Kravić, Natalija

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  • Kravić, Natalija (41)
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Author's Bibliography

Differences in nutritive and bioactive compounds content between hybrid and open-pollinated maize varieties

Babić, Vojka; Kravić, Natalija; Vančetović, Jelena; Delić, Nenad; Žilić, Slađana

(Novi Sad : University of Novi Sad - Scientific Institute of Food Technology, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
AU  - Delić, Nenad
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/774
AB  - The  contemporary  trends  in  maize  breeding  are  directed  at  identification  of  genotypes  with improved grain quality for human consumption, industrial processing, and their incorporation into breeding  programmes.  In  this  study,  three  maize  hybrids  and  three  open-pollinated  varieties  (OPVs),  differing in grain colour and type, were used to examine the differences in the total carotenoid content, the phenolic compounds profile and total antioxidant capacity (TAC). In addition, physical parameters, basic  chemical  composition,  as  well  as  the  content  of  protein  fractions  in  grain,  were  analysed.  The  multivariate  approach  through  Principal  Component  Analysis  (PCA)  application  contributed  to  better  understanding  of  the  complexity  of  the  interdependence  for  maize  grain  quality  parameters  tested.  From  the  aspect  of  different  end  use,  better  technological  quality  desirable  for  dry  milling  and  snack  food processing found in OPVs Osmak and Bosanac, as well as high content of bioactive compounds (i.e. TAC) exhibited by OPV Rumenka, make these genotypes superior compared to hybrids’ varieties evaluated.
AB  - Savremeni trendovi u oplemenjivanju kukuruza idu u pravcu identifikacije genotipova povećanog kvaliteta zrna za ljudsku upotrebu, industrijsku preradu i njihovog uključivanja u komercijalne oplemenjivačke programe. Za ovo istraživanje odabrane su tri hibridne i tri slobodnooprašujuće sorte kukuruza različite po boji i tipu zrna, u cilju ispitivanja razlika u sadržaju ukupnih karotenoida, fenolnih jedinjenja i ukupnom antioksidativnom kapacitetu. Dodatno su analizirane fizičke karakteristike i osnovni hemijski sastav zrna, kao i sadržaj proteinskih frakcija. Multivarijacioni pristup, kroz primenu analize glavnih komponenata (PCA) doprineo je boljem razumevanju složenih veza ispitivanih parametara kvaliteta. Sa aspekta različite upotrebne vrednosti, bolji tehnološki kvalitet poželjan za proces suvog mlevenja i proces proizvodnje grickalica (snek proizvoda) je identifikovan kod slobodnooprašujućih sorti Osmak i Bosanac, dok se sorta Rumenka odlikovala visokim sadržajem bioaktivnih jedinjenja (tj. visokim antioksidativnim kapacitetom). Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju na superiornost slobodnooprašujućih sorti u poređenju sa hibridnim.
PB  - Novi Sad : University of Novi Sad - Scientific Institute of Food Technology
T2  - Food & Feed Research
T1  - Differences in nutritive and bioactive compounds content between hybrid and open-pollinated maize varieties
VL  - 47
IS  - 1
SP  - 1
EP  - 12
DO  - 10.5937/FFR2001001B
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Babić, Vojka and Kravić, Natalija and Vančetović, Jelena and Delić, Nenad and Žilić, Slađana",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/774",
abstract = "The  contemporary  trends  in  maize  breeding  are  directed  at  identification  of  genotypes  with improved grain quality for human consumption, industrial processing, and their incorporation into breeding  programmes.  In  this  study,  three  maize  hybrids  and  three  open-pollinated  varieties  (OPVs),  differing in grain colour and type, were used to examine the differences in the total carotenoid content, the phenolic compounds profile and total antioxidant capacity (TAC). In addition, physical parameters, basic  chemical  composition,  as  well  as  the  content  of  protein  fractions  in  grain,  were  analysed.  The  multivariate  approach  through  Principal  Component  Analysis  (PCA)  application  contributed  to  better  understanding  of  the  complexity  of  the  interdependence  for  maize  grain  quality  parameters  tested.  From  the  aspect  of  different  end  use,  better  technological  quality  desirable  for  dry  milling  and  snack  food processing found in OPVs Osmak and Bosanac, as well as high content of bioactive compounds (i.e. TAC) exhibited by OPV Rumenka, make these genotypes superior compared to hybrids’ varieties evaluated., Savremeni trendovi u oplemenjivanju kukuruza idu u pravcu identifikacije genotipova povećanog kvaliteta zrna za ljudsku upotrebu, industrijsku preradu i njihovog uključivanja u komercijalne oplemenjivačke programe. Za ovo istraživanje odabrane su tri hibridne i tri slobodnooprašujuće sorte kukuruza različite po boji i tipu zrna, u cilju ispitivanja razlika u sadržaju ukupnih karotenoida, fenolnih jedinjenja i ukupnom antioksidativnom kapacitetu. Dodatno su analizirane fizičke karakteristike i osnovni hemijski sastav zrna, kao i sadržaj proteinskih frakcija. Multivarijacioni pristup, kroz primenu analize glavnih komponenata (PCA) doprineo je boljem razumevanju složenih veza ispitivanih parametara kvaliteta. Sa aspekta različite upotrebne vrednosti, bolji tehnološki kvalitet poželjan za proces suvog mlevenja i proces proizvodnje grickalica (snek proizvoda) je identifikovan kod slobodnooprašujućih sorti Osmak i Bosanac, dok se sorta Rumenka odlikovala visokim sadržajem bioaktivnih jedinjenja (tj. visokim antioksidativnim kapacitetom). Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju na superiornost slobodnooprašujućih sorti u poređenju sa hibridnim.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : University of Novi Sad - Scientific Institute of Food Technology",
journal = "Food & Feed Research",
title = "Differences in nutritive and bioactive compounds content between hybrid and open-pollinated maize varieties",
volume = "47",
number = "1",
pages = "1-12",
doi = "10.5937/FFR2001001B"
}
Babić, V., Kravić, N., Vančetović, J., Delić, N.,& Žilić, S. (2020). Differences in nutritive and bioactive compounds content between hybrid and open-pollinated maize varieties.
Food & Feed Research
Novi Sad : University of Novi Sad - Scientific Institute of Food Technology., 47(1), 1-12.
https://doi.org/10.5937/FFR2001001B
Babić V, Kravić N, Vančetović J, Delić N, Žilić S. Differences in nutritive and bioactive compounds content between hybrid and open-pollinated maize varieties. Food & Feed Research. 2020;47(1):1-12
Babić Vojka, Kravić Natalija, Vančetović Jelena, Delić Nenad, Žilić Slađana, "Differences in nutritive and bioactive compounds content between hybrid and open-pollinated maize varieties" Food & Feed Research, 47, no. 1 (2020):1-12,
https://doi.org/10.5937/FFR2001001B .

Morphological and physiological response of maize seedlings to chilling stress

Nikolić, Ana; Kravić, Natalija; Ristić, Danijela; Anđelković, Violeta; Marković, Ksenija; Vančetović, Jelena; Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana

(Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Ristić, Danijela
AU  - Anđelković, Violeta
AU  - Marković, Ksenija
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
AU  - Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/814
AB  - Although accompanied with adverse low temperatures, early maize sowing could be
used to avoid drought during flowering and diminish yield losses. Herein, a small-scale
experiment of low temperature stress (LTS) on maize lines L1 (tolerant), L2 (medium
tolerant) and L3 (susceptible) is presented. Plants were grown in pots exposed to
exterior suboptimal (March) and optimal (late April) temperatures until three leaf stage.
Chlorophyll (CH), flavonoids (FL), anthocyanins (AN) and nitrogen balance (NBI)
indices were measured using Dualex Scientific optical device. Growth parameters were
also determined. Under LTS, number of plants was unchanged for L1 and halved for L2
and L3. Compared to L2 and L3, L1 had significantly higher (p<0.05) shoot fresh
weight (0.649 g vs. 0.406 g and 0.303 g), AN (0.17 vs. 0.13) and FL (1.47 vs. 1.38 and
1.36). For recovery evaluation, plants were transplanted into the field. Transplanted
stressed L1 plants showed the highest grain yield per plant (55g) in the field. Due to
high correlations (p<0.01) between FL in three leaf stage and grain yield per plant, FL
could be used as an indicator of plant recovery of maize genotypes exposed to LTS
during early sowing.
AB  - Ranom setvom kukuruza se može izbeći efekat suše u fazi cvetanja i tako preduprediti smanjenje
prinosa uprkos nepovoljnim temperaturama u tom periodu. U ovom istraživanju prezentovani su
rezultati efekta niskih temperatura na tri linije kukuruza: L1 (tolerantna), L2 (srednje osetljiva) i
L3 (osetljiva). Biljke su gajene do faze trećeg lista u saksijama izloženim suboptimalnim (mart) i
optimalnim (april) spoljnim temperaturama. Sadržaj hlorofila, flavonoida i antocijana kao i
nitrogen balance index (NBI) su mereni korišćenjem uređaja Dualex Scientific (Force-A, Orsay,
France). Takođe, mereni su i parametri rasta. U poređenju sa L2 i L3, L1 je imao značajno veću
(p<0.05) svežu masu nadzemnog dela biljke (0.649 g vs. 0.406 g i 0.303 g), antocijana (0.17 vs.
0.13) i flavonoida (1.47 vs. 1.38 i 1.36). Biljke su presađene u polje radi procene oporavka.
Presađene biljke genotipa L1 su pokazale najveći prinos po biljci u polju (55g). S obzirom na
visoku korelaciju između sadržaja flavonoida u fazi trećeg lista i prinosa po biljci (p<0.01),
flavonoidi mogu biti korišćeni kao indikator oporavka biljke kukuruza izloženih niskim
temperaturama u fazi rane setve
PB  - Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Morphological and physiological response of maize seedlings to chilling stress
VL  - 52
IS  - 2
SP  - 689
EP  - 698
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2002689N
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Ana and Kravić, Natalija and Ristić, Danijela and Anđelković, Violeta and Marković, Ksenija and Vančetović, Jelena and Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/814",
abstract = "Although accompanied with adverse low temperatures, early maize sowing could be
used to avoid drought during flowering and diminish yield losses. Herein, a small-scale
experiment of low temperature stress (LTS) on maize lines L1 (tolerant), L2 (medium
tolerant) and L3 (susceptible) is presented. Plants were grown in pots exposed to
exterior suboptimal (March) and optimal (late April) temperatures until three leaf stage.
Chlorophyll (CH), flavonoids (FL), anthocyanins (AN) and nitrogen balance (NBI)
indices were measured using Dualex Scientific optical device. Growth parameters were
also determined. Under LTS, number of plants was unchanged for L1 and halved for L2
and L3. Compared to L2 and L3, L1 had significantly higher (p<0.05) shoot fresh
weight (0.649 g vs. 0.406 g and 0.303 g), AN (0.17 vs. 0.13) and FL (1.47 vs. 1.38 and
1.36). For recovery evaluation, plants were transplanted into the field. Transplanted
stressed L1 plants showed the highest grain yield per plant (55g) in the field. Due to
high correlations (p<0.01) between FL in three leaf stage and grain yield per plant, FL
could be used as an indicator of plant recovery of maize genotypes exposed to LTS
during early sowing., Ranom setvom kukuruza se može izbeći efekat suše u fazi cvetanja i tako preduprediti smanjenje
prinosa uprkos nepovoljnim temperaturama u tom periodu. U ovom istraživanju prezentovani su
rezultati efekta niskih temperatura na tri linije kukuruza: L1 (tolerantna), L2 (srednje osetljiva) i
L3 (osetljiva). Biljke su gajene do faze trećeg lista u saksijama izloženim suboptimalnim (mart) i
optimalnim (april) spoljnim temperaturama. Sadržaj hlorofila, flavonoida i antocijana kao i
nitrogen balance index (NBI) su mereni korišćenjem uređaja Dualex Scientific (Force-A, Orsay,
France). Takođe, mereni su i parametri rasta. U poređenju sa L2 i L3, L1 je imao značajno veću
(p<0.05) svežu masu nadzemnog dela biljke (0.649 g vs. 0.406 g i 0.303 g), antocijana (0.17 vs.
0.13) i flavonoida (1.47 vs. 1.38 i 1.36). Biljke su presađene u polje radi procene oporavka.
Presađene biljke genotipa L1 su pokazale najveći prinos po biljci u polju (55g). S obzirom na
visoku korelaciju između sadržaja flavonoida u fazi trećeg lista i prinosa po biljci (p<0.01),
flavonoidi mogu biti korišćeni kao indikator oporavka biljke kukuruza izloženih niskim
temperaturama u fazi rane setve",
publisher = "Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Morphological and physiological response of maize seedlings to chilling stress",
volume = "52",
number = "2",
pages = "689-698",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2002689N"
}
Nikolić, A., Kravić, N., Ristić, D., Anđelković, V., Marković, K., Vančetović, J.,& Ignjatović-Micić, D. (2020). Morphological and physiological response of maize seedlings to chilling stress.
Genetika
Beograd : Društavo genetičara Srbije., 52(2), 689-698.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2002689N
Nikolić A, Kravić N, Ristić D, Anđelković V, Marković K, Vančetović J, Ignjatović-Micić D. Morphological and physiological response of maize seedlings to chilling stress. Genetika. 2020;52(2):689-698
Nikolić Ana, Kravić Natalija, Ristić Danijela, Anđelković Violeta, Marković Ksenija, Vančetović Jelena, Ignjatović-Micić Dragana, "Morphological and physiological response of maize seedlings to chilling stress" Genetika, 52, no. 2 (2020):689-698,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2002689N .

Breeding potential of maize landraces evaluated by their testcross performance

Popović, Aleksandar; Kravić, Natalija; Babić, Milosav; Prodanović, Slaven; Sečanski, Mile; Babić, Vojka

(Vilnius : Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Popović, Aleksandar
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Babić, Milosav
AU  - Prodanović, Slaven
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Babić, Vojka
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/797
AB  - Significant amounts of crop diversity, especially in out-crossing species like maize (Zea  mays  L.)  is,  are  often  distributed both between and within related groups of accessions. Thus, a detailed characterization and classification of gene bank accessions should be performed prior to use of the best of them for introgression programs to enlarge the genetic base of the elite germplasm pool. Based on performances per se, 40 landraces were chosen out of the wide pool of Western Balkan landraces, previously clustered into 11 homogenous groups. The objective of this study  was  to  evaluate  the  heterotic  pattern  of  landraces  in  testcrossing  with  three  divergent  elite  testers  L217,  L73B013 and L255/75-5. According to the results of a two-year trial conducted at four locations, landraces 1267, 1346, 197, 1569, 1509 and 2036 expressed the best general combining abilities (GCA) for grain yield. Landraces 1960, 642, 2006, 1945, 1346, 1569, 1450, 1534, 1509 and 1665 performed well in crosses to L217, while landraces 1960, 773, 1798, 1665, 632, 877 and 1569 gave the best results in crosses to inbred tester L73B013. In crosses to inbred tester L255/75-5, the highest heterotic effects were expressed by landraces 467, 773, 1346, 1534, 2249 and 288. Particular attention is to be paid to landraces 1346, 1569 and 1509, having simultaneously high GCA and specific combining abilities (SCA). A certain number of landraces expressed heterosis with two inbred testers, indicating existence of a new unrelated heterotic pattern within the local germplasm pool evaluated.
AB  - Didelės dalies augalų, ypač kryžmadulkių, pavyzdžiui, paprastojo kukurūzo (Zea  mays L.), giminingų genotipų grupėse ir tų grupių viduje pastebima didelė įvairovė. Siekiant praplėsti genetinę bazę, prieš panaudojant selekcinę medžiagą veislių kūrimo programoms, būtina atlikti išsamų Genų banko genotipų įvertinimą ir klasifikaciją. Tyrimui buvo pasirinkta 40 vietinių veislių iš didelio Vakarų Balkanų fondo, kurios buvo sugrupuotos į 11 homogeniškų grupių.  Tyrimo  tikslas  –  įvertinti  heterozinį  vietinių  veislių  efektyvumą,  jas  kryžminant  su  trimis  skirtingais elitiniais testeriais L217, L73B013 ir L255/75-5. Pagal dvejų metų tyrimų, atliktų keturiose vietovėse, rezultatus, vietinės veislės 1267, 1346, 197, 1569, 1509 ir 2036 parodė geriausią bendrą kombinacinę gebą jas vertinant pagal grūdų derlių. Vietinės veislės 1960, 642, 2006, 1945, 1346, 1569, 1450, 1534, 1509 ir 1665 pademonstravo gerus rezultatus kryžminant su testeriu L217, o vietinės veislės 1960, 773, 1798, 1665, 632, 877 ir 1569 parodė geriausius rezultatus jas kryžminant su inbrediniu testeriu L73B013. Kryžminant su inbrediniu testeriu L255/75-5 pasireiškė didžiausias heterozinis vietinių veislių 467, 773, 1346, 1534, 2249 ir 288 efektyvumas. Didžiausią dėmesį reikėtų skirti vietinių populiacijų veislėms 1346, 1569 ir 1509, pasižyminčioms ir didele bendra, ir specifine kombinacine geba. Kai kurios vietinės veislės parodė heterozę su dviem testeriais, o tai rodo naują, nesusijusį, negiminingą tirtos vietinės genetinės medžiagos vidinį heterozinį modelį.
PB  - Vilnius : Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry
PB  - Kaunas : Vytautas Magnus University
T2  - Zemdirbyste-Agriculture
T1  - Breeding potential of maize landraces evaluated by their testcross performance
VL  - 107
IS  - 2
SP  - 153
EP  - 160
DO  - 10.13080/z-a.2020.107.020
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Popović, Aleksandar and Kravić, Natalija and Babić, Milosav and Prodanović, Slaven and Sečanski, Mile and Babić, Vojka",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/797",
abstract = "Significant amounts of crop diversity, especially in out-crossing species like maize (Zea  mays  L.)  is,  are  often  distributed both between and within related groups of accessions. Thus, a detailed characterization and classification of gene bank accessions should be performed prior to use of the best of them for introgression programs to enlarge the genetic base of the elite germplasm pool. Based on performances per se, 40 landraces were chosen out of the wide pool of Western Balkan landraces, previously clustered into 11 homogenous groups. The objective of this study  was  to  evaluate  the  heterotic  pattern  of  landraces  in  testcrossing  with  three  divergent  elite  testers  L217,  L73B013 and L255/75-5. According to the results of a two-year trial conducted at four locations, landraces 1267, 1346, 197, 1569, 1509 and 2036 expressed the best general combining abilities (GCA) for grain yield. Landraces 1960, 642, 2006, 1945, 1346, 1569, 1450, 1534, 1509 and 1665 performed well in crosses to L217, while landraces 1960, 773, 1798, 1665, 632, 877 and 1569 gave the best results in crosses to inbred tester L73B013. In crosses to inbred tester L255/75-5, the highest heterotic effects were expressed by landraces 467, 773, 1346, 1534, 2249 and 288. Particular attention is to be paid to landraces 1346, 1569 and 1509, having simultaneously high GCA and specific combining abilities (SCA). A certain number of landraces expressed heterosis with two inbred testers, indicating existence of a new unrelated heterotic pattern within the local germplasm pool evaluated., Didelės dalies augalų, ypač kryžmadulkių, pavyzdžiui, paprastojo kukurūzo (Zea  mays L.), giminingų genotipų grupėse ir tų grupių viduje pastebima didelė įvairovė. Siekiant praplėsti genetinę bazę, prieš panaudojant selekcinę medžiagą veislių kūrimo programoms, būtina atlikti išsamų Genų banko genotipų įvertinimą ir klasifikaciją. Tyrimui buvo pasirinkta 40 vietinių veislių iš didelio Vakarų Balkanų fondo, kurios buvo sugrupuotos į 11 homogeniškų grupių.  Tyrimo  tikslas  –  įvertinti  heterozinį  vietinių  veislių  efektyvumą,  jas  kryžminant  su  trimis  skirtingais elitiniais testeriais L217, L73B013 ir L255/75-5. Pagal dvejų metų tyrimų, atliktų keturiose vietovėse, rezultatus, vietinės veislės 1267, 1346, 197, 1569, 1509 ir 2036 parodė geriausią bendrą kombinacinę gebą jas vertinant pagal grūdų derlių. Vietinės veislės 1960, 642, 2006, 1945, 1346, 1569, 1450, 1534, 1509 ir 1665 pademonstravo gerus rezultatus kryžminant su testeriu L217, o vietinės veislės 1960, 773, 1798, 1665, 632, 877 ir 1569 parodė geriausius rezultatus jas kryžminant su inbrediniu testeriu L73B013. Kryžminant su inbrediniu testeriu L255/75-5 pasireiškė didžiausias heterozinis vietinių veislių 467, 773, 1346, 1534, 2249 ir 288 efektyvumas. Didžiausią dėmesį reikėtų skirti vietinių populiacijų veislėms 1346, 1569 ir 1509, pasižyminčioms ir didele bendra, ir specifine kombinacine geba. Kai kurios vietinės veislės parodė heterozę su dviem testeriais, o tai rodo naują, nesusijusį, negiminingą tirtos vietinės genetinės medžiagos vidinį heterozinį modelį.",
publisher = "Vilnius : Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Kaunas : Vytautas Magnus University",
journal = "Zemdirbyste-Agriculture",
title = "Breeding potential of maize landraces evaluated by their testcross performance",
volume = "107",
number = "2",
pages = "153-160",
doi = "10.13080/z-a.2020.107.020"
}
Popović, A., Kravić, N., Babić, M., Prodanović, S., Sečanski, M.,& Babić, V. (2020). Breeding potential of maize landraces evaluated by their testcross performance.
Zemdirbyste-Agriculture
Kaunas : Vytautas Magnus University., 107(2), 153-160.
https://doi.org/10.13080/z-a.2020.107.020
Popović A, Kravić N, Babić M, Prodanović S, Sečanski M, Babić V. Breeding potential of maize landraces evaluated by their testcross performance. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture. 2020;107(2):153-160
Popović Aleksandar, Kravić Natalija, Babić Milosav, Prodanović Slaven, Sečanski Mile, Babić Vojka, "Breeding potential of maize landraces evaluated by their testcross performance" Zemdirbyste-Agriculture, 107, no. 2 (2020):153-160,
https://doi.org/10.13080/z-a.2020.107.020 .

