Integrated field crop production: conservation of biodiversity and soil fertility

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Integrated field crop production: conservation of biodiversity and soil fertility (en)
Интегрални системи гајења ратарских усева: очување биодиверзитета и плодности земљишта (sr)
Integralni sistemi gajenja ratarskih useva: očuvanje biodiverziteta i plodnosti zemljišta (sr_RS)
Authors

Publications

The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food

Dragičević, Vesna; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Šenk, Milena; Dodevska, Margarita

(Belgrade : Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade-National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Dodevska, Margarita
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1060
AB  - Industrialization of agriculture, as the main food source, resolved the problem 
of food quantity, but other problems, present in environment degradation and 
hidden malnutrition (deficiency in essential minerals and vitamins) were 
upraised. The situation is aggravating when climate change was taken into 
account, whereas conventional agriculture is highly contributing to climate 
change. Thus, a shift to sustainability paradigm and systems are a necessary 
solution. Sustainable systems combine various measures to achieve a high and 
nutrient dense yield of agricultural crops and to preserve or improve agro ecosystem. Soil recovery could be realized by increasing soil organic matter, 
diversity of soil microbiota and other organisms, as a part of the agro ecosystem balance, thus contributing to the increased productivity and food 
quality. Together, sustainable agriculture and sustainable food systems, have an 
important role in the health enhancement of humankind and the agro ecosystem.
PB  - Belgrade : Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade-National Institute of the Republic of Serbia
C3  - 7. Workshop Specific methods for food safety and quality, Belgrade, 22.09.2021. godine - Proceedings
T1  - The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food
SP  - 157
EP  - 163
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Šenk, Milena and Dodevska, Margarita",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Industrialization of agriculture, as the main food source, resolved the problem 
of food quantity, but other problems, present in environment degradation and 
hidden malnutrition (deficiency in essential minerals and vitamins) were 
upraised. The situation is aggravating when climate change was taken into 
account, whereas conventional agriculture is highly contributing to climate 
change. Thus, a shift to sustainability paradigm and systems are a necessary 
solution. Sustainable systems combine various measures to achieve a high and 
nutrient dense yield of agricultural crops and to preserve or improve agro ecosystem. Soil recovery could be realized by increasing soil organic matter, 
diversity of soil microbiota and other organisms, as a part of the agro ecosystem balance, thus contributing to the increased productivity and food 
quality. Together, sustainable agriculture and sustainable food systems, have an 
important role in the health enhancement of humankind and the agro ecosystem.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade-National Institute of the Republic of Serbia",
journal = "7. Workshop Specific methods for food safety and quality, Belgrade, 22.09.2021. godine - Proceedings",
title = "The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food",
pages = "157-163"
}
Dragičević, V., Stoiljkovic, M., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Šenk, M.,& Dodevska, M.. (2021). The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food. in 7. Workshop Specific methods for food safety and quality, Belgrade, 22.09.2021. godine - Proceedings
Belgrade : Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade-National Institute of the Republic of Serbia., 157-163.
Dragičević V, Stoiljkovic M, Simić M, Brankov M, Šenk M, Dodevska M. The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food. in 7. Workshop Specific methods for food safety and quality, Belgrade, 22.09.2021. godine - Proceedings. 2021;:157-163..
Dragičević, Vesna, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Šenk, Milena, Dodevska, Margarita, "The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food" in 7. Workshop Specific methods for food safety and quality, Belgrade, 22.09.2021. godine - Proceedings (2021):157-163.

Energy distribution between maize and weeds

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan

(Belgrade : Society of physical chemists of Serbia, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1049
AB  - The aim of the study was to investigate the variations in accumulation of dry substance and water in 
maize and weeds, induced by two herbicide types (applied pre- and post-emergence). Weeds tend to 
captivate higher energy amounts than crop plants. Greater free energy of water indicated increased 
energy consumption for non-spontaneous processes in weeds. Relatively unchanged net heat of 
combustion of maize and lower net heat of combustion of weeds indicated herbicide ability to reduce 
energy accumulation by weeds and to remain it constant in maize plants.
PB  - Belgrade : Society of physical chemists of Serbia
C3  - 15. International conference on fundamental and applied aspects of physical chemistry, Belgrade, 20-24.09.2021. godine - Book of abstracts
T1  - Energy distribution between maize and weeds
VL  - 2
SP  - 681
EP  - 684
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The aim of the study was to investigate the variations in accumulation of dry substance and water in 
maize and weeds, induced by two herbicide types (applied pre- and post-emergence). Weeds tend to 
captivate higher energy amounts than crop plants. Greater free energy of water indicated increased 
energy consumption for non-spontaneous processes in weeds. Relatively unchanged net heat of 
combustion of maize and lower net heat of combustion of weeds indicated herbicide ability to reduce 
energy accumulation by weeds and to remain it constant in maize plants.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Society of physical chemists of Serbia",
journal = "15. International conference on fundamental and applied aspects of physical chemistry, Belgrade, 20-24.09.2021. godine - Book of abstracts",
title = "Energy distribution between maize and weeds",
volume = "2",
pages = "681-684"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M.,& Brankov, M.. (2021). Energy distribution between maize and weeds. in 15. International conference on fundamental and applied aspects of physical chemistry, Belgrade, 20-24.09.2021. godine - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Society of physical chemists of Serbia., 2, 681-684.
Dragičević V, Simić M, Brankov M. Energy distribution between maize and weeds. in 15. International conference on fundamental and applied aspects of physical chemistry, Belgrade, 20-24.09.2021. godine - Book of abstracts. 2021;2:681-684..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, "Energy distribution between maize and weeds" in 15. International conference on fundamental and applied aspects of physical chemistry, Belgrade, 20-24.09.2021. godine - Book of abstracts, 2 (2021):681-684.

High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food

Radenović, Čedomir; Delić, Nenad; Radosavljević, Milica; Jovanović, Života; Sečanski, Mile; Popović, Aleksandar; Crevar, Miloš; Radosavljević, Nebojša

(Beograd : Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Radenović, Čedomir
AU  - Delić, Nenad
AU  - Radosavljević, Milica
AU  - Jovanović, Života
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Popović, Aleksandar
AU  - Crevar, Miloš
AU  - Radosavljević, Nebojša
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/826
AB  - Introduction/purpose: This paper presents the results of several different research studies. The inbred lines ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159 and the maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 are primarily intended for human and livestock nutrition. Their selection took about four decades. Methods: Spectral bands were registered using the method of resonant Raman spectroscopy of the leaves of inbred maize lines. These spectral bands indicate the conformational characteristics of not only carotenoid molecules but also other compounds (phosphate, gluten, and amide III) in the leaf. Results: A systematic examination of the inbred lines ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159 and their maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 was performed in this paper. It was stated that the new inbred lines of corn, i.e. ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159, are rich in carotenoids and yellow pigments. These lines also have significant quantities of other valuable bioactive compounds and good physical characteristics. The lines have an upright position of the top leaves and belong to the group of maize lines with significant characteristics of the photosynthetic model. They are resistant to high temperatures and are drought tolerant. Conclusion: This paper presents the relevant properties, characteristics and parameters of the new studied inbred maize lines that can be used in selection processes in the future. High-yielding and high-quality maize hybrids, i.e. ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737, have been created from the mentioned inbred maize lines. They are recognizable by their qualities. The hybrid ZP633 is especially noteworthy for human consumption (children and the elderly). Further, from the agronomic-veterinary point of view, it is confirmed that the hybrids ZP 735 and ZP 737 are the most suitable for livestock feeding with the programmed use of corn silage. The relevant agronomic, morphological and nutritional properties of the maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 are also presented in this paper. The results regarding the grain structure and yield height for grain and silage for the hybrids ZP 677 and ZP 684, produced in Serbia and the countries of Southeastern Europe, are also given.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija
T2  - Vojnotehnički glasnik
T1  - High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food
VL  - 69
IS  - 1
SP  - 114
EP  - 147
DO  - 10.5937/vojteh69-29512
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Radenović, Čedomir and Delić, Nenad and Radosavljević, Milica and Jovanović, Života and Sečanski, Mile and Popović, Aleksandar and Crevar, Miloš and Radosavljević, Nebojša",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Introduction/purpose: This paper presents the results of several different research studies. The inbred lines ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159 and the maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 are primarily intended for human and livestock nutrition. Their selection took about four decades. Methods: Spectral bands were registered using the method of resonant Raman spectroscopy of the leaves of inbred maize lines. These spectral bands indicate the conformational characteristics of not only carotenoid molecules but also other compounds (phosphate, gluten, and amide III) in the leaf. Results: A systematic examination of the inbred lines ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159 and their maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 was performed in this paper. It was stated that the new inbred lines of corn, i.e. ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159, are rich in carotenoids and yellow pigments. These lines also have significant quantities of other valuable bioactive compounds and good physical characteristics. The lines have an upright position of the top leaves and belong to the group of maize lines with significant characteristics of the photosynthetic model. They are resistant to high temperatures and are drought tolerant. Conclusion: This paper presents the relevant properties, characteristics and parameters of the new studied inbred maize lines that can be used in selection processes in the future. High-yielding and high-quality maize hybrids, i.e. ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737, have been created from the mentioned inbred maize lines. They are recognizable by their qualities. The hybrid ZP633 is especially noteworthy for human consumption (children and the elderly). Further, from the agronomic-veterinary point of view, it is confirmed that the hybrids ZP 735 and ZP 737 are the most suitable for livestock feeding with the programmed use of corn silage. The relevant agronomic, morphological and nutritional properties of the maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 are also presented in this paper. The results regarding the grain structure and yield height for grain and silage for the hybrids ZP 677 and ZP 684, produced in Serbia and the countries of Southeastern Europe, are also given.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija",
journal = "Vojnotehnički glasnik",
title = "High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food",
volume = "69",
number = "1",
pages = "114-147",
doi = "10.5937/vojteh69-29512"
}
Radenović, Č., Delić, N., Radosavljević, M., Jovanović, Ž., Sečanski, M., Popović, A., Crevar, M.,& Radosavljević, N.. (2021). High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food. in Vojnotehnički glasnik
Beograd : Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija., 69(1), 114-147.
https://doi.org/10.5937/vojteh69-29512
Radenović Č, Delić N, Radosavljević M, Jovanović Ž, Sečanski M, Popović A, Crevar M, Radosavljević N. High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food. in Vojnotehnički glasnik. 2021;69(1):114-147.
doi:10.5937/vojteh69-29512 .
Radenović, Čedomir, Delić, Nenad, Radosavljević, Milica, Jovanović, Života, Sečanski, Mile, Popović, Aleksandar, Crevar, Miloš, Radosavljević, Nebojša, "High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food" in Vojnotehnički glasnik, 69, no. 1 (2021):114-147,
https://doi.org/10.5937/vojteh69-29512 . .

The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity

Brankov, Milan; Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna

(Elsevier, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1037
AB  - Crop rotation is a simple and effective part of an Integrated Weed Management (IWM) system. This approach 
makes it possible to rotate herbicides with different modes of action (MOA), avoiding or postponing herbicide 
resistance. Besides all the known advantages and benefits, it is still not widely used in maize (Zea mays L.) 
production. In Serbia, about 20% of total maize production is a continuous cropping. The aim of this research 
was to test the benefits of growing maize in crop rotation with winter wheat (Triticum vulgare L.) compared with a 
continuous cropping, combined with pre-emergence herbicide application. Field trials started in 2009, and five 
maize-winter wheat rotations have been completed. Weeds were controlled with a herbicide mixture of isoxa flutole and S-metolachlor, applied at either the full label rate or half rate, while one plot was kept weed free 
(manually), and one was a control. Integrating crop rotation and PRE herbicides decreased the biomass of weeds 
and their density by 98% and 99%, respectively. In continuous maize, perennial weeds became dominant after 
the first rotation. Crop rotation significantly influenced maize productive parameters, decreasing the variation in 
leaf area index and grain yield, increasing values with the number of cycles. The biggest differences in the 
analyzed parameters were observed in 2015, 2017 and 2019, indicating many positive long-term benefits of crop 
rotation on maize leaf area index and grain yield.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Crop protection
T1  - The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence  herbicides on weeds and maize productivity
VL  - 143
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Crop rotation is a simple and effective part of an Integrated Weed Management (IWM) system. This approach 
makes it possible to rotate herbicides with different modes of action (MOA), avoiding or postponing herbicide 
resistance. Besides all the known advantages and benefits, it is still not widely used in maize (Zea mays L.) 
production. In Serbia, about 20% of total maize production is a continuous cropping. The aim of this research 
was to test the benefits of growing maize in crop rotation with winter wheat (Triticum vulgare L.) compared with a 
continuous cropping, combined with pre-emergence herbicide application. Field trials started in 2009, and five 
maize-winter wheat rotations have been completed. Weeds were controlled with a herbicide mixture of isoxa flutole and S-metolachlor, applied at either the full label rate or half rate, while one plot was kept weed free 
(manually), and one was a control. Integrating crop rotation and PRE herbicides decreased the biomass of weeds 
and their density by 98% and 99%, respectively. In continuous maize, perennial weeds became dominant after 
the first rotation. Crop rotation significantly influenced maize productive parameters, decreasing the variation in 
leaf area index and grain yield, increasing values with the number of cycles. The biggest differences in the 
analyzed parameters were observed in 2015, 2017 and 2019, indicating many positive long-term benefits of crop 
rotation on maize leaf area index and grain yield.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Crop protection",
title = "The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence  herbicides on weeds and maize productivity",
volume = "143",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558"
}
Brankov, M., Simić, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence  herbicides on weeds and maize productivity. in Crop protection
Elsevier., 143.
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558
Brankov M, Simić M, Dragičević V. The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence  herbicides on weeds and maize productivity. in Crop protection. 2021;143.
doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558 .
Brankov, Milan, Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, "The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence  herbicides on weeds and maize productivity" in Crop protection, 143 (2021),
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558 . .

Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer

Dragičević, Vesna; Dolijanović, Željko; Janosevic, Biljana; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljković, Milovan M.; Dodevska, Margarita; Simic, Milena

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Janosevic, Biljana
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljković, Milovan M.
AU  - Dodevska, Margarita
AU  - Simic, Milena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/984
AB  - Cover crops (CC) are an important low-input strategy in sustainable agricultural systems. The impact of different CC (common vetch, field pea, winter oats, fodder kale, common vetch + winter oats and field pea + winter oats), organic mulch, control treatment-fallow, and bio-fertilizer (BF) application, on yield and quality of sweet maize kernel was evaluated. CC biomass was higher in mixtures: field pea + winter oats, and common vetch + winter oats, as well as in fodder kale. Kernel yield and its chemical composition varied significantly by CC, BF, year, and their interaction. Organic mulch enhanced the concentration of sugars and glutathione in maize kernel. BF increased kernel yield, the concentration of sugars, vitamin C, Mg, Fe, Zn, and reduced phytate concentration. The highest Mg and Mn concentration in maize kernel was achieved with fodder kale, Zn concentration with common vetch + winter oats + BF, and Fe concentration with winter oats. The same treatments expressed the highest impact on variability in concentration of the phytate, phenolics, and yellow pigment, thus affecting further bio-availability of essential elements. Results indicate that in a semi-arid climate, under rain-fed conditions, CC such as fodder kale and winter oats + common vetch could enhance sweet maize productivity and kernel quality, serving as an important part of a sustainable cropping system, to facilitate food security.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Agronomy
T1  - Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer
VL  - 11
IS  - 5
SP  - 981
DO  - https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Dolijanović, Željko and Janosevic, Biljana and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljković, Milovan M. and Dodevska, Margarita and Simic, Milena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Cover crops (CC) are an important low-input strategy in sustainable agricultural systems. The impact of different CC (common vetch, field pea, winter oats, fodder kale, common vetch + winter oats and field pea + winter oats), organic mulch, control treatment-fallow, and bio-fertilizer (BF) application, on yield and quality of sweet maize kernel was evaluated. CC biomass was higher in mixtures: field pea + winter oats, and common vetch + winter oats, as well as in fodder kale. Kernel yield and its chemical composition varied significantly by CC, BF, year, and their interaction. Organic mulch enhanced the concentration of sugars and glutathione in maize kernel. BF increased kernel yield, the concentration of sugars, vitamin C, Mg, Fe, Zn, and reduced phytate concentration. The highest Mg and Mn concentration in maize kernel was achieved with fodder kale, Zn concentration with common vetch + winter oats + BF, and Fe concentration with winter oats. The same treatments expressed the highest impact on variability in concentration of the phytate, phenolics, and yellow pigment, thus affecting further bio-availability of essential elements. Results indicate that in a semi-arid climate, under rain-fed conditions, CC such as fodder kale and winter oats + common vetch could enhance sweet maize productivity and kernel quality, serving as an important part of a sustainable cropping system, to facilitate food security.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Agronomy",
title = "Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer",
volume = "11",
number = "5",
pages = "981",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981"
}
Dragičević, V., Dolijanović, Ž., Janosevic, B., Brankov, M., Stoiljković, M. M., Dodevska, M.,& Simic, M.. (2021). Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer. in Agronomy
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 11(5), 981.
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981
Dragičević V, Dolijanović Ž, Janosevic B, Brankov M, Stoiljković MM, Dodevska M, Simic M. Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer. in Agronomy. 2021;11(5):981.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Dolijanović, Željko, Janosevic, Biljana, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljković, Milovan M., Dodevska, Margarita, Simic, Milena, "Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer" in Agronomy, 11, no. 5 (2021):981,
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981 . .

Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains

Dragičević, Vesna; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Simic, Milena; Tabaković, Marijenka; Milenković, Milena; Brankov, Milan

(Belgrade : University of Belgrade, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Milenković, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/938
AB  - Frequent variations and extremes in meteorological factors, affect not just yield, but also grain composition of produced crops. Organic crop production has many challenges, particularly under the rain-fed conditions, when water supply is limited and crops could be additionally subjected to the harsh environment. Aim of the research was to follow variations in grain composition of organically produced spelt wheat (var. Nirvana) and red grain maize (var. Rumenka) during 2011-2017 period, which included meteorologically different seasons. Analysed grain components included essential elements: Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe and Mn (determined by ICP-OES), as well as antioxidants, such as polyphenols, yellow pigments (YP), total glutathione (GSH) and phytate (Phy) (determined spectrophotometrically). Results revealed that the lowest concentrations of polyphenols, YP and GSH and slightly reduced Phy in the grains of both, spelt and maize were present during the season with extremely high precipitation, as 2014 was. Nevertheless, drier seasons had positive impact on the accumulation of all examined antioxidants and the highest values were obtained during meteorologically optimal years. Based on the content of essential elements, 2014 was also important for reduced Mg, Fe, Zn and Mn accumulation in spelt grain. For maize, seasons with drought (2012 and 2013) were significant for reduced accumulation of all examined elements. The highest values of all essential elements were noticed in 2016 and 2017, seasons with relative uniform precipitation distribution and optimal temperature during grain filling periods of spelt and maize. Principal component analysis revealed that drier periods present during grain filling induced high variations of GSH, Phy and Mg concentrations in spelt grain, as well as high variations of YP, Mg, Fe, Mn and Zn concentrations in maize grain. It could be assumed that growing season is an important factor affecting nutritional quality of organically produced crops, such as spelt and maize.
PB  - Belgrade : University of Belgrade
C3  - Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
T1  - Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains
SP  - 92
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Simic, Milena and Tabaković, Marijenka and Milenković, Milena and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Frequent variations and extremes in meteorological factors, affect not just yield, but also grain composition of produced crops. Organic crop production has many challenges, particularly under the rain-fed conditions, when water supply is limited and crops could be additionally subjected to the harsh environment. Aim of the research was to follow variations in grain composition of organically produced spelt wheat (var. Nirvana) and red grain maize (var. Rumenka) during 2011-2017 period, which included meteorologically different seasons. Analysed grain components included essential elements: Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe and Mn (determined by ICP-OES), as well as antioxidants, such as polyphenols, yellow pigments (YP), total glutathione (GSH) and phytate (Phy) (determined spectrophotometrically). Results revealed that the lowest concentrations of polyphenols, YP and GSH and slightly reduced Phy in the grains of both, spelt and maize were present during the season with extremely high precipitation, as 2014 was. Nevertheless, drier seasons had positive impact on the accumulation of all examined antioxidants and the highest values were obtained during meteorologically optimal years. Based on the content of essential elements, 2014 was also important for reduced Mg, Fe, Zn and Mn accumulation in spelt grain. For maize, seasons with drought (2012 and 2013) were significant for reduced accumulation of all examined elements. The highest values of all essential elements were noticed in 2016 and 2017, seasons with relative uniform precipitation distribution and optimal temperature during grain filling periods of spelt and maize. Principal component analysis revealed that drier periods present during grain filling induced high variations of GSH, Phy and Mg concentrations in spelt grain, as well as high variations of YP, Mg, Fe, Mn and Zn concentrations in maize grain. It could be assumed that growing season is an important factor affecting nutritional quality of organically produced crops, such as spelt and maize.",
publisher = "Belgrade : University of Belgrade",
journal = "Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts",
title = "Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains",
pages = "92"
}
Dragičević, V., Stoiljkovic, M., Simic, M., Tabaković, M., Milenković, M.,& Brankov, M.. (2021). Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains. in Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : University of Belgrade., 92.
Dragičević V, Stoiljkovic M, Simic M, Tabaković M, Milenković M, Brankov M. Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains. in Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts. 2021;:92..
Dragičević, Vesna, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Simic, Milena, Tabaković, Marijenka, Milenković, Milena, Brankov, Milan, "Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains" in Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts (2021):92.

Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности

Šenk, Milena; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Tabaković, Marijenka; Dragičević, Vesna

(Универзитет у Београду – Пољопривредни факултет, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/884
AB  - Због интезивне примене минералних ђубрива и пестицида, који повољно утичу на
повећање продуктивности али штетно на животну средину, све већи изазов у свету
представља проналажење еколошки прихватљивог начина гајења усева, који ће
обезбедити одрживи и задовољавајући принос. Једна од алтернативних метода која се
успешно користи у ту сврху јесте гајење два или више усева истовремено на истом
пољу. Циљ овог истраживања био је да се процени агрономска вредност, тј. принос
соје и проса комбинованих на различите начине (наизменични редови и наизменичне
траке) и упореди са самостално гајеним усевима. Експеримент је постављен на
огледном пољу Института за кукуруз “Земун Поље”, током 2018. и 2020. године. Соја
(сорта Селена) и просо (сорта Бисерка) су посејани у три различите комбинације (С-П,
СС-ПП, СС-ПППП), као и контролни усеви, док је истовремено испитиван и утицај
био-ђубрива Coveron (садржи микоризне гљиве и ризосферне бактерије). Добијени
приноси су изражени преко односа еквивалента земљишта (ЛЕР), док је компетиција
између соје и проса описана помоћу компетитивне способности (ЦР) и агресивности
(А). Резултати су показали да све три испитиване комбинације здруживања повољно
утичу на продуктивност. Просечне ЛЕР вредности су у свим комбинацијама веће од 1,
указујући на већу продуктивност соје и проса у здруженим у односу на чисте усеве.
Највише ЛЕР вредности су постигнуте у СС-ММ комбинацијама (1.48 и 1.28 са и без
Coveron-а, респективно). Разматрајући компетицију, соја се истакла као
компетитивнија и доминантнија врста, посебно у комбинацијама наизменичних трака,
где је у СС-ММММ комбинацији са био-ђубривом забележена ЦР вредност од 3.19 и А
вредност од 1.34. На основу наведених резултата може се закључити да је изражена
компетитивност соје у односу на просо повољна за здруживање наведених врста и има
агрономску вредност у одрживој пољопривреди.
AB  - Due to the intensive application of mineral fertilizers and pesticides, which have a favorable 
effect on increasing productivity but are harmful to the environment, finding an ecological 
way of growing crops, which will provide a sustainable and satisfactory yield, is a growing 
challenge in the world. One of alternative methods that is successfully used for this purpose is 
growing two or more crops simultaneously in the same field. The aim of this study was to 
assess the agronomic value, ie. yield of soybean and common millet intercropped in different 
ways (alternating rows and alternating strips) and compare with monocrops. The experiment 
was set up on the experimental field of the Maize Research Institute "Zemun Polje", during 
2018 and 2020. Soybean (var. Selena) and common millet (var. Biserka) were sown in three 
different combinations (SP, SS-PP, SS-PPPP), as well as control crops, while at the same 
time the influence of bio-fertilizer Coveron (containing mycorrhizal fungi and rhizosphere 
bacteria) was examined. The obtained yields are expressed through the land equivalent ratio 
(LER), while the competition between soybean and millet is described by competitive ratio 
(CR) and aggressivity (A). The results showed that all three examined combinations have 
favorable effect on productivity. The average LER values in all intercrops are greater than 1, 
indicating higher productivity of soybean and millet in intercropping compared to pure crops. 
The highest LER values were achieved in SS-MM combinations (1.48 and 1.28 with and 
without Coveron, respectively). Considering competition, the soybean stood out as more 
competitive and dominant specie, especially in the combinations of alternating strips, where 
CR value of 3.19 and A value of 1.34 were calculated for SS-MMMM combination treated 
with bio-fertilizer. Based on the above results, it can be concluded that expressed 
competitiveness of soybean in relation to millet is favorable for intercropping of these species 
and has agronomic value in sustainable agriculture.
PB  - Универзитет у Београду – Пољопривредни факултет
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i  povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. - Zbornik izvoda
T1  - Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности
T1  - Intercropping of soybean-common millet in combination with bio-fertilizer as an ecological method for increasing productivity
SP  - 80
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Šenk, Milena and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Tabaković, Marijenka and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Због интезивне примене минералних ђубрива и пестицида, који повољно утичу на
повећање продуктивности али штетно на животну средину, све већи изазов у свету
представља проналажење еколошки прихватљивог начина гајења усева, који ће
обезбедити одрживи и задовољавајући принос. Једна од алтернативних метода која се
успешно користи у ту сврху јесте гајење два или више усева истовремено на истом
пољу. Циљ овог истраживања био је да се процени агрономска вредност, тј. принос
соје и проса комбинованих на различите начине (наизменични редови и наизменичне
траке) и упореди са самостално гајеним усевима. Експеримент је постављен на
огледном пољу Института за кукуруз “Земун Поље”, током 2018. и 2020. године. Соја
(сорта Селена) и просо (сорта Бисерка) су посејани у три различите комбинације (С-П,
СС-ПП, СС-ПППП), као и контролни усеви, док је истовремено испитиван и утицај
био-ђубрива Coveron (садржи микоризне гљиве и ризосферне бактерије). Добијени
приноси су изражени преко односа еквивалента земљишта (ЛЕР), док је компетиција
између соје и проса описана помоћу компетитивне способности (ЦР) и агресивности
(А). Резултати су показали да све три испитиване комбинације здруживања повољно
утичу на продуктивност. Просечне ЛЕР вредности су у свим комбинацијама веће од 1,
указујући на већу продуктивност соје и проса у здруженим у односу на чисте усеве.
Највише ЛЕР вредности су постигнуте у СС-ММ комбинацијама (1.48 и 1.28 са и без
Coveron-а, респективно). Разматрајући компетицију, соја се истакла као
компетитивнија и доминантнија врста, посебно у комбинацијама наизменичних трака,
где је у СС-ММММ комбинацији са био-ђубривом забележена ЦР вредност од 3.19 и А
вредност од 1.34. На основу наведених резултата може се закључити да је изражена
компетитивност соје у односу на просо повољна за здруживање наведених врста и има
агрономску вредност у одрживој пољопривреди., Due to the intensive application of mineral fertilizers and pesticides, which have a favorable 
effect on increasing productivity but are harmful to the environment, finding an ecological 
way of growing crops, which will provide a sustainable and satisfactory yield, is a growing 
challenge in the world. One of alternative methods that is successfully used for this purpose is 
growing two or more crops simultaneously in the same field. The aim of this study was to 
assess the agronomic value, ie. yield of soybean and common millet intercropped in different 
ways (alternating rows and alternating strips) and compare with monocrops. The experiment 
was set up on the experimental field of the Maize Research Institute "Zemun Polje", during 
2018 and 2020. Soybean (var. Selena) and common millet (var. Biserka) were sown in three 
different combinations (SP, SS-PP, SS-PPPP), as well as control crops, while at the same 
time the influence of bio-fertilizer Coveron (containing mycorrhizal fungi and rhizosphere 
bacteria) was examined. The obtained yields are expressed through the land equivalent ratio 
(LER), while the competition between soybean and millet is described by competitive ratio 
(CR) and aggressivity (A). The results showed that all three examined combinations have 
favorable effect on productivity. The average LER values in all intercrops are greater than 1, 
indicating higher productivity of soybean and millet in intercropping compared to pure crops. 
The highest LER values were achieved in SS-MM combinations (1.48 and 1.28 with and 
without Coveron, respectively). Considering competition, the soybean stood out as more 
competitive and dominant specie, especially in the combinations of alternating strips, where 
CR value of 3.19 and A value of 1.34 were calculated for SS-MMMM combination treated 
with bio-fertilizer. Based on the above results, it can be concluded that expressed 
competitiveness of soybean in relation to millet is favorable for intercropping of these species 
and has agronomic value in sustainable agriculture.",
publisher = "Универзитет у Београду – Пољопривредни факултет, Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i  povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. - Zbornik izvoda",
title = "Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности, Intercropping of soybean-common millet in combination with bio-fertilizer as an ecological method for increasing productivity",
pages = "80"
}
Šenk, M., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Tabaković, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i  povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. - Zbornik izvoda
Универзитет у Београду – Пољопривредни факултет., 80.
Šenk M, Simić M, Brankov M, Tabaković M, Dragičević V. Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i  povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. - Zbornik izvoda. 2021;:80..
Šenk, Milena, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Tabaković, Marijenka, Dragičević, Vesna, "Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности" in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i  povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. - Zbornik izvoda (2021):80.

Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain

Šenk, Milena V.; Simić, Milena; Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka; Tešić, Živoslav Lj.; Brankov, Milan; Kodranov, Igor; Dragičević, Vesna

(Belgrade : University of Belgrade, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Šenk, Milena V.
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka
AU  - Tešić, Živoslav Lj.
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Kodranov, Igor
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/885
AB  - Intercropping, as sustainable agricultural practice effectively uses environmental resources,
affecting the nutritive quality of crops by modifying the concentration of macro- and microelements
in grain. In order to improve the availability of nutrients from the soil, bio-fertilizers could
also be used successfully in elements management. A field experiment was conducted with soybean (var. Selena) and proso millet (var. Biserka) to examine the integrated influence of intercropping and bio-fertilizer on Ca, Mg, S, Fe and Zn accumulation in grain. Mono-crops (T1 - soybean, T2 - millet), as well as tree planting patterns of intercrop, including alternating rows of soybean and proso millet (T3), alternating strips of two rows of soybean and two rows of millet (T4) and alternating strips of two rows of soybean and four rows of millet (T5), were set up in 2018 and
2020. The same combinations, as subplots, were treated with bio-fertilizer Coveron (C) (containing
mycorrhizal fungi, Trichoderma and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria). After harvest, grains
were dried and milled and preparation of samples was performed using wet digestion procedure
with HClO4 + HNO3. The concentration of Ca, Mg and S were determined by ICP-OES, while Fe
and Zn concentration was measured on ICP-MS. Results showed that Coveron reduced S
concentration in soybean grain, while the status of other elements mainly remained unchanged. In
terms of intercropping, soybean from T5 combination had a significantly higher level of Fe in
comparison to T1 and T3, and higher but not significantly than T4, emphasizing alternating strips as
more effective for accumulation of this element in grain. Combination T3 + C provided the highest
accumulation of Ca, while T5 + C significantly raised Fe concentration. In terms of proso millet,
bio-fertilizer expressed a greater impact on Ca, Fe and Zn by increasing their concentration. On the
other side, all intercrop combinations expressed a positive impact on Fe concentration and
simultaneously reduced Zn concentration. When mutual influence is considered, T4 + C
significantly increased Ca and Fe values, while T2 + C increased Zn value, pointing positive effect
of integrated and sustainable agricultural practices on an accumulation of essential elements in a
grain of proso millet. In conclusion, different intercrop combinations combined with bio-fertilizer
could be successfully used to improve the nutritional quality of soybean and millet grains in terms
of sustainable food production, but further investigations are required to highlight other aspects of
potentially enhanced nutritional quality.
PB  - Belgrade : University of Belgrade
C3  - Unifood conference, Belgrade, 24 - 25 September 2021 - Book of Abstracts
T1  - Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain
SP  - 169
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Šenk, Milena V. and Simić, Milena and Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka and Tešić, Živoslav Lj. and Brankov, Milan and Kodranov, Igor and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Intercropping, as sustainable agricultural practice effectively uses environmental resources,
affecting the nutritive quality of crops by modifying the concentration of macro- and microelements
in grain. In order to improve the availability of nutrients from the soil, bio-fertilizers could
also be used successfully in elements management. A field experiment was conducted with soybean (var. Selena) and proso millet (var. Biserka) to examine the integrated influence of intercropping and bio-fertilizer on Ca, Mg, S, Fe and Zn accumulation in grain. Mono-crops (T1 - soybean, T2 - millet), as well as tree planting patterns of intercrop, including alternating rows of soybean and proso millet (T3), alternating strips of two rows of soybean and two rows of millet (T4) and alternating strips of two rows of soybean and four rows of millet (T5), were set up in 2018 and
2020. The same combinations, as subplots, were treated with bio-fertilizer Coveron (C) (containing
mycorrhizal fungi, Trichoderma and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria). After harvest, grains
were dried and milled and preparation of samples was performed using wet digestion procedure
with HClO4 + HNO3. The concentration of Ca, Mg and S were determined by ICP-OES, while Fe
and Zn concentration was measured on ICP-MS. Results showed that Coveron reduced S
concentration in soybean grain, while the status of other elements mainly remained unchanged. In
terms of intercropping, soybean from T5 combination had a significantly higher level of Fe in
comparison to T1 and T3, and higher but not significantly than T4, emphasizing alternating strips as
more effective for accumulation of this element in grain. Combination T3 + C provided the highest
accumulation of Ca, while T5 + C significantly raised Fe concentration. In terms of proso millet,
bio-fertilizer expressed a greater impact on Ca, Fe and Zn by increasing their concentration. On the
other side, all intercrop combinations expressed a positive impact on Fe concentration and
simultaneously reduced Zn concentration. When mutual influence is considered, T4 + C
significantly increased Ca and Fe values, while T2 + C increased Zn value, pointing positive effect
of integrated and sustainable agricultural practices on an accumulation of essential elements in a
grain of proso millet. In conclusion, different intercrop combinations combined with bio-fertilizer
could be successfully used to improve the nutritional quality of soybean and millet grains in terms
of sustainable food production, but further investigations are required to highlight other aspects of
potentially enhanced nutritional quality.",
publisher = "Belgrade : University of Belgrade",
journal = "Unifood conference, Belgrade, 24 - 25 September 2021 - Book of Abstracts",
title = "Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain",
pages = "169"
}
Šenk, M. V., Simić, M., Milojković-Opsenica, D., Tešić, Ž. Lj., Brankov, M., Kodranov, I.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain. in Unifood conference, Belgrade, 24 - 25 September 2021 - Book of Abstracts
Belgrade : University of Belgrade., 169.
Šenk MV, Simić M, Milojković-Opsenica D, Tešić ŽL, Brankov M, Kodranov I, Dragičević V. Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain. in Unifood conference, Belgrade, 24 - 25 September 2021 - Book of Abstracts. 2021;:169..
Šenk, Milena V., Simić, Milena, Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka, Tešić, Živoslav Lj., Brankov, Milan, Kodranov, Igor, Dragičević, Vesna, "Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain" in Unifood conference, Belgrade, 24 - 25 September 2021 - Book of Abstracts (2021):169.

Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production

Tabaković, Marijenka; Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Oro, Violeta; Stanisavljević, Rade; Brankov, Milan; Živanović, Ljubiša

(Quilamapu : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Oro, Violeta
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Živanović, Ljubiša
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/844
AB  - The environment protection, energy, and resources preservation are especially pronounced under present climate changes. In agriculture, these changes are recognised as drought, high temperatures, occurrence of stormy winds and hail. The aim of this study was to determine variations in seed morphology that are a result of different sowing dates in relation with agro- ecological conditions of maize (Zea mays L.) cultivation. The material used for the study encompassed three inbred lines (G1, G2, G3) sown every 10 d on five sowing dates (T1, T2, T3, T4, T5) starting from 1 April to 10 May, during 2 yr (Y1: 2018, Y2: 2019). The following physical properties of seeds were estimated: width (W), length (L), thickness (Tk), ratio of small (SF) to large fraction (LF) and grain yield (GY). The width was the highest in all three inbreeds on T4 (1.00, 1.03, 0.99 cm, respectively); T5 was the least favourable date for L (1.09, 1.12, 1.09 cm, respectively) while Tk was the lowest in G1 (0.51 cm) and G2 (0.51 cm) sown on T1. The most significant differences in the formation of physical properties occurred in seeds sown on T5 (p ≤ 0.05). The highest differences were observed in width between T5-T4 (-0.223 cm), in length between T5-T2 (-0.309 cm) and in thickness between T5-T3 (-0.129 cm). Later sowing dates favoured LF (85.2%) in comparison to SF (14.7%). Seed size variability participated with 50% in yield formation (R2 ≥ 0.5).
PB  - Quilamapu :  Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA)
T2  - Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
T1  - Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production
VL  - 81
IS  - 4
SP  - 481
EP  - 490
DO  - 10.4067/S0718-58392021000400481
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Tabaković, Marijenka and Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Oro, Violeta and Stanisavljević, Rade and Brankov, Milan and Živanović, Ljubiša",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The environment protection, energy, and resources preservation are especially pronounced under present climate changes. In agriculture, these changes are recognised as drought, high temperatures, occurrence of stormy winds and hail. The aim of this study was to determine variations in seed morphology that are a result of different sowing dates in relation with agro- ecological conditions of maize (Zea mays L.) cultivation. The material used for the study encompassed three inbred lines (G1, G2, G3) sown every 10 d on five sowing dates (T1, T2, T3, T4, T5) starting from 1 April to 10 May, during 2 yr (Y1: 2018, Y2: 2019). The following physical properties of seeds were estimated: width (W), length (L), thickness (Tk), ratio of small (SF) to large fraction (LF) and grain yield (GY). The width was the highest in all three inbreeds on T4 (1.00, 1.03, 0.99 cm, respectively); T5 was the least favourable date for L (1.09, 1.12, 1.09 cm, respectively) while Tk was the lowest in G1 (0.51 cm) and G2 (0.51 cm) sown on T1. The most significant differences in the formation of physical properties occurred in seeds sown on T5 (p ≤ 0.05). The highest differences were observed in width between T5-T4 (-0.223 cm), in length between T5-T2 (-0.309 cm) and in thickness between T5-T3 (-0.129 cm). Later sowing dates favoured LF (85.2%) in comparison to SF (14.7%). Seed size variability participated with 50% in yield formation (R2 ≥ 0.5).",
publisher = "Quilamapu :  Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA)",
journal = "Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research",
title = "Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production",
volume = "81",
number = "4",
pages = "481-490",
doi = "10.4067/S0718-58392021000400481"
}
Tabaković, M., Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Oro, V., Stanisavljević, R., Brankov, M.,& Živanović, L.. (2021). Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production. in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Quilamapu :  Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA)., 81(4), 481-490.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392021000400481
Tabaković M, Simić M, Dragičević V, Oro V, Stanisavljević R, Brankov M, Živanović L. Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production. in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 2021;81(4):481-490.
doi:10.4067/S0718-58392021000400481 .
Tabaković, Marijenka, Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Oro, Violeta, Stanisavljević, Rade, Brankov, Milan, Živanović, Ljubiša, "Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production" in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 81, no. 4 (2021):481-490,
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392021000400481 . .

The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity

Brankov, Milan; Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna

(Elsevier, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/837
AB  - Crop rotation is a simple and effective part of an Integrated Weed Management (IWM) system. This approach makes it possible to rotate herbicides with different modes of action (MOA), avoiding or postponing herbicide resistance. Besides all the known advantages and benefits, it is still not widely used in maize (Zea mays L.) production. In Serbia, about 20% of total maize production is a continuous cropping. The aim of this research was to test the benefits of growing maize in crop rotation with winter wheat (Triticum vulgare L.) compared with a continuous cropping, combined with pre-emergence herbicide application. Field trials started in 2009, and five maize-winter wheat rotations have been completed. Weeds were controlled with a herbicide mixture of isoxaflutole and S-metolachlor, applied at either the full label rate or half rate, while one plot was kept weed free (manually), and one was a control. Integrating crop rotation and PRE herbicides decreased the biomass of weeds and their density by 98% and 99%, respectively. In continuous maize, perennial weeds became dominant after the first rotation. Crop rotation significantly influenced maize productive parameters, decreasing the variation in leaf area index and grain yield, increasing values with the number of cycles. The biggest differences in the analyzed parameters were observed in 2015, 2017 and 2019, indicating many positive long-term benefits of crop rotation on maize leaf area index and grain yield.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Crop protection
T1  - The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity
VL  - 143
SP  - 105558
DO  - 10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Crop rotation is a simple and effective part of an Integrated Weed Management (IWM) system. This approach makes it possible to rotate herbicides with different modes of action (MOA), avoiding or postponing herbicide resistance. Besides all the known advantages and benefits, it is still not widely used in maize (Zea mays L.) production. In Serbia, about 20% of total maize production is a continuous cropping. The aim of this research was to test the benefits of growing maize in crop rotation with winter wheat (Triticum vulgare L.) compared with a continuous cropping, combined with pre-emergence herbicide application. Field trials started in 2009, and five maize-winter wheat rotations have been completed. Weeds were controlled with a herbicide mixture of isoxaflutole and S-metolachlor, applied at either the full label rate or half rate, while one plot was kept weed free (manually), and one was a control. Integrating crop rotation and PRE herbicides decreased the biomass of weeds and their density by 98% and 99%, respectively. In continuous maize, perennial weeds became dominant after the first rotation. Crop rotation significantly influenced maize productive parameters, decreasing the variation in leaf area index and grain yield, increasing values with the number of cycles. The biggest differences in the analyzed parameters were observed in 2015, 2017 and 2019, indicating many positive long-term benefits of crop rotation on maize leaf area index and grain yield.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Crop protection",
title = "The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity",
volume = "143",
pages = "105558",
doi = "10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558"
}
Brankov, M., Simić, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity. in Crop protection
Elsevier., 143, 105558.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558
Brankov M, Simić M, Dragičević V. The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity. in Crop protection. 2021;143:105558.
doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558 .
Brankov, Milan, Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, "The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity" in Crop protection, 143 (2021):105558,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558 . .
2
11

Inovativna rešenja u iskorišćavanju useva - biofortifikacija u funkciji proizvodnje kvalitetne hrane

Dragičević, Vesna; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana

(Beograd : Akademija inženjerskih nauka Srbije - AINS, Odeljenje biotehničkih nauka, 2020)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1061
AB  - Globalni trend industrijalizacije poljoprivrede, naročito od pojave „zelene 
revolucije“, karakteriše povećanje prinosa biomase, zrna i plodova useva. Ovakav trend 
ima za posledicu paralelno smanjenje hranljive vrednosti poljoprivrednih proizvoda, koje 
se ogleda u smanjenoj koncentraciji minerala i vitamina, posebno kada su u pitanju gvožđe, 
magnezijum, cink i selen. Kada se uzme u obzir visok stepen erozije, kao i narušavanje 
zemljišnog ekosistema, uz intenzivnu upotrebu mineralnih đubriva, baziranih uglavnom 
na azotu, fosforu i kalijumu, a bez unosa organskih đubriva, zamljišta se „ispošćuju“ i 
rapidno se gubi plodnost. Važno je istaći da je skoro polovina svetskih zemljišta 
deficitarna mineralima. Ovo se dalje, preko ciklusa ishrane, vrlo nepovoljno odražava na 
zdravstveno stanje ljudi i životinja, dovodeći do sistemske neishranjenosti i pojave 
brojnih hroničnih bolesti. Da bi se stalo na put navedenim trendovima, potrebno je 
proizvesti poljoprivredne proizvode bogate hranivima. 
Akumulacija minerala u biljkama, posebno u zrnu, kao i sinteza vitamina je 
kontrolisan brojnim biohemijskim procesima. Biofortifikacija ima za cilj povećanje 
koncentracije minerala i vitamina u jestivim delovima biljaka. Mere gajenja koje utiču na 
povećanje apsorpcije minerala i sintezu vitamina, kao i metode oplemenjivanja i 
genetičkog inženjeringa koje imaju za cilj stvaranje genotipova poželjnih osobina, mogu 
povoljno uticati na povećanje koncentracije minerala i vitamina u jestivim delovima 
gajenih biljaka. Paralelno sa povećanjem koncentracije esencijalnih minerala i vitamina, 
potrebno je razviti i mere kojima se utiče na smanjenje anti-nutritiva, koji sprečavaju 
resorpciju minerala i vitamina iz organa za varenje, odnosno njihovo iskorišćenje od 
strane animalnih organizama. Povećanje koncentracije esencijalnih minerala i vitamina, 
kao i njihova iskoristljivost od strane ljudskih i životinjskih organizama je vrlo 
kompleksna problematika, koja se bazira na primeni brojnih inovativnih rešenja i koja bi 
trebalo da predstavlja integralni deo i sponu između agronomskih i medicinskih nauka, sa 
ciljem poboljšanja kvaliteta agroekositema, gajenih biljaka i života, uopšte.
AB  - The globally present trend of agriculture industrialization, particularly from arising of 
"green revolution" was characterised with increase of biomass, grain and fruit yields. In parallel, 
this trend had as a consequence decrease of nutritional quality of agricultural products, reflected 
through reduced concentration of minerals and vitamins, especially of iron, magnesium and 
selenium. When high intensity of erosion and depletion of soil ecosystem was taken into account, 
together with intensive usage of mineral fertilizers, based on nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, 
without incorporation of organic fertilizers, soils became exhausted, rapidly losing their fertility. It 
is important to underline that almost half of soils worldwide is deficient in minerals. In further, 
through the nutrition cycle, this situation is transmitting to health depletion of humans and animals, 
towards systemic malnutrition and arising of numerous chronically diseases. To combat present 
trends, it is necessary to produce agricultural commodities rich in essential nutrients. 
Various biochemical processes control accumulation of mineral nutrients in plant tissues, 
particularly in grains, as well as vitamins synthesis. The goal of bio-fortification is increase of 
concentration of essential minerals and vitamins in edible parts of plants. Thus, growing measures 
that enhance absorption of minerals and vitamins synthesis, as well as methods of breeding and 
genetic engineering, having as a target creation of genotypes with desirable traits, could be 
positively reflect to increase in concentration of minerals and vitamins in edible parts of agricultural 
plants. Correspondingly to the increase in concentration of essential minerals and vitamins, it is 
necessary to develop measures that will reduce concentration of anti-nutrients, which diminish 
absorption of minerals and vitamins from digestive organs, thus obstruct their utilization by animals 
and humans. The increase of concentration of essential minerals and vitamins, as well as their bioavailability and utilization by animal and human organisms is very complex issue, based on the 
application of various innovative solutions and it should present integral part, i.e. connection 
between agricultural and medical sciences, aimed to increase quality of agro-ecosystem, agricultural 
plants, and life, in general.
PB  - Beograd : Akademija inženjerskih nauka Srbije - AINS, Odeljenje biotehničkih nauka
PB  - Beograd :  Akademska misao
C3  - Naučni skup "Značaj razvojnih istraživanja i inovacija u funkciji unapređenja poljoprivrede i šumarstva srbije", 04.11.2020. godine - Zbornik radova
T1  - Inovativna rešenja u iskorišćavanju useva - biofortifikacija u funkciji proizvodnje kvalitetne hrane
T1  - Innovative solutions in crop utilization biofortification as a function of quality food production
SP  - 7
EP  - 18
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Globalni trend industrijalizacije poljoprivrede, naročito od pojave „zelene 
revolucije“, karakteriše povećanje prinosa biomase, zrna i plodova useva. Ovakav trend 
ima za posledicu paralelno smanjenje hranljive vrednosti poljoprivrednih proizvoda, koje 
se ogleda u smanjenoj koncentraciji minerala i vitamina, posebno kada su u pitanju gvožđe, 
magnezijum, cink i selen. Kada se uzme u obzir visok stepen erozije, kao i narušavanje 
zemljišnog ekosistema, uz intenzivnu upotrebu mineralnih đubriva, baziranih uglavnom 
na azotu, fosforu i kalijumu, a bez unosa organskih đubriva, zamljišta se „ispošćuju“ i 
rapidno se gubi plodnost. Važno je istaći da je skoro polovina svetskih zemljišta 
deficitarna mineralima. Ovo se dalje, preko ciklusa ishrane, vrlo nepovoljno odražava na 
zdravstveno stanje ljudi i životinja, dovodeći do sistemske neishranjenosti i pojave 
brojnih hroničnih bolesti. Da bi se stalo na put navedenim trendovima, potrebno je 
proizvesti poljoprivredne proizvode bogate hranivima. 
Akumulacija minerala u biljkama, posebno u zrnu, kao i sinteza vitamina je 
kontrolisan brojnim biohemijskim procesima. Biofortifikacija ima za cilj povećanje 
koncentracije minerala i vitamina u jestivim delovima biljaka. Mere gajenja koje utiču na 
povećanje apsorpcije minerala i sintezu vitamina, kao i metode oplemenjivanja i 
genetičkog inženjeringa koje imaju za cilj stvaranje genotipova poželjnih osobina, mogu 
povoljno uticati na povećanje koncentracije minerala i vitamina u jestivim delovima 
gajenih biljaka. Paralelno sa povećanjem koncentracije esencijalnih minerala i vitamina, 
potrebno je razviti i mere kojima se utiče na smanjenje anti-nutritiva, koji sprečavaju 
resorpciju minerala i vitamina iz organa za varenje, odnosno njihovo iskorišćenje od 
strane animalnih organizama. Povećanje koncentracije esencijalnih minerala i vitamina, 
kao i njihova iskoristljivost od strane ljudskih i životinjskih organizama je vrlo 
kompleksna problematika, koja se bazira na primeni brojnih inovativnih rešenja i koja bi 
trebalo da predstavlja integralni deo i sponu između agronomskih i medicinskih nauka, sa 
ciljem poboljšanja kvaliteta agroekositema, gajenih biljaka i života, uopšte., The globally present trend of agriculture industrialization, particularly from arising of 
"green revolution" was characterised with increase of biomass, grain and fruit yields. In parallel, 
this trend had as a consequence decrease of nutritional quality of agricultural products, reflected 
through reduced concentration of minerals and vitamins, especially of iron, magnesium and 
selenium. When high intensity of erosion and depletion of soil ecosystem was taken into account, 
together with intensive usage of mineral fertilizers, based on nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, 
without incorporation of organic fertilizers, soils became exhausted, rapidly losing their fertility. It 
is important to underline that almost half of soils worldwide is deficient in minerals. In further, 
through the nutrition cycle, this situation is transmitting to health depletion of humans and animals, 
towards systemic malnutrition and arising of numerous chronically diseases. To combat present 
trends, it is necessary to produce agricultural commodities rich in essential nutrients. 
Various biochemical processes control accumulation of mineral nutrients in plant tissues, 
particularly in grains, as well as vitamins synthesis. The goal of bio-fortification is increase of 
concentration of essential minerals and vitamins in edible parts of plants. Thus, growing measures 
that enhance absorption of minerals and vitamins synthesis, as well as methods of breeding and 
genetic engineering, having as a target creation of genotypes with desirable traits, could be 
positively reflect to increase in concentration of minerals and vitamins in edible parts of agricultural 
plants. Correspondingly to the increase in concentration of essential minerals and vitamins, it is 
necessary to develop measures that will reduce concentration of anti-nutrients, which diminish 
absorption of minerals and vitamins from digestive organs, thus obstruct their utilization by animals 
and humans. The increase of concentration of essential minerals and vitamins, as well as their bioavailability and utilization by animal and human organisms is very complex issue, based on the 
application of various innovative solutions and it should present integral part, i.e. connection 
between agricultural and medical sciences, aimed to increase quality of agro-ecosystem, agricultural 
plants, and life, in general.",
publisher = "Beograd : Akademija inženjerskih nauka Srbije - AINS, Odeljenje biotehničkih nauka, Beograd :  Akademska misao",
journal = "Naučni skup "Značaj razvojnih istraživanja i inovacija u funkciji unapređenja poljoprivrede i šumarstva srbije", 04.11.2020. godine - Zbornik radova",
title = "Inovativna rešenja u iskorišćavanju useva - biofortifikacija u funkciji proizvodnje kvalitetne hrane, Innovative solutions in crop utilization biofortification as a function of quality food production",
pages = "7-18"
}
Dragičević, V.,& Mladenović Drinić, S.. (2020). Inovativna rešenja u iskorišćavanju useva - biofortifikacija u funkciji proizvodnje kvalitetne hrane. in Naučni skup "Značaj razvojnih istraživanja i inovacija u funkciji unapređenja poljoprivrede i šumarstva srbije", 04.11.2020. godine - Zbornik radova
Beograd : Akademija inženjerskih nauka Srbije - AINS, Odeljenje biotehničkih nauka., 7-18.
Dragičević V, Mladenović Drinić S. Inovativna rešenja u iskorišćavanju useva - biofortifikacija u funkciji proizvodnje kvalitetne hrane. in Naučni skup "Značaj razvojnih istraživanja i inovacija u funkciji unapređenja poljoprivrede i šumarstva srbije", 04.11.2020. godine - Zbornik radova. 2020;:7-18..
Dragičević, Vesna, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, "Inovativna rešenja u iskorišćavanju useva - biofortifikacija u funkciji proizvodnje kvalitetne hrane" in Naučni skup "Značaj razvojnih istraživanja i inovacija u funkciji unapređenja poljoprivrede i šumarstva srbije", 04.11.2020. godine - Zbornik radova (2020):7-18.

Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen

Dragičević, Vesna; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Kresović, Branka; Vukadinovic, Jelena; Milenković, Milena

(Beograd : Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Vukadinovic, Jelena
AU  - Milenković, Milena
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/934
AB  - Nitrogen is an important macro-nutrient that influences various physiological processes in
plants. Nevertheless, nitrogen could be loosed from the soil by leaching and evaporation. Thus,
low nitrogen inputs are required together with a strategy to improve its utilization by crops.
Maize genotypes exhibit various susceptibility to low soil nitrogen. From that reason, variability
in the reaction of 32 maize lines to growing in conditions with optimal (fertilization with urea),
and with low nitrogen (without fertilization) was examined during 2017 and 2018. All other
growing measures and fertilization with other elements was applied in the same manner on the
whole experimental plot. 2017 was a drier season, with higher average temperatures, particularly
during anthesis and grain filling period.
High variability among genotypes and seasons was present. The values of maize grain yield
and 1000 grain weight were slightly higher in treatment with nitrogen application. Some lines
under the low nitrogen conditions reached even higher grain yields (efficacy of yielding was
139.7% and 156.7%, for 2017 and 2018) than in conditions with optimal nitrogen in the soil, such
as L1, L2, L5, L10, L11, L13, L15, L23 and L31, declaring them as genotypes with high nitrogen
using efficiency. However, these lines achieved moderate yields (in both treatments and years) in
regard to other lines. Among tested lines, L1 and L23 had higher grain yields in both fertilization
treatments indicating them as prominent for further research, i.e. breeding of maize hybrids with
better nitrogen usage from the soil, even in the conditions with low nitrogen.
AB  - Azot je važan makro-element koji je uključen u brojne fiziološke procese kod biljaka. Međutim,
gubici azota iz zemljišta putem ispiranja i evaporacijom mogu biti veliki, tako da su preporučljivi
niži unosi u kombinaciji sa strategijama koje poboljšavaju njegovo usvajanje. Genotipovi
kukuruza različito reaguju na nizak nivo azota u zemljištu. Stoga je ispitana varijabilnost u reakciji
32 linije kukuruza na gajenje u uslovima optimalne obezbeđenosti (đubrenje ureom) i niskog
nivoa azota (bez đubrenja), tokom 2017. i 2018. godine. Sve ostale mere gajenja i đubrenja sa
drugim elementima su primenjene na isti način na celoj eksperimentalnoj površini. 2017. godina
je bila sa manje padavina, sa većim prosečnim dnevnim temperaturama, posebno tokom perioda
cvetanja i nalivanja zrna kukuruza.
Bila je prisutna visoka varijabilnost između ispitivanih genotipova i sezona. Vrednosti prinosa
i mase 1000 zrna su bile nešto niže na delu ogleda bez đubrenja azotom. Na istom delu ogleda
su neke linije (L1, L2, L5, L10, L11, L13, L15, L23 i L31) imale čak veći prinos, u odnosu na deo
ogleda sa optimalnim nivoom azota u zemljištu (efikasnost prinosa je bila 139.7% i 156.7%, za
2017. i 2018.), karakterišući ih stoga kao vrlo efikasne u smislu iskorišćenja azota. Međutim,
navedene linije su ostvarile nešto niže vrednosti prinosa zrna (u oba tretmana i u obe godine)
u odnosu na ostale linije. Od svih ispitivanih, L1 i L23 su imale relativno veće prinose u oba
tretmana, što ukazuje da bi mogle biti pogodne za dalja istraživanja, tj. u oplemenjivanju hibrida
sa boljom efikasnošću iskorišćenja azota čak i u uslovima njegovog niskog sadržaja u zemljištu
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen
T1  - Varijabilnost linija kukuruza za iskorišćavanje azota
VL  - 26
IS  - 1
SP  - 19
EP  - 28
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem2001019D
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Kresović, Branka and Vukadinovic, Jelena and Milenković, Milena",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Nitrogen is an important macro-nutrient that influences various physiological processes in
plants. Nevertheless, nitrogen could be loosed from the soil by leaching and evaporation. Thus,
low nitrogen inputs are required together with a strategy to improve its utilization by crops.
Maize genotypes exhibit various susceptibility to low soil nitrogen. From that reason, variability
in the reaction of 32 maize lines to growing in conditions with optimal (fertilization with urea),
and with low nitrogen (without fertilization) was examined during 2017 and 2018. All other
growing measures and fertilization with other elements was applied in the same manner on the
whole experimental plot. 2017 was a drier season, with higher average temperatures, particularly
during anthesis and grain filling period.
High variability among genotypes and seasons was present. The values of maize grain yield
and 1000 grain weight were slightly higher in treatment with nitrogen application. Some lines
under the low nitrogen conditions reached even higher grain yields (efficacy of yielding was
139.7% and 156.7%, for 2017 and 2018) than in conditions with optimal nitrogen in the soil, such
as L1, L2, L5, L10, L11, L13, L15, L23 and L31, declaring them as genotypes with high nitrogen
using efficiency. However, these lines achieved moderate yields (in both treatments and years) in
regard to other lines. Among tested lines, L1 and L23 had higher grain yields in both fertilization
treatments indicating them as prominent for further research, i.e. breeding of maize hybrids with
better nitrogen usage from the soil, even in the conditions with low nitrogen., Azot je važan makro-element koji je uključen u brojne fiziološke procese kod biljaka. Međutim,
gubici azota iz zemljišta putem ispiranja i evaporacijom mogu biti veliki, tako da su preporučljivi
niži unosi u kombinaciji sa strategijama koje poboljšavaju njegovo usvajanje. Genotipovi
kukuruza različito reaguju na nizak nivo azota u zemljištu. Stoga je ispitana varijabilnost u reakciji
32 linije kukuruza na gajenje u uslovima optimalne obezbeđenosti (đubrenje ureom) i niskog
nivoa azota (bez đubrenja), tokom 2017. i 2018. godine. Sve ostale mere gajenja i đubrenja sa
drugim elementima su primenjene na isti način na celoj eksperimentalnoj površini. 2017. godina
je bila sa manje padavina, sa većim prosečnim dnevnim temperaturama, posebno tokom perioda
cvetanja i nalivanja zrna kukuruza.
Bila je prisutna visoka varijabilnost između ispitivanih genotipova i sezona. Vrednosti prinosa
i mase 1000 zrna su bile nešto niže na delu ogleda bez đubrenja azotom. Na istom delu ogleda
su neke linije (L1, L2, L5, L10, L11, L13, L15, L23 i L31) imale čak veći prinos, u odnosu na deo
ogleda sa optimalnim nivoom azota u zemljištu (efikasnost prinosa je bila 139.7% i 156.7%, za
2017. i 2018.), karakterišući ih stoga kao vrlo efikasne u smislu iskorišćenja azota. Međutim,
navedene linije su ostvarile nešto niže vrednosti prinosa zrna (u oba tretmana i u obe godine)
u odnosu na ostale linije. Od svih ispitivanih, L1 i L23 su imale relativno veće prinose u oba
tretmana, što ukazuje da bi mogle biti pogodne za dalja istraživanja, tj. u oplemenjivanju hibrida
sa boljom efikasnošću iskorišćenja azota čak i u uslovima njegovog niskog sadržaja u zemljištu",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen, Varijabilnost linija kukuruza za iskorišćavanje azota",
volume = "26",
number = "1",
pages = "19-28",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem2001019D"
}
Dragičević, V., Mladenović Drinić, S., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Kresović, B., Vukadinovic, J.,& Milenković, M.. (2020). Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Beograd : Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije., 26(1), 19-28.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2001019D
Dragičević V, Mladenović Drinić S, Simic M, Brankov M, Kresović B, Vukadinovic J, Milenković M. Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2020;26(1):19-28.
doi:10.5937/SelSem2001019D .
Dragičević, Vesna, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Kresović, Branka, Vukadinovic, Jelena, Milenković, Milena, "Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 26, no. 1 (2020):19-28,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2001019D . .
1

Inovativna rešenja u suzbijanju korova u usevima

Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan

(Beograd : Akademija inženjerskih nauka Srbije - AINS, 2020)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1003
AB  - U intenzivnoj ratarskoj proizvodnji je uobičajena upotreba sredstava za zaštitu 
bilja. S druge strane, pojava rezistentnosti korova, štetočina i patogena, zagađenje 
agroekosistema pa i ugroženost zdravlja ljudi usled primene pesticida, problemi su sa 
kojima smo svakodnevno suočeni. U cilju smanjenja pojave rezistentnosti i šteta po 
životnu sredinu, u Institutu za kukuruz Zemun Polje se više od 20 godina proučavaju 
efekti kombinovane primene različitih mera u okviru Sistema integrisanih mera za 
suzbijanje korova, čijom primenom bi se planski i dugoročno smanjila brojnost korova. U 
cilju optimizacije primene herbicida, ispitivan je uticaj različitih rasprskivača 
(dizni) i ađuvanata na efikasnost herbicida. 
Gajenje kukuruza u dvopoljnom plodoredu sa pšenicom i posebno tropoljnom plodoredu sa 
leguminozom, doprinosi značajnom smanjenju zakorovljenosti i povećanju prinosa. Nakon 
osam godina primene herbicida u preporučenoj količini u tropoljnom plodoredu kukuruz-ozima pšenica-soja, masa korova je bila manja za 92.8% u odnosu na kontrolu, dok je u 
monokulturi smanjenje iznosilo 79.8%. Mere poput obrade zemljišta i primene đubriva, 
povećane gustine setve ili smanjenog međurednog razmaka, takođe imaju značajan uticaj na 
intezitet pojave korova u usevima. 
Najveći uticaj na efikasnost herbicida ispoljili su ađuvanti, a u manjoj meri različiti 
rasprskivači zbog čega se preporučuje njihova primena zajedno sa herbicidima radi 
postizanja veće efikasnosti. Razlike između rasprskivača koji proizvodi fine kapljice 
herbicida u odnosu na rasprskivač koji proizvodi krupnije su ukazale na tačan spektar 
kapljica u odnosu na rasprskivač, depoziciju herbicida na rastojanju do 0,5-12 m od otvora 
rasprskivača, kao i potencijalnu fitotoksičnost na useve za koje ispitivani herbicidi 
nisu registrovani. Značajnija oštećenja i veća količina deponovonog herbicida je 
utvrđena kod rasprskivača koji proizvodi finije kapljice.
AB  - The application of plant protection products is common in intensive crop production. On the 
other hand, the occurrence of resistance of weeds, pests and pathogens, pollution of 
agroecosystems, even the threat to human health due to the use of pesticides are common problem.
In order to stop or slow down the process of emergence of resistance and to reduce damages to the 
environment, weeds and other pests need to be suppressed by an integrated approach, that is, to 
design a system of measures that would systematically and far-reaching reduce the abundance of 
harmful organisms. In order to effectively control weeds, these issues have been observed at the 
Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje over past 20 years. 
One of the most important measures within the system of integrated weed management is a 
crop rotation, which, in recent years, has been avoided due to high prices and continuous cropping 
had been used especially in maize production. However, growing maize in the two-yearcrop 
rotation with winter wheat and particularly in the three-year crop rotation with legumes, has been 
contributing to a significant reduction in weediness and in the yield increase. After the eight-year 
application of herbicides in recommended amounts in the three-crop rotation (maize-winter wheat soybean), weed mass decreased by 92.8% compared to the control, while this reduction in 
continuous cropping was 79.8%. Measures, such as tillage and the application of fertilisers, 
increased sowing density or a reduced inter-row distance, also have a significant impact on the 
intensity of weed occurrence in crops. 
With the aim of optimizing the application of herbicides, the effect of different nozzles and 
adjuvants on the herbicide efficiency was observed. The greatest impact on efficiency was 
expressed by adjuvants and to a lesser extent by nozzles, which is why their use together with 
herbicides is recommended for greater efficiency. In the second experiment, the differences 
between nozzles producing fine droplets and those produce large droplets of herbicides were 
assessed in the wind tunnel. Based on the obtained results, higher herbicide deposition was detected 
on every downwind distance using XR nozzle. As expected, higher plant damages were observed 
using XR nozzle, compared to TTI.
PB  - Beograd : Akademija inženjerskih nauka Srbije - AINS
PB  - Beograd : Akademska misao
C3  - Naučni skup "Značaj razvojnih istraživanja i inovacija u funkciji unapređenja poljoprivrede i šumarstva srbije", Beograd, 04.11.2020. godine - Zbornik radova
T1  - Inovativna rešenja u suzbijanju korova u usevima
T1  - Inovative solutions in crops weed control
SP  - 95
EP  - 107
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2020",
abstract = "U intenzivnoj ratarskoj proizvodnji je uobičajena upotreba sredstava za zaštitu 
bilja. S druge strane, pojava rezistentnosti korova, štetočina i patogena, zagađenje 
agroekosistema pa i ugroženost zdravlja ljudi usled primene pesticida, problemi su sa 
kojima smo svakodnevno suočeni. U cilju smanjenja pojave rezistentnosti i šteta po 
životnu sredinu, u Institutu za kukuruz Zemun Polje se više od 20 godina proučavaju 
efekti kombinovane primene različitih mera u okviru Sistema integrisanih mera za 
suzbijanje korova, čijom primenom bi se planski i dugoročno smanjila brojnost korova. U 
cilju optimizacije primene herbicida, ispitivan je uticaj različitih rasprskivača 
(dizni) i ađuvanata na efikasnost herbicida. 
Gajenje kukuruza u dvopoljnom plodoredu sa pšenicom i posebno tropoljnom plodoredu sa 
leguminozom, doprinosi značajnom smanjenju zakorovljenosti i povećanju prinosa. Nakon 
osam godina primene herbicida u preporučenoj količini u tropoljnom plodoredu kukuruz-ozima pšenica-soja, masa korova je bila manja za 92.8% u odnosu na kontrolu, dok je u 
monokulturi smanjenje iznosilo 79.8%. Mere poput obrade zemljišta i primene đubriva, 
povećane gustine setve ili smanjenog međurednog razmaka, takođe imaju značajan uticaj na 
intezitet pojave korova u usevima. 
Najveći uticaj na efikasnost herbicida ispoljili su ađuvanti, a u manjoj meri različiti 
rasprskivači zbog čega se preporučuje njihova primena zajedno sa herbicidima radi 
postizanja veće efikasnosti. Razlike između rasprskivača koji proizvodi fine kapljice 
herbicida u odnosu na rasprskivač koji proizvodi krupnije su ukazale na tačan spektar 
kapljica u odnosu na rasprskivač, depoziciju herbicida na rastojanju do 0,5-12 m od otvora 
rasprskivača, kao i potencijalnu fitotoksičnost na useve za koje ispitivani herbicidi 
nisu registrovani. Značajnija oštećenja i veća količina deponovonog herbicida je 
utvrđena kod rasprskivača koji proizvodi finije kapljice., The application of plant protection products is common in intensive crop production. On the 
other hand, the occurrence of resistance of weeds, pests and pathogens, pollution of 
agroecosystems, even the threat to human health due to the use of pesticides are common problem.
In order to stop or slow down the process of emergence of resistance and to reduce damages to the 
environment, weeds and other pests need to be suppressed by an integrated approach, that is, to 
design a system of measures that would systematically and far-reaching reduce the abundance of 
harmful organisms. In order to effectively control weeds, these issues have been observed at the 
Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje over past 20 years. 
One of the most important measures within the system of integrated weed management is a 
crop rotation, which, in recent years, has been avoided due to high prices and continuous cropping 
had been used especially in maize production. However, growing maize in the two-yearcrop 
rotation with winter wheat and particularly in the three-year crop rotation with legumes, has been 
contributing to a significant reduction in weediness and in the yield increase. After the eight-year 
application of herbicides in recommended amounts in the three-crop rotation (maize-winter wheat soybean), weed mass decreased by 92.8% compared to the control, while this reduction in 
continuous cropping was 79.8%. Measures, such as tillage and the application of fertilisers, 
increased sowing density or a reduced inter-row distance, also have a significant impact on the 
intensity of weed occurrence in crops. 
With the aim of optimizing the application of herbicides, the effect of different nozzles and 
adjuvants on the herbicide efficiency was observed. The greatest impact on efficiency was 
expressed by adjuvants and to a lesser extent by nozzles, which is why their use together with 
herbicides is recommended for greater efficiency. In the second experiment, the differences 
between nozzles producing fine droplets and those produce large droplets of herbicides were 
assessed in the wind tunnel. Based on the obtained results, higher herbicide deposition was detected 
on every downwind distance using XR nozzle. As expected, higher plant damages were observed 
using XR nozzle, compared to TTI.",
publisher = "Beograd : Akademija inženjerskih nauka Srbije - AINS, Beograd : Akademska misao",
journal = "Naučni skup "Značaj razvojnih istraživanja i inovacija u funkciji unapređenja poljoprivrede i šumarstva srbije", Beograd, 04.11.2020. godine - Zbornik radova",
title = "Inovativna rešenja u suzbijanju korova u usevima, Inovative solutions in crops weed control",
pages = "95-107"
}
Simić, M.,& Brankov, M.. (2020). Inovativna rešenja u suzbijanju korova u usevima. in Naučni skup "Značaj razvojnih istraživanja i inovacija u funkciji unapređenja poljoprivrede i šumarstva srbije", Beograd, 04.11.2020. godine - Zbornik radova
Beograd : Akademija inženjerskih nauka Srbije - AINS., 95-107.
Simić M, Brankov M. Inovativna rešenja u suzbijanju korova u usevima. in Naučni skup "Značaj razvojnih istraživanja i inovacija u funkciji unapređenja poljoprivrede i šumarstva srbije", Beograd, 04.11.2020. godine - Zbornik radova. 2020;:95-107..
Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, "Inovativna rešenja u suzbijanju korova u usevima" in Naučni skup "Značaj razvojnih istraživanja i inovacija u funkciji unapređenja poljoprivrede i šumarstva srbije", Beograd, 04.11.2020. godine - Zbornik radova (2020):95-107.

Does continuous cropping of maize contribute to infestation with Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.)?

