Jauković, Marko

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  • Jauković, Marko (4)
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Author's Bibliography

Differentiation between aspergillus flavus and aspergillus parasiticus isolates originated from wheat

Nikolić, Milica; Nikolić, Ana; Savić, Iva; Petrović, Tanja; Stanković, Slavica; Jauković, Marko; Bagi, Ferenc

(Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Petrović, Tanja
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Jauković, Marko
AU  - Bagi, Ferenc
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/709
AB  - The species of the genus Aspergillus, A. flavus and A. parasiticus, are the most aflatoxin-producing fungi. All previous studies carried out under the production conditions of Serbia showed no presence of A. parasiticus on wheat kernel. On the basis of changes in climatic factors, such as occurrence of high temperatures and prolonged droughts, which favour increased frequency of Aspergillus spp., we assumed that this pathogen can also be present in Serbia. The significance of direct losses as a consequence of wheat kernel infection, as well as potential contamination with aflatoxins, have pointed out to the need to determine the presence of toxigenic potential of A. flavus and A. parasiticus isolates originating from Serbia. For that purpose, wheat kernel samples were collected in nine locations. According to morphological, toxicological and molecular traits of isolated fungi, the presence of A. flavus and A. parasiticus was confirmed. This is the first time that A. parasiticus was identified on wheat under climatic conditions in Serbia. This study indicates that these pathogens may be a potential danger in wheat production in the region of Serbia. This danger will be much more certain if global climatic changes continue as they will provide more intensive development of these pathogens.
PB  - Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Differentiation between aspergillus flavus and aspergillus parasiticus isolates originated from wheat
VL  - 50
IS  - 1
SP  - 143
EP  - 152
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR1801143N
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Milica and Nikolić, Ana and Savić, Iva and Petrović, Tanja and Stanković, Slavica and Jauković, Marko and Bagi, Ferenc",
year = "2018",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/709",
abstract = "The species of the genus Aspergillus, A. flavus and A. parasiticus, are the most aflatoxin-producing fungi. All previous studies carried out under the production conditions of Serbia showed no presence of A. parasiticus on wheat kernel. On the basis of changes in climatic factors, such as occurrence of high temperatures and prolonged droughts, which favour increased frequency of Aspergillus spp., we assumed that this pathogen can also be present in Serbia. The significance of direct losses as a consequence of wheat kernel infection, as well as potential contamination with aflatoxins, have pointed out to the need to determine the presence of toxigenic potential of A. flavus and A. parasiticus isolates originating from Serbia. For that purpose, wheat kernel samples were collected in nine locations. According to morphological, toxicological and molecular traits of isolated fungi, the presence of A. flavus and A. parasiticus was confirmed. This is the first time that A. parasiticus was identified on wheat under climatic conditions in Serbia. This study indicates that these pathogens may be a potential danger in wheat production in the region of Serbia. This danger will be much more certain if global climatic changes continue as they will provide more intensive development of these pathogens.",
publisher = "Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Differentiation between aspergillus flavus and aspergillus parasiticus isolates originated from wheat",
volume = "50",
number = "1",
pages = "143-152",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR1801143N"
}
Nikolić, M., Nikolić, A., Savić, I., Petrović, T., Stanković, S., Jauković, M.,& Bagi, F. (2018). Differentiation between aspergillus flavus and aspergillus parasiticus isolates originated from wheat.
Genetika
Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd., 50(1), 143-152.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR1801143N
Nikolić M, Nikolić A, Savić I, Petrović T, Stanković S, Jauković M, Bagi F. Differentiation between aspergillus flavus and aspergillus parasiticus isolates originated from wheat. Genetika. 2018;50(1):143-152
Nikolić Milica, Nikolić Ana, Savić Iva, Petrović Tanja, Stanković Slavica, Jauković Marko, Bagi Ferenc, "Differentiation between aspergillus flavus and aspergillus parasiticus isolates originated from wheat" Genetika, 50, no. 1 (2018):143-152,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR1801143N .
