MM combination. Consequently, this planting pattern is suggested as an effective for increasing antioxidants level in millet grain. On the other side, BF significantly affected only Pphy in soybean, increasing its concentration, which proved positive effect of BF on enhanced phosphorus availability and accumulation in grain. These findings indicate the importance of planting pattern in managing nutritive quality of grains, emphasizing 1:1 ratio set as alternating strips in soybean-common millet intercropping.
PB  - Sarajevo: University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture
C3  - XIV International Scientific Agriculture Symposium "Agrosym 2023", 5-8. October 2023., Jahorina, BiH - Book of abstracts
T1  - Influence of intercropping and bio-fertilizer on the level of antioxidants in soybean and common millet grains
SP  - 210
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1306
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Šenk, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Peric, Vesna and Tabaković, Marijenka and Dragicevic, Vesna and Simić, Milena",
year = "2023",
abstract = "While climate change severely affects food production and its security, each practice which boost yield and quality of crops in an eco-friendly way is required. Soybean (S) and common millet (M) present valuable crops regarding nutritive quality of grains, and their intercropping (IC) can be used to enhance performance of both crops in a sustainable way. Field experiment was performed during 2018 and 2020, as completely randomized block design. Three combinations of intercrops: S-M, SS-MM and SS-MMMM, as well as sole crops were included in trial. Additionally, the influence of bio-fertilizer Coveron (containing Glomus sp., Trichoderma atroviride and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria) was also investigated. The quality of grains was determined by measuring the level of three important antioxidants: yellow pigment - YP, total phenolic compounds - TPC and phytic phosphorus - PPhy. In terms of soybean, IC was insignificant for variability in concentration of antioxidants, while in millet grains, concentrations of Pphy, TPC and YP were significantly affected by IC. Pphy and TPC levels were mainly increased by IC, but not YP level. The only combination that influenced simultaneous increase of all three parameters was SS-MM combination. Consequently, this planting pattern is suggested as an effective for increasing antioxidants level in millet grain. On the other side, BF significantly affected only Pphy in soybean, increasing its concentration, which proved positive effect of BF on enhanced phosphorus availability and accumulation in grain. These findings indicate the importance of planting pattern in managing nutritive quality of grains, emphasizing 1:1 ratio set as alternating strips in soybean-common millet intercropping.",
publisher = "Sarajevo: University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture",
journal = "XIV International Scientific Agriculture Symposium "Agrosym 2023", 5-8. October 2023., Jahorina, BiH - Book of abstracts",
title = "Influence of intercropping and bio-fertilizer on the level of antioxidants in soybean and common millet grains",
pages = "210",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1306"
}
Šenk, M., Brankov, M., Peric, V., Tabaković, M., Dragicevic, V.,& Simić, M.. (2023). Influence of intercropping and bio-fertilizer on the level of antioxidants in soybean and common millet grains. in XIV International Scientific Agriculture Symposium "Agrosym 2023", 5-8. October 2023., Jahorina, BiH - Book of abstracts
Sarajevo: University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture., 210.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1306
Šenk M, Brankov M, Peric V, Tabaković M, Dragicevic V, Simić M. Influence of intercropping and bio-fertilizer on the level of antioxidants in soybean and common millet grains. in XIV International Scientific Agriculture Symposium "Agrosym 2023", 5-8. October 2023., Jahorina, BiH - Book of abstracts. 2023;:210.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1306 .
Šenk, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Peric, Vesna, Tabaković, Marijenka, Dragicevic, Vesna, Simić, Milena, "Influence of intercropping and bio-fertilizer on the level of antioxidants in soybean and common millet grains" in XIV International Scientific Agriculture Symposium "Agrosym 2023", 5-8. October 2023., Jahorina, BiH - Book of abstracts (2023):210,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1306 .