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Brankov, Milan; Šenk, Milena

(Beograd : Institut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Šenk, Milena
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/992
AB  - Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) is a very common weed in maize fields in
Serbia. Dense Johnsongrass infestations severely limit maize production, especially under
continuous maize cropping. The key tool to manage this weed is to implement multiple
control strategies when Johnsongrass is first observed and not to wait until it is firmly
established.
Experiments were conducted in the Maize Research Institute (MRI), Zemun Polje,
Belgrade, in order to examine how economically driven continuous cropping of maize
influences weed infestation, especially the distribution and abundance of Jonhsongrass,
as well as maize productivity. The maize hybrid ZP 606 was grown in continuous cropping
from 2009 to 2018 at a density of 59,500 plants ha-1. The experimental field was split into
a part treated with the pre-emergence herbicide isoxaflutole + metolachlor (750 + 960 g
a.i.) and untreated control. The level of complete weed infestation was evaluated 4-5 weeks
after herbicide application by determining the number of weed individuals per species
(NI), total fresh biomass (TB) and total dry weight (TDW) of all weeds and Johnsongrass
fresh biomass (JB) and dry weight (JDW). Maize harvest index (HI) and grain yield (GY) were
determined at the end of each growing period.
All measured weed parameters were highly dependent on agro-meteorological
conditions of the year, herbicide application and their interaction. On average, TDW was
760.7 g m-2 in the control plot, and 142.2 g m-2 in the treated plot, while Johnsongrass
participated with 34.8% and 48.7%, respectively. Herbicide application reduced JDW by
77.6% on average, even though its biomass increased over the years. A regression analysis
revealed that GY was negatively influenced by JDW (R2= - 0.094) in untreated control, while
GY was higher with a lower JDW under herbicide treatment (R2=-0.4439). Continuous
cropping of maize should be replaced with crop rotation in order to prevent Johnsongrass
prevalence and to obtain higher crop productivity.
AB  - Divlji siriak (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) je vrlo čest korov na poljima u Srbiji. Intenzivna
zakorovljenost divljim sirkom ozbiljno ograničava proizvodnju kukuruza, naročito kada se
on gaji u monokulturi. Suština borbe protiv ovog korova je pravovremena primena više
mera suzbijanja čim se divlji sirak uoči i pre nego što razvije veliku masu rizoma i dobro se
ukoreni.
Poljski ogled je izveden u Institutu za kukuruz Zemun Polje, sa ciljem da se utvrdi kako
profitom dirigovano gajenje kukuruza u monokulturi utiče na zakorovljenost, naročito na
rasprostranjenost i brojnost divljeg sirka, kao i na produktivnost kukuruza. Hibrid ZP 606 je
gajen u monokulturi u periodu 2009-2018. godine u gustini od 59.500 biljaka ha-1. Polje pod
kukuruzom u monokulturi je podeljeno na deo na kome je primenjivan herbicid pre nicanja
useva (isoksaflutol + metolahlor (750 + 960 g am) i deo koji nije bio tretiran - kontrola.
Intenzitet zakorovljenosti je određen 4-5 nedelja nakon primene herbicida merenjem broja
jedinki vrsta (NI), ukupne sveže biomase (TB) i ukupne suve mase (TDW) svih korova i sveže
biomase divljeg sirka (SB) i njegove suve mase (JDW). Žetveni indeks (HI) i prinos zrna (GY)
određeni su na kraju vegetacionog perioda kukuruza.
Svi parametri korova u velikoj meri su zavisili od agro-meteorološkoh uslova godine,
primene herbicida i njihove interakcije. U proseku, TDW je iznosila 760,7 g m-2 u kontroli i
142,2 g m-2 na tretiranoj parceli, od čega je udeo suve mase divljeg sirka bio 34,8% u kontroli
i 48.7% na tretiranoj parceli. Primena herbicida smanjila je suvu masu divljeg sirka prosečno
za 77.6%, iako se ona sa godinima povećavala. Prema regresionoj analizi, JDW je negativno
uticala na GY (R2= - 0,094) u kontroli, dok se GY povećavao sa smanjenjem JDW u varijanti
sa primenjenim herbicidom (R2=-0,4439). Monokulturu kukuruza bi trebalo zameniti
plodoredom da bi se sprečilo zakorovljavanje divljim sirkom i postigla veća produktivnost
useva.
PB  - Beograd : Institut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine
PB  - Beograd : Društvo za zaštitu bilja Srbije
T2  - Pesticides & Phytomedicine
T1  - Does continuous cropping of maize contribute to infestation with Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.)?
VL  - 35
IS  - 3
SP  - 161
EP  - 172
DO  - 10.2298/PIF2003161S
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Brankov, Milan and Šenk, Milena",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) is a very common weed in maize fields in
Serbia. Dense Johnsongrass infestations severely limit maize production, especially under
continuous maize cropping. The key tool to manage this weed is to implement multiple
control strategies when Johnsongrass is first observed and not to wait until it is firmly
established.
Experiments were conducted in the Maize Research Institute (MRI), Zemun Polje,
Belgrade, in order to examine how economically driven continuous cropping of maize
influences weed infestation, especially the distribution and abundance of Jonhsongrass,
as well as maize productivity. The maize hybrid ZP 606 was grown in continuous cropping
from 2009 to 2018 at a density of 59,500 plants ha-1. The experimental field was split into
a part treated with the pre-emergence herbicide isoxaflutole + metolachlor (750 + 960 g
a.i.) and untreated control. The level of complete weed infestation was evaluated 4-5 weeks
after herbicide application by determining the number of weed individuals per species
(NI), total fresh biomass (TB) and total dry weight (TDW) of all weeds and Johnsongrass
fresh biomass (JB) and dry weight (JDW). Maize harvest index (HI) and grain yield (GY) were
determined at the end of each growing period.
All measured weed parameters were highly dependent on agro-meteorological
conditions of the year, herbicide application and their interaction. On average, TDW was
760.7 g m-2 in the control plot, and 142.2 g m-2 in the treated plot, while Johnsongrass
participated with 34.8% and 48.7%, respectively. Herbicide application reduced JDW by
77.6% on average, even though its biomass increased over the years. A regression analysis
revealed that GY was negatively influenced by JDW (R2= - 0.094) in untreated control, while
GY was higher with a lower JDW under herbicide treatment (R2=-0.4439). Continuous
cropping of maize should be replaced with crop rotation in order to prevent Johnsongrass
prevalence and to obtain higher crop productivity., Divlji siriak (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) je vrlo čest korov na poljima u Srbiji. Intenzivna
zakorovljenost divljim sirkom ozbiljno ograničava proizvodnju kukuruza, naročito kada se
on gaji u monokulturi. Suština borbe protiv ovog korova je pravovremena primena više
mera suzbijanja čim se divlji sirak uoči i pre nego što razvije veliku masu rizoma i dobro se
ukoreni.
Poljski ogled je izveden u Institutu za kukuruz Zemun Polje, sa ciljem da se utvrdi kako
profitom dirigovano gajenje kukuruza u monokulturi utiče na zakorovljenost, naročito na
rasprostranjenost i brojnost divljeg sirka, kao i na produktivnost kukuruza. Hibrid ZP 606 je
gajen u monokulturi u periodu 2009-2018. godine u gustini od 59.500 biljaka ha-1. Polje pod
kukuruzom u monokulturi je podeljeno na deo na kome je primenjivan herbicid pre nicanja
useva (isoksaflutol + metolahlor (750 + 960 g am) i deo koji nije bio tretiran - kontrola.
Intenzitet zakorovljenosti je određen 4-5 nedelja nakon primene herbicida merenjem broja
jedinki vrsta (NI), ukupne sveže biomase (TB) i ukupne suve mase (TDW) svih korova i sveže
biomase divljeg sirka (SB) i njegove suve mase (JDW). Žetveni indeks (HI) i prinos zrna (GY)
određeni su na kraju vegetacionog perioda kukuruza.
Svi parametri korova u velikoj meri su zavisili od agro-meteorološkoh uslova godine,
primene herbicida i njihove interakcije. U proseku, TDW je iznosila 760,7 g m-2 u kontroli i
142,2 g m-2 na tretiranoj parceli, od čega je udeo suve mase divljeg sirka bio 34,8% u kontroli
i 48.7% na tretiranoj parceli. Primena herbicida smanjila je suvu masu divljeg sirka prosečno
za 77.6%, iako se ona sa godinima povećavala. Prema regresionoj analizi, JDW je negativno
uticala na GY (R2= - 0,094) u kontroli, dok se GY povećavao sa smanjenjem JDW u varijanti
sa primenjenim herbicidom (R2=-0,4439). Monokulturu kukuruza bi trebalo zameniti
plodoredom da bi se sprečilo zakorovljavanje divljim sirkom i postigla veća produktivnost
useva.",
publisher = "Beograd : Institut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd : Društvo za zaštitu bilja Srbije",
journal = "Pesticides & Phytomedicine",
title = "Does continuous cropping of maize contribute to infestation with Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.)?",
volume = "35",
number = "3",
pages = "161-172",
doi = "10.2298/PIF2003161S"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Brankov, M.,& Šenk, M.. (2020). Does continuous cropping of maize contribute to infestation with Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.)?. in Pesticides & Phytomedicine
Beograd : Institut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine., 35(3), 161-172.
https://doi.org/10.2298/PIF2003161S
Simić M, Dragičević V, Brankov M, Šenk M. Does continuous cropping of maize contribute to infestation with Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.)?. in Pesticides & Phytomedicine. 2020;35(3):161-172.
doi:10.2298/PIF2003161S .
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Brankov, Milan, Šenk, Milena, "Does continuous cropping of maize contribute to infestation with Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.)?" in Pesticides & Phytomedicine, 35, no. 3 (2020):161-172,
https://doi.org/10.2298/PIF2003161S . .

Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype

Dragičević, Vesna; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Milenković, Milena; Kresović, Branka; Dumanović, Zoran

(Osijek : Glas Slavonije d.d., 2020)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Milenković, Milena
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Dumanović, Zoran
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/933
AB  - Present experimental data indicate that meteorological conditions, with regard to genotype
and crop density, are the main factor that contribute to grain yield variations of maize hybrids.
H6, as a hybrid with longer vegetative period, responded better, with increased grain yield
when it was grown at D1. Nevertheless, H3 could be characterised as more efficient in kernel
weight accumulation, having higher values of shelling percentage and grain yield. DM accumulation is mainly dependable on maturity group. Thus, hybrids from later groups (H4-H6) had
lesser DM accumulation from phase V to VI (especially at D1) indicating slower assimilates accumulation and/or gradual moisture releasing from the grain. That means that a longer grain
filling period, as the background of high yield achievement, is not closely related to kernel
weight. Grain filling period is the main factor that contributes to yield potential, what is mainly
highlighted in hybrids from early maturity groups (H1-H3), particularly when they were grown
at higher densities (D2), giving them advantage over hybrids from later groups.
AB  - Postojeći pokusni podaci govore kako su meteorološki uvjeti, s obzirom na genotip i gustoću usjeva, glavni faktor koji pridonosi varijabilnosti u prinosu zrna hibrida kukuruza. H6 je,
kao hibrid s duljim vegetativnim razdobljem reagirao bolje s povećanim prinosom zrna kad
je uzgojen pri D1. Ipak, H3 se može okarakterizirati kao efikasniji u nakupljanju mase zrna, s
višim vrijednostima postotka krunjenja i prinosa zrna. Akumulacija suhe tvari uglavnom ovisi
o skupini zriobe. Dakle, hibridi iz kasnijih grupa (H4-H6) imali su manju akumulaciju suhe tvari
od faze V do VI (posebno pri D1), što ukazuje na sporije nakupljanje asimilata i/ili postupno
oslobađanje vlage iz zrna. To znači da dulje razdoblje nalijevanja zrna, kao pozadina postignuća
visokog prinosa, nije usko povezano s masom zrna. Razdoblje nalijevanja zrna glavni je faktor
koji pridonosi potencijalu prinosa, što se uglavnom ističe kod hibrida iz skupina rane zriobe
(H1-H3), osobito kada su uzgajani pri većim gustoćama (D2), što im daje prednost u odnosu na
hibride iz kasnijih grupa.
PB  - Osijek : Glas Slavonije d.d.
C3  - 13. International scientific/professional conference "Agriculture in nature and environment protection", 07-09. September 2020, Osijek, Republic of Croatia - Proceedings and abstracts
T1  - Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype
T1  - Nalijevanje sjemena kukuruza u funkciji gustoće usjeva i genotipa
SP  - 81
EP  - 86
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Milenković, Milena and Kresović, Branka and Dumanović, Zoran",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Present experimental data indicate that meteorological conditions, with regard to genotype
and crop density, are the main factor that contribute to grain yield variations of maize hybrids.
H6, as a hybrid with longer vegetative period, responded better, with increased grain yield
when it was grown at D1. Nevertheless, H3 could be characterised as more efficient in kernel
weight accumulation, having higher values of shelling percentage and grain yield. DM accumulation is mainly dependable on maturity group. Thus, hybrids from later groups (H4-H6) had
lesser DM accumulation from phase V to VI (especially at D1) indicating slower assimilates accumulation and/or gradual moisture releasing from the grain. That means that a longer grain
filling period, as the background of high yield achievement, is not closely related to kernel
weight. Grain filling period is the main factor that contributes to yield potential, what is mainly
highlighted in hybrids from early maturity groups (H1-H3), particularly when they were grown
at higher densities (D2), giving them advantage over hybrids from later groups., Postojeći pokusni podaci govore kako su meteorološki uvjeti, s obzirom na genotip i gustoću usjeva, glavni faktor koji pridonosi varijabilnosti u prinosu zrna hibrida kukuruza. H6 je,
kao hibrid s duljim vegetativnim razdobljem reagirao bolje s povećanim prinosom zrna kad
je uzgojen pri D1. Ipak, H3 se može okarakterizirati kao efikasniji u nakupljanju mase zrna, s
višim vrijednostima postotka krunjenja i prinosa zrna. Akumulacija suhe tvari uglavnom ovisi
o skupini zriobe. Dakle, hibridi iz kasnijih grupa (H4-H6) imali su manju akumulaciju suhe tvari
od faze V do VI (posebno pri D1), što ukazuje na sporije nakupljanje asimilata i/ili postupno
oslobađanje vlage iz zrna. To znači da dulje razdoblje nalijevanja zrna, kao pozadina postignuća
visokog prinosa, nije usko povezano s masom zrna. Razdoblje nalijevanja zrna glavni je faktor
koji pridonosi potencijalu prinosa, što se uglavnom ističe kod hibrida iz skupina rane zriobe
(H1-H3), osobito kada su uzgajani pri većim gustoćama (D2), što im daje prednost u odnosu na
hibride iz kasnijih grupa.",
publisher = "Osijek : Glas Slavonije d.d.",
journal = "13. International scientific/professional conference "Agriculture in nature and environment protection", 07-09. September 2020, Osijek, Republic of Croatia - Proceedings and abstracts",
title = "Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype, Nalijevanje sjemena kukuruza u funkciji gustoće usjeva i genotipa",
pages = "81-86"
}
Dragičević, V., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Milenković, M., Kresović, B.,& Dumanović, Z.. (2020). Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype. in 13. International scientific/professional conference "Agriculture in nature and environment protection", 07-09. September 2020, Osijek, Republic of Croatia - Proceedings and abstracts
Osijek : Glas Slavonije d.d.., 81-86.
Dragičević V, Simic M, Brankov M, Milenković M, Kresović B, Dumanović Z. Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype. in 13. International scientific/professional conference "Agriculture in nature and environment protection", 07-09. September 2020, Osijek, Republic of Croatia - Proceedings and abstracts. 2020;:81-86..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Milenković, Milena, Kresović, Branka, Dumanović, Zoran, "Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype" in 13. International scientific/professional conference "Agriculture in nature and environment protection", 07-09. September 2020, Osijek, Republic of Croatia - Proceedings and abstracts (2020):81-86.

Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency

Dragičević, Vesna; Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Dumanović, Zoran; Sečanski, Mile; Milenković, Milena

(Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dumanović, Zoran
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Milenković, Milena
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/813
AB  - Nitrogen (N) is an important element for many physiological processes in crops, and grain yield realisation. Nitrogen loss could be significant through leaching and evaporation, and from this reason lower quantities for fertilization are required. A genotype could be an important source for improved N management in crops. Breeding for high yield and nutrient-efficient genotypes is the most important strategy to enable food security, resolve resource scarcity and environmental pollution. Variability of 36 maize lines grown in optimal and low-N (without fertilization) conditions was assessed through grain yield, 1000 kernel weight, N utilization efficiency (NUtE) and N apparent recovery fraction (nitrogen use efficiency – NUE), during seasons 2017 and 2018. The
genotype and year are important sources for variation of grain yield, 1000 kernel weight and NUtE, as a factor which defines N utilization efficiency. The lines, such as L1, L6, L13, L16, L26, L27, L32 and L34 are able to achieve higher grain yield when grown on low-N. Furthermore, L16, L22, L24 and L26 have high NUtE values in both experimental years (even in 2017, season with low and unequal precipitation level), especially in low-N treatment. From that point of view, they could be characterized as efficient N users, even in low-N conditions, as well as tolerant to stressful conditions. Nevertheless, L1, L6 and L27 are the lines with negative NUE, what gives them attribute as the best N users in low-N conditions. Based on the similarity of NUtE values, the genotypes such as L2, L3, L4, L8, L11, L12, L14, L15, L16, L18, L19, L24, L26, L32, L33, L34 could be considered as the primary focus for further breeding programs, due to the fact that they don’t have only improved NUE, but also high grain yield (even in unfavourable years), which indicates improved tolerance to various abiotic stressful factors.
AB  - Azot je element koji je važan za brojne fiziološke procese, kao i ostvarenje prinosa useva. Veliki
gubici azota se ostvaruju putem ispiranja i evaporacije i stoga se preporučuju niže doze ovog
elementa za đubrenje. Genotip može predstavljati važnu bazu za efikasniji menadžment azotom
kod useva. Selekcija genotipova sa visokim prinosom i efikasnošću iskorišćenja nutritiva
predstavlja važnu strategiju za istovremeno obezbeđivanje sigurnosti hrane, rešavanje nedostatka
resursa i zagađenja životne sredine. Varijabilnost u reakciji 36 linija kukuruza gajenih u
uslovima optimalne N obezbeđenosti i niskog N (bez đubrenja) praćena je tokom 2017. i 2018.
godine, preko prinosa zrna, mase 1000 zrna, efikasnosti iskorišćenja N (NUtE) i nadoknade N
(NUE). Genotip i godina su predstavljali važne izvore variranja prinosa zrna, mase 1000 zrna i
NutE, kao faktora koji definišu efikasnost iskorišćenja N. Linije L1, L6, L13, L16, L26, L27,
L32 i L34 su imale veće vrednosti prinosa u uslovima niskog N. Osim toga, L16, L22, L24 i L26
su imale veće vrednosti NutE tokom obe eksperimentalne sezone (čak i u 2017, sezoni sa nižim
nivoom i lošijim rasporedom padavina), posebno pri niskom N. Sa te tačke gledašta, navedene
linije bi mogle biti okarakerisane kao efikasni N potrošači, kao i genotipovi sa većom
toleratnošću na stresne uslove. Takođe, L1, L6 i L27, sa negativnim NUE vrednostima bi mogle
predstavljati najekonomičnije N potrošače u uslovima niske N obezbeđenosti. Na osnovu
sličnosti NutE vrednosti, genotipovi L2, L3, L4, L8, L11, L12, L14, L15, L16, L18, L19, L24,
L26, L32, L33, L34 bi mogli da predstavljaju fokus, odnosno, mogli bi načelno da se uzmu u
razmatranje u selekcionim programima, s obzirom da nemaju samo poboljšan NUE, već i visok
prinos (čak i tokom nepovoljne sezone), u odnosu na ostale genotipove, što bi ih moglo
okarakterisati kao genotipove sa poboljšanom tolerantnošću na abiotički stres.
PB  - Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency
VL  - 52
IS  - 2
SP  - 585
EP  - 596
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2002585D
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Dumanović, Zoran and Sečanski, Mile and Milenković, Milena",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Nitrogen (N) is an important element for many physiological processes in crops, and grain yield realisation. Nitrogen loss could be significant through leaching and evaporation, and from this reason lower quantities for fertilization are required. A genotype could be an important source for improved N management in crops. Breeding for high yield and nutrient-efficient genotypes is the most important strategy to enable food security, resolve resource scarcity and environmental pollution. Variability of 36 maize lines grown in optimal and low-N (without fertilization) conditions was assessed through grain yield, 1000 kernel weight, N utilization efficiency (NUtE) and N apparent recovery fraction (nitrogen use efficiency – NUE), during seasons 2017 and 2018. The
genotype and year are important sources for variation of grain yield, 1000 kernel weight and NUtE, as a factor which defines N utilization efficiency. The lines, such as L1, L6, L13, L16, L26, L27, L32 and L34 are able to achieve higher grain yield when grown on low-N. Furthermore, L16, L22, L24 and L26 have high NUtE values in both experimental years (even in 2017, season with low and unequal precipitation level), especially in low-N treatment. From that point of view, they could be characterized as efficient N users, even in low-N conditions, as well as tolerant to stressful conditions. Nevertheless, L1, L6 and L27 are the lines with negative NUE, what gives them attribute as the best N users in low-N conditions. Based on the similarity of NUtE values, the genotypes such as L2, L3, L4, L8, L11, L12, L14, L15, L16, L18, L19, L24, L26, L32, L33, L34 could be considered as the primary focus for further breeding programs, due to the fact that they don’t have only improved NUE, but also high grain yield (even in unfavourable years), which indicates improved tolerance to various abiotic stressful factors., Azot je element koji je važan za brojne fiziološke procese, kao i ostvarenje prinosa useva. Veliki
gubici azota se ostvaruju putem ispiranja i evaporacije i stoga se preporučuju niže doze ovog
elementa za đubrenje. Genotip može predstavljati važnu bazu za efikasniji menadžment azotom
kod useva. Selekcija genotipova sa visokim prinosom i efikasnošću iskorišćenja nutritiva
predstavlja važnu strategiju za istovremeno obezbeđivanje sigurnosti hrane, rešavanje nedostatka
resursa i zagađenja životne sredine. Varijabilnost u reakciji 36 linija kukuruza gajenih u
uslovima optimalne N obezbeđenosti i niskog N (bez đubrenja) praćena je tokom 2017. i 2018.
godine, preko prinosa zrna, mase 1000 zrna, efikasnosti iskorišćenja N (NUtE) i nadoknade N
(NUE). Genotip i godina su predstavljali važne izvore variranja prinosa zrna, mase 1000 zrna i
NutE, kao faktora koji definišu efikasnost iskorišćenja N. Linije L1, L6, L13, L16, L26, L27,
L32 i L34 su imale veće vrednosti prinosa u uslovima niskog N. Osim toga, L16, L22, L24 i L26
su imale veće vrednosti NutE tokom obe eksperimentalne sezone (čak i u 2017, sezoni sa nižim
nivoom i lošijim rasporedom padavina), posebno pri niskom N. Sa te tačke gledašta, navedene
linije bi mogle biti okarakerisane kao efikasni N potrošači, kao i genotipovi sa većom
toleratnošću na stresne uslove. Takođe, L1, L6 i L27, sa negativnim NUE vrednostima bi mogle
predstavljati najekonomičnije N potrošače u uslovima niske N obezbeđenosti. Na osnovu
sličnosti NutE vrednosti, genotipovi L2, L3, L4, L8, L11, L12, L14, L15, L16, L18, L19, L24,
L26, L32, L33, L34 bi mogli da predstavljaju fokus, odnosno, mogli bi načelno da se uzmu u
razmatranje u selekcionim programima, s obzirom da nemaju samo poboljšan NUE, već i visok
prinos (čak i tokom nepovoljne sezone), u odnosu na ostale genotipove, što bi ih moglo
okarakterisati kao genotipove sa poboljšanom tolerantnošću na abiotički stres.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency",
volume = "52",
number = "2",
pages = "585-596",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2002585D"
}
Dragičević, V., Mladenović-Drinić, S., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Dumanović, Z., Sečanski, M.,& Milenković, M.. (2020). Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency. in Genetika
Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije., 52(2), 585-596.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2002585D
Dragičević V, Mladenović-Drinić S, Simić M, Brankov M, Dumanović Z, Sečanski M, Milenković M. Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency. in Genetika. 2020;52(2):585-596.
doi:10.2298/GENSR2002585D .
Dragičević, Vesna, Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Dumanović, Zoran, Sečanski, Mile, Milenković, Milena, "Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency" in Genetika, 52, no. 2 (2020):585-596,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2002585D . .

Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Chachalis, Demosthenis; Dolijanović, Željko; Brankov, Milan

(Vilnius : Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Chachalis, Demosthenis
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/804
AB  - The effects of different measures within maize cropping technology, aimed to suppress weeds as a part of integrated weed management (IWM) system, are analysed and evaluated in this manuscript, in line with the results of longterm experiments. For sustainable maize (Zea mays L.) production, implementation of IWM system aiming to reduce reliance on chemical weed control within Europe is a key priority. This IWM system includes all possible solutions, such as preventive, direct, biological, mechanical and alternative measures. A cropping system approach
is essential to manage weeds, utilize genetic potential of maize genotypes and reduce yield losses due to weed competition. Long-term experiments are nowadays rare, but they are an excellent and reliable method for comparing cropping systems regarding yield and reduction of weed infestation level. In the research program implemented at the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje in Central Serbia, the effects of different cropping measures and their interactions
as a part of IWMs were studied during ten years. Maize rotations with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.), combined with herbicide application, showed the best effect on weed biomass reduction, 92.1% and 92.2%, respectively. Winter wheat was a better preceding crop for maize than soybean, especially in combination with herbicides applied in recommended as well as in half of recommended rate. Intensification of soil tillage significantly reduced maize weed infestation, especially abundance of perennial species: Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.), Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.) and field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.). Other measures, such as type of fertilizer, maize row space and crop density, cover cropping and intercropping also affected weed biomass production in maize fields. Maize growing with reduced row spacing contributed to weed biomass reduction by 27.4%, while application of slow-release urea contributed to crop competitiveness. Weed biomass in sweet maize (Zea mays L. convar. saccharata) grown with common vetch as a cover crop was significantly reduced (48.5 g m-2) compared with the treatment without a cover crop
 (564.3 g m-2).
AB  - Straipsnyje analizuojama kukurūzų įvairių auginimo priemonių ir auginimo technologijų įtaka piktžolių mažėjimui ilgalaikio eksperimento metu. Europoje tvaraus kukurūzų auginimo svarbiausias prioritetas yra integruota piktžolių kontrolės (IPK) sistema, kuria siekiama sumažinti priklausomumą nuo cheminės piktžolių kontrolės. IPK sistema apima visus įmanomus sprendimus, pavyzdžiui, prevencines tiesiogines, biologines, mechanines ir alternatyvias priemones. Augalininkystės sistemų metodas yra labai svarbus siekiant kontroliuoti piktžoles, išnaudoti kukurūzų genotipų genetinį potencialą ir sumažinti derliaus nuostolius dėl piktžolių.
Šiais laikais ilgalaikiai eksperimentai vykdomi retai, tačiau jie yra puikus ir patikimas būdas augalininkystės sistemas palyginti pagal derlių ir pasėlių piktžolėtumo mažinimą. Centrinėje Serbijoje esančiame Kukurūzų tyrimų institute Zemun Polje įgyvendinant mokslinių tyrimų programą, kelerius metus kaip IPK dalis buvo tirta įvairių agrotechnikos priemonių įtaka ir jų sąveika. Siekiant sumažinti piktžolių biomasę efektyviausia buvo paprastųjų kukurūzų (Zea mays L.) sėjomaina su žieminiais kviečiais ir sojomis kartu su herbicidų panaudojimu – atitinkamai
92,1 ir 92,2 %. Žieminiai kviečiai buvo geresnis kukurūzų priešsėlis nei sojos, ypač kartu su herbicidais, panaudojus ir rekomenduojamą normą, ir pusę rekomenduojamos jų normos. Žemės dirbimas turėjo reikšmingos įtakos kukurūzų pasėlio piktžolėtumui, ypač daugiametėms piktžolėms: Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers., Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. ir Convolvulus arvensis L. Kitos priemonės, pavyzdžiui, trąšų rūšis, kukurūzų tarpueilių plotis ir augalų tankumas, antsėlis bei įsėlis, taip pat turėjo įtakos piktžolių biomasei kukurūzų lauke. Kukurūzų auginimas mažesniu
tarpueilių pločiu piktžolių biomasę sumažino 27,4 %, o lėtai atpalaiduojamo karbamido panaudojimas padidino augalų konkurencinę gebą. Saldžiųjų kukurūzų (Zea mays L. convar. saccharata), augintų su vikių antsėliu, pasėlyje piktžolių biomasė reikšmingai sumažėjo 
(48,5 g m-2), palyginus su variantu be antsėlio (564,3 g m-2).
PB  - Vilnius : Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry
PB  - Kaunas : Vytautas Magnus University
T2  - Zemdirbyste
T1  - Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation
VL  - 107
IS  - 1
SP  - 33
EP  - 40
DO  - 10.13080/z-a.2020.107.005
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Chachalis, Demosthenis and Dolijanović, Željko and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2020",
abstract = "The effects of different measures within maize cropping technology, aimed to suppress weeds as a part of integrated weed management (IWM) system, are analysed and evaluated in this manuscript, in line with the results of longterm experiments. For sustainable maize (Zea mays L.) production, implementation of IWM system aiming to reduce reliance on chemical weed control within Europe is a key priority. This IWM system includes all possible solutions, such as preventive, direct, biological, mechanical and alternative measures. A cropping system approach
is essential to manage weeds, utilize genetic potential of maize genotypes and reduce yield losses due to weed competition. Long-term experiments are nowadays rare, but they are an excellent and reliable method for comparing cropping systems regarding yield and reduction of weed infestation level. In the research program implemented at the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje in Central Serbia, the effects of different cropping measures and their interactions
as a part of IWMs were studied during ten years. Maize rotations with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.), combined with herbicide application, showed the best effect on weed biomass reduction, 92.1% and 92.2%, respectively. Winter wheat was a better preceding crop for maize than soybean, especially in combination with herbicides applied in recommended as well as in half of recommended rate. Intensification of soil tillage significantly reduced maize weed infestation, especially abundance of perennial species: Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.), Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.) and field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.). Other measures, such as type of fertilizer, maize row space and crop density, cover cropping and intercropping also affected weed biomass production in maize fields. Maize growing with reduced row spacing contributed to weed biomass reduction by 27.4%, while application of slow-release urea contributed to crop competitiveness. Weed biomass in sweet maize (Zea mays L. convar. saccharata) grown with common vetch as a cover crop was significantly reduced (48.5 g m-2) compared with the treatment without a cover crop
 (564.3 g m-2)., Straipsnyje analizuojama kukurūzų įvairių auginimo priemonių ir auginimo technologijų įtaka piktžolių mažėjimui ilgalaikio eksperimento metu. Europoje tvaraus kukurūzų auginimo svarbiausias prioritetas yra integruota piktžolių kontrolės (IPK) sistema, kuria siekiama sumažinti priklausomumą nuo cheminės piktžolių kontrolės. IPK sistema apima visus įmanomus sprendimus, pavyzdžiui, prevencines tiesiogines, biologines, mechanines ir alternatyvias priemones. Augalininkystės sistemų metodas yra labai svarbus siekiant kontroliuoti piktžoles, išnaudoti kukurūzų genotipų genetinį potencialą ir sumažinti derliaus nuostolius dėl piktžolių.
Šiais laikais ilgalaikiai eksperimentai vykdomi retai, tačiau jie yra puikus ir patikimas būdas augalininkystės sistemas palyginti pagal derlių ir pasėlių piktžolėtumo mažinimą. Centrinėje Serbijoje esančiame Kukurūzų tyrimų institute Zemun Polje įgyvendinant mokslinių tyrimų programą, kelerius metus kaip IPK dalis buvo tirta įvairių agrotechnikos priemonių įtaka ir jų sąveika. Siekiant sumažinti piktžolių biomasę efektyviausia buvo paprastųjų kukurūzų (Zea mays L.) sėjomaina su žieminiais kviečiais ir sojomis kartu su herbicidų panaudojimu – atitinkamai
92,1 ir 92,2 %. Žieminiai kviečiai buvo geresnis kukurūzų priešsėlis nei sojos, ypač kartu su herbicidais, panaudojus ir rekomenduojamą normą, ir pusę rekomenduojamos jų normos. Žemės dirbimas turėjo reikšmingos įtakos kukurūzų pasėlio piktžolėtumui, ypač daugiametėms piktžolėms: Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers., Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. ir Convolvulus arvensis L. Kitos priemonės, pavyzdžiui, trąšų rūšis, kukurūzų tarpueilių plotis ir augalų tankumas, antsėlis bei įsėlis, taip pat turėjo įtakos piktžolių biomasei kukurūzų lauke. Kukurūzų auginimas mažesniu
tarpueilių pločiu piktžolių biomasę sumažino 27,4 %, o lėtai atpalaiduojamo karbamido panaudojimas padidino augalų konkurencinę gebą. Saldžiųjų kukurūzų (Zea mays L. convar. saccharata), augintų su vikių antsėliu, pasėlyje piktžolių biomasė reikšmingai sumažėjo 
(48,5 g m-2), palyginus su variantu be antsėlio (564,3 g m-2).",
publisher = "Vilnius : Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Kaunas : Vytautas Magnus University",
journal = "Zemdirbyste",
title = "Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation",
volume = "107",
number = "1",
pages = "33-40",
doi = "10.13080/z-a.2020.107.005"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Chachalis, D., Dolijanović, Ž.,& Brankov, M.. (2020). Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation. in Zemdirbyste
Vilnius : Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry., 107(1), 33-40.
https://doi.org/10.13080/z-a.2020.107.005
Simić M, Dragičević V, Chachalis D, Dolijanović Ž, Brankov M. Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation. in Zemdirbyste. 2020;107(1):33-40.
doi:10.13080/z-a.2020.107.005 .
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Chachalis, Demosthenis, Dolijanović, Željko, Brankov, Milan, "Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation" in Zemdirbyste, 107, no. 1 (2020):33-40,
https://doi.org/10.13080/z-a.2020.107.005 . .
5
3

Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Babić, Milosav; Brankov, Milan; Filipović, Milomir

(John Wiley and Sons Inc., 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Babić, Milosav
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/801
AB  - To control weeds and cultivate maize (Zea mays L.) with higher yields, production systems have to include more efficient forms of N and appropriate herbicide treatments. The timing of N release could give maize an advantage over weeds in competition for resources, whereas cultivation at lower row spacing often decreases weed biomass. Knowledge about the different factors affecting herbicide efficiency increases the accuracy and reliability of chemical control. This study tested the weed infestation level and the development and productivity of a recently developed maize hybrid grown with the application of several integrated practices. The maize hybrid was sown with application of standard and slow-releasing urea, with row spacing of 50 and 70 cm and treatment with either a pre-emergence or a post-emergence mix of herbicides. The numbers of plants of each weed species and their biomass were lower after the application of herbicides, although N form and row spacing produced no significant differences in the average weed infestation level for 3 yr. The post-emergence herbicide treatment was more effective than the pre-emergence treatment for weed biomass reduction and enhancing maize yield parameters. The N form did not influence any measured yield parameter, whereas the 70-cm row spacing resulted in significantly higher harvest index and grain yield (0.45 and 9.19 Mg ha−1, respectively) than the 50-cm spacing (0.43 and 7.36 Mg ha−1, respectively). The wider row spacing resulted in higher grain yield through its interaction with N form and herbicide treatment.
PB  - John Wiley and Sons Inc.
T2  - Agronomy Journal
T1  - Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize
VL  - 112
IS  - 2
SP  - 748
EP  - 757
DO  - 10.1002/agj2.20024
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Babić, Milosav and Brankov, Milan and Filipović, Milomir",
year = "2020",
abstract = "To control weeds and cultivate maize (Zea mays L.) with higher yields, production systems have to include more efficient forms of N and appropriate herbicide treatments. The timing of N release could give maize an advantage over weeds in competition for resources, whereas cultivation at lower row spacing often decreases weed biomass. Knowledge about the different factors affecting herbicide efficiency increases the accuracy and reliability of chemical control. This study tested the weed infestation level and the development and productivity of a recently developed maize hybrid grown with the application of several integrated practices. The maize hybrid was sown with application of standard and slow-releasing urea, with row spacing of 50 and 70 cm and treatment with either a pre-emergence or a post-emergence mix of herbicides. The numbers of plants of each weed species and their biomass were lower after the application of herbicides, although N form and row spacing produced no significant differences in the average weed infestation level for 3 yr. The post-emergence herbicide treatment was more effective than the pre-emergence treatment for weed biomass reduction and enhancing maize yield parameters. The N form did not influence any measured yield parameter, whereas the 70-cm row spacing resulted in significantly higher harvest index and grain yield (0.45 and 9.19 Mg ha−1, respectively) than the 50-cm spacing (0.43 and 7.36 Mg ha−1, respectively). The wider row spacing resulted in higher grain yield through its interaction with N form and herbicide treatment.",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
journal = "Agronomy Journal",
title = "Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize",
volume = "112",
number = "2",
pages = "748-757",
doi = "10.1002/agj2.20024"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Babić, M., Brankov, M.,& Filipović, M.. (2020). Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize. in Agronomy Journal
John Wiley and Sons Inc.., 112(2), 748-757.
https://doi.org/10.1002/agj2.20024
Simić M, Dragičević V, Babić M, Brankov M, Filipović M. Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize. in Agronomy Journal. 2020;112(2):748-757.
doi:10.1002/agj2.20024 .
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Babić, Milosav, Brankov, Milan, Filipović, Milomir, "Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize" in Agronomy Journal, 112, no. 2 (2020):748-757,
https://doi.org/10.1002/agj2.20024 . .
2
2
3