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Presence of deoxynivalenol in wheat milling products in Serbia during 2016-2017

Jauković, Marko; Zečević, Veselinka; Stanković, Slavica; Krnjaja, Vesna

(Matica srpska, Novi Sad, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Jauković, Marko
AU  - Zečević, Veselinka
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/683
AB  - Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of several mycotoxins produced by certain Fusarium species that frequently infect wheat, corn, rice, oats, barley and other grains in the field or during storage. DON affects animal and human health causing vomiting, acute temporary nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, headache, dizziness and fever. The objective of this study was to evaluate the natural occurrence of deoxynivalenol (DON) in white wheat flour, whole wheat flour and wheat bran. In this study, a total of 75 white wheat flour, whole wheat flour and wheat bran samples were collected in the period of 2016-2017. All samples were analyzed for DON by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. DON was detected in 23 out of 45 white wheat flour samples (51.11%), at levels ranging from 99 µg/kg to 440 µg/kg. Out of 15 whole wheat flour samples, 14 were contaminated by DON (93.33%), at levels ranging from 98 µg/kg to 479 µg/kg. The maximum contamination level of DON (2,790 µg/kg) in this study was found in wheat bran. Presence of DON was detected in all 15 samples of wheat bran (100%). These results suggest a high percentage of contaminated samples, especially among wheat bran samples, which raises a risk for consumers of wheat bran and the need to monitor final products before consumption.
AB  - Deoksinivalenol (DON) jedan je od nekoliko mikotoksina koje produkuju određene vrste roda Fusarium, koje često kontaminiraju pšenicu, kukuruz, pirinač, ovas, ječam i ostale žitarice, kako u polju, tako i tokom perioda skladištenja. DON utiče na zdravlje ljudi i životinja izazivajući povraćanje, akutne mučnine, dijareju, abdominalni bol, glavobolje, vrtoglavice i groznicu. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se ispita i proceni prirodna pojava deoksini­valenola (DON) u belom pšeničnom brašnu, integralnom pšeničnom brašnu i pšeničnim mekinjama. Ukupno 75 uzoraka belog pšeničnog brašna, integralnog pšeničnog brašna i pšeničnih mekinja uzorkovano je u periodu 2016-2017. Svi uzorci su analizirani na prisustvo DON-a imunoenzimskim ELISA testovima. Prisustvo DON-a je detektovano u 23 od 45 uzoraka belog pšeničnog brašna (51,11%), u koncentracionom opsegu od 99 do 440 µg/kg. Od 15 ispitanih uzoraka integralnog pšeničnog brašna 14 je bilo kontaminirano (93,33%), a koncentracija DON-a kretala se u opsegu od 98 do 479 µg/kg. Maksimalna koncentracija DON-a (2.790 μg/kg) u ovom istraživanju zabeležena je kod pšeničnih mekinja. Prisustvo DON-a detektovano je u svih 15 ispitivanih uzorka pšeničnih mekinja (100%). Ovi rezultati ukazuju na visok procenat kontaminiranih uzoraka, pogotovo kod uzoraka pšeničnih mekinja, što predstavlja rizik po potrošače i iziskuje potrebu za monitoringom finalnih proizvoda pre puštanja u promet.