Uticaj združivanja soje i prosa na iznošenje elemenata sa prinosom

Šenk, Milena; Simic, Milena; Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka; Brankov, Milan; Peric, Vesna; Tabaković, Marijenka; Dragicevic, Vesna

(Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Peric, Vesna
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Dragicevic, Vesna
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1308
AB  - Здруживање усева представља једну од одрживих пракси пољопривреде. Посебан значај огледа се у повећању квалитета зрна, услед побољшане искористивости земљишних ресурса код комплементарних усева. Мера ефикасности оваквог система најбоље се исказује преко односа еквивалената земљишта (ЛЕР), док се принос елемената у зрну може пратити помоћу Е-ЛЕР-а (елементарни однос еквивалената земљишта). Циљ истраживања био је испитивање утицаја здруживања соје и проса на Е-ЛЕР (Ca, Mg, S, B, Al, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Se, Mo) у зрну како би се утврдио ефекат и комплементарност наведених врста. Соја и просо су посејани у 3 комбинације: наизменични редови соје и проса (С-М), наизменичне траке 2 реда соје и 2 реда проса (СС-ММ) и наизменичне траке 2 реда соје и 4 реда проса (СС-ММММ), паралено са самосталним (контролним) усевима, 2018. и 2020. године. Осим комбиновања, испитиван је и утицај био-ђубрива Coveron (БФ). Резултати су показали да је СС-ММ+БФ комбинација најефикаснија, с обзиром да су вредности Е-ЛЕР-а за све испитиване елементе веће од 1, што указује на укупно повећање приноса сваког од елемената. У овој комбинацији највише вредности су добијене за Mn-ЛЕР (1.67), Fe-ЛЕР (1.66) и Ca-ЛЕР (1.60). Упоређујући огледне комбинације без био-ђубрива, СС-ММ се и овде издвојила као најпогоднија, са вишим вредностима Е-ЛЕР-а у односу на друге две комбинације (највише вредности су добијене за B-ЛЕР, Mn-ЛЕР и Fe-ЛЕР, 1.38, 1.34 и 1.34, респективно). Здруживање усева у другачијим односима дало је вредности Е-ЛЕР-а близу 1 за већину елемената. На основу добијених резултата може се закључити да су соја и просо компатибилне врсте за здруживање, као и да комбинација 2 реда соје и 2 реда проса обезбеђује највиши однос еквивалената елемената, односно акумулацију елемената у зрну
испитиваних врста, позитивно се одражавајући на квалитет зрна.
AB  - The intercropping presents prominent sustainable agricultural practice. Its particular importance is
reflected through increased grain quality due to improved use of land resources by inter, i.e. complementary crops. The measure of efficiency of such system is expressed in the best way through the land equivalent ratio (LER), while the yield of elements in grain can be monitored using E-LER (element land equivalent ratio). The aim of research was to examine the impact of soybean-common millet intercropping on E-LER (Ca, Mg, S, B, Al, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Se, Mo) of grain, in order to determine the effect and complementarity of crops. Soybean and millet were sown in 3 combinations: alternating rows (S-М), alternating strips with 2 rows of soybean and 2 rows of millet (SS-ММ) and alternating strips with 2 rows of soybean and 4 rows of millet (SS-ММММ), together with sole crops (control), during 2018 and 2020. The impact of bio-fertilizer Coveron (BF) was also investigated. The results showed that SS-MM+BF combination is the most efficient considering values of E-LER which are higher than 1 for all examined elements, indicating a total increase in the yield of each of the elements. In this combination the highest values were obtained for Mn-LER (1.67), Fe-LER (1.66) and Ca-LER (1.60). Comparing experimental combinations without BF, SS-MM also stood out as the most efficient, with higher E-LER values compared to the other two combinations (the highest values were obtained for B-LER, Mn-LER and Fe-LER, 1.38, 1.34 and 1.34, respectively). Other intercrop combinations gave values of E-LER close to 1 for most elements. Based on the obtained results, it can be concluded that soybean and common millet are compatible crops for intercropping. The combination of 2 rows of soybean and 2 rows of millet provides the highest E-LER values, i.e. accumulation of elements in grains, which positively reflects on grain quality.
