Krnjaja, Vesna

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Authority KeyName Variants
orcid::0000-0002-2126-609X
  • Krnjaja, Vesna (56)
Projects
Reduction of toxigenic Fusarium species and their mycotoxins in production of safe cereal-based foods Implementation of new biotechnological solution in breeding of cattle, sheep and goats for the purpose of obtaining biologically valuable and safe food
Novel encapsulation and enzyme technologies for designing of new biocatalysts and biologically active compounds targeting enhancement of food quality, safety and competitiveness Sustainable conventional and revitalized traditional production of poultry meat and eggs with added value
Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200022 (Institute for Animal Husbandry, Belgrade-Zemun) Proučavanje i čuvanje core kolekcije fitopatogenih gljiva značajnih u poljoprivredi Srbije
Improvement of genetic potential and technologies in forage crops production in function of sustainable animal husbandry development Agrounik doo, Belgrade-Zemun, Serbia.
Advancing research in agricultural and food sciences at Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200040 (Maize Research Institute 'Zemun Polje', Belgrade-Zemun)
Development of integrated management of harmful organisms in plant production in order to overcome resistance and to improve food quality and safety Integrated field crop production: conservation of biodiversity and soil fertility
Improvment of maize and soybean traits by molecular and conventional breeding Implementation of various rearing - selection and biotechnological methods in breeding of pigs

Author's Bibliography

First Report of Head Blight of Wheat Caused by Fusarium vorosii in Serbia

Obradović, Ana; Stepanović, Jelena; Krnjaja, Vesna; Bulajić, Aleksandra; Stanković, Goran; Stevanović, Milan; Stanković, Slavica

(St. Paul : APS publications, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Obradović, Ana
AU  - Stepanović, Jelena
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Bulajić, Aleksandra
AU  - Stanković, Goran
AU  - Stevanović, Milan
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/853
PB  - St. Paul : APS publications
T2  - Plant Disease
T1  - First Report of Head Blight of Wheat Caused by Fusarium vorosii in Serbia
VL  - 106
IS  - 2
SP  - 758
EP  - 758
DO  - 10.1094/PDIS-04-21-0715-PDN
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Obradović, Ana and Stepanović, Jelena and Krnjaja, Vesna and Bulajić, Aleksandra and Stanković, Goran and Stevanović, Milan and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2022",
publisher = "St. Paul : APS publications",
journal = "Plant Disease",
title = "First Report of Head Blight of Wheat Caused by Fusarium vorosii in Serbia",
volume = "106",
number = "2",
pages = "758-758",
doi = "10.1094/PDIS-04-21-0715-PDN"
}
Obradović, A., Stepanović, J., Krnjaja, V., Bulajić, A., Stanković, G., Stevanović, M.,& Stanković, S.. (2022). First Report of Head Blight of Wheat Caused by Fusarium vorosii in Serbia. in Plant Disease
St. Paul : APS publications., 106(2), 758-758.
https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-04-21-0715-PDN
Obradović A, Stepanović J, Krnjaja V, Bulajić A, Stanković G, Stevanović M, Stanković S. First Report of Head Blight of Wheat Caused by Fusarium vorosii in Serbia. in Plant Disease. 2022;106(2):758-758.
doi:10.1094/PDIS-04-21-0715-PDN .
Obradović, Ana, Stepanović, Jelena, Krnjaja, Vesna, Bulajić, Aleksandra, Stanković, Goran, Stevanović, Milan, Stanković, Slavica, "First Report of Head Blight of Wheat Caused by Fusarium vorosii in Serbia" in Plant Disease, 106, no. 2 (2022):758-758,
https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-04-21-0715-PDN . .

Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production

Dragičević, Vesna; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Šenk, Milena; Krnjaja, Vesna; Mandić, Violeta; Kresović, Branka

(Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Kresović, Branka
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/941
AB  - Malnutrition is a global problem, hitting both, people and
animals. Due to the many factors, such as climate change, soil depletion,
anthropogenic impact, including irresponsible soil management, high fertilization
rates with macro-nutrients, crops lack in essential nutrients, particularly minerals,
Mg, Fe, Zn, etc., as well as important vitamins, like carotenoids, vitamins from B
group. Also, some arable soils have naturally low fertility. All of that negatively
affect production of domestic animal, including animal health and quality of
livestock products. To mitigate malnutrition, a bio-fortification strategy was
developed. It is based on increase in the concentration of essential nutrients in food
and feed, and also to promote further bio-availability from digestive organs. Biofortification implies various practices. Two main types of bio-fortification were
developed: genetic bio-fortification, and agronomic bio-fortification. The first one
uses standard breeding techniques, marker assistant selection, transgenic
approaches, genome editing, etc., to develop highly-efficient genotypes, that are
able to absorb and accumulate higher concentrations of essential nutrients in
biomass and grains. Agronomic bio-fortification uses different practices, such is
special fertilizers, enriched with essential minerals, foliar fertilizers, bio-fertilizers,
growth hormones and enhancers, and some lesser known sustainable practices, like
inter-cropping, cover cropping, in order to increase crop yields, as well as the
concentration of essential nutrients. The bio-fortification approach, based on the
development and commercialisation of highly efficient genotypes, as well as
agricultural practices that enable and support better absorption and accumulation of
essential nutrients option that is safer for both, people and domestic animals.
Mutual increase in concentration of essential minerals, vitamins, and other
promoting substances is of a particular importance for bio-fortification programs,
increasing efficiency and success of applied practices, thus positively reflecting on
animal health and wellbeing.
AB  - Neishranjenost predstavlja globalni problem, pogađajući i ljude i domaće životinje,
paralelno. Zahvaljujući broujnim faktorima, kao što su promena klime,
ispošćavanje zemljišta, uticaj antropogenog faktora preko neodgovornog
upravljanja zemljištem, visokih unosa mineralnih đubriva baziranih na makroelementima, u usevima se javlja se nedostatak esencijalnih hraniva, kao što su Mg,
Fe, Zn, itd., kao i važnih vitamina, kao što su karotenoidi i vitamini iz B grupe.
Takođe, neke obradive površine imaju prirodno nisku plodnost. Sve navedeno se
negativno odražava na proizvodnju domaćih životinja, uključujući zdravlje
životinja, kao i kvalitet životinjskih proizvoda. Kao odgovor u borbi protiv
neishranjenosti, razvijena je strategija bio-fortifikacije, koja se bazira na povećanju
koncentracije esencijalnih hraniva u hrani i hranivima, kao i većoj pristupačnosti iz
organa za varenje. Bio-fortifikacija koristi različite mere. Dva osnovna tipa biofortifikacije su razvijena: genetička i agronomska bio-fortifikacija. Prva koristi
stndardne tehnike selekcije, marker asastiranu selekciju, transgene pristupe,
editovanje genoma, i dr. u dobijanju vioko-efikasnih genotipova koji su sposobni
da apsorbuju i akumuliraju esencijana hraniva u većim koncentracijama u biomasi i
zrnu. Agrnonomska bio-fortifikacija koristi različite tehnike, kao što je primena
specijalnih đubriva obogaćenih sa esencijalnim mineralima, folijarnih đubriva, hormona i poboljšivača rasta, kao i nekih manje poznatih mera koje se koriste u
održivoj poljoprivredi, kao što su kombinovani i pokrovni usevi, koji su
prvenstveno namenjeni povećanju prinosa, kao i koncentracije esencijalnih hraniva.
Strategija bio-fortifikacije, bazirana na razvijanju i komercijalizaciji visoko
efikasnih genotipova, kao i agronomskih tehnika, koje omogućavaju i podržavaju
bolje usvajanje i akumulaciju esencijanih hraniva je bezbednija opcija i za ljude i
za domaće životinje. Paralelno povećanje koncentracije esentijalnih minerala,
vitamina i drugih supstanci koje pomažu usvajanje je od posebnog značaja za
programe bio-fortifikacije, povećavajući efikasnost i uspešnost primenjenih mera, i
odražavajući se pozitivnona zdravlje i blagostanje domaćih životinja.
PB  - Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry
C3  - 13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings
T1  - Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production
T1  - Biofortifikacija, kao način proizvodnje nutritivno bogate hrane za domaće životinje
SP  - 287
EP  - 307
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Šenk, Milena and Krnjaja, Vesna and Mandić, Violeta and Kresović, Branka",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Malnutrition is a global problem, hitting both, people and
animals. Due to the many factors, such as climate change, soil depletion,
anthropogenic impact, including irresponsible soil management, high fertilization
rates with macro-nutrients, crops lack in essential nutrients, particularly minerals,
Mg, Fe, Zn, etc., as well as important vitamins, like carotenoids, vitamins from B
group. Also, some arable soils have naturally low fertility. All of that negatively
affect production of domestic animal, including animal health and quality of
livestock products. To mitigate malnutrition, a bio-fortification strategy was
developed. It is based on increase in the concentration of essential nutrients in food
and feed, and also to promote further bio-availability from digestive organs. Biofortification implies various practices. Two main types of bio-fortification were
developed: genetic bio-fortification, and agronomic bio-fortification. The first one
uses standard breeding techniques, marker assistant selection, transgenic
approaches, genome editing, etc., to develop highly-efficient genotypes, that are
able to absorb and accumulate higher concentrations of essential nutrients in
biomass and grains. Agronomic bio-fortification uses different practices, such is
special fertilizers, enriched with essential minerals, foliar fertilizers, bio-fertilizers,
growth hormones and enhancers, and some lesser known sustainable practices, like
inter-cropping, cover cropping, in order to increase crop yields, as well as the
concentration of essential nutrients. The bio-fortification approach, based on the
development and commercialisation of highly efficient genotypes, as well as
agricultural practices that enable and support better absorption and accumulation of
essential nutrients option that is safer for both, people and domestic animals.
Mutual increase in concentration of essential minerals, vitamins, and other
promoting substances is of a particular importance for bio-fortification programs,
increasing efficiency and success of applied practices, thus positively reflecting on
animal health and wellbeing., Neishranjenost predstavlja globalni problem, pogađajući i ljude i domaće životinje,
paralelno. Zahvaljujući broujnim faktorima, kao što su promena klime,
ispošćavanje zemljišta, uticaj antropogenog faktora preko neodgovornog
upravljanja zemljištem, visokih unosa mineralnih đubriva baziranih na makroelementima, u usevima se javlja se nedostatak esencijalnih hraniva, kao što su Mg,
Fe, Zn, itd., kao i važnih vitamina, kao što su karotenoidi i vitamini iz B grupe.
Takođe, neke obradive površine imaju prirodno nisku plodnost. Sve navedeno se
negativno odražava na proizvodnju domaćih životinja, uključujući zdravlje
životinja, kao i kvalitet životinjskih proizvoda. Kao odgovor u borbi protiv
neishranjenosti, razvijena je strategija bio-fortifikacije, koja se bazira na povećanju
koncentracije esencijalnih hraniva u hrani i hranivima, kao i većoj pristupačnosti iz
organa za varenje. Bio-fortifikacija koristi različite mere. Dva osnovna tipa biofortifikacije su razvijena: genetička i agronomska bio-fortifikacija. Prva koristi
stndardne tehnike selekcije, marker asastiranu selekciju, transgene pristupe,
editovanje genoma, i dr. u dobijanju vioko-efikasnih genotipova koji su sposobni
da apsorbuju i akumuliraju esencijana hraniva u većim koncentracijama u biomasi i
zrnu. Agrnonomska bio-fortifikacija koristi različite tehnike, kao što je primena
specijalnih đubriva obogaćenih sa esencijalnim mineralima, folijarnih đubriva, hormona i poboljšivača rasta, kao i nekih manje poznatih mera koje se koriste u
održivoj poljoprivredi, kao što su kombinovani i pokrovni usevi, koji su
prvenstveno namenjeni povećanju prinosa, kao i koncentracije esencijalnih hraniva.
Strategija bio-fortifikacije, bazirana na razvijanju i komercijalizaciji visoko
efikasnih genotipova, kao i agronomskih tehnika, koje omogućavaju i podržavaju
bolje usvajanje i akumulaciju esencijanih hraniva je bezbednija opcija i za ljude i
za domaće životinje. Paralelno povećanje koncentracije esentijalnih minerala,
vitamina i drugih supstanci koje pomažu usvajanje je od posebnog značaja za
programe bio-fortifikacije, povećavajući efikasnost i uspešnost primenjenih mera, i
odražavajući se pozitivnona zdravlje i blagostanje domaćih životinja.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry",
journal = "13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings",
title = "Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production, Biofortifikacija, kao način proizvodnje nutritivno bogate hrane za domaće životinje",
pages = "287-307"
}
Dragičević, V., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Šenk, M., Krnjaja, V., Mandić, V.,& Kresović, B.. (2021). Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production. in 13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings
Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry., 287-307.
Dragičević V, Simic M, Brankov M, Šenk M, Krnjaja V, Mandić V, Kresović B. Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production. in 13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings. 2021;:287-307..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Šenk, Milena, Krnjaja, Vesna, Mandić, Violeta, Kresović, Branka, "Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production" in 13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings (2021):287-307.

Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize

Mandić, Violeta; Bijelić, Zorica; Krnjaja, Vesna; Đorđević, Snežana; Brankov, Milan; Mićić, Nenad; Stanojković, Aleksandar

(Lahore : Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Đorđević, Snežana
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Mićić, Nenad
AU  - Stanojković, Aleksandar
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/811
AB  - Maize silage is source of palatable and high-energy forage for ruminants. Therefore, production of high quality forage maize represents an essential strategy for stable production of milk and meat on livestock farms. This study examined the effect of harvest date (early dent, at half milk line, at three quarters milk line and black layer) on the quantitative and qualitative parameters of whole maize plant under contrasting climatic conditions in the Srem - Serbia. A 2 × 4 factorial (two years and the four cutting times) randomized blocks design was used, with three replications. The plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves per plant, forage yield, dry matter yield and dry matter content were higher in 2014 probably due to favorable weather conditions. With the delay of the harvest the forage yield, crude protein content, acid detergent fiber (ADF) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) decreased, and dry matter yield, dry matter content and ear percentage increased. Sufficiently high dry matter content and ear percentage were achieved at the third harvest. However, the delay of harvested time reduces the quality parameters of the biomass, but this loss in the entire plant is moderated by grain filling.
PB  - Lahore : Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum
T2  - Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences
T1  - Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize
VL  - 31
IS  - 1
SP  - 103
EP  - 107
DO  - 10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0198
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mandić, Violeta and Bijelić, Zorica and Krnjaja, Vesna and Đorđević, Snežana and Brankov, Milan and Mićić, Nenad and Stanojković, Aleksandar",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Maize silage is source of palatable and high-energy forage for ruminants. Therefore, production of high quality forage maize represents an essential strategy for stable production of milk and meat on livestock farms. This study examined the effect of harvest date (early dent, at half milk line, at three quarters milk line and black layer) on the quantitative and qualitative parameters of whole maize plant under contrasting climatic conditions in the Srem - Serbia. A 2 × 4 factorial (two years and the four cutting times) randomized blocks design was used, with three replications. The plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves per plant, forage yield, dry matter yield and dry matter content were higher in 2014 probably due to favorable weather conditions. With the delay of the harvest the forage yield, crude protein content, acid detergent fiber (ADF) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) decreased, and dry matter yield, dry matter content and ear percentage increased. Sufficiently high dry matter content and ear percentage were achieved at the third harvest. However, the delay of harvested time reduces the quality parameters of the biomass, but this loss in the entire plant is moderated by grain filling.",
publisher = "Lahore : Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum",
journal = "Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences",
title = "Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize",
volume = "31",
number = "1",
pages = "103-107",
doi = "10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0198"
}
Mandić, V., Bijelić, Z., Krnjaja, V., Đorđević, S., Brankov, M., Mićić, N.,& Stanojković, A.. (2021). Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize. in Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences
Lahore : Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum., 31(1), 103-107.
https://doi.org/10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0198
Mandić V, Bijelić Z, Krnjaja V, Đorđević S, Brankov M, Mićić N, Stanojković A. Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize. in Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences. 2021;31(1):103-107.
doi:10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0198 .
Mandić, Violeta, Bijelić, Zorica, Krnjaja, Vesna, Đorđević, Snežana, Brankov, Milan, Mićić, Nenad, Stanojković, Aleksandar, "Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize" in Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 31, no. 1 (2021):103-107,
https://doi.org/10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0198 . .
1

Genotype and sowing time effects on soybean yield and quality

Mandić, Violeta; Đorđević, Snežana; Đorđević, Nikola; Bijelić, Zorica; Krnjaja, Vesna; Petričević, Maja; Brankov, Milan

(Basel : MDPI AG, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Đorđević, Snežana
AU  - Đorđević, Nikola
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Petričević, Maja
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/818
AB  - The successful production of soybeans is largely dependent on the sowing time, because
every sowing outside the optimal time contributes significantly to yield losses. This field study
aimed to evaluate the effects of sowing time (optimal—April 5; late—April 27) on the quantitative
and quality traits of three soybean genotypes (Galina—0 maturity group; Sava—I maturity group;
and Rubin—II maturity group) under dryland conditions in Vojvodina Province (Serbia) during
2017 and 2018. The genotype Sava had higher yield in climatic-unfavorable 2017, while Rubin had a
higher yield in climatic-favorable 2018. The yields significantly decreased when the soybeans were
sown in late April due to reductions in the number of pods per plant, seed weight per plant, and
1000-seed weight. The reduction in yield components was likely due to the accelerated senescence of
plants and the negative effect of high temperature and low precipitation during the seed filling stage.
Accordingly, the various sowing times and properly chosen genotypes provide a better utilization of
soil and water resources. A proper genotype selection and sowing time can contribute to a high yield.
At the same time, the protein and oil contents can be altered by the sowing time, especially under
water stress during the reproductive stage.
PB  - Basel : MDPI AG
T2  - Agriculture (Switzerland)
T1  - Genotype and sowing time effects on soybean yield and quality
VL  - 10
IS  - 11
SP  - 502
SP  - 1
EP  - 9
DO  - 10.3390/agriculture10110502
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mandić, Violeta and Đorđević, Snežana and Đorđević, Nikola and Bijelić, Zorica and Krnjaja, Vesna and Petričević, Maja and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2020",
abstract = "The successful production of soybeans is largely dependent on the sowing time, because
every sowing outside the optimal time contributes significantly to yield losses. This field study
aimed to evaluate the effects of sowing time (optimal—April 5; late—April 27) on the quantitative
and quality traits of three soybean genotypes (Galina—0 maturity group; Sava—I maturity group;
and Rubin—II maturity group) under dryland conditions in Vojvodina Province (Serbia) during
2017 and 2018. The genotype Sava had higher yield in climatic-unfavorable 2017, while Rubin had a
higher yield in climatic-favorable 2018. The yields significantly decreased when the soybeans were
sown in late April due to reductions in the number of pods per plant, seed weight per plant, and
1000-seed weight. The reduction in yield components was likely due to the accelerated senescence of
plants and the negative effect of high temperature and low precipitation during the seed filling stage.
Accordingly, the various sowing times and properly chosen genotypes provide a better utilization of
soil and water resources. A proper genotype selection and sowing time can contribute to a high yield.
At the same time, the protein and oil contents can be altered by the sowing time, especially under
water stress during the reproductive stage.",
publisher = "Basel : MDPI AG",
journal = "Agriculture (Switzerland)",
title = "Genotype and sowing time effects on soybean yield and quality",
volume = "10",
number = "11",
pages = "502-1-9",
doi = "10.3390/agriculture10110502"
}
Mandić, V., Đorđević, S., Đorđević, N., Bijelić, Z., Krnjaja, V., Petričević, M.,& Brankov, M.. (2020). Genotype and sowing time effects on soybean yield and quality. in Agriculture (Switzerland)
Basel : MDPI AG., 10(11), 502-9.
https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10110502
Mandić V, Đorđević S, Đorđević N, Bijelić Z, Krnjaja V, Petričević M, Brankov M. Genotype and sowing time effects on soybean yield and quality. in Agriculture (Switzerland). 2020;10(11):502-9.
doi:10.3390/agriculture10110502 .
Mandić, Violeta, Đorđević, Snežana, Đorđević, Nikola, Bijelić, Zorica, Krnjaja, Vesna, Petričević, Maja, Brankov, Milan, "Genotype and sowing time effects on soybean yield and quality" in Agriculture (Switzerland), 10, no. 11 (2020):502-9,
https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10110502 . .
7
4

