Brankov, Milan

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  • Brankov, Milan (122)
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Author's Bibliography

Weed management practices for redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed (A. hybridus L.) control in maize

Brankov, Milan; Simić, Milena; Tabaković, Marijenka; Vukadinovic, Jelena; Đurić, Nenad; Brankovic-Radojcic, Dragana; Dragičević, Vesna

(Chillan : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Ministerio de agricultura, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Vukadinovic, Jelena
AU  - Đurić, Nenad
AU  - Brankovic-Radojcic, Dragana
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1039
AB  - Redroot (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed (A. hybridus L.) are troublesome weeds in row crops in 
Serbia. Both species are very competitive, hosts for pathogens and insects, produce pollen which is highly allergenic; 
and the most recent research reported herbicide resistance in some populations across Serbia. An integrated approach 
for the control of both Amaranthus species must be evaluated and presented in order to reduce their negative potential 
in agriculture. In this paper, 9 yr results on redroot pigweed and smooth pigweed weed control are presented. In three 
different experiments, weed density and biomass of redroot and smooth pigweed were recorded: a) Crop rotation, b) row 
spacing and time of herbicide application, c) influence of nozzles and adjuvants. The influence of crop rotation and PRE 
herbicide mixture, PRE and POST mixture, and impact of nozzles and adjuvants were evaluated. PRE herbicide mix of 
S-metolachlor and isoxaflutole influenced 98.1% and 100% efficacy in the maize (Zea mays L.) continuous and in maize 
rotated with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), respectively. The mixture of two herbicides, applied either in PRE or 
POST, resulted in 100% of control of both species. Finally, similar results were obtained for nicosulfuron application with 
extended range (XR) or turbo TeeJet induction (TTI) nozzles, and combined with nonionic surfactant (NIS) or ammonium 
sulphate (AMS) adjuvants. The novelty of obtained results indicates that only holistic approach based on different weed 
management practices can contribute to sustainable Amaranthus control.
PB  - Chillan : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Ministerio de agricultura
T2  - Chilean Journal of agricultural research
T1  - Weed management practices for redroot pigweed  (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed  (A. hybridus L.) control in maize
VL  - 82
IS  - 4
SP  - 611
EP  - 618
DO  - 10.4067/S0718-58392022000400611
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Simić, Milena and Tabaković, Marijenka and Vukadinovic, Jelena and Đurić, Nenad and Brankovic-Radojcic, Dragana and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Redroot (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed (A. hybridus L.) are troublesome weeds in row crops in 
Serbia. Both species are very competitive, hosts for pathogens and insects, produce pollen which is highly allergenic; 
and the most recent research reported herbicide resistance in some populations across Serbia. An integrated approach 
for the control of both Amaranthus species must be evaluated and presented in order to reduce their negative potential 
in agriculture. In this paper, 9 yr results on redroot pigweed and smooth pigweed weed control are presented. In three 
different experiments, weed density and biomass of redroot and smooth pigweed were recorded: a) Crop rotation, b) row 
spacing and time of herbicide application, c) influence of nozzles and adjuvants. The influence of crop rotation and PRE 
herbicide mixture, PRE and POST mixture, and impact of nozzles and adjuvants were evaluated. PRE herbicide mix of 
S-metolachlor and isoxaflutole influenced 98.1% and 100% efficacy in the maize (Zea mays L.) continuous and in maize 
rotated with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), respectively. The mixture of two herbicides, applied either in PRE or 
POST, resulted in 100% of control of both species. Finally, similar results were obtained for nicosulfuron application with 
extended range (XR) or turbo TeeJet induction (TTI) nozzles, and combined with nonionic surfactant (NIS) or ammonium 
sulphate (AMS) adjuvants. The novelty of obtained results indicates that only holistic approach based on different weed 
management practices can contribute to sustainable Amaranthus control.",
publisher = "Chillan : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Ministerio de agricultura",
journal = "Chilean Journal of agricultural research",
title = "Weed management practices for redroot pigweed  (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed  (A. hybridus L.) control in maize",
volume = "82",
number = "4",
pages = "611-618",
doi = "10.4067/S0718-58392022000400611"
}
Brankov, M., Simić, M., Tabaković, M., Vukadinovic, J., Đurić, N., Brankovic-Radojcic, D.,& Dragičević, V.. (2022). Weed management practices for redroot pigweed  (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed  (A. hybridus L.) control in maize. in Chilean Journal of agricultural research
Chillan : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Ministerio de agricultura., 82(4), 611-618.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392022000400611
Brankov M, Simić M, Tabaković M, Vukadinovic J, Đurić N, Brankovic-Radojcic D, Dragičević V. Weed management practices for redroot pigweed  (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed  (A. hybridus L.) control in maize. in Chilean Journal of agricultural research. 2022;82(4):611-618.
doi:10.4067/S0718-58392022000400611 .
Brankov, Milan, Simić, Milena, Tabaković, Marijenka, Vukadinovic, Jelena, Đurić, Nenad, Brankovic-Radojcic, Dragana, Dragičević, Vesna, "Weed management practices for redroot pigweed  (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed  (A. hybridus L.) control in maize" in Chilean Journal of agricultural research, 82, no. 4 (2022):611-618,
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392022000400611 . .

Cereal grain with low acrylamide formation potential as a raw material for safer cereal-based food products in Serbia

Nikolić, Valentina; Žilić, Slađana; Simić, Marijana; Kravić, Natalija; Kandić, Vesna; Brankov, Milan; Vasić, Marko G.

(Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Vasić, Marko G.
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1120
AB  - The presence of acrylamide, a mutagen and a Group 2A carcinogen, in food, is a health concern
that might raise cancer risk. Acrylamide is mainly formed in the Maillard reaction between free
asparagine and reducing sugars, during industrial thermal food processing or home cooking, at
a temperature over 120°C. The European Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/2158 established
mitigation measures and benchmarks for acrylamide levels in some food categories, which
were incorporated into the Serbian regulation. Research shows that cereal-based products may
bring about 20-60% of acrylamide intake. In Serbia, there are no guidelines for the cultivation
of cereals with a reduced potential for acrylamide formation. Knowing that the amount of free
asparagine is proportional to the formation of acrylamide in the majority of food products,
one of the key approaches is to select the ingredients with a lower level of asparagine. Studies
indicate that applying foliar fertilizers with increased sulfur content in some cereals influences
the decrease of free asparagine synthesis in grain, lowering the acrylamide potential in cerealbased foods. Furthermore, the choice of the appropriate raw material and production parameters
can significantly influence the formation of acrylamide in food products. This review aims to
provide insight into current strategies for the mitigation of acrylamide in cereal-based foods, as
the status of acrylamide in Serbian regulations
AB  - Prisustvo akrilamida, mutagena i kancerogena grupe 2A, u hrani, predstavlja zdravstveni problem koji može povećati rizik od raka. Akrilamid se uglavnom formira u Majarovoj reakciji između slobodnog asparagina i redukujuc'ih šec'era, tokom industrijske termičke obrade hrane ili kuvanja kod kuće, na temperaturi iznad 120°C. Uredbom Evropske komisije (EU) 2017/2158 su utvrđene mere ublažavanja i granične vrednosti za sadržaj akrilamida u nekim kategorijama hrane, koje su uvršćene u srpsku regulativu. Istraživanja pokazuju da proizvodi na bazi žitarica mogu dovesti do 20-60% unosa akrilamida. U Srbiji ne postoje smernice za gajenje žitarica sa smanjenim potencijalom za stvaranje akrilamida. S' obzirom na to da je količina slobodnog asparagina proporcionalna formiranju akrilamida u većini prehrambenih proizvoda, jedan od ključnih pristupa predstavlja odabir sastojaka nižeg sadržaja asparagina. Istraživanja pokazuju da kod nekih žitarica, primena folijarnog đubriva sa povec'anim sadržajem sumpora utiče na smanjenje sinteze slobodnog asparagina u zrnu, smanjujuc'i potencijal akrilamida u namirnicama na bazi žitarica. Takođe, izbor odgovarajuće sirovine i proizvodnih parametara može značajno uticati na formiranje akrilamida u prehrambenim proizvodima.Ovaj pregledni rad ima za cilj da pruži uvid u aktuelne strategije za snižavanje akrilamida u namirnicama na bazi žitarica i status akrilamida u srpskim propisima.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - Cereal grain with low acrylamide formation potential as a raw material for safer cereal-based food products in Serbia
T1  - Zrno žitarica sa niskim potencijalom za formiranje akrilamida kao sirovina za bezbednije prehrambene proizvode na bazi žitarica u Srbiji
VL  - 28
IS  - 2
SP  - 13
EP  - 21
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem2202013N
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Žilić, Slađana and Simić, Marijana and Kravić, Natalija and Kandić, Vesna and Brankov, Milan and Vasić, Marko G.",
year = "2022",
abstract = "The presence of acrylamide, a mutagen and a Group 2A carcinogen, in food, is a health concern
that might raise cancer risk. Acrylamide is mainly formed in the Maillard reaction between free
asparagine and reducing sugars, during industrial thermal food processing or home cooking, at
a temperature over 120°C. The European Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/2158 established
mitigation measures and benchmarks for acrylamide levels in some food categories, which
were incorporated into the Serbian regulation. Research shows that cereal-based products may
bring about 20-60% of acrylamide intake. In Serbia, there are no guidelines for the cultivation
of cereals with a reduced potential for acrylamide formation. Knowing that the amount of free
asparagine is proportional to the formation of acrylamide in the majority of food products,
one of the key approaches is to select the ingredients with a lower level of asparagine. Studies
indicate that applying foliar fertilizers with increased sulfur content in some cereals influences
the decrease of free asparagine synthesis in grain, lowering the acrylamide potential in cerealbased foods. Furthermore, the choice of the appropriate raw material and production parameters
can significantly influence the formation of acrylamide in food products. This review aims to
provide insight into current strategies for the mitigation of acrylamide in cereal-based foods, as
the status of acrylamide in Serbian regulations, Prisustvo akrilamida, mutagena i kancerogena grupe 2A, u hrani, predstavlja zdravstveni problem koji može povećati rizik od raka. Akrilamid se uglavnom formira u Majarovoj reakciji između slobodnog asparagina i redukujuc'ih šec'era, tokom industrijske termičke obrade hrane ili kuvanja kod kuće, na temperaturi iznad 120°C. Uredbom Evropske komisije (EU) 2017/2158 su utvrđene mere ublažavanja i granične vrednosti za sadržaj akrilamida u nekim kategorijama hrane, koje su uvršćene u srpsku regulativu. Istraživanja pokazuju da proizvodi na bazi žitarica mogu dovesti do 20-60% unosa akrilamida. U Srbiji ne postoje smernice za gajenje žitarica sa smanjenim potencijalom za stvaranje akrilamida. S' obzirom na to da je količina slobodnog asparagina proporcionalna formiranju akrilamida u većini prehrambenih proizvoda, jedan od ključnih pristupa predstavlja odabir sastojaka nižeg sadržaja asparagina. Istraživanja pokazuju da kod nekih žitarica, primena folijarnog đubriva sa povec'anim sadržajem sumpora utiče na smanjenje sinteze slobodnog asparagina u zrnu, smanjujuc'i potencijal akrilamida u namirnicama na bazi žitarica. Takođe, izbor odgovarajuće sirovine i proizvodnih parametara može značajno uticati na formiranje akrilamida u prehrambenim proizvodima.Ovaj pregledni rad ima za cilj da pruži uvid u aktuelne strategije za snižavanje akrilamida u namirnicama na bazi žitarica i status akrilamida u srpskim propisima.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "Cereal grain with low acrylamide formation potential as a raw material for safer cereal-based food products in Serbia, Zrno žitarica sa niskim potencijalom za formiranje akrilamida kao sirovina za bezbednije prehrambene proizvode na bazi žitarica u Srbiji",
volume = "28",
number = "2",
pages = "13-21",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem2202013N"
}
Nikolić, V., Žilić, S., Simić, M., Kravić, N., Kandić, V., Brankov, M.,& Vasić, M. G.. (2022). Cereal grain with low acrylamide formation potential as a raw material for safer cereal-based food products in Serbia. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije., 28(2), 13-21.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2202013N
Nikolić V, Žilić S, Simić M, Kravić N, Kandić V, Brankov M, Vasić MG. Cereal grain with low acrylamide formation potential as a raw material for safer cereal-based food products in Serbia. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2022;28(2):13-21.
doi:10.5937/SelSem2202013N .
Nikolić, Valentina, Žilić, Slađana, Simić, Marijana, Kravić, Natalija, Kandić, Vesna, Brankov, Milan, Vasić, Marko G., "Cereal grain with low acrylamide formation potential as a raw material for safer cereal-based food products in Serbia" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 28, no. 2 (2022):13-21,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2202013N . .

Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize

Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Dragičević, Vesna

(2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/997
AB  - Crop rotation is an essential part of IWM system proposed to be implemented in maize weed 
control. It is especially appropriate to be used in sustainable maize production in order to suppress weed abundance on ecological and low-pesticide way. In comparison to maize continuous cropping, which is not suggestible, two- and three-years crop rotation with legume crop 
is more efficient in weed biomass reduction, including basic herbicide application. The aim 
of the study was to investigate the efficacy of combined application of crop rotation and mixture of soil (PRE) herbicides on weed species distribution. A long-term field trial organized as split-plot experiment has started in 2009 with maize sown in all four fields at the Maize Research Institute, Belgrade, Serbia. The basic treatment was a rotation system: maize continuous cropping (MC), maize-winter wheat rotation (MW), maize-soybean - w. wheat (MSW) and maize - w. wheat - soybean rotation (MWS). A pre-emergence herbicide mixture of isoxaflutole and metolachlor (Merlin 750-WG+Dual Gold 960 EC) in recommended rates (105 g a.i. ha-1 + 672 g a.i. ha-1) was applied immediately after drilling with a CO2 backpack sprayer with a four nozzle boom, using extended range nozzles (XR11002-SS, Tee Jet Spraying Systems, Wheaton, IL, USA) calibrated to deliver a spray volume of 140 L ha-1 of solution at 275.8 kPa. Herbicides were not applied in the control plot. After twelve years and completion of four rotations, maize was present again in all fields in 2021. Weed infestation level was estimated six to seven weeks after the application of herbicides. Samples were drawn randomly by the one square meter and number of weed individuals (WI) and their biomass (WB) were calculated. The data were processed by ANOVA. Our results indicated that in comparison to 2009, WI were increased in 2021 in untreated control by 44.2% in MC, 23.6% in MW, 24.6% in MSW and 18.6% in MWS. On the other hand, in treated plots WI have increased only in MC, by 62.5% and lowered by 7.7% in MW, 29.4% in MSW and 60.0% in MWS. WB has been reduced in 2021 significantly on treated as well as untreated plots in all rotation systems. The highest reduction of WB was achieved in untreated control of MWS (42.6%) and treated plot in MC (45.6%). Conclusively, it was proved that even with basic herbicide treatment with soil herbicides crop rotation could be very effec tive in weed control. On the other hand, maize continuous cropping has to be avoided in order to reduce potentials for weed infestation.
C3  - 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts
T1  - Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize
SP  - 215
EP  - 215
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_997
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Crop rotation is an essential part of IWM system proposed to be implemented in maize weed 
control. It is especially appropriate to be used in sustainable maize production in order to suppress weed abundance on ecological and low-pesticide way. In comparison to maize continuous cropping, which is not suggestible, two- and three-years crop rotation with legume crop 
is more efficient in weed biomass reduction, including basic herbicide application. The aim 
of the study was to investigate the efficacy of combined application of crop rotation and mixture of soil (PRE) herbicides on weed species distribution. A long-term field trial organized as split-plot experiment has started in 2009 with maize sown in all four fields at the Maize Research Institute, Belgrade, Serbia. The basic treatment was a rotation system: maize continuous cropping (MC), maize-winter wheat rotation (MW), maize-soybean - w. wheat (MSW) and maize - w. wheat - soybean rotation (MWS). A pre-emergence herbicide mixture of isoxaflutole and metolachlor (Merlin 750-WG+Dual Gold 960 EC) in recommended rates (105 g a.i. ha-1 + 672 g a.i. ha-1) was applied immediately after drilling with a CO2 backpack sprayer with a four nozzle boom, using extended range nozzles (XR11002-SS, Tee Jet Spraying Systems, Wheaton, IL, USA) calibrated to deliver a spray volume of 140 L ha-1 of solution at 275.8 kPa. Herbicides were not applied in the control plot. After twelve years and completion of four rotations, maize was present again in all fields in 2021. Weed infestation level was estimated six to seven weeks after the application of herbicides. Samples were drawn randomly by the one square meter and number of weed individuals (WI) and their biomass (WB) were calculated. The data were processed by ANOVA. Our results indicated that in comparison to 2009, WI were increased in 2021 in untreated control by 44.2% in MC, 23.6% in MW, 24.6% in MSW and 18.6% in MWS. On the other hand, in treated plots WI have increased only in MC, by 62.5% and lowered by 7.7% in MW, 29.4% in MSW and 60.0% in MWS. WB has been reduced in 2021 significantly on treated as well as untreated plots in all rotation systems. The highest reduction of WB was achieved in untreated control of MWS (42.6%) and treated plot in MC (45.6%). Conclusively, it was proved that even with basic herbicide treatment with soil herbicides crop rotation could be very effec tive in weed control. On the other hand, maize continuous cropping has to be avoided in order to reduce potentials for weed infestation.",
journal = "19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts",
title = "Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize",
pages = "215-215",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_997"
}
Simić, M., Brankov, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2022). Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize. in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts, 215-215.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_997
Simić M, Brankov M, Dragičević V. Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize. in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts. 2022;:215-215.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_997 .
Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Dragičević, Vesna, "Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize" in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts (2022):215-215,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_997 .

Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming

Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Dragičević, Vesna

(2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/996
AB  - Sustainability in agricultural systems is largely based on increasing biodiversity and reduc ing the input of agrochemicals. Weed species occurrence and distribution in fields is driven by 
anthropogenic factor and cropping measures applied for high yield achievement. In sustainable 
cropping systems with cultivation of specific maize varieties such as sweet maize, special at tention has been usually paid to weed control because these genotypes are additionally sen sitive to herbicides. Sweet maize is mainly consumed directly by humans and its cultivation is 
supposed to be conducted without chemical control of weeds, giving advantage to cover crops. 
Cover crops influence weed infestation level through competition for space, light, water, and 
minerals. The aim of the investigation was to identify the most effective species or mixtures of 
cover crops in weed control of sweet maize in the present agro-ecological conditions. The ex periment was conducted at the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje, Belgrade, Serbia during 
2014-2016. Sweet maize was grown after different cover crops: V1-common vetch (Vicia sativa 
L.), V2-field pea (Pisum sativum L.), V3-winter oats (Avena sativa L.), V4-fodder kale (Brassica 
oleracea convar. acephala L.), V5-common vetch+oats and V6-field pea+oats, V7- straw and 
V8- bare soil as a control. The preceding crop was winter wheat and each treatment had three 
repetitions. Sowing of cover crops was done in autumn while incorporation by ploughing was 
performed in spring, one week before sweet maize sowing (hybrid ZP SC 421su)in a density of 
65.000 plants ha-1. Six weeks after sowing, the weed association composition was analysed 
by weed species, number of individuals, and biomass determination per m2. After that, weeds 
were removed by hand hoeing and herbicides were not applied. The 19 weed species were 
determined during the investigation while seven species were present in each year and made 
a base of association: Solanum nigrum L., Sorghum halepense (Pers.) L., Chenopodium album
L., C. hybridum L., Amaranthus retroflexus L., A. hybridusL. and A. albus L.. Number of weed 
species, weed individuals and their biomass were significantly affected by year, cover crop, and 
their interaction. The highest number of individuals was detected in 2016 which was favourable 
regarding sum and distribution of precipitation. V1, V2 and V3 were the most efficient cover 
crop treatments in weed control, with the lowest number of weed species and individuals. In 
average for three years, weed biomass was significantly reduced after cultivation of field pea, 
V2 (820.2 g m-2) and its mixture with oats, V6 (794.3 g m-2) in comparison to control, bare soil, 
V8 (1582.6 g m-2).
C3  - 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts
T1  - Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming
SP  - 132
EP  - 132
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_996
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Sustainability in agricultural systems is largely based on increasing biodiversity and reduc ing the input of agrochemicals. Weed species occurrence and distribution in fields is driven by 
anthropogenic factor and cropping measures applied for high yield achievement. In sustainable 
cropping systems with cultivation of specific maize varieties such as sweet maize, special at tention has been usually paid to weed control because these genotypes are additionally sen sitive to herbicides. Sweet maize is mainly consumed directly by humans and its cultivation is 
supposed to be conducted without chemical control of weeds, giving advantage to cover crops. 
Cover crops influence weed infestation level through competition for space, light, water, and 
minerals. The aim of the investigation was to identify the most effective species or mixtures of 
cover crops in weed control of sweet maize in the present agro-ecological conditions. The ex periment was conducted at the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje, Belgrade, Serbia during 
2014-2016. Sweet maize was grown after different cover crops: V1-common vetch (Vicia sativa 
L.), V2-field pea (Pisum sativum L.), V3-winter oats (Avena sativa L.), V4-fodder kale (Brassica 
oleracea convar. acephala L.), V5-common vetch+oats and V6-field pea+oats, V7- straw and 
V8- bare soil as a control. The preceding crop was winter wheat and each treatment had three 
repetitions. Sowing of cover crops was done in autumn while incorporation by ploughing was 
performed in spring, one week before sweet maize sowing (hybrid ZP SC 421su)in a density of 
65.000 plants ha-1. Six weeks after sowing, the weed association composition was analysed 
by weed species, number of individuals, and biomass determination per m2. After that, weeds 
were removed by hand hoeing and herbicides were not applied. The 19 weed species were 
determined during the investigation while seven species were present in each year and made 
a base of association: Solanum nigrum L., Sorghum halepense (Pers.) L., Chenopodium album
L., C. hybridum L., Amaranthus retroflexus L., A. hybridusL. and A. albus L.. Number of weed 
species, weed individuals and their biomass were significantly affected by year, cover crop, and 
their interaction. The highest number of individuals was detected in 2016 which was favourable 
regarding sum and distribution of precipitation. V1, V2 and V3 were the most efficient cover 
crop treatments in weed control, with the lowest number of weed species and individuals. In 
average for three years, weed biomass was significantly reduced after cultivation of field pea, 
V2 (820.2 g m-2) and its mixture with oats, V6 (794.3 g m-2) in comparison to control, bare soil, 
V8 (1582.6 g m-2).",
journal = "19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts",
title = "Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming",
pages = "132-132",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_996"
}
Simić, M., Brankov, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2022). Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming. in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts, 132-132.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_996
Simić M, Brankov M, Dragičević V. Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming. in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts. 2022;:132-132.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_996 .
Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Dragičević, Vesna, "Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming" in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts (2022):132-132,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_996 .

Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Brankov, Milan; Tolimir, Miodrag; Jovanović, Života

(Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Jovanović, Života
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/994
AB  - Višegodišnja istraživanja su imala za cilj da ukažu na značaj gajenja
kukuruza u tropoljnom plodoredu u odnosu na monokulturu, u pogledu smanjenja
brojnosti korova kao i formiranja veće lisne površine i prinosa zrna kukuruza.
Rezultati su pokazali da je smena useva u tropoljnom plodoredu K-P-S značajno
doprinela da brojnost korova u kukuruzu bude manja (za 51,19%), a lisna površina
i prinos zrna veći (za 13,98% i 45,87%) u odnosu na monokulturu kukuruza.
Razlike u brojnosti korova, lisnoj površini i prinosu zrna kukuruza između varijanti
sa punom količinom herbicida i polovinom od pune količine nisu bile značajne, što
ukazuje na prednosti kombinovane primene hemijskih i agrotehničkih mera za
poizvodnju kukuruza i smanjenje zagađenja agroekosistema.
AB  - Maize cultivation in a crop rotation, especcially when legumes are
incorporated, contribute to the high yield achievement and a reduction of weed
infestation. In such a crop rotation system, the lower rates of herbicides could be
applied in order to achive reduction of weed species distribution. The
investigations were aimed to underline the importance of crop rotation in
comparision to maize continuous cropping for weed distribution reduction and
increase of maize leaf area and grain yield.
The results of long-term investigation showed that crop rotation contibuted to
the significant decrease of weed number (51,19%) and increase of leaf area and
grain yield of maize (13,98% and 45,87%, respectively) in comparision to maize
continuous cropping. Differences in weed number, maize leaf area and grain yield
between herbicide treatments in the recommended and half of recomended rate
were not significant, underlining the importance and high efficiency of combined
application of cultural and chemical measures in maize cultivation and
agroecosystem prevention.
PB  - Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet
C3  - 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova
T1  - Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu
T1  - Improving weed control in maize by combined application of crop rotation and herbicides
SP  - 59
EP  - 66
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_994
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Brankov, Milan and Tolimir, Miodrag and Jovanović, Života",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Višegodišnja istraživanja su imala za cilj da ukažu na značaj gajenja
kukuruza u tropoljnom plodoredu u odnosu na monokulturu, u pogledu smanjenja
brojnosti korova kao i formiranja veće lisne površine i prinosa zrna kukuruza.
Rezultati su pokazali da je smena useva u tropoljnom plodoredu K-P-S značajno
doprinela da brojnost korova u kukuruzu bude manja (za 51,19%), a lisna površina
i prinos zrna veći (za 13,98% i 45,87%) u odnosu na monokulturu kukuruza.
Razlike u brojnosti korova, lisnoj površini i prinosu zrna kukuruza između varijanti
sa punom količinom herbicida i polovinom od pune količine nisu bile značajne, što
ukazuje na prednosti kombinovane primene hemijskih i agrotehničkih mera za
poizvodnju kukuruza i smanjenje zagađenja agroekosistema., Maize cultivation in a crop rotation, especcially when legumes are
incorporated, contribute to the high yield achievement and a reduction of weed
infestation. In such a crop rotation system, the lower rates of herbicides could be
applied in order to achive reduction of weed species distribution. The
investigations were aimed to underline the importance of crop rotation in
comparision to maize continuous cropping for weed distribution reduction and
increase of maize leaf area and grain yield.
The results of long-term investigation showed that crop rotation contibuted to
the significant decrease of weed number (51,19%) and increase of leaf area and
grain yield of maize (13,98% and 45,87%, respectively) in comparision to maize
continuous cropping. Differences in weed number, maize leaf area and grain yield
between herbicide treatments in the recommended and half of recomended rate
were not significant, underlining the importance and high efficiency of combined
application of cultural and chemical measures in maize cultivation and
agroecosystem prevention.",
publisher = "Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet",
journal = "27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova",
title = "Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu, Improving weed control in maize by combined application of crop rotation and herbicides",
pages = "59-66",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_994"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Brankov, M., Tolimir, M.,& Jovanović, Ž.. (2022). Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu. in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova
Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet., 59-66.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_994
Simić M, Dragičević V, Brankov M, Tolimir M, Jovanović Ž. Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu. in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova. 2022;:59-66.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_994 .
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Brankov, Milan, Tolimir, Miodrag, Jovanović, Života, "Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu" in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova (2022):59-66,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_994 .

Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean

Dragičević, Vesna; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Brankov, Milan; Tolimir, Miodrag; Tabaković, Marijenka; Dodevska, Margarita; Simic, Milena

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Dodevska, Margarita
AU  - Simic, Milena
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/981
AB  - Organic agriculture offers many benefits through the increased nutritional quality of produced crops, agro-ecosystem preservation, and climate change mitigation. The development of an efficient nutrient management strategy in low-input systems, such as organic agriculture, which supports soil fertility and essential nutrients absorption by crops, is continually exploring. Thus, a study with maize–spelt–soybean rotation during a 5-year period in organic production was established to evaluate the variability in soil organic matter (SOM) and the status of available elements: N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Si from the soil, as well as grain yield (GY) and the content of protein, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Si concentration in the grain of spelt, maize, and soybean. Significant variations in mineral elements in the soil, GY, and grain composition were detected. Spelt achieved the highest average GY, while soybean grain was the richest in a majority of examined nutrients. The soil Ca content was important for GY, while the protein level in grain was generally tied to the Mn level in the soil. It was recognized that soil–crop crosstalk is an important strategy for macro- and micro-nutrients management in the soil and grain of organically produced spelt, maize, and soybean. While a reduction in the GY and protein concentration in grain was present over time, it was established that a low-input system under dry-farming conditions supports nutrient availability and accumulation in grain, under semi-arid agro-ecological conditions of central Serbia.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Agriculture
T1  - Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean
VL  - 12
IS  - 5
SP  - 702
DO  - https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Brankov, Milan and Tolimir, Miodrag and Tabaković, Marijenka and Dodevska, Margarita and Simic, Milena",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Organic agriculture offers many benefits through the increased nutritional quality of produced crops, agro-ecosystem preservation, and climate change mitigation. The development of an efficient nutrient management strategy in low-input systems, such as organic agriculture, which supports soil fertility and essential nutrients absorption by crops, is continually exploring. Thus, a study with maize–spelt–soybean rotation during a 5-year period in organic production was established to evaluate the variability in soil organic matter (SOM) and the status of available elements: N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Si from the soil, as well as grain yield (GY) and the content of protein, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Si concentration in the grain of spelt, maize, and soybean. Significant variations in mineral elements in the soil, GY, and grain composition were detected. Spelt achieved the highest average GY, while soybean grain was the richest in a majority of examined nutrients. The soil Ca content was important for GY, while the protein level in grain was generally tied to the Mn level in the soil. It was recognized that soil–crop crosstalk is an important strategy for macro- and micro-nutrients management in the soil and grain of organically produced spelt, maize, and soybean. While a reduction in the GY and protein concentration in grain was present over time, it was established that a low-input system under dry-farming conditions supports nutrient availability and accumulation in grain, under semi-arid agro-ecological conditions of central Serbia.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Agriculture",
title = "Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean",
volume = "12",
number = "5",
pages = "702",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702"
}
Dragičević, V., Stoiljkovic, M., Brankov, M., Tolimir, M., Tabaković, M., Dodevska, M.,& Simic, M.. (2022). Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean. in Agriculture
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 12(5), 702.
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702
Dragičević V, Stoiljkovic M, Brankov M, Tolimir M, Tabaković M, Dodevska M, Simic M. Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean. in Agriculture. 2022;12(5):702.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Brankov, Milan, Tolimir, Miodrag, Tabaković, Marijenka, Dodevska, Margarita, Simic, Milena, "Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean" in Agriculture, 12, no. 5 (2022):702,
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702 . .