PB  - Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture
C3  - XI Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem “Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji”, 12-13. oktobar 2023., Beograd, Srbija - Zbornik izvoda
T1  - Uticaj združivanja soje i prosa na iznošenje elemenata sa prinosom
T1  - Утицај здруживања соје и проса на изношење елемената са приносом
T1  - Impact of soybean-common millet intercropping on element land equivalent ratio
SP  - 94
EP  - 95
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1308
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Šenk, Milena and Simic, Milena and Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka and Brankov, Milan and Peric, Vesna and Tabaković, Marijenka and Dragicevic, Vesna",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Здруживање усева представља једну од одрживих пракси пољопривреде. Посебан значај огледа се у повећању квалитета зрна, услед побољшане искористивости земљишних ресурса код комплементарних усева. Мера ефикасности оваквог система најбоље се исказује преко односа еквивалената земљишта (ЛЕР), док се принос елемената у зрну може пратити помоћу Е-ЛЕР-а (елементарни однос еквивалената земљишта). Циљ истраживања био је испитивање утицаја здруживања соје и проса на Е-ЛЕР (Ca, Mg, S, B, Al, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Se, Mo) у зрну како би се утврдио ефекат и комплементарност наведених врста. Соја и просо су посејани у 3 комбинације: наизменични редови соје и проса (С-М), наизменичне траке 2 реда соје и 2 реда проса (СС-ММ) и наизменичне траке 2 реда соје и 4 реда проса (СС-ММММ), паралено са самосталним (контролним) усевима, 2018. и 2020. године. Осим комбиновања, испитиван је и утицај био-ђубрива Coveron (БФ). Резултати су показали да је СС-ММ+БФ комбинација најефикаснија, с обзиром да су вредности Е-ЛЕР-а за све испитиване елементе веће од 1, што указује на укупно повећање приноса сваког од елемената. У овој комбинацији највише вредности су добијене за Mn-ЛЕР (1.67), Fe-ЛЕР (1.66) и Ca-ЛЕР (1.60). Упоређујући огледне комбинације без био-ђубрива, СС-ММ се и овде издвојила као најпогоднија, са вишим вредностима Е-ЛЕР-а у односу на друге две комбинације (највише вредности су добијене за B-ЛЕР, Mn-ЛЕР и Fe-ЛЕР, 1.38, 1.34 и 1.34, респективно). Здруживање усева у другачијим односима дало је вредности Е-ЛЕР-а близу 1 за већину елемената. На основу добијених резултата може се закључити да су соја и просо компатибилне врсте за здруживање, као и да комбинација 2 реда соје и 2 реда проса обезбеђује највиши однос еквивалената елемената, односно акумулацију елемената у зрну
испитиваних врста, позитивно се одражавајући на квалитет зрна., The intercropping presents prominent sustainable agricultural practice. Its particular importance is
reflected through increased grain quality due to improved use of land resources by inter, i.e. complementary crops. The measure of efficiency of such system is expressed in the best way through the land equivalent ratio (LER), while the yield of elements in grain can be monitored using E-LER (element land equivalent ratio). The aim of research was to examine the impact of soybean-common millet intercropping on E-LER (Ca, Mg, S, B, Al, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Se, Mo) of grain, in order to determine the effect and complementarity of crops. Soybean and millet were sown in 3 combinations: alternating rows (S-М), alternating strips with 2 rows of soybean and 2 rows of millet (SS-ММ) and alternating strips with 2 rows of soybean and 4 rows of millet (SS-ММММ), together with sole crops (control), during 2018 and 2020. The impact of bio-fertilizer Coveron (BF) was also investigated. The results showed that SS-MM+BF combination is the most efficient considering values of E-LER which are higher than 1 for all examined elements, indicating a total increase in the yield of each of the elements. In this combination the highest values were obtained for Mn-LER (1.67), Fe-LER (1.66) and Ca-LER (1.60). Comparing experimental combinations without BF, SS-MM also stood out as the most efficient, with higher E-LER values compared to the other two combinations (the highest values were obtained for B-LER, Mn-LER and Fe-LER, 1.38, 1.34 and 1.34, respectively). Other intercrop combinations gave values of E-LER close to 1 for most elements. Based on the obtained results, it can be concluded that soybean and common millet are compatible crops for intercropping. The combination of 2 rows of soybean and 2 rows of millet provides the highest E-LER values, i.e. accumulation of elements in grains, which positively reflects on grain quality.",