Sowing and fertilization strategies to improve maize productivity

Mandić, Violeta; Bijelić, Zorica; Krnjaja, Vesna; Simić, Aleksandar; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Đorđević, Snežana

(Roma : Unità di Ricerca per la Valorizzazione qualitativa dei cereali, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Aleksandar
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Đorđević, Snežana
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/817
AB  - Field experiment was conducted to examine the impacts of two sowing dates (8 April - first date of sowing and
21 April - second date of sowing) and four nitrogen rates (0, 60, 120 and 180 kg ha-1) on the productivity of maize hybrid ‘ZP 434’ in the Pannonian region of Serbia during 2016 and 2017 seasons. The dry period during late
vegetative development and grain filling stage in 2017 decreased ear traits, grain yield, starch and oil contents,
nitrogen agronomic (NAE) and nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). The highest number of grains per ear, starch and oil
contents, starch and oil yields and lower rainfall use efficiency (RUE) and protein content were obtained from the
early sowing date. The ear traits, grain yield, RUE, protein content, oil content and yield of starch, protein and oil
significantly increased while NAE, NUE and starch content significantly decreased with increasing nitrogen rate.
The results indicated a significant inverse correlation between starch and protein contents, which prevents the
improvement of these two parameters simultaneously. Thus, timely sowing and nitrogen input should be used as
long term management strategies for increasing maize yield and grain quality.
PB  - Roma : Unità di Ricerca per la Valorizzazione qualitativa dei cereali
T2  - Maydica
T1  - Sowing and fertilization strategies to improve maize productivity
VL  - 65
IS  - 2
SP  - 1
EP  - 9
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mandić, Violeta and Bijelić, Zorica and Krnjaja, Vesna and Simić, Aleksandar and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Đorđević, Snežana",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Field experiment was conducted to examine the impacts of two sowing dates (8 April - first date of sowing and
21 April - second date of sowing) and four nitrogen rates (0, 60, 120 and 180 kg ha-1) on the productivity of maize hybrid ‘ZP 434’ in the Pannonian region of Serbia during 2016 and 2017 seasons. The dry period during late
vegetative development and grain filling stage in 2017 decreased ear traits, grain yield, starch and oil contents,
nitrogen agronomic (NAE) and nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). The highest number of grains per ear, starch and oil
contents, starch and oil yields and lower rainfall use efficiency (RUE) and protein content were obtained from the
early sowing date. The ear traits, grain yield, RUE, protein content, oil content and yield of starch, protein and oil
significantly increased while NAE, NUE and starch content significantly decreased with increasing nitrogen rate.
The results indicated a significant inverse correlation between starch and protein contents, which prevents the
improvement of these two parameters simultaneously. Thus, timely sowing and nitrogen input should be used as
long term management strategies for increasing maize yield and grain quality.",
publisher = "Roma : Unità di Ricerca per la Valorizzazione qualitativa dei cereali",
journal = "Maydica",
title = "Sowing and fertilization strategies to improve maize productivity",
volume = "65",
number = "2",
pages = "1-9"
}
Mandić, V., Bijelić, Z., Krnjaja, V., Simić, A., Simić, M., Brankov, M.,& Đorđević, S.. (2020). Sowing and fertilization strategies to improve maize productivity. in Maydica
Roma : Unità di Ricerca per la Valorizzazione qualitativa dei cereali., 65(2), 1-9.
Mandić V, Bijelić Z, Krnjaja V, Simić A, Simić M, Brankov M, Đorđević S. Sowing and fertilization strategies to improve maize productivity. in Maydica. 2020;65(2):1-9..
Mandić, Violeta, Bijelić, Zorica, Krnjaja, Vesna, Simić, Aleksandar, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Đorđević, Snežana, "Sowing and fertilization strategies to improve maize productivity" in Maydica, 65, no. 2 (2020):1-9.

Agronomic responses of soybean genotypes to starter nitrogen fertilizer rate

Mandić, Violeta; Đorđević, Snežana; Bijelić, Zorica; Krnjaja, Vesna; Pantelić, Vlada; Simić, Aleksandar; Dragičević, Vesna

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Đorđević, Snežana
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Pantelić, Vlada
AU  - Simić, Aleksandar
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/798
AB  - The main nitrogen (N) sources in soybean production originate from soil fixing bacteria
Bradyrhizobium spp. and from mineralization of soil organic N. These sources of N are often not
su cient to cover the N needs of the soybean. The present two-year field study aimed to evaluate the e ects of soybean genotypes (Valjevka and Galina) and rates of starter fertilizer N (0, 30, 60, and 90 kg ha�����1) on quantitative and qualitative parameters and on rain use e ciency (RUE) under contrasting weather conditions in the Pannonian region of Serbia. A field study conducted during two di erent growing seasons: first year with unfavorable weather conditions and second year with favorable weather conditions. As expected, the quantitative parameters, oil content, and RUE were higher in the year with favorable growing season, the second one. According to measured parameters, the genotype Valjevka performed higher yield potential as compared to the genotype Galina. The highest values of quantitative parameters and RUE were recorded at 60 kg N ha�����1, protein content at 90 kg N ha�����1 and oil content 0 kg N ha�����1 (control). This study suggests that proper genotype selection and application of 60 kg N ha�����1 as a starter dose with rhizobial inoculation could contribute to the high yield, while protein could be altered by N amount, independently on genotype.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
T2  - Agronomy
T1  - Agronomic responses of soybean genotypes to starter nitrogen fertilizer rate
VL  - 10
IS  - 4
SP  - 535
DO  - 10.3390/agronomy10040535
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mandić, Violeta and Đorđević, Snežana and Bijelić, Zorica and Krnjaja, Vesna and Pantelić, Vlada and Simić, Aleksandar and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2020",
abstract = "The main nitrogen (N) sources in soybean production originate from soil fixing bacteria
Bradyrhizobium spp. and from mineralization of soil organic N. These sources of N are often not
su cient to cover the N needs of the soybean. The present two-year field study aimed to evaluate the e ects of soybean genotypes (Valjevka and Galina) and rates of starter fertilizer N (0, 30, 60, and 90 kg ha�����1) on quantitative and qualitative parameters and on rain use e ciency (RUE) under contrasting weather conditions in the Pannonian region of Serbia. A field study conducted during two di erent growing seasons: first year with unfavorable weather conditions and second year with favorable weather conditions. As expected, the quantitative parameters, oil content, and RUE were higher in the year with favorable growing season, the second one. According to measured parameters, the genotype Valjevka performed higher yield potential as compared to the genotype Galina. The highest values of quantitative parameters and RUE were recorded at 60 kg N ha�����1, protein content at 90 kg N ha�����1 and oil content 0 kg N ha�����1 (control). This study suggests that proper genotype selection and application of 60 kg N ha�����1 as a starter dose with rhizobial inoculation could contribute to the high yield, while protein could be altered by N amount, independently on genotype.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute",
journal = "Agronomy",
title = "Agronomic responses of soybean genotypes to starter nitrogen fertilizer rate",
volume = "10",
number = "4",
pages = "535",
doi = "10.3390/agronomy10040535"
}
Mandić, V., Đorđević, S., Bijelić, Z., Krnjaja, V., Pantelić, V., Simić, A.,& Dragičević, V.. (2020). Agronomic responses of soybean genotypes to starter nitrogen fertilizer rate. in Agronomy
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute., 10(4), 535.
https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10040535
Mandić V, Đorđević S, Bijelić Z, Krnjaja V, Pantelić V, Simić A, Dragičević V. Agronomic responses of soybean genotypes to starter nitrogen fertilizer rate. in Agronomy. 2020;10(4):535.
doi:10.3390/agronomy10040535 .
Mandić, Violeta, Đorđević, Snežana, Bijelić, Zorica, Krnjaja, Vesna, Pantelić, Vlada, Simić, Aleksandar, Dragičević, Vesna, "Agronomic responses of soybean genotypes to starter nitrogen fertilizer rate" in Agronomy, 10, no. 4 (2020):535,
https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10040535 . .
1
6
6
6

Mycobiota and aflatoxin B1 in poultry feeds

Krnjaja, Vesna; Petrović, S. Tanja; Stanković, Slavica; Lukić, Miloš; Škrbić, Zdenka; Mandić, Violeta; Bijelić, Zorica

(Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd, 2019)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Petrović, S. Tanja
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Lukić, Miloš
AU  - Škrbić, Zdenka
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/742
AB  - In this study, a total of 30 poultry (chicken and laying hens) feed samples collected from different poultry farms in Serbia in 2016 were tested for fungal and aflatoxin contamination. Using the plate count and standard mycological methods, total fungal counts and potentially toxigenic fungal genera were determined. Natural occurrence of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) was detected by ELISA (enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay) method. The total fungal count was in the range from 1 x 102 (2 log CFU g-1 ) to 1.83 x 105 CFU g-1 (5.26 logCFU g-1 ). The majority of the chicken feeds (78.57%) had the total fungal count in the ranged from 1 x 102 to 4.8 x 104 CFU g-1 , whereas in 68.75% of the laying hens feeds it was ranged from 5.3 x 104 to 1.83 x 105 CFU g -1 . In 21.43% of the chicken feeds fungal contamination reached the level above the regulation limits. Three potentially toxigenic fungal genera, Aspergillus, Fusarium, and Penicillium, have been identified. In the tested poultry feed samples, more samples contaminated with Aspergillus were determined compared to samples contaminated by Fusarium and Penicillium species. The AFB1 was detected in concentrations from 1.34 to 18.29 g kg-1 , with an average of 4.47 and 4.56 g kg-1 in the chicken and laying hens feed samples, respectively. In 14.29% of the chicken feeds, the level of AFB1 was above the regulation limits. The obtained results confirmed the importance of continuous mycological and mycotoxicological control of poultry feed, as well as need to improve risk assessments of such contaminants along the food chain.
AB  - U ovom radu je 30 uzoraka hrane za živinu sakupljenih tokom 2016. godine iz različitih živinarskih farmi u Srbiji, ispitivano na prisustvo gljiva i aflatoksina u uzorku. Primenom metode razrešenja i standardnih mikoloških metoda utvrđeni su ukupan broj gljiva i identifikovani su potencijalno toksigeni rodovi gljiva. Prirodna pojava aflatoksina B1 (AFB1) utvrđena je primenom biohemijske imunoadsorpcione metode (ELISA). Ukupan broj gljiva bio je od 1 x 102 (2 logCFU g-1 ) do 1,83 x 105 CFU g-1 (5.26 log CFU g-1 ). Najveći broj uzoraka hrane za piliće (78,57%) imao je ukupan broj gljiva u rangu od 1 x 102 do 4,8 x 104 CFU g-1 , dok je 68,75% uzoraka hrane za nosilje imalo ukupan broj gljiva u rangu od 5,3 x 104 do 1,83 x 105 CFU g-1 . U 21,43% hrane za piliće ustanovljen je nedozvoljen ukupan broj gljiva. Identifikovana su tri potencijalno toksigena roda gljiva Aspergillus, Fusarium i Penicillium. Najveći broj ispitivanih uzoraka hrane za živinu bio je kontaminiran Aspergillus vrstama, u odnosu na Fusarium i Penicillium vrste koje su kontaminirale manji broj uzoraka. Rang sadržaja AFB1 bio je od 1,34 do 18,29 µg kg-1 , sa prosečnim sadržajem od 4,47 µg kg-1 u uzorcima hrane za piliće, i 4,56 µg kg-1 u uzorcima hrane za nosilje. U 14,29% uzoraka hrane za piliće ustanovljen je nedozvoljen sadržaj AFB1. Dobijeni rezultati potvrđuju značaj stalne mikološke i mikotoksikološke kontrole hrane za živinu, kao i potrebu za usavršavanjem procene rizika od štetnih (gljivičnih) kontaminenata u lancu ishrane.
PB  - Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd
T2  - Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
T1  - Mycobiota and aflatoxin B1 in poultry feeds
T1  - Mikobiota i aflatoksin B1 u hrani za živinu
VL  - 35
IS  - 1
SP  - 61
EP  - 69
DO  - 10.2298/BAH1901061K
UR  - conv_2005
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krnjaja, Vesna and Petrović, S. Tanja and Stanković, Slavica and Lukić, Miloš and Škrbić, Zdenka and Mandić, Violeta and Bijelić, Zorica",
year = "2019",
abstract = "In this study, a total of 30 poultry (chicken and laying hens) feed samples collected from different poultry farms in Serbia in 2016 were tested for fungal and aflatoxin contamination. Using the plate count and standard mycological methods, total fungal counts and potentially toxigenic fungal genera were determined. Natural occurrence of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) was detected by ELISA (enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay) method. The total fungal count was in the range from 1 x 102 (2 log CFU g-1 ) to 1.83 x 105 CFU g-1 (5.26 logCFU g-1 ). The majority of the chicken feeds (78.57%) had the total fungal count in the ranged from 1 x 102 to 4.8 x 104 CFU g-1 , whereas in 68.75% of the laying hens feeds it was ranged from 5.3 x 104 to 1.83 x 105 CFU g -1 . In 21.43% of the chicken feeds fungal contamination reached the level above the regulation limits. Three potentially toxigenic fungal genera, Aspergillus, Fusarium, and Penicillium, have been identified. In the tested poultry feed samples, more samples contaminated with Aspergillus were determined compared to samples contaminated by Fusarium and Penicillium species. The AFB1 was detected in concentrations from 1.34 to 18.29 g kg-1 , with an average of 4.47 and 4.56 g kg-1 in the chicken and laying hens feed samples, respectively. In 14.29% of the chicken feeds, the level of AFB1 was above the regulation limits. The obtained results confirmed the importance of continuous mycological and mycotoxicological control of poultry feed, as well as need to improve risk assessments of such contaminants along the food chain., U ovom radu je 30 uzoraka hrane za živinu sakupljenih tokom 2016. godine iz različitih živinarskih farmi u Srbiji, ispitivano na prisustvo gljiva i aflatoksina u uzorku. Primenom metode razrešenja i standardnih mikoloških metoda utvrđeni su ukupan broj gljiva i identifikovani su potencijalno toksigeni rodovi gljiva. Prirodna pojava aflatoksina B1 (AFB1) utvrđena je primenom biohemijske imunoadsorpcione metode (ELISA). Ukupan broj gljiva bio je od 1 x 102 (2 logCFU g-1 ) do 1,83 x 105 CFU g-1 (5.26 log CFU g-1 ). Najveći broj uzoraka hrane za piliće (78,57%) imao je ukupan broj gljiva u rangu od 1 x 102 do 4,8 x 104 CFU g-1 , dok je 68,75% uzoraka hrane za nosilje imalo ukupan broj gljiva u rangu od 5,3 x 104 do 1,83 x 105 CFU g-1 . U 21,43% hrane za piliće ustanovljen je nedozvoljen ukupan broj gljiva. Identifikovana su tri potencijalno toksigena roda gljiva Aspergillus, Fusarium i Penicillium. Najveći broj ispitivanih uzoraka hrane za živinu bio je kontaminiran Aspergillus vrstama, u odnosu na Fusarium i Penicillium vrste koje su kontaminirale manji broj uzoraka. Rang sadržaja AFB1 bio je od 1,34 do 18,29 µg kg-1 , sa prosečnim sadržajem od 4,47 µg kg-1 u uzorcima hrane za piliće, i 4,56 µg kg-1 u uzorcima hrane za nosilje. U 14,29% uzoraka hrane za piliće ustanovljen je nedozvoljen sadržaj AFB1. Dobijeni rezultati potvrđuju značaj stalne mikološke i mikotoksikološke kontrole hrane za živinu, kao i potrebu za usavršavanjem procene rizika od štetnih (gljivičnih) kontaminenata u lancu ishrane.",
publisher = "Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd",
journal = "Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry",
title = "Mycobiota and aflatoxin B1 in poultry feeds, Mikobiota i aflatoksin B1 u hrani za živinu",
volume = "35",
number = "1",
pages = "61-69",
doi = "10.2298/BAH1901061K",
url = "conv_2005"
}
Krnjaja, V., Petrović, S. T., Stanković, S., Lukić, M., Škrbić, Z., Mandić, V.,& Bijelić, Z.. (2019). Mycobiota and aflatoxin B1 in poultry feeds. in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd., 35(1), 61-69.
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1901061K
conv_2005
Krnjaja V, Petrović ST, Stanković S, Lukić M, Škrbić Z, Mandić V, Bijelić Z. Mycobiota and aflatoxin B1 in poultry feeds. in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry. 2019;35(1):61-69.
doi:10.2298/BAH1901061K
conv_2005 .
Krnjaja, Vesna, Petrović, S. Tanja, Stanković, Slavica, Lukić, Miloš, Škrbić, Zdenka, Mandić, Violeta, Bijelić, Zorica, "Mycobiota and aflatoxin B1 in poultry feeds" in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 35, no. 1 (2019):61-69,
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1901061K .,
conv_2005 .

Influence of plant density on toxigenic fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize grains

Krnjaja, Vesna; Mandić, Violeta; Lukić, Miloš; Bijelić, Zorica; Stanković, Slavica; Obradović, Ana; Vasić, Tanja

(Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford, 2019)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Lukić, Miloš
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Obradović, Ana
AU  - Vasić, Tanja
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/735
AB  - Field trials were set up in the Belgrade area (Serbia) in 2013 and 2014 to determine the effect of plant density on the natural incidence of potentially toxigenic fungi and the level of mycotoxins, aflatoxin B-1 (AFB(1)), deoxynivalenol (DON) and fumonisins (FBs) in two Serbian maize hybrids of the FAO maturity group 700 (ZP 735 and NS Zenit). Three plant density treatments, namely, 55,000 plants ha(-1) (PD1), 64,000 plants ha(-1) (PD2) and 75,000 plants ha(-1) (PD3), were evaluated. The incidence of identified potentially toxigenic fungi of the genera Aspergillus, Fusarium, and Penicillium and the FB level increased significantly (P  lt = 0.01) at PD3. The effect of year was also significant (P  lt = 0.01) on the incidence of toxigenic fungi, as all fungal species had a higher incidence in 2014 than in 2013, with the exception of Aspergillus spp. that showed a significantly higher incidence in 2013. Levels of all tested mycotoxins were higher in 2014 than in 2013. The higher incidence of Fusarium graminearum, Fusarium proliferatum, Fusarium subglutinans, Fusarium verticillioides and Penicillium spp. and higher levels of AFB1 and FBs were observed in the hybrid ZP 735, whereas the hybrid NS Zenit had a higher incidence of Aspergillus spp. The effect of hybrids was not significant on the incidence of F. subglutinans and the DON level. These results indicated that the highest investigated plant density increased the fungal incidence and the FB level, especially in 2014. Although the two hybrids originated from the same FAO group, they differed in their effects on some toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins.
PB  - Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford
T2  - Crop Protection
T1  - Influence of plant density on toxigenic fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize grains
VL  - 116
SP  - 126
EP  - 131
DO  - 10.1016/j.cropro.2018.10.021
UR  - conv_1000
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krnjaja, Vesna and Mandić, Violeta and Lukić, Miloš and Bijelić, Zorica and Stanković, Slavica and Obradović, Ana and Vasić, Tanja",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Field trials were set up in the Belgrade area (Serbia) in 2013 and 2014 to determine the effect of plant density on the natural incidence of potentially toxigenic fungi and the level of mycotoxins, aflatoxin B-1 (AFB(1)), deoxynivalenol (DON) and fumonisins (FBs) in two Serbian maize hybrids of the FAO maturity group 700 (ZP 735 and NS Zenit). Three plant density treatments, namely, 55,000 plants ha(-1) (PD1), 64,000 plants ha(-1) (PD2) and 75,000 plants ha(-1) (PD3), were evaluated. The incidence of identified potentially toxigenic fungi of the genera Aspergillus, Fusarium, and Penicillium and the FB level increased significantly (P  lt = 0.01) at PD3. The effect of year was also significant (P  lt = 0.01) on the incidence of toxigenic fungi, as all fungal species had a higher incidence in 2014 than in 2013, with the exception of Aspergillus spp. that showed a significantly higher incidence in 2013. Levels of all tested mycotoxins were higher in 2014 than in 2013. The higher incidence of Fusarium graminearum, Fusarium proliferatum, Fusarium subglutinans, Fusarium verticillioides and Penicillium spp. and higher levels of AFB1 and FBs were observed in the hybrid ZP 735, whereas the hybrid NS Zenit had a higher incidence of Aspergillus spp. The effect of hybrids was not significant on the incidence of F. subglutinans and the DON level. These results indicated that the highest investigated plant density increased the fungal incidence and the FB level, especially in 2014. Although the two hybrids originated from the same FAO group, they differed in their effects on some toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins.",
publisher = "Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford",
journal = "Crop Protection",
title = "Influence of plant density on toxigenic fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize grains",
volume = "116",
pages = "126-131",
doi = "10.1016/j.cropro.2018.10.021",
url = "conv_1000"
}
Krnjaja, V., Mandić, V., Lukić, M., Bijelić, Z., Stanković, S., Obradović, A.,& Vasić, T.. (2019). Influence of plant density on toxigenic fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize grains. in Crop Protection
Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford., 116, 126-131.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2018.10.021
conv_1000
Krnjaja V, Mandić V, Lukić M, Bijelić Z, Stanković S, Obradović A, Vasić T. Influence of plant density on toxigenic fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize grains. in Crop Protection. 2019;116:126-131.
doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2018.10.021
conv_1000 .
Krnjaja, Vesna, Mandić, Violeta, Lukić, Miloš, Bijelić, Zorica, Stanković, Slavica, Obradović, Ana, Vasić, Tanja, "Influence of plant density on toxigenic fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize grains" in Crop Protection, 116 (2019):126-131,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2018.10.021 .,
conv_1000 .
10
6
7

