Integrated field crop production: conservation of biodiversity and soil fertility

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Integrated field crop production: conservation of biodiversity and soil fertility (en)
Интегрални системи гајења ратарских усева: очување биодиверзитета и плодности земљишта (sr)
Integralni sistemi gajenja ratarskih useva: očuvanje biodiverziteta i plodnosti zemljišta (sr_RS)
Authors

Publications

Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer

Dragicevic, Vesna; Dolijanović, Željko; Janosevic, Biljana; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljković, Milovan M.; Dodevska, Margarita; Simic, Milena

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragicevic, Vesna
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Janosevic, Biljana
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljković, Milovan M.
AU  - Dodevska, Margarita
AU  - Simic, Milena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/984
AB  - Cover crops (CC) are an important low-input strategy in sustainable agricultural systems. The impact of different CC (common vetch, field pea, winter oats, fodder kale, common vetch + winter oats and field pea + winter oats), organic mulch, control treatment-fallow, and bio-fertilizer (BF) application, on yield and quality of sweet maize kernel was evaluated. CC biomass was higher in mixtures: field pea + winter oats, and common vetch + winter oats, as well as in fodder kale. Kernel yield and its chemical composition varied significantly by CC, BF, year, and their interaction. Organic mulch enhanced the concentration of sugars and glutathione in maize kernel. BF increased kernel yield, the concentration of sugars, vitamin C, Mg, Fe, Zn, and reduced phytate concentration. The highest Mg and Mn concentration in maize kernel was achieved with fodder kale, Zn concentration with common vetch + winter oats + BF, and Fe concentration with winter oats. The same treatments expressed the highest impact on variability in concentration of the phytate, phenolics, and yellow pigment, thus affecting further bio-availability of essential elements. Results indicate that in a semi-arid climate, under rain-fed conditions, CC such as fodder kale and winter oats + common vetch could enhance sweet maize productivity and kernel quality, serving as an important part of a sustainable cropping system, to facilitate food security.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Agronomy
T1  - Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer
VL  - 11
IS  - 5
SP  - 981
DO  - https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragicevic, Vesna and Dolijanović, Željko and Janosevic, Biljana and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljković, Milovan M. and Dodevska, Margarita and Simic, Milena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Cover crops (CC) are an important low-input strategy in sustainable agricultural systems. The impact of different CC (common vetch, field pea, winter oats, fodder kale, common vetch + winter oats and field pea + winter oats), organic mulch, control treatment-fallow, and bio-fertilizer (BF) application, on yield and quality of sweet maize kernel was evaluated. CC biomass was higher in mixtures: field pea + winter oats, and common vetch + winter oats, as well as in fodder kale. Kernel yield and its chemical composition varied significantly by CC, BF, year, and their interaction. Organic mulch enhanced the concentration of sugars and glutathione in maize kernel. BF increased kernel yield, the concentration of sugars, vitamin C, Mg, Fe, Zn, and reduced phytate concentration. The highest Mg and Mn concentration in maize kernel was achieved with fodder kale, Zn concentration with common vetch + winter oats + BF, and Fe concentration with winter oats. The same treatments expressed the highest impact on variability in concentration of the phytate, phenolics, and yellow pigment, thus affecting further bio-availability of essential elements. Results indicate that in a semi-arid climate, under rain-fed conditions, CC such as fodder kale and winter oats + common vetch could enhance sweet maize productivity and kernel quality, serving as an important part of a sustainable cropping system, to facilitate food security.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Agronomy",
title = "Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer",
volume = "11",
number = "5",
pages = "981",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981"
}
Dragicevic, V., Dolijanović, Ž., Janosevic, B., Brankov, M., Stoiljković, M. M., Dodevska, M.,& Simic, M.. (2021). Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer. in Agronomy
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 11(5), 981.
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981
Dragicevic V, Dolijanović Ž, Janosevic B, Brankov M, Stoiljković MM, Dodevska M, Simic M. Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer. in Agronomy. 2021;11(5):981.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981 .
Dragicevic, Vesna, Dolijanović, Željko, Janosevic, Biljana, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljković, Milovan M., Dodevska, Margarita, Simic, Milena, "Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer" in Agronomy, 11, no. 5 (2021):981,
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981 . .

High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food

Radenović, Čedomir; Delić, Nenad; Radosavljević, Milica; Jovanović, Života; Sečanski, Mile; Popović, Aleksandar; Crevar, Miloš; Radosavljević, Nebojša

(Beograd : Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Radenović, Čedomir
AU  - Delić, Nenad
AU  - Radosavljević, Milica
AU  - Jovanović, Života
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Popović, Aleksandar
AU  - Crevar, Miloš
AU  - Radosavljević, Nebojša
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/826
AB  - Introduction/purpose: This paper presents the results of several different research studies. The inbred lines ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159 and the maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 are primarily intended for human and livestock nutrition. Their selection took about four decades. Methods: Spectral bands were registered using the method of resonant Raman spectroscopy of the leaves of inbred maize lines. These spectral bands indicate the conformational characteristics of not only carotenoid molecules but also other compounds (phosphate, gluten, and amide III) in the leaf. Results: A systematic examination of the inbred lines ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159 and their maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 was performed in this paper. It was stated that the new inbred lines of corn, i.e. ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159, are rich in carotenoids and yellow pigments. These lines also have significant quantities of other valuable bioactive compounds and good physical characteristics. The lines have an upright position of the top leaves and belong to the group of maize lines with significant characteristics of the photosynthetic model. They are resistant to high temperatures and are drought tolerant. Conclusion: This paper presents the relevant properties, characteristics and parameters of the new studied inbred maize lines that can be used in selection processes in the future. High-yielding and high-quality maize hybrids, i.e. ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737, have been created from the mentioned inbred maize lines. They are recognizable by their qualities. The hybrid ZP633 is especially noteworthy for human consumption (children and the elderly). Further, from the agronomic-veterinary point of view, it is confirmed that the hybrids ZP 735 and ZP 737 are the most suitable for livestock feeding with the programmed use of corn silage. The relevant agronomic, morphological and nutritional properties of the maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 are also presented in this paper. The results regarding the grain structure and yield height for grain and silage for the hybrids ZP 677 and ZP 684, produced in Serbia and the countries of Southeastern Europe, are also given.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija
T2  - Vojnotehnički glasnik
T1  - High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food
VL  - 69
IS  - 1
SP  - 114
EP  - 147
DO  - 10.5937/vojteh69-29512
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Radenović, Čedomir and Delić, Nenad and Radosavljević, Milica and Jovanović, Života and Sečanski, Mile and Popović, Aleksandar and Crevar, Miloš and Radosavljević, Nebojša",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Introduction/purpose: This paper presents the results of several different research studies. The inbred lines ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159 and the maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 are primarily intended for human and livestock nutrition. Their selection took about four decades. Methods: Spectral bands were registered using the method of resonant Raman spectroscopy of the leaves of inbred maize lines. These spectral bands indicate the conformational characteristics of not only carotenoid molecules but also other compounds (phosphate, gluten, and amide III) in the leaf. Results: A systematic examination of the inbred lines ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159 and their maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 was performed in this paper. It was stated that the new inbred lines of corn, i.e. ZPPL 146 and ZPPL 159, are rich in carotenoids and yellow pigments. These lines also have significant quantities of other valuable bioactive compounds and good physical characteristics. The lines have an upright position of the top leaves and belong to the group of maize lines with significant characteristics of the photosynthetic model. They are resistant to high temperatures and are drought tolerant. Conclusion: This paper presents the relevant properties, characteristics and parameters of the new studied inbred maize lines that can be used in selection processes in the future. High-yielding and high-quality maize hybrids, i.e. ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737, have been created from the mentioned inbred maize lines. They are recognizable by their qualities. The hybrid ZP633 is especially noteworthy for human consumption (children and the elderly). Further, from the agronomic-veterinary point of view, it is confirmed that the hybrids ZP 735 and ZP 737 are the most suitable for livestock feeding with the programmed use of corn silage. The relevant agronomic, morphological and nutritional properties of the maize hybrids ZP 633, ZP 735, and ZP 737 are also presented in this paper. The results regarding the grain structure and yield height for grain and silage for the hybrids ZP 677 and ZP 684, produced in Serbia and the countries of Southeastern Europe, are also given.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija",
journal = "Vojnotehnički glasnik",
title = "High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food",
volume = "69",
number = "1",
pages = "114-147",
doi = "10.5937/vojteh69-29512"
}
Radenović, Č., Delić, N., Radosavljević, M., Jovanović, Ž., Sečanski, M., Popović, A., Crevar, M.,& Radosavljević, N.. (2021). High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food. in Vojnotehnički glasnik
Beograd : Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija., 69(1), 114-147.
https://doi.org/10.5937/vojteh69-29512
Radenović Č, Delić N, Radosavljević M, Jovanović Ž, Sečanski M, Popović A, Crevar M, Radosavljević N. High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food. in Vojnotehnički glasnik. 2021;69(1):114-147.
doi:10.5937/vojteh69-29512 .
Radenović, Čedomir, Delić, Nenad, Radosavljević, Milica, Jovanović, Života, Sečanski, Mile, Popović, Aleksandar, Crevar, Miloš, Radosavljević, Nebojša, "High-yielding and chemically enriched maize hybrids bred in Serbia - the best basis for super quality feed and food" in Vojnotehnički glasnik, 69, no. 1 (2021):114-147,
https://doi.org/10.5937/vojteh69-29512 . .

Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains

Dragicevic, Vesna; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Simic, Milena; Tabaković, Marijenka; Milenković, Milena; Brankov, Milan

(Belgrade : University of Belgrade, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragicevic, Vesna
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Milenković, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/938
AB  - Frequent variations and extremes in meteorological factors, affect not just yield, but also grain composition of produced crops. Organic crop production has many challenges, particularly under the rain-fed conditions, when water supply is limited and crops could be additionally subjected to the harsh environment. Aim of the research was to follow variations in grain composition of organically produced spelt wheat (var. Nirvana) and red grain maize (var. Rumenka) during 2011-2017 period, which included meteorologically different seasons. Analysed grain components included essential elements: Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe and Mn (determined by ICP-OES), as well as antioxidants, such as polyphenols, yellow pigments (YP), total glutathione (GSH) and phytate (Phy) (determined spectrophotometrically). Results revealed that the lowest concentrations of polyphenols, YP and GSH and slightly reduced Phy in the grains of both, spelt and maize were present during the season with extremely high precipitation, as 2014 was. Nevertheless, drier seasons had positive impact on the accumulation of all examined antioxidants and the highest values were obtained during meteorologically optimal years. Based on the content of essential elements, 2014 was also important for reduced Mg, Fe, Zn and Mn accumulation in spelt grain. For maize, seasons with drought (2012 and 2013) were significant for reduced accumulation of all examined elements. The highest values of all essential elements were noticed in 2016 and 2017, seasons with relative uniform precipitation distribution and optimal temperature during grain filling periods of spelt and maize. Principal component analysis revealed that drier periods present during grain filling induced high variations of GSH, Phy and Mg concentrations in spelt grain, as well as high variations of YP, Mg, Fe, Mn and Zn concentrations in maize grain. It could be assumed that growing season is an important factor affecting nutritional quality of organically produced crops, such as spelt and maize.
PB  - Belgrade : University of Belgrade
C3  - Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
T1  - Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains
SP  - 92
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragicevic, Vesna and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Simic, Milena and Tabaković, Marijenka and Milenković, Milena and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Frequent variations and extremes in meteorological factors, affect not just yield, but also grain composition of produced crops. Organic crop production has many challenges, particularly under the rain-fed conditions, when water supply is limited and crops could be additionally subjected to the harsh environment. Aim of the research was to follow variations in grain composition of organically produced spelt wheat (var. Nirvana) and red grain maize (var. Rumenka) during 2011-2017 period, which included meteorologically different seasons. Analysed grain components included essential elements: Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe and Mn (determined by ICP-OES), as well as antioxidants, such as polyphenols, yellow pigments (YP), total glutathione (GSH) and phytate (Phy) (determined spectrophotometrically). Results revealed that the lowest concentrations of polyphenols, YP and GSH and slightly reduced Phy in the grains of both, spelt and maize were present during the season with extremely high precipitation, as 2014 was. Nevertheless, drier seasons had positive impact on the accumulation of all examined antioxidants and the highest values were obtained during meteorologically optimal years. Based on the content of essential elements, 2014 was also important for reduced Mg, Fe, Zn and Mn accumulation in spelt grain. For maize, seasons with drought (2012 and 2013) were significant for reduced accumulation of all examined elements. The highest values of all essential elements were noticed in 2016 and 2017, seasons with relative uniform precipitation distribution and optimal temperature during grain filling periods of spelt and maize. Principal component analysis revealed that drier periods present during grain filling induced high variations of GSH, Phy and Mg concentrations in spelt grain, as well as high variations of YP, Mg, Fe, Mn and Zn concentrations in maize grain. It could be assumed that growing season is an important factor affecting nutritional quality of organically produced crops, such as spelt and maize.",
publisher = "Belgrade : University of Belgrade",
journal = "Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts",
title = "Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains",
pages = "92"
}
Dragicevic, V., Stoiljkovic, M., Simic, M., Tabaković, M., Milenković, M.,& Brankov, M.. (2021). Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains. in Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : University of Belgrade., 92.
Dragicevic V, Stoiljkovic M, Simic M, Tabaković M, Milenković M, Brankov M. Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains. in Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts. 2021;:92..
Dragicevic, Vesna, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Simic, Milena, Tabaković, Marijenka, Milenković, Milena, Brankov, Milan, "Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains" in Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts (2021):92.

Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности

Šenk, Milena; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Tabaković, Marijenka; Dragičević, Vesna

(Универзитет у Београду – Пољопривредни факултет, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/884
AB  - Због интезивне примене минералних ђубрива и пестицида, који повољно утичу на
повећање продуктивности али штетно на животну средину, све већи изазов у свету
представља проналажење еколошки прихватљивог начина гајења усева, који ће
обезбедити одрживи и задовољавајући принос. Једна од алтернативних метода која се
успешно користи у ту сврху јесте гајење два или више усева истовремено на истом
пољу. Циљ овог истраживања био је да се процени агрономска вредност, тј. принос
соје и проса комбинованих на различите начине (наизменични редови и наизменичне
траке) и упореди са самостално гајеним усевима. Експеримент је постављен на
огледном пољу Института за кукуруз “Земун Поље”, током 2018. и 2020. године. Соја
(сорта Селена) и просо (сорта Бисерка) су посејани у три различите комбинације (С-П,
СС-ПП, СС-ПППП), као и контролни усеви, док је истовремено испитиван и утицај
био-ђубрива Coveron (садржи микоризне гљиве и ризосферне бактерије). Добијени
приноси су изражени преко односа еквивалента земљишта (ЛЕР), док је компетиција
између соје и проса описана помоћу компетитивне способности (ЦР) и агресивности
(А). Резултати су показали да све три испитиване комбинације здруживања повољно
утичу на продуктивност. Просечне ЛЕР вредности су у свим комбинацијама веће од 1,
указујући на већу продуктивност соје и проса у здруженим у односу на чисте усеве.
Највише ЛЕР вредности су постигнуте у СС-ММ комбинацијама (1.48 и 1.28 са и без
Coveron-а, респективно). Разматрајући компетицију, соја се истакла као
компетитивнија и доминантнија врста, посебно у комбинацијама наизменичних трака,
где је у СС-ММММ комбинацији са био-ђубривом забележена ЦР вредност од 3.19 и А
вредност од 1.34. На основу наведених резултата може се закључити да је изражена
компетитивност соје у односу на просо повољна за здруживање наведених врста и има
агрономску вредност у одрживој пољопривреди.
AB  - Due to the intensive application of mineral fertilizers and pesticides, which have a favorable 
effect on increasing productivity but are harmful to the environment, finding an ecological 
way of growing crops, which will provide a sustainable and satisfactory yield, is a growing 
challenge in the world. One of alternative methods that is successfully used for this purpose is 
growing two or more crops simultaneously in the same field. The aim of this study was to 
assess the agronomic value, ie. yield of soybean and common millet intercropped in different 
ways (alternating rows and alternating strips) and compare with monocrops. The experiment 
was set up on the experimental field of the Maize Research Institute "Zemun Polje", during 
2018 and 2020. Soybean (var. Selena) and common millet (var. Biserka) were sown in three 
different combinations (SP, SS-PP, SS-PPPP), as well as control crops, while at the same 
time the influence of bio-fertilizer Coveron (containing mycorrhizal fungi and rhizosphere 
bacteria) was examined. The obtained yields are expressed through the land equivalent ratio 
(LER), while the competition between soybean and millet is described by competitive ratio 
(CR) and aggressivity (A). The results showed that all three examined combinations have 
favorable effect on productivity. The average LER values in all intercrops are greater than 1, 
indicating higher productivity of soybean and millet in intercropping compared to pure crops. 
The highest LER values were achieved in SS-MM combinations (1.48 and 1.28 with and 
without Coveron, respectively). Considering competition, the soybean stood out as more 
competitive and dominant specie, especially in the combinations of alternating strips, where 
CR value of 3.19 and A value of 1.34 were calculated for SS-MMMM combination treated 
with bio-fertilizer. Based on the above results, it can be concluded that expressed 
competitiveness of soybean in relation to millet is favorable for intercropping of these species 
and has agronomic value in sustainable agriculture.
PB  - Универзитет у Београду – Пољопривредни факултет
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i  povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. - Zbornik izvoda
T1  - Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности
T1  - Intercropping of soybean-common millet in combination with bio-fertilizer as an ecological method for increasing productivity
SP  - 80
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Šenk, Milena and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Tabaković, Marijenka and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Због интезивне примене минералних ђубрива и пестицида, који повољно утичу на
повећање продуктивности али штетно на животну средину, све већи изазов у свету
представља проналажење еколошки прихватљивог начина гајења усева, који ће
обезбедити одрживи и задовољавајући принос. Једна од алтернативних метода која се
успешно користи у ту сврху јесте гајење два или више усева истовремено на истом
пољу. Циљ овог истраживања био је да се процени агрономска вредност, тј. принос
соје и проса комбинованих на различите начине (наизменични редови и наизменичне
траке) и упореди са самостално гајеним усевима. Експеримент је постављен на
огледном пољу Института за кукуруз “Земун Поље”, током 2018. и 2020. године. Соја
(сорта Селена) и просо (сорта Бисерка) су посејани у три различите комбинације (С-П,
СС-ПП, СС-ПППП), као и контролни усеви, док је истовремено испитиван и утицај
био-ђубрива Coveron (садржи микоризне гљиве и ризосферне бактерије). Добијени
приноси су изражени преко односа еквивалента земљишта (ЛЕР), док је компетиција
између соје и проса описана помоћу компетитивне способности (ЦР) и агресивности
(А). Резултати су показали да све три испитиване комбинације здруживања повољно
утичу на продуктивност. Просечне ЛЕР вредности су у свим комбинацијама веће од 1,
указујући на већу продуктивност соје и проса у здруженим у односу на чисте усеве.
Највише ЛЕР вредности су постигнуте у СС-ММ комбинацијама (1.48 и 1.28 са и без
Coveron-а, респективно). Разматрајући компетицију, соја се истакла као
компетитивнија и доминантнија врста, посебно у комбинацијама наизменичних трака,
где је у СС-ММММ комбинацији са био-ђубривом забележена ЦР вредност од 3.19 и А
вредност од 1.34. На основу наведених резултата може се закључити да је изражена
компетитивност соје у односу на просо повољна за здруживање наведених врста и има
агрономску вредност у одрживој пољопривреди., Due to the intensive application of mineral fertilizers and pesticides, which have a favorable 
effect on increasing productivity but are harmful to the environment, finding an ecological 
way of growing crops, which will provide a sustainable and satisfactory yield, is a growing 
challenge in the world. One of alternative methods that is successfully used for this purpose is 
growing two or more crops simultaneously in the same field. The aim of this study was to 
assess the agronomic value, ie. yield of soybean and common millet intercropped in different 
ways (alternating rows and alternating strips) and compare with monocrops. The experiment 
was set up on the experimental field of the Maize Research Institute "Zemun Polje", during 
2018 and 2020. Soybean (var. Selena) and common millet (var. Biserka) were sown in three 
different combinations (SP, SS-PP, SS-PPPP), as well as control crops, while at the same 
time the influence of bio-fertilizer Coveron (containing mycorrhizal fungi and rhizosphere 
bacteria) was examined. The obtained yields are expressed through the land equivalent ratio 
(LER), while the competition between soybean and millet is described by competitive ratio 
(CR) and aggressivity (A). The results showed that all three examined combinations have 
favorable effect on productivity. The average LER values in all intercrops are greater than 1, 
indicating higher productivity of soybean and millet in intercropping compared to pure crops. 
The highest LER values were achieved in SS-MM combinations (1.48 and 1.28 with and 
without Coveron, respectively). Considering competition, the soybean stood out as more 
competitive and dominant specie, especially in the combinations of alternating strips, where 
CR value of 3.19 and A value of 1.34 were calculated for SS-MMMM combination treated 
with bio-fertilizer. Based on the above results, it can be concluded that expressed 
competitiveness of soybean in relation to millet is favorable for intercropping of these species 
and has agronomic value in sustainable agriculture.",
publisher = "Универзитет у Београду – Пољопривредни факултет, Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i  povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. - Zbornik izvoda",
title = "Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности, Intercropping of soybean-common millet in combination with bio-fertilizer as an ecological method for increasing productivity",
pages = "80"
}
Šenk, M., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Tabaković, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i  povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. - Zbornik izvoda
Универзитет у Београду – Пољопривредни факултет., 80.
Šenk M, Simić M, Brankov M, Tabaković M, Dragičević V. Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i  povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. - Zbornik izvoda. 2021;:80..
Šenk, Milena, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Tabaković, Marijenka, Dragičević, Vesna, "Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности" in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i  povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. - Zbornik izvoda (2021):80.

Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain

Šenk, Milena V.; Simić, Milena; Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka; Tešić, Živoslav Lj.; Brankov, Milan; Kodranov, Igor; Dragičević, Vesna

(Belgrade : University of Belgrade, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Šenk, Milena V.
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka
AU  - Tešić, Živoslav Lj.
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Kodranov, Igor
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/885
AB  - Intercropping, as sustainable agricultural practice effectively uses environmental resources,
affecting the nutritive quality of crops by modifying the concentration of macro- and microelements
in grain. In order to improve the availability of nutrients from the soil, bio-fertilizers could
also be used successfully in elements management. A field experiment was conducted with soybean (var. Selena) and proso millet (var. Biserka) to examine the integrated influence of intercropping and bio-fertilizer on Ca, Mg, S, Fe and Zn accumulation in grain. Mono-crops (T1 - soybean, T2 - millet), as well as tree planting patterns of intercrop, including alternating rows of soybean and proso millet (T3), alternating strips of two rows of soybean and two rows of millet (T4) and alternating strips of two rows of soybean and four rows of millet (T5), were set up in 2018 and
2020. The same combinations, as subplots, were treated with bio-fertilizer Coveron (C) (containing
mycorrhizal fungi, Trichoderma and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria). After harvest, grains
were dried and milled and preparation of samples was performed using wet digestion procedure
with HClO4 + HNO3. The concentration of Ca, Mg and S were determined by ICP-OES, while Fe
and Zn concentration was measured on ICP-MS. Results showed that Coveron reduced S
concentration in soybean grain, while the status of other elements mainly remained unchanged. In
terms of intercropping, soybean from T5 combination had a significantly higher level of Fe in
comparison to T1 and T3, and higher but not significantly than T4, emphasizing alternating strips as
more effective for accumulation of this element in grain. Combination T3 + C provided the highest
accumulation of Ca, while T5 + C significantly raised Fe concentration. In terms of proso millet,
bio-fertilizer expressed a greater impact on Ca, Fe and Zn by increasing their concentration. On the
other side, all intercrop combinations expressed a positive impact on Fe concentration and
simultaneously reduced Zn concentration. When mutual influence is considered, T4 + C
significantly increased Ca and Fe values, while T2 + C increased Zn value, pointing positive effect
of integrated and sustainable agricultural practices on an accumulation of essential elements in a
grain of proso millet. In conclusion, different intercrop combinations combined with bio-fertilizer
could be successfully used to improve the nutritional quality of soybean and millet grains in terms
of sustainable food production, but further investigations are required to highlight other aspects of
potentially enhanced nutritional quality.
PB  - Belgrade : University of Belgrade
C3  - Unifood conference, Belgrade, 24 - 25 September 2021 - Book of Abstracts
T1  - Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain
SP  - 169
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Šenk, Milena V. and Simić, Milena and Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka and Tešić, Živoslav Lj. and Brankov, Milan and Kodranov, Igor and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Intercropping, as sustainable agricultural practice effectively uses environmental resources,
affecting the nutritive quality of crops by modifying the concentration of macro- and microelements
in grain. In order to improve the availability of nutrients from the soil, bio-fertilizers could
also be used successfully in elements management. A field experiment was conducted with soybean (var. Selena) and proso millet (var. Biserka) to examine the integrated influence of intercropping and bio-fertilizer on Ca, Mg, S, Fe and Zn accumulation in grain. Mono-crops (T1 - soybean, T2 - millet), as well as tree planting patterns of intercrop, including alternating rows of soybean and proso millet (T3), alternating strips of two rows of soybean and two rows of millet (T4) and alternating strips of two rows of soybean and four rows of millet (T5), were set up in 2018 and
2020. The same combinations, as subplots, were treated with bio-fertilizer Coveron (C) (containing
mycorrhizal fungi, Trichoderma and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria). After harvest, grains
were dried and milled and preparation of samples was performed using wet digestion procedure
with HClO4 + HNO3. The concentration of Ca, Mg and S were determined by ICP-OES, while Fe
and Zn concentration was measured on ICP-MS. Results showed that Coveron reduced S
concentration in soybean grain, while the status of other elements mainly remained unchanged. In
terms of intercropping, soybean from T5 combination had a significantly higher level of Fe in
comparison to T1 and T3, and higher but not significantly than T4, emphasizing alternating strips as
more effective for accumulation of this element in grain. Combination T3 + C provided the highest
accumulation of Ca, while T5 + C significantly raised Fe concentration. In terms of proso millet,
bio-fertilizer expressed a greater impact on Ca, Fe and Zn by increasing their concentration. On the
other side, all intercrop combinations expressed a positive impact on Fe concentration and
simultaneously reduced Zn concentration. When mutual influence is considered, T4 + C
significantly increased Ca and Fe values, while T2 + C increased Zn value, pointing positive effect
of integrated and sustainable agricultural practices on an accumulation of essential elements in a
grain of proso millet. In conclusion, different intercrop combinations combined with bio-fertilizer
could be successfully used to improve the nutritional quality of soybean and millet grains in terms
of sustainable food production, but further investigations are required to highlight other aspects of
potentially enhanced nutritional quality.",
publisher = "Belgrade : University of Belgrade",
journal = "Unifood conference, Belgrade, 24 - 25 September 2021 - Book of Abstracts",
title = "Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain",
pages = "169"
}
Šenk, M. V., Simić, M., Milojković-Opsenica, D., Tešić, Ž. Lj., Brankov, M., Kodranov, I.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain. in Unifood conference, Belgrade, 24 - 25 September 2021 - Book of Abstracts
Belgrade : University of Belgrade., 169.
Šenk MV, Simić M, Milojković-Opsenica D, Tešić ŽL, Brankov M, Kodranov I, Dragičević V. Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain. in Unifood conference, Belgrade, 24 - 25 September 2021 - Book of Abstracts. 2021;:169..
Šenk, Milena V., Simić, Milena, Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka, Tešić, Živoslav Lj., Brankov, Milan, Kodranov, Igor, Dragičević, Vesna, "Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain" in Unifood conference, Belgrade, 24 - 25 September 2021 - Book of Abstracts (2021):169.

The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity

Brankov, Milan; Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna

(Elsevier, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/837
AB  - Crop rotation is a simple and effective part of an Integrated Weed Management (IWM) system. This approach makes it possible to rotate herbicides with different modes of action (MOA), avoiding or postponing herbicide resistance. Besides all the known advantages and benefits, it is still not widely used in maize (Zea mays L.) production. In Serbia, about 20% of total maize production is a continuous cropping. The aim of this research was to test the benefits of growing maize in crop rotation with winter wheat (Triticum vulgare L.) compared with a continuous cropping, combined with pre-emergence herbicide application. Field trials started in 2009, and five maize-winter wheat rotations have been completed. Weeds were controlled with a herbicide mixture of isoxaflutole and S-metolachlor, applied at either the full label rate or half rate, while one plot was kept weed free (manually), and one was a control. Integrating crop rotation and PRE herbicides decreased the biomass of weeds and their density by 98% and 99%, respectively. In continuous maize, perennial weeds became dominant after the first rotation. Crop rotation significantly influenced maize productive parameters, decreasing the variation in leaf area index and grain yield, increasing values with the number of cycles. The biggest differences in the analyzed parameters were observed in 2015, 2017 and 2019, indicating many positive long-term benefits of crop rotation on maize leaf area index and grain yield.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Crop protection
T1  - The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity
VL  - 143
SP  - 105558
DO  - 10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Crop rotation is a simple and effective part of an Integrated Weed Management (IWM) system. This approach makes it possible to rotate herbicides with different modes of action (MOA), avoiding or postponing herbicide resistance. Besides all the known advantages and benefits, it is still not widely used in maize (Zea mays L.) production. In Serbia, about 20% of total maize production is a continuous cropping. The aim of this research was to test the benefits of growing maize in crop rotation with winter wheat (Triticum vulgare L.) compared with a continuous cropping, combined with pre-emergence herbicide application. Field trials started in 2009, and five maize-winter wheat rotations have been completed. Weeds were controlled with a herbicide mixture of isoxaflutole and S-metolachlor, applied at either the full label rate or half rate, while one plot was kept weed free (manually), and one was a control. Integrating crop rotation and PRE herbicides decreased the biomass of weeds and their density by 98% and 99%, respectively. In continuous maize, perennial weeds became dominant after the first rotation. Crop rotation significantly influenced maize productive parameters, decreasing the variation in leaf area index and grain yield, increasing values with the number of cycles. The biggest differences in the analyzed parameters were observed in 2015, 2017 and 2019, indicating many positive long-term benefits of crop rotation on maize leaf area index and grain yield.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Crop protection",
title = "The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity",
volume = "143",
pages = "105558",
doi = "10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558"
}
Brankov, M., Simić, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity. in Crop protection
Elsevier., 143, 105558.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558
Brankov M, Simić M, Dragičević V. The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity. in Crop protection. 2021;143:105558.
doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558 .
Brankov, Milan, Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, "The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity" in Crop protection, 143 (2021):105558,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558 . .
2
9

Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production

Tabaković, Marijenka; Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Oro, Violeta; Stanisavljević, Rade; Brankov, Milan; Živanović, Ljubiša

(Quilamapu : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Oro, Violeta
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Živanović, Ljubiša
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/844
AB  - The environment protection, energy, and resources preservation are especially pronounced under present climate changes. In agriculture, these changes are recognised as drought, high temperatures, occurrence of stormy winds and hail. The aim of this study was to determine variations in seed morphology that are a result of different sowing dates in relation with agro- ecological conditions of maize (Zea mays L.) cultivation. The material used for the study encompassed three inbred lines (G1, G2, G3) sown every 10 d on five sowing dates (T1, T2, T3, T4, T5) starting from 1 April to 10 May, during 2 yr (Y1: 2018, Y2: 2019). The following physical properties of seeds were estimated: width (W), length (L), thickness (Tk), ratio of small (SF) to large fraction (LF) and grain yield (GY). The width was the highest in all three inbreeds on T4 (1.00, 1.03, 0.99 cm, respectively); T5 was the least favourable date for L (1.09, 1.12, 1.09 cm, respectively) while Tk was the lowest in G1 (0.51 cm) and G2 (0.51 cm) sown on T1. The most significant differences in the formation of physical properties occurred in seeds sown on T5 (p ≤ 0.05). The highest differences were observed in width between T5-T4 (-0.223 cm), in length between T5-T2 (-0.309 cm) and in thickness between T5-T3 (-0.129 cm). Later sowing dates favoured LF (85.2%) in comparison to SF (14.7%). Seed size variability participated with 50% in yield formation (R2 ≥ 0.5).
PB  - Quilamapu :  Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA)
T2  - Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
T1  - Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production
VL  - 81
IS  - 4
SP  - 481
EP  - 490
DO  - 10.4067/S0718-58392021000400481
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Tabaković, Marijenka and Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Oro, Violeta and Stanisavljević, Rade and Brankov, Milan and Živanović, Ljubiša",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The environment protection, energy, and resources preservation are especially pronounced under present climate changes. In agriculture, these changes are recognised as drought, high temperatures, occurrence of stormy winds and hail. The aim of this study was to determine variations in seed morphology that are a result of different sowing dates in relation with agro- ecological conditions of maize (Zea mays L.) cultivation. The material used for the study encompassed three inbred lines (G1, G2, G3) sown every 10 d on five sowing dates (T1, T2, T3, T4, T5) starting from 1 April to 10 May, during 2 yr (Y1: 2018, Y2: 2019). The following physical properties of seeds were estimated: width (W), length (L), thickness (Tk), ratio of small (SF) to large fraction (LF) and grain yield (GY). The width was the highest in all three inbreeds on T4 (1.00, 1.03, 0.99 cm, respectively); T5 was the least favourable date for L (1.09, 1.12, 1.09 cm, respectively) while Tk was the lowest in G1 (0.51 cm) and G2 (0.51 cm) sown on T1. The most significant differences in the formation of physical properties occurred in seeds sown on T5 (p ≤ 0.05). The highest differences were observed in width between T5-T4 (-0.223 cm), in length between T5-T2 (-0.309 cm) and in thickness between T5-T3 (-0.129 cm). Later sowing dates favoured LF (85.2%) in comparison to SF (14.7%). Seed size variability participated with 50% in yield formation (R2 ≥ 0.5).",
publisher = "Quilamapu :  Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA)",
journal = "Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research",
title = "Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production",
volume = "81",
number = "4",
pages = "481-490",
doi = "10.4067/S0718-58392021000400481"
}
Tabaković, M., Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Oro, V., Stanisavljević, R., Brankov, M.,& Živanović, L.. (2021). Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production. in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Quilamapu :  Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA)., 81(4), 481-490.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392021000400481
Tabaković M, Simić M, Dragičević V, Oro V, Stanisavljević R, Brankov M, Živanović L. Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production. in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 2021;81(4):481-490.
doi:10.4067/S0718-58392021000400481 .
Tabaković, Marijenka, Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Oro, Violeta, Stanisavljević, Rade, Brankov, Milan, Živanović, Ljubiša, "Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production" in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 81, no. 4 (2021):481-490,
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392021000400481 . .

Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype

Dragicevic, Vesna; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Milenković, Milena; Kresović, Branka; Dumanović, Zoran

(Osijek : Glas Slavonije d.d., 2020)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragicevic, Vesna
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Milenković, Milena
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Dumanović, Zoran
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/933
AB  - Present experimental data indicate that meteorological conditions, with regard to genotype
and crop density, are the main factor that contribute to grain yield variations of maize hybrids.
H6, as a hybrid with longer vegetative period, responded better, with increased grain yield
when it was grown at D1. Nevertheless, H3 could be characterised as more efficient in kernel
weight accumulation, having higher values of shelling percentage and grain yield. DM accumulation is mainly dependable on maturity group. Thus, hybrids from later groups (H4-H6) had
lesser DM accumulation from phase V to VI (especially at D1) indicating slower assimilates accumulation and/or gradual moisture releasing from the grain. That means that a longer grain
filling period, as the background of high yield achievement, is not closely related to kernel
weight. Grain filling period is the main factor that contributes to yield potential, what is mainly
highlighted in hybrids from early maturity groups (H1-H3), particularly when they were grown
at higher densities (D2), giving them advantage over hybrids from later groups.
AB  - Postojeći pokusni podaci govore kako su meteorološki uvjeti, s obzirom na genotip i gustoću usjeva, glavni faktor koji pridonosi varijabilnosti u prinosu zrna hibrida kukuruza. H6 je,
kao hibrid s duljim vegetativnim razdobljem reagirao bolje s povećanim prinosom zrna kad
je uzgojen pri D1. Ipak, H3 se može okarakterizirati kao efikasniji u nakupljanju mase zrna, s
višim vrijednostima postotka krunjenja i prinosa zrna. Akumulacija suhe tvari uglavnom ovisi
o skupini zriobe. Dakle, hibridi iz kasnijih grupa (H4-H6) imali su manju akumulaciju suhe tvari
od faze V do VI (posebno pri D1), što ukazuje na sporije nakupljanje asimilata i/ili postupno
oslobađanje vlage iz zrna. To znači da dulje razdoblje nalijevanja zrna, kao pozadina postignuća
visokog prinosa, nije usko povezano s masom zrna. Razdoblje nalijevanja zrna glavni je faktor
koji pridonosi potencijalu prinosa, što se uglavnom ističe kod hibrida iz skupina rane zriobe
(H1-H3), osobito kada su uzgajani pri većim gustoćama (D2), što im daje prednost u odnosu na
hibride iz kasnijih grupa.
PB  - Osijek : Glas Slavonije d.d.
C3  - 13. International scientific/professional conference "Agriculture in nature and environment protection", 07-09. September 2020, Osijek, Republic of Croatia - Proceedings and abstracts
T1  - Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype
T1  - Nalijevanje sjemena kukuruza u funkciji gustoće usjeva i genotipa
SP  - 81
EP  - 86
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragicevic, Vesna and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Milenković, Milena and Kresović, Branka and Dumanović, Zoran",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Present experimental data indicate that meteorological conditions, with regard to genotype
and crop density, are the main factor that contribute to grain yield variations of maize hybrids.
H6, as a hybrid with longer vegetative period, responded better, with increased grain yield
when it was grown at D1. Nevertheless, H3 could be characterised as more efficient in kernel
weight accumulation, having higher values of shelling percentage and grain yield. DM accumulation is mainly dependable on maturity group. Thus, hybrids from later groups (H4-H6) had
lesser DM accumulation from phase V to VI (especially at D1) indicating slower assimilates accumulation and/or gradual moisture releasing from the grain. That means that a longer grain
filling period, as the background of high yield achievement, is not closely related to kernel
weight. Grain filling period is the main factor that contributes to yield potential, what is mainly
highlighted in hybrids from early maturity groups (H1-H3), particularly when they were grown
at higher densities (D2), giving them advantage over hybrids from later groups., Postojeći pokusni podaci govore kako su meteorološki uvjeti, s obzirom na genotip i gustoću usjeva, glavni faktor koji pridonosi varijabilnosti u prinosu zrna hibrida kukuruza. H6 je,
kao hibrid s duljim vegetativnim razdobljem reagirao bolje s povećanim prinosom zrna kad
je uzgojen pri D1. Ipak, H3 se može okarakterizirati kao efikasniji u nakupljanju mase zrna, s
višim vrijednostima postotka krunjenja i prinosa zrna. Akumulacija suhe tvari uglavnom ovisi
o skupini zriobe. Dakle, hibridi iz kasnijih grupa (H4-H6) imali su manju akumulaciju suhe tvari
od faze V do VI (posebno pri D1), što ukazuje na sporije nakupljanje asimilata i/ili postupno
oslobađanje vlage iz zrna. To znači da dulje razdoblje nalijevanja zrna, kao pozadina postignuća
visokog prinosa, nije usko povezano s masom zrna. Razdoblje nalijevanja zrna glavni je faktor
koji pridonosi potencijalu prinosa, što se uglavnom ističe kod hibrida iz skupina rane zriobe
(H1-H3), osobito kada su uzgajani pri većim gustoćama (D2), što im daje prednost u odnosu na
hibride iz kasnijih grupa.",
publisher = "Osijek : Glas Slavonije d.d.",
journal = "13. International scientific/professional conference "Agriculture in nature and environment protection", 07-09. September 2020, Osijek, Republic of Croatia - Proceedings and abstracts",
title = "Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype, Nalijevanje sjemena kukuruza u funkciji gustoće usjeva i genotipa",
pages = "81-86"
}
Dragicevic, V., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Milenković, M., Kresović, B.,& Dumanović, Z.. (2020). Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype. in 13. International scientific/professional conference "Agriculture in nature and environment protection", 07-09. September 2020, Osijek, Republic of Croatia - Proceedings and abstracts
Osijek : Glas Slavonije d.d.., 81-86.
Dragicevic V, Simic M, Brankov M, Milenković M, Kresović B, Dumanović Z. Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype. in 13. International scientific/professional conference "Agriculture in nature and environment protection", 07-09. September 2020, Osijek, Republic of Croatia - Proceedings and abstracts. 2020;:81-86..
Dragicevic, Vesna, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Milenković, Milena, Kresović, Branka, Dumanović, Zoran, "Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype" in 13. International scientific/professional conference "Agriculture in nature and environment protection", 07-09. September 2020, Osijek, Republic of Croatia - Proceedings and abstracts (2020):81-86.

Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen

Dragicevic, Vesna; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Kresović, Branka; Vukadinovic, Jelena; Milenković, Milena

(Beograd : Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragicevic, Vesna
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Vukadinovic, Jelena
AU  - Milenković, Milena
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/934
AB  - Nitrogen is an important macro-nutrient that influences various physiological processes in
plants. Nevertheless, nitrogen could be loosed from the soil by leaching and evaporation. Thus,
low nitrogen inputs are required together with a strategy to improve its utilization by crops.
Maize genotypes exhibit various susceptibility to low soil nitrogen. From that reason, variability
in the reaction of 32 maize lines to growing in conditions with optimal (fertilization with urea),
and with low nitrogen (without fertilization) was examined during 2017 and 2018. All other
growing measures and fertilization with other elements was applied in the same manner on the
whole experimental plot. 2017 was a drier season, with higher average temperatures, particularly
during anthesis and grain filling period.
High variability among genotypes and seasons was present. The values of maize grain yield
and 1000 grain weight were slightly higher in treatment with nitrogen application. Some lines
under the low nitrogen conditions reached even higher grain yields (efficacy of yielding was
139.7% and 156.7%, for 2017 and 2018) than in conditions with optimal nitrogen in the soil, such
as L1, L2, L5, L10, L11, L13, L15, L23 and L31, declaring them as genotypes with high nitrogen
using efficiency. However, these lines achieved moderate yields (in both treatments and years) in
regard to other lines. Among tested lines, L1 and L23 had higher grain yields in both fertilization
treatments indicating them as prominent for further research, i.e. breeding of maize hybrids with
better nitrogen usage from the soil, even in the conditions with low nitrogen.
AB  - Azot je važan makro-element koji je uključen u brojne fiziološke procese kod biljaka. Međutim,
gubici azota iz zemljišta putem ispiranja i evaporacijom mogu biti veliki, tako da su preporučljivi
niži unosi u kombinaciji sa strategijama koje poboljšavaju njegovo usvajanje. Genotipovi
kukuruza različito reaguju na nizak nivo azota u zemljištu. Stoga je ispitana varijabilnost u reakciji
32 linije kukuruza na gajenje u uslovima optimalne obezbeđenosti (đubrenje ureom) i niskog
nivoa azota (bez đubrenja), tokom 2017. i 2018. godine. Sve ostale mere gajenja i đubrenja sa
drugim elementima su primenjene na isti način na celoj eksperimentalnoj površini. 2017. godina
je bila sa manje padavina, sa većim prosečnim dnevnim temperaturama, posebno tokom perioda
cvetanja i nalivanja zrna kukuruza.
Bila je prisutna visoka varijabilnost između ispitivanih genotipova i sezona. Vrednosti prinosa
i mase 1000 zrna su bile nešto niže na delu ogleda bez đubrenja azotom. Na istom delu ogleda
su neke linije (L1, L2, L5, L10, L11, L13, L15, L23 i L31) imale čak veći prinos, u odnosu na deo
ogleda sa optimalnim nivoom azota u zemljištu (efikasnost prinosa je bila 139.7% i 156.7%, za
2017. i 2018.), karakterišući ih stoga kao vrlo efikasne u smislu iskorišćenja azota. Međutim,
navedene linije su ostvarile nešto niže vrednosti prinosa zrna (u oba tretmana i u obe godine)
u odnosu na ostale linije. Od svih ispitivanih, L1 i L23 su imale relativno veće prinose u oba
tretmana, što ukazuje da bi mogle biti pogodne za dalja istraživanja, tj. u oplemenjivanju hibrida
sa boljom efikasnošću iskorišćenja azota čak i u uslovima njegovog niskog sadržaja u zemljištu
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen
T1  - Varijabilnost linija kukuruza za iskorišćavanje azota
VL  - 26
IS  - 1
SP  - 19
EP  - 28
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem2001019D
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragicevic, Vesna and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Kresović, Branka and Vukadinovic, Jelena and Milenković, Milena",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Nitrogen is an important macro-nutrient that influences various physiological processes in
plants. Nevertheless, nitrogen could be loosed from the soil by leaching and evaporation. Thus,
low nitrogen inputs are required together with a strategy to improve its utilization by crops.
Maize genotypes exhibit various susceptibility to low soil nitrogen. From that reason, variability
in the reaction of 32 maize lines to growing in conditions with optimal (fertilization with urea),
and with low nitrogen (without fertilization) was examined during 2017 and 2018. All other
growing measures and fertilization with other elements was applied in the same manner on the
whole experimental plot. 2017 was a drier season, with higher average temperatures, particularly
during anthesis and grain filling period.
High variability among genotypes and seasons was present. The values of maize grain yield
and 1000 grain weight were slightly higher in treatment with nitrogen application. Some lines
under the low nitrogen conditions reached even higher grain yields (efficacy of yielding was
139.7% and 156.7%, for 2017 and 2018) than in conditions with optimal nitrogen in the soil, such
as L1, L2, L5, L10, L11, L13, L15, L23 and L31, declaring them as genotypes with high nitrogen
using efficiency. However, these lines achieved moderate yields (in both treatments and years) in
regard to other lines. Among tested lines, L1 and L23 had higher grain yields in both fertilization
treatments indicating them as prominent for further research, i.e. breeding of maize hybrids with
better nitrogen usage from the soil, even in the conditions with low nitrogen., Azot je važan makro-element koji je uključen u brojne fiziološke procese kod biljaka. Međutim,
gubici azota iz zemljišta putem ispiranja i evaporacijom mogu biti veliki, tako da su preporučljivi
niži unosi u kombinaciji sa strategijama koje poboljšavaju njegovo usvajanje. Genotipovi
kukuruza različito reaguju na nizak nivo azota u zemljištu. Stoga je ispitana varijabilnost u reakciji
32 linije kukuruza na gajenje u uslovima optimalne obezbeđenosti (đubrenje ureom) i niskog
nivoa azota (bez đubrenja), tokom 2017. i 2018. godine. Sve ostale mere gajenja i đubrenja sa
drugim elementima su primenjene na isti način na celoj eksperimentalnoj površini. 2017. godina
je bila sa manje padavina, sa većim prosečnim dnevnim temperaturama, posebno tokom perioda
cvetanja i nalivanja zrna kukuruza.
Bila je prisutna visoka varijabilnost između ispitivanih genotipova i sezona. Vrednosti prinosa
i mase 1000 zrna su bile nešto niže na delu ogleda bez đubrenja azotom. Na istom delu ogleda
su neke linije (L1, L2, L5, L10, L11, L13, L15, L23 i L31) imale čak veći prinos, u odnosu na deo
ogleda sa optimalnim nivoom azota u zemljištu (efikasnost prinosa je bila 139.7% i 156.7%, za
2017. i 2018.), karakterišući ih stoga kao vrlo efikasne u smislu iskorišćenja azota. Međutim,
navedene linije su ostvarile nešto niže vrednosti prinosa zrna (u oba tretmana i u obe godine)
u odnosu na ostale linije. Od svih ispitivanih, L1 i L23 su imale relativno veće prinose u oba
tretmana, što ukazuje da bi mogle biti pogodne za dalja istraživanja, tj. u oplemenjivanju hibrida
sa boljom efikasnošću iskorišćenja azota čak i u uslovima njegovog niskog sadržaja u zemljištu",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen, Varijabilnost linija kukuruza za iskorišćavanje azota",
volume = "26",
number = "1",
pages = "19-28",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem2001019D"
}
Dragicevic, V., Mladenović Drinić, S., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Kresović, B., Vukadinovic, J.,& Milenković, M.. (2020). Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Beograd : Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije., 26(1), 19-28.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2001019D
Dragicevic V, Mladenović Drinić S, Simic M, Brankov M, Kresović B, Vukadinovic J, Milenković M. Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2020;26(1):19-28.
doi:10.5937/SelSem2001019D .
Dragicevic, Vesna, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Kresović, Branka, Vukadinovic, Jelena, Milenković, Milena, "Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 26, no. 1 (2020):19-28,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2001019D . .
1

Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency

Dragičević, Vesna; Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Dumanović, Zoran; Sečanski, Mile; Milenković, Milena

(Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dumanović, Zoran
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Milenković, Milena
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/813
AB  - Nitrogen (N) is an important element for many physiological processes in crops, and grain yield realisation. Nitrogen loss could be significant through leaching and evaporation, and from this reason lower quantities for fertilization are required. A genotype could be an important source for improved N management in crops. Breeding for high yield and nutrient-efficient genotypes is the most important strategy to enable food security, resolve resource scarcity and environmental pollution. Variability of 36 maize lines grown in optimal and low-N (without fertilization) conditions was assessed through grain yield, 1000 kernel weight, N utilization efficiency (NUtE) and N apparent recovery fraction (nitrogen use efficiency – NUE), during seasons 2017 and 2018. The
genotype and year are important sources for variation of grain yield, 1000 kernel weight and NUtE, as a factor which defines N utilization efficiency. The lines, such as L1, L6, L13, L16, L26, L27, L32 and L34 are able to achieve higher grain yield when grown on low-N. Furthermore, L16, L22, L24 and L26 have high NUtE values in both experimental years (even in 2017, season with low and unequal precipitation level), especially in low-N treatment. From that point of view, they could be characterized as efficient N users, even in low-N conditions, as well as tolerant to stressful conditions. Nevertheless, L1, L6 and L27 are the lines with negative NUE, what gives them attribute as the best N users in low-N conditions. Based on the similarity of NUtE values, the genotypes such as L2, L3, L4, L8, L11, L12, L14, L15, L16, L18, L19, L24, L26, L32, L33, L34 could be considered as the primary focus for further breeding programs, due to the fact that they don’t have only improved NUE, but also high grain yield (even in unfavourable years), which indicates improved tolerance to various abiotic stressful factors.
AB  - Azot je element koji je važan za brojne fiziološke procese, kao i ostvarenje prinosa useva. Veliki
gubici azota se ostvaruju putem ispiranja i evaporacije i stoga se preporučuju niže doze ovog
elementa za đubrenje. Genotip može predstavljati važnu bazu za efikasniji menadžment azotom
kod useva. Selekcija genotipova sa visokim prinosom i efikasnošću iskorišćenja nutritiva
predstavlja važnu strategiju za istovremeno obezbeđivanje sigurnosti hrane, rešavanje nedostatka
resursa i zagađenja životne sredine. Varijabilnost u reakciji 36 linija kukuruza gajenih u
uslovima optimalne N obezbeđenosti i niskog N (bez đubrenja) praćena je tokom 2017. i 2018.
godine, preko prinosa zrna, mase 1000 zrna, efikasnosti iskorišćenja N (NUtE) i nadoknade N
(NUE). Genotip i godina su predstavljali važne izvore variranja prinosa zrna, mase 1000 zrna i
NutE, kao faktora koji definišu efikasnost iskorišćenja N. Linije L1, L6, L13, L16, L26, L27,
L32 i L34 su imale veće vrednosti prinosa u uslovima niskog N. Osim toga, L16, L22, L24 i L26
su imale veće vrednosti NutE tokom obe eksperimentalne sezone (čak i u 2017, sezoni sa nižim
nivoom i lošijim rasporedom padavina), posebno pri niskom N. Sa te tačke gledašta, navedene
linije bi mogle biti okarakerisane kao efikasni N potrošači, kao i genotipovi sa većom
toleratnošću na stresne uslove. Takođe, L1, L6 i L27, sa negativnim NUE vrednostima bi mogle
predstavljati najekonomičnije N potrošače u uslovima niske N obezbeđenosti. Na osnovu
sličnosti NutE vrednosti, genotipovi L2, L3, L4, L8, L11, L12, L14, L15, L16, L18, L19, L24,
L26, L32, L33, L34 bi mogli da predstavljaju fokus, odnosno, mogli bi načelno da se uzmu u
razmatranje u selekcionim programima, s obzirom da nemaju samo poboljšan NUE, već i visok
prinos (čak i tokom nepovoljne sezone), u odnosu na ostale genotipove, što bi ih moglo
okarakterisati kao genotipove sa poboljšanom tolerantnošću na abiotički stres.
PB  - Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency
VL  - 52
IS  - 2
SP  - 585
EP  - 596
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2002585D
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Dumanović, Zoran and Sečanski, Mile and Milenković, Milena",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Nitrogen (N) is an important element for many physiological processes in crops, and grain yield realisation. Nitrogen loss could be significant through leaching and evaporation, and from this reason lower quantities for fertilization are required. A genotype could be an important source for improved N management in crops. Breeding for high yield and nutrient-efficient genotypes is the most important strategy to enable food security, resolve resource scarcity and environmental pollution. Variability of 36 maize lines grown in optimal and low-N (without fertilization) conditions was assessed through grain yield, 1000 kernel weight, N utilization efficiency (NUtE) and N apparent recovery fraction (nitrogen use efficiency – NUE), during seasons 2017 and 2018. The
genotype and year are important sources for variation of grain yield, 1000 kernel weight and NUtE, as a factor which defines N utilization efficiency. The lines, such as L1, L6, L13, L16, L26, L27, L32 and L34 are able to achieve higher grain yield when grown on low-N. Furthermore, L16, L22, L24 and L26 have high NUtE values in both experimental years (even in 2017, season with low and unequal precipitation level), especially in low-N treatment. From that point of view, they could be characterized as efficient N users, even in low-N conditions, as well as tolerant to stressful conditions. Nevertheless, L1, L6 and L27 are the lines with negative NUE, what gives them attribute as the best N users in low-N conditions. Based on the similarity of NUtE values, the genotypes such as L2, L3, L4, L8, L11, L12, L14, L15, L16, L18, L19, L24, L26, L32, L33, L34 could be considered as the primary focus for further breeding programs, due to the fact that they don’t have only improved NUE, but also high grain yield (even in unfavourable years), which indicates improved tolerance to various abiotic stressful factors., Azot je element koji je važan za brojne fiziološke procese, kao i ostvarenje prinosa useva. Veliki
gubici azota se ostvaruju putem ispiranja i evaporacije i stoga se preporučuju niže doze ovog
elementa za đubrenje. Genotip može predstavljati važnu bazu za efikasniji menadžment azotom
kod useva. Selekcija genotipova sa visokim prinosom i efikasnošću iskorišćenja nutritiva
predstavlja važnu strategiju za istovremeno obezbeđivanje sigurnosti hrane, rešavanje nedostatka
resursa i zagađenja životne sredine. Varijabilnost u reakciji 36 linija kukuruza gajenih u
uslovima optimalne N obezbeđenosti i niskog N (bez đubrenja) praćena je tokom 2017. i 2018.
godine, preko prinosa zrna, mase 1000 zrna, efikasnosti iskorišćenja N (NUtE) i nadoknade N
(NUE). Genotip i godina su predstavljali važne izvore variranja prinosa zrna, mase 1000 zrna i
NutE, kao faktora koji definišu efikasnost iskorišćenja N. Linije L1, L6, L13, L16, L26, L27,
L32 i L34 su imale veće vrednosti prinosa u uslovima niskog N. Osim toga, L16, L22, L24 i L26
su imale veće vrednosti NutE tokom obe eksperimentalne sezone (čak i u 2017, sezoni sa nižim
nivoom i lošijim rasporedom padavina), posebno pri niskom N. Sa te tačke gledašta, navedene
linije bi mogle biti okarakerisane kao efikasni N potrošači, kao i genotipovi sa većom
toleratnošću na stresne uslove. Takođe, L1, L6 i L27, sa negativnim NUE vrednostima bi mogle
predstavljati najekonomičnije N potrošače u uslovima niske N obezbeđenosti. Na osnovu
sličnosti NutE vrednosti, genotipovi L2, L3, L4, L8, L11, L12, L14, L15, L16, L18, L19, L24,
L26, L32, L33, L34 bi mogli da predstavljaju fokus, odnosno, mogli bi načelno da se uzmu u
razmatranje u selekcionim programima, s obzirom da nemaju samo poboljšan NUE, već i visok
prinos (čak i tokom nepovoljne sezone), u odnosu na ostale genotipove, što bi ih moglo
okarakterisati kao genotipove sa poboljšanom tolerantnošću na abiotički stres.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency",
volume = "52",
number = "2",
pages = "585-596",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2002585D"
}
Dragičević, V., Mladenović-Drinić, S., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Dumanović, Z., Sečanski, M.,& Milenković, M.. (2020). Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency. in Genetika
Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije., 52(2), 585-596.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2002585D
Dragičević V, Mladenović-Drinić S, Simić M, Brankov M, Dumanović Z, Sečanski M, Milenković M. Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency. in Genetika. 2020;52(2):585-596.
doi:10.2298/GENSR2002585D .
Dragičević, Vesna, Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Dumanović, Zoran, Sečanski, Mile, Milenković, Milena, "Variability of maize inbred lines in nitrogen use effciency" in Genetika, 52, no. 2 (2020):585-596,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2002585D . .

Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Chachalis, Demosthenis; Dolijanović, Željko; Brankov, Milan

(Vilnius : Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Chachalis, Demosthenis
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/804
AB  - The effects of different measures within maize cropping technology, aimed to suppress weeds as a part of integrated weed management (IWM) system, are analysed and evaluated in this manuscript, in line with the results of longterm experiments. For sustainable maize (Zea mays L.) production, implementation of IWM system aiming to reduce reliance on chemical weed control within Europe is a key priority. This IWM system includes all possible solutions, such as preventive, direct, biological, mechanical and alternative measures. A cropping system approach
is essential to manage weeds, utilize genetic potential of maize genotypes and reduce yield losses due to weed competition. Long-term experiments are nowadays rare, but they are an excellent and reliable method for comparing cropping systems regarding yield and reduction of weed infestation level. In the research program implemented at the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje in Central Serbia, the effects of different cropping measures and their interactions
as a part of IWMs were studied during ten years. Maize rotations with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.), combined with herbicide application, showed the best effect on weed biomass reduction, 92.1% and 92.2%, respectively. Winter wheat was a better preceding crop for maize than soybean, especially in combination with herbicides applied in recommended as well as in half of recommended rate. Intensification of soil tillage significantly reduced maize weed infestation, especially abundance of perennial species: Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.), Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.) and field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.). Other measures, such as type of fertilizer, maize row space and crop density, cover cropping and intercropping also affected weed biomass production in maize fields. Maize growing with reduced row spacing contributed to weed biomass reduction by 27.4%, while application of slow-release urea contributed to crop competitiveness. Weed biomass in sweet maize (Zea mays L. convar. saccharata) grown with common vetch as a cover crop was significantly reduced (48.5 g m-2) compared with the treatment without a cover crop
 (564.3 g m-2).
AB  - Straipsnyje analizuojama kukurūzų įvairių auginimo priemonių ir auginimo technologijų įtaka piktžolių mažėjimui ilgalaikio eksperimento metu. Europoje tvaraus kukurūzų auginimo svarbiausias prioritetas yra integruota piktžolių kontrolės (IPK) sistema, kuria siekiama sumažinti priklausomumą nuo cheminės piktžolių kontrolės. IPK sistema apima visus įmanomus sprendimus, pavyzdžiui, prevencines tiesiogines, biologines, mechanines ir alternatyvias priemones. Augalininkystės sistemų metodas yra labai svarbus siekiant kontroliuoti piktžoles, išnaudoti kukurūzų genotipų genetinį potencialą ir sumažinti derliaus nuostolius dėl piktžolių.
Šiais laikais ilgalaikiai eksperimentai vykdomi retai, tačiau jie yra puikus ir patikimas būdas augalininkystės sistemas palyginti pagal derlių ir pasėlių piktžolėtumo mažinimą. Centrinėje Serbijoje esančiame Kukurūzų tyrimų institute Zemun Polje įgyvendinant mokslinių tyrimų programą, kelerius metus kaip IPK dalis buvo tirta įvairių agrotechnikos priemonių įtaka ir jų sąveika. Siekiant sumažinti piktžolių biomasę efektyviausia buvo paprastųjų kukurūzų (Zea mays L.) sėjomaina su žieminiais kviečiais ir sojomis kartu su herbicidų panaudojimu – atitinkamai
92,1 ir 92,2 %. Žieminiai kviečiai buvo geresnis kukurūzų priešsėlis nei sojos, ypač kartu su herbicidais, panaudojus ir rekomenduojamą normą, ir pusę rekomenduojamos jų normos. Žemės dirbimas turėjo reikšmingos įtakos kukurūzų pasėlio piktžolėtumui, ypač daugiametėms piktžolėms: Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers., Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. ir Convolvulus arvensis L. Kitos priemonės, pavyzdžiui, trąšų rūšis, kukurūzų tarpueilių plotis ir augalų tankumas, antsėlis bei įsėlis, taip pat turėjo įtakos piktžolių biomasei kukurūzų lauke. Kukurūzų auginimas mažesniu
tarpueilių pločiu piktžolių biomasę sumažino 27,4 %, o lėtai atpalaiduojamo karbamido panaudojimas padidino augalų konkurencinę gebą. Saldžiųjų kukurūzų (Zea mays L. convar. saccharata), augintų su vikių antsėliu, pasėlyje piktžolių biomasė reikšmingai sumažėjo 
(48,5 g m-2), palyginus su variantu be antsėlio (564,3 g m-2).
PB  - Vilnius : Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry
PB  - Kaunas : Vytautas Magnus University
T2  - Zemdirbyste
T1  - Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation
VL  - 107
IS  - 1
SP  - 33
EP  - 40
DO  - 10.13080/z-a.2020.107.005
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Chachalis, Demosthenis and Dolijanović, Željko and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2020",
abstract = "The effects of different measures within maize cropping technology, aimed to suppress weeds as a part of integrated weed management (IWM) system, are analysed and evaluated in this manuscript, in line with the results of longterm experiments. For sustainable maize (Zea mays L.) production, implementation of IWM system aiming to reduce reliance on chemical weed control within Europe is a key priority. This IWM system includes all possible solutions, such as preventive, direct, biological, mechanical and alternative measures. A cropping system approach
is essential to manage weeds, utilize genetic potential of maize genotypes and reduce yield losses due to weed competition. Long-term experiments are nowadays rare, but they are an excellent and reliable method for comparing cropping systems regarding yield and reduction of weed infestation level. In the research program implemented at the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje in Central Serbia, the effects of different cropping measures and their interactions
as a part of IWMs were studied during ten years. Maize rotations with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.), combined with herbicide application, showed the best effect on weed biomass reduction, 92.1% and 92.2%, respectively. Winter wheat was a better preceding crop for maize than soybean, especially in combination with herbicides applied in recommended as well as in half of recommended rate. Intensification of soil tillage significantly reduced maize weed infestation, especially abundance of perennial species: Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.), Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.) and field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.). Other measures, such as type of fertilizer, maize row space and crop density, cover cropping and intercropping also affected weed biomass production in maize fields. Maize growing with reduced row spacing contributed to weed biomass reduction by 27.4%, while application of slow-release urea contributed to crop competitiveness. Weed biomass in sweet maize (Zea mays L. convar. saccharata) grown with common vetch as a cover crop was significantly reduced (48.5 g m-2) compared with the treatment without a cover crop
 (564.3 g m-2)., Straipsnyje analizuojama kukurūzų įvairių auginimo priemonių ir auginimo technologijų įtaka piktžolių mažėjimui ilgalaikio eksperimento metu. Europoje tvaraus kukurūzų auginimo svarbiausias prioritetas yra integruota piktžolių kontrolės (IPK) sistema, kuria siekiama sumažinti priklausomumą nuo cheminės piktžolių kontrolės. IPK sistema apima visus įmanomus sprendimus, pavyzdžiui, prevencines tiesiogines, biologines, mechanines ir alternatyvias priemones. Augalininkystės sistemų metodas yra labai svarbus siekiant kontroliuoti piktžoles, išnaudoti kukurūzų genotipų genetinį potencialą ir sumažinti derliaus nuostolius dėl piktžolių.
Šiais laikais ilgalaikiai eksperimentai vykdomi retai, tačiau jie yra puikus ir patikimas būdas augalininkystės sistemas palyginti pagal derlių ir pasėlių piktžolėtumo mažinimą. Centrinėje Serbijoje esančiame Kukurūzų tyrimų institute Zemun Polje įgyvendinant mokslinių tyrimų programą, kelerius metus kaip IPK dalis buvo tirta įvairių agrotechnikos priemonių įtaka ir jų sąveika. Siekiant sumažinti piktžolių biomasę efektyviausia buvo paprastųjų kukurūzų (Zea mays L.) sėjomaina su žieminiais kviečiais ir sojomis kartu su herbicidų panaudojimu – atitinkamai
92,1 ir 92,2 %. Žieminiai kviečiai buvo geresnis kukurūzų priešsėlis nei sojos, ypač kartu su herbicidais, panaudojus ir rekomenduojamą normą, ir pusę rekomenduojamos jų normos. Žemės dirbimas turėjo reikšmingos įtakos kukurūzų pasėlio piktžolėtumui, ypač daugiametėms piktžolėms: Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers., Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. ir Convolvulus arvensis L. Kitos priemonės, pavyzdžiui, trąšų rūšis, kukurūzų tarpueilių plotis ir augalų tankumas, antsėlis bei įsėlis, taip pat turėjo įtakos piktžolių biomasei kukurūzų lauke. Kukurūzų auginimas mažesniu
tarpueilių pločiu piktžolių biomasę sumažino 27,4 %, o lėtai atpalaiduojamo karbamido panaudojimas padidino augalų konkurencinę gebą. Saldžiųjų kukurūzų (Zea mays L. convar. saccharata), augintų su vikių antsėliu, pasėlyje piktžolių biomasė reikšmingai sumažėjo 
(48,5 g m-2), palyginus su variantu be antsėlio (564,3 g m-2).",
publisher = "Vilnius : Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Kaunas : Vytautas Magnus University",
journal = "Zemdirbyste",
title = "Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation",
volume = "107",
number = "1",
pages = "33-40",
doi = "10.13080/z-a.2020.107.005"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Chachalis, D., Dolijanović, Ž.,& Brankov, M.. (2020). Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation. in Zemdirbyste
Vilnius : Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry., 107(1), 33-40.
https://doi.org/10.13080/z-a.2020.107.005
Simić M, Dragičević V, Chachalis D, Dolijanović Ž, Brankov M. Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation. in Zemdirbyste. 2020;107(1):33-40.
doi:10.13080/z-a.2020.107.005 .
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Chachalis, Demosthenis, Dolijanović, Željko, Brankov, Milan, "Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation" in Zemdirbyste, 107, no. 1 (2020):33-40,
https://doi.org/10.13080/z-a.2020.107.005 . .
5
3

Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Babić, Milosav; Brankov, Milan; Filipović, Milomir

(John Wiley and Sons Inc., 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Babić, Milosav
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/801
AB  - To control weeds and cultivate maize (Zea mays L.) with higher yields, production systems have to include more efficient forms of N and appropriate herbicide treatments. The timing of N release could give maize an advantage over weeds in competition for resources, whereas cultivation at lower row spacing often decreases weed biomass. Knowledge about the different factors affecting herbicide efficiency increases the accuracy and reliability of chemical control. This study tested the weed infestation level and the development and productivity of a recently developed maize hybrid grown with the application of several integrated practices. The maize hybrid was sown with application of standard and slow-releasing urea, with row spacing of 50 and 70 cm and treatment with either a pre-emergence or a post-emergence mix of herbicides. The numbers of plants of each weed species and their biomass were lower after the application of herbicides, although N form and row spacing produced no significant differences in the average weed infestation level for 3 yr. The post-emergence herbicide treatment was more effective than the pre-emergence treatment for weed biomass reduction and enhancing maize yield parameters. The N form did not influence any measured yield parameter, whereas the 70-cm row spacing resulted in significantly higher harvest index and grain yield (0.45 and 9.19 Mg ha−1, respectively) than the 50-cm spacing (0.43 and 7.36 Mg ha−1, respectively). The wider row spacing resulted in higher grain yield through its interaction with N form and herbicide treatment.
PB  - John Wiley and Sons Inc.
T2  - Agronomy Journal
T1  - Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize
VL  - 112
IS  - 2
SP  - 748
EP  - 757
DO  - 10.1002/agj2.20024
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Babić, Milosav and Brankov, Milan and Filipović, Milomir",
year = "2020",
abstract = "To control weeds and cultivate maize (Zea mays L.) with higher yields, production systems have to include more efficient forms of N and appropriate herbicide treatments. The timing of N release could give maize an advantage over weeds in competition for resources, whereas cultivation at lower row spacing often decreases weed biomass. Knowledge about the different factors affecting herbicide efficiency increases the accuracy and reliability of chemical control. This study tested the weed infestation level and the development and productivity of a recently developed maize hybrid grown with the application of several integrated practices. The maize hybrid was sown with application of standard and slow-releasing urea, with row spacing of 50 and 70 cm and treatment with either a pre-emergence or a post-emergence mix of herbicides. The numbers of plants of each weed species and their biomass were lower after the application of herbicides, although N form and row spacing produced no significant differences in the average weed infestation level for 3 yr. The post-emergence herbicide treatment was more effective than the pre-emergence treatment for weed biomass reduction and enhancing maize yield parameters. The N form did not influence any measured yield parameter, whereas the 70-cm row spacing resulted in significantly higher harvest index and grain yield (0.45 and 9.19 Mg ha−1, respectively) than the 50-cm spacing (0.43 and 7.36 Mg ha−1, respectively). The wider row spacing resulted in higher grain yield through its interaction with N form and herbicide treatment.",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
journal = "Agronomy Journal",
title = "Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize",
volume = "112",
number = "2",
pages = "748-757",
doi = "10.1002/agj2.20024"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Babić, M., Brankov, M.,& Filipović, M.. (2020). Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize. in Agronomy Journal
John Wiley and Sons Inc.., 112(2), 748-757.
https://doi.org/10.1002/agj2.20024
Simić M, Dragičević V, Babić M, Brankov M, Filipović M. Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize. in Agronomy Journal. 2020;112(2):748-757.
doi:10.1002/agj2.20024 .
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Babić, Milosav, Brankov, Milan, Filipović, Milomir, "Integrated effects of nitrogen form, row spacing, and herbicide treatment on maize" in Agronomy Journal, 112, no. 2 (2020):748-757,
https://doi.org/10.1002/agj2.20024 . .
2
2
3

Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes

Tabaković, Marijenka; Simić, Milena; Stanisavljević, Rade; Milivojević, Marija; Sečanski, Mile; Poštić, Dobrivoj

(Santiago : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Milivojević, Marija
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Poštić, Dobrivoj
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/808
AB  - The uniform seed material is a prerequisite of stable yields. Therefore, the aim of the study was to observe variability of physiological seed traits depending on the classification of seeds by size and shape, and to determine advantages of large over small seed fractions. Three maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids (ZP 505, ZP 677, ZP 684), produced in two locations (Orahovo, Plavna), were  classified into six fractions; small flat seed (SFS), medium small flat seed (MSFS), large flat
seed (LFS), small round seed (SRS), medium small round seed (MSRS) and large round seed (LRS). Two laboratory treatments were applied on seed: TR1 (cold test) and TR2 (20/30 ºC). In both temperature treatments, the first evaluation was done after 72-h germination, and then every 24 h until 7th day. The highest total germination (G) was recorded for ZP 677 (93.7%), location Orahovo (94.9%), temperature TR2 (95.2%) and MSFS fraction (89.7%). The total proportion of
factors in the variance for G was R2  = 0.694. Locations and genotypes predominantly affected the germination rate (GR), η = 0.338. Flat fraction seeds had more rapid emergence (> 90%) of seedlings than the round fraction seeds (> 85%). Round seeds were more susceptible and seed size had a greater effect on vigour than LRS, 70%. The partial effect of the fraction on G was not estimated (η = 0.037), but its cumulative effect with other factors was evident (Hybrid × Fraction,
η = 0.070).
PB  - Santiago : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA
T2  - Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
T1  - Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes
VL  - 80
IS  - 3
SP  - 381
EP  - 392
DO  - 10.4067/S0718-58392020000300381
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Tabaković, Marijenka and Simić, Milena and Stanisavljević, Rade and Milivojević, Marija and Sečanski, Mile and Poštić, Dobrivoj",
year = "2020",
abstract = "The uniform seed material is a prerequisite of stable yields. Therefore, the aim of the study was to observe variability of physiological seed traits depending on the classification of seeds by size and shape, and to determine advantages of large over small seed fractions. Three maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids (ZP 505, ZP 677, ZP 684), produced in two locations (Orahovo, Plavna), were  classified into six fractions; small flat seed (SFS), medium small flat seed (MSFS), large flat
seed (LFS), small round seed (SRS), medium small round seed (MSRS) and large round seed (LRS). Two laboratory treatments were applied on seed: TR1 (cold test) and TR2 (20/30 ºC). In both temperature treatments, the first evaluation was done after 72-h germination, and then every 24 h until 7th day. The highest total germination (G) was recorded for ZP 677 (93.7%), location Orahovo (94.9%), temperature TR2 (95.2%) and MSFS fraction (89.7%). The total proportion of
factors in the variance for G was R2  = 0.694. Locations and genotypes predominantly affected the germination rate (GR), η = 0.338. Flat fraction seeds had more rapid emergence (> 90%) of seedlings than the round fraction seeds (> 85%). Round seeds were more susceptible and seed size had a greater effect on vigour than LRS, 70%. The partial effect of the fraction on G was not estimated (η = 0.037), but its cumulative effect with other factors was evident (Hybrid × Fraction,
η = 0.070).",
publisher = "Santiago : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA",
journal = "Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research",
title = "Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes",
volume = "80",
number = "3",
pages = "381-392",
doi = "10.4067/S0718-58392020000300381"
}
Tabaković, M., Simić, M., Stanisavljević, R., Milivojević, M., Sečanski, M.,& Poštić, D.. (2020). Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes. in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Santiago : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA., 80(3), 381-392.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392020000300381
Tabaković M, Simić M, Stanisavljević R, Milivojević M, Sečanski M, Poštić D. Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes. in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 2020;80(3):381-392.
doi:10.4067/S0718-58392020000300381 .
Tabaković, Marijenka, Simić, Milena, Stanisavljević, Rade, Milivojević, Marija, Sečanski, Mile, Poštić, Dobrivoj, "Effects of shape and size of hybrid maize seed on germination and vigour of different genotypes" in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 80, no. 3 (2020):381-392,
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392020000300381 . .
7
5

Variability of main nutrients in maize inbred lines caused by application of organic peroxides

Milenković, Milena; Opsenica, Dejan; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Mesarović, Jelena; Dragicevic, Vesna