Integrated weed managment in maize: crop rotation and PRE herbicides

Brankov, Milan; Simic, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna

(Bangkok: Weed science society of Thailand, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1117
AB  - Crop rotation is a simple and effective part of an Integrated Weed Management (IWM) system. This approach makes it possible to rotate herbicides with different modes of action (MOA), avoiding or postponing herbicide resistance. Besides all the known advantages and benefits, it is still not widely used in maize production. In Serbia, about 30% of total maize production is a continuous cropping. The aim of this research was to test the benefits of growing maize in crop rotation with winter wheat compared with a continuous cropping, combined with pre-emergence herbicide application. Field trials started in 2009, and five maize-winter wheat rotations have been completed. Weeds were controlled with an herbicide mixture of isoxaflutole and S-metolachlor, applied at either the full label rate or half rate, while one plot was kept weed free (manually), and one was a control. Applying IWM decreased the fresh biomass of weeds and then density by 96% and 97%, respectively. In continuous maize, perennial weeds became dominant after the first rotation. Crop rotation significantly influenced maize productive parameters, decreasing the variation in leaf area index and grain yield, and increasing the magnitude of these parameters with the number of cycles. The biggest differences in the analyzed parameters were observed in 2015, 2017 and 2019, indicating many positive long - term henefits of crop rotation on maize leaf area index and grain yield.
PB  - Bangkok: Weed science society of Thailand
C3  - 8. International weed science congress "Weed science in a climate of change"
T1  - Integrated weed managment in maize: crop rotation and PRE herbicides
SP  - 36
EP  - 36
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1117
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Simic, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Crop rotation is a simple and effective part of an Integrated Weed Management (IWM) system. This approach makes it possible to rotate herbicides with different modes of action (MOA), avoiding or postponing herbicide resistance. Besides all the known advantages and benefits, it is still not widely used in maize production. In Serbia, about 30% of total maize production is a continuous cropping. The aim of this research was to test the benefits of growing maize in crop rotation with winter wheat compared with a continuous cropping, combined with pre-emergence herbicide application. Field trials started in 2009, and five maize-winter wheat rotations have been completed. Weeds were controlled with an herbicide mixture of isoxaflutole and S-metolachlor, applied at either the full label rate or half rate, while one plot was kept weed free (manually), and one was a control. Applying IWM decreased the fresh biomass of weeds and then density by 96% and 97%, respectively. In continuous maize, perennial weeds became dominant after the first rotation. Crop rotation significantly influenced maize productive parameters, decreasing the variation in leaf area index and grain yield, and increasing the magnitude of these parameters with the number of cycles. The biggest differences in the analyzed parameters were observed in 2015, 2017 and 2019, indicating many positive long - term henefits of crop rotation on maize leaf area index and grain yield.",
publisher = "Bangkok: Weed science society of Thailand",
journal = "8. International weed science congress "Weed science in a climate of change"",
title = "Integrated weed managment in maize: crop rotation and PRE herbicides",
pages = "36-36",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1117"
}
Brankov, M., Simic, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2022). Integrated weed managment in maize: crop rotation and PRE herbicides. in 8. International weed science congress "Weed science in a climate of change"
Bangkok: Weed science society of Thailand., 36-36.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1117
Brankov M, Simic M, Dragičević V. Integrated weed managment in maize: crop rotation and PRE herbicides. in 8. International weed science congress "Weed science in a climate of change". 2022;:36-36.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1117 .
Brankov, Milan, Simic, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, "Integrated weed managment in maize: crop rotation and PRE herbicides" in 8. International weed science congress "Weed science in a climate of change" (2022):36-36,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1117 .

Spray drift study from mesotrione and rimsulfuron+thifensulfuron-metyl to various crops

Brankov, Milan; Sousa Alves, Guilherme; Vieira, Bruno Canela; Zarić, Miloš; Houston, Trenton; Kruger, Greg

(Bangkok: Weed science society of Thailand, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Sousa Alves, Guilherme
AU  - Vieira, Bruno Canela
AU  - Zarić, Miloš
AU  - Houston, Trenton
AU  - Kruger, Greg
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1116
AB  - Herbicides are the most frequently used method for weed control. Off - target movements follow every herbicide application. Because the launch of ALS- and HPPD - tolerant crops will increase the treated area, there is a need to point out the possible negative consequences of any particle drift from those herbicides. The gap in the existing literature suggests that this issue needs to be addressed. Since drift can injure susceptible crops, reduce pesticide efficacy, and increase environmental pollution, it must be minimised. Drift happens with every pesticide application and must be mitigated. Various factors influence drift such as nozzle type, working pressure, and boom height, can be managed. Others, such as wind, are not easy to manage. In our study, an herbicide tank - mixture of mesotrione with rimsulfuron plus thifensulfuron-methyl was sprayed in a low-speed wind tunnel to simulate drift. The airspeed was set at 4.4 m s-1, representing the labelled upper limit for applications. The herbicide solution was sprayed through XR and TTI nozzles. Eight crops (cantaloupe, cotton, green bean, pumpkin, soybean, sunflower, wheat, and watermelon) were exposed to herbicide drift treatments and biomass data were collected 28 days after the applications. Droplet size spectra and tracer depositions were evaluated for each nozzle. Tracer deposition was higher in all downwind distances (0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, and 12 m) from the XR nozzle in comparison to the TTI nozzle. Therefore, greater injuries were recorded for applications with the XR nozzle and lower injuries for applications through the TTI nozzle from 1 to 12 m downwind. Soybean and wheat were the two most tolerant crops, while the two most susceptible were cantaloupe and green beans. Because drift can injure crops, it is very important to mitigate drift in mesotrione and rimsulfuron plus thifensulfuron-methyl applications. This can be done by selecting the appropriate nozzle and ensuring optimal distances between crops.
PB  - Bangkok: Weed science society of Thailand
C3  - 8. International weed science congress "Weed science in a climate of change"
T1  - Spray drift study from mesotrione and rimsulfuron+thifensulfuron-metyl to various crops
SP  - 162
EP  - 162
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1116
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Sousa Alves, Guilherme and Vieira, Bruno Canela and Zarić, Miloš and Houston, Trenton and Kruger, Greg",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Herbicides are the most frequently used method for weed control. Off - target movements follow every herbicide application. Because the launch of ALS- and HPPD - tolerant crops will increase the treated area, there is a need to point out the possible negative consequences of any particle drift from those herbicides. The gap in the existing literature suggests that this issue needs to be addressed. Since drift can injure susceptible crops, reduce pesticide efficacy, and increase environmental pollution, it must be minimised. Drift happens with every pesticide application and must be mitigated. Various factors influence drift such as nozzle type, working pressure, and boom height, can be managed. Others, such as wind, are not easy to manage. In our study, an herbicide tank - mixture of mesotrione with rimsulfuron plus thifensulfuron-methyl was sprayed in a low-speed wind tunnel to simulate drift. The airspeed was set at 4.4 m s-1, representing the labelled upper limit for applications. The herbicide solution was sprayed through XR and TTI nozzles. Eight crops (cantaloupe, cotton, green bean, pumpkin, soybean, sunflower, wheat, and watermelon) were exposed to herbicide drift treatments and biomass data were collected 28 days after the applications. Droplet size spectra and tracer depositions were evaluated for each nozzle. Tracer deposition was higher in all downwind distances (0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, and 12 m) from the XR nozzle in comparison to the TTI nozzle. Therefore, greater injuries were recorded for applications with the XR nozzle and lower injuries for applications through the TTI nozzle from 1 to 12 m downwind. Soybean and wheat were the two most tolerant crops, while the two most susceptible were cantaloupe and green beans. Because drift can injure crops, it is very important to mitigate drift in mesotrione and rimsulfuron plus thifensulfuron-methyl applications. This can be done by selecting the appropriate nozzle and ensuring optimal distances between crops.",
publisher = "Bangkok: Weed science society of Thailand",
journal = "8. International weed science congress "Weed science in a climate of change"",
title = "Spray drift study from mesotrione and rimsulfuron+thifensulfuron-metyl to various crops",
pages = "162-162",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1116"
}
Brankov, M., Sousa Alves, G., Vieira, B. C., Zarić, M., Houston, T.,& Kruger, G.. (2022). Spray drift study from mesotrione and rimsulfuron+thifensulfuron-metyl to various crops. in 8. International weed science congress "Weed science in a climate of change"
Bangkok: Weed science society of Thailand., 162-162.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1116
Brankov M, Sousa Alves G, Vieira BC, Zarić M, Houston T, Kruger G. Spray drift study from mesotrione and rimsulfuron+thifensulfuron-metyl to various crops. in 8. International weed science congress "Weed science in a climate of change". 2022;:162-162.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1116 .
Brankov, Milan, Sousa Alves, Guilherme, Vieira, Bruno Canela, Zarić, Miloš, Houston, Trenton, Kruger, Greg, "Spray drift study from mesotrione and rimsulfuron+thifensulfuron-metyl to various crops" in 8. International weed science congress "Weed science in a climate of change" (2022):162-162,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1116 .

Mogućnosti optimizacije primene herbicida u Srbiji

Brankov, Milan; Simic, Milena; Tolimir, Miodrag; Todorovic, Goran; Dragičević, Vesna

(Beograd: Savez inženjera i tehničara Srbije, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Todorovic, Goran
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1115
AB  - Nedostatak novih aktivnih supstanci herbicida na tržištu, praćen pojavom rezistentnih korova na postojeće herbicide, kao i klimatske promene koje utiču na korove, čine suzbijanje korova veoma izazovnim. Pored ovoga, plan Evropske komisije da se smanji upotreba herbicida za 50 % do 2030. zahteva pronalaženje rešenja za uspešno suzbijanje korova uz manje oslanjanje na hemijske mere. Jedna od mogućnosti koja je na raspolaganju je da se uz herbicide u rezervoar prskalice doda adjuvant kako bi usvajanje herbicida od strane korova bilo efikasnije i kako bi se herbicidi primenili u manjim količima. U ovom radu ćemo ukazati na potencijalne pogodnosti adjuvanata u cilju povećanja efikasnosti herbicida.
AB  - The lack of new herbicide active substances on the market, accompanied by the emergence of resistant weeds to existing herbicides, as well as climate changes that affect weeds make weed control very challenging. In addition to this, the European Commission's plan to reduce the use of herbicides by 50 % by 2030 conditions the need to find solutions for successful weed control. One of the options available is to add an adjuvant to the herbicides in the sprayer tank in order to increase the uptake of the herbicide by the weeds. In this paper, we will point out the potential benefits of adjuvants in order to increase herbicide efficacy.
PB  - Beograd: Savez inženjera i tehničara Srbije
C3  - Naučna konferencija "Četvrta industrijska revolucija u poljoprivredi", Beograd, 23.12.2022. - Zbornik radova
T1  - Mogućnosti optimizacije primene herbicida u Srbiji
T1  - Possibilities of optimizing the application of herbicide in Serbia
SP  - 75
EP  - 81
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1115
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Simic, Milena and Tolimir, Miodrag and Todorovic, Goran and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Nedostatak novih aktivnih supstanci herbicida na tržištu, praćen pojavom rezistentnih korova na postojeće herbicide, kao i klimatske promene koje utiču na korove, čine suzbijanje korova veoma izazovnim. Pored ovoga, plan Evropske komisije da se smanji upotreba herbicida za 50 % do 2030. zahteva pronalaženje rešenja za uspešno suzbijanje korova uz manje oslanjanje na hemijske mere. Jedna od mogućnosti koja je na raspolaganju je da se uz herbicide u rezervoar prskalice doda adjuvant kako bi usvajanje herbicida od strane korova bilo efikasnije i kako bi se herbicidi primenili u manjim količima. U ovom radu ćemo ukazati na potencijalne pogodnosti adjuvanata u cilju povećanja efikasnosti herbicida., The lack of new herbicide active substances on the market, accompanied by the emergence of resistant weeds to existing herbicides, as well as climate changes that affect weeds make weed control very challenging. In addition to this, the European Commission's plan to reduce the use of herbicides by 50 % by 2030 conditions the need to find solutions for successful weed control. One of the options available is to add an adjuvant to the herbicides in the sprayer tank in order to increase the uptake of the herbicide by the weeds. In this paper, we will point out the potential benefits of adjuvants in order to increase herbicide efficacy.",
publisher = "Beograd: Savez inženjera i tehničara Srbije",
journal = "Naučna konferencija "Četvrta industrijska revolucija u poljoprivredi", Beograd, 23.12.2022. - Zbornik radova",
title = "Mogućnosti optimizacije primene herbicida u Srbiji, Possibilities of optimizing the application of herbicide in Serbia",
pages = "75-81",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1115"
}
Brankov, M., Simic, M., Tolimir, M., Todorovic, G.,& Dragičević, V.. (2022). Mogućnosti optimizacije primene herbicida u Srbiji. in Naučna konferencija "Četvrta industrijska revolucija u poljoprivredi", Beograd, 23.12.2022. - Zbornik radova
Beograd: Savez inženjera i tehničara Srbije., 75-81.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1115
Brankov M, Simic M, Tolimir M, Todorovic G, Dragičević V. Mogućnosti optimizacije primene herbicida u Srbiji. in Naučna konferencija "Četvrta industrijska revolucija u poljoprivredi", Beograd, 23.12.2022. - Zbornik radova. 2022;:75-81.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1115 .
Brankov, Milan, Simic, Milena, Tolimir, Miodrag, Todorovic, Goran, Dragičević, Vesna, "Mogućnosti optimizacije primene herbicida u Srbiji" in Naučna konferencija "Četvrta industrijska revolucija u poljoprivredi", Beograd, 23.12.2022. - Zbornik radova (2022):75-81,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1115 .