PB  - Matica srpska, Novi Sad
T2  - Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke
T1  - Presence of deoxynivalenol in wheat milling products in Serbia during 2016-2017
T1  - Pojava deoksinivalenola u mlinskim proizvodima od pšenice u periodu 2016-2017. u Srbiji
IS  - 133
SP  - 57
EP  - 62
DO  - 10.2298/ZMSPN1733057J
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Jauković, Marko and Zečević, Veselinka and Stanković, Slavica and Krnjaja, Vesna",
year = "2017",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/683",
abstract = "Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of several mycotoxins produced by certain Fusarium species that frequently infect wheat, corn, rice, oats, barley and other grains in the field or during storage. DON affects animal and human health causing vomiting, acute temporary nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, headache, dizziness and fever. The objective of this study was to evaluate the natural occurrence of deoxynivalenol (DON) in white wheat flour, whole wheat flour and wheat bran. In this study, a total of 75 white wheat flour, whole wheat flour and wheat bran samples were collected in the period of 2016-2017. All samples were analyzed for DON by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. DON was detected in 23 out of 45 white wheat flour samples (51.11%), at levels ranging from 99 µg/kg to 440 µg/kg. Out of 15 whole wheat flour samples, 14 were contaminated by DON (93.33%), at levels ranging from 98 µg/kg to 479 µg/kg. The maximum contamination level of DON (2,790 µg/kg) in this study was found in wheat bran. Presence of DON was detected in all 15 samples of wheat bran (100%). These results suggest a high percentage of contaminated samples, especially among wheat bran samples, which raises a risk for consumers of wheat bran and the need to monitor final products before consumption., Deoksinivalenol (DON) jedan je od nekoliko mikotoksina koje produkuju određene vrste roda Fusarium, koje često kontaminiraju pšenicu, kukuruz, pirinač, ovas, ječam i ostale žitarice, kako u polju, tako i tokom perioda skladištenja. DON utiče na zdravlje ljudi i životinja izazivajući povraćanje, akutne mučnine, dijareju, abdominalni bol, glavobolje, vrtoglavice i groznicu. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se ispita i proceni prirodna pojava deoksini­valenola (DON) u belom pšeničnom brašnu, integralnom pšeničnom brašnu i pšeničnim mekinjama. Ukupno 75 uzoraka belog pšeničnog brašna, integralnog pšeničnog brašna i pšeničnih mekinja uzorkovano je u periodu 2016-2017. Svi uzorci su analizirani na prisustvo DON-a imunoenzimskim ELISA testovima. Prisustvo DON-a je detektovano u 23 od 45 uzoraka belog pšeničnog brašna (51,11%), u koncentracionom opsegu od 99 do 440 µg/kg. Od 15 ispitanih uzoraka integralnog pšeničnog brašna 14 je bilo kontaminirano (93,33%), a koncentracija DON-a kretala se u opsegu od 98 do 479 µg/kg. Maksimalna koncentracija DON-a (2.790 μg/kg) u ovom istraživanju zabeležena je kod pšeničnih mekinja. Prisustvo DON-a detektovano je u svih 15 ispitivanih uzorka pšeničnih mekinja (100%). Ovi rezultati ukazuju na visok procenat kontaminiranih uzoraka, pogotovo kod uzoraka pšeničnih mekinja, što predstavlja rizik po potrošače i iziskuje potrebu za monitoringom finalnih proizvoda pre puštanja u promet.",
publisher = "Matica srpska, Novi Sad",
journal = "Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke",
title = "Presence of deoxynivalenol in wheat milling products in Serbia during 2016-2017, Pojava deoksinivalenola u mlinskim proizvodima od pšenice u periodu 2016-2017. u Srbiji",
number = "133",
pages = "57-62",
doi = "10.2298/ZMSPN1733057J"
}
Jauković, M., Zečević, V., Stanković, S.,& Krnjaja, V. (2017). Pojava deoksinivalenola u mlinskim proizvodima od pšenice u periodu 2016-2017. u Srbiji.
Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke
Matica srpska, Novi Sad.(133), 57-62.
https://doi.org/10.2298/ZMSPN1733057J
Jauković M, Zečević V, Stanković S, Krnjaja V. Pojava deoksinivalenola u mlinskim proizvodima od pšenice u periodu 2016-2017. u Srbiji. Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke. 2017;(133):57-62
Jauković Marko, Zečević Veselinka, Stanković Slavica, Krnjaja Vesna, "Pojava deoksinivalenola u mlinskim proizvodima od pšenice u periodu 2016-2017. u Srbiji" Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke, no. 133 (2017):57-62,
https://doi.org/10.2298/ZMSPN1733057J .