Impacts of climatic conditions on aflatoxin B 1 and fumonisins contamination of maize kernels and their co-occurrence

Obradović, Ana; Krnjaja, Vesna; Nikolić, Milica; Delibašić, Goran; Filipović, Milomir; Stanković, Goran; Stanković, Slavica

(Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Obradović, Ana
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Delibašić, Goran
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Stanković, Goran
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/738
AB  - Agroecological and climatic conditions in Serbia greatly affected the development of toxigenic fungi and occurrence of mycotoxins in the maize. The presence of fungal toxigenic Aspergillus and Fusarium species and levels of aflatoxin B 1 (AFB 1) and sum of fumonisins B 1 , B 2 and B 3 (FBs) were established in 127 maize kernel samples harvested during 2012 (37 samples) and 2013 (90 samples). The periods of silking and grain filling of the maize in 2012 in comparison to 2013 were characterised with extremely dry spells, with high temperatures and low precipitation sums. The mean incidences of A. flavus and F. verticillioides were 50.4 and 11.7% in 2012 and 18.9 and 33.4% in 2013, respectively. According to the regulations of the World Health Organisation, unacceptable levels of AFB 1 (>20 μg kg-1) and FBs (>2000 μg kg-1) were established in the 30.6 and 24.1% samples of 2012 and 16.7 and 40% maize kernel samples of 2013, respectively. It can be concluded that high temperatures and low precipitation sums in 2012 favoured the development of A. flavus affecting the high level of AFB 1 , in comparison with F. verticillioides and the production of FBs. There was no positive correlation between the incidences of A. flavus and F. verticillioides, while a statistically significant positive correlation has been found between AFB 1 and FBs levels, in both investigated years (2012-2013). This indicates that the mycotoxin production depended more on weather conditions than on the distribution of corresponding toxigenic fungal species.
AB  - Agroekološki i klimatski uslovi u Srbiji veoma su pogodni za razvoj toksigenih gljiva i njihovih mikotoksina u kukuruzu. Prisustvo toksigenih vrsta gljiva iz rodova Aspergillus i Fusarium, kao i nivoi aflatoksina B1 (AFB1) i ukupnih fumonizina B1, B2 i B3 (FBs) utvrđeni su u 127 uzoraka zrna kukuruza iz berbe tokom 2012 (37 uzoraka) i 2013. godine (90 uzoraka). U fenofazama svilanja i nalivanja zrna kukuruza u 2012. u odnosu na 2013. godinu zapaženi su ekstremno sušni periodi sa visokim temperaturama i niskim količinama padavina. Prosečne vrednosti za učestalost vrsta A. flavus i F. verticillioides bile su 50,4 i 11,7% u 2012., odnosno 18,9 i 33,4% u 2013. godini. Prema pravilniku Svetske zdravstvene organizacije (WHO) nedozvoljeni nivoi AFB1 (>20 µg/kg) i FBs (>2000 µg/kg) utvrđeni su u 30,6% i 24,1% uzoraka u 2012., odnosno u 16,7% i 40% uzoraka u 2013. godini. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata zaključeno je da su visoke temperature i niske količine padavina u 2012. godini uslovile značajno veću učestalost A. flavus i visoku produkciju AFB1 u poredjenju sa vrstom F. verticillioides i produkcijom FBs. U obe ispitivane godine (2012-2013), između učestalosti A. flavus i F. verticillioides nije ustanovljena pozitivna korelacija, dok je statistički značajna pozitivna korelacija ustanovljena između nivoa AFB1 i FBs. Ovo ukazuje da produkcija mikotoksina je više zavisna od vremenskih uslova u odnosu na distribuciju toksigenih vrsta gljiva.
PB  - Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd
T2  - Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
T1  - Impacts of climatic conditions on aflatoxin B 1 and fumonisins contamination of maize kernels and their co-occurrence
T1  - Uticaj klimatskih uslova na kontaminaciju zrna kukuruza sa aflatoksinom B1 i fumonizinima i njihova združena pojava
VL  - 34
IS  - 4
SP  - 469
EP  - 480
DO  - 10.2298/BAH1804469O
UR  - conv_2004
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Obradović, Ana and Krnjaja, Vesna and Nikolić, Milica and Delibašić, Goran and Filipović, Milomir and Stanković, Goran and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2018",
abstract = "Agroecological and climatic conditions in Serbia greatly affected the development of toxigenic fungi and occurrence of mycotoxins in the maize. The presence of fungal toxigenic Aspergillus and Fusarium species and levels of aflatoxin B 1 (AFB 1) and sum of fumonisins B 1 , B 2 and B 3 (FBs) were established in 127 maize kernel samples harvested during 2012 (37 samples) and 2013 (90 samples). The periods of silking and grain filling of the maize in 2012 in comparison to 2013 were characterised with extremely dry spells, with high temperatures and low precipitation sums. The mean incidences of A. flavus and F. verticillioides were 50.4 and 11.7% in 2012 and 18.9 and 33.4% in 2013, respectively. According to the regulations of the World Health Organisation, unacceptable levels of AFB 1 (>20 μg kg-1) and FBs (>2000 μg kg-1) were established in the 30.6 and 24.1% samples of 2012 and 16.7 and 40% maize kernel samples of 2013, respectively. It can be concluded that high temperatures and low precipitation sums in 2012 favoured the development of A. flavus affecting the high level of AFB 1 , in comparison with F. verticillioides and the production of FBs. There was no positive correlation between the incidences of A. flavus and F. verticillioides, while a statistically significant positive correlation has been found between AFB 1 and FBs levels, in both investigated years (2012-2013). This indicates that the mycotoxin production depended more on weather conditions than on the distribution of corresponding toxigenic fungal species., Agroekološki i klimatski uslovi u Srbiji veoma su pogodni za razvoj toksigenih gljiva i njihovih mikotoksina u kukuruzu. Prisustvo toksigenih vrsta gljiva iz rodova Aspergillus i Fusarium, kao i nivoi aflatoksina B1 (AFB1) i ukupnih fumonizina B1, B2 i B3 (FBs) utvrđeni su u 127 uzoraka zrna kukuruza iz berbe tokom 2012 (37 uzoraka) i 2013. godine (90 uzoraka). U fenofazama svilanja i nalivanja zrna kukuruza u 2012. u odnosu na 2013. godinu zapaženi su ekstremno sušni periodi sa visokim temperaturama i niskim količinama padavina. Prosečne vrednosti za učestalost vrsta A. flavus i F. verticillioides bile su 50,4 i 11,7% u 2012., odnosno 18,9 i 33,4% u 2013. godini. Prema pravilniku Svetske zdravstvene organizacije (WHO) nedozvoljeni nivoi AFB1 (>20 µg/kg) i FBs (>2000 µg/kg) utvrđeni su u 30,6% i 24,1% uzoraka u 2012., odnosno u 16,7% i 40% uzoraka u 2013. godini. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata zaključeno je da su visoke temperature i niske količine padavina u 2012. godini uslovile značajno veću učestalost A. flavus i visoku produkciju AFB1 u poredjenju sa vrstom F. verticillioides i produkcijom FBs. U obe ispitivane godine (2012-2013), između učestalosti A. flavus i F. verticillioides nije ustanovljena pozitivna korelacija, dok je statistički značajna pozitivna korelacija ustanovljena između nivoa AFB1 i FBs. Ovo ukazuje da produkcija mikotoksina je više zavisna od vremenskih uslova u odnosu na distribuciju toksigenih vrsta gljiva.",
publisher = "Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd",
journal = "Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry",
title = "Impacts of climatic conditions on aflatoxin B 1 and fumonisins contamination of maize kernels and their co-occurrence, Uticaj klimatskih uslova na kontaminaciju zrna kukuruza sa aflatoksinom B1 i fumonizinima i njihova združena pojava",
volume = "34",
number = "4",
pages = "469-480",
doi = "10.2298/BAH1804469O",
url = "conv_2004"
}
Obradović, A., Krnjaja, V., Nikolić, M., Delibašić, G., Filipović, M., Stanković, G.,& Stanković, S.. (2018). Impacts of climatic conditions on aflatoxin B 1 and fumonisins contamination of maize kernels and their co-occurrence. in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd., 34(4), 469-480.
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1804469O
conv_2004
Obradović A, Krnjaja V, Nikolić M, Delibašić G, Filipović M, Stanković G, Stanković S. Impacts of climatic conditions on aflatoxin B 1 and fumonisins contamination of maize kernels and their co-occurrence. in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry. 2018;34(4):469-480.
doi:10.2298/BAH1804469O
conv_2004 .
Obradović, Ana, Krnjaja, Vesna, Nikolić, Milica, Delibašić, Goran, Filipović, Milomir, Stanković, Goran, Stanković, Slavica, "Impacts of climatic conditions on aflatoxin B 1 and fumonisins contamination of maize kernels and their co-occurrence" in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 34, no. 4 (2018):469-480,
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1804469O .,
conv_2004 .
6

Toxigenic fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize samples from different districts in Serbia

Krnjaja, Vesna; Stanković, Slavica; Lukić, Miloš; Mićić, Nenad; Petrović, S. Tanja; Bijelić, Zorica; Mandić, Violeta

(Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Lukić, Miloš
AU  - Mićić, Nenad
AU  - Petrović, S. Tanja
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/720
AB  - This study was carried out in order to investigate the natural occurrence of toxigenic fungi and levels of zearalenone (ZEA), deoxynivalenol (DON) and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in the maize stored immediately after harvesting in 2016 and used for animal feed in Serbia. A total of 22 maize samples were collected from four different districts across the country: City of Belgrade (nine samples), Šumadija (eight samples), Podunavlje (four samples) and Kolubara (one sample). Toxigenic fungi were identified according to the morphological characteristics whereas the mycotoxins contamination were detected using biochemistry enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent (ELISA) assay. The tested samples were mostly infected with Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium spp., except that one sample originated from Kolubara was not contaminated with Aspergillus species. Fusarium graminearum was the most common species in the maize sample from Kolubara district (60%), F. verticillioides in the maize samples from Podunavlje (43.75%) and City of Belgrade (22.4%) districts, and Penicillium spp. in the maize samples from Šumadija district (26.38%). In the analysed maize samples the presence of Aspergillus species was low (0-1.78%). Mycotoxicological analysis revealed the presence of zearalenone (ZEA), deoxynivalenol (DON) and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in all the investigated samples, except that DON and AFB1 were not recorded in the samples from Podunavlje and Kolubara districts, respectively. The investigated samples were highly contaminated with ZEA, with incidence of 100% for the samples from Šumadija, Podunavlje and Kolubara districts and 88.89% for the samples from City of Belgrade district. In addition, the samples contamination with DON was 100% and 22.2% for the samples from Šumadija, Kolubara and City of Belgrade, districts, respectively. The highest number of AFB1 positive samples was found in Šumadija district (87.5%), while in the City of Belgrade and Podunavlje districts, 55.56% and 50% AFB1 positive samples were established, respectively. Generally, remarkable infection of all the tested samples with toxigenic fungal species from Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium genera were recorded. In addition, high contamination with mycotoxins ZEA, DON and AFB1 were also recorded; nevertheless, only in one sample the level of DON exceeded the allowed legal limit (1750 μg kg-1 ) according to Regulation for unprocessed maize. Therefore, permanent mycological and mycotoxicological analyses of maize grain are necessary for risk assessment of fungal and mycotoxin contamination throughout the food chain.
AB  - Ispitivanja u ovom radu izvedena su s ciljem da se odredi prirodna pojava potencijalno toksigenih gljiva iz rodova Aspergillus, Fusarium i Penicillium i sadržaj mikotoksina zearalenona (ZEA), deoksinivalenola (DON) i aflatoksina B1 (AFB1) u kukuruzu uskladištenom neposredno posle berbe u 2016. godini i korišćenom za ishranu životinja. Ukupno 22 uzoraka zrna kukuruza sakupljeni su iz četiri regiona u Srbiji: Beogradski (devet uzoraka), Šumadijski (osam uzoraka), Podunavski (četiri uzorka) i Kolubarski (jedan uzorak). Toksigene vrste gljiva su identifikovane na osnovu morfoloških osobina, a sadržaj mikotoksina određen je pomoću biohemijske, imunoadsorpcione enzimske metode (ELISA). Ispitivani uzorci kukuruza većinom su bili inficirani sa Aspergillus, Fusarium i Penicillium spp., izuzev što u uzorku iz Kolubarskog regiona nisu bile identifikovane Aspergillus vrste. Fusarium graminearum bila je najučestalija vrsta u uzorku kukuruza iz Kolubarskog regiona (60%), F. verticillioides u uzorcima iz Podunavskog (43,75%) i Beogradskog regiona (22,4%) i Penicillium spp. u uzorcima iz Šumadijskog regiona (26,38%). U ispitivanim uzorcima kukuruza zastupljenost Aspergillus vrsta bila je niska (0-1,78%). Mikotoksikološkim analizama ustanovljeno je prisustvo zearalenona (ZEA), deoksinivalenola (DON) i aflatoksina B1 (AFB1) u svim ispitivanim uzorcima kukuruza, izuzev što DON nije detektovan u uzorcima iz Podunavskog a AFB1 u uzorku iz Kolubarskog regiona. Ispitivani uzorci su visoko kontaminirani sa ZEA, 100% uzoraka iz Šumadijskog, Podunavskog i Kolubarskog regiona i 88,89% uzoraka iz Beogradskog regiona. Isto tako, sa DON bilo je kontaminirano 100% uzoraka iz Šumadijskog i Kolubarskog regiona i 22,2% iz Beogradskog regiona. Najveći broj AFB1 pozitivnih uzoraka ustanovljen je u Šumadijskom regionu (87,5%), dok je u Beogradskom i Podunavskom regionu ustanovljeno 55,56% i 50% AFB1 pozitivnih uzoraka, respektivno. Uopšteno razmatrajući, u ovim analizama ustanovljena je visoka zastupljenost toksigenih vrsta u svim ispitivanim uzorcima kukuruza. Isto tako, ustanovljena je visoka kontaminiranost uzoraka sa mikotoksinima ZEA, DON i AFB1, iako je samo u jednom uzorku sadržaj DON premašio dozvoljeni limit (1750 μg kg-1 ) prema zakonskoj regulativi za neprerađeni kukuruz. Zbog toga, stalne mikološke i mikotoksikološke analize zrna kukuruza neophodne su radi ocene rizika od gljivične i mikotoksin kontaminacije u lancu ishrane.
PB  - Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd
T2  - Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
T1  - Toxigenic fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize samples from different districts in Serbia
T1  - Kontaminacija toksigenim vrstama gljiva i njihovim mikotoksinima uzoraka kukuruza iz različitih regiona u Srbiji
VL  - 34
IS  - 2
SP  - 239
EP  - 249
DO  - 10.2298/bah1802239K
UR  - conv_597
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krnjaja, Vesna and Stanković, Slavica and Lukić, Miloš and Mićić, Nenad and Petrović, S. Tanja and Bijelić, Zorica and Mandić, Violeta",
year = "2018",
abstract = "This study was carried out in order to investigate the natural occurrence of toxigenic fungi and levels of zearalenone (ZEA), deoxynivalenol (DON) and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in the maize stored immediately after harvesting in 2016 and used for animal feed in Serbia. A total of 22 maize samples were collected from four different districts across the country: City of Belgrade (nine samples), Šumadija (eight samples), Podunavlje (four samples) and Kolubara (one sample). Toxigenic fungi were identified according to the morphological characteristics whereas the mycotoxins contamination were detected using biochemistry enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent (ELISA) assay. The tested samples were mostly infected with Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium spp., except that one sample originated from Kolubara was not contaminated with Aspergillus species. Fusarium graminearum was the most common species in the maize sample from Kolubara district (60%), F. verticillioides in the maize samples from Podunavlje (43.75%) and City of Belgrade (22.4%) districts, and Penicillium spp. in the maize samples from Šumadija district (26.38%). In the analysed maize samples the presence of Aspergillus species was low (0-1.78%). Mycotoxicological analysis revealed the presence of zearalenone (ZEA), deoxynivalenol (DON) and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in all the investigated samples, except that DON and AFB1 were not recorded in the samples from Podunavlje and Kolubara districts, respectively. The investigated samples were highly contaminated with ZEA, with incidence of 100% for the samples from Šumadija, Podunavlje and Kolubara districts and 88.89% for the samples from City of Belgrade district. In addition, the samples contamination with DON was 100% and 22.2% for the samples from Šumadija, Kolubara and City of Belgrade, districts, respectively. The highest number of AFB1 positive samples was found in Šumadija district (87.5%), while in the City of Belgrade and Podunavlje districts, 55.56% and 50% AFB1 positive samples were established, respectively. Generally, remarkable infection of all the tested samples with toxigenic fungal species from Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium genera were recorded. In addition, high contamination with mycotoxins ZEA, DON and AFB1 were also recorded; nevertheless, only in one sample the level of DON exceeded the allowed legal limit (1750 μg kg-1 ) according to Regulation for unprocessed maize. Therefore, permanent mycological and mycotoxicological analyses of maize grain are necessary for risk assessment of fungal and mycotoxin contamination throughout the food chain., Ispitivanja u ovom radu izvedena su s ciljem da se odredi prirodna pojava potencijalno toksigenih gljiva iz rodova Aspergillus, Fusarium i Penicillium i sadržaj mikotoksina zearalenona (ZEA), deoksinivalenola (DON) i aflatoksina B1 (AFB1) u kukuruzu uskladištenom neposredno posle berbe u 2016. godini i korišćenom za ishranu životinja. Ukupno 22 uzoraka zrna kukuruza sakupljeni su iz četiri regiona u Srbiji: Beogradski (devet uzoraka), Šumadijski (osam uzoraka), Podunavski (četiri uzorka) i Kolubarski (jedan uzorak). Toksigene vrste gljiva su identifikovane na osnovu morfoloških osobina, a sadržaj mikotoksina određen je pomoću biohemijske, imunoadsorpcione enzimske metode (ELISA). Ispitivani uzorci kukuruza većinom su bili inficirani sa Aspergillus, Fusarium i Penicillium spp., izuzev što u uzorku iz Kolubarskog regiona nisu bile identifikovane Aspergillus vrste. Fusarium graminearum bila je najučestalija vrsta u uzorku kukuruza iz Kolubarskog regiona (60%), F. verticillioides u uzorcima iz Podunavskog (43,75%) i Beogradskog regiona (22,4%) i Penicillium spp. u uzorcima iz Šumadijskog regiona (26,38%). U ispitivanim uzorcima kukuruza zastupljenost Aspergillus vrsta bila je niska (0-1,78%). Mikotoksikološkim analizama ustanovljeno je prisustvo zearalenona (ZEA), deoksinivalenola (DON) i aflatoksina B1 (AFB1) u svim ispitivanim uzorcima kukuruza, izuzev što DON nije detektovan u uzorcima iz Podunavskog a AFB1 u uzorku iz Kolubarskog regiona. Ispitivani uzorci su visoko kontaminirani sa ZEA, 100% uzoraka iz Šumadijskog, Podunavskog i Kolubarskog regiona i 88,89% uzoraka iz Beogradskog regiona. Isto tako, sa DON bilo je kontaminirano 100% uzoraka iz Šumadijskog i Kolubarskog regiona i 22,2% iz Beogradskog regiona. Najveći broj AFB1 pozitivnih uzoraka ustanovljen je u Šumadijskom regionu (87,5%), dok je u Beogradskom i Podunavskom regionu ustanovljeno 55,56% i 50% AFB1 pozitivnih uzoraka, respektivno. Uopšteno razmatrajući, u ovim analizama ustanovljena je visoka zastupljenost toksigenih vrsta u svim ispitivanim uzorcima kukuruza. Isto tako, ustanovljena je visoka kontaminiranost uzoraka sa mikotoksinima ZEA, DON i AFB1, iako je samo u jednom uzorku sadržaj DON premašio dozvoljeni limit (1750 μg kg-1 ) prema zakonskoj regulativi za neprerađeni kukuruz. Zbog toga, stalne mikološke i mikotoksikološke analize zrna kukuruza neophodne su radi ocene rizika od gljivične i mikotoksin kontaminacije u lancu ishrane.",
publisher = "Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd",
journal = "Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry",
title = "Toxigenic fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize samples from different districts in Serbia, Kontaminacija toksigenim vrstama gljiva i njihovim mikotoksinima uzoraka kukuruza iz različitih regiona u Srbiji",
volume = "34",
number = "2",
pages = "239-249",
doi = "10.2298/bah1802239K",
url = "conv_597"
}
Krnjaja, V., Stanković, S., Lukić, M., Mićić, N., Petrović, S. T., Bijelić, Z.,& Mandić, V.. (2018). Toxigenic fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize samples from different districts in Serbia. in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd., 34(2), 239-249.
https://doi.org/10.2298/bah1802239K
conv_597
Krnjaja V, Stanković S, Lukić M, Mićić N, Petrović ST, Bijelić Z, Mandić V. Toxigenic fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize samples from different districts in Serbia. in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry. 2018;34(2):239-249.
doi:10.2298/bah1802239K
conv_597 .
Krnjaja, Vesna, Stanković, Slavica, Lukić, Miloš, Mićić, Nenad, Petrović, S. Tanja, Bijelić, Zorica, Mandić, Violeta, "Toxigenic fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize samples from different districts in Serbia" in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 34, no. 2 (2018):239-249,
https://doi.org/10.2298/bah1802239K .,
conv_597 .
1

