Projekt 101059942 — CREDIT Vibes (2023-2025)

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Projekt 101059942 — CREDIT Vibes (2023-2025)

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Kvalitet zrna i mogućnosti primene deset novorazvijenih ZP hibrida kukuruza

Nikolić, Valentina; Simić, Marijana; Žilić, Slađana; Milovanović, Danka; Filipović, Milomir; Vančetović, Jelena; Srdić, Jelena

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Milovanović, Danka
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1364
AB  - Proces oplemenjivanja hibrida kukuruza (Zea mays L.) decenijama je bio
usmeren ka dobijanju viših prinosa zrna i povećanju tolerancije na faktore životne
sredine i biološke stresore, dok je kvalitet zrna bio od sekundarnog značaja. Rezultati
višegodišnjih istraživanja ukazuju na bojazan od smanjenja kvaliteta zrna
kao direktne posledice oplemenjivanja na veći prinos. Ova studija je imala za cilj
da ispita kvalitet zrna deset nedavno razvijenih ZP hibrida kukuruza kako bi se
utvrdila njihova pogodnost za različite primene. Tri uzastopne godine analizirani
su fizička svojstva i hemijski sastav sedam žutih, dva crvena zubana i jednog hibrida
kokičara različitih grupa zrenja. Rezultati su pokazali određene varijacije koje su
se manifestovale kao statističke razlike u pogledu pojedinih osobina kvaliteta zrna,
a koje se mogu pripisati faktorima sredine, kao što su temperaturne fluktuacije
i godišnji nivoi padavina, kao i genetska stabilnost ispitivanih hibrida kukuruza.
Apsolutna masa zrna, karakteristika značajnaza mokro mlevenjezbog višeg prinosa
skroba i proteina i manjeg prinosa vlakana, kretala se od 136,60 g u kokičaru
ZP 6119k do 400,40 g u žutom zubanu ZP 6364. Udeo tvrdog endosperma, koji
utiče na efikasnost mlevenja zrna, kretao se od 48,23% (ZP 4123) do 75,11% (ZP
6119k). Najviši sadržaj skroba (72,31%) utvrđen je kod hibrida ZP 4123, dok su
proteini,esencijalni makronutrijenti,bili najzastupljeniji u ZP 6119k (12,53%) i ZP
6715 (11,07%). Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da analizirani hibridi kukuruza mogu
pružiti različite mogućnosti primene u proizvodnji hrane za ljude i životinje, kao
i drugim industrijama.
AB  - The hybrid maize (Zea mays L.) breeding process has, for decades, been focused
on obtaining higher grain yields and increased tolerance towards environmental
and biological stressors, while grain quality was of secondary importance. The results
of long-term research indicate a concern about a decrease in grain quality as a
direct result of breeding for higher yield. This study aimed to investigate the grain
quality of ten recently developed ZP maize hybrids to determine their suitability
for different applications. The physical properties and chemical composition of
seven yellow dents, two red dents, and one popcorn hybrid of different maturity
groups, were analyzed for three consecutive years. The results showed some variation
manifested as statistical differences regarding individual grain quality traits
that may be attributed to environmental factors, such as temperature fluctuations
and yearly precipitation levels, as well as the genetic stability of the studied maize
hybrids. The 1000-kernel weight, a preferred wet-milling characteristic associated
with higher starch and protein yield and lesser fiber contents, ranged from 136.60 g
in popcorn hybrid ZP 6119k to 400.40 g in yellow dent ZP 6364. Hard endosperm
share, which affects the efficacy of grain milling, ranged from 48.23% (ZP 4123) to
75.11% (ZP 6119k). The highest starch content (72.31%) was determined in hybrid
ZP 4123, while ZP 6119k (12.53%) and ZP 6715 (11.07%) were the most abundant
in proteins, among essential macronutrients. The obtained results indicate that the
analyzed maize hybrids may provide various possibilities for application in food,
feed, and other industries.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata
T1  - Kvalitet zrna i mogućnosti primene deset novorazvijenih ZP hibrida kukuruza
T1  - Grain quality and possibilities for application of ten recently developed ZP maize hybrids
SP  - 101
EP  - 102
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1364
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Simić, Marijana and Žilić, Slađana and Milovanović, Danka and Filipović, Milomir and Vančetović, Jelena and Srdić, Jelena",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Proces oplemenjivanja hibrida kukuruza (Zea mays L.) decenijama je bio
