Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200040 (Maize Research Institute 'Zemun Polje', Belgrade-Zemun)

Link to this page

info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/inst-2020/200040/RS//

Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200040 (Maize Research Institute 'Zemun Polje', Belgrade-Zemun) (en)
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije, Ugovor br. 451-03-68/2020-14/200040 (Institut za kukuruz 'Zemun polje', Beograd-Zemun) (sr_RS)
Министарство просвете, науке и технолошког развоја Републике Србије, Уговор бр. 451-03-68/2020-14/200040 (Институт за кукуруз 'Земун поље', Београд-Земун) (sr)
Authors

Publications

Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food

Nikolić, Valentina; Žilić, Slađana; Simić, Marijana; Perić, Vesna; Srdić, Jelena; Vasić, Marko G.

(Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 2022-03-17)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Perić, Vesna
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Vasić, Marko G.
PY  - 2022-03-17
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/847
AB  - Black  soybean  seed  coat  has  a  considerable  content  of  anthocyanins  which  can  providea  positive  effect  on  the  health  of  the  consumers through food products enriched with the extracts of these valuable bioactive compounds. Nevertheless, the use of soybean seed  coat,  a  by-product  from  soybean  processing,  additionally  valorizes  this  raw  material.The  possibility  of  enrichment  of  sweet maize  grains  with  anthocyanin  extract  was  investigated.  Several  procedures  with  acetic  acid  were  applied  in  the  experiments  of  anthocyanins  extraction  from  black  soybean  seed  coat.  During  the  marination  process,  the  grains  were  stained,  changing  their  standard yellow color to a crimson red. Since the brines with the addition of citric acid became cloudy (opalescent) after some time, lactic  acid  was  used  as  an  anthocyanin  stabilizer  in  the  continuation  of  the  research.  Depending  on  the  extraction  conditions,  the spectrophotometrically determined content of total anthocyanins in the solution varied from 3541.90 to 5387.70 μg CGE/g d.m., and in the marinated maize grain between 179.89 and 286.05 μg CGE/g d.m. After seven days, the total anthocyanin content in the grain did not increase significantly, so this aging period was selected as optimal for marinating maize products.
AB  - Semenjača  crne  soje  ima  značajan  sadržaj  antocijana,  koji  mogu  pozitivno  uticati  na  zdravlje  potrošača  kroz  prehrambene  proizvode  obogaćene  ekstraktima  ovih  vrednih  bioaktivnih  jedinjenja.  Istovremeno,  upotrebom  sojine  semenjače,  sporednog  proizvoda prerade soje, dodatno se valorizuje ova sirovinu. Ispitivana je mogućnost obogaćivanja zrna kukuruza šećerca ekstraktom antocijana.  U  eksperimentima  ekstrakcije  antocijana  iz  semenjače  crne  soje  primenjeno  je  nekoliko  postupaka  sa  sirćetnom kiselinom.  Tokom  procesa  mariniranja,  zrna  su  promenila  boju,  menjajući  standardnu  žutu  boju  u  tamnocrvenu.  S  obzirom  da  su  posle izvesnog vremena nalivi za mariniranje sa dodatkom limunske kiseline postali zamućeni (opalescentni), u nastavku istraživanja je  korišćena  mlečna  kiselina  kao  stabilizator  antocijana.  U  zavisnosti  od  uslova  ekstrakcije,  spektrofotometrijski  utvrđen  sadržaj  ukupnih  antocijana  u  rastvoru  varirao  je  od  3541,90  do  5387,70  mg  CGE/g  d.m.,  a  u  zrnu  mariniranog  kukuruza  između  179,89  i  286,05  mg  CGE/g.  Posle  sedam  dana,  ukupan  sadržaj  antocijana  u  zrnu  nije  značajno  povećan,  pa  je  ovaj  period  odležavanja  izabran kao optimalan za mariniranje proizvoda od kukuruza.
PB  - Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture
PB  - Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi
T2  - Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
T1  - Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food
T1  - Optimizacija procesa ekstrakcije antocijana iz semenjače crne soje za pripremu funkcionalne hrane od kukuruza
VL  - 26
IS  - 1
SP  - 19
EP  - 22
DO  - 10.5937/jpea%v-36635
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Žilić, Slađana and Simić, Marijana and Perić, Vesna and Srdić, Jelena and Vasić, Marko G.",
year = "2022-03-17",
abstract = "Black  soybean  seed  coat  has  a  considerable  content  of  anthocyanins  which  can  providea  positive  effect  on  the  health  of  the  consumers through food products enriched with the extracts of these valuable bioactive compounds. Nevertheless, the use of soybean seed  coat,  a  by-product  from  soybean  processing,  additionally  valorizes  this  raw  material.The  possibility  of  enrichment  of  sweet maize  grains  with  anthocyanin  extract  was  investigated.  Several  procedures  with  acetic  acid  were  applied  in  the  experiments  of  anthocyanins  extraction  from  black  soybean  seed  coat.  During  the  marination  process,  the  grains  were  stained,  changing  their  standard yellow color to a crimson red. Since the brines with the addition of citric acid became cloudy (opalescent) after some time, lactic  acid  was  used  as  an  anthocyanin  stabilizer  in  the  continuation  of  the  research.  Depending  on  the  extraction  conditions,  the spectrophotometrically determined content of total anthocyanins in the solution varied from 3541.90 to 5387.70 μg CGE/g d.m., and in the marinated maize grain between 179.89 and 286.05 μg CGE/g d.m. After seven days, the total anthocyanin content in the grain did not increase significantly, so this aging period was selected as optimal for marinating maize products., Semenjača  crne  soje  ima  značajan  sadržaj  antocijana,  koji  mogu  pozitivno  uticati  na  zdravlje  potrošača  kroz  prehrambene  proizvode  obogaćene  ekstraktima  ovih  vrednih  bioaktivnih  jedinjenja.  Istovremeno,  upotrebom  sojine  semenjače,  sporednog  proizvoda prerade soje, dodatno se valorizuje ova sirovinu. Ispitivana je mogućnost obogaćivanja zrna kukuruza šećerca ekstraktom antocijana.  U  eksperimentima  ekstrakcije  antocijana  iz  semenjače  crne  soje  primenjeno  je  nekoliko  postupaka  sa  sirćetnom kiselinom.  Tokom  procesa  mariniranja,  zrna  su  promenila  boju,  menjajući  standardnu  žutu  boju  u  tamnocrvenu.  S  obzirom  da  su  posle izvesnog vremena nalivi za mariniranje sa dodatkom limunske kiseline postali zamućeni (opalescentni), u nastavku istraživanja je  korišćena  mlečna  kiselina  kao  stabilizator  antocijana.  U  zavisnosti  od  uslova  ekstrakcije,  spektrofotometrijski  utvrđen  sadržaj  ukupnih  antocijana  u  rastvoru  varirao  je  od  3541,90  do  5387,70  mg  CGE/g  d.m.,  a  u  zrnu  mariniranog  kukuruza  između  179,89  i  286,05  mg  CGE/g.  Posle  sedam  dana,  ukupan  sadržaj  antocijana  u  zrnu  nije  značajno  povećan,  pa  je  ovaj  period  odležavanja  izabran kao optimalan za mariniranje proizvoda od kukuruza.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi",
journal = "Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture",
title = "Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food, Optimizacija procesa ekstrakcije antocijana iz semenjače crne soje za pripremu funkcionalne hrane od kukuruza",
volume = "26",
number = "1",
pages = "19-22",
doi = "10.5937/jpea%v-36635"
}
Nikolić, V., Žilić, S., Simić, M., Perić, V., Srdić, J.,& Vasić, M. G.. (2022-03-17). Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture., 26(1), 19-22.
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea%v-36635
Nikolić V, Žilić S, Simić M, Perić V, Srdić J, Vasić MG. Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture. 2022;26(1):19-22.
doi:10.5937/jpea%v-36635 .
Nikolić, Valentina, Žilić, Slađana, Simić, Marijana, Perić, Vesna, Srdić, Jelena, Vasić, Marko G., "Optimization of anthocyanins extraction process from black soybean seed coat for the preparation of maize-based functional food" in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 26, no. 1 (2022-03-17):19-22,
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea%v-36635 . .

The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research

Nikolić, Valentina; Babić, Vojka; Kravić, Natalija; Filipović, Milomir; Žilić, Slađana; Simić, Marijana; Radosavljević, Milica

(Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers, 2022-01-21)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Radosavljević, Milica
PY  - 2022-01-21
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/849
AB  - In the process of hybrid maize breeding, the greatest attention is directed towards increasing the level and stability of the yield, while grain quality is of secondary importance. The very
principles of hybrid breeding, as well as the economic aspects and competition between different breeding companies, have led to an enormous narrowing of the genetic basis of commercial
maize hybrids. Concurrently, there is usually a small number of often related hybrids of similar
technological and nutritional quality present on the market. Six best-selling ZP maize hybrids
in the previous ten years were chosen as the subject of this study. In the period from 2009-2018,
both the yield components and parameters of technological and nutritional quality of the grain
were studied. It was found that the examined parameters varied a lot in different years of production and that some parameters were more influenced by genotype (number of kernel rows per ear,
portion of pericarp, and crude fiber content) while others were more influenced by the environment (kernel weight per ear, total protein, starch, and oil content, respectively). The amount and
the distribution of precipitation during the vegetative period affected not only the yield components i.e. grain yield but also the technological qualitz parametres and nutritional properties of
the grain. Based on the observed parental components, it is evident that they are related hybrids
that, despite the high genotype by environment interactions, consequently have similar parameters of technological quality and nutritional composition. The imperative is to develop special
breeding programs aiming to create both the starting material and parental components to provide hybrids of improved technological quality and nutritional properties on the market. In that
way, the needs of the processing industry for raw materials of certain characteristics can be met.
AB  - U procesu hibridnog oplemenjivanja kukuruza, najviše pažnje se posvećuje povećanju nivoa
i stabilnosti prinosa, dok je kvalitet zrna od sekundarnog značaja. Sami principi hibridnog oplemenjivanja, kao i ekonomski aspekti i konkurencija između različitih oplemenjivačkih kuća,
doveli su do enormnog suženja genetičke osnove komercijalnih hibrida kukuruza. Na tržištu je
istovremeno najčešće prisutan mali broj, često srodnih hibrida sličnog tehnološkog i nutritivnog
kvaliteta. Za ovo istraživanje je odabrano šest ZP hibrida kukuruza najprodavanijih u prethodnih
deset godina. U periodu od 2009-2018. godine, praćene su, kako komponente prinosa, tako i
parametri tehnološkog i nutritivnog kvaliteta zrna. Utvrđeno je da su ispitivani parametri veoma
varirali u različitim godinama gajenja, kao i da su neki parametri bili pod većim uticajem genotipa (broj redova zrna, udeo perikarpa i sirove celuloze), a neki pod većim uticajem spoljašnje sredine (masa zrna po klipu, udeo ukupnih proteina, skroba i ulja, respektivno). Količina i raspored
padavina u toku vegetativnog perioda su uticali ne samo na komponente prinosa, odnosno na
prinos zrna, već i na parametre tehnološkog kvaliteta i nutritivna svojstva. Na osnovu posmatranih roditeljskih komponenata, evidentno je da se radi o srodnim hibridima koji, bez obzira na
visoke interakcije između genotipa i spoljašnje sredine, posledično imaju slične parametre tehnološkog kvaliteta kao i nutritivni sastav. Neophodno je razvijati posebne oplemenjivačke programe
koji imaju za cilj stvaranje kako početnog materijala, tako i roditeljskih komponenata, kako bi
se na tržištu obezbedili hibridi poboljšanog tehnološkog kvaliteta i nutritivnih svojstava i na taj
način zadovoljile potrebe prerađivačke industrije za sirovinama određenih karakteristika.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research
T1  - Varijabilnost i međuzavisnost osnovnih parametara tehnološkog kvaliteta hibrida kukuruza u dugoročnim istraživanjima
VL  - 27
IS  - 2
SP  - 21
EP  - 33
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem2102021N
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Babić, Vojka and Kravić, Natalija and Filipović, Milomir and Žilić, Slađana and Simić, Marijana and Radosavljević, Milica",
year = "2022-01-21",
abstract = "In the process of hybrid maize breeding, the greatest attention is directed towards increasing the level and stability of the yield, while grain quality is of secondary importance. The very
principles of hybrid breeding, as well as the economic aspects and competition between different breeding companies, have led to an enormous narrowing of the genetic basis of commercial
maize hybrids. Concurrently, there is usually a small number of often related hybrids of similar
technological and nutritional quality present on the market. Six best-selling ZP maize hybrids
in the previous ten years were chosen as the subject of this study. In the period from 2009-2018,
both the yield components and parameters of technological and nutritional quality of the grain
were studied. It was found that the examined parameters varied a lot in different years of production and that some parameters were more influenced by genotype (number of kernel rows per ear,
portion of pericarp, and crude fiber content) while others were more influenced by the environment (kernel weight per ear, total protein, starch, and oil content, respectively). The amount and
the distribution of precipitation during the vegetative period affected not only the yield components i.e. grain yield but also the technological qualitz parametres and nutritional properties of
the grain. Based on the observed parental components, it is evident that they are related hybrids
that, despite the high genotype by environment interactions, consequently have similar parameters of technological quality and nutritional composition. The imperative is to develop special
breeding programs aiming to create both the starting material and parental components to provide hybrids of improved technological quality and nutritional properties on the market. In that
way, the needs of the processing industry for raw materials of certain characteristics can be met., U procesu hibridnog oplemenjivanja kukuruza, najviše pažnje se posvećuje povećanju nivoa
i stabilnosti prinosa, dok je kvalitet zrna od sekundarnog značaja. Sami principi hibridnog oplemenjivanja, kao i ekonomski aspekti i konkurencija između različitih oplemenjivačkih kuća,
doveli su do enormnog suženja genetičke osnove komercijalnih hibrida kukuruza. Na tržištu je
istovremeno najčešće prisutan mali broj, često srodnih hibrida sličnog tehnološkog i nutritivnog
kvaliteta. Za ovo istraživanje je odabrano šest ZP hibrida kukuruza najprodavanijih u prethodnih
deset godina. U periodu od 2009-2018. godine, praćene su, kako komponente prinosa, tako i
parametri tehnološkog i nutritivnog kvaliteta zrna. Utvrđeno je da su ispitivani parametri veoma
varirali u različitim godinama gajenja, kao i da su neki parametri bili pod većim uticajem genotipa (broj redova zrna, udeo perikarpa i sirove celuloze), a neki pod većim uticajem spoljašnje sredine (masa zrna po klipu, udeo ukupnih proteina, skroba i ulja, respektivno). Količina i raspored
padavina u toku vegetativnog perioda su uticali ne samo na komponente prinosa, odnosno na
prinos zrna, već i na parametre tehnološkog kvaliteta i nutritivna svojstva. Na osnovu posmatranih roditeljskih komponenata, evidentno je da se radi o srodnim hibridima koji, bez obzira na
visoke interakcije između genotipa i spoljašnje sredine, posledično imaju slične parametre tehnološkog kvaliteta kao i nutritivni sastav. Neophodno je razvijati posebne oplemenjivačke programe
koji imaju za cilj stvaranje kako početnog materijala, tako i roditeljskih komponenata, kako bi
se na tržištu obezbedili hibridi poboljšanog tehnološkog kvaliteta i nutritivnih svojstava i na taj
način zadovoljile potrebe prerađivačke industrije za sirovinama određenih karakteristika.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers, Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research, Varijabilnost i međuzavisnost osnovnih parametara tehnološkog kvaliteta hibrida kukuruza u dugoročnim istraživanjima",
volume = "27",
number = "2",
pages = "21-33",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem2102021N"
}
Nikolić, V., Babić, V., Kravić, N., Filipović, M., Žilić, S., Simić, M.,& Radosavljević, M.. (2022-01-21). The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers., 27(2), 21-33.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2102021N
Nikolić V, Babić V, Kravić N, Filipović M, Žilić S, Simić M, Radosavljević M. The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2022;27(2):21-33.
doi:10.5937/SelSem2102021N .
Nikolić, Valentina, Babić, Vojka, Kravić, Natalija, Filipović, Milomir, Žilić, Slađana, Simić, Marijana, Radosavljević, Milica, "The variability and interdependence of basic technological quality parameters of maize hybrids in long-term research" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 27, no. 2 (2022-01-21):21-33,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2102021N . .

Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia

Nikolić, Valentina; Simić, Marijana; Žilić, Slađana

(Kiev : Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/898
AB  - The quality of five silage maize hybrids grown
in 2020 at five different locations in Serbia (two in
the northern province of Vojvodina (Srem) and three
in Central Serbia) was tested in 2021 in the laboratory
of the Department of Food Technology and
Biochemistry of the Maize Research Institute “Zemun
Polje“. The dry matter content, lignocellulose
fiber content, and in vitro dry matter digestibility
(IVDMD) of of the whole plant maize hybrids: ZP
707, ZP 7357, ZP 790, ZP 8701, and ZP 873 were
investigated. The 7001 hybrid was used as a standard.
The average dry matter content varied between
37.77±1.88% (ZP 790) and 42.64±7.19% (ZP
707), while in vitro dry matter digestibility ranged
from 58.77±1.96% (ZP 8701) to 63.77±2.09% (ZP
707). The share, as well as the type of the plant
cell wall components – lignocellulosic fibers, determines
the nutritional quality of silage maize
as animal feed. The NDF content ranged from As
the NDF content increases with maize maturity,
animals show a tendency for lower silage intake.
However, although in some cases NDF can be considered
a negative indicator of silage quality, NDF
is a necessary component of ruminant nutrition.
Based on the achieved results, it can be concluded
that hybrids ZP 707 and ZP 7357 proved to be the
best silage maize forms. At most locations, these
hybrids achieved better results than the standard.
The ZP 707 hybrid on average had the highest dry
matter content, the highest digestibility of dry
matter, as well as the lowest content of all lignocellulosic
fibers, which all indicate its potential
as silage maize form. The lack of hybrids ZP 707
and ZP 7357 can be considered the fact that the
dry matter content of the whole plant showed to be
less stable in different agro-ecological conditions.In terms of digestibility and dry matter content,
the ZP 790 hybrid can be singled out as the most
stable. The ZP 790 hybrid is less recommended for
Srem, but in Central Serbia, it could match the ZP
707 and ZP 7357 hybrids. ZP 8701 proved to be the
weakest hybrid at all locations, followed by ZP 873.
The in vitro digestibility and dry matter content
of the whole plant of the investigated hybrids were
far more stable in Srem than in Central Serbia.
These findings can be of great importance for future
breeding programs directed toward creating
new and improved silage maize hybrids.
PB  - Kiev : Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination
C3  - 10. International applied science conference of young scientists and experts, April 29, 2022, the village of Tsentralne, Kyiv region, Ukraine - Book of proceedings
T1  - Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia
SP  - 78
EP  - 79
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Simić, Marijana and Žilić, Slađana",
year = "2022",
abstract = "The quality of five silage maize hybrids grown
in 2020 at five different locations in Serbia (two in
the northern province of Vojvodina (Srem) and three
in Central Serbia) was tested in 2021 in the laboratory
of the Department of Food Technology and
Biochemistry of the Maize Research Institute “Zemun
Polje“. The dry matter content, lignocellulose
fiber content, and in vitro dry matter digestibility
(IVDMD) of of the whole plant maize hybrids: ZP
707, ZP 7357, ZP 790, ZP 8701, and ZP 873 were
investigated. The 7001 hybrid was used as a standard.
The average dry matter content varied between
37.77±1.88% (ZP 790) and 42.64±7.19% (ZP
707), while in vitro dry matter digestibility ranged
from 58.77±1.96% (ZP 8701) to 63.77±2.09% (ZP
707). The share, as well as the type of the plant
cell wall components – lignocellulosic fibers, determines
the nutritional quality of silage maize
as animal feed. The NDF content ranged from As
the NDF content increases with maize maturity,
animals show a tendency for lower silage intake.
However, although in some cases NDF can be considered
a negative indicator of silage quality, NDF
is a necessary component of ruminant nutrition.
Based on the achieved results, it can be concluded
that hybrids ZP 707 and ZP 7357 proved to be the
best silage maize forms. At most locations, these
hybrids achieved better results than the standard.
The ZP 707 hybrid on average had the highest dry
matter content, the highest digestibility of dry
matter, as well as the lowest content of all lignocellulosic
fibers, which all indicate its potential
as silage maize form. The lack of hybrids ZP 707
and ZP 7357 can be considered the fact that the
dry matter content of the whole plant showed to be
less stable in different agro-ecological conditions.In terms of digestibility and dry matter content,
the ZP 790 hybrid can be singled out as the most
stable. The ZP 790 hybrid is less recommended for
Srem, but in Central Serbia, it could match the ZP
707 and ZP 7357 hybrids. ZP 8701 proved to be the
weakest hybrid at all locations, followed by ZP 873.
The in vitro digestibility and dry matter content
of the whole plant of the investigated hybrids were
far more stable in Srem than in Central Serbia.
These findings can be of great importance for future
breeding programs directed toward creating
new and improved silage maize hybrids.",
publisher = "Kiev : Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination",
journal = "10. International applied science conference of young scientists and experts, April 29, 2022, the village of Tsentralne, Kyiv region, Ukraine - Book of proceedings",
title = "Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia",
pages = "78-79"
}
Nikolić, V., Simić, M.,& Žilić, S.. (2022). Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia. in 10. International applied science conference of young scientists and experts, April 29, 2022, the village of Tsentralne, Kyiv region, Ukraine - Book of proceedings
Kiev : Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination., 78-79.
Nikolić V, Simić M, Žilić S. Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia. in 10. International applied science conference of young scientists and experts, April 29, 2022, the village of Tsentralne, Kyiv region, Ukraine - Book of proceedings. 2022;:78-79..
Nikolić, Valentina, Simić, Marijana, Žilić, Slađana, "Nutritive quality and plant digestibility of silage maize hybrids from Serbia" in 10. International applied science conference of young scientists and experts, April 29, 2022, the village of Tsentralne, Kyiv region, Ukraine - Book of proceedings (2022):78-79.

Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production

Nikolić, Valentina; Simić, Marijana; Žilić, Slađana; Kravić, Natalija; Babić, Vojka; Filipović, Milomir; Srdić, Jelena

(Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/874
AB  - The main goal of this study was to observe the properties of fifteen
different genotypes of maize hybrids from Serbia in order to determine their
suitability for the production of high-quality silage for ruminant feed. The research
was conducted in a two-year field experiment at the location of the Maize Research
Institute in Zemun Polje, Serbia, and the laboratory analyses included yield structure
of the investigated maize hybrids, assessment of the lignocellulosic fiber
composition, as well as the in vitro dry matter digestibility of the whole plant
samples. All maize hybrids have shown good quality traits that are a prerequisite for
the production of high-quality silage.
PB  - Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy
C3  - 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova
T1  - Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production
SP  - 105
EP  - 110
DO  - 10.46793/SBT27.105N
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Simić, Marijana and Žilić, Slađana and Kravić, Natalija and Babić, Vojka and Filipović, Milomir and Srdić, Jelena",
year = "2022",
abstract = "The main goal of this study was to observe the properties of fifteen
different genotypes of maize hybrids from Serbia in order to determine their
suitability for the production of high-quality silage for ruminant feed. The research
was conducted in a two-year field experiment at the location of the Maize Research
Institute in Zemun Polje, Serbia, and the laboratory analyses included yield structure
of the investigated maize hybrids, assessment of the lignocellulosic fiber
composition, as well as the in vitro dry matter digestibility of the whole plant
samples. All maize hybrids have shown good quality traits that are a prerequisite for
the production of high-quality silage.",
publisher = "Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy",
journal = "27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova",
title = "Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production",
pages = "105-110",
doi = "10.46793/SBT27.105N"
}
Nikolić, V., Simić, M., Žilić, S., Kravić, N., Babić, V., Filipović, M.,& Srdić, J.. (2022). Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production. in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova
Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy., 105-110.
https://doi.org/10.46793/SBT27.105N
Nikolić V, Simić M, Žilić S, Kravić N, Babić V, Filipović M, Srdić J. Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production. in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova. 2022;:105-110.
doi:10.46793/SBT27.105N .
Nikolić, Valentina, Simić, Marijana, Žilić, Slađana, Kravić, Natalija, Babić, Vojka, Filipović, Milomir, Srdić, Jelena, "Suitability of the selected local maize hybrids for silage production" in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova (2022):105-110,
https://doi.org/10.46793/SBT27.105N . .

Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review

Žilić, Slađana; Nikolić, Valentina; Mogol, Burce Atac; Hamzalioglu, Aytul; Tas, Neslihan Goncuoglu; Kocadagli, Tolgahan; Simić, Marijana; Gokmen, Vural

(Washington : ACS Publications, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Mogol, Burce Atac
AU  - Hamzalioglu, Aytul
AU  - Tas, Neslihan Goncuoglu
AU  - Kocadagli, Tolgahan
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Gokmen, Vural
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/855
AB  - Widely consumed thermally processed corn-based foods can have a great contribution to acrylamide dietary intake,
thus bearing a high public health risk and requiring attention and application of strategies for its reduction. This paper reviews the
literature on the acrylamide content of corn-based food products present in the market around the world. The potential of corn for
acrylamide formation due to its content of free asparagine and reducing sugars is described. Human exposure to acrylamide from
corn-based foods is also discussed. The content of acrylamide in corn/tortilla chips, popcorn, and corn flakes, as widely consumed
products all over the world, is reported in the literature to be between 5 and 6360 μg/kg, between <LOD and 2220 μg/kg and
between <LOD and 1186 μg/kg, respectively. Although these products are important acrylamide sources in the common diet of all
age populations, higher intake values occurred among younger generations.
PB  - Washington : ACS Publications
T2  - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
T1  - Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review
VL  - 70
SP  - 4165
EP  - 4181
DO  - 10.1021/acs.jafc.1c07249
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Žilić, Slađana and Nikolić, Valentina and Mogol, Burce Atac and Hamzalioglu, Aytul and Tas, Neslihan Goncuoglu and Kocadagli, Tolgahan and Simić, Marijana and Gokmen, Vural",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Widely consumed thermally processed corn-based foods can have a great contribution to acrylamide dietary intake,
thus bearing a high public health risk and requiring attention and application of strategies for its reduction. This paper reviews the
literature on the acrylamide content of corn-based food products present in the market around the world. The potential of corn for
acrylamide formation due to its content of free asparagine and reducing sugars is described. Human exposure to acrylamide from
corn-based foods is also discussed. The content of acrylamide in corn/tortilla chips, popcorn, and corn flakes, as widely consumed
products all over the world, is reported in the literature to be between 5 and 6360 μg/kg, between <LOD and 2220 μg/kg and
between <LOD and 1186 μg/kg, respectively. Although these products are important acrylamide sources in the common diet of all
age populations, higher intake values occurred among younger generations.",
publisher = "Washington : ACS Publications",
journal = "Journal of agricultural and food chemistry",
title = "Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review",
volume = "70",
pages = "4165-4181",
doi = "10.1021/acs.jafc.1c07249"
}
Žilić, S., Nikolić, V., Mogol, B. A., Hamzalioglu, A., Tas, N. G., Kocadagli, T., Simić, M.,& Gokmen, V.. (2022). Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review. in Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
Washington : ACS Publications., 70, 4165-4181.
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.1c07249
Žilić S, Nikolić V, Mogol BA, Hamzalioglu A, Tas NG, Kocadagli T, Simić M, Gokmen V. Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review. in Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2022;70:4165-4181.
doi:10.1021/acs.jafc.1c07249 .
Žilić, Slađana, Nikolić, Valentina, Mogol, Burce Atac, Hamzalioglu, Aytul, Tas, Neslihan Goncuoglu, Kocadagli, Tolgahan, Simić, Marijana, Gokmen, Vural, "Acrylamide in Corn-Based Thermally Processed Foods: A Review" in Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 70 (2022):4165-4181,
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.1c07249 . .

Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study

Bartolić, Dragana; Mutavdzic, Dragosav; Carstensen, Jens Michael; Stanković, Slavica; Nikolić, Milica; Krstović, Saša; Radotić, Ksenija

(Berlin : Springer Nature, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Bartolić, Dragana
AU  - Mutavdzic, Dragosav
AU  - Carstensen, Jens Michael
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Krstović, Saša
AU  - Radotić, Ksenija
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/838
AB  - Cereal seeds safety may be compromised by the presence of toxic contaminants, such as aflatoxins.
Besides being carcinogenic, they have other adverse health effects on humans and animals. In
this preliminary study, we used two non‑invasive optical techniques, optical fiber fluorescence
spectroscopy and multispectral imaging (MSI), for discrimination of maize seeds naturally
contaminated with aflatoxin B 1 (AFB 1 ) from the uncontaminated seeds. The AFB 1‑contaminated
seeds exhibited a red shift of the emission maximum position compared to the control samples.
Using linear discrimination analysis to analyse fluorescence data, classification accuracy of 100%
was obtained to discriminate uncontaminated and AFB 1‑contaminated seeds. The MSI analysis
combined with a normalized canonical discriminant analysis, provided spectral and spatial patterns
of the analysed seeds. The AFB 1‑contaminated seeds showed a 7.9 to 9.6‑fold increase in the seed
reflectance in the VIS region, and 10.4 and 12.2‑fold increase in the NIR spectral region, compared
with the uncontaminated seeds. Thus the MSI method classified successfully contaminated from
uncontaminated seeds with high accuracy. The results may have an impact on development of
spectroscopic non‑invasive methods for detection of AFs presence in seeds, providing valuable
information for the assessment of seed adulteration in the field of food forensics and food safety.
PB  - Berlin : Springer Nature
T2  - Scientific Reports
T1  - Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study
VL  - 12
SP  - 4849
DO  - 10.1038/s41598-022-08352-4
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Bartolić, Dragana and Mutavdzic, Dragosav and Carstensen, Jens Michael and Stanković, Slavica and Nikolić, Milica and Krstović, Saša and Radotić, Ksenija",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Cereal seeds safety may be compromised by the presence of toxic contaminants, such as aflatoxins.
Besides being carcinogenic, they have other adverse health effects on humans and animals. In
this preliminary study, we used two non‑invasive optical techniques, optical fiber fluorescence
spectroscopy and multispectral imaging (MSI), for discrimination of maize seeds naturally
contaminated with aflatoxin B 1 (AFB 1 ) from the uncontaminated seeds. The AFB 1‑contaminated
seeds exhibited a red shift of the emission maximum position compared to the control samples.
Using linear discrimination analysis to analyse fluorescence data, classification accuracy of 100%
was obtained to discriminate uncontaminated and AFB 1‑contaminated seeds. The MSI analysis
combined with a normalized canonical discriminant analysis, provided spectral and spatial patterns
of the analysed seeds. The AFB 1‑contaminated seeds showed a 7.9 to 9.6‑fold increase in the seed
reflectance in the VIS region, and 10.4 and 12.2‑fold increase in the NIR spectral region, compared
with the uncontaminated seeds. Thus the MSI method classified successfully contaminated from
uncontaminated seeds with high accuracy. The results may have an impact on development of
spectroscopic non‑invasive methods for detection of AFs presence in seeds, providing valuable
information for the assessment of seed adulteration in the field of food forensics and food safety.",
publisher = "Berlin : Springer Nature",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
title = "Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study",
volume = "12",
pages = "4849",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-022-08352-4"
}
Bartolić, D., Mutavdzic, D., Carstensen, J. M., Stanković, S., Nikolić, M., Krstović, S.,& Radotić, K.. (2022). Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study. in Scientific Reports
Berlin : Springer Nature., 12, 4849.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-08352-4
Bartolić D, Mutavdzic D, Carstensen JM, Stanković S, Nikolić M, Krstović S, Radotić K. Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study. in Scientific Reports. 2022;12:4849.
doi:10.1038/s41598-022-08352-4 .
Bartolić, Dragana, Mutavdzic, Dragosav, Carstensen, Jens Michael, Stanković, Slavica, Nikolić, Milica, Krstović, Saša, Radotić, Ksenija, "Fluorescence spectroscopy and multispectral imaging for fingerprinting of aflatoxin‑B1 contaminated (Zea mays L.) seeds: a preliminary study" in Scientific Reports, 12 (2022):4849,
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-08352-4 . .

Possibilities of dried distillers' grains with solubles application in animal feed

Nikolić, Valentina; Milašinović Šeremešić, Marija; Radosavljević, Milica; Simić, Marijana; Žilić, Slađana; Vančetović, Jelena; Božinović, Sofija

(Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 2021-11-30)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Milašinović Šeremešić, Marija
AU  - Radosavljević, Milica
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
AU  - Božinović, Sofija
PY  - 2021-11-30
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/845
AB  - The possibility of utilization of dried distillers’ grains with solubles (DDGS) in animal feed was investigated. Samples of maize
hybrids ZP 548 and ZP 655b, and DDGS obtained from hybrids ZP 548 and ZP 548c were used as components of the feed. The total
protein content ranged from 12.42% to 31.18%, moisture from 5.49% to 9.55, and ash content from 1.85% to 4.37%. The contents of
NDF, ADF, ADL, hemicellulose and cellulose fibers ranged from: 13.90% to 48.13%; 2.9% to 20.69%; 0.27% to 2.44%; 10.69% to
30.17%, 2.62% to 18.32%, respectively. In vitro, dry matter digestibility ranged from 55.20% to 89.76%. It was concluded that the
samples of DDG obtained from red and yellow maize hybrids kernel are very suitable as components for the preparation of animal
feed.
AB  - Ispitivana je mogućnost primene suve kukuruzne džibre u smešama za ishranu domaćih životinja. Kao komponente korišćeni su
uzorci cele biljke i zrna hibrida ZP 548 i ZP 655b i uzorci džibre dobijeni od hibrida ZP 548 i ZP 548c (hibrid crvenog zrna). Uzorci
kukuruzne džibre, sporednog produkta iz proizvodnje bioetanola, dobijeni su postupkom odvojene dvostepene hidrolize i fermentacije
skroba iz kukuruznog brašna. Metoda se zasniva na korišćenju enzimskih preparata u fazama hidrolize i primeni kvasca S. cerevisiae
var. ellipsoideus tokom fermentacije. Uzorci džibre sušeni su u ventilacionoj sušnici na temperaturi 60˚C u trajanju od 48h, a potom
samleveni u laboratorijskom mlinu. Sadržaj proteina kretao se od 12,42% do 31,18%, vlage od 5,49% do 9,55%, a pepela od 1,85%
do 4,37%. Sadržaj NDF-a kretao se od 13,90% (zrno ZP 548 + 15% džibre ZP 548) do 48,13% (cela biljka ZP 655b + 20% džibre
ZP 548c); ADF-a od 2,96% (zrno ZP 548 +15% džibre ZP 548c) do 20,69% (cela biljka ZP 655b + 10% džibre ZP 548c); ADL-a od
0,27% do 2,44f%: hemiceluloze od 10,69% do 30,17% i celuloze od 2,62% do 18,32%. In vitro svarljivost suve materije određena
enzimskom pepsin-celulaznom metodom kretala se u rasponu od 55,20% do 89,76%. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata ustanovljeno je
da su uzorci suve kukuruzne džibre dobijeni od zrna žutog i crvenog hibrida kukuruza pogodni kao hranivo za pripremu smeša za
ishranu domaćih životinja.
PB  - Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture
PB  - Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi
T2  - Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
T1  - Possibilities of dried distillers' grains with solubles application in animal feed
T1  - Mogućnosti primene suve destilerijske džibre u smešama za ishranu životinja
VL  - 25
IS  - 3
SP  - 96
EP  - 100
DO  - 10.5937/jpea25-34890
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Milašinović Šeremešić, Marija and Radosavljević, Milica and Simić, Marijana and Žilić, Slađana and Vančetović, Jelena and Božinović, Sofija",
year = "2021-11-30",
abstract = "The possibility of utilization of dried distillers’ grains with solubles (DDGS) in animal feed was investigated. Samples of maize
hybrids ZP 548 and ZP 655b, and DDGS obtained from hybrids ZP 548 and ZP 548c were used as components of the feed. The total
protein content ranged from 12.42% to 31.18%, moisture from 5.49% to 9.55, and ash content from 1.85% to 4.37%. The contents of
NDF, ADF, ADL, hemicellulose and cellulose fibers ranged from: 13.90% to 48.13%; 2.9% to 20.69%; 0.27% to 2.44%; 10.69% to
30.17%, 2.62% to 18.32%, respectively. In vitro, dry matter digestibility ranged from 55.20% to 89.76%. It was concluded that the
samples of DDG obtained from red and yellow maize hybrids kernel are very suitable as components for the preparation of animal
feed., Ispitivana je mogućnost primene suve kukuruzne džibre u smešama za ishranu domaćih životinja. Kao komponente korišćeni su
uzorci cele biljke i zrna hibrida ZP 548 i ZP 655b i uzorci džibre dobijeni od hibrida ZP 548 i ZP 548c (hibrid crvenog zrna). Uzorci
kukuruzne džibre, sporednog produkta iz proizvodnje bioetanola, dobijeni su postupkom odvojene dvostepene hidrolize i fermentacije
skroba iz kukuruznog brašna. Metoda se zasniva na korišćenju enzimskih preparata u fazama hidrolize i primeni kvasca S. cerevisiae
var. ellipsoideus tokom fermentacije. Uzorci džibre sušeni su u ventilacionoj sušnici na temperaturi 60˚C u trajanju od 48h, a potom
samleveni u laboratorijskom mlinu. Sadržaj proteina kretao se od 12,42% do 31,18%, vlage od 5,49% do 9,55%, a pepela od 1,85%
do 4,37%. Sadržaj NDF-a kretao se od 13,90% (zrno ZP 548 + 15% džibre ZP 548) do 48,13% (cela biljka ZP 655b + 20% džibre
ZP 548c); ADF-a od 2,96% (zrno ZP 548 +15% džibre ZP 548c) do 20,69% (cela biljka ZP 655b + 10% džibre ZP 548c); ADL-a od
0,27% do 2,44f%: hemiceluloze od 10,69% do 30,17% i celuloze od 2,62% do 18,32%. In vitro svarljivost suve materije određena
enzimskom pepsin-celulaznom metodom kretala se u rasponu od 55,20% do 89,76%. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata ustanovljeno je
da su uzorci suve kukuruzne džibre dobijeni od zrna žutog i crvenog hibrida kukuruza pogodni kao hranivo za pripremu smeša za
ishranu domaćih životinja.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi",
journal = "Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture",
title = "Possibilities of dried distillers' grains with solubles application in animal feed, Mogućnosti primene suve destilerijske džibre u smešama za ishranu životinja",
volume = "25",
number = "3",
pages = "96-100",
doi = "10.5937/jpea25-34890"
}
Nikolić, V., Milašinović Šeremešić, M., Radosavljević, M., Simić, M., Žilić, S., Vančetović, J.,& Božinović, S.. (2021-11-30). Possibilities of dried distillers' grains with solubles application in animal feed. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture., 25(3), 96-100.
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea25-34890
Nikolić V, Milašinović Šeremešić M, Radosavljević M, Simić M, Žilić S, Vančetović J, Božinović S. Possibilities of dried distillers' grains with solubles application in animal feed. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture. 2021;25(3):96-100.
doi:10.5937/jpea25-34890 .
Nikolić, Valentina, Milašinović Šeremešić, Marija, Radosavljević, Milica, Simić, Marijana, Žilić, Slađana, Vančetović, Jelena, Božinović, Sofija, "Possibilities of dried distillers' grains with solubles application in animal feed" in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 25, no. 3 (2021-11-30):96-100,
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea25-34890 . .

Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane

Nikolić, Valentina; Žilić, Slađana; Simić, Marijana; Vasić, Marko G.; Srdić, Jelena; Delić, Nenad; Delić, Nenad

(Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 2021-05-07)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Vasić, Marko G.
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Delić, Nenad
AU  - Delić, Nenad
PY  - 2021-05-07
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/846
AB  - Five maize hybrids were used in this research: two yellow and one white dent, sweet hybrid, and yellow popcorn. Five brine
recipes with acetic acid were examined, of which two with the addition of potassium sorbate. The brines with preservatives were
stable for 16 months without colour changes of the liquid and corn cobs. The pH of brines ranged from 3.39 to 3.89. Canned hybrids
ZP 366 and ZP 611k in brine without sugar, and with the addition of potassium sorbate and potassium metabisulfite marked as
Number 5, showed the best sensory characteristics. The protein content determined in ZP 366 (9.56 %) and ZP 611k (10.23 %) did
not vary significantly compared to whole-grain maize flour, while crude fibre content (7.67 and 6.88 %), and ash content (21.96 and
20.72 %) were significantly higher than in flour (crude fibre: 2.40; 2.64 %, ash:1.35; 1.48 %, respectively). This research will be
continued in order to implement preliminary findings and new data on this subject
PB  - Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture
PB  - Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi
T2  - Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
T1  - Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane
T1  - Possibilities of maize hybrids utilization in canned baby corn production
VL  - 25
IS  - 1
SP  - 16
EP  - 19
DO  - 10.5937/jpea25-30887
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Žilić, Slađana and Simić, Marijana and Vasić, Marko G. and Srdić, Jelena and Delić, Nenad and Delić, Nenad",
year = "2021-05-07",
abstract = "Five maize hybrids were used in this research: two yellow and one white dent, sweet hybrid, and yellow popcorn. Five brine
recipes with acetic acid were examined, of which two with the addition of potassium sorbate. The brines with preservatives were
stable for 16 months without colour changes of the liquid and corn cobs. The pH of brines ranged from 3.39 to 3.89. Canned hybrids
ZP 366 and ZP 611k in brine without sugar, and with the addition of potassium sorbate and potassium metabisulfite marked as
Number 5, showed the best sensory characteristics. The protein content determined in ZP 366 (9.56 %) and ZP 611k (10.23 %) did
not vary significantly compared to whole-grain maize flour, while crude fibre content (7.67 and 6.88 %), and ash content (21.96 and
20.72 %) were significantly higher than in flour (crude fibre: 2.40; 2.64 %, ash:1.35; 1.48 %, respectively). This research will be
continued in order to implement preliminary findings and new data on this subject",
publisher = "Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi",
journal = "Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture",
title = "Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane, Possibilities of maize hybrids utilization in canned baby corn production",
volume = "25",
number = "1",
pages = "16-19",
doi = "10.5937/jpea25-30887"
}
Nikolić, V., Žilić, S., Simić, M., Vasić, M. G., Srdić, J., Delić, N.,& Delić, N.. (2021-05-07). Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture., 25(1), 16-19.
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea25-30887
Nikolić V, Žilić S, Simić M, Vasić MG, Srdić J, Delić N, Delić N. Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture. 2021;25(1):16-19.
doi:10.5937/jpea25-30887 .
Nikolić, Valentina, Žilić, Slađana, Simić, Marijana, Vasić, Marko G., Srdić, Jelena, Delić, Nenad, Delić, Nenad, "Mogućnosti primene hibrida kukuruza u proizvodnji baby corn konzervisane hrane" in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 25, no. 1 (2021-05-07):16-19,
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea25-30887 . .

Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals

Žilić, Slađana; AKTAĞ, IŞIL; Dodig, Dejan; Gökmen, Vural

(Elsevier, 2021-04)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - AKTAĞ, IŞIL
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Gökmen, Vural
PY  - 2021-04
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/893
AB  - In this study, the content of Maillard reaction products from its initial, intermediate and final stage (5-
hydroxymethylfurfural, α-dicarbonyl compounds, furosine, N-ε-carboxymethyllysine and N-ε-carboxyethyllysine)
was measured in sweet cookies made of wholegrain flour of eight genotypes of small-grain cereals
(bread wheat, durum wheat, soft wheat, hard wheat, triticale, rye, hulless barley and hulless oat) and four corn
genotypes (white-, yellow- and red-colored standard seeded corn and blue-colored popping corn). Furthermore, 
the effect of the initial content of sugars, total proteins, free and total lysine in flour on the formation of Maillard
reaction products was investigated using the principle component analysis. 3-deoxyglucosone was the predominant
α-dicarbonyl compound in all cereal cookies and the highest content was measured in those made from
flour of different colored corn genotypes (on average, 98.35, 151.28 and 172.85 mg/kg after baking for 7, 10 and
13 min, respectively). Heating dough at 180 ◦C for 7, 10 and 13 min differently affected the content of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
and α-dicarbonyl compounds in the cereal cookies. The 5-hydroxymethylfurfural content
gradually increased, while a reduction in 3-deoxyglucosone content was observed in the cookies baked for 13
min except for those made from soft wheat, hulless oat, red- and blue-colored corn. After 7 min of heating, the
content of furosine measured in the cereal cookies reached its maximum (from 320.9 mg/kg in yellow-colored
corn-based cookies to 585.7 mg/kg in hulless oat-based cookies), while N-ε-carboxymethyllysine and N-ε-carboxyethyllysine
showed the opposite trend. The highest content of advanced glycation end products was detected
in cookies also made from hulless oat flour rich in proteins (16.80%) and total lysine (10670.3 mg/kg). The
interrelationship analysis showed that the initial content of sugars in flour of cereals affected 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
and 3-deoxyglucosone formation in the cookies. In addition, a high correlation between protein-bound
Maillard reaction products in the cookies and the total proteins and the total lysine content in the flours was
found.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Food Research International
T1  - Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals
VL  - 144
SP  - 110352
DO  - 10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110352
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Žilić, Slađana and AKTAĞ, IŞIL and Dodig, Dejan and Gökmen, Vural",
year = "2021-04",
abstract = "In this study, the content of Maillard reaction products from its initial, intermediate and final stage (5-
hydroxymethylfurfural, α-dicarbonyl compounds, furosine, N-ε-carboxymethyllysine and N-ε-carboxyethyllysine)
was measured in sweet cookies made of wholegrain flour of eight genotypes of small-grain cereals
(bread wheat, durum wheat, soft wheat, hard wheat, triticale, rye, hulless barley and hulless oat) and four corn
genotypes (white-, yellow- and red-colored standard seeded corn and blue-colored popping corn). Furthermore, 
the effect of the initial content of sugars, total proteins, free and total lysine in flour on the formation of Maillard
reaction products was investigated using the principle component analysis. 3-deoxyglucosone was the predominant
α-dicarbonyl compound in all cereal cookies and the highest content was measured in those made from
flour of different colored corn genotypes (on average, 98.35, 151.28 and 172.85 mg/kg after baking for 7, 10 and
13 min, respectively). Heating dough at 180 ◦C for 7, 10 and 13 min differently affected the content of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
and α-dicarbonyl compounds in the cereal cookies. The 5-hydroxymethylfurfural content
gradually increased, while a reduction in 3-deoxyglucosone content was observed in the cookies baked for 13
min except for those made from soft wheat, hulless oat, red- and blue-colored corn. After 7 min of heating, the
content of furosine measured in the cereal cookies reached its maximum (from 320.9 mg/kg in yellow-colored
corn-based cookies to 585.7 mg/kg in hulless oat-based cookies), while N-ε-carboxymethyllysine and N-ε-carboxyethyllysine
showed the opposite trend. The highest content of advanced glycation end products was detected
in cookies also made from hulless oat flour rich in proteins (16.80%) and total lysine (10670.3 mg/kg). The
interrelationship analysis showed that the initial content of sugars in flour of cereals affected 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
and 3-deoxyglucosone formation in the cookies. In addition, a high correlation between protein-bound
Maillard reaction products in the cookies and the total proteins and the total lysine content in the flours was
found.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Food Research International",
title = "Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals",
volume = "144",
pages = "110352",
doi = "10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110352"
}
Žilić, S., AKTAĞ, I., Dodig, D.,& Gökmen, V.. (2021-04). Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals. in Food Research International
Elsevier., 144, 110352.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110352
Žilić S, AKTAĞ I, Dodig D, Gökmen V. Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals. in Food Research International. 2021;144:110352.
doi:10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110352 .
Žilić, Slađana, AKTAĞ, IŞIL, Dodig, Dejan, Gökmen, Vural, "Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals" in Food Research International, 144 (2021-04):110352,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110352 . .

The role of maize hybrids in current trends of bioethanol production

Nikolić, Valentina; Žilić, Slađana; Radosavljević, Milica; Simić, Marijana

(Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers, 2021-01-19)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Radosavljević, Milica
AU  - Simić, Marijana
PY  - 2021-01-19
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/852
AB  - Bioethanol is a biofuel that is mostly used as a replacement for fossil fuels worldwide with
yearly production reaching nearly 110 billion liters in 2019. Trends of producing this alternative
fuel are rising and maize is considered as one of the best renewable raw materials for the production of fuel ethanol due to the high content of starch in the grain. Taking into account that
Serbia is one of the most prominent maize producers in Europe, the surpluses of this crop could
be directed toward bioethanol production. Even though there is no organized production and
consumption of bioethanol as an automotive fuel in Serbia, the Serbian Government has recently
introduced some new regulations regarding biofuels. However, due to the reduction of economic
activities since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, the global demand for crude oil has
fallen sharply, negatively affecting the gasoline demand, and thus bioethanol, which makes the
future of this alternative fuel production notably uncertain.
AB  - Bioetanol je biogorivo koje se uglavnom koristi kao zamena za fosilna goriva širom sveta,
a godišnja proizvodnja dostigla je gotovo 110 milijardi litara u 2019. godini. Trendovi proizvodnje ovog alternativnog goriva rastu, a kukuruz se smatra jednom od najboljih obnovljivih
sirovina za proizvodnju bioetanola zahvaljujući visokom sadržaju skroba u zrnu. Uzimajući u
obzir da je Srbija jedan od najistaknutijih proizvođača kukuruza u Evropi, viškovi useva ove
poljoprivredne kulture mogli bi se usmeriti ka proizvodnji bioetanola. Iako u Srbiji ne postoji
organizovana proizvodnja i potrošnja bioetanola kao transportnog goriva, Vlada Republike Srbije nedavno je usvojila nekoliko novih uredbi u vezi sa stavljanjem u promet, obeležavanjem i
potrošnjom biogoriva. Međutim, zbog smanjenja ekonomskih aktivnosti od početka pandemije
virusa COVID-19 tokom 2020. godine, globalna potražnja za sirovom naftom naglo je opala, što
je negativno uticalo na potražnju za benzinom, a time i za bioetanolom, zbog čega je budućnost
proizvodnje ovog alternativnog goriva za sada u velikoj meri neizvesna.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - The role of maize hybrids in current trends of bioethanol production
VL  - 26
IS  - 2
SP  - 21
EP  - 29
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem2002021N
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Žilić, Slađana and Radosavljević, Milica and Simić, Marijana",
year = "2021-01-19",
abstract = "Bioethanol is a biofuel that is mostly used as a replacement for fossil fuels worldwide with
yearly production reaching nearly 110 billion liters in 2019. Trends of producing this alternative
fuel are rising and maize is considered as one of the best renewable raw materials for the production of fuel ethanol due to the high content of starch in the grain. Taking into account that
Serbia is one of the most prominent maize producers in Europe, the surpluses of this crop could
be directed toward bioethanol production. Even though there is no organized production and
consumption of bioethanol as an automotive fuel in Serbia, the Serbian Government has recently
introduced some new regulations regarding biofuels. However, due to the reduction of economic
activities since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, the global demand for crude oil has
fallen sharply, negatively affecting the gasoline demand, and thus bioethanol, which makes the
future of this alternative fuel production notably uncertain., Bioetanol je biogorivo koje se uglavnom koristi kao zamena za fosilna goriva širom sveta,
a godišnja proizvodnja dostigla je gotovo 110 milijardi litara u 2019. godini. Trendovi proizvodnje ovog alternativnog goriva rastu, a kukuruz se smatra jednom od najboljih obnovljivih
sirovina za proizvodnju bioetanola zahvaljujući visokom sadržaju skroba u zrnu. Uzimajući u
obzir da je Srbija jedan od najistaknutijih proizvođača kukuruza u Evropi, viškovi useva ove
poljoprivredne kulture mogli bi se usmeriti ka proizvodnji bioetanola. Iako u Srbiji ne postoji
organizovana proizvodnja i potrošnja bioetanola kao transportnog goriva, Vlada Republike Srbije nedavno je usvojila nekoliko novih uredbi u vezi sa stavljanjem u promet, obeležavanjem i
potrošnjom biogoriva. Međutim, zbog smanjenja ekonomskih aktivnosti od početka pandemije
virusa COVID-19 tokom 2020. godine, globalna potražnja za sirovom naftom naglo je opala, što
je negativno uticalo na potražnju za benzinom, a time i za bioetanolom, zbog čega je budućnost
proizvodnje ovog alternativnog goriva za sada u velikoj meri neizvesna.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers, Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "The role of maize hybrids in current trends of bioethanol production",
volume = "26",
number = "2",
pages = "21-29",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem2002021N"
}
Nikolić, V., Žilić, S., Radosavljević, M.,& Simić, M.. (2021-01-19). The role of maize hybrids in current trends of bioethanol production. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers., 26(2), 21-29.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2002021N
Nikolić V, Žilić S, Radosavljević M, Simić M. The role of maize hybrids in current trends of bioethanol production. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2021;26(2):21-29.
doi:10.5937/SelSem2002021N .
Nikolić, Valentina, Žilić, Slađana, Radosavljević, Milica, Simić, Marijana, "The role of maize hybrids in current trends of bioethanol production" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 26, no. 2 (2021-01-19):21-29,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2002021N . .