Trichothecene Genotypes of Fusarium graminearum Populations Isolated from Winter Wheat Crops in Serbia

Krnjaja, Vesna; Mandić, Violeta; Bijelić, Zorica; Stanković, Slavica; Obradović, Ana; Petrović, S. Tanja; Božić, Manja

(Mdpi, Basel, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Obradović, Ana
AU  - Petrović, S. Tanja
AU  - Božić, Manja
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/702
AB  - Fusarium graminearum as the main causal agent of Fusarium head blight (FHB) and its ability to produce trichothecenes was investigated by molecular techniques. A total of 37 strains isolated from the wheat, harvested in Serbia in 2005, 2008 and 2015, and previously designated by morphological observation as F. graminearum, were used for trichothecene genotypes characterization. The strains were identified using the species-specific primer set FG16R/FG16F while genotypic characterization was done using specific TRI13 and TRI3 sequences of the trichothecene gene clusters. The PCR assays identified all strains as species of F. graminearum sensu stricto with the DON/15-ADON genotype. The quantification of the mycotoxin (DON) was performed using the biochemical assay. The high levels of DON (>20,000 mu g kg(-1)) were recorded in all of the strains from 2005, four strains from 2008 and two strains from 2015. Weather data of the investigated seasons, showed that the optimal temperature, frequent rains and high relative humidity (RH) was very favourable for the development of F. graminearum, affecting the DON biosynthesis.
PB  - Mdpi, Basel
T2  - Toxins
T1  - Trichothecene Genotypes of Fusarium graminearum Populations Isolated from Winter Wheat Crops in Serbia
VL  - 10
IS  - 11
DO  - 10.3390/toxins10110460
UR  - conv_997
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krnjaja, Vesna and Mandić, Violeta and Bijelić, Zorica and Stanković, Slavica and Obradović, Ana and Petrović, S. Tanja and Božić, Manja",
year = "2018",
abstract = "Fusarium graminearum as the main causal agent of Fusarium head blight (FHB) and its ability to produce trichothecenes was investigated by molecular techniques. A total of 37 strains isolated from the wheat, harvested in Serbia in 2005, 2008 and 2015, and previously designated by morphological observation as F. graminearum, were used for trichothecene genotypes characterization. The strains were identified using the species-specific primer set FG16R/FG16F while genotypic characterization was done using specific TRI13 and TRI3 sequences of the trichothecene gene clusters. The PCR assays identified all strains as species of F. graminearum sensu stricto with the DON/15-ADON genotype. The quantification of the mycotoxin (DON) was performed using the biochemical assay. The high levels of DON (>20,000 mu g kg(-1)) were recorded in all of the strains from 2005, four strains from 2008 and two strains from 2015. Weather data of the investigated seasons, showed that the optimal temperature, frequent rains and high relative humidity (RH) was very favourable for the development of F. graminearum, affecting the DON biosynthesis.",
publisher = "Mdpi, Basel",
journal = "Toxins",
title = "Trichothecene Genotypes of Fusarium graminearum Populations Isolated from Winter Wheat Crops in Serbia",
volume = "10",
number = "11",
doi = "10.3390/toxins10110460",
url = "conv_997"
}
Krnjaja, V., Mandić, V., Bijelić, Z., Stanković, S., Obradović, A., Petrović, S. T.,& Božić, M.. (2018). Trichothecene Genotypes of Fusarium graminearum Populations Isolated from Winter Wheat Crops in Serbia. in Toxins
Mdpi, Basel., 10(11).
https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins10110460
conv_997
Krnjaja V, Mandić V, Bijelić Z, Stanković S, Obradović A, Petrović ST, Božić M. Trichothecene Genotypes of Fusarium graminearum Populations Isolated from Winter Wheat Crops in Serbia. in Toxins. 2018;10(11).
doi:10.3390/toxins10110460
conv_997 .
Krnjaja, Vesna, Mandić, Violeta, Bijelić, Zorica, Stanković, Slavica, Obradović, Ana, Petrović, S. Tanja, Božić, Manja, "Trichothecene Genotypes of Fusarium graminearum Populations Isolated from Winter Wheat Crops in Serbia" in Toxins, 10, no. 11 (2018),
https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins10110460 .,
conv_997 .
6
5
6

Occurrence of moulds and mycotoxins in grass-legume silages influenced by nitrogen fertilization and phenological phase at harvest

Bijelić, Zorica; Krnjaja, Vesna; Muslic-Ruzić, Dragana; Mandić, Violeta; Škrbić, Zdenka; Lukić, Miloš; Stanković, Slavica

(Ars Docendi, Bucharest, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Muslic-Ruzić, Dragana
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Škrbić, Zdenka
AU  - Lukić, Miloš
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/688
AB  - The aim of this study was to determine the presence of fungi and concentrations of mycotoxins, zearalenone, fumonisin and deoxynivalenol, in lucerne and grass-legume silages, under the influence of different doses of N fertilization and harvesting at different stages of phenological development of the plants. Studies included pure lucerne crop and mixtures of lucerne with cocksfoot, tall fescue and sainfoin, sown in different ratios, fertilized with 0, 70, 140 or 210 kgN ha(-1) and harvested in the butonization phase or at 50% flowering of lucerne plants. Results showed that the total fungi count in the silage depended on the three investigated factors. The highest total fungi count was determined in the mixture silages of lucerne, cocksfoot and tall fescue, which was well treated with different nitrogen quantities, harvested and prepared in later stages of plant development. The most commonly-occurring fungi were Fusarium species (85.5% of fungi were this genus). Of the studied mycotoxins, only DON depended on fertilization, as it reduced the concentration of DON from 0.15 to 0.07 mg kg(-1). Preventing appearance of fungi and their mycotoxins in forage and silage should begin in the field as well as during the process of preparation of silage.
PB  - Ars Docendi, Bucharest
T2  - Romanian Biotechnological Letters
T1  - Occurrence of moulds and mycotoxins in grass-legume silages influenced by nitrogen fertilization and phenological phase at harvest
VL  - 22
IS  - 5
SP  - 12907
EP  - 12914
UR  - conv_962
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Bijelić, Zorica and Krnjaja, Vesna and Muslic-Ruzić, Dragana and Mandić, Violeta and Škrbić, Zdenka and Lukić, Miloš and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2017",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to determine the presence of fungi and concentrations of mycotoxins, zearalenone, fumonisin and deoxynivalenol, in lucerne and grass-legume silages, under the influence of different doses of N fertilization and harvesting at different stages of phenological development of the plants. Studies included pure lucerne crop and mixtures of lucerne with cocksfoot, tall fescue and sainfoin, sown in different ratios, fertilized with 0, 70, 140 or 210 kgN ha(-1) and harvested in the butonization phase or at 50% flowering of lucerne plants. Results showed that the total fungi count in the silage depended on the three investigated factors. The highest total fungi count was determined in the mixture silages of lucerne, cocksfoot and tall fescue, which was well treated with different nitrogen quantities, harvested and prepared in later stages of plant development. The most commonly-occurring fungi were Fusarium species (85.5% of fungi were this genus). Of the studied mycotoxins, only DON depended on fertilization, as it reduced the concentration of DON from 0.15 to 0.07 mg kg(-1). Preventing appearance of fungi and their mycotoxins in forage and silage should begin in the field as well as during the process of preparation of silage.",
publisher = "Ars Docendi, Bucharest",
journal = "Romanian Biotechnological Letters",
title = "Occurrence of moulds and mycotoxins in grass-legume silages influenced by nitrogen fertilization and phenological phase at harvest",
volume = "22",
number = "5",
pages = "12907-12914",
url = "conv_962"
}
Bijelić, Z., Krnjaja, V., Muslic-Ruzić, D., Mandić, V., Škrbić, Z., Lukić, M.,& Stanković, S.. (2017). Occurrence of moulds and mycotoxins in grass-legume silages influenced by nitrogen fertilization and phenological phase at harvest. in Romanian Biotechnological Letters
Ars Docendi, Bucharest., 22(5), 12907-12914.
conv_962
Bijelić Z, Krnjaja V, Muslic-Ruzić D, Mandić V, Škrbić Z, Lukić M, Stanković S. Occurrence of moulds and mycotoxins in grass-legume silages influenced by nitrogen fertilization and phenological phase at harvest. in Romanian Biotechnological Letters. 2017;22(5):12907-12914.
conv_962 .
Bijelić, Zorica, Krnjaja, Vesna, Muslic-Ruzić, Dragana, Mandić, Violeta, Škrbić, Zdenka, Lukić, Miloš, Stanković, Slavica, "Occurrence of moulds and mycotoxins in grass-legume silages influenced by nitrogen fertilization and phenological phase at harvest" in Romanian Biotechnological Letters, 22, no. 5 (2017):12907-12914,
conv_962 .
1

Effect of Dilute Alkaline Steeping on Mold Contamination, Toxicity, and Nutritive Value of Maize Malt

Jauković, Marko; Zečević, Veselinka; Stanković, Slavica; Krnjaja, Vesna; Nikić, Tanja S.; Bailović, Stanislava M.; Tadić, Jelena I.

(Amer Soc Brewing Chemists Inc, St Paul, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Jauković, Marko
AU  - Zečević, Veselinka
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Nikić, Tanja S.
AU  - Bailović, Stanislava M.
AU  - Tadić, Jelena I.
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/687
AB  - The primary aim of this research was to investigate the effect of dilute alkaline steeping on molds and toxicity of maize malt. Samples of maize were collected from one farm located in the Serbian autonomous region Vojvodina. Steeping regimes were performed by using 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3% NaOH solutions. The effects of these solutions on mold contamination, total aflatoxin (AFLA), deoxynivalenol (DON), zearalenone (ZON), rootlet length, moisture, total nitrogen, content of protein, fat content, ash content, content of total carbohydrates, and energy value of maize malt were evaluated. Steeping in 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3% NaOH reduced the levels of molds from 10(6) to 10(4) CFU/g, and steeping in 0.3% NaOH eliminated some of the mold genera. Also, it significantly reduced (P  lt  0.05) the level of total AFLA, DON, and ZON. However, steeping in (control) water also significantly reduced (P  lt  0.05) the level of DON and ZON. Malting also significantly reduced (P  lt  0.05) total nitrogen and therefore content of proteins. However, steeping in 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3% NaOH caused significantly smaller reductions (P  lt  0.05). Significant reduction (P  lt  0.05) was also observed in the rootlet length, content of fat, and ash content. Steeping in 0.3% NaOH is proposed as a method for the reduction of mold and AFLA, DON, and ZON contamination during maize malting. Energy value of maize increases in the malting process regardless of the steeping regime.
PB  - Amer Soc Brewing Chemists Inc, St Paul
T2  - Journal of the American Society of Brewing Chemists
T1  - Effect of Dilute Alkaline Steeping on Mold Contamination, Toxicity, and Nutritive Value of Maize Malt
VL  - 75
IS  - 4
SP  - 369
EP  - 373
DO  - 10.1094/ASBCJ-2017-4043-01
UR  - conv_961
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Jauković, Marko and Zečević, Veselinka and Stanković, Slavica and Krnjaja, Vesna and Nikić, Tanja S. and Bailović, Stanislava M. and Tadić, Jelena I.",
year = "2017",
abstract = "The primary aim of this research was to investigate the effect of dilute alkaline steeping on molds and toxicity of maize malt. Samples of maize were collected from one farm located in the Serbian autonomous region Vojvodina. Steeping regimes were performed by using 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3% NaOH solutions. The effects of these solutions on mold contamination, total aflatoxin (AFLA), deoxynivalenol (DON), zearalenone (ZON), rootlet length, moisture, total nitrogen, content of protein, fat content, ash content, content of total carbohydrates, and energy value of maize malt were evaluated. Steeping in 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3% NaOH reduced the levels of molds from 10(6) to 10(4) CFU/g, and steeping in 0.3% NaOH eliminated some of the mold genera. Also, it significantly reduced (P  lt  0.05) the level of total AFLA, DON, and ZON. However, steeping in (control) water also significantly reduced (P  lt  0.05) the level of DON and ZON. Malting also significantly reduced (P  lt  0.05) total nitrogen and therefore content of proteins. However, steeping in 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3% NaOH caused significantly smaller reductions (P  lt  0.05). Significant reduction (P  lt  0.05) was also observed in the rootlet length, content of fat, and ash content. Steeping in 0.3% NaOH is proposed as a method for the reduction of mold and AFLA, DON, and ZON contamination during maize malting. Energy value of maize increases in the malting process regardless of the steeping regime.",
publisher = "Amer Soc Brewing Chemists Inc, St Paul",
journal = "Journal of the American Society of Brewing Chemists",
title = "Effect of Dilute Alkaline Steeping on Mold Contamination, Toxicity, and Nutritive Value of Maize Malt",
volume = "75",
number = "4",
pages = "369-373",
doi = "10.1094/ASBCJ-2017-4043-01",
url = "conv_961"
}
Jauković, M., Zečević, V., Stanković, S., Krnjaja, V., Nikić, T. S., Bailović, S. M.,& Tadić, J. I.. (2017). Effect of Dilute Alkaline Steeping on Mold Contamination, Toxicity, and Nutritive Value of Maize Malt. in Journal of the American Society of Brewing Chemists
Amer Soc Brewing Chemists Inc, St Paul., 75(4), 369-373.
https://doi.org/10.1094/ASBCJ-2017-4043-01
conv_961
Jauković M, Zečević V, Stanković S, Krnjaja V, Nikić TS, Bailović SM, Tadić JI. Effect of Dilute Alkaline Steeping on Mold Contamination, Toxicity, and Nutritive Value of Maize Malt. in Journal of the American Society of Brewing Chemists. 2017;75(4):369-373.
doi:10.1094/ASBCJ-2017-4043-01
conv_961 .
Jauković, Marko, Zečević, Veselinka, Stanković, Slavica, Krnjaja, Vesna, Nikić, Tanja S., Bailović, Stanislava M., Tadić, Jelena I., "Effect of Dilute Alkaline Steeping on Mold Contamination, Toxicity, and Nutritive Value of Maize Malt" in Journal of the American Society of Brewing Chemists, 75, no. 4 (2017):369-373,
https://doi.org/10.1094/ASBCJ-2017-4043-01 .,
conv_961 .
1
1
1