Effect of Dilute Alkaline Steeping on Mold Contamination, Toxicity, and Nutritive Value of Maize Malt

Jauković, Marko; Zečević, Veselinka; Stanković, Slavica; Krnjaja, Vesna; Nikić, Tanja S.; Bailović, Stanislava M.; Tadić, Jelena I.

(Amer Soc Brewing Chemists Inc, St Paul, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Jauković, Marko
AU  - Zečević, Veselinka
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Nikić, Tanja S.
AU  - Bailović, Stanislava M.
AU  - Tadić, Jelena I.
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/687
AB  - The primary aim of this research was to investigate the effect of dilute alkaline steeping on molds and toxicity of maize malt. Samples of maize were collected from one farm located in the Serbian autonomous region Vojvodina. Steeping regimes were performed by using 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3% NaOH solutions. The effects of these solutions on mold contamination, total aflatoxin (AFLA), deoxynivalenol (DON), zearalenone (ZON), rootlet length, moisture, total nitrogen, content of protein, fat content, ash content, content of total carbohydrates, and energy value of maize malt were evaluated. Steeping in 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3% NaOH reduced the levels of molds from 10(6) to 10(4) CFU/g, and steeping in 0.3% NaOH eliminated some of the mold genera. Also, it significantly reduced (P  lt  0.05) the level of total AFLA, DON, and ZON. However, steeping in (control) water also significantly reduced (P  lt  0.05) the level of DON and ZON. Malting also significantly reduced (P  lt  0.05) total nitrogen and therefore content of proteins. However, steeping in 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3% NaOH caused significantly smaller reductions (P  lt  0.05). Significant reduction (P  lt  0.05) was also observed in the rootlet length, content of fat, and ash content. Steeping in 0.3% NaOH is proposed as a method for the reduction of mold and AFLA, DON, and ZON contamination during maize malting. Energy value of maize increases in the malting process regardless of the steeping regime.
PB  - Amer Soc Brewing Chemists Inc, St Paul
T2  - Journal of the American Society of Brewing Chemists
T1  - Effect of Dilute Alkaline Steeping on Mold Contamination, Toxicity, and Nutritive Value of Maize Malt
VL  - 75
IS  - 4
SP  - 369
EP  - 373
DO  - 10.1094/ASBCJ-2017-4043-01
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Jauković, Marko and Zečević, Veselinka and Stanković, Slavica and Krnjaja, Vesna and Nikić, Tanja S. and Bailović, Stanislava M. and Tadić, Jelena I.",
year = "2017",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/687",
abstract = "The primary aim of this research was to investigate the effect of dilute alkaline steeping on molds and toxicity of maize malt. Samples of maize were collected from one farm located in the Serbian autonomous region Vojvodina. Steeping regimes were performed by using 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3% NaOH solutions. The effects of these solutions on mold contamination, total aflatoxin (AFLA), deoxynivalenol (DON), zearalenone (ZON), rootlet length, moisture, total nitrogen, content of protein, fat content, ash content, content of total carbohydrates, and energy value of maize malt were evaluated. Steeping in 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3% NaOH reduced the levels of molds from 10(6) to 10(4) CFU/g, and steeping in 0.3% NaOH eliminated some of the mold genera. Also, it significantly reduced (P  lt  0.05) the level of total AFLA, DON, and ZON. However, steeping in (control) water also significantly reduced (P  lt  0.05) the level of DON and ZON. Malting also significantly reduced (P  lt  0.05) total nitrogen and therefore content of proteins. However, steeping in 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3% NaOH caused significantly smaller reductions (P  lt  0.05). Significant reduction (P  lt  0.05) was also observed in the rootlet length, content of fat, and ash content. Steeping in 0.3% NaOH is proposed as a method for the reduction of mold and AFLA, DON, and ZON contamination during maize malting. Energy value of maize increases in the malting process regardless of the steeping regime.",
publisher = "Amer Soc Brewing Chemists Inc, St Paul",
journal = "Journal of the American Society of Brewing Chemists",
title = "Effect of Dilute Alkaline Steeping on Mold Contamination, Toxicity, and Nutritive Value of Maize Malt",
volume = "75",
number = "4",
pages = "369-373",
doi = "10.1094/ASBCJ-2017-4043-01"
}
Jauković, M., Zečević, V., Stanković, S., Krnjaja, V., Nikić, T. S., Bailović, S. M.,& Tadić, J. I. (2017). Effect of Dilute Alkaline Steeping on Mold Contamination, Toxicity, and Nutritive Value of Maize Malt.