Application of standard germination and vigour tests for seed quality assessment of maize inbred lines

Milivojević, Marija; Srdić, Jelena; Filipović, Milomir; Petrović, Tanja; Branković-Radojčić, Dragana V.; Marković, Ksenija; Boćanski, Jan

(Belgrade-Zemun : Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Milivojević, Marija
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Petrović, Tanja
AU  - Branković-Radojčić, Dragana V.
AU  - Marković, Ksenija
AU  - Boćanski, Jan
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/924
AB  - Information regarding the adaptation of maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines to various field 
conditions and seed longevity is essential for seed companies. The objective of this work was to 
evaluate different vigour tests for detecting differences among naturally aged seeds and to assess 
the relationship between seed quality parameters and pedigree data of maize inbred lines. A seed 
of 15 maize inbred lines, selected at Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje, belonging to different 
heterotic groups was produced during 2011. Seed quality was assessed in 2015 by standard ger mination, radical emergence, accelerated ageing, and cold test. Root length of 4-day old seedlings 
was measured in all applied tests. Analysis of variance showed that genotype and storage condi tions had a significant effect on all seed quality parameters. Large variation among inbred lines 
was detected in seed vigour determined by three tests, in particular by the accelerated ageing test.
Cold test results showed very good chilling tolerance of tested genotypes, except two inbred lines 
with Lancaster background. The correlation between the cold test and the accelerated ageing test 
was significant, while the radical emergence test had a poor correlation with them. Obtained 
results indicate that the application of either cold test or accelerated ageing test is reliable for 
screening seed vigour of maize inbred lines.
AB  - Semenskim kompanijama su od izuzetne važnosti informacije o adaptibilnosti samooplod-
nih linija kukuruza (Zea mays L ) različitim uslovima u polju i dugovečnosti semena Cilj ovog
rada bio je da se izvrši procena vigor testova za otkrivanje razlika između prirodno ostarelog
semena u različitim uslovima čuvanja i da se proceni odnos između parametara kvaliteta semena
i podataka o pedigreu samooplodnih linija kukuruza Seme 15 samooplodnih linija kukuruza
selekcionisanih u “Institutu za kukuruz” - Zemun Polje, koje pripadaju različitim heterotičnim
grupama, proizvedeno je 2011 godine Kvalitet semena je ocenjivan 2015 godine primenom
standardnog testa za klijavost, testa za pojavu primarnog korena, ubrzanim starenjem i hlad-
nim testom U svim primenjenim ispitivanjima merena je dužina korena klijanaca starih 4 dana
Analiza varijanse je pokazala da genotip i uslovi čuvanja semena imaju značajan uticaj na sve
parametre kvaliteta semena Samooplodne linije kukuruza su se značajno razlikovale u pogledu
vigora semena na osnovu tri primenjena testa, a naročito testa ubrzanog starenja Rezultati hlad-
nog testa su pokazali visoku tolerantnost ispitivanih genotipova na niske temperature prilikom
nicanja, osim dve samooplodne linije Lancaster porekla Korelacija između hladnog testa i testa
ubrzanog starenja bila je značajna, dok je test pojave primarnog korena imao slabu korelaciju sa
njima Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da je primena hladnog testa i testa ubrzanog starenja pouzdana
za skrining vigora semena samooplodnih linija kukuruza
PB  - Belgrade-Zemun : Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - Application of standard germination and vigour tests for seed quality assessment of maize inbred lines
T1  - Primena testova standardne klijavosti i vigor testova u proceni kvaliteta semena samooplodnih linija kukuruza
VL  - 27
IS  - 2
SP  - 35
EP  - 45
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem2102035M
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Milivojević, Marija and Srdić, Jelena and Filipović, Milomir and Petrović, Tanja and Branković-Radojčić, Dragana V. and Marković, Ksenija and Boćanski, Jan",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Information regarding the adaptation of maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines to various field 
conditions and seed longevity is essential for seed companies. The objective of this work was to 
evaluate different vigour tests for detecting differences among naturally aged seeds and to assess 
the relationship between seed quality parameters and pedigree data of maize inbred lines. A seed 
of 15 maize inbred lines, selected at Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje, belonging to different 
heterotic groups was produced during 2011. Seed quality was assessed in 2015 by standard ger mination, radical emergence, accelerated ageing, and cold test. Root length of 4-day old seedlings 
was measured in all applied tests. Analysis of variance showed that genotype and storage condi tions had a significant effect on all seed quality parameters. Large variation among inbred lines 
was detected in seed vigour determined by three tests, in particular by the accelerated ageing test.
Cold test results showed very good chilling tolerance of tested genotypes, except two inbred lines 
with Lancaster background. The correlation between the cold test and the accelerated ageing test 
was significant, while the radical emergence test had a poor correlation with them. Obtained 
results indicate that the application of either cold test or accelerated ageing test is reliable for 
screening seed vigour of maize inbred lines., Semenskim kompanijama su od izuzetne važnosti informacije o adaptibilnosti samooplod-
nih linija kukuruza (Zea mays L ) različitim uslovima u polju i dugovečnosti semena Cilj ovog
rada bio je da se izvrši procena vigor testova za otkrivanje razlika između prirodno ostarelog
semena u različitim uslovima čuvanja i da se proceni odnos između parametara kvaliteta semena
i podataka o pedigreu samooplodnih linija kukuruza Seme 15 samooplodnih linija kukuruza
selekcionisanih u “Institutu za kukuruz” - Zemun Polje, koje pripadaju različitim heterotičnim
grupama, proizvedeno je 2011 godine Kvalitet semena je ocenjivan 2015 godine primenom
standardnog testa za klijavost, testa za pojavu primarnog korena, ubrzanim starenjem i hlad-
nim testom U svim primenjenim ispitivanjima merena je dužina korena klijanaca starih 4 dana
Analiza varijanse je pokazala da genotip i uslovi čuvanja semena imaju značajan uticaj na sve
parametre kvaliteta semena Samooplodne linije kukuruza su se značajno razlikovale u pogledu
vigora semena na osnovu tri primenjena testa, a naročito testa ubrzanog starenja Rezultati hlad-
nog testa su pokazali visoku tolerantnost ispitivanih genotipova na niske temperature prilikom
nicanja, osim dve samooplodne linije Lancaster porekla Korelacija između hladnog testa i testa
ubrzanog starenja bila je značajna, dok je test pojave primarnog korena imao slabu korelaciju sa
njima Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da je primena hladnog testa i testa ubrzanog starenja pouzdana
za skrining vigora semena samooplodnih linija kukuruza",
publisher = "Belgrade-Zemun : Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "Application of standard germination and vigour tests for seed quality assessment of maize inbred lines, Primena testova standardne klijavosti i vigor testova u proceni kvaliteta semena samooplodnih linija kukuruza",
volume = "27",
number = "2",
pages = "35-45",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem2102035M"
}
Milivojević, M., Srdić, J., Filipović, M., Petrović, T., Branković-Radojčić, D. V., Marković, K.,& Boćanski, J.. (2021). Application of standard germination and vigour tests for seed quality assessment of maize inbred lines. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Belgrade-Zemun : Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije., 27(2), 35-45.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2102035M
Milivojević M, Srdić J, Filipović M, Petrović T, Branković-Radojčić DV, Marković K, Boćanski J. Application of standard germination and vigour tests for seed quality assessment of maize inbred lines. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2021;27(2):35-45.
doi:10.5937/SelSem2102035M .
Milivojević, Marija, Srdić, Jelena, Filipović, Milomir, Petrović, Tanja, Branković-Radojčić, Dragana V., Marković, Ksenija, Boćanski, Jan, "Application of standard germination and vigour tests for seed quality assessment of maize inbred lines" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 27, no. 2 (2021):35-45,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2102035M . .

The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids

Nikolić, Milica; Srdić, Jelena; Savić, Iva; Žilić, Slađana; Stevanović, Milan; Kandić, Vesna; Stanković, Slavica

(Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Stevanović, Milan
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/833
AB  - The objective of the present study was to investigate the susceptibility of maize hybrids to the
natural mycotoxins contamination: aflatoxin total (AFLA), deoxynivalenol (DON),
zearalenon (ZEA) and fumonisins (FB). Hybrids were grown during two production years
(2019 and 2020) in two locations. Mycotoxin contamination of maize grains was evaluated in
five sweet maize hybrids. Contamination level of investigated hybrids of first cluster was
mainly by below average values of ZEA (all equal to zero) and DON. Hybrids PK4 (S) 2020,
PK6 (MS) 2020 and PK4 (MS) 2020 had below average values for AFLA, while remaining
treatments of this cluster have mostly elevated values of this mycotoxin. Contamination level
of investigated hybrids of second cluster mostly had increased values of mycotoxins ZEA
and DON and below average values of AFLA. Samples did not contain fumonisins.
Mycotoxin contamination were significantly affected by hybrids and years. We have
established that DON and ZEA levels were influenced by the environmental conditions.
There were no significant effects of location on the level of AFLA in the sweet maize
hybrids. The variation in the properties of mycotoxin content (DON) was significantly
influenced by hybrids, and there was no significance of hybrids x location interaction.
Differences were more expressed for the content of ZEA and AFLA compared to the content
of DON. Hybrid PK1 had the lowest content of DON, while it had the highest content of
ZEA. Mycotoxin analyses showed that in all tested hybrids, levels of AFLA, DON, ZEA and
FBs were below the maximum permissible levels stipulated by the legislation of the
European Union and the Republic of Serbia in maize intended for direct human consumption.
These results confirmed that the susceptibility of hybrids is one of the important risks, in addition to climatic factors, for the appearance of toxigenic fungi and their mycotoxins.
Genotype tolerance is very important as a preventive measure, which indicates that breeders
have to pay attention to it in sweet maize breeding programs.
AB  - Cilj ovog rada bio je da se prouči osteljivost hibrida kukuruza na prirodnu kontaminaciju
mikotoksinima (aflatoksin B1 (AFB1), deoksnivalenol (DON), zearalenol (ZEA) i fumonizini
(FB)). Hibrdi su gajeni tokom dve proizvodne godine (2019. i 2020) u dve lokacije.
Kontaminacija zrna kukuruza mikotoksinima ispitivana je na pet hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Nivo
kontaminacije proučavanih hibrida prvog klastera bio je uglavnom ispod prosečnih vrednosti
ZEA (sve vrednosti su bile nula) i DON. Vrednosti AFLA kod hibrida PK4 (S) 2020, PK6 (MS)
2020 i PK4 (MS) 2020 su bile ispod prosečne vrednosti, dok su vrednosti ovog mikotoksina bile
više od prosečnih vrednosti za ostale tretmane ovog klastera. Nivoi kontaminacije proučavanih
hibrida drugog klastera su uglavnom bili viši za mikotoksine ZEA i DON i niži za AFLA.
Fumnonizni nisu utrvđreni u uzorcima. Na kontaminaciju mikotoksinima značajno su uticali
hibiridi i godine. Utvrđeno je da su uslovi sredine uticali na nivoe DON i ZEA. Lokacija nije
značajno uticala na nivo AFLA kod hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Hibridi su značajno uticali na
variranje sadržaja mikotoksina (DON), dok hibrid × lokacija interakcija nije bila značajna.
Razlike su bile izraženije za sadržaj ZEA i ALFA nego za sadržaj DON. Najniži sadržaj DON
utvrđen je kod hibrida PK1, kod koga je sadržaj ZEA bio najviši. Analize mikotoksina pokazuju
da su nivoi AFLA, DON, ZEA i FB u svim ispitivanim hibridima bili ispod maksimalno
dozvoljenih nivoa koji su propisani zankonima Evropske Unije i Republike Srbije za kukuruz
koji je namenjen za direktnu ljudsku konzumaciju. Ovi rezultati potvrđuju da je osetljivost
hibrida jedan od važnih rizika pored klimatskih faktora za pojavu toksigenih gljiva i njihovih
mikotoksima. Tolerantnost genotipa je veoma važna preventivna mera, na koju oplemenjivači
moraju da obrate pažnju u programima oplemenjivanja kukuruza šećerca.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society
T2  - Genetika
T1  - The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids
VL  - 53
IS  - 3
SP  - 1311
EP  - 1320
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2103311N
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Milica and Srdić, Jelena and Savić, Iva and Žilić, Slađana and Stevanović, Milan and Kandić, Vesna and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The objective of the present study was to investigate the susceptibility of maize hybrids to the
natural mycotoxins contamination: aflatoxin total (AFLA), deoxynivalenol (DON),
zearalenon (ZEA) and fumonisins (FB). Hybrids were grown during two production years
(2019 and 2020) in two locations. Mycotoxin contamination of maize grains was evaluated in
five sweet maize hybrids. Contamination level of investigated hybrids of first cluster was
mainly by below average values of ZEA (all equal to zero) and DON. Hybrids PK4 (S) 2020,
PK6 (MS) 2020 and PK4 (MS) 2020 had below average values for AFLA, while remaining
treatments of this cluster have mostly elevated values of this mycotoxin. Contamination level
of investigated hybrids of second cluster mostly had increased values of mycotoxins ZEA
and DON and below average values of AFLA. Samples did not contain fumonisins.
Mycotoxin contamination were significantly affected by hybrids and years. We have
established that DON and ZEA levels were influenced by the environmental conditions.
There were no significant effects of location on the level of AFLA in the sweet maize
hybrids. The variation in the properties of mycotoxin content (DON) was significantly
influenced by hybrids, and there was no significance of hybrids x location interaction.
Differences were more expressed for the content of ZEA and AFLA compared to the content
of DON. Hybrid PK1 had the lowest content of DON, while it had the highest content of
ZEA. Mycotoxin analyses showed that in all tested hybrids, levels of AFLA, DON, ZEA and
FBs were below the maximum permissible levels stipulated by the legislation of the
European Union and the Republic of Serbia in maize intended for direct human consumption.
These results confirmed that the susceptibility of hybrids is one of the important risks, in addition to climatic factors, for the appearance of toxigenic fungi and their mycotoxins.
Genotype tolerance is very important as a preventive measure, which indicates that breeders
have to pay attention to it in sweet maize breeding programs., Cilj ovog rada bio je da se prouči osteljivost hibrida kukuruza na prirodnu kontaminaciju
mikotoksinima (aflatoksin B1 (AFB1), deoksnivalenol (DON), zearalenol (ZEA) i fumonizini
(FB)). Hibrdi su gajeni tokom dve proizvodne godine (2019. i 2020) u dve lokacije.
Kontaminacija zrna kukuruza mikotoksinima ispitivana je na pet hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Nivo
kontaminacije proučavanih hibrida prvog klastera bio je uglavnom ispod prosečnih vrednosti
ZEA (sve vrednosti su bile nula) i DON. Vrednosti AFLA kod hibrida PK4 (S) 2020, PK6 (MS)
2020 i PK4 (MS) 2020 su bile ispod prosečne vrednosti, dok su vrednosti ovog mikotoksina bile
više od prosečnih vrednosti za ostale tretmane ovog klastera. Nivoi kontaminacije proučavanih
hibrida drugog klastera su uglavnom bili viši za mikotoksine ZEA i DON i niži za AFLA.
Fumnonizni nisu utrvđreni u uzorcima. Na kontaminaciju mikotoksinima značajno su uticali
hibiridi i godine. Utvrđeno je da su uslovi sredine uticali na nivoe DON i ZEA. Lokacija nije
značajno uticala na nivo AFLA kod hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Hibridi su značajno uticali na
variranje sadržaja mikotoksina (DON), dok hibrid × lokacija interakcija nije bila značajna.
Razlike su bile izraženije za sadržaj ZEA i ALFA nego za sadržaj DON. Najniži sadržaj DON
utvrđen je kod hibrida PK1, kod koga je sadržaj ZEA bio najviši. Analize mikotoksina pokazuju
da su nivoi AFLA, DON, ZEA i FB u svim ispitivanim hibridima bili ispod maksimalno
dozvoljenih nivoa koji su propisani zankonima Evropske Unije i Republike Srbije za kukuruz
koji je namenjen za direktnu ljudsku konzumaciju. Ovi rezultati potvrđuju da je osetljivost
hibrida jedan od važnih rizika pored klimatskih faktora za pojavu toksigenih gljiva i njihovih
mikotoksima. Tolerantnost genotipa je veoma važna preventivna mera, na koju oplemenjivači
moraju da obrate pažnju u programima oplemenjivanja kukuruza šećerca.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids",
volume = "53",
number = "3",
pages = "1311-1320",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2103311N"
}
Nikolić, M., Srdić, J., Savić, I., Žilić, S., Stevanović, M., Kandić, V.,& Stanković, S.. (2021). The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids. in Genetika
Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society., 53(3), 1311-1320.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2103311N
Nikolić M, Srdić J, Savić I, Žilić S, Stevanović M, Kandić V, Stanković S. The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids. in Genetika. 2021;53(3):1311-1320.
doi:10.2298/GENSR2103311N .
Nikolić, Milica, Srdić, Jelena, Savić, Iva, Žilić, Slađana, Stevanović, Milan, Kandić, Vesna, Stanković, Slavica, "The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids" in Genetika, 53, no. 3 (2021):1311-1320,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2103311N . .

The morfological and molecular identification of Fusarium verticillioides causing fusariosis on wheat grain

Savić, Iva; Nikolić, Milica; Vico, Ivana; Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana; Duduk, Natasa; Stanković, Slavica