Characterisation and evaluation towards selection of maize landraces with the best per se performances

Popović, Aleksandar; Kravić, Natalija; Prodanović, Slaven; Filipović, Milomir; Sečanski, Mile; Babić, Vojka; Miriţescu, Mihai

(Fundulea, National Agricultural Research and Development Institute, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Popović, Aleksandar
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Prodanović, Slaven
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Miriţescu, Mihai
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/776
AB  - The narrow genetic base of commercial maize varieties emphasise the necessity for conservation, characterisation and utilisation of germplasm stored within gene banks. Broad genetic variability preserved in the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje (MRIZP) gene bank, which includes accessions which originated from the Western Balkan, as a part of European corn-belt, is an exceptional source of desirable traits for enriching breeders' working collections for maize breeding under temperate conditions. Preliminary screening for abiotic stress tolerance, which marked 321 maize landraces, served as the first step in stratification process of selecting a smaller number of accessions from the entire gene bank local collection. After classification of these landraces into eleven homogenous groups, the objective of this study was to continue the stratification process of selection (as a second step), based on evaluation of agro-morphological traits of interest for breeding. The conducted evaluation highlighted 40 landraces with the best per se performances, important for breeding. Out of them, 28 early-maturing flint landraces with stiff stalks, low positioned ears, high yield potential and good general ear assessment could be considered as valuable source for their introgression into elite flint germplasm pool.
PB  - Fundulea, National Agricultural Research and Development Institute
T2  - Romanian Agricultural Research
T1  - Characterisation and evaluation towards selection of maize landraces with the best per se performances
VL  - 2020
IS  - 37
SP  - 49
EP  - 58
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Popović, Aleksandar and Kravić, Natalija and Prodanović, Slaven and Filipović, Milomir and Sečanski, Mile and Babić, Vojka and Miriţescu, Mihai",
year = "2020",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/776",
abstract = "The narrow genetic base of commercial maize varieties emphasise the necessity for conservation, characterisation and utilisation of germplasm stored within gene banks. Broad genetic variability preserved in the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje (MRIZP) gene bank, which includes accessions which originated from the Western Balkan, as a part of European corn-belt, is an exceptional source of desirable traits for enriching breeders' working collections for maize breeding under temperate conditions. Preliminary screening for abiotic stress tolerance, which marked 321 maize landraces, served as the first step in stratification process of selecting a smaller number of accessions from the entire gene bank local collection. After classification of these landraces into eleven homogenous groups, the objective of this study was to continue the stratification process of selection (as a second step), based on evaluation of agro-morphological traits of interest for breeding. The conducted evaluation highlighted 40 landraces with the best per se performances, important for breeding. Out of them, 28 early-maturing flint landraces with stiff stalks, low positioned ears, high yield potential and good general ear assessment could be considered as valuable source for their introgression into elite flint germplasm pool.",
publisher = "Fundulea, National Agricultural Research and Development Institute",
journal = "Romanian Agricultural Research",
title = "Characterisation and evaluation towards selection of maize landraces with the best per se performances",
volume = "2020",
number = "37",
pages = "49-58"
}
Popović, A., Kravić, N., Prodanović, S., Filipović, M., Sečanski, M., Babić, V.,& Miriţescu, M. (2020). Characterisation and evaluation towards selection of maize landraces with the best per se performances.
Romanian Agricultural Research
Fundulea, National Agricultural Research and Development Institute., 2020(37), 49-58.
Popović A, Kravić N, Prodanović S, Filipović M, Sečanski M, Babić V, Miriţescu M. Characterisation and evaluation towards selection of maize landraces with the best per se performances. Romanian Agricultural Research. 2020;2020(37):49-58
Popović Aleksandar, Kravić Natalija, Prodanović Slaven, Filipović Milomir, Sečanski Mile, Babić Vojka, Miriţescu Mihai, "Characterisation and evaluation towards selection of maize landraces with the best per se performances" Romanian Agricultural Research, 2020, no. 37 (2020):49-58

Evaluation of agronomic and sensory characteristics of sweet corn hybrids

Srdić, Jelena; Milašinović Šeremešić, Marija; Babić, Vojka; Kravić, Natalija; Gošić-Dondo, Snežana

(Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers, 2019)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Milašinović Šeremešić, Marija
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Gošić-Dondo, Snežana
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/780
AB  - Sweet corn is considered as tasty and quality food. Its kernels contain sugars that are in good balance  with  amino  acids,  minerals  and  vitamin  B.  It  is  used  as  fresh  product  right  after  the  harvest,  but  also  for  further  industrial  processing,  freezing  and  canning.  In  breeding  of  sweet  corn,  equal  attention  is  paid  to  the  production  of  high  and  stable  yielding  hybrids,  and  to  the  enhancement of technological and sensory properties of the ear and kernel. The aim of this re-search was to establish agronomic and sensory properties of 12 sweet corn hybrids, 3 commercial and 9 experimental. The trial was set up according to the RCBD on two locations and in three replicates. The evaluation of agronomic parameters encompassed: fresh ear yield without husk, ear  length,  number  of  kernel  rows  and  shelling  percentage.  Also,  sensory  characteristics  were  analyzed:  appearance,  color,  smell,  sweetness,  juiciness,  crispiness,  pericarp  hardness.  Sensory  characteristics were evaluated by voluntary panelists and scaled with 1 – 9 point hedonic scale. Fresh  ear  yield  significantly  varied  over  locations  and  hybrids.  The  highest  fresh  ear  yield  had  experimental hybrid ZP 481/1su – 13.33 t ha-1, while the lowest was 7.14 t ha-1 (ZP504su). The difference between sensory characteristics among hybrids was also noticed, although all hybrids had satisfactory sensory characteristics with the average sensory marks above 7.30/9.00. The best sweet corn hybrid according to sensory characteristics was ZP 483/1su (8.29), while the highest yielding one ZP 481/1su had an average sensory mark 7.70.
AB  - Kukuruz šećerac se smatra ukusnim i kvalitetnim povrćem. Njegovo zrno sadrži šećere, ami-no-kiseline,  minerale  i  vitamin  B  koji  su  u  veoma  dobrom  odnosu.  Koristi  se  u  svežem  stanju  odmah  nakon  berbe,  ali  takođe  i  za  industrijsku  preradu  i  zamrzavanje  zrna.  U  procesu  ople-menjivanja  kukuruza  šećerca,  podjednaka  pažnja  posvećuje  se  stvaranju  hibrida  visokog  i  sta-bilnog  prinosa,  kao  i  poboljšanju  tehnoloških  i  senzornih  karakteristika  klipa  i  zrna.  Cilj  ovog  istraživanja bio je da se utvrde agronomske i senzorne karakteristike 12 hibrida kukuruza šećerca, od kojih su tri hibrida bila komercijalna, a 9 eksperimentalnih. Ogled je bio postavljen po prin-cipu RCBD, na dve lokacije i u tri ponavljanja. Analiza agronomskih karakteristika obuhvatila je: prinos svežeg klipa bez komušine, dužinu klipa, broj redova zrna i randman zrna. Od senzornih karakteristika analizirane su sledeće: izgled klipa, boja, miris, slatkoća, sočnost, hrskavost i tvr-doća  perikarpa.  Senzorne  karakteristike  procenjivalo  je  15  dobrovoljaca,  koristeći  skalu  1  –  9.  Prinos svežeg klipa značajno je varirao u odnosu na lokacije i hibride. Najviši prinos postigao je eksperimentalni hibrid ZP 481/1su – 13,33 t ha-1, dok je najniži prinos bio kod hibrida ZP504su (7,14 t ha-1). Razlike u pogledu senzornih karakteristika između posmatranih hibrida takođe su primećene, ali svi hibridi su uglavnom imali zadovoljavajuće senzorne ocene sa srednjom vred-nošću  preko  7,30/9,00.  Najbolji  hibrid  kukuruza  šećerca  prema  senzornim  ocenama  bio  je  ZP  483/1su (8.29/9,00), dok je najprinosniji hibrid ZP 481/1su imao nisku senzornu ocenu od 7,70.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - Evaluation of agronomic and sensory characteristics of sweet corn hybrids
T1  - Procena agronomskih i senzornih karakteristika hibrida kukuruza šećerca
VL  - 25
IS  - 2
SP  - 17
EP  - 22
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem1902017S
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Srdić, Jelena and Milašinović Šeremešić, Marija and Babić, Vojka and Kravić, Natalija and Gošić-Dondo, Snežana",
year = "2019",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/780",
abstract = "Sweet corn is considered as tasty and quality food. Its kernels contain sugars that are in good balance  with  amino  acids,  minerals  and  vitamin  B.  It  is  used  as  fresh  product  right  after  the  harvest,  but  also  for  further  industrial  processing,  freezing  and  canning.  In  breeding  of  sweet  corn,  equal  attention  is  paid  to  the  production  of  high  and  stable  yielding  hybrids,  and  to  the  enhancement of technological and sensory properties of the ear and kernel. The aim of this re-search was to establish agronomic and sensory properties of 12 sweet corn hybrids, 3 commercial and 9 experimental. The trial was set up according to the RCBD on two locations and in three replicates. The evaluation of agronomic parameters encompassed: fresh ear yield without husk, ear  length,  number  of  kernel  rows  and  shelling  percentage.  Also,  sensory  characteristics  were  analyzed:  appearance,  color,  smell,  sweetness,  juiciness,  crispiness,  pericarp  hardness.  Sensory  characteristics were evaluated by voluntary panelists and scaled with 1 – 9 point hedonic scale. Fresh  ear  yield  significantly  varied  over  locations  and  hybrids.  The  highest  fresh  ear  yield  had  experimental hybrid ZP 481/1su – 13.33 t ha-1, while the lowest was 7.14 t ha-1 (ZP504su). The difference between sensory characteristics among hybrids was also noticed, although all hybrids had satisfactory sensory characteristics with the average sensory marks above 7.30/9.00. The best sweet corn hybrid according to sensory characteristics was ZP 483/1su (8.29), while the highest yielding one ZP 481/1su had an average sensory mark 7.70., Kukuruz šećerac se smatra ukusnim i kvalitetnim povrćem. Njegovo zrno sadrži šećere, ami-no-kiseline,  minerale  i  vitamin  B  koji  su  u  veoma  dobrom  odnosu.  Koristi  se  u  svežem  stanju  odmah  nakon  berbe,  ali  takođe  i  za  industrijsku  preradu  i  zamrzavanje  zrna.  U  procesu  ople-menjivanja  kukuruza  šećerca,  podjednaka  pažnja  posvećuje  se  stvaranju  hibrida  visokog  i  sta-bilnog  prinosa,  kao  i  poboljšanju  tehnoloških  i  senzornih  karakteristika  klipa  i  zrna.  Cilj  ovog  istraživanja bio je da se utvrde agronomske i senzorne karakteristike 12 hibrida kukuruza šećerca, od kojih su tri hibrida bila komercijalna, a 9 eksperimentalnih. Ogled je bio postavljen po prin-cipu RCBD, na dve lokacije i u tri ponavljanja. Analiza agronomskih karakteristika obuhvatila je: prinos svežeg klipa bez komušine, dužinu klipa, broj redova zrna i randman zrna. Od senzornih karakteristika analizirane su sledeće: izgled klipa, boja, miris, slatkoća, sočnost, hrskavost i tvr-doća  perikarpa.  Senzorne  karakteristike  procenjivalo  je  15  dobrovoljaca,  koristeći  skalu  1  –  9.  Prinos svežeg klipa značajno je varirao u odnosu na lokacije i hibride. Najviši prinos postigao je eksperimentalni hibrid ZP 481/1su – 13,33 t ha-1, dok je najniži prinos bio kod hibrida ZP504su (7,14 t ha-1). Razlike u pogledu senzornih karakteristika između posmatranih hibrida takođe su primećene, ali svi hibridi su uglavnom imali zadovoljavajuće senzorne ocene sa srednjom vred-nošću  preko  7,30/9,00.  Najbolji  hibrid  kukuruza  šećerca  prema  senzornim  ocenama  bio  je  ZP  483/1su (8.29/9,00), dok je najprinosniji hibrid ZP 481/1su imao nisku senzornu ocenu od 7,70.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "Evaluation of agronomic and sensory characteristics of sweet corn hybrids, Procena agronomskih i senzornih karakteristika hibrida kukuruza šećerca",
volume = "25",
number = "2",
pages = "17-22",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem1902017S"
}
Srdić, J., Milašinović Šeremešić, M., Babić, V., Kravić, N.,& Gošić-Dondo, S. (2019). Procena agronomskih i senzornih karakteristika hibrida kukuruza šećerca.
Selekcija i semenarstvo
Belgrade : Serbian Association of Plant Breedings and Seed Producers., 25(2), 17-22.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem1902017S
Srdić J, Milašinović Šeremešić M, Babić V, Kravić N, Gošić-Dondo S. Procena agronomskih i senzornih karakteristika hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2019;25(2):17-22
Srdić Jelena, Milašinović Šeremešić Marija, Babić Vojka, Kravić Natalija, Gošić-Dondo Snežana, "Procena agronomskih i senzornih karakteristika hibrida kukuruza šećerca" Selekcija i semenarstvo, 25, no. 2 (2019):17-22,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem1902017S .