usmeren ka dobijanju viših prinosa zrna i povećanju tolerancije na faktore životne
sredine i biološke stresore, dok je kvalitet zrna bio od sekundarnog značaja. Rezultati
višegodišnjih istraživanja ukazuju na bojazan od smanjenja kvaliteta zrna
kao direktne posledice oplemenjivanja na veći prinos. Ova studija je imala za cilj
da ispita kvalitet zrna deset nedavno razvijenih ZP hibrida kukuruza kako bi se
utvrdila njihova pogodnost za različite primene. Tri uzastopne godine analizirani
su fizička svojstva i hemijski sastav sedam žutih, dva crvena zubana i jednog hibrida
kokičara različitih grupa zrenja. Rezultati su pokazali određene varijacije koje su
se manifestovale kao statističke razlike u pogledu pojedinih osobina kvaliteta zrna,
a koje se mogu pripisati faktorima sredine, kao što su temperaturne fluktuacije
i godišnji nivoi padavina, kao i genetska stabilnost ispitivanih hibrida kukuruza.
Apsolutna masa zrna, karakteristika značajnaza mokro mlevenjezbog višeg prinosa
skroba i proteina i manjeg prinosa vlakana, kretala se od 136,60 g u kokičaru
ZP 6119k do 400,40 g u žutom zubanu ZP 6364. Udeo tvrdog endosperma, koji
utiče na efikasnost mlevenja zrna, kretao se od 48,23% (ZP 4123) do 75,11% (ZP
6119k). Najviši sadržaj skroba (72,31%) utvrđen je kod hibrida ZP 4123, dok su
proteini,esencijalni makronutrijenti,bili najzastupljeniji u ZP 6119k (12,53%) i ZP
6715 (11,07%). Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da analizirani hibridi kukuruza mogu
pružiti različite mogućnosti primene u proizvodnji hrane za ljude i životinje, kao
i drugim industrijama., The hybrid maize (Zea mays L.) breeding process has, for decades, been focused
on obtaining higher grain yields and increased tolerance towards environmental
and biological stressors, while grain quality was of secondary importance. The results
of long-term research indicate a concern about a decrease in grain quality as a
direct result of breeding for higher yield. This study aimed to investigate the grain
quality of ten recently developed ZP maize hybrids to determine their suitability
for different applications. The physical properties and chemical composition of
seven yellow dents, two red dents, and one popcorn hybrid of different maturity
groups, were analyzed for three consecutive years. The results showed some variation
manifested as statistical differences regarding individual grain quality traits
that may be attributed to environmental factors, such as temperature fluctuations
and yearly precipitation levels, as well as the genetic stability of the studied maize
hybrids. The 1000-kernel weight, a preferred wet-milling characteristic associated
with higher starch and protein yield and lesser fiber contents, ranged from 136.60 g
in popcorn hybrid ZP 6119k to 400.40 g in yellow dent ZP 6364. Hard endosperm
share, which affects the efficacy of grain milling, ranged from 48.23% (ZP 4123) to
75.11% (ZP 6119k). The highest starch content (72.31%) was determined in hybrid
ZP 4123, while ZP 6119k (12.53%) and ZP 6715 (11.07%) were the most abundant
in proteins, among essential macronutrients. The obtained results indicate that the
analyzed maize hybrids may provide various possibilities for application in food,
feed, and other industries.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata",
title = "Kvalitet zrna i mogućnosti primene deset novorazvijenih ZP hibrida kukuruza, Grain quality and possibilities for application of ten recently developed ZP maize hybrids",
pages = "101-102",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1364"
}
Nikolić, V., Simić, M., Žilić, S., Milovanović, D., Filipović, M., Vančetović, J.,& Srdić, J.. (2023). Kvalitet zrna i mogućnosti primene deset novorazvijenih ZP hibrida kukuruza. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 101-102.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1364
Nikolić V, Simić M, Žilić S, Milovanović D, Filipović M, Vančetović J, Srdić J. Kvalitet zrna i mogućnosti primene deset novorazvijenih ZP hibrida kukuruza. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata. 2023;:101-102.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1364 .
Nikolić, Valentina, Simić, Marijana, Žilić, Slađana, Milovanović, Danka, Filipović, Milomir, Vančetović, Jelena, Srdić, Jelena, "Kvalitet zrna i mogućnosti primene deset novorazvijenih ZP hibrida kukuruza" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023. - Zbornik apstrakata (2023):101-102,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1364 .

