Petrović, T.

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  • Petrović, T. (4)
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Author's Bibliography

Fusarium infection and deoxynivalenol contamination in winter wheat

Krnjaja, Vesna; Tomić, Z.; Stanković, Slavica; Petrović, T.; Bijelić, Zorica; Mandić, Violeta; Obradović, Ana

(Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd, 2015)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Tomić, Z.
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Petrović, T.
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Obradović, Ana
PY  - 2015
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/606
AB  - In this paper, the incidence of Fusarium-infected grain of winter wheat and the content of mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) was studied in two Serbian cultivars Simonida and NS40S, both harvested in 2014. The level of Fusarium contamination of wheat grain was determined using phytopathological techniques based on the standard methodology while DON was detected by enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA). The incidence of Fusarium-infected grain ranged from 12 to 19% for Simonida and NS40S, respectively. Fusarium graminearum, as well-known producer of DON mycotoxin, was identified among Fusarium species. In addition, Alternaria spp. was isolated in high percentage, with an average incidence of 53% (Simonida) to 63% (NS40S).The average content of DON ranged from 424 μg kg-1 to 1101 μg kg-1 for Simonida and NS40S cultivars, respectively. Statistically insignificant negative correlation (r = - 0.18) was determined between Fusariuminfected grain and DON in the cultivar Simonida and statistically insignificant positive correlation (r = 0.11) in the cultivar NS40S. The mean levels of DON in studied wheat samples of both tested cultivars were not higher than the maximum permitted limit (1250 μg kg-1) although the level of Fusarium-infected grain of both cultivars was relatively high. These results indicate that both wheat cultivars are susceptible to Fusarium infection and DON mycotoxin production in agro-ecological conditions of Serbia, but the cultivar NS40S being more susceptible compared to cultivar Simonida. In view of all stated above, regular health check of grains and developing strategies for integrated monitoring of incidence of Fusarium head blight are necessary preventive measures in protection of winter wheat.
AB  - U radu je proučavana incidenca Fusarium-zaraženih zrna ozime pšenice iz žetve 2014. godine kod dve domaće komercijalne sorte Simonida i NS40S, kao i sadržaj mikotoksina deoksinivalenola (DON). Nivo fuzariozne kontaminacije zrna pšenice određen je primenom fitopatoloških testova standardne metodologije a DON je detektovan primenom imunoadsorpcione enzimske metode (ELISA). Incidenca Fusarium-zaraženih zrna bila je u proseku za sve ispitivane uzorke od 12% (Simonida) do 19% (NS40S). Od Fusarium vrsta identifikovana je jedino Fusarium graminearum, kao dobro poznati producent DON mikotoksina. Pored ove gljivične vrste, u visokom procentu izolovana je Alternaria spp. sa prosečnom incidencom od 53% (Simonida) do 63% (NS40S). U ispitivanim uzorcima pšenice prosečan sadržaj DON bio je od 424 μg kg-1 (Simonida) do 1101 μg kg-1 (NS40S). Između Fusarium-zaraženih zrna i DON utvrđena je statistički neznačajna negativna korelacija (r = - 0.18) kod sorte Simonida i statistički neznačajna pozitivna korelacija (r = 0.11) kod sorte NS40S. Prosečne koncentracije DON u ispitivanim uzorcima pšenice kod obe ispitivane sorte nisu bile iznad maksimalno dozvoljenog limita iako je nivo fuzariozne kontaminacije zrna obe ispitivane sorte bio visok. Ovi rezultati ukazuju da su obe ispitivane sorte pšenice osetljive prema fuzarioznoj infekciji i produkciji DON mikotoksina u agroekološkim uslovima Srbije, s tim što je sorta NS40S osetljivija u odnosu na sortu Simonida. Zbog svega navedenog, redovna zdravstvena kontrola zrna i razvijanje strategije integralnog monitoringa fuzarioze klasa neophodne su preventivne mere borbe u zaštiti pšenice.