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbija, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Vico, Ivana
AU  - Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Duduk, Natasa
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/830
AB  - During the 2014-2017 period, wheat samples were collected from discoloured spikes affected by Fusarium head blight (FHB) from 20 locations in Serbia. After isolation, fungi were cultivated on potato dextrose agar (PDA) at 25oC for 7 days. Based on the in situ identification on PDA, 36 isolates of the section Liseola were selected for further analyses. The pathogenicity of all isolates was confirmed on wheat leaves. The virulence of isolates was determined by measuring the lengths of spots formed at the inoculation leaf site. In order to prove the presence of the species Fusarium verticillioides, a pair of primers FV-F2/FV-R was used. This pair of primers amplifies the sequence of the gaoB gene, and it proved to be specific for the stated species. Moreover, for the same purpose, a pair of primers VER1-VER2 based on the calmodulin partial gene was used. The reference isolate RBG 1603 Q27 was used as a positive control. The pair of primers VER1-VER2 produced a band of the expected size - 578 bp in 18 isolates, while using FV-F2/FV-R, a 370bp long band confirmed the presence of F. verticillioides in 16 samples. Sixteen out of 18 isolates verified with VER1-VER2 were also identified as F. verticillioides with FV-FS/FV-R. No amplification was observed in a negative control.
AB  - Tokom perioda od 2014. do 2017. godine sakupljani su uzorci pšenice sa fuzarioznih klasova sa 20 lokacija u Srbiji. Nakon izolacije, gljive su gajene na KDA podlozi 7 dana u termostatu na temperaturi od 25oC. Na osnovu identifikacije in situ na KDA (krompir dekstrozni agar), 36 izolata sekcije Liseola odabrano je za dalje analize. Potvrđena je patogenost svih izolata na listovima pšenice. Virulentnost izolata utvrđena je merenjem dužina formirane pege na mestu inokulacije. Za dokazivanje prisustva vrste Fusarium verticillioides korišćen je par prajmera FV-F2/FV-R koji umnožava sekvence gaoB gena i koji se pokazao kao specifičan za navedenu vrstu. Takođe, sa istim ciljem korišćen je par prajmera VER1-VER2 dizajniran na osnovu dela genske sekvence za kalmodulin. Kao pozitivna kontrola korišćen je referentni izolat RBG 1603 Q27. Par prajmera VER1-VER2 obrazovao je traku očekivane veličine (578bp) kod 18 izolata, dok je pomoću para prajmera FV-F2/FV-R traka dužine 370bp potvrdila prisustvo F. verticillioides kod 16 izolata. Šesnaest od 18 izolata koji su identifikovani VER1-VER2 parom, takođe su identifikovani i FV-FS/FV-R prajmerima. U negativnoj kontroli nije bilo amplifikacije.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbija
T2  - Genetika
T1  - The morfological and molecular identification of Fusarium verticillioides causing fusariosis on wheat grain
VL  - 53
IS  - 2
SP  - 641
EP  - 649
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2102641S
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Savić, Iva and Nikolić, Milica and Vico, Ivana and Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana and Duduk, Natasa and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2021",
abstract = "During the 2014-2017 period, wheat samples were collected from discoloured spikes affected by Fusarium head blight (FHB) from 20 locations in Serbia. After isolation, fungi were cultivated on potato dextrose agar (PDA) at 25oC for 7 days. Based on the in situ identification on PDA, 36 isolates of the section Liseola were selected for further analyses. The pathogenicity of all isolates was confirmed on wheat leaves. The virulence of isolates was determined by measuring the lengths of spots formed at the inoculation leaf site. In order to prove the presence of the species Fusarium verticillioides, a pair of primers FV-F2/FV-R was used. This pair of primers amplifies the sequence of the gaoB gene, and it proved to be specific for the stated species. Moreover, for the same purpose, a pair of primers VER1-VER2 based on the calmodulin partial gene was used. The reference isolate RBG 1603 Q27 was used as a positive control. The pair of primers VER1-VER2 produced a band of the expected size - 578 bp in 18 isolates, while using FV-F2/FV-R, a 370bp long band confirmed the presence of F. verticillioides in 16 samples. Sixteen out of 18 isolates verified with VER1-VER2 were also identified as F. verticillioides with FV-FS/FV-R. No amplification was observed in a negative control., Tokom perioda od 2014. do 2017. godine sakupljani su uzorci pšenice sa fuzarioznih klasova sa 20 lokacija u Srbiji. Nakon izolacije, gljive su gajene na KDA podlozi 7 dana u termostatu na temperaturi od 25oC. Na osnovu identifikacije in situ na KDA (krompir dekstrozni agar), 36 izolata sekcije Liseola odabrano je za dalje analize. Potvrđena je patogenost svih izolata na listovima pšenice. Virulentnost izolata utvrđena je merenjem dužina formirane pege na mestu inokulacije. Za dokazivanje prisustva vrste Fusarium verticillioides korišćen je par prajmera FV-F2/FV-R koji umnožava sekvence gaoB gena i koji se pokazao kao specifičan za navedenu vrstu. Takođe, sa istim ciljem korišćen je par prajmera VER1-VER2 dizajniran na osnovu dela genske sekvence za kalmodulin. Kao pozitivna kontrola korišćen je referentni izolat RBG 1603 Q27. Par prajmera VER1-VER2 obrazovao je traku očekivane veličine (578bp) kod 18 izolata, dok je pomoću para prajmera FV-F2/FV-R traka dužine 370bp potvrdila prisustvo F. verticillioides kod 16 izolata. Šesnaest od 18 izolata koji su identifikovani VER1-VER2 parom, takođe su identifikovani i FV-FS/FV-R prajmerima. U negativnoj kontroli nije bilo amplifikacije.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbija",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "The morfological and molecular identification of Fusarium verticillioides causing fusariosis on wheat grain",
volume = "53",
number = "2",
pages = "641-649",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2102641S"
}
Savić, I., Nikolić, M., Vico, I., Mladenović-Drinić, S., Duduk, N.,& Stanković, S.. (2021). The morfological and molecular identification of Fusarium verticillioides causing fusariosis on wheat grain. in Genetika
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbija., 53(2), 641-649.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2102641S
Savić I, Nikolić M, Vico I, Mladenović-Drinić S, Duduk N, Stanković S. The morfological and molecular identification of Fusarium verticillioides causing fusariosis on wheat grain. in Genetika. 2021;53(2):641-649.
doi:10.2298/GENSR2102641S .
Savić, Iva, Nikolić, Milica, Vico, Ivana, Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana, Duduk, Natasa, Stanković, Slavica, "The morfological and molecular identification of Fusarium verticillioides causing fusariosis on wheat grain" in Genetika, 53, no. 2 (2021):641-649,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2102641S . .

Effect of the sowing date on the relationship of morphological properties of maize ears

Tabaković, Marijenka; Stanisavljević, Rade; Poštić, Dobrivoj; Štrbanović, Ratibor; Oro, Violeta; Šenk, Milena; Rakić, Sveto

(Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Poštić, Dobrivoj
AU  - Štrbanović, Ratibor
AU  - Oro, Violeta
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Rakić, Sveto
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/886
AB  - The aim of this study was to observe effects of the sowing date on the relationships among
morphological properties of maize ears. The trial was set up in Zemun Polje in 2019 and
encompassed five sowing dates with the initial one on April 1, and then on every 10 days until
May 10 (S1, S2, S3, S4, S5). Three inbred lines (L1, L2, L3) were used as a material. During
sowing, seeds were classified according to their size into small (6.5-8.4 mm), large (8.5-11 mm)
and the primary seed fraction (6.5-11 mm). The parameters for the following morphological ear
traits were determined under laboratory conditions: ear weight, ear length, ear thickness, cob
weight and the grain yield. Obtained results indicated the significant contribution of all factors in
expression of observed traits, as well as the significance of the interactions. The inbred L1 was
the most stable genotype for the ear weight and the cob weight. The ear length and the ear
thickness varied the least in all genotypes. The initial sowing dates (S1 and S2) were the most
important for the ear weight. The third sowing date was the most important for the ear length
(19.81cm) and the ear thickness (5.94cm). The highest cob weight was recorded in plants sown
on the fifth sowing date (S5). The LSD tests showed that the differences in the morphological
traits of ears of different sowing dates were significant between S5 and the remaining four
sowing dates (p<0.05). Various fractions used in sowing affected all traits.
PB  - Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture
C3  - XII International agriculture symposium "AGROSYM 2021,  Jahorina. 7-10. October - Book of Proceeding
T1  - Effect of the sowing date on the relationship of morphological properties of maize ears
SP  - 238
EP  - 243
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Tabaković, Marijenka and Stanisavljević, Rade and Poštić, Dobrivoj and Štrbanović, Ratibor and Oro, Violeta and Šenk, Milena and Rakić, Sveto",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to observe effects of the sowing date on the relationships among
morphological properties of maize ears. The trial was set up in Zemun Polje in 2019 and
encompassed five sowing dates with the initial one on April 1, and then on every 10 days until
May 10 (S1, S2, S3, S4, S5). Three inbred lines (L1, L2, L3) were used as a material. During
sowing, seeds were classified according to their size into small (6.5-8.4 mm), large (8.5-11 mm)
and the primary seed fraction (6.5-11 mm). The parameters for the following morphological ear
traits were determined under laboratory conditions: ear weight, ear length, ear thickness, cob
weight and the grain yield. Obtained results indicated the significant contribution of all factors in
expression of observed traits, as well as the significance of the interactions. The inbred L1 was
the most stable genotype for the ear weight and the cob weight. The ear length and the ear
thickness varied the least in all genotypes. The initial sowing dates (S1 and S2) were the most
important for the ear weight. The third sowing date was the most important for the ear length
(19.81cm) and the ear thickness (5.94cm). The highest cob weight was recorded in plants sown
on the fifth sowing date (S5). The LSD tests showed that the differences in the morphological
traits of ears of different sowing dates were significant between S5 and the remaining four
sowing dates (p<0.05). Various fractions used in sowing affected all traits.",
publisher = "Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture",
journal = "XII International agriculture symposium "AGROSYM 2021,  Jahorina. 7-10. October - Book of Proceeding",
title = "Effect of the sowing date on the relationship of morphological properties of maize ears",
pages = "238-243"
}
Tabaković, M., Stanisavljević, R., Poštić, D., Štrbanović, R., Oro, V., Šenk, M.,& Rakić, S.. (2021). Effect of the sowing date on the relationship of morphological properties of maize ears. in XII International agriculture symposium "AGROSYM 2021,  Jahorina. 7-10. October - Book of Proceeding
Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture., 238-243.
Tabaković M, Stanisavljević R, Poštić D, Štrbanović R, Oro V, Šenk M, Rakić S. Effect of the sowing date on the relationship of morphological properties of maize ears. in XII International agriculture symposium "AGROSYM 2021,  Jahorina. 7-10. October - Book of Proceeding. 2021;:238-243..
Tabaković, Marijenka, Stanisavljević, Rade, Poštić, Dobrivoj, Štrbanović, Ratibor, Oro, Violeta, Šenk, Milena, Rakić, Sveto, "Effect of the sowing date on the relationship of morphological properties of maize ears" in XII International agriculture symposium "AGROSYM 2021,  Jahorina. 7-10. October - Book of Proceeding (2021):238-243.

Quality assessment of hybrid maize seeds according to their shape and size

Tabaković, Marijenka; Oro, Violeta; Stanisavljević, Rade; Štrbanović, Ratibor; Sečanski, Mile

(Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Oro, Violeta
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Štrbanović, Ratibor
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/866
AB  - Maize seed is characterised by a variety of shapes and sizes, which directly or indirectly affect physiological properties. The aim
of the present study was to establish the significance of the seed shape and size on the first count and germination. The following
eight hybrids were used as a seed material in the trial: ZP196, ZP260, ZP341, ZP360, ZP434, ZP677, ZP684 and ZP704. The traits of
seed shape and size were observed under laboratory conditions. The seed mass, the first count and germination were determined. The
genotype and the seed fraction significantly affected the variance of seed mass formation, R2≥0,911, while the significance of these
factors for the first count and germination was small with the coefficient of determination of R2≤0.129 and≤0.298, respectively. The
first count and germination were high (above 95%) in all sizes and all shapes of seeds. The lowest first count and germination were
detected in SO (94.2; 95.1, respectively), while the highest values were determined in SSP (97.1; 98.0, respectively). The importance
of seed germination was determined by the analysis of variance (p<0.05).
AB  - Seme kukuruza odlikuje se raznovrsošću oblika i veličina, koje po srednoilineposrednoutičuna fiziološke osobine. Ciljrada je bio
da se utvrdi značaj oblika i veličine semenana energiju I klijavost semena. U ogledu kao semenski material korišćeno je osam hibrida
(ZP196, ZP260, ZP341, ZP360, ZP434, ZP 677, ZP684, ZP704. U laboratorijskim uslovima posmatrane su osobine oblika i veličine
seme. Izvojeno je četiri frakcija SP. SO. SSP, SSO. Od osobina određena je masa semena, energija klijanja, klijavost. Genotip i
frakcija semena imale su značajnog uticaja na varijansu formiranja mase semena R2≥0,911, dok za energiju i klijavost značaj ovih
faktora je mali sa koeficijentom determinacije R 2≤0,129 odnosnoR2≤0,298. Struktura semena na klipu podeljena u frakcije ukazuje na
veće prisustvo sinih frakcija u odnosu na srednje sitne, a po obliku ujenačenije su pljosnate frakcije, izmeđukojih ne postoj i statistička
značajnost. Energija klijanja i klijavost semena kod svih veličina i oblika semena je visoka iznad 95%. Najmanja energija i klijavost
je za seme SO (94,2; 95,1), a najveća za seme SSP (97,1;98,0).Istraživanja su pokazala da podele semena po frakcijama ima značaja
radi ujednačavanja semenskog materijala i jedan je od osnovnih uslova za dobru semensku i merkantilnu proizvodnju. Naročito je
značajno u prvim fazama razvitka klijanaca, što kasnije ima uticaja na prinos useva.
PB  - Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi
T2  - Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
T1  - Quality assessment of hybrid maize seeds according to their shape and size
T1  - Procena kvaliteta hibridnog semena kukuruza prema obliku i veličini semena
VL  - 25
IS  - 1
SP  - 28
EP  - 31
DO  - 10.5937/jpea25-30965
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Tabaković, Marijenka and Oro, Violeta and Stanisavljević, Rade and Štrbanović, Ratibor and Sečanski, Mile",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Maize seed is characterised by a variety of shapes and sizes, which directly or indirectly affect physiological properties. The aim
of the present study was to establish the significance of the seed shape and size on the first count and germination. The following
eight hybrids were used as a seed material in the trial: ZP196, ZP260, ZP341, ZP360, ZP434, ZP677, ZP684 and ZP704. The traits of
seed shape and size were observed under laboratory conditions. The seed mass, the first count and germination were determined. The
genotype and the seed fraction significantly affected the variance of seed mass formation, R2≥0,911, while the significance of these
factors for the first count and germination was small with the coefficient of determination of R2≤0.129 and≤0.298, respectively. The
first count and germination were high (above 95%) in all sizes and all shapes of seeds. The lowest first count and germination were
detected in SO (94.2; 95.1, respectively), while the highest values were determined in SSP (97.1; 98.0, respectively). The importance
of seed germination was determined by the analysis of variance (p<0.05)., Seme kukuruza odlikuje se raznovrsošću oblika i veličina, koje po srednoilineposrednoutičuna fiziološke osobine. Ciljrada je bio
da se utvrdi značaj oblika i veličine semenana energiju I klijavost semena. U ogledu kao semenski material korišćeno je osam hibrida
(ZP196, ZP260, ZP341, ZP360, ZP434, ZP 677, ZP684, ZP704. U laboratorijskim uslovima posmatrane su osobine oblika i veličine
seme. Izvojeno je četiri frakcija SP. SO. SSP, SSO. Od osobina određena je masa semena, energija klijanja, klijavost. Genotip i
frakcija semena imale su značajnog uticaja na varijansu formiranja mase semena R2≥0,911, dok za energiju i klijavost značaj ovih
faktora je mali sa koeficijentom determinacije R 2≤0,129 odnosnoR2≤0,298. Struktura semena na klipu podeljena u frakcije ukazuje na
veće prisustvo sinih frakcija u odnosu na srednje sitne, a po obliku ujenačenije su pljosnate frakcije, izmeđukojih ne postoj i statistička
značajnost. Energija klijanja i klijavost semena kod svih veličina i oblika semena je visoka iznad 95%. Najmanja energija i klijavost
je za seme SO (94,2; 95,1), a najveća za seme SSP (97,1;98,0).Istraživanja su pokazala da podele semena po frakcijama ima značaja
radi ujednačavanja semenskog materijala i jedan je od osnovnih uslova za dobru semensku i merkantilnu proizvodnju. Naročito je
značajno u prvim fazama razvitka klijanaca, što kasnije ima uticaja na prinos useva.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi",
journal = "Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture",
title = "Quality assessment of hybrid maize seeds according to their shape and size, Procena kvaliteta hibridnog semena kukuruza prema obliku i veličini semena",
volume = "25",
number = "1",
pages = "28-31",
doi = "10.5937/jpea25-30965"
}
Tabaković, M., Oro, V., Stanisavljević, R., Štrbanović, R.,& Sečanski, M.. (2021). Quality assessment of hybrid maize seeds according to their shape and size. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi., 25(1), 28-31.
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea25-30965
Tabaković M, Oro V, Stanisavljević R, Štrbanović R, Sečanski M. Quality assessment of hybrid maize seeds according to their shape and size. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture. 2021;25(1):28-31.
doi:10.5937/jpea25-30965 .
Tabaković, Marijenka, Oro, Violeta, Stanisavljević, Rade, Štrbanović, Ratibor, Sečanski, Mile, "Quality assessment of hybrid maize seeds according to their shape and size" in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 25, no. 1 (2021):28-31,
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea25-30965 . .

Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines

Ranković, Dejan; Todorović, Goran; Tabaković, Marijenka; Prodanović, Slaven; Boćanski, Jan; Delić, Nenad

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Ranković, Dejan
AU  - Todorović, Goran
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Prodanović, Slaven
AU  - Boćanski, Jan
AU  - Delić, Nenad
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/850
AB  - The aim of this study was to observe direct and joint effects of three factors (genotypes,
ecological environmental conditions and the applied crop density) on the level of defoliation intensity
and yield. Three inbred lines (G) of maize (G1–L217RfC, G2–L335/99 and G3–L76B004) were used
in the study. The trials were performed in two years (Y) (Y1 = 2016 and Y2 = 2017) and in two
locations (L) (L1 and L2) under four ecological conditions of the year–location interaction (E1–E4)
and in two densities (D1 and D2) (50,000 and 65,000 plants ha−1
). Prior to tasselling, the following
five treatments of detasseling and defoliation (T) were applied: T1—control, no leaf removal only
detasseling, T2–T5—removal of tassels and top leaves (from one to four top leaves). The defoliation
treatments had the most pronounced effect on the yield reduction in G1 (T1–Tn+1 . . . T5), p < 0.05.
The ecological conditions on yield variability were expressed under poor weather conditions (E3 and
E4), while lower densities were less favorable for the application of defoliation treatments. The result
of joint effects of factors was the lowest grain yield (896 kg/ha) in G3 in the variant E3D1 for T2 and
the highest grain yield (11,389 kg/ha) in G3 in the variant E2D2 for T1. The smallest effect of the
defoliation treatment was on the kernel row number (KRN)
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Agriculture
T1  - Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines
VL  - 11
IS  - 6
SP  - 509
DO  - 10.3390/ agriculture11060509
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Ranković, Dejan and Todorović, Goran and Tabaković, Marijenka and Prodanović, Slaven and Boćanski, Jan and Delić, Nenad",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to observe direct and joint effects of three factors (genotypes,
ecological environmental conditions and the applied crop density) on the level of defoliation intensity
and yield. Three inbred lines (G) of maize (G1–L217RfC, G2–L335/99 and G3–L76B004) were used
in the study. The trials were performed in two years (Y) (Y1 = 2016 and Y2 = 2017) and in two
locations (L) (L1 and L2) under four ecological conditions of the year–location interaction (E1–E4)
and in two densities (D1 and D2) (50,000 and 65,000 plants ha−1
). Prior to tasselling, the following
five treatments of detasseling and defoliation (T) were applied: T1—control, no leaf removal only
detasseling, T2–T5—removal of tassels and top leaves (from one to four top leaves). The defoliation
treatments had the most pronounced effect on the yield reduction in G1 (T1–Tn+1 . . . T5), p < 0.05.
The ecological conditions on yield variability were expressed under poor weather conditions (E3 and
E4), while lower densities were less favorable for the application of defoliation treatments. The result
of joint effects of factors was the lowest grain yield (896 kg/ha) in G3 in the variant E3D1 for T2 and
the highest grain yield (11,389 kg/ha) in G3 in the variant E2D2 for T1. The smallest effect of the
defoliation treatment was on the kernel row number (KRN)",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Agriculture",
title = "Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines",
volume = "11",
number = "6",
pages = "509",
doi = "10.3390/ agriculture11060509"
}
Ranković, D., Todorović, G., Tabaković, M., Prodanović, S., Boćanski, J.,& Delić, N.. (2021). Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines. in Agriculture
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 11(6), 509.
https://doi.org/10.3390/ agriculture11060509
Ranković D, Todorović G, Tabaković M, Prodanović S, Boćanski J, Delić N. Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines. in Agriculture. 2021;11(6):509.
doi:10.3390/ agriculture11060509 .
Ranković, Dejan, Todorović, Goran, Tabaković, Marijenka, Prodanović, Slaven, Boćanski, Jan, Delić, Nenad, "Direct and Joint Effects of Genotype, Defoliation and Crop Density on the Yield of Three Inbred Maize Lines" in Agriculture, 11, no. 6 (2021):509,
https://doi.org/10.3390/ agriculture11060509 . .