Procena lokalnih populacija kukuruza za osnovne nutritivne vrednosti pomoću NIR spektroskopije

Popović, Aleksandar; Babić, Vojka; Pavlov, Jovan; Grčić, Nikola; Sečanski, Mile; Golijan Pantović, Jelena

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Popović, Aleksandar
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Pavlov, Jovan
AU  - Grčić, Nikola
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Golijan Pantović, Jelena
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1347
AB  - Sastav zrna kukuruza, posebno skroba, proteina i lipida, ključan je za ishranu
ljudi i životinja. U savremenim programima oplemenjivanja kukuruza prioritet se
daje prinosu, što dovodi do smanjenja sadržaja proteina i povećanja sadržaja skroba.
U potrazi za zdravijom hranom, lokalne populacije privlače pažnju kao vredan
genetički resurs. Cilj ovog rada je da se identifikuju lokalne populacije kukuruza
koje su, kada su ukrštane sa divergentnim tester linijama, proizvele potomstvo sa
povećanim sadržajem proteina, skroba ili lipida uz održavanje zadovoljavajućeg
prinosa. Trideset i jedna lokalna populacija kukuruza je ukrštena sa tri genetički
različite linije testera. Nutritivne vrednosti dobijenih test cross hibrida procenjene
su tokom dve godine i na sedam lokacija korišćenjem bliske infracrvene (NIR)
spektroskopije za nedestruktivnu i brzu analizu. Istraživanja su otkrila značajan
uticaj sadržaja skroba na prinos hibrida, uz obrnutu korelaciju između sadržaja
proteina i skroba. Populacije kukuruza sa visokim sadržajem skroba dale su hibride
sa niskim sadržajem proteina i obrnuto. Kod sadržaj lipida u zrnu nisu utvrđene
jasne zakonitosti. PCA analiza je identifikovala 12 populacija sa visokim sadržajem
proteina, 12 sa visokim sadržajem skroba i 7 sa visokim sadržajem lipida. Lokalne
populacije kao što su MB13 i MB197, identifikovane su kao donori osobina
važnih za prinos zrna i sadržaj proteina (vrednosti OKS od 0,51* (9,96%) i 0,57*
(9,89%) respektivno). Populacija MB594 je pokazala da unosi visok sadržaj skroba
(70,39%), dok je MB632 pokazala potencijal za poboljšanje sadržaja lipida (4,39%)
i visoko značajnu pozitivnu OKS vrednost od 0,33**. Rezultati rada su pokazali da
NIR spektroskopija kao nedestruktivna i brza metoda može poslužiti za procenu
sastava zrna kukuruza i da identifikuje lokalne populacije kukuruza za programe
oplemenjivanja usmerenih na poboljšanje specifičnih nutritivnih osobina.
AB  - The composition of maize grains, specifically starch, protein, and lipid content,
is crucial for both human and animal nutrition. Modern maize breeding programs
often prioritize yield, leading to a decrease in protein content and an increase in
starch content. In search of healthier food options, maize landraces have gained
attention as a valuable genetic resource. This study aimed to identify maize landraces
that, when crossed with divergent tester lines, produced progeny with enhanced
protein, starch, or lipid content while maintaining satisfactory yield. Thirty-one
local maize populations were crossed with three genetically diverse tester lines.
The nutritional values of resulting test cross hybrids were assessed over two years
and across seven locations using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy for non-destructive
and rapid analysis. The study revealed significant impact of starch content
on hybrid yield, with an inverse correlation between protein and starch content.
Landraces with high starch content produced hybrids with low protein content
and vice versa. Lipid content showed no clear pattern. PCA analysis identified
12 landraces with high protein content, 12 with high starch content, and 7 with
high lipid content. Certain landraces, such as MB13 and MB197, were identified
as donors of traits important for grain yield and protein content (GCA values of
0.51* (9.96%) and 0.57* (9.89%) respectively). Landrace MB594 exhibited a high
starch content (70.39%), while MB632 showed potential for lipid content (4.39%)
improvement and a highly significant positive GCA value of 0.33**. This study demonstrates
the utility of NIR spectroscopy as a non-destructive and rapid method
for assessing maize grain composition. It identified promising maize landraces for
breeding programs focused on enhancing specific nutritional traits.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
T1  - Procena lokalnih populacija kukuruza za osnovne nutritivne vrednosti pomoću NIR spektroskopije
T1  - Evaluation of maize landraces for basic nutritional traits using NIR spectrophotometry
SP  - 107
EP  - 108
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1347
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Popović, Aleksandar and Babić, Vojka and Pavlov, Jovan and Grčić, Nikola and Sečanski, Mile and Golijan Pantović, Jelena",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Sastav zrna kukuruza, posebno skroba, proteina i lipida, ključan je za ishranu
