Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200040 (Maize Research Institute 'Zemun Polje', Belgrade-Zemun)

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Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200040 (Maize Research Institute 'Zemun Polje', Belgrade-Zemun) (en)
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije, Ugovor br. 451-03-68/2020-14/200040 (Institut za kukuruz 'Zemun polje', Beograd-Zemun) (sr_RS)
Министарство просвете, науке и технолошког развоја Републике Србије, Уговор бр. 451-03-68/2020-14/200040 (Институт за кукуруз 'Земун поље', Београд-Земун) (sr)
Authors

Publications

Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production

Nikolić, Valentina; Simić, Marijana; Žilić, Slađana; Kravić, Natalija; Babić, Vojka; Filipović, Milomir; Srdić, Jelena

(Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/874
AB  - The main goal of this study was to observe the properties of fifteen
different genotypes of maize hybrids from Serbia in order to determine their
suitability for the production of high-quality silage for ruminant feed. The research
was conducted in a two-year field experiment at the location of the Maize Research
Institute in Zemun Polje, Serbia, and the laboratory analyses included yield structure
of the investigated maize hybrids, assessment of the lignocellulosic fiber
composition, as well as the in vitro dry matter digestibility of the whole plant
samples. All maize hybrids have shown good quality traits that are a prerequisite for
the production of high-quality silage.
PB  - Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy
C3  - 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova
T1  - Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production
SP  - 105
EP  - 110
DO  - 10.46793/SBT27.105N
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Simić, Marijana and Žilić, Slađana and Kravić, Natalija and Babić, Vojka and Filipović, Milomir and Srdić, Jelena",
year = "2022",
abstract = "The main goal of this study was to observe the properties of fifteen
different genotypes of maize hybrids from Serbia in order to determine their
suitability for the production of high-quality silage for ruminant feed. The research
was conducted in a two-year field experiment at the location of the Maize Research
Institute in Zemun Polje, Serbia, and the laboratory analyses included yield structure
of the investigated maize hybrids, assessment of the lignocellulosic fiber
composition, as well as the in vitro dry matter digestibility of the whole plant
samples. All maize hybrids have shown good quality traits that are a prerequisite for
the production of high-quality silage.",
publisher = "Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy",
journal = "27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova",
title = "Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production",
pages = "105-110",
doi = "10.46793/SBT27.105N"
}
Nikolić, V., Simić, M., Žilić, S., Kravić, N., Babić, V., Filipović, M.,& Srdić, J.. (2022). Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production. in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova
Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy., 105-110.
https://doi.org/10.46793/SBT27.105N
Nikolić V, Simić M, Žilić S, Kravić N, Babić V, Filipović M, Srdić J. Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production. in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova. 2022;:105-110.
doi:10.46793/SBT27.105N .
Nikolić, Valentina, Simić, Marijana, Žilić, Slađana, Kravić, Natalija, Babić, Vojka, Filipović, Milomir, Srdić, Jelena, "Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production" in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova (2022):105-110,
https://doi.org/10.46793/SBT27.105N . .

The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research

Nikolić, Valentina; Babić, Vojka; Kravić, Natalija; Filipović, Milomir; Žilić, Slađana; Simić, Marijana; Radosavljević, Milica

(Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Radosavljević, Milica
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/849
AB  - In the process of hybrid maize breeding, the greatest attention is directed towards increasing the level and stability of the yield, while grain quality is of secondary importance. The very
principles of hybrid breeding, as well as the economic aspects and competition between different breeding companies, have led to an enormous narrowing of the genetic basis of commercial
maize hybrids. Concurrently, there is usually a small number of often related hybrids of similar
technological and nutritional quality present on the market. Six best-selling ZP maize hybrids
in the previous ten years were chosen as the subject of this study. In the period from 2009-2018,
both the yield components and parameters of technological and nutritional quality of the grain
were studied. It was found that the examined parameters varied a lot in different years of production and that some parameters were more influenced by genotype (number of kernel rows per ear,
portion of pericarp, and crude fiber content) while others were more influenced by the environment (kernel weight per ear, total protein, starch, and oil content, respectively). The amount and
the distribution of precipitation during the vegetative period affected not only the yield components i.e. grain yield but also the technological qualitz parametres and nutritional properties of
the grain. Based on the observed parental components, it is evident that they are related hybrids
that, despite the high genotype by environment interactions, consequently have similar parameters of technological quality and nutritional composition. The imperative is to develop special
breeding programs aiming to create both the starting material and parental components to provide hybrids of improved technological quality and nutritional properties on the market. In that
way, the needs of the processing industry for raw materials of certain characteristics can be met.
AB  - U procesu hibridnog oplemenjivanja kukuruza, najviše pažnje se posvećuje povećanju nivoa
i stabilnosti prinosa, dok je kvalitet zrna od sekundarnog značaja. Sami principi hibridnog oplemenjivanja, kao i ekonomski aspekti i konkurencija između različitih oplemenjivačkih kuća,
doveli su do enormnog suženja genetičke osnove komercijalnih hibrida kukuruza. Na tržištu je
istovremeno najčešće prisutan mali broj, često srodnih hibrida sličnog tehnološkog i nutritivnog
kvaliteta. Za ovo istraživanje je odabrano šest ZP hibrida kukuruza najprodavanijih u prethodnih
deset godina. U periodu od 2009-2018. godine, praćene su, kako komponente prinosa, tako i
parametri tehnološkog i nutritivnog kvaliteta zrna. Utvrđeno je da su ispitivani parametri veoma
varirali u različitim godinama gajenja, kao i da su neki parametri bili pod većim uticajem genotipa (broj redova zrna, udeo perikarpa i sirove celuloze), a neki pod većim uticajem spoljašnje sredine (masa zrna po klipu, udeo ukupnih proteina, skroba i ulja, respektivno). Količina i raspored
padavina u toku vegetativnog perioda su uticali ne samo na komponente prinosa, odnosno na
prinos zrna, već i na parametre tehnološkog kvaliteta i nutritivna svojstva. Na osnovu posmatranih roditeljskih komponenata, evidentno je da se radi o srodnim hibridima koji, bez obzira na
visoke interakcije između genotipa i spoljašnje sredine, posledično imaju slične parametre tehnološkog kvaliteta kao i nutritivni sastav. Neophodno je razvijati posebne oplemenjivačke programe
koji imaju za cilj stvaranje kako početnog materijala, tako i roditeljskih komponenata, kako bi
se na tržištu obezbedili hibridi poboljšanog tehnološkog kvaliteta i nutritivnih svojstava i na taj
način zadovoljile potrebe prerađivačke industrije za sirovinama određenih karakteristika.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research
T1  - Varijabilnost i međuzavisnost osnovnih parametara tehnološkog kvaliteta hibrida kukuruza u dugoročnim istraživanjima
VL  - 27
IS  - 2
SP  - 21
EP  - 33
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem2102021N
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Babić, Vojka and Kravić, Natalija and Filipović, Milomir and Žilić, Slađana and Simić, Marijana and Radosavljević, Milica",
year = "2022",
abstract = "In the process of hybrid maize breeding, the greatest attention is directed towards increasing the level and stability of the yield, while grain quality is of secondary importance. The very
principles of hybrid breeding, as well as the economic aspects and competition between different breeding companies, have led to an enormous narrowing of the genetic basis of commercial
maize hybrids. Concurrently, there is usually a small number of often related hybrids of similar
technological and nutritional quality present on the market. Six best-selling ZP maize hybrids
in the previous ten years were chosen as the subject of this study. In the period from 2009-2018,
both the yield components and parameters of technological and nutritional quality of the grain
were studied. It was found that the examined parameters varied a lot in different years of production and that some parameters were more influenced by genotype (number of kernel rows per ear,
portion of pericarp, and crude fiber content) while others were more influenced by the environment (kernel weight per ear, total protein, starch, and oil content, respectively). The amount and
the distribution of precipitation during the vegetative period affected not only the yield components i.e. grain yield but also the technological qualitz parametres and nutritional properties of
the grain. Based on the observed parental components, it is evident that they are related hybrids
that, despite the high genotype by environment interactions, consequently have similar parameters of technological quality and nutritional composition. The imperative is to develop special
breeding programs aiming to create both the starting material and parental components to provide hybrids of improved technological quality and nutritional properties on the market. In that
way, the needs of the processing industry for raw materials of certain characteristics can be met., U procesu hibridnog oplemenjivanja kukuruza, najviše pažnje se posvećuje povećanju nivoa
i stabilnosti prinosa, dok je kvalitet zrna od sekundarnog značaja. Sami principi hibridnog oplemenjivanja, kao i ekonomski aspekti i konkurencija između različitih oplemenjivačkih kuća,
doveli su do enormnog suženja genetičke osnove komercijalnih hibrida kukuruza. Na tržištu je
istovremeno najčešće prisutan mali broj, često srodnih hibrida sličnog tehnološkog i nutritivnog
kvaliteta. Za ovo istraživanje je odabrano šest ZP hibrida kukuruza najprodavanijih u prethodnih
deset godina. U periodu od 2009-2018. godine, praćene su, kako komponente prinosa, tako i
parametri tehnološkog i nutritivnog kvaliteta zrna. Utvrđeno je da su ispitivani parametri veoma
varirali u različitim godinama gajenja, kao i da su neki parametri bili pod većim uticajem genotipa (broj redova zrna, udeo perikarpa i sirove celuloze), a neki pod većim uticajem spoljašnje sredine (masa zrna po klipu, udeo ukupnih proteina, skroba i ulja, respektivno). Količina i raspored
padavina u toku vegetativnog perioda su uticali ne samo na komponente prinosa, odnosno na
prinos zrna, već i na parametre tehnološkog kvaliteta i nutritivna svojstva. Na osnovu posmatranih roditeljskih komponenata, evidentno je da se radi o srodnim hibridima koji, bez obzira na
visoke interakcije između genotipa i spoljašnje sredine, posledično imaju slične parametre tehnološkog kvaliteta kao i nutritivni sastav. Neophodno je razvijati posebne oplemenjivačke programe
koji imaju za cilj stvaranje kako početnog materijala, tako i roditeljskih komponenata, kako bi
se na tržištu obezbedili hibridi poboljšanog tehnološkog kvaliteta i nutritivnih svojstava i na taj
način zadovoljile potrebe prerađivačke industrije za sirovinama određenih karakteristika.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers, Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research, Varijabilnost i međuzavisnost osnovnih parametara tehnološkog kvaliteta hibrida kukuruza u dugoročnim istraživanjima",
volume = "27",
number = "2",
pages = "21-33",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem2102021N"
}
Nikolić, V., Babić, V., Kravić, N., Filipović, M., Žilić, S., Simić, M.,& Radosavljević, M.. (2022). The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers., 27(2), 21-33.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2102021N
Nikolić V, Babić V, Kravić N, Filipović M, Žilić S, Simić M, Radosavljević M. The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2022;27(2):21-33.
doi:10.5937/SelSem2102021N .
Nikolić, Valentina, Babić, Vojka, Kravić, Natalija, Filipović, Milomir, Žilić, Slađana, Simić, Marijana, Radosavljević, Milica, "The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 27, no. 2 (2022):21-33,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2102021N . .

Alteration in phytochemicals from sweet maize in response to domestic cooking and frozen storage

Vukadinovic, Jelena; Srdić, Jelena; Tosti, Tomislav; Dragičević, Vesna; Kravic, Natalija; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka

(Elsevier, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Vukadinovic, Jelena
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Tosti, Tomislav
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Kravic, Natalija
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1068
AB  - Sweet maize has worldwide importance due to its high nutritional value and health benefits. In order to provide valuable health-related information to consumers, the phytochemicals profile of raw sweet maize kernels and those exposed to different treatments (cooking, frozen storage before cooking, sucrose addition during cooking, and blanching) was examined herein. Thus, carotenoids, tocopherols and free phenolic acids content was determined by liquid chromatography, while the content of water soluble sugars was analyzed by anion exchange chromatography. In response to immediate cooking, as well as, to blanching prior to shorter frozen storage and cooking afterwards, all hybrids exhibited a significant decrease in carotenoids, and a significant increase in concentration of tocopherols, fructose, glucose, protocatechuic, ferulic and p-coumaric acids, in comparison to the fresh samples. However, treatments with blanching prior to longer frozen storage and cooking afterwards, contributed only to increased tocopherols content. Distinct grouping of processed samples in comparison to their corresponding control samples, revealed the existence of unique linkage between changes in phytochemicals content upon treatment in a hybrid-dependent manner. Combined blanching prior to shorter frozen storage with sucrose addition during cooking is highly recommended as a potent tool for phytochemicals enhancement.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
T1  - Alteration in phytochemicals from sweet maize in response to domestic cooking and frozen storage
VL  - 114
IS  - 104637
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2022.104637
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Vukadinovic, Jelena and Srdić, Jelena and Tosti, Tomislav and Dragičević, Vesna and Kravic, Natalija and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Sweet maize has worldwide importance due to its high nutritional value and health benefits. In order to provide valuable health-related information to consumers, the phytochemicals profile of raw sweet maize kernels and those exposed to different treatments (cooking, frozen storage before cooking, sucrose addition during cooking, and blanching) was examined herein. Thus, carotenoids, tocopherols and free phenolic acids content was determined by liquid chromatography, while the content of water soluble sugars was analyzed by anion exchange chromatography. In response to immediate cooking, as well as, to blanching prior to shorter frozen storage and cooking afterwards, all hybrids exhibited a significant decrease in carotenoids, and a significant increase in concentration of tocopherols, fructose, glucose, protocatechuic, ferulic and p-coumaric acids, in comparison to the fresh samples. However, treatments with blanching prior to longer frozen storage and cooking afterwards, contributed only to increased tocopherols content. Distinct grouping of processed samples in comparison to their corresponding control samples, revealed the existence of unique linkage between changes in phytochemicals content upon treatment in a hybrid-dependent manner. Combined blanching prior to shorter frozen storage with sucrose addition during cooking is highly recommended as a potent tool for phytochemicals enhancement.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Journal of Food Composition and Analysis",
title = "Alteration in phytochemicals from sweet maize in response to domestic cooking and frozen storage",
volume = "114",
number = "104637",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2022.104637"
}
Vukadinovic, J., Srdić, J., Tosti, T., Dragičević, V., Kravic, N., Mladenović Drinić, S.,& Milojković-Opsenica, D.. (2022). Alteration in phytochemicals from sweet maize in response to domestic cooking and frozen storage. in Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
Elsevier., 114(104637).
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2022.104637
Vukadinovic J, Srdić J, Tosti T, Dragičević V, Kravic N, Mladenović Drinić S, Milojković-Opsenica D. Alteration in phytochemicals from sweet maize in response to domestic cooking and frozen storage. in Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 2022;114(104637).
doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2022.104637 .
Vukadinovic, Jelena, Srdić, Jelena, Tosti, Tomislav, Dragičević, Vesna, Kravic, Natalija, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka, "Alteration in phytochemicals from sweet maize in response to domestic cooking and frozen storage" in Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 114, no. 104637 (2022),
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2022.104637 . .

Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study

Bartolić, Dragana; Mutavdzic, Dragosav; Carstensen, Jens Michael; Stanković, Slavica; Nikolić, Milica; Krstović, Saša; Radotić, Ksenija

(Berlin : Springer Nature, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Bartolić, Dragana
AU  - Mutavdzic, Dragosav
AU  - Carstensen, Jens Michael
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Krstović, Saša
AU  - Radotić, Ksenija
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/838
AB  - Cereal seeds safety may be compromised by the presence of toxic contaminants, such as aflatoxins.
Besides being carcinogenic, they have other adverse health effects on humans and animals. In
this preliminary study, we used two non‑invasive optical techniques, optical fiber fluorescence
spectroscopy and multispectral imaging (MSI), for discrimination of maize seeds naturally
contaminated with aflatoxin B 1 (AFB 1 ) from the uncontaminated seeds. The AFB 1‑contaminated
seeds exhibited a red shift of the emission maximum position compared to the control samples.
Using linear discrimination analysis to analyse fluorescence data, classification accuracy of 100%
was obtained to discriminate uncontaminated and AFB 1‑contaminated seeds. The MSI analysis
combined with a normalized canonical discriminant analysis, provided spectral and spatial patterns
of the analysed seeds. The AFB 1‑contaminated seeds showed a 7.9 to 9.6‑fold increase in the seed
reflectance in the VIS region, and 10.4 and 12.2‑fold increase in the NIR spectral region, compared
with the uncontaminated seeds. Thus the MSI method classified successfully contaminated from
uncontaminated seeds with high accuracy. The results may have an impact on development of
spectroscopic non‑invasive methods for detection of AFs presence in seeds, providing valuable
information for the assessment of seed adulteration in the field of food forensics and food safety.
PB  - Berlin : Springer Nature
T2  - Scientific Reports
T1  - Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study
VL  - 12
SP  - 4849
DO  - 10.1038/s41598-022-08352-4
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Bartolić, Dragana and Mutavdzic, Dragosav and Carstensen, Jens Michael and Stanković, Slavica and Nikolić, Milica and Krstović, Saša and Radotić, Ksenija",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Cereal seeds safety may be compromised by the presence of toxic contaminants, such as aflatoxins.
Besides being carcinogenic, they have other adverse health effects on humans and animals. In
this preliminary study, we used two non‑invasive optical techniques, optical fiber fluorescence
spectroscopy and multispectral imaging (MSI), for discrimination of maize seeds naturally
contaminated with aflatoxin B 1 (AFB 1 ) from the uncontaminated seeds. The AFB 1‑contaminated
seeds exhibited a red shift of the emission maximum position compared to the control samples.
Using linear discrimination analysis to analyse fluorescence data, classification accuracy of 100%
was obtained to discriminate uncontaminated and AFB 1‑contaminated seeds. The MSI analysis
combined with a normalized canonical discriminant analysis, provided spectral and spatial patterns
of the analysed seeds. The AFB 1‑contaminated seeds showed a 7.9 to 9.6‑fold increase in the seed
reflectance in the VIS region, and 10.4 and 12.2‑fold increase in the NIR spectral region, compared
with the uncontaminated seeds. Thus the MSI method classified successfully contaminated from
uncontaminated seeds with high accuracy. The results may have an impact on development of
spectroscopic non‑invasive methods for detection of AFs presence in seeds, providing valuable
information for the assessment of seed adulteration in the field of food forensics and food safety.",
publisher = "Berlin : Springer Nature",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
title = "Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study",
volume = "12",
pages = "4849",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-022-08352-4"
}
Bartolić, D., Mutavdzic, D., Carstensen, J. M., Stanković, S., Nikolić, M., Krstović, S.,& Radotić, K.. (2022). Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study. in Scientific Reports
Berlin : Springer Nature., 12, 4849.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-08352-4
Bartolić D, Mutavdzic D, Carstensen JM, Stanković S, Nikolić M, Krstović S, Radotić K. Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study. in Scientific Reports. 2022;12:4849.
doi:10.1038/s41598-022-08352-4 .
Bartolić, Dragana, Mutavdzic, Dragosav, Carstensen, Jens Michael, Stanković, Slavica, Nikolić, Milica, Krstović, Saša, Radotić, Ksenija, "Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study" in Scientific Reports, 12 (2022):4849,
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-08352-4 . .
1
3

Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality

Dragičević, Vesna; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Tolimir, Miodrag; Travlos, Ilias; Simić, Milena

(Lausanne : Frontiers, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Travlos, Ilias
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1059
AB  - Maize is an important staple crop and a significant source of various nutrients.
We aimed to determine the macronutrients, antioxidants, and essential
elements in maize genotypes (white, yellow, and red kernel) using three
different fertilizers, which could be used as a basis to increase the nutrient
density of maize. The fertilizer treatments used bio- and organic fertilizers as a
sustainable approach, urea, as a commonly used mineral fertilizer, and the
control (no fertilization). We evaluated the yield, concentration of
macronutrient (protein, oil, and starch), nonenzymatic antioxidants
(phenolics, yellow pigment, total glutathione (GSH), and phytic phosphorus),
and reduction capacity of the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, as
well as essential elements that are commonly deficient in the diet (Mg, Ca, Fe,
Mn, Zn, Cu, and S) and their relationships with phytic acid. The genotype
expressed the strongest effect on the variability of grain yield and the analyzed
grain constituents. The red-kernel hybrid showed the greatest accumulation of
protein, oil, phenolics, and essential elements (Ca, Fe, Cu, and S) than a yellow
and white hybrid, especially in the biofertilizer treatment. The yellow kernel had
the highest concentrations of yellow pigment, GSH, phytic phosphorous, Mg,
Mn, and Zn (19.61 µg g−1
, 1,134 nmol g−1
, 2.63 mg g−1
, 1,963 µg g−1
, 11.7 µg g−1
,
and 33.9 µg g−1
, respectively). The white kernel had a greater starch
concentration (2.5% higher than that in the red hybrid) and the potential
bioavailability of essential metals, particularly under no fertilization. This
supports the significance of white maize as a staple food in many traditional
diets across the world. Urea was important for the enhancement of the
antioxidant status (with 88.0% reduction capacity for the DPPH radical) and
increased potential Zn bioavailability in the maize kernels (13.3% higher than
that in the biofertilizer treatment). This study underlines the differences in the
yield potential and chemical composition of red, yellow, and white-kernel
maize and their importance as a necessary part of a sustainable human diet.
This information can help determine the most appropriate genotype based on
the antioxidants and/or essential elements targeted for kernel improvement.
PB  - Lausanne : Frontiers
T2  - Frontiers in plant science
T1  - Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality
SP  - 1
EP  - 13
DO  - 10.3389/fpls.2022.1027618
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Tolimir, Miodrag and Travlos, Ilias and Simić, Milena",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Maize is an important staple crop and a significant source of various nutrients.
We aimed to determine the macronutrients, antioxidants, and essential
elements in maize genotypes (white, yellow, and red kernel) using three
different fertilizers, which could be used as a basis to increase the nutrient
density of maize. The fertilizer treatments used bio- and organic fertilizers as a
sustainable approach, urea, as a commonly used mineral fertilizer, and the
control (no fertilization). We evaluated the yield, concentration of
macronutrient (protein, oil, and starch), nonenzymatic antioxidants
(phenolics, yellow pigment, total glutathione (GSH), and phytic phosphorus),
and reduction capacity of the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, as
well as essential elements that are commonly deficient in the diet (Mg, Ca, Fe,
Mn, Zn, Cu, and S) and their relationships with phytic acid. The genotype
expressed the strongest effect on the variability of grain yield and the analyzed
grain constituents. The red-kernel hybrid showed the greatest accumulation of
protein, oil, phenolics, and essential elements (Ca, Fe, Cu, and S) than a yellow
and white hybrid, especially in the biofertilizer treatment. The yellow kernel had
the highest concentrations of yellow pigment, GSH, phytic phosphorous, Mg,
Mn, and Zn (19.61 µg g−1
, 1,134 nmol g−1
, 2.63 mg g−1
, 1,963 µg g−1
, 11.7 µg g−1
,
and 33.9 µg g−1
, respectively). The white kernel had a greater starch
concentration (2.5% higher than that in the red hybrid) and the potential
bioavailability of essential metals, particularly under no fertilization. This
supports the significance of white maize as a staple food in many traditional
diets across the world. Urea was important for the enhancement of the
antioxidant status (with 88.0% reduction capacity for the DPPH radical) and
increased potential Zn bioavailability in the maize kernels (13.3% higher than
that in the biofertilizer treatment). This study underlines the differences in the
yield potential and chemical composition of red, yellow, and white-kernel
maize and their importance as a necessary part of a sustainable human diet.
This information can help determine the most appropriate genotype based on
the antioxidants and/or essential elements targeted for kernel improvement.",
publisher = "Lausanne : Frontiers",
journal = "Frontiers in plant science",
title = "Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality",
pages = "1-13",
doi = "10.3389/fpls.2022.1027618"
}
Dragičević, V., Brankov, M., Stoiljkovic, M., Tolimir, M., Travlos, I.,& Simić, M.. (2022). Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality. in Frontiers in plant science
Lausanne : Frontiers., 1-13.
https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.1027618
Dragičević V, Brankov M, Stoiljkovic M, Tolimir M, Travlos I, Simić M. Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality. in Frontiers in plant science. 2022;:1-13.
doi:10.3389/fpls.2022.1027618 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Tolimir, Miodrag, Travlos, Ilias, Simić, Milena, "Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality" in Frontiers in plant science (2022):1-13,
https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.1027618 . .

Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for improved quality of agricultural products

Dragičević, Vesna; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Šenk, Milena; Dolijanović, Željko; Tolimir, Miodrag; Simić, Milena

(Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of agriculture, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1056
AB  - Human health is dependent not just on diet, but mainly on quality of agricultural products as a 
part of diet. If crops were grown on poorly fertile soils, or they are exposed to severe stresses, 
lesser amount of mineral elements, particularly essential elements, such as zinc, copper, 
manganese, magnesium, calcium, iron, and even sulphur, will be absorbed and accumulated, 
resulting in their deficiency in diets and increased incidence of various chronic diseases. 
Together with naturally low soil fertility, climate change, intensive agriculture is one of the 
main contributors of soil depletion. Thus, various long-term strategies, which are sustainable 
for agricultural plants and soils, at the same time, must be developed. It is of particular 
importance to increase a level of organic matter, as a source of mineral nutrients from the soil. 
The application through soil, as well as via plant foliage of various complex and organic 
fertilizers, containing macro- and micro-elements, and many stimulating compounds, enables 
better absorption and metabolisation of nutrients required for plants and nutrients essential for 
humans. Besides, bio-fertilizers, containing beneficial microorganisms have an important role 
in nutrients mobilization in soils, particularly from poorly accessible forms. Many bio fertilizers contain microorganisms that are able to absorb atmospheric nitrogen, thus enriching 
soil, delivering it to the plants, enabling reduction in amount and costs of nitrogen addition 
into the soil. Promoting microorganisms are also able to enhance plants ability to absorb 
water and nutrients by their synergy with roots, resulting in stable and better growth 
performances of agricultural plants, thus increasing yield and its quality. Some other cropping 
practices, such as crop rotation, intercropping and use of cover crops, enriches soil with 
organic matter, reduces losses of nutrients through recycling of harvest residues, therefore 
increasing soil fertility, as well as quantity and quality of crop yield, at the same time.
PB  - Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of agriculture
C3  - 1. European symposium on phytochemicals in medicine and food, Belgrade, 7-9.09.2022. godine -  Book of abstracts
T1  - Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for  improved quality of agricultural products
SP  - 32
EP  - 32
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Šenk, Milena and Dolijanović, Željko and Tolimir, Miodrag and Simić, Milena",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Human health is dependent not just on diet, but mainly on quality of agricultural products as a 
part of diet. If crops were grown on poorly fertile soils, or they are exposed to severe stresses, 
lesser amount of mineral elements, particularly essential elements, such as zinc, copper, 
manganese, magnesium, calcium, iron, and even sulphur, will be absorbed and accumulated, 
resulting in their deficiency in diets and increased incidence of various chronic diseases. 
Together with naturally low soil fertility, climate change, intensive agriculture is one of the 
main contributors of soil depletion. Thus, various long-term strategies, which are sustainable 
for agricultural plants and soils, at the same time, must be developed. It is of particular 
importance to increase a level of organic matter, as a source of mineral nutrients from the soil. 
The application through soil, as well as via plant foliage of various complex and organic 
fertilizers, containing macro- and micro-elements, and many stimulating compounds, enables 
better absorption and metabolisation of nutrients required for plants and nutrients essential for 
humans. Besides, bio-fertilizers, containing beneficial microorganisms have an important role 
in nutrients mobilization in soils, particularly from poorly accessible forms. Many bio fertilizers contain microorganisms that are able to absorb atmospheric nitrogen, thus enriching 
soil, delivering it to the plants, enabling reduction in amount and costs of nitrogen addition 
into the soil. Promoting microorganisms are also able to enhance plants ability to absorb 
water and nutrients by their synergy with roots, resulting in stable and better growth 
performances of agricultural plants, thus increasing yield and its quality. Some other cropping 
practices, such as crop rotation, intercropping and use of cover crops, enriches soil with 
organic matter, reduces losses of nutrients through recycling of harvest residues, therefore 
increasing soil fertility, as well as quantity and quality of crop yield, at the same time.",
publisher = "Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of agriculture",
journal = "1. European symposium on phytochemicals in medicine and food, Belgrade, 7-9.09.2022. godine -  Book of abstracts",
title = "Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for  improved quality of agricultural products",
pages = "32-32"
}
Dragičević, V., Brankov, M., Stoiljkovic, M., Šenk, M., Dolijanović, Ž., Tolimir, M.,& Simić, M.. (2022). Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for  improved quality of agricultural products. in 1. European symposium on phytochemicals in medicine and food, Belgrade, 7-9.09.2022. godine -  Book of abstracts
Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of agriculture., 32-32.
Dragičević V, Brankov M, Stoiljkovic M, Šenk M, Dolijanović Ž, Tolimir M, Simić M. Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for  improved quality of agricultural products. in 1. European symposium on phytochemicals in medicine and food, Belgrade, 7-9.09.2022. godine -  Book of abstracts. 2022;:32-32..
Dragičević, Vesna, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Šenk, Milena, Dolijanović, Željko, Tolimir, Miodrag, Simić, Milena, "Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for  improved quality of agricultural products" in 1. European symposium on phytochemicals in medicine and food, Belgrade, 7-9.09.2022. godine -  Book of abstracts (2022):32-32.

Properties of maize hybrid grain for utilization in wet milling

Nikolić, Valentina; Milašinović Šeremešić, Marija; Radosavljević, Milica; Simić, Marijana; Žilić, Slađana

(Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Milašinović Šeremešić, Marija
AU  - Radosavljević, Milica
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/988
AB  - A grain of eight selected hybrids from the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje was used as
the subject of this study. The kernel structure, physical properties and chemical composition of
the grain and starch (amylose content) were analyzed before the laboratory wet milling process for
starch extraction. The in vitro enzymatic digestibility of the isolated starch was also determined.
The wet milling properties were later correlated to the physicochemical characteristics of the
grain. The results showed that hybrid ZP 677 had the highest starch yield, followed by hybrid ZP
704wx, while the highest starch recovery was observed for hybrid ZP 341. The highest bran yield
(10.52%) was obtained by hybrid ZP 434, and the highest germ yield (8.86%) by hybrid ZP 172/8.
The correlation analysis showed that starch yield was positively correlated to 1000-kernel weight
and crude fiber content, while oil content negatively influenced starch extraction and yield. The
starch digestibility was negatively correlated to the amylose content. These findings can be useful
for the starch processing industry as well as in the production of ethanol and alcoholic drinks.
AB  - Kao predmet ovog istraživanja korišćeno je zrno osam odabranih hibrida Instituta za kukuruz
„Zemun Polje”. Struktura zrna, fizička svojstva i hemijski sastav zrna i skroba (sadržaj amiloze)
analizirani su primenom laboratorijskog procesa mokrog mlevenja za izolovanje skroba. Takođe
je određena in vitro enzimska svarljivost izolovanog skroba. Svojstva mokrog mlevenja su potom
korelisana sa fizičko-hemijskim karakteristikama zrna. Rezultati su pokazali da je najviši prinos
skroba imao hibrid ZP 677, a zatim hibrid ZP 704wx, dok je najviša iskoristljivost skroba uočena
kod hibrida ZP 341. Najviši prinos mekinja (10,52%) dobijen je kod hibrida ZP 434, a najviši prinos klice (8,86%) utvrđen je kod hibrida ZP 172/8. Korelaciona analiza je pokazala da je prinos
skroba bio u pozitivnoj vezi sa apsolutnom masom zrna i sadržajem sirovih vlakana, dok je sadržaj ulja negativno uticao na izolaciju skroba i njegov prinos. Svarljivost skroba je bila u negativnoj
korelaciji sa sadržajem amiloze. Ova saznanja mogu biti korisna za industriju prerade skroba, kao
i za proizvodnju etanola i alkoholnih pića.
PB  - Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd
PB  - Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers, Belgrade
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - Properties of maize hybrid grain for utilization in wet milling
T1  - Svojstva zrna hibrida kukuruza za primenu u mokrom mlevenju
VL  - 28
IS  - 1
SP  - 67
EP  - 76
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem2201067N
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Milašinović Šeremešić, Marija and Radosavljević, Milica and Simić, Marijana and Žilić, Slađana",
year = "2022",
abstract = "A grain of eight selected hybrids from the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje was used as
the subject of this study. The kernel structure, physical properties and chemical composition of
the grain and starch (amylose content) were analyzed before the laboratory wet milling process for
starch extraction. The in vitro enzymatic digestibility of the isolated starch was also determined.
The wet milling properties were later correlated to the physicochemical characteristics of the
grain. The results showed that hybrid ZP 677 had the highest starch yield, followed by hybrid ZP
704wx, while the highest starch recovery was observed for hybrid ZP 341. The highest bran yield
(10.52%) was obtained by hybrid ZP 434, and the highest germ yield (8.86%) by hybrid ZP 172/8.
The correlation analysis showed that starch yield was positively correlated to 1000-kernel weight
and crude fiber content, while oil content negatively influenced starch extraction and yield. The
starch digestibility was negatively correlated to the amylose content. These findings can be useful
for the starch processing industry as well as in the production of ethanol and alcoholic drinks., Kao predmet ovog istraživanja korišćeno je zrno osam odabranih hibrida Instituta za kukuruz
„Zemun Polje”. Struktura zrna, fizička svojstva i hemijski sastav zrna i skroba (sadržaj amiloze)
analizirani su primenom laboratorijskog procesa mokrog mlevenja za izolovanje skroba. Takođe
je određena in vitro enzimska svarljivost izolovanog skroba. Svojstva mokrog mlevenja su potom
korelisana sa fizičko-hemijskim karakteristikama zrna. Rezultati su pokazali da je najviši prinos
skroba imao hibrid ZP 677, a zatim hibrid ZP 704wx, dok je najviša iskoristljivost skroba uočena
kod hibrida ZP 341. Najviši prinos mekinja (10,52%) dobijen je kod hibrida ZP 434, a najviši prinos klice (8,86%) utvrđen je kod hibrida ZP 172/8. Korelaciona analiza je pokazala da je prinos
skroba bio u pozitivnoj vezi sa apsolutnom masom zrna i sadržajem sirovih vlakana, dok je sadržaj ulja negativno uticao na izolaciju skroba i njegov prinos. Svarljivost skroba je bila u negativnoj
korelaciji sa sadržajem amiloze. Ova saznanja mogu biti korisna za industriju prerade skroba, kao
i za proizvodnju etanola i alkoholnih pića.",
publisher = "Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd, Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers, Belgrade",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "Properties of maize hybrid grain for utilization in wet milling, Svojstva zrna hibrida kukuruza za primenu u mokrom mlevenju",
volume = "28",
number = "1",
pages = "67-76",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem2201067N"
}
Nikolić, V., Milašinović Šeremešić, M., Radosavljević, M., Simić, M.,& Žilić, S.. (2022). Properties of maize hybrid grain for utilization in wet milling. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd., 28(1), 67-76.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2201067N
Nikolić V, Milašinović Šeremešić M, Radosavljević M, Simić M, Žilić S. Properties of maize hybrid grain for utilization in wet milling. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2022;28(1):67-76.
doi:10.5937/SelSem2201067N .
Nikolić, Valentina, Milašinović Šeremešić, Marija, Radosavljević, Milica, Simić, Marijana, Žilić, Slađana, "Properties of maize hybrid grain for utilization in wet milling" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 28, no. 1 (2022):67-76,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2201067N . .

Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia

Nikolić, Valentina; Simić, Marijana; Žilić, Slađana

(Kiev : Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/898
AB  - The quality of five silage maize hybrids grown
in 2020 at five different locations in Serbia (two in
the northern province of Vojvodina (Srem) and three
in Central Serbia) was tested in 2021 in the laboratory
of the Department of Food Technology and
Biochemistry of the Maize Research Institute “Zemun
Polje“. The dry matter content, lignocellulose
fiber content, and in vitro dry matter digestibility
(IVDMD) of of the whole plant maize hybrids: ZP
707, ZP 7357, ZP 790, ZP 8701, and ZP 873 were
investigated. The 7001 hybrid was used as a standard.
The average dry matter content varied between
37.77±1.88% (ZP 790) and 42.64±7.19% (ZP
707), while in vitro dry matter digestibility ranged
from 58.77±1.96% (ZP 8701) to 63.77±2.09% (ZP
707). The share, as well as the type of the plant
cell wall components – lignocellulosic fibers, determines
the nutritional quality of silage maize
as animal feed. The NDF content ranged from As
the NDF content increases with maize maturity,
animals show a tendency for lower silage intake.
However, although in some cases NDF can be considered
a negative indicator of silage quality, NDF
is a necessary component of ruminant nutrition.
Based on the achieved results, it can be concluded
that hybrids ZP 707 and ZP 7357 proved to be the
best silage maize forms. At most locations, these
hybrids achieved better results than the standard.
The ZP 707 hybrid on average had the highest dry
matter content, the highest digestibility of dry
matter, as well as the lowest content of all lignocellulosic
fibers, which all indicate its potential
as silage maize form. The lack of hybrids ZP 707
and ZP 7357 can be considered the fact that the
dry matter content of the whole plant showed to be
less stable in different agro-ecological conditions.In terms of digestibility and dry matter content,
the ZP 790 hybrid can be singled out as the most
stable. The ZP 790 hybrid is less recommended for
Srem, but in Central Serbia, it could match the ZP
707 and ZP 7357 hybrids. ZP 8701 proved to be the
weakest hybrid at all locations, followed by ZP 873.
The in vitro digestibility and dry matter content
of the whole plant of the investigated hybrids were
far more stable in Srem than in Central Serbia.
These findings can be of great importance for future
breeding programs directed toward creating
new and improved silage maize hybrids.
PB  - Kiev : Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination
C3  - 10. International applied science conference of young scientists and experts, April 29, 2022, the village of Tsentralne, Kyiv region, Ukraine - Book of proceedings
T1  - Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia
SP  - 78
EP  - 79
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Simić, Marijana and Žilić, Slađana",
year = "2022",
abstract = "The quality of five silage maize hybrids grown
in 2020 at five different locations in Serbia (two in
the northern province of Vojvodina (Srem) and three
in Central Serbia) was tested in 2021 in the laboratory
of the Department of Food Technology and
Biochemistry of the Maize Research Institute “Zemun
Polje“. The dry matter content, lignocellulose
fiber content, and in vitro dry matter digestibility
(IVDMD) of of the whole plant maize hybrids: ZP
707, ZP 7357, ZP 790, ZP 8701, and ZP 873 were
investigated. The 7001 hybrid was used as a standard.
The average dry matter content varied between
37.77±1.88% (ZP 790) and 42.64±7.19% (ZP
707), while in vitro dry matter digestibility ranged
from 58.77±1.96% (ZP 8701) to 63.77±2.09% (ZP
707). The share, as well as the type of the plant
cell wall components – lignocellulosic fibers, determines
the nutritional quality of silage maize
as animal feed. The NDF content ranged from As
the NDF content increases with maize maturity,
animals show a tendency for lower silage intake.
However, although in some cases NDF can be considered
a negative indicator of silage quality, NDF
is a necessary component of ruminant nutrition.
Based on the achieved results, it can be concluded
that hybrids ZP 707 and ZP 7357 proved to be the
best silage maize forms. At most locations, these
hybrids achieved better results than the standard.
The ZP 707 hybrid on average had the highest dry
matter content, the highest digestibility of dry
matter, as well as the lowest content of all lignocellulosic
fibers, which all indicate its potential
as silage maize form. The lack of hybrids ZP 707
and ZP 7357 can be considered the fact that the
dry matter content of the whole plant showed to be
less stable in different agro-ecological conditions.In terms of digestibility and dry matter content,
the ZP 790 hybrid can be singled out as the most
stable. The ZP 790 hybrid is less recommended for
Srem, but in Central Serbia, it could match the ZP
707 and ZP 7357 hybrids. ZP 8701 proved to be the
weakest hybrid at all locations, followed by ZP 873.
The in vitro digestibility and dry matter content
of the whole plant of the investigated hybrids were
far more stable in Srem than in Central Serbia.
These findings can be of great importance for future
breeding programs directed toward creating
new and improved silage maize hybrids.",
publisher = "Kiev : Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination",
journal = "10. International applied science conference of young scientists and experts, April 29, 2022, the village of Tsentralne, Kyiv region, Ukraine - Book of proceedings",
title = "Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia",
pages = "78-79"
}
Nikolić, V., Simić, M.,& Žilić, S.. (2022). Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia. in 10. International applied science conference of young scientists and experts, April 29, 2022, the village of Tsentralne, Kyiv region, Ukraine - Book of proceedings
Kiev : Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination., 78-79.
Nikolić V, Simić M, Žilić S. Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia. in 10. International applied science conference of young scientists and experts, April 29, 2022, the village of Tsentralne, Kyiv region, Ukraine - Book of proceedings. 2022;:78-79..
Nikolić, Valentina, Simić, Marijana, Žilić, Slađana, "Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia" in 10. International applied science conference of young scientists and experts, April 29, 2022, the village of Tsentralne, Kyiv region, Ukraine - Book of proceedings (2022):78-79.

Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food

Nikolić, Valentina; Žilić, Slađana; Simić, Marijana; Perić, Vesna; Srdić, Jelena; Vasić, Marko G.

(Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Perić, Vesna
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Vasić, Marko G.
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/847
AB  - Black  soybean  seed  coat  has  a  considerable  content  of  anthocyanins  which  can  providea  positive  effect  on  the  health  of  the  consumers through food products enriched with the extracts of these valuable bioactive compounds. Nevertheless, the use of soybean seed  coat,  a  by-product  from  soybean  processing,  additionally  valorizes  this  raw  material.The  possibility  of  enrichment  of  sweet maize  grains  with  anthocyanin  extract  was  investigated.  Several  procedures  with  acetic  acid  were  applied  in  the  experiments  of  anthocyanins  extraction  from  black  soybean  seed  coat.  During  the  marination  process,  the  grains  were  stained,  changing  their  standard yellow color to a crimson red. Since the brines with the addition of citric acid became cloudy (opalescent) after some time, lactic  acid  was  used  as  an  anthocyanin  stabilizer  in  the  continuation  of  the  research.  Depending  on  the  extraction  conditions,  the spectrophotometrically determined content of total anthocyanins in the solution varied from 3541.90 to 5387.70 μg CGE/g d.m., and in the marinated maize grain between 179.89 and 286.05 μg CGE/g d.m. After seven days, the total anthocyanin content in the grain did not increase significantly, so this aging period was selected as optimal for marinating maize products.
AB  - Semenjača  crne  soje  ima  značajan  sadržaj  antocijana,  koji  mogu  pozitivno  uticati  na  zdravlje  potrošača  kroz  prehrambene  proizvode  obogaćene  ekstraktima  ovih  vrednih  bioaktivnih  jedinjenja.  Istovremeno,  upotrebom  sojine  semenjače,  sporednog  proizvoda prerade soje, dodatno se valorizuje ova sirovinu. Ispitivana je mogućnost obogaćivanja zrna kukuruza šećerca ekstraktom antocijana.  U  eksperimentima  ekstrakcije  antocijana  iz  semenjače  crne  soje  primenjeno  je  nekoliko  postupaka  sa  sirćetnom kiselinom.  Tokom  procesa  mariniranja,  zrna  su  promenila  boju,  menjajući  standardnu  žutu  boju  u  tamnocrvenu.  S  obzirom  da  su  posle izvesnog vremena nalivi za mariniranje sa dodatkom limunske kiseline postali zamućeni (opalescentni), u nastavku istraživanja je  korišćena  mlečna  kiselina  kao  stabilizator  antocijana.  U  zavisnosti  od  uslova  ekstrakcije,  spektrofotometrijski  utvrđen  sadržaj  ukupnih  antocijana  u  rastvoru  varirao  je  od  3541,90  do  5387,70  mg  CGE/g  d.m.,  a  u  zrnu  mariniranog  kukuruza  između  179,89  i  286,05  mg  CGE/g.  Posle  sedam  dana,  ukupan  sadržaj  antocijana  u  zrnu  nije  značajno  povećan,  pa  je  ovaj  period  odležavanja  izabran kao optimalan za mariniranje proizvoda od kukuruza.
PB  - Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture
PB  - Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi
T2  - Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
T1  - Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food
T1  - Optimizacija procesa ekstrakcije antocijana iz semenjače crne soje za pripremu funkcionalne hrane od kukuruza
VL  - 26
IS  - 1
SP  - 19
EP  - 22
DO  - 10.5937/jpea%v-36635
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Žilić, Slađana and Simić, Marijana and Perić, Vesna and Srdić, Jelena and Vasić, Marko G.",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Black  soybean  seed  coat  has  a  considerable  content  of  anthocyanins  which  can  providea  positive  effect  on  the  health  of  the  consumers through food products enriched with the extracts of these valuable bioactive compounds. Nevertheless, the use of soybean seed  coat,  a  by-product  from  soybean  processing,  additionally  valorizes  this  raw  material.The  possibility  of  enrichment  of  sweet maize  grains  with  anthocyanin  extract  was  investigated.  Several  procedures  with  acetic  acid  were  applied  in  the  experiments  of  anthocyanins  extraction  from  black  soybean  seed  coat.  During  the  marination  process,  the  grains  were  stained,  changing  their  standard yellow color to a crimson red. Since the brines with the addition of citric acid became cloudy (opalescent) after some time, lactic  acid  was  used  as  an  anthocyanin  stabilizer  in  the  continuation  of  the  research.  Depending  on  the  extraction  conditions,  the spectrophotometrically determined content of total anthocyanins in the solution varied from 3541.90 to 5387.70 μg CGE/g d.m., and in the marinated maize grain between 179.89 and 286.05 μg CGE/g d.m. After seven days, the total anthocyanin content in the grain did not increase significantly, so this aging period was selected as optimal for marinating maize products., Semenjača  crne  soje  ima  značajan  sadržaj  antocijana,  koji  mogu  pozitivno  uticati  na  zdravlje  potrošača  kroz  prehrambene  proizvode  obogaćene  ekstraktima  ovih  vrednih  bioaktivnih  jedinjenja.  Istovremeno,  upotrebom  sojine  semenjače,  sporednog  proizvoda prerade soje, dodatno se valorizuje ova sirovinu. Ispitivana je mogućnost obogaćivanja zrna kukuruza šećerca ekstraktom antocijana.  U  eksperimentima  ekstrakcije  antocijana  iz  semenjače  crne  soje  primenjeno  je  nekoliko  postupaka  sa  sirćetnom kiselinom.  Tokom  procesa  mariniranja,  zrna  su  promenila  boju,  menjajući  standardnu  žutu  boju  u  tamnocrvenu.  S  obzirom  da  su  posle izvesnog vremena nalivi za mariniranje sa dodatkom limunske kiseline postali zamućeni (opalescentni), u nastavku istraživanja je  korišćena  mlečna  kiselina  kao  stabilizator  antocijana.  U  zavisnosti  od  uslova  ekstrakcije,  spektrofotometrijski  utvrđen  sadržaj  ukupnih  antocijana  u  rastvoru  varirao  je  od  3541,90  do  5387,70  mg  CGE/g  d.m.,  a  u  zrnu  mariniranog  kukuruza  između  179,89  i  286,05  mg  CGE/g.  Posle  sedam  dana,  ukupan  sadržaj  antocijana  u  zrnu  nije  značajno  povećan,  pa  je  ovaj  period  odležavanja  izabran kao optimalan za mariniranje proizvoda od kukuruza.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi",
journal = "Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture",
title = "Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food, Optimizacija procesa ekstrakcije antocijana iz semenjače crne soje za pripremu funkcionalne hrane od kukuruza",
volume = "26",
number = "1",
pages = "19-22",
doi = "10.5937/jpea%v-36635"
}
Nikolić, V., Žilić, S., Simić, M., Perić, V., Srdić, J.,& Vasić, M. G.. (2022). Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture., 26(1), 19-22.
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea%v-36635
Nikolić V, Žilić S, Simić M, Perić V, Srdić J, Vasić MG. Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture. 2022;26(1):19-22.
doi:10.5937/jpea%v-36635 .
Nikolić, Valentina, Žilić, Slađana, Simić, Marijana, Perić, Vesna, Srdić, Jelena, Vasić, Marko G., "Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food" in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 26, no. 1 (2022):19-22,
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea%v-36635 . .

Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review

Žilić, Slađana; Nikolić, Valentina; Mogol, Burce Atac; Hamzalioglu, Aytul; Tas, Neslihan Goncuoglu; Kocadagli, Tolgahan; Simić, Marijana; Gokmen, Vural

(Washington : ACS Publications, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Mogol, Burce Atac
AU  - Hamzalioglu, Aytul
AU  - Tas, Neslihan Goncuoglu
AU  - Kocadagli, Tolgahan
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Gokmen, Vural
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/855
AB  - Widely consumed thermally processed corn-based foods can have a great contribution to acrylamide dietary intake,
thus bearing a high public health risk and requiring attention and application of strategies for its reduction. This paper reviews the
literature on the acrylamide content of corn-based food products present in the market around the world. The potential of corn for
acrylamide formation due to its content of free asparagine and reducing sugars is described. Human exposure to acrylamide from
corn-based foods is also discussed. The content of acrylamide in corn/tortilla chips, popcorn, and corn flakes, as widely consumed
products all over the world, is reported in the literature to be between 5 and 6360 μg/kg, between <LOD and 2220 μg/kg and
between <LOD and 1186 μg/kg, respectively. Although these products are important acrylamide sources in the common diet of all
age populations, higher intake values occurred among younger generations.
PB  - Washington : ACS Publications
T2  - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
T1  - Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review
VL  - 70
SP  - 4165
EP  - 4181
DO  - 10.1021/acs.jafc.1c07249
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Žilić, Slađana and Nikolić, Valentina and Mogol, Burce Atac and Hamzalioglu, Aytul and Tas, Neslihan Goncuoglu and Kocadagli, Tolgahan and Simić, Marijana and Gokmen, Vural",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Widely consumed thermally processed corn-based foods can have a great contribution to acrylamide dietary intake,
thus bearing a high public health risk and requiring attention and application of strategies for its reduction. This paper reviews the
literature on the acrylamide content of corn-based food products present in the market around the world. The potential of corn for
acrylamide formation due to its content of free asparagine and reducing sugars is described. Human exposure to acrylamide from
corn-based foods is also discussed. The content of acrylamide in corn/tortilla chips, popcorn, and corn flakes, as widely consumed
products all over the world, is reported in the literature to be between 5 and 6360 μg/kg, between <LOD and 2220 μg/kg and
between <LOD and 1186 μg/kg, respectively. Although these products are important acrylamide sources in the common diet of all
age populations, higher intake values occurred among younger generations.",
publisher = "Washington : ACS Publications",
journal = "Journal of agricultural and food chemistry",
title = "Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review",
volume = "70",
pages = "4165-4181",
doi = "10.1021/acs.jafc.1c07249"
}
Žilić, S., Nikolić, V., Mogol, B. A., Hamzalioglu, A., Tas, N. G., Kocadagli, T., Simić, M.,& Gokmen, V.. (2022). Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review. in Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
Washington : ACS Publications., 70, 4165-4181.
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.1c07249
Žilić S, Nikolić V, Mogol BA, Hamzalioglu A, Tas NG, Kocadagli T, Simić M, Gokmen V. Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review. in Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2022;70:4165-4181.
doi:10.1021/acs.jafc.1c07249 .
Žilić, Slađana, Nikolić, Valentina, Mogol, Burce Atac, Hamzalioglu, Aytul, Tas, Neslihan Goncuoglu, Kocadagli, Tolgahan, Simić, Marijana, Gokmen, Vural, "Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review" in Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 70 (2022):4165-4181,
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.1c07249 . .
3

Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize

Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Dragičević, Vesna

(2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/997
AB  - Crop rotation is an essential part of IWM system proposed to be implemented in maize weed 
control. It is especially appropriate to be used in sustainable maize production in order to suppress weed abundance on ecological and low-pesticide way. In comparison to maize continuous cropping, which is not suggestible, two- and three-years crop rotation with legume crop 
is more efficient in weed biomass reduction, including basic herbicide application. The aim 
of the study was to investigate the efficacy of combined application of crop rotation and mixture of soil (PRE) herbicides on weed species distribution. A long-term field trial organized as split-plot experiment has started in 2009 with maize sown in all four fields at the Maize Research Institute, Belgrade, Serbia. The basic treatment was a rotation system: maize continuous cropping (MC), maize-winter wheat rotation (MW), maize-soybean - w. wheat (MSW) and maize - w. wheat - soybean rotation (MWS). A pre-emergence herbicide mixture of isoxaflutole and metolachlor (Merlin 750-WG+Dual Gold 960 EC) in recommended rates (105 g a.i. ha-1 + 672 g a.i. ha-1) was applied immediately after drilling with a CO2 backpack sprayer with a four nozzle boom, using extended range nozzles (XR11002-SS, Tee Jet Spraying Systems, Wheaton, IL, USA) calibrated to deliver a spray volume of 140 L ha-1 of solution at 275.8 kPa. Herbicides were not applied in the control plot. After twelve years and completion of four rotations, maize was present again in all fields in 2021. Weed infestation level was estimated six to seven weeks after the application of herbicides. Samples were drawn randomly by the one square meter and number of weed individuals (WI) and their biomass (WB) were calculated. The data were processed by ANOVA. Our results indicated that in comparison to 2009, WI were increased in 2021 in untreated control by 44.2% in MC, 23.6% in MW, 24.6% in MSW and 18.6% in MWS. On the other hand, in treated plots WI have increased only in MC, by 62.5% and lowered by 7.7% in MW, 29.4% in MSW and 60.0% in MWS. WB has been reduced in 2021 significantly on treated as well as untreated plots in all rotation systems. The highest reduction of WB was achieved in untreated control of MWS (42.6%) and treated plot in MC (45.6%). Conclusively, it was proved that even with basic herbicide treatment with soil herbicides crop rotation could be very effec tive in weed control. On the other hand, maize continuous cropping has to be avoided in order to reduce potentials for weed infestation.
C3  - 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts
T1  - Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize
SP  - 215
EP  - 215
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Crop rotation is an essential part of IWM system proposed to be implemented in maize weed 
control. It is especially appropriate to be used in sustainable maize production in order to suppress weed abundance on ecological and low-pesticide way. In comparison to maize continuous cropping, which is not suggestible, two- and three-years crop rotation with legume crop 
is more efficient in weed biomass reduction, including basic herbicide application. The aim 
of the study was to investigate the efficacy of combined application of crop rotation and mixture of soil (PRE) herbicides on weed species distribution. A long-term field trial organized as split-plot experiment has started in 2009 with maize sown in all four fields at the Maize Research Institute, Belgrade, Serbia. The basic treatment was a rotation system: maize continuous cropping (MC), maize-winter wheat rotation (MW), maize-soybean - w. wheat (MSW) and maize - w. wheat - soybean rotation (MWS). A pre-emergence herbicide mixture of isoxaflutole and metolachlor (Merlin 750-WG+Dual Gold 960 EC) in recommended rates (105 g a.i. ha-1 + 672 g a.i. ha-1) was applied immediately after drilling with a CO2 backpack sprayer with a four nozzle boom, using extended range nozzles (XR11002-SS, Tee Jet Spraying Systems, Wheaton, IL, USA) calibrated to deliver a spray volume of 140 L ha-1 of solution at 275.8 kPa. Herbicides were not applied in the control plot. After twelve years and completion of four rotations, maize was present again in all fields in 2021. Weed infestation level was estimated six to seven weeks after the application of herbicides. Samples were drawn randomly by the one square meter and number of weed individuals (WI) and their biomass (WB) were calculated. The data were processed by ANOVA. Our results indicated that in comparison to 2009, WI were increased in 2021 in untreated control by 44.2% in MC, 23.6% in MW, 24.6% in MSW and 18.6% in MWS. On the other hand, in treated plots WI have increased only in MC, by 62.5% and lowered by 7.7% in MW, 29.4% in MSW and 60.0% in MWS. WB has been reduced in 2021 significantly on treated as well as untreated plots in all rotation systems. The highest reduction of WB was achieved in untreated control of MWS (42.6%) and treated plot in MC (45.6%). Conclusively, it was proved that even with basic herbicide treatment with soil herbicides crop rotation could be very effec tive in weed control. On the other hand, maize continuous cropping has to be avoided in order to reduce potentials for weed infestation.",
journal = "19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts",
title = "Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize",
pages = "215-215"
}
Simić, M., Brankov, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2022). Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize. in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts, 215-215.
Simić M, Brankov M, Dragičević V. Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize. in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts. 2022;:215-215..
Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Dragičević, Vesna, "Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize" in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts (2022):215-215.

Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming

Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Dragičević, Vesna

(2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/996
AB  - Sustainability in agricultural systems is largely based on increasing biodiversity and reduc ing the input of agrochemicals. Weed species occurrence and distribution in fields is driven by 
anthropogenic factor and cropping measures applied for high yield achievement. In sustainable 
cropping systems with cultivation of specific maize varieties such as sweet maize, special at tention has been usually paid to weed control because these genotypes are additionally sen sitive to herbicides. Sweet maize is mainly consumed directly by humans and its cultivation is 
supposed to be conducted without chemical control of weeds, giving advantage to cover crops. 
Cover crops influence weed infestation level through competition for space, light, water, and 
minerals. The aim of the investigation was to identify the most effective species or mixtures of 
cover crops in weed control of sweet maize in the present agro-ecological conditions. The ex periment was conducted at the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje, Belgrade, Serbia during 
2014-2016. Sweet maize was grown after different cover crops: V1-common vetch (Vicia sativa 
L.), V2-field pea (Pisum sativum L.), V3-winter oats (Avena sativa L.), V4-fodder kale (Brassica 
oleracea convar. acephala L.), V5-common vetch+oats and V6-field pea+oats, V7- straw and 
V8- bare soil as a control. The preceding crop was winter wheat and each treatment had three 
repetitions. Sowing of cover crops was done in autumn while incorporation by ploughing was 
performed in spring, one week before sweet maize sowing (hybrid ZP SC 421su)in a density of 
65.000 plants ha-1. Six weeks after sowing, the weed association composition was analysed 
by weed species, number of individuals, and biomass determination per m2. After that, weeds 
were removed by hand hoeing and herbicides were not applied. The 19 weed species were 
determined during the investigation while seven species were present in each year and made 
a base of association: Solanum nigrum L., Sorghum halepense (Pers.) L., Chenopodium album
L., C. hybridum L., Amaranthus retroflexus L., A. hybridusL. and A. albus L.. Number of weed 
species, weed individuals and their biomass were significantly affected by year, cover crop, and 
their interaction. The highest number of individuals was detected in 2016 which was favourable 
regarding sum and distribution of precipitation. V1, V2 and V3 were the most efficient cover 
crop treatments in weed control, with the lowest number of weed species and individuals. In 
average for three years, weed biomass was significantly reduced after cultivation of field pea, 
V2 (820.2 g m-2) and its mixture with oats, V6 (794.3 g m-2) in comparison to control, bare soil, 
V8 (1582.6 g m-2).
C3  - 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts
T1  - Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming
SP  - 132
EP  - 132
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Sustainability in agricultural systems is largely based on increasing biodiversity and reduc ing the input of agrochemicals. Weed species occurrence and distribution in fields is driven by 
anthropogenic factor and cropping measures applied for high yield achievement. In sustainable 
cropping systems with cultivation of specific maize varieties such as sweet maize, special at tention has been usually paid to weed control because these genotypes are additionally sen sitive to herbicides. Sweet maize is mainly consumed directly by humans and its cultivation is 
supposed to be conducted without chemical control of weeds, giving advantage to cover crops. 
Cover crops influence weed infestation level through competition for space, light, water, and 
minerals. The aim of the investigation was to identify the most effective species or mixtures of 
cover crops in weed control of sweet maize in the present agro-ecological conditions. The ex periment was conducted at the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje, Belgrade, Serbia during 
2014-2016. Sweet maize was grown after different cover crops: V1-common vetch (Vicia sativa 
L.), V2-field pea (Pisum sativum L.), V3-winter oats (Avena sativa L.), V4-fodder kale (Brassica 
oleracea convar. acephala L.), V5-common vetch+oats and V6-field pea+oats, V7- straw and 
V8- bare soil as a control. The preceding crop was winter wheat and each treatment had three 
repetitions. Sowing of cover crops was done in autumn while incorporation by ploughing was 
performed in spring, one week before sweet maize sowing (hybrid ZP SC 421su)in a density of 
65.000 plants ha-1. Six weeks after sowing, the weed association composition was analysed 
by weed species, number of individuals, and biomass determination per m2. After that, weeds 
were removed by hand hoeing and herbicides were not applied. The 19 weed species were 
determined during the investigation while seven species were present in each year and made 
a base of association: Solanum nigrum L., Sorghum halepense (Pers.) L., Chenopodium album
L., C. hybridum L., Amaranthus retroflexus L., A. hybridusL. and A. albus L.. Number of weed 
species, weed individuals and their biomass were significantly affected by year, cover crop, and 
their interaction. The highest number of individuals was detected in 2016 which was favourable 
regarding sum and distribution of precipitation. V1, V2 and V3 were the most efficient cover 
crop treatments in weed control, with the lowest number of weed species and individuals. In 
average for three years, weed biomass was significantly reduced after cultivation of field pea, 
V2 (820.2 g m-2) and its mixture with oats, V6 (794.3 g m-2) in comparison to control, bare soil, 
V8 (1582.6 g m-2).",
journal = "19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts",
title = "Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming",
pages = "132-132"
}
Simić, M., Brankov, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2022). Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming. in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts, 132-132.
Simić M, Brankov M, Dragičević V. Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming. in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts. 2022;:132-132..
Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Dragičević, Vesna, "Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming" in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts (2022):132-132.

Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean

Dragičević, Vesna; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Brankov, Milan; Tolimir, Miodrag; Tabaković, Marijenka; Dodevska, Margarita; Simic, Milena

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Dodevska, Margarita
AU  - Simic, Milena
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/981
AB  - Organic agriculture offers many benefits through the increased nutritional quality of produced crops, agro-ecosystem preservation, and climate change mitigation. The development of an efficient nutrient management strategy in low-input systems, such as organic agriculture, which supports soil fertility and essential nutrients absorption by crops, is continually exploring. Thus, a study with maize–spelt–soybean rotation during a 5-year period in organic production was established to evaluate the variability in soil organic matter (SOM) and the status of available elements: N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Si from the soil, as well as grain yield (GY) and the content of protein, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Si concentration in the grain of spelt, maize, and soybean. Significant variations in mineral elements in the soil, GY, and grain composition were detected. Spelt achieved the highest average GY, while soybean grain was the richest in a majority of examined nutrients. The soil Ca content was important for GY, while the protein level in grain was generally tied to the Mn level in the soil. It was recognized that soil–crop crosstalk is an important strategy for macro- and micro-nutrients management in the soil and grain of organically produced spelt, maize, and soybean. While a reduction in the GY and protein concentration in grain was present over time, it was established that a low-input system under dry-farming conditions supports nutrient availability and accumulation in grain, under semi-arid agro-ecological conditions of central Serbia.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Agriculture
T1  - Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean
VL  - 12
IS  - 5
SP  - 702
DO  - https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Brankov, Milan and Tolimir, Miodrag and Tabaković, Marijenka and Dodevska, Margarita and Simic, Milena",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Organic agriculture offers many benefits through the increased nutritional quality of produced crops, agro-ecosystem preservation, and climate change mitigation. The development of an efficient nutrient management strategy in low-input systems, such as organic agriculture, which supports soil fertility and essential nutrients absorption by crops, is continually exploring. Thus, a study with maize–spelt–soybean rotation during a 5-year period in organic production was established to evaluate the variability in soil organic matter (SOM) and the status of available elements: N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Si from the soil, as well as grain yield (GY) and the content of protein, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Si concentration in the grain of spelt, maize, and soybean. Significant variations in mineral elements in the soil, GY, and grain composition were detected. Spelt achieved the highest average GY, while soybean grain was the richest in a majority of examined nutrients. The soil Ca content was important for GY, while the protein level in grain was generally tied to the Mn level in the soil. It was recognized that soil–crop crosstalk is an important strategy for macro- and micro-nutrients management in the soil and grain of organically produced spelt, maize, and soybean. While a reduction in the GY and protein concentration in grain was present over time, it was established that a low-input system under dry-farming conditions supports nutrient availability and accumulation in grain, under semi-arid agro-ecological conditions of central Serbia.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Agriculture",
title = "Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean",
volume = "12",
number = "5",
pages = "702",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702"
}
Dragičević, V., Stoiljkovic, M., Brankov, M., Tolimir, M., Tabaković, M., Dodevska, M.,& Simic, M.. (2022). Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean. in Agriculture
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 12(5), 702.
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702
Dragičević V, Stoiljkovic M, Brankov M, Tolimir M, Tabaković M, Dodevska M, Simic M. Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean. in Agriculture. 2022;12(5):702.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Brankov, Milan, Tolimir, Miodrag, Tabaković, Marijenka, Dodevska, Margarita, Simic, Milena, "Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean" in Agriculture, 12, no. 5 (2022):702,
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702 . .