PB  - Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd
T2  - Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
T1  - Fusarium infection and deoxynivalenol contamination in winter wheat
T1  - Fusarium infekcija i deoksinivalenol kontaminacija ozime pšenice
VL  - 31
IS  - 1
SP  - 123
EP  - 131
DO  - 10.2298/BAH1501123K
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krnjaja, Vesna and Tomić, Z. and Stanković, Slavica and Petrović, T. and Bijelić, Zorica and Mandić, Violeta and Obradović, Ana",
year = "2015",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/606",
abstract = "In this paper, the incidence of Fusarium-infected grain of winter wheat and the content of mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) was studied in two Serbian cultivars Simonida and NS40S, both harvested in 2014. The level of Fusarium contamination of wheat grain was determined using phytopathological techniques based on the standard methodology while DON was detected by enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA). The incidence of Fusarium-infected grain ranged from 12 to 19% for Simonida and NS40S, respectively. Fusarium graminearum, as well-known producer of DON mycotoxin, was identified among Fusarium species. In addition, Alternaria spp. was isolated in high percentage, with an average incidence of 53% (Simonida) to 63% (NS40S).The average content of DON ranged from 424 μg kg-1 to 1101 μg kg-1 for Simonida and NS40S cultivars, respectively. Statistically insignificant negative correlation (r = - 0.18) was determined between Fusariuminfected grain and DON in the cultivar Simonida and statistically insignificant positive correlation (r = 0.11) in the cultivar NS40S. The mean levels of DON in studied wheat samples of both tested cultivars were not higher than the maximum permitted limit (1250 μg kg-1) although the level of Fusarium-infected grain of both cultivars was relatively high. These results indicate that both wheat cultivars are susceptible to Fusarium infection and DON mycotoxin production in agro-ecological conditions of Serbia, but the cultivar NS40S being more susceptible compared to cultivar Simonida. In view of all stated above, regular health check of grains and developing strategies for integrated monitoring of incidence of Fusarium head blight are necessary preventive measures in protection of winter wheat., U radu je proučavana incidenca Fusarium-zaraženih zrna ozime pšenice iz žetve 2014. godine kod dve domaće komercijalne sorte Simonida i NS40S, kao i sadržaj mikotoksina deoksinivalenola (DON). Nivo fuzariozne kontaminacije zrna pšenice određen je primenom fitopatoloških testova standardne metodologije a DON je detektovan primenom imunoadsorpcione enzimske metode (ELISA). Incidenca Fusarium-zaraženih zrna bila je u proseku za sve ispitivane uzorke od 12% (Simonida) do 19% (NS40S). Od Fusarium vrsta identifikovana je jedino Fusarium graminearum, kao dobro poznati producent DON mikotoksina. Pored ove gljivične vrste, u visokom procentu izolovana je Alternaria spp. sa prosečnom incidencom od 53% (Simonida) do 63% (NS40S). U ispitivanim uzorcima pšenice prosečan sadržaj DON bio je od 424 μg kg-1 (Simonida) do 1101 μg kg-1 (NS40S). Između Fusarium-zaraženih zrna i DON utvrđena je statistički neznačajna negativna korelacija (r = - 0.18) kod sorte Simonida i statistički neznačajna pozitivna korelacija (r = 0.11) kod sorte NS40S. Prosečne koncentracije DON u ispitivanim uzorcima pšenice kod obe ispitivane sorte nisu bile iznad maksimalno dozvoljenog limita iako je nivo fuzariozne kontaminacije zrna obe ispitivane sorte bio visok. Ovi rezultati ukazuju da su obe ispitivane sorte pšenice osetljive prema fuzarioznoj infekciji i produkciji DON mikotoksina u agroekološkim uslovima Srbije, s tim što je sorta NS40S osetljivija u odnosu na sortu Simonida. Zbog svega navedenog, redovna zdravstvena kontrola zrna i razvijanje strategije integralnog monitoringa fuzarioze klasa neophodne su preventivne mere borbe u zaštiti pšenice.",
publisher = "Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd",
journal = "Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry",
title = "Fusarium infection and deoxynivalenol contamination in winter wheat, Fusarium infekcija i deoksinivalenol kontaminacija ozime pšenice",
volume = "31",
number = "1",
pages = "123-131",
doi = "10.2298/BAH1501123K"
}
Krnjaja, V., Tomić, Z., Stanković, S., Petrović, T., Bijelić, Z., Mandić, V.,& Obradović, A. (2015). Fusarium infekcija i deoksinivalenol kontaminacija ozime pšenice.
Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd., 31(1), 123-131.
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1501123K
Krnjaja V, Tomić Z, Stanković S, Petrović T, Bijelić Z, Mandić V, Obradović A. Fusarium infekcija i deoksinivalenol kontaminacija ozime pšenice. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry. 2015;31(1):123-131
Krnjaja Vesna, Tomić Z., Stanković Slavica, Petrović T., Bijelić Zorica, Mandić Violeta, Obradović Ana, "Fusarium infekcija i deoksinivalenol kontaminacija ozime pšenice" Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 31, no. 1 (2015):123-131,
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1501123K .
5

Presence of deoxynivalenol in winter wheat treated with fungicides

Krnjaja, Vesna; Lević, Jelena; Stanković, Slavica; Petrović, T.; Mandić, Violeta; Tomić, Z.; Obradović, Ana

(Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd, 2014)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Lević, Jelena
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Petrović, T.
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Tomić, Z.
AU  - Obradović, Ana
PY  - 2014
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/566
AB  - Natural occurrence of Fusarium spp. and concentrations of mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) in the grain of the winter wheat moderately susceptible to Fusarium head blight (FHB) has been studied. Grain samples were collected from wheat crops intended mainly for human consumption. All wheat crops were treated with fungicides before (a.i. flutriafol - formulated as Fluoco, applied in dose of 0.5 l ha-1) and during the flowering phase of growing (a.i. thiophanate-methyl + epoxiconazole formulated as Eskorta plus and a.i. thiophanate-methyl formulated as Funomil, applied in doses of 0.75 and 0.5 l ha-1, respectivily). Among of Fusarium species only F. graminearum, as a well known producer of DON, was identified. This fungus was identified in 15 of 19 samples (78.9%) with incidence in positive samples of 2 to 28% (average, 14.0%). Presence of DON was established in 13 of a total 19 investigated wheat grain samples (68.4%). In positive samples DON was detected in concentrations from 69 to 918 μg kg-1 (average, 478 μg kg-1). DON showed a significant and positive correlation at P≥0.05 with grain moisture content (r = 0.52*). Between the frequency of F. graminearum and concentration of DON and between the frequency of F. graminearum and grain moisture content, positive correlation was determined, but without statistical significance (r = 0.44 and r = 0.29, respectively).
AB  - U radu je proučavana prirodna pojava Fusarium spp. i koncentracija mikotoksina deoksinivalenola (DON) u zrnu ozime pšenice srednje osetljive prema fuzariozi klasa (FHB). Uzorci zrna su prikupljeni sa proizvodnih useva pšenice namenjene uglavnom za ljudsku upotrebu. Svi usevi pšenice bili su tretirani sa fungicidima pre (a.m. flutriafol - formulisana kao preparat Fluoco, primenjen u dozi 0,5 l ha-1) i tokom cvetanja biljaka (a.m. tiofanat-metil + epoksikonazol formulisana kao preparat Eskorta plus i a.m. tiofanat-metil formulisana kao Funomil, primenjeni u dozi 0.75 i 0.5 l ha-1, respektivno). Među Fusarium vrstama jedino je identifikovana F. graminearum, koja je poznati producent DON. Ova gljiva je bila identifikovana u 15 od 19 uzoraka (78.9%) sa incidencom od 2 do 28% (prosek 14.0%) u pozitivnim uzorcima. Prisustvo DON je utvrđeno u 13 od ukupno 19 proučavanih uzoraka pšenice (68.4%). U pozitivnim uzorcima DON je detektovan u koncentracijama od 69 do 918 μg kg-1 (prosek 478 μg kg-1). DON je pokazao značajnu i pozitivnu korelaciju pri P≥0.05 sa sadržajem vlage zrna (r = 0.52*). Između učestalosti F. graminearum i koncentracije DON i učestalosti F. graminearum i sadržaja vlage zrna utvrđena je, takođe, pozitivna korelacija ali statistički nije značajna (r = 0.44 i r = 0.29, respektivno).