ljudi i životinja. U savremenim programima oplemenjivanja kukuruza prioritet se
daje prinosu, što dovodi do smanjenja sadržaja proteina i povećanja sadržaja skroba.
U potrazi za zdravijom hranom, lokalne populacije privlače pažnju kao vredan
genetički resurs. Cilj ovog rada je da se identifikuju lokalne populacije kukuruza
koje su, kada su ukrštane sa divergentnim tester linijama, proizvele potomstvo sa
povećanim sadržajem proteina, skroba ili lipida uz održavanje zadovoljavajućeg
prinosa. Trideset i jedna lokalna populacija kukuruza je ukrštena sa tri genetički
različite linije testera. Nutritivne vrednosti dobijenih test cross hibrida procenjene
su tokom dve godine i na sedam lokacija korišćenjem bliske infracrvene (NIR)
spektroskopije za nedestruktivnu i brzu analizu. Istraživanja su otkrila značajan
uticaj sadržaja skroba na prinos hibrida, uz obrnutu korelaciju između sadržaja
proteina i skroba. Populacije kukuruza sa visokim sadržajem skroba dale su hibride
sa niskim sadržajem proteina i obrnuto. Kod sadržaj lipida u zrnu nisu utvrđene
jasne zakonitosti. PCA analiza je identifikovala 12 populacija sa visokim sadržajem
proteina, 12 sa visokim sadržajem skroba i 7 sa visokim sadržajem lipida. Lokalne
populacije kao što su MB13 i MB197, identifikovane su kao donori osobina
važnih za prinos zrna i sadržaj proteina (vrednosti OKS od 0,51* (9,96%) i 0,57*
(9,89%) respektivno). Populacija MB594 je pokazala da unosi visok sadržaj skroba
(70,39%), dok je MB632 pokazala potencijal za poboljšanje sadržaja lipida (4,39%)
i visoko značajnu pozitivnu OKS vrednost od 0,33**. Rezultati rada su pokazali da
NIR spektroskopija kao nedestruktivna i brza metoda može poslužiti za procenu
sastava zrna kukuruza i da identifikuje lokalne populacije kukuruza za programe
oplemenjivanja usmerenih na poboljšanje specifičnih nutritivnih osobina., The composition of maize grains, specifically starch, protein, and lipid content,
is crucial for both human and animal nutrition. Modern maize breeding programs
often prioritize yield, leading to a decrease in protein content and an increase in
starch content. In search of healthier food options, maize landraces have gained
attention as a valuable genetic resource. This study aimed to identify maize landraces
that, when crossed with divergent tester lines, produced progeny with enhanced
protein, starch, or lipid content while maintaining satisfactory yield. Thirty-one
local maize populations were crossed with three genetically diverse tester lines.
The nutritional values of resulting test cross hybrids were assessed over two years
and across seven locations using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy for non-destructive
and rapid analysis. The study revealed significant impact of starch content
on hybrid yield, with an inverse correlation between protein and starch content.
Landraces with high starch content produced hybrids with low protein content
and vice versa. Lipid content showed no clear pattern. PCA analysis identified
12 landraces with high protein content, 12 with high starch content, and 7 with
high lipid content. Certain landraces, such as MB13 and MB197, were identified
as donors of traits important for grain yield and protein content (GCA values of
0.51* (9.96%) and 0.57* (9.89%) respectively). Landrace MB594 exhibited a high
starch content (70.39%), while MB632 showed potential for lipid content (4.39%)
improvement and a highly significant positive GCA value of 0.33**. This study demonstrates
the utility of NIR spectroscopy as a non-destructive and rapid method
for assessing maize grain composition. It identified promising maize landraces for
breeding programs focused on enhancing specific nutritional traits.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta",
title = "Procena lokalnih populacija kukuruza za osnovne nutritivne vrednosti pomoću NIR spektroskopije, Evaluation of maize landraces for basic nutritional traits using NIR spectrophotometry",
pages = "107-108",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1347"
}
Popović, A., Babić, V., Pavlov, J., Grčić, N., Sečanski, M.,& Golijan Pantović, J.. (2023). Procena lokalnih populacija kukuruza za osnovne nutritivne vrednosti pomoću NIR spektroskopije. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 107-108.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1347
Popović A, Babić V, Pavlov J, Grčić N, Sečanski M, Golijan Pantović J. Procena lokalnih populacija kukuruza za osnovne nutritivne vrednosti pomoću NIR spektroskopije. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta. 2023;:107-108.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1347 .
Popović, Aleksandar, Babić, Vojka, Pavlov, Jovan, Grčić, Nikola, Sečanski, Mile, Golijan Pantović, Jelena, "Procena lokalnih populacija kukuruza za osnovne nutritivne vrednosti pomoću NIR spektroskopije" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta (2023):107-108,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1347 .