(Belgrade : Serbian Genetic Society, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Milenković, Milena
AU  - Opsenica, Dejan
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Mesarović, Jelena
AU  - Dragicevic, Vesna
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/931
AB  - Exogenous application of chemical elicitors to plants can be successfully used to reduce
damage caused by abiotic stresses and consequently to enhance productivity. Different
organic peroxides, applied foliarly as DMSO solution, were used in this study with the
aim to examine variations in grain yield and main nutrient status, i.e. protein, starch and
oil contents, of four maize inbred lines. Results showed that two genotypes reacted
positively on applied treatments, achieving higher grain yields than control group, with
differences up to 2-3 t ha-1. In total, one of the applied peroxides expressed the highest
impact on yield enhance. In terms of nutritive quality, the same treatment mostly
increased the starch content. With regard to protein content, higher value was achieved
by the same genotype which had higher grain yield, and for oil content, variations in
results among treatments were insignificant and irregular. This indicates that synthetic
elicitors, such as organic peroxides, could be used not only to increase grain yield, but
also to modify grain nutritional quality in regard to genotype variability.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Genetic Society
C3  - 6. Congress of the Serbian Genetic Society, 13-17. October 2019., Vrnjačka Banja, Serbia - Book of proceedings
T1  - Variability of main nutrients in maize inbred lines caused by application of organic peroxides
SP  - 47
EP  - 52
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Milenković, Milena and Opsenica, Dejan and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Mesarović, Jelena and Dragicevic, Vesna",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Exogenous application of chemical elicitors to plants can be successfully used to reduce
damage caused by abiotic stresses and consequently to enhance productivity. Different
organic peroxides, applied foliarly as DMSO solution, were used in this study with the
aim to examine variations in grain yield and main nutrient status, i.e. protein, starch and
oil contents, of four maize inbred lines. Results showed that two genotypes reacted
positively on applied treatments, achieving higher grain yields than control group, with
differences up to 2-3 t ha-1. In total, one of the applied peroxides expressed the highest
impact on yield enhance. In terms of nutritive quality, the same treatment mostly
increased the starch content. With regard to protein content, higher value was achieved
by the same genotype which had higher grain yield, and for oil content, variations in
results among treatments were insignificant and irregular. This indicates that synthetic
elicitors, such as organic peroxides, could be used not only to increase grain yield, but
also to modify grain nutritional quality in regard to genotype variability.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Genetic Society",
journal = "6. Congress of the Serbian Genetic Society, 13-17. October 2019., Vrnjačka Banja, Serbia - Book of proceedings",
title = "Variability of main nutrients in maize inbred lines caused by application of organic peroxides",
pages = "47-52"
}
Milenković, M., Opsenica, D., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Mesarović, J.,& Dragicevic, V.. (2019). Variability of main nutrients in maize inbred lines caused by application of organic peroxides. in 6. Congress of the Serbian Genetic Society, 13-17. October 2019., Vrnjačka Banja, Serbia - Book of proceedings
Belgrade : Serbian Genetic Society., 47-52.
Milenković M, Opsenica D, Simic M, Brankov M, Mesarović J, Dragicevic V. Variability of main nutrients in maize inbred lines caused by application of organic peroxides. in 6. Congress of the Serbian Genetic Society, 13-17. October 2019., Vrnjačka Banja, Serbia - Book of proceedings. 2019;:47-52..
Milenković, Milena, Opsenica, Dejan, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Mesarović, Jelena, Dragicevic, Vesna, "Variability of main nutrients in maize inbred lines caused by application of organic peroxides" in 6. Congress of the Serbian Genetic Society, 13-17. October 2019., Vrnjačka Banja, Serbia - Book of proceedings (2019):47-52.

Статус антиоксиданата у кукурузу различите боје зрна

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Kresović, Branka; Dolijanović, Željko; Milenković, Milena

(Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Milenković, Milena
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/927
AB  - Зрно кукуруза је важан извор нутријената у људској исхрани. Разлике у садржају и
односу појединих нутријената, као што су каротеноиди, антоцијани и сл. утиче како на
обојеност зрна, тако и на његов нутритивни квалитет. Циљ експеримента је био да се
испита утицај различитих система ђубрења (минерално ђубриво – уреа, органско
ђубриво – Фертор и микробиолошко ђубриво – Team micoriza plus) на принос и
промене у садржају неензимских антиоксиданаса: фитина, фенолних једињења,
глутатиона, каротеноида и капацитета редукције ДППХ радикала током вегетационе
сезоне 2017. и 2018. године. Током 2017. био је забележен релативно сушан период од
јуна до августа, док је 2018. имала релативно равномеран распоред падавина током
вегетације. Стога је и просечан принос зрна био скоро дупло мањи, за 4,6 t hа-1, у 2017.
у односу на 2018. годину. Паралено, дупло већи ниво фенола и каротеноида био је
просечно већи у 2017. Што се тиче испитиваних генотипова, најнижи саџај фитина, као
и највеће вредности фенола и капацитета редукције ДППХ биле су код хибрида
црвеног зрна, док је код хибрида жутог зрна био највећи садржај каротеноиуда и
глутатиона. У просеку, миробиолошко ђубриво се повољно одразило на смањење
фитина и повећање фенола у зрну кукуруза, док је уреа позитивно утицала на повећање
садржаја каротеноида и глутатиона. Корелациона анализа је показала да се смањење
нивоа фитина и каротеноида значајно и позитивно одражава на повећање приноса зрна
кукуруза, док феноли у највећем степену позитивно корелирају са капацитетом
редукције ДППХ радикала. На овај начин је показано да се преко услова гајења може
утицати на промене у нивоу антиоксиданата у зрну кукуруза и то посебно црвеног
кукуруза, које поседује знатно већи антиоксидативни капацитет у односу на жуто или
бело зрно.
AB  - Maize grain is an important source of nutrients in human diet. The differences in content and
relations between certain nutrients, like carotenoids, anthocyanins, etc. impacts grain colour
and its nutritional quality. Objective of experiment was to examine the influence of different
fertilization systems: mineral fertilizer – urea, organic fertilizer – Fertor and bio-fertilizer –
Team micoriza plus, on grain yield and variations in content of non-enzymatic antioxidants,
such as phytate, phenolic compounds, glutathione, carotenoids and reduction capacity of
DPPH radical, during 2017 and 2018 vegetation seasons. Relative dry period was present
during Jun-August of 2017, while 2018 had relative uniform precipitation distribution. Thus,
the average grain yield was almost two times lesser in 2017 (to 4.6 t ha-1) in comparison to
2018. In parallel, double higher level of phenols and carotenoids was noticed in 2017. When
examined genotypes were considered, the lowest phytate content and the highest values of
phenols and DPPH reduction capacity were present in red kernel maize, while in yellow
kernel maize, the highest values of carotenoids and glutathione occurred. In average, biofertilizer
expressed the positive impact on phytate reduction and phenols increase in maize
grain, while urea increased content of carotenoids and glutathione. Correlation analysis
showed that reduction in phytate and carotenoids level was significantly and positive related
with grain yield increase, while phenols correlated highly and positive with reduction
capacity of DPPH radical. Thus, it was shown that changes in production conditions, such as
fertilization, could affect antioxidants status in maize grain, particularly in red coloured
maize, which possess remarkable higher antioxidative capacity in regard to yellow and white
coloured maize.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 9. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, 17-18. oktobar 2019., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda
T1  - Статус антиоксиданата у кукурузу различите боје зрна
T1  - Antioxidant status in maize with different grain colour
SP  - 21
EP  - 22
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Kresović, Branka and Dolijanović, Željko and Milenković, Milena",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Зрно кукуруза је важан извор нутријената у људској исхрани. Разлике у садржају и
односу појединих нутријената, као што су каротеноиди, антоцијани и сл. утиче како на
обојеност зрна, тако и на његов нутритивни квалитет. Циљ експеримента је био да се
испита утицај различитих система ђубрења (минерално ђубриво – уреа, органско
ђубриво – Фертор и микробиолошко ђубриво – Team micoriza plus) на принос и
промене у садржају неензимских антиоксиданаса: фитина, фенолних једињења,
глутатиона, каротеноида и капацитета редукције ДППХ радикала током вегетационе
сезоне 2017. и 2018. године. Током 2017. био је забележен релативно сушан период од
јуна до августа, док је 2018. имала релативно равномеран распоред падавина током
вегетације. Стога је и просечан принос зрна био скоро дупло мањи, за 4,6 t hа-1, у 2017.
у односу на 2018. годину. Паралено, дупло већи ниво фенола и каротеноида био је
просечно већи у 2017. Што се тиче испитиваних генотипова, најнижи саџај фитина, као
и највеће вредности фенола и капацитета редукције ДППХ биле су код хибрида
црвеног зрна, док је код хибрида жутог зрна био највећи садржај каротеноиуда и
глутатиона. У просеку, миробиолошко ђубриво се повољно одразило на смањење
фитина и повећање фенола у зрну кукуруза, док је уреа позитивно утицала на повећање
садржаја каротеноида и глутатиона. Корелациона анализа је показала да се смањење
нивоа фитина и каротеноида значајно и позитивно одражава на повећање приноса зрна
кукуруза, док феноли у највећем степену позитивно корелирају са капацитетом
редукције ДППХ радикала. На овај начин је показано да се преко услова гајења може
утицати на промене у нивоу антиоксиданата у зрну кукуруза и то посебно црвеног
кукуруза, које поседује знатно већи антиоксидативни капацитет у односу на жуто или
бело зрно., Maize grain is an important source of nutrients in human diet. The differences in content and
relations between certain nutrients, like carotenoids, anthocyanins, etc. impacts grain colour
and its nutritional quality. Objective of experiment was to examine the influence of different
fertilization systems: mineral fertilizer – urea, organic fertilizer – Fertor and bio-fertilizer –
Team micoriza plus, on grain yield and variations in content of non-enzymatic antioxidants,
such as phytate, phenolic compounds, glutathione, carotenoids and reduction capacity of
DPPH radical, during 2017 and 2018 vegetation seasons. Relative dry period was present
during Jun-August of 2017, while 2018 had relative uniform precipitation distribution. Thus,
the average grain yield was almost two times lesser in 2017 (to 4.6 t ha-1) in comparison to
2018. In parallel, double higher level of phenols and carotenoids was noticed in 2017. When
examined genotypes were considered, the lowest phytate content and the highest values of
phenols and DPPH reduction capacity were present in red kernel maize, while in yellow
kernel maize, the highest values of carotenoids and glutathione occurred. In average, biofertilizer
expressed the positive impact on phytate reduction and phenols increase in maize
grain, while urea increased content of carotenoids and glutathione. Correlation analysis
showed that reduction in phytate and carotenoids level was significantly and positive related
with grain yield increase, while phenols correlated highly and positive with reduction
capacity of DPPH radical. Thus, it was shown that changes in production conditions, such as
fertilization, could affect antioxidants status in maize grain, particularly in red coloured
maize, which possess remarkable higher antioxidative capacity in regard to yellow and white
coloured maize.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "9. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, 17-18. oktobar 2019., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda",
title = "Статус антиоксиданата у кукурузу различите боје зрна, Antioxidant status in maize with different grain colour",
pages = "21-22"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Kresović, B., Dolijanović, Ž.,& Milenković, M.. (2019). Статус антиоксиданата у кукурузу различите боје зрна. in 9. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, 17-18. oktobar 2019., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda
Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet., 21-22.
Dragičević V, Simić M, Brankov M, Kresović B, Dolijanović Ž, Milenković M. Статус антиоксиданата у кукурузу различите боје зрна. in 9. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, 17-18. oktobar 2019., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda. 2019;:21-22..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Kresović, Branka, Dolijanović, Željko, Milenković, Milena, "Статус антиоксиданата у кукурузу различите боје зрна" in 9. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, 17-18. oktobar 2019., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda (2019):21-22.

Елициторни утицај тетраоксана на раст и шећерни профил клијанаца кукуруза

Milenković, Milena; Simic, Milena; Opsenica, Dejan; Tosti, Tomislav; Brankov, Milan; Mesarović, Jelena; Dragicevic, Vesna

(Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Milenković, Milena
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Opsenica, Dejan
AU  - Tosti, Tomislav
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Mesarović, Jelena
AU  - Dragicevic, Vesna
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/928
AB  - Шећери су важни метаболити и служе као хранљиве материје и регулатори
физиолошких процеса код биљака. Њихова концентрација знатно утиче на раст и
развој биљних органа у различитим фенофазама. У овом истраживању је испитан
утицај пет различитих тетраоксана на семена самооплодне линије кукуруза са
оптималном (> 90%) и ниском (≤ 40%) клијавошћу. Параметри раста (свежа и сува
маса), коефицијент хидролизе - Hy, коефицијент биосинтезе - Bs, заједно са шећерним
профилом корена и изданка, су одређени и упоређени у циљу проналажења
најприкладнијег елицитора. Добијени резултати су показали повећање биомасе корена
и изданка у односу на контролу, са значајним разликама код семена слабије клијавости.
Повећање суве масе корена је, међутим, постигнуто код само два третмана. У складу са
наведеним резултатима, два иста тетраоксана су допринела вишој Bs вредности у
односу на друге. Што се тиче Hy, сви примењени елицитори су утицали на повећање
хидролизе. Сахароза, која је одговорна за диференцијацију и сазревање, била је нижа
код готово свих третираних корена и изданака, док су нивои глукозе и фруктозе
варирали између третмана. Два тетраоксана која су исказала повољнији утицај на Bs
имала су сличан ефекат на ниво глукозе и фруктозе, посебно код семена са умањеном
способношћу клијања, што може бити од великог значаја за даља истраживања и
могућу примену.
AB  - Sugars are important metabolites that serve as nutrients as well as regulators of physiological
processes in plant. Their concentration greatly affects growth and development of source and
sink in different phenophases. In this study, the influence of five different tetraoxanes on
maize inbred line with seeds from lots with optimal (> 90%) and low (≤ 40%) germination
ability was examined. Growth parameters (fresh and dry weight), coefficient of hydrolysis -
Hy, coefficient of biosynthesis - Bs, in addition to sugar profile of shoot and root, were
determined and correlated in order to find out the most favorable elicitor. Obtained results
showed an increase in biomass of root and shoot relative to control, with significant
differences in seed from lot with poorer germination. Increasing of root dry weight however
has obtained only in two treatments. In accordance with these results, the same two
tetraoxanes contributed to higher Bs values, compared to the others. Relative to Hy, all
applied elicitors influenced on increasing trend of hydrolysis. Sucrose, which is responsible
for differentiation and maturation, was lower in almost all treated shoots and roots, while
glucose and fructose levels varied among treatments. Two tetraoxanes which expressed more
favorable influence on Bs had the similar effect on glucose and fructose levels, especially in
seeds lot with lower germination ability, which can be of great importance for further
researches and possible use.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 9. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, 17-18. oktobar 2019., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda
T1  - Елициторни утицај тетраоксана на раст и шећерни профил клијанаца кукуруза
T1  - Elicitors influence of tetraoxanes on growth and sugar profile of maize seedlings
SP  - 48
EP  - 49
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Milenković, Milena and Simic, Milena and Opsenica, Dejan and Tosti, Tomislav and Brankov, Milan and Mesarović, Jelena and Dragicevic, Vesna",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Шећери су важни метаболити и служе као хранљиве материје и регулатори
физиолошких процеса код биљака. Њихова концентрација знатно утиче на раст и
развој биљних органа у различитим фенофазама. У овом истраживању је испитан
утицај пет различитих тетраоксана на семена самооплодне линије кукуруза са
оптималном (> 90%) и ниском (≤ 40%) клијавошћу. Параметри раста (свежа и сува
маса), коефицијент хидролизе - Hy, коефицијент биосинтезе - Bs, заједно са шећерним
профилом корена и изданка, су одређени и упоређени у циљу проналажења
најприкладнијег елицитора. Добијени резултати су показали повећање биомасе корена
и изданка у односу на контролу, са значајним разликама код семена слабије клијавости.
Повећање суве масе корена је, међутим, постигнуто код само два третмана. У складу са
наведеним резултатима, два иста тетраоксана су допринела вишој Bs вредности у
односу на друге. Што се тиче Hy, сви примењени елицитори су утицали на повећање
хидролизе. Сахароза, која је одговорна за диференцијацију и сазревање, била је нижа
код готово свих третираних корена и изданака, док су нивои глукозе и фруктозе
варирали између третмана. Два тетраоксана која су исказала повољнији утицај на Bs
имала су сличан ефекат на ниво глукозе и фруктозе, посебно код семена са умањеном
способношћу клијања, што може бити од великог значаја за даља истраживања и
могућу примену., Sugars are important metabolites that serve as nutrients as well as regulators of physiological
processes in plant. Their concentration greatly affects growth and development of source and
sink in different phenophases. In this study, the influence of five different tetraoxanes on
maize inbred line with seeds from lots with optimal (> 90%) and low (≤ 40%) germination
ability was examined. Growth parameters (fresh and dry weight), coefficient of hydrolysis -
Hy, coefficient of biosynthesis - Bs, in addition to sugar profile of shoot and root, were
determined and correlated in order to find out the most favorable elicitor. Obtained results
showed an increase in biomass of root and shoot relative to control, with significant
differences in seed from lot with poorer germination. Increasing of root dry weight however
has obtained only in two treatments. In accordance with these results, the same two
tetraoxanes contributed to higher Bs values, compared to the others. Relative to Hy, all
applied elicitors influenced on increasing trend of hydrolysis. Sucrose, which is responsible
for differentiation and maturation, was lower in almost all treated shoots and roots, while
glucose and fructose levels varied among treatments. Two tetraoxanes which expressed more
favorable influence on Bs had the similar effect on glucose and fructose levels, especially in
seeds lot with lower germination ability, which can be of great importance for further
researches and possible use.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "9. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, 17-18. oktobar 2019., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda",
title = "Елициторни утицај тетраоксана на раст и шећерни профил клијанаца кукуруза, Elicitors influence of tetraoxanes on growth and sugar profile of maize seedlings",
pages = "48-49"
}
Milenković, M., Simic, M., Opsenica, D., Tosti, T., Brankov, M., Mesarović, J.,& Dragicevic, V.. (2019). Елициторни утицај тетраоксана на раст и шећерни профил клијанаца кукуруза. in 9. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, 17-18. oktobar 2019., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda
Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet., 48-49.
Milenković M, Simic M, Opsenica D, Tosti T, Brankov M, Mesarović J, Dragicevic V. Елициторни утицај тетраоксана на раст и шећерни профил клијанаца кукуруза. in 9. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, 17-18. oktobar 2019., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda. 2019;:48-49..
Milenković, Milena, Simic, Milena, Opsenica, Dejan, Tosti, Tomislav, Brankov, Milan, Mesarović, Jelena, Dragicevic, Vesna, "Елициторни утицај тетраоксана на раст и шећерни профил клијанаца кукуруза" in 9. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, 17-18. oktobar 2019., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda (2019):48-49.