PB  - Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd
T2  - Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
T1  - Presence of deoxynivalenol in winter wheat treated with fungicides
T1  - Prisustvo deoksinivalenola u ozimoj pšenici tretiranoj s fungicidima
VL  - 30
IS  - 1
SP  - 167
EP  - 173
DO  - 10.2298/BAH1401167K
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krnjaja, Vesna and Lević, Jelena and Stanković, Slavica and Petrović, T. and Mandić, Violeta and Tomić, Z. and Obradović, Ana",
year = "2014",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/566",
abstract = "Natural occurrence of Fusarium spp. and concentrations of mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) in the grain of the winter wheat moderately susceptible to Fusarium head blight (FHB) has been studied. Grain samples were collected from wheat crops intended mainly for human consumption. All wheat crops were treated with fungicides before (a.i. flutriafol - formulated as Fluoco, applied in dose of 0.5 l ha-1) and during the flowering phase of growing (a.i. thiophanate-methyl + epoxiconazole formulated as Eskorta plus and a.i. thiophanate-methyl formulated as Funomil, applied in doses of 0.75 and 0.5 l ha-1, respectivily). Among of Fusarium species only F. graminearum, as a well known producer of DON, was identified. This fungus was identified in 15 of 19 samples (78.9%) with incidence in positive samples of 2 to 28% (average, 14.0%). Presence of DON was established in 13 of a total 19 investigated wheat grain samples (68.4%). In positive samples DON was detected in concentrations from 69 to 918 μg kg-1 (average, 478 μg kg-1). DON showed a significant and positive correlation at P≥0.05 with grain moisture content (r = 0.52*). Between the frequency of F. graminearum and concentration of DON and between the frequency of F. graminearum and grain moisture content, positive correlation was determined, but without statistical significance (r = 0.44 and r = 0.29, respectively)., U radu je proučavana prirodna pojava Fusarium spp. i koncentracija mikotoksina deoksinivalenola (DON) u zrnu ozime pšenice srednje osetljive prema fuzariozi klasa (FHB). Uzorci zrna su prikupljeni sa proizvodnih useva pšenice namenjene uglavnom za ljudsku upotrebu. Svi usevi pšenice bili su tretirani sa fungicidima pre (a.m. flutriafol - formulisana kao preparat Fluoco, primenjen u dozi 0,5 l ha-1) i tokom cvetanja biljaka (a.m. tiofanat-metil + epoksikonazol formulisana kao preparat Eskorta plus i a.m. tiofanat-metil formulisana kao Funomil, primenjeni u dozi 0.75 i 0.5 l ha-1, respektivno). Među Fusarium vrstama jedino je identifikovana F. graminearum, koja je poznati producent DON. Ova gljiva je bila identifikovana u 15 od 19 uzoraka (78.9%) sa incidencom od 2 do 28% (prosek 14.0%) u pozitivnim uzorcima. Prisustvo DON je utvrđeno u 13 od ukupno 19 proučavanih uzoraka pšenice (68.4%). U pozitivnim uzorcima DON je detektovan u koncentracijama od 69 do 918 μg kg-1 (prosek 478 μg kg-1). DON je pokazao značajnu i pozitivnu korelaciju pri P≥0.05 sa sadržajem vlage zrna (r = 0.52*). Između učestalosti F. graminearum i koncentracije DON i učestalosti F. graminearum i sadržaja vlage zrna utvrđena je, takođe, pozitivna korelacija ali statistički nije značajna (r = 0.44 i r = 0.29, respektivno).",
publisher = "Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd",
journal = "Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry",
title = "Presence of deoxynivalenol in winter wheat treated with fungicides, Prisustvo deoksinivalenola u ozimoj pšenici tretiranoj s fungicidima",
volume = "30",
number = "1",
pages = "167-173",
doi = "10.2298/BAH1401167K"
}
Krnjaja, V., Lević, J., Stanković, S., Petrović, T., Mandić, V., Tomić, Z.,& Obradović, A. (2014). Prisustvo deoksinivalenola u ozimoj pšenici tretiranoj s fungicidima.
Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd., 30(1), 167-173.