ZP 5557- Novi hibrid kukuruza

Pavlov, Jovan; Delić, Nenad

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Pavlov, Jovan
AU  - Delić, Nenad
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1346
AB  - Hibridi srednje grupe zrenja FAO 500 imaju sve veći značaj u proizvodnji kukuruza
u Srbiji. Imajući u vidu da je u poslednjih nekoliko godina prisutan trend
gajenja hibrida koji imaju niži sadržaj vlage u momentu žetve, hibridi grupe zrenja
FAO 500 predstavljaju odličnu kombinaciju visokog prinosa i nižeg sadržaja vlage
u zrnu. Mogu se ubirati i u klipu i u zrnu, što ih čini veoma dobrom alternativom
za hibride kasnih grupa zrenja koji se odlikuju visokim potencijalom za prinos
ali i visokim sadržajem vlage u žetvi. Hibrid ZP 5557 registrovan je 2023. godine.
U ogledima Sortne komisije je ispitivan u periodu 2021-2022. godine. Karakteristično
je da su obe godine bile nepovoljne za gajenje kukuruza, što se naročito
odnosi na 2022. godinu. Hibrid ZP 5557 je u obe godine ispitivanja ostvario viši
prosečan prinos u odnosu na prosek standardnih hibrida, uz niži sadržaj vlage i
manji procenat poleglih i slomljenih biljaka. U dvogodišnjem proseku ostvario je
prinos od 104,4% u odnosu na prosek standardnih hibrida. Na osnovu rezultata
postignutih u ogledima sortne komisije, hibrid ZP 5557 biće uključen u postkomisijske
oglede Instituta za kukuruz i u slučaju da ponovi dobar rezultat biće
započeta komercijalizacija ovog hibrida.
AB  - Hybrids of medium maturity group FAO 500 become more important in maize
production in Serbia. Taking into account that in the last few years there has been
a trend of growing hybrids with lower harvest moisture, the hybrids of the FAO
500 maturity group represent an excellent combination of high yield and lower
grain moisture content in harvest. They can be harvested both in ear and grain,
which makes them a very good alternative for hybrids of late maturity groups
that are characterized by high yield potential but also high moisture content at
harvest. Hybrid ZP 5557 was registered in 2023. It was tested in the trials of the
State Variety Commission in the period 2021-2022 years. It is characteristic that
both years were unfavorable for growing maize, which especially applies to the
year 2022. Hybrid ZP 5557 achieved a higher average yield in both years of testing
compared to the average of check hybrids, with lower moisture content and a
lower percentage of broken and lodged plants. In the two-year average, it achieved
a yield of 104.4% compared to the average of check hybrids. Based on the results
achieved in the tests of the variety commission, hybrid ZP 5557 will be included
in the post-official trials of the Maize Research Institute and in case it obtain good
result, the commercialization of this hybrid will be started.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
T1  - ZP 5557- Novi hibrid kukuruza
T1  - ZP 5557 – New maize hybrid
SP  - 225
EP  - 226
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1346
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Pavlov, Jovan and Delić, Nenad",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Hibridi srednje grupe zrenja FAO 500 imaju sve veći značaj u proizvodnji kukuruza
u Srbiji. Imajući u vidu da je u poslednjih nekoliko godina prisutan trend
gajenja hibrida koji imaju niži sadržaj vlage u momentu žetve, hibridi grupe zrenja
FAO 500 predstavljaju odličnu kombinaciju visokog prinosa i nižeg sadržaja vlage
u zrnu. Mogu se ubirati i u klipu i u zrnu, što ih čini veoma dobrom alternativom
za hibride kasnih grupa zrenja koji se odlikuju visokim potencijalom za prinos
ali i visokim sadržajem vlage u žetvi. Hibrid ZP 5557 registrovan je 2023. godine.
U ogledima Sortne komisije je ispitivan u periodu 2021-2022. godine. Karakteristično
je da su obe godine bile nepovoljne za gajenje kukuruza, što se naročito
odnosi na 2022. godinu. Hibrid ZP 5557 je u obe godine ispitivanja ostvario viši
prosečan prinos u odnosu na prosek standardnih hibrida, uz niži sadržaj vlage i
manji procenat poleglih i slomljenih biljaka. U dvogodišnjem proseku ostvario je
prinos od 104,4% u odnosu na prosek standardnih hibrida. Na osnovu rezultata
postignutih u ogledima sortne komisije, hibrid ZP 5557 biće uključen u postkomisijske
oglede Instituta za kukuruz i u slučaju da ponovi dobar rezultat biće
započeta komercijalizacija ovog hibrida., Hybrids of medium maturity group FAO 500 become more important in maize
production in Serbia. Taking into account that in the last few years there has been
a trend of growing hybrids with lower harvest moisture, the hybrids of the FAO
500 maturity group represent an excellent combination of high yield and lower
grain moisture content in harvest. They can be harvested both in ear and grain,
which makes them a very good alternative for hybrids of late maturity groups
that are characterized by high yield potential but also high moisture content at
harvest. Hybrid ZP 5557 was registered in 2023. It was tested in the trials of the
State Variety Commission in the period 2021-2022 years. It is characteristic that
both years were unfavorable for growing maize, which especially applies to the
year 2022. Hybrid ZP 5557 achieved a higher average yield in both years of testing
compared to the average of check hybrids, with lower moisture content and a
lower percentage of broken and lodged plants. In the two-year average, it achieved
a yield of 104.4% compared to the average of check hybrids. Based on the results
achieved in the tests of the variety commission, hybrid ZP 5557 will be included
in the post-official trials of the Maize Research Institute and in case it obtain good
result, the commercialization of this hybrid will be started.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta",
title = "ZP 5557- Novi hibrid kukuruza, ZP 5557 – New maize hybrid",
pages = "225-226",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1346"
}
Pavlov, J.,& Delić, N.. (2023). ZP 5557- Novi hibrid kukuruza. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 225-226.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1346
Pavlov J, Delić N. ZP 5557- Novi hibrid kukuruza. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta. 2023;:225-226.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1346 .
Pavlov, Jovan, Delić, Nenad, "ZP 5557- Novi hibrid kukuruza" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta (2023):225-226,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1346 .