Presence of deoxynivalenol in wheat milling products in Serbia during 2016-2017

Jauković, Marko; Zečević, Veselinka; Stanković, Slavica; Krnjaja, Vesna

(Matica srpska, Novi Sad, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Jauković, Marko
AU  - Zečević, Veselinka
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/683
AB  - Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of several mycotoxins produced by certain Fusarium species that frequently infect wheat, corn, rice, oats, barley and other grains in the field or during storage. DON affects animal and human health causing vomiting, acute temporary nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, headache, dizziness and fever. The objective of this study was to evaluate the natural occurrence of deoxynivalenol (DON) in white wheat flour, whole wheat flour and wheat bran. In this study, a total of 75 white wheat flour, whole wheat flour and wheat bran samples were collected in the period of 2016-2017. All samples were analyzed for DON by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. DON was detected in 23 out of 45 white wheat flour samples (51.11%), at levels ranging from 99 µg/kg to 440 µg/kg. Out of 15 whole wheat flour samples, 14 were contaminated by DON (93.33%), at levels ranging from 98 µg/kg to 479 µg/kg. The maximum contamination level of DON (2,790 µg/kg) in this study was found in wheat bran. Presence of DON was detected in all 15 samples of wheat bran (100%). These results suggest a high percentage of contaminated samples, especially among wheat bran samples, which raises a risk for consumers of wheat bran and the need to monitor final products before consumption.
AB  - Deoksinivalenol (DON) jedan je od nekoliko mikotoksina koje produkuju određene vrste roda Fusarium, koje često kontaminiraju pšenicu, kukuruz, pirinač, ovas, ječam i ostale žitarice, kako u polju, tako i tokom perioda skladištenja. DON utiče na zdravlje ljudi i životinja izazivajući povraćanje, akutne mučnine, dijareju, abdominalni bol, glavobolje, vrtoglavice i groznicu. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se ispita i proceni prirodna pojava deoksini­valenola (DON) u belom pšeničnom brašnu, integralnom pšeničnom brašnu i pšeničnim mekinjama. Ukupno 75 uzoraka belog pšeničnog brašna, integralnog pšeničnog brašna i pšeničnih mekinja uzorkovano je u periodu 2016-2017. Svi uzorci su analizirani na prisustvo DON-a imunoenzimskim ELISA testovima. Prisustvo DON-a je detektovano u 23 od 45 uzoraka belog pšeničnog brašna (51,11%), u koncentracionom opsegu od 99 do 440 µg/kg. Od 15 ispitanih uzoraka integralnog pšeničnog brašna 14 je bilo kontaminirano (93,33%), a koncentracija DON-a kretala se u opsegu od 98 do 479 µg/kg. Maksimalna koncentracija DON-a (2.790 μg/kg) u ovom istraživanju zabeležena je kod pšeničnih mekinja. Prisustvo DON-a detektovano je u svih 15 ispitivanih uzorka pšeničnih mekinja (100%). Ovi rezultati ukazuju na visok procenat kontaminiranih uzoraka, pogotovo kod uzoraka pšeničnih mekinja, što predstavlja rizik po potrošače i iziskuje potrebu za monitoringom finalnih proizvoda pre puštanja u promet.
PB  - Matica srpska, Novi Sad
T2  - Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke
T1  - Presence of deoxynivalenol in wheat milling products in Serbia during 2016-2017
T1  - Pojava deoksinivalenola u mlinskim proizvodima od pšenice u periodu 2016-2017. u Srbiji
IS  - 133
SP  - 57
EP  - 62
DO  - 10.2298/ZMSPN1733057J
UR  - conv_64
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Jauković, Marko and Zečević, Veselinka and Stanković, Slavica and Krnjaja, Vesna",
year = "2017",
abstract = "Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of several mycotoxins produced by certain Fusarium species that frequently infect wheat, corn, rice, oats, barley and other grains in the field or during storage. DON affects animal and human health causing vomiting, acute temporary nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, headache, dizziness and fever. The objective of this study was to evaluate the natural occurrence of deoxynivalenol (DON) in white wheat flour, whole wheat flour and wheat bran. In this study, a total of 75 white wheat flour, whole wheat flour and wheat bran samples were collected in the period of 2016-2017. All samples were analyzed for DON by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. DON was detected in 23 out of 45 white wheat flour samples (51.11%), at levels ranging from 99 µg/kg to 440 µg/kg. Out of 15 whole wheat flour samples, 14 were contaminated by DON (93.33%), at levels ranging from 98 µg/kg to 479 µg/kg. The maximum contamination level of DON (2,790 µg/kg) in this study was found in wheat bran. Presence of DON was detected in all 15 samples of wheat bran (100%). These results suggest a high percentage of contaminated samples, especially among wheat bran samples, which raises a risk for consumers of wheat bran and the need to monitor final products before consumption., Deoksinivalenol (DON) jedan je od nekoliko mikotoksina koje produkuju određene vrste roda Fusarium, koje često kontaminiraju pšenicu, kukuruz, pirinač, ovas, ječam i ostale žitarice, kako u polju, tako i tokom perioda skladištenja. DON utiče na zdravlje ljudi i životinja izazivajući povraćanje, akutne mučnine, dijareju, abdominalni bol, glavobolje, vrtoglavice i groznicu. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se ispita i proceni prirodna pojava deoksini­valenola (DON) u belom pšeničnom brašnu, integralnom pšeničnom brašnu i pšeničnim mekinjama. Ukupno 75 uzoraka belog pšeničnog brašna, integralnog pšeničnog brašna i pšeničnih mekinja uzorkovano je u periodu 2016-2017. Svi uzorci su analizirani na prisustvo DON-a imunoenzimskim ELISA testovima. Prisustvo DON-a je detektovano u 23 od 45 uzoraka belog pšeničnog brašna (51,11%), u koncentracionom opsegu od 99 do 440 µg/kg. Od 15 ispitanih uzoraka integralnog pšeničnog brašna 14 je bilo kontaminirano (93,33%), a koncentracija DON-a kretala se u opsegu od 98 do 479 µg/kg. Maksimalna koncentracija DON-a (2.790 μg/kg) u ovom istraživanju zabeležena je kod pšeničnih mekinja. Prisustvo DON-a detektovano je u svih 15 ispitivanih uzorka pšeničnih mekinja (100%). Ovi rezultati ukazuju na visok procenat kontaminiranih uzoraka, pogotovo kod uzoraka pšeničnih mekinja, što predstavlja rizik po potrošače i iziskuje potrebu za monitoringom finalnih proizvoda pre puštanja u promet.",
publisher = "Matica srpska, Novi Sad",
journal = "Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke",
title = "Presence of deoxynivalenol in wheat milling products in Serbia during 2016-2017, Pojava deoksinivalenola u mlinskim proizvodima od pšenice u periodu 2016-2017. u Srbiji",
number = "133",
pages = "57-62",
doi = "10.2298/ZMSPN1733057J",
url = "conv_64"
}
Jauković, M., Zečević, V., Stanković, S.,& Krnjaja, V.. (2017). Presence of deoxynivalenol in wheat milling products in Serbia during 2016-2017. in Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke
Matica srpska, Novi Sad.(133), 57-62.
https://doi.org/10.2298/ZMSPN1733057J
conv_64
Jauković M, Zečević V, Stanković S, Krnjaja V. Presence of deoxynivalenol in wheat milling products in Serbia during 2016-2017. in Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke. 2017;(133):57-62.
doi:10.2298/ZMSPN1733057J
conv_64 .
Jauković, Marko, Zečević, Veselinka, Stanković, Slavica, Krnjaja, Vesna, "Presence of deoxynivalenol in wheat milling products in Serbia during 2016-2017" in Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke, no. 133 (2017):57-62,
https://doi.org/10.2298/ZMSPN1733057J .,
conv_64 .

Trichothecene chemotype diversity of fusarium graminearum isolated from wheat, maize and barley in Serbia

Obradović, Ana; Stanković, Slavica; Nikolić, Ana; Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana; Krnjaja, Vesna; Stepanović, Jelena; Duduk, Bojan

(Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Obradović, Ana
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Stepanović, Jelena
AU  - Duduk, Bojan
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/682
AB  - Diversity of trichothecene chemotypes of Fusarium graminearum isolated from kernels of wheat, barley and maize grown under various agro-ecological conditions on 13 locations was analysed. Sixteen strains were tested for the effective capability to produce 15-ADON, 3-ADON and NIV, by using the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) system. Fourteen out of sixteen analyzed strains produced 15ADON, while remaining two were of the 3-ADON chemotype. Multiplex PCR reaction with two sets of specific primers for TRI3 and TRI12 genes was applied to identify trichothecene chemotypes (3-ADON, 15-ADON and NIV). The expected sizes of amplified fragments for TRI3 gene primer set are 840 bp (NIV), 610 bp (15-ADON) and 243 bp (3-ADON). The amplified fragments for TRI12 gene primer set should be 840 bp (NIV), 670 bp (15-ADON) and 410 bp (3-ADON). All F. graminearum isolates were of the 15-ADON chemotype, i. e. their bands were 610 bp and 670 bp size for TRI3 and TRI12 genes, respectively. The results indicate that genotypic characterisation does not correspond to determined chemotypes and this is a reason why the analyses for the risk of mycotoxins contamination should not be based only on trichotecene genotype determination. Due to high temperature differences in cereal growing regions in Serbia, the presence of other chemotypes could be expected. In order to determine whether besides 15-ADON there are other F. graminearum chemotypes on wheat, barley and maize kernels, further studies should include a large number of isolates from different agro-ecological conditions.
PB  - Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Trichothecene chemotype diversity of fusarium graminearum isolated from wheat, maize and barley in Serbia
VL  - 49
IS  - 1
SP  - 355
EP  - 364
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR1701355O
UR  - conv_957
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Obradović, Ana and Stanković, Slavica and Nikolić, Ana and Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana and Krnjaja, Vesna and Stepanović, Jelena and Duduk, Bojan",
year = "2017",
abstract = "Diversity of trichothecene chemotypes of Fusarium graminearum isolated from kernels of wheat, barley and maize grown under various agro-ecological conditions on 13 locations was analysed. Sixteen strains were tested for the effective capability to produce 15-ADON, 3-ADON and NIV, by using the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) system. Fourteen out of sixteen analyzed strains produced 15ADON, while remaining two were of the 3-ADON chemotype. Multiplex PCR reaction with two sets of specific primers for TRI3 and TRI12 genes was applied to identify trichothecene chemotypes (3-ADON, 15-ADON and NIV). The expected sizes of amplified fragments for TRI3 gene primer set are 840 bp (NIV), 610 bp (15-ADON) and 243 bp (3-ADON). The amplified fragments for TRI12 gene primer set should be 840 bp (NIV), 670 bp (15-ADON) and 410 bp (3-ADON). All F. graminearum isolates were of the 15-ADON chemotype, i. e. their bands were 610 bp and 670 bp size for TRI3 and TRI12 genes, respectively. The results indicate that genotypic characterisation does not correspond to determined chemotypes and this is a reason why the analyses for the risk of mycotoxins contamination should not be based only on trichotecene genotype determination. Due to high temperature differences in cereal growing regions in Serbia, the presence of other chemotypes could be expected. In order to determine whether besides 15-ADON there are other F. graminearum chemotypes on wheat, barley and maize kernels, further studies should include a large number of isolates from different agro-ecological conditions.",
publisher = "Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Trichothecene chemotype diversity of fusarium graminearum isolated from wheat, maize and barley in Serbia",
volume = "49",
number = "1",
pages = "355-364",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR1701355O",
url = "conv_957"
}
Obradović, A., Stanković, S., Nikolić, A., Ignjatović-Micić, D., Krnjaja, V., Stepanović, J.,& Duduk, B.. (2017). Trichothecene chemotype diversity of fusarium graminearum isolated from wheat, maize and barley in Serbia. in Genetika
Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd., 49(1), 355-364.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR1701355O
conv_957
Obradović A, Stanković S, Nikolić A, Ignjatović-Micić D, Krnjaja V, Stepanović J, Duduk B. Trichothecene chemotype diversity of fusarium graminearum isolated from wheat, maize and barley in Serbia. in Genetika. 2017;49(1):355-364.
doi:10.2298/GENSR1701355O
conv_957 .
Obradović, Ana, Stanković, Slavica, Nikolić, Ana, Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana, Krnjaja, Vesna, Stepanović, Jelena, Duduk, Bojan, "Trichothecene chemotype diversity of fusarium graminearum isolated from wheat, maize and barley in Serbia" in Genetika, 49, no. 1 (2017):355-364,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR1701355O .,
conv_957 .
6
3
4

Variability of the Fusarium graminearum species: Pathogens of small grains in Serbia

Obradović, Ana; Stanković, Slavica; Stevanović, Milan; Krnjaja, Vesna; Bulajić, Aleksandra; Delibašić, Goran

(Univerzitet u Novom Sadu - Poljoprivredni fakultet - Departman za zaštitu bilja i životne sredine "dr Pavla Vukasovića", Novi Sad, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Obradović, Ana
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Stevanović, Milan
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Bulajić, Aleksandra
AU  - Delibašić, Goran
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/665
AB  - Species of the genus Fusarium are predominant pathogens in cereals worldwide, while F. graminearum is the most distributed among them. This species synthesises a broad spectrum of mycotoxins (fusariotoxins), among which, trichothecene type B (deoxynivalenol-DON) and zearalenone (ZEA) prevail. The isolates from the collection of the Laboratory of Phytopathology of the Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje were used to study diversity of the F. graminearum species. Twelve selected isolates were collected in the 2005-2016 period from wheat and barley kernels in various locations in Serbia. The aim of this study was to observe variability of the F. graminearum species regarding isolate pathogenicity, mycelium growth, macroconidium size, as well as DON and ZEA production potential by the ELISA method. All the observed isolates indicated pathogenic potential in the field and expressed different viability ranging from 1.75 to 3.75. Besides different viability, microscopic and macroscopic properties of isolates also diverged. The isolates of F. graminearum produced average concentrations of DON amounting 119. 9 and 33.4 ug/g (isolates from wheat and barley, respectively), while the average concentration of ZEA was 40.14 ug/kg (isolates from wheat) and 31.25 ug/kg (isolates from barley). A correlation between production of DON and ZEA was not observed in the isolates of F. graminearum.
AB  - Vrste roda Fusarium su najčešći patogeni na žitaricama širom sveta, a najzastupljenija među njima je vrsta F. graminearum. Ova vrsta sintetiše širok spektar mikotoksina (fuzariotoksina), među kojima su najzastupljeniji trihoteceni tipa B (deoksinivalenol-DON), a zatim zearalenoni (ZEA). Za proučavanje diverziteta vrste F. graminearum u okviru ovog rada korišćeni su izolati iz kolekcije Laboratorije za fitopatologiju Instituta za kukuruz “Zemun Polje”. Odabrano je 12 izolata koji su prikupljeni u periodu od 2005. do 2016. godine, poreklom sa zrna pšenice i ječma iz različitih lokaliteta na teritoriji Srbije. Cilj rada je bio da se ispita varijabilnost vrste F. graminearum u pogledu patogenosti izolata, porasta micelije, veličine makrokonidija kao i u potencijalu produkcije DON i ZEA pomoću ELISA metode. Svi ispitivani izolati su ispoljili patogenost u polju uz različit stepen agresivnosti koja je varirala od 1,75 do 3,75 (na skali 1-7). Pored varijabilnosti u agresivnosti izolati su bili divergentni i u mikroskopskim i makroskopskim karakteristikama. Izolati F. graminearum su produkovali prosečne koncentracije DON-a 119,9 ug/g (izolati sa pšenice) i 33,4 ug/g (izolati sa ječma), dok je prosečna koncentracija ZEA kod izolata sa pšenice bila 40,14 ug/kg, a kod izolata sa ječma 31,25 ug/kg. Nije uočena korelacija između produkcije DON i ZEA kod izolata F. graminearum.
PB  - Univerzitet u Novom Sadu - Poljoprivredni fakultet - Departman za zaštitu bilja i životne sredine "dr Pavla Vukasovića", Novi Sad
T2  - Biljni lekar
T1  - Variability of the Fusarium graminearum species: Pathogens of small grains in Serbia
T1  - Varijabilnost vrste Fusarium graminearum patogena strnih žita u Srbiji
VL  - 45
IS  - 3
SP  - 277
EP  - 286
UR  - conv_333
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Obradović, Ana and Stanković, Slavica and Stevanović, Milan and Krnjaja, Vesna and Bulajić, Aleksandra and Delibašić, Goran",
year = "2017",
abstract = "Species of the genus Fusarium are predominant pathogens in cereals worldwide, while F. graminearum is the most distributed among them. This species synthesises a broad spectrum of mycotoxins (fusariotoxins), among which, trichothecene type B (deoxynivalenol-DON) and zearalenone (ZEA) prevail. The isolates from the collection of the Laboratory of Phytopathology of the Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje were used to study diversity of the F. graminearum species. Twelve selected isolates were collected in the 2005-2016 period from wheat and barley kernels in various locations in Serbia. The aim of this study was to observe variability of the F. graminearum species regarding isolate pathogenicity, mycelium growth, macroconidium size, as well as DON and ZEA production potential by the ELISA method. All the observed isolates indicated pathogenic potential in the field and expressed different viability ranging from 1.75 to 3.75. Besides different viability, microscopic and macroscopic properties of isolates also diverged. The isolates of F. graminearum produced average concentrations of DON amounting 119. 9 and 33.4 ug/g (isolates from wheat and barley, respectively), while the average concentration of ZEA was 40.14 ug/kg (isolates from wheat) and 31.25 ug/kg (isolates from barley). A correlation between production of DON and ZEA was not observed in the isolates of F. graminearum., Vrste roda Fusarium su najčešći patogeni na žitaricama širom sveta, a najzastupljenija među njima je vrsta F. graminearum. Ova vrsta sintetiše širok spektar mikotoksina (fuzariotoksina), među kojima su najzastupljeniji trihoteceni tipa B (deoksinivalenol-DON), a zatim zearalenoni (ZEA). Za proučavanje diverziteta vrste F. graminearum u okviru ovog rada korišćeni su izolati iz kolekcije Laboratorije za fitopatologiju Instituta za kukuruz “Zemun Polje”. Odabrano je 12 izolata koji su prikupljeni u periodu od 2005. do 2016. godine, poreklom sa zrna pšenice i ječma iz različitih lokaliteta na teritoriji Srbije. Cilj rada je bio da se ispita varijabilnost vrste F. graminearum u pogledu patogenosti izolata, porasta micelije, veličine makrokonidija kao i u potencijalu produkcije DON i ZEA pomoću ELISA metode. Svi ispitivani izolati su ispoljili patogenost u polju uz različit stepen agresivnosti koja je varirala od 1,75 do 3,75 (na skali 1-7). Pored varijabilnosti u agresivnosti izolati su bili divergentni i u mikroskopskim i makroskopskim karakteristikama. Izolati F. graminearum su produkovali prosečne koncentracije DON-a 119,9 ug/g (izolati sa pšenice) i 33,4 ug/g (izolati sa ječma), dok je prosečna koncentracija ZEA kod izolata sa pšenice bila 40,14 ug/kg, a kod izolata sa ječma 31,25 ug/kg. Nije uočena korelacija između produkcije DON i ZEA kod izolata F. graminearum.",
publisher = "Univerzitet u Novom Sadu - Poljoprivredni fakultet - Departman za zaštitu bilja i životne sredine "dr Pavla Vukasovića", Novi Sad",
journal = "Biljni lekar",
title = "Variability of the Fusarium graminearum species: Pathogens of small grains in Serbia, Varijabilnost vrste Fusarium graminearum patogena strnih žita u Srbiji",
volume = "45",
number = "3",
pages = "277-286",
url = "conv_333"
}
Obradović, A., Stanković, S., Stevanović, M., Krnjaja, V., Bulajić, A.,& Delibašić, G.. (2017). Variability of the Fusarium graminearum species: Pathogens of small grains in Serbia. in Biljni lekar
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu - Poljoprivredni fakultet - Departman za zaštitu bilja i životne sredine "dr Pavla Vukasovića", Novi Sad., 45(3), 277-286.
conv_333
Obradović A, Stanković S, Stevanović M, Krnjaja V, Bulajić A, Delibašić G. Variability of the Fusarium graminearum species: Pathogens of small grains in Serbia. in Biljni lekar. 2017;45(3):277-286.
conv_333 .
Obradović, Ana, Stanković, Slavica, Stevanović, Milan, Krnjaja, Vesna, Bulajić, Aleksandra, Delibašić, Goran, "Variability of the Fusarium graminearum species: Pathogens of small grains in Serbia" in Biljni lekar, 45, no. 3 (2017):277-286,
conv_333 .