Diversity of Mycobiota Associated with the Cereal Cyst Nematode Heterodera filipjevi Originating from Some Localities of the Pannonian Plain in Serbia

Oro, Violeta; Stanisavljević, Rade; Nikolić, Bogdan; Tabaković, Marijenka; Sečanski, Mile; Solveig, Tosi

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Oro, Violeta
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Nikolić, Bogdan
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Solveig, Tosi
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/851
AB  - Cereals, particularly wheat, are staple food of the people from the Balkans, dating back
to the Neolithic age. In Serbia, cereals are predominantly grown in its northern part between 44◦
and 45.5◦ N of the Pannonian Plain. One of the most economically important nematodes on wheat
is the cereal cyst nematode, Heterodera filipjevi. Cysts of H. filipjevi survive in soil for years and
shelter a large number of microorganisms. The aims of this study were to investigate the diversity of
mycobiota associated with the cereal cyst nematode H. filipjevi, to infer phylogenetic relationships of
the found mycobiota, and to explore the ecological connection between fungi and the field history,
including the potential of fungi in bioremediation and the production of novel bioactive compounds.
Cysts were isolated from soil samples with a Spears apparatus and collected on a 150-µm sieve. The
cysts were placed on potato dextrose agar, and maintained for two weeks at 27◦C. Following fungal
isolation and colony growing, the fungal DNA was extracted, the ITS region was amplified, and
PCR products were sequenced. The study showed that the isolated fungal species belong to diverse
phyla, including Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, and Mucoromycota. Ascomycota is represented by
the families Clavicipitaceae, Sarocladiaceae, Nectriaceae, and Phaeosphaeriaceae. Basidiomycota
is represented by the families Cerrenaceae, Polyporaceae, Phanerochaetaceae, and Meruliaceae,
and the order Cantharellales. The family Mortierellaceae represents Mucoromycota. The members
of Ascomycota and Basidiomycota both depict the field history. Ascomycota indicate the fungal
infection is of recent origin, while Basidiomycota point toward the preceding host plants, enabling
the plant field colonization history to be traced chronologically
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Biology
T1  - Diversity of Mycobiota Associated with the Cereal Cyst Nematode Heterodera filipjevi Originating from Some Localities of the Pannonian Plain in Serbia
VL  - 10
IS  - 4
SP  - 283
DO  - 10.3390/biology10040283
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Oro, Violeta and Stanisavljević, Rade and Nikolić, Bogdan and Tabaković, Marijenka and Sečanski, Mile and Solveig, Tosi",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Cereals, particularly wheat, are staple food of the people from the Balkans, dating back
to the Neolithic age. In Serbia, cereals are predominantly grown in its northern part between 44◦
and 45.5◦ N of the Pannonian Plain. One of the most economically important nematodes on wheat
is the cereal cyst nematode, Heterodera filipjevi. Cysts of H. filipjevi survive in soil for years and
shelter a large number of microorganisms. The aims of this study were to investigate the diversity of
mycobiota associated with the cereal cyst nematode H. filipjevi, to infer phylogenetic relationships of
the found mycobiota, and to explore the ecological connection between fungi and the field history,
including the potential of fungi in bioremediation and the production of novel bioactive compounds.
Cysts were isolated from soil samples with a Spears apparatus and collected on a 150-µm sieve. The
cysts were placed on potato dextrose agar, and maintained for two weeks at 27◦C. Following fungal
isolation and colony growing, the fungal DNA was extracted, the ITS region was amplified, and
PCR products were sequenced. The study showed that the isolated fungal species belong to diverse
phyla, including Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, and Mucoromycota. Ascomycota is represented by
the families Clavicipitaceae, Sarocladiaceae, Nectriaceae, and Phaeosphaeriaceae. Basidiomycota
is represented by the families Cerrenaceae, Polyporaceae, Phanerochaetaceae, and Meruliaceae,
and the order Cantharellales. The family Mortierellaceae represents Mucoromycota. The members
of Ascomycota and Basidiomycota both depict the field history. Ascomycota indicate the fungal
infection is of recent origin, while Basidiomycota point toward the preceding host plants, enabling
the plant field colonization history to be traced chronologically",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Biology",
title = "Diversity of Mycobiota Associated with the Cereal Cyst Nematode Heterodera filipjevi Originating from Some Localities of the Pannonian Plain in Serbia",
volume = "10",
number = "4",
pages = "283",
doi = "10.3390/biology10040283"
}
Oro, V., Stanisavljević, R., Nikolić, B., Tabaković, M., Sečanski, M.,& Solveig, T.. (2021). Diversity of Mycobiota Associated with the Cereal Cyst Nematode Heterodera filipjevi Originating from Some Localities of the Pannonian Plain in Serbia. in Biology
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 10(4), 283.
https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10040283
Oro V, Stanisavljević R, Nikolić B, Tabaković M, Sečanski M, Solveig T. Diversity of Mycobiota Associated with the Cereal Cyst Nematode Heterodera filipjevi Originating from Some Localities of the Pannonian Plain in Serbia. in Biology. 2021;10(4):283.
doi:10.3390/biology10040283 .
Oro, Violeta, Stanisavljević, Rade, Nikolić, Bogdan, Tabaković, Marijenka, Sečanski, Mile, Solveig, Tosi, "Diversity of Mycobiota Associated with the Cereal Cyst Nematode Heterodera filipjevi Originating from Some Localities of the Pannonian Plain in Serbia" in Biology, 10, no. 4 (2021):283,
https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10040283 . .

Germination and the initial seedling growth of lettuce, celeriac and wheat cultivars after micronutrient and a biological application pre-sowing seed treatment

Poštić, Dobrivoj; Štrbanović, Ratibor; Tabaković, Marijenka; Popović, Tatjana; Ćirić, Ana; Banjac, Nevena; Trkulja, Nenad; Stanisavljević, Rade

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Poštić, Dobrivoj
AU  - Štrbanović, Ratibor
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Popović, Tatjana
AU  - Ćirić, Ana
AU  - Banjac, Nevena
AU  - Trkulja, Nenad
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/829
AB  - Seed treatments with zinc, boron, biostimulant Coveron and MIX (zinc + boron + Coveron) were applied to three lettuce and three celeriac cultivars. Seeds of three wheat cultivars were treated under laboratory conditions with Trichoderma harzianum and eight Bacillus spp. Seed germination, seedling growth, and the presence of the following pathogens were determined: Fusarium sp., Al-ternaria sp., Penicillium sp., and Mucor sp. The Coveron treatment was the most effective on lettuce seeds tested in the germination cabinet. Seed germination was higher by 4% than in the control. Alternatively, germination of seeds treated with boron in the greenhouse was higher by 12% than in the control. The Coveron treatment had the highest effect on the shoot length, which was greater by 0.7 and 2.1 cm in the germination cabinet and the greenhouse, respectively. This treatment was also the most effective on the root length. Zn, B, and MIX treatments increased celeriac seed germination by 14% in the germination cabinet. The Zn treatment was the most efficient on seeds tested in the greenhouse. The germination was higher by 15%. A significant cultivar × treatment interaction was determined in both observed species under both conditions. The maximum effect on wheat seed germination (8%) was achieved with the T. harzianum treatment in the Salazar cultivar. A significant interdependence (p ≤ 0.01 to p ≤ 0.001) was established between seed germination and the seedling growth. The interrelationship between seed germination and pathogens of all cultivars was negative.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Plants
T1  - Germination and the initial seedling growth of lettuce, celeriac and wheat cultivars after micronutrient and a biological application pre-sowing seed treatment
VL  - 10
IS  - 9
SP  - 1913
DO  - 10.3390/plants10091913
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Poštić, Dobrivoj and Štrbanović, Ratibor and Tabaković, Marijenka and Popović, Tatjana and Ćirić, Ana and Banjac, Nevena and Trkulja, Nenad and Stanisavljević, Rade",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Seed treatments with zinc, boron, biostimulant Coveron and MIX (zinc + boron + Coveron) were applied to three lettuce and three celeriac cultivars. Seeds of three wheat cultivars were treated under laboratory conditions with Trichoderma harzianum and eight Bacillus spp. Seed germination, seedling growth, and the presence of the following pathogens were determined: Fusarium sp., Al-ternaria sp., Penicillium sp., and Mucor sp. The Coveron treatment was the most effective on lettuce seeds tested in the germination cabinet. Seed germination was higher by 4% than in the control. Alternatively, germination of seeds treated with boron in the greenhouse was higher by 12% than in the control. The Coveron treatment had the highest effect on the shoot length, which was greater by 0.7 and 2.1 cm in the germination cabinet and the greenhouse, respectively. This treatment was also the most effective on the root length. Zn, B, and MIX treatments increased celeriac seed germination by 14% in the germination cabinet. The Zn treatment was the most efficient on seeds tested in the greenhouse. The germination was higher by 15%. A significant cultivar × treatment interaction was determined in both observed species under both conditions. The maximum effect on wheat seed germination (8%) was achieved with the T. harzianum treatment in the Salazar cultivar. A significant interdependence (p ≤ 0.01 to p ≤ 0.001) was established between seed germination and the seedling growth. The interrelationship between seed germination and pathogens of all cultivars was negative.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Plants",
title = "Germination and the initial seedling growth of lettuce, celeriac and wheat cultivars after micronutrient and a biological application pre-sowing seed treatment",
volume = "10",
number = "9",
pages = "1913",
doi = "10.3390/plants10091913"
}
Poštić, D., Štrbanović, R., Tabaković, M., Popović, T., Ćirić, A., Banjac, N., Trkulja, N.,& Stanisavljević, R.. (2021). Germination and the initial seedling growth of lettuce, celeriac and wheat cultivars after micronutrient and a biological application pre-sowing seed treatment. in Plants
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 10(9), 1913.
https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10091913
Poštić D, Štrbanović R, Tabaković M, Popović T, Ćirić A, Banjac N, Trkulja N, Stanisavljević R. Germination and the initial seedling growth of lettuce, celeriac and wheat cultivars after micronutrient and a biological application pre-sowing seed treatment. in Plants. 2021;10(9):1913.
doi:10.3390/plants10091913 .
Poštić, Dobrivoj, Štrbanović, Ratibor, Tabaković, Marijenka, Popović, Tatjana, Ćirić, Ana, Banjac, Nevena, Trkulja, Nenad, Stanisavljević, Rade, "Germination and the initial seedling growth of lettuce, celeriac and wheat cultivars after micronutrient and a biological application pre-sowing seed treatment" in Plants, 10, no. 9 (2021):1913,
https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10091913 . .

Quality parameterd and potentials of utilization of different maize hybrids for food and feed

Nikolić, Valentina; Žilić, Slađana; Simić, Marijana; Radosavljević, Milica; Filipović, Milomir; Srdić, Jelena

(Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Radosavljević, Milica
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/876
AB  - Quality parameters of six maize hybrids created at the Maize
Research Institute Zemun Polje were investigated in this study. Physical
properties, kernel structure, and chemical composition of one yellow dent
standard and five specialty maize hybrids of different grain color were analyzed.
Whole-grain maize flour is naturally gluten-free which makes it suitable for
persons suffering from celiac disease. Fiber, protein, and oil make maize grain an
essential component for animal feed production. All maize hybrids showed
favorable processing and nutritive characteristics which make them highly suitable
for different uses.
PB  - Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy
C3  - 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova
T1  - Quality parameterd and potentials of utilization of different maize hybrids for food and feed
SP  - 495
EP  - 500
DO  - 10.46793/SBT26.495N
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Žilić, Slađana and Simić, Marijana and Radosavljević, Milica and Filipović, Milomir and Srdić, Jelena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Quality parameters of six maize hybrids created at the Maize
Research Institute Zemun Polje were investigated in this study. Physical
properties, kernel structure, and chemical composition of one yellow dent
standard and five specialty maize hybrids of different grain color were analyzed.
Whole-grain maize flour is naturally gluten-free which makes it suitable for
persons suffering from celiac disease. Fiber, protein, and oil make maize grain an
essential component for animal feed production. All maize hybrids showed
favorable processing and nutritive characteristics which make them highly suitable
for different uses.",
publisher = "Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy",
journal = "26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova",
title = "Quality parameterd and potentials of utilization of different maize hybrids for food and feed",
pages = "495-500",
doi = "10.46793/SBT26.495N"
}
Nikolić, V., Žilić, S., Simić, M., Radosavljević, M., Filipović, M.,& Srdić, J.. (2021). Quality parameterd and potentials of utilization of different maize hybrids for food and feed. in 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova
Cacak : University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy., 495-500.
https://doi.org/10.46793/SBT26.495N
Nikolić V, Žilić S, Simić M, Radosavljević M, Filipović M, Srdić J. Quality parameterd and potentials of utilization of different maize hybrids for food and feed. in 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova. 2021;:495-500.
doi:10.46793/SBT26.495N .
Nikolić, Valentina, Žilić, Slađana, Simić, Marijana, Radosavljević, Milica, Filipović, Milomir, Srdić, Jelena, "Quality parameterd and potentials of utilization of different maize hybrids for food and feed" in 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova (2021):495-500,
https://doi.org/10.46793/SBT26.495N . .

Effects of ascorbic acid and sugar on instrumental and sensory properties of composite breads

Simić, Marijana; Šimurina, Olivera; Nježić, Zvonko; Vančetović, Jelena; Kandić, Vesna; Nikolić, Valentina; Žilić, Slađana