Microencapsulates of blue maize polyphenolics as a promising Ingredient in the food and pharmaceutical Industry: characterization, antioxidant properties, and In vitro-simulated digestion

Ćujić Nikolić, Nada; Žilić, Slađana; Simić, Marijana; Nikolić, Valentina; Živković, Jelena; Markovic, Smilja; Šavikin, Katarina

(Basel : MDPI, 2023)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Ćujić Nikolić, Nada
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Živković, Jelena
AU  - Markovic, Smilja
AU  - Šavikin, Katarina
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1142
AB  - An anthocyanin-rich blue maize waste product was used for anthocyanin extraction. To preserve bioactive phenolic compounds, a spray-drying technique was employed using conventional wall material maltodextrin (MD), with novel one, hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPBCD). The obtained spray-dried maize extract (SME) and microencapsulates were analyzed based on physicochemical powder properties, chemical analysis, antioxidant activity, and digestibility. The examined microencapsulates demonstrated good powder properties, exhibited a high powder yield (up to 83%), and had a low moisture content (less than 5%). HPBCD and MD + HPBCD combinations demonstrated superior powder properties in the terms of decreasing the time necessary for rehydration (133.25 and 153.8 s, respectively). The mean average particle diameter ranged from 4.72 to 21.33 µm. DSC analyses signified high powder thermal stability, around 200 °C, related to the increasing preservation with biopolymer addition. The total phenolic and anthocyanin compounds ranged from 30,622 to 32,211 mg CE/kg (CE—catechin equivalents) and from 9642 to 12,182 mg CGE/kg (CGE—cyanidin 3-glucoside equivalents), respectively, associated with good bioactive compound protection. Microencapsulates with both carriers (15% MD and 15% HPBCD) had the highest digestibility (73.63%). Our results indicated that the microencapsulates created with the active ingredient and the wall materials (MD and HPBCD) could protect phenolic compounds/anthocyanins against ABTS radicals (63.53 and 62.47 mmol Trolox Eq/kg, respectively).
PB  - Basel : MDPI
T2  - Foods
T1  - Microencapsulates of blue maize polyphenolics as a promising Ingredient in the food and pharmaceutical Industry: characterization, antioxidant properties, and In vitro-simulated digestion
VL  - 12
IS  - 9
SP  - 1870
DO  - 10.3390/foods12091870
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Ćujić Nikolić, Nada and Žilić, Slađana and Simić, Marijana and Nikolić, Valentina and Živković, Jelena and Markovic, Smilja and Šavikin, Katarina",
year = "2023",
abstract = "An anthocyanin-rich blue maize waste product was used for anthocyanin extraction. To preserve bioactive phenolic compounds, a spray-drying technique was employed using conventional wall material maltodextrin (MD), with novel one, hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPBCD). The obtained spray-dried maize extract (SME) and microencapsulates were analyzed based on physicochemical powder properties, chemical analysis, antioxidant activity, and digestibility. The examined microencapsulates demonstrated good powder properties, exhibited a high powder yield (up to 83%), and had a low moisture content (less than 5%). HPBCD and MD + HPBCD combinations demonstrated superior powder properties in the terms of decreasing the time necessary for rehydration (133.25 and 153.8 s, respectively). The mean average particle diameter ranged from 4.72 to 21.33 µm. DSC analyses signified high powder thermal stability, around 200 °C, related to the increasing preservation with biopolymer addition. The total phenolic and anthocyanin compounds ranged from 30,622 to 32,211 mg CE/kg (CE—catechin equivalents) and from 9642 to 12,182 mg CGE/kg (CGE—cyanidin 3-glucoside equivalents), respectively, associated with good bioactive compound protection. Microencapsulates with both carriers (15% MD and 15% HPBCD) had the highest digestibility (73.63%). Our results indicated that the microencapsulates created with the active ingredient and the wall materials (MD and HPBCD) could protect phenolic compounds/anthocyanins against ABTS radicals (63.53 and 62.47 mmol Trolox Eq/kg, respectively).",
publisher = "Basel : MDPI",
journal = "Foods",
title = "Microencapsulates of blue maize polyphenolics as a promising Ingredient in the food and pharmaceutical Industry: characterization, antioxidant properties, and In vitro-simulated digestion",
volume = "12",
number = "9",
pages = "1870",
doi = "10.3390/foods12091870"
}
Ćujić Nikolić, N., Žilić, S., Simić, M., Nikolić, V., Živković, J., Markovic, S.,& Šavikin, K.. (2023). Microencapsulates of blue maize polyphenolics as a promising Ingredient in the food and pharmaceutical Industry: characterization, antioxidant properties, and In vitro-simulated digestion. in Foods
Basel : MDPI., 12(9), 1870.
https://doi.org/10.3390/foods12091870
Ćujić Nikolić N, Žilić S, Simić M, Nikolić V, Živković J, Markovic S, Šavikin K. Microencapsulates of blue maize polyphenolics as a promising Ingredient in the food and pharmaceutical Industry: characterization, antioxidant properties, and In vitro-simulated digestion. in Foods. 2023;12(9):1870.
doi:10.3390/foods12091870 .
Ćujić Nikolić, Nada, Žilić, Slađana, Simić, Marijana, Nikolić, Valentina, Živković, Jelena, Markovic, Smilja, Šavikin, Katarina, "Microencapsulates of blue maize polyphenolics as a promising Ingredient in the food and pharmaceutical Industry: characterization, antioxidant properties, and In vitro-simulated digestion" in Foods, 12, no. 9 (2023):1870,
https://doi.org/10.3390/foods12091870 . .
3