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1401167K
Krnjaja V, Lević J, Stanković S, Petrović T, Mandić V, Tomić Z, Obradović A. Prisustvo deoksinivalenola u ozimoj pšenici tretiranoj s fungicidima. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry. 2014;30(1):167-173
Krnjaja Vesna, Lević Jelena, Stanković Slavica, Petrović T., Mandić Violeta, Tomić Z., Obradović Ana, "Prisustvo deoksinivalenola u ozimoj pšenici tretiranoj s fungicidima" Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 30, no. 1 (2014):167-173,
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1401167K .
1

Moulds and mycotoxins in stored maize grains

Krnjaja, Vesna; Lević, Jelena; Stanković, Slavica; Petrović, T.; Tomić, Z.; Mandić, Violeta; Bijelić, Zorica

(Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd, 2013)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Lević, Jelena
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Petrović, T.
AU  - Tomić, Z.
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
PY  - 2013
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/485
AB  - In this study the presence of moulds and mycotoxins in samples of stored maize grains in the period from October 2011 to September 2012 was investigated. Mycological analyses of whole and broken grains showed the presence of species from the genera Alternaria, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium, Rhizopus and others. Among the Aspergillus and Fusarium genera as potentially toxigenic fungi, Aspergillus flavus was identified with the highest percentage on broken grains (20.38%) whereas F. verticilioides was the predominant species in the whole maize grains (34.04%). In addition, it was obtained that tested samples of stored maize grains were 100% positive with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), zearalenone (ZON), deoxynivalenol (DON) and fumonisin B1 (FB1) with an average concentration of 1.39 μg kg-1, 71.79 μg kg-1, 128.17 μg kg-1, and 1610.83 μg kg-1, respectively. A significant positive correlation was found between the moisture content and the presence of Fusarium spp. on the broken grains (r = 0.44) and between the moisture content and the concentration of DON (r = 0.61). However, a significant negative correlation was found between moisture content and FB1 (r = -0.34), and between the concentration of ZON and DON mycotoxins (r = -0.58).
AB  - U radu je ispitivano prisustvo plesni i mikotoksina u uzorcima zrna uskladištenog kukuruza u periodu od oktobra 2011. do septembra 2012. godine. Mikološkim analizama celog i slomljenog zrna kukuruza ustanovljeno je prisustvo vrsta iz rodova Alternaria, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium, Rhizopus i drugih. Od potencijalno toksigenih vrsta iz rodova Aspergillus i Fusarium, identifikovane su u najvećem procentu A. flavus na slomljenom (20,38%) i F. verticillioides na celom zrnu kukuruza (34,04%). Ispitivani uzorci uskladištenog kukuruza bili su 100% pozitivni sa aflatoksinom B1 (AFB1), zearalenonom (ZON), deoksinivalenolom (DON) i fumonizinom B1 (FB1) sa prosečnim koncentracijama 1,39 μg kg-1, 71,79 μg kg-1, 128,17 μg kg-1 i 1610,83 μg kg-1, respektivno. Statistički značajna pozitivna korelacija ustanovljena je između sadržaja vlage i prisustva Fusarium spp. na slomljenom zrnu kukuruza (r = 0,44), kao i između sadržaja vlage i koncentracije DON (r = 0,61). Statistički značajna negativna korelacija ustanovljena je između sadržaja vlage i FB1 (r = -0,34), kao i između koncentracija ZON i DON mikotoksina (r = -0,58).