publisher = "Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture",
journal = "XI Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem “Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji”, 12-13. oktobar 2023., Beograd, Srbija - Zbornik izvoda",
title = "Uticaj združivanja soje i prosa na iznošenje elemenata sa prinosom, Утицај здруживања соје и проса на изношење елемената са приносом, Impact of soybean-common millet intercropping on element land equivalent ratio",
pages = "94-95",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1308"
}
Šenk, M., Simic, M., Milojković-Opsenica, D., Brankov, M., Peric, V., Tabaković, M.,& Dragicevic, V.. (2023). Uticaj združivanja soje i prosa na iznošenje elemenata sa prinosom. in XI Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem “Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji”, 12-13. oktobar 2023., Beograd, Srbija - Zbornik izvoda
Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture., 94-95.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1308
Šenk M, Simic M, Milojković-Opsenica D, Brankov M, Peric V, Tabaković M, Dragicevic V. Uticaj združivanja soje i prosa na iznošenje elemenata sa prinosom. in XI Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem “Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji”, 12-13. oktobar 2023., Beograd, Srbija - Zbornik izvoda. 2023;:94-95.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1308 .
Šenk, Milena, Simic, Milena, Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka, Brankov, Milan, Peric, Vesna, Tabaković, Marijenka, Dragicevic, Vesna, "Uticaj združivanja soje i prosa na iznošenje elemenata sa prinosom" in XI Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem “Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji”, 12-13. oktobar 2023., Beograd, Srbija - Zbornik izvoda (2023):94-95,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1308 .

Common millet and soybean intercropping with bio-fertilizer as sustainable practice for managing grain yield and quality

Šenk, Milena; Simic, Milena; Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka; Brankov, Milan; Tolimir, Miodrag; Kodranov, Igor; Dragicevic, Vesna

(Frontiers, 2023)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Kodranov, Igor
AU  - Dragicevic, Vesna
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1309
AB  - Climate changes are one of the biggest threats to food security. Sustainable
agriculture, focused on eco-friendly practices for highly e cient food production,
enables greater resilience and safety. This study experimented on intercropping
and bio-fertilizer application as convenient ecological solutions for crop yield
stability and quality. The experiment was conducted during 2018 and 2020 with
soybean and common millet sown in three sowing patterns: alternating rows,
alternating strips 1 (2 rows of soybean + 2 rows of millet), and alternating strips
2 (2 rows of soybean + 4 rows of millet), as well as sole crops (control), with
or without a bio-fertilizer Coveron. Grain yield and nutrient grain yield response
were calculated through land equivalent ratio (LER) and element-LER (E-LER),
while quality was estimated based on the concentration of antioxidants (phytate
phosphorus, total phenolic compounds, and yellow pigment) and elements in
grains, including potential bio-availability of essential elements. Results revealed
LER values to be >1 for all sowing patterns, with the highest one achieved
in alternating strips 1 (1.38) together with a greater level of all antioxidants in
millet grain. Intercropping significantly enhanced Fe and Mn accumulation in
both crops and simultaneously decreased the concentration of potentially toxic
elements (Al, Cr) in millet grain. Potential bio-availability of essential elements,
expressed through the ratio between phytic acid and Ca, Mg, Fe, and Zn revealed
smaller values in intercropped soybean and millet with the bio-fertilizer. The bio-
fertilizer also increased the concentration of some micro-elements in millet grain,
classifying it as a highly dependent plant to microbial inoculation. Interaction
of intercropping and bio-fertilizer was most pronounced for LER, E-LER, and
accumulation of Fe and Mn in grains. These results highlighted the benefits
of soybean–common millet intercropping, especially in combination with the
bio-fertilizer, in light of enhanced land utilization and nutrient absorption, thus
increasing the resilience of soybean and millet under dry land conditions and
low-input systems toward stability and food security.