(Novi Sad : University of Novi Sad, Institute of Food Technology (FINS), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Šimurina, Olivera
AU  - Nježić, Zvonko
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/859
AB  - The present study was carried out to demonstrate the combined effects of different maize flour, ascorbic acid and sugar on the physical, textural and sensory properties of composite breads. The composite flour was prepared using 70% of wheat flour and 30% of flour obtained from grain of differently colored maize-light blue, blue, red and yellow maize flour. Chemical characterization of composite flours made with four different types of maize was also assessed. Furthermore, the content of total phenolics, flavonoids, anthocyanins, phenolic acids and antioxidant capacity in composite flours was determined. A total of 12 breads were prepared, four of which were control composite breads, four breads with ascorbic acid, and four were breads with ascorbic acid and sugar. The content of total phenolic compounds showed clear differences among all composite flours. The anthocyanins content determined in composite flours was in the following descending order: blue>red>light blue, while in the yellow maize composite flour anthocyanins were not detected. The results showed that the addition of AsA (0.025%) and sugar (5%) negatively affected the volume as well as the specific volume of composite wheat-maize breads. The texture analysis showed that the addition of AsA in the amount of 0.025% had no impact on springiness, cohesiveness and resilience of bread crumb, while it increased crumb hardness. However, composite breads made with AsA and AsA/sugar showed a more compact structure, with a larger number of cells and smaller mean cell areas. AsA/sugar bread samples within the tested doses had the lowest springiness, which is indicative of brittleness and reflects the tendency of the bread to crumble when slicing. Results of the sensory evaluation revealed that the AsA and sugar addition had a generally positive effect on the investigated sensory attributes.
AB  - U ovom radu, ispitivan je zajednički uticaj brašna kukuruza različite boje zrna,
askorbinske kiseline i šećera na fizička, teksturna i senzorna svojstva mešanog pšenično-
kukuruznog hleba. Smeša brašna je pripremljena od 70% pšeničnog brašna i 30% brašna
dobijenog od različito obojenog kukuruznog zrna – svetloplavog, plavog, crvenog i žutog.
Izvršena je i hemijska karakterizacija pšenično-kukuruznih smeša brašna. U pšenično-
kukuruznim smešama brašna određen je sadržaj ukupnih fenola, flavonoida, antocijana,
fenolnih kiselina i antioksidativni kapacitet. Ukupno je pripremljeno 12 hlebova, od kojih
su četiri bila kontrolna, četiri sa askorbinskom kiselinom i četiri hleba sa askorbinskom
kiselinom i šećerom. Sadržaj ukupnih fenolnih jedinjenja pokazao je jasne razlike između
svih pšenično-kukuruznih smeša brašna. Sadržaj antocijana je u smešama pšenično-
kukuruznog brašna imao sledeći opadajući redosled: smeša sa plavim
kukuruzom>crvenim kukuruzom>svetlo plavim kukuruzom, dok u smeši pšeničnog
brašna i brašna žutog kukuruza antocijani nisu detektovani. Rezultati su pokazali da je
dodatak askorbinske kiseline (0,025%) i šećera (5%) negativno uticao na zapreminu kao i
na specifičnu zapreminu mešanih pšenično-kukuruznih hlebova. Analiza teksture je
pokazala da dodatak askorbinske kiseline u količini od 0,025% nije uticao na elastičnost,
kohezivnost i elastičnost sredine hleba, ali je povećao tvrdoću sredine. Međutim, mešani
pšenično-kukuruzni hlebovi sa dodatkom askorbinske kiseline i askorbinske kiseline i
šećera, su pokazali kompaktniju strukturu sa većim brojem pora. Uzorci hleba sa
askorbinskom kiselinom i šećerom u ispitivanim dozama imali su najmanju elastičnost,
što ukazuje na krtost i odražava se na mrvljenje hleba prilikom sečenja. Rezultati
senzorne analize pokazali su da je dodatak askorbinske kiseline i šećera generalno imao
pozitivan uticaj na ispitivana senzorna svojstva.
PB  - Novi Sad : University of Novi Sad, Institute of Food Technology (FINS)
PB  - Novi Sad : Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Naučni institut za prehrambene tehnologije
T2  - Food and Feed Research
T1  - Effects of ascorbic acid and sugar on instrumental and sensory properties of composite breads
T1  - Uticaj askorbinske kiseline i šećera na fizička, teksturna i senzorna svojstva mešanih pšenično-kukuruznih hlebova
VL  - 48
IS  - 2
SP  - 185
EP  - 200
DO  - 10.5937/ffr48-34944
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Simić, Marijana and Šimurina, Olivera and Nježić, Zvonko and Vančetović, Jelena and Kandić, Vesna and Nikolić, Valentina and Žilić, Slađana",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The present study was carried out to demonstrate the combined effects of different maize flour, ascorbic acid and sugar on the physical, textural and sensory properties of composite breads. The composite flour was prepared using 70% of wheat flour and 30% of flour obtained from grain of differently colored maize-light blue, blue, red and yellow maize flour. Chemical characterization of composite flours made with four different types of maize was also assessed. Furthermore, the content of total phenolics, flavonoids, anthocyanins, phenolic acids and antioxidant capacity in composite flours was determined. A total of 12 breads were prepared, four of which were control composite breads, four breads with ascorbic acid, and four were breads with ascorbic acid and sugar. The content of total phenolic compounds showed clear differences among all composite flours. The anthocyanins content determined in composite flours was in the following descending order: blue>red>light blue, while in the yellow maize composite flour anthocyanins were not detected. The results showed that the addition of AsA (0.025%) and sugar (5%) negatively affected the volume as well as the specific volume of composite wheat-maize breads. The texture analysis showed that the addition of AsA in the amount of 0.025% had no impact on springiness, cohesiveness and resilience of bread crumb, while it increased crumb hardness. However, composite breads made with AsA and AsA/sugar showed a more compact structure, with a larger number of cells and smaller mean cell areas. AsA/sugar bread samples within the tested doses had the lowest springiness, which is indicative of brittleness and reflects the tendency of the bread to crumble when slicing. Results of the sensory evaluation revealed that the AsA and sugar addition had a generally positive effect on the investigated sensory attributes., U ovom radu, ispitivan je zajednički uticaj brašna kukuruza različite boje zrna,
askorbinske kiseline i šećera na fizička, teksturna i senzorna svojstva mešanog pšenično-
kukuruznog hleba. Smeša brašna je pripremljena od 70% pšeničnog brašna i 30% brašna
dobijenog od različito obojenog kukuruznog zrna – svetloplavog, plavog, crvenog i žutog.
Izvršena je i hemijska karakterizacija pšenično-kukuruznih smeša brašna. U pšenično-
kukuruznim smešama brašna određen je sadržaj ukupnih fenola, flavonoida, antocijana,
fenolnih kiselina i antioksidativni kapacitet. Ukupno je pripremljeno 12 hlebova, od kojih
su četiri bila kontrolna, četiri sa askorbinskom kiselinom i četiri hleba sa askorbinskom
kiselinom i šećerom. Sadržaj ukupnih fenolnih jedinjenja pokazao je jasne razlike između
svih pšenično-kukuruznih smeša brašna. Sadržaj antocijana je u smešama pšenično-
kukuruznog brašna imao sledeći opadajući redosled: smeša sa plavim
kukuruzom>crvenim kukuruzom>svetlo plavim kukuruzom, dok u smeši pšeničnog
brašna i brašna žutog kukuruza antocijani nisu detektovani. Rezultati su pokazali da je
dodatak askorbinske kiseline (0,025%) i šećera (5%) negativno uticao na zapreminu kao i
na specifičnu zapreminu mešanih pšenično-kukuruznih hlebova. Analiza teksture je
pokazala da dodatak askorbinske kiseline u količini od 0,025% nije uticao na elastičnost,
kohezivnost i elastičnost sredine hleba, ali je povećao tvrdoću sredine. Međutim, mešani
pšenično-kukuruzni hlebovi sa dodatkom askorbinske kiseline i askorbinske kiseline i
šećera, su pokazali kompaktniju strukturu sa većim brojem pora. Uzorci hleba sa
askorbinskom kiselinom i šećerom u ispitivanim dozama imali su najmanju elastičnost,
što ukazuje na krtost i odražava se na mrvljenje hleba prilikom sečenja. Rezultati
senzorne analize pokazali su da je dodatak askorbinske kiseline i šećera generalno imao
pozitivan uticaj na ispitivana senzorna svojstva.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : University of Novi Sad, Institute of Food Technology (FINS), Novi Sad : Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Naučni institut za prehrambene tehnologije",
journal = "Food and Feed Research",
title = "Effects of ascorbic acid and sugar on instrumental and sensory properties of composite breads, Uticaj askorbinske kiseline i šećera na fizička, teksturna i senzorna svojstva mešanih pšenično-kukuruznih hlebova",
volume = "48",
number = "2",
pages = "185-200",
doi = "10.5937/ffr48-34944"
}
Simić, M., Šimurina, O., Nježić, Z., Vančetović, J., Kandić, V., Nikolić, V.,& Žilić, S.. (2021). Effects of ascorbic acid and sugar on instrumental and sensory properties of composite breads. in Food and Feed Research
Novi Sad : University of Novi Sad, Institute of Food Technology (FINS)., 48(2), 185-200.
https://doi.org/10.5937/ffr48-34944
Simić M, Šimurina O, Nježić Z, Vančetović J, Kandić V, Nikolić V, Žilić S. Effects of ascorbic acid and sugar on instrumental and sensory properties of composite breads. in Food and Feed Research. 2021;48(2):185-200.
doi:10.5937/ffr48-34944 .
Simić, Marijana, Šimurina, Olivera, Nježić, Zvonko, Vančetović, Jelena, Kandić, Vesna, Nikolić, Valentina, Žilić, Slađana, "Effects of ascorbic acid and sugar on instrumental and sensory properties of composite breads" in Food and Feed Research, 48, no. 2 (2021):185-200,
https://doi.org/10.5937/ffr48-34944 . .

Pasting properties and the baking functionality of whole-grain wheat flour with different amylose and dietary fibers content

Nikolić, Valentina; Simić, Milena; Kandić, Vesna; Dodevska, Margarita; Titan, Primož; Dodig, Dejan; Žilić, Slađana

(New York : Wiley, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Dodevska, Margarita
AU  - Titan, Primož
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/841
AB  - Twenty-five varieties of wheat were used in this study in order to determine the effect of amylose and amylopectin, as well as dietary fibers on the pasting properties and baking functionality of the whole-grain flour. The results were compared to the properties of refined wheat flour. The analyzed samples were divided into six groups based on the amylose content: (1) 11%–14%, (2) 15%–17%, (3) 18%–19%, (4) high amylose (36.5% and 41%), (5) waxy (0%), and 6) refined flour (22%). Amylose influenced viscosity by large, however, variations in pasting properties can as well be attributed to the differences in the non-starch structural components. Variations in solvent retention capacities (SRC) of flours depended primarily on the content of different fiber fractions and proteins. The starch and amylose content had a positive effect on SRC for lactic acid and sucrose, respectively. Furthermore, pasting and functionality are complex properties conditioned by different flour constituents.
PB  - New York : Wiley
T2  - Journal of Food Processing and Preservation
T1  - Pasting properties and the baking functionality of whole-grain wheat flour with different amylose and dietary fibers content
SP  - 15805
DO  - 10.1111/jfpp.15805
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Simić, Milena and Kandić, Vesna and Dodevska, Margarita and Titan, Primož and Dodig, Dejan and Žilić, Slađana",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Twenty-five varieties of wheat were used in this study in order to determine the effect of amylose and amylopectin, as well as dietary fibers on the pasting properties and baking functionality of the whole-grain flour. The results were compared to the properties of refined wheat flour. The analyzed samples were divided into six groups based on the amylose content: (1) 11%–14%, (2) 15%–17%, (3) 18%–19%, (4) high amylose (36.5% and 41%), (5) waxy (0%), and 6) refined flour (22%). Amylose influenced viscosity by large, however, variations in pasting properties can as well be attributed to the differences in the non-starch structural components. Variations in solvent retention capacities (SRC) of flours depended primarily on the content of different fiber fractions and proteins. The starch and amylose content had a positive effect on SRC for lactic acid and sucrose, respectively. Furthermore, pasting and functionality are complex properties conditioned by different flour constituents.",
publisher = "New York : Wiley",
journal = "Journal of Food Processing and Preservation",
title = "Pasting properties and the baking functionality of whole-grain wheat flour with different amylose and dietary fibers content",
pages = "15805",
doi = "10.1111/jfpp.15805"
}
Nikolić, V., Simić, M., Kandić, V., Dodevska, M., Titan, P., Dodig, D.,& Žilić, S.. (2021). Pasting properties and the baking functionality of whole-grain wheat flour with different amylose and dietary fibers content. in Journal of Food Processing and Preservation
New York : Wiley., 15805.
https://doi.org/10.1111/jfpp.15805
Nikolić V, Simić M, Kandić V, Dodevska M, Titan P, Dodig D, Žilić S. Pasting properties and the baking functionality of whole-grain wheat flour with different amylose and dietary fibers content. in Journal of Food Processing and Preservation. 2021;:15805.
doi:10.1111/jfpp.15805 .
Nikolić, Valentina, Simić, Milena, Kandić, Vesna, Dodevska, Margarita, Titan, Primož, Dodig, Dejan, Žilić, Slađana, "Pasting properties and the baking functionality of whole-grain wheat flour with different amylose and dietary fibers content" in Journal of Food Processing and Preservation (2021):15805,
https://doi.org/10.1111/jfpp.15805 . .

Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia

Nikolić, Milica; Savić, Iva; Nikolić, Ana; Jauković, Marko; Kandić, Vesna; Stevanović, Milan; Stanković, Slavica

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Jauković, Marko
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Stevanović, Milan
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/836
AB  - In Serbia, aspergillus ear rot caused by the disease pathogen Aspergillus parasiticus
(A. parasiticus) was first detected in 2012 under both field and storage conditions. Global climate
shifts, primarily warming, favour the contamination of maize with aflatoxins in temperate climates,
including Serbia. A five-year study (2012–2016) comprising of 46 A. parasiticus strains isolated from
maize kernels was performed to observe the morphological, molecular, pathogenic, and toxigenic
traits of this pathogen. The HPLC method was applied to evaluate mycotoxin concentrations in this
causal agent. The A. parasiticus isolates synthesised mainly aflatoxin AFB1 (84.78%). The percentage
of isolates synthesising aflatoxin AFG1 (15.22%) was considerably lower. Furthermore, the concen-
tration of AFG1 was higher than that of AFB1 in eight isolates. The polyphase approach, used to
characterise isolates, showed that they were A. parasiticus species. This identification was verified by
the multiplex RLFP-PCR detection method with the use of restriction enzymes. These results form an
excellent baseline for further studies with the aim of application in the production, processing, and
storage of cereal grains and seeds, and in technological processes to ensure the safe production of
food and feed.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Toxins
T1  - Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia
VL  - 13
SP  - 847
DO  - 10.3390/toxins13120847
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Milica and Savić, Iva and Nikolić, Ana and Jauković, Marko and Kandić, Vesna and Stevanović, Milan and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2021",
abstract = "In Serbia, aspergillus ear rot caused by the disease pathogen Aspergillus parasiticus
(A. parasiticus) was first detected in 2012 under both field and storage conditions. Global climate
shifts, primarily warming, favour the contamination of maize with aflatoxins in temperate climates,
including Serbia. A five-year study (2012–2016) comprising of 46 A. parasiticus strains isolated from
maize kernels was performed to observe the morphological, molecular, pathogenic, and toxigenic
traits of this pathogen. The HPLC method was applied to evaluate mycotoxin concentrations in this
causal agent. The A. parasiticus isolates synthesised mainly aflatoxin AFB1 (84.78%). The percentage
of isolates synthesising aflatoxin AFG1 (15.22%) was considerably lower. Furthermore, the concen-
tration of AFG1 was higher than that of AFB1 in eight isolates. The polyphase approach, used to
characterise isolates, showed that they were A. parasiticus species. This identification was verified by
the multiplex RLFP-PCR detection method with the use of restriction enzymes. These results form an
excellent baseline for further studies with the aim of application in the production, processing, and
storage of cereal grains and seeds, and in technological processes to ensure the safe production of
food and feed.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Toxins",
title = "Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia",
volume = "13",
pages = "847",
doi = "10.3390/toxins13120847"
}
Nikolić, M., Savić, I., Nikolić, A., Jauković, M., Kandić, V., Stevanović, M.,& Stanković, S.. (2021). Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia. in Toxins
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 13, 847.
https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13120847
Nikolić M, Savić I, Nikolić A, Jauković M, Kandić V, Stevanović M, Stanković S. Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia. in Toxins. 2021;13:847.
doi:10.3390/toxins13120847 .
Nikolić, Milica, Savić, Iva, Nikolić, Ana, Jauković, Marko, Kandić, Vesna, Stevanović, Milan, Stanković, Slavica, "Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia" in Toxins, 13 (2021):847,
https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13120847 . .

Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability

Perić, Sanja; Stevanović, Milan; Prodanović, Slaven; Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana; Grčić, Nikola; Kandić, Vesna; Pavlov, Jovan

(Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Perić, Sanja
AU  - Stevanović, Milan
AU  - Prodanović, Slaven
AU  - Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Grčić, Nikola
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Pavlov, Jovan
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/834
AB  - A panel of seven maize inbred lines belonging to Zemun Polje commercial pool were
genotypized using SNPs bead chip. 21 hybrids, developed according to the half dialel
mating design, were tested in the field together with inbred lines per se. The goal of the
study was to determine the genetic distance among seven maize inbred lines and to
establish whether there was a significant correlation between the genetic distance among
parental inbreds and grain yield, specific combining abilities (SCA) and high-parent (HP)
heterosis for the grain yield. The inbred lines ZPL2 and ZPL4 with the genetic distance of
0.487 were the most genetically distant parents, while inbred lines ZPL1 and ZPL2 with
the genetic distance of 0.191 were the closest ones. Three subclusters of inbred lines were
distinguished in the dendrogram. Inbred lines ZPL5, ZPL6, ZPL3 and ZPL7 were
grouped into the first subcluster, while inbred lines ZPL1 and ZPL2, i.e. the inbred line
ZPL4 were grouped in the second, i.e. the third subcluster, respectively. The values of the
Spearman's rank correlation coefficient between the genetic distance among inbred lines
based on the SNP markers, and grain yield, specific combining abilities (SCA) and high-
parent (HP) heterosis were positive and statistically significant. The highest correlation
coefficient was exhibited between the grain yield and high-parent (HP) heterosis (0.93),
and then between the genetic distance and the grain yield (0.92) as well as between the
genetic distance and high-parent (HP) heterosis (0.91).
AB  - Panel od sedam inbred linija kukuruza koje pripadaju komercijalnom pulu Instituta za kukuruz u
Zemun Polju je analiziran pomoću SNP čipa. Hibridi dobijeni po metodu nepotpunog dialela su
ispitivani u polju zajedno sa inbred linijama per se. Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da se utvrdi
genetička distanca između inbred linija kukuruza i da se ispita da li postoji značajna korelacija
između genetičke distance roditeljskih linija, posebnih kombinacionih sposobnosti (PKS) i
heterozisa u odnosu na boljeg roditelja (HPH) za osobinu prinos zrna. Genetički najudaljenije
linije su bile ZPL2 i ZPL4 sa genetičkom distancom 0.487, dok su najbliže bile inbred linije
ZPL1 i ZPL2 sa genetičkom distancom 0.191, kao i inbred linije ZPL5 i ZPL6 sa genetičkom
distancom 0.196. Dendrogram je podelio inbred linije u tri različita subklastera. Prvom
subklasteru pripadaju inbred linije ZPL5, ZPL6, ZPL3 i ZPL7, drugom inbred linije ZPL1 i
ZPL2 i trećem inbred linija ZPL4. Vrednosti Sperman-ovog koeficijenta korelacije ranga između
genetičke distance zasnovane na SNP markerima, prinosa zrna, posebnih kombinacionih
sposobnosti (PKS) i heterozisa u odnosu na boljeg roditelja (HPH) su bile pozitivne i statistički
značajne. Najviši koeficijent korelacije je bio između prinosa zrna i HPH (0,93), zatim između
genetičke distance i prinosa (0.92) i između genetičke distance i HPH (0.91).
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability
VL  - 53
IS  - 3
SP  - 1219
EP  - 1228
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2103219P
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Perić, Sanja and Stevanović, Milan and Prodanović, Slaven and Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana and Grčić, Nikola and Kandić, Vesna and Pavlov, Jovan",
year = "2021",
abstract = "A panel of seven maize inbred lines belonging to Zemun Polje commercial pool were
genotypized using SNPs bead chip. 21 hybrids, developed according to the half dialel
mating design, were tested in the field together with inbred lines per se. The goal of the
study was to determine the genetic distance among seven maize inbred lines and to
establish whether there was a significant correlation between the genetic distance among
parental inbreds and grain yield, specific combining abilities (SCA) and high-parent (HP)
heterosis for the grain yield. The inbred lines ZPL2 and ZPL4 with the genetic distance of
0.487 were the most genetically distant parents, while inbred lines ZPL1 and ZPL2 with
the genetic distance of 0.191 were the closest ones. Three subclusters of inbred lines were
distinguished in the dendrogram. Inbred lines ZPL5, ZPL6, ZPL3 and ZPL7 were
grouped into the first subcluster, while inbred lines ZPL1 and ZPL2, i.e. the inbred line
ZPL4 were grouped in the second, i.e. the third subcluster, respectively. The values of the
Spearman's rank correlation coefficient between the genetic distance among inbred lines
based on the SNP markers, and grain yield, specific combining abilities (SCA) and high-
parent (HP) heterosis were positive and statistically significant. The highest correlation
coefficient was exhibited between the grain yield and high-parent (HP) heterosis (0.93),
and then between the genetic distance and the grain yield (0.92) as well as between the
genetic distance and high-parent (HP) heterosis (0.91)., Panel od sedam inbred linija kukuruza koje pripadaju komercijalnom pulu Instituta za kukuruz u
Zemun Polju je analiziran pomoću SNP čipa. Hibridi dobijeni po metodu nepotpunog dialela su
ispitivani u polju zajedno sa inbred linijama per se. Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da se utvrdi
genetička distanca između inbred linija kukuruza i da se ispita da li postoji značajna korelacija
između genetičke distance roditeljskih linija, posebnih kombinacionih sposobnosti (PKS) i
heterozisa u odnosu na boljeg roditelja (HPH) za osobinu prinos zrna. Genetički najudaljenije
linije su bile ZPL2 i ZPL4 sa genetičkom distancom 0.487, dok su najbliže bile inbred linije
ZPL1 i ZPL2 sa genetičkom distancom 0.191, kao i inbred linije ZPL5 i ZPL6 sa genetičkom
distancom 0.196. Dendrogram je podelio inbred linije u tri različita subklastera. Prvom
subklasteru pripadaju inbred linije ZPL5, ZPL6, ZPL3 i ZPL7, drugom inbred linije ZPL1 i
ZPL2 i trećem inbred linija ZPL4. Vrednosti Sperman-ovog koeficijenta korelacije ranga između
genetičke distance zasnovane na SNP markerima, prinosa zrna, posebnih kombinacionih
sposobnosti (PKS) i heterozisa u odnosu na boljeg roditelja (HPH) su bile pozitivne i statistički
značajne. Najviši koeficijent korelacije je bio između prinosa zrna i HPH (0,93), zatim između
genetičke distance i prinosa (0.92) i između genetičke distance i HPH (0.91).",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability",
volume = "53",
number = "3",
pages = "1219-1228",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2103219P"
}
Perić, S., Stevanović, M., Prodanović, S., Mladenović-Drinić, S., Grčić, N., Kandić, V.,& Pavlov, J.. (2021). Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability. in Genetika
Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society., 53(3), 1219-1228.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2103219P
Perić S, Stevanović M, Prodanović S, Mladenović-Drinić S, Grčić N, Kandić V, Pavlov J. Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability. in Genetika. 2021;53(3):1219-1228.
doi:10.2298/GENSR2103219P .
Perić, Sanja, Stevanović, Milan, Prodanović, Slaven, Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana, Grčić, Nikola, Kandić, Vesna, Pavlov, Jovan, "Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability" in Genetika, 53, no. 3 (2021):1219-1228,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2103219P . .

