Aktaĝ, Işil

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Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals

Žilić, Slađana; Aktaĝ, Işil; Dodig, Dejan; Gökmen, Vural

(Elsevier, 2021-04)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Aktaĝ, Işil
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Gökmen, Vural
PY  - 2021-04
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/893
AB  - In this study, the content of Maillard reaction products from its initial, intermediate and final stage (5-
hydroxymethylfurfural, α-dicarbonyl compounds, furosine, N-ε-carboxymethyllysine and N-ε-carboxyethyllysine)
was measured in sweet cookies made of wholegrain flour of eight genotypes of small-grain cereals
(bread wheat, durum wheat, soft wheat, hard wheat, triticale, rye, hulless barley and hulless oat) and four corn
genotypes (white-, yellow- and red-colored standard seeded corn and blue-colored popping corn). Furthermore, 
the effect of the initial content of sugars, total proteins, free and total lysine in flour on the formation of Maillard
reaction products was investigated using the principle component analysis. 3-deoxyglucosone was the predominant
α-dicarbonyl compound in all cereal cookies and the highest content was measured in those made from
flour of different colored corn genotypes (on average, 98.35, 151.28 and 172.85 mg/kg after baking for 7, 10 and
13 min, respectively). Heating dough at 180 ◦C for 7, 10 and 13 min differently affected the content of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
and α-dicarbonyl compounds in the cereal cookies. The 5-hydroxymethylfurfural content
gradually increased, while a reduction in 3-deoxyglucosone content was observed in the cookies baked for 13
min except for those made from soft wheat, hulless oat, red- and blue-colored corn. After 7 min of heating, the
content of furosine measured in the cereal cookies reached its maximum (from 320.9 mg/kg in yellow-colored
corn-based cookies to 585.7 mg/kg in hulless oat-based cookies), while N-ε-carboxymethyllysine and N-ε-carboxyethyllysine
showed the opposite trend. The highest content of advanced glycation end products was detected
in cookies also made from hulless oat flour rich in proteins (16.80%) and total lysine (10670.3 mg/kg). The
interrelationship analysis showed that the initial content of sugars in flour of cereals affected 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
and 3-deoxyglucosone formation in the cookies. In addition, a high correlation between protein-bound
Maillard reaction products in the cookies and the total proteins and the total lysine content in the flours was
found.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Food Research International
T1  - Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals
VL  - 144
SP  - 110352
DO  - 10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110352
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Žilić, Slađana and Aktaĝ, Işil and Dodig, Dejan and Gökmen, Vural",
year = "2021-04",
abstract = "In this study, the content of Maillard reaction products from its initial, intermediate and final stage (5-
hydroxymethylfurfural, α-dicarbonyl compounds, furosine, N-ε-carboxymethyllysine and N-ε-carboxyethyllysine)
was measured in sweet cookies made of wholegrain flour of eight genotypes of small-grain cereals
(bread wheat, durum wheat, soft wheat, hard wheat, triticale, rye, hulless barley and hulless oat) and four corn
genotypes (white-, yellow- and red-colored standard seeded corn and blue-colored popping corn). Furthermore, 
the effect of the initial content of sugars, total proteins, free and total lysine in flour on the formation of Maillard
reaction products was investigated using the principle component analysis. 3-deoxyglucosone was the predominant
α-dicarbonyl compound in all cereal cookies and the highest content was measured in those made from
flour of different colored corn genotypes (on average, 98.35, 151.28 and 172.85 mg/kg after baking for 7, 10 and
13 min, respectively). Heating dough at 180 ◦C for 7, 10 and 13 min differently affected the content of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
and α-dicarbonyl compounds in the cereal cookies. The 5-hydroxymethylfurfural content
gradually increased, while a reduction in 3-deoxyglucosone content was observed in the cookies baked for 13
min except for those made from soft wheat, hulless oat, red- and blue-colored corn. After 7 min of heating, the
content of furosine measured in the cereal cookies reached its maximum (from 320.9 mg/kg in yellow-colored
corn-based cookies to 585.7 mg/kg in hulless oat-based cookies), while N-ε-carboxymethyllysine and N-ε-carboxyethyllysine
showed the opposite trend. The highest content of advanced glycation end products was detected
in cookies also made from hulless oat flour rich in proteins (16.80%) and total lysine (10670.3 mg/kg). The
interrelationship analysis showed that the initial content of sugars in flour of cereals affected 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
and 3-deoxyglucosone formation in the cookies. In addition, a high correlation between protein-bound
Maillard reaction products in the cookies and the total proteins and the total lysine content in the flours was
found.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Food Research International",
title = "Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals",
volume = "144",
pages = "110352",
doi = "10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110352"
}
Žilić, S., Aktaĝ, I., Dodig, D.,& Gökmen, V.. (2021-04). Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals. in Food Research International
Elsevier., 144, 110352.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110352
Žilić S, Aktaĝ I, Dodig D, Gökmen V. Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals. in Food Research International. 2021;144:110352.
doi:10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110352 .
Žilić, Slađana, Aktaĝ, Işil, Dodig, Dejan, Gökmen, Vural, "Investigations on the formation of Maillard reaction products in sweet cookies made of different cereals" in Food Research International, 144 (2021-04):110352,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110352 . .
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