Antioxidants from maize seeds and accelerated ageing

Kravić, Natalija; Dragičević, Vesna; Milivojević, Marija; Babić, Vojka; Žilić, Slađana

(Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Milivojević, Marija
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/839
AB  - Seed deterioration is expressed as the loss of viability, vigour and quality during ageing The
major causes of seed deterioration refer to free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation, enzyme
inactivation or protein degradation, disruption of cellular membranes and damage to genetic
integrity Accelerated ageing (AA) is a simple method for studying the mechanisms of deterio-
ration over short periods In order to estimate the deterioration rate, seeds of four maize geno-
types were exposed to accelerated ageing for different time points (three and six days of AA) In
parallel, the same genotypes were evaluated regarding the content of total phenolics, phenolic
acids, flavonoids and anthocyanins, as well as regarding total antioxidant capacity Compared
to non-stressed seeds, ageing was evidenced by decreased germination energy (48 9%), a total
number of seedlings (40 8%) and seedlings growth (70 0% for root length, 44 0% and 10 5% for
root and shoot fresh weight, 5 0% for seed rest fresh weight, 12 0% and 11 5% for root and shoot
dry weight, 15 3% for seed rest dry weight, respectively), as well as by an increased number of
abnormal seedlings (22 0%) Correlation analysis revealed that higher content of total phenolics,
flavonoids and anthocyanins contributed to a higher radical scavenging activity, which was re-
flected through a lower level of deterioration rate, both regarding the energy of germination and
overall seedling performance.
AB  - Propadanje semena se ogleda u gubitku životne sposobnosti, energije i kvaliteta Dejstvo slo-
bodnih radikala dovodi do peroksidacije lipida, inaktivacije enzima, degradacije proteina, raza-
ranja ćelijskih membrana i oštećenja genetičkog materijala, i smatra se glavnim uzrokom propa-
danja semena Ubrzano starenje, kao metod, omogućava proučavanje mehanizama propadanja
semena u kratkom vremenskom periodu Za procenu stepena propadanja, seme četiri genotipa
kukuruza je izloženo tretmanu ubrzanog starenja u trajanju od tri i šest dana Uporedo sa ovim,
kod istih genotipova je ispitivan sadržaj ukupnih fenola, fenolnih kiselina, flavonoida i antoci-
jana, kao i ukupni antioksidativni kapacitet Poređenjem sa nestresiranim semenom (kontrola),
starenje je rezultiralo padom energije klijavosti (48,9%), smanjenjem ukupnog broja klijanaca
(40,8%), smanjenjem rasta klijanaca (70,0% za dužinu korena, 44,0% i 10,5% za svežu masu ko-
rena i izdanka, 5,0% za svežu masu semenog ostatka, 12 0% i 11 5% za suvu masu korena i iz -
danka, 15 3% za suvu masu semenog ostatka, respektivno), kao i povećanjem broja nenormalnih
klijanaca (22,0%) Korelacionom analizom je utvrđeno da je povećani sadržaj ukupnih fenola,
flavonoida i antocijana doprineo većoj sposobnosti gušenja slobodnih radikala, reflektujući se
kroz smanjen stepen propadanja semena, kako u pogledu energije klijavosti, tako i u pogledu
ukupne performanse klijanca.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - Antioxidants from maize seeds and accelerated ageing
VL  - 27
IS  - 2
SP  - 47
EP  - 57
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem2102047K
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Kravić, Natalija and Dragičević, Vesna and Milivojević, Marija and Babić, Vojka and Žilić, Slađana",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Seed deterioration is expressed as the loss of viability, vigour and quality during ageing The
major causes of seed deterioration refer to free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation, enzyme
inactivation or protein degradation, disruption of cellular membranes and damage to genetic
integrity Accelerated ageing (AA) is a simple method for studying the mechanisms of deterio-
ration over short periods In order to estimate the deterioration rate, seeds of four maize geno-
types were exposed to accelerated ageing for different time points (three and six days of AA) In
parallel, the same genotypes were evaluated regarding the content of total phenolics, phenolic
acids, flavonoids and anthocyanins, as well as regarding total antioxidant capacity Compared
to non-stressed seeds, ageing was evidenced by decreased germination energy (48 9%), a total
number of seedlings (40 8%) and seedlings growth (70 0% for root length, 44 0% and 10 5% for
root and shoot fresh weight, 5 0% for seed rest fresh weight, 12 0% and 11 5% for root and shoot
dry weight, 15 3% for seed rest dry weight, respectively), as well as by an increased number of
abnormal seedlings (22 0%) Correlation analysis revealed that higher content of total phenolics,
flavonoids and anthocyanins contributed to a higher radical scavenging activity, which was re-
flected through a lower level of deterioration rate, both regarding the energy of germination and
overall seedling performance., Propadanje semena se ogleda u gubitku životne sposobnosti, energije i kvaliteta Dejstvo slo-
bodnih radikala dovodi do peroksidacije lipida, inaktivacije enzima, degradacije proteina, raza-
ranja ćelijskih membrana i oštećenja genetičkog materijala, i smatra se glavnim uzrokom propa-
danja semena Ubrzano starenje, kao metod, omogućava proučavanje mehanizama propadanja
semena u kratkom vremenskom periodu Za procenu stepena propadanja, seme četiri genotipa
kukuruza je izloženo tretmanu ubrzanog starenja u trajanju od tri i šest dana Uporedo sa ovim,
kod istih genotipova je ispitivan sadržaj ukupnih fenola, fenolnih kiselina, flavonoida i antoci-
jana, kao i ukupni antioksidativni kapacitet Poređenjem sa nestresiranim semenom (kontrola),
starenje je rezultiralo padom energije klijavosti (48,9%), smanjenjem ukupnog broja klijanaca
(40,8%), smanjenjem rasta klijanaca (70,0% za dužinu korena, 44,0% i 10,5% za svežu masu ko-
rena i izdanka, 5,0% za svežu masu semenog ostatka, 12 0% i 11 5% za suvu masu korena i iz -
danka, 15 3% za suvu masu semenog ostatka, respektivno), kao i povećanjem broja nenormalnih
klijanaca (22,0%) Korelacionom analizom je utvrđeno da je povećani sadržaj ukupnih fenola,
flavonoida i antocijana doprineo većoj sposobnosti gušenja slobodnih radikala, reflektujući se
kroz smanjen stepen propadanja semena, kako u pogledu energije klijavosti, tako i u pogledu
ukupne performanse klijanca.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "Antioxidants from maize seeds and accelerated ageing",
volume = "27",
number = "2",
pages = "47-57",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem2102047K"
}
Kravić, N., Dragičević, V., Milivojević, M., Babić, V.,& Žilić, S.. (2021). Antioxidants from maize seeds and accelerated ageing. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije., 27(2), 47-57.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2102047K
Kravić N, Dragičević V, Milivojević M, Babić V, Žilić S. Antioxidants from maize seeds and accelerated ageing. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2021;27(2):47-57.
doi:10.5937/SelSem2102047K .
Kravić, Natalija, Dragičević, Vesna, Milivojević, Marija, Babić, Vojka, Žilić, Slađana, "Antioxidants from maize seeds and accelerated ageing" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 27, no. 2 (2021):47-57,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2102047K . .

Alteration of metabolites accumulation in maize inbreds leaf tissue under long-term water deficit

Kravić, Natalija; Babić, Vojka; Vukadinović, Jelena; Ristić, Danijela; Dragičević, Vesna; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Anđelković, Violeta

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Vukadinović, Jelena
AU  - Ristić, Danijela
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Anđelković, Violeta
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/828
AB  - Plants reconfigure their metabolic pathways to cope with water deficit. The aim of this study was to determine the status of the physiological parameters and the content of phenolic acids in the upper most ear leaf of maize inbred lines contrasting in drought tolerance in terms of improved plant productivity e.g., increased grain yield. The experiment was conducted under irrigation and rain-fed conditions. In drought-tolerant lines, the effect of water deficit was reflected through a chlorophyll and nitrogen balance index increase followed by a flavonols index decrease. The opposite trend was noticed in drought susceptible inbreds, with the exception of the anthocyanins index. Moreover, in comparison to irrigation treatment, opposite trends in the correlations between grain yield and physiological parameters found under water deficit conditions indicated the activation of different metabolic pathways in defense against water deficit stress. Concerning phenolic acid content, water deficit caused the reduction of protocatechuic, caffeic, and sinapic acid in all inbreds evaluated. However, the highly pronounced increase of ferulic and especially cinnamic acid content under water deficit conditions indicated possible crucial role of these secondary metabolites in preventing the harmful effects of water deficit stress, which, in turn, might be useful in maize breeding selection for drought tolerance
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Biology
T1  - Alteration of metabolites accumulation in maize inbreds leaf tissue under long-term water deficit
VL  - 10
IS  - 8
SP  - 694
DO  - 10.3390/biology10080694
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Kravić, Natalija and Babić, Vojka and Vukadinović, Jelena and Ristić, Danijela and Dragičević, Vesna and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Anđelković, Violeta",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Plants reconfigure their metabolic pathways to cope with water deficit. The aim of this study was to determine the status of the physiological parameters and the content of phenolic acids in the upper most ear leaf of maize inbred lines contrasting in drought tolerance in terms of improved plant productivity e.g., increased grain yield. The experiment was conducted under irrigation and rain-fed conditions. In drought-tolerant lines, the effect of water deficit was reflected through a chlorophyll and nitrogen balance index increase followed by a flavonols index decrease. The opposite trend was noticed in drought susceptible inbreds, with the exception of the anthocyanins index. Moreover, in comparison to irrigation treatment, opposite trends in the correlations between grain yield and physiological parameters found under water deficit conditions indicated the activation of different metabolic pathways in defense against water deficit stress. Concerning phenolic acid content, water deficit caused the reduction of protocatechuic, caffeic, and sinapic acid in all inbreds evaluated. However, the highly pronounced increase of ferulic and especially cinnamic acid content under water deficit conditions indicated possible crucial role of these secondary metabolites in preventing the harmful effects of water deficit stress, which, in turn, might be useful in maize breeding selection for drought tolerance",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Biology",
title = "Alteration of metabolites accumulation in maize inbreds leaf tissue under long-term water deficit",
volume = "10",
number = "8",
pages = "694",
doi = "10.3390/biology10080694"
}
Kravić, N., Babić, V., Vukadinović, J., Ristić, D., Dragičević, V., Mladenović Drinić, S.,& Anđelković, V.. (2021). Alteration of metabolites accumulation in maize inbreds leaf tissue under long-term water deficit. in Biology
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 10(8), 694.
https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10080694
Kravić N, Babić V, Vukadinović J, Ristić D, Dragičević V, Mladenović Drinić S, Anđelković V. Alteration of metabolites accumulation in maize inbreds leaf tissue under long-term water deficit. in Biology. 2021;10(8):694.
doi:10.3390/biology10080694 .
Kravić, Natalija, Babić, Vojka, Vukadinović, Jelena, Ristić, Danijela, Dragičević, Vesna, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, Anđelković, Violeta, "Alteration of metabolites accumulation in maize inbreds leaf tissue under long-term water deficit" in Biology, 10, no. 8 (2021):694,
https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10080694 . .
2
2

Diversity assessment of the montenegrin maize landrace gene pool maintained in two gene banks

Babić, Vojka; Anđelković, Violeta; Jovovic, Zoran; Babić, Milosav; Vasić, Vladimir; Kravić, Natalija

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Anđelković, Violeta
AU  - Jovovic, Zoran
AU  - Babić, Milosav
AU  - Vasić, Vladimir
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/827
AB  - Due to the loss of agro-biodiversity, there is a strong effort to find apparent and efficient
mechanisms for the conservation and sustainable use of genetic diversity. A joint monitoring of the
diversity and collections structure of the Montenegrin maize landraces conserved in the Serbian
(MRIZPGB) and Montenegrin (MGB) gene banks has been conducted in order to improve the
composition of the collections and to identify and eliminate possible redundancy. Based on a separate
analysis of white- and yellow-orange maize landraces, it can be concluded that the diversity and
evolution of distinct maize landraces grown and collected in Montenegro have been simultaneously
shaped by both environmental (i.e., natural selection) and socially driven factors (farmers’ selection,
migration and colonization processes of the human population). Although it has been determined
that the authenticity and variability of the Montenegrin maize landraces gene pool have largely
been preserved in the MRIZPGB collection, a significant amount of redundancy was observed. The
obtained results will contribute to the cost-efficient conservation of the maize gene pool in the
Montenegrin and Serbian gene banks. The recognized and well-preserved original variability of the
MRIZPGB and MGB Montenegrin gene pool represents a valuable source for pre-breeding activities
on broadening the white and flint maize breeding programmes under temperate conditions.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Plants
T1  - Diversity assessment of the montenegrin maize landrace gene pool maintained in two gene banks
VL  - 10
IS  - 8
SP  - 1503
DO  - 10.3390/plants10081503
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Babić, Vojka and Anđelković, Violeta and Jovovic, Zoran and Babić, Milosav and Vasić, Vladimir and Kravić, Natalija",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Due to the loss of agro-biodiversity, there is a strong effort to find apparent and efficient
mechanisms for the conservation and sustainable use of genetic diversity. A joint monitoring of the
diversity and collections structure of the Montenegrin maize landraces conserved in the Serbian
(MRIZPGB) and Montenegrin (MGB) gene banks has been conducted in order to improve the
composition of the collections and to identify and eliminate possible redundancy. Based on a separate
analysis of white- and yellow-orange maize landraces, it can be concluded that the diversity and
evolution of distinct maize landraces grown and collected in Montenegro have been simultaneously
shaped by both environmental (i.e., natural selection) and socially driven factors (farmers’ selection,
migration and colonization processes of the human population). Although it has been determined
that the authenticity and variability of the Montenegrin maize landraces gene pool have largely
been preserved in the MRIZPGB collection, a significant amount of redundancy was observed. The
obtained results will contribute to the cost-efficient conservation of the maize gene pool in the
Montenegrin and Serbian gene banks. The recognized and well-preserved original variability of the
MRIZPGB and MGB Montenegrin gene pool represents a valuable source for pre-breeding activities
on broadening the white and flint maize breeding programmes under temperate conditions.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Plants",
title = "Diversity assessment of the montenegrin maize landrace gene pool maintained in two gene banks",
volume = "10",
number = "8",
pages = "1503",
doi = "10.3390/plants10081503"
}
Babić, V., Anđelković, V., Jovovic, Z., Babić, M., Vasić, V.,& Kravić, N.. (2021). Diversity assessment of the montenegrin maize landrace gene pool maintained in two gene banks. in Plants
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 10(8), 1503.
https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10081503
Babić V, Anđelković V, Jovovic Z, Babić M, Vasić V, Kravić N. Diversity assessment of the montenegrin maize landrace gene pool maintained in two gene banks. in Plants. 2021;10(8):1503.
doi:10.3390/plants10081503 .
Babić, Vojka, Anđelković, Violeta, Jovovic, Zoran, Babić, Milosav, Vasić, Vladimir, Kravić, Natalija, "Diversity assessment of the montenegrin maize landrace gene pool maintained in two gene banks" in Plants, 10, no. 8 (2021):1503,
https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10081503 . .
1
1

Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability

Perić, Sanja; Stevanović, Milan; Prodanović, Slaven; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Grčić, Nikola; Kandić, Vesna; Pavlov, Jovan

(Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Perić, Sanja
AU  - Stevanović, Milan
AU  - Prodanović, Slaven
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Grčić, Nikola
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Pavlov, Jovan
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/834
AB  - A panel of seven maize inbred lines belonging to Zemun Polje commercial pool were
genotypized using SNPs bead chip. 21 hybrids, developed according to the half dialel
mating design, were tested in the field together with inbred lines per se. The goal of the
study was to determine the genetic distance among seven maize inbred lines and to
establish whether there was a significant correlation between the genetic distance among
parental inbreds and grain yield, specific combining abilities (SCA) and high-parent (HP)
heterosis for the grain yield. The inbred lines ZPL2 and ZPL4 with the genetic distance of
0.487 were the most genetically distant parents, while inbred lines ZPL1 and ZPL2 with
the genetic distance of 0.191 were the closest ones. Three subclusters of inbred lines were
distinguished in the dendrogram. Inbred lines ZPL5, ZPL6, ZPL3 and ZPL7 were
grouped into the first subcluster, while inbred lines ZPL1 and ZPL2, i.e. the inbred line
ZPL4 were grouped in the second, i.e. the third subcluster, respectively. The values of the
Spearman's rank correlation coefficient between the genetic distance among inbred lines
based on the SNP markers, and grain yield, specific combining abilities (SCA) and high-
parent (HP) heterosis were positive and statistically significant. The highest correlation
coefficient was exhibited between the grain yield and high-parent (HP) heterosis (0.93),
and then between the genetic distance and the grain yield (0.92) as well as between the
genetic distance and high-parent (HP) heterosis (0.91).
AB  - Panel od sedam inbred linija kukuruza koje pripadaju komercijalnom pulu Instituta za kukuruz u
Zemun Polju je analiziran pomoću SNP čipa. Hibridi dobijeni po metodu nepotpunog dialela su
ispitivani u polju zajedno sa inbred linijama per se. Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da se utvrdi
genetička distanca između inbred linija kukuruza i da se ispita da li postoji značajna korelacija
između genetičke distance roditeljskih linija, posebnih kombinacionih sposobnosti (PKS) i
heterozisa u odnosu na boljeg roditelja (HPH) za osobinu prinos zrna. Genetički najudaljenije
linije su bile ZPL2 i ZPL4 sa genetičkom distancom 0.487, dok su najbliže bile inbred linije
ZPL1 i ZPL2 sa genetičkom distancom 0.191, kao i inbred linije ZPL5 i ZPL6 sa genetičkom
distancom 0.196. Dendrogram je podelio inbred linije u tri različita subklastera. Prvom
subklasteru pripadaju inbred linije ZPL5, ZPL6, ZPL3 i ZPL7, drugom inbred linije ZPL1 i
ZPL2 i trećem inbred linija ZPL4. Vrednosti Sperman-ovog koeficijenta korelacije ranga između
genetičke distance zasnovane na SNP markerima, prinosa zrna, posebnih kombinacionih
sposobnosti (PKS) i heterozisa u odnosu na boljeg roditelja (HPH) su bile pozitivne i statistički
značajne. Najviši koeficijent korelacije je bio između prinosa zrna i HPH (0,93), zatim između
genetičke distance i prinosa (0.92) i između genetičke distance i HPH (0.91).
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability
VL  - 53
IS  - 3
SP  - 1219
EP  - 1228
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2103219P
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Perić, Sanja and Stevanović, Milan and Prodanović, Slaven and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Grčić, Nikola and Kandić, Vesna and Pavlov, Jovan",
year = "2021",
abstract = "A panel of seven maize inbred lines belonging to Zemun Polje commercial pool were
genotypized using SNPs bead chip. 21 hybrids, developed according to the half dialel
mating design, were tested in the field together with inbred lines per se. The goal of the
study was to determine the genetic distance among seven maize inbred lines and to
establish whether there was a significant correlation between the genetic distance among
parental inbreds and grain yield, specific combining abilities (SCA) and high-parent (HP)
heterosis for the grain yield. The inbred lines ZPL2 and ZPL4 with the genetic distance of
0.487 were the most genetically distant parents, while inbred lines ZPL1 and ZPL2 with
the genetic distance of 0.191 were the closest ones. Three subclusters of inbred lines were
distinguished in the dendrogram. Inbred lines ZPL5, ZPL6, ZPL3 and ZPL7 were
grouped into the first subcluster, while inbred lines ZPL1 and ZPL2, i.e. the inbred line
ZPL4 were grouped in the second, i.e. the third subcluster, respectively. The values of the
Spearman's rank correlation coefficient between the genetic distance among inbred lines
based on the SNP markers, and grain yield, specific combining abilities (SCA) and high-
parent (HP) heterosis were positive and statistically significant. The highest correlation
coefficient was exhibited between the grain yield and high-parent (HP) heterosis (0.93),
and then between the genetic distance and the grain yield (0.92) as well as between the
genetic distance and high-parent (HP) heterosis (0.91)., Panel od sedam inbred linija kukuruza koje pripadaju komercijalnom pulu Instituta za kukuruz u
Zemun Polju je analiziran pomoću SNP čipa. Hibridi dobijeni po metodu nepotpunog dialela su
ispitivani u polju zajedno sa inbred linijama per se. Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da se utvrdi
genetička distanca između inbred linija kukuruza i da se ispita da li postoji značajna korelacija
između genetičke distance roditeljskih linija, posebnih kombinacionih sposobnosti (PKS) i
heterozisa u odnosu na boljeg roditelja (HPH) za osobinu prinos zrna. Genetički najudaljenije
linije su bile ZPL2 i ZPL4 sa genetičkom distancom 0.487, dok su najbliže bile inbred linije
ZPL1 i ZPL2 sa genetičkom distancom 0.191, kao i inbred linije ZPL5 i ZPL6 sa genetičkom
distancom 0.196. Dendrogram je podelio inbred linije u tri različita subklastera. Prvom
subklasteru pripadaju inbred linije ZPL5, ZPL6, ZPL3 i ZPL7, drugom inbred linije ZPL1 i
ZPL2 i trećem inbred linija ZPL4. Vrednosti Sperman-ovog koeficijenta korelacije ranga između
genetičke distance zasnovane na SNP markerima, prinosa zrna, posebnih kombinacionih
sposobnosti (PKS) i heterozisa u odnosu na boljeg roditelja (HPH) su bile pozitivne i statistički
značajne. Najviši koeficijent korelacije je bio između prinosa zrna i HPH (0,93), zatim između
genetičke distance i prinosa (0.92) i između genetičke distance i HPH (0.91).",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability",
volume = "53",
number = "3",
pages = "1219-1228",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2103219P"
}
Perić, S., Stevanović, M., Prodanović, S., Mladenović Drinić, S., Grčić, N., Kandić, V.,& Pavlov, J.. (2021). Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability. in Genetika
Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society., 53(3), 1219-1228.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2103219P
Perić S, Stevanović M, Prodanović S, Mladenović Drinić S, Grčić N, Kandić V, Pavlov J. Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability. in Genetika. 2021;53(3):1219-1228.
doi:10.2298/GENSR2103219P .
Perić, Sanja, Stevanović, Milan, Prodanović, Slaven, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, Grčić, Nikola, Kandić, Vesna, Pavlov, Jovan, "Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability" in Genetika, 53, no. 3 (2021):1219-1228,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2103219P . .
1

The morfological and molecular identification of Fusarium verticillioides causing fusariosis on wheat grain

Savić, Iva; Nikolić, Milica; Vico, Ivana; Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana; Duduk, Natasa; Stanković, Slavica

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbija, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Vico, Ivana
AU  - Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Duduk, Natasa
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/830
AB  - During the 2014-2017 period, wheat samples were collected from discoloured spikes affected by Fusarium head blight (FHB) from 20 locations in Serbia. After isolation, fungi were cultivated on potato dextrose agar (PDA) at 25oC for 7 days. Based on the in situ identification on PDA, 36 isolates of the section Liseola were selected for further analyses. The pathogenicity of all isolates was confirmed on wheat leaves. The virulence of isolates was determined by measuring the lengths of spots formed at the inoculation leaf site. In order to prove the presence of the species Fusarium verticillioides, a pair of primers FV-F2/FV-R was used. This pair of primers amplifies the sequence of the gaoB gene, and it proved to be specific for the stated species. Moreover, for the same purpose, a pair of primers VER1-VER2 based on the calmodulin partial gene was used. The reference isolate RBG 1603 Q27 was used as a positive control. The pair of primers VER1-VER2 produced a band of the expected size - 578 bp in 18 isolates, while using FV-F2/FV-R, a 370bp long band confirmed the presence of F. verticillioides in 16 samples. Sixteen out of 18 isolates verified with VER1-VER2 were also identified as F. verticillioides with FV-FS/FV-R. No amplification was observed in a negative control.
AB  - Tokom perioda od 2014. do 2017. godine sakupljani su uzorci pšenice sa fuzarioznih klasova sa 20 lokacija u Srbiji. Nakon izolacije, gljive su gajene na KDA podlozi 7 dana u termostatu na temperaturi od 25oC. Na osnovu identifikacije in situ na KDA (krompir dekstrozni agar), 36 izolata sekcije Liseola odabrano je za dalje analize. Potvrđena je patogenost svih izolata na listovima pšenice. Virulentnost izolata utvrđena je merenjem dužina formirane pege na mestu inokulacije. Za dokazivanje prisustva vrste Fusarium verticillioides korišćen je par prajmera FV-F2/FV-R koji umnožava sekvence gaoB gena i koji se pokazao kao specifičan za navedenu vrstu. Takođe, sa istim ciljem korišćen je par prajmera VER1-VER2 dizajniran na osnovu dela genske sekvence za kalmodulin. Kao pozitivna kontrola korišćen je referentni izolat RBG 1603 Q27. Par prajmera VER1-VER2 obrazovao je traku očekivane veličine (578bp) kod 18 izolata, dok je pomoću para prajmera FV-F2/FV-R traka dužine 370bp potvrdila prisustvo F. verticillioides kod 16 izolata. Šesnaest od 18 izolata koji su identifikovani VER1-VER2 parom, takođe su identifikovani i FV-FS/FV-R prajmerima. U negativnoj kontroli nije bilo amplifikacije.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbija
T2  - Genetika
T1  - The morfological and molecular identification of Fusarium verticillioides causing fusariosis on wheat grain
VL  - 53
IS  - 2
SP  - 641
EP  - 649
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2102641S
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Savić, Iva and Nikolić, Milica and Vico, Ivana and Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana and Duduk, Natasa and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2021",
abstract = "During the 2014-2017 period, wheat samples were collected from discoloured spikes affected by Fusarium head blight (FHB) from 20 locations in Serbia. After isolation, fungi were cultivated on potato dextrose agar (PDA) at 25oC for 7 days. Based on the in situ identification on PDA, 36 isolates of the section Liseola were selected for further analyses. The pathogenicity of all isolates was confirmed on wheat leaves. The virulence of isolates was determined by measuring the lengths of spots formed at the inoculation leaf site. In order to prove the presence of the species Fusarium verticillioides, a pair of primers FV-F2/FV-R was used. This pair of primers amplifies the sequence of the gaoB gene, and it proved to be specific for the stated species. Moreover, for the same purpose, a pair of primers VER1-VER2 based on the calmodulin partial gene was used. The reference isolate RBG 1603 Q27 was used as a positive control. The pair of primers VER1-VER2 produced a band of the expected size - 578 bp in 18 isolates, while using FV-F2/FV-R, a 370bp long band confirmed the presence of F. verticillioides in 16 samples. Sixteen out of 18 isolates verified with VER1-VER2 were also identified as F. verticillioides with FV-FS/FV-R. No amplification was observed in a negative control., Tokom perioda od 2014. do 2017. godine sakupljani su uzorci pšenice sa fuzarioznih klasova sa 20 lokacija u Srbiji. Nakon izolacije, gljive su gajene na KDA podlozi 7 dana u termostatu na temperaturi od 25oC. Na osnovu identifikacije in situ na KDA (krompir dekstrozni agar), 36 izolata sekcije Liseola odabrano je za dalje analize. Potvrđena je patogenost svih izolata na listovima pšenice. Virulentnost izolata utvrđena je merenjem dužina formirane pege na mestu inokulacije. Za dokazivanje prisustva vrste Fusarium verticillioides korišćen je par prajmera FV-F2/FV-R koji umnožava sekvence gaoB gena i koji se pokazao kao specifičan za navedenu vrstu. Takođe, sa istim ciljem korišćen je par prajmera VER1-VER2 dizajniran na osnovu dela genske sekvence za kalmodulin. Kao pozitivna kontrola korišćen je referentni izolat RBG 1603 Q27. Par prajmera VER1-VER2 obrazovao je traku očekivane veličine (578bp) kod 18 izolata, dok je pomoću para prajmera FV-F2/FV-R traka dužine 370bp potvrdila prisustvo F. verticillioides kod 16 izolata. Šesnaest od 18 izolata koji su identifikovani VER1-VER2 parom, takođe su identifikovani i FV-FS/FV-R prajmerima. U negativnoj kontroli nije bilo amplifikacije.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbija",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "The morfological and molecular identification of Fusarium verticillioides causing fusariosis on wheat grain",
volume = "53",
number = "2",
pages = "641-649",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2102641S"
}
Savić, I., Nikolić, M., Vico, I., Mladenović-Drinić, S., Duduk, N.,& Stanković, S.. (2021). The morfological and molecular identification of Fusarium verticillioides causing fusariosis on wheat grain. in Genetika
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbija., 53(2), 641-649.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2102641S
Savić I, Nikolić M, Vico I, Mladenović-Drinić S, Duduk N, Stanković S. The morfological and molecular identification of Fusarium verticillioides causing fusariosis on wheat grain. in Genetika. 2021;53(2):641-649.
doi:10.2298/GENSR2102641S .
Savić, Iva, Nikolić, Milica, Vico, Ivana, Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana, Duduk, Natasa, Stanković, Slavica, "The morfological and molecular identification of Fusarium verticillioides causing fusariosis on wheat grain" in Genetika, 53, no. 2 (2021):641-649,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2102641S . .

Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia

Nikolić, Milica; Savić, Iva; Nikolić, Ana; Jauković, Marko; Kandić, Vesna; Stevanović, Milan; Stanković, Slavica

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Jauković, Marko
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Stevanović, Milan
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/836
AB  - In Serbia, aspergillus ear rot caused by the disease pathogen Aspergillus parasiticus
(A. parasiticus) was first detected in 2012 under both field and storage conditions. Global climate
shifts, primarily warming, favour the contamination of maize with aflatoxins in temperate climates,
including Serbia. A five-year study (2012–2016) comprising of 46 A. parasiticus strains isolated from
maize kernels was performed to observe the morphological, molecular, pathogenic, and toxigenic
traits of this pathogen. The HPLC method was applied to evaluate mycotoxin concentrations in this
causal agent. The A. parasiticus isolates synthesised mainly aflatoxin AFB1 (84.78%). The percentage
of isolates synthesising aflatoxin AFG1 (15.22%) was considerably lower. Furthermore, the concen-
tration of AFG1 was higher than that of AFB1 in eight isolates. The polyphase approach, used to
characterise isolates, showed that they were A. parasiticus species. This identification was verified by
the multiplex RLFP-PCR detection method with the use of restriction enzymes. These results form an
excellent baseline for further studies with the aim of application in the production, processing, and
storage of cereal grains and seeds, and in technological processes to ensure the safe production of
food and feed.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Toxins
T1  - Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia
VL  - 13
SP  - 847
DO  - 10.3390/toxins13120847
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Milica and Savić, Iva and Nikolić, Ana and Jauković, Marko and Kandić, Vesna and Stevanović, Milan and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2021",
abstract = "In Serbia, aspergillus ear rot caused by the disease pathogen Aspergillus parasiticus
(A. parasiticus) was first detected in 2012 under both field and storage conditions. Global climate
shifts, primarily warming, favour the contamination of maize with aflatoxins in temperate climates,
including Serbia. A five-year study (2012–2016) comprising of 46 A. parasiticus strains isolated from
maize kernels was performed to observe the morphological, molecular, pathogenic, and toxigenic
traits of this pathogen. The HPLC method was applied to evaluate mycotoxin concentrations in this
causal agent. The A. parasiticus isolates synthesised mainly aflatoxin AFB1 (84.78%). The percentage
of isolates synthesising aflatoxin AFG1 (15.22%) was considerably lower. Furthermore, the concen-
tration of AFG1 was higher than that of AFB1 in eight isolates. The polyphase approach, used to
characterise isolates, showed that they were A. parasiticus species. This identification was verified by
the multiplex RLFP-PCR detection method with the use of restriction enzymes. These results form an
excellent baseline for further studies with the aim of application in the production, processing, and
storage of cereal grains and seeds, and in technological processes to ensure the safe production of
food and feed.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Toxins",
title = "Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia",
volume = "13",
pages = "847",
doi = "10.3390/toxins13120847"
}
Nikolić, M., Savić, I., Nikolić, A., Jauković, M., Kandić, V., Stevanović, M.,& Stanković, S.. (2021). Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia. in Toxins
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 13, 847.
https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13120847
Nikolić M, Savić I, Nikolić A, Jauković M, Kandić V, Stevanović M, Stanković S. Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia. in Toxins. 2021;13:847.
doi:10.3390/toxins13120847 .
Nikolić, Milica, Savić, Iva, Nikolić, Ana, Jauković, Marko, Kandić, Vesna, Stevanović, Milan, Stanković, Slavica, "Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia" in Toxins, 13 (2021):847,
https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13120847 . .
1