Variability of macronutrients in maize inbred lines caused by application of organic peroxides

Milenković, Milena; Simic, Milena; Opsenica, Dejan; Brankov, Milan; Mesarović, Jelena; Dragicevic, Vesna

(Belgrade : Serbian Genetic Society, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Milenković, Milena
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Opsenica, Dejan
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Mesarović, Jelena
AU  - Dragicevic, Vesna
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/929
AB  - Exogenous application of chemical elicitors can be used to reduce damage of plants caused
by abiotic stresses and consequently to enhance productivity. Different organic
peroxides (mixed with DMSO) were used in this study with the aim to examine
variations in grain yield and macronutrient status, i.e. protein, starch and oil contents,
of four maize inbred lines. Peroxides in combination with DMSO were applied foliarly.
Results showed that two genotypes reacted positively on applied treatments, achieving
higher grain yields than control group, with difference up to 2-3 t ha-1. In total, one of the
applied substances expressed the highest impact on yield enhance. In terms of nutritive
quality, the same treatment mostly increased the starch content. In regard to protein
content, higher value was achieved by the genotype which also had higher grain yield, and
for oil content, variations in results among treatments were insignificant and irregular.
This indicates that various elicitors, such as organic peroxides, could be used not only for
increase in grain yield, but also in modification of grain nutritional quality in regard to
genotype variability.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Genetic Society
C3  - 6. Congress of the Serbian Genetic Society, 13-17. October 2019., Vrnjačka Banja, Serbia - Book of abstracts
T1  - Variability of macronutrients in maize inbred lines caused by application of organic peroxides
SP  - 216
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Milenković, Milena and Simic, Milena and Opsenica, Dejan and Brankov, Milan and Mesarović, Jelena and Dragicevic, Vesna",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Exogenous application of chemical elicitors can be used to reduce damage of plants caused
by abiotic stresses and consequently to enhance productivity. Different organic
peroxides (mixed with DMSO) were used in this study with the aim to examine
variations in grain yield and macronutrient status, i.e. protein, starch and oil contents,
of four maize inbred lines. Peroxides in combination with DMSO were applied foliarly.
Results showed that two genotypes reacted positively on applied treatments, achieving
higher grain yields than control group, with difference up to 2-3 t ha-1. In total, one of the
applied substances expressed the highest impact on yield enhance. In terms of nutritive
quality, the same treatment mostly increased the starch content. In regard to protein
content, higher value was achieved by the genotype which also had higher grain yield, and
for oil content, variations in results among treatments were insignificant and irregular.
This indicates that various elicitors, such as organic peroxides, could be used not only for
increase in grain yield, but also in modification of grain nutritional quality in regard to
genotype variability.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Genetic Society",
journal = "6. Congress of the Serbian Genetic Society, 13-17. October 2019., Vrnjačka Banja, Serbia - Book of abstracts",
title = "Variability of macronutrients in maize inbred lines caused by application of organic peroxides",
pages = "216"
}
Milenković, M., Simic, M., Opsenica, D., Brankov, M., Mesarović, J.,& Dragicevic, V.. (2019). Variability of macronutrients in maize inbred lines caused by application of organic peroxides. in 6. Congress of the Serbian Genetic Society, 13-17. October 2019., Vrnjačka Banja, Serbia - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Serbian Genetic Society., 216.
Milenković M, Simic M, Opsenica D, Brankov M, Mesarović J, Dragicevic V. Variability of macronutrients in maize inbred lines caused by application of organic peroxides. in 6. Congress of the Serbian Genetic Society, 13-17. October 2019., Vrnjačka Banja, Serbia - Book of abstracts. 2019;:216..
Milenković, Milena, Simic, Milena, Opsenica, Dejan, Brankov, Milan, Mesarović, Jelena, Dragicevic, Vesna, "Variability of macronutrients in maize inbred lines caused by application of organic peroxides" in 6. Congress of the Serbian Genetic Society, 13-17. October 2019., Vrnjačka Banja, Serbia - Book of abstracts (2019):216.

Competitive ability of soybean and proso millet in different intercrop combinations

Milenković, Milena; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Peric, Vesna; Tolimir, Miodrag; Dragicevic, Vesna

(Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Milenković, Milena
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Peric, Vesna
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Dragicevic, Vesna
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/917
AB  - Intercropping includes cultivating of two or more crop species
simultaneously on the same filed. Benefits of intercropping can be achieved only if
complementary crops are combined, which results in a higher and more stable yield
in regard to sole crops. The competition of proso millet (M) and soybean (S) in
different intercrop combinations (S-M, SS-MM, SS-MMMM), simultaneously
testing influence of bio-fertilizer on them, was studied. In regard to competitive
ratio and agressivity, all combinations showed soybean as dominant and millet as
dominated specie. Since SS-MM combination has significantly separated from
other two, with high values of competitive ratio and agressivity for soybean and
low for millet, it can be concluded that ratio and planting pattern had significant
influence on obtained results. Bio-fertilizer didn’t express greater impact
comparing with intercropping, which influence was much more pronounced.
Soybean showed its highest competitive ability in SS-MM treated with Coveron
(3.36), while average aggressivity for this combination was 0.95. In contrast to
soybean, in this combination millet showed its lowest values. Anyhow, deeper
studies are desirable to find out the most productive combination for forage
biomass production.
AB  - Združivanje useva obuhvata gajenje dve ili više vrste biljaka istovremeno
na istom prostoru. Prednosti združivanja mogu se ispoljiti samo u slučajevima kada
se kombinuju komplementarni usevi, što rezultira višim i stabilnijim prinosom u
odnosu na samostalne useve. U ovom istraživanju ispitivana je kompeticija prosa
(M) i soje (S) u različitim kombinacijama združenih useva (S-M, SS-MM, SSMMMM),
istovremeno prateći i uticaj bio-đubriva na njih. Što se tiče konkuretnog
odnosa i agresivnosti, u svim kombinacijama soja je pokazala svoju dominatnost
dok je proso bio izdominirana vrsta. S obzirom da se SS-MM kombinacija
značajno izdvojila od ostale dve, sa visokim vrednostima konkuretnog odnosa i
agresivnosti za soju i niskim za proso, može se zaključiti da su odnos biljaka i
njihov prostorni raspored uticali na dobijene rezultate. Bio-đubrivo nije imalo
velikog efekta u odnosu na samo združivanje, čiji se uticaj posebno istakao. Soja je
pokazala svoju najveću kompetitivnu sposobnost u SS-MM kombinaciji tretiranoj
Coveron-om (3.36), dok je prosečna agresivnost za ovu kombinaciju iznosila 0.95.
Suprotno od soje, proso je iskazao svoje najniže vrednosti u navedenoj
kombinaciji. U svakom slučaju, detaljnije studije su potrebne kako bi se pronašla
najproduktivnija kombinacija za proizvodnju biomase.
PB  - Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry
C3  - 12. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 09–11. October 2019., Belgrade - Book of proceedings
T1  - Competitive ability of soybean and proso millet in different intercrop combinations
T1  - Kompetitivne sposobnosti soje i prosa u različitim kombinacijama združenih useva
SP  - 695
EP  - 703
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Milenković, Milena and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Peric, Vesna and Tolimir, Miodrag and Dragicevic, Vesna",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Intercropping includes cultivating of two or more crop species
simultaneously on the same filed. Benefits of intercropping can be achieved only if
complementary crops are combined, which results in a higher and more stable yield
in regard to sole crops. The competition of proso millet (M) and soybean (S) in
different intercrop combinations (S-M, SS-MM, SS-MMMM), simultaneously
testing influence of bio-fertilizer on them, was studied. In regard to competitive
ratio and agressivity, all combinations showed soybean as dominant and millet as
dominated specie. Since SS-MM combination has significantly separated from
other two, with high values of competitive ratio and agressivity for soybean and
low for millet, it can be concluded that ratio and planting pattern had significant
influence on obtained results. Bio-fertilizer didn’t express greater impact
comparing with intercropping, which influence was much more pronounced.
Soybean showed its highest competitive ability in SS-MM treated with Coveron
(3.36), while average aggressivity for this combination was 0.95. In contrast to
soybean, in this combination millet showed its lowest values. Anyhow, deeper
studies are desirable to find out the most productive combination for forage
biomass production., Združivanje useva obuhvata gajenje dve ili više vrste biljaka istovremeno
na istom prostoru. Prednosti združivanja mogu se ispoljiti samo u slučajevima kada
se kombinuju komplementarni usevi, što rezultira višim i stabilnijim prinosom u
odnosu na samostalne useve. U ovom istraživanju ispitivana je kompeticija prosa
(M) i soje (S) u različitim kombinacijama združenih useva (S-M, SS-MM, SSMMMM),
istovremeno prateći i uticaj bio-đubriva na njih. Što se tiče konkuretnog
odnosa i agresivnosti, u svim kombinacijama soja je pokazala svoju dominatnost
dok je proso bio izdominirana vrsta. S obzirom da se SS-MM kombinacija
značajno izdvojila od ostale dve, sa visokim vrednostima konkuretnog odnosa i
agresivnosti za soju i niskim za proso, može se zaključiti da su odnos biljaka i
njihov prostorni raspored uticali na dobijene rezultate. Bio-đubrivo nije imalo
velikog efekta u odnosu na samo združivanje, čiji se uticaj posebno istakao. Soja je
pokazala svoju najveću kompetitivnu sposobnost u SS-MM kombinaciji tretiranoj
Coveron-om (3.36), dok je prosečna agresivnost za ovu kombinaciju iznosila 0.95.
Suprotno od soje, proso je iskazao svoje najniže vrednosti u navedenoj
kombinaciji. U svakom slučaju, detaljnije studije su potrebne kako bi se pronašla
najproduktivnija kombinacija za proizvodnju biomase.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry",
journal = "12. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 09–11. October 2019., Belgrade - Book of proceedings",
title = "Competitive ability of soybean and proso millet in different intercrop combinations, Kompetitivne sposobnosti soje i prosa u različitim kombinacijama združenih useva",
pages = "695-703"
}
Milenković, M., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Peric, V., Tolimir, M.,& Dragicevic, V.. (2019). Competitive ability of soybean and proso millet in different intercrop combinations. in 12. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 09–11. October 2019., Belgrade - Book of proceedings
Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry., 695-703.
Milenković M, Simic M, Brankov M, Peric V, Tolimir M, Dragicevic V. Competitive ability of soybean and proso millet in different intercrop combinations. in 12. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 09–11. October 2019., Belgrade - Book of proceedings. 2019;:695-703..
Milenković, Milena, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Peric, Vesna, Tolimir, Miodrag, Dragicevic, Vesna, "Competitive ability of soybean and proso millet in different intercrop combinations" in 12. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 09–11. October 2019., Belgrade - Book of proceedings (2019):695-703.

Združivanje useva prosa i soje za proizvodnju biomase

Milenković, Milena; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka; Kresović, Branka; Dragičević, Vesna

(Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad, 2019)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Milenković, Milena
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/740
AB  - Sustainable agriculture considers production of high quality food and feed with minimal impact on environment. Intercropping is one of the most efficient ways to produce valuable biomass for animal feed rich in nutrients. Intercrop combinations: alternating rows of soybean and proso millet (S-M), alternating strips with 2 rows of soybean and 2 rows of millet (SS-MM-SS) and alternating strips with 2 rows of soybean and 4 rows of millet (SS-MMMM-SS); single crop of soybean and single crop of proso millet were tested. The effect of bio-fertilizer Coveron was also followed. Aboveground biomass was harvested and land equivalent ratio (LER), as well as leaf area index (LAI) was determined. All intercropping combinations increased LAI of soybean when compared to monocrop, to 43% and 84% in SS-MM-SS combination with and without Coveron, respectively. Coveron slightly increased LAI. The highest values of biomass yield were obtained in S-M intercrop for soybean (39% and 42% higher in relation to monocrop, in combination with and without Coveron, respectively) and in monocrop for proso millet. Nevertheless, the highest LER value was obtained for SS-MM-SS combination without Coveron (1.12). In intercrops treated with Coveron slightly lower LER values were obtained for S-M and SS-MMMM-SS combination (0.97 and 0.98, respectively). Irrespective to sowing way, results indicate that 1:1 ratio of soybean and proso millet in intercrop (S-M and SS-MM-SS combinations) is the most promising way to achieve high biomass yield.
AB  - Održiva poljoprivreda obuhvata proizvodnju visoko-kvalitetne hrane i hraniva sa minimalnim uticajem na životnu sredinu. Združivanje useva je jedan od najefikasnijih načina za dobijanje biomase visoke hranljive vrednosti. Ispitivane su sledeće kombinacije združenih useva: naizmenični redovi soje i prosa (S-M), naizmenične trake 2 reda soje i 2 reda prosa (SS-MM-SS) i naizmenične trake 2 reda soje i 4 reda prosa (SS-MMMM-SS); samostalni usev soje i samostalni usev prosa. Praćen je takođe i uticaj mikrobiološkog đubriva Coveron. Nadzemna biomasa je sakupljena i odnos ekvivalenata zemljišta (LER) kao i indeks lisne površine (LAI) su određeni. Sve kombinacije združenih useva utiču na povećanje indeksa lisne površine soje u odnosu na samostalni usev, do 43% i 84% u SS-MM-SS kombinaciji sa i bez Coveron-a. Coveron neznatno utiče na povećanje LAI, u proseku. Najviši prinos biomase je postignut u S-M kombinaciji za soju (39% i 42% viša u odnosu na čisti usev, u kombinaciji sa i bez Coveron-a) i u čistom usevu za proso. Ipak, najveća vrednost LER-a je dobijena za SS-MM-SS kombinaciju bez Coveron-a (1.12). Kod združenih useva tretiranih Coveron-om, slične vrednosti LER-a su dobijene za S-M i SS-MMMM -SS kombinacije (0.97 i 0.98). Bez obzira na način setve, rezultati pokazuju da je 1:1 odnos soje i prosa u združenim usevima (S-M i SS-MM-SS kombinacije) najperspektivniji način da se postignu visoki prinosi biomase.
PB  - Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad
T2  - Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
T1  - Združivanje useva prosa i soje za proizvodnju biomase
T1  - Intercropping of soybean and proso millet for biomass production
VL  - 23
IS  - 1
SP  - 38
EP  - 40
DO  - 10.5937/jpea1901038M
UR  - conv_2007
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Milenković, Milena and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka and Kresović, Branka and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Sustainable agriculture considers production of high quality food and feed with minimal impact on environment. Intercropping is one of the most efficient ways to produce valuable biomass for animal feed rich in nutrients. Intercrop combinations: alternating rows of soybean and proso millet (S-M), alternating strips with 2 rows of soybean and 2 rows of millet (SS-MM-SS) and alternating strips with 2 rows of soybean and 4 rows of millet (SS-MMMM-SS); single crop of soybean and single crop of proso millet were tested. The effect of bio-fertilizer Coveron was also followed. Aboveground biomass was harvested and land equivalent ratio (LER), as well as leaf area index (LAI) was determined. All intercropping combinations increased LAI of soybean when compared to monocrop, to 43% and 84% in SS-MM-SS combination with and without Coveron, respectively. Coveron slightly increased LAI. The highest values of biomass yield were obtained in S-M intercrop for soybean (39% and 42% higher in relation to monocrop, in combination with and without Coveron, respectively) and in monocrop for proso millet. Nevertheless, the highest LER value was obtained for SS-MM-SS combination without Coveron (1.12). In intercrops treated with Coveron slightly lower LER values were obtained for S-M and SS-MMMM-SS combination (0.97 and 0.98, respectively). Irrespective to sowing way, results indicate that 1:1 ratio of soybean and proso millet in intercrop (S-M and SS-MM-SS combinations) is the most promising way to achieve high biomass yield., Održiva poljoprivreda obuhvata proizvodnju visoko-kvalitetne hrane i hraniva sa minimalnim uticajem na životnu sredinu. Združivanje useva je jedan od najefikasnijih načina za dobijanje biomase visoke hranljive vrednosti. Ispitivane su sledeće kombinacije združenih useva: naizmenični redovi soje i prosa (S-M), naizmenične trake 2 reda soje i 2 reda prosa (SS-MM-SS) i naizmenične trake 2 reda soje i 4 reda prosa (SS-MMMM-SS); samostalni usev soje i samostalni usev prosa. Praćen je takođe i uticaj mikrobiološkog đubriva Coveron. Nadzemna biomasa je sakupljena i odnos ekvivalenata zemljišta (LER) kao i indeks lisne površine (LAI) su određeni. Sve kombinacije združenih useva utiču na povećanje indeksa lisne površine soje u odnosu na samostalni usev, do 43% i 84% u SS-MM-SS kombinaciji sa i bez Coveron-a. Coveron neznatno utiče na povećanje LAI, u proseku. Najviši prinos biomase je postignut u S-M kombinaciji za soju (39% i 42% viša u odnosu na čisti usev, u kombinaciji sa i bez Coveron-a) i u čistom usevu za proso. Ipak, najveća vrednost LER-a je dobijena za SS-MM-SS kombinaciju bez Coveron-a (1.12). Kod združenih useva tretiranih Coveron-om, slične vrednosti LER-a su dobijene za S-M i SS-MMMM -SS kombinacije (0.97 i 0.98). Bez obzira na način setve, rezultati pokazuju da je 1:1 odnos soje i prosa u združenim usevima (S-M i SS-MM-SS kombinacije) najperspektivniji način da se postignu visoki prinosi biomase.",
publisher = "Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad",
journal = "Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture",
title = "Združivanje useva prosa i soje za proizvodnju biomase, Intercropping of soybean and proso millet for biomass production",
volume = "23",
number = "1",
pages = "38-40",
doi = "10.5937/jpea1901038M",
url = "conv_2007"
}
Milenković, M., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Milojković-Opsenica, D., Kresović, B.,& Dragičević, V.. (2019). Združivanje useva prosa i soje za proizvodnju biomase. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad., 23(1), 38-40.
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea1901038M
conv_2007
Milenković M, Simić M, Brankov M, Milojković-Opsenica D, Kresović B, Dragičević V. Združivanje useva prosa i soje za proizvodnju biomase. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture. 2019;23(1):38-40.
doi:10.5937/jpea1901038M
conv_2007 .
Milenković, Milena, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka, Kresović, Branka, Dragičević, Vesna, "Združivanje useva prosa i soje za proizvodnju biomase" in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 23, no. 1 (2019):38-40,
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea1901038M .,
conv_2007 .