PB  - Frontiers
T2  - Frontiers in nutrition
T1  - Common millet and soybean intercropping with bio-fertilizer as sustainable practice for managing grain yield and quality
VL  - 10
SP  - 1267928
DO  - 10.3389/fnut.2023.1267928
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Šenk, Milena and Simic, Milena and Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka and Brankov, Milan and Tolimir, Miodrag and Kodranov, Igor and Dragicevic, Vesna",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Climate changes are one of the biggest threats to food security. Sustainable
agriculture, focused on eco-friendly practices for highly e cient food production,
enables greater resilience and safety. This study experimented on intercropping
and bio-fertilizer application as convenient ecological solutions for crop yield
stability and quality. The experiment was conducted during 2018 and 2020 with
soybean and common millet sown in three sowing patterns: alternating rows,
alternating strips 1 (2 rows of soybean + 2 rows of millet), and alternating strips
2 (2 rows of soybean + 4 rows of millet), as well as sole crops (control), with
or without a bio-fertilizer Coveron. Grain yield and nutrient grain yield response
were calculated through land equivalent ratio (LER) and element-LER (E-LER),
while quality was estimated based on the concentration of antioxidants (phytate
phosphorus, total phenolic compounds, and yellow pigment) and elements in
grains, including potential bio-availability of essential elements. Results revealed
LER values to be >1 for all sowing patterns, with the highest one achieved
in alternating strips 1 (1.38) together with a greater level of all antioxidants in
millet grain. Intercropping significantly enhanced Fe and Mn accumulation in
both crops and simultaneously decreased the concentration of potentially toxic
elements (Al, Cr) in millet grain. Potential bio-availability of essential elements,
expressed through the ratio between phytic acid and Ca, Mg, Fe, and Zn revealed
smaller values in intercropped soybean and millet with the bio-fertilizer. The bio-
fertilizer also increased the concentration of some micro-elements in millet grain,
classifying it as a highly dependent plant to microbial inoculation. Interaction
of intercropping and bio-fertilizer was most pronounced for LER, E-LER, and
accumulation of Fe and Mn in grains. These results highlighted the benefits
of soybean–common millet intercropping, especially in combination with the
bio-fertilizer, in light of enhanced land utilization and nutrient absorption, thus
increasing the resilience of soybean and millet under dry land conditions and
low-input systems toward stability and food security.",
publisher = "Frontiers",
journal = "Frontiers in nutrition",
title = "Common millet and soybean intercropping with bio-fertilizer as sustainable practice for managing grain yield and quality",
volume = "10",
pages = "1267928",
doi = "10.3389/fnut.2023.1267928"
}
Šenk, M., Simic, M., Milojković-Opsenica, D., Brankov, M., Tolimir, M., Kodranov, I.,& Dragicevic, V.. (2023). Common millet and soybean intercropping with bio-fertilizer as sustainable practice for managing grain yield and quality. in Frontiers in nutrition
Frontiers., 10, 1267928.
https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2023.1267928
Šenk M, Simic M, Milojković-Opsenica D, Brankov M, Tolimir M, Kodranov I, Dragicevic V. Common millet and soybean intercropping with bio-fertilizer as sustainable practice for managing grain yield and quality. in Frontiers in nutrition. 2023;10:1267928.
doi:10.3389/fnut.2023.1267928 .
Šenk, Milena, Simic, Milena, Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka, Brankov, Milan, Tolimir, Miodrag, Kodranov, Igor, Dragicevic, Vesna, "Common millet and soybean intercropping with bio-fertilizer as sustainable practice for managing grain yield and quality" in Frontiers in nutrition, 10 (2023):1267928,
https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2023.1267928 . .
1