PB  - Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd
T2  - Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
T1  - Moulds and mycotoxins in stored maize grains
T1  - Plesni i mikotoksini u uskladištenom kukuruzu
VL  - 29
IS  - 3
SP  - 527
EP  - 536
DO  - 10.2298/BAH1303527K
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krnjaja, Vesna and Lević, Jelena and Stanković, Slavica and Petrović, T. and Tomić, Z. and Mandić, Violeta and Bijelić, Zorica",
year = "2013",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/485",
abstract = "In this study the presence of moulds and mycotoxins in samples of stored maize grains in the period from October 2011 to September 2012 was investigated. Mycological analyses of whole and broken grains showed the presence of species from the genera Alternaria, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium, Rhizopus and others. Among the Aspergillus and Fusarium genera as potentially toxigenic fungi, Aspergillus flavus was identified with the highest percentage on broken grains (20.38%) whereas F. verticilioides was the predominant species in the whole maize grains (34.04%). In addition, it was obtained that tested samples of stored maize grains were 100% positive with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), zearalenone (ZON), deoxynivalenol (DON) and fumonisin B1 (FB1) with an average concentration of 1.39 μg kg-1, 71.79 μg kg-1, 128.17 μg kg-1, and 1610.83 μg kg-1, respectively. A significant positive correlation was found between the moisture content and the presence of Fusarium spp. on the broken grains (r = 0.44) and between the moisture content and the concentration of DON (r = 0.61). However, a significant negative correlation was found between moisture content and FB1 (r = -0.34), and between the concentration of ZON and DON mycotoxins (r = -0.58)., U radu je ispitivano prisustvo plesni i mikotoksina u uzorcima zrna uskladištenog kukuruza u periodu od oktobra 2011. do septembra 2012. godine. Mikološkim analizama celog i slomljenog zrna kukuruza ustanovljeno je prisustvo vrsta iz rodova Alternaria, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium, Rhizopus i drugih. Od potencijalno toksigenih vrsta iz rodova Aspergillus i Fusarium, identifikovane su u najvećem procentu A. flavus na slomljenom (20,38%) i F. verticillioides na celom zrnu kukuruza (34,04%). Ispitivani uzorci uskladištenog kukuruza bili su 100% pozitivni sa aflatoksinom B1 (AFB1), zearalenonom (ZON), deoksinivalenolom (DON) i fumonizinom B1 (FB1) sa prosečnim koncentracijama 1,39 μg kg-1, 71,79 μg kg-1, 128,17 μg kg-1 i 1610,83 μg kg-1, respektivno. Statistički značajna pozitivna korelacija ustanovljena je između sadržaja vlage i prisustva Fusarium spp. na slomljenom zrnu kukuruza (r = 0,44), kao i između sadržaja vlage i koncentracije DON (r = 0,61). Statistički značajna negativna korelacija ustanovljena je između sadržaja vlage i FB1 (r = -0,34), kao i između koncentracija ZON i DON mikotoksina (r = -0,58).",
publisher = "Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd",
journal = "Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry",
title = "Moulds and mycotoxins in stored maize grains, Plesni i mikotoksini u uskladištenom kukuruzu",
volume = "29",
number = "3",
pages = "527-536",
doi = "10.2298/BAH1303527K"
}
Krnjaja, V., Lević, J., Stanković, S., Petrović, T., Tomić, Z., Mandić, V.,& Bijelić, Z. (2013). Plesni i mikotoksini u uskladištenom kukuruzu.
Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd., 29(3), 527-536.
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1303527K
Krnjaja V, Lević J, Stanković S, Petrović T, Tomić Z, Mandić V, Bijelić Z. Plesni i mikotoksini u uskladištenom kukuruzu. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry. 2013;29(3):527-536
Krnjaja Vesna, Lević Jelena, Stanković Slavica, Petrović T., Tomić Z., Mandić Violeta, Bijelić Zorica, "Plesni i mikotoksini u uskladištenom kukuruzu" Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 29, no. 3 (2013):527-536,
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1303527K .
8

Distribution of moulds and mycotoxins in maize grain silage in the trench silo

Krnjaja, Vesna; Lević, Jelena; Stanković, Slavica; Petrović, T.; Stojanović, Lj.; Radović, Čedomir; Gogić, M.

(Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd, 2012)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Lević, Jelena
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Petrović, T.
AU  - Stojanović, Lj.
AU  - Radović, Čedomir
AU  - Gogić, M.