Potential bioavailability of calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc from seeds of different chickpea and peanut landraces

Dragičević, Vesna; Babić, Vojka; Kresović, Branka; Kravić, Natalija; Kratovalieva, Suzana; Dimov, Zoran

(Polish Society Magnesium Research, Olszytn, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Kratovalieva, Suzana
AU  - Dimov, Zoran
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/714
AB  - Although seeds of many leguminous crops are rich in minerals, their availability to humans is limited due to antinutrients, e.g. phytic acid, which forms stable complexes with metal ions. In this context, 19 chickpea and 13 peanut local landraces were tested in order to determine concentrations of main antinutrients and promoters that affect the availability of mineral nutrients: phytic acid, glutathione, free soluble phenolics and yellow pigment, as well as mineral elements: inorganic P, Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn and Zn. Chickpea and peanut seeds are rich sources of mineral elements as well as promoters that improve their availability. High variability among the examined landraces presents the opportunity for their exploitation in breeding for increased bio-availability. This was particularly supported by the relatively low phytic acid concentration found in seeds of both species. Chickpea is richer in Ca, Fe, Mn and Zn than peanut, which is richer in Mg. Positive correlations between phenolics, yellow pigment and Zn in chickpea seeds, as well as between phenolics and Ca in peanut seeds could contribute to the improved bio-availability of these minerals. Peanut exhibited higher variability than chickpea in terms of potential bio-availability of mineral elements. Among chickpea landraces, C15 could be considered as an Fe source and C12 - as an Mn and Zn source. Among peanut landraces, P5 could be considered as an Mn source, P2 and P3 as an Mg source, P11 as an Fe source and P2 as Zn source. These genotypes could be recommended and used in biofortification programs.
PB  - Polish Society Magnesium Research, Olszytn
T2  - Journal of Elementology
T1  - Potential bioavailability of calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc from seeds of different chickpea and peanut landraces
VL  - 23
IS  - 1
SP  - 273
EP  - 285
DO  - 10.5601/jelem.2016.21.4.1377
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Babić, Vojka and Kresović, Branka and Kravić, Natalija and Kratovalieva, Suzana and Dimov, Zoran",
year = "2018",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/714",
abstract = "Although seeds of many leguminous crops are rich in minerals, their availability to humans is limited due to antinutrients, e.g. phytic acid, which forms stable complexes with metal ions. In this context, 19 chickpea and 13 peanut local landraces were tested in order to determine concentrations of main antinutrients and promoters that affect the availability of mineral nutrients: phytic acid, glutathione, free soluble phenolics and yellow pigment, as well as mineral elements: inorganic P, Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn and Zn. Chickpea and peanut seeds are rich sources of mineral elements as well as promoters that improve their availability. High variability among the examined landraces presents the opportunity for their exploitation in breeding for increased bio-availability. This was particularly supported by the relatively low phytic acid concentration found in seeds of both species. Chickpea is richer in Ca, Fe, Mn and Zn than peanut, which is richer in Mg. Positive correlations between phenolics, yellow pigment and Zn in chickpea seeds, as well as between phenolics and Ca in peanut seeds could contribute to the improved bio-availability of these minerals. Peanut exhibited higher variability than chickpea in terms of potential bio-availability of mineral elements. Among chickpea landraces, C15 could be considered as an Fe source and C12 - as an Mn and Zn source. Among peanut landraces, P5 could be considered as an Mn source, P2 and P3 as an Mg source, P11 as an Fe source and P2 as Zn source. These genotypes could be recommended and used in biofortification programs.",
publisher = "Polish Society Magnesium Research, Olszytn",
journal = "Journal of Elementology",
title = "Potential bioavailability of calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc from seeds of different chickpea and peanut landraces",
volume = "23",
number = "1",
pages = "273-285",
doi = "10.5601/jelem.2016.21.4.1377"
}
Dragičević, V., Babić, V., Kresović, B., Kravić, N., Kratovalieva, S.,& Dimov, Z. (2018). Potential bioavailability of calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc from seeds of different chickpea and peanut landraces.
Journal of Elementology
Polish Society Magnesium Research, Olszytn., 23(1), 273-285.
https://doi.org/10.5601/jelem.2016.21.4.1377
Dragičević V, Babić V, Kresović B, Kravić N, Kratovalieva S, Dimov Z. Potential bioavailability of calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc from seeds of different chickpea and peanut landraces. Journal of Elementology. 2018;23(1):273-285
Dragičević Vesna, Babić Vojka, Kresović Branka, Kravić Natalija, Kratovalieva Suzana, Dimov Zoran, "Potential bioavailability of calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc from seeds of different chickpea and peanut landraces" Journal of Elementology, 23, no. 1 (2018):273-285,
https://doi.org/10.5601/jelem.2016.21.4.1377 .
2
3
4

The influence of moisture content on popping traits in popcorn

Srdić, Jelena; Perić, Vesna; Kolarić, Ljubiša; Kravić, Natalija; Babić, Vojka; Simić, Milena

(Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Perić, Vesna
AU  - Kolarić, Ljubiša
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/728
AB  - The influence of grain moisture content at harvest and at the moment of popping on popping volume and percentage of unpopped kernels was analysed. Four popcorn hybrids were studied. Hybrids were harvested when grain moisture content was: above 25%, between 20 - 25%, and below 18%. Each sample was popped at 20%, 18%, 16%, 14%, 12%, and 10% of grain moisture. All examined factors and their interactions significantly influenced both popping volume and percentage of unpopped kernels. The highest popping volume and the lowest percentage of unpopped kernels were observed at 14% grain moisture content. Hybrid ZP 608k had the highest popping volume and the lowest percentage of unpopped kernels at all treatments and overall. The lowest popping volume and the highest percentage of unpopped kernels were noticed for ZP 501k. The lowest percentage of unpopped kernels was observed in the last harvest term when grain moisture content was below 18%.
AB  - Zapremina kokičavosti je pored potencijala rodnosti najvažnija osobina hibrida kokičara. Više faktora utiče na nju: genotip, uslovi proizvodnje, dorade i čuvanja zrna, kao i metode kokanja. Maksimalan potencijal zapremine kokičavosti postiže se samo ako je hibrid dostigao punu zrelost. Ipak, najvažniji je uticaj sadržaja vlage u trenutku kokanja. Sadržaj vlage od oko 14% je optimalan i pri njemu se ostvaruju najviše zapremine kokičavosti. U radu je ispitivan uticaj sadržaja vlage u zrnu prilikom berbe i u trenutku kokanja na osobine kokičavosti: zapremina kokičavosti i procenat neiskokanog zrna. Ove osobine proučavane su na na četiri hibrida kukuruza kokičara. Hibridi su brani u tri termina pri sadržaju vlage: preko 25%, između 20 - 25%, i nižoj od 18%. Zatim je svaki od uzoraka kokan pri sadržaju vlage od 20%, 18%, 16%, 14%, 12%, i 10%. Analiza varijanse ukazala je na značajan uticaj genotipa, sadržaja vlage prilikom berbe, kao i interakcija na zapreminu kokičavosti i procenat neiskokanog zrna. Najviša zapremina kokičavosti ostvarena je pri sadržaju vlage od 14%, a takođe pri ovom sadržaju vlage najmanji je bio i procenat neiskokanog zrna. Hibrid ZP 608k je imao najvišu zapreminu kokičavosti i najmanji procenat neiskokanog zrna, kako u proseku svih tretmana, tako i po proučavanim tretmanima, dok je najamnju zapreminu kokičavosti i najveći procenat neiskokanog zrna imao hibrid ZP 501k. Najmanji procenat neiskokanog zrna utvrđen je u zadnjem terminu berbe, kada je sadržaj vlage u zrnu bio ispod 18%.
PB  - Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad
T2  - Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
T1  - The influence of moisture content on popping traits in popcorn
T1  - Uticaj sadržaja vlage na osobine kokanja kod kukuruza kokičara
VL  - 22
IS  - 4
SP  - 184
EP  - 187
DO  - 10.5937/jpea1804184S
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Srdić, Jelena and Perić, Vesna and Kolarić, Ljubiša and Kravić, Natalija and Babić, Vojka and Simić, Milena",
year = "2018",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/728",
abstract = "The influence of grain moisture content at harvest and at the moment of popping on popping volume and percentage of unpopped kernels was analysed. Four popcorn hybrids were studied. Hybrids were harvested when grain moisture content was: above 25%, between 20 - 25%, and below 18%. Each sample was popped at 20%, 18%, 16%, 14%, 12%, and 10% of grain moisture. All examined factors and their interactions significantly influenced both popping volume and percentage of unpopped kernels. The highest popping volume and the lowest percentage of unpopped kernels were observed at 14% grain moisture content. Hybrid ZP 608k had the highest popping volume and the lowest percentage of unpopped kernels at all treatments and overall. The lowest popping volume and the highest percentage of unpopped kernels were noticed for ZP 501k. The lowest percentage of unpopped kernels was observed in the last harvest term when grain moisture content was below 18%., Zapremina kokičavosti je pored potencijala rodnosti najvažnija osobina hibrida kokičara. Više faktora utiče na nju: genotip, uslovi proizvodnje, dorade i čuvanja zrna, kao i metode kokanja. Maksimalan potencijal zapremine kokičavosti postiže se samo ako je hibrid dostigao punu zrelost. Ipak, najvažniji je uticaj sadržaja vlage u trenutku kokanja. Sadržaj vlage od oko 14% je optimalan i pri njemu se ostvaruju najviše zapremine kokičavosti. U radu je ispitivan uticaj sadržaja vlage u zrnu prilikom berbe i u trenutku kokanja na osobine kokičavosti: zapremina kokičavosti i procenat neiskokanog zrna. Ove osobine proučavane su na na četiri hibrida kukuruza kokičara. Hibridi su brani u tri termina pri sadržaju vlage: preko 25%, između 20 - 25%, i nižoj od 18%. Zatim je svaki od uzoraka kokan pri sadržaju vlage od 20%, 18%, 16%, 14%, 12%, i 10%. Analiza varijanse ukazala je na značajan uticaj genotipa, sadržaja vlage prilikom berbe, kao i interakcija na zapreminu kokičavosti i procenat neiskokanog zrna. Najviša zapremina kokičavosti ostvarena je pri sadržaju vlage od 14%, a takođe pri ovom sadržaju vlage najmanji je bio i procenat neiskokanog zrna. Hibrid ZP 608k je imao najvišu zapreminu kokičavosti i najmanji procenat neiskokanog zrna, kako u proseku svih tretmana, tako i po proučavanim tretmanima, dok je najamnju zapreminu kokičavosti i najveći procenat neiskokanog zrna imao hibrid ZP 501k. Najmanji procenat neiskokanog zrna utvrđen je u zadnjem terminu berbe, kada je sadržaj vlage u zrnu bio ispod 18%.",
publisher = "Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad",
journal = "Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture",
title = "The influence of moisture content on popping traits in popcorn, Uticaj sadržaja vlage na osobine kokanja kod kukuruza kokičara",
volume = "22",
number = "4",
pages = "184-187",
doi = "10.5937/jpea1804184S"
}
Srdić, J., Perić, V., Kolarić, L., Kravić, N., Babić, V.,& Simić, M. (2018). Uticaj sadržaja vlage na osobine kokanja kod kukuruza kokičara.
Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad., 22(4), 184-187.
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea1804184S
Srdić J, Perić V, Kolarić L, Kravić N, Babić V, Simić M. Uticaj sadržaja vlage na osobine kokanja kod kukuruza kokičara. Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture. 2018;22(4):184-187
Srdić Jelena, Perić Vesna, Kolarić Ljubiša, Kravić Natalija, Babić Vojka, Simić Milena, "Uticaj sadržaja vlage na osobine kokanja kod kukuruza kokičara" Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 22, no. 4 (2018):184-187,
https://doi.org/10.5937/jpea1804184S .

Grain quality within ex situ and in situ conserved traditional white maize landraces

Babić, Vojka; Kravić, Natalija; Srdić, Jelena; Popović, Aleksandar; Nikolić, Ana; Zivić, Jovana; Miritescu, Mihai

(Natl Agricultural Research & Development Inst, Fundulea, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Popović, Aleksandar
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Zivić, Jovana
AU  - Miritescu, Mihai
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/731
AB  - White maize had an important role in human nutrition throughout the Western Balkan region. A great number of farmers (approximately 86% in Serbia) still grow traditional white Open Pollinated Varieties (OPVs) for human diet. Out of 2217 maize landraces stored within Maize Research Institute "Zemun Polje" (MRIZP) gene bank, more than 700 are white kernel accessions. Eighteen white maize landraces, collected in the Western Balkan region in different periods, were selected for the present study. By the evaluation of agromorphological performances and the basic chemical composition of grain, the objective was to determine the importance of landraces conserved under in situ and ex situ conditions, to be used as the initial material for breeding. The idea was to determine whether the varieties conserved under ex situ conditions (collected from the same or different regions) distinguish from varieties permanently grown in the region of western Serbia. It was found that varieties permanently grown in the western Serbia were more similar to varieties of the ex situ collection from eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina than to varieties collected in western Serbia 50 years ago. The comparison between OPVs and modern white maize hybrids for the basic chemical composition of grain showed the significant potential of OPVs for nutritive grain quality improvement. Increased organic production creates new possibilities for more intensive incorporation of OPVs into this agricultural system. New opportunities for the cooperation and share of responsibilities among breeders, farmers and genetic resources managers are initiated, to be used for in situ maize genetic resources conservation improvement. More detailed characterisation and evaluation of the white maize landraces will offer an explanation of what has motivated our farmers to maintain the OPVs production through centuries, despite the availability of modern hybrids.
PB  - Natl Agricultural Research & Development Inst, Fundulea
T2  - Romanian Agricultural Research
T1  - Grain quality within ex situ and in situ conserved traditional white maize landraces
VL  - 35
SP  - 129
EP  - 140
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Babić, Vojka and Kravić, Natalija and Srdić, Jelena and Popović, Aleksandar and Nikolić, Ana and Zivić, Jovana and Miritescu, Mihai",
year = "2018",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/731",
abstract = "White maize had an important role in human nutrition throughout the Western Balkan region. A great number of farmers (approximately 86% in Serbia) still grow traditional white Open Pollinated Varieties (OPVs) for human diet. Out of 2217 maize landraces stored within Maize Research Institute "Zemun Polje" (MRIZP) gene bank, more than 700 are white kernel accessions. Eighteen white maize landraces, collected in the Western Balkan region in different periods, were selected for the present study. By the evaluation of agromorphological performances and the basic chemical composition of grain, the objective was to determine the importance of landraces conserved under in situ and ex situ conditions, to be used as the initial material for breeding. The idea was to determine whether the varieties conserved under ex situ conditions (collected from the same or different regions) distinguish from varieties permanently grown in the region of western Serbia. It was found that varieties permanently grown in the western Serbia were more similar to varieties of the ex situ collection from eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina than to varieties collected in western Serbia 50 years ago. The comparison between OPVs and modern white maize hybrids for the basic chemical composition of grain showed the significant potential of OPVs for nutritive grain quality improvement. Increased organic production creates new possibilities for more intensive incorporation of OPVs into this agricultural system. New opportunities for the cooperation and share of responsibilities among breeders, farmers and genetic resources managers are initiated, to be used for in situ maize genetic resources conservation improvement. More detailed characterisation and evaluation of the white maize landraces will offer an explanation of what has motivated our farmers to maintain the OPVs production through centuries, despite the availability of modern hybrids.",
publisher = "Natl Agricultural Research & Development Inst, Fundulea",
journal = "Romanian Agricultural Research",
title = "Grain quality within ex situ and in situ conserved traditional white maize landraces",
volume = "35",
pages = "129-140"
}
Babić, V., Kravić, N., Srdić, J., Popović, A., Nikolić, A., Zivić, J.,& Miritescu, M. (2018). Grain quality within ex situ and in situ conserved traditional white maize landraces.
Romanian Agricultural Research
Natl Agricultural Research & Development Inst, Fundulea., 35, 129-140.
Babić V, Kravić N, Srdić J, Popović A, Nikolić A, Zivić J, Miritescu M. Grain quality within ex situ and in situ conserved traditional white maize landraces. Romanian Agricultural Research. 2018;35:129-140
Babić Vojka, Kravić Natalija, Srdić Jelena, Popović Aleksandar, Nikolić Ana, Zivić Jovana, Miritescu Mihai, "Grain quality within ex situ and in situ conserved traditional white maize landraces" Romanian Agricultural Research, 35 (2018):129-140
1
1

Maize seedling performance as a potential index for drought tolerance

Kravić, Natalija; Babić, Vojka; Srdić, Jelena; Mesarović, Jelena; Anđelković, Violeta; Hadži-Tašković-Šukalović, Vesna

(Srpsko biološko društvo, Beograd, i dr., 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Mesarović, Jelena
AU  - Anđelković, Violeta
AU  - Hadži-Tašković-Šukalović, Vesna
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/712
AB  - Twenty-six maize landraces were tested in order to evaluate maize seedling performance as an index for drought tolerance in adult plants. Samples were subjected to polyethylene glycol-induced osmotic stress at the early seedling stage. Grain yield was obtained in field experiments under well-watered (OC) and a combination of drought and high plant density (HD) conditions. Osmotic stress caused a reduction in seedling growth (length, fresh and dry weight), and increase in the shoot and in particular the root proline contents in the majority of landraces, and variations in root peroxidase (POD) activity. Genotypes displaying more pronounced root growth reduction and higher proline contents exhibited decreased POD activity under osmotic stress. Direct positive correlations between the proline content and growth inhibition, and between the proline and soluble protein content were established. Correlations between the changes in POD activity and growth parameters were significant and positive, and significant but negative with the changes in the proline content. In the field, water stress led to a reduction in grain yield in all of the tested landraces. Correlations between grain yield from both experimental sets (OC and HD) and osmotic-induced changes in seedling root growth were negative, which was opposite to the highly significant and positive correlations between the changes in the seedling root proline content and yield. Also, genotypes with the highest seedling root proline content increase under osmotic stress, exhibited the highest stress tolerance index (STI) based on grain yield achieved under both field conditions. Our results indicate that lower changes in POD activity and especially an increased proline content after exposure to osmotic stress during the early seedling stage could be considered as useful indices to facilitate selection efficiency for drought tolerance in adult plants.
PB  - Srpsko biološko društvo, Beograd, i dr.
T2  - Archives of Biological Sciences
T1  - Maize seedling performance as a potential index for drought tolerance
VL  - 70
IS  - 1
SP  - 167
EP  - 177
DO  - 10.2298/ABS170504036K
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Kravić, Natalija and Babić, Vojka and Srdić, Jelena and Mesarović, Jelena and Anđelković, Violeta and Hadži-Tašković-Šukalović, Vesna",
year = "2018",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/712",
abstract = "Twenty-six maize landraces were tested in order to evaluate maize seedling performance as an index for drought tolerance in adult plants. Samples were subjected to polyethylene glycol-induced osmotic stress at the early seedling stage. Grain yield was obtained in field experiments under well-watered (OC) and a combination of drought and high plant density (HD) conditions. Osmotic stress caused a reduction in seedling growth (length, fresh and dry weight), and increase in the shoot and in particular the root proline contents in the majority of landraces, and variations in root peroxidase (POD) activity. Genotypes displaying more pronounced root growth reduction and higher proline contents exhibited decreased POD activity under osmotic stress. Direct positive correlations between the proline content and growth inhibition, and between the proline and soluble protein content were established. Correlations between the changes in POD activity and growth parameters were significant and positive, and significant but negative with the changes in the proline content. In the field, water stress led to a reduction in grain yield in all of the tested landraces. Correlations between grain yield from both experimental sets (OC and HD) and osmotic-induced changes in seedling root growth were negative, which was opposite to the highly significant and positive correlations between the changes in the seedling root proline content and yield. Also, genotypes with the highest seedling root proline content increase under osmotic stress, exhibited the highest stress tolerance index (STI) based on grain yield achieved under both field conditions. Our results indicate that lower changes in POD activity and especially an increased proline content after exposure to osmotic stress during the early seedling stage could be considered as useful indices to facilitate selection efficiency for drought tolerance in adult plants.",
publisher = "Srpsko biološko društvo, Beograd, i dr.",
journal = "Archives of Biological Sciences",
title = "Maize seedling performance as a potential index for drought tolerance",
volume = "70",
number = "1",
pages = "167-177",
doi = "10.2298/ABS170504036K"
}
Kravić, N., Babić, V., Srdić, J., Mesarović, J., Anđelković, V.,& Hadži-Tašković-Šukalović, V. (2018). Maize seedling performance as a potential index for drought tolerance.
Archives of Biological Sciences
Srpsko biološko društvo, Beograd, i dr.., 70(1), 167-177.
https://doi.org/10.2298/ABS170504036K
Kravić N, Babić V, Srdić J, Mesarović J, Anđelković V, Hadži-Tašković-Šukalović V. Maize seedling performance as a potential index for drought tolerance. Archives of Biological Sciences. 2018;70(1):167-177
Kravić Natalija, Babić Vojka, Srdić Jelena, Mesarović Jelena, Anđelković Violeta, Hadži-Tašković-Šukalović Vesna, "Maize seedling performance as a potential index for drought tolerance" Archives of Biological Sciences, 70, no. 1 (2018):167-177,
https://doi.org/10.2298/ABS170504036K .