The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids

Nikolić, Milica; Srdić, Jelena; Savić, Iva; Žilić, Slađana; Stevanović, Milan; Kandić, Vesna; Stanković, Slavica

(Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Stevanović, Milan
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/833
AB  - The objective of the present study was to investigate the susceptibility of maize hybrids to the
natural mycotoxins contamination: aflatoxin total (AFLA), deoxynivalenol (DON),
zearalenon (ZEA) and fumonisins (FB). Hybrids were grown during two production years
(2019 and 2020) in two locations. Mycotoxin contamination of maize grains was evaluated in
five sweet maize hybrids. Contamination level of investigated hybrids of first cluster was
mainly by below average values of ZEA (all equal to zero) and DON. Hybrids PK4 (S) 2020,
PK6 (MS) 2020 and PK4 (MS) 2020 had below average values for AFLA, while remaining
treatments of this cluster have mostly elevated values of this mycotoxin. Contamination level
of investigated hybrids of second cluster mostly had increased values of mycotoxins ZEA
and DON and below average values of AFLA. Samples did not contain fumonisins.
Mycotoxin contamination were significantly affected by hybrids and years. We have
established that DON and ZEA levels were influenced by the environmental conditions.
There were no significant effects of location on the level of AFLA in the sweet maize
hybrids. The variation in the properties of mycotoxin content (DON) was significantly
influenced by hybrids, and there was no significance of hybrids x location interaction.
Differences were more expressed for the content of ZEA and AFLA compared to the content
of DON. Hybrid PK1 had the lowest content of DON, while it had the highest content of
ZEA. Mycotoxin analyses showed that in all tested hybrids, levels of AFLA, DON, ZEA and
FBs were below the maximum permissible levels stipulated by the legislation of the
European Union and the Republic of Serbia in maize intended for direct human consumption.
These results confirmed that the susceptibility of hybrids is one of the important risks, in addition to climatic factors, for the appearance of toxigenic fungi and their mycotoxins.
Genotype tolerance is very important as a preventive measure, which indicates that breeders
have to pay attention to it in sweet maize breeding programs.
AB  - Cilj ovog rada bio je da se prouči osteljivost hibrida kukuruza na prirodnu kontaminaciju
mikotoksinima (aflatoksin B1 (AFB1), deoksnivalenol (DON), zearalenol (ZEA) i fumonizini
(FB)). Hibrdi su gajeni tokom dve proizvodne godine (2019. i 2020) u dve lokacije.
Kontaminacija zrna kukuruza mikotoksinima ispitivana je na pet hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Nivo
kontaminacije proučavanih hibrida prvog klastera bio je uglavnom ispod prosečnih vrednosti
ZEA (sve vrednosti su bile nula) i DON. Vrednosti AFLA kod hibrida PK4 (S) 2020, PK6 (MS)
2020 i PK4 (MS) 2020 su bile ispod prosečne vrednosti, dok su vrednosti ovog mikotoksina bile
više od prosečnih vrednosti za ostale tretmane ovog klastera. Nivoi kontaminacije proučavanih
hibrida drugog klastera su uglavnom bili viši za mikotoksine ZEA i DON i niži za AFLA.
Fumnonizni nisu utrvđreni u uzorcima. Na kontaminaciju mikotoksinima značajno su uticali
hibiridi i godine. Utvrđeno je da su uslovi sredine uticali na nivoe DON i ZEA. Lokacija nije
značajno uticala na nivo AFLA kod hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Hibridi su značajno uticali na
variranje sadržaja mikotoksina (DON), dok hibrid × lokacija interakcija nije bila značajna.
Razlike su bile izraženije za sadržaj ZEA i ALFA nego za sadržaj DON. Najniži sadržaj DON
utvrđen je kod hibrida PK1, kod koga je sadržaj ZEA bio najviši. Analize mikotoksina pokazuju
da su nivoi AFLA, DON, ZEA i FB u svim ispitivanim hibridima bili ispod maksimalno
dozvoljenih nivoa koji su propisani zankonima Evropske Unije i Republike Srbije za kukuruz
koji je namenjen za direktnu ljudsku konzumaciju. Ovi rezultati potvrđuju da je osetljivost
hibrida jedan od važnih rizika pored klimatskih faktora za pojavu toksigenih gljiva i njihovih
mikotoksima. Tolerantnost genotipa je veoma važna preventivna mera, na koju oplemenjivači
moraju da obrate pažnju u programima oplemenjivanja kukuruza šećerca.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society
T2  - Genetika
T1  - The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids
VL  - 53
IS  - 3
SP  - 1311
EP  - 1320
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2103311N
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Milica and Srdić, Jelena and Savić, Iva and Žilić, Slađana and Stevanović, Milan and Kandić, Vesna and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The objective of the present study was to investigate the susceptibility of maize hybrids to the
natural mycotoxins contamination: aflatoxin total (AFLA), deoxynivalenol (DON),
zearalenon (ZEA) and fumonisins (FB). Hybrids were grown during two production years
(2019 and 2020) in two locations. Mycotoxin contamination of maize grains was evaluated in
five sweet maize hybrids. Contamination level of investigated hybrids of first cluster was
mainly by below average values of ZEA (all equal to zero) and DON. Hybrids PK4 (S) 2020,
PK6 (MS) 2020 and PK4 (MS) 2020 had below average values for AFLA, while remaining
treatments of this cluster have mostly elevated values of this mycotoxin. Contamination level
of investigated hybrids of second cluster mostly had increased values of mycotoxins ZEA
and DON and below average values of AFLA. Samples did not contain fumonisins.
Mycotoxin contamination were significantly affected by hybrids and years. We have
established that DON and ZEA levels were influenced by the environmental conditions.
There were no significant effects of location on the level of AFLA in the sweet maize
hybrids. The variation in the properties of mycotoxin content (DON) was significantly
influenced by hybrids, and there was no significance of hybrids x location interaction.
Differences were more expressed for the content of ZEA and AFLA compared to the content
of DON. Hybrid PK1 had the lowest content of DON, while it had the highest content of
ZEA. Mycotoxin analyses showed that in all tested hybrids, levels of AFLA, DON, ZEA and
FBs were below the maximum permissible levels stipulated by the legislation of the
European Union and the Republic of Serbia in maize intended for direct human consumption.
These results confirmed that the susceptibility of hybrids is one of the important risks, in addition to climatic factors, for the appearance of toxigenic fungi and their mycotoxins.
Genotype tolerance is very important as a preventive measure, which indicates that breeders
have to pay attention to it in sweet maize breeding programs., Cilj ovog rada bio je da se prouči osteljivost hibrida kukuruza na prirodnu kontaminaciju
mikotoksinima (aflatoksin B1 (AFB1), deoksnivalenol (DON), zearalenol (ZEA) i fumonizini
(FB)). Hibrdi su gajeni tokom dve proizvodne godine (2019. i 2020) u dve lokacije.
Kontaminacija zrna kukuruza mikotoksinima ispitivana je na pet hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Nivo
kontaminacije proučavanih hibrida prvog klastera bio je uglavnom ispod prosečnih vrednosti
ZEA (sve vrednosti su bile nula) i DON. Vrednosti AFLA kod hibrida PK4 (S) 2020, PK6 (MS)
2020 i PK4 (MS) 2020 su bile ispod prosečne vrednosti, dok su vrednosti ovog mikotoksina bile
više od prosečnih vrednosti za ostale tretmane ovog klastera. Nivoi kontaminacije proučavanih
hibrida drugog klastera su uglavnom bili viši za mikotoksine ZEA i DON i niži za AFLA.
Fumnonizni nisu utrvđreni u uzorcima. Na kontaminaciju mikotoksinima značajno su uticali
hibiridi i godine. Utvrđeno je da su uslovi sredine uticali na nivoe DON i ZEA. Lokacija nije
značajno uticala na nivo AFLA kod hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Hibridi su značajno uticali na
variranje sadržaja mikotoksina (DON), dok hibrid × lokacija interakcija nije bila značajna.
Razlike su bile izraženije za sadržaj ZEA i ALFA nego za sadržaj DON. Najniži sadržaj DON
utvrđen je kod hibrida PK1, kod koga je sadržaj ZEA bio najviši. Analize mikotoksina pokazuju
da su nivoi AFLA, DON, ZEA i FB u svim ispitivanim hibridima bili ispod maksimalno
dozvoljenih nivoa koji su propisani zankonima Evropske Unije i Republike Srbije za kukuruz
koji je namenjen za direktnu ljudsku konzumaciju. Ovi rezultati potvrđuju da je osetljivost
hibrida jedan od važnih rizika pored klimatskih faktora za pojavu toksigenih gljiva i njihovih
mikotoksima. Tolerantnost genotipa je veoma važna preventivna mera, na koju oplemenjivači
moraju da obrate pažnju u programima oplemenjivanja kukuruza šećerca.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids",
volume = "53",
number = "3",
pages = "1311-1320",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2103311N"
}
Nikolić, M., Srdić, J., Savić, I., Žilić, S., Stevanović, M., Kandić, V.,& Stanković, S.. (2021). The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids. in Genetika
Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society., 53(3), 1311-1320.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2103311N
Nikolić M, Srdić J, Savić I, Žilić S, Stevanović M, Kandić V, Stanković S. The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids. in Genetika. 2021;53(3):1311-1320.
doi:10.2298/GENSR2103311N .
Nikolić, Milica, Srdić, Jelena, Savić, Iva, Žilić, Slađana, Stevanović, Milan, Kandić, Vesna, Stanković, Slavica, "The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids" in Genetika, 53, no. 3 (2021):1311-1320,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2103311N . .
1

Adapted quality protein maize for broiler feeds

Kostadinović, Marija; Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana; Vančetović, Jelena; Delić, Nenad

(Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2021)

TY  - GEN
AU  - Kostadinović, Marija
AU  - Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
AU  - Delić, Nenad
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/969
AB  - Maize has low nutritional quality due to poor content of essential amino
acids lysine and tryptophan in the dominant seed storage protein fraction,
zeins. However, Quality Protein Maize (QPM), a variety of opaque2 maize
but with good agronomic traits, can have 60% to 100% higher content of
lysine than standard maize. Monogastric animals (pigs, poultry, fish), like
humans, cannot synthesize lysine and tryptophan de novo and thus these
amino acids must be supplied through diets. QPM was primarily developed
for human consumption to overcome malnutrition in countries where maize
is staple food. Thus, QPM is of tropical origin and its adaptation to temperate
regions is frequently hampered by the retained exotic germplasm.
Development of adapted QPM hybrids is mainly aimed for feed industry. It
has been shown that substituting standard maize with QPM in feed diets
could be profitable due to improved weight gain, feed conversion ratio and
decreasing of dietary lysine supplementation. Maize Research Institute,
Zemun Polje has a program on converting elite inbred lines through marker
assisted breeding into their QPM counterparts and developing commercial
QPM hybrids. Up to now, two inbred lines have been converted, while eight
lines have passed through three or four generations of backcrossing and one
generation of selfing. Tryptophan content in the converted selfed plants was
in the range from 0.080 to 0.093. Besides developing QPM counterparts of
commercial hybrids, one QPM hybrid obtained by crossing a converted elite
inbred line and an adapted tropical inbred line was developed and tested over
different locations and in different years. This hybrid is currently used in
feeding experiments with the objective to test effects of replacing standard
maize with QPM in diets on broiler performances.
PB  - Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
T2  - International conference: "The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference", Belgrade, 8-9.06.2021. - Book of abstracts
T1  - Adapted quality protein maize for broiler feeds
SP  - 75
ER  - 
@misc{
author = "Kostadinović, Marija and Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana and Vančetović, Jelena and Delić, Nenad",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Maize has low nutritional quality due to poor content of essential amino
acids lysine and tryptophan in the dominant seed storage protein fraction,
zeins. However, Quality Protein Maize (QPM), a variety of opaque2 maize
but with good agronomic traits, can have 60% to 100% higher content of
lysine than standard maize. Monogastric animals (pigs, poultry, fish), like
humans, cannot synthesize lysine and tryptophan de novo and thus these
amino acids must be supplied through diets. QPM was primarily developed
for human consumption to overcome malnutrition in countries where maize
is staple food. Thus, QPM is of tropical origin and its adaptation to temperate
regions is frequently hampered by the retained exotic germplasm.
Development of adapted QPM hybrids is mainly aimed for feed industry. It
has been shown that substituting standard maize with QPM in feed diets
could be profitable due to improved weight gain, feed conversion ratio and
decreasing of dietary lysine supplementation. Maize Research Institute,
Zemun Polje has a program on converting elite inbred lines through marker
assisted breeding into their QPM counterparts and developing commercial
QPM hybrids. Up to now, two inbred lines have been converted, while eight
lines have passed through three or four generations of backcrossing and one
generation of selfing. Tryptophan content in the converted selfed plants was
in the range from 0.080 to 0.093. Besides developing QPM counterparts of
commercial hybrids, one QPM hybrid obtained by crossing a converted elite
inbred line and an adapted tropical inbred line was developed and tested over
different locations and in different years. This hybrid is currently used in
feeding experiments with the objective to test effects of replacing standard
maize with QPM in diets on broiler performances.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "International conference: "The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference", Belgrade, 8-9.06.2021. - Book of abstracts",
title = "Adapted quality protein maize for broiler feeds",
pages = "75"
}
Kostadinović, M., Ignjatović-Micić, D., Vančetović, J.,& Delić, N.. (2021). Adapted quality protein maize for broiler feeds. in International conference: "The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference", Belgrade, 8-9.06.2021. - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje., 75.
Kostadinović M, Ignjatović-Micić D, Vančetović J, Delić N. Adapted quality protein maize for broiler feeds. in International conference: "The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference", Belgrade, 8-9.06.2021. - Book of abstracts. 2021;:75..
Kostadinović, Marija, Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana, Vančetović, Jelena, Delić, Nenad, "Adapted quality protein maize for broiler feeds" in International conference: "The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference", Belgrade, 8-9.06.2021. - Book of abstracts (2021):75.

Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljković, Milovan; Delić, Nenad; Tolimir, Miodrag; Šenk, Milena

(Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljković, Milovan
AU  - Delić, Nenad
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Šenk, Milena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/942
AB  - Зрно кукуруза је важан извор минералних елемената у људској исхрани. Разлике у
садржају минерала у зрну кукуруза могу зависити од генотипа, система гајења,
примене ђубрива, као и метеоролошких услова. Циљ експеримента је био да се испита
утицај различитих система ђубрења (минерално ђубриво – уреа, органско ђубриво –
Fertor, микробиолошко ђубриво – Team micoriza plus, контрола – без ђубрења) на
принос и промене у садржају P, S, Ca, Mg и Fe у кукурузу белог, жутог и црвеног зрна,
током вегетационе сезоне 2017. и 2018. године. У погледу метеоролошких услова,
уочен је сушан период током јуна–августа 2017., док је 2018. имала равномеран
распоред падавина. Зато је у 2017. просечан принос зрна био скоро двоструко мањи, за
4,6 t ha-1, у односу на 2018. годину, али је у 2017. била знатно виша просечна
концентрација Ca, Mg, S и Fе. Зрно црвеног кукуруза је уз просечно већи принос, било
богатије у садржају Cа, Fе и P, док је, органско ђубриво у највећој мери утицало на
повећање приноса и акумулацију Mg, P и S. Код кукуруза црвеног зрна примена
органског ђубрива је у највећем степену довела до већег приноса, као и концентрације
Mg и P, док је микробиолошко ђубриво повећало концентрацију Ca, а уреа Fе. Једино
је већи ниво S био забележен у контроли код кукуруза жуте боје зрна. Највећа
варирања вредности приноса била су код жутог кукуруза (третман са органским
ђубривом и контрола) и црвеног у третману са уреом, док су највећа варирања P, S, Mg
и Fе била код кукуруза црвеног зрна (третман са микробилошким и органским
ђубривом), као и кукуруза жутог зрна у контроли. Приказани резултати указују да се
преко услова гајења може утицати на накупљање важних минерала у зрну кукуруза и
то посебно црвене боје, које би се стога могло сматрати важним извором P, Cа, Mg и
Fе, док би жуто зрно кукуруза могло представљати значајан извор S.
AB  - Maize kernel is an important source of mineral elements in human nutrition. Differences in
mineral content in maize kernel depend on genotype, cropping systems, fertilization, and
meteorological conditions. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of different
fertilization systems (mineral fertilizer – urea, organic fertilizer – Fertor, biofertilizer – Team
micoriza plus, control – without fertilization) on kernel yield and variations in content of P, S,
Ca, Mg, and Fe in kernel of white, yellow and red maize, during 2017 and 2018.
Meteorological conditions indicated dry period during June–August 2017, while in 2018
precipitations were equally distributed. Therefore, the average yield was almost double lower
in 2017 (to 4.6 t ha-1), compared to 2018, while higher average concentration of Ca, Mg, S,
and Fe in maize kernels was recorded in 2017. With higher average yield, red maize kernel
was richer in Ca, Fe, and P. Organic fertilizer increased average yield, and accumulation of
Mg, P, and S in kernels. In regard to combinations, application of organic fertilizer in red
maize resulted in increase of yield, Mg and P, while the biofertilizer increased Ca and urea
increased Fe concentration in kernel. S concentration achieved the highest value in the
control in yellow maize kernel. The greatest variations of kernel yield were in yellow maize
(treatment with the organic fertilizer and control) and in red maize with the urea treatment,
while the greatest variability of P, S, Mg, and Fe concentration was in red maize kernel
(treatment with the bio- and organic fertilizer), as well as yellow maize kernel in the control.
Presented results indicated that adjustments in growing conditions could impact accumulation
of important minerals in kernel, particularly in red maize, which could be considered as a
significant source of P, CA, Mg, and Fe, while yellow maize kernel could be referred as a
significant source of S.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda
T1  - Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна
T1  - Status of some macro-elements in maize kernel with different colour
SP  - 66
EP  - 67
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljković, Milovan and Delić, Nenad and Tolimir, Miodrag and Šenk, Milena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Зрно кукуруза је важан извор минералних елемената у људској исхрани. Разлике у
садржају минерала у зрну кукуруза могу зависити од генотипа, система гајења,
примене ђубрива, као и метеоролошких услова. Циљ експеримента је био да се испита
утицај различитих система ђубрења (минерално ђубриво – уреа, органско ђубриво –
Fertor, микробиолошко ђубриво – Team micoriza plus, контрола – без ђубрења) на
принос и промене у садржају P, S, Ca, Mg и Fe у кукурузу белог, жутог и црвеног зрна,
током вегетационе сезоне 2017. и 2018. године. У погледу метеоролошких услова,
уочен је сушан период током јуна–августа 2017., док је 2018. имала равномеран
распоред падавина. Зато је у 2017. просечан принос зрна био скоро двоструко мањи, за
4,6 t ha-1, у односу на 2018. годину, али је у 2017. била знатно виша просечна
концентрација Ca, Mg, S и Fе. Зрно црвеног кукуруза је уз просечно већи принос, било
богатије у садржају Cа, Fе и P, док је, органско ђубриво у највећој мери утицало на
повећање приноса и акумулацију Mg, P и S. Код кукуруза црвеног зрна примена
органског ђубрива је у највећем степену довела до већег приноса, као и концентрације
Mg и P, док је микробиолошко ђубриво повећало концентрацију Ca, а уреа Fе. Једино
је већи ниво S био забележен у контроли код кукуруза жуте боје зрна. Највећа
варирања вредности приноса била су код жутог кукуруза (третман са органским
ђубривом и контрола) и црвеног у третману са уреом, док су највећа варирања P, S, Mg
и Fе била код кукуруза црвеног зрна (третман са микробилошким и органским
ђубривом), као и кукуруза жутог зрна у контроли. Приказани резултати указују да се
преко услова гајења може утицати на накупљање важних минерала у зрну кукуруза и
то посебно црвене боје, које би се стога могло сматрати важним извором P, Cа, Mg и
Fе, док би жуто зрно кукуруза могло представљати значајан извор S., Maize kernel is an important source of mineral elements in human nutrition. Differences in
mineral content in maize kernel depend on genotype, cropping systems, fertilization, and
meteorological conditions. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of different
fertilization systems (mineral fertilizer – urea, organic fertilizer – Fertor, biofertilizer – Team
micoriza plus, control – without fertilization) on kernel yield and variations in content of P, S,
Ca, Mg, and Fe in kernel of white, yellow and red maize, during 2017 and 2018.
Meteorological conditions indicated dry period during June–August 2017, while in 2018
precipitations were equally distributed. Therefore, the average yield was almost double lower
in 2017 (to 4.6 t ha-1), compared to 2018, while higher average concentration of Ca, Mg, S,
and Fe in maize kernels was recorded in 2017. With higher average yield, red maize kernel
was richer in Ca, Fe, and P. Organic fertilizer increased average yield, and accumulation of
Mg, P, and S in kernels. In regard to combinations, application of organic fertilizer in red
maize resulted in increase of yield, Mg and P, while the biofertilizer increased Ca and urea
increased Fe concentration in kernel. S concentration achieved the highest value in the
control in yellow maize kernel. The greatest variations of kernel yield were in yellow maize
(treatment with the organic fertilizer and control) and in red maize with the urea treatment,
while the greatest variability of P, S, Mg, and Fe concentration was in red maize kernel
(treatment with the bio- and organic fertilizer), as well as yellow maize kernel in the control.
Presented results indicated that adjustments in growing conditions could impact accumulation
of important minerals in kernel, particularly in red maize, which could be considered as a
significant source of P, CA, Mg, and Fe, while yellow maize kernel could be referred as a
significant source of S.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda",
title = "Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна, Status of some macro-elements in maize kernel with different colour",
pages = "66-67"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Stoiljković, M., Delić, N., Tolimir, M.,& Šenk, M.. (2021). Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda
Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet., 66-67.
Dragičević V, Simić M, Brankov M, Stoiljković M, Delić N, Tolimir M, Šenk M. Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda. 2021;:66-67..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljković, Milovan, Delić, Nenad, Tolimir, Miodrag, Šenk, Milena, "Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна" in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda (2021):66-67.

Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane

Nikolić, Valentina; Žilić, Slađana; Simić, Marijana; Vasić, Marko G.; Srdić, Jelena; Delić, Nenad; Delić, Nenad

(Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Vasić, Marko G.
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Delić, Nenad
AU  - Delić, Nenad
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/846
AB  - Five maize hybrids were used in this research: two yellow and one white dent, sweet hybrid, and yellow popcorn. Five brine
recipes with acetic acid were examined, of which two with the addition of potassium sorbate. The brines with preservatives were
stable for 16 months without colour changes of the liquid and corn cobs. The pH of brines ranged from 3.39 to 3.89. Canned hybrids
ZP 366 and ZP 611k in brine without sugar, and with the addition of potassium sorbate and potassium metabisulfite marked as
Number 5, showed the best sensory characteristics. The protein content determined in ZP 366 (9.56 %) and ZP 611k (10.23 %) did
not vary significantly compared to whole-grain maize flour, while crude fibre content (7.67 and 6.88 %), and ash content (21.96 and
20.72 %) were significantly higher than in flour (crude fibre: 2.40; 2.64 %, ash:1.35; 1.48 %, respectively). This research will be
continued in order to implement preliminary findings and new data on this subject
PB  - Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture
PB  - Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi
T2  - Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
T1  - Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane
T1  - Possibilities of maize hybrids utilization in canned baby corn production
VL  - 25
IS  - 1
SP  - 16
EP  - 19
DO  - 10.5937/jpea25-30887
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Žilić, Slađana and Simić, Marijana and Vasić, Marko G. and Srdić, Jelena and Delić, Nenad and Delić, Nenad",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Five maize hybrids were used in this research: two yellow and one white dent, sweet hybrid, and yellow popcorn. Five brine
recipes with acetic acid were examined, of which two with the addition of potassium sorbate. The brines with preservatives were
stable for 16 months without colour changes of the liquid and corn cobs. The pH of brines ranged from 3.39 to 3.89. Canned hybrids
ZP 366 and ZP 611k in brine without sugar, and with the addition of potassium sorbate and potassium metabisulfite marked as
Number 5, showed the best sensory characteristics. The protein content determined in ZP 366 (9.56 %) and ZP 611k (10.23 %) did
not vary significantly compared to whole-grain maize flour, while crude fibre content (7.67 and 6.88 %), and ash content (21.96 and
20.72 %) were significantly higher than in flour (crude fibre: 2.40; 2.64 %, ash:1.35; 1.48 %, respectively). This research will be
continued in order to implement preliminary findings and new data on this subject",
publisher = "Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi",
journal = "Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture",
title = "Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane, Possibilities of maize hybrids utilization in canned baby corn production",
volume = "25",
number = "1",
pages = "16-19",
doi = "10.5937/jpea25-30887"
}
Nikolić, V., Žilić, S., Simić, M., Vasić, M. G., Srdić, J., Delić, N.,& Delić, N.. (2021). Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture., 25(1), 16-19.
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea25-30887
Nikolić V, Žilić S, Simić M, Vasić MG, Srdić J, Delić N, Delić N. Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture. 2021;25(1):16-19.
doi:10.5937/jpea25-30887 .
Nikolić, Valentina, Žilić, Slađana, Simić, Marijana, Vasić, Marko G., Srdić, Jelena, Delić, Nenad, Delić, Nenad, "Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane" in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 25, no. 1 (2021):16-19,
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea25-30887 . .
1

Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines

Ranković, Dejan; Todorović, Goran; Tabaković, Marijenka; Prodanović, Slaven; Boćanski, Jan; Delić, Nenad

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Ranković, Dejan
AU  - Todorović, Goran
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Prodanović, Slaven
AU  - Boćanski, Jan
AU  - Delić, Nenad
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/850
AB  - The aim of this study was to observe direct and joint effects of three factors (genotypes,
ecological environmental conditions and the applied crop density) on the level of defoliation intensity
and yield. Three inbred lines (G) of maize (G1–L217RfC, G2–L335/99 and G3–L76B004) were used
in the study. The trials were performed in two years (Y) (Y1 = 2016 and Y2 = 2017) and in two
locations (L) (L1 and L2) under four ecological conditions of the year–location interaction (E1–E4)
and in two densities (D1 and D2) (50,000 and 65,000 plants ha−1
). Prior to tasselling, the following
five treatments of detasseling and defoliation (T) were applied: T1—control, no leaf removal only
detasseling, T2–T5—removal of tassels and top leaves (from one to four top leaves). The defoliation
treatments had the most pronounced effect on the yield reduction in G1 (T1–Tn+1 . . . T5), p < 0.05.
The ecological conditions on yield variability were expressed under poor weather conditions (E3 and
E4), while lower densities were less favorable for the application of defoliation treatments. The result
of joint effects of factors was the lowest grain yield (896 kg/ha) in G3 in the variant E3D1 for T2 and
the highest grain yield (11,389 kg/ha) in G3 in the variant E2D2 for T1. The smallest effect of the
defoliation treatment was on the kernel row number (KRN)
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Agriculture
T1  - Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines
VL  - 11
IS  - 6
SP  - 509
DO  - 10.3390/ agriculture11060509
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Ranković, Dejan and Todorović, Goran and Tabaković, Marijenka and Prodanović, Slaven and Boćanski, Jan and Delić, Nenad",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to observe direct and joint effects of three factors (genotypes,
ecological environmental conditions and the applied crop density) on the level of defoliation intensity
and yield. Three inbred lines (G) of maize (G1–L217RfC, G2–L335/99 and G3–L76B004) were used
in the study. The trials were performed in two years (Y) (Y1 = 2016 and Y2 = 2017) and in two
locations (L) (L1 and L2) under four ecological conditions of the year–location interaction (E1–E4)
and in two densities (D1 and D2) (50,000 and 65,000 plants ha−1
). Prior to tasselling, the following
five treatments of detasseling and defoliation (T) were applied: T1—control, no leaf removal only
detasseling, T2–T5—removal of tassels and top leaves (from one to four top leaves). The defoliation
treatments had the most pronounced effect on the yield reduction in G1 (T1–Tn+1 . . . T5), p < 0.05.
The ecological conditions on yield variability were expressed under poor weather conditions (E3 and
E4), while lower densities were less favorable for the application of defoliation treatments. The result
of joint effects of factors was the lowest grain yield (896 kg/ha) in G3 in the variant E3D1 for T2 and
the highest grain yield (11,389 kg/ha) in G3 in the variant E2D2 for T1. The smallest effect of the
defoliation treatment was on the kernel row number (KRN)",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Agriculture",
title = "Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines",
volume = "11",
number = "6",
pages = "509",
doi = "10.3390/ agriculture11060509"
}
Ranković, D., Todorović, G., Tabaković, M., Prodanović, S., Boćanski, J.,& Delić, N.. (2021). Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines. in Agriculture
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 11(6), 509.
https://doi.org/10.3390/ agriculture11060509
Ranković D, Todorović G, Tabaković M, Prodanović S, Boćanski J, Delić N. Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines. in Agriculture. 2021;11(6):509.
doi:10.3390/ agriculture11060509 .
Ranković, Dejan, Todorović, Goran, Tabaković, Marijenka, Prodanović, Slaven, Boćanski, Jan, Delić, Nenad, "Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines" in Agriculture, 11, no. 6 (2021):509,
https://doi.org/10.3390/ agriculture11060509 . .

Quality parameterd and potentials of utilization of different maize hybrids for food and feed

Nikolić, Valentina; Žilić, Slađana; Simić, Marijana; Radosavljević, Milica; Filipović, Milomir; Srdić, Jelena

(Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Radosavljević, Milica
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/876
AB  - Quality parameters of six maize hybrids created at the Maize
Research Institute Zemun Polje were investigated in this study. Physical
properties, kernel structure, and chemical composition of one yellow dent
standard and five specialty maize hybrids of different grain color were analyzed.
Whole-grain maize flour is naturally gluten-free which makes it suitable for
persons suffering from celiac disease. Fiber, protein, and oil make maize grain an
essential component for animal feed production. All maize hybrids showed
favorable processing and nutritive characteristics which make them highly suitable
for different uses.
PB  - Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy
C3  - 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova
T1  - Quality parameterd and potentials of utilization of different maize hybrids for food and feed
SP  - 495
EP  - 500
DO  - 10.46793/SBT26.495N
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Žilić, Slađana and Simić, Marijana and Radosavljević, Milica and Filipović, Milomir and Srdić, Jelena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Quality parameters of six maize hybrids created at the Maize
Research Institute Zemun Polje were investigated in this study. Physical
properties, kernel structure, and chemical composition of one yellow dent
standard and five specialty maize hybrids of different grain color were analyzed.
Whole-grain maize flour is naturally gluten-free which makes it suitable for
persons suffering from celiac disease. Fiber, protein, and oil make maize grain an
essential component for animal feed production. All maize hybrids showed
favorable processing and nutritive characteristics which make them highly suitable
for different uses.",
publisher = "Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy",
journal = "26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova",
title = "Quality parameterd and potentials of utilization of different maize hybrids for food and feed",
pages = "495-500",
doi = "10.46793/SBT26.495N"
}
Nikolić, V., Žilić, S., Simić, M., Radosavljević, M., Filipović, M.,& Srdić, J.. (2021). Quality parameterd and potentials of utilization of different maize hybrids for food and feed. in 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova
Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy., 495-500.
https://doi.org/10.46793/SBT26.495N
Nikolić V, Žilić S, Simić M, Radosavljević M, Filipović M, Srdić J. Quality parameterd and potentials of utilization of different maize hybrids for food and feed. in 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova. 2021;:495-500.
doi:10.46793/SBT26.495N .
Nikolić, Valentina, Žilić, Slađana, Simić, Marijana, Radosavljević, Milica, Filipović, Milomir, Srdić, Jelena, "Quality parameterd and potentials of utilization of different maize hybrids for food and feed" in 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova (2021):495-500,
https://doi.org/10.46793/SBT26.495N . .