PY  - 2012
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/443
AB  - In this study the mycological and mycotoxicological contamination of maize silage samples collected from the bottom (BL), middle (ML) and top (TL) layer in the silage trench silo was studied. Mycological testing of the silage contamination showed the presence of five potential toxigenic fungi of the genera, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Mucor, Penicillium and Rhizopus with their total number ranging from 1 to 10 x 103 CFU g-1. Also, four mycotoxins were detected as followed, aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), zearalenone (ZON), deoxynivalenol (DON) and fumonisin B1 (FB1). Mycotoxins AFB1 and FB1 were detected as 100% positive in all the samples tested. An average concentration of AFB1 was 2.31 μg kg-1, 2.51 μg kg-1 and 2.81 μg kg-1 in BL, ML and TL respectively, while the concentration of FB1 was 1292.00 μg kg-1, 1298.00 μg kg-1 and 1902.00 μg kg-1 in BL, TL and ML respectively. Average concentration of toxin ZON in positive samples was 15.69 μg kg-1 in BL and 30.68 μg kg-1 in ML, while its presence in the samples taken from the top layer was not detected. An average concentration of DON toxin in positive samples were in the range of 41.71 μg kg-1 for TL, 79.20 μg kg-1 for ML, while it was 97.00 μg kg-1 for BL. There was no statistically significant correlation between moisture content and total number of moulds and concentrations of certain mycotoxins. However, statistically highly significant correlations between the total number of moulds and AFB1 concentration (r = 1.0), ZON (r = 0.99) and FB1 (r = 0.91) were established, while weak correlation was obtained in the case of DON and total mould counts (r = 0.54).
AB  - U radu je ispitivana mikološka i mikotoksikološka kontaminacija uzoraka silaže od zrna kukuruza sakupljenih iz donjeg (DS), srednjeg (SS) i gornjeg (GS) sloja silaže u silo-trenču. Mikološkim ispitivanjima kontaminacije silaže ustanovljeno je prisustvo pet potencijalno toksigenih rodova plesni, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Mucor, Penicillium i Rhizopus sa ukupnim brojem od 1-10 x 103 CFU g- 1. Takođe, detektovana su i četiri mikotoksina kao što su aflatoksin B1 (AFB1), zearalenon (ZON), deoksinivalenol (DON) i fumonizin B1 (FB1). Mikotoksini AFB1 i FB1 detektovani su kao 100% pozitivni u svim ispitivanim uzorcima. Prosečna koncentracija AFB1 bila je 2,31 μg kg-1 za GS, 2,51 μg kg-1 za DS i 2,81 μg kg-1 za SS, dok je prosečna koncentracija FB1 bila 1292,00 μg kg-1 za DS, 1298,00 μg kg-1 za GS i 1902,00 μg kg-1 za SS. Prosečna koncentracija ZON toksina u pozitivnim uzorcima je 15,69 μg kg-1 za DS i 30,68 μg kg-1 za SS, dok njegovo prisustvo nije detektovano u uzorcima iz gornjeg sloja. Prosečna koncentracija DON toksina u pozitivnim uzorcima bila je od 41,71 μg kg-1 za GS, 79,20 μg kg-1 za SS do 97,00 μg kg-1 za DS. Nije utvrđena statistički značajna korelacija sardžaja vlage sa ukupnim brojem plesni i koncentracijom pojedinih mikotoksina. Međutim, utvrđena je statistički veoma značajna korelacija između ukupnog broja plesni i koncentracije AFB1 (r = 1,0), ZON (r = 0,99) i FB1 (r = 0,91), a nešto manja u slučaju DON i ukupnog broja plesni (r = 0,54).
