Kresović, Branka

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Authority KeyName Variants
orcid::0000-0002-5538-5521
  • Kresović, Branka (87)
  • Kresović J., Branka (1)
Projects
Integrated field crop production: conservation of biodiversity and soil fertility Advanced technologies for monitoring and environmental protection from chemical pollutants and radiation burden
Improvment of maize and soybean traits by molecular and conventional breeding Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200040 (Maize Research Institute 'Zemun Polje', Belgrade-Zemun)
COST Action 'Mineral Improved Crop Production for Healthy Food and Feed' - FA 0905 Minerals of Serbia: composition, genesis, application and contribution to the environmental sustainability
Rural Labour Market and Rural Economy of Serbia - Income Diversification as a Tool to Overcome Rural Poverty Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200116 (University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture)
Improvement and development of hygienic and technological procedures in production of animal originating foodstuffs with the aim of producing high-quality and safe products competetive on the global market Razvoj tehnologije gajenja kukuruza sa ekološkim pristupom
Stvaranje linija i hibrida kukuruza visokog kvaliteta proteina Razvoj novih tehnologija za unapređenje proizvodnje strnih žita
Identifikacija genotipova kukuruza i soje za proizvodnju hrane i biogorivo Biotechnological approaches for overcoming effects of drought on agricultural production in Serbia
Development of vegetable cultivars and hybrids intended for outdoor and indoor production Sustainable conventional and revitalized traditional production of poultry meat and eggs with added value
Studies on plant pathogens, arthropods, weeds, and pesticides with a view to developing the methods of biorational plant protection and safe food production Assessment of Climate Change Impact on Water Resources of Serbia

Author's Bibliography

Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture

Dragičević, Vesna; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Šenk, Milena; Tabaković, Marijenka; Kresović, Branka

(Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Kresović, Branka
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/939
AB  - Maize monoculture is still present worldwide. It is an adverse practice, with
high input of agro-chemicals and weed and pathogens infestation. At the
Maize Research Institute, a trial with maize monoculture has started in 1972
and from then it has been progressed into a system designed to maintain soil
fertility, improve grain yield and quality. Experiment (period 2013-2018,
hybrid ZP 427) comprised: treatment with farmyard manure (M -
incorporation of 60 t ha-1 in 2011, 2014, and 2017) and no manure
application (MØ); bio-fertilizer Bioplug (accelerating decomposition of crop
residues) applied at: 5 l ha-1 (BF), 2.5 l ha-1 (1/2BF) and without it (BFØ);
mineral fertilization with N:P:K= 15:15:15 (1709 kg ha-1) in autumn + Urea
(320 kg ha-1), in spring (F1); only Urea (237 kg ha-1) in spring (F2) and no
mineral fertilizers (F3). Measurements included: soil organic matter (OM),
grain yield (after harvest), as well as the content of protein, P, Mg, Ca, Fe
and Zn in grain. Higher soil OM was present in M, F1, and F2 treatments,
particularly in combination with 1/2BF (> 5%, averagely). Greater grain
yield followed the increased level of fertilization: M, BF, and F2 (8.85, 9.17,
and 9.05 t ha-1, respectively, on average). The average protein level, and the
content of mineral nutrients were higher in the S variant, while content of the
protein, P, Mg, and Fe had greater values in the 1/2BF treatment and Ca and
Zn had greater values in BF. Moreover, F1 had positive impact on protein, P,
Ca, and Mg content, while F2 increased the content of Fe and Zn. Results
indicate that proper fertilizer combination: farmyard manure, bio-, and
mineral fertilizer maintained not just soil fertility, but contributed to the
higher grain yield and grain quality, by enhancing the level of protein and
mineral nutrients, even in monoculture, as an adverse practice.
PB  - Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
C3  - International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts
T1  - Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture
SP  - 62
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Šenk, Milena and Tabaković, Marijenka and Kresović, Branka",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Maize monoculture is still present worldwide. It is an adverse practice, with
high input of agro-chemicals and weed and pathogens infestation. At the
Maize Research Institute, a trial with maize monoculture has started in 1972
and from then it has been progressed into a system designed to maintain soil
fertility, improve grain yield and quality. Experiment (period 2013-2018,
hybrid ZP 427) comprised: treatment with farmyard manure (M -
incorporation of 60 t ha-1 in 2011, 2014, and 2017) and no manure
application (MØ); bio-fertilizer Bioplug (accelerating decomposition of crop
residues) applied at: 5 l ha-1 (BF), 2.5 l ha-1 (1/2BF) and without it (BFØ);
mineral fertilization with N:P:K= 15:15:15 (1709 kg ha-1) in autumn + Urea
(320 kg ha-1), in spring (F1); only Urea (237 kg ha-1) in spring (F2) and no
mineral fertilizers (F3). Measurements included: soil organic matter (OM),
grain yield (after harvest), as well as the content of protein, P, Mg, Ca, Fe
and Zn in grain. Higher soil OM was present in M, F1, and F2 treatments,
particularly in combination with 1/2BF (> 5%, averagely). Greater grain
yield followed the increased level of fertilization: M, BF, and F2 (8.85, 9.17,
and 9.05 t ha-1, respectively, on average). The average protein level, and the
content of mineral nutrients were higher in the S variant, while content of the
protein, P, Mg, and Fe had greater values in the 1/2BF treatment and Ca and
Zn had greater values in BF. Moreover, F1 had positive impact on protein, P,
Ca, and Mg content, while F2 increased the content of Fe and Zn. Results
indicate that proper fertilizer combination: farmyard manure, bio-, and
mineral fertilizer maintained not just soil fertility, but contributed to the
higher grain yield and grain quality, by enhancing the level of protein and
mineral nutrients, even in monoculture, as an adverse practice.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts",
title = "Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture",
pages = "62"
}
Dragičević, V., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Stoiljkovic, M., Šenk, M., Tabaković, M.,& Kresović, B.. (2021). Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture. in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje., 62.
Dragičević V, Simic M, Brankov M, Stoiljkovic M, Šenk M, Tabaković M, Kresović B. Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture. in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts. 2021;:62..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Šenk, Milena, Tabaković, Marijenka, Kresović, Branka, "Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture" in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts (2021):62.

Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production

Dragičević, Vesna; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Šenk, Milena; Krnjaja, Vesna; Mandić, Violeta; Kresović, Branka

(Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Kresović, Branka
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/941
AB  - Malnutrition is a global problem, hitting both, people and
animals. Due to the many factors, such as climate change, soil depletion,
anthropogenic impact, including irresponsible soil management, high fertilization
rates with macro-nutrients, crops lack in essential nutrients, particularly minerals,
Mg, Fe, Zn, etc., as well as important vitamins, like carotenoids, vitamins from B
group. Also, some arable soils have naturally low fertility. All of that negatively
affect production of domestic animal, including animal health and quality of
livestock products. To mitigate malnutrition, a bio-fortification strategy was
developed. It is based on increase in the concentration of essential nutrients in food
and feed, and also to promote further bio-availability from digestive organs. Biofortification implies various practices. Two main types of bio-fortification were
developed: genetic bio-fortification, and agronomic bio-fortification. The first one
uses standard breeding techniques, marker assistant selection, transgenic
approaches, genome editing, etc., to develop highly-efficient genotypes, that are
able to absorb and accumulate higher concentrations of essential nutrients in
biomass and grains. Agronomic bio-fortification uses different practices, such is
special fertilizers, enriched with essential minerals, foliar fertilizers, bio-fertilizers,
growth hormones and enhancers, and some lesser known sustainable practices, like
inter-cropping, cover cropping, in order to increase crop yields, as well as the
concentration of essential nutrients. The bio-fortification approach, based on the
development and commercialisation of highly efficient genotypes, as well as
agricultural practices that enable and support better absorption and accumulation of
essential nutrients option that is safer for both, people and domestic animals.
Mutual increase in concentration of essential minerals, vitamins, and other
promoting substances is of a particular importance for bio-fortification programs,
increasing efficiency and success of applied practices, thus positively reflecting on
animal health and wellbeing.
AB  - Neishranjenost predstavlja globalni problem, pogađajući i ljude i domaće životinje,
paralelno. Zahvaljujući broujnim faktorima, kao što su promena klime,
ispošćavanje zemljišta, uticaj antropogenog faktora preko neodgovornog
upravljanja zemljištem, visokih unosa mineralnih đubriva baziranih na makroelementima, u usevima se javlja se nedostatak esencijalnih hraniva, kao što su Mg,
Fe, Zn, itd., kao i važnih vitamina, kao što su karotenoidi i vitamini iz B grupe.
Takođe, neke obradive površine imaju prirodno nisku plodnost. Sve navedeno se
negativno odražava na proizvodnju domaćih životinja, uključujući zdravlje
životinja, kao i kvalitet životinjskih proizvoda. Kao odgovor u borbi protiv
neishranjenosti, razvijena je strategija bio-fortifikacije, koja se bazira na povećanju
koncentracije esencijalnih hraniva u hrani i hranivima, kao i većoj pristupačnosti iz
organa za varenje. Bio-fortifikacija koristi različite mere. Dva osnovna tipa biofortifikacije su razvijena: genetička i agronomska bio-fortifikacija. Prva koristi
stndardne tehnike selekcije, marker asastiranu selekciju, transgene pristupe,
editovanje genoma, i dr. u dobijanju vioko-efikasnih genotipova koji su sposobni
da apsorbuju i akumuliraju esencijana hraniva u većim koncentracijama u biomasi i
zrnu. Agrnonomska bio-fortifikacija koristi različite tehnike, kao što je primena
specijalnih đubriva obogaćenih sa esencijalnim mineralima, folijarnih đubriva, hormona i poboljšivača rasta, kao i nekih manje poznatih mera koje se koriste u
održivoj poljoprivredi, kao što su kombinovani i pokrovni usevi, koji su
prvenstveno namenjeni povećanju prinosa, kao i koncentracije esencijalnih hraniva.
Strategija bio-fortifikacije, bazirana na razvijanju i komercijalizaciji visoko
efikasnih genotipova, kao i agronomskih tehnika, koje omogućavaju i podržavaju
bolje usvajanje i akumulaciju esencijanih hraniva je bezbednija opcija i za ljude i
za domaće životinje. Paralelno povećanje koncentracije esentijalnih minerala,
vitamina i drugih supstanci koje pomažu usvajanje je od posebnog značaja za
programe bio-fortifikacije, povećavajući efikasnost i uspešnost primenjenih mera, i
odražavajući se pozitivnona zdravlje i blagostanje domaćih životinja.
PB  - Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry
C3  - 13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings
T1  - Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production
T1  - Biofortifikacija, kao način proizvodnje nutritivno bogate hrane za domaće životinje
SP  - 287
EP  - 307
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Šenk, Milena and Krnjaja, Vesna and Mandić, Violeta and Kresović, Branka",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Malnutrition is a global problem, hitting both, people and
animals. Due to the many factors, such as climate change, soil depletion,
anthropogenic impact, including irresponsible soil management, high fertilization
rates with macro-nutrients, crops lack in essential nutrients, particularly minerals,
Mg, Fe, Zn, etc., as well as important vitamins, like carotenoids, vitamins from B
group. Also, some arable soils have naturally low fertility. All of that negatively
affect production of domestic animal, including animal health and quality of
livestock products. To mitigate malnutrition, a bio-fortification strategy was
developed. It is based on increase in the concentration of essential nutrients in food
and feed, and also to promote further bio-availability from digestive organs. Biofortification implies various practices. Two main types of bio-fortification were
developed: genetic bio-fortification, and agronomic bio-fortification. The first one
uses standard breeding techniques, marker assistant selection, transgenic
approaches, genome editing, etc., to develop highly-efficient genotypes, that are
able to absorb and accumulate higher concentrations of essential nutrients in
biomass and grains. Agronomic bio-fortification uses different practices, such is
special fertilizers, enriched with essential minerals, foliar fertilizers, bio-fertilizers,
growth hormones and enhancers, and some lesser known sustainable practices, like
inter-cropping, cover cropping, in order to increase crop yields, as well as the
concentration of essential nutrients. The bio-fortification approach, based on the
development and commercialisation of highly efficient genotypes, as well as
agricultural practices that enable and support better absorption and accumulation of
essential nutrients option that is safer for both, people and domestic animals.
Mutual increase in concentration of essential minerals, vitamins, and other
promoting substances is of a particular importance for bio-fortification programs,
increasing efficiency and success of applied practices, thus positively reflecting on
animal health and wellbeing., Neishranjenost predstavlja globalni problem, pogađajući i ljude i domaće životinje,
paralelno. Zahvaljujući broujnim faktorima, kao što su promena klime,
ispošćavanje zemljišta, uticaj antropogenog faktora preko neodgovornog
upravljanja zemljištem, visokih unosa mineralnih đubriva baziranih na makroelementima, u usevima se javlja se nedostatak esencijalnih hraniva, kao što su Mg,
Fe, Zn, itd., kao i važnih vitamina, kao što su karotenoidi i vitamini iz B grupe.
Takođe, neke obradive površine imaju prirodno nisku plodnost. Sve navedeno se
negativno odražava na proizvodnju domaćih životinja, uključujući zdravlje
životinja, kao i kvalitet životinjskih proizvoda. Kao odgovor u borbi protiv
neishranjenosti, razvijena je strategija bio-fortifikacije, koja se bazira na povećanju
koncentracije esencijalnih hraniva u hrani i hranivima, kao i većoj pristupačnosti iz
organa za varenje. Bio-fortifikacija koristi različite mere. Dva osnovna tipa biofortifikacije su razvijena: genetička i agronomska bio-fortifikacija. Prva koristi
stndardne tehnike selekcije, marker asastiranu selekciju, transgene pristupe,
editovanje genoma, i dr. u dobijanju vioko-efikasnih genotipova koji su sposobni
da apsorbuju i akumuliraju esencijana hraniva u većim koncentracijama u biomasi i
zrnu. Agrnonomska bio-fortifikacija koristi različite tehnike, kao što je primena
specijalnih đubriva obogaćenih sa esencijalnim mineralima, folijarnih đubriva, hormona i poboljšivača rasta, kao i nekih manje poznatih mera koje se koriste u
održivoj poljoprivredi, kao što su kombinovani i pokrovni usevi, koji su
prvenstveno namenjeni povećanju prinosa, kao i koncentracije esencijalnih hraniva.
Strategija bio-fortifikacije, bazirana na razvijanju i komercijalizaciji visoko
efikasnih genotipova, kao i agronomskih tehnika, koje omogućavaju i podržavaju
bolje usvajanje i akumulaciju esencijanih hraniva je bezbednija opcija i za ljude i
za domaće životinje. Paralelno povećanje koncentracije esentijalnih minerala,
vitamina i drugih supstanci koje pomažu usvajanje je od posebnog značaja za
programe bio-fortifikacije, povećavajući efikasnost i uspešnost primenjenih mera, i
odražavajući se pozitivnona zdravlje i blagostanje domaćih životinja.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry",
journal = "13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings",
title = "Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production, Biofortifikacija, kao način proizvodnje nutritivno bogate hrane za domaće životinje",
pages = "287-307"
}
Dragičević, V., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Šenk, M., Krnjaja, V., Mandić, V.,& Kresović, B.. (2021). Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production. in 13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings
Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry., 287-307.
Dragičević V, Simic M, Brankov M, Šenk M, Krnjaja V, Mandić V, Kresović B. Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production. in 13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings. 2021;:287-307..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Šenk, Milena, Krnjaja, Vesna, Mandić, Violeta, Kresović, Branka, "Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production" in 13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings (2021):287-307.

Variations of some antioxidants in maize grain induced by soil tillage and nitrogen rate

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Vukadinovic, Jelena; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Brankov, Milan; Kresović, Branka; Dumanović, Zoran

(Osijek : ISTRO – International soil tillage research organization, 2020)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Vukadinovic, Jelena
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Dumanović, Zoran
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1065
AB  - Soil tillage is one of the most important parts of cropping technology that affect maize growth and development. Without proper tillage, it is impossible to expect high yields. Adequate fertilization,
particularly with nitrogen is also important in high yields realization. Nevertheless, the scarcity in
information about the influence of tillage and nitrogen supply on kernel quality, particularly
concentration of antioxidants is present. The aim of the experiment was to test the influence of different tillage practices: T1 – no-till, T2 – reduced, and T3 – conventional tillage, as well as N fertilization rate: N1 – without fertilization; N2 – 180 kg N ha-1 , 50 kg P ha-1 , 50 kg K ha-1 ; N3–240 kg N ha-1, 50 kg P ha-1, 50 kg K ha-1 , on maize grain yield and concentration of some antioxidants: phytic acid (Phy),
total glutathione (GSH), phenols, tocopherols and total carotenoids. Experiment was realized during
2016-2018 period. T3 induced increase in grain yield, in comparison to T1 (averagely for 32.7%). N3
also expressed positive impact on grain yield increase, when compared to N1, in T1, T2 and T3 treatments, averagely, up to 35.3%, 45.7% and 9.4%, respectively. The highest average concentration
of Phy and carotenoids was realized by T3, while the highest concentration of GSH and phenols was
achieved by T1 and the highest tocopherols concentration was reached by T2 treatment. Besides, the
highest average level of Phy, carotenoids and GSH was observed in N3 and the highest average
concentrations of tocopherols and phenols were in N1 treatment. The significant and positive
correlation between grain yield and carotenoids, GSH and phenols in all three tillage practices, as well
as negative correlation between yield and Phy in T1 and T2 treatments indicated that proper tillage
could increase, not just grain yield, but also nutritional quality, by increase of some antioxidants in
maize kernels.
PB  - Osijek : ISTRO – International soil tillage research organization
PB  - Osijek : CROSTRO – Croatian soil tillage research organization
C3  - 1. Workshop ISTRO working group "Conservation soil tillage", Osijek, 08-09.09.2020. - Book of abstracts
T1  - Variations of some antioxidants in maize grain induced by soil tillage and  nitrogen rate
SP  - 99
EP  - 99
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Vukadinovic, Jelena and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Brankov, Milan and Kresović, Branka and Dumanović, Zoran",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Soil tillage is one of the most important parts of cropping technology that affect maize growth and development. Without proper tillage, it is impossible to expect high yields. Adequate fertilization,
particularly with nitrogen is also important in high yields realization. Nevertheless, the scarcity in
information about the influence of tillage and nitrogen supply on kernel quality, particularly
concentration of antioxidants is present. The aim of the experiment was to test the influence of different tillage practices: T1 – no-till, T2 – reduced, and T3 – conventional tillage, as well as N fertilization rate: N1 – without fertilization; N2 – 180 kg N ha-1 , 50 kg P ha-1 , 50 kg K ha-1 ; N3–240 kg N ha-1, 50 kg P ha-1, 50 kg K ha-1 , on maize grain yield and concentration of some antioxidants: phytic acid (Phy),
total glutathione (GSH), phenols, tocopherols and total carotenoids. Experiment was realized during
2016-2018 period. T3 induced increase in grain yield, in comparison to T1 (averagely for 32.7%). N3
also expressed positive impact on grain yield increase, when compared to N1, in T1, T2 and T3 treatments, averagely, up to 35.3%, 45.7% and 9.4%, respectively. The highest average concentration
of Phy and carotenoids was realized by T3, while the highest concentration of GSH and phenols was
achieved by T1 and the highest tocopherols concentration was reached by T2 treatment. Besides, the
highest average level of Phy, carotenoids and GSH was observed in N3 and the highest average
concentrations of tocopherols and phenols were in N1 treatment. The significant and positive
correlation between grain yield and carotenoids, GSH and phenols in all three tillage practices, as well
as negative correlation between yield and Phy in T1 and T2 treatments indicated that proper tillage
could increase, not just grain yield, but also nutritional quality, by increase of some antioxidants in
maize kernels.",
publisher = "Osijek : ISTRO – International soil tillage research organization, Osijek : CROSTRO – Croatian soil tillage research organization",
journal = "1. Workshop ISTRO working group "Conservation soil tillage", Osijek, 08-09.09.2020. - Book of abstracts",
title = "Variations of some antioxidants in maize grain induced by soil tillage and  nitrogen rate",
pages = "99-99"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Vukadinovic, J., Mladenović Drinić, S., Brankov, M., Kresović, B.,& Dumanović, Z.. (2020). Variations of some antioxidants in maize grain induced by soil tillage and  nitrogen rate. in 1. Workshop ISTRO working group "Conservation soil tillage", Osijek, 08-09.09.2020. - Book of abstracts
Osijek : ISTRO – International soil tillage research organization., 99-99.
Dragičević V, Simić M, Vukadinovic J, Mladenović Drinić S, Brankov M, Kresović B, Dumanović Z. Variations of some antioxidants in maize grain induced by soil tillage and  nitrogen rate. in 1. Workshop ISTRO working group "Conservation soil tillage", Osijek, 08-09.09.2020. - Book of abstracts. 2020;:99-99..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Vukadinovic, Jelena, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, Brankov, Milan, Kresović, Branka, Dumanović, Zoran, "Variations of some antioxidants in maize grain induced by soil tillage and  nitrogen rate" in 1. Workshop ISTRO working group "Conservation soil tillage", Osijek, 08-09.09.2020. - Book of abstracts (2020):99-99.

Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen

Dragičević, Vesna; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Kresović, Branka; Vukadinovic, Jelena; Milenković, Milena

(Beograd : Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Vukadinovic, Jelena
AU  - Milenković, Milena
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/934
AB  - Nitrogen is an important macro-nutrient that influences various physiological processes in
plants. Nevertheless, nitrogen could be loosed from the soil by leaching and evaporation. Thus,
low nitrogen inputs are required together with a strategy to improve its utilization by crops.
Maize genotypes exhibit various susceptibility to low soil nitrogen. From that reason, variability
in the reaction of 32 maize lines to growing in conditions with optimal (fertilization with urea),
and with low nitrogen (without fertilization) was examined during 2017 and 2018. All other
growing measures and fertilization with other elements was applied in the same manner on the
whole experimental plot. 2017 was a drier season, with higher average temperatures, particularly
during anthesis and grain filling period.
High variability among genotypes and seasons was present. The values of maize grain yield
and 1000 grain weight were slightly higher in treatment with nitrogen application. Some lines
under the low nitrogen conditions reached even higher grain yields (efficacy of yielding was
139.7% and 156.7%, for 2017 and 2018) than in conditions with optimal nitrogen in the soil, such
as L1, L2, L5, L10, L11, L13, L15, L23 and L31, declaring them as genotypes with high nitrogen
using efficiency. However, these lines achieved moderate yields (in both treatments and years) in
regard to other lines. Among tested lines, L1 and L23 had higher grain yields in both fertilization
treatments indicating them as prominent for further research, i.e. breeding of maize hybrids with
better nitrogen usage from the soil, even in the conditions with low nitrogen.
AB  - Azot je važan makro-element koji je uključen u brojne fiziološke procese kod biljaka. Međutim,
gubici azota iz zemljišta putem ispiranja i evaporacijom mogu biti veliki, tako da su preporučljivi
niži unosi u kombinaciji sa strategijama koje poboljšavaju njegovo usvajanje. Genotipovi
kukuruza različito reaguju na nizak nivo azota u zemljištu. Stoga je ispitana varijabilnost u reakciji
32 linije kukuruza na gajenje u uslovima optimalne obezbeđenosti (đubrenje ureom) i niskog
nivoa azota (bez đubrenja), tokom 2017. i 2018. godine. Sve ostale mere gajenja i đubrenja sa
drugim elementima su primenjene na isti način na celoj eksperimentalnoj površini. 2017. godina
je bila sa manje padavina, sa većim prosečnim dnevnim temperaturama, posebno tokom perioda
cvetanja i nalivanja zrna kukuruza.
Bila je prisutna visoka varijabilnost između ispitivanih genotipova i sezona. Vrednosti prinosa
i mase 1000 zrna su bile nešto niže na delu ogleda bez đubrenja azotom. Na istom delu ogleda
su neke linije (L1, L2, L5, L10, L11, L13, L15, L23 i L31) imale čak veći prinos, u odnosu na deo
ogleda sa optimalnim nivoom azota u zemljištu (efikasnost prinosa je bila 139.7% i 156.7%, za
2017. i 2018.), karakterišući ih stoga kao vrlo efikasne u smislu iskorišćenja azota. Međutim,
navedene linije su ostvarile nešto niže vrednosti prinosa zrna (u oba tretmana i u obe godine)
u odnosu na ostale linije. Od svih ispitivanih, L1 i L23 su imale relativno veće prinose u oba
tretmana, što ukazuje da bi mogle biti pogodne za dalja istraživanja, tj. u oplemenjivanju hibrida
sa boljom efikasnošću iskorišćenja azota čak i u uslovima njegovog niskog sadržaja u zemljištu
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen
T1  - Varijabilnost linija kukuruza za iskorišćavanje azota
VL  - 26
IS  - 1
SP  - 19
EP  - 28
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem2001019D
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Kresović, Branka and Vukadinovic, Jelena and Milenković, Milena",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Nitrogen is an important macro-nutrient that influences various physiological processes in
plants. Nevertheless, nitrogen could be loosed from the soil by leaching and evaporation. Thus,
low nitrogen inputs are required together with a strategy to improve its utilization by crops.
Maize genotypes exhibit various susceptibility to low soil nitrogen. From that reason, variability
in the reaction of 32 maize lines to growing in conditions with optimal (fertilization with urea),
and with low nitrogen (without fertilization) was examined during 2017 and 2018. All other
growing measures and fertilization with other elements was applied in the same manner on the
whole experimental plot. 2017 was a drier season, with higher average temperatures, particularly
during anthesis and grain filling period.
High variability among genotypes and seasons was present. The values of maize grain yield
and 1000 grain weight were slightly higher in treatment with nitrogen application. Some lines
under the low nitrogen conditions reached even higher grain yields (efficacy of yielding was
139.7% and 156.7%, for 2017 and 2018) than in conditions with optimal nitrogen in the soil, such
as L1, L2, L5, L10, L11, L13, L15, L23 and L31, declaring them as genotypes with high nitrogen
using efficiency. However, these lines achieved moderate yields (in both treatments and years) in
regard to other lines. Among tested lines, L1 and L23 had higher grain yields in both fertilization
treatments indicating them as prominent for further research, i.e. breeding of maize hybrids with
better nitrogen usage from the soil, even in the conditions with low nitrogen., Azot je važan makro-element koji je uključen u brojne fiziološke procese kod biljaka. Međutim,
gubici azota iz zemljišta putem ispiranja i evaporacijom mogu biti veliki, tako da su preporučljivi
niži unosi u kombinaciji sa strategijama koje poboljšavaju njegovo usvajanje. Genotipovi
kukuruza različito reaguju na nizak nivo azota u zemljištu. Stoga je ispitana varijabilnost u reakciji
32 linije kukuruza na gajenje u uslovima optimalne obezbeđenosti (đubrenje ureom) i niskog
nivoa azota (bez đubrenja), tokom 2017. i 2018. godine. Sve ostale mere gajenja i đubrenja sa
drugim elementima su primenjene na isti način na celoj eksperimentalnoj površini. 2017. godina
je bila sa manje padavina, sa većim prosečnim dnevnim temperaturama, posebno tokom perioda
cvetanja i nalivanja zrna kukuruza.
Bila je prisutna visoka varijabilnost između ispitivanih genotipova i sezona. Vrednosti prinosa
i mase 1000 zrna su bile nešto niže na delu ogleda bez đubrenja azotom. Na istom delu ogleda
su neke linije (L1, L2, L5, L10, L11, L13, L15, L23 i L31) imale čak veći prinos, u odnosu na deo
ogleda sa optimalnim nivoom azota u zemljištu (efikasnost prinosa je bila 139.7% i 156.7%, za
2017. i 2018.), karakterišući ih stoga kao vrlo efikasne u smislu iskorišćenja azota. Međutim,
navedene linije su ostvarile nešto niže vrednosti prinosa zrna (u oba tretmana i u obe godine)
u odnosu na ostale linije. Od svih ispitivanih, L1 i L23 su imale relativno veće prinose u oba
tretmana, što ukazuje da bi mogle biti pogodne za dalja istraživanja, tj. u oplemenjivanju hibrida
sa boljom efikasnošću iskorišćenja azota čak i u uslovima njegovog niskog sadržaja u zemljištu",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen, Varijabilnost linija kukuruza za iskorišćavanje azota",
volume = "26",
number = "1",
pages = "19-28",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem2001019D"
}
Dragičević, V., Mladenović Drinić, S., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Kresović, B., Vukadinovic, J.,& Milenković, M.. (2020). Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Beograd : Društvo selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije., 26(1), 19-28.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2001019D
Dragičević V, Mladenović Drinić S, Simic M, Brankov M, Kresović B, Vukadinovic J, Milenković M. Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2020;26(1):19-28.
doi:10.5937/SelSem2001019D .
Dragičević, Vesna, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Kresović, Branka, Vukadinovic, Jelena, Milenković, Milena, "Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 26, no. 1 (2020):19-28,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2001019D . .
1

Effectiveness of soil tillage systems in maize weeds control

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Brankov, Milan; Kresović, Branka; Dumanović, Zoran

(Osijek : ISTRO – International soil tillage research organization, 2020)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Dumanović, Zoran
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1017
AB  - Reduced soil tillage is widely adopted since the awareness of agro-ecosystem and soil preservation and
protection has become more important. Besides many advantages, this system of soil cultivation
usually increases amounts of herbicides and multiplies its time of application. The aim of the
experiment was to evaluate the influence of different tillage practices: T1 – no-till, T2 – reduced, and T3
- conventional tillage, as well as N fertilization rate: N1 – without fertilization; N2 – 180 kg N ha-1 , 50 kg P
 ha-1 , 50 kg K ha-1 ; N3–240 kg N ha-1 , 50 kg P ha-1, 50 kg K ha-1, on maize weed infestation and grain yield.
Experiment was settled down 1978 while three years overview was done during 2017-2019. Maize
hybrid (FAO 600) was sown in the density of 64.935 plants ha-1 . The broad-spectrum systemic herbicide
glyphosate (2400 g ha-1 a.i.) was applied as necessary to control weed vegetation, prior to planting in
the no-tillage treatment. After planting, the mixture of pre-emergence herbicides S-metolachlor + terbuthylazine at recommended rates (S-metolachlor 960 g ha-1 + terbuthylazine 120 g ha-1 a.i.), was
applied in all treatments. Six weeks after herbicide application, weed biomass was evaluated. Maize
grain yield was measured at the end of growing cycle and calculated at 14% of moisture. All data were
process by ANOVA and differences were analyzed by LSD-test.
Results showed that weed infestation was significantly higher in T1 than in T3. Soil tillage and level of
fertilizers influenced weed fresh biomass which was significantly higher under no-tillage even with no
fertilizer's application, 115.9 g m-2 . Maize grain yield in conventional tillage (8.27 t ha-1 ) was noticeable higher than in reduced (5.84 t ha-1) and no-tillage (3.14 t ha-1 ) indicating that, in agroecological
conditions of Zemun Polje and slightly calcareous chernozem, conventional tillage is more convenient
regarding weed control and maize productivity.
PB  - Osijek : ISTRO – International soil tillage research organization
PB  - Osijek : CROSTRO – Croatian soil tillage research organization
C3  - 1. Workshop ISTRO working group "Conservation soil tillage", Osijek, 08-09.09.2020. - Book of abstracts
T1  - Effectiveness of soil tillage systems in maize weeds control
SP  - 17
EP  - 17
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Brankov, Milan and Kresović, Branka and Dumanović, Zoran",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Reduced soil tillage is widely adopted since the awareness of agro-ecosystem and soil preservation and
protection has become more important. Besides many advantages, this system of soil cultivation
usually increases amounts of herbicides and multiplies its time of application. The aim of the
experiment was to evaluate the influence of different tillage practices: T1 – no-till, T2 – reduced, and T3
- conventional tillage, as well as N fertilization rate: N1 – without fertilization; N2 – 180 kg N ha-1 , 50 kg P
 ha-1 , 50 kg K ha-1 ; N3–240 kg N ha-1 , 50 kg P ha-1, 50 kg K ha-1, on maize weed infestation and grain yield.
Experiment was settled down 1978 while three years overview was done during 2017-2019. Maize
hybrid (FAO 600) was sown in the density of 64.935 plants ha-1 . The broad-spectrum systemic herbicide
glyphosate (2400 g ha-1 a.i.) was applied as necessary to control weed vegetation, prior to planting in
the no-tillage treatment. After planting, the mixture of pre-emergence herbicides S-metolachlor + terbuthylazine at recommended rates (S-metolachlor 960 g ha-1 + terbuthylazine 120 g ha-1 a.i.), was
applied in all treatments. Six weeks after herbicide application, weed biomass was evaluated. Maize
grain yield was measured at the end of growing cycle and calculated at 14% of moisture. All data were
process by ANOVA and differences were analyzed by LSD-test.
Results showed that weed infestation was significantly higher in T1 than in T3. Soil tillage and level of
fertilizers influenced weed fresh biomass which was significantly higher under no-tillage even with no
fertilizer's application, 115.9 g m-2 . Maize grain yield in conventional tillage (8.27 t ha-1 ) was noticeable higher than in reduced (5.84 t ha-1) and no-tillage (3.14 t ha-1 ) indicating that, in agroecological
conditions of Zemun Polje and slightly calcareous chernozem, conventional tillage is more convenient
regarding weed control and maize productivity.",
publisher = "Osijek : ISTRO – International soil tillage research organization, Osijek : CROSTRO – Croatian soil tillage research organization",
journal = "1. Workshop ISTRO working group "Conservation soil tillage", Osijek, 08-09.09.2020. - Book of abstracts",
title = "Effectiveness of soil tillage systems in maize weeds control",
pages = "17-17"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Brankov, M., Kresović, B.,& Dumanović, Z.. (2020). Effectiveness of soil tillage systems in maize weeds control. in 1. Workshop ISTRO working group "Conservation soil tillage", Osijek, 08-09.09.2020. - Book of abstracts
Osijek : ISTRO – International soil tillage research organization., 17-17.
Simić M, Dragičević V, Brankov M, Kresović B, Dumanović Z. Effectiveness of soil tillage systems in maize weeds control. in 1. Workshop ISTRO working group "Conservation soil tillage", Osijek, 08-09.09.2020. - Book of abstracts. 2020;:17-17..
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Brankov, Milan, Kresović, Branka, Dumanović, Zoran, "Effectiveness of soil tillage systems in maize weeds control" in 1. Workshop ISTRO working group "Conservation soil tillage", Osijek, 08-09.09.2020. - Book of abstracts (2020):17-17.

The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Vukadinovic, Jelena; Kresović, Branka; Tabaković, Marijenka; Brankov, Milan

(Basel : MDPI, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Vukadinovic, Jelena
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1002
AB  - A soil tillage system adjusted to the soil type and agro-ecological conditions, together
with the optimal nutrient supply, is a prerequisite for high maize (Zea mays L.) yield. However,
there is little knowledge about the influence of soil tillage and nitrogen (N) rates on maize grain
quality. A study was initiated in 1978 in Zemun Polje, Belgrade, Serbia, on the chernozem soil type.
The effects of three N rates—0, 180 and 240 kg N ha−1—within three tillage practices—no-tillage,
reduced and conventional tillage—and their influence on grain yield (GY) and the content of proteins,
starch, oil, total tocopherols and carotenoids, phytic phosphorus (Phy), glutathione (GSH), phenols
and inorganic P (Pi) in maize grain were analysed in the period 2016–2018. Differences in maize
GY were 2.57 and 3.01 t ha−1
for reduced- or no-tillage, respectively, in comparison to conventional
tillage. Conventional tillage and higher N rates contributed to the increase in maize yield and the
grain nutritional quality with regard to the increased level of proteins, GSH and Phy. On the other
hand reduced inputs were beneficial only for grain quality, in relation to the increase in tocopherols
and phenols.
PB  - Basel : MDPI
T2  - Agronomy
T1  - The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain
VL  - 10
IS  - 7
SP  - 976
DO  - https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10070976
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Vukadinovic, Jelena and Kresović, Branka and Tabaković, Marijenka and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2020",
abstract = "A soil tillage system adjusted to the soil type and agro-ecological conditions, together
with the optimal nutrient supply, is a prerequisite for high maize (Zea mays L.) yield. However,
there is little knowledge about the influence of soil tillage and nitrogen (N) rates on maize grain
quality. A study was initiated in 1978 in Zemun Polje, Belgrade, Serbia, on the chernozem soil type.
The effects of three N rates—0, 180 and 240 kg N ha−1—within three tillage practices—no-tillage,
reduced and conventional tillage—and their influence on grain yield (GY) and the content of proteins,
starch, oil, total tocopherols and carotenoids, phytic phosphorus (Phy), glutathione (GSH), phenols
and inorganic P (Pi) in maize grain were analysed in the period 2016–2018. Differences in maize
GY were 2.57 and 3.01 t ha−1
for reduced- or no-tillage, respectively, in comparison to conventional
tillage. Conventional tillage and higher N rates contributed to the increase in maize yield and the
grain nutritional quality with regard to the increased level of proteins, GSH and Phy. On the other
hand reduced inputs were beneficial only for grain quality, in relation to the increase in tocopherols
and phenols.",
publisher = "Basel : MDPI",
journal = "Agronomy",
title = "The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain",
volume = "10",
number = "7",
pages = "976",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10070976"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Mladenović Drinić, S., Vukadinovic, J., Kresović, B., Tabaković, M.,& Brankov, M.. (2020). The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain. in Agronomy
Basel : MDPI., 10(7), 976.
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10070976
Simić M, Dragičević V, Mladenović Drinić S, Vukadinovic J, Kresović B, Tabaković M, Brankov M. The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain. in Agronomy. 2020;10(7):976.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10070976 .
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, Vukadinovic, Jelena, Kresović, Branka, Tabaković, Marijenka, Brankov, Milan, "The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain" in Agronomy, 10, no. 7 (2020):976,
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10070976 . .

Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype

Dragičević, Vesna; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Milenković, Milena; Kresović, Branka; Dumanović, Zoran

(Osijek : Glas Slavonije d.d., 2020)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Milenković, Milena
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Dumanović, Zoran
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/933
AB  - Present experimental data indicate that meteorological conditions, with regard to genotype
and crop density, are the main factor that contribute to grain yield variations of maize hybrids.
H6, as a hybrid with longer vegetative period, responded better, with increased grain yield
when it was grown at D1. Nevertheless, H3 could be characterised as more efficient in kernel
weight accumulation, having higher values of shelling percentage and grain yield. DM accumulation is mainly dependable on maturity group. Thus, hybrids from later groups (H4-H6) had
lesser DM accumulation from phase V to VI (especially at D1) indicating slower assimilates accumulation and/or gradual moisture releasing from the grain. That means that a longer grain
filling period, as the background of high yield achievement, is not closely related to kernel
weight. Grain filling period is the main factor that contributes to yield potential, what is mainly
highlighted in hybrids from early maturity groups (H1-H3), particularly when they were grown
at higher densities (D2), giving them advantage over hybrids from later groups.
AB  - Postojeći pokusni podaci govore kako su meteorološki uvjeti, s obzirom na genotip i gustoću usjeva, glavni faktor koji pridonosi varijabilnosti u prinosu zrna hibrida kukuruza. H6 je,
kao hibrid s duljim vegetativnim razdobljem reagirao bolje s povećanim prinosom zrna kad
je uzgojen pri D1. Ipak, H3 se može okarakterizirati kao efikasniji u nakupljanju mase zrna, s
višim vrijednostima postotka krunjenja i prinosa zrna. Akumulacija suhe tvari uglavnom ovisi
o skupini zriobe. Dakle, hibridi iz kasnijih grupa (H4-H6) imali su manju akumulaciju suhe tvari
od faze V do VI (posebno pri D1), što ukazuje na sporije nakupljanje asimilata i/ili postupno
oslobađanje vlage iz zrna. To znači da dulje razdoblje nalijevanja zrna, kao pozadina postignuća
visokog prinosa, nije usko povezano s masom zrna. Razdoblje nalijevanja zrna glavni je faktor
koji pridonosi potencijalu prinosa, što se uglavnom ističe kod hibrida iz skupina rane zriobe
(H1-H3), osobito kada su uzgajani pri većim gustoćama (D2), što im daje prednost u odnosu na
hibride iz kasnijih grupa.
PB  - Osijek : Glas Slavonije d.d.
C3  - 13. International scientific/professional conference "Agriculture in nature and environment protection", 07-09. September 2020, Osijek, Republic of Croatia - Proceedings and abstracts
T1  - Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype
T1  - Nalijevanje sjemena kukuruza u funkciji gustoće usjeva i genotipa
SP  - 81
EP  - 86
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Milenković, Milena and Kresović, Branka and Dumanović, Zoran",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Present experimental data indicate that meteorological conditions, with regard to genotype
and crop density, are the main factor that contribute to grain yield variations of maize hybrids.
H6, as a hybrid with longer vegetative period, responded better, with increased grain yield
when it was grown at D1. Nevertheless, H3 could be characterised as more efficient in kernel
weight accumulation, having higher values of shelling percentage and grain yield. DM accumulation is mainly dependable on maturity group. Thus, hybrids from later groups (H4-H6) had
lesser DM accumulation from phase V to VI (especially at D1) indicating slower assimilates accumulation and/or gradual moisture releasing from the grain. That means that a longer grain
filling period, as the background of high yield achievement, is not closely related to kernel
weight. Grain filling period is the main factor that contributes to yield potential, what is mainly
highlighted in hybrids from early maturity groups (H1-H3), particularly when they were grown
at higher densities (D2), giving them advantage over hybrids from later groups., Postojeći pokusni podaci govore kako su meteorološki uvjeti, s obzirom na genotip i gustoću usjeva, glavni faktor koji pridonosi varijabilnosti u prinosu zrna hibrida kukuruza. H6 je,
kao hibrid s duljim vegetativnim razdobljem reagirao bolje s povećanim prinosom zrna kad
je uzgojen pri D1. Ipak, H3 se može okarakterizirati kao efikasniji u nakupljanju mase zrna, s
višim vrijednostima postotka krunjenja i prinosa zrna. Akumulacija suhe tvari uglavnom ovisi
o skupini zriobe. Dakle, hibridi iz kasnijih grupa (H4-H6) imali su manju akumulaciju suhe tvari
od faze V do VI (posebno pri D1), što ukazuje na sporije nakupljanje asimilata i/ili postupno
oslobađanje vlage iz zrna. To znači da dulje razdoblje nalijevanja zrna, kao pozadina postignuća
visokog prinosa, nije usko povezano s masom zrna. Razdoblje nalijevanja zrna glavni je faktor
koji pridonosi potencijalu prinosa, što se uglavnom ističe kod hibrida iz skupina rane zriobe
(H1-H3), osobito kada su uzgajani pri većim gustoćama (D2), što im daje prednost u odnosu na
hibride iz kasnijih grupa.",
publisher = "Osijek : Glas Slavonije d.d.",
journal = "13. International scientific/professional conference "Agriculture in nature and environment protection", 07-09. September 2020, Osijek, Republic of Croatia - Proceedings and abstracts",
title = "Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype, Nalijevanje sjemena kukuruza u funkciji gustoće usjeva i genotipa",
pages = "81-86"
}
Dragičević, V., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Milenković, M., Kresović, B.,& Dumanović, Z.. (2020). Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype. in 13. International scientific/professional conference "Agriculture in nature and environment protection", 07-09. September 2020, Osijek, Republic of Croatia - Proceedings and abstracts
Osijek : Glas Slavonije d.d.., 81-86.
Dragičević V, Simic M, Brankov M, Milenković M, Kresović B, Dumanović Z. Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype. in 13. International scientific/professional conference "Agriculture in nature and environment protection", 07-09. September 2020, Osijek, Republic of Croatia - Proceedings and abstracts. 2020;:81-86..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Milenković, Milena, Kresović, Branka, Dumanović, Zoran, "Grain filling of maize in the function of crop density and genotype" in 13. International scientific/professional conference "Agriculture in nature and environment protection", 07-09. September 2020, Osijek, Republic of Croatia - Proceedings and abstracts (2020):81-86.

The influence of bio-fertilizer on the utilization efficiency of macro-nutrients in proso millet

Milenković, Milena; Simic, Milena; Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka; Tešić, Živoslav Lj.; Kresović, Branka; Brankov, Milan; Dragičević, Vesna

(Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture, 2020)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Milenković, Milena
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka
AU  - Tešić, Živoslav Lj.
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/930
AB  - Bio-fertilizer can affect nutrient uptake by plant, using microorganisms to enhance their availability from soil. Once the nutrient is absorbed, measuring its utilization efficiency (NUtE) is directly related to grain yield and therefore important in sustainable agriculture. This research was aimed to investigate influence of bio-fertilizer on Mg, Ca, P and S concentration in proso millet biomass, as well as utilization of these macro-elements for yield potential. The field experiment was performed during 2018. One part of seeds was treated with bio-fertilizer Coveron (containing Glomus sp. and Trichoderma) while the other part, control one, was sown without treatment. Macro-elements concentration was measured by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and data were analysed using one-way ANOVA. Obtained grain yield was higher in no-treated millet, while treatment with Coveron expressed positive impact on the biomass yield. Concerning macro-elements concentration in biomass, accumulation of all nutrients was greater in control millet (2.91, 3.30, 2.66 and 1.36 g kg-1 for Ca, Mg, P and S, respectively). However, values of NUtE (for examined elements) were higher in proso treated with Coveron and consequently highlighted better utilization efficiency of these elements in treated millet in comparison with no-treated. Irrespective the fact that bio-fertilizer influenced lower nutrients uptake by proso millet, calculated NUtE distinguished this treatment as more successful in nutrient utilization efficiency for grain yield. Therefore, further investigations will be conducted to support impact of bio-fertilizer Coveron on utilization efficiency of Mg, Ca, P and S for sustainable proso grain production.
PB  - Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture
PB  - Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture
C3  - 11. International scientific agriculture symposium “Agrosym 2020”, 8-9. October 2020., Jahorina, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Book of abstracts
T1  - The influence of bio-fertilizer on the utilization efficiency of macro-nutrients in proso millet
SP  - 151
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Milenković, Milena and Simic, Milena and Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka and Tešić, Živoslav Lj. and Kresović, Branka and Brankov, Milan and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Bio-fertilizer can affect nutrient uptake by plant, using microorganisms to enhance their availability from soil. Once the nutrient is absorbed, measuring its utilization efficiency (NUtE) is directly related to grain yield and therefore important in sustainable agriculture. This research was aimed to investigate influence of bio-fertilizer on Mg, Ca, P and S concentration in proso millet biomass, as well as utilization of these macro-elements for yield potential. The field experiment was performed during 2018. One part of seeds was treated with bio-fertilizer Coveron (containing Glomus sp. and Trichoderma) while the other part, control one, was sown without treatment. Macro-elements concentration was measured by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and data were analysed using one-way ANOVA. Obtained grain yield was higher in no-treated millet, while treatment with Coveron expressed positive impact on the biomass yield. Concerning macro-elements concentration in biomass, accumulation of all nutrients was greater in control millet (2.91, 3.30, 2.66 and 1.36 g kg-1 for Ca, Mg, P and S, respectively). However, values of NUtE (for examined elements) were higher in proso treated with Coveron and consequently highlighted better utilization efficiency of these elements in treated millet in comparison with no-treated. Irrespective the fact that bio-fertilizer influenced lower nutrients uptake by proso millet, calculated NUtE distinguished this treatment as more successful in nutrient utilization efficiency for grain yield. Therefore, further investigations will be conducted to support impact of bio-fertilizer Coveron on utilization efficiency of Mg, Ca, P and S for sustainable proso grain production.",
publisher = "Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture, Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture",
journal = "11. International scientific agriculture symposium “Agrosym 2020”, 8-9. October 2020., Jahorina, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Book of abstracts",
title = "The influence of bio-fertilizer on the utilization efficiency of macro-nutrients in proso millet",
pages = "151"
}
Milenković, M., Simic, M., Milojković-Opsenica, D., Tešić, Ž. Lj., Kresović, B., Brankov, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2020). The influence of bio-fertilizer on the utilization efficiency of macro-nutrients in proso millet. in 11. International scientific agriculture symposium “Agrosym 2020”, 8-9. October 2020., Jahorina, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Book of abstracts
Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture., 151.
Milenković M, Simic M, Milojković-Opsenica D, Tešić ŽL, Kresović B, Brankov M, Dragičević V. The influence of bio-fertilizer on the utilization efficiency of macro-nutrients in proso millet. in 11. International scientific agriculture symposium “Agrosym 2020”, 8-9. October 2020., Jahorina, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Book of abstracts. 2020;:151..
Milenković, Milena, Simic, Milena, Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka, Tešić, Živoslav Lj., Kresović, Branka, Brankov, Milan, Dragičević, Vesna, "The influence of bio-fertilizer on the utilization efficiency of macro-nutrients in proso millet" in 11. International scientific agriculture symposium “Agrosym 2020”, 8-9. October 2020., Jahorina, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Book of abstracts (2020):151.

The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana; Vukadinović, Jelena; Kresović, Branka; Tabaković, Marijenka; Brankov, Milan

(Basel : MDPI, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Vukadinović, Jelena
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/802
AB  - A soil tillage system adjusted to the soil type and agro-ecological conditions, togetherwith the optimal nutrient supply, is a prerequisite for high maize (Zea mays L.) yield. However,there is little knowledge about the influence of soil tillage and nitrogen (N) rates on maize grainquality. A study was initiated in 1978 in Zemun Polje, Belgrade, Serbia, on the chernozem soil type.The effects of three N rates—0, 180 and 240 kg N ha−1—within three tillage practices—no-tillage,reduced and conventional tillage—and their influence on grain yield (GY) and the content of proteins,starch, oil, total tocopherols and carotenoids, phytic phosphorus (Phy), glutathione (GSH), phenolsand inorganic P (Pi) in maize grain were analysed in the period 2016–2018. Differences in maizeGY were 2.57 and 3.01 t ha−1for reduced- or no-tillage, respectively, in comparison to conventionaltillage. Conventional tillage and higher N rates contributed to the increase in maize yield and thegrain nutritional quality with regard to the increased level of proteins, GSH and Phy. On the otherhand reduced inputs were beneficial only for grain quality, in relation to the increase in tocopherolsand phenols.
PB  - Basel : MDPI
T2  - Agronomy
T1  - The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain
VL  - 10
IS  - 7
SP  - 976
DO  - 10.3390/agronomy10070976
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana and Vukadinović, Jelena and Kresović, Branka and Tabaković, Marijenka and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2020",
abstract = "A soil tillage system adjusted to the soil type and agro-ecological conditions, togetherwith the optimal nutrient supply, is a prerequisite for high maize (Zea mays L.) yield. However,there is little knowledge about the influence of soil tillage and nitrogen (N) rates on maize grainquality. A study was initiated in 1978 in Zemun Polje, Belgrade, Serbia, on the chernozem soil type.The effects of three N rates—0, 180 and 240 kg N ha−1—within three tillage practices—no-tillage,reduced and conventional tillage—and their influence on grain yield (GY) and the content of proteins,starch, oil, total tocopherols and carotenoids, phytic phosphorus (Phy), glutathione (GSH), phenolsand inorganic P (Pi) in maize grain were analysed in the period 2016–2018. Differences in maizeGY were 2.57 and 3.01 t ha−1for reduced- or no-tillage, respectively, in comparison to conventionaltillage. Conventional tillage and higher N rates contributed to the increase in maize yield and thegrain nutritional quality with regard to the increased level of proteins, GSH and Phy. On the otherhand reduced inputs were beneficial only for grain quality, in relation to the increase in tocopherolsand phenols.",
publisher = "Basel : MDPI",
journal = "Agronomy",
title = "The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain",
volume = "10",
number = "7",
pages = "976",
doi = "10.3390/agronomy10070976"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Mladenović-Drinić, S., Vukadinović, J., Kresović, B., Tabaković, M.,& Brankov, M.. (2020). The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain. in Agronomy
Basel : MDPI., 10(7), 976.
https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10070976
Simić M, Dragičević V, Mladenović-Drinić S, Vukadinović J, Kresović B, Tabaković M, Brankov M. The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain. in Agronomy. 2020;10(7):976.
doi:10.3390/agronomy10070976 .
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Mladenović-Drinić, Snežana, Vukadinović, Jelena, Kresović, Branka, Tabaković, Marijenka, Brankov, Milan, "The contribution of soil tillage and nitrogen rate to the quality of maize grain" in Agronomy, 10, no. 7 (2020):976,
https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10070976 . .
18
6

Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazme na dubinu zrna inbred linija kukuruza

Jovanović, Snežana; Todorović, Goran; Kresović, Branka; Tolimir, Miodrag; Marković, Ksenija; Stanisavljević, Rade; Štrbanović, Ratibor

(Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Jovanović, Snežana
AU  - Todorović, Goran
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Marković, Ksenija
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Štrbanović, Ratibor
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/923
AB  - Cilj istraživanja bio je da se odredi uticaj različitog tipa citoplazme (cms-C, cms-S i fertilna), i 
faktora spoljašnje sredine na dubinu zrna dvanaest inbred linija kukuruza. Ogled sa inbred 
linijama postavljen je na dve lokacije (Selekciono polje i Školsko dobro) tokom 2017. i 2018. 
godine. Ogledi su postavljeni po slučajnom blok sistemu u okviru svakog tipa citoplazme u tri 
ponavljanja.
Statističko-biometrijska obrada podataka se zasnivala na srednjim vrednostima po ponavljanju i 
obuhvatila je analizu varijanse. Na osnovu analize varijanse utvrđeno je da postoje veoma 
značajne razlike između inbred linija na dubinu zrna u zavisnosti od tipa citoplazme, godine i 
lokacije. Prosečan procenat dubine zrna inbred linija kretao se od 0.68cm do 0.89cm. Variranje 
dubine zrna inbred linija u zavisnosti od tipa citoplazme bilo je veoma značajno. Najveća 
prosečna vrednost za ovu osobinu zabeležena je kod sterilne citoplazme cms-C (0.78cm), a 
najmanja kod fertilne citoplazme (0.76cm). Srednje vrednosti dubine zrna inbred linija veoma 
značajno (P≤1%) su varirale u zavisnosti od godina ispitivanja i lokacija. Veću prosečnu dubinu 
zrna imale su inbred linije u 2018. godini u odnosu na 2017. godinu. Na prvoj lokaciji ostvarena 
je veća prosečna vrednost dubine zrna u odnosu na drugu lokaciju. Interakcija inbred linija x tip 
citoplazme x lokacija je pokazala da je bilo statistički značajnih (Lsd0.05) razlika u prosečnim 
vrednostima dubine zrna kod svih ispitivanih inbred linija. Interakcija tip citoplazme x godina x 
lokacija bila je veoma značajna (Lsd0.01) za osobinu dubina zrna, što ukazuje da inbred linije 
različitog tipa citoplazme različito reaguju u različitim godinama i lokacijama. Analiza 
dobijenih rezultata ukazuje na značajan uticaj tipa citoplazme na dubinu zrna inbred linija 
kukuruza.The aim of the present study was to determine effects of both, different types of cytoplasm (cms C, cms-S and fertile) and environmental factors on the kernel depth of 12 maize inbreds lines. 
The trial with inbred lines was set up in two locations (Zemun Polje - Selection field and Zemun 
Polje - Školsko dobro) in 2017 and 2018. The three-replicate trials were set up according to the 
randomised block design within each type of cytoplasm.
Statistical-biometric data processing was based on means over replications and encompassed the 
analysis of variance. Very significant differences in the kernel depth among inbred lines, in 
dependence on the type of cytoplasm, year and the location, were established by the analysis of 
variance. The average percent of the kernel depth significantly varied (P≤5%) in respect of the 
observed cytoplasm type. The highest and the lowest values of this trait were established in 
sterile cytoplasm cms-C (0.89cm), and fertile cytoplasm (0.68cm), respectively. The kernel depth 
very significantly (P≤1%) varied in dependence on the year and location of investigation. The 
greater proportion of the kernel depth was determined in maize inbreds in 2018 than in 2017. A 
higher average value of the kernel depth was determined in the first location than in the second 
location. The inbred lines × cytoplasm type × location interaction showed that there were 
statistically significant (Lsd0.05) differences in average kernel depth values for all inbred lines 
tested. The cytoplasmic type × years × location interaction was very significant pointing out that 
inbred lines of different types of cytoplasm responded differently over years and locations. The 
analysis of the results indicates a significant influence of a cytoplasmic type on the kernel depth 
of maize inbred lines.
Key words: cytoplasmic male sterili
PB  - Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi
T2  - 32. nacionalna konferencija sa međunarodnim učešćem procesna tehnika i energetika u poljoprivredi - PTEP 2020 - Zbornik apstrakata
T1  - Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazme na dubinu zrna inbred linija kukuruza
T1  - Effects of different types of cytoplasm on the kernel depth of maize inbred lines
SP  - 25
EP  - 26
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Jovanović, Snežana and Todorović, Goran and Kresović, Branka and Tolimir, Miodrag and Marković, Ksenija and Stanisavljević, Rade and Štrbanović, Ratibor",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Cilj istraživanja bio je da se odredi uticaj različitog tipa citoplazme (cms-C, cms-S i fertilna), i 
faktora spoljašnje sredine na dubinu zrna dvanaest inbred linija kukuruza. Ogled sa inbred 
linijama postavljen je na dve lokacije (Selekciono polje i Školsko dobro) tokom 2017. i 2018. 
godine. Ogledi su postavljeni po slučajnom blok sistemu u okviru svakog tipa citoplazme u tri 
ponavljanja.
Statističko-biometrijska obrada podataka se zasnivala na srednjim vrednostima po ponavljanju i 
obuhvatila je analizu varijanse. Na osnovu analize varijanse utvrđeno je da postoje veoma 
značajne razlike između inbred linija na dubinu zrna u zavisnosti od tipa citoplazme, godine i 
lokacije. Prosečan procenat dubine zrna inbred linija kretao se od 0.68cm do 0.89cm. Variranje 
dubine zrna inbred linija u zavisnosti od tipa citoplazme bilo je veoma značajno. Najveća 
prosečna vrednost za ovu osobinu zabeležena je kod sterilne citoplazme cms-C (0.78cm), a 
najmanja kod fertilne citoplazme (0.76cm). Srednje vrednosti dubine zrna inbred linija veoma 
značajno (P≤1%) su varirale u zavisnosti od godina ispitivanja i lokacija. Veću prosečnu dubinu 
zrna imale su inbred linije u 2018. godini u odnosu na 2017. godinu. Na prvoj lokaciji ostvarena 
je veća prosečna vrednost dubine zrna u odnosu na drugu lokaciju. Interakcija inbred linija x tip 
citoplazme x lokacija je pokazala da je bilo statistički značajnih (Lsd0.05) razlika u prosečnim 
vrednostima dubine zrna kod svih ispitivanih inbred linija. Interakcija tip citoplazme x godina x 
lokacija bila je veoma značajna (Lsd0.01) za osobinu dubina zrna, što ukazuje da inbred linije 
različitog tipa citoplazme različito reaguju u različitim godinama i lokacijama. Analiza 
dobijenih rezultata ukazuje na značajan uticaj tipa citoplazme na dubinu zrna inbred linija 
kukuruza.The aim of the present study was to determine effects of both, different types of cytoplasm (cms C, cms-S and fertile) and environmental factors on the kernel depth of 12 maize inbreds lines. 
The trial with inbred lines was set up in two locations (Zemun Polje - Selection field and Zemun 
Polje - Školsko dobro) in 2017 and 2018. The three-replicate trials were set up according to the 
randomised block design within each type of cytoplasm.
Statistical-biometric data processing was based on means over replications and encompassed the 
analysis of variance. Very significant differences in the kernel depth among inbred lines, in 
dependence on the type of cytoplasm, year and the location, were established by the analysis of 
variance. The average percent of the kernel depth significantly varied (P≤5%) in respect of the 
observed cytoplasm type. The highest and the lowest values of this trait were established in 
sterile cytoplasm cms-C (0.89cm), and fertile cytoplasm (0.68cm), respectively. The kernel depth 
very significantly (P≤1%) varied in dependence on the year and location of investigation. The 
greater proportion of the kernel depth was determined in maize inbreds in 2018 than in 2017. A 
higher average value of the kernel depth was determined in the first location than in the second 
location. The inbred lines × cytoplasm type × location interaction showed that there were 
statistically significant (Lsd0.05) differences in average kernel depth values for all inbred lines 
tested. The cytoplasmic type × years × location interaction was very significant pointing out that 
inbred lines of different types of cytoplasm responded differently over years and locations. The 
analysis of the results indicates a significant influence of a cytoplasmic type on the kernel depth 
of maize inbred lines.
Key words: cytoplasmic male sterili",
publisher = "Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi",
journal = "32. nacionalna konferencija sa međunarodnim učešćem procesna tehnika i energetika u poljoprivredi - PTEP 2020 - Zbornik apstrakata",
title = "Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazme na dubinu zrna inbred linija kukuruza, Effects of different types of cytoplasm on the kernel depth of maize inbred lines",
pages = "25-26"
}
Jovanović, S., Todorović, G., Kresović, B., Tolimir, M., Marković, K., Stanisavljević, R.,& Štrbanović, R.. (2020). Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazme na dubinu zrna inbred linija kukuruza. in 32. nacionalna konferencija sa međunarodnim učešćem procesna tehnika i energetika u poljoprivredi - PTEP 2020 - Zbornik apstrakata
Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi., 25-26.
Jovanović S, Todorović G, Kresović B, Tolimir M, Marković K, Stanisavljević R, Štrbanović R. Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazme na dubinu zrna inbred linija kukuruza. in 32. nacionalna konferencija sa međunarodnim učešćem procesna tehnika i energetika u poljoprivredi - PTEP 2020 - Zbornik apstrakata. 2020;:25-26..
Jovanović, Snežana, Todorović, Goran, Kresović, Branka, Tolimir, Miodrag, Marković, Ksenija, Stanisavljević, Rade, Štrbanović, Ratibor, "Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazme na dubinu zrna inbred linija kukuruza" in 32. nacionalna konferencija sa međunarodnim učešćem procesna tehnika i energetika u poljoprivredi - PTEP 2020 - Zbornik apstrakata (2020):25-26.

The effect of different type of cytoplasm on seed fractions in maize inbred lines

Jovanović V., Snežana; Todorović, Goran; Tolimir, Miodrag; Kresović, Branka; Štrbanović, Ratibor; Stanisavljević, Rade; Novković, Nebojša

(Burgas: Sciences Events, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Jovanović V., Snežana
AU  - Todorović, Goran
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Štrbanović, Ratibor
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Novković, Nebojša
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/919
AB  - The seed in order to meet requirements of cropping practices and growing systems in the production 
of commercial maize. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of The seed processing 
technology depends on the seed fraction. The introduction of new and improved solutions in maize 
seed processing contributes to the improvement of traits of different types of cytoplasm (cms-C, cms-S 
and fertile), and environmental factors on the medium large flat seeds of maize inbred lines. The study 
encompassed the 12 same maize inbred lines of each type of cytoplasm. The trial was set up according 
to the complete randomised block design in two locations with three replications. Statistical biometrical data processing was based on means per replication and encompassed the analysis of 
variance. On the basis of this analysis, it was determined that there were significant differences 
among inbred lines regarding the medium large flat seed fraction (MLF) in dependence on the type of 
cytoplasm, year and the location. The average values of the seed fraction varied over inbreds from 
0.4% to 16.3%. The highest, i.e. lowest value for this trait was expressed by sterile cytoplasm cms-C, 
i.e. fertile cytoplasm, respectively. Furthermore, a greater share of MLF seeds was recorded in the 
first year and the first location than in the second year and the second location. The inbred line × 
location interaction points out to very significant (Lsd0.001) differences in the content of MLF seeds of 
maize inbred lines in dependence of observed locations. The years of investigation and locations 
significantly (Lsd0.005) affected the content of MLF seeds in maize inbred lines. The analysis of 
obtained results points out to a significant effect of the type of cytoplasm on the medium large flat seed 
fraction.
PB  - Burgas: Sciences Events
T2  - Journal of International Scientific Publications : Agriculture & Food
T1  - The effect of different type of cytoplasm on seed fractions in maize inbred lines
VL  - 8
SP  - 91
EP  - 98
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Jovanović V., Snežana and Todorović, Goran and Tolimir, Miodrag and Kresović, Branka and Štrbanović, Ratibor and Stanisavljević, Rade and Novković, Nebojša",
year = "2020",
abstract = "The seed in order to meet requirements of cropping practices and growing systems in the production 
of commercial maize. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of The seed processing 
technology depends on the seed fraction. The introduction of new and improved solutions in maize 
seed processing contributes to the improvement of traits of different types of cytoplasm (cms-C, cms-S 
and fertile), and environmental factors on the medium large flat seeds of maize inbred lines. The study 
encompassed the 12 same maize inbred lines of each type of cytoplasm. The trial was set up according 
to the complete randomised block design in two locations with three replications. Statistical biometrical data processing was based on means per replication and encompassed the analysis of 
variance. On the basis of this analysis, it was determined that there were significant differences 
among inbred lines regarding the medium large flat seed fraction (MLF) in dependence on the type of 
cytoplasm, year and the location. The average values of the seed fraction varied over inbreds from 
0.4% to 16.3%. The highest, i.e. lowest value for this trait was expressed by sterile cytoplasm cms-C, 
i.e. fertile cytoplasm, respectively. Furthermore, a greater share of MLF seeds was recorded in the 
first year and the first location than in the second year and the second location. The inbred line × 
location interaction points out to very significant (Lsd0.001) differences in the content of MLF seeds of 
maize inbred lines in dependence of observed locations. The years of investigation and locations 
significantly (Lsd0.005) affected the content of MLF seeds in maize inbred lines. The analysis of 
obtained results points out to a significant effect of the type of cytoplasm on the medium large flat seed 
fraction.",
publisher = "Burgas: Sciences Events",
journal = "Journal of International Scientific Publications : Agriculture & Food",
title = "The effect of different type of cytoplasm on seed fractions in maize inbred lines",
volume = "8",
pages = "91-98"
}
Jovanović V., S., Todorović, G., Tolimir, M., Kresović, B., Štrbanović, R., Stanisavljević, R.,& Novković, N.. (2020). The effect of different type of cytoplasm on seed fractions in maize inbred lines. in Journal of International Scientific Publications : Agriculture & Food
Burgas: Sciences Events., 8, 91-98.
Jovanović V. S, Todorović G, Tolimir M, Kresović B, Štrbanović R, Stanisavljević R, Novković N. The effect of different type of cytoplasm on seed fractions in maize inbred lines. in Journal of International Scientific Publications : Agriculture & Food. 2020;8:91-98..
Jovanović V., Snežana, Todorović, Goran, Tolimir, Miodrag, Kresović, Branka, Štrbanović, Ratibor, Stanisavljević, Rade, Novković, Nebojša, "The effect of different type of cytoplasm on seed fractions in maize inbred lines" in Journal of International Scientific Publications : Agriculture & Food, 8 (2020):91-98.

The conversion of forestland into agricultural land without appropriate measures to conserve SOM leads to the degradation of physical and rheological soil properties

Tolimir, Miodrag; Kresović, Branka; Životić, Ljubomir; Dragović, Snežana; Dragović, Ranko; Sredojević, Zorica; Gajić, Boško

(London : Natue Research, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Životić, Ljubomir
AU  - Dragović, Snežana
AU  - Dragović, Ranko
AU  - Sredojević, Zorica
AU  - Gajić, Boško
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/807
AB  - This study was conducted to compare soil particle density (ρs), soil total porosity (TP), liquid limit (LL), plastic limit (PL), and plasticity index, and their relations with soil organic matter (SOM), of non-carbonate silty clay Fluvisols under different land uses. Three neighboring land uses were studied: native deciduous forest, arable land, and meadow, managed in the same way for more than 100 years. Soil was collected from 27 soil profiles and from three depths (0–15, 15–30 and 30–45 cm). Land use caused statistically significant but different impacts on soil properties, particularly in the topsoil. The forest topsoil measured the lowest ρs and bulk density (ρb) but the highest SOM and soil water content at PL, compared to meadow and arable soil. Statistically significant linear relationship was observed with the SOM content and ρs (− 0.851**), ρb (− 0.567**), calculated TP (0.567**) and measured TP (− 0.280**). There was a nonlinear relationship between SOM and LL (0.704**) and PL (0.845**) at the topsoil. The findings suggested that SOM content strongly affected ρs, ρb, TP, LL and LP. This regional study showed that the conversion of forestland into agricultural land without appropriate measures to conserve SOM leads to the degradation of physical and rheological soil properties.
PB  - London : Natue Research
T2  - Scientific Reports
T1  - The conversion of forestland into agricultural land without appropriate measures to conserve SOM leads to the degradation of physical and rheological soil properties
VL  - 10
IS  - 1
SP  - 13668
DO  - 10.1038/s41598-020-70464-6
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Tolimir, Miodrag and Kresović, Branka and Životić, Ljubomir and Dragović, Snežana and Dragović, Ranko and Sredojević, Zorica and Gajić, Boško",
year = "2020",
abstract = "This study was conducted to compare soil particle density (ρs), soil total porosity (TP), liquid limit (LL), plastic limit (PL), and plasticity index, and their relations with soil organic matter (SOM), of non-carbonate silty clay Fluvisols under different land uses. Three neighboring land uses were studied: native deciduous forest, arable land, and meadow, managed in the same way for more than 100 years. Soil was collected from 27 soil profiles and from three depths (0–15, 15–30 and 30–45 cm). Land use caused statistically significant but different impacts on soil properties, particularly in the topsoil. The forest topsoil measured the lowest ρs and bulk density (ρb) but the highest SOM and soil water content at PL, compared to meadow and arable soil. Statistically significant linear relationship was observed with the SOM content and ρs (− 0.851**), ρb (− 0.567**), calculated TP (0.567**) and measured TP (− 0.280**). There was a nonlinear relationship between SOM and LL (0.704**) and PL (0.845**) at the topsoil. The findings suggested that SOM content strongly affected ρs, ρb, TP, LL and LP. This regional study showed that the conversion of forestland into agricultural land without appropriate measures to conserve SOM leads to the degradation of physical and rheological soil properties.",
publisher = "London : Natue Research",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
title = "The conversion of forestland into agricultural land without appropriate measures to conserve SOM leads to the degradation of physical and rheological soil properties",
volume = "10",
number = "1",
pages = "13668",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-020-70464-6"
}
Tolimir, M., Kresović, B., Životić, L., Dragović, S., Dragović, R., Sredojević, Z.,& Gajić, B.. (2020). The conversion of forestland into agricultural land without appropriate measures to conserve SOM leads to the degradation of physical and rheological soil properties. in Scientific Reports
London : Natue Research., 10(1), 13668.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-70464-6
Tolimir M, Kresović B, Životić L, Dragović S, Dragović R, Sredojević Z, Gajić B. The conversion of forestland into agricultural land without appropriate measures to conserve SOM leads to the degradation of physical and rheological soil properties. in Scientific Reports. 2020;10(1):13668.
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-70464-6 .
Tolimir, Miodrag, Kresović, Branka, Životić, Ljubomir, Dragović, Snežana, Dragović, Ranko, Sredojević, Zorica, Gajić, Boško, "The conversion of forestland into agricultural land without appropriate measures to conserve SOM leads to the degradation of physical and rheological soil properties" in Scientific Reports, 10, no. 1 (2020):13668,
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-70464-6 . .
1
16
5

Neka fizička svojstva dugotrajno zalivanih livadskih zemljišta doline Belog Drima u području Kline

Gajić, Boško; Kresović, Branka; Pejić, Borivoj; Tapanarova, Angelina; Dugalić, Goran; Životić, Ljubomir; Sredojević, Zorica; Tolimir, Miodrag