Buckwheat seed quality during the five-year storage in various packing materials

Tabaković, Marijenka; Simić, Milena; Stanisavljević, Rade; Sečanski, Mile; Živanović, Ljubiša; Štrbanović, Ratibor

(Prague : Czech Academy Agricultural Sciences, 2019)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Živanović, Ljubiša
AU  - Štrbanović, Ratibor
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/848
AB  - Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.) seed, produced in three locations, was used in the present
study. Seed was stored in paper, glass, wood and PVC packing materials under room temperature conditions (18°C) for
five years. The following parameters of seed quality were observed: viability, germination, dormancy and a 1000-seed
weight. Standard laboratory methods were applied in the studies. The lowest viability after harvest was recorded in
seeds stored in glass or PVC packing materials. All factors pointed to a great significance in the expression of viability,
germination and seed weight maintenance. The highest value of germination (99%) was recorded in seeds produced
in the location Karbulovo after two-year storage in the paper packing material. In the second year of storage, seed
dormancy in paper packing material amounted to 0–0.1%. The seed weight changed during the storage period from
33.9 g to 24.4 g. The weight loss was the lowest in seeds stored in the paper packing material. The germination decline
was slower in large than in small seeds. Obtained results indicate the importance of packing material for maintenance
of seed qualitative traits. According to the gained results, seeds packed in paper packing material mostly retained
their physiological and morphological traits
PB  - Prague : Czech Academy Agricultural Sciences
T2  - Plant, Soil and Environment
T1  - Buckwheat seed quality during the five-year storage in various packing materials
VL  - 65
IS  - 7
SP  - 349
EP  - 354
DO  - 10.17221/237/2019-PSE
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Tabaković, Marijenka and Simić, Milena and Stanisavljević, Rade and Sečanski, Mile and Živanović, Ljubiša and Štrbanović, Ratibor",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.) seed, produced in three locations, was used in the present
study. Seed was stored in paper, glass, wood and PVC packing materials under room temperature conditions (18°C) for
five years. The following parameters of seed quality were observed: viability, germination, dormancy and a 1000-seed
weight. Standard laboratory methods were applied in the studies. The lowest viability after harvest was recorded in
seeds stored in glass or PVC packing materials. All factors pointed to a great significance in the expression of viability,
germination and seed weight maintenance. The highest value of germination (99%) was recorded in seeds produced
in the location Karbulovo after two-year storage in the paper packing material. In the second year of storage, seed
dormancy in paper packing material amounted to 0–0.1%. The seed weight changed during the storage period from
33.9 g to 24.4 g. The weight loss was the lowest in seeds stored in the paper packing material. The germination decline
was slower in large than in small seeds. Obtained results indicate the importance of packing material for maintenance
of seed qualitative traits. According to the gained results, seeds packed in paper packing material mostly retained
their physiological and morphological traits",
publisher = "Prague : Czech Academy Agricultural Sciences",
journal = "Plant, Soil and Environment",
title = "Buckwheat seed quality during the five-year storage in various packing materials",
volume = "65",
number = "7",
pages = "349-354",
doi = "10.17221/237/2019-PSE"
}
Tabaković, M., Simić, M., Stanisavljević, R., Sečanski, M., Živanović, L.,& Štrbanović, R.. (2019). Buckwheat seed quality during the five-year storage in various packing materials. in Plant, Soil and Environment
Prague : Czech Academy Agricultural Sciences., 65(7), 349-354.
https://doi.org/10.17221/237/2019-PSE
Tabaković M, Simić M, Stanisavljević R, Sečanski M, Živanović L, Štrbanović R. Buckwheat seed quality during the five-year storage in various packing materials. in Plant, Soil and Environment. 2019;65(7):349-354.
doi:10.17221/237/2019-PSE .
Tabaković, Marijenka, Simić, Milena, Stanisavljević, Rade, Sečanski, Mile, Živanović, Ljubiša, Štrbanović, Ratibor, "Buckwheat seed quality during the five-year storage in various packing materials" in Plant, Soil and Environment, 65, no. 7 (2019):349-354,
https://doi.org/10.17221/237/2019-PSE . .
1

Enhancement of antioxidant activity and bioactive compound contents in yellow soybean by plant-extract-based products

Đurović, Sanja; Dragičević, Vesna; Waisi, Hađi; Pagnacco, Maja C.; Luković, Nevena; Knežević-Jugović, Zorica; Nikolić, Bogdan

(Beograd : Instiut za biološka istraživanja "Siniša Stanković", 2019)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Đurović, Sanja
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Waisi, Hađi
AU  - Pagnacco, Maja C.
AU  - Luković, Nevena
AU  - Knežević-Jugović, Zorica
AU  - Nikolić, Bogdan
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/806
AB  - Polyphenols present in different plant cell organelles increase the resistance of plants to various types of environmental stresses. We investigated the possibility of increasing the content of bioactive compounds in the seed of yellow soybean variety Laura. The soybean was treated during vegetation with five products based on plant extracts, on the assumption of enrichment of plants with various nutrients. Soybean flour extracts were screened spectrophotometrically
for total phenolic content and antioxidant activity. The antioxidant activity was evaluated using three methods. The content of phenolic acids was determined by HPLC, and the raw protein content was estimated by the Kjeldahl method. Depending on the treatment, variations in the quantity of individual phenolic acids with up to 90% higher concentration as compared
to the control were observed. Controlled usage of certain plant extracts can increase the concentration of the target group of bioactive compounds in the samples. The synergistic effect of proteins and phenolic compounds on the antioxidant activity of extracts was detected. The results of this study are not only important from the aspect of plant resistance to various types of stress, but also when considering soybean as a functional food.
PB  - Beograd : Instiut za biološka istraživanja "Siniša Stanković"
T2  - Archives of Biological Sciences
T1  - Enhancement of antioxidant activity and bioactive compound contents in yellow soybean by plant-extract-based products
VL  - 71
IS  - 3
SP  - 425
EP  - 434
DO  - 10.2298/ABS190123024D
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Đurović, Sanja and Dragičević, Vesna and Waisi, Hađi and Pagnacco, Maja C. and Luković, Nevena and Knežević-Jugović, Zorica and Nikolić, Bogdan",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Polyphenols present in different plant cell organelles increase the resistance of plants to various types of environmental stresses. We investigated the possibility of increasing the content of bioactive compounds in the seed of yellow soybean variety Laura. The soybean was treated during vegetation with five products based on plant extracts, on the assumption of enrichment of plants with various nutrients. Soybean flour extracts were screened spectrophotometrically
for total phenolic content and antioxidant activity. The antioxidant activity was evaluated using three methods. The content of phenolic acids was determined by HPLC, and the raw protein content was estimated by the Kjeldahl method. Depending on the treatment, variations in the quantity of individual phenolic acids with up to 90% higher concentration as compared
to the control were observed. Controlled usage of certain plant extracts can increase the concentration of the target group of bioactive compounds in the samples. The synergistic effect of proteins and phenolic compounds on the antioxidant activity of extracts was detected. The results of this study are not only important from the aspect of plant resistance to various types of stress, but also when considering soybean as a functional food.",
publisher = "Beograd : Instiut za biološka istraživanja "Siniša Stanković"",
journal = "Archives of Biological Sciences",
title = "Enhancement of antioxidant activity and bioactive compound contents in yellow soybean by plant-extract-based products",
volume = "71",
number = "3",
pages = "425-434",
doi = "10.2298/ABS190123024D"
}
Đurović, S., Dragičević, V., Waisi, H., Pagnacco, M. C., Luković, N., Knežević-Jugović, Z.,& Nikolić, B.. (2019). Enhancement of antioxidant activity and bioactive compound contents in yellow soybean by plant-extract-based products. in Archives of Biological Sciences
Beograd : Instiut za biološka istraživanja "Siniša Stanković"., 71(3), 425-434.
https://doi.org/10.2298/ABS190123024D
Đurović S, Dragičević V, Waisi H, Pagnacco MC, Luković N, Knežević-Jugović Z, Nikolić B. Enhancement of antioxidant activity and bioactive compound contents in yellow soybean by plant-extract-based products. in Archives of Biological Sciences. 2019;71(3):425-434.
doi:10.2298/ABS190123024D .
Đurović, Sanja, Dragičević, Vesna, Waisi, Hađi, Pagnacco, Maja C., Luković, Nevena, Knežević-Jugović, Zorica, Nikolić, Bogdan, "Enhancement of antioxidant activity and bioactive compound contents in yellow soybean by plant-extract-based products" in Archives of Biological Sciences, 71, no. 3 (2019):425-434,
https://doi.org/10.2298/ABS190123024D . .
4
2

The influence of moisture content on popping traits in popcorn

Srdić, Jelena; Perić, Vesna; Kolarić, Ljubiša; Kravić, Natalija; Babić, Vojka; Simić, Milena

(Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Perić, Vesna
AU  - Kolarić, Ljubiša
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/728
AB  - The influence of grain moisture content at harvest and at the moment of popping on popping volume and percentage of unpopped kernels was analysed. Four popcorn hybrids were studied. Hybrids were harvested when grain moisture content was: above 25%, between 20 - 25%, and below 18%. Each sample was popped at 20%, 18%, 16%, 14%, 12%, and 10% of grain moisture. All examined factors and their interactions significantly influenced both popping volume and percentage of unpopped kernels. The highest popping volume and the lowest percentage of unpopped kernels were observed at 14% grain moisture content. Hybrid ZP 608k had the highest popping volume and the lowest percentage of unpopped kernels at all treatments and overall. The lowest popping volume and the highest percentage of unpopped kernels were noticed for ZP 501k. The lowest percentage of unpopped kernels was observed in the last harvest term when grain moisture content was below 18%.
AB  - Zapremina kokičavosti je pored potencijala rodnosti najvažnija osobina hibrida kokičara. Više faktora utiče na nju: genotip, uslovi proizvodnje, dorade i čuvanja zrna, kao i metode kokanja. Maksimalan potencijal zapremine kokičavosti postiže se samo ako je hibrid dostigao punu zrelost. Ipak, najvažniji je uticaj sadržaja vlage u trenutku kokanja. Sadržaj vlage od oko 14% je optimalan i pri njemu se ostvaruju najviše zapremine kokičavosti. U radu je ispitivan uticaj sadržaja vlage u zrnu prilikom berbe i u trenutku kokanja na osobine kokičavosti: zapremina kokičavosti i procenat neiskokanog zrna. Ove osobine proučavane su na na četiri hibrida kukuruza kokičara. Hibridi su brani u tri termina pri sadržaju vlage: preko 25%, između 20 - 25%, i nižoj od 18%. Zatim je svaki od uzoraka kokan pri sadržaju vlage od 20%, 18%, 16%, 14%, 12%, i 10%. Analiza varijanse ukazala je na značajan uticaj genotipa, sadržaja vlage prilikom berbe, kao i interakcija na zapreminu kokičavosti i procenat neiskokanog zrna. Najviša zapremina kokičavosti ostvarena je pri sadržaju vlage od 14%, a takođe pri ovom sadržaju vlage najmanji je bio i procenat neiskokanog zrna. Hibrid ZP 608k je imao najvišu zapreminu kokičavosti i najmanji procenat neiskokanog zrna, kako u proseku svih tretmana, tako i po proučavanim tretmanima, dok je najamnju zapreminu kokičavosti i najveći procenat neiskokanog zrna imao hibrid ZP 501k. Najmanji procenat neiskokanog zrna utvrđen je u zadnjem terminu berbe, kada je sadržaj vlage u zrnu bio ispod 18%.
PB  - Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad
T2  - Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
T1  - The influence of moisture content on popping traits in popcorn
T1  - Uticaj sadržaja vlage na osobine kokanja kod kukuruza kokičara
VL  - 22
IS  - 4
SP  - 184
EP  - 187
DO  - 10.5937/jpea1804184S
UR  - conv_656
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Srdić, Jelena and Perić, Vesna and Kolarić, Ljubiša and Kravić, Natalija and Babić, Vojka and Simić, Milena",
year = "2018",
abstract = "The influence of grain moisture content at harvest and at the moment of popping on popping volume and percentage of unpopped kernels was analysed. Four popcorn hybrids were studied. Hybrids were harvested when grain moisture content was: above 25%, between 20 - 25%, and below 18%. Each sample was popped at 20%, 18%, 16%, 14%, 12%, and 10% of grain moisture. All examined factors and their interactions significantly influenced both popping volume and percentage of unpopped kernels. The highest popping volume and the lowest percentage of unpopped kernels were observed at 14% grain moisture content. Hybrid ZP 608k had the highest popping volume and the lowest percentage of unpopped kernels at all treatments and overall. The lowest popping volume and the highest percentage of unpopped kernels were noticed for ZP 501k. The lowest percentage of unpopped kernels was observed in the last harvest term when grain moisture content was below 18%., Zapremina kokičavosti je pored potencijala rodnosti najvažnija osobina hibrida kokičara. Više faktora utiče na nju: genotip, uslovi proizvodnje, dorade i čuvanja zrna, kao i metode kokanja. Maksimalan potencijal zapremine kokičavosti postiže se samo ako je hibrid dostigao punu zrelost. Ipak, najvažniji je uticaj sadržaja vlage u trenutku kokanja. Sadržaj vlage od oko 14% je optimalan i pri njemu se ostvaruju najviše zapremine kokičavosti. U radu je ispitivan uticaj sadržaja vlage u zrnu prilikom berbe i u trenutku kokanja na osobine kokičavosti: zapremina kokičavosti i procenat neiskokanog zrna. Ove osobine proučavane su na na četiri hibrida kukuruza kokičara. Hibridi su brani u tri termina pri sadržaju vlage: preko 25%, između 20 - 25%, i nižoj od 18%. Zatim je svaki od uzoraka kokan pri sadržaju vlage od 20%, 18%, 16%, 14%, 12%, i 10%. Analiza varijanse ukazala je na značajan uticaj genotipa, sadržaja vlage prilikom berbe, kao i interakcija na zapreminu kokičavosti i procenat neiskokanog zrna. Najviša zapremina kokičavosti ostvarena je pri sadržaju vlage od 14%, a takođe pri ovom sadržaju vlage najmanji je bio i procenat neiskokanog zrna. Hibrid ZP 608k je imao najvišu zapreminu kokičavosti i najmanji procenat neiskokanog zrna, kako u proseku svih tretmana, tako i po proučavanim tretmanima, dok je najamnju zapreminu kokičavosti i najveći procenat neiskokanog zrna imao hibrid ZP 501k. Najmanji procenat neiskokanog zrna utvrđen je u zadnjem terminu berbe, kada je sadržaj vlage u zrnu bio ispod 18%.",
publisher = "Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad",
journal = "Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture",
title = "The influence of moisture content on popping traits in popcorn, Uticaj sadržaja vlage na osobine kokanja kod kukuruza kokičara",
volume = "22",
number = "4",
pages = "184-187",
doi = "10.5937/jpea1804184S",
url = "conv_656"
}
Srdić, J., Perić, V., Kolarić, L., Kravić, N., Babić, V.,& Simić, M.. (2018). The influence of moisture content on popping traits in popcorn. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad., 22(4), 184-187.
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea1804184S
conv_656
Srdić J, Perić V, Kolarić L, Kravić N, Babić V, Simić M. The influence of moisture content on popping traits in popcorn. in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture. 2018;22(4):184-187.
doi:10.5937/jpea1804184S
conv_656 .
Srdić, Jelena, Perić, Vesna, Kolarić, Ljubiša, Kravić, Natalija, Babić, Vojka, Simić, Milena, "The influence of moisture content on popping traits in popcorn" in Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 22, no. 4 (2018):184-187,
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea1804184S .,
conv_656 .
1

Antioxidant status of the different sweet maize hybrids under herbicide and foliar fertilizer application

Mesarović, Jelena; Srdić, Jelena; Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana; Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka

(Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mesarović, Jelena
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/704
AB  - The chemical method of weed control is an indispensable step in cropping practices of sweet maize Application of the herbicides can induce the abiotic stress which affects the non-enzymatic antioxidants in the crops, especially on the sensitive one, like sweet maize is. Antioxidant profile, through the measurement of the soluble phenolic, carotenoids, phytic acid and glutathione concentration, in the grain of the three sweet maize hybrids after application of herbicides, foliar fertilizer, as well as their combinations, in field experiment, conducted over a two-year period, was determined. The content of tested antioxidant parameters was dependent on hybrids, growing season, as well as of the applied treatment. Sulfonylurea herbicides significantly increased the antioxidant status of sweet maize fresh grain, compared to the herbicide from triketone group, without affecting the fresh grain yield. Combination of herbicide plus foliar fertilizer expressed a various impact on antioxidant profile of the maize grain. Furthermore, significant correlations (positive and negative) between fresh grain yield and analyzed antioxidants in grain of three sweet maize hybrids were noticed.
PB  - Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Antioxidant status of the different sweet maize hybrids under herbicide and foliar fertilizer application
VL  - 50
IS  - 3
SP  - 1023
EP  - 1033
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR1803023M
UR  - conv_1003
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mesarović, Jelena and Srdić, Jelena and Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana and Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka",
year = "2018",
abstract = "The chemical method of weed control is an indispensable step in cropping practices of sweet maize Application of the herbicides can induce the abiotic stress which affects the non-enzymatic antioxidants in the crops, especially on the sensitive one, like sweet maize is. Antioxidant profile, through the measurement of the soluble phenolic, carotenoids, phytic acid and glutathione concentration, in the grain of the three sweet maize hybrids after application of herbicides, foliar fertilizer, as well as their combinations, in field experiment, conducted over a two-year period, was determined. The content of tested antioxidant parameters was dependent on hybrids, growing season, as well as of the applied treatment. Sulfonylurea herbicides significantly increased the antioxidant status of sweet maize fresh grain, compared to the herbicide from triketone group, without affecting the fresh grain yield. Combination of herbicide plus foliar fertilizer expressed a various impact on antioxidant profile of the maize grain. Furthermore, significant correlations (positive and negative) between fresh grain yield and analyzed antioxidants in grain of three sweet maize hybrids were noticed.",
publisher = "Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Antioxidant status of the different sweet maize hybrids under herbicide and foliar fertilizer application",
volume = "50",
number = "3",
pages = "1023-1033",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR1803023M",
url = "conv_1003"
}
Mesarović, J., Srdić, J., Mladenović-Drinić, S., Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Brankov, M.,& Milojković-Opsenica, D.. (2018). Antioxidant status of the different sweet maize hybrids under herbicide and foliar fertilizer application. in Genetika
Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd., 50(3), 1023-1033.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR1803023M
conv_1003
Mesarović J, Srdić J, Mladenović-Drinić S, Dragičević V, Simić M, Brankov M, Milojković-Opsenica D. Antioxidant status of the different sweet maize hybrids under herbicide and foliar fertilizer application. in Genetika. 2018;50(3):1023-1033.
doi:10.2298/GENSR1803023M
conv_1003 .
Mesarović, Jelena, Srdić, Jelena, Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana, Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka, "Antioxidant status of the different sweet maize hybrids under herbicide and foliar fertilizer application" in Genetika, 50, no. 3 (2018):1023-1033,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR1803023M .,
conv_1003 .
5
3
3

Weediness and grain yield of specialty maize hybrids cultivated with the application of ecological fertilisers

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Brankov, Milan; Vančetović, Jelena; Filipović, Milomir; Srdić, Jelena

(Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/697
AB  - Maize hybrids (Zea mays L.) with specific traits, such as those with red pericarp, high-protein flints or white kernel hybrids, have increased utility value as they contain some vitamins and minerals beneficial to human and animal nutrition. Furthermore, their cultivation with the application of specific fertilisers could further increase the grain quality through increased participation of macro- and micro-elements that are lacking in the diet. Agronomic biofortification encompasses the application of different production technology that enables better absorption and effective accumulation of essential elements such as iron, zinc, manganese, copper in the edible parts of cultivated plants. On the other hand, fertilisation influences the weed infestation levels and especially the presence of nitrophilic weed species in maize crop. The fertiliser application changes the balance in competition between crops and weeds, not only for nutrients but also for other resources. The effects of different fertilisers were compared within developmental research in the field of ecological agriculture to point up the advantages of microbiological and organic fertilisers, since these fertilisers can contribute to higher yields, but unlike mineral fertilisers, they positively affect the soil and agro-ecosystem. The studies were carried out to determine to what extent agronomic biofortification contributed to the increase of yielding potential and grain quality of maize genotypes with specific traits, as well as how it affected the occurrence and distribution of weeds. The red kernel maize hybrid ZP5048C, high-protein flint maize hybrid ZP737 and white kernel maize hybrid ZP552b, were grown in variants with mineral fertiliser urea, microbiological fertiliser Team Micorriza Plus and organic fertiliser Fertor, that contained essential elements necessary for the nutrition of cultivated plants. No fertiliser was applied to the control treatment. The fertilisation mainly contributed to the increase of weed mass in comparison with the non-fertilised control variant in extremely dry 2017. The highest weed mass was recorded in the hybrid ZP737 in the variant with organic fertiliser, while the lowest weed mass was recorded in all hybrids when microbiological fertiliser had been applied. The highest, i.e. lowest grain yield was recorded in the hybrid ZP5048C (5.83 t ha-1), i.e. ZP737 (3.36 t ha-1), respectively. The protein content was increased at the highest extent in the kernel of ZP737 hybrid after the application of urea, while oil and starch contents were the highest in the grain of white kernel hybrid ZP552b treated with microbiological fertiliser. Due to the specificities and importance of meteorological conditions, the studies will be continued during the next few seasons.
AB  - Hibridi kukuruza (Zea mays L.) specifičnih svojstava, poput onih sa crvenim perikarpom, tvrdunci sa povećanim udelom proteinske komponente ili hibridi belog zrna, imaju povećanu upotrebnu vrednost jer sadrže određene vitamine i minerale korisne za ishranu ljudi i životinja. Njihovim gajenjem, uz primenu određenih đubriva, moguće je dodatno povećati kvalitet zrna unošenjem makro i mikorelemenata koji inače nedostaju u ishrani. Agronomska biofortifikacija obuhvata različite mere gajenja kojima se omogućava bolja apsorpcija i povećana akumulacija esencijalnih mikroelemenata, kao što su gvožđe, cink, mangan, bakar i dr. u jestivim delovima gajenih biljaka. Primena đubriva značajno utiče i na nivo zakorovljenosti useva, posebno nitrofilnim vrstama korova. Unošenjem đubriva menja se balans u kompeticiji između useva i korova, ne samo za hraniva nego i za ostale resurse. U okviru razvojnih istraživanja iz oblasti ekološke poljoprivrede upoređivani su efekti primene različitih đubriva i ukazane su prednosti mikrobioloških i organskih đubriva. Ova đubriva takođe mogu doprineti većem prinosu, ali za razliku od mineralnih đubriva, pozitivnije utiču na zemljište i agroekosistem. Data ispitivanja su sprovedena kako bi se utvrdilo u kolikoj meri agronomska biofortifikacija utiče na pojavu i zastupljenost korova i doprinosi povećanju rodnog potencijala i kvaliteta zrna specifičnih genotipova kukuruza. Hibrid kukuruza crvenog perikarpa ZP5048C, hibrid tvrdunac sa povećanim procentom proteina ZP737 i hibrid belog zrna ZP552b gajeni su uz primenu mineralnog đubriva Urea, mikrobiološkog đubriva Team Micorriza Plus i organskog đubriva Fertor, koja sadrže neophodne elemente za ishranu gajenih biljaka. Na kontrolnoj površini đubrenje nije primenjeno. Rezultati su pokazali da u 2017. godini, koja je bila ekstremno sušna, ima značajnih razlika u nivou zakorovljenosti i nešto manjih razlika u prinosu zrna gajenih genotipova zavisno od vrste primenjenog đubriva. Najveća masa korova utvrđena je kod hibrida ZP737 nakon primene organskog đubriva, dok je najmanja masa korova kod svih hibrida zabeležena nakon primene mikrobiološkog đubriva. Đubrenje je uglavnom doprinelo povećanju mase korova u poređenju sa neđubrenom, kontrolnom varijantom. Najveći prinos zrna je imao ZP5048C (5,83 t ha-1), a najmanji ZP 737 (3,36 t ha-1). Sadržaj proteina najviše je povećan u zrnu hirbida ZP737 nakon primene uree, dok su sadžaj ulja i skroba bili najveći u varijanti sa mikrobiološkim đubrivom u zrnu ZP552b. Zbog specifičnosti i značaja meteoroloških uslova za delovanje đubriva na hibride kukuruza, ispitivanja će se nastaviti.
PB  - Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - Weediness and grain yield of specialty maize hybrids cultivated with the application of ecological fertilisers
T1  - Zakorovljenost i prinos kukuruza specifičnih svojstava gajenih uz primenu ekoloških đubriva
VL  - 24
IS  - 2
SP  - 16
EP  - 25
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem1802016S
UR  - conv_314
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Brankov, Milan and Vančetović, Jelena and Filipović, Milomir and Srdić, Jelena",
year = "2018",
abstract = "Maize hybrids (Zea mays L.) with specific traits, such as those with red pericarp, high-protein flints or white kernel hybrids, have increased utility value as they contain some vitamins and minerals beneficial to human and animal nutrition. Furthermore, their cultivation with the application of specific fertilisers could further increase the grain quality through increased participation of macro- and micro-elements that are lacking in the diet. Agronomic biofortification encompasses the application of different production technology that enables better absorption and effective accumulation of essential elements such as iron, zinc, manganese, copper in the edible parts of cultivated plants. On the other hand, fertilisation influences the weed infestation levels and especially the presence of nitrophilic weed species in maize crop. The fertiliser application changes the balance in competition between crops and weeds, not only for nutrients but also for other resources. The effects of different fertilisers were compared within developmental research in the field of ecological agriculture to point up the advantages of microbiological and organic fertilisers, since these fertilisers can contribute to higher yields, but unlike mineral fertilisers, they positively affect the soil and agro-ecosystem. The studies were carried out to determine to what extent agronomic biofortification contributed to the increase of yielding potential and grain quality of maize genotypes with specific traits, as well as how it affected the occurrence and distribution of weeds. The red kernel maize hybrid ZP5048C, high-protein flint maize hybrid ZP737 and white kernel maize hybrid ZP552b, were grown in variants with mineral fertiliser urea, microbiological fertiliser Team Micorriza Plus and organic fertiliser Fertor, that contained essential elements necessary for the nutrition of cultivated plants. No fertiliser was applied to the control treatment. The fertilisation mainly contributed to the increase of weed mass in comparison with the non-fertilised control variant in extremely dry 2017. The highest weed mass was recorded in the hybrid ZP737 in the variant with organic fertiliser, while the lowest weed mass was recorded in all hybrids when microbiological fertiliser had been applied. The highest, i.e. lowest grain yield was recorded in the hybrid ZP5048C (5.83 t ha-1), i.e. ZP737 (3.36 t ha-1), respectively. The protein content was increased at the highest extent in the kernel of ZP737 hybrid after the application of urea, while oil and starch contents were the highest in the grain of white kernel hybrid ZP552b treated with microbiological fertiliser. Due to the specificities and importance of meteorological conditions, the studies will be continued during the next few seasons., Hibridi kukuruza (Zea mays L.) specifičnih svojstava, poput onih sa crvenim perikarpom, tvrdunci sa povećanim udelom proteinske komponente ili hibridi belog zrna, imaju povećanu upotrebnu vrednost jer sadrže određene vitamine i minerale korisne za ishranu ljudi i životinja. Njihovim gajenjem, uz primenu određenih đubriva, moguće je dodatno povećati kvalitet zrna unošenjem makro i mikorelemenata koji inače nedostaju u ishrani. Agronomska biofortifikacija obuhvata različite mere gajenja kojima se omogućava bolja apsorpcija i povećana akumulacija esencijalnih mikroelemenata, kao što su gvožđe, cink, mangan, bakar i dr. u jestivim delovima gajenih biljaka. Primena đubriva značajno utiče i na nivo zakorovljenosti useva, posebno nitrofilnim vrstama korova. Unošenjem đubriva menja se balans u kompeticiji između useva i korova, ne samo za hraniva nego i za ostale resurse. U okviru razvojnih istraživanja iz oblasti ekološke poljoprivrede upoređivani su efekti primene različitih đubriva i ukazane su prednosti mikrobioloških i organskih đubriva. Ova đubriva takođe mogu doprineti većem prinosu, ali za razliku od mineralnih đubriva, pozitivnije utiču na zemljište i agroekosistem. Data ispitivanja su sprovedena kako bi se utvrdilo u kolikoj meri agronomska biofortifikacija utiče na pojavu i zastupljenost korova i doprinosi povećanju rodnog potencijala i kvaliteta zrna specifičnih genotipova kukuruza. Hibrid kukuruza crvenog perikarpa ZP5048C, hibrid tvrdunac sa povećanim procentom proteina ZP737 i hibrid belog zrna ZP552b gajeni su uz primenu mineralnog đubriva Urea, mikrobiološkog đubriva Team Micorriza Plus i organskog đubriva Fertor, koja sadrže neophodne elemente za ishranu gajenih biljaka. Na kontrolnoj površini đubrenje nije primenjeno. Rezultati su pokazali da u 2017. godini, koja je bila ekstremno sušna, ima značajnih razlika u nivou zakorovljenosti i nešto manjih razlika u prinosu zrna gajenih genotipova zavisno od vrste primenjenog đubriva. Najveća masa korova utvrđena je kod hibrida ZP737 nakon primene organskog đubriva, dok je najmanja masa korova kod svih hibrida zabeležena nakon primene mikrobiološkog đubriva. Đubrenje je uglavnom doprinelo povećanju mase korova u poređenju sa neđubrenom, kontrolnom varijantom. Najveći prinos zrna je imao ZP5048C (5,83 t ha-1), a najmanji ZP 737 (3,36 t ha-1). Sadržaj proteina najviše je povećan u zrnu hirbida ZP737 nakon primene uree, dok su sadžaj ulja i skroba bili najveći u varijanti sa mikrobiološkim đubrivom u zrnu ZP552b. Zbog specifičnosti i značaja meteoroloških uslova za delovanje đubriva na hibride kukuruza, ispitivanja će se nastaviti.",
publisher = "Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "Weediness and grain yield of specialty maize hybrids cultivated with the application of ecological fertilisers, Zakorovljenost i prinos kukuruza specifičnih svojstava gajenih uz primenu ekoloških đubriva",
volume = "24",
number = "2",
pages = "16-25",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem1802016S",
url = "conv_314"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Brankov, M., Vančetović, J., Filipović, M.,& Srdić, J.. (2018). Weediness and grain yield of specialty maize hybrids cultivated with the application of ecological fertilisers. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd., 24(2), 16-25.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem1802016S
conv_314
Simić M, Dragičević V, Brankov M, Vančetović J, Filipović M, Srdić J. Weediness and grain yield of specialty maize hybrids cultivated with the application of ecological fertilisers. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2018;24(2):16-25.
doi:10.5937/SelSem1802016S
conv_314 .
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Brankov, Milan, Vančetović, Jelena, Filipović, Milomir, Srdić, Jelena, "Weediness and grain yield of specialty maize hybrids cultivated with the application of ecological fertilisers" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 24, no. 2 (2018):16-25,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem1802016S .,
conv_314 .

The population level of western corn rootworm adults in the period 2005-2009

Gošić-Dondo, Snežana; Srdić, Jelena; Popović, Željko; Tancik, Jan

(Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Gošić-Dondo, Snežana
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Popović, Željko
AU  - Tancik, Jan
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/696
AB  - Western corn rootworm (WCR) (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte) is one of the most important and potentially most dangerous pests of maize. Since its occurrence in Serbia in 1992, it has been present in almost all areas under maize cultivation. Alongside with all preventive measures, first of all, the crop rotation, which is considered the most economic one, a great attention has been paid to the forecast of the pest occurrence based on the flight dynamics and the population level. The flight dynamics, sex dominance, variations in the population level depending on the trap types and climate factors were observed on two locations: Crepaja in three-year continuous cropping (2005-2007) and in the experimental field of the Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje in the duration of five years (2005-2009). According to the flight dynamics of WCR adults, the highest population level of this pest was observed in 2005, while the comparison of the number of adults over locations showed greater abundance of the pest in Crepaja than in Zemun Polje, which was attributed to extreme favourability of agro-ecological conditions on this location for the WCR development. The 2008-2009 period was characterised by the reduced number of WCR, which coincided with the extremely arid conditions that do not favour the development of this pest.
AB  - Pojava Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte na teritoriji Srbije od 1992. godine, rezultirala je masovnim razmnožavanjem i brzim teritorijalnim širenjem. Brojnost populacije je povećavana iz godine u godinu, naročito u područjima gde je kukuruz gajen u monokulturi i dostizala je kritične vrednosti pri kojima nastaju ekonomske štete. Plodored i variranje klimatskih faktora značajno su uticali na pad brojnosti i ostale parametre dinamike populacije. Cilj istraživanja je bio da se formuliše strategija kojom bi se ostvarila ekološki racionalna kontrola kukuruzne zlatice, zasnovana na prognozi pojave i praćenju brojnosti imaga oba pola, u korelaciji sa klimatskim uslovima i sistemom gajenja kukuruza. Dinamika leta kukuruzne zlatice praćena je vizuelnom metodom, primenom feromonskih Csalomon, žutih (Pherocon AM®) i zelenih lepljivih klopki tipa Multigard, u periodu od početka jula do kraja septembra. Klopke su postavljane početkom jula, na biljke kukuruza iznad klipa, menjane su svake dve nedelje, a pregled klopki vršen je svaki treći dan. Dobijeni rezultati su ukazali na dominantan uticaj klimatskih prilika na ispitivane parametre. Razlike u brojnosti populacije uočene su na različitim tipovima klopki, godinama posmatranja i lokalitetima. Vizuelnim pregledom biljaka uočena su variranja u brojnosti imaga između lokaliteta i godina. Od ukupno 1.007 registrovanih imaga, 58,68% konstatovano je na području Crepaje i 41,33% u oglednom polju Instituta za kukuruz Zemun Polje. Od ukupno registrovanih 867 imaga u Zemun Polju u periodu od 2005-2007godine, na feromonskim klopkama bilo je 406 ili 46,8%, na žutim lepljivim 443 ili 51,09% i na zelenim lepljivim, Multigard klopkama, svega 18 ili 2,07%. Visok nivo populacije imaga za period od tri godine zabeležen je u Crepaji. Na žutoj lepljivoj klopci registrovano je 8.550 imaga, na zelenoj 12.101, a maksimum brojnosti po godini od 24.028 jedinki detektovan je na feromonskoj klopki. U narednom periodu, tokom 2008-2009 godine, ekstremno visoke temperature tokom vegetacije i niska relativna vlažnost vazduha, zajedno sa nedostatkom kvalitetne hrane, rezultirali su sporadičnim ulovima tokom avgusta do potpunog izostanka leta.
PB  - Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - The population level of western corn rootworm adults in the period 2005-2009
T1  - Populacioni nivo imaga kukuruzne zlatice u periodu od 2005-2009 godine
VL  - 24
IS  - 2
SP  - 39
EP  - 48
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem1802039G
UR  - conv_315
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Gošić-Dondo, Snežana and Srdić, Jelena and Popović, Željko and Tancik, Jan",
year = "2018",
abstract = "Western corn rootworm (WCR) (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte) is one of the most important and potentially most dangerous pests of maize. Since its occurrence in Serbia in 1992, it has been present in almost all areas under maize cultivation. Alongside with all preventive measures, first of all, the crop rotation, which is considered the most economic one, a great attention has been paid to the forecast of the pest occurrence based on the flight dynamics and the population level. The flight dynamics, sex dominance, variations in the population level depending on the trap types and climate factors were observed on two locations: Crepaja in three-year continuous cropping (2005-2007) and in the experimental field of the Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje in the duration of five years (2005-2009). According to the flight dynamics of WCR adults, the highest population level of this pest was observed in 2005, while the comparison of the number of adults over locations showed greater abundance of the pest in Crepaja than in Zemun Polje, which was attributed to extreme favourability of agro-ecological conditions on this location for the WCR development. The 2008-2009 period was characterised by the reduced number of WCR, which coincided with the extremely arid conditions that do not favour the development of this pest., Pojava Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte na teritoriji Srbije od 1992. godine, rezultirala je masovnim razmnožavanjem i brzim teritorijalnim širenjem. Brojnost populacije je povećavana iz godine u godinu, naročito u područjima gde je kukuruz gajen u monokulturi i dostizala je kritične vrednosti pri kojima nastaju ekonomske štete. Plodored i variranje klimatskih faktora značajno su uticali na pad brojnosti i ostale parametre dinamike populacije. Cilj istraživanja je bio da se formuliše strategija kojom bi se ostvarila ekološki racionalna kontrola kukuruzne zlatice, zasnovana na prognozi pojave i praćenju brojnosti imaga oba pola, u korelaciji sa klimatskim uslovima i sistemom gajenja kukuruza. Dinamika leta kukuruzne zlatice praćena je vizuelnom metodom, primenom feromonskih Csalomon, žutih (Pherocon AM®) i zelenih lepljivih klopki tipa Multigard, u periodu od početka jula do kraja septembra. Klopke su postavljane početkom jula, na biljke kukuruza iznad klipa, menjane su svake dve nedelje, a pregled klopki vršen je svaki treći dan. Dobijeni rezultati su ukazali na dominantan uticaj klimatskih prilika na ispitivane parametre. Razlike u brojnosti populacije uočene su na različitim tipovima klopki, godinama posmatranja i lokalitetima. Vizuelnim pregledom biljaka uočena su variranja u brojnosti imaga između lokaliteta i godina. Od ukupno 1.007 registrovanih imaga, 58,68% konstatovano je na području Crepaje i 41,33% u oglednom polju Instituta za kukuruz Zemun Polje. Od ukupno registrovanih 867 imaga u Zemun Polju u periodu od 2005-2007godine, na feromonskim klopkama bilo je 406 ili 46,8%, na žutim lepljivim 443 ili 51,09% i na zelenim lepljivim, Multigard klopkama, svega 18 ili 2,07%. Visok nivo populacije imaga za period od tri godine zabeležen je u Crepaji. Na žutoj lepljivoj klopci registrovano je 8.550 imaga, na zelenoj 12.101, a maksimum brojnosti po godini od 24.028 jedinki detektovan je na feromonskoj klopki. U narednom periodu, tokom 2008-2009 godine, ekstremno visoke temperature tokom vegetacije i niska relativna vlažnost vazduha, zajedno sa nedostatkom kvalitetne hrane, rezultirali su sporadičnim ulovima tokom avgusta do potpunog izostanka leta.",
publisher = "Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "The population level of western corn rootworm adults in the period 2005-2009, Populacioni nivo imaga kukuruzne zlatice u periodu od 2005-2009 godine",
volume = "24",
number = "2",
pages = "39-48",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem1802039G",
url = "conv_315"
}
Gošić-Dondo, S., Srdić, J., Popović, Ž.,& Tancik, J.. (2018). The population level of western corn rootworm adults in the period 2005-2009. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd., 24(2), 39-48.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem1802039G
conv_315
Gošić-Dondo S, Srdić J, Popović Ž, Tancik J. The population level of western corn rootworm adults in the period 2005-2009. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2018;24(2):39-48.
doi:10.5937/SelSem1802039G
conv_315 .
Gošić-Dondo, Snežana, Srdić, Jelena, Popović, Željko, Tancik, Jan, "The population level of western corn rootworm adults in the period 2005-2009" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 24, no. 2 (2018):39-48,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem1802039G .,
conv_315 .
1