Weed control ability in sweet maize of single sown legume cover crops compared to their mixtures

Dolijanović, Željko; Kovačević, Dušan; Oljača, Snežana; Simić, Milena; Moravcevic, Djordje; Seremesic, Srdjan

(Republic of Srpska, Bosnia : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture, 2020)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Kovačević, Dušan
AU  - Oljača, Snežana
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Moravcevic, Djordje
AU  - Seremesic, Srdjan
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1004
AB  - To achieve efficient weed control through cover cropping, the plant species chosen is very 
important. Growing different legume cover crop (CC) species single and in mixtures with 
grass may increase the number of provided ecosystem services, including reliable suppression 
of weeds. We conducted an experiment using randomized complete block design with four 
replications in 2014/15 - 2015/16 growing seasons, at the Experimental Field of Maize 
Research Institute in Zemun Polje (Serbia). Single cover crops were considered as the main 
factor (common vetch and field pea), mixtures common vetch and field pea with winter oats
and traditional variant, without coverage on biomass. Green biomass of the cover crops was 
incorporated in the soil, and treatments with favorable establishment and above-average 
biomass yields tended to suppress weeds by showing lower weed dry matter and weed 
numbers. The weediness of sweet maize was much higher in the second year of investigation. 
The number of weed species, fresh and dry biomass of weeds were the least in the variants 
with mixtures, while the number of plants per specieswas the lowest in the single cover crops. 
So, mixtures were not as effective as legume single sown CCs, species combinations 
increased resilience against adverse weather conditions, an advantage to achieving efficient 
weed control over a long-term period. The statistically significant difference in the fresh 
biomass of weeds obtained in the control variant (540.46 and 385.88 g) was especially 
pronounced compared to the variants with single cover crops (391.63 and 486.53 g) and their 
mixtures (260.00 and 250.78 g), indicating a higher proportion of perennial weed species.
PB  - Republic of Srpska, Bosnia : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture
C3  - 11. International Scientific Agriculture Symposium “AGROSYM 2020”, Jahorina, 8-9.10.2020. - Book of proceedings
T1  - Weed control ability in sweet maize of single sown legume cover crops compared to their mixtures
SP  - 139
EP  - 146
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dolijanović, Željko and Kovačević, Dušan and Oljača, Snežana and Simić, Milena and Moravcevic, Djordje and Seremesic, Srdjan",
year = "2020",
abstract = "To achieve efficient weed control through cover cropping, the plant species chosen is very 
important. Growing different legume cover crop (CC) species single and in mixtures with 
grass may increase the number of provided ecosystem services, including reliable suppression 
of weeds. We conducted an experiment using randomized complete block design with four 
replications in 2014/15 - 2015/16 growing seasons, at the Experimental Field of Maize 
Research Institute in Zemun Polje (Serbia). Single cover crops were considered as the main 
factor (common vetch and field pea), mixtures common vetch and field pea with winter oats
and traditional variant, without coverage on biomass. Green biomass of the cover crops was 
incorporated in the soil, and treatments with favorable establishment and above-average 
biomass yields tended to suppress weeds by showing lower weed dry matter and weed 
numbers. The weediness of sweet maize was much higher in the second year of investigation. 
The number of weed species, fresh and dry biomass of weeds were the least in the variants 
with mixtures, while the number of plants per specieswas the lowest in the single cover crops. 
So, mixtures were not as effective as legume single sown CCs, species combinations 
increased resilience against adverse weather conditions, an advantage to achieving efficient 
weed control over a long-term period. The statistically significant difference in the fresh 
biomass of weeds obtained in the control variant (540.46 and 385.88 g) was especially 
pronounced compared to the variants with single cover crops (391.63 and 486.53 g) and their 
mixtures (260.00 and 250.78 g), indicating a higher proportion of perennial weed species.",
publisher = "Republic of Srpska, Bosnia : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture",
journal = "11. International Scientific Agriculture Symposium “AGROSYM 2020”, Jahorina, 8-9.10.2020. - Book of proceedings",
title = "Weed control ability in sweet maize of single sown legume cover crops compared to their mixtures",
pages = "139-146"
}
Dolijanović, Ž., Kovačević, D., Oljača, S., Simić, M., Moravcevic, D.,& Seremesic, S.. (2020). Weed control ability in sweet maize of single sown legume cover crops compared to their mixtures. in 11. International Scientific Agriculture Symposium “AGROSYM 2020”, Jahorina, 8-9.10.2020. - Book of proceedings
Republic of Srpska, Bosnia : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture., 139-146.
Dolijanović Ž, Kovačević D, Oljača S, Simić M, Moravcevic D, Seremesic S. Weed control ability in sweet maize of single sown legume cover crops compared to their mixtures. in 11. International Scientific Agriculture Symposium “AGROSYM 2020”, Jahorina, 8-9.10.2020. - Book of proceedings. 2020;:139-146..
Dolijanović, Željko, Kovačević, Dušan, Oljača, Snežana, Simić, Milena, Moravcevic, Djordje, Seremesic, Srdjan, "Weed control ability in sweet maize of single sown legume cover crops compared to their mixtures" in 11. International Scientific Agriculture Symposium “AGROSYM 2020”, Jahorina, 8-9.10.2020. - Book of proceedings (2020):139-146.

Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes

Tabaković, Marijenka; Simić, Milena; Stanisavljević, Rade; Milivojević, Marija; Sečanski, Mile; Poštić, Dobrivoj

(Santiago : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Milivojević, Marija
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Poštić, Dobrivoj
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/808
AB  - The uniform seed material is a prerequisite of stable yields. Therefore, the aim of the study was to observe variability of physiological seed traits depending on the classification of seeds by size and shape, and to determine advantages of large over small seed fractions. Three maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids (ZP 505, ZP 677, ZP 684), produced in two locations (Orahovo, Plavna), were  classified into six fractions; small flat seed (SFS), medium small flat seed (MSFS), large flat
seed (LFS), small round seed (SRS), medium small round seed (MSRS) and large round seed (LRS). Two laboratory treatments were applied on seed: TR1 (cold test) and TR2 (20/30 ºC). In both temperature treatments, the first evaluation was done after 72-h germination, and then every 24 h until 7th day. The highest total germination (G) was recorded for ZP 677 (93.7%), location Orahovo (94.9%), temperature TR2 (95.2%) and MSFS fraction (89.7%). The total proportion of
factors in the variance for G was R2  = 0.694. Locations and genotypes predominantly affected the germination rate (GR), η = 0.338. Flat fraction seeds had more rapid emergence (> 90%) of seedlings than the round fraction seeds (> 85%). Round seeds were more susceptible and seed size had a greater effect on vigour than LRS, 70%. The partial effect of the fraction on G was not estimated (η = 0.037), but its cumulative effect with other factors was evident (Hybrid × Fraction,
η = 0.070).
PB  - Santiago : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA
T2  - Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
T1  - Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes
VL  - 80
IS  - 3
SP  - 381
EP  - 392
DO  - 10.4067/S0718-58392020000300381
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Tabaković, Marijenka and Simić, Milena and Stanisavljević, Rade and Milivojević, Marija and Sečanski, Mile and Poštić, Dobrivoj",
year = "2020",
abstract = "The uniform seed material is a prerequisite of stable yields. Therefore, the aim of the study was to observe variability of physiological seed traits depending on the classification of seeds by size and shape, and to determine advantages of large over small seed fractions. Three maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids (ZP 505, ZP 677, ZP 684), produced in two locations (Orahovo, Plavna), were  classified into six fractions; small flat seed (SFS), medium small flat seed (MSFS), large flat
seed (LFS), small round seed (SRS), medium small round seed (MSRS) and large round seed (LRS). Two laboratory treatments were applied on seed: TR1 (cold test) and TR2 (20/30 ºC). In both temperature treatments, the first evaluation was done after 72-h germination, and then every 24 h until 7th day. The highest total germination (G) was recorded for ZP 677 (93.7%), location Orahovo (94.9%), temperature TR2 (95.2%) and MSFS fraction (89.7%). The total proportion of
factors in the variance for G was R2  = 0.694. Locations and genotypes predominantly affected the germination rate (GR), η = 0.338. Flat fraction seeds had more rapid emergence (> 90%) of seedlings than the round fraction seeds (> 85%). Round seeds were more susceptible and seed size had a greater effect on vigour than LRS, 70%. The partial effect of the fraction on G was not estimated (η = 0.037), but its cumulative effect with other factors was evident (Hybrid × Fraction,
η = 0.070).",
publisher = "Santiago : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA",
journal = "Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research",
title = "Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes",
volume = "80",
number = "3",
pages = "381-392",
doi = "10.4067/S0718-58392020000300381"
}
Tabaković, M., Simić, M., Stanisavljević, R., Milivojević, M., Sečanski, M.,& Poštić, D.. (2020). Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes. in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Santiago : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA., 80(3), 381-392.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392020000300381
Tabaković M, Simić M, Stanisavljević R, Milivojević M, Sečanski M, Poštić D. Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes. in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 2020;80(3):381-392.
doi:10.4067/S0718-58392020000300381 .
Tabaković, Marijenka, Simić, Milena, Stanisavljević, Rade, Milivojević, Marija, Sečanski, Mile, Poštić, Dobrivoj, "Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes" in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 80, no. 3 (2020):381-392,
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392020000300381 . .
9
5

Efekti plodoreda na iznošenje azota sa prinosom kukuruza

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Kresović, Branka; Tolimir, Miodrag

(Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1057
AB  - Gajenje kukuruza u plodoredu ima brojne prednosti u odnosu na monokulturu. 
U Srbiji se kukuruz uglavnom gaji u dvopolju s pšenicom. U ogledu je ispitivan uticaj 
gajenja kukuruza u plodoredu sa pšenicom, odnosno stočnim graškom, u odnosu na 
monokulturu kukuruza, na prinos zrna i iznošenje azota s prinosom u toku četiri godine. 
Rezultati ukazuju da se plodored pozitivno odražava kako na povećanje prinosa, tako i 
na iznošenje azota sa prinosom, odnosno da pozitivno utiče na povećanje kvaliteta zrna 
kukuruza i to posebno smena kukuruza sa stočnim graškom. U sezonama sa umerenom i 
povećanom količinom padavina, veće doze unetog mineralnog đubriva su uticale na 
povećanje prinosa i iznošenje azota, dok su se u sušnim godinama i niže doze đubriva 
pozitivno odrazile na povećanje prinosa i iznošenje azota.
AB  - Maize rotation with other crops has various advantages in regard to monoculture. In 
Serbia, maize is mainly growing in rotation with wheat. The influence of maize rotation 
with wheat, i.e. field pea in comparision to monoculture on grain yield and nitrogen 
outtake was examined during four years. Results show that rotation, mainly with field 
pea, was positively reflected on grain yield increase, as well as nitrogen outtake by 
yield, increasing grain quality. In seasons with moderate to increased precipitation 
amount, increased doses of mineral fertilizer increased grain yield and nitrogen outtake, 
while in drier years, even lower fertilizer doses positively affected, i.e. increased grain 
yield and nitrogen outtake.
PB  - Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet
C3  - 24. Savetovanje o biotehnologiji, Čačak, 15-16.03.2019. godine -  Zbornik radova 1
T1  - Efekti plodoreda na iznošenje azota sa prinosom kukuruza
T1  - The effect of maize rotation to nitrogen outtake by grain yield
SP  - 203
EP  - 208
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Kresović, Branka and Tolimir, Miodrag",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Gajenje kukuruza u plodoredu ima brojne prednosti u odnosu na monokulturu. 
U Srbiji se kukuruz uglavnom gaji u dvopolju s pšenicom. U ogledu je ispitivan uticaj 
gajenja kukuruza u plodoredu sa pšenicom, odnosno stočnim graškom, u odnosu na 
monokulturu kukuruza, na prinos zrna i iznošenje azota s prinosom u toku četiri godine. 
Rezultati ukazuju da se plodored pozitivno odražava kako na povećanje prinosa, tako i 
na iznošenje azota sa prinosom, odnosno da pozitivno utiče na povećanje kvaliteta zrna 
kukuruza i to posebno smena kukuruza sa stočnim graškom. U sezonama sa umerenom i 
povećanom količinom padavina, veće doze unetog mineralnog đubriva su uticale na 
povećanje prinosa i iznošenje azota, dok su se u sušnim godinama i niže doze đubriva 
pozitivno odrazile na povećanje prinosa i iznošenje azota., Maize rotation with other crops has various advantages in regard to monoculture. In 
Serbia, maize is mainly growing in rotation with wheat. The influence of maize rotation 
with wheat, i.e. field pea in comparision to monoculture on grain yield and nitrogen 
outtake was examined during four years. Results show that rotation, mainly with field 
pea, was positively reflected on grain yield increase, as well as nitrogen outtake by 
yield, increasing grain quality. In seasons with moderate to increased precipitation 
amount, increased doses of mineral fertilizer increased grain yield and nitrogen outtake, 
while in drier years, even lower fertilizer doses positively affected, i.e. increased grain 
yield and nitrogen outtake.",
publisher = "Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet",
journal = "24. Savetovanje o biotehnologiji, Čačak, 15-16.03.2019. godine -  Zbornik radova 1",
title = "Efekti plodoreda na iznošenje azota sa prinosom kukuruza, The effect of maize rotation to nitrogen outtake by grain yield",
pages = "203-208"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Kresović, B.,& Tolimir, M.. (2019). Efekti plodoreda na iznošenje azota sa prinosom kukuruza. in 24. Savetovanje o biotehnologiji, Čačak, 15-16.03.2019. godine -  Zbornik radova 1
Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet., 203-208.
Dragičević V, Simić M, Brankov M, Kresović B, Tolimir M. Efekti plodoreda na iznošenje azota sa prinosom kukuruza. in 24. Savetovanje o biotehnologiji, Čačak, 15-16.03.2019. godine -  Zbornik radova 1. 2019;:203-208..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Kresović, Branka, Tolimir, Miodrag, "Efekti plodoreda na iznošenje azota sa prinosom kukuruza" in 24. Savetovanje o biotehnologiji, Čačak, 15-16.03.2019. godine -  Zbornik radova 1 (2019):203-208.

Nutrients status in maize grain from sustainable agriculture

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Kresović, Branka; Tolimir, Miodrag

(Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1050
AB  - Maize cultivation with application of proper organic and bio-fertilizers could increase 
nutritional value of crop grain and maintain soil fertility. The aim of the study was to examine 
variations in concentrations of phytate, soluble phenols, total glutathione (GSH), yellow 
pigment (YP), DPPH radical scavenging capacity (DPPH), Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn and Mn in maize 
hybrids with white, yellow and red colour grain, under the influence of bio-, organic fertilizer 
and urea in regard to control (without fertilization). Results indicated that phytate, DPPH, Ca, 
Mg and, Mn varied slightly (< 10%). Red grain maize was characterized with the highest 
concentrations of phenols, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, and DPPH. White grain maize, particularly in urea 
and bio-fertilizer treatment, accumulated higher GSH values, while red and especially yellow 
grain hybrid accumulated higher YP amount in urea treatment. Irrespective to lower variations 
in Mn concentration, higher values were determined in yellow hybrid. Organic fertilizer 
mainly induced increase in Mg bio-fertilizer which positively affected Fe accumulation, while 
urea caused higher Zn and Mn accumulation in maize grain. It could be concluded that yellow 
and particularly red grain hybrid enabled increased accumulation of mineral elements, 
together with higher DPPH values, mainly in treatments with organic fertilizer and urea 
giving it advantage in production of highly nutritious food.
PB  - Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture
C3  - 10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts
T1  - Nutrients status in maize grain from sustainable agriculture
SP  - 35
EP  - 40
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Kresović, Branka and Tolimir, Miodrag",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Maize cultivation with application of proper organic and bio-fertilizers could increase 
nutritional value of crop grain and maintain soil fertility. The aim of the study was to examine 
variations in concentrations of phytate, soluble phenols, total glutathione (GSH), yellow 
pigment (YP), DPPH radical scavenging capacity (DPPH), Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn and Mn in maize 
hybrids with white, yellow and red colour grain, under the influence of bio-, organic fertilizer 
and urea in regard to control (without fertilization). Results indicated that phytate, DPPH, Ca, 
Mg and, Mn varied slightly (< 10%). Red grain maize was characterized with the highest 
concentrations of phenols, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, and DPPH. White grain maize, particularly in urea 
and bio-fertilizer treatment, accumulated higher GSH values, while red and especially yellow 
grain hybrid accumulated higher YP amount in urea treatment. Irrespective to lower variations 
in Mn concentration, higher values were determined in yellow hybrid. Organic fertilizer 
mainly induced increase in Mg bio-fertilizer which positively affected Fe accumulation, while 
urea caused higher Zn and Mn accumulation in maize grain. It could be concluded that yellow 
and particularly red grain hybrid enabled increased accumulation of mineral elements, 
together with higher DPPH values, mainly in treatments with organic fertilizer and urea 
giving it advantage in production of highly nutritious food.",
publisher = "Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture",
journal = "10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts",
title = "Nutrients status in maize grain from sustainable agriculture",
pages = "35-40"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Stoiljkovic, M., Kresović, B.,& Tolimir, M.. (2019). Nutrients status in maize grain from sustainable agriculture. in 10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts
Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture., 35-40.
Dragičević V, Simić M, Brankov M, Stoiljkovic M, Kresović B, Tolimir M. Nutrients status in maize grain from sustainable agriculture. in 10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts. 2019;:35-40..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Kresović, Branka, Tolimir, Miodrag, "Nutrients status in maize grain from sustainable agriculture" in 10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts (2019):35-40.