(Beograd : Srpsko društvo za proučavanje zemljišta, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Gajić, Boško
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Pejić, Borivoj
AU  - Tapanarova, Angelina
AU  - Dugalić, Goran
AU  - Životić, Ljubomir
AU  - Sredojević, Zorica
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/775
AB  - Fiziĉka svojstva igraju važnu ulogu u određivanju pogodnosti zemljišta za poljoprivredne, melioracione, ekološke i tehniĉke namene. Od njih zavisi kretanje, zadržavanje i dostupnost vode i hranljivih materija biljkama,lakoća prodiranja korena biljaka, te kretanje toplote i vazduha.Takođe, ona utiĉu na hemijska i biološka svojstva zemljišta. Iako su fluvisoli (aluvijalno-livadska zemljišta) jedno od najrasprostranjenijih zemljišta u Srbiji, oni su još uvek nedovoljno istraženi. Stoga je cilj ovog istraživanja bio proceniti glavna fiziĉka svojstva stolećima navodnjavanih fluvisola formiranih na karbonatnom nanosu reke Beli Drim na Kosovu i Metohiji (Srbija). Prouĉavano je osam profila, tj. 23 uzorka zemljišta u poremećenom stanju i 69 uzoraka u neporemećenom stanju. Dubina gornjeg dela zemljišnog profila, koji leži iznad sloja peska, kamenja i šljunka, u kom se razvija koren biljaka, je veoma neujednaĉena idući od profila  do  profila, odnosno varira od male (oko 30 cm) pa do veoma velike (>200 cm). Istraženi fluvisoli pripadaju teškim glinušama (>50% frakcije gline).  Rezultati  ukazuju  na  visoku  varijabilnost  fiziĉkih svojstava u površinskom sloju zemljišta. Većina istraženih fiziĉkih svojstva osam otvorenih profila fluvisolova, i pored priliĉno teškog mehaniĉkog sastava, dosta su povoljne i uz  to priliĉno ujednaĉene u orniĉnom horizontu, dok su znatno manje povoljne, mada ne izrazito nepovoljne, u podorniĉnom horizontu dubljih profila.
AB  - Physical properties play an important role in determining suitability of soil for agricultural, amelioration, ecological and technical purposes. They are influence on movement, storage and availability of water and nutrients  for  plants,  ease  of  plant  root penetration  and  movement  of  heat  and  air.  Furthermore,  they  are also effect chemical and biological properties of soil. Although Fluvisols (alluvial-meadow soils) are one of the most widespread soils in Serbia, little research has been done on them. The aim of this study was therefore  to  evaluate  the  most  important  physical  properties  of  long-term  irrigated  Fluvisols  that  were formed  on  the  carbonate  deposit  of  the  White  Drim  River  in  Kosovo  and  Metohija  (Serbia).  Eight profiles, i.e. 23 undisturbed soil samplesand 69 disturbed soil sampleswere examined.The depth of the upperpart of the soil profile, which lies above the layer of sand, stones and gravel, in which the roots of the plants develop, is very uneven from profile to profile, i.e. it varies from small (approx. 30 cm) to very large (>200 cm). The investigated Fluvisols are heavy textured (>50% clay content). The results show a high  variability  of  the  physical  properties  in  the  surface  layerof  thesesoils.  Most  of  the  investigated physical properties of the eight open Fluvisol profiles, in addition to the heavy texture, are quitefavorable and  fairly  uniform  in  the  plow  layer,  while  they  are  much  less  favorable,  though  not  particularly unfavorable, under the plow layer in deeper profiles.
PB  - Beograd : Srpsko društvo za proučavanje zemljišta
T2  - Zemljište i biljka
T1  - Neka fizička svojstva dugotrajno zalivanih livadskih zemljišta doline Belog Drima u području Kline
VL  - 69
IS  - 1
SP  - 21
EP  - 35
DO  - 10.5937/ZemBilj2001021G
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Gajić, Boško and Kresović, Branka and Pejić, Borivoj and Tapanarova, Angelina and Dugalić, Goran and Životić, Ljubomir and Sredojević, Zorica and Tolimir, Miodrag",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Fiziĉka svojstva igraju važnu ulogu u određivanju pogodnosti zemljišta za poljoprivredne, melioracione, ekološke i tehniĉke namene. Od njih zavisi kretanje, zadržavanje i dostupnost vode i hranljivih materija biljkama,lakoća prodiranja korena biljaka, te kretanje toplote i vazduha.Takođe, ona utiĉu na hemijska i biološka svojstva zemljišta. Iako su fluvisoli (aluvijalno-livadska zemljišta) jedno od najrasprostranjenijih zemljišta u Srbiji, oni su još uvek nedovoljno istraženi. Stoga je cilj ovog istraživanja bio proceniti glavna fiziĉka svojstva stolećima navodnjavanih fluvisola formiranih na karbonatnom nanosu reke Beli Drim na Kosovu i Metohiji (Srbija). Prouĉavano je osam profila, tj. 23 uzorka zemljišta u poremećenom stanju i 69 uzoraka u neporemećenom stanju. Dubina gornjeg dela zemljišnog profila, koji leži iznad sloja peska, kamenja i šljunka, u kom se razvija koren biljaka, je veoma neujednaĉena idući od profila  do  profila, odnosno varira od male (oko 30 cm) pa do veoma velike (>200 cm). Istraženi fluvisoli pripadaju teškim glinušama (>50% frakcije gline).  Rezultati  ukazuju  na  visoku  varijabilnost  fiziĉkih svojstava u površinskom sloju zemljišta. Većina istraženih fiziĉkih svojstva osam otvorenih profila fluvisolova, i pored priliĉno teškog mehaniĉkog sastava, dosta su povoljne i uz  to priliĉno ujednaĉene u orniĉnom horizontu, dok su znatno manje povoljne, mada ne izrazito nepovoljne, u podorniĉnom horizontu dubljih profila., Physical properties play an important role in determining suitability of soil for agricultural, amelioration, ecological and technical purposes. They are influence on movement, storage and availability of water and nutrients  for  plants,  ease  of  plant  root penetration  and  movement  of  heat  and  air.  Furthermore,  they  are also effect chemical and biological properties of soil. Although Fluvisols (alluvial-meadow soils) are one of the most widespread soils in Serbia, little research has been done on them. The aim of this study was therefore  to  evaluate  the  most  important  physical  properties  of  long-term  irrigated  Fluvisols  that  were formed  on  the  carbonate  deposit  of  the  White  Drim  River  in  Kosovo  and  Metohija  (Serbia).  Eight profiles, i.e. 23 undisturbed soil samplesand 69 disturbed soil sampleswere examined.The depth of the upperpart of the soil profile, which lies above the layer of sand, stones and gravel, in which the roots of the plants develop, is very uneven from profile to profile, i.e. it varies from small (approx. 30 cm) to very large (>200 cm). The investigated Fluvisols are heavy textured (>50% clay content). The results show a high  variability  of  the  physical  properties  in  the  surface  layerof  thesesoils.  Most  of  the  investigated physical properties of the eight open Fluvisol profiles, in addition to the heavy texture, are quitefavorable and  fairly  uniform  in  the  plow  layer,  while  they  are  much  less  favorable,  though  not  particularly unfavorable, under the plow layer in deeper profiles.",
publisher = "Beograd : Srpsko društvo za proučavanje zemljišta",
journal = "Zemljište i biljka",
title = "Neka fizička svojstva dugotrajno zalivanih livadskih zemljišta doline Belog Drima u području Kline",
volume = "69",
number = "1",
pages = "21-35",
doi = "10.5937/ZemBilj2001021G"
}
Gajić, B., Kresović, B., Pejić, B., Tapanarova, A., Dugalić, G., Životić, L., Sredojević, Z.,& Tolimir, M.. (2020). Neka fizička svojstva dugotrajno zalivanih livadskih zemljišta doline Belog Drima u području Kline. in Zemljište i biljka
Beograd : Srpsko društvo za proučavanje zemljišta., 69(1), 21-35.
https://doi.org/10.5937/ZemBilj2001021G
Gajić B, Kresović B, Pejić B, Tapanarova A, Dugalić G, Životić L, Sredojević Z, Tolimir M. Neka fizička svojstva dugotrajno zalivanih livadskih zemljišta doline Belog Drima u području Kline. in Zemljište i biljka. 2020;69(1):21-35.
doi:10.5937/ZemBilj2001021G .
Gajić, Boško, Kresović, Branka, Pejić, Borivoj, Tapanarova, Angelina, Dugalić, Goran, Životić, Ljubomir, Sredojević, Zorica, Tolimir, Miodrag, "Neka fizička svojstva dugotrajno zalivanih livadskih zemljišta doline Belog Drima u području Kline" in Zemljište i biljka, 69, no. 1 (2020):21-35,
https://doi.org/10.5937/ZemBilj2001021G . .
4

Efekti plodoreda na iznošenje azota sa prinosom kukuruza

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Kresović, Branka; Tolimir, Miodrag

(Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1057
AB  - Gajenje kukuruza u plodoredu ima brojne prednosti u odnosu na monokulturu. 
U Srbiji se kukuruz uglavnom gaji u dvopolju s pšenicom. U ogledu je ispitivan uticaj 
gajenja kukuruza u plodoredu sa pšenicom, odnosno stočnim graškom, u odnosu na 
monokulturu kukuruza, na prinos zrna i iznošenje azota s prinosom u toku četiri godine. 
Rezultati ukazuju da se plodored pozitivno odražava kako na povećanje prinosa, tako i 
na iznošenje azota sa prinosom, odnosno da pozitivno utiče na povećanje kvaliteta zrna 
kukuruza i to posebno smena kukuruza sa stočnim graškom. U sezonama sa umerenom i 
povećanom količinom padavina, veće doze unetog mineralnog đubriva su uticale na 
povećanje prinosa i iznošenje azota, dok su se u sušnim godinama i niže doze đubriva 
pozitivno odrazile na povećanje prinosa i iznošenje azota.
AB  - Maize rotation with other crops has various advantages in regard to monoculture. In 
Serbia, maize is mainly growing in rotation with wheat. The influence of maize rotation 
with wheat, i.e. field pea in comparision to monoculture on grain yield and nitrogen 
outtake was examined during four years. Results show that rotation, mainly with field 
pea, was positively reflected on grain yield increase, as well as nitrogen outtake by 
yield, increasing grain quality. In seasons with moderate to increased precipitation 
amount, increased doses of mineral fertilizer increased grain yield and nitrogen outtake, 
while in drier years, even lower fertilizer doses positively affected, i.e. increased grain 
yield and nitrogen outtake.
PB  - Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet
C3  - 24. Savetovanje o biotehnologiji, Čačak, 15-16.03.2019. godine -  Zbornik radova 1
T1  - Efekti plodoreda na iznošenje azota sa prinosom kukuruza
T1  - The effect of maize rotation to nitrogen outtake by grain yield
SP  - 203
EP  - 208
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Kresović, Branka and Tolimir, Miodrag",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Gajenje kukuruza u plodoredu ima brojne prednosti u odnosu na monokulturu. 
U Srbiji se kukuruz uglavnom gaji u dvopolju s pšenicom. U ogledu je ispitivan uticaj 
gajenja kukuruza u plodoredu sa pšenicom, odnosno stočnim graškom, u odnosu na 
monokulturu kukuruza, na prinos zrna i iznošenje azota s prinosom u toku četiri godine. 
Rezultati ukazuju da se plodored pozitivno odražava kako na povećanje prinosa, tako i 
na iznošenje azota sa prinosom, odnosno da pozitivno utiče na povećanje kvaliteta zrna 
kukuruza i to posebno smena kukuruza sa stočnim graškom. U sezonama sa umerenom i 
povećanom količinom padavina, veće doze unetog mineralnog đubriva su uticale na 
povećanje prinosa i iznošenje azota, dok su se u sušnim godinama i niže doze đubriva 
pozitivno odrazile na povećanje prinosa i iznošenje azota., Maize rotation with other crops has various advantages in regard to monoculture. In 
Serbia, maize is mainly growing in rotation with wheat. The influence of maize rotation 
with wheat, i.e. field pea in comparision to monoculture on grain yield and nitrogen 
outtake was examined during four years. Results show that rotation, mainly with field 
pea, was positively reflected on grain yield increase, as well as nitrogen outtake by 
yield, increasing grain quality. In seasons with moderate to increased precipitation 
amount, increased doses of mineral fertilizer increased grain yield and nitrogen outtake, 
while in drier years, even lower fertilizer doses positively affected, i.e. increased grain 
yield and nitrogen outtake.",
publisher = "Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet",
journal = "24. Savetovanje o biotehnologiji, Čačak, 15-16.03.2019. godine -  Zbornik radova 1",
title = "Efekti plodoreda na iznošenje azota sa prinosom kukuruza, The effect of maize rotation to nitrogen outtake by grain yield",
pages = "203-208"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Kresović, B.,& Tolimir, M.. (2019). Efekti plodoreda na iznošenje azota sa prinosom kukuruza. in 24. Savetovanje o biotehnologiji, Čačak, 15-16.03.2019. godine -  Zbornik radova 1
Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet., 203-208.
Dragičević V, Simić M, Brankov M, Kresović B, Tolimir M. Efekti plodoreda na iznošenje azota sa prinosom kukuruza. in 24. Savetovanje o biotehnologiji, Čačak, 15-16.03.2019. godine -  Zbornik radova 1. 2019;:203-208..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Kresović, Branka, Tolimir, Miodrag, "Efekti plodoreda na iznošenje azota sa prinosom kukuruza" in 24. Savetovanje o biotehnologiji, Čačak, 15-16.03.2019. godine -  Zbornik radova 1 (2019):203-208.

Nutrients status in maize grain from sustainable agriculture

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Kresović, Branka; Tolimir, Miodrag

(Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1050
AB  - Maize cultivation with application of proper organic and bio-fertilizers could increase 
nutritional value of crop grain and maintain soil fertility. The aim of the study was to examine 
variations in concentrations of phytate, soluble phenols, total glutathione (GSH), yellow 
pigment (YP), DPPH radical scavenging capacity (DPPH), Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn and Mn in maize 
hybrids with white, yellow and red colour grain, under the influence of bio-, organic fertilizer 
and urea in regard to control (without fertilization). Results indicated that phytate, DPPH, Ca, 
Mg and, Mn varied slightly (< 10%). Red grain maize was characterized with the highest 
concentrations of phenols, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, and DPPH. White grain maize, particularly in urea 
and bio-fertilizer treatment, accumulated higher GSH values, while red and especially yellow 
grain hybrid accumulated higher YP amount in urea treatment. Irrespective to lower variations 
in Mn concentration, higher values were determined in yellow hybrid. Organic fertilizer 
mainly induced increase in Mg bio-fertilizer which positively affected Fe accumulation, while 
urea caused higher Zn and Mn accumulation in maize grain. It could be concluded that yellow 
and particularly red grain hybrid enabled increased accumulation of mineral elements, 
together with higher DPPH values, mainly in treatments with organic fertilizer and urea 
giving it advantage in production of highly nutritious food.
PB  - Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture
C3  - 10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts
T1  - Nutrients status in maize grain from sustainable agriculture
SP  - 35
EP  - 40
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Kresović, Branka and Tolimir, Miodrag",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Maize cultivation with application of proper organic and bio-fertilizers could increase 
nutritional value of crop grain and maintain soil fertility. The aim of the study was to examine 
variations in concentrations of phytate, soluble phenols, total glutathione (GSH), yellow 
pigment (YP), DPPH radical scavenging capacity (DPPH), Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn and Mn in maize 
hybrids with white, yellow and red colour grain, under the influence of bio-, organic fertilizer 
and urea in regard to control (without fertilization). Results indicated that phytate, DPPH, Ca, 
Mg and, Mn varied slightly (< 10%). Red grain maize was characterized with the highest 
concentrations of phenols, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, and DPPH. White grain maize, particularly in urea 
and bio-fertilizer treatment, accumulated higher GSH values, while red and especially yellow 
grain hybrid accumulated higher YP amount in urea treatment. Irrespective to lower variations 
in Mn concentration, higher values were determined in yellow hybrid. Organic fertilizer 
mainly induced increase in Mg bio-fertilizer which positively affected Fe accumulation, while 
urea caused higher Zn and Mn accumulation in maize grain. It could be concluded that yellow 
and particularly red grain hybrid enabled increased accumulation of mineral elements, 
together with higher DPPH values, mainly in treatments with organic fertilizer and urea 
giving it advantage in production of highly nutritious food.",
publisher = "Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture",
journal = "10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts",
title = "Nutrients status in maize grain from sustainable agriculture",
pages = "35-40"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Stoiljkovic, M., Kresović, B.,& Tolimir, M.. (2019). Nutrients status in maize grain from sustainable agriculture. in 10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts
Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture., 35-40.
Dragičević V, Simić M, Brankov M, Stoiljkovic M, Kresović B, Tolimir M. Nutrients status in maize grain from sustainable agriculture. in 10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts. 2019;:35-40..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Kresović, Branka, Tolimir, Miodrag, "Nutrients status in maize grain from sustainable agriculture" in 10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts (2019):35-40.

Status antioksidanata u kukuruzu različite boje zrna

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Kresović, Branka; Dolijanović, Željko; Šenk, Milena

(Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Šenk, Milena
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1067
AB  - Maize grain is an important source of nutrients in human diet. The differences in content and relations between certain nutrients, like carotenoids, anthocyanins, etc. impacts grain colour and its nutritional quality. Objective of experiment was to examine the influence of different fertilization systems: mineral fertilizer - urea, organic fertilizer - Fertor and bio - fertilizer - Team micoriza plus, on grain yield and variations in content of non - enzymatic antioxidants, such as phytate, phenolic compounds, glutathione, carotenoids and reduction capacity of DPPH radical, during 2017 and 2018 vegetation seasons. Relative dry period was present during Jun - August of 2017, while 2018 had relative uniform precipitation distribution. Thus, the average grain yield was almost two times lesser in 2017 (to 4.61 ha) in comparison to 2018. In parallel, double higher level of phenols and carotenoids was noticed in 2017. When examined genotypes were considered, the lowest phytate content and the highest values of phenols and DPPH reduction capacity were present in red kemel maize, while in yellow kernel maize, the highest values of carotenoids and glutathione occurred. In average, bio fertilizer expressed the positive impact on phytate reduction and phenols increase in maize grain, while urea increased content of carotenoids and glutathione. Correlation analysis showed that reduction in phytate and carotenoids level was significantly and positive related with grain yield increase, while phenols correlated highly and positive with reduction capacity of DPPH radical. Thus, it was shown that changes in production conditions, such as fertilization, could affect antioxidants status in maize grain, particularly in red coloured maize, which possess remarkable higher antioxidative capacity in regard to yellow and white coloured maize.
AB  - Zrno kukuruza je važan izvor nutrijenata u ljudskoj ishrani. Razlike u sadržaju i odnosu pojedinih nutrijenata, kao što su karotenoidi, antocijani i sl. utiče kako na obojenost zrna, tako i na njegov nutritivni kvalitet. Cil eksperimenta je bio da se ispita uticaj različitih sistema đubrenja (mineralno đubrivo - urea, organsko đubrivo - Fertor i mikrobiološko đubrivo - Team micoriza plus) na promene u sadržaju neenzimskih antioksidanasa: fitina, fenolnih jedinjenja, glutationa , karotenoida i kapaciteta redukcije DPPH radikala tokom vegetacione sezone 2017. i 2018. godine. Tokom 2017. bio je zabeležen relativno sušan period od juna do avgusta, dok je 2018. imala relativno ravnomeran raspored padavina tokom vegetacije. Stoga je i prosečan prinos zrna bio skoro duplo manji, za 4,6 t ha-1, u 2017. u odnosu na 2018 godinu. Paraleno, duplo veći nivo fenola i karotenoila bio je prosečno veći u 2017. Što se tiče ispitivanih genotipova, najniži sadržaj fitina, kao i najveće vrednosti fenola i kapaciteta redukcije DPPH bile su kod hibrida crvenog zrna, dok je kod hibrida žutog zrna bio najveći sadržaj karotenoida i glutationa. U proseku, mirobiološko đubrivo se povoljno odrazilo na smanjenje fitina i povećanje fenola u zrnu kukuruza, dok je urea pozitivno uticala na povećanje sadržaja karotenoida i glutationa. Korelaciona analiza je pokazala da se smanjenje nivoa fitina i karotenoida značajno i pozitivno odražava na povećanje prinosa zrna kukuruza, dok fenoli u najvećem stepenu pozitivno koreliraju sa kapacitetom redukcije DPPH radkala. Na ovaj način je pokazano da se preko uslova gajenja može uticati na promene u nivou antioksidanata u zrnu kukuruza i to posebno crvenog kukuruza, koje poseduje znatno veći antioksidativni kapacitet u odnosu na žuto ili belo zrno.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 9. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 17-18.10.2019. - Zbornik izvoda
T1  - Status antioksidanata u kukuruzu različite boje zrna
T1  - Antioxidant status in maize with different grain colour
SP  - 21
EP  - 22
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Kresović, Branka and Dolijanović, Željko and Šenk, Milena",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Maize grain is an important source of nutrients in human diet. The differences in content and relations between certain nutrients, like carotenoids, anthocyanins, etc. impacts grain colour and its nutritional quality. Objective of experiment was to examine the influence of different fertilization systems: mineral fertilizer - urea, organic fertilizer - Fertor and bio - fertilizer - Team micoriza plus, on grain yield and variations in content of non - enzymatic antioxidants, such as phytate, phenolic compounds, glutathione, carotenoids and reduction capacity of DPPH radical, during 2017 and 2018 vegetation seasons. Relative dry period was present during Jun - August of 2017, while 2018 had relative uniform precipitation distribution. Thus, the average grain yield was almost two times lesser in 2017 (to 4.61 ha) in comparison to 2018. In parallel, double higher level of phenols and carotenoids was noticed in 2017. When examined genotypes were considered, the lowest phytate content and the highest values of phenols and DPPH reduction capacity were present in red kemel maize, while in yellow kernel maize, the highest values of carotenoids and glutathione occurred. In average, bio fertilizer expressed the positive impact on phytate reduction and phenols increase in maize grain, while urea increased content of carotenoids and glutathione. Correlation analysis showed that reduction in phytate and carotenoids level was significantly and positive related with grain yield increase, while phenols correlated highly and positive with reduction capacity of DPPH radical. Thus, it was shown that changes in production conditions, such as fertilization, could affect antioxidants status in maize grain, particularly in red coloured maize, which possess remarkable higher antioxidative capacity in regard to yellow and white coloured maize., Zrno kukuruza je važan izvor nutrijenata u ljudskoj ishrani. Razlike u sadržaju i odnosu pojedinih nutrijenata, kao što su karotenoidi, antocijani i sl. utiče kako na obojenost zrna, tako i na njegov nutritivni kvalitet. Cil eksperimenta je bio da se ispita uticaj različitih sistema đubrenja (mineralno đubrivo - urea, organsko đubrivo - Fertor i mikrobiološko đubrivo - Team micoriza plus) na promene u sadržaju neenzimskih antioksidanasa: fitina, fenolnih jedinjenja, glutationa , karotenoida i kapaciteta redukcije DPPH radikala tokom vegetacione sezone 2017. i 2018. godine. Tokom 2017. bio je zabeležen relativno sušan period od juna do avgusta, dok je 2018. imala relativno ravnomeran raspored padavina tokom vegetacije. Stoga je i prosečan prinos zrna bio skoro duplo manji, za 4,6 t ha-1, u 2017. u odnosu na 2018 godinu. Paraleno, duplo veći nivo fenola i karotenoila bio je prosečno veći u 2017. Što se tiče ispitivanih genotipova, najniži sadržaj fitina, kao i najveće vrednosti fenola i kapaciteta redukcije DPPH bile su kod hibrida crvenog zrna, dok je kod hibrida žutog zrna bio najveći sadržaj karotenoida i glutationa. U proseku, mirobiološko đubrivo se povoljno odrazilo na smanjenje fitina i povećanje fenola u zrnu kukuruza, dok je urea pozitivno uticala na povećanje sadržaja karotenoida i glutationa. Korelaciona analiza je pokazala da se smanjenje nivoa fitina i karotenoida značajno i pozitivno odražava na povećanje prinosa zrna kukuruza, dok fenoli u najvećem stepenu pozitivno koreliraju sa kapacitetom redukcije DPPH radkala. Na ovaj način je pokazano da se preko uslova gajenja može uticati na promene u nivou antioksidanata u zrnu kukuruza i to posebno crvenog kukuruza, koje poseduje znatno veći antioksidativni kapacitet u odnosu na žuto ili belo zrno.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "9. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 17-18.10.2019. - Zbornik izvoda",
title = "Status antioksidanata u kukuruzu različite boje zrna, Antioxidant status in maize with different grain colour",
pages = "21-22"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Kresović, B., Dolijanović, Ž.,& Šenk, M.. (2019). Status antioksidanata u kukuruzu različite boje zrna. in 9. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 17-18.10.2019. - Zbornik izvoda
Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet., 21-22.
Dragičević V, Simić M, Brankov M, Kresović B, Dolijanović Ž, Šenk M. Status antioksidanata u kukuruzu različite boje zrna. in 9. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 17-18.10.2019. - Zbornik izvoda. 2019;:21-22..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Kresović, Branka, Dolijanović, Željko, Šenk, Milena, "Status antioksidanata u kukuruzu različite boje zrna" in 9. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 17-18.10.2019. - Zbornik izvoda (2019):21-22.

Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen

Dragičević, Vesna; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Kresović, Branka; Mesarović, Jelena

(Belgrade : Serbian genetic society, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Mesarović, Jelena
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1046
AB  - Nitrogen is important macro-nutrient that influences various physiological processes in 
plants. Nevertheless, nitrogen could be loosed from the soil by leaching and evaporation. 
Thus, low nitrogen inputs are required together with strategy to improve its utilization by 
crops. Maize genotypes exhibit various susceptibility to low soil nitrogen. From that reason, 
variability in reaction of 32 maize lines to growing in conditions with optimal (fertilization 
with urea), and with low nitrogen (without fertilization) was examined during 2017 and 2018. 
All other growing measures and fertilization with other elements was applied at the same 
manner on whole experimental plot. 2017 was drier season, with higher average 
temperatures, particularly during anthesis and grain filling period.
High variability among genotypes and seasons was present. The values of maize grain yield and 
1000 grain weight were slightly lower in the field without nitrogen fertilization. Some lines 
under the low nitrogen conditions reached even higher grain yields (efficacy of yielding was 
139.7% and 156.7% respectively, for 2017 and 2018), than in conditions with optimal 
nitrogen in soil, declaring them as genotypes with high nitrogen using efficiency. However, 
these lines achieved moderate yields (in both fields and years) in regard to other lines. Among 
tested lines, two had relatively higher grain yields indicating them as prominent for further 
research, i.e. breeding of maize hybrids with better nitrogen usage from soil, even in the 
conditions with low nitrogen.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian genetic society
C3  - 6. Congress of the Serbian genetic society, Vrnjačka Banja, 13-17.10.2019. godine - Book of abstracts
T1  - Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen
SP  - 203
EP  - 203
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Kresović, Branka and Mesarović, Jelena",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Nitrogen is important macro-nutrient that influences various physiological processes in 
plants. Nevertheless, nitrogen could be loosed from the soil by leaching and evaporation. 
Thus, low nitrogen inputs are required together with strategy to improve its utilization by 
crops. Maize genotypes exhibit various susceptibility to low soil nitrogen. From that reason, 
variability in reaction of 32 maize lines to growing in conditions with optimal (fertilization 
with urea), and with low nitrogen (without fertilization) was examined during 2017 and 2018. 
All other growing measures and fertilization with other elements was applied at the same 
manner on whole experimental plot. 2017 was drier season, with higher average 
temperatures, particularly during anthesis and grain filling period.
High variability among genotypes and seasons was present. The values of maize grain yield and 
1000 grain weight were slightly lower in the field without nitrogen fertilization. Some lines 
under the low nitrogen conditions reached even higher grain yields (efficacy of yielding was 
139.7% and 156.7% respectively, for 2017 and 2018), than in conditions with optimal 
nitrogen in soil, declaring them as genotypes with high nitrogen using efficiency. However, 
these lines achieved moderate yields (in both fields and years) in regard to other lines. Among 
tested lines, two had relatively higher grain yields indicating them as prominent for further 
research, i.e. breeding of maize hybrids with better nitrogen usage from soil, even in the 
conditions with low nitrogen.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian genetic society",
journal = "6. Congress of the Serbian genetic society, Vrnjačka Banja, 13-17.10.2019. godine - Book of abstracts",
title = "Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen",
pages = "203-203"
}
Dragičević, V., Mladenović Drinić, S., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Kresović, B.,& Mesarović, J.. (2019). Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen. in 6. Congress of the Serbian genetic society, Vrnjačka Banja, 13-17.10.2019. godine - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Serbian genetic society., 203-203.
Dragičević V, Mladenović Drinić S, Simic M, Brankov M, Kresović B, Mesarović J. Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen. in 6. Congress of the Serbian genetic society, Vrnjačka Banja, 13-17.10.2019. godine - Book of abstracts. 2019;:203-203..
Dragičević, Vesna, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Kresović, Branka, Mesarović, Jelena, "Variability of maize lines in ability to use nitrogen" in 6. Congress of the Serbian genetic society, Vrnjačka Banja, 13-17.10.2019. godine - Book of abstracts (2019):203-203.

Herbicides impact on content of phenolic compounds in sweet maize

Mesarović, Jelena; Srdić, Jelena; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Kresović, Branka; Dragičević, Vesna

(Belgrade : Serbian genetic society, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Mesarović, Jelena
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1045
AB  - Worldwide consumption of sweet maize, in the past ten years, is significantly 
increased. Such data indicate that phytochemicals content requires a higher attention in 
addition to yield. Popularizations of phenolic compounds become worldwide trend due to 
their benefits to human health. The usage of herbicides is widely present for weed control 
in sweet maize growing practices. In this study the influence of two herbicides, on the 
content of ferulic and cinnamic acid as well as on the total phenolic compounds (TPC) in 
three sweet maize hybrids during two vegetation seasons was evaluated. Meteorological 
conditions in 2016 were favorable for maize growing, opposite to 2017 which was a 
drier year. The variability of examined phytochemicals after applied herbicides was 
genotype-dependent and also influenced by growing seasons. Interestingly, for hybrids 
ZP355su and ZP553su, a higher content of ferulic acid was found in treatment with 
nicosulfuron in comparison to mesotrione. The same trend was noticed for cinnamic 
acid content in all tested hybrids. Opposite trend was achieved for ferulic acid content 
and TPC in ZP515su. Content of ferulic and cinnamic acid negatively correlated with the 
maize yield, opposite to TPC, for hybrid ZP355su. Positive correlation of TPC and cinnamic 
acid to maize yield was found in hybrid ZP515su emphasizing it as promising hybrid among 
all tested hybrids. Although relatively small number of hybrids was examined, the obtained 
data revealed a new potential of herbicide, i.e. the enrichment of health promoting 
compounds in sweet maize grain.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian genetic society
C3  - 6. Congress of the Serbian genetic society, Vrnjačka Banja, 13-17.10.2019. godine - Book of abstracts
T1  - Herbicides impact on content of phenolic compounds in sweet maize
SP  - 233
EP  - 233
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Mesarović, Jelena and Srdić, Jelena and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Kresović, Branka and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Worldwide consumption of sweet maize, in the past ten years, is significantly 
increased. Such data indicate that phytochemicals content requires a higher attention in 
addition to yield. Popularizations of phenolic compounds become worldwide trend due to 
their benefits to human health. The usage of herbicides is widely present for weed control 
in sweet maize growing practices. In this study the influence of two herbicides, on the 
content of ferulic and cinnamic acid as well as on the total phenolic compounds (TPC) in 
three sweet maize hybrids during two vegetation seasons was evaluated. Meteorological 
conditions in 2016 were favorable for maize growing, opposite to 2017 which was a 
drier year. The variability of examined phytochemicals after applied herbicides was 
genotype-dependent and also influenced by growing seasons. Interestingly, for hybrids 
ZP355su and ZP553su, a higher content of ferulic acid was found in treatment with 
nicosulfuron in comparison to mesotrione. The same trend was noticed for cinnamic 
acid content in all tested hybrids. Opposite trend was achieved for ferulic acid content 
and TPC in ZP515su. Content of ferulic and cinnamic acid negatively correlated with the 
maize yield, opposite to TPC, for hybrid ZP355su. Positive correlation of TPC and cinnamic 
acid to maize yield was found in hybrid ZP515su emphasizing it as promising hybrid among 
all tested hybrids. Although relatively small number of hybrids was examined, the obtained 
data revealed a new potential of herbicide, i.e. the enrichment of health promoting 
compounds in sweet maize grain.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian genetic society",
journal = "6. Congress of the Serbian genetic society, Vrnjačka Banja, 13-17.10.2019. godine - Book of abstracts",
title = "Herbicides impact on content of phenolic compounds in sweet maize",
pages = "233-233"
}
Mesarović, J., Srdić, J., Mladenović Drinić, S., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Kresović, B.,& Dragičević, V.. (2019). Herbicides impact on content of phenolic compounds in sweet maize. in 6. Congress of the Serbian genetic society, Vrnjačka Banja, 13-17.10.2019. godine - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Serbian genetic society., 233-233.
Mesarović J, Srdić J, Mladenović Drinić S, Simić M, Brankov M, Kresović B, Dragičević V. Herbicides impact on content of phenolic compounds in sweet maize. in 6. Congress of the Serbian genetic society, Vrnjačka Banja, 13-17.10.2019. godine - Book of abstracts. 2019;:233-233..
Mesarović, Jelena, Srdić, Jelena, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Kresović, Branka, Dragičević, Vesna, "Herbicides impact on content of phenolic compounds in sweet maize" in 6. Congress of the Serbian genetic society, Vrnjačka Banja, 13-17.10.2019. godine - Book of abstracts (2019):233-233.

Cropping systems affect photosynthetic pigments and grain yield in maize

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Kresović, Branka; Brankov, Milan

(Belgrade - Zemun : Institute for animal husbandry, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1047
AB  - Maize is still widely growing in monoculture, due to its 
domination in sowing structure. Nevertheless, rotation, as cropping system has 
many advantages in regard to monoculture, revealing through better crop growth 
and yielding. The aim of this experiment was to evaluate different cropping 
systems, which include maize monoculture (M), maize-winter wheat-soybean 
(MWS) and maize-soybean-winter wheat (MSW) rotations, with different weed 
control measures: full and half of herbicide doses, weed removal by hoeing and 
control – without weed removal, on dry mass (DM), concentration of chlorophyll 
a, chlorophyll b and carotenoids in aboveground maize biomass, as well as grain 
yield during three seasons. Obtained results referred that DM accumulation in 
above ground biomass highly correlated with carotenoids concentration in maize 
leaves and that full dose of herbicides is an important strategy for greater DM 
accumulation. MSW is the most promising cropping system to achieve high grain 
yield of maize, what is possible tied to low variations in all three photosynthetic 
pigments, indicating that this system enables better conditions for assimilation and 
crop growth. Higher values of chlorophyll a, as found in treatment with weed 
removal, are important for maize productivity. What is more, carotenoids role is 
emphasized again, having primary role in chlorophyll a protection against 
oxidative stress, thus contributing to optimal assimilation and increased grain 
yielding potential.
AB  - Najšire rasprostranjen način gajenja kukuruza je monokultura zahvaljujući 
njegovoj dominantnosti u setvenoj strukturi. Međutim, plodored ima brojne 
prednosti u odnosu na monokulturu koje se ogledaju u boljem rastu i prinosu useva. 
Cilj eksperimenta je da se uporede različiti sistemi gajenja koji uključuju 
monokulturu kukuruza (M), kao i rotacije kukuruz-ozima pšenica-soja (MWS) i 
kukuruz-soja-ozima pšenica (MSW), u kombinaciji sa različitim merama kontrole 
zakorovljenosti: puna i polovina doze herbicida, uklanjanje korova okopavanjem i 
kontrola – bez kontrole zakorovljenosti, na suvu masu (DM), koncentraciju 
hlorofila a i b i karotenoida u nadzemnoj biomasi kukuruza, kao i prinos zrna, na 
kraju vegetacije tokom tri sezone. Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da akumulacija suve 
mase nadzemnih delova u visokom stepenu korelira sa promenama koncentracije 
karotenoida u listovima kukuruza i da je puna doza herbicida važna strategijacza 
veće nakupljanje suve mase. MSW se pokazao kao najperspektivniji sistem za 
povećanje prinosa zrna kukuruza, što je najverovatnije povezano sa smanjenjem u 
variranu fotosintetskih pigmenata, što upućuje da upravo ovaj sistem gajenja 
omogućava bolje uslove za asimilaciju i rast useva. Povećanje vrednosti hlorofila 
a, posebno u tretmanu gde su korovi ručno uklanjani su vrlo važne za 
produktivnost kukuruza. Važna uloga karotenoida je iznova istaknuta, preko zaštite hlorofila a od oksidativnog stresa, što doprinosi optimalnoj asimilaciji i povećanju 
potencijala rodnosti kukuruza.
PB  - Belgrade - Zemun : Institute for animal husbandry
C3  - 12. International symposium Modern trends in livestock production, Belgrade, 9-11.10.2019. godine - Proceedings
T1  - Cropping systems affect photosynthetic pigments and grain yield in maize
SP  - 684
EP  - 694
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Kresović, Branka and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Maize is still widely growing in monoculture, due to its 
domination in sowing structure. Nevertheless, rotation, as cropping system has 
many advantages in regard to monoculture, revealing through better crop growth 
and yielding. The aim of this experiment was to evaluate different cropping 
systems, which include maize monoculture (M), maize-winter wheat-soybean 
(MWS) and maize-soybean-winter wheat (MSW) rotations, with different weed 
control measures: full and half of herbicide doses, weed removal by hoeing and 
control – without weed removal, on dry mass (DM), concentration of chlorophyll 
a, chlorophyll b and carotenoids in aboveground maize biomass, as well as grain 
yield during three seasons. Obtained results referred that DM accumulation in 
above ground biomass highly correlated with carotenoids concentration in maize 
leaves and that full dose of herbicides is an important strategy for greater DM 
accumulation. MSW is the most promising cropping system to achieve high grain 
yield of maize, what is possible tied to low variations in all three photosynthetic 
pigments, indicating that this system enables better conditions for assimilation and 
crop growth. Higher values of chlorophyll a, as found in treatment with weed 
removal, are important for maize productivity. What is more, carotenoids role is 
emphasized again, having primary role in chlorophyll a protection against 
oxidative stress, thus contributing to optimal assimilation and increased grain 
yielding potential., Najšire rasprostranjen način gajenja kukuruza je monokultura zahvaljujući 
njegovoj dominantnosti u setvenoj strukturi. Međutim, plodored ima brojne 
prednosti u odnosu na monokulturu koje se ogledaju u boljem rastu i prinosu useva. 
Cilj eksperimenta je da se uporede različiti sistemi gajenja koji uključuju 
monokulturu kukuruza (M), kao i rotacije kukuruz-ozima pšenica-soja (MWS) i 
kukuruz-soja-ozima pšenica (MSW), u kombinaciji sa različitim merama kontrole 
zakorovljenosti: puna i polovina doze herbicida, uklanjanje korova okopavanjem i 
kontrola – bez kontrole zakorovljenosti, na suvu masu (DM), koncentraciju 
hlorofila a i b i karotenoida u nadzemnoj biomasi kukuruza, kao i prinos zrna, na 
kraju vegetacije tokom tri sezone. Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da akumulacija suve 
mase nadzemnih delova u visokom stepenu korelira sa promenama koncentracije 
karotenoida u listovima kukuruza i da je puna doza herbicida važna strategijacza 
veće nakupljanje suve mase. MSW se pokazao kao najperspektivniji sistem za 
povećanje prinosa zrna kukuruza, što je najverovatnije povezano sa smanjenjem u 
variranu fotosintetskih pigmenata, što upućuje da upravo ovaj sistem gajenja 
omogućava bolje uslove za asimilaciju i rast useva. Povećanje vrednosti hlorofila 
a, posebno u tretmanu gde su korovi ručno uklanjani su vrlo važne za 
produktivnost kukuruza. Važna uloga karotenoida je iznova istaknuta, preko zaštite hlorofila a od oksidativnog stresa, što doprinosi optimalnoj asimilaciji i povećanju 
potencijala rodnosti kukuruza.",
publisher = "Belgrade - Zemun : Institute for animal husbandry",
journal = "12. International symposium Modern trends in livestock production, Belgrade, 9-11.10.2019. godine - Proceedings",
title = "Cropping systems affect photosynthetic pigments and grain yield in maize",
pages = "684-694"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Kresović, B.,& Brankov, M.. (2019). Cropping systems affect photosynthetic pigments and grain yield in maize. in 12. International symposium Modern trends in livestock production, Belgrade, 9-11.10.2019. godine - Proceedings
Belgrade - Zemun : Institute for animal husbandry., 684-694.
Dragičević V, Simić M, Kresović B, Brankov M. Cropping systems affect photosynthetic pigments and grain yield in maize. in 12. International symposium Modern trends in livestock production, Belgrade, 9-11.10.2019. godine - Proceedings. 2019;:684-694..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Kresović, Branka, Brankov, Milan, "Cropping systems affect photosynthetic pigments and grain yield in maize" in 12. International symposium Modern trends in livestock production, Belgrade, 9-11.10.2019. godine - Proceedings (2019):684-694.

Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazmatske muške sterilnosti na frakciju semena srednje krupno pljosnato kod inbred linija kukuruza.

Jovanović V., Snežana; Todorović, Goran; Kresović, Branka; Tolimir, Miodrag; Petrović, Tanja; Stanisavljević, Rade; Štrbanović, Ratibor

(Zagreb : Hrvatsko agronomsko društvo, 2019)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Jovanović V., Snežana
AU  - Todorović, Goran
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Petrović, Tanja
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Štrbanović, Ratibor
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/936
AB  - Cilj istraživanja bio je utvrditi utjecaj različitog tipa citoplazme (cms-C, cms-S
i fertilna) i vanjske sredine na frakciju sjemena srednje krupno pjlosnato dvanaestinbred linija kukuruza.
Pokus je proveden tijekom 2017. i 2018. godine na dvije lokacije po metodici slučajnog bloknog rasporeda u tri ponavljanja, a statistička obrada podataka analizom varijance. Analizom varijanse utvrđeno je da postoje veoma značajne razlike između inbred linija u frakciji sjemena srednje krupno pljosnato (SKP) u zavisnosti od tipa citoplazme, godine i lokacije. Prosječni udjel frakcije sjemena srednje krupno pljosnato (SKP) značajno je varirao (P≤5%) u zavisnosti od tipa citoplazme. Najveći udjel frakcije sjemena srednje krupno pljosnato imala je sterilna citoplazma cms-C (7,0%), a najmanji fertilna citoplazma (6,5%). Srednje vrijednosti SKP frakcije sjemena inbred linija veoma značajno (P≤1%) su varirale u zavisnosti od godina ispitivanja i lokacija. Veću zastupljenost SKP frakcije sjemena imale su inbred linije u 2017. godini (7,75%) u odnosu na 2018. godinu (5,69%), kao i na lokaciji Selekciono polje (7,17%) u odnosu na lokaciju Školsko dobro (6,28%). 
Analiza dobivenih rezultata ukazuje na značajan utjecaj tipa citoplazme na srednje krupnu plosnatu frakciju sjemena.
AB  - The aim of the present study was to determine effects of different types of cytoplasm (cms-C, cms-S and fertile) and environmental factors on the medium large flat seed fraction (MLF) of 12 maize inbreds lines. The trial with inbred lines was set up in 2017 and 2018 at two locations according to the randomised block design in three replication. Statistical data processing was done by analysis of variance. Very significant differences in the medium large flat seed fraction (MLF) among inbred lines, in dependence on the type of cytoplasm, year and the location were established. The average percent of the MLF seed fraction significantly varied (P≤5%) in respect of cytoplasm type. The highest and the lowest values of this trait were established in sterile cytoplasm cms-C (7.0%), and fertile cytoplasm (6.5%), respectively. The medium values of the MLF seed fraction very significantly (P≤1%) varied in dependence on the year and location. The greater percentage of the MLF seed fraction was determined in maize inbred lines in 2017 (7.75%) than in 2018 (5.69%), as well as in the location of Selekciono polje (7.17%) than in Školsko dobro (6.28%).
The analysis of obtained results point out to a significant effect of the cytoplasm type on the medium large flat seed fraction.
PB  - Zagreb : Hrvatsko agronomsko društvo
T2  - 12. Međunarodni kongres oplemenjivanje blja, sjemenarstvo i rasadničarstvo. Umag, 06. - 08. 11 2019. godine - Zbornik sažetaka
T1  - Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazmatske muške sterilnosti na frakciju semena srednje krupno pljosnato kod inbred linija kukuruza.
T1  - Different type of citoplasmatic male sterility impact on medium large flat seed size of maize inbred lines
SP  - 60
EP  - 61
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Jovanović V., Snežana and Todorović, Goran and Kresović, Branka and Tolimir, Miodrag and Petrović, Tanja and Stanisavljević, Rade and Štrbanović, Ratibor",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Cilj istraživanja bio je utvrditi utjecaj različitog tipa citoplazme (cms-C, cms-S
i fertilna) i vanjske sredine na frakciju sjemena srednje krupno pjlosnato dvanaestinbred linija kukuruza.
Pokus je proveden tijekom 2017. i 2018. godine na dvije lokacije po metodici slučajnog bloknog rasporeda u tri ponavljanja, a statistička obrada podataka analizom varijance. Analizom varijanse utvrđeno je da postoje veoma značajne razlike između inbred linija u frakciji sjemena srednje krupno pljosnato (SKP) u zavisnosti od tipa citoplazme, godine i lokacije. Prosječni udjel frakcije sjemena srednje krupno pljosnato (SKP) značajno je varirao (P≤5%) u zavisnosti od tipa citoplazme. Najveći udjel frakcije sjemena srednje krupno pljosnato imala je sterilna citoplazma cms-C (7,0%), a najmanji fertilna citoplazma (6,5%). Srednje vrijednosti SKP frakcije sjemena inbred linija veoma značajno (P≤1%) su varirale u zavisnosti od godina ispitivanja i lokacija. Veću zastupljenost SKP frakcije sjemena imale su inbred linije u 2017. godini (7,75%) u odnosu na 2018. godinu (5,69%), kao i na lokaciji Selekciono polje (7,17%) u odnosu na lokaciju Školsko dobro (6,28%). 
Analiza dobivenih rezultata ukazuje na značajan utjecaj tipa citoplazme na srednje krupnu plosnatu frakciju sjemena., The aim of the present study was to determine effects of different types of cytoplasm (cms-C, cms-S and fertile) and environmental factors on the medium large flat seed fraction (MLF) of 12 maize inbreds lines. The trial with inbred lines was set up in 2017 and 2018 at two locations according to the randomised block design in three replication. Statistical data processing was done by analysis of variance. Very significant differences in the medium large flat seed fraction (MLF) among inbred lines, in dependence on the type of cytoplasm, year and the location were established. The average percent of the MLF seed fraction significantly varied (P≤5%) in respect of cytoplasm type. The highest and the lowest values of this trait were established in sterile cytoplasm cms-C (7.0%), and fertile cytoplasm (6.5%), respectively. The medium values of the MLF seed fraction very significantly (P≤1%) varied in dependence on the year and location. The greater percentage of the MLF seed fraction was determined in maize inbred lines in 2017 (7.75%) than in 2018 (5.69%), as well as in the location of Selekciono polje (7.17%) than in Školsko dobro (6.28%).
The analysis of obtained results point out to a significant effect of the cytoplasm type on the medium large flat seed fraction.",
publisher = "Zagreb : Hrvatsko agronomsko društvo",
journal = "12. Međunarodni kongres oplemenjivanje blja, sjemenarstvo i rasadničarstvo. Umag, 06. - 08. 11 2019. godine - Zbornik sažetaka",
title = "Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazmatske muške sterilnosti na frakciju semena srednje krupno pljosnato kod inbred linija kukuruza., Different type of citoplasmatic male sterility impact on medium large flat seed size of maize inbred lines",
pages = "60-61"
}
Jovanović V., S., Todorović, G., Kresović, B., Tolimir, M., Petrović, T., Stanisavljević, R.,& Štrbanović, R.. (2019). Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazmatske muške sterilnosti na frakciju semena srednje krupno pljosnato kod inbred linija kukuruza.. in 12. Međunarodni kongres oplemenjivanje blja, sjemenarstvo i rasadničarstvo. Umag, 06. - 08. 11 2019. godine - Zbornik sažetaka
Zagreb : Hrvatsko agronomsko društvo., 60-61.
Jovanović V. S, Todorović G, Kresović B, Tolimir M, Petrović T, Stanisavljević R, Štrbanović R. Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazmatske muške sterilnosti na frakciju semena srednje krupno pljosnato kod inbred linija kukuruza.. in 12. Međunarodni kongres oplemenjivanje blja, sjemenarstvo i rasadničarstvo. Umag, 06. - 08. 11 2019. godine - Zbornik sažetaka. 2019;:60-61..
Jovanović V., Snežana, Todorović, Goran, Kresović, Branka, Tolimir, Miodrag, Petrović, Tanja, Stanisavljević, Rade, Štrbanović, Ratibor, "Uticaj različitog tipa citoplazmatske muške sterilnosti na frakciju semena srednje krupno pljosnato kod inbred linija kukuruza." in 12. Međunarodni kongres oplemenjivanje blja, sjemenarstvo i rasadničarstvo. Umag, 06. - 08. 11 2019. godine - Zbornik sažetaka (2019):60-61.

Integrated effects of herbicides and foliar fertilizer on corn inbred line

Brankov, Milan; Simić, Milena; Mesarović, Jelena; Kresović, Branka; Dragičević, Vesna

(Chillan : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Ministerio de agricultura, 2019)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Mesarović, Jelena
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1038
AB  - Plant response to herbicides is one of the most essential points in corn (Zea mays L.) production, especially in inbred
lines. Weed abundance is higher in corn lines comparing to hybrids. Insufficient herbicide selectivity in lines crop can be
a limiting factor for their application. Weed control today is based on Integrated Weed Management (IWM) approach, i.e.
to use all possible methods and measures for weed control and better crop fitness. In this research, sensitivity of one corn
inbred line (selection based on previous research) was tested to two sulfonylurea herbicides in treatments with and without
foliar fertilizer. Treatments included recommended and double field doses and control (no herbicide), with and without
foliar fertilizer. Herbicides and foliar fertilizer were applied as a mixture. In a 3 yr field experiment, herbicides expressed
different selectivity to the tested line. The line was further tested in controlled conditions for dose-response analyses in order
to determine variations in biomass and biochemical compounds levels. The double dose of foramsulfuron affected fresh
matter significantly (p < 0.05) with 90% decrease, compared to control. An experiment in controlled conditions showed
increased tolerance to herbicides in treatments with foliar fertilizer – according to higher effective doses (ED10, ED50,
and ED90) estimated, indicating higher plant tolerance to herbicides when foliar fertilizer was applied. In corn leaves the
highest herbicide dose and foliar fertilizer induced slight reduction of concentrations of free thiol groups, soluble proteins
and phytic P (to 14.1%, 9.3% and 9.9%, respectively) and increased phenolics concentration (up to 26.7%) compared to
treatment without herbicide application. Obtained results indicate positive effects of foliar fertilizer when it is applied in
mixture with herbicides, and foliar fertilizing should be considered as important strategy in obtaining higher yields.
PB  - Chillan : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Ministerio de agricultura
T2  - Chilean Journal of agricultural research
T1  - Integrated effects of herbicides and foliar fertilizer  on corn inbred line
VL  - 80
IS  - 1
SP  - 50
EP  - 60
DO  - 10.4067/S0718-58392020000100050
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Simić, Milena and Mesarović, Jelena and Kresović, Branka and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Plant response to herbicides is one of the most essential points in corn (Zea mays L.) production, especially in inbred
lines. Weed abundance is higher in corn lines comparing to hybrids. Insufficient herbicide selectivity in lines crop can be
a limiting factor for their application. Weed control today is based on Integrated Weed Management (IWM) approach, i.e.
to use all possible methods and measures for weed control and better crop fitness. In this research, sensitivity of one corn
inbred line (selection based on previous research) was tested to two sulfonylurea herbicides in treatments with and without
foliar fertilizer. Treatments included recommended and double field doses and control (no herbicide), with and without
foliar fertilizer. Herbicides and foliar fertilizer were applied as a mixture. In a 3 yr field experiment, herbicides expressed
different selectivity to the tested line. The line was further tested in controlled conditions for dose-response analyses in order
to determine variations in biomass and biochemical compounds levels. The double dose of foramsulfuron affected fresh
matter significantly (p < 0.05) with 90% decrease, compared to control. An experiment in controlled conditions showed
increased tolerance to herbicides in treatments with foliar fertilizer – according to higher effective doses (ED10, ED50,
and ED90) estimated, indicating higher plant tolerance to herbicides when foliar fertilizer was applied. In corn leaves the
highest herbicide dose and foliar fertilizer induced slight reduction of concentrations of free thiol groups, soluble proteins
and phytic P (to 14.1%, 9.3% and 9.9%, respectively) and increased phenolics concentration (up to 26.7%) compared to
treatment without herbicide application. Obtained results indicate positive effects of foliar fertilizer when it is applied in
mixture with herbicides, and foliar fertilizing should be considered as important strategy in obtaining higher yields.",
publisher = "Chillan : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Ministerio de agricultura",
journal = "Chilean Journal of agricultural research",
title = "Integrated effects of herbicides and foliar fertilizer  on corn inbred line",
volume = "80",
number = "1",
pages = "50-60",
doi = "10.4067/S0718-58392020000100050"
}
Brankov, M., Simić, M., Mesarović, J., Kresović, B.,& Dragičević, V.. (2019). Integrated effects of herbicides and foliar fertilizer  on corn inbred line. in Chilean Journal of agricultural research
Chillan : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Ministerio de agricultura., 80(1), 50-60.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392020000100050
Brankov M, Simić M, Mesarović J, Kresović B, Dragičević V. Integrated effects of herbicides and foliar fertilizer  on corn inbred line. in Chilean Journal of agricultural research. 2019;80(1):50-60.
doi:10.4067/S0718-58392020000100050 .
Brankov, Milan, Simić, Milena, Mesarović, Jelena, Kresović, Branka, Dragičević, Vesna, "Integrated effects of herbicides and foliar fertilizer  on corn inbred line" in Chilean Journal of agricultural research, 80, no. 1 (2019):50-60,
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392020000100050 . .
1

Uvođenje pokrovnih useva u sistem gajenja kukuruza kokičara

Simić, Milena; Dolijanović, Željko; Dragičević, Vesna; Kresović, Branka; Kovačević, Dušan; Brankov, Milan

(Beograd : Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije, 2019)

TY  - PAT
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Kovačević, Dušan
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1035
AB  - Gajenje pokrovnih useva u održivim i organskim sistemima poljoprivredne proizvodnje nema alternativu. Povećanjem frekvencije useva i pokrovnosti zemljišta ostvaruje se pozitivan uticaj na funkcionisanje agroekosistema kroz održanje ekološke ravnoteže odnosno poboljšano kruženje materije i proticanje energije. Povećava se stabilnost i održivost agroekosistema odnosno agroekosistemi se po osobinama približavaju prirodnim ekosistemima.
Smanjena upotreba mineralnih, posebno azotnih đubriva i pesticida pozitivno utiče na stanje zemljišta i useva. Manji su gubici azota ispiranjem i isparavanjem, manja je mogućnost zakišeljavanja zemljišta, zagađenja teškim metalima, kako zemljišta, tako i podzemnih i površinskih voda. Jedan od važnih problema obradivih zemljišta jeste smanjen sadržaj organske materije. Povećan pokrovnost zemljišta, sa većim učešćem leguminoza je siguran put održanju, pa i poboljšanju sadržaja organske materije, poboljšanju strukture i drugih osobina zemljišta a sve to dovodi do zaštite zemljišta od degradacije, posebno od erozije vodom i vetrom. Po navedenim rezultatima bolji je odnos hranljivih materija u semenu kokičara, što pozitivno utiče na zdravstvenu bezbednost semena i proizvoda od semena.
Uloga pokrovnih useva u čuvanju vlage iz zemljišta tokom zimskih meseci i stavljanje na raspolaganje glavnom usevu u momentu kada je najpotrebnija (u vreme setve i nicanja) je od ogromnog značaja. Sve češće u našim proizvodnim rejonima u proleće ulazimo sa nedostatkom vlage u zemljištu, što ranije nije bio takav slučaj.
Sa agronomskog stanovišta, gajenje pokrovnih useva pozitivno je uticalo na zakorovljenost useva kukuruza kokičara. Manji je broj vrsta, jedinki korova i manja je sveža masa korova po jedinici površine u odnosu na konvencionalni način gajenja. Smanjena zakorovljenost, pored svih ostalih faktora, je važan činilac povećanja prinosa zrna, posebno u godinama sa nedostatkom padavina, kakvih će, po pretpostavkama naučne i stručne javnosti, u budućnosti biti sve više.
PB  - Beograd : Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije
T2  - Broj tehničkog rešenja: 439
T1  - Uvođenje pokrovnih useva u sistem gajenja kukuruza kokičara
SP  - 1
EP  - 20
ER  - 
@misc{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dolijanović, Željko and Dragičević, Vesna and Kresović, Branka and Kovačević, Dušan and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Gajenje pokrovnih useva u održivim i organskim sistemima poljoprivredne proizvodnje nema alternativu. Povećanjem frekvencije useva i pokrovnosti zemljišta ostvaruje se pozitivan uticaj na funkcionisanje agroekosistema kroz održanje ekološke ravnoteže odnosno poboljšano kruženje materije i proticanje energije. Povećava se stabilnost i održivost agroekosistema odnosno agroekosistemi se po osobinama približavaju prirodnim ekosistemima.
Smanjena upotreba mineralnih, posebno azotnih đubriva i pesticida pozitivno utiče na stanje zemljišta i useva. Manji su gubici azota ispiranjem i isparavanjem, manja je mogućnost zakišeljavanja zemljišta, zagađenja teškim metalima, kako zemljišta, tako i podzemnih i površinskih voda. Jedan od važnih problema obradivih zemljišta jeste smanjen sadržaj organske materije. Povećan pokrovnost zemljišta, sa većim učešćem leguminoza je siguran put održanju, pa i poboljšanju sadržaja organske materije, poboljšanju strukture i drugih osobina zemljišta a sve to dovodi do zaštite zemljišta od degradacije, posebno od erozije vodom i vetrom. Po navedenim rezultatima bolji je odnos hranljivih materija u semenu kokičara, što pozitivno utiče na zdravstvenu bezbednost semena i proizvoda od semena.
Uloga pokrovnih useva u čuvanju vlage iz zemljišta tokom zimskih meseci i stavljanje na raspolaganje glavnom usevu u momentu kada je najpotrebnija (u vreme setve i nicanja) je od ogromnog značaja. Sve češće u našim proizvodnim rejonima u proleće ulazimo sa nedostatkom vlage u zemljištu, što ranije nije bio takav slučaj.
Sa agronomskog stanovišta, gajenje pokrovnih useva pozitivno je uticalo na zakorovljenost useva kukuruza kokičara. Manji je broj vrsta, jedinki korova i manja je sveža masa korova po jedinici površine u odnosu na konvencionalni način gajenja. Smanjena zakorovljenost, pored svih ostalih faktora, je važan činilac povećanja prinosa zrna, posebno u godinama sa nedostatkom padavina, kakvih će, po pretpostavkama naučne i stručne javnosti, u budućnosti biti sve više.",
publisher = "Beograd : Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije",
journal = "Broj tehničkog rešenja: 439",
title = "Uvođenje pokrovnih useva u sistem gajenja kukuruza kokičara",
pages = "1-20"
}
Simić, M., Dolijanović, Ž., Dragičević, V., Kresović, B., Kovačević, D.,& Brankov, M.. (2019). Uvođenje pokrovnih useva u sistem gajenja kukuruza kokičara. in Broj tehničkog rešenja: 439
Beograd : Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije., 1-20.
Simić M, Dolijanović Ž, Dragičević V, Kresović B, Kovačević D, Brankov M. Uvođenje pokrovnih useva u sistem gajenja kukuruza kokičara. in Broj tehničkog rešenja: 439. 2019;:1-20..
Simić, Milena, Dolijanović, Željko, Dragičević, Vesna, Kresović, Branka, Kovačević, Dušan, Brankov, Milan, "Uvođenje pokrovnih useva u sistem gajenja kukuruza kokičara" in Broj tehničkog rešenja: 439 (2019):1-20.