Genotypic variability of root and shoot traits of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at seedling stage

Blažić, Milica; Dodig, Dejan; Kandić, Vesna; Đokić, Dragoslav; Živanović, Tomislav

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbija, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Blažić, Milica
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Đokić, Dragoslav
AU  - Živanović, Tomislav
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/831
AB  - The evaluation of the embryonic root and stem of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the early stage of development (seedling stage) can be a powerful tool in wheat breeding aimed at obtaining progenies with a greater early vigour. It is revealed that genotypes with faster early vigour have produced higher biomass and grain yield. In this study, the evaluation of traits of the embryonic root and the embryonic stem of 101 bread wheat genotypes was preformed at the 10-day old seedlings. The following eight morphological traits of roots and stems were analysed: primary root length, branching interval, the number of roots, total length of lateral roots, angle of seminal roots, stem length, root dry weight and the stem dry weight. Analysed lateral roots included seminal roots. The greatest, i.e. the smallest variability of observed traits was detected in the branching interval, i.e. the stem length, respectively. The highest positive correlation was determined between the primary root length and the total length of lateral roots. The cluster analysis, based on observed traits, shows that genotypes were clearly divided into two main clusters, A and B. The two clusters essentially differed from each other in the values of the following traits: primary root length, total length of lateral roots, root dry weight, stem dry weight and the stem length. Genotypes with shorter primary and lateral roots, lower root and stem dry weight and a shorter stem were grouped in the cluster B. On the other hand, the cluster A encompassed genotypes with values of these traits above or around the average. The values of the remaining analysed traits: the angle of seminal roots, the number of lateral roots and the branching interval varied greatly between obtained clusters. The cluster analysis showed the homogeneity of genotypes originating from Serbia and the region; their values of the root and stem length and weight were mostly around and below the average. However, the values of the angle of seminal roots, number of lateral roots and the branching interval were above average.
AB  - Ocena svojstava korena i stabla hlebne pšenice (Triticum aestivum L.) u ranoj fazi razvića, na stupnju klijanaca, može biti moćan alat u oplemenjivanju pšenice sa ciljem dobijanja potomstva sa bržim ranim porastom. Pokazano je da su genotipovi sa bržim ranim porastom proizveli veću biomasu i prinos zrna. U ovoj studiji izvršena je ocena svojstava korena i stabla 101 genotipa hlebne pšenice u fazi klijanaca starosti 10 dana. Analizirano je 8 morfoloških svojstava korena i stabla: dužina primarnog korena, distanca do prve grane na primarnom korenu, broj bočnih korenova, ukupna dužina bočnih korenova, ugao seminalnih korenova, dužina stabla, suva masa korena i suva masa stabla. Analizirani bočni korenovi podrazumevali su seminalne korenove. Najveću varijabilnost od ispitivanih osobina imala je distanca do prve grane na primarnom korenu, a najmanju dužina stabla. Najveća pozitivna korelacija je utvrđena između dužine primarnog korena i ukupne dužine bočnih korenova. Klaster analiza pokazala je homogenost genotipova poreklom iz Srbije i regiona; njihove vrednosti dužine i težine korena i stabla bile su uglavnom oko i ispod proseka. Međutim, vrednosti za osobine: ugao seminalnih korenova, broj bočnih korenova i distanca do prve grane na primarnom korenu, bile su iznad proseka.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbija
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Genotypic variability of root and shoot traits of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at seedling stage
VL  - 52
IS  - 2
SP  - 687
EP  - 702
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2102687B
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Blažić, Milica and Dodig, Dejan and Kandić, Vesna and Đokić, Dragoslav and Živanović, Tomislav",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The evaluation of the embryonic root and stem of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the early stage of development (seedling stage) can be a powerful tool in wheat breeding aimed at obtaining progenies with a greater early vigour. It is revealed that genotypes with faster early vigour have produced higher biomass and grain yield. In this study, the evaluation of traits of the embryonic root and the embryonic stem of 101 bread wheat genotypes was preformed at the 10-day old seedlings. The following eight morphological traits of roots and stems were analysed: primary root length, branching interval, the number of roots, total length of lateral roots, angle of seminal roots, stem length, root dry weight and the stem dry weight. Analysed lateral roots included seminal roots. The greatest, i.e. the smallest variability of observed traits was detected in the branching interval, i.e. the stem length, respectively. The highest positive correlation was determined between the primary root length and the total length of lateral roots. The cluster analysis, based on observed traits, shows that genotypes were clearly divided into two main clusters, A and B. The two clusters essentially differed from each other in the values of the following traits: primary root length, total length of lateral roots, root dry weight, stem dry weight and the stem length. Genotypes with shorter primary and lateral roots, lower root and stem dry weight and a shorter stem were grouped in the cluster B. On the other hand, the cluster A encompassed genotypes with values of these traits above or around the average. The values of the remaining analysed traits: the angle of seminal roots, the number of lateral roots and the branching interval varied greatly between obtained clusters. The cluster analysis showed the homogeneity of genotypes originating from Serbia and the region; their values of the root and stem length and weight were mostly around and below the average. However, the values of the angle of seminal roots, number of lateral roots and the branching interval were above average., Ocena svojstava korena i stabla hlebne pšenice (Triticum aestivum L.) u ranoj fazi razvića, na stupnju klijanaca, može biti moćan alat u oplemenjivanju pšenice sa ciljem dobijanja potomstva sa bržim ranim porastom. Pokazano je da su genotipovi sa bržim ranim porastom proizveli veću biomasu i prinos zrna. U ovoj studiji izvršena je ocena svojstava korena i stabla 101 genotipa hlebne pšenice u fazi klijanaca starosti 10 dana. Analizirano je 8 morfoloških svojstava korena i stabla: dužina primarnog korena, distanca do prve grane na primarnom korenu, broj bočnih korenova, ukupna dužina bočnih korenova, ugao seminalnih korenova, dužina stabla, suva masa korena i suva masa stabla. Analizirani bočni korenovi podrazumevali su seminalne korenove. Najveću varijabilnost od ispitivanih osobina imala je distanca do prve grane na primarnom korenu, a najmanju dužina stabla. Najveća pozitivna korelacija je utvrđena između dužine primarnog korena i ukupne dužine bočnih korenova. Klaster analiza pokazala je homogenost genotipova poreklom iz Srbije i regiona; njihove vrednosti dužine i težine korena i stabla bile su uglavnom oko i ispod proseka. Međutim, vrednosti za osobine: ugao seminalnih korenova, broj bočnih korenova i distanca do prve grane na primarnom korenu, bile su iznad proseka.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbija",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Genotypic variability of root and shoot traits of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at seedling stage",
volume = "52",
number = "2",
pages = "687-702",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2102687B"
}
Blažić, M., Dodig, D., Kandić, V., Đokić, D.,& Živanović, T.. (2021). Genotypic variability of root and shoot traits of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at seedling stage. in Genetika
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbija., 52(2), 687-702.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2102687B
Blažić M, Dodig D, Kandić V, Đokić D, Živanović T. Genotypic variability of root and shoot traits of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at seedling stage. in Genetika. 2021;52(2):687-702.
doi:10.2298/GENSR2102687B .
Blažić, Milica, Dodig, Dejan, Kandić, Vesna, Đokić, Dragoslav, Živanović, Tomislav, "Genotypic variability of root and shoot traits of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at seedling stage" in Genetika, 52, no. 2 (2021):687-702,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2102687B . .

Physiological and gene expression changes during imbibition in maize seeds under low temperature conditions

Božić, Manja; Stanojević, Aleksandra; Marković, Ksenija; Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana; Nikolić, Dragana; Milivojević, Marija; Nikolić, Ana

(Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Božić, Manja
AU  - Stanojević, Aleksandra
AU  - Marković, Ksenija
AU  - Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana
AU  - Nikolić, Dragana
AU  - Milivojević, Marija
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/832
AB  - Maize is one of the most important crop species worldwide, but also extremely
susceptible to the effects of increasingly higher temperatures and drought during the
summer and its flowering and grain filling stage. Different strategies are being utilized to
ensure a satisfying yield potential and quality even in the extremely unfavourable
environmental conditions, which are the result of climate change. Some of them are
cropping pattern changes and sowing alterations, including earlier sowing. Since this
implies the exposure to suboptimal temperatures during early developmental stages, it
leads to a demand for developing maize lines tolerant to low temperatures during these
stages. This research focuses on the first phase of germination, imbibition.
Maize tolerance to low temperatures is a complex trait that includes different mechanisms
and strategies that all work together to ensure adaptation and survival, such as cell
membrane changes, antioxidative system activation, etc. Additionally, the low
temperature response of different maize inbreds varies substantially, so recognizing the
different ways in which they respond to low temperatures during imbibition and other
earlier stages of development is crucial. To accomplish this, seeds of two maize inbred
lines of contrasting susceptibility to low temperatures were selected and exposed to
control (20° C) and low temperature (8°C) conditions during the first 24h of imbition andthen further analyzed to assess their response. This included germination and tetrazolium
assays; ascertaining membrane integrity by evaluating cell leakage and lipid peroxidation;
determining the antioxidative capacity by assessing superoxide dismutase (SOD) and
catalase (CAT) activity; and expression analysis of four genes included in the low
temperature response (gibberellin insensitive dwarf 1 gibberellin receptor, gid1; fatty acid
desaturases 2 and 6, fad2 and fad6; plastid-lipid-associated 2 protein, pap2).
The results showed that, while there is not a significant difference in their germination
rate, they differ in their survival rate, with more seeds of the tolerant genotype surviving
the low temperature period. Significant differences between them were found in cell
leakage (p<0,01), as well as gid1(p<0,05) and fad6 (p<0,05) gene expression assays. The
present research brings light to our understanding of the effect of low temperatures on the
first germination stage, - imbibition. It highlights the importance of choosing the right
inbreds for earlier sowing and points to certain routes that could be taken for improving
and accelerating the breeding process for low temperature tolerance.
AB  - Kukuruz je usev od izuzetne važnosti za poljoprivredu, koji se takođe odlikuje značajnom
osetljivošću na visoke temperature i sušu tokom letnjih meseci, odnosno tokom faze cvetanja i
nalivanja zrna. Jedna od strategija obezbeđivanja zadovoljavajuće produktivnosti i prinosa
kukuruza, uprkos nepovoljnim uslovima životne sredine, jeste ranija setva. Ipak u tom slučaju su
biljke kukuruza izložene suboptimalnim temperaturama u ranim fazama razvića, što stvara
potrebu za razvojem linija tolerantnih na niske temperature u tim fazama, što je i fokus ovog
istraživanja. Odgovor kukuruza na niske temperature je kompleksan i uključuje niz različitih
mehanizama i strategija koje obezbeđuju opstanak, a takođe zavisi i od samog genotipa, faze
razvića, itd. Iz tog razloga, odgovor kukuruza na niske temperature (8°C) je posmatran tokom
faze imbibicije, kod dva genotipa, i to na nivou promena genske ekspresije (gid1; fad2; fad6;
pap2), aktivnosti antioksidativnih enzima (SOD, CAT), integriteta ćelijskih membrana, stopa
germinacije, kao i samog preživljavanja. Rezultati ukazuju da postoje statistički značajne razlike
između genotipova kada je reč o stopi preživljavanja, integritetu ćelijskih membrana i ekspresiji
gena gid1i fad6 (p<0,05). Ovo istraživanje ukazuje na moguće mehanizme aklimatizacije na
niske temperature tokom faze imbibicije i ističe značaj odabira odgovarajućih linija za raniju
setvu.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Physiological and gene expression changes during imbibition in maize seeds under low temperature conditions
VL  - 53
IS  - 3
SP  - 1147
EP  - 1165
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2103147B
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Božić, Manja and Stanojević, Aleksandra and Marković, Ksenija and Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana and Nikolić, Dragana and Milivojević, Marija and Nikolić, Ana",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Maize is one of the most important crop species worldwide, but also extremely
susceptible to the effects of increasingly higher temperatures and drought during the
summer and its flowering and grain filling stage. Different strategies are being utilized to
ensure a satisfying yield potential and quality even in the extremely unfavourable
environmental conditions, which are the result of climate change. Some of them are
cropping pattern changes and sowing alterations, including earlier sowing. Since this
implies the exposure to suboptimal temperatures during early developmental stages, it
leads to a demand for developing maize lines tolerant to low temperatures during these
stages. This research focuses on the first phase of germination, imbibition.
Maize tolerance to low temperatures is a complex trait that includes different mechanisms
and strategies that all work together to ensure adaptation and survival, such as cell
membrane changes, antioxidative system activation, etc. Additionally, the low
temperature response of different maize inbreds varies substantially, so recognizing the
different ways in which they respond to low temperatures during imbibition and other
earlier stages of development is crucial. To accomplish this, seeds of two maize inbred
lines of contrasting susceptibility to low temperatures were selected and exposed to
control (20° C) and low temperature (8°C) conditions during the first 24h of imbition andthen further analyzed to assess their response. This included germination and tetrazolium
assays; ascertaining membrane integrity by evaluating cell leakage and lipid peroxidation;
determining the antioxidative capacity by assessing superoxide dismutase (SOD) and
catalase (CAT) activity; and expression analysis of four genes included in the low
temperature response (gibberellin insensitive dwarf 1 gibberellin receptor, gid1; fatty acid
desaturases 2 and 6, fad2 and fad6; plastid-lipid-associated 2 protein, pap2).
The results showed that, while there is not a significant difference in their germination
rate, they differ in their survival rate, with more seeds of the tolerant genotype surviving
the low temperature period. Significant differences between them were found in cell
leakage (p<0,01), as well as gid1(p<0,05) and fad6 (p<0,05) gene expression assays. The
present research brings light to our understanding of the effect of low temperatures on the
first germination stage, - imbibition. It highlights the importance of choosing the right
inbreds for earlier sowing and points to certain routes that could be taken for improving
and accelerating the breeding process for low temperature tolerance., Kukuruz je usev od izuzetne važnosti za poljoprivredu, koji se takođe odlikuje značajnom
osetljivošću na visoke temperature i sušu tokom letnjih meseci, odnosno tokom faze cvetanja i
nalivanja zrna. Jedna od strategija obezbeđivanja zadovoljavajuće produktivnosti i prinosa
kukuruza, uprkos nepovoljnim uslovima životne sredine, jeste ranija setva. Ipak u tom slučaju su
biljke kukuruza izložene suboptimalnim temperaturama u ranim fazama razvića, što stvara
potrebu za razvojem linija tolerantnih na niske temperature u tim fazama, što je i fokus ovog
istraživanja. Odgovor kukuruza na niske temperature je kompleksan i uključuje niz različitih
mehanizama i strategija koje obezbeđuju opstanak, a takođe zavisi i od samog genotipa, faze
razvića, itd. Iz tog razloga, odgovor kukuruza na niske temperature (8°C) je posmatran tokom
faze imbibicije, kod dva genotipa, i to na nivou promena genske ekspresije (gid1; fad2; fad6;
pap2), aktivnosti antioksidativnih enzima (SOD, CAT), integriteta ćelijskih membrana, stopa
germinacije, kao i samog preživljavanja. Rezultati ukazuju da postoje statistički značajne razlike
između genotipova kada je reč o stopi preživljavanja, integritetu ćelijskih membrana i ekspresiji
gena gid1i fad6 (p<0,05). Ovo istraživanje ukazuje na moguće mehanizme aklimatizacije na
niske temperature tokom faze imbibicije i ističe značaj odabira odgovarajućih linija za raniju
setvu.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Physiological and gene expression changes during imbibition in maize seeds under low temperature conditions",
volume = "53",
number = "3",
pages = "1147-1165",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2103147B"
}
Božić, M., Stanojević, A., Marković, K., Ignjatović-Micić, D., Nikolić, D., Milivojević, M.,& Nikolić, A.. (2021). Physiological and gene expression changes during imbibition in maize seeds under low temperature conditions. in Genetika
Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society., 53(3), 1147-1165.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2103147B
Božić M, Stanojević A, Marković K, Ignjatović-Micić D, Nikolić D, Milivojević M, Nikolić A. Physiological and gene expression changes during imbibition in maize seeds under low temperature conditions. in Genetika. 2021;53(3):1147-1165.
doi:10.2298/GENSR2103147B .
Božić, Manja, Stanojević, Aleksandra, Marković, Ksenija, Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana, Nikolić, Dragana, Milivojević, Marija, Nikolić, Ana, "Physiological and gene expression changes during imbibition in maize seeds under low temperature conditions" in Genetika, 53, no. 3 (2021):1147-1165,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2103147B . .