Conserving maize in gene banks: Changes in genetic diversity revealed by morphological and SSR markers

Anđelković, Violeta; Nikolić, Ana; Kovačević, Dragan; Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana; Kravić, Natalija; Babić, Vojka; Srebrić, Mirjana; Jankulovska, Mirjana; Ivanovska, Sonja; Bosev, Dane

(Inst Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Chillan, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Anđelković, Violeta
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Kovačević, Dragan
AU  - Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Srebrić, Mirjana
AU  - Jankulovska, Mirjana
AU  - Ivanovska, Sonja
AU  - Bosev, Dane
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/713
AB  - In the second half of 20th century the awareness of importance of landraces for the future, led to organized collecting missions for numerous plant species. A total of 2217 maize (Zea mays L.) landraces, collected in the former Yugoslavia, are stored at Maize Research Institute (MRIZP) gene bank. During 2014, new collecting missions were organized in the eastern and western parts of Macedonia. According to collecting site and kernel type, 14 samples from the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Food, R. Macedonia were chosen for the comparison and identification of possible duplicates, through coupling with the 16 MRIZP gene bank accessions from the same area and kernel characteristics. Phenotypic characterization was done for 21 traits according to International Board for Plant Genetic Resources descriptors for maize. The Principal Component Analysis (PCA) identifies five PCs with Eigenvalue > 1, explaining 80% of the total phenotypic variation. The most discriminative traits with the strongest positive associations were tasseling and silking dates, plant height, leaf length and ear length. Compared to the ex-situ populations, the number of alleles and the number of specific alleles, showed a significant decrease in the in situ populations. Twelve unique alleles were detected in samples from MRIZP gene bank, and only four were found in new Macedonian samples. Cluster analysis of morphological and molecular markers distinguished groups of maize accessions with distinctive morphological traits and genetic profiles that will be useful for conservation, and management of gene bank collection, as well as for possible utilization in breeding.
PB  - Inst Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Chillan
T2  - Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
T1  - Conserving maize in gene banks: Changes in genetic diversity revealed by morphological and SSR markers
VL  - 78
IS  - 1
SP  - 30
EP  - 38
DO  - 10.4067/S0718-58392018000100030
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Anđelković, Violeta and Nikolić, Ana and Kovačević, Dragan and Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana and Kravić, Natalija and Babić, Vojka and Srebrić, Mirjana and Jankulovska, Mirjana and Ivanovska, Sonja and Bosev, Dane",
year = "2018",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/713",
abstract = "In the second half of 20th century the awareness of importance of landraces for the future, led to organized collecting missions for numerous plant species. A total of 2217 maize (Zea mays L.) landraces, collected in the former Yugoslavia, are stored at Maize Research Institute (MRIZP) gene bank. During 2014, new collecting missions were organized in the eastern and western parts of Macedonia. According to collecting site and kernel type, 14 samples from the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Food, R. Macedonia were chosen for the comparison and identification of possible duplicates, through coupling with the 16 MRIZP gene bank accessions from the same area and kernel characteristics. Phenotypic characterization was done for 21 traits according to International Board for Plant Genetic Resources descriptors for maize. The Principal Component Analysis (PCA) identifies five PCs with Eigenvalue > 1, explaining 80% of the total phenotypic variation. The most discriminative traits with the strongest positive associations were tasseling and silking dates, plant height, leaf length and ear length. Compared to the ex-situ populations, the number of alleles and the number of specific alleles, showed a significant decrease in the in situ populations. Twelve unique alleles were detected in samples from MRIZP gene bank, and only four were found in new Macedonian samples. Cluster analysis of morphological and molecular markers distinguished groups of maize accessions with distinctive morphological traits and genetic profiles that will be useful for conservation, and management of gene bank collection, as well as for possible utilization in breeding.",
publisher = "Inst Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Chillan",
journal = "Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research",
title = "Conserving maize in gene banks: Changes in genetic diversity revealed by morphological and SSR markers",
volume = "78",
number = "1",
pages = "30-38",
doi = "10.4067/S0718-58392018000100030"
}
Anđelković, V., Nikolić, A., Kovačević, D., Mladenović-Drinić, S., Kravić, N., Babić, V., Srebrić, M., Jankulovska, M., Ivanovska, S.,& Bosev, D. (2018). Conserving maize in gene banks: Changes in genetic diversity revealed by morphological and SSR markers.
Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Inst Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Chillan., 78(1), 30-38.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392018000100030
Anđelković V, Nikolić A, Kovačević D, Mladenović-Drinić S, Kravić N, Babić V, Srebrić M, Jankulovska M, Ivanovska S, Bosev D. Conserving maize in gene banks: Changes in genetic diversity revealed by morphological and SSR markers. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 2018;78(1):30-38
Anđelković Violeta, Nikolić Ana, Kovačević Dragan, Mladenović-Drinić Snežana, Kravić Natalija, Babić Vojka, Srebrić Mirjana, Jankulovska Mirjana, Ivanovska Sonja, Bosev Dane, "Conserving maize in gene banks: Changes in genetic diversity revealed by morphological and SSR markers" Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 78, no. 1 (2018):30-38,
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392018000100030 .
4
3
4

Effect of temperature and duration of maize pollen storage on the seed set rate

Babić, Vojka; Kravić, Natalija; Srdić, Jelena

(Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/671
AB  - In plant breeding programs, it is often necessary to cross genotypes incompatible in time of flowering. In maize, when the incompatibility in flowering period could not be overcome by different sowing dates, or by the ability of silk to preserve its fertility in 10-15 days, conservation of pollen could be of great importance. For many plant species, the appropriate methods for pollen management have been set up, including methods of collecting, desiccation, testing of viability and longevity, as well as for pollen storage. The longevity of pollen during its storage depends upon plant species, conditions at the time of pollen collecting, pollen moisture content, as well as upon storage temperature and duration. Even within the same plant species, different genotypes exhibit different level of viability preservation during the conservation. Although maize pollen belongs to a tricellular pollen group and rapidly loses viability under field conditions, its preservation is possible. According to the literature, pollen viability could be preserved for 30 days in the conditions of refrigerator (+4°C), while in liquid nitrogen (-196°C) up to 120 days. In the majority of studies, pollen viability was evaluated in the laboratory conditions, and the results obtained could largely be differed from those obtained under field conditions, due to impossibility to control a number of environmental factors. This experiment was conducted under field conditions in order to evaluate the ability of pollen from commercial maize inbred line L217, stored under the conditions of +4°C and -20°C, to pollinate maize inbred L73B013 and produce grain. Inbred L73B013 is sown in five sowing dates in order to ensure the longer presence of fresh silk. Pollen samples from line L217 were taken twice, and along with silica gel, stored in refrigerator and freezer. Each of successive pollination included five silks. Except for the expected good ear seed set when silks were pollinated with fresh pollen, the next successive pollination resulted in extremely poor ear seed set. Pollen stored in the freezer for one day completely lost vitality, while the pollination with pollen stored for three days resulted in one kernel per ear (for two ears). Pollination with pollen stored for four days resulted in one kernel per ear for only one ear. Pollen stored at + 4°C gave slightly better, but still very poor results. Compared to control, the percentage of seed set for pollen stored only for one day was 4.4%, being decreased to 0.2% and 0.4% for pollen stored for four and five days, respectively. Plants pollinated with pollen stored for 20 days did not give any grain. Such poor results may be a consequence of species specific properties of inbred L217, but also a consequence of failure in the manipulation of pollen. A highly sensitive point during the storage of pollen, especially in species with pollen sensitive to dehydration, such as the maize pollen, is the process of drying before its storing. Therefore, we concluded that the procedure of pollen desiccation probably was not adequate. With the aim of correcting the deficiencies observed, the experiment will be repeated in 2017.
AB  - U programima oplemenjivanja kukuruza, u slučaju kada se nekompatibilnost u vremenu cvetanja oca i majke ne može prevazići setvom roditelja u različitim rokovima ili sposobnošću svile da očuva plodnost 10-15 dana, čuvanje polena bi moglo da ima značaja. Cilj izloženih istraživanja je bio da se u poljskim uslovima ispita sposobnost polena linije kukuruza L217 da nakon čuvanja u uslovima +4 i -20°C, opraši drugu liniju kukuruza i da zrno. Majka je sejana u pet rokova setve, a polen oca je uziman dva puta, prosejavan i skladišten u frižider i zamrzivač zajedno sa silika gelom. Sukcesivno je oprašivano po pet klipova kukuruza. Izuzev očekivano dobro ozrnjenih klipova oprašenih svežim polenom, procenat oplođenih zrna, nakon samo jednog dana čuvanja u frižideru, je iznosio 4,4%, da bi četvrtog i petog dana čuvanja opao na 0,2% i 0,4%, respektivno. Biljke oprašene polenom čuvanim 20 dana nisu dale nijedno zrno. Polen čuvan u zamrzivaču je izgubio životnu sposobnost nakon samo jednog dana čuvanja. Ovako loši rezultati mogu biti posledica specifičnosti linije oca (poznato je da polen nekih linija kukuruza zadržava vijabilnost veoma kratko), ali i posledica propusta u manipulaciji polenom. Sa ciljem da se isprave primećeni propusti planirano je ponavljanje eksperimenta.
PB  - Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - Effect of temperature and duration of maize pollen storage on the seed set rate
T1  - Uticaj temperature i dužine čuvanja polena kukuruza na procenat oplodnje
VL  - 23
IS  - 2
SP  - 15
EP  - 22
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem1702015B
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Babić, Vojka and Kravić, Natalija and Srdić, Jelena",
year = "2017",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/671",
abstract = "In plant breeding programs, it is often necessary to cross genotypes incompatible in time of flowering. In maize, when the incompatibility in flowering period could not be overcome by different sowing dates, or by the ability of silk to preserve its fertility in 10-15 days, conservation of pollen could be of great importance. For many plant species, the appropriate methods for pollen management have been set up, including methods of collecting, desiccation, testing of viability and longevity, as well as for pollen storage. The longevity of pollen during its storage depends upon plant species, conditions at the time of pollen collecting, pollen moisture content, as well as upon storage temperature and duration. Even within the same plant species, different genotypes exhibit different level of viability preservation during the conservation. Although maize pollen belongs to a tricellular pollen group and rapidly loses viability under field conditions, its preservation is possible. According to the literature, pollen viability could be preserved for 30 days in the conditions of refrigerator (+4°C), while in liquid nitrogen (-196°C) up to 120 days. In the majority of studies, pollen viability was evaluated in the laboratory conditions, and the results obtained could largely be differed from those obtained under field conditions, due to impossibility to control a number of environmental factors. This experiment was conducted under field conditions in order to evaluate the ability of pollen from commercial maize inbred line L217, stored under the conditions of +4°C and -20°C, to pollinate maize inbred L73B013 and produce grain. Inbred L73B013 is sown in five sowing dates in order to ensure the longer presence of fresh silk. Pollen samples from line L217 were taken twice, and along with silica gel, stored in refrigerator and freezer. Each of successive pollination included five silks. Except for the expected good ear seed set when silks were pollinated with fresh pollen, the next successive pollination resulted in extremely poor ear seed set. Pollen stored in the freezer for one day completely lost vitality, while the pollination with pollen stored for three days resulted in one kernel per ear (for two ears). Pollination with pollen stored for four days resulted in one kernel per ear for only one ear. Pollen stored at + 4°C gave slightly better, but still very poor results. Compared to control, the percentage of seed set for pollen stored only for one day was 4.4%, being decreased to 0.2% and 0.4% for pollen stored for four and five days, respectively. Plants pollinated with pollen stored for 20 days did not give any grain. Such poor results may be a consequence of species specific properties of inbred L217, but also a consequence of failure in the manipulation of pollen. A highly sensitive point during the storage of pollen, especially in species with pollen sensitive to dehydration, such as the maize pollen, is the process of drying before its storing. Therefore, we concluded that the procedure of pollen desiccation probably was not adequate. With the aim of correcting the deficiencies observed, the experiment will be repeated in 2017., U programima oplemenjivanja kukuruza, u slučaju kada se nekompatibilnost u vremenu cvetanja oca i majke ne može prevazići setvom roditelja u različitim rokovima ili sposobnošću svile da očuva plodnost 10-15 dana, čuvanje polena bi moglo da ima značaja. Cilj izloženih istraživanja je bio da se u poljskim uslovima ispita sposobnost polena linije kukuruza L217 da nakon čuvanja u uslovima +4 i -20°C, opraši drugu liniju kukuruza i da zrno. Majka je sejana u pet rokova setve, a polen oca je uziman dva puta, prosejavan i skladišten u frižider i zamrzivač zajedno sa silika gelom. Sukcesivno je oprašivano po pet klipova kukuruza. Izuzev očekivano dobro ozrnjenih klipova oprašenih svežim polenom, procenat oplođenih zrna, nakon samo jednog dana čuvanja u frižideru, je iznosio 4,4%, da bi četvrtog i petog dana čuvanja opao na 0,2% i 0,4%, respektivno. Biljke oprašene polenom čuvanim 20 dana nisu dale nijedno zrno. Polen čuvan u zamrzivaču je izgubio životnu sposobnost nakon samo jednog dana čuvanja. Ovako loši rezultati mogu biti posledica specifičnosti linije oca (poznato je da polen nekih linija kukuruza zadržava vijabilnost veoma kratko), ali i posledica propusta u manipulaciji polenom. Sa ciljem da se isprave primećeni propusti planirano je ponavljanje eksperimenta.",
publisher = "Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "Effect of temperature and duration of maize pollen storage on the seed set rate, Uticaj temperature i dužine čuvanja polena kukuruza na procenat oplodnje",
volume = "23",
number = "2",
pages = "15-22",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem1702015B"
}
Babić, V., Kravić, N.,& Srdić, J. (2017). Uticaj temperature i dužine čuvanja polena kukuruza na procenat oplodnje.
Selekcija i semenarstvo
Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd., 23(2), 15-22.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem1702015B
Babić V, Kravić N, Srdić J. Uticaj temperature i dužine čuvanja polena kukuruza na procenat oplodnje. Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2017;23(2):15-22
Babić Vojka, Kravić Natalija, Srdić Jelena, "Uticaj temperature i dužine čuvanja polena kukuruza na procenat oplodnje" Selekcija i semenarstvo, 23, no. 2 (2017):15-22,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem1702015B .

Determination of free phenolic acids from leaves within different colored maize

Mesarović, Jelena; Dragičević, Vesna; Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana; Ristić, Danijela; Kravić, Natalija

(Srpsko hemijsko društvo, Beograd, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mesarović, Jelena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Ristić, Danijela
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/678
AB  - Along with other plant parts, maize leaves are widely used for making fermented food for cattle, known as silage. Since there have only been a few reports on studies concerning the extraction and determination of phenolic acids from maize leaves, the main goal of this investigation was to evaluate the content of free phenolic acids in the leaves of fifteen different maize inbred lines. Reverse-phase, high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), with a photodiode array detector (DAD), was performed. Under the optimized chromatographic conditions, referring to short time of sample preparation, small quantities of solvent and direct injection of the extract into HPLC, phenolic acids (i.e., gallic, protocatechuic, caffeic, p-coumaric and ferulic acid) were successfully separated in less than 25 min, indicating that the method could be applied for routine analysis. The efficiency and validation of the method was evaluated by measuring the rate parameters: linearity, limit of detection and quantification, accuracy and precision. The obtained results showed that the most abundant free phenolic acid was p-coumaric acid (23.57 mu g g(-1) dry weight), followed by ferulic and caffeic acids (21.27 and 20.78 mu g g(-1) dry weight, respectively). Principal Component Analysis (PCA) revealed the existence of a link.
PB  - Srpsko hemijsko društvo, Beograd
T2  - Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society
T1  - Determination of free phenolic acids from leaves within different colored maize
VL  - 82
IS  - 1
SP  - 63
EP  - 72
DO  - 10.2298/JSC160512104M
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mesarović, Jelena and Dragičević, Vesna and Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana and Ristić, Danijela and Kravić, Natalija",
year = "2017",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/678",
abstract = "Along with other plant parts, maize leaves are widely used for making fermented food for cattle, known as silage. Since there have only been a few reports on studies concerning the extraction and determination of phenolic acids from maize leaves, the main goal of this investigation was to evaluate the content of free phenolic acids in the leaves of fifteen different maize inbred lines. Reverse-phase, high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), with a photodiode array detector (DAD), was performed. Under the optimized chromatographic conditions, referring to short time of sample preparation, small quantities of solvent and direct injection of the extract into HPLC, phenolic acids (i.e., gallic, protocatechuic, caffeic, p-coumaric and ferulic acid) were successfully separated in less than 25 min, indicating that the method could be applied for routine analysis. The efficiency and validation of the method was evaluated by measuring the rate parameters: linearity, limit of detection and quantification, accuracy and precision. The obtained results showed that the most abundant free phenolic acid was p-coumaric acid (23.57 mu g g(-1) dry weight), followed by ferulic and caffeic acids (21.27 and 20.78 mu g g(-1) dry weight, respectively). Principal Component Analysis (PCA) revealed the existence of a link.",
publisher = "Srpsko hemijsko društvo, Beograd",
journal = "Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society",
title = "Determination of free phenolic acids from leaves within different colored maize",
volume = "82",
number = "1",
pages = "63-72",
doi = "10.2298/JSC160512104M"
}
Mesarović, J., Dragičević, V., Mladenović-Drinić, S., Ristić, D.,& Kravić, N. (2017). Determination of free phenolic acids from leaves within different colored maize.
Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society
Srpsko hemijsko društvo, Beograd., 82(1), 63-72.
https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC160512104M
Mesarović J, Dragičević V, Mladenović-Drinić S, Ristić D, Kravić N. Determination of free phenolic acids from leaves within different colored maize. Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society. 2017;82(1):63-72
Mesarović Jelena, Dragičević Vesna, Mladenović-Drinić Snežana, Ristić Danijela, Kravić Natalija, "Determination of free phenolic acids from leaves within different colored maize" Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society, 82, no. 1 (2017):63-72,
https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC160512104M .
1
1
1

Disruption of genetic identity for genebank maize accessions during conservation

Babić, Vojka; Anđelković, Violeta; Nikolić, Ana; Milivojević, Marija; Srdić, Jelena; Popović, Aleksandar; Kravić, Natalija

(Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Anđelković, Violeta
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Milivojević, Marija
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Popović, Aleksandar
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/658
AB  - Maintenance of the original accessions identity and integrity is one of the priorities among genebank activities. Different factors related to conservation may result in accessions disruption. Regeneration is the most frequent critical point in this process, due to bottlenecks, inbreeding, random genetic drift and unintentional mixing or contamination. On the other hand, genetic drift may occur due to seed viability loss. Therefore, it is very important to establish the balance between the frequency of regeneration and the duration of accession conservation. The aim of the present study was to estimate whether the identity of accessions regenerated after 27 years of medium-term conservation was disrupted. Phenotypic markers were applied on three Maize Research Institute "Zemun Polje" (MRIZP) genebank maize landraces (K2026, K768 and K86), differing in seed viability, kernel type and effective population size. It was estimated that, after the regeneration, there had been no significant changes in the landrace K2026. There were some parameters indicating that genetic drift had occurred in the landrace K768, and that there had been even a certain degree of inbreeding in the landrace K86. According to the results, accession K2026 could still be kept under the same ID number. Due to the genuine identity disruption, assignment of new ID numbers for K768 and K86 should be suggested.
PB  - Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Disruption of genetic identity for genebank maize accessions during conservation
VL  - 49
IS  - 3
SP  - 853
EP  - 864
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR1703853B
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Babić, Vojka and Anđelković, Violeta and Nikolić, Ana and Milivojević, Marija and Srdić, Jelena and Popović, Aleksandar and Kravić, Natalija",
year = "2017",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/658",
abstract = "Maintenance of the original accessions identity and integrity is one of the priorities among genebank activities. Different factors related to conservation may result in accessions disruption. Regeneration is the most frequent critical point in this process, due to bottlenecks, inbreeding, random genetic drift and unintentional mixing or contamination. On the other hand, genetic drift may occur due to seed viability loss. Therefore, it is very important to establish the balance between the frequency of regeneration and the duration of accession conservation. The aim of the present study was to estimate whether the identity of accessions regenerated after 27 years of medium-term conservation was disrupted. Phenotypic markers were applied on three Maize Research Institute "Zemun Polje" (MRIZP) genebank maize landraces (K2026, K768 and K86), differing in seed viability, kernel type and effective population size. It was estimated that, after the regeneration, there had been no significant changes in the landrace K2026. There were some parameters indicating that genetic drift had occurred in the landrace K768, and that there had been even a certain degree of inbreeding in the landrace K86. According to the results, accession K2026 could still be kept under the same ID number. Due to the genuine identity disruption, assignment of new ID numbers for K768 and K86 should be suggested.",
publisher = "Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Disruption of genetic identity for genebank maize accessions during conservation",
volume = "49",
number = "3",
pages = "853-864",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR1703853B"
}
Babić, V., Anđelković, V., Nikolić, A., Milivojević, M., Srdić, J., Popović, A.,& Kravić, N. (2017). Disruption of genetic identity for genebank maize accessions during conservation.
Genetika
Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd., 49(3), 853-864.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR1703853B
Babić V, Anđelković V, Nikolić A, Milivojević M, Srdić J, Popović A, Kravić N. Disruption of genetic identity for genebank maize accessions during conservation. Genetika. 2017;49(3):853-864
Babić Vojka, Anđelković Violeta, Nikolić Ana, Milivojević Marija, Srdić Jelena, Popović Aleksandar, Kravić Natalija, "Disruption of genetic identity for genebank maize accessions during conservation" Genetika, 49, no. 3 (2017):853-864,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR1703853B .

Genetic resources in maize breeding

Anđelković, Violeta; Babić, Vojka; Kravić, Natalija

(Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Anđelković, Violeta
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/668
AB  - Maize, wheat and rice are the most important cereals grown in the world. It is predicted that by 2025 maize is likely to become the crop with the greatest production globally. Conservation of maize germplasm provides the main resources for increased food and feed production. Conservation in gene banks (ex-situ) is dominant strategy for maize conservation. More than 130 000 maize accessions, e.g. about 40% of total number, are stored in ten largest gene banks worldwide and Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje (MRIZP) gene bank, with about 6000 accessions, is among them. Organized collecting missions started in 1961. in the former Yugoslavian territory, and up today, more than 2000 local maize landraces were stored. Pre-breeding activities that refer to identification of desirable traits from unadapted germplasm within genebank, result in materials expected to be included in breeding programs. Successful examples are LAMP, GEM and GENRES projects. At the end of XX century, at MRIZP genebank two pre-breeding activities were undertaken: eco-core and elite-core collections were created and landraces fulfilled particular criteria were chosen. In the last decade, MRIZP genebank collection was used for identification of sources for drought tolerance and improved grain quality. According to agronomic traits and general combining ability, two mini-core collections were created and included in commercial breeding programs.
AB  - Pšenica, pirinač i kukuruz su tri najznačajnije žitarice u svetu, ali se procenjuje da će se do 2025. godine kukuruz najviše proizvoditi. Konzervacija germplazme kukuruza predstavlja glavni izvor poželjnih gena koji mogu poslužiti za povećanje obima i kvaliteta proizvodnje kukuruza, a time i hrane za ljude i životinje. Dominantna strategija za konzervaciju kukuruza je ex-situ (čuvanje uzoraka semena u bankama gena). Više od 130 000 uzoraka kukuruza, tj. oko 40% od ukupnog broja, nalazi se u deset najvećih banaka gena u svetu, a banka gena Instituta za kukuruz Zemun Polje (MRIZP), sa oko 6000 uzoraka je jedna od njih. Organizovano kolekcionisanje započeto je u bivšoj Jugoslaviji 1961. godine, i do danas je sakupljeno i čuva se više od 2000 uzoraka lokalnih populacija kukuruza. Predoplemenjivačke aktivnosti, koje se odnose na identifikaciju poželjnih svojstava u neadaptiranoj germplazmi u banci gena, rezultiraju u materijalu za koji se očekuje da bude uključen u oplemenjivačke programe. Uspešni primeri su LAMP, GEM i GENRES projekti. Krajem XX veka, u MRIZP banci gena, preduzete su predoplemenjivačke aktivnosti, formirane su eco-core i elite-core kolekcije, i odabrane su populacije koje su ispunile potrebne kriterijume. U prethodnoj deceniji, kolekcija banke gena korišćena je za identifikaciju izvora tolerantnosti na sušu i poboljšan kvalitet zrna. Na osnovu agronomskih osobina i opšte kombinacione sposobnosti, formirane su dve mini-core kolekcije koje su već uključene u programe oplemenjivanja.
PB  - Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - Genetic resources in maize breeding
T1  - Genetički resursi u oplemenjivanju kukuruza
VL  - 23
IS  - 1
SP  - 37
EP  - 48
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem1701037A
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Anđelković, Violeta and Babić, Vojka and Kravić, Natalija",
year = "2017",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/668",
abstract = "Maize, wheat and rice are the most important cereals grown in the world. It is predicted that by 2025 maize is likely to become the crop with the greatest production globally. Conservation of maize germplasm provides the main resources for increased food and feed production. Conservation in gene banks (ex-situ) is dominant strategy for maize conservation. More than 130 000 maize accessions, e.g. about 40% of total number, are stored in ten largest gene banks worldwide and Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje (MRIZP) gene bank, with about 6000 accessions, is among them. Organized collecting missions started in 1961. in the former Yugoslavian territory, and up today, more than 2000 local maize landraces were stored. Pre-breeding activities that refer to identification of desirable traits from unadapted germplasm within genebank, result in materials expected to be included in breeding programs. Successful examples are LAMP, GEM and GENRES projects. At the end of XX century, at MRIZP genebank two pre-breeding activities were undertaken: eco-core and elite-core collections were created and landraces fulfilled particular criteria were chosen. In the last decade, MRIZP genebank collection was used for identification of sources for drought tolerance and improved grain quality. According to agronomic traits and general combining ability, two mini-core collections were created and included in commercial breeding programs., Pšenica, pirinač i kukuruz su tri najznačajnije žitarice u svetu, ali se procenjuje da će se do 2025. godine kukuruz najviše proizvoditi. Konzervacija germplazme kukuruza predstavlja glavni izvor poželjnih gena koji mogu poslužiti za povećanje obima i kvaliteta proizvodnje kukuruza, a time i hrane za ljude i životinje. Dominantna strategija za konzervaciju kukuruza je ex-situ (čuvanje uzoraka semena u bankama gena). Više od 130 000 uzoraka kukuruza, tj. oko 40% od ukupnog broja, nalazi se u deset najvećih banaka gena u svetu, a banka gena Instituta za kukuruz Zemun Polje (MRIZP), sa oko 6000 uzoraka je jedna od njih. Organizovano kolekcionisanje započeto je u bivšoj Jugoslaviji 1961. godine, i do danas je sakupljeno i čuva se više od 2000 uzoraka lokalnih populacija kukuruza. Predoplemenjivačke aktivnosti, koje se odnose na identifikaciju poželjnih svojstava u neadaptiranoj germplazmi u banci gena, rezultiraju u materijalu za koji se očekuje da bude uključen u oplemenjivačke programe. Uspešni primeri su LAMP, GEM i GENRES projekti. Krajem XX veka, u MRIZP banci gena, preduzete su predoplemenjivačke aktivnosti, formirane su eco-core i elite-core kolekcije, i odabrane su populacije koje su ispunile potrebne kriterijume. U prethodnoj deceniji, kolekcija banke gena korišćena je za identifikaciju izvora tolerantnosti na sušu i poboljšan kvalitet zrna. Na osnovu agronomskih osobina i opšte kombinacione sposobnosti, formirane su dve mini-core kolekcije koje su već uključene u programe oplemenjivanja.",
publisher = "Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "Genetic resources in maize breeding, Genetički resursi u oplemenjivanju kukuruza",
volume = "23",
number = "1",
pages = "37-48",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem1701037A"
}
Anđelković, V., Babić, V.,& Kravić, N. (2017). Genetički resursi u oplemenjivanju kukuruza.
Selekcija i semenarstvo
Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd., 23(1), 37-48.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem1701037A
Anđelković V, Babić V, Kravić N. Genetički resursi u oplemenjivanju kukuruza. Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2017;23(1):37-48
Anđelković Violeta, Babić Vojka, Kravić Natalija, "Genetički resursi u oplemenjivanju kukuruza" Selekcija i semenarstvo, 23, no. 1 (2017):37-48,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem1701037A .
1

Evaluation of agronomic and sensory characteristics of the popcorn kernel

Srdić, Jelena; Milašinović-Šeremešić, Marija; Radosavljević, Milica; Kravić, Natalija; Babić, Vojka

(Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Milašinović-Šeremešić, Marija
AU  - Radosavljević, Milica
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Babić, Vojka
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/663
AB  - This research encompassed a total of 12 popcorn hybrids planted according to the RCBD in three replicates in Zemun Polje in 2016. The following traits were analyzed: grain yield (t/ha), kernel size, 1000 kernel weight, popping volume, percentage of unpopped kernels, and sensory characteristics (the appearance, taste, smell, tenderness, crispness, adhesiveness to the teeth, presence of pericarp and overall taste acceptability of popcorns). The analysis of variance showed significant differences between the popcorn hybrids with regard to the traits analyzed. The grain yield ranged from 4.78 t/ha (ZP 644/1k) to 7.38 t/ha (ZP 557/1k). The lowest popping volume was noticed in ZP 501k (28 cm3/g), whereas the highest popping volume was found in the lower-yielding hybrid ZP 544/1k (40.17 cm3/g). The percentage of unpopped kernels was very low and it ranged from 0.66% to 4.57%. The analysis of sensory characteristics of popcorns also showed differences between 12 popcorn hybrids.
AB  - Kukuruz kokičar predstavlja specijalnu vrstu kukuruza tvrdunca koji se najčešće koristi za ljudsku ishranu. Zbog toga je kod ove vrste kukuruza, pored prinosa, od izuzetnog značaja i kvalitet njegovog iskokanog zrna. Za ovaj rad je odabrano 12 hibrida kukuruza kokičara, koji su bili posejani po modelu RCBD u tri ponavljanja u toku 2016. godine. Ispitivane su sledeće osobine: prinos, karakteristike neiskokanog zrna - veličina zrna i apsolutna masa, zapremina kokičavosti i senzorne karakteristika kokice - izgled, ukus, miris, nežnost i hrskavost, lepljenje za zube, prisustvo perikarpa i opšta ocena. Prinos suvog zrna kretao se od 4,78 t/ha (ZP 644/1k) do 7,38 t/ha (ZP 557/1k). Najmanju zapreminu kokičavosti imao je hibrid ZP 501k (28 cm3/g), dok je najvišu zapreminu kokičavosti postigao hibrid ZP 544/1k (40.17 cm3/g). Procenat neiskokanog zrna bio je veoma nizak i kretao se od 0,66% do 4,57%. Veličina zrna određena je metodom broja zrna u 10 g i bila je u potpunoj saglasnosti sa apsolutnom masom zrna. Analizom varijanse utvrđena je varijabilnost između genotipova po svim analiziranim osobinama. Analiza senzornih karakteristika kokica pokazala je takođe da postoje razlike između ispitivanih hibrida, kao i da hibridi koji imaju kokice sa najpoželjnijim senzornim karakteristikama nisu oni koji su najprinosniji ili hibiridi sa najvećom zapreminom kokičavosti. Rezultati ovog istraživanja ukazuju na to da u selekciji hibrida kukuruza kokičara treba podjednako obratiti pažnju na odabir visokoprinosnih genotipova, ali uz postizanje i zadržavanje visokog kvalitetet krajnjeg proizvoda - kokice.
PB  - Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad
T2  - Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
T1  - Evaluation of agronomic and sensory characteristics of the popcorn kernel
T1  - Procena agronomskih i senzornih karakteristike zrna hibrida kukuruza kokičara
VL  - 21
IS  - 4
SP  - 185
EP  - 187
DO  - 10.5937/JPEA1704185S
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Srdić, Jelena and Milašinović-Šeremešić, Marija and Radosavljević, Milica and Kravić, Natalija and Babić, Vojka",
year = "2017",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/663",
abstract = "This research encompassed a total of 12 popcorn hybrids planted according to the RCBD in three replicates in Zemun Polje in 2016. The following traits were analyzed: grain yield (t/ha), kernel size, 1000 kernel weight, popping volume, percentage of unpopped kernels, and sensory characteristics (the appearance, taste, smell, tenderness, crispness, adhesiveness to the teeth, presence of pericarp and overall taste acceptability of popcorns). The analysis of variance showed significant differences between the popcorn hybrids with regard to the traits analyzed. The grain yield ranged from 4.78 t/ha (ZP 644/1k) to 7.38 t/ha (ZP 557/1k). The lowest popping volume was noticed in ZP 501k (28 cm3/g), whereas the highest popping volume was found in the lower-yielding hybrid ZP 544/1k (40.17 cm3/g). The percentage of unpopped kernels was very low and it ranged from 0.66% to 4.57%. The analysis of sensory characteristics of popcorns also showed differences between 12 popcorn hybrids., Kukuruz kokičar predstavlja specijalnu vrstu kukuruza tvrdunca koji se najčešće koristi za ljudsku ishranu. Zbog toga je kod ove vrste kukuruza, pored prinosa, od izuzetnog značaja i kvalitet njegovog iskokanog zrna. Za ovaj rad je odabrano 12 hibrida kukuruza kokičara, koji su bili posejani po modelu RCBD u tri ponavljanja u toku 2016. godine. Ispitivane su sledeće osobine: prinos, karakteristike neiskokanog zrna - veličina zrna i apsolutna masa, zapremina kokičavosti i senzorne karakteristika kokice - izgled, ukus, miris, nežnost i hrskavost, lepljenje za zube, prisustvo perikarpa i opšta ocena. Prinos suvog zrna kretao se od 4,78 t/ha (ZP 644/1k) do 7,38 t/ha (ZP 557/1k). Najmanju zapreminu kokičavosti imao je hibrid ZP 501k (28 cm3/g), dok je najvišu zapreminu kokičavosti postigao hibrid ZP 544/1k (40.17 cm3/g). Procenat neiskokanog zrna bio je veoma nizak i kretao se od 0,66% do 4,57%. Veličina zrna određena je metodom broja zrna u 10 g i bila je u potpunoj saglasnosti sa apsolutnom masom zrna. Analizom varijanse utvrđena je varijabilnost između genotipova po svim analiziranim osobinama. Analiza senzornih karakteristika kokica pokazala je takođe da postoje razlike između ispitivanih hibrida, kao i da hibridi koji imaju kokice sa najpoželjnijim senzornim karakteristikama nisu oni koji su najprinosniji ili hibiridi sa najvećom zapreminom kokičavosti. Rezultati ovog istraživanja ukazuju na to da u selekciji hibrida kukuruza kokičara treba podjednako obratiti pažnju na odabir visokoprinosnih genotipova, ali uz postizanje i zadržavanje visokog kvalitetet krajnjeg proizvoda - kokice.",
publisher = "Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad",
journal = "Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture",
title = "Evaluation of agronomic and sensory characteristics of the popcorn kernel, Procena agronomskih i senzornih karakteristike zrna hibrida kukuruza kokičara",
volume = "21",
number = "4",
pages = "185-187",
doi = "10.5937/JPEA1704185S"
}
Srdić, J., Milašinović-Šeremešić, M., Radosavljević, M., Kravić, N.,& Babić, V. (2017). Procena agronomskih i senzornih karakteristike zrna hibrida kukuruza kokičara.
Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture
Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad., 21(4), 185-187.
https://doi.org/10.5937/JPEA1704185S
Srdić J, Milašinović-Šeremešić M, Radosavljević M, Kravić N, Babić V. Procena agronomskih i senzornih karakteristike zrna hibrida kukuruza kokičara. Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture. 2017;21(4):185-187
Srdić Jelena, Milašinović-Šeremešić Marija, Radosavljević Milica, Kravić Natalija, Babić Vojka, "Procena agronomskih i senzornih karakteristike zrna hibrida kukuruza kokičara" Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 21, no. 4 (2017):185-187,
https://doi.org/10.5937/JPEA1704185S .
3

Maize inbreds from different heterotic groups as favorable sources for increased potential bioavailability of magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc

Dragičević, Vesna; Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana; Filipović, Milomir; Babić, Vojka; Kravić, Natalija; Stojiljković, Milovan; Nikolić, Bogdan