Doprinos sistema obrade zemljišta i nivoa đubrenja kvalitetu prinosa kukuruza

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Kresović, Branka; Dolijanović, Željko; Mesarović, Jelena; Brankov, Milan

(Beograd : Megatrend univerzitet Beograd, Fakultet za biofarming, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Mesarović, Jelena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1030
AB  - U ogledu je ispitivan uticaj sistema obrade zemljišta i nivoa đubrenja azotom na visinu i kvalitet prinosa zrna kukuruza. Hibrid ZP 606 je gajen na oglednom polju Instituta za kukuruz Zemun Polje, tokom 2016-2018. uz primenu konvencionalne, redukovane (obrada rotofrezom) i nulte (direktna setva) obrade zemljišta i 0, 120 i 240 kg azota ha-1. U pogledu meteoroloških uslova, godine ispitivanja su se vrlo razlikovale. Prinos zrna je bio najveći na površini sa konvencionalnom obradom zemljišta i primenom azota u najvećoj količini (9,57 t ha-1) kao i sadržaj proteina, karotenoida, fitinskog fosfora, glutationa i fenola dok je sadržaj skroba, ulja, tokoferola i neorganskog fosfora bio veći na površinama sa manje intenzivnom obradom i đubrenjem. .
AB  - The experiment studies the effect of tillage systems and levels of nitrogen fertilization on the amount and quality of grain yield. Hybrid ZP606 is grown on the experimental field of the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje, during 2016-2018, with the use of a conventional, reduced ( rotovator ) and no - till ( direct drilling ) of soil treatment and 0, 120 and 240 kg N ha-1. In terms of weather conditions, the years of investigation varied in great extent. Grain yield was the largest in the conventional tillage and application of nitrogen in the largest quantity ( 9,57 t ha -1) as well as the content of proteins, carotenoids, phytic phosphorus, glutathione and phenols, while the content of starch, oil, tocopherols, and inorganic P was higher on the surface of less intensive tillage and fertilization.
PB  - Beograd : Megatrend univerzitet Beograd, Fakultet za biofarming
C3  - Nacionalni naučni skup sa međunarodnim učešćem "Održiva poljoprivredna proizvodnja-uloga poljoprivrede u zaštiti životne sredine", Beograd, 18.10.2019. - Zbornik radova
T1  - Doprinos sistema obrade zemljišta i nivoa đubrenja kvalitetu prinosa kukuruza
T1  - Importance of soil tillage and fertilization systems for maize grain quality
SP  - 103
EP  - 111
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Kresović, Branka and Dolijanović, Željko and Mesarović, Jelena and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2019",
abstract = "U ogledu je ispitivan uticaj sistema obrade zemljišta i nivoa đubrenja azotom na visinu i kvalitet prinosa zrna kukuruza. Hibrid ZP 606 je gajen na oglednom polju Instituta za kukuruz Zemun Polje, tokom 2016-2018. uz primenu konvencionalne, redukovane (obrada rotofrezom) i nulte (direktna setva) obrade zemljišta i 0, 120 i 240 kg azota ha-1. U pogledu meteoroloških uslova, godine ispitivanja su se vrlo razlikovale. Prinos zrna je bio najveći na površini sa konvencionalnom obradom zemljišta i primenom azota u najvećoj količini (9,57 t ha-1) kao i sadržaj proteina, karotenoida, fitinskog fosfora, glutationa i fenola dok je sadržaj skroba, ulja, tokoferola i neorganskog fosfora bio veći na površinama sa manje intenzivnom obradom i đubrenjem. ., The experiment studies the effect of tillage systems and levels of nitrogen fertilization on the amount and quality of grain yield. Hybrid ZP606 is grown on the experimental field of the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje, during 2016-2018, with the use of a conventional, reduced ( rotovator ) and no - till ( direct drilling ) of soil treatment and 0, 120 and 240 kg N ha-1. In terms of weather conditions, the years of investigation varied in great extent. Grain yield was the largest in the conventional tillage and application of nitrogen in the largest quantity ( 9,57 t ha -1) as well as the content of proteins, carotenoids, phytic phosphorus, glutathione and phenols, while the content of starch, oil, tocopherols, and inorganic P was higher on the surface of less intensive tillage and fertilization.",
publisher = "Beograd : Megatrend univerzitet Beograd, Fakultet za biofarming",
journal = "Nacionalni naučni skup sa međunarodnim učešćem "Održiva poljoprivredna proizvodnja-uloga poljoprivrede u zaštiti životne sredine", Beograd, 18.10.2019. - Zbornik radova",
title = "Doprinos sistema obrade zemljišta i nivoa đubrenja kvalitetu prinosa kukuruza, Importance of soil tillage and fertilization systems for maize grain quality",
pages = "103-111"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Mladenović Drinić, S., Kresović, B., Dolijanović, Ž., Mesarović, J.,& Brankov, M.. (2019). Doprinos sistema obrade zemljišta i nivoa đubrenja kvalitetu prinosa kukuruza. in Nacionalni naučni skup sa međunarodnim učešćem "Održiva poljoprivredna proizvodnja-uloga poljoprivrede u zaštiti životne sredine", Beograd, 18.10.2019. - Zbornik radova
Beograd : Megatrend univerzitet Beograd, Fakultet za biofarming., 103-111.
Simić M, Dragičević V, Mladenović Drinić S, Kresović B, Dolijanović Ž, Mesarović J, Brankov M. Doprinos sistema obrade zemljišta i nivoa đubrenja kvalitetu prinosa kukuruza. in Nacionalni naučni skup sa međunarodnim učešćem "Održiva poljoprivredna proizvodnja-uloga poljoprivrede u zaštiti životne sredine", Beograd, 18.10.2019. - Zbornik radova. 2019;:103-111..
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, Kresović, Branka, Dolijanović, Željko, Mesarović, Jelena, Brankov, Milan, "Doprinos sistema obrade zemljišta i nivoa đubrenja kvalitetu prinosa kukuruza" in Nacionalni naučni skup sa međunarodnim učešćem "Održiva poljoprivredna proizvodnja-uloga poljoprivrede u zaštiti životne sredine", Beograd, 18.10.2019. - Zbornik radova (2019):103-111.

Soil tillage adjusted to climate changes and maize growing system

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Kresović, Branka; Brankov, Milan; Dolijanović, Željko; Dumanović, Zoran

(Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Dumanović, Zoran
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1018
AB  - Soil tillage is an important component of crop growing system. Nowadays, it has to be aligned with the climate changes, soil type and maize growing technology aimed to produce high, stable and quality yield together with agro-ecosystem prevention. The other measures such as irrigation, fertilization and herbicide application are also important and could contribute to maize grain quality and added nutritional value. No-till systems in semi-arid environments have depended on herbicides and urea to manage weeds and supply plant N needs. However, over time herbicide weed resistance has become a concern that has forced producers to revert to conventional practices. In addition, long-term synthetic fertilizer use has led to stratification of nutrients and pH issues which may result in tillage implementation. The long- term experiment has been conducted in Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje for more than 38 years with no-tillage, reduced and conventional systems of soil tillage together with fertilizers application in different rates and under irrigated and rain feed conditions. The system of the conventional soil cultivation is meant autumn plowing at a depth of 20-25 cm and a pre-sowing seedbed preparation at a depth of 10-12 cm; reduced treatment was conducted by rotovator while direct sowing in no-tillage soil system was conducted by special planter John Deere 7200 (John Deere, USA). Fertilizers are incorporated in the autumn before plowing in the amount of 50 kg ha-1 N, 50 kg ha-1 P and 50 kg ha-1 K in both treatments, while the third variant was without fertilization et al. In the spring, before pre-sowing soil preparation, the additional amounts of N -180 and 240 kg ha-1 were added in treated plots. The long-term experiment results showed considerable differences in maize grain yield in dependence on the applied soil tillage system. In average for twelve years, 2005-2016, maize yield was in no-tillage, reduced and conventional tillage of soil, higher by more than 2 t ha-1 in the rain feed -7.0,8.3 and 10.0 t ha-1 than underirrigated treatment 9.1, 10.5 and 11.9 t ha-1. Under rain feed conditions, during 2016-2018 period, the highest maize grain yield was observed under conventional tillage (9.19 t ha-1) and with fertilizer application in higher amount (8.46 t ha-1). Intensification of soil tillage systems and nitrogen fertilization, contributing to an increase in yield as well as protein content, carotenoids, phytic phosphorus, glutathione and phenols in maize grain. Since the values of analyzed quality parameters in grains did not differ significantly between pre-sowing application of 180 and 240 kg of N, it can be concluded that the optimum amount of N application could be somewhat less than 240 kg ha-1, while the system of conventional tillage in agro-ecological conditions of Zemun Polje most effectively contribute to achieving higher maize yields with better quality.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 4. International symposium on agricultural engineering "ISAE-2019", Beograd, 31.10-02.11.2019. - Book of abstracts
T1  - Soil tillage adjusted to climate changes and maize growing system
SP  - 39
EP  - 40
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Kresović, Branka and Brankov, Milan and Dolijanović, Željko and Dumanović, Zoran",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Soil tillage is an important component of crop growing system. Nowadays, it has to be aligned with the climate changes, soil type and maize growing technology aimed to produce high, stable and quality yield together with agro-ecosystem prevention. The other measures such as irrigation, fertilization and herbicide application are also important and could contribute to maize grain quality and added nutritional value. No-till systems in semi-arid environments have depended on herbicides and urea to manage weeds and supply plant N needs. However, over time herbicide weed resistance has become a concern that has forced producers to revert to conventional practices. In addition, long-term synthetic fertilizer use has led to stratification of nutrients and pH issues which may result in tillage implementation. The long- term experiment has been conducted in Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje for more than 38 years with no-tillage, reduced and conventional systems of soil tillage together with fertilizers application in different rates and under irrigated and rain feed conditions. The system of the conventional soil cultivation is meant autumn plowing at a depth of 20-25 cm and a pre-sowing seedbed preparation at a depth of 10-12 cm; reduced treatment was conducted by rotovator while direct sowing in no-tillage soil system was conducted by special planter John Deere 7200 (John Deere, USA). Fertilizers are incorporated in the autumn before plowing in the amount of 50 kg ha-1 N, 50 kg ha-1 P and 50 kg ha-1 K in both treatments, while the third variant was without fertilization et al. In the spring, before pre-sowing soil preparation, the additional amounts of N -180 and 240 kg ha-1 were added in treated plots. The long-term experiment results showed considerable differences in maize grain yield in dependence on the applied soil tillage system. In average for twelve years, 2005-2016, maize yield was in no-tillage, reduced and conventional tillage of soil, higher by more than 2 t ha-1 in the rain feed -7.0,8.3 and 10.0 t ha-1 than underirrigated treatment 9.1, 10.5 and 11.9 t ha-1. Under rain feed conditions, during 2016-2018 period, the highest maize grain yield was observed under conventional tillage (9.19 t ha-1) and with fertilizer application in higher amount (8.46 t ha-1). Intensification of soil tillage systems and nitrogen fertilization, contributing to an increase in yield as well as protein content, carotenoids, phytic phosphorus, glutathione and phenols in maize grain. Since the values of analyzed quality parameters in grains did not differ significantly between pre-sowing application of 180 and 240 kg of N, it can be concluded that the optimum amount of N application could be somewhat less than 240 kg ha-1, while the system of conventional tillage in agro-ecological conditions of Zemun Polje most effectively contribute to achieving higher maize yields with better quality.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "4. International symposium on agricultural engineering "ISAE-2019", Beograd, 31.10-02.11.2019. - Book of abstracts",
title = "Soil tillage adjusted to climate changes and maize growing system",
pages = "39-40"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Kresović, B., Brankov, M., Dolijanović, Ž.,& Dumanović, Z.. (2019). Soil tillage adjusted to climate changes and maize growing system. in 4. International symposium on agricultural engineering "ISAE-2019", Beograd, 31.10-02.11.2019. - Book of abstracts
Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet., 39-40.
Simić M, Dragičević V, Kresović B, Brankov M, Dolijanović Ž, Dumanović Z. Soil tillage adjusted to climate changes and maize growing system. in 4. International symposium on agricultural engineering "ISAE-2019", Beograd, 31.10-02.11.2019. - Book of abstracts. 2019;:39-40..
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Kresović, Branka, Brankov, Milan, Dolijanović, Željko, Dumanović, Zoran, "Soil tillage adjusted to climate changes and maize growing system" in 4. International symposium on agricultural engineering "ISAE-2019", Beograd, 31.10-02.11.2019. - Book of abstracts (2019):39-40.

The effectiveness of soil tillage systems in maize cultivation under variable meteorological conditions of Central Serbia

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Kresović, Branka; Kovačević, Dušan; Dolijanović, Željko; Brankov, Milan

(Republic of Srpska, Bosnia : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of agriculture, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Kresović, Branka
AU  - Kovačević, Dušan
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1009
AB  - Soil tillage system is a basic in maize crop production. Under variable climatic conditions and 
frequent occurrences of dry years, soil tillage adjusted to the soil type, agro-ecological 
conditions and the crop, can contribute to the achievement of the maximum yield potential. 
Systems of reduced tillage, particularly direct sowing, have been widely used in Europe. 
Under agro-ecological conditions of central Serbia, the highest maize yields have been 
achieved by using conventional soil tillage with 20-25-cm deep autumn ploughing and a
single pass land preparation in spring as 10-12-cm shallow tillage. In the Maize Research 
Institute, Zemun Polje, the long-term experiment was conducted (2005-2016) in order to test 
the efficacy of zero-, reduced and conventional tillage together with the application of 
different rates of mineral fertilisers in maize cultivation. The experiment was performed under 
rainfed and irrigation conditions. The data were processed by four factorials ANOVA and 
differences were analysed by the LSD-test. Based on the precipitation sum in the investigated 
period, three years were extremely dry, four were moderately dry and five were favourable for 
maize production. Under irrigation conditions, the 12-year maize grain yield average was
higher by 2.1 t ha-1
than under rainfed conditions. Under rainfed conditions, differences 
between conventional and reduced or zero-tillage were 1.7, and 1.3 t ha-1
, respectively, while 
under irrigated conditions conventional tillage was more productive by 1.4 t ha-1
than reduced 
and zero-tillage, respectively. In some dry years, such 2012, the maize grain yield was higher 
under conditions of reduced tillage than conventional tillage.
PB  - Republic of Srpska, Bosnia : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of agriculture
C3  - 10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts
T1  - The effectiveness of soil tillage systems in maize cultivation under variable meteorological conditions of Central Serbia
SP  - 574
EP  - 579
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Kresović, Branka and Kovačević, Dušan and Dolijanović, Željko and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Soil tillage system is a basic in maize crop production. Under variable climatic conditions and 
frequent occurrences of dry years, soil tillage adjusted to the soil type, agro-ecological 
conditions and the crop, can contribute to the achievement of the maximum yield potential. 
Systems of reduced tillage, particularly direct sowing, have been widely used in Europe. 
Under agro-ecological conditions of central Serbia, the highest maize yields have been 
achieved by using conventional soil tillage with 20-25-cm deep autumn ploughing and a
single pass land preparation in spring as 10-12-cm shallow tillage. In the Maize Research 
Institute, Zemun Polje, the long-term experiment was conducted (2005-2016) in order to test 
the efficacy of zero-, reduced and conventional tillage together with the application of 
different rates of mineral fertilisers in maize cultivation. The experiment was performed under 
rainfed and irrigation conditions. The data were processed by four factorials ANOVA and 
differences were analysed by the LSD-test. Based on the precipitation sum in the investigated 
period, three years were extremely dry, four were moderately dry and five were favourable for 
maize production. Under irrigation conditions, the 12-year maize grain yield average was
higher by 2.1 t ha-1
than under rainfed conditions. Under rainfed conditions, differences 
between conventional and reduced or zero-tillage were 1.7, and 1.3 t ha-1
, respectively, while 
under irrigated conditions conventional tillage was more productive by 1.4 t ha-1
than reduced 
and zero-tillage, respectively. In some dry years, such 2012, the maize grain yield was higher 
under conditions of reduced tillage than conventional tillage.",
publisher = "Republic of Srpska, Bosnia : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of agriculture",
journal = "10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts",
title = "The effectiveness of soil tillage systems in maize cultivation under variable meteorological conditions of Central Serbia",
pages = "574-579"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Kresović, B., Kovačević, D., Dolijanović, Ž.,& Brankov, M.. (2019). The effectiveness of soil tillage systems in maize cultivation under variable meteorological conditions of Central Serbia. in 10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts
Republic of Srpska, Bosnia : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of agriculture., 574-579.
Simić M, Dragičević V, Kresović B, Kovačević D, Dolijanović Ž, Brankov M. The effectiveness of soil tillage systems in maize cultivation under variable meteorological conditions of Central Serbia. in 10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts. 2019;:574-579..
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Kresović, Branka, Kovačević, Dušan, Dolijanović, Željko, Brankov, Milan, "The effectiveness of soil tillage systems in maize cultivation under variable meteorological conditions of Central Serbia" in 10. International scientific agriculture symposium “AGROSYM 2019”, Jahorina, 3-6.10.2019. - Book of abstracts (2019):574-579.