Journal of the American Society of Brewing Chemists
Amer Soc Brewing Chemists Inc, St Paul., 75(4), 369-373.
https://doi.org/10.1094/ASBCJ-2017-4043-01
Jauković M, Zečević V, Stanković S, Krnjaja V, Nikić TS, Bailović SM, Tadić JI. Effect of Dilute Alkaline Steeping on Mold Contamination, Toxicity, and Nutritive Value of Maize Malt. Journal of the American Society of Brewing Chemists. 2017;75(4):369-373
Jauković Marko, Zečević Veselinka, Stanković Slavica, Krnjaja Vesna, Nikić Tanja S., Bailović Stanislava M., Tadić Jelena I., "Effect of Dilute Alkaline Steeping on Mold Contamination, Toxicity, and Nutritive Value of Maize Malt" Journal of the American Society of Brewing Chemists, 75, no. 4 (2017):369-373,
https://doi.org/10.1094/ASBCJ-2017-4043-01 .
1
1
1

Fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize hybrids in different maturity groups

Krnjaja, Vesna; Stanković, Slavica; Obradović, Ana; Mandić, Violeta; Bijelić, Zorica; Vasić, Tanja; Jauković, Marko

(Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Obradović, Ana
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Vasić, Tanja
AU  - Jauković, Marko
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/627
AB  - In the present study, the frequency of toxigenic fungi and occurrence of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), deoxynivalenol (DON) and total fumonisins (FBs) in the kernels of six maize hybrids from different FAO maturity groups (ZP 341, ZP 427, ZP 434, ZP 560, ZP 606, ZP 666) in three localities (Belosavci, Lađevci and Divci) in Serbia, during the harvest in 2013, was investigated. Using standard mycological tests of maize kernels, the presence of potentially toxigenic fungi species from the genera Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium was found. In the studied localities, species Fusarium verticillioides was the most frequently isolated from the most hybrids, with a maximum frequency of 30%, while the presence of Aspergillus spp. ranged from 0 to 16%, and Penicillium spp. from 0 to 20%. By applying Immunoadsorbent enzymatic assay (ELISA) the concentrations of AFB1, DON and FBs were determined in maize. The differences between tested hybrids in the level of mycotoxins in kernels were statistically significant (P≤0.01) for DON and FBs, but not for the content of AFB1. Also, the interaction between the hybrid and location was significant (P≤0.01) for the level of DON and FBs, while there was no statistical significance for the level of AFB1. Maximum values of AFB1, DON and FBs level were 1.02 μg kg-1 (ZP 427), 12 μg kg-1 (ZP 341) and 1528.56 μg kg-1 (ZP 427). The concentrations of the tested mycotoxins in kernels did not exceed the maximum allowed limits stipulated by Serbian regulations (Službeni glasnik RS, 2014). Given that agro-ecological conditions in Serbia are favourable for the occurrence of toxigenic fungi and their mycotoxins, it is necessary to exert the control of maize kernels annually, in harvest and postharvest periods.