Herbicides impact on content of phenolic compounds in sweet maize

Mesarović, Jelena; Srdić, Jelena; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Kresović, Branka; Dragičević, Vesna

(Belgrade : Serbian genetic society, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Mesarović, Jelena
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1045
AB  - Worldwide consumption of sweet maize, in the past ten years, is significantly 
increased. Such data indicate that phytochemicals content requires a higher attention in 
addition to yield. Popularizations of phenolic compounds become worldwide trend due to 
their benefits to human health. The usage of herbicides is widely present for weed control 
in sweet maize growing practices. In this study the influence of two herbicides, on the 
content of ferulic and cinnamic acid as well as on the total phenolic compounds (TPC) in 
three sweet maize hybrids during two vegetation seasons was evaluated. Meteorological 
conditions in 2016 were favorable for maize growing, opposite to 2017 which was a 
drier year. The variability of examined phytochemicals after applied herbicides was 
genotype-dependent and also influenced by growing seasons. Interestingly, for hybrids 
ZP355su and ZP553su, a higher content of ferulic acid was found in treatment with 
nicosulfuron in comparison to mesotrione. The same trend was noticed for cinnamic 
acid content in all tested hybrids. Opposite trend was achieved for ferulic acid content 
and TPC in ZP515su. Content of ferulic and cinnamic acid negatively correlated with the 
maize yield, opposite to TPC, for hybrid ZP355su. Positive correlation of TPC and cinnamic 
acid to maize yield was found in hybrid ZP515su emphasizing it as promising hybrid among 
all tested hybrids. Although relatively small number of hybrids was examined, the obtained 
data revealed a new potential of herbicide, i.e. the enrichment of health promoting 
compounds in sweet maize grain.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian genetic society
C3  - 6. Congress of the Serbian genetic society, Vrnjačka Banja, 13-17.10.2019. godine - Book of abstracts
T1  - Herbicides impact on content of phenolic compounds in sweet maize
SP  - 233
EP  - 233
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Mesarović, Jelena and Srdić, Jelena and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Kresović, Branka and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Worldwide consumption of sweet maize, in the past ten years, is significantly 
increased. Such data indicate that phytochemicals content requires a higher attention in 
addition to yield. Popularizations of phenolic compounds become worldwide trend due to 
their benefits to human health. The usage of herbicides is widely present for weed control 
in sweet maize growing practices. In this study the influence of two herbicides, on the 
content of ferulic and cinnamic acid as well as on the total phenolic compounds (TPC) in 
three sweet maize hybrids during two vegetation seasons was evaluated. Meteorological 
conditions in 2016 were favorable for maize growing, opposite to 2017 which was a 
drier year. The variability of examined phytochemicals after applied herbicides was 
genotype-dependent and also influenced by growing seasons. Interestingly, for hybrids 
ZP355su and ZP553su, a higher content of ferulic acid was found in treatment with 
nicosulfuron in comparison to mesotrione. The same trend was noticed for cinnamic 
acid content in all tested hybrids. Opposite trend was achieved for ferulic acid content 
and TPC in ZP515su. Content of ferulic and cinnamic acid negatively correlated with the 
maize yield, opposite to TPC, for hybrid ZP355su. Positive correlation of TPC and cinnamic 
acid to maize yield was found in hybrid ZP515su emphasizing it as promising hybrid among 
all tested hybrids. Although relatively small number of hybrids was examined, the obtained 
data revealed a new potential of herbicide, i.e. the enrichment of health promoting 
compounds in sweet maize grain.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian genetic society",
journal = "6. Congress of the Serbian genetic society, Vrnjačka Banja, 13-17.10.2019. godine - Book of abstracts",
title = "Herbicides impact on content of phenolic compounds in sweet maize",
pages = "233-233"
}
Mesarović, J., Srdić, J., Mladenović Drinić, S., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Kresović, B.,& Dragičević, V.. (2019). Herbicides impact on content of phenolic compounds in sweet maize. in 6. Congress of the Serbian genetic society, Vrnjačka Banja, 13-17.10.2019. godine - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Serbian genetic society., 233-233.
Mesarović J, Srdić J, Mladenović Drinić S, Simić M, Brankov M, Kresović B, Dragičević V. Herbicides impact on content of phenolic compounds in sweet maize. in 6. Congress of the Serbian genetic society, Vrnjačka Banja, 13-17.10.2019. godine - Book of abstracts. 2019;:233-233..
Mesarović, Jelena, Srdić, Jelena, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Kresović, Branka, Dragičević, Vesna, "Herbicides impact on content of phenolic compounds in sweet maize" in 6. Congress of the Serbian genetic society, Vrnjačka Banja, 13-17.10.2019. godine - Book of abstracts (2019):233-233.

Different aspects of non-standard foliar fertilizers based on amino acids, phytohormones and plant extracts

Nikolić, Bogdan; Waisi, Hadi; Dragičević, Vesna; Đurović, Sanja; Janković, Bojan; Pagnazzo, Maja; Jovanović, Vladan

(Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nikolić, Bogdan
AU  - Waisi, Hadi
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Đurović, Sanja
AU  - Janković, Bojan
AU  - Pagnazzo, Maja
AU  - Jovanović, Vladan
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1051
AB  - We studied different aspects of application of foliar non-standard fertilizers based on amino 
acids, phytohormones and plant extracts. The trials were carried out at the level of the 
seedlings, individual plants grown in semi-controled conditions and plants grown in the field. 
Various energetic and thermodynamic parameters were analyzed, then the chemical 
composition (mineral elements, different sugars, secondary metabolites, etc.), as well as 
parameters of plant growth and their yield, in order to better assess the impact of these 
fertilizers on crops. We found that on maize seedlings it works by changing the content of 
various elements, then the polyphenol profiles, as well as thermodynamic parameters, where 
this effect does not only depend on the dosage of the fertilizers, but also on the corn genotype.
We also found that the fertilizers affect the energetic and thermodynamic parameters of 
individual maize plants, as well as the parameters of plant growth. The most significant and 
most diverse results were obtained by analyzing the yield and components of the yield of 
many different crops (crop, fruit, vegetable), as well as their chemical composition (mineral 
elements, different sugars, secondary metabolites, etc.) in terms of improving nutritive 
quality. It was noticed that these fertilizers greatly affect the content of microelements, starch 
and crude proteins in maize and barley, sugar and polyphenol content in various fruit trees, as 
well as in soybeans, in which we note that in certain agroecological situations these fertilizers 
have led to spectacular magnification yields of different crops, but there were also situations 
when they did not have any positive effect on crop yields. Overall, the early treatment of 
cultivated plants with non-standard fertilizers greatly affects the vigor of seedlings of these 
plants, which is of great importance for crop yield. These fertilizers also significantly affect 
the quality of crop yield in terms of improved chemical composition of edible parts of these 
plants.
PB  - Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture
C3  - 10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts
T1  - Different aspects of non-standard foliar fertilizers based on amino acids, phytohormones and plant extracts
SP  - 948
EP  - 953
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Nikolić, Bogdan and Waisi, Hadi and Dragičević, Vesna and Đurović, Sanja and Janković, Bojan and Pagnazzo, Maja and Jovanović, Vladan",
year = "2019",
abstract = "We studied different aspects of application of foliar non-standard fertilizers based on amino 
acids, phytohormones and plant extracts. The trials were carried out at the level of the 
seedlings, individual plants grown in semi-controled conditions and plants grown in the field. 
Various energetic and thermodynamic parameters were analyzed, then the chemical 
composition (mineral elements, different sugars, secondary metabolites, etc.), as well as 
parameters of plant growth and their yield, in order to better assess the impact of these 
fertilizers on crops. We found that on maize seedlings it works by changing the content of 
various elements, then the polyphenol profiles, as well as thermodynamic parameters, where 
this effect does not only depend on the dosage of the fertilizers, but also on the corn genotype.
We also found that the fertilizers affect the energetic and thermodynamic parameters of 
individual maize plants, as well as the parameters of plant growth. The most significant and 
most diverse results were obtained by analyzing the yield and components of the yield of 
many different crops (crop, fruit, vegetable), as well as their chemical composition (mineral 
elements, different sugars, secondary metabolites, etc.) in terms of improving nutritive 
quality. It was noticed that these fertilizers greatly affect the content of microelements, starch 
and crude proteins in maize and barley, sugar and polyphenol content in various fruit trees, as 
well as in soybeans, in which we note that in certain agroecological situations these fertilizers 
have led to spectacular magnification yields of different crops, but there were also situations 
when they did not have any positive effect on crop yields. Overall, the early treatment of 
cultivated plants with non-standard fertilizers greatly affects the vigor of seedlings of these 
plants, which is of great importance for crop yield. These fertilizers also significantly affect 
the quality of crop yield in terms of improved chemical composition of edible parts of these 
plants.",
publisher = "Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture",
journal = "10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts",
title = "Different aspects of non-standard foliar fertilizers based on amino acids, phytohormones and plant extracts",
pages = "948-953"
}
Nikolić, B., Waisi, H., Dragičević, V., Đurović, S., Janković, B., Pagnazzo, M.,& Jovanović, V.. (2019). Different aspects of non-standard foliar fertilizers based on amino acids, phytohormones and plant extracts. in 10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts
Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture., 948-953.
Nikolić B, Waisi H, Dragičević V, Đurović S, Janković B, Pagnazzo M, Jovanović V. Different aspects of non-standard foliar fertilizers based on amino acids, phytohormones and plant extracts. in 10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts. 2019;:948-953..
Nikolić, Bogdan, Waisi, Hadi, Dragičević, Vesna, Đurović, Sanja, Janković, Bojan, Pagnazzo, Maja, Jovanović, Vladan, "Different aspects of non-standard foliar fertilizers based on amino acids, phytohormones and plant extracts" in 10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts (2019):948-953.

Cropping systems affect photosynthetic pigments and grain yield in maize

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Kresović, Branka; Brankov, Milan

(Belgrade - Zemun : Institute for animal husbandry, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1047
AB  - Maize is still widely growing in monoculture, due to its 
domination in sowing structure. Nevertheless, rotation, as cropping system has 
many advantages in regard to monoculture, revealing through better crop growth 
and yielding. The aim of this experiment was to evaluate different cropping 
systems, which include maize monoculture (M), maize-winter wheat-soybean 
(MWS) and maize-soybean-winter wheat (MSW) rotations, with different weed 
control measures: full and half of herbicide doses, weed removal by hoeing and 
control – without weed removal, on dry mass (DM), concentration of chlorophyll 
a, chlorophyll b and carotenoids in aboveground maize biomass, as well as grain 
yield during three seasons. Obtained results referred that DM accumulation in 
above ground biomass highly correlated with carotenoids concentration in maize 
leaves and that full dose of herbicides is an important strategy for greater DM 
accumulation. MSW is the most promising cropping system to achieve high grain 
yield of maize, what is possible tied to low variations in all three photosynthetic 
pigments, indicating that this system enables better conditions for assimilation and 
crop growth. Higher values of chlorophyll a, as found in treatment with weed 
removal, are important for maize productivity. What is more, carotenoids role is 
emphasized again, having primary role in chlorophyll a protection against 
oxidative stress, thus contributing to optimal assimilation and increased grain 
yielding potential.
AB  - Najšire rasprostranjen način gajenja kukuruza je monokultura zahvaljujući 
njegovoj dominantnosti u setvenoj strukturi. Međutim, plodored ima brojne 
prednosti u odnosu na monokulturu koje se ogledaju u boljem rastu i prinosu useva. 
Cilj eksperimenta je da se uporede različiti sistemi gajenja koji uključuju 
monokulturu kukuruza (M), kao i rotacije kukuruz-ozima pšenica-soja (MWS) i 
kukuruz-soja-ozima pšenica (MSW), u kombinaciji sa različitim merama kontrole 
zakorovljenosti: puna i polovina doze herbicida, uklanjanje korova okopavanjem i 
kontrola – bez kontrole zakorovljenosti, na suvu masu (DM), koncentraciju 
hlorofila a i b i karotenoida u nadzemnoj biomasi kukuruza, kao i prinos zrna, na 
kraju vegetacije tokom tri sezone. Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da akumulacija suve 
mase nadzemnih delova u visokom stepenu korelira sa promenama koncentracije 
karotenoida u listovima kukuruza i da je puna doza herbicida važna strategijacza 
veće nakupljanje suve mase. MSW se pokazao kao najperspektivniji sistem za 
povećanje prinosa zrna kukuruza, što je najverovatnije povezano sa smanjenjem u 
variranu fotosintetskih pigmenata, što upućuje da upravo ovaj sistem gajenja 
omogućava bolje uslove za asimilaciju i rast useva. Povećanje vrednosti hlorofila 
a, posebno u tretmanu gde su korovi ručno uklanjani su vrlo važne za 
produktivnost kukuruza. Važna uloga karotenoida je iznova istaknuta, preko zaštite hlorofila a od oksidativnog stresa, što doprinosi optimalnoj asimilaciji i povećanju 
potencijala rodnosti kukuruza.
PB  - Belgrade - Zemun : Institute for animal husbandry
C3  - 12. International symposium Modern trends in livestock production, Belgrade, 9-11.10.2019. godine - Proceedings
T1  - Cropping systems affect photosynthetic pigments and grain yield in maize
SP  - 684
EP  - 694
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Kresović, Branka and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Maize is still widely growing in monoculture, due to its 
domination in sowing structure. Nevertheless, rotation, as cropping system has 
many advantages in regard to monoculture, revealing through better crop growth 
and yielding. The aim of this experiment was to evaluate different cropping 
systems, which include maize monoculture (M), maize-winter wheat-soybean 
(MWS) and maize-soybean-winter wheat (MSW) rotations, with different weed 
control measures: full and half of herbicide doses, weed removal by hoeing and 
control – without weed removal, on dry mass (DM), concentration of chlorophyll 
a, chlorophyll b and carotenoids in aboveground maize biomass, as well as grain 
yield during three seasons. Obtained results referred that DM accumulation in 
above ground biomass highly correlated with carotenoids concentration in maize 
leaves and that full dose of herbicides is an important strategy for greater DM 
accumulation. MSW is the most promising cropping system to achieve high grain 
yield of maize, what is possible tied to low variations in all three photosynthetic 
pigments, indicating that this system enables better conditions for assimilation and 
crop growth. Higher values of chlorophyll a, as found in treatment with weed 
removal, are important for maize productivity. What is more, carotenoids role is 
emphasized again, having primary role in chlorophyll a protection against 
oxidative stress, thus contributing to optimal assimilation and increased grain 
yielding potential., Najšire rasprostranjen način gajenja kukuruza je monokultura zahvaljujući 
njegovoj dominantnosti u setvenoj strukturi. Međutim, plodored ima brojne 
prednosti u odnosu na monokulturu koje se ogledaju u boljem rastu i prinosu useva. 
Cilj eksperimenta je da se uporede različiti sistemi gajenja koji uključuju 
monokulturu kukuruza (M), kao i rotacije kukuruz-ozima pšenica-soja (MWS) i 
kukuruz-soja-ozima pšenica (MSW), u kombinaciji sa različitim merama kontrole 
zakorovljenosti: puna i polovina doze herbicida, uklanjanje korova okopavanjem i 
kontrola – bez kontrole zakorovljenosti, na suvu masu (DM), koncentraciju 
hlorofila a i b i karotenoida u nadzemnoj biomasi kukuruza, kao i prinos zrna, na 
kraju vegetacije tokom tri sezone. Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da akumulacija suve 
mase nadzemnih delova u visokom stepenu korelira sa promenama koncentracije 
karotenoida u listovima kukuruza i da je puna doza herbicida važna strategijacza 
veće nakupljanje suve mase. MSW se pokazao kao najperspektivniji sistem za 
povećanje prinosa zrna kukuruza, što je najverovatnije povezano sa smanjenjem u 
variranu fotosintetskih pigmenata, što upućuje da upravo ovaj sistem gajenja 
omogućava bolje uslove za asimilaciju i rast useva. Povećanje vrednosti hlorofila 
a, posebno u tretmanu gde su korovi ručno uklanjani su vrlo važne za 
produktivnost kukuruza. Važna uloga karotenoida je iznova istaknuta, preko zaštite hlorofila a od oksidativnog stresa, što doprinosi optimalnoj asimilaciji i povećanju 
potencijala rodnosti kukuruza.",
publisher = "Belgrade - Zemun : Institute for animal husbandry",
journal = "12. International symposium Modern trends in livestock production, Belgrade, 9-11.10.2019. godine - Proceedings",
title = "Cropping systems affect photosynthetic pigments and grain yield in maize",
pages = "684-694"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Kresović, B.,& Brankov, M.. (2019). Cropping systems affect photosynthetic pigments and grain yield in maize. in 12. International symposium Modern trends in livestock production, Belgrade, 9-11.10.2019. godine - Proceedings
Belgrade - Zemun : Institute for animal husbandry., 684-694.
Dragičević V, Simić M, Kresović B, Brankov M. Cropping systems affect photosynthetic pigments and grain yield in maize. in 12. International symposium Modern trends in livestock production, Belgrade, 9-11.10.2019. godine - Proceedings. 2019;:684-694..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Kresović, Branka, Brankov, Milan, "Cropping systems affect photosynthetic pigments and grain yield in maize" in 12. International symposium Modern trends in livestock production, Belgrade, 9-11.10.2019. godine - Proceedings (2019):684-694.