(Inst Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Chillan, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Stojiljković, Milovan
AU  - Nikolić, Bogdan
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/651
AB  - Malnutrition, as a global problem, is mainly caused by low level of mineral elements in staple food (deficient soil). Biofortification is based on selection of genotypes with enhanced concentration of mineral elements in grain, as well as decreased concentration of substances which interfere bioavailability of mineral elements in gut (like phytic acid), and increased content of substances that increase availability (such as beta-carotene). The experiment with 51 maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines with different heterotic background was set up in order to evaluate chemical composition of grain and to determine the relations between phytic acid (PA), beta-carotene, and mineral elements: Mg, Fe, Mn, and Zn. The highest average phytate, beta-carotene, Fe, and Mn content was found in grain of inbreds from Lancaster heterotic group. The highest content of Mg was in grain of Independent source and Zn in grain of BSSS group. Increased level of Fe and Mn in Lancaster lines could be partially affected by higher PA content in grain, while increased beta-carotene content could improve Mn and Zn availability from grain of BSSS genotypes and Mg availability from Lancaster inbreds. It is important to underline that PA reduction is followed by Zn content increase in grain of Lancaster heterotic group, as well as that variations in Mg, Fe, and Mn contents are independent on PA status in inbreds from Independent source, indicating that the genotypes with higher Mg, Fe and Mn status from this group could serve as favorable source for improved Mg, Fe, and Mn absorption.
PB  - Inst Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Chillan
T2  - Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
T1  - Maize inbreds from different heterotic groups as favorable sources for increased potential bioavailability of magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc
VL  - 76
IS  - 2
SP  - 213
EP  - 219
DO  - 10.4067/S0718-58392016000200011
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana and Filipović, Milomir and Babić, Vojka and Kravić, Natalija and Stojiljković, Milovan and Nikolić, Bogdan",
year = "2016",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/651",
abstract = "Malnutrition, as a global problem, is mainly caused by low level of mineral elements in staple food (deficient soil). Biofortification is based on selection of genotypes with enhanced concentration of mineral elements in grain, as well as decreased concentration of substances which interfere bioavailability of mineral elements in gut (like phytic acid), and increased content of substances that increase availability (such as beta-carotene). The experiment with 51 maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines with different heterotic background was set up in order to evaluate chemical composition of grain and to determine the relations between phytic acid (PA), beta-carotene, and mineral elements: Mg, Fe, Mn, and Zn. The highest average phytate, beta-carotene, Fe, and Mn content was found in grain of inbreds from Lancaster heterotic group. The highest content of Mg was in grain of Independent source and Zn in grain of BSSS group. Increased level of Fe and Mn in Lancaster lines could be partially affected by higher PA content in grain, while increased beta-carotene content could improve Mn and Zn availability from grain of BSSS genotypes and Mg availability from Lancaster inbreds. It is important to underline that PA reduction is followed by Zn content increase in grain of Lancaster heterotic group, as well as that variations in Mg, Fe, and Mn contents are independent on PA status in inbreds from Independent source, indicating that the genotypes with higher Mg, Fe and Mn status from this group could serve as favorable source for improved Mg, Fe, and Mn absorption.",
publisher = "Inst Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Chillan",
journal = "Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research",
title = "Maize inbreds from different heterotic groups as favorable sources for increased potential bioavailability of magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc",
volume = "76",
number = "2",
pages = "213-219",
doi = "10.4067/S0718-58392016000200011"
}
Dragičević, V., Mladenović-Drinić, S., Filipović, M., Babić, V., Kravić, N., Stojiljković, M.,& Nikolić, B. (2016). Maize inbreds from different heterotic groups as favorable sources for increased potential bioavailability of magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc.
Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Inst Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Chillan., 76(2), 213-219.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392016000200011
Dragičević V, Mladenović-Drinić S, Filipović M, Babić V, Kravić N, Stojiljković M, Nikolić B. Maize inbreds from different heterotic groups as favorable sources for increased potential bioavailability of magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016;76(2):213-219
Dragičević Vesna, Mladenović-Drinić Snežana, Filipović Milomir, Babić Vojka, Kravić Natalija, Stojiljković Milovan, Nikolić Bogdan, "Maize inbreds from different heterotic groups as favorable sources for increased potential bioavailability of magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc" Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 76, no. 2 (2016):213-219,
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392016000200011 .
1

Evaluation of morphological and kernel micronutrient traits in maize landraces

Anđelković, Violeta; Mesarović, Jelena; Srebrić, Mirjana; Kravić, Natalija; Babić, Vojka; Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana

(Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Anđelković, Violeta
AU  - Mesarović, Jelena
AU  - Srebrić, Mirjana
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/642
AB  - Maize grains contain high level of carotenoids and tocopherols compared with other cereals. Among carotenoids the β-carotene has the highest activity and is considered important in breeding programs of biofortified crops. Changes in carotenoids content in the maize grain could be influence of genotype x environment interaction, or effect of existing relationship between the color of the endosperm and the presence of carotenoids. This research was performed to estimate differences in morphological traits, grain content of tocopherols (α-, β+γ-, δ-), β-carotene, lutein and zeaxantin in local and introduced populations from Maize Research Institute 'Zemun Polje' gene bank. Micronutrient content was detected by using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Coefficient of variation for morphological traits was less than 10%, except for grain yield per plant which vary about 18,6%. α-tocopherol content was in the range from 1.04-8.42 μgg-1 DW, and β-carotene content varied from 0.26 to 7.95 μgg-1 DW. δ-tocopherol was in significant correlation with number of kernels per row (r=0.700***), and β+γ-tocopherol was in significant negative correlation with plant and ear height (r=-0.601***; r=-0.591**). Correlations between morphological traits and α-tocopherol were weak and without significance. Kernel color was significantly correlated with the content of zeaxantin (r=0,590***) and β-carotene (r=0,398*). For biofortification purposes a pool of 11 landraces with increased content of both, β-carotene and α-tocopherol, will be created based on obtained results.
AB  - U odnosu na druge žitarice, zrno kukuruza sadrži visok nivo karotenoida i tokoferola. Od svih karotenoida β-karoten ima najveću aktivnost i smatra se najznačajnim u biofortifikacijskim programima oplemenjivanja žitarica. Ovo istraživanje je imalo za cilj da utvrdi razlike u morfološkim svojstvima, sadržaju tokoferola (α-, β+γ-, δ-), β-karotena, luteina i zeaksantina kod lokalnih i introdukovanih populacija kukuruza iz banke gena Instituta za kukuruz 'ZemunPolje'. Sadržaj mikronutrienata je utvrđen primenom HPLC metode. Koeficijent varijacije za morfološka svojstva je bio manji od 10%, osim za prinos zrna po biljci (Cv=18,6%). Sadržaj α-tokoferola je bio u rasponu od 1,04-8,42 μg g-1 suve mase, a β-karotena od 0,26 to 7,95 μg g-1suve mase. δ-tokoferol je bio u značajnoj korelaciji sa brojem zrna u redu (r=0,700***), dok je β+γ-tokoferol bio u značajnoj negativnoj korelaciji sa visinom biljke i klipa(r=-0,601***; r=- 0,591**). Korelacije između morfoloških svojstava i α-tokoferola bile su slabe i nesignifikantne. Boja zrna je bila u značajnoj korelaciji sa sadržajem zeaksantina (r=0,590***) i β-karotena (r=0,398*). Za potrebe biofortifikacije 'pool' od 11 populacija sa povećanim sadržajem i β-karotena i α-tokoferola biće formiran na osnovu dobijenih rezultata.
PB  - Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - Evaluation of morphological and kernel micronutrient traits in maize landraces
T1  - Evaluacija morfoloških osobina i mikronutrienata zrna kod populacija kukuruza
VL  - 22
IS  - 2
SP  - 39
EP  - 48
DO  - 10.5937/selsem1602039A
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Anđelković, Violeta and Mesarović, Jelena and Srebrić, Mirjana and Kravić, Natalija and Babić, Vojka and Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana",
year = "2016",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/642",
abstract = "Maize grains contain high level of carotenoids and tocopherols compared with other cereals. Among carotenoids the β-carotene has the highest activity and is considered important in breeding programs of biofortified crops. Changes in carotenoids content in the maize grain could be influence of genotype x environment interaction, or effect of existing relationship between the color of the endosperm and the presence of carotenoids. This research was performed to estimate differences in morphological traits, grain content of tocopherols (α-, β+γ-, δ-), β-carotene, lutein and zeaxantin in local and introduced populations from Maize Research Institute 'Zemun Polje' gene bank. Micronutrient content was detected by using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Coefficient of variation for morphological traits was less than 10%, except for grain yield per plant which vary about 18,6%. α-tocopherol content was in the range from 1.04-8.42 μgg-1 DW, and β-carotene content varied from 0.26 to 7.95 μgg-1 DW. δ-tocopherol was in significant correlation with number of kernels per row (r=0.700***), and β+γ-tocopherol was in significant negative correlation with plant and ear height (r=-0.601***; r=-0.591**). Correlations between morphological traits and α-tocopherol were weak and without significance. Kernel color was significantly correlated with the content of zeaxantin (r=0,590***) and β-carotene (r=0,398*). For biofortification purposes a pool of 11 landraces with increased content of both, β-carotene and α-tocopherol, will be created based on obtained results., U odnosu na druge žitarice, zrno kukuruza sadrži visok nivo karotenoida i tokoferola. Od svih karotenoida β-karoten ima najveću aktivnost i smatra se najznačajnim u biofortifikacijskim programima oplemenjivanja žitarica. Ovo istraživanje je imalo za cilj da utvrdi razlike u morfološkim svojstvima, sadržaju tokoferola (α-, β+γ-, δ-), β-karotena, luteina i zeaksantina kod lokalnih i introdukovanih populacija kukuruza iz banke gena Instituta za kukuruz 'ZemunPolje'. Sadržaj mikronutrienata je utvrđen primenom HPLC metode. Koeficijent varijacije za morfološka svojstva je bio manji od 10%, osim za prinos zrna po biljci (Cv=18,6%). Sadržaj α-tokoferola je bio u rasponu od 1,04-8,42 μg g-1 suve mase, a β-karotena od 0,26 to 7,95 μg g-1suve mase. δ-tokoferol je bio u značajnoj korelaciji sa brojem zrna u redu (r=0,700***), dok je β+γ-tokoferol bio u značajnoj negativnoj korelaciji sa visinom biljke i klipa(r=-0,601***; r=- 0,591**). Korelacije između morfoloških svojstava i α-tokoferola bile su slabe i nesignifikantne. Boja zrna je bila u značajnoj korelaciji sa sadržajem zeaksantina (r=0,590***) i β-karotena (r=0,398*). Za potrebe biofortifikacije 'pool' od 11 populacija sa povećanim sadržajem i β-karotena i α-tokoferola biće formiran na osnovu dobijenih rezultata.",
publisher = "Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "Evaluation of morphological and kernel micronutrient traits in maize landraces, Evaluacija morfoloških osobina i mikronutrienata zrna kod populacija kukuruza",
volume = "22",
number = "2",
pages = "39-48",
doi = "10.5937/selsem1602039A"
}
Anđelković, V., Mesarović, J., Srebrić, M., Kravić, N., Babić, V.,& Mladenović-Drinić, S. (2016). Evaluacija morfoloških osobina i mikronutrienata zrna kod populacija kukuruza.
Selekcija i semenarstvo
Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd., 22(2), 39-48.
https://doi.org/10.5937/selsem1602039A
Anđelković V, Mesarović J, Srebrić M, Kravić N, Babić V, Mladenović-Drinić S. Evaluacija morfoloških osobina i mikronutrienata zrna kod populacija kukuruza. Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2016;22(2):39-48
Anđelković Violeta, Mesarović Jelena, Srebrić Mirjana, Kravić Natalija, Babić Vojka, Mladenović-Drinić Snežana, "Evaluacija morfoloških osobina i mikronutrienata zrna kod populacija kukuruza" Selekcija i semenarstvo, 22, no. 2 (2016):39-48,
https://doi.org/10.5937/selsem1602039A .
2

Barley grain enrichement with essential elements by agronomic biofortification

Dragičević, Vesna; Nikolić, Bogdan; Radosavljević, Milica; Đurić, Nenad; Dodig, Dejan; Stoiljković, Milovan M.; Kravić, Natalija

(Univerzitet u Novom Sadu - Tehnološki fakultet, Novi Sad, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Nikolić, Bogdan
AU  - Radosavljević, Milica
AU  - Đurić, Nenad
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Stoiljković, Milovan M.
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/629
AB  - Barley grain is rich in mineral nutrients, but their bioavailability to humans depends on antinutrients that restrain bioavailability and promoters that promote bioavailability. The aim of this study was to examine composition of barley grain, including phytate and phenolics as antinutrients, carotenoids and glutathione as promoters and mineral elements, such as Ca, Mg, Fe, Si, Zn and Mn influenced by various non-standard foliar fertilizers (Zircon, Chitosan, Siliplant, Propikonazole), including some hormonal growth-stimulators (Epin Extra, Benzyladenine), as potential biofortification measure. Chitosan increased glutathione concentration in grain. Unfavorable meteorological conditions were partly mitigated by application of Benzyladenine and Siliplant, reflected through increased potential bioavailability of P, Mg, Ca and Fe.
AB  - Zrno ječma je bogato mineralima, ali njihova pristupačnost za ljudski organi- zam zavisi od antinutritiva koji inhibiraju njihovu apsorpciju i promotera koji povećavaju njihovu pristupačnost. Cilj istraživanja je da se ispita sastav zrna ječma, uključujući fitat i fenole kao antinutritive, karotenoide i glutation kao promotere, kao i mineralne elemente Ca, Mg, Fe, Si, Zn i Mn, pod uticajem nestandardih folijarnih đubriva (Cirkon, Hitosan, Siliplant, Propikonazol), kao i hormona (Epin Ekstra, Benziladenin), kao potencijalne mere za biofortifikaciju ječma. Hitosan je povećao koncentraciju glutationa. Nepovoljni meteorološki uslovi su delimično prevaziđeni primenom Benziladenina i Siliplanta, koji su uticali na povećanje potencijalne pristupačnosti P, Mg, Ca i Fe. PR Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR 31037.
PB  - Univerzitet u Novom Sadu - Tehnološki fakultet, Novi Sad
T2  - Acta periodica technologica
T1  - Barley grain enrichement with essential elements by agronomic biofortification
T1  - Obogaćivanje zrna ječma esencijalnim elementima putem agronomske biofortifikacije
IS  - 47
SP  - 1
EP  - 9
DO  - 10.2298/APT1647001D
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Nikolić, Bogdan and Radosavljević, Milica and Đurić, Nenad and Dodig, Dejan and Stoiljković, Milovan M. and Kravić, Natalija",
year = "2016",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/629",
abstract = "Barley grain is rich in mineral nutrients, but their bioavailability to humans depends on antinutrients that restrain bioavailability and promoters that promote bioavailability. The aim of this study was to examine composition of barley grain, including phytate and phenolics as antinutrients, carotenoids and glutathione as promoters and mineral elements, such as Ca, Mg, Fe, Si, Zn and Mn influenced by various non-standard foliar fertilizers (Zircon, Chitosan, Siliplant, Propikonazole), including some hormonal growth-stimulators (Epin Extra, Benzyladenine), as potential biofortification measure. Chitosan increased glutathione concentration in grain. Unfavorable meteorological conditions were partly mitigated by application of Benzyladenine and Siliplant, reflected through increased potential bioavailability of P, Mg, Ca and Fe., Zrno ječma je bogato mineralima, ali njihova pristupačnost za ljudski organi- zam zavisi od antinutritiva koji inhibiraju njihovu apsorpciju i promotera koji povećavaju njihovu pristupačnost. Cilj istraživanja je da se ispita sastav zrna ječma, uključujući fitat i fenole kao antinutritive, karotenoide i glutation kao promotere, kao i mineralne elemente Ca, Mg, Fe, Si, Zn i Mn, pod uticajem nestandardih folijarnih đubriva (Cirkon, Hitosan, Siliplant, Propikonazol), kao i hormona (Epin Ekstra, Benziladenin), kao potencijalne mere za biofortifikaciju ječma. Hitosan je povećao koncentraciju glutationa. Nepovoljni meteorološki uslovi su delimično prevaziđeni primenom Benziladenina i Siliplanta, koji su uticali na povećanje potencijalne pristupačnosti P, Mg, Ca i Fe. PR Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR 31037.",
publisher = "Univerzitet u Novom Sadu - Tehnološki fakultet, Novi Sad",
journal = "Acta periodica technologica",
title = "Barley grain enrichement with essential elements by agronomic biofortification, Obogaćivanje zrna ječma esencijalnim elementima putem agronomske biofortifikacije",
number = "47",
pages = "1-9",
doi = "10.2298/APT1647001D"
}
Dragičević, V., Nikolić, B., Radosavljević, M., Đurić, N., Dodig, D., Stoiljković, M. M.,& Kravić, N. (2016). Obogaćivanje zrna ječma esencijalnim elementima putem agronomske biofortifikacije.
Acta periodica technologica
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu - Tehnološki fakultet, Novi Sad.(47), 1-9.
https://doi.org/10.2298/APT1647001D
Dragičević V, Nikolić B, Radosavljević M, Đurić N, Dodig D, Stoiljković MM, Kravić N. Obogaćivanje zrna ječma esencijalnim elementima putem agronomske biofortifikacije. Acta periodica technologica. 2016;(47):1-9
Dragičević Vesna, Nikolić Bogdan, Radosavljević Milica, Đurić Nenad, Dodig Dejan, Stoiljković Milovan M., Kravić Natalija, "Obogaćivanje zrna ječma esencijalnim elementima putem agronomske biofortifikacije" Acta periodica technologica, no. 47 (2016):1-9,
https://doi.org/10.2298/APT1647001D .
6
2

Dynamics of phosphorus accumulation in maize inbred lines grain

Kovinčić, Anika; Dragičević, Vesna; Marković, Ksenija; Srdić, Jelena; Kravić, Natalija

(Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Kovinčić, Anika
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Marković, Ksenija
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/635
AB  - Mineral elements deficiency in food can cause serious health problems. Being one of the three most importatnt macroelements for plant nutrition, phosphorus is involved in several key processes: photosynthesis, respiration, synthesis of starch, transport of carbohydrates and products of photosynthesis, cell division and increased water utilization. The objective of this study was to estimate the dynamics of inorganic phosphorus (Pi), as a precursor in the synthesis of phytic acid, and phytic phosphorus (Pphy) accumulation during the grain filling of two maize inbred lines differing in FAO maturity groups - L217 and L773. In addition, possible linkage between phosphorus content in grain and agro-morphological performances was observed. For the analysis of the dynamics in Pi and Pphy contents, seed samples were taken at 15th, 30th, 45th and 60th day after the polination. The obtained results showed a continuous decline of Pi content in both genotypes, with the most intensive decline observed at the first interval (e.i. 15-30 days) after the polination. The trend observed was much more pronounced in L217. Moreover, this inbred acheaved higher grain yield for 61.8 % at first sowing and for 63.1 % at 10-day delayed sowing, respectively, compared to inbred L773. In all three intervals observed, the decrease of Pi content was highly correlated with Pphy content increase for both genotypes. Based on lower accumulation rate, followed by lower Pphy content (2.635 mg g-1) during the stage of physiological maturuty, it could be concluded that inbred L217 could be considered as potentialy suitable genotype for low-phytic hybride selection.
AB  - Nedostatak mineralnih elemenata u hrani, može izazvati ozbiljne zdravstvene probleme. Kao jedan od tri najvažnija makroelementa u ishrani biljaka, fosfor učestvuje u nizu procesa u biljci: fotosintezi, disanju, sintezi skroba, transportu ugljenih hidrata i produkata fotosinteze, deobi ćelija i boljem korišćenju vode. Ciljevi ovog istraživanja su uključivali praćenje dinamike nakupljanja neorganskog fosfora (Pi) - prekursora u sintezi fitinske kiseline, i fitinskog fosfora (Pphy), tokom nalivanja zrna dve samooplodne linije kukuruza različitih FAO grupa zrenja - L217 i L773, i utvrđivanje povezanosti sadržaja fosfora u zrnu i agro-morfoloških performansi. Za analizu dinamike sadržaja neorganskog i fitinskog fosfora, uzorci zrna su uzimani: 15-tog, 30- tog, 45-tog i 60-tog dana nakon oplodnje. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata, uočen je kontinuirani pad sadržaja neorganskog fosfora kod oba genotipa, a najintezivniji pad utvrđen je u prvom intervalu (tj. 15-30 dana) nakon oplodnje, bivajući znatno izraženiji kod linije L217. Takođe, u odnosu na liniju L773, linija L217 je ostvarila viši prinos za 61,8 % u prvom, odnosno za 63,1 % u drugom setvenom roku, respektivno. Srazmerno smanjenju neorganskog fosfora, uočen je trend povećanja fitinskog fosfora kod oba genotipa tokom sva tri intervala merenja. Smanjena dinamika nakupljanja i niži sadržaj fitinskog fosfora (2,635 mg g-1) u fazi fiziološke zrelosti, ukazuje da bi se inbred linija L217 mogla smatrati potencijalno poželjnim genotipom za selekciju niskofitinskih hibrida.
PB  - Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - Dynamics of phosphorus accumulation in maize inbred lines grain
T1  - Praćenje dinamike nakupljanja fosfora u zrnu samooplodnih linija kukuruza
VL  - 22
IS  - 2
SP  - 69
EP  - 78
DO  - 10.5937/selsem1602069K
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Kovinčić, Anika and Dragičević, Vesna and Marković, Ksenija and Srdić, Jelena and Kravić, Natalija",
year = "2016",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/635",
abstract = "Mineral elements deficiency in food can cause serious health problems. Being one of the three most importatnt macroelements for plant nutrition, phosphorus is involved in several key processes: photosynthesis, respiration, synthesis of starch, transport of carbohydrates and products of photosynthesis, cell division and increased water utilization. The objective of this study was to estimate the dynamics of inorganic phosphorus (Pi), as a precursor in the synthesis of phytic acid, and phytic phosphorus (Pphy) accumulation during the grain filling of two maize inbred lines differing in FAO maturity groups - L217 and L773. In addition, possible linkage between phosphorus content in grain and agro-morphological performances was observed. For the analysis of the dynamics in Pi and Pphy contents, seed samples were taken at 15th, 30th, 45th and 60th day after the polination. The obtained results showed a continuous decline of Pi content in both genotypes, with the most intensive decline observed at the first interval (e.i. 15-30 days) after the polination. The trend observed was much more pronounced in L217. Moreover, this inbred acheaved higher grain yield for 61.8 % at first sowing and for 63.1 % at 10-day delayed sowing, respectively, compared to inbred L773. In all three intervals observed, the decrease of Pi content was highly correlated with Pphy content increase for both genotypes. Based on lower accumulation rate, followed by lower Pphy content (2.635 mg g-1) during the stage of physiological maturuty, it could be concluded that inbred L217 could be considered as potentialy suitable genotype for low-phytic hybride selection., Nedostatak mineralnih elemenata u hrani, može izazvati ozbiljne zdravstvene probleme. Kao jedan od tri najvažnija makroelementa u ishrani biljaka, fosfor učestvuje u nizu procesa u biljci: fotosintezi, disanju, sintezi skroba, transportu ugljenih hidrata i produkata fotosinteze, deobi ćelija i boljem korišćenju vode. Ciljevi ovog istraživanja su uključivali praćenje dinamike nakupljanja neorganskog fosfora (Pi) - prekursora u sintezi fitinske kiseline, i fitinskog fosfora (Pphy), tokom nalivanja zrna dve samooplodne linije kukuruza različitih FAO grupa zrenja - L217 i L773, i utvrđivanje povezanosti sadržaja fosfora u zrnu i agro-morfoloških performansi. Za analizu dinamike sadržaja neorganskog i fitinskog fosfora, uzorci zrna su uzimani: 15-tog, 30- tog, 45-tog i 60-tog dana nakon oplodnje. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata, uočen je kontinuirani pad sadržaja neorganskog fosfora kod oba genotipa, a najintezivniji pad utvrđen je u prvom intervalu (tj. 15-30 dana) nakon oplodnje, bivajući znatno izraženiji kod linije L217. Takođe, u odnosu na liniju L773, linija L217 je ostvarila viši prinos za 61,8 % u prvom, odnosno za 63,1 % u drugom setvenom roku, respektivno. Srazmerno smanjenju neorganskog fosfora, uočen je trend povećanja fitinskog fosfora kod oba genotipa tokom sva tri intervala merenja. Smanjena dinamika nakupljanja i niži sadržaj fitinskog fosfora (2,635 mg g-1) u fazi fiziološke zrelosti, ukazuje da bi se inbred linija L217 mogla smatrati potencijalno poželjnim genotipom za selekciju niskofitinskih hibrida.",
publisher = "Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "Dynamics of phosphorus accumulation in maize inbred lines grain, Praćenje dinamike nakupljanja fosfora u zrnu samooplodnih linija kukuruza",
volume = "22",
number = "2",
pages = "69-78",
doi = "10.5937/selsem1602069K"
}
Kovinčić, A., Dragičević, V., Marković, K., Srdić, J.,& Kravić, N. (2016). Praćenje dinamike nakupljanja fosfora u zrnu samooplodnih linija kukuruza.
Selekcija i semenarstvo
Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd., 22(2), 69-78.
https://doi.org/10.5937/selsem1602069K
Kovinčić A, Dragičević V, Marković K, Srdić J, Kravić N. Praćenje dinamike nakupljanja fosfora u zrnu samooplodnih linija kukuruza. Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2016;22(2):69-78
Kovinčić Anika, Dragičević Vesna, Marković Ksenija, Srdić Jelena, Kravić Natalija, "Praćenje dinamike nakupljanja fosfora u zrnu samooplodnih linija kukuruza" Selekcija i semenarstvo, 22, no. 2 (2016):69-78,
https://doi.org/10.5937/selsem1602069K .

Maize landraces as a source of adaptation to climatic change

Anđelković, Violeta; Ristić, Danijela; Babić, Vojka; Dumanović, Zoran; Kravić, Natalija

(Institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Anđelković, Violeta
AU  - Ristić, Danijela
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Dumanović, Zoran
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/657
AB  - Predictions of global warming point out that frequency and severity of temperature and rainfall extremes are expected to increase in the following decades. Yield stability could be achieved by improvement in future breeding based on information of cereal reproduction under changed environmental conditions. Landraces are valuable sources of beneficial alleles, e.g. tolerance to drought and improved grain yield, for introgression into adapted germplasm. Twenty-six drought tolerant maize landraces, selected among gene bank accessions and previously tested under controlled drought conditions and in temperate climate, were evaluated, at two sites and two plant densities in Zemun Polje. Since 2014 was with enormous rainfalls and flooding, morphological and agronomical traits were measured. Obtained data, together with the results from dry 2012, were plotted for principal component analysis. One local landrace and two introduced landraces, medium in maturity, were selected according to PC analysis and achieved grain yield that was stable across different climatic conditions.
AB  - Procenjuje se da će u narednim decenijama, usled globalnog zagrevanja, doći do učestalije pojave ekstremnih temperatura i padavina. Ostvarivanje stabilnih prinosa u budućim programima oplemenjivanja zavisiće od informacija o mogućnostima reprodukcije useva u promenjenim uslovima spoljašnje sredine. Populacije predstavljaju dragocen izvor poželjnih alela (npr. za tolerantnost prema suši i poboljšanje prinosa) za introgresiju u adaptiranu germplazmu. Dvadeset šest populacija kukuruza, tolerantnih na sušu, odabranih iz banke gena i prethodno testiranih u uslovima kontrolisanog stresa suše, kao i u umerenom klimatu, testirane su na dva lokaliteta i u dve različite gustine u Zemun Polju. U 2014. godini koju su obeležile velike količine padavina i poplave, merena su morfološka i agronomska svojstva. Dobijeni podaci, zajedno sa podacima iz sušne 2012. godine obrađeni su PCA metodom (analiza glavnih komponenti). Jedna lokalna i dve introdukované, srednjestasne populacije, odabrane su na osnovu PC analize i ostvarenog prinosa zrna, koji je bio stabilan bez većih variranja, u različitim uslovima spoljašnje sredine.
PB  - Institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
T2  - Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo
T1  - Maize landraces as a source of adaptation to climatic change
T1  - Populacije kukuruza kao izvor adaptabilnosti na klimatske promene
VL  - 53
IS  - 1
SP  - 24
EP  - 29
DO  - 10.5937/ratpov53-9138
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Anđelković, Violeta and Ristić, Danijela and Babić, Vojka and Dumanović, Zoran and Kravić, Natalija",
year = "2016",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/657",
abstract = "Predictions of global warming point out that frequency and severity of temperature and rainfall extremes are expected to increase in the following decades. Yield stability could be achieved by improvement in future breeding based on information of cereal reproduction under changed environmental conditions. Landraces are valuable sources of beneficial alleles, e.g. tolerance to drought and improved grain yield, for introgression into adapted germplasm. Twenty-six drought tolerant maize landraces, selected among gene bank accessions and previously tested under controlled drought conditions and in temperate climate, were evaluated, at two sites and two plant densities in Zemun Polje. Since 2014 was with enormous rainfalls and flooding, morphological and agronomical traits were measured. Obtained data, together with the results from dry 2012, were plotted for principal component analysis. One local landrace and two introduced landraces, medium in maturity, were selected according to PC analysis and achieved grain yield that was stable across different climatic conditions., Procenjuje se da će u narednim decenijama, usled globalnog zagrevanja, doći do učestalije pojave ekstremnih temperatura i padavina. Ostvarivanje stabilnih prinosa u budućim programima oplemenjivanja zavisiće od informacija o mogućnostima reprodukcije useva u promenjenim uslovima spoljašnje sredine. Populacije predstavljaju dragocen izvor poželjnih alela (npr. za tolerantnost prema suši i poboljšanje prinosa) za introgresiju u adaptiranu germplazmu. Dvadeset šest populacija kukuruza, tolerantnih na sušu, odabranih iz banke gena i prethodno testiranih u uslovima kontrolisanog stresa suše, kao i u umerenom klimatu, testirane su na dva lokaliteta i u dve različite gustine u Zemun Polju. U 2014. godini koju su obeležile velike količine padavina i poplave, merena su morfološka i agronomska svojstva. Dobijeni podaci, zajedno sa podacima iz sušne 2012. godine obrađeni su PCA metodom (analiza glavnih komponenti). Jedna lokalna i dve introdukované, srednjestasne populacije, odabrane su na osnovu PC analize i ostvarenog prinosa zrna, koji je bio stabilan bez većih variranja, u različitim uslovima spoljašnje sredine.",
publisher = "Institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad",
journal = "Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo",
title = "Maize landraces as a source of adaptation to climatic change, Populacije kukuruza kao izvor adaptabilnosti na klimatske promene",
volume = "53",
number = "1",
pages = "24-29",
doi = "10.5937/ratpov53-9138"
}
Anđelković, V., Ristić, D., Babić, V., Dumanović, Z.,& Kravić, N. (2016). Populacije kukuruza kao izvor adaptabilnosti na klimatske promene.
Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo
Institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad., 53(1), 24-29.
https://doi.org/10.5937/ratpov53-9138
Anđelković V, Ristić D, Babić V, Dumanović Z, Kravić N. Populacije kukuruza kao izvor adaptabilnosti na klimatske promene. Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo. 2016;53(1):24-29
Anđelković Violeta, Ristić Danijela, Babić Vojka, Dumanović Zoran, Kravić Natalija, "Populacije kukuruza kao izvor adaptabilnosti na klimatske promene" Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, 53, no. 1 (2016):24-29,
https://doi.org/10.5937/ratpov53-9138 .
2

Genetic variability of free energy in a function of drought tolerance in common bean accessions

Jecmenica, Maja; Kravić, Natalija; Dragičević, Vesna; Vasić, Mirjana; Zivanović, Tomislav; Mandić, Violeta; Damnjanović, Jelena

(Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Jecmenica, Maja
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Vasić, Mirjana
AU  - Zivanović, Tomislav
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Damnjanović, Jelena
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/626
AB  - Characterisation of bean genotypes, particularly local landraces is important for ongoing breeding programs, especially for drought tolerance. Susceptibility to drought is emphasized when bean is grown as a stubble crop and sown at the middle of summer. The aim of this study was to compare variability of ten bean genotypes to optimal (25 degrees C) and higher (30 degrees C) temperatures in combination with optimal (80%) and reduced (40%) field water capacity (FWC), from the point of growth (root and shoot length and fresh matter accumulation) and thermodynamic parameters of free energy (calculated parameter after drying at 60 degrees C, 105 degrees C and 130 degrees C) during the early seedlings stage. Significant and positive correlation between root length and fresh matter with free energy at symplast and chemically bound water occurred under temperature stress (i.e. 30 degrees C). Root growth and elongation were affected by drought stress, i.e. under a combination of high temperature (30 degrees C) and water deficit (40% FWC). Based on higher energy consumption, the ability of shoot to continue a growth in stressful conditions could be possible to achieve, as was confirm through significant and positive correlation between evaluated growth parameters in shoot and free energy of free water. It could be concluded that most of the examined dry bean accessions expressed some sensitivity to stress applied. Among genotypes tested, local landrace zecak expressed lesser susceptibility to stresses applied. Accession Maksa was more tolerant to changes at cytoplasmic level, while Medijana and Sataja 425 expressed root i.e. shoot stress tolerance. Those accessions could be considered as potentially drought tolerant genotypes.
PB  - Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Genetic variability of free energy in a function of drought tolerance in common bean accessions
VL  - 48
IS  - 3
SP  - 1003
EP  - 1015
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR1603003J
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Jecmenica, Maja and Kravić, Natalija and Dragičević, Vesna and Vasić, Mirjana and Zivanović, Tomislav and Mandić, Violeta and Damnjanović, Jelena",
year = "2016",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/626",
abstract = "Characterisation of bean genotypes, particularly local landraces is important for ongoing breeding programs, especially for drought tolerance. Susceptibility to drought is emphasized when bean is grown as a stubble crop and sown at the middle of summer. The aim of this study was to compare variability of ten bean genotypes to optimal (25 degrees C) and higher (30 degrees C) temperatures in combination with optimal (80%) and reduced (40%) field water capacity (FWC), from the point of growth (root and shoot length and fresh matter accumulation) and thermodynamic parameters of free energy (calculated parameter after drying at 60 degrees C, 105 degrees C and 130 degrees C) during the early seedlings stage. Significant and positive correlation between root length and fresh matter with free energy at symplast and chemically bound water occurred under temperature stress (i.e. 30 degrees C). Root growth and elongation were affected by drought stress, i.e. under a combination of high temperature (30 degrees C) and water deficit (40% FWC). Based on higher energy consumption, the ability of shoot to continue a growth in stressful conditions could be possible to achieve, as was confirm through significant and positive correlation between evaluated growth parameters in shoot and free energy of free water. It could be concluded that most of the examined dry bean accessions expressed some sensitivity to stress applied. Among genotypes tested, local landrace zecak expressed lesser susceptibility to stresses applied. Accession Maksa was more tolerant to changes at cytoplasmic level, while Medijana and Sataja 425 expressed root i.e. shoot stress tolerance. Those accessions could be considered as potentially drought tolerant genotypes.",
publisher = "Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Genetic variability of free energy in a function of drought tolerance in common bean accessions",
volume = "48",
number = "3",
pages = "1003-1015",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR1603003J"
}
Jecmenica, M., Kravić, N., Dragičević, V., Vasić, M., Zivanović, T., Mandić, V.,& Damnjanović, J. (2016). Genetic variability of free energy in a function of drought tolerance in common bean accessions.
Genetika
Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd., 48(3), 1003-1015.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR1603003J
Jecmenica M, Kravić N, Dragičević V, Vasić M, Zivanović T, Mandić V, Damnjanović J. Genetic variability of free energy in a function of drought tolerance in common bean accessions. Genetika. 2016;48(3):1003-1015
Jecmenica Maja, Kravić Natalija, Dragičević Vesna, Vasić Mirjana, Zivanović Tomislav, Mandić Violeta, Damnjanović Jelena, "Genetic variability of free energy in a function of drought tolerance in common bean accessions" Genetika, 48, no. 3 (2016):1003-1015,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR1603003J .