PB  - Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd
T2  - Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
T1  - Distribution of moulds and mycotoxins in maize grain silage in the trench silo
T1  - Distribucija plesni i mikotoksina u silaži od zrna kukuruza u silo-trenču
VL  - 28
IS  - 4
SP  - 845
EP  - 854
DO  - 10.2298/BAH1204845K
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krnjaja, Vesna and Lević, Jelena and Stanković, Slavica and Petrović, T. and Stojanović, Lj. and Radović, Čedomir and Gogić, M.",
year = "2012",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/443",
abstract = "In this study the mycological and mycotoxicological contamination of maize silage samples collected from the bottom (BL), middle (ML) and top (TL) layer in the silage trench silo was studied. Mycological testing of the silage contamination showed the presence of five potential toxigenic fungi of the genera, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Mucor, Penicillium and Rhizopus with their total number ranging from 1 to 10 x 103 CFU g-1. Also, four mycotoxins were detected as followed, aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), zearalenone (ZON), deoxynivalenol (DON) and fumonisin B1 (FB1). Mycotoxins AFB1 and FB1 were detected as 100% positive in all the samples tested. An average concentration of AFB1 was 2.31 μg kg-1, 2.51 μg kg-1 and 2.81 μg kg-1 in BL, ML and TL respectively, while the concentration of FB1 was 1292.00 μg kg-1, 1298.00 μg kg-1 and 1902.00 μg kg-1 in BL, TL and ML respectively. Average concentration of toxin ZON in positive samples was 15.69 μg kg-1 in BL and 30.68 μg kg-1 in ML, while its presence in the samples taken from the top layer was not detected. An average concentration of DON toxin in positive samples were in the range of 41.71 μg kg-1 for TL, 79.20 μg kg-1 for ML, while it was 97.00 μg kg-1 for BL. There was no statistically significant correlation between moisture content and total number of moulds and concentrations of certain mycotoxins. However, statistically highly significant correlations between the total number of moulds and AFB1 concentration (r = 1.0), ZON (r = 0.99) and FB1 (r = 0.91) were established, while weak correlation was obtained in the case of DON and total mould counts (r = 0.54)., U radu je ispitivana mikološka i mikotoksikološka kontaminacija uzoraka silaže od zrna kukuruza sakupljenih iz donjeg (DS), srednjeg (SS) i gornjeg (GS) sloja silaže u silo-trenču. Mikološkim ispitivanjima kontaminacije silaže ustanovljeno je prisustvo pet potencijalno toksigenih rodova plesni, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Mucor, Penicillium i Rhizopus sa ukupnim brojem od 1-10 x 103 CFU g- 1. Takođe, detektovana su i četiri mikotoksina kao što su aflatoksin B1 (AFB1), zearalenon (ZON), deoksinivalenol (DON) i fumonizin B1 (FB1). Mikotoksini AFB1 i FB1 detektovani su kao 100% pozitivni u svim ispitivanim uzorcima. Prosečna koncentracija AFB1 bila je 2,31 μg kg-1 za GS, 2,51 μg kg-1 za DS i 2,81 μg kg-1 za SS, dok je prosečna koncentracija FB1 bila 1292,00 μg kg-1 za DS, 1298,00 μg kg-1 za GS i 1902,00 μg kg-1 za SS. Prosečna koncentracija ZON toksina u pozitivnim uzorcima je 15,69 μg kg-1 za DS i 30,68 μg kg-1 za SS, dok njegovo prisustvo nije detektovano u uzorcima iz gornjeg sloja. Prosečna koncentracija DON toksina u pozitivnim uzorcima bila je od 41,71 μg kg-1 za GS, 79,20 μg kg-1 za SS do 97,00 μg kg-1 za DS. Nije utvrđena statistički značajna korelacija sardžaja vlage sa ukupnim brojem plesni i koncentracijom pojedinih mikotoksina. Međutim, utvrđena je statistički veoma značajna korelacija između ukupnog broja plesni i koncentracije AFB1 (r = 1,0), ZON (r = 0,99) i FB1 (r = 0,91), a nešto manja u slučaju DON i ukupnog broja plesni (r = 0,54).",
publisher = "Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd",
journal = "Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry",
title = "Distribution of moulds and mycotoxins in maize grain silage in the trench silo, Distribucija plesni i mikotoksina u silaži od zrna kukuruza u silo-trenču",
volume = "28",
number = "4",
pages = "845-854",
doi = "10.2298/BAH1204845K"
}
Krnjaja, V., Lević, J., Stanković, S., Petrović, T., Stojanović, Lj., Radović, Č.,& Gogić, M. (2012). Distribucija plesni i mikotoksina u silaži od zrna kukuruza u silo-trenču.
Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd., 28(4), 845-854.
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1204845K
Krnjaja V, Lević J, Stanković S, Petrović T, Stojanović L, Radović Č, Gogić M. Distribucija plesni i mikotoksina u silaži od zrna kukuruza u silo-trenču. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry. 2012;28(4):845-854
Krnjaja Vesna, Lević Jelena, Stanković Slavica, Petrović T., Stojanović Lj., Radović Čedomir, Gogić M., "Distribucija plesni i mikotoksina u silaži od zrna kukuruza u silo-trenču" Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 28, no. 4 (2012):845-854,
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1204845K .
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