AB  - U radu je ispitivana učestalost potencijalno toksigenih vrsta gljiva i prirodna pojava aflatoksina B1 (AFB1), deoksinivalenola (DON) i ukupnih fumonizina (FBs) u zrnu šest hibrida kukuruza iz različitih FAO grupa zrenja (ZP 341, ZP 427, ZP 434, ZP 560, ZP 606, ZP 666) u tri lokaliteta (Belosavci, Lađevci i Divci) u Srbiji, tokom berbe u 2013. godini. Primenom standardnih mikoloških ispitivanja zrna kukuruza ustanovljeno je prisustvo potencijalno toksigenih vrsta gljiva iz tri roda: Aspergillus, Fusarium i Penicillium. U ispitivanim lokalitetima, vrsta Fusarium verticillioides je bila najčešće izolovana kod većine hibrida, sa maksimalnom učestalošću od 30%, dok je prisustvo Aspergillus spp. bilo od 0 do 16%, a Penicillium spp. od 0 do 20%. Primenom imunoadsorpcione enzimske metode (ELISA) određen je sadržaj AFB1, DON i FBs u zrnu kukuruza. Razlike između ispitivanih hibrida u sadržaju mikotoksina u zrnu bile su statistički značajne (P≤0,01) za DON i FBs, ali ne i za sadržaj AFB1. Isto tako, interakcija između hibrida i lokaliteta je bila značajna (P≤0,01) za sadržaj DON i FBs, dok nije bilo statističke značajnosti za sadržaj AFB1. Maksimalne koncentracije AFB1, DON i FBs bile su 1,02 μg kg-1 (ZP 427), 12 μg kg-1 (ZP 341) i 1528,56 μg kg-1 (ZP 427). U zrnu kukuruza sadržaj ispitivanih mikotoksina nije premašio maksimalno dozvoljene vrednosti propisane Pravilnikom o maksimalno dozvoljenim količinama ostataka sredstava za zaštitu bilja u hrani i hrani za životinje i o hrani i hrani za životinje za koju se utvrđuju maksimalno dozvoljene količine ostataka sredstava za zaštitu bilja (Službeni glasnik RS, 2014). S obzirom da su agroekološki uslovi u Srbiji povoljni za pojavu toksigenih gljiva i njihovih mikotoksina, neophodno je svake godine vršiti kontrolu zrna kukuruza, kako u žetvenom, tako i u postžetvenom periodu.
PB  - Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd
T2  - Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
T1  - Fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize hybrids in different maturity groups
T1  - Kontaminacija gljivama i mikotoksinima hibrida kukuruza različite grupe zrenja
VL  - 32
IS  - 1
SP  - 71
EP  - 81
DO  - 10.2298/BAH1601071K
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krnjaja, Vesna and Stanković, Slavica and Obradović, Ana and Mandić, Violeta and Bijelić, Zorica and Vasić, Tanja and Jauković, Marko",
year = "2016",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/627",
abstract = "In the present study, the frequency of toxigenic fungi and occurrence of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), deoxynivalenol (DON) and total fumonisins (FBs) in the kernels of six maize hybrids from different FAO maturity groups (ZP 341, ZP 427, ZP 434, ZP 560, ZP 606, ZP 666) in three localities (Belosavci, Lađevci and Divci) in Serbia, during the harvest in 2013, was investigated. Using standard mycological tests of maize kernels, the presence of potentially toxigenic fungi species from the genera Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium was found. In the studied localities, species Fusarium verticillioides was the most frequently isolated from the most hybrids, with a maximum frequency of 30%, while the presence of Aspergillus spp. ranged from 0 to 16%, and Penicillium spp. from 0 to 20%. By applying Immunoadsorbent enzymatic assay (ELISA) the concentrations of AFB1, DON and FBs were determined in maize. The differences between tested hybrids in the level of mycotoxins in kernels were statistically significant (P≤0.01) for DON and FBs, but not for the content of AFB1. Also, the interaction between the hybrid and location was significant (P≤0.01) for the level of DON and FBs, while there