Modification of antioxidant systems in cell walls of maize roots by different nitrogen sources

Hadži-Tašković-Šukalović, Vesna; Vučinić, Željko; Vuletić, Mirjana; Marković, Ksenija; Kravić, Natalija

(Spanish Natl Inst Agricultural & Food Research & Technolo, Madrid, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Hadži-Tašković-Šukalović, Vesna
AU  - Vučinić, Željko
AU  - Vuletić, Mirjana
AU  - Marković, Ksenija
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/618
AB  - Antioxidant systems of maize root cell walls grown on different nitrogen sources were evaluated. Plants were grown on a medium containing only NO3- or the mixture of NO3-+NH4+, in a 2:1 ratio. Eleven-day old plants, two days after the initiation of lateral roots, were used for the experiments. Cell walls were isolated from lateral roots and primary root segments, 2-7 cm from tip to base, representing zones of intense or decreased growth rates, respectively. Protein content and the activity of enzymes peroxidase, malate dehydrogenase and ascorbate oxidase ionically or covalently bound to the walls, as well as cell wall phenolic content and antioxidant capacity, were determined. Cell walls of plants grown on mixed N possess more developed enzymatic antioxidant systems and lower non-enzymatic antioxidant defenses than cell walls grown on NO3-. Irrespective of N treatment, the activities of all studied enzymes and protein content were higher in cell walls of lateral compared to primary roots. Phenolic content of cell walls isolated from lateral roots was higher in NO3--grown than in mixed N grown plants. No significant differences could be observed in the isozyme patterns of cell wall peroxidases isolated from plants grown on different nutrient solution. Our results indicate that different N treatments modify the antioxidant systems of root cell walls. Treatment with NO3- resulted in an increase of constitutive phenolic content, while the combination of NO3-+NH4+ elevated the redox enzyme activities in root cell walls.
PB  - Spanish Natl Inst Agricultural & Food Research & Technolo, Madrid
T2  - Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research
T1  - Modification of antioxidant systems in cell walls of maize roots by different nitrogen sources
VL  - 14
IS  - 4
DO  - 10.5424/sjar/2016144-8305
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Hadži-Tašković-Šukalović, Vesna and Vučinić, Željko and Vuletić, Mirjana and Marković, Ksenija and Kravić, Natalija",
year = "2016",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/618",
abstract = "Antioxidant systems of maize root cell walls grown on different nitrogen sources were evaluated. Plants were grown on a medium containing only NO3- or the mixture of NO3-+NH4+, in a 2:1 ratio. Eleven-day old plants, two days after the initiation of lateral roots, were used for the experiments. Cell walls were isolated from lateral roots and primary root segments, 2-7 cm from tip to base, representing zones of intense or decreased growth rates, respectively. Protein content and the activity of enzymes peroxidase, malate dehydrogenase and ascorbate oxidase ionically or covalently bound to the walls, as well as cell wall phenolic content and antioxidant capacity, were determined. Cell walls of plants grown on mixed N possess more developed enzymatic antioxidant systems and lower non-enzymatic antioxidant defenses than cell walls grown on NO3-. Irrespective of N treatment, the activities of all studied enzymes and protein content were higher in cell walls of lateral compared to primary roots. Phenolic content of cell walls isolated from lateral roots was higher in NO3--grown than in mixed N grown plants. No significant differences could be observed in the isozyme patterns of cell wall peroxidases isolated from plants grown on different nutrient solution. Our results indicate that different N treatments modify the antioxidant systems of root cell walls. Treatment with NO3- resulted in an increase of constitutive phenolic content, while the combination of NO3-+NH4+ elevated the redox enzyme activities in root cell walls.",
publisher = "Spanish Natl Inst Agricultural & Food Research & Technolo, Madrid",
journal = "Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research",
title = "Modification of antioxidant systems in cell walls of maize roots by different nitrogen sources",
volume = "14",
number = "4",
doi = "10.5424/sjar/2016144-8305"
}
Hadži-Tašković-Šukalović, V., Vučinić, Ž., Vuletić, M., Marković, K.,& Kravić, N. (2016). Modification of antioxidant systems in cell walls of maize roots by different nitrogen sources.
Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research
Spanish Natl Inst Agricultural & Food Research & Technolo, Madrid., 14(4).
https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2016144-8305
Hadži-Tašković-Šukalović V, Vučinić Ž, Vuletić M, Marković K, Kravić N. Modification of antioxidant systems in cell walls of maize roots by different nitrogen sources. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016;14(4)
Hadži-Tašković-Šukalović Vesna, Vučinić Željko, Vuletić Mirjana, Marković Ksenija, Kravić Natalija, "Modification of antioxidant systems in cell walls of maize roots by different nitrogen sources" Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 14, no. 4 (2016),
https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2016144-8305 .
2
3

Variations in level of oil, protein, and some antioxidants in chickpea and peanut seeds

Dragičević, Vesna; Durrianović, Zoran; Kravić, Natalija; Kratovalieva, Suzana; Dimov, Zoran

(Springeropen, London, 2015)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Durrianović, Zoran
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Kratovalieva, Suzana
AU  - Dimov, Zoran
PY  - 2015
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/609
AB  - Background: Chickpea and peanut are two legume species not frequently used in human diets. Chickpea is rich in starch and proteins, while peanut is mainly a source of oils and proteins and they could be successfully used as protein sources in vegetarian diets. Seeds of 19 chickpea and 13 peanut landraces were colorimetrically analyzed in respect to antioxidant content (i.e., free soluble phenolics, total glutathione, and phytate). Oil and protein contents in grain were also determined. Results: Free soluble phenolics content varied in range from 520 to1,050 mg kg(-1) in peanut and from 720 to 1,370 mg kg(-1) in chickpea. Total glutathione content ranged from 1,495 to 2,365 mmol kg(-1) in peanut and from 955 to 1,232 mmol kg(-1) in chickpea. Relatively low content of phytic phosphorus was found in grain of both species, ranging from 2.5 to 4.5 g kg(-1) in peanut and from 1.4 to 3.0 g kg(-1) in chickpea, respectively. Considering the lack of data for phytate variability in Macedonian chickpea and peanut local landraces up to date, the observed high variation in phytic phosphorus content could represent the great basis for further breeding programs for phytate decrease in seeds of those genotypes. This is significant, since phytate is an important antinutrient which affects availability of mineral elements. Regression analysis revealed positive and highly significant interdependence between oil content and total glutathione in chickpea seeds, as well as between oil content and phytic phosphorus in peanut seeds. In chickpea, significant and negative correlation between oil and phytic phosphorus content was also observed. Conclusions: Results obtained indicated that chickpea genotypes with higher oil content could have increased nutritional value due to higher glutathione and lower phytate content observed. However, lower level of phytate content, along with higher level of soluble phenolics and total glutathione found in peanut seeds with lower oil content, indicated higher digestibility and increased antioxidant activity of those genotypes.
PB  - Springeropen, London
T2  - Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture
T1  - Variations in level of oil, protein, and some antioxidants in chickpea and peanut seeds
VL  - 2
DO  - 10.1186/s40538-015-0031-7
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Durrianović, Zoran and Kravić, Natalija and Kratovalieva, Suzana and Dimov, Zoran",
year = "2015",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/609",
abstract = "Background: Chickpea and peanut are two legume species not frequently used in human diets. Chickpea is rich in starch and proteins, while peanut is mainly a source of oils and proteins and they could be successfully used as protein sources in vegetarian diets. Seeds of 19 chickpea and 13 peanut landraces were colorimetrically analyzed in respect to antioxidant content (i.e., free soluble phenolics, total glutathione, and phytate). Oil and protein contents in grain were also determined. Results: Free soluble phenolics content varied in range from 520 to1,050 mg kg(-1) in peanut and from 720 to 1,370 mg kg(-1) in chickpea. Total glutathione content ranged from 1,495 to 2,365 mmol kg(-1) in peanut and from 955 to 1,232 mmol kg(-1) in chickpea. Relatively low content of phytic phosphorus was found in grain of both species, ranging from 2.5 to 4.5 g kg(-1) in peanut and from 1.4 to 3.0 g kg(-1) in chickpea, respectively. Considering the lack of data for phytate variability in Macedonian chickpea and peanut local landraces up to date, the observed high variation in phytic phosphorus content could represent the great basis for further breeding programs for phytate decrease in seeds of those genotypes. This is significant, since phytate is an important antinutrient which affects availability of mineral elements. Regression analysis revealed positive and highly significant interdependence between oil content and total glutathione in chickpea seeds, as well as between oil content and phytic phosphorus in peanut seeds. In chickpea, significant and negative correlation between oil and phytic phosphorus content was also observed. Conclusions: Results obtained indicated that chickpea genotypes with higher oil content could have increased nutritional value due to higher glutathione and lower phytate content observed. However, lower level of phytate content, along with higher level of soluble phenolics and total glutathione found in peanut seeds with lower oil content, indicated higher digestibility and increased antioxidant activity of those genotypes.",
publisher = "Springeropen, London",
journal = "Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture",
title = "Variations in level of oil, protein, and some antioxidants in chickpea and peanut seeds",
volume = "2",
doi = "10.1186/s40538-015-0031-7"
}
Dragičević, V., Durrianović, Z., Kravić, N., Kratovalieva, S.,& Dimov, Z. (2015). Variations in level of oil, protein, and some antioxidants in chickpea and peanut seeds.
Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture
Springeropen, London., 2.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s40538-015-0031-7
Dragičević V, Durrianović Z, Kravić N, Kratovalieva S, Dimov Z. Variations in level of oil, protein, and some antioxidants in chickpea and peanut seeds. Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture. 2015;2
Dragičević Vesna, Durrianović Zoran, Kravić Natalija, Kratovalieva Suzana, Dimov Zoran, "Variations in level of oil, protein, and some antioxidants in chickpea and peanut seeds" Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture, 2 (2015),
https://doi.org/10.1186/s40538-015-0031-7 .
1
2
4

Effect of the maize-soybean intercropping system on the potential bioavailability of magnesium, iron and zinc

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Kravić, Natalija; Oljača, Snežana; Dolijanović, Željko; Stojiljković, Milovan

(Csiro Publishing, Clayton, 2015)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Oljača, Snežana
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Stojiljković, Milovan
PY  - 2015
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/581
AB  - This study concerned the effect of different intercropping systems (alternating rows and alternating strips) of maize and soybean compared with single cropping, in combination with different fertilisers (biofertiliser, organic fertiliser, and urea) on the potential availability of magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) from grain, through their ratio with phytate (as inhibitor) and beta-carotene (as promoter). The higher grain yield and land equivalent ratio obtained under alternating rows + biofertiliser treatment demonstrated the improved ability of crops in close proximity for better utilisation of existing agro-ecological conditions. Alternating rows + organic fertiliser decreased the molar ratios phytate : beta-carotene, phytate : Fe, phytate : Mg and phytate : Zn, indicating increased availability of the mineral elements in both crops. However, alternating strips + organic fertiliser contributed mostly to an increase in beta-carotene, Mg, Fe and Zn concentrations in soybean. Increased grain yield of both crops was followed by decrease in beta-carotene and increase in phytate, particularly in maize. In soybean, beta-carotene could be considered as the main contributor to Fe availability. Accordingly, cropping in alternating rows or strips, combined with biofertilisers, could serve as fortification measures for improved nutritional quality of maize and soybean grain, without grain yield losses.
PB  - Csiro Publishing, Clayton
T2  - Crop & Pasture Science
T1  - Effect of the maize-soybean intercropping system on the potential bioavailability of magnesium, iron and zinc
VL  - 66
IS  - 11
SP  - 1118
EP  - 1127
DO  - 10.1071/CP14211
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Kravić, Natalija and Oljača, Snežana and Dolijanović, Željko and Stojiljković, Milovan",
year = "2015",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/581",
abstract = "This study concerned the effect of different intercropping systems (alternating rows and alternating strips) of maize and soybean compared with single cropping, in combination with different fertilisers (biofertiliser, organic fertiliser, and urea) on the potential availability of magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) from grain, through their ratio with phytate (as inhibitor) and beta-carotene (as promoter). The higher grain yield and land equivalent ratio obtained under alternating rows + biofertiliser treatment demonstrated the improved ability of crops in close proximity for better utilisation of existing agro-ecological conditions. Alternating rows + organic fertiliser decreased the molar ratios phytate : beta-carotene, phytate : Fe, phytate : Mg and phytate : Zn, indicating increased availability of the mineral elements in both crops. However, alternating strips + organic fertiliser contributed mostly to an increase in beta-carotene, Mg, Fe and Zn concentrations in soybean. Increased grain yield of both crops was followed by decrease in beta-carotene and increase in phytate, particularly in maize. In soybean, beta-carotene could be considered as the main contributor to Fe availability. Accordingly, cropping in alternating rows or strips, combined with biofertilisers, could serve as fortification measures for improved nutritional quality of maize and soybean grain, without grain yield losses.",
publisher = "Csiro Publishing, Clayton",
journal = "Crop & Pasture Science",
title = "Effect of the maize-soybean intercropping system on the potential bioavailability of magnesium, iron and zinc",
volume = "66",
number = "11",
pages = "1118-1127",
doi = "10.1071/CP14211"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Kravić, N., Oljača, S., Dolijanović, Ž.,& Stojiljković, M. (2015). Effect of the maize-soybean intercropping system on the potential bioavailability of magnesium, iron and zinc.
Crop & Pasture Science
Csiro Publishing, Clayton., 66(11), 1118-1127.
https://doi.org/10.1071/CP14211
Dragičević V, Simić M, Kravić N, Oljača S, Dolijanović Ž, Stojiljković M. Effect of the maize-soybean intercropping system on the potential bioavailability of magnesium, iron and zinc. Crop & Pasture Science. 2015;66(11):1118-1127
Dragičević Vesna, Simić Milena, Kravić Natalija, Oljača Snežana, Dolijanović Željko, Stojiljković Milovan, "Effect of the maize-soybean intercropping system on the potential bioavailability of magnesium, iron and zinc" Crop & Pasture Science, 66, no. 11 (2015):1118-1127,
https://doi.org/10.1071/CP14211 .
10
6
7

Grain yield and phenotypic performances of maize inbreds under variable environmental conditions

Kravić, Natalija; Babić, Vojka; Ristić, Danijela; Srdić, Jelena; Anđelković, Violeta

(Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd, 2015)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Babić, Vojka
AU  - Ristić, Danijela
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Anđelković, Violeta
PY  - 2015
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/596
AB  - According to regional reports on climate, more frequent and severe droughts and floods are already apparent. Modern maize breeding for different purposes (e.g. drought tolerance) emphasizes the importance for improved maize ability to withstand adverse environmental conditions. Genotypes with drought tolerance obtain high grain yield under optimal conditions and lower, but stable yield under dry environmental conditions. Field testing was conducted in 2014, on twenty-three maize inbred lines differing in drought tolerance. The inbreds were evaluated in respect to morphological traits (plant and ear height, total number of leaves, number of leaves above uppermost ear, ear leaf length and width), yield components and grain yield per plant. The experiment was set up according to RCB design with two replications. To simulate water stress, two plant densities were applied. According to Principal Component Analysis and cluster analysis, five inbred lines (T1, T2, T4, T8 i T15) performed the highest stability in both experimental conditions. Those inbreds could be used as a source for drought tolerance in breeding programs.
AB  - Regionalna istraživanja klimatskih promena ukazuju na sve učestaliju pojavu promena u režimu padavina i temperatura. Za potrebe savremene selekcije za različite osobine (npr. tolerantnost prema suši), poboljšana sposobnost kukuruza da izdrži nepovoljne uslove spoljašnje sredine je esencijalna. U optimalnim uslovima, genotipovi tolerantni na sušu ostvaruju visok prinos, dok u uslovima vodnog deficita u kombinaciji sa visokim temperaturama vazduha ostvaruju niži, ali stabilan prinos. U poljskim ogledima 2014, izvršena je evaluacija dvadeset tri inbred linije kukuruza različite tolerantnosti na stres suše, praćenjem morfoloških osobina (visine biljke i gornjeg klipa, ukupnog broja listova i broja listova iznad gornjeg klipa, dižine i širine klipnog lista), komponenata prinosa i prinosa zrna po biljci. Ogled je sejan po kompletno randomiziranom blok dizajnu, u dva ponavljanja. Za simulaciju vodnog deficita, ogled je sejan u dve gustine. Poređenjem rezultata iz obe eksperimentalne gustine, dobijenih analizom glavnih komponenata i klaster analizom, pet samooplodnih linija kukuruza (T1, T2, T4, T8 i T15) su pokazale najveću stabilnost i mogu se smatrati poželjnim izvorima tolerantnosti prema suši za potrebe oplemenjivanja na ovo svojstvo.
PB  - Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - Grain yield and phenotypic performances of maize inbreds under variable environmental conditions
T1  - Prinos i fenotipske karakteristike inbred linija kukuruza u promenljivim uslovima spoljašnje sredine
VL  - 21
IS  - 2
SP  - 1
EP  - 10
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem1502001K
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Kravić, Natalija and Babić, Vojka and Ristić, Danijela and Srdić, Jelena and Anđelković, Violeta",
year = "2015",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/596",
abstract = "According to regional reports on climate, more frequent and severe droughts and floods are already apparent. Modern maize breeding for different purposes (e.g. drought tolerance) emphasizes the importance for improved maize ability to withstand adverse environmental conditions. Genotypes with drought tolerance obtain high grain yield under optimal conditions and lower, but stable yield under dry environmental conditions. Field testing was conducted in 2014, on twenty-three maize inbred lines differing in drought tolerance. The inbreds were evaluated in respect to morphological traits (plant and ear height, total number of leaves, number of leaves above uppermost ear, ear leaf length and width), yield components and grain yield per plant. The experiment was set up according to RCB design with two replications. To simulate water stress, two plant densities were applied. According to Principal Component Analysis and cluster analysis, five inbred lines (T1, T2, T4, T8 i T15) performed the highest stability in both experimental conditions. Those inbreds could be used as a source for drought tolerance in breeding programs., Regionalna istraživanja klimatskih promena ukazuju na sve učestaliju pojavu promena u režimu padavina i temperatura. Za potrebe savremene selekcije za različite osobine (npr. tolerantnost prema suši), poboljšana sposobnost kukuruza da izdrži nepovoljne uslove spoljašnje sredine je esencijalna. U optimalnim uslovima, genotipovi tolerantni na sušu ostvaruju visok prinos, dok u uslovima vodnog deficita u kombinaciji sa visokim temperaturama vazduha ostvaruju niži, ali stabilan prinos. U poljskim ogledima 2014, izvršena je evaluacija dvadeset tri inbred linije kukuruza različite tolerantnosti na stres suše, praćenjem morfoloških osobina (visine biljke i gornjeg klipa, ukupnog broja listova i broja listova iznad gornjeg klipa, dižine i širine klipnog lista), komponenata prinosa i prinosa zrna po biljci. Ogled je sejan po kompletno randomiziranom blok dizajnu, u dva ponavljanja. Za simulaciju vodnog deficita, ogled je sejan u dve gustine. Poređenjem rezultata iz obe eksperimentalne gustine, dobijenih analizom glavnih komponenata i klaster analizom, pet samooplodnih linija kukuruza (T1, T2, T4, T8 i T15) su pokazale najveću stabilnost i mogu se smatrati poželjnim izvorima tolerantnosti prema suši za potrebe oplemenjivanja na ovo svojstvo.",
publisher = "Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "Grain yield and phenotypic performances of maize inbreds under variable environmental conditions, Prinos i fenotipske karakteristike inbred linija kukuruza u promenljivim uslovima spoljašnje sredine",
volume = "21",
number = "2",
pages = "1-10",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem1502001K"
}
Kravić, N., Babić, V., Ristić, D., Srdić, J.,& Anđelković, V. (2015). Prinos i fenotipske karakteristike inbred linija kukuruza u promenljivim uslovima spoljašnje sredine.
Selekcija i semenarstvo
Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd., 21(2), 1-10.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem1502001K
Kravić N, Babić V, Ristić D, Srdić J, Anđelković V. Prinos i fenotipske karakteristike inbred linija kukuruza u promenljivim uslovima spoljašnje sredine. Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2015;21(2):1-10
Kravić Natalija, Babić Vojka, Ristić Danijela, Srdić Jelena, Anđelković Violeta, "Prinos i fenotipske karakteristike inbred linija kukuruza u promenljivim uslovima spoljašnje sredine" Selekcija i semenarstvo, 21, no. 2 (2015):1-10,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem1502001K .