Effect of anthocyanin-enriched brine on nutritional, functional and sensory properties of pickled baby corn

Simić, Marijana; Nikolić, Valentina; Škrobot (Jambrec), Dubravka; Srdić, Jelena; Perić, Vesna; Despotovic, Sasa; Žilić, Slađana

(Basel : MDPI, 2023)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Škrobot (Jambrec), Dubravka
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Perić, Vesna
AU  - Despotovic, Sasa
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1141
AB  - Considering the great potential of black soybean seed coat as a source of bioactive compounds, the objective of this study was to investigate the effect of anthocyanin-rich brine from the seed coat on functional properties of pickled baby corn, as well as its sensory properties. Given that the ears of sweet corn, popping corn and semi-flint corn were used for pickling in the pre-pollination phase, the effect of genotype and its growing stage on the chemical composition of Baby corn product was also taken into consideration. The brine of black soybean with a total anthocyanins content of 11,882.9 mg CGE/kg (cyanidin 3-glucoside equivalent) and an antioxidant capacity of 399.5 mmol Trolox Eq/kg determined by QUENCHER method had a positive impact on the functional potential of baby corn products. The content of total anthocyanins in the obtained products ranged from 748.6 to 881.2 mg CGE/kg, the predominant anthocyanin was cyanidin-3-glucoside (184.6 to 247.5 μg/g), while their colour was red. Compared to the commercial sample, baby corn products pickled in the enriched solution had a 26% to 46% and 17% to 26% higher content of total free phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity, respectively. Contrarily, the control sample had higher sugar and fibre content. As established, pickled popping corn had the best sensory properties.
PB  - Basel : MDPI
T2  - Plants
T1  - Effect of anthocyanin-enriched brine on nutritional, functional and sensory properties of pickled baby corn
VL  - 12
IS  - 9
SP  - 1812
DO  - 10.3390/plants12091812
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Simić, Marijana and Nikolić, Valentina and Škrobot (Jambrec), Dubravka and Srdić, Jelena and Perić, Vesna and Despotovic, Sasa and Žilić, Slađana",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Considering the great potential of black soybean seed coat as a source of bioactive compounds, the objective of this study was to investigate the effect of anthocyanin-rich brine from the seed coat on functional properties of pickled baby corn, as well as its sensory properties. Given that the ears of sweet corn, popping corn and semi-flint corn were used for pickling in the pre-pollination phase, the effect of genotype and its growing stage on the chemical composition of Baby corn product was also taken into consideration. The brine of black soybean with a total anthocyanins content of 11,882.9 mg CGE/kg (cyanidin 3-glucoside equivalent) and an antioxidant capacity of 399.5 mmol Trolox Eq/kg determined by QUENCHER method had a positive impact on the functional potential of baby corn products. The content of total anthocyanins in the obtained products ranged from 748.6 to 881.2 mg CGE/kg, the predominant anthocyanin was cyanidin-3-glucoside (184.6 to 247.5 μg/g), while their colour was red. Compared to the commercial sample, baby corn products pickled in the enriched solution had a 26% to 46% and 17% to 26% higher content of total free phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity, respectively. Contrarily, the control sample had higher sugar and fibre content. As established, pickled popping corn had the best sensory properties.",
publisher = "Basel : MDPI",
journal = "Plants",
title = "Effect of anthocyanin-enriched brine on nutritional, functional and sensory properties of pickled baby corn",
volume = "12",
number = "9",
pages = "1812",
doi = "10.3390/plants12091812"
}
Simić, M., Nikolić, V., Škrobot (Jambrec), D., Srdić, J., Perić, V., Despotovic, S.,& Žilić, S.. (2023). Effect of anthocyanin-enriched brine on nutritional, functional and sensory properties of pickled baby corn. in Plants
Basel : MDPI., 12(9), 1812.
https://doi.org/10.3390/plants12091812
Simić M, Nikolić V, Škrobot (Jambrec) D, Srdić J, Perić V, Despotovic S, Žilić S. Effect of anthocyanin-enriched brine on nutritional, functional and sensory properties of pickled baby corn. in Plants. 2023;12(9):1812.
doi:10.3390/plants12091812 .
Simić, Marijana, Nikolić, Valentina, Škrobot (Jambrec), Dubravka, Srdić, Jelena, Perić, Vesna, Despotovic, Sasa, Žilić, Slađana, "Effect of anthocyanin-enriched brine on nutritional, functional and sensory properties of pickled baby corn" in Plants, 12, no. 9 (2023):1812,
https://doi.org/10.3390/plants12091812 . .
1

Development of a predictive model of the flight dynamics of the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner, 1796 (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), in the Vojvodina region, Serbia—Implications for integrated pest management

Ivezić, Aleksandar; Mimić, Gordan; Trudić, Branislav; Blagojević, Dragana; Kuzmanović, Boris; Kaitović, Željko; Petrović, Kristina