was no statistical significance for the level of AFB1. Maximum values of AFB1, DON and FBs level were 1.02 μg kg-1 (ZP 427), 12 μg kg-1 (ZP 341) and 1528.56 μg kg-1 (ZP 427). The concentrations of the tested mycotoxins in kernels did not exceed the maximum allowed limits stipulated by Serbian regulations (Službeni glasnik RS, 2014). Given that agro-ecological conditions in Serbia are favourable for the occurrence of toxigenic fungi and their mycotoxins, it is necessary to exert the control of maize kernels annually, in harvest and postharvest periods., U radu je ispitivana učestalost potencijalno toksigenih vrsta gljiva i prirodna pojava aflatoksina B1 (AFB1), deoksinivalenola (DON) i ukupnih fumonizina (FBs) u zrnu šest hibrida kukuruza iz različitih FAO grupa zrenja (ZP 341, ZP 427, ZP 434, ZP 560, ZP 606, ZP 666) u tri lokaliteta (Belosavci, Lađevci i Divci) u Srbiji, tokom berbe u 2013. godini. Primenom standardnih mikoloških ispitivanja zrna kukuruza ustanovljeno je prisustvo potencijalno toksigenih vrsta gljiva iz tri roda: Aspergillus, Fusarium i Penicillium. U ispitivanim lokalitetima, vrsta Fusarium verticillioides je bila najčešće izolovana kod većine hibrida, sa maksimalnom učestalošću od 30%, dok je prisustvo Aspergillus spp. bilo od 0 do 16%, a Penicillium spp. od 0 do 20%. Primenom imunoadsorpcione enzimske metode (ELISA) određen je sadržaj AFB1, DON i FBs u zrnu kukuruza. Razlike između ispitivanih hibrida u sadržaju mikotoksina u zrnu bile su statistički značajne (P≤0,01) za DON i FBs, ali ne i za sadržaj AFB1. Isto tako, interakcija između hibrida i lokaliteta je bila značajna (P≤0,01) za sadržaj DON i FBs, dok nije bilo statističke značajnosti za sadržaj AFB1. Maksimalne koncentracije AFB1, DON i FBs bile su 1,02 μg kg-1 (ZP 427), 12 μg kg-1 (ZP 341) i 1528,56 μg kg-1 (ZP 427). U zrnu kukuruza sadržaj ispitivanih mikotoksina nije premašio maksimalno dozvoljene vrednosti propisane Pravilnikom o maksimalno dozvoljenim količinama ostataka sredstava za zaštitu bilja u hrani i hrani za životinje i o hrani i hrani za životinje za koju se utvrđuju maksimalno dozvoljene količine ostataka sredstava za zaštitu bilja (Službeni glasnik RS, 2014). S obzirom da su agroekološki uslovi u Srbiji povoljni za pojavu toksigenih gljiva i njihovih mikotoksina, neophodno je svake godine vršiti kontrolu zrna kukuruza, kako u žetvenom, tako i u postžetvenom periodu.",
publisher = "Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd",
journal = "Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry",
title = "Fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize hybrids in different maturity groups, Kontaminacija gljivama i mikotoksinima hibrida kukuruza različite grupe zrenja",
volume = "32",
number = "1",
pages = "71-81",
doi = "10.2298/BAH1601071K"
}
Krnjaja, V., Stanković, S., Obradović, A., Mandić, V., Bijelić, Z., Vasić, T.,& Jauković, M. (2016). Kontaminacija gljivama i mikotoksinima hibrida kukuruza različite grupe zrenja.
Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd., 32(1), 71-81.
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1601071K
Krnjaja V, Stanković S, Obradović A, Mandić V, Bijelić Z, Vasić T, Jauković M. Kontaminacija gljivama i mikotoksinima hibrida kukuruza različite grupe zrenja. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry. 2016;32(1):71-81
Krnjaja Vesna, Stanković Slavica, Obradović Ana, Mandić Violeta, Bijelić Zorica, Vasić Tanja, Jauković Marko, "Kontaminacija gljivama i mikotoksinima hibrida kukuruza različite grupe zrenja" Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 32, no. 1 (2016):71-81,
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1601071K .
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