Fungal contamination of maize grain samples with a special focus on toxigenic genera

Krnjaja, Vesna; Stanojković, Aleksandar; Stanković, Slavica; Lukić, Miloš; Bijelić, Zorica; Mandić, Violeta; Mićić, Nenad

(Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Stanojković, Aleksandar
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Lukić, Miloš
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Mićić, Nenad
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/664
AB  - In this study, the total fungal count and contamination with toxigenic fungi from Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium genera of 127 maize grain samples collected from animal farms in subrbs of Belgrade area during 2012-2015, were determined. The total fungal count was determined using a dilution method, and standard mycological procedures were used to identify potential toxigenic fungi genera. In the tested samples of maize grains, the total fungal count was from 1 x 101 to 3 x 106 cfu g-1. No statistically significant differences between investigated years in regard to the mean total fungal count were determined. According to the Regulation on the quality of animal feed of the Republic of Serbia, the total fungal count above permitted limit (2 x 105 cfu g-1) was established in 9.52, 7.89, 20.69 and 55.56% tested samples in 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015, respectively. Potentially toxigenic fungi from Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillim genera have been identified as the most common in all the samples. In most of the samples, based on the average value for the four-year period (2012-2015), Fusarium species (92.22%) have been identified, followed by the species of the genera Aspergillus (80.83%) and Penicillium (48.68%). A weak positive correlation was established between the moisture content of the samples and the total fungal count in 2012 (r=0.41), in 2013 (r=0.27) and in 2014 (r=0.36) and the medium positive correlation (r=0.61) in 2015. Based on the results of mycological analysis of grain maize it can be concluded that the test samples in a relatively large number did not meet the criteria of hygienic quality. Therefore, regular and continuous control of the mycological quality of maize grain as the most important nutrient in animal nutrition is necessary as a preventive measure to reduce and control contamination of grain with mycotoxigenic fungi.
AB  - Ukupan broj gljiva i kontaminacija s potencijalno toksigenim vrstama iz rodova Aspergillus, Fusarium i Penicillium određivani su u 127 uzoraka zrna kukuruza koji su sakupljeni na farmama u okolini Beograda tokom četvorogodišnjeg perioda (2012-2015). Primenom metode razređenja određen je ukupan broj gljiva, dok su standardne mikološke metode korišćene za identifikaciju potencijalno toksigenih rodova gljiva. U ispitivanim uzorcima zrna kukuruza ukupan broj gljiva je bio od 1 x 101 do 3 x 106 cfu g-1. Između ispitivanih godina nisu ustanovljene statističke značajne razlike u prosečnim vrednostima ukupnog broja gljiva. Prema Pravilniku Republike Srbije o kvalitetu hrane za životinje, u hranivima biljnog porekla, ukupan broj gljiva iznad dozvoljenog limita (2 x 105 cfu g-1) ustanovljen je u 9,52, 7,89, 20,69 i 55,56% ispitivanih uzoraka u 2012., 2013., 2014. i 2015. godini, respektivno. Od potencijalno toksigenih gljiva identifikovane su Aspergillus, Fusarium i Penicillim vrste kao najučestalije u svim ispitivanim uzorcima. U najvećem broju uzoraka, na osnovu prosečnih vrednosti u četvorogodišnjem periodu (2012-2015), identifikovane su Fusarium vrste (92.22%), zatim vrste iz rodova Aspergillus (80.83%) i Penicillium (48.68%). Između sadržaja vlage ispitivanih uzoraka i ukupnog broja gljiva ustanovljena je slaba pozitivna korelacija u 2012. (r=0.41), 2013. (r=0.27) i 2014. godini (r=0.36) i srednje pozitivna korelacija (r=0.61) u 2015. godini. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata mikološke analize zrna kukuruza može se zaključiti da ispitivani uzorci u relativno velikom broju ne zadovoljavaju kriterijume higijenskog kvaliteta. Zbog toga, redovna i stalna kontrola mikološkog kvaliteta zrna kukuruza kao najvažnijeg hraniva u ishrani životinja je neophodna preventivna mera za smanjenje i kontrolu kontaminacije zrna s mikotoksigenim gljivama.
PB  - Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd
T2  - Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
T1  - Fungal contamination of maize grain samples with a special focus on toxigenic genera
T1  - Kontaminacija uzoraka zrna kukuruza gljivama s posebnim osvrtom na toksigene rodove
VL  - 33
IS  - 2
SP  - 233
EP  - 241
DO  - 10.2298/BAH1702233K
UR  - conv_595
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krnjaja, Vesna and Stanojković, Aleksandar and Stanković, Slavica and Lukić, Miloš and Bijelić, Zorica and Mandić, Violeta and Mićić, Nenad",
year = "2017",
abstract = "In this study, the total fungal count and contamination with toxigenic fungi from Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium genera of 127 maize grain samples collected from animal farms in subrbs of Belgrade area during 2012-2015, were determined. The total fungal count was determined using a dilution method, and standard mycological procedures were used to identify potential toxigenic fungi genera. In the tested samples of maize grains, the total fungal count was from 1 x 101 to 3 x 106 cfu g-1. No statistically significant differences between investigated years in regard to the mean total fungal count were determined. According to the Regulation on the quality of animal feed of the Republic of Serbia, the total fungal count above permitted limit (2 x 105 cfu g-1) was established in 9.52, 7.89, 20.69 and 55.56% tested samples in 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015, respectively. Potentially toxigenic fungi from Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillim genera have been identified as the most common in all the samples. In most of the samples, based on the average value for the four-year period (2012-2015), Fusarium species (92.22%) have been identified, followed by the species of the genera Aspergillus (80.83%) and Penicillium (48.68%). A weak positive correlation was established between the moisture content of the samples and the total fungal count in 2012 (r=0.41), in 2013 (r=0.27) and in 2014 (r=0.36) and the medium positive correlation (r=0.61) in 2015. Based on the results of mycological analysis of grain maize it can be concluded that the test samples in a relatively large number did not meet the criteria of hygienic quality. Therefore, regular and continuous control of the mycological quality of maize grain as the most important nutrient in animal nutrition is necessary as a preventive measure to reduce and control contamination of grain with mycotoxigenic fungi., Ukupan broj gljiva i kontaminacija s potencijalno toksigenim vrstama iz rodova Aspergillus, Fusarium i Penicillium određivani su u 127 uzoraka zrna kukuruza koji su sakupljeni na farmama u okolini Beograda tokom četvorogodišnjeg perioda (2012-2015). Primenom metode razređenja određen je ukupan broj gljiva, dok su standardne mikološke metode korišćene za identifikaciju potencijalno toksigenih rodova gljiva. U ispitivanim uzorcima zrna kukuruza ukupan broj gljiva je bio od 1 x 101 do 3 x 106 cfu g-1. Između ispitivanih godina nisu ustanovljene statističke značajne razlike u prosečnim vrednostima ukupnog broja gljiva. Prema Pravilniku Republike Srbije o kvalitetu hrane za životinje, u hranivima biljnog porekla, ukupan broj gljiva iznad dozvoljenog limita (2 x 105 cfu g-1) ustanovljen je u 9,52, 7,89, 20,69 i 55,56% ispitivanih uzoraka u 2012., 2013., 2014. i 2015. godini, respektivno. Od potencijalno toksigenih gljiva identifikovane su Aspergillus, Fusarium i Penicillim vrste kao najučestalije u svim ispitivanim uzorcima. U najvećem broju uzoraka, na osnovu prosečnih vrednosti u četvorogodišnjem periodu (2012-2015), identifikovane su Fusarium vrste (92.22%), zatim vrste iz rodova Aspergillus (80.83%) i Penicillium (48.68%). Između sadržaja vlage ispitivanih uzoraka i ukupnog broja gljiva ustanovljena je slaba pozitivna korelacija u 2012. (r=0.41), 2013. (r=0.27) i 2014. godini (r=0.36) i srednje pozitivna korelacija (r=0.61) u 2015. godini. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata mikološke analize zrna kukuruza može se zaključiti da ispitivani uzorci u relativno velikom broju ne zadovoljavaju kriterijume higijenskog kvaliteta. Zbog toga, redovna i stalna kontrola mikološkog kvaliteta zrna kukuruza kao najvažnijeg hraniva u ishrani životinja je neophodna preventivna mera za smanjenje i kontrolu kontaminacije zrna s mikotoksigenim gljivama.",
publisher = "Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd",
journal = "Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry",
title = "Fungal contamination of maize grain samples with a special focus on toxigenic genera, Kontaminacija uzoraka zrna kukuruza gljivama s posebnim osvrtom na toksigene rodove",
volume = "33",
number = "2",
pages = "233-241",
doi = "10.2298/BAH1702233K",
url = "conv_595"
}
Krnjaja, V., Stanojković, A., Stanković, S., Lukić, M., Bijelić, Z., Mandić, V.,& Mićić, N.. (2017). Fungal contamination of maize grain samples with a special focus on toxigenic genera. in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd., 33(2), 233-241.
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1702233K
conv_595
Krnjaja V, Stanojković A, Stanković S, Lukić M, Bijelić Z, Mandić V, Mićić N. Fungal contamination of maize grain samples with a special focus on toxigenic genera. in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry. 2017;33(2):233-241.
doi:10.2298/BAH1702233K
conv_595 .
Krnjaja, Vesna, Stanojković, Aleksandar, Stanković, Slavica, Lukić, Miloš, Bijelić, Zorica, Mandić, Violeta, Mićić, Nenad, "Fungal contamination of maize grain samples with a special focus on toxigenic genera" in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 33, no. 2 (2017):233-241,
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1702233K .,
conv_595 .
7

The rainfall use efficiency and soybean grain yield under rainfed conditions in Vojvodina

Mandić, Violeta; Bijelić, Zorica; Krnjaja, Vesna; Simić, Aleksandar; Ružić-Muslić, Dragana; Dragičević, Vesna; Petričević, Veselin

(Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Aleksandar
AU  - Ružić-Muslić, Dragana
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Petričević, Veselin
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/667
AB  - Rainfall is one of the most important environmental factors influencing crop production under dry land farming conditions. In the Republic of Serbia, the soybean is produced under rainfed conditions, and therefore online monitoring of the rainfall use efficiency (RUE) is essential for efficient management of production. The research aim was to estimate the effects of amount rainfall during the growing season (RGS) and average monthly rainfall on soybean grain yield (GY) in the Vojvodina during the sixteen year period (2000-2015). Distributions of RGS were not satisfactory and negatively influenced the expression genetic yield potential of cultivars. Rainfall deficits during the growing season limited the soybean plant reproductive growth stages leading to GY loss. The coefficient of variation indicated that RGS and monthly rainfall changed moderately from year to year. Regression equations showed that GY tended to increase with the amount of rainfall. GY had strong positive relationship with RGS and rainfall in May, July and August. Since the amount and distribution of rainfall during growing season are critical determinants of GY, soybean cultivars of shorter vegetation periods should be developed and cultivated so that maximum utilization of rainfall is ensured.
AB  - Padavine su jedan od najvažnijih faktora spoljašnje sredine koji utiče na produkciju useva u uslovima suvog ratarenja. U Republici Srbiji, soja se proizvodi u uslovima prirodnog vodnog režima, pa je praćenje efikasnosti korišćenja padavina (RUE) neophodno za efikasno upravljanje proizvodnjom. Cilj istraživanja bio je da se proceni efekat količine padavina tokom vegetacionog perioda i prosečnih mesečnih padavina na prinos zrna soje u Vojvodini tokom šestnaestogodišnjeg perioda (2000-2015). Distribucija padavina tokom vegetacionog perioda nije bila zadovoljavajuća i nepovoljno je uticala na ekspresiju genetičkog potencijala rodnosti sorti. Deficit padavina tokom vegetacionog perioda soje ograničile su faze reproduktivnog razvoja i dovele do redukcije prinosa. Koeficijenti varijacije pokazuju da se količina padavina tokom vegetacionog perioda i srednja mesečna količina padavina umereno menjaju iz godine u godinu. Regresijske jednačine su pokazale da se prinos zrna povećavao sa količinom padavina. Prinos zrna je u jakoj pozitivnoj korelaciji sa količinom padavina tokom vegetacionog perioda, u maju, julu i avgustu. S obzirom da su količina i raspored padavina u toku vegetacionog perioda kritična determinanta za prinos zrna, treba razvijati i gajiti sorte soje sa kraćim vegetacionim periodom da bi se obezbedila maksimalna iskorišćenost padavina.
PB  - Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd
T2  - Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
T1  - The rainfall use efficiency and soybean grain yield under rainfed conditions in Vojvodina
T1  - Efikasnost korišćenja padavina i prinos zrna soje u uslovima prirodnog vodnog režima u Vojvodini
VL  - 33
IS  - 4
SP  - 475
EP  - 486
DO  - 10.2298/BAH1704475M
UR  - conv_596
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mandić, Violeta and Bijelić, Zorica and Krnjaja, Vesna and Simić, Aleksandar and Ružić-Muslić, Dragana and Dragičević, Vesna and Petričević, Veselin",
year = "2017",
abstract = "Rainfall is one of the most important environmental factors influencing crop production under dry land farming conditions. In the Republic of Serbia, the soybean is produced under rainfed conditions, and therefore online monitoring of the rainfall use efficiency (RUE) is essential for efficient management of production. The research aim was to estimate the effects of amount rainfall during the growing season (RGS) and average monthly rainfall on soybean grain yield (GY) in the Vojvodina during the sixteen year period (2000-2015). Distributions of RGS were not satisfactory and negatively influenced the expression genetic yield potential of cultivars. Rainfall deficits during the growing season limited the soybean plant reproductive growth stages leading to GY loss. The coefficient of variation indicated that RGS and monthly rainfall changed moderately from year to year. Regression equations showed that GY tended to increase with the amount of rainfall. GY had strong positive relationship with RGS and rainfall in May, July and August. Since the amount and distribution of rainfall during growing season are critical determinants of GY, soybean cultivars of shorter vegetation periods should be developed and cultivated so that maximum utilization of rainfall is ensured., Padavine su jedan od najvažnijih faktora spoljašnje sredine koji utiče na produkciju useva u uslovima suvog ratarenja. U Republici Srbiji, soja se proizvodi u uslovima prirodnog vodnog režima, pa je praćenje efikasnosti korišćenja padavina (RUE) neophodno za efikasno upravljanje proizvodnjom. Cilj istraživanja bio je da se proceni efekat količine padavina tokom vegetacionog perioda i prosečnih mesečnih padavina na prinos zrna soje u Vojvodini tokom šestnaestogodišnjeg perioda (2000-2015). Distribucija padavina tokom vegetacionog perioda nije bila zadovoljavajuća i nepovoljno je uticala na ekspresiju genetičkog potencijala rodnosti sorti. Deficit padavina tokom vegetacionog perioda soje ograničile su faze reproduktivnog razvoja i dovele do redukcije prinosa. Koeficijenti varijacije pokazuju da se količina padavina tokom vegetacionog perioda i srednja mesečna količina padavina umereno menjaju iz godine u godinu. Regresijske jednačine su pokazale da se prinos zrna povećavao sa količinom padavina. Prinos zrna je u jakoj pozitivnoj korelaciji sa količinom padavina tokom vegetacionog perioda, u maju, julu i avgustu. S obzirom da su količina i raspored padavina u toku vegetacionog perioda kritična determinanta za prinos zrna, treba razvijati i gajiti sorte soje sa kraćim vegetacionim periodom da bi se obezbedila maksimalna iskorišćenost padavina.",
publisher = "Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd",
journal = "Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry",
title = "The rainfall use efficiency and soybean grain yield under rainfed conditions in Vojvodina, Efikasnost korišćenja padavina i prinos zrna soje u uslovima prirodnog vodnog režima u Vojvodini",
volume = "33",
number = "4",
pages = "475-486",
doi = "10.2298/BAH1704475M",
url = "conv_596"
}
Mandić, V., Bijelić, Z., Krnjaja, V., Simić, A., Ružić-Muslić, D., Dragičević, V.,& Petričević, V.. (2017). The rainfall use efficiency and soybean grain yield under rainfed conditions in Vojvodina. in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd., 33(4), 475-486.
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1704475M
conv_596
Mandić V, Bijelić Z, Krnjaja V, Simić A, Ružić-Muslić D, Dragičević V, Petričević V. The rainfall use efficiency and soybean grain yield under rainfed conditions in Vojvodina. in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry. 2017;33(4):475-486.
doi:10.2298/BAH1704475M
conv_596 .
Mandić, Violeta, Bijelić, Zorica, Krnjaja, Vesna, Simić, Aleksandar, Ružić-Muslić, Dragana, Dragičević, Vesna, Petričević, Veselin, "The rainfall use efficiency and soybean grain yield under rainfed conditions in Vojvodina" in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 33, no. 4 (2017):475-486,
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1704475M .,
conv_596 .
10

Vegetative compatibility and RFLP analysis of colletotrichum destructivum isolates from alfalfa and red clover

Vasić, Tanja; Terzić, Dragan; Milenković, Jasmina; Marković, Jordan; Krnjaja, Vesna; Jevremović, Darko; Stanković, Slavica

(Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Vasić, Tanja
AU  - Terzić, Dragan
AU  - Milenković, Jasmina
AU  - Marković, Jordan
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Jevremović, Darko
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/650
AB  - A total of 17 isolates of Colletofrichum from alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) plants with anthracnose symptoms were collected from 11 districts in Serbia during 2005-2010 and tested for variability in vegetative compatibility groups (VCGs) and restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP). Nitrate non utilising (nit) mutants were isolated from each of investigated C. desfructivum isolates by selecting chlorate -resistant sectors on medium with chlorate. The isolates were grouped in five VCGs while one isolate was self -incompatible. No relationship was found between VCGs and geographical origin of the isolates. Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of a 900 bp intron of the glutamine synthetase (GS) gene revealed a unique polymorphic profile of C. destructivum isolates, distinct from the profiles of other Colletofrichum species. An identical profile was produced for all C. desfructivum isolates, regardless of their host and geographical origin. PCR-RFLP failed to detect some the Serbian C. desfructivum isolates.
PB  - Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Vegetative compatibility and RFLP analysis of colletotrichum destructivum isolates from alfalfa and red clover
VL  - 48
IS  - 1
SP  - 187
EP  - 198
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR1601187V
UR  - conv_930
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Vasić, Tanja and Terzić, Dragan and Milenković, Jasmina and Marković, Jordan and Krnjaja, Vesna and Jevremović, Darko and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2016",
abstract = "A total of 17 isolates of Colletofrichum from alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) plants with anthracnose symptoms were collected from 11 districts in Serbia during 2005-2010 and tested for variability in vegetative compatibility groups (VCGs) and restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP). Nitrate non utilising (nit) mutants were isolated from each of investigated C. desfructivum isolates by selecting chlorate -resistant sectors on medium with chlorate. The isolates were grouped in five VCGs while one isolate was self -incompatible. No relationship was found between VCGs and geographical origin of the isolates. Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of a 900 bp intron of the glutamine synthetase (GS) gene revealed a unique polymorphic profile of C. destructivum isolates, distinct from the profiles of other Colletofrichum species. An identical profile was produced for all C. desfructivum isolates, regardless of their host and geographical origin. PCR-RFLP failed to detect some the Serbian C. desfructivum isolates.",
publisher = "Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Vegetative compatibility and RFLP analysis of colletotrichum destructivum isolates from alfalfa and red clover",
volume = "48",
number = "1",
pages = "187-198",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR1601187V",
url = "conv_930"
}
Vasić, T., Terzić, D., Milenković, J., Marković, J., Krnjaja, V., Jevremović, D.,& Stanković, S.. (2016). Vegetative compatibility and RFLP analysis of colletotrichum destructivum isolates from alfalfa and red clover. in Genetika
Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd., 48(1), 187-198.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR1601187V
conv_930
Vasić T, Terzić D, Milenković J, Marković J, Krnjaja V, Jevremović D, Stanković S. Vegetative compatibility and RFLP analysis of colletotrichum destructivum isolates from alfalfa and red clover. in Genetika. 2016;48(1):187-198.
doi:10.2298/GENSR1601187V
conv_930 .
Vasić, Tanja, Terzić, Dragan, Milenković, Jasmina, Marković, Jordan, Krnjaja, Vesna, Jevremović, Darko, Stanković, Slavica, "Vegetative compatibility and RFLP analysis of colletotrichum destructivum isolates from alfalfa and red clover" in Genetika, 48, no. 1 (2016):187-198,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR1601187V .,
conv_930 .

Fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize hybrids in different maturity groups

Krnjaja, Vesna; Stanković, Slavica; Obradović, Ana; Mandić, Violeta; Bijelić, Zorica; Vasić, Tanja; Jauković, Marko

(Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Obradović, Ana
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Vasić, Tanja
AU  - Jauković, Marko
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/627
AB  - In the present study, the frequency of toxigenic fungi and occurrence of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), deoxynivalenol (DON) and total fumonisins (FBs) in the kernels of six maize hybrids from different FAO maturity groups (ZP 341, ZP 427, ZP 434, ZP 560, ZP 606, ZP 666) in three localities (Belosavci, Lađevci and Divci) in Serbia, during the harvest in 2013, was investigated. Using standard mycological tests of maize kernels, the presence of potentially toxigenic fungi species from the genera Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium was found. In the studied localities, species Fusarium verticillioides was the most frequently isolated from the most hybrids, with a maximum frequency of 30%, while the presence of Aspergillus spp. ranged from 0 to 16%, and Penicillium spp. from 0 to 20%. By applying Immunoadsorbent enzymatic assay (ELISA) the concentrations of AFB1, DON and FBs were determined in maize. The differences between tested hybrids in the level of mycotoxins in kernels were statistically significant (P≤0.01) for DON and FBs, but not for the content of AFB1. Also, the interaction between the hybrid and location was significant (P≤0.01) for the level of DON and FBs, while there was no statistical significance for the level of AFB1. Maximum values of AFB1, DON and FBs level were 1.02 μg kg-1 (ZP 427), 12 μg kg-1 (ZP 341) and 1528.56 μg kg-1 (ZP 427). The concentrations of the tested mycotoxins in kernels did not exceed the maximum allowed limits stipulated by Serbian regulations (Službeni glasnik RS, 2014). Given that agro-ecological conditions in Serbia are favourable for the occurrence of toxigenic fungi and their mycotoxins, it is necessary to exert the control of maize kernels annually, in harvest and postharvest periods.
AB  - U radu je ispitivana učestalost potencijalno toksigenih vrsta gljiva i prirodna pojava aflatoksina B1 (AFB1), deoksinivalenola (DON) i ukupnih fumonizina (FBs) u zrnu šest hibrida kukuruza iz različitih FAO grupa zrenja (ZP 341, ZP 427, ZP 434, ZP 560, ZP 606, ZP 666) u tri lokaliteta (Belosavci, Lađevci i Divci) u Srbiji, tokom berbe u 2013. godini. Primenom standardnih mikoloških ispitivanja zrna kukuruza ustanovljeno je prisustvo potencijalno toksigenih vrsta gljiva iz tri roda: Aspergillus, Fusarium i Penicillium. U ispitivanim lokalitetima, vrsta Fusarium verticillioides je bila najčešće izolovana kod većine hibrida, sa maksimalnom učestalošću od 30%, dok je prisustvo Aspergillus spp. bilo od 0 do 16%, a Penicillium spp. od 0 do 20%. Primenom imunoadsorpcione enzimske metode (ELISA) određen je sadržaj AFB1, DON i FBs u zrnu kukuruza. Razlike između ispitivanih hibrida u sadržaju mikotoksina u zrnu bile su statistički značajne (P≤0,01) za DON i FBs, ali ne i za sadržaj AFB1. Isto tako, interakcija između hibrida i lokaliteta je bila značajna (P≤0,01) za sadržaj DON i FBs, dok nije bilo statističke značajnosti za sadržaj AFB1. Maksimalne koncentracije AFB1, DON i FBs bile su 1,02 μg kg-1 (ZP 427), 12 μg kg-1 (ZP 341) i 1528,56 μg kg-1 (ZP 427). U zrnu kukuruza sadržaj ispitivanih mikotoksina nije premašio maksimalno dozvoljene vrednosti propisane Pravilnikom o maksimalno dozvoljenim količinama ostataka sredstava za zaštitu bilja u hrani i hrani za životinje i o hrani i hrani za životinje za koju se utvrđuju maksimalno dozvoljene količine ostataka sredstava za zaštitu bilja (Službeni glasnik RS, 2014). S obzirom da su agroekološki uslovi u Srbiji povoljni za pojavu toksigenih gljiva i njihovih mikotoksina, neophodno je svake godine vršiti kontrolu zrna kukuruza, kako u žetvenom, tako i u postžetvenom periodu.
PB  - Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd
T2  - Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
T1  - Fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize hybrids in different maturity groups
T1  - Kontaminacija gljivama i mikotoksinima hibrida kukuruza različite grupe zrenja
VL  - 32
IS  - 1
SP  - 71
EP  - 81
DO  - 10.2298/BAH1601071K
UR  - conv_594
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krnjaja, Vesna and Stanković, Slavica and Obradović, Ana and Mandić, Violeta and Bijelić, Zorica and Vasić, Tanja and Jauković, Marko",
year = "2016",
abstract = "In the present study, the frequency of toxigenic fungi and occurrence of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), deoxynivalenol (DON) and total fumonisins (FBs) in the kernels of six maize hybrids from different FAO maturity groups (ZP 341, ZP 427, ZP 434, ZP 560, ZP 606, ZP 666) in three localities (Belosavci, Lađevci and Divci) in Serbia, during the harvest in 2013, was investigated. Using standard mycological tests of maize kernels, the presence of potentially toxigenic fungi species from the genera Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium was found. In the studied localities, species Fusarium verticillioides was the most frequently isolated from the most hybrids, with a maximum frequency of 30%, while the presence of Aspergillus spp. ranged from 0 to 16%, and Penicillium spp. from 0 to 20%. By applying Immunoadsorbent enzymatic assay (ELISA) the concentrations of AFB1, DON and FBs were determined in maize. The differences between tested hybrids in the level of mycotoxins in kernels were statistically significant (P≤0.01) for DON and FBs, but not for the content of AFB1. Also, the interaction between the hybrid and location was significant (P≤0.01) for the level of DON and FBs, while there was no statistical significance for the level of AFB1. Maximum values of AFB1, DON and FBs level were 1.02 μg kg-1 (ZP 427), 12 μg kg-1 (ZP 341) and 1528.56 μg kg-1 (ZP 427). The concentrations of the tested mycotoxins in kernels did not exceed the maximum allowed limits stipulated by Serbian regulations (Službeni glasnik RS, 2014). Given that agro-ecological conditions in Serbia are favourable for the occurrence of toxigenic fungi and their mycotoxins, it is necessary to exert the control of maize kernels annually, in harvest and postharvest periods., U radu je ispitivana učestalost potencijalno toksigenih vrsta gljiva i prirodna pojava aflatoksina B1 (AFB1), deoksinivalenola (DON) i ukupnih fumonizina (FBs) u zrnu šest hibrida kukuruza iz različitih FAO grupa zrenja (ZP 341, ZP 427, ZP 434, ZP 560, ZP 606, ZP 666) u tri lokaliteta (Belosavci, Lađevci i Divci) u Srbiji, tokom berbe u 2013. godini. Primenom standardnih mikoloških ispitivanja zrna kukuruza ustanovljeno je prisustvo potencijalno toksigenih vrsta gljiva iz tri roda: Aspergillus, Fusarium i Penicillium. U ispitivanim lokalitetima, vrsta Fusarium verticillioides je bila najčešće izolovana kod većine hibrida, sa maksimalnom učestalošću od 30%, dok je prisustvo Aspergillus spp. bilo od 0 do 16%, a Penicillium spp. od 0 do 20%. Primenom imunoadsorpcione enzimske metode (ELISA) određen je sadržaj AFB1, DON i FBs u zrnu kukuruza. Razlike između ispitivanih hibrida u sadržaju mikotoksina u zrnu bile su statistički značajne (P≤0,01) za DON i FBs, ali ne i za sadržaj AFB1. Isto tako, interakcija između hibrida i lokaliteta je bila značajna (P≤0,01) za sadržaj DON i FBs, dok nije bilo statističke značajnosti za sadržaj AFB1. Maksimalne koncentracije AFB1, DON i FBs bile su 1,02 μg kg-1 (ZP 427), 12 μg kg-1 (ZP 341) i 1528,56 μg kg-1 (ZP 427). U zrnu kukuruza sadržaj ispitivanih mikotoksina nije premašio maksimalno dozvoljene vrednosti propisane Pravilnikom o maksimalno dozvoljenim količinama ostataka sredstava za zaštitu bilja u hrani i hrani za životinje i o hrani i hrani za životinje za koju se utvrđuju maksimalno dozvoljene količine ostataka sredstava za zaštitu bilja (Službeni glasnik RS, 2014). S obzirom da su agroekološki uslovi u Srbiji povoljni za pojavu toksigenih gljiva i njihovih mikotoksina, neophodno je svake godine vršiti kontrolu zrna kukuruza, kako u žetvenom, tako i u postžetvenom periodu.",
publisher = "Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd",
journal = "Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry",
title = "Fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize hybrids in different maturity groups, Kontaminacija gljivama i mikotoksinima hibrida kukuruza različite grupe zrenja",
volume = "32",
number = "1",
pages = "71-81",
doi = "10.2298/BAH1601071K",
url = "conv_594"
}
Krnjaja, V., Stanković, S., Obradović, A., Mandić, V., Bijelić, Z., Vasić, T.,& Jauković, M.. (2016). Fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize hybrids in different maturity groups. in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd., 32(1), 71-81.
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1601071K
conv_594
Krnjaja V, Stanković S, Obradović A, Mandić V, Bijelić Z, Vasić T, Jauković M. Fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize hybrids in different maturity groups. in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry. 2016;32(1):71-81.
doi:10.2298/BAH1601071K
conv_594 .
Krnjaja, Vesna, Stanković, Slavica, Obradović, Ana, Mandić, Violeta, Bijelić, Zorica, Vasić, Tanja, Jauković, Marko, "Fungal and mycotoxin contamination of maize hybrids in different maturity groups" in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 32, no. 1 (2016):71-81,
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1601071K .,
conv_594 .
4

Effect of bacterial seed inoculation on nitrogen dynamics, number of bacteria in soil under maize, and maize yield

Mandić, Violeta; Bijelić, Zorica; Krnjaja, Vesna; Tomić, Z.; Đorđević, S.; Stanojević, D.; Dragičević, Vesna

(Scibulcom Ltd, Sofia, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Tomić, Z.
AU  - Đorđević, S.
AU  - Stanojević, D.
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/616
AB  - The aim of this study was to determine the effects of the inoculation of maize seeds with mixtures of bacteria (Azotobacter chroococum, Azotobacter vinelandi, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus licheniformis) during different phenophases (6-7 leaves, silking and wax ripeness stage) and on the nitrogen dynamics, total number of microorganisms, number of azotobacter and aminoheterotrophs in Chernozem and grain yield of maize hybrid ZP 684 during 2006, 2007 and 2008. Nitrogen amount in soil was significantly higher in 2006, due to favourable meteorological conditions for microbial activity (higher total number of microorganisms and number of azotobacter), than in 2007 and 2008. The minimum amount of nitrogen was in the stage of wax ripeness although the total number of microorganisms, azotobacter and aminoheterotrophs were the largest. Seed inoculation of maize significantly increases the values of all studied parameters.
PB  - Scibulcom Ltd, Sofia
T2  - Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology
T1  - Effect of bacterial seed inoculation on nitrogen dynamics, number of bacteria in soil under maize, and maize yield
VL  - 17
IS  - 3
SP  - 1003
EP  - 1010
UR  - conv_938
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mandić, Violeta and Bijelić, Zorica and Krnjaja, Vesna and Tomić, Z. and Đorđević, S. and Stanojević, D. and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2016",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to determine the effects of the inoculation of maize seeds with mixtures of bacteria (Azotobacter chroococum, Azotobacter vinelandi, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus licheniformis) during different phenophases (6-7 leaves, silking and wax ripeness stage) and on the nitrogen dynamics, total number of microorganisms, number of azotobacter and aminoheterotrophs in Chernozem and grain yield of maize hybrid ZP 684 during 2006, 2007 and 2008. Nitrogen amount in soil was significantly higher in 2006, due to favourable meteorological conditions for microbial activity (higher total number of microorganisms and number of azotobacter), than in 2007 and 2008. The minimum amount of nitrogen was in the stage of wax ripeness although the total number of microorganisms, azotobacter and aminoheterotrophs were the largest. Seed inoculation of maize significantly increases the values of all studied parameters.",
publisher = "Scibulcom Ltd, Sofia",
journal = "Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology",
title = "Effect of bacterial seed inoculation on nitrogen dynamics, number of bacteria in soil under maize, and maize yield",
volume = "17",
number = "3",
pages = "1003-1010",
url = "conv_938"
}
Mandić, V., Bijelić, Z., Krnjaja, V., Tomić, Z., Đorđević, S., Stanojević, D.,& Dragičević, V.. (2016). Effect of bacterial seed inoculation on nitrogen dynamics, number of bacteria in soil under maize, and maize yield. in Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology
Scibulcom Ltd, Sofia., 17(3), 1003-1010.
conv_938
Mandić V, Bijelić Z, Krnjaja V, Tomić Z, Đorđević S, Stanojević D, Dragičević V. Effect of bacterial seed inoculation on nitrogen dynamics, number of bacteria in soil under maize, and maize yield. in Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology. 2016;17(3):1003-1010.
conv_938 .
Mandić, Violeta, Bijelić, Zorica, Krnjaja, Vesna, Tomić, Z., Đorđević, S., Stanojević, D., Dragičević, Vesna, "Effect of bacterial seed inoculation on nitrogen dynamics, number of bacteria in soil under maize, and maize yield" in Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 17, no. 3 (2016):1003-1010,
conv_938 .
2

Correlation of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone production by Fusarium species originating from wheat and maize grain

Tančić, Sonja; Stanković, Slavica; Lević, Jelena; Krnjaja, Vesna

(Institut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd i Društvo za zaštitu bilja Srbije, Beograd, 2015)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tančić, Sonja
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Lević, Jelena
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
PY  - 2015
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/607
AB  - A total of 39 Fusarium graminearum, F. sporotrichioides, F. semitectum and F. equiseti isolates, originating from wheat and maize samples collected at 10 locations in Serbia, were analyzed by ELISA method for their potential of deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEA) production under optimal laboratory conditions. Fusarium graminearum isolates with the highest intraspecies variability were the best producers of both deoxynivalenol and zearalenone. In contrast, F. equiseti isolates were the weakest producers of these two toxins. Considering the plant origin of the isolates, wheat-originating F. sporotrichioides isolates were better deoxynivalenol producers, while the maize-originating isolates produced more zearalenone. There was no clear difference in ZEA production between wheat- and maizeoriginating isolates of F. graminearum, while higher average DON concentrations were produced by F. graminearum wheat-originating isolates. Negative correlation was detected between the production of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone by various Fusarium spp.
AB  - Potencijal za stvaranje deoksinivalenola (DON) i zearalenona (ZEA) ukupno 39 izolata vrsta Fusarium graminearum, F. sporotrichioides, F. semitectum i F. Equiseti, poreklom iz zrna pšenice i kukuruza sa 10 različitih lokaliteta u Srbiji, analiziran je u optimalnim laboratorijskim uslovima ELISA testom. Izolati vrste F. graminearum su imali najvišu intraspecijsku varijabilnost i ujedno su bili najveći proizvođači i deoksinivalenola i zearalenona. Nasuprot njima, izolati F. equiseti su bili najslabiji proizvođači ova dva mikotoksina. S obzirom na poreklo izolata, F. sporotrichioides izolati poreklom sa pšenice su bili bolji proizvođači deoksinivalenola, dok su izolati ove vrste poreklom sa kukuruza stvarali više koncentracije zearalenona. Među F. graminearum izolatima nije bilo jasne razlike u sintetisanim koncentracijama ZEA zavisno od porekla izolata, dok je pri sintezi DON-a uočena viša prosečna koncentracija sintetisana od strane F. graminearum izolata poreklom sa pšenice. Negativna korelacija je registrovana između sinteze deoksinivalenola i zearalenona od strane Fusarium spp.
PB  - Institut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd i Društvo za zaštitu bilja Srbije, Beograd
T2  - Pesticidi i fitomedicina
T1  - Correlation of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone production by Fusarium species originating from wheat and maize grain
T1  - Korelacija sinteze deoksinivalenola i zearalenola od strane Fusarium izolata poreklom sa zrna pšenice i kukuruza
VL  - 30
IS  - 2
SP  - 99
EP  - 105
DO  - 10.2298/pif1502099T
UR  - conv_609
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Tančić, Sonja and Stanković, Slavica and Lević, Jelena and Krnjaja, Vesna",
year = "2015",
abstract = "A total of 39 Fusarium graminearum, F. sporotrichioides, F. semitectum and F. equiseti isolates, originating from wheat and maize samples collected at 10 locations in Serbia, were analyzed by ELISA method for their potential of deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEA) production under optimal laboratory conditions. Fusarium graminearum isolates with the highest intraspecies variability were the best producers of both deoxynivalenol and zearalenone. In contrast, F. equiseti isolates were the weakest producers of these two toxins. Considering the plant origin of the isolates, wheat-originating F. sporotrichioides isolates were better deoxynivalenol producers, while the maize-originating isolates produced more zearalenone. There was no clear difference in ZEA production between wheat- and maizeoriginating isolates of F. graminearum, while higher average DON concentrations were produced by F. graminearum wheat-originating isolates. Negative correlation was detected between the production of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone by various Fusarium spp., Potencijal za stvaranje deoksinivalenola (DON) i zearalenona (ZEA) ukupno 39 izolata vrsta Fusarium graminearum, F. sporotrichioides, F. semitectum i F. Equiseti, poreklom iz zrna pšenice i kukuruza sa 10 različitih lokaliteta u Srbiji, analiziran je u optimalnim laboratorijskim uslovima ELISA testom. Izolati vrste F. graminearum su imali najvišu intraspecijsku varijabilnost i ujedno su bili najveći proizvođači i deoksinivalenola i zearalenona. Nasuprot njima, izolati F. equiseti su bili najslabiji proizvođači ova dva mikotoksina. S obzirom na poreklo izolata, F. sporotrichioides izolati poreklom sa pšenice su bili bolji proizvođači deoksinivalenola, dok su izolati ove vrste poreklom sa kukuruza stvarali više koncentracije zearalenona. Među F. graminearum izolatima nije bilo jasne razlike u sintetisanim koncentracijama ZEA zavisno od porekla izolata, dok je pri sintezi DON-a uočena viša prosečna koncentracija sintetisana od strane F. graminearum izolata poreklom sa pšenice. Negativna korelacija je registrovana između sinteze deoksinivalenola i zearalenona od strane Fusarium spp.",
publisher = "Institut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd i Društvo za zaštitu bilja Srbije, Beograd",
journal = "Pesticidi i fitomedicina",
title = "Correlation of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone production by Fusarium species originating from wheat and maize grain, Korelacija sinteze deoksinivalenola i zearalenola od strane Fusarium izolata poreklom sa zrna pšenice i kukuruza",
volume = "30",
number = "2",
pages = "99-105",
doi = "10.2298/pif1502099T",
url = "conv_609"
}
Tančić, S., Stanković, S., Lević, J.,& Krnjaja, V.. (2015). Correlation of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone production by Fusarium species originating from wheat and maize grain. in Pesticidi i fitomedicina
Institut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd i Društvo za zaštitu bilja Srbije, Beograd., 30(2), 99-105.
https://doi.org/10.2298/pif1502099T
conv_609
Tančić S, Stanković S, Lević J, Krnjaja V. Correlation of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone production by Fusarium species originating from wheat and maize grain. in Pesticidi i fitomedicina. 2015;30(2):99-105.
doi:10.2298/pif1502099T
conv_609 .
Tančić, Sonja, Stanković, Slavica, Lević, Jelena, Krnjaja, Vesna, "Correlation of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone production by Fusarium species originating from wheat and maize grain" in Pesticidi i fitomedicina, 30, no. 2 (2015):99-105,
https://doi.org/10.2298/pif1502099T .,
conv_609 .
7

Fusarium infection and deoxynivalenol contamination in winter wheat

Krnjaja, Vesna; Tomić, Z.; Stanković, Slavica; Petrović, T.; Bijelić, Zorica; Mandić, Violeta; Obradović, Ana

(Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd, 2015)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Tomić, Z.
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Petrović, T.
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Obradović, Ana
PY  - 2015
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/606
AB  - In this paper, the incidence of Fusarium-infected grain of winter wheat and the content of mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) was studied in two Serbian cultivars Simonida and NS40S, both harvested in 2014. The level of Fusarium contamination of wheat grain was determined using phytopathological techniques based on the standard methodology while DON was detected by enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA). The incidence of Fusarium-infected grain ranged from 12 to 19% for Simonida and NS40S, respectively. Fusarium graminearum, as well-known producer of DON mycotoxin, was identified among Fusarium species. In addition, Alternaria spp. was isolated in high percentage, with an average incidence of 53% (Simonida) to 63% (NS40S).The average content of DON ranged from 424 μg kg-1 to 1101 μg kg-1 for Simonida and NS40S cultivars, respectively. Statistically insignificant negative correlation (r = - 0.18) was determined between Fusariuminfected grain and DON in the cultivar Simonida and statistically insignificant positive correlation (r = 0.11) in the cultivar NS40S. The mean levels of DON in studied wheat samples of both tested cultivars were not higher than the maximum permitted limit (1250 μg kg-1) although the level of Fusarium-infected grain of both cultivars was relatively high. These results indicate that both wheat cultivars are susceptible to Fusarium infection and DON mycotoxin production in agro-ecological conditions of Serbia, but the cultivar NS40S being more susceptible compared to cultivar Simonida. In view of all stated above, regular health check of grains and developing strategies for integrated monitoring of incidence of Fusarium head blight are necessary preventive measures in protection of winter wheat.
AB  - U radu je proučavana incidenca Fusarium-zaraženih zrna ozime pšenice iz žetve 2014. godine kod dve domaće komercijalne sorte Simonida i NS40S, kao i sadržaj mikotoksina deoksinivalenola (DON). Nivo fuzariozne kontaminacije zrna pšenice određen je primenom fitopatoloških testova standardne metodologije a DON je detektovan primenom imunoadsorpcione enzimske metode (ELISA). Incidenca Fusarium-zaraženih zrna bila je u proseku za sve ispitivane uzorke od 12% (Simonida) do 19% (NS40S). Od Fusarium vrsta identifikovana je jedino Fusarium graminearum, kao dobro poznati producent DON mikotoksina. Pored ove gljivične vrste, u visokom procentu izolovana je Alternaria spp. sa prosečnom incidencom od 53% (Simonida) do 63% (NS40S). U ispitivanim uzorcima pšenice prosečan sadržaj DON bio je od 424 μg kg-1 (Simonida) do 1101 μg kg-1 (NS40S). Između Fusarium-zaraženih zrna i DON utvrđena je statistički neznačajna negativna korelacija (r = - 0.18) kod sorte Simonida i statistički neznačajna pozitivna korelacija (r = 0.11) kod sorte NS40S. Prosečne koncentracije DON u ispitivanim uzorcima pšenice kod obe ispitivane sorte nisu bile iznad maksimalno dozvoljenog limita iako je nivo fuzariozne kontaminacije zrna obe ispitivane sorte bio visok. Ovi rezultati ukazuju da su obe ispitivane sorte pšenice osetljive prema fuzarioznoj infekciji i produkciji DON mikotoksina u agroekološkim uslovima Srbije, s tim što je sorta NS40S osetljivija u odnosu na sortu Simonida. Zbog svega navedenog, redovna zdravstvena kontrola zrna i razvijanje strategije integralnog monitoringa fuzarioze klasa neophodne su preventivne mere borbe u zaštiti pšenice.
PB  - Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd
T2  - Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
T1  - Fusarium infection and deoxynivalenol contamination in winter wheat
T1  - Fusarium infekcija i deoksinivalenol kontaminacija ozime pšenice
VL  - 31
IS  - 1
SP  - 123
EP  - 131
DO  - 10.2298/BAH1501123K
UR  - conv_593
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krnjaja, Vesna and Tomić, Z. and Stanković, Slavica and Petrović, T. and Bijelić, Zorica and Mandić, Violeta and Obradović, Ana",
year = "2015",
abstract = "In this paper, the incidence of Fusarium-infected grain of winter wheat and the content of mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) was studied in two Serbian cultivars Simonida and NS40S, both harvested in 2014. The level of Fusarium contamination of wheat grain was determined using phytopathological techniques based on the standard methodology while DON was detected by enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA). The incidence of Fusarium-infected grain ranged from 12 to 19% for Simonida and NS40S, respectively. Fusarium graminearum, as well-known producer of DON mycotoxin, was identified among Fusarium species. In addition, Alternaria spp. was isolated in high percentage, with an average incidence of 53% (Simonida) to 63% (NS40S).The average content of DON ranged from 424 μg kg-1 to 1101 μg kg-1 for Simonida and NS40S cultivars, respectively. Statistically insignificant negative correlation (r = - 0.18) was determined between Fusariuminfected grain and DON in the cultivar Simonida and statistically insignificant positive correlation (r = 0.11) in the cultivar NS40S. The mean levels of DON in studied wheat samples of both tested cultivars were not higher than the maximum permitted limit (1250 μg kg-1) although the level of Fusarium-infected grain of both cultivars was relatively high. These results indicate that both wheat cultivars are susceptible to Fusarium infection and DON mycotoxin production in agro-ecological conditions of Serbia, but the cultivar NS40S being more susceptible compared to cultivar Simonida. In view of all stated above, regular health check of grains and developing strategies for integrated monitoring of incidence of Fusarium head blight are necessary preventive measures in protection of winter wheat., U radu je proučavana incidenca Fusarium-zaraženih zrna ozime pšenice iz žetve 2014. godine kod dve domaće komercijalne sorte Simonida i NS40S, kao i sadržaj mikotoksina deoksinivalenola (DON). Nivo fuzariozne kontaminacije zrna pšenice određen je primenom fitopatoloških testova standardne metodologije a DON je detektovan primenom imunoadsorpcione enzimske metode (ELISA). Incidenca Fusarium-zaraženih zrna bila je u proseku za sve ispitivane uzorke od 12% (Simonida) do 19% (NS40S). Od Fusarium vrsta identifikovana je jedino Fusarium graminearum, kao dobro poznati producent DON mikotoksina. Pored ove gljivične vrste, u visokom procentu izolovana je Alternaria spp. sa prosečnom incidencom od 53% (Simonida) do 63% (NS40S). U ispitivanim uzorcima pšenice prosečan sadržaj DON bio je od 424 μg kg-1 (Simonida) do 1101 μg kg-1 (NS40S). Između Fusarium-zaraženih zrna i DON utvrđena je statistički neznačajna negativna korelacija (r = - 0.18) kod sorte Simonida i statistički neznačajna pozitivna korelacija (r = 0.11) kod sorte NS40S. Prosečne koncentracije DON u ispitivanim uzorcima pšenice kod obe ispitivane sorte nisu bile iznad maksimalno dozvoljenog limita iako je nivo fuzariozne kontaminacije zrna obe ispitivane sorte bio visok. Ovi rezultati ukazuju da su obe ispitivane sorte pšenice osetljive prema fuzarioznoj infekciji i produkciji DON mikotoksina u agroekološkim uslovima Srbije, s tim što je sorta NS40S osetljivija u odnosu na sortu Simonida. Zbog svega navedenog, redovna zdravstvena kontrola zrna i razvijanje strategije integralnog monitoringa fuzarioze klasa neophodne su preventivne mere borbe u zaštiti pšenice.",
publisher = "Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd",
journal = "Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry",
title = "Fusarium infection and deoxynivalenol contamination in winter wheat, Fusarium infekcija i deoksinivalenol kontaminacija ozime pšenice",
volume = "31",
number = "1",
pages = "123-131",
doi = "10.2298/BAH1501123K",
url = "conv_593"
}
Krnjaja, V., Tomić, Z., Stanković, S., Petrović, T., Bijelić, Z., Mandić, V.,& Obradović, A.. (2015). Fusarium infection and deoxynivalenol contamination in winter wheat. in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd., 31(1), 123-131.
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1501123K
conv_593
Krnjaja V, Tomić Z, Stanković S, Petrović T, Bijelić Z, Mandić V, Obradović A. Fusarium infection and deoxynivalenol contamination in winter wheat. in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry. 2015;31(1):123-131.
doi:10.2298/BAH1501123K
conv_593 .
Krnjaja, Vesna, Tomić, Z., Stanković, Slavica, Petrović, T., Bijelić, Zorica, Mandić, Violeta, Obradović, Ana, "Fusarium infection and deoxynivalenol contamination in winter wheat" in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 31, no. 1 (2015):123-131,
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1501123K .,
conv_593 .
5

Influence of N-fertilization on Fusarium head blight and mycotoxin levels in winter wheat

Krnjaja, Vesna; Mandić, Violeta; Lević, Jelena; Stanković, Slavica; Obradović, Ana; Petrović, S. Tanja; Vasić, Tanja

(Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford, 2015)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Lević, Jelena
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Obradović, Ana
AU  - Petrović, S. Tanja
AU  - Vasić, Tanja
PY  - 2015
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/602
AB  - In this study, the influence of nitrogen (N)-fertilization on Fusarium head blight (FHB) intensity (disease index), spike weight (SW), grain weight per spike (GWS), fungal incidence and deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZON) contamination was evaluated in winter wheat after artificial inoculation with Fuserium graminearum under field conditions. The trial was conducted using two Serbian wheat cultivars (Pobeda and Renesansa) during two growing seasons (2010-2011 and 2011-2012). Three nitrogen rates, 0, 75 and 150 kg N ha(-1) were evaluated. Nitrogen at higher rates (75 and 150 kg ha(-1)) significantly increased SW and GWS in 2011 but there was no significant impact on FHB index in both growing seasons. ;Cultivars did not differ significantly in SW and GWS; however, FHB index was significantly higher (P = 0.05) in Renesansa in 2012. The effect of N rates was not significant on incidence of F. graminearum and DON and ZON levels in wheat kernels in 2011, but it was significant (P  lt = 0.01) in 2012 in which the highest level of incidence of E graminearum and mycotoxins was observed in the treatment with 150 kg N ha(-1). In both growing seasons, the effects of cultivar and spike treatments were significant (P  lt = 0.01) for DON, whereas these effects were not significant for ZON in 2011. Higher levels of DON were observed in Pobeda, whereas Renesansa had higher levels of ZON. Furthermore, there were higher levels of DON and ZON in inoculated than non-inoculated spikes in both growing seasons. These results indicated that nitrogen fertilization did not increase FHB intensity in both growing seasons and did not increase levels of DON and ZON in 2011. On the other hand, artificial inoculation significantly increased FHB index in both growing seasons, resulting in greater contamination of kernels with E graminearum and mycotoxins, in particular DON. Although the two cultivars differed in their effects on some of the investigated parameters, both were susceptible to FHB and mycotoxin accumulation, in particular DON.
PB  - Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford
T2  - Crop Protection
T1  - Influence of N-fertilization on Fusarium head blight and mycotoxin levels in winter wheat
VL  - 67
SP  - 251
EP  - 256
DO  - 10.1016/j.cropro.2014.11.001
UR  - conv_893
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krnjaja, Vesna and Mandić, Violeta and Lević, Jelena and Stanković, Slavica and Obradović, Ana and Petrović, S. Tanja and Vasić, Tanja",
year = "2015",
abstract = "In this study, the influence of nitrogen (N)-fertilization on Fusarium head blight (FHB) intensity (disease index), spike weight (SW), grain weight per spike (GWS), fungal incidence and deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZON) contamination was evaluated in winter wheat after artificial inoculation with Fuserium graminearum under field conditions. The trial was conducted using two Serbian wheat cultivars (Pobeda and Renesansa) during two growing seasons (2010-2011 and 2011-2012). Three nitrogen rates, 0, 75 and 150 kg N ha(-1) were evaluated. Nitrogen at higher rates (75 and 150 kg ha(-1)) significantly increased SW and GWS in 2011 but there was no significant impact on FHB index in both growing seasons. ;Cultivars did not differ significantly in SW and GWS; however, FHB index was significantly higher (P = 0.05) in Renesansa in 2012. The effect of N rates was not significant on incidence of F. graminearum and DON and ZON levels in wheat kernels in 2011, but it was significant (P  lt = 0.01) in 2012 in which the highest level of incidence of E graminearum and mycotoxins was observed in the treatment with 150 kg N ha(-1). In both growing seasons, the effects of cultivar and spike treatments were significant (P  lt = 0.01) for DON, whereas these effects were not significant for ZON in 2011. Higher levels of DON were observed in Pobeda, whereas Renesansa had higher levels of ZON. Furthermore, there were higher levels of DON and ZON in inoculated than non-inoculated spikes in both growing seasons. These results indicated that nitrogen fertilization did not increase FHB intensity in both growing seasons and did not increase levels of DON and ZON in 2011. On the other hand, artificial inoculation significantly increased FHB index in both growing seasons, resulting in greater contamination of kernels with E graminearum and mycotoxins, in particular DON. Although the two cultivars differed in their effects on some of the investigated parameters, both were susceptible to FHB and mycotoxin accumulation, in particular DON.",
publisher = "Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford",
journal = "Crop Protection",
title = "Influence of N-fertilization on Fusarium head blight and mycotoxin levels in winter wheat",
volume = "67",
pages = "251-256",
doi = "10.1016/j.cropro.2014.11.001",
url = "conv_893"
}
Krnjaja, V., Mandić, V., Lević, J., Stanković, S., Obradović, A., Petrović, S. T.,& Vasić, T.. (2015). Influence of N-fertilization on Fusarium head blight and mycotoxin levels in winter wheat. in Crop Protection
Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford., 67, 251-256.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2014.11.001
conv_893
Krnjaja V, Mandić V, Lević J, Stanković S, Obradović A, Petrović ST, Vasić T. Influence of N-fertilization on Fusarium head blight and mycotoxin levels in winter wheat. in Crop Protection. 2015;67:251-256.
doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2014.11.001
conv_893 .
Krnjaja, Vesna, Mandić, Violeta, Lević, Jelena, Stanković, Slavica, Obradović, Ana, Petrović, S. Tanja, Vasić, Tanja, "Influence of N-fertilization on Fusarium head blight and mycotoxin levels in winter wheat" in Crop Protection, 67 (2015):251-256,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2014.11.001 .,
conv_893 .
19
14
17

Presence of deoxynivalenol in winter wheat treated with fungicides

Krnjaja, Vesna; Lević, Jelena; Stanković, Slavica; Petrović, T.; Mandić, Violeta; Tomić, Z.; Obradović, Ana

(Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd, 2014)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Lević, Jelena
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Petrović, T.
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Tomić, Z.
AU  - Obradović, Ana
PY  - 2014
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/566
AB  - Natural occurrence of Fusarium spp. and concentrations of mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) in the grain of the winter wheat moderately susceptible to Fusarium head blight (FHB) has been studied. Grain samples were collected from wheat crops intended mainly for human consumption. All wheat crops were treated with fungicides before (a.i. flutriafol - formulated as Fluoco, applied in dose of 0.5 l ha-1) and during the flowering phase of growing (a.i. thiophanate-methyl + epoxiconazole formulated as Eskorta plus and a.i. thiophanate-methyl formulated as Funomil, applied in doses of 0.75 and 0.5 l ha-1, respectivily). Among of Fusarium species only F. graminearum, as a well known producer of DON, was identified. This fungus was identified in 15 of 19 samples (78.9%) with incidence in positive samples of 2 to 28% (average, 14.0%). Presence of DON was established in 13 of a total 19 investigated wheat grain samples (68.4%). In positive samples DON was detected in concentrations from 69 to 918 μg kg-1 (average, 478 μg kg-1). DON showed a significant and positive correlation at P≥0.05 with grain moisture content (r = 0.52*). Between the frequency of F. graminearum and concentration of DON and between the frequency of F. graminearum and grain moisture content, positive correlation was determined, but without statistical significance (r = 0.44 and r = 0.29, respectively).
AB  - U radu je proučavana prirodna pojava Fusarium spp. i koncentracija mikotoksina deoksinivalenola (DON) u zrnu ozime pšenice srednje osetljive prema fuzariozi klasa (FHB). Uzorci zrna su prikupljeni sa proizvodnih useva pšenice namenjene uglavnom za ljudsku upotrebu. Svi usevi pšenice bili su tretirani sa fungicidima pre (a.m. flutriafol - formulisana kao preparat Fluoco, primenjen u dozi 0,5 l ha-1) i tokom cvetanja biljaka (a.m. tiofanat-metil + epoksikonazol formulisana kao preparat Eskorta plus i a.m. tiofanat-metil formulisana kao Funomil, primenjeni u dozi 0.75 i 0.5 l ha-1, respektivno). Među Fusarium vrstama jedino je identifikovana F. graminearum, koja je poznati producent DON. Ova gljiva je bila identifikovana u 15 od 19 uzoraka (78.9%) sa incidencom od 2 do 28% (prosek 14.0%) u pozitivnim uzorcima. Prisustvo DON je utvrđeno u 13 od ukupno 19 proučavanih uzoraka pšenice (68.4%). U pozitivnim uzorcima DON je detektovan u koncentracijama od 69 do 918 μg kg-1 (prosek 478 μg kg-1). DON je pokazao značajnu i pozitivnu korelaciju pri P≥0.05 sa sadržajem vlage zrna (r = 0.52*). Između učestalosti F. graminearum i koncentracije DON i učestalosti F. graminearum i sadržaja vlage zrna utvrđena je, takođe, pozitivna korelacija ali statistički nije značajna (r = 0.44 i r = 0.29, respektivno).
PB  - Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd
T2  - Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
T1  - Presence of deoxynivalenol in winter wheat treated with fungicides
T1  - Prisustvo deoksinivalenola u ozimoj pšenici tretiranoj s fungicidima
VL  - 30
IS  - 1
SP  - 167
EP  - 173
DO  - 10.2298/BAH1401167K
UR  - conv_591
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Krnjaja, Vesna and Lević, Jelena and Stanković, Slavica and Petrović, T. and Mandić, Violeta and Tomić, Z. and Obradović, Ana",
year = "2014",
abstract = "Natural occurrence of Fusarium spp. and concentrations of mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) in the grain of the winter wheat moderately susceptible to Fusarium head blight (FHB) has been studied. Grain samples were collected from wheat crops intended mainly for human consumption. All wheat crops were treated with fungicides before (a.i. flutriafol - formulated as Fluoco, applied in dose of 0.5 l ha-1) and during the flowering phase of growing (a.i. thiophanate-methyl + epoxiconazole formulated as Eskorta plus and a.i. thiophanate-methyl formulated as Funomil, applied in doses of 0.75 and 0.5 l ha-1, respectivily). Among of Fusarium species only F. graminearum, as a well known producer of DON, was identified. This fungus was identified in 15 of 19 samples (78.9%) with incidence in positive samples of 2 to 28% (average, 14.0%). Presence of DON was established in 13 of a total 19 investigated wheat grain samples (68.4%). In positive samples DON was detected in concentrations from 69 to 918 μg kg-1 (average, 478 μg kg-1). DON showed a significant and positive correlation at P≥0.05 with grain moisture content (r = 0.52*). Between the frequency of F. graminearum and concentration of DON and between the frequency of F. graminearum and grain moisture content, positive correlation was determined, but without statistical significance (r = 0.44 and r = 0.29, respectively)., U radu je proučavana prirodna pojava Fusarium spp. i koncentracija mikotoksina deoksinivalenola (DON) u zrnu ozime pšenice srednje osetljive prema fuzariozi klasa (FHB). Uzorci zrna su prikupljeni sa proizvodnih useva pšenice namenjene uglavnom za ljudsku upotrebu. Svi usevi pšenice bili su tretirani sa fungicidima pre (a.m. flutriafol - formulisana kao preparat Fluoco, primenjen u dozi 0,5 l ha-1) i tokom cvetanja biljaka (a.m. tiofanat-metil + epoksikonazol formulisana kao preparat Eskorta plus i a.m. tiofanat-metil formulisana kao Funomil, primenjeni u dozi 0.75 i 0.5 l ha-1, respektivno). Među Fusarium vrstama jedino je identifikovana F. graminearum, koja je poznati producent DON. Ova gljiva je bila identifikovana u 15 od 19 uzoraka (78.9%) sa incidencom od 2 do 28% (prosek 14.0%) u pozitivnim uzorcima. Prisustvo DON je utvrđeno u 13 od ukupno 19 proučavanih uzoraka pšenice (68.4%). U pozitivnim uzorcima DON je detektovan u koncentracijama od 69 do 918 μg kg-1 (prosek 478 μg kg-1). DON je pokazao značajnu i pozitivnu korelaciju pri P≥0.05 sa sadržajem vlage zrna (r = 0.52*). Između učestalosti F. graminearum i koncentracije DON i učestalosti F. graminearum i sadržaja vlage zrna utvrđena je, takođe, pozitivna korelacija ali statistički nije značajna (r = 0.44 i r = 0.29, respektivno).",
publisher = "Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd",
journal = "Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry",
title = "Presence of deoxynivalenol in winter wheat treated with fungicides, Prisustvo deoksinivalenola u ozimoj pšenici tretiranoj s fungicidima",
volume = "30",
number = "1",
pages = "167-173",
doi = "10.2298/BAH1401167K",
url = "conv_591"
}
Krnjaja, V., Lević, J., Stanković, S., Petrović, T., Mandić, V., Tomić, Z.,& Obradović, A.. (2014). Presence of deoxynivalenol in winter wheat treated with fungicides. in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd., 30(1), 167-173.
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1401167K
conv_591
Krnjaja V, Lević J, Stanković S, Petrović T, Mandić V, Tomić Z, Obradović A. Presence of deoxynivalenol in winter wheat treated with fungicides. in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry. 2014;30(1):167-173.
doi:10.2298/BAH1401167K
conv_591 .
Krnjaja, Vesna, Lević, Jelena, Stanković, Slavica, Petrović, T., Mandić, Violeta, Tomić, Z., Obradović, Ana, "Presence of deoxynivalenol in winter wheat treated with fungicides" in Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 30, no. 1 (2014):167-173,
https://doi.org/10.2298/BAH1401167K .,
conv_591 .
1