(Basel : MDPI, 2023)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Ivezić, Aleksandar
AU  - Mimić, Gordan
AU  - Trudić, Branislav
AU  - Blagojević, Dragana
AU  - Kuzmanović, Boris
AU  - Kaitović, Željko
AU  - Petrović, Kristina
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1140
AB  - Although corn production is affected by several harmful insects, its most important pest in the southeastern region of Europe is the European corn borer (ECB), Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner, 1796 (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Chemical control of O. nubilalis remains the main strategy in conventional corn production. The key to successfully achieving a high efficiency of insecticides is determining the appropriate moment of application, including the exact time in the insect’s life cycle when it is most vulnerable. In this study, monitoring data on the flight dynamics of ECB adults from a seven-year period (2014–2020) were exploited for the development of a predictive model of adult numbers within the growing season. ECB monitoring was performed by using light traps at 15 different locations in the Vojvodina region (Serbia) during the specified time period. First, the calendar for Vojvodina was created based on the analytics of the collected monitoring data. Additionally, the calendar was converted to the probability of ECB occurrence during the growing season, specifying the time interval between the appearance of each generation of the pest. Second, using machine learning techniques, a phenological model was designed that included daily values of relevant meteorological features, such as cumulative degree-days, relative humidity, and precipitation. The calendar had a lower prediction error when compared to the phenological model, and it was tested as a supporting management tool for the ECB in 2021, with a root-mean-square error of the number of adults of 46.67. Such an approach could significantly reduce both the consumption of insecticides and the number of chemical treatments, respectively. Above all, this approach has broad potential in IPM and organic farming, and it is fully compatible with biological control methods.
PB  - Basel : MDPI
T2  - Agronomy
T1  - Development of a predictive model of the flight dynamics of the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner, 1796 (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), in the Vojvodina region, Serbia—Implications for integrated pest management
VL  - 13
IS  - 6
SP  - 1494
DO  - 10.3390/agronomy13061494
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Ivezić, Aleksandar and Mimić, Gordan and Trudić, Branislav and Blagojević, Dragana and Kuzmanović, Boris and Kaitović, Željko and Petrović, Kristina",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Although corn production is affected by several harmful insects, its most important pest in the southeastern region of Europe is the European corn borer (ECB), Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner, 1796 (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Chemical control of O. nubilalis remains the main strategy in conventional corn production. The key to successfully achieving a high efficiency of insecticides is determining the appropriate moment of application, including the exact time in the insect’s life cycle when it is most vulnerable. In this study, monitoring data on the flight dynamics of ECB adults from a seven-year period (2014–2020) were exploited for the development of a predictive model of adult numbers within the growing season. ECB monitoring was performed by using light traps at 15 different locations in the Vojvodina region (Serbia) during the specified time period. First, the calendar for Vojvodina was created based on the analytics of the collected monitoring data. Additionally, the calendar was converted to the probability of ECB occurrence during the growing season, specifying the time interval between the appearance of each generation of the pest. Second, using machine learning techniques, a phenological model was designed that included daily values of relevant meteorological features, such as cumulative degree-days, relative humidity, and precipitation. The calendar had a lower prediction error when compared to the phenological model, and it was tested as a supporting management tool for the ECB in 2021, with a root-mean-square error of the number of adults of 46.67. Such an approach could significantly reduce both the consumption of insecticides and the number of chemical treatments, respectively. Above all, this approach has broad potential in IPM and organic farming, and it is fully compatible with biological control methods.",
publisher = "Basel : MDPI",
journal = "Agronomy",
title = "Development of a predictive model of the flight dynamics of the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner, 1796 (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), in the Vojvodina region, Serbia—Implications for integrated pest management",
volume = "13",
number = "6",
pages = "1494",
doi = "10.3390/agronomy13061494"
}
Ivezić, A., Mimić, G., Trudić, B., Blagojević, D., Kuzmanović, B., Kaitović, Ž.,& Petrović, K.. (2023). Development of a predictive model of the flight dynamics of the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner, 1796 (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), in the Vojvodina region, Serbia—Implications for integrated pest management. in Agronomy
Basel : MDPI., 13(6), 1494.
https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy13061494
Ivezić A, Mimić G, Trudić B, Blagojević D, Kuzmanović B, Kaitović Ž, Petrović K. Development of a predictive model of the flight dynamics of the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner, 1796 (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), in the Vojvodina region, Serbia—Implications for integrated pest management. in Agronomy. 2023;13(6):1494.
doi:10.3390/agronomy13061494 .
Ivezić, Aleksandar, Mimić, Gordan, Trudić, Branislav, Blagojević, Dragana, Kuzmanović, Boris, Kaitović, Željko, Petrović, Kristina, "Development of a predictive model of the flight dynamics of the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner, 1796 (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), in the Vojvodina region, Serbia—Implications for integrated pest management" in Agronomy, 13, no. 6 (2023):1494,
https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy13061494 . .
2
1