ZP4744

Filipović, Milomir; Čamdžija, Zoran; Obradović, Ana; Brankov, Milan

(2022)

TY  - PAT
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Čamdžija, Zoran
AU  - Obradović, Ana
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1099
T2  - Rešenje:320-44-02142/2/2020-11
T1  - ZP4744
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1099
ER  - 
@misc{
author = "Filipović, Milomir and Čamdžija, Zoran and Obradović, Ana and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2022",
journal = "Rešenje:320-44-02142/2/2020-11",
title = "ZP4744",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1099"
}
Filipović, M., Čamdžija, Z., Obradović, A.,& Brankov, M.. (2022). ZP4744. in Rešenje:320-44-02142/2/2020-11.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1099
Filipović M, Čamdžija Z, Obradović A, Brankov M. ZP4744. in Rešenje:320-44-02142/2/2020-11. 2022;.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1099 .
Filipović, Milomir, Čamdžija, Zoran, Obradović, Ana, Brankov, Milan, "ZP4744" in Rešenje:320-44-02142/2/2020-11 (2022),
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1099 .

Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality

Dragičević, Vesna; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Tolimir, Miodrag; Travlos, Ilias; Simić, Milena

(Lausanne : Frontiers, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Travlos, Ilias
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1059
AB  - Maize is an important staple crop and a significant source of various nutrients.
We aimed to determine the macronutrients, antioxidants, and essential
elements in maize genotypes (white, yellow, and red kernel) using three
different fertilizers, which could be used as a basis to increase the nutrient
density of maize. The fertilizer treatments used bio- and organic fertilizers as a
sustainable approach, urea, as a commonly used mineral fertilizer, and the
control (no fertilization). We evaluated the yield, concentration of
macronutrient (protein, oil, and starch), nonenzymatic antioxidants
(phenolics, yellow pigment, total glutathione (GSH), and phytic phosphorus),
and reduction capacity of the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, as
well as essential elements that are commonly deficient in the diet (Mg, Ca, Fe,
Mn, Zn, Cu, and S) and their relationships with phytic acid. The genotype
expressed the strongest effect on the variability of grain yield and the analyzed
grain constituents. The red-kernel hybrid showed the greatest accumulation of
protein, oil, phenolics, and essential elements (Ca, Fe, Cu, and S) than a yellow
and white hybrid, especially in the biofertilizer treatment. The yellow kernel had
the highest concentrations of yellow pigment, GSH, phytic phosphorous, Mg,
Mn, and Zn (19.61 µg g−1
, 1,134 nmol g−1
, 2.63 mg g−1
, 1,963 µg g−1
, 11.7 µg g−1
,
and 33.9 µg g−1
, respectively). The white kernel had a greater starch
concentration (2.5% higher than that in the red hybrid) and the potential
bioavailability of essential metals, particularly under no fertilization. This
supports the significance of white maize as a staple food in many traditional
diets across the world. Urea was important for the enhancement of the
antioxidant status (with 88.0% reduction capacity for the DPPH radical) and
increased potential Zn bioavailability in the maize kernels (13.3% higher than
that in the biofertilizer treatment). This study underlines the differences in the
yield potential and chemical composition of red, yellow, and white-kernel
maize and their importance as a necessary part of a sustainable human diet.
This information can help determine the most appropriate genotype based on
the antioxidants and/or essential elements targeted for kernel improvement.
PB  - Lausanne : Frontiers
T2  - Frontiers in plant science
T1  - Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality
SP  - 1
EP  - 13
DO  - 10.3389/fpls.2022.1027618
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Tolimir, Miodrag and Travlos, Ilias and Simić, Milena",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Maize is an important staple crop and a significant source of various nutrients.
We aimed to determine the macronutrients, antioxidants, and essential
elements in maize genotypes (white, yellow, and red kernel) using three
different fertilizers, which could be used as a basis to increase the nutrient
density of maize. The fertilizer treatments used bio- and organic fertilizers as a
sustainable approach, urea, as a commonly used mineral fertilizer, and the
control (no fertilization). We evaluated the yield, concentration of
macronutrient (protein, oil, and starch), nonenzymatic antioxidants
(phenolics, yellow pigment, total glutathione (GSH), and phytic phosphorus),
and reduction capacity of the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, as
well as essential elements that are commonly deficient in the diet (Mg, Ca, Fe,
Mn, Zn, Cu, and S) and their relationships with phytic acid. The genotype
expressed the strongest effect on the variability of grain yield and the analyzed
grain constituents. The red-kernel hybrid showed the greatest accumulation of
protein, oil, phenolics, and essential elements (Ca, Fe, Cu, and S) than a yellow
and white hybrid, especially in the biofertilizer treatment. The yellow kernel had
the highest concentrations of yellow pigment, GSH, phytic phosphorous, Mg,
Mn, and Zn (19.61 µg g−1
, 1,134 nmol g−1
, 2.63 mg g−1
, 1,963 µg g−1
, 11.7 µg g−1
,
and 33.9 µg g−1
, respectively). The white kernel had a greater starch
concentration (2.5% higher than that in the red hybrid) and the potential
bioavailability of essential metals, particularly under no fertilization. This
supports the significance of white maize as a staple food in many traditional
diets across the world. Urea was important for the enhancement of the
antioxidant status (with 88.0% reduction capacity for the DPPH radical) and
increased potential Zn bioavailability in the maize kernels (13.3% higher than
that in the biofertilizer treatment). This study underlines the differences in the
yield potential and chemical composition of red, yellow, and white-kernel
maize and their importance as a necessary part of a sustainable human diet.
This information can help determine the most appropriate genotype based on
the antioxidants and/or essential elements targeted for kernel improvement.",
publisher = "Lausanne : Frontiers",
journal = "Frontiers in plant science",
title = "Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality",
pages = "1-13",
doi = "10.3389/fpls.2022.1027618"
}
Dragičević, V., Brankov, M., Stoiljkovic, M., Tolimir, M., Travlos, I.,& Simić, M.. (2022). Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality. in Frontiers in plant science
Lausanne : Frontiers., 1-13.
https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.1027618
Dragičević V, Brankov M, Stoiljkovic M, Tolimir M, Travlos I, Simić M. Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality. in Frontiers in plant science. 2022;:1-13.
doi:10.3389/fpls.2022.1027618 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Tolimir, Miodrag, Travlos, Ilias, Simić, Milena, "Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality" in Frontiers in plant science (2022):1-13,
https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.1027618 . .
1
1

The impact of crop density on grain filling and water retention in maize grains

Dragičević, Vesna; Tabaković, Marijenka; Brankov, Milan; Simić, Milena

(Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1055
AB  - Sowing density affects not only crop growth, but also grain filling, including grain dry-down. 
Maize hybrids with upper-standing leaves allow to be grown in higher densities, what could 
affect some traits during ripening. An experiment with six maize hybrids (ZP388, ZP5550, 
ZP5601, ZP6263, ZP6364, ZP707), grown at 59,523 (D1) and 89,286 plants ha-1
(D2), during 
2019 and 2020 was established. Maize cobs were sampled 15 days after pollination (DAP), 
according to 10 day time-schedule (five times), up to the harvesting. Fresh weight of grains, 
water percentage, as well as grain yield and shelling percentage at the end of vegetative cycle 
were determined. 
Gradual and significant increase in grain fresh weight was noticed at D1, while at D2 greater 
values were obtained between 15th and 25th day, as well as between 45th and 55th DAP. At D1, 
continual increase in grain weight was observable for all hybrids, except for ZP6364, where 
drop 45th55th day was observable. For ZP388, significantly higher values were noticeable at 
D1, at 55th DAP (31.83 g) and also at D2, 15th45th DAP (from 24.06 to 32.02 g), including 
steeper drop to the 55th day (24.39 g), in regard to other hybrids. Significant and continual 
decrease in water content were noticed in grains of all of examined hybrids at D2, while at 
D1trend was slowed 45th55th DAP, having the lowest values for ZP5550, ZP5601, and 
ZP6263. Significantly higher average grain yield achieved ZP6364 (10.05 and 11.35 t ha-1
, at 
D1 and D2, respectively), and D2, compared to D1 (>830 kg ha-1
). Similar trend was observable 
for shelling percentage with 0.71% greater value obtained at D2. ZP707 had the highest value, 
82.80% and 90.11% for D1 and D2, respectively. 
It could be concluded that, up to the 55th DAP, maize grain gained greater weight and retained 
higher water amounts at D1, while grain dry-down started from the 45th day and was greater at 
D2. This was followed with greater grain yield and shelling percentage. From this standpoint, 
ZP6263 expressed the best features, according to yield potential and grain dry-down.
PB  - Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
C3  - 25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum  breeding, Belgrade, 30.05-02.06.2022. godine - Book of abstracts
T1  - The impact of crop density on grain filling and water retention in maize grains
SP  - 49
EP  - 49
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1055
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Tabaković, Marijenka and Brankov, Milan and Simić, Milena",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Sowing density affects not only crop growth, but also grain filling, including grain dry-down. 
Maize hybrids with upper-standing leaves allow to be grown in higher densities, what could 
affect some traits during ripening. An experiment with six maize hybrids (ZP388, ZP5550, 
ZP5601, ZP6263, ZP6364, ZP707), grown at 59,523 (D1) and 89,286 plants ha-1
(D2), during 
2019 and 2020 was established. Maize cobs were sampled 15 days after pollination (DAP), 
according to 10 day time-schedule (five times), up to the harvesting. Fresh weight of grains, 
water percentage, as well as grain yield and shelling percentage at the end of vegetative cycle 
were determined. 
Gradual and significant increase in grain fresh weight was noticed at D1, while at D2 greater 
values were obtained between 15th and 25th day, as well as between 45th and 55th DAP. At D1, 
continual increase in grain weight was observable for all hybrids, except for ZP6364, where 
drop 45th55th day was observable. For ZP388, significantly higher values were noticeable at 
D1, at 55th DAP (31.83 g) and also at D2, 15th45th DAP (from 24.06 to 32.02 g), including 
steeper drop to the 55th day (24.39 g), in regard to other hybrids. Significant and continual 
decrease in water content were noticed in grains of all of examined hybrids at D2, while at 
D1trend was slowed 45th55th DAP, having the lowest values for ZP5550, ZP5601, and 
ZP6263. Significantly higher average grain yield achieved ZP6364 (10.05 and 11.35 t ha-1
, at 
D1 and D2, respectively), and D2, compared to D1 (>830 kg ha-1
). Similar trend was observable 
for shelling percentage with 0.71% greater value obtained at D2. ZP707 had the highest value, 
82.80% and 90.11% for D1 and D2, respectively. 
It could be concluded that, up to the 55th DAP, maize grain gained greater weight and retained 
higher water amounts at D1, while grain dry-down started from the 45th day and was greater at 
D2. This was followed with greater grain yield and shelling percentage. From this standpoint, 
ZP6263 expressed the best features, according to yield potential and grain dry-down.",
publisher = "Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum  breeding, Belgrade, 30.05-02.06.2022. godine - Book of abstracts",
title = "The impact of crop density on grain filling and water retention in maize grains",
pages = "49-49",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1055"
}
Dragičević, V., Tabaković, M., Brankov, M.,& Simić, M.. (2022). The impact of crop density on grain filling and water retention in maize grains. in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum  breeding, Belgrade, 30.05-02.06.2022. godine - Book of abstracts
Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje., 49-49.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1055
Dragičević V, Tabaković M, Brankov M, Simić M. The impact of crop density on grain filling and water retention in maize grains. in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum  breeding, Belgrade, 30.05-02.06.2022. godine - Book of abstracts. 2022;:49-49.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1055 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Tabaković, Marijenka, Brankov, Milan, Simić, Milena, "The impact of crop density on grain filling and water retention in maize grains" in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum  breeding, Belgrade, 30.05-02.06.2022. godine - Book of abstracts (2022):49-49,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1055 .

Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for improved quality of agricultural products

Dragičević, Vesna; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Šenk, Milena; Dolijanović, Željko; Tolimir, Miodrag; Simić, Milena

(Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of agriculture, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1056
AB  - Human health is dependent not just on diet, but mainly on quality of agricultural products as a 
part of diet. If crops were grown on poorly fertile soils, or they are exposed to severe stresses, 
lesser amount of mineral elements, particularly essential elements, such as zinc, copper, 
manganese, magnesium, calcium, iron, and even sulphur, will be absorbed and accumulated, 
resulting in their deficiency in diets and increased incidence of various chronic diseases. 
Together with naturally low soil fertility, climate change, intensive agriculture is one of the 
main contributors of soil depletion. Thus, various long-term strategies, which are sustainable 
for agricultural plants and soils, at the same time, must be developed. It is of particular 
importance to increase a level of organic matter, as a source of mineral nutrients from the soil. 
The application through soil, as well as via plant foliage of various complex and organic 
fertilizers, containing macro- and micro-elements, and many stimulating compounds, enables 
better absorption and metabolisation of nutrients required for plants and nutrients essential for 
humans. Besides, bio-fertilizers, containing beneficial microorganisms have an important role 
in nutrients mobilization in soils, particularly from poorly accessible forms. Many bio fertilizers contain microorganisms that are able to absorb atmospheric nitrogen, thus enriching 
soil, delivering it to the plants, enabling reduction in amount and costs of nitrogen addition 
into the soil. Promoting microorganisms are also able to enhance plants ability to absorb 
water and nutrients by their synergy with roots, resulting in stable and better growth 
performances of agricultural plants, thus increasing yield and its quality. Some other cropping 
practices, such as crop rotation, intercropping and use of cover crops, enriches soil with 
organic matter, reduces losses of nutrients through recycling of harvest residues, therefore 
increasing soil fertility, as well as quantity and quality of crop yield, at the same time.
PB  - Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of agriculture
C3  - 1. European symposium on phytochemicals in medicine and food, Belgrade, 7-9.09.2022. godine -  Book of abstracts
T1  - Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for  improved quality of agricultural products
SP  - 32
EP  - 32
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1056
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Šenk, Milena and Dolijanović, Željko and Tolimir, Miodrag and Simić, Milena",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Human health is dependent not just on diet, but mainly on quality of agricultural products as a 
part of diet. If crops were grown on poorly fertile soils, or they are exposed to severe stresses, 
lesser amount of mineral elements, particularly essential elements, such as zinc, copper, 
manganese, magnesium, calcium, iron, and even sulphur, will be absorbed and accumulated, 
resulting in their deficiency in diets and increased incidence of various chronic diseases. 
Together with naturally low soil fertility, climate change, intensive agriculture is one of the 
main contributors of soil depletion. Thus, various long-term strategies, which are sustainable 
for agricultural plants and soils, at the same time, must be developed. It is of particular 
importance to increase a level of organic matter, as a source of mineral nutrients from the soil. 
The application through soil, as well as via plant foliage of various complex and organic 
fertilizers, containing macro- and micro-elements, and many stimulating compounds, enables 
better absorption and metabolisation of nutrients required for plants and nutrients essential for 
humans. Besides, bio-fertilizers, containing beneficial microorganisms have an important role 
in nutrients mobilization in soils, particularly from poorly accessible forms. Many bio fertilizers contain microorganisms that are able to absorb atmospheric nitrogen, thus enriching 
soil, delivering it to the plants, enabling reduction in amount and costs of nitrogen addition 
into the soil. Promoting microorganisms are also able to enhance plants ability to absorb 
water and nutrients by their synergy with roots, resulting in stable and better growth 
performances of agricultural plants, thus increasing yield and its quality. Some other cropping 
practices, such as crop rotation, intercropping and use of cover crops, enriches soil with 
organic matter, reduces losses of nutrients through recycling of harvest residues, therefore 
increasing soil fertility, as well as quantity and quality of crop yield, at the same time.",
publisher = "Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of agriculture",
journal = "1. European symposium on phytochemicals in medicine and food, Belgrade, 7-9.09.2022. godine -  Book of abstracts",
title = "Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for  improved quality of agricultural products",
pages = "32-32",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1056"
}
Dragičević, V., Brankov, M., Stoiljkovic, M., Šenk, M., Dolijanović, Ž., Tolimir, M.,& Simić, M.. (2022). Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for  improved quality of agricultural products. in 1. European symposium on phytochemicals in medicine and food, Belgrade, 7-9.09.2022. godine -  Book of abstracts
Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of agriculture., 32-32.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1056
Dragičević V, Brankov M, Stoiljkovic M, Šenk M, Dolijanović Ž, Tolimir M, Simić M. Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for  improved quality of agricultural products. in 1. European symposium on phytochemicals in medicine and food, Belgrade, 7-9.09.2022. godine -  Book of abstracts. 2022;:32-32.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1056 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Šenk, Milena, Dolijanović, Željko, Tolimir, Miodrag, Simić, Milena, "Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for  improved quality of agricultural products" in 1. European symposium on phytochemicals in medicine and food, Belgrade, 7-9.09.2022. godine -  Book of abstracts (2022):32-32,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1056 .

Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture

Dragičević, Vesna; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Šenk, Milena; Tabaković, Marijenka; Kresović, Branka

(Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Kresović, Branka
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/939
AB  - Maize monoculture is still present worldwide. It is an adverse practice, with
high input of agro-chemicals and weed and pathogens infestation. At the
Maize Research Institute, a trial with maize monoculture has started in 1972
and from then it has been progressed into a system designed to maintain soil
fertility, improve grain yield and quality. Experiment (period 2013-2018,
hybrid ZP 427) comprised: treatment with farmyard manure (M -
incorporation of 60 t ha-1 in 2011, 2014, and 2017) and no manure
application (MØ); bio-fertilizer Bioplug (accelerating decomposition of crop
residues) applied at: 5 l ha-1 (BF), 2.5 l ha-1 (1/2BF) and without it (BFØ);
mineral fertilization with N:P:K= 15:15:15 (1709 kg ha-1) in autumn + Urea
(320 kg ha-1), in spring (F1); only Urea (237 kg ha-1) in spring (F2) and no
mineral fertilizers (F3). Measurements included: soil organic matter (OM),
grain yield (after harvest), as well as the content of protein, P, Mg, Ca, Fe
and Zn in grain. Higher soil OM was present in M, F1, and F2 treatments,
particularly in combination with 1/2BF (> 5%, averagely). Greater grain
yield followed the increased level of fertilization: M, BF, and F2 (8.85, 9.17,
and 9.05 t ha-1, respectively, on average). The average protein level, and the
content of mineral nutrients were higher in the S variant, while content of the
protein, P, Mg, and Fe had greater values in the 1/2BF treatment and Ca and
Zn had greater values in BF. Moreover, F1 had positive impact on protein, P,
Ca, and Mg content, while F2 increased the content of Fe and Zn. Results
indicate that proper fertilizer combination: farmyard manure, bio-, and
mineral fertilizer maintained not just soil fertility, but contributed to the
higher grain yield and grain quality, by enhancing the level of protein and
mineral nutrients, even in monoculture, as an adverse practice.
PB  - Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
C3  - International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts
T1  - Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture
SP  - 62
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_939
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Šenk, Milena and Tabaković, Marijenka and Kresović, Branka",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Maize monoculture is still present worldwide. It is an adverse practice, with
high input of agro-chemicals and weed and pathogens infestation. At the
Maize Research Institute, a trial with maize monoculture has started in 1972
and from then it has been progressed into a system designed to maintain soil
fertility, improve grain yield and quality. Experiment (period 2013-2018,
hybrid ZP 427) comprised: treatment with farmyard manure (M -
incorporation of 60 t ha-1 in 2011, 2014, and 2017) and no manure
application (MØ); bio-fertilizer Bioplug (accelerating decomposition of crop
residues) applied at: 5 l ha-1 (BF), 2.5 l ha-1 (1/2BF) and without it (BFØ);
mineral fertilization with N:P:K= 15:15:15 (1709 kg ha-1) in autumn + Urea
(320 kg ha-1), in spring (F1); only Urea (237 kg ha-1) in spring (F2) and no
mineral fertilizers (F3). Measurements included: soil organic matter (OM),
grain yield (after harvest), as well as the content of protein, P, Mg, Ca, Fe
and Zn in grain. Higher soil OM was present in M, F1, and F2 treatments,
particularly in combination with 1/2BF (> 5%, averagely). Greater grain
yield followed the increased level of fertilization: M, BF, and F2 (8.85, 9.17,
and 9.05 t ha-1, respectively, on average). The average protein level, and the
content of mineral nutrients were higher in the S variant, while content of the
protein, P, Mg, and Fe had greater values in the 1/2BF treatment and Ca and
Zn had greater values in BF. Moreover, F1 had positive impact on protein, P,
Ca, and Mg content, while F2 increased the content of Fe and Zn. Results
indicate that proper fertilizer combination: farmyard manure, bio-, and
mineral fertilizer maintained not just soil fertility, but contributed to the
higher grain yield and grain quality, by enhancing the level of protein and
mineral nutrients, even in monoculture, as an adverse practice.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts",
title = "Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture",
pages = "62",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_939"
}
Dragičević, V., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Stoiljkovic, M., Šenk, M., Tabaković, M.,& Kresović, B.. (2021). Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture. in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje., 62.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_939
Dragičević V, Simic M, Brankov M, Stoiljkovic M, Šenk M, Tabaković M, Kresović B. Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture. in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts. 2021;:62.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_939 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Šenk, Milena, Tabaković, Marijenka, Kresović, Branka, "Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture" in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts (2021):62,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_939 .

Impact of soybean-proso millet intercropping on productivity and micronutrient accumulation in biomass

Šenk, Milena; Simic, Milena; Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka; Brankov, Milan; Djurdjic, Sladjana; Dragičević, Vesna

(Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Djurdjic, Sladjana
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/940
AB  - Intercropping, as one of the most beneficial sustainable agriculture practices that increase biodiversity, includes planting of two or more crops simultaneously at the same field. Advantages of intercropping are reflected through the more efficient use of natural resources by the complementary crops, resulting in increased yield and improved biomass quality. One of the most useful ways to express the impact of intercropping is land equivalent ratio (LER) as well as nutrient land equivalent ratio (NLER). The aim of this research was to examine the influence of different intercrop combinations of soybean and proso millet on biomass yield and concentration of essential minerals (Fe, Zn), shown as LER, Fe-LER and Zn-LER. Soybean and proso millet were sown in three combinations (S-M, SS-MM and SS-MMMM), as well as sole crops, in 2018 and 2020. The effect of bio-fertilizer Coveron (containing Glomus sp. and Trichoderma) was also investigated. The results showed that SS-MM and SS-MMMM combinations contributed to greater accumulation of Fe in biomass of soybean and proso millet. In regard to Zn concentration, situation was opposite. While all intercrop combinations expressed positive effect on the accumulation of this element in soybean, more Zn was absorbed by proso grown as sole crop in relation to the intercrops. Fe-LER and Zn-LER values showed that year had no significant impact, while the influence of intercropping had significantly highlighted SS-MM combination (the highest values were 1.20 and 1.25 for Fe and Zn, respectively). The effect of bio-fertilizer could be observed just in the case of Fe-LER, where Coveron expressed negative impact. Similarly, the LER value for yield was only in the SS-MM combination >1. Based on these results, it can be concluded that soybean-proso millet intercropping had beneficial effect on productivity and micronutrient absorption by biomass, emphasizing SS-MM combination as the most efficient.
PB  - Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
C3  - International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts
T1  - Impact of soybean-proso millet intercropping on productivity and micronutrient accumulation in biomass
SP  - 79
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_940
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Šenk, Milena and Simic, Milena and Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka and Brankov, Milan and Djurdjic, Sladjana and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Intercropping, as one of the most beneficial sustainable agriculture practices that increase biodiversity, includes planting of two or more crops simultaneously at the same field. Advantages of intercropping are reflected through the more efficient use of natural resources by the complementary crops, resulting in increased yield and improved biomass quality. One of the most useful ways to express the impact of intercropping is land equivalent ratio (LER) as well as nutrient land equivalent ratio (NLER). The aim of this research was to examine the influence of different intercrop combinations of soybean and proso millet on biomass yield and concentration of essential minerals (Fe, Zn), shown as LER, Fe-LER and Zn-LER. Soybean and proso millet were sown in three combinations (S-M, SS-MM and SS-MMMM), as well as sole crops, in 2018 and 2020. The effect of bio-fertilizer Coveron (containing Glomus sp. and Trichoderma) was also investigated. The results showed that SS-MM and SS-MMMM combinations contributed to greater accumulation of Fe in biomass of soybean and proso millet. In regard to Zn concentration, situation was opposite. While all intercrop combinations expressed positive effect on the accumulation of this element in soybean, more Zn was absorbed by proso grown as sole crop in relation to the intercrops. Fe-LER and Zn-LER values showed that year had no significant impact, while the influence of intercropping had significantly highlighted SS-MM combination (the highest values were 1.20 and 1.25 for Fe and Zn, respectively). The effect of bio-fertilizer could be observed just in the case of Fe-LER, where Coveron expressed negative impact. Similarly, the LER value for yield was only in the SS-MM combination >1. Based on these results, it can be concluded that soybean-proso millet intercropping had beneficial effect on productivity and micronutrient absorption by biomass, emphasizing SS-MM combination as the most efficient.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts",
title = "Impact of soybean-proso millet intercropping on productivity and micronutrient accumulation in biomass",
pages = "79",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_940"
}
Šenk, M., Simic, M., Milojković-Opsenica, D., Brankov, M., Djurdjic, S.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). Impact of soybean-proso millet intercropping on productivity and micronutrient accumulation in biomass. in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje., 79.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_940
Šenk M, Simic M, Milojković-Opsenica D, Brankov M, Djurdjic S, Dragičević V. Impact of soybean-proso millet intercropping on productivity and micronutrient accumulation in biomass. in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts. 2021;:79.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_940 .
Šenk, Milena, Simic, Milena, Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka, Brankov, Milan, Djurdjic, Sladjana, Dragičević, Vesna, "Impact of soybean-proso millet intercropping on productivity and micronutrient accumulation in biomass" in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts (2021):79,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_940 .

Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja

Simić, Milena; Dolijanović, Željko; Pejović, Marija; Brankov, Milan; Filipovic, Milomir; Dragičević, Vesna

(Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Pejović, Marija
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Filipovic, Milomir
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1001
AB  - Održivi sistemi gajenja useva su alternativa intenzivnoj, industrijalizovanoj poljoprivredi u kojoj je dudgogodišnja primena pesticida ugrozila životnu sredinu. U održivim sistemima gajenja, prioritet je smanjiti upotrebu herbicida i đubriva i povećati efikasnost proizvodnje uz korišćenje postojećih resursa radi zaštite agroekosistema. U tom smislu, pokrovni usevi i sistemi obrade zemljišta mogu 
doprineti značajnom smanjenju zakorovljenosti kukuruza, održanju kvaliteta zemljišta uz ostvarenje visokog i kvalitetnog prinosa. Istraživanja su sprovedena u Institutu za kukuruz Zemun Polje, Beograd, sa ciljem da se utvrdi koliki je doprinos održivog sistema gajenja (sa pokrovnim usevima) u poređenju sa konvencionalnim/intenzivnim sistemom gajenja, plodnosti zemljišta i produktivnosti kukuruza. Ogled je postavljen 2020. godine i čine ga tri sistema gajenja kukuruza:- ekstenzivni sistem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), zemljište je ostalo neobrađeno, krajem leta je primenjen totalni herbicid radi suzbijanja izniklih korova, u proleće je direktnom setvom posejan kukuruz
- intenzivni sistem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), strnište je plitko zaorano (ljuštenje strništa), kasnije su primenom totalnog herbicida suzbijeni iznikli korovi, u jesen je zemljište duboko uzorano a u proleće je obavljena predsetvena priprema zemljišta frezom i setva kukuruza -održivi sitem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), strnište je plitko zaorano (ljuštenje strništa) nakon čega su posejani ozimi pokrovni usevi – ozimi ovas, ozimi stočni kelj i ozimi stočni grašak; pokrovni usevi su u proleće pokošeni i kada je biomasa svela i delom se razgradila, direktnom setvom je posejan kukuruz.Setva visokorodnog hibrida kukuruza najnovije generacije, ZP5601 je obavljena 6. maja 
2021. u gustini od 60 606 biljka po ha. U navedenim sistemima gajenja kukuruza analiziran je sadržaj ukupnog N i C, kao i odnos C:N iz uzoraka zemljišta uzetih pre setve kukuruza kao i prinos kukuruza, obračunat na 14% vlage u zrnu. Na početku vegetacione sezone 2021. godine, najveći sadržaj organskog C je imala varijanta sa konvencionalnim sistemom gajenja, najveći sadržaj ukupnog N je utvrđen takođe u ovoj i varijanti sa ekstenzivnim sistemom gajenja, dok su najpovoljniji odnos C:N imale varijante sa pokrovnim usevima od ozimog stočnog kelja i stočnog graška. Na kraju vegetacionog perioda u promenljivoj i, za kukuruz, nepovoljnoj 2021. godini, 
najveći prinos je imao ekstenzivni sistem gajenja (6,70 t ha-1) a nešto niži konvencionalni sistem (6,38 t ha-1) dok je od pokrovnih useva najproduktivnije bilo gajenje kukuruza nakon stočnog graška (5,61 t ha-1).Sistemi gajenja kukuruza, posebno kada se radi o proizvodnji za ljudsku ishranu, će ubuduće sve više težiti održivosti i upotrebi alternativnih mera kad je u pitanju upotreba pesticida.
AB  - Sustainable systems of crop cultivation are an alternative to intensive, industrialised agriculture in which a long-term application of pesticides has endangered the environment. The priority in these systems is to reduce the use of herbicides and fertilisers and to increase the production efficiency while using existing resources to protect agro-ecosystems. In this sense, cover crops and tillage systems can contribute to a significant reduction in maize weediness, maintenance of soil quality while achieving high and quality yields. Studies were conducted at the Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, Belgrade, with the aim to determine the contribution of the sustainable cultivation system (with cover crops) in comparison to the conventional/intensive cultivation system, soil fertility and maize productivity. The trial was set up in 2020 and encompassed three maize growing systems:- extensive system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, soil remained untilled and at the end of summer a total herbicide was applied to control emerged weeds, while in spring, maize 
was sown by direct sowing - intensive system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, stubble was shallowly ploughed (shallow ploughing), later the total herbicide was applied to suppress emerged weeds; in autumn, soil was deeply ploughed up, while seedbed preparation with a cultivator and maize sowing were done in spring -sustainable system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, stubble was shallowly ploughed (shallow ploughing) and then winter cover crops (winter oats, winter fodder kale and winter field pea) were sown; cover crops were mowed in spring and when biomass was wilted and partially decomposed, maize was sown by direct sowing. Sowing of a high-yielding maize hybrid of the latest generation, ZP5601, was performed on May 6, 2021 at the sowing density of 60,606 plants ha-1. In the stated maize cultivation systems, the contents of total N and C, as well as the C:N ratio were analysed in soil samples drawn prior to maize sowing and maize yield was calculated at 14% grain moisture. At the beginning of the 2021 growing season, the highest content of organic C was recorded in the variant with the conventional cultivation system, whereas the highest content of total N was also determined in this variant but with the extensive cultivation system; the most favourable the C:N ratio was established in variants with cover crops consisted of winter fodder kale and field pea. At the end of the 2021 growing season that was variable and unfavourable for maize, the highest yield (6.70 t ha-1) was recorded in the extensive cultivation system; a slightly lower yield (6.38 t ha-1) was achieved in the conventional 
system, while the most productive (5.61 t ha-1) in the cover crop system was maize cultivation after field pea. Maize cultivation systems, especially when it comes to the production for human 
consumption, will increasingly tend to sustainability and the use of alternative measures instead of the pesticide application.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Znornik radova
T1  - Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja
T1  - Maize productivity in sustainable system of cultivation
SP  - 72
EP  - 73
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1001
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dolijanović, Željko and Pejović, Marija and Brankov, Milan and Filipovic, Milomir and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Održivi sistemi gajenja useva su alternativa intenzivnoj, industrijalizovanoj poljoprivredi u kojoj je dudgogodišnja primena pesticida ugrozila životnu sredinu. U održivim sistemima gajenja, prioritet je smanjiti upotrebu herbicida i đubriva i povećati efikasnost proizvodnje uz korišćenje postojećih resursa radi zaštite agroekosistema. U tom smislu, pokrovni usevi i sistemi obrade zemljišta mogu 
doprineti značajnom smanjenju zakorovljenosti kukuruza, održanju kvaliteta zemljišta uz ostvarenje visokog i kvalitetnog prinosa. Istraživanja su sprovedena u Institutu za kukuruz Zemun Polje, Beograd, sa ciljem da se utvrdi koliki je doprinos održivog sistema gajenja (sa pokrovnim usevima) u poređenju sa konvencionalnim/intenzivnim sistemom gajenja, plodnosti zemljišta i produktivnosti kukuruza. Ogled je postavljen 2020. godine i čine ga tri sistema gajenja kukuruza:- ekstenzivni sistem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), zemljište je ostalo neobrađeno, krajem leta je primenjen totalni herbicid radi suzbijanja izniklih korova, u proleće je direktnom setvom posejan kukuruz
- intenzivni sistem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), strnište je plitko zaorano (ljuštenje strništa), kasnije su primenom totalnog herbicida suzbijeni iznikli korovi, u jesen je zemljište duboko uzorano a u proleće je obavljena predsetvena priprema zemljišta frezom i setva kukuruza -održivi sitem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), strnište je plitko zaorano (ljuštenje strništa) nakon čega su posejani ozimi pokrovni usevi – ozimi ovas, ozimi stočni kelj i ozimi stočni grašak; pokrovni usevi su u proleće pokošeni i kada je biomasa svela i delom se razgradila, direktnom setvom je posejan kukuruz.Setva visokorodnog hibrida kukuruza najnovije generacije, ZP5601 je obavljena 6. maja 
2021. u gustini od 60 606 biljka po ha. U navedenim sistemima gajenja kukuruza analiziran je sadržaj ukupnog N i C, kao i odnos C:N iz uzoraka zemljišta uzetih pre setve kukuruza kao i prinos kukuruza, obračunat na 14% vlage u zrnu. Na početku vegetacione sezone 2021. godine, najveći sadržaj organskog C je imala varijanta sa konvencionalnim sistemom gajenja, najveći sadržaj ukupnog N je utvrđen takođe u ovoj i varijanti sa ekstenzivnim sistemom gajenja, dok su najpovoljniji odnos C:N imale varijante sa pokrovnim usevima od ozimog stočnog kelja i stočnog graška. Na kraju vegetacionog perioda u promenljivoj i, za kukuruz, nepovoljnoj 2021. godini, 
najveći prinos je imao ekstenzivni sistem gajenja (6,70 t ha-1) a nešto niži konvencionalni sistem (6,38 t ha-1) dok je od pokrovnih useva najproduktivnije bilo gajenje kukuruza nakon stočnog graška (5,61 t ha-1).Sistemi gajenja kukuruza, posebno kada se radi o proizvodnji za ljudsku ishranu, će ubuduće sve više težiti održivosti i upotrebi alternativnih mera kad je u pitanju upotreba pesticida., Sustainable systems of crop cultivation are an alternative to intensive, industrialised agriculture in which a long-term application of pesticides has endangered the environment. The priority in these systems is to reduce the use of herbicides and fertilisers and to increase the production efficiency while using existing resources to protect agro-ecosystems. In this sense, cover crops and tillage systems can contribute to a significant reduction in maize weediness, maintenance of soil quality while achieving high and quality yields. Studies were conducted at the Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, Belgrade, with the aim to determine the contribution of the sustainable cultivation system (with cover crops) in comparison to the conventional/intensive cultivation system, soil fertility and maize productivity. The trial was set up in 2020 and encompassed three maize growing systems:- extensive system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, soil remained untilled and at the end of summer a total herbicide was applied to control emerged weeds, while in spring, maize 
was sown by direct sowing - intensive system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, stubble was shallowly ploughed (shallow ploughing), later the total herbicide was applied to suppress emerged weeds; in autumn, soil was deeply ploughed up, while seedbed preparation with a cultivator and maize sowing were done in spring -sustainable system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, stubble was shallowly ploughed (shallow ploughing) and then winter cover crops (winter oats, winter fodder kale and winter field pea) were sown; cover crops were mowed in spring and when biomass was wilted and partially decomposed, maize was sown by direct sowing. Sowing of a high-yielding maize hybrid of the latest generation, ZP5601, was performed on May 6, 2021 at the sowing density of 60,606 plants ha-1. In the stated maize cultivation systems, the contents of total N and C, as well as the C:N ratio were analysed in soil samples drawn prior to maize sowing and maize yield was calculated at 14% grain moisture. At the beginning of the 2021 growing season, the highest content of organic C was recorded in the variant with the conventional cultivation system, whereas the highest content of total N was also determined in this variant but with the extensive cultivation system; the most favourable the C:N ratio was established in variants with cover crops consisted of winter fodder kale and field pea. At the end of the 2021 growing season that was variable and unfavourable for maize, the highest yield (6.70 t ha-1) was recorded in the extensive cultivation system; a slightly lower yield (6.38 t ha-1) was achieved in the conventional 
system, while the most productive (5.61 t ha-1) in the cover crop system was maize cultivation after field pea. Maize cultivation systems, especially when it comes to the production for human 
consumption, will increasingly tend to sustainability and the use of alternative measures instead of the pesticide application.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Znornik radova",
title = "Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja, Maize productivity in sustainable system of cultivation",
pages = "72-73",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1001"
}
Simić, M., Dolijanović, Ž., Pejović, M., Brankov, M., Filipovic, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Znornik radova
Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet., 72-73.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1001
Simić M, Dolijanović Ž, Pejović M, Brankov M, Filipovic M, Dragičević V. Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Znornik radova. 2021;:72-73.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1001 .
Simić, Milena, Dolijanović, Željko, Pejović, Marija, Brankov, Milan, Filipovic, Milomir, Dragičević, Vesna, "Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja" in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Znornik radova (2021):72-73,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1001 .

IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides

Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Dragičević, Vesna; Tolimir, Miodrag; Šenk, Milena; Tabaković, Marijenka

(Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/998
AB  - The Integrated Weed Management System has been applied with variable success in many crops since its establishment in 1991. Environmental awareness, growing problems with herbicide resistance and a lack of new active ingredients, resulted in weed control not only with chemicals but also other measures. The aim of the study was to examine long-term IWM
measures - combined application of crop rotation and herbicides on weed biomass and maize yield. The trial has been conducted since 2009, encompassing maize continuous cropping (MC), maize-winter wheat (MW), maize-soybean-winter wheat (MSW) and maize-winter wheat-soybean 
(MWS) rotations. The isoxaflutole + acetochlor mixture at recommended (RR), half of the recommended rate (0.5RR) and no-herbicides (C) were preemergence treatments applied in maize. Weed biomass was recorded from two randomly selected sites in the middle of each plot by square meter method, 6-7 weeks after the application of herbicides. Maize grain yield was calculated at 14% moisture at the end of the growing season. The data were processed by 
ANOVA and LSD-test (α = 0.05). According to the 10-year average, weed biomass had decreased with the application of herbicide 0.5RR by 69.2%, 90.0%, 83.2% and 70.9% and of RR by 79.2%, 94.2%, 93.9% and 81.3% in MC, MW, MSW and MWS rotation, respectively. Herbicide RR was in 
average more effective than 0.5RR by 8.8% while the most effective in weed biomass reduction in average for both herbicide rates were MW and MSW rotations - 94.2% and 93.9%, respectively. Herbicide weed control contributed to the grain yield increase even in MC by 31.0% and 43.1% with 0.5RR and RR, respectively, while MSW was the most effective rotation and increased 
yield by 36.1% and 30.5% with 05.RR and RR, respectively. This indicates a significant correlation between the weed biomass decrease and the maize yield increase, as well as the importance of a preceding crop for maize productivity in integrated crop production systems with reduced herbicide use.
PB  - Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
C3  - International Conference The Frontiers of Science and  Technology in Crop Breeding and  Production Conference, Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of Abstracts
T1  - IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides
SP  - 61
EP  - 61
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_998
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Dragičević, Vesna and Tolimir, Miodrag and Šenk, Milena and Tabaković, Marijenka",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The Integrated Weed Management System has been applied with variable success in many crops since its establishment in 1991. Environmental awareness, growing problems with herbicide resistance and a lack of new active ingredients, resulted in weed control not only with chemicals but also other measures. The aim of the study was to examine long-term IWM
measures - combined application of crop rotation and herbicides on weed biomass and maize yield. The trial has been conducted since 2009, encompassing maize continuous cropping (MC), maize-winter wheat (MW), maize-soybean-winter wheat (MSW) and maize-winter wheat-soybean 
(MWS) rotations. The isoxaflutole + acetochlor mixture at recommended (RR), half of the recommended rate (0.5RR) and no-herbicides (C) were preemergence treatments applied in maize. Weed biomass was recorded from two randomly selected sites in the middle of each plot by square meter method, 6-7 weeks after the application of herbicides. Maize grain yield was calculated at 14% moisture at the end of the growing season. The data were processed by 
ANOVA and LSD-test (α = 0.05). According to the 10-year average, weed biomass had decreased with the application of herbicide 0.5RR by 69.2%, 90.0%, 83.2% and 70.9% and of RR by 79.2%, 94.2%, 93.9% and 81.3% in MC, MW, MSW and MWS rotation, respectively. Herbicide RR was in 
average more effective than 0.5RR by 8.8% while the most effective in weed biomass reduction in average for both herbicide rates were MW and MSW rotations - 94.2% and 93.9%, respectively. Herbicide weed control contributed to the grain yield increase even in MC by 31.0% and 43.1% with 0.5RR and RR, respectively, while MSW was the most effective rotation and increased 
yield by 36.1% and 30.5% with 05.RR and RR, respectively. This indicates a significant correlation between the weed biomass decrease and the maize yield increase, as well as the importance of a preceding crop for maize productivity in integrated crop production systems with reduced herbicide use.",
publisher = "Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "International Conference The Frontiers of Science and  Technology in Crop Breeding and  Production Conference, Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of Abstracts",
title = "IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides",
pages = "61-61",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_998"
}
Simić, M., Brankov, M., Dragičević, V., Tolimir, M., Šenk, M.,& Tabaković, M.. (2021). IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides. in International Conference The Frontiers of Science and  Technology in Crop Breeding and  Production Conference, Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of Abstracts
Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje., 61-61.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_998
Simić M, Brankov M, Dragičević V, Tolimir M, Šenk M, Tabaković M. IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides. in International Conference The Frontiers of Science and  Technology in Crop Breeding and  Production Conference, Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of Abstracts. 2021;:61-61.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_998 .
Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Dragičević, Vesna, Tolimir, Miodrag, Šenk, Milena, Tabaković, Marijenka, "IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides" in International Conference The Frontiers of Science and  Technology in Crop Breeding and  Production Conference, Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of Abstracts (2021):61-61,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_998 .

Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Dolijanović, Željko; Brankov, Milan; Jovanović, Života

(Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Jovanović, Života
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/995
AB  - Prednosti tropoljnog i četvoropoljnog plodoreda u odnosu na dvopoljni 
su smanjena učestalost obrade zemljišta i time ušteda u energentima, manji unos 
mineralnih azotnih đubriva i količine primenjenih herbicida. Istraživanja su imala za 
cilj da ukažu na značaj pravilne smene useva u tropoljnom plodoredu i uporede 
prednosti gajenja kukuruza nakon ozime pšenice ili soje u pogledu smanjenja 
zakorovljenosti, formiranja žetvenog indeksa i prinosa zrna. Rezultati višegodišnjih 
ispitivanja su pokazali da je smena useva u plodoredu značajno doprinela da sveža masa 
korova bude manja a žetveni indeks i prinos zrna kukuruza veći u plodosmeni kukuruz ozima pšenica-soja u odnosu na kukuruz-soja-ozima pšenica.
AB  - The advantages of the three- and four-crop rotations in relation to the two crop rotation are reduced frequency of soil tillage, and thus savings in energy 
sources, lower intake of mineral nitrogen fertilisers and the amount of applied 
herbicides. The aim of the present study was to indicate the importance of a proper 
alternation of crops in the three-crop rotation system and to compare the 
advantages of cultivation of maize after winter wheat or soybean in terms of 
reducing weediness, formation of the harvest index and grain yield. Results of 
long-term studies have shown that the crop sequence significantly contributed to 
the decrease in fresh biomass of weed and the increase in the harvest index and 
grain yield in the maize-winter wheat-soybean rotation in relation to the maize-soybean-winter wheat rotation
PB  - Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet
C3  - 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova
T1  - Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza
T1  - The importance of crop sequence for maize productivity
SP  - 85
EP  - 91
DO  - 10.46793/SBT26.085S
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Dolijanović, Željko and Brankov, Milan and Jovanović, Života",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Prednosti tropoljnog i četvoropoljnog plodoreda u odnosu na dvopoljni 
su smanjena učestalost obrade zemljišta i time ušteda u energentima, manji unos 
mineralnih azotnih đubriva i količine primenjenih herbicida. Istraživanja su imala za 
cilj da ukažu na značaj pravilne smene useva u tropoljnom plodoredu i uporede 
prednosti gajenja kukuruza nakon ozime pšenice ili soje u pogledu smanjenja 
zakorovljenosti, formiranja žetvenog indeksa i prinosa zrna. Rezultati višegodišnjih 
ispitivanja su pokazali da je smena useva u plodoredu značajno doprinela da sveža masa 
korova bude manja a žetveni indeks i prinos zrna kukuruza veći u plodosmeni kukuruz ozima pšenica-soja u odnosu na kukuruz-soja-ozima pšenica., The advantages of the three- and four-crop rotations in relation to the two crop rotation are reduced frequency of soil tillage, and thus savings in energy 
sources, lower intake of mineral nitrogen fertilisers and the amount of applied 
herbicides. The aim of the present study was to indicate the importance of a proper 
alternation of crops in the three-crop rotation system and to compare the 
advantages of cultivation of maize after winter wheat or soybean in terms of 
reducing weediness, formation of the harvest index and grain yield. Results of 
long-term studies have shown that the crop sequence significantly contributed to 
the decrease in fresh biomass of weed and the increase in the harvest index and 
grain yield in the maize-winter wheat-soybean rotation in relation to the maize-soybean-winter wheat rotation",
publisher = "Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet",
journal = "26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova",
title = "Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza, The importance of crop sequence for maize productivity",
pages = "85-91",
doi = "10.46793/SBT26.085S"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Dolijanović, Ž., Brankov, M.,& Jovanović, Ž.. (2021). Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza. in 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova
Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet., 85-91.
https://doi.org/10.46793/SBT26.085S
Simić M, Dragičević V, Dolijanović Ž, Brankov M, Jovanović Ž. Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza. in 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova. 2021;:85-91.
doi:10.46793/SBT26.085S .
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Dolijanović, Željko, Brankov, Milan, Jovanović, Života, "Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza" in 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova (2021):85-91,
https://doi.org/10.46793/SBT26.085S . .
3

Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer

Dragičević, Vesna; Dolijanović, Željko; Janosevic, Biljana; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljković, Milovan M.; Dodevska, Margarita; Simic, Milena

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Janosevic, Biljana
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljković, Milovan M.
AU  - Dodevska, Margarita
AU  - Simic, Milena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/984
AB  - Cover crops (CC) are an important low-input strategy in sustainable agricultural systems. The impact of different CC (common vetch, field pea, winter oats, fodder kale, common vetch + winter oats and field pea + winter oats), organic mulch, control treatment-fallow, and bio-fertilizer (BF) application, on yield and quality of sweet maize kernel was evaluated. CC biomass was higher in mixtures: field pea + winter oats, and common vetch + winter oats, as well as in fodder kale. Kernel yield and its chemical composition varied significantly by CC, BF, year, and their interaction. Organic mulch enhanced the concentration of sugars and glutathione in maize kernel. BF increased kernel yield, the concentration of sugars, vitamin C, Mg, Fe, Zn, and reduced phytate concentration. The highest Mg and Mn concentration in maize kernel was achieved with fodder kale, Zn concentration with common vetch + winter oats + BF, and Fe concentration with winter oats. The same treatments expressed the highest impact on variability in concentration of the phytate, phenolics, and yellow pigment, thus affecting further bio-availability of essential elements. Results indicate that in a semi-arid climate, under rain-fed conditions, CC such as fodder kale and winter oats + common vetch could enhance sweet maize productivity and kernel quality, serving as an important part of a sustainable cropping system, to facilitate food security.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Agronomy
T1  - Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer
VL  - 11
IS  - 5
SP  - 981
DO  - https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Dolijanović, Željko and Janosevic, Biljana and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljković, Milovan M. and Dodevska, Margarita and Simic, Milena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Cover crops (CC) are an important low-input strategy in sustainable agricultural systems. The impact of different CC (common vetch, field pea, winter oats, fodder kale, common vetch + winter oats and field pea + winter oats), organic mulch, control treatment-fallow, and bio-fertilizer (BF) application, on yield and quality of sweet maize kernel was evaluated. CC biomass was higher in mixtures: field pea + winter oats, and common vetch + winter oats, as well as in fodder kale. Kernel yield and its chemical composition varied significantly by CC, BF, year, and their interaction. Organic mulch enhanced the concentration of sugars and glutathione in maize kernel. BF increased kernel yield, the concentration of sugars, vitamin C, Mg, Fe, Zn, and reduced phytate concentration. The highest Mg and Mn concentration in maize kernel was achieved with fodder kale, Zn concentration with common vetch + winter oats + BF, and Fe concentration with winter oats. The same treatments expressed the highest impact on variability in concentration of the phytate, phenolics, and yellow pigment, thus affecting further bio-availability of essential elements. Results indicate that in a semi-arid climate, under rain-fed conditions, CC such as fodder kale and winter oats + common vetch could enhance sweet maize productivity and kernel quality, serving as an important part of a sustainable cropping system, to facilitate food security.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Agronomy",
title = "Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer",
volume = "11",
number = "5",
pages = "981",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981"
}
Dragičević, V., Dolijanović, Ž., Janosevic, B., Brankov, M., Stoiljković, M. M., Dodevska, M.,& Simic, M.. (2021). Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer. in Agronomy
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 11(5), 981.
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981
Dragičević V, Dolijanović Ž, Janosevic B, Brankov M, Stoiljković MM, Dodevska M, Simic M. Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer. in Agronomy. 2021;11(5):981.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Dolijanović, Željko, Janosevic, Biljana, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljković, Milovan M., Dodevska, Margarita, Simic, Milena, "Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer" in Agronomy, 11, no. 5 (2021):981,
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981 . .

Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljković, Milovan; Delić, Nenad; Tolimir, Miodrag; Šenk, Milena

(Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljković, Milovan
AU  - Delić, Nenad
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Šenk, Milena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/942
AB  - Зрно кукуруза је важан извор минералних елемената у људској исхрани. Разлике у
садржају минерала у зрну кукуруза могу зависити од генотипа, система гајења,
примене ђубрива, као и метеоролошких услова. Циљ експеримента је био да се испита
утицај различитих система ђубрења (минерално ђубриво – уреа, органско ђубриво –
Fertor, микробиолошко ђубриво – Team micoriza plus, контрола – без ђубрења) на
принос и промене у садржају P, S, Ca, Mg и Fe у кукурузу белог, жутог и црвеног зрна,
током вегетационе сезоне 2017. и 2018. године. У погледу метеоролошких услова,
уочен је сушан период током јуна–августа 2017., док је 2018. имала равномеран
распоред падавина. Зато је у 2017. просечан принос зрна био скоро двоструко мањи, за
4,6 t ha-1, у односу на 2018. годину, али је у 2017. била знатно виша просечна
концентрација Ca, Mg, S и Fе. Зрно црвеног кукуруза је уз просечно већи принос, било
богатије у садржају Cа, Fе и P, док је, органско ђубриво у највећој мери утицало на
повећање приноса и акумулацију Mg, P и S. Код кукуруза црвеног зрна примена
органског ђубрива је у највећем степену довела до већег приноса, као и концентрације
Mg и P, док је микробиолошко ђубриво повећало концентрацију Ca, а уреа Fе. Једино
је већи ниво S био забележен у контроли код кукуруза жуте боје зрна. Највећа
варирања вредности приноса била су код жутог кукуруза (третман са органским
ђубривом и контрола) и црвеног у третману са уреом, док су највећа варирања P, S, Mg
и Fе била код кукуруза црвеног зрна (третман са микробилошким и органским
ђубривом), као и кукуруза жутог зрна у контроли. Приказани резултати указују да се
преко услова гајења може утицати на накупљање важних минерала у зрну кукуруза и
то посебно црвене боје, које би се стога могло сматрати важним извором P, Cа, Mg и
Fе, док би жуто зрно кукуруза могло представљати значајан извор S.
AB  - Maize kernel is an important source of mineral elements in human nutrition. Differences in
mineral content in maize kernel depend on genotype, cropping systems, fertilization, and
meteorological conditions. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of different
fertilization systems (mineral fertilizer – urea, organic fertilizer – Fertor, biofertilizer – Team
micoriza plus, control – without fertilization) on kernel yield and variations in content of P, S,
Ca, Mg, and Fe in kernel of white, yellow and red maize, during 2017 and 2018.
Meteorological conditions indicated dry period during June–August 2017, while in 2018
precipitations were equally distributed. Therefore, the average yield was almost double lower
in 2017 (to 4.6 t ha-1), compared to 2018, while higher average concentration of Ca, Mg, S,
and Fe in maize kernels was recorded in 2017. With higher average yield, red maize kernel
was richer in Ca, Fe, and P. Organic fertilizer increased average yield, and accumulation of
Mg, P, and S in kernels. In regard to combinations, application of organic fertilizer in red
maize resulted in increase of yield, Mg and P, while the biofertilizer increased Ca and urea
increased Fe concentration in kernel. S concentration achieved the highest value in the
control in yellow maize kernel. The greatest variations of kernel yield were in yellow maize
(treatment with the organic fertilizer and control) and in red maize with the urea treatment,
while the greatest variability of P, S, Mg, and Fe concentration was in red maize kernel
(treatment with the bio- and organic fertilizer), as well as yellow maize kernel in the control.
Presented results indicated that adjustments in growing conditions could impact accumulation
of important minerals in kernel, particularly in red maize, which could be considered as a
significant source of P, CA, Mg, and Fe, while yellow maize kernel could be referred as a
significant source of S.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda
T1  - Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна
T1  - Status of some macro-elements in maize kernel with different colour
SP  - 66
EP  - 67
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_942
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljković, Milovan and Delić, Nenad and Tolimir, Miodrag and Šenk, Milena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Зрно кукуруза је важан извор минералних елемената у људској исхрани. Разлике у
садржају минерала у зрну кукуруза могу зависити од генотипа, система гајења,
примене ђубрива, као и метеоролошких услова. Циљ експеримента је био да се испита
утицај различитих система ђубрења (минерално ђубриво – уреа, органско ђубриво –
Fertor, микробиолошко ђубриво – Team micoriza plus, контрола – без ђубрења) на
принос и промене у садржају P, S, Ca, Mg и Fe у кукурузу белог, жутог и црвеног зрна,
током вегетационе сезоне 2017. и 2018. године. У погледу метеоролошких услова,
уочен је сушан период током јуна–августа 2017., док је 2018. имала равномеран
распоред падавина. Зато је у 2017. просечан принос зрна био скоро двоструко мањи, за
4,6 t ha-1, у односу на 2018. годину, али је у 2017. била знатно виша просечна
концентрација Ca, Mg, S и Fе. Зрно црвеног кукуруза је уз просечно већи принос, било
богатије у садржају Cа, Fе и P, док је, органско ђубриво у највећој мери утицало на
повећање приноса и акумулацију Mg, P и S. Код кукуруза црвеног зрна примена
органског ђубрива је у највећем степену довела до већег приноса, као и концентрације
Mg и P, док је микробиолошко ђубриво повећало концентрацију Ca, а уреа Fе. Једино
је већи ниво S био забележен у контроли код кукуруза жуте боје зрна. Највећа
варирања вредности приноса била су код жутог кукуруза (третман са органским
ђубривом и контрола) и црвеног у третману са уреом, док су највећа варирања P, S, Mg
и Fе била код кукуруза црвеног зрна (третман са микробилошким и органским
ђубривом), као и кукуруза жутог зрна у контроли. Приказани резултати указују да се
преко услова гајења може утицати на накупљање важних минерала у зрну кукуруза и
то посебно црвене боје, које би се стога могло сматрати важним извором P, Cа, Mg и
Fе, док би жуто зрно кукуруза могло представљати значајан извор S., Maize kernel is an important source of mineral elements in human nutrition. Differences in
mineral content in maize kernel depend on genotype, cropping systems, fertilization, and
meteorological conditions. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of different
fertilization systems (mineral fertilizer – urea, organic fertilizer – Fertor, biofertilizer – Team
micoriza plus, control – without fertilization) on kernel yield and variations in content of P, S,
Ca, Mg, and Fe in kernel of white, yellow and red maize, during 2017 and 2018.
Meteorological conditions indicated dry period during June–August 2017, while in 2018
precipitations were equally distributed. Therefore, the average yield was almost double lower
in 2017 (to 4.6 t ha-1), compared to 2018, while higher average concentration of Ca, Mg, S,
and Fe in maize kernels was recorded in 2017. With higher average yield, red maize kernel
was richer in Ca, Fe, and P. Organic fertilizer increased average yield, and accumulation of
Mg, P, and S in kernels. In regard to combinations, application of organic fertilizer in red
maize resulted in increase of yield, Mg and P, while the biofertilizer increased Ca and urea
increased Fe concentration in kernel. S concentration achieved the highest value in the
control in yellow maize kernel. The greatest variations of kernel yield were in yellow maize
(treatment with the organic fertilizer and control) and in red maize with the urea treatment,
while the greatest variability of P, S, Mg, and Fe concentration was in red maize kernel
(treatment with the bio- and organic fertilizer), as well as yellow maize kernel in the control.
Presented results indicated that adjustments in growing conditions could impact accumulation
of important minerals in kernel, particularly in red maize, which could be considered as a
significant source of P, CA, Mg, and Fe, while yellow maize kernel could be referred as a
significant source of S.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda",
title = "Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна, Status of some macro-elements in maize kernel with different colour",
pages = "66-67",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_942"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Stoiljković, M., Delić, N., Tolimir, M.,& Šenk, M.. (2021). Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda
Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet., 66-67.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_942
Dragičević V, Simić M, Brankov M, Stoiljković M, Delić N, Tolimir M, Šenk M. Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda. 2021;:66-67.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_942 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljković, Milovan, Delić, Nenad, Tolimir, Miodrag, Šenk, Milena, "Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна" in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda (2021):66-67,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_942 .

Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains

Dragičević, Vesna; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Simic, Milena; Tabaković, Marijenka; Milenković, Milena; Brankov, Milan

(Belgrade : University of Belgrade, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Milenković, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/938
AB  - Frequent variations and extremes in meteorological factors, affect not just yield, but also grain composition of produced crops. Organic crop production has many challenges, particularly under the rain-fed conditions, when water supply is limited and crops could be additionally subjected to the harsh environment. Aim of the research was to follow variations in grain composition of organically produced spelt wheat (var. Nirvana) and red grain maize (var. Rumenka) during 2011-2017 period, which included meteorologically different seasons. Analysed grain components included essential elements: Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe and Mn (determined by ICP-OES), as well as antioxidants, such as polyphenols, yellow pigments (YP), total glutathione (GSH) and phytate (Phy) (determined spectrophotometrically). Results revealed that the lowest concentrations of polyphenols, YP and GSH and slightly reduced Phy in the grains of both, spelt and maize were present during the season with extremely high precipitation, as 2014 was. Nevertheless, drier seasons had positive impact on the accumulation of all examined antioxidants and the highest values were obtained during meteorologically optimal years. Based on the content of essential elements, 2014 was also important for reduced Mg, Fe, Zn and Mn accumulation in spelt grain. For maize, seasons with drought (2012 and 2013) were significant for reduced accumulation of all examined elements. The highest values of all essential elements were noticed in 2016 and 2017, seasons with relative uniform precipitation distribution and optimal temperature during grain filling periods of spelt and maize. Principal component analysis revealed that drier periods present during grain filling induced high variations of GSH, Phy and Mg concentrations in spelt grain, as well as high variations of YP, Mg, Fe, Mn and Zn concentrations in maize grain. It could be assumed that growing season is an important factor affecting nutritional quality of organically produced crops, such as spelt and maize.
PB  - Belgrade : University of Belgrade
C3  - Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
T1  - Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains
SP  - 92
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_938
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Simic, Milena and Tabaković, Marijenka and Milenković, Milena and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Frequent variations and extremes in meteorological factors, affect not just yield, but also grain composition of produced crops. Organic crop production has many challenges, particularly under the rain-fed conditions, when water supply is limited and crops could be additionally subjected to the harsh environment. Aim of the research was to follow variations in grain composition of organically produced spelt wheat (var. Nirvana) and red grain maize (var. Rumenka) during 2011-2017 period, which included meteorologically different seasons. Analysed grain components included essential elements: Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe and Mn (determined by ICP-OES), as well as antioxidants, such as polyphenols, yellow pigments (YP), total glutathione (GSH) and phytate (Phy) (determined spectrophotometrically). Results revealed that the lowest concentrations of polyphenols, YP and GSH and slightly reduced Phy in the grains of both, spelt and maize were present during the season with extremely high precipitation, as 2014 was. Nevertheless, drier seasons had positive impact on the accumulation of all examined antioxidants and the highest values were obtained during meteorologically optimal years. Based on the content of essential elements, 2014 was also important for reduced Mg, Fe, Zn and Mn accumulation in spelt grain. For maize, seasons with drought (2012 and 2013) were significant for reduced accumulation of all examined elements. The highest values of all essential elements were noticed in 2016 and 2017, seasons with relative uniform precipitation distribution and optimal temperature during grain filling periods of spelt and maize. Principal component analysis revealed that drier periods present during grain filling induced high variations of GSH, Phy and Mg concentrations in spelt grain, as well as high variations of YP, Mg, Fe, Mn and Zn concentrations in maize grain. It could be assumed that growing season is an important factor affecting nutritional quality of organically produced crops, such as spelt and maize.",
publisher = "Belgrade : University of Belgrade",
journal = "Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts",
title = "Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains",
pages = "92",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_938"
}
Dragičević, V., Stoiljkovic, M., Simic, M., Tabaković, M., Milenković, M.,& Brankov, M.. (2021). Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains. in Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : University of Belgrade., 92.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_938
Dragičević V, Stoiljkovic M, Simic M, Tabaković M, Milenković M, Brankov M. Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains. in Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts. 2021;:92.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_938 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Simic, Milena, Tabaković, Marijenka, Milenković, Milena, Brankov, Milan, "Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains" in Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts (2021):92,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_938 .

Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production

Dragičević, Vesna; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Šenk, Milena; Krnjaja, Vesna; Mandić, Violeta; Kresović, Branka

(Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Kresović, Branka
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/941
AB  - Malnutrition is a global problem, hitting both, people and
animals. Due to the many factors, such as climate change, soil depletion,
anthropogenic impact, including irresponsible soil management, high fertilization
rates with macro-nutrients, crops lack in essential nutrients, particularly minerals,
Mg, Fe, Zn, etc., as well as important vitamins, like carotenoids, vitamins from B
group. Also, some arable soils have naturally low fertility. All of that negatively
affect production of domestic animal, including animal health and quality of
livestock products. To mitigate malnutrition, a bio-fortification strategy was
developed. It is based on increase in the concentration of essential nutrients in food
and feed, and also to promote further bio-availability from digestive organs. Biofortification implies various practices. Two main types of bio-fortification were
developed: genetic bio-fortification, and agronomic bio-fortification. The first one
uses standard breeding techniques, marker assistant selection, transgenic
approaches, genome editing, etc., to develop highly-efficient genotypes, that are
able to absorb and accumulate higher concentrations of essential nutrients in
biomass and grains. Agronomic bio-fortification uses different practices, such is
special fertilizers, enriched with essential minerals, foliar fertilizers, bio-fertilizers,
growth hormones and enhancers, and some lesser known sustainable practices, like
inter-cropping, cover cropping, in order to increase crop yields, as well as the
concentration of essential nutrients. The bio-fortification approach, based on the
development and commercialisation of highly efficient genotypes, as well as
agricultural practices that enable and support better absorption and accumulation of
essential nutrients option that is safer for both, people and domestic animals.
Mutual increase in concentration of essential minerals, vitamins, and other
promoting substances is of a particular importance for bio-fortification programs,
increasing efficiency and success of applied practices, thus positively reflecting on
animal health and wellbeing.
AB  - Neishranjenost predstavlja globalni problem, pogađajući i ljude i domaće životinje,
paralelno. Zahvaljujući broujnim faktorima, kao što su promena klime,
ispošćavanje zemljišta, uticaj antropogenog faktora preko neodgovornog
upravljanja zemljištem, visokih unosa mineralnih đubriva baziranih na makroelementima, u usevima se javlja se nedostatak esencijalnih hraniva, kao što su Mg,
Fe, Zn, itd., kao i važnih vitamina, kao što su karotenoidi i vitamini iz B grupe.
Takođe, neke obradive površine imaju prirodno nisku plodnost. Sve navedeno se
negativno odražava na proizvodnju domaćih životinja, uključujući zdravlje
životinja, kao i kvalitet životinjskih proizvoda. Kao odgovor u borbi protiv
neishranjenosti, razvijena je strategija bio-fortifikacije, koja se bazira na povećanju
koncentracije esencijalnih hraniva u hrani i hranivima, kao i većoj pristupačnosti iz
organa za varenje. Bio-fortifikacija koristi različite mere. Dva osnovna tipa biofortifikacije su razvijena: genetička i agronomska bio-fortifikacija. Prva koristi
stndardne tehnike selekcije, marker asastiranu selekciju, transgene pristupe,
editovanje genoma, i dr. u dobijanju vioko-efikasnih genotipova koji su sposobni
da apsorbuju i akumuliraju esencijana hraniva u većim koncentracijama u biomasi i
zrnu. Agrnonomska bio-fortifikacija koristi različite tehnike, kao što je primena
specijalnih đubriva obogaćenih sa esencijalnim mineralima, folijarnih đubriva, hormona i poboljšivača rasta, kao i nekih manje poznatih mera koje se koriste u
održivoj poljoprivredi, kao što su kombinovani i pokrovni usevi, koji su
prvenstveno namenjeni povećanju prinosa, kao i koncentracije esencijalnih hraniva.
Strategija bio-fortifikacije, bazirana na razvijanju i komercijalizaciji visoko
efikasnih genotipova, kao i agronomskih tehnika, koje omogućavaju i podržavaju
bolje usvajanje i akumulaciju esencijanih hraniva je bezbednija opcija i za ljude i
za domaće životinje. Paralelno povećanje koncentracije esentijalnih minerala,
vitamina i drugih supstanci koje pomažu usvajanje je od posebnog značaja za
programe bio-fortifikacije, povećavajući efikasnost i uspešnost primenjenih mera, i
odražavajući se pozitivnona zdravlje i blagostanje domaćih životinja.
PB  - Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry
C3  - 13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings
T1  - Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production
T1  - Biofortifikacija, kao način proizvodnje nutritivno bogate hrane za domaće životinje
SP  - 287
EP  - 307
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_941
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Šenk, Milena and Krnjaja, Vesna and Mandić, Violeta and Kresović, Branka",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Malnutrition is a global problem, hitting both, people and
animals. Due to the many factors, such as climate change, soil depletion,
anthropogenic impact, including irresponsible soil management, high fertilization
rates with macro-nutrients, crops lack in essential nutrients, particularly minerals,
Mg, Fe, Zn, etc., as well as important vitamins, like carotenoids, vitamins from B
group. Also, some arable soils have naturally low fertility. All of that negatively
affect production of domestic animal, including animal health and quality of
livestock products. To mitigate malnutrition, a bio-fortification strategy was
developed. It is based on increase in the concentration of essential nutrients in food
and feed, and also to promote further bio-availability from digestive organs. Biofortification implies various practices. Two main types of bio-fortification were
developed: genetic bio-fortification, and agronomic bio-fortification. The first one
uses standard breeding techniques, marker assistant selection, transgenic
approaches, genome editing, etc., to develop highly-efficient genotypes, that are
able to absorb and accumulate higher concentrations of essential nutrients in
biomass and grains. Agronomic bio-fortification uses different practices, such is
special fertilizers, enriched with essential minerals, foliar fertilizers, bio-fertilizers,
growth hormones and enhancers, and some lesser known sustainable practices, like
inter-cropping, cover cropping, in order to increase crop yields, as well as the
concentration of essential nutrients. The bio-fortification approach, based on the
development and commercialisation of highly efficient genotypes, as well as
agricultural practices that enable and support better absorption and accumulation of
essential nutrients option that is safer for both, people and domestic animals.
Mutual increase in concentration of essential minerals, vitamins, and other
promoting substances is of a particular importance for bio-fortification programs,
increasing efficiency and success of applied practices, thus positively reflecting on
animal health and wellbeing., Neishranjenost predstavlja globalni problem, pogađajući i ljude i domaće životinje,
paralelno. Zahvaljujući broujnim faktorima, kao što su promena klime,
ispošćavanje zemljišta, uticaj antropogenog faktora preko neodgovornog
upravljanja zemljištem, visokih unosa mineralnih đubriva baziranih na makroelementima, u usevima se javlja se nedostatak esencijalnih hraniva, kao što su Mg,
Fe, Zn, itd., kao i važnih vitamina, kao što su karotenoidi i vitamini iz B grupe.
Takođe, neke obradive površine imaju prirodno nisku plodnost. Sve navedeno se
negativno odražava na proizvodnju domaćih životinja, uključujući zdravlje
životinja, kao i kvalitet životinjskih proizvoda. Kao odgovor u borbi protiv
neishranjenosti, razvijena je strategija bio-fortifikacije, koja se bazira na povećanju
koncentracije esencijalnih hraniva u hrani i hranivima, kao i većoj pristupačnosti iz
organa za varenje. Bio-fortifikacija koristi različite mere. Dva osnovna tipa biofortifikacije su razvijena: genetička i agronomska bio-fortifikacija. Prva koristi
stndardne tehnike selekcije, marker asastiranu selekciju, transgene pristupe,
editovanje genoma, i dr. u dobijanju vioko-efikasnih genotipova koji su sposobni
da apsorbuju i akumuliraju esencijana hraniva u većim koncentracijama u biomasi i
zrnu. Agrnonomska bio-fortifikacija koristi različite tehnike, kao što je primena
specijalnih đubriva obogaćenih sa esencijalnim mineralima, folijarnih đubriva, hormona i poboljšivača rasta, kao i nekih manje poznatih mera koje se koriste u
održivoj poljoprivredi, kao što su kombinovani i pokrovni usevi, koji su
prvenstveno namenjeni povećanju prinosa, kao i koncentracije esencijalnih hraniva.
Strategija bio-fortifikacije, bazirana na razvijanju i komercijalizaciji visoko
efikasnih genotipova, kao i agronomskih tehnika, koje omogućavaju i podržavaju
bolje usvajanje i akumulaciju esencijanih hraniva je bezbednija opcija i za ljude i
za domaće životinje. Paralelno povećanje koncentracije esentijalnih minerala,
vitamina i drugih supstanci koje pomažu usvajanje je od posebnog značaja za
programe bio-fortifikacije, povećavajući efikasnost i uspešnost primenjenih mera, i
odražavajući se pozitivnona zdravlje i blagostanje domaćih životinja.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry",
journal = "13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings",
title = "Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production, Biofortifikacija, kao način proizvodnje nutritivno bogate hrane za domaće životinje",
pages = "287-307",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_941"
}
Dragičević, V., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Šenk, M., Krnjaja, V., Mandić, V.,& Kresović, B.. (2021). Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production. in 13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings
Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry., 287-307.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_941
Dragičević V, Simic M, Brankov M, Šenk M, Krnjaja V, Mandić V, Kresović B. Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production. in 13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings. 2021;:287-307.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_941 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Šenk, Milena, Krnjaja, Vesna, Mandić, Violeta, Kresović, Branka, "Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production" in 13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings (2021):287-307,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_941 .

Relationship between structural elements of seeds and physiological traites of maize hybrid seeds

Tabaković, Marijenka; Simic, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Brankov, Milan; Milenković, Milena; Stanisavljević, Rade; Štrbanović, Ratibor

(Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Milenković, Milena
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Štrbanović, Ratibor
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/894
AB  - The exepression of morphological and physiological traits depends primarily on the hybrid
combination and then on the ecological conditions of the environment. The material used in these
studies were performed with maize hybrids from the maturity group (FAO 600), within the groups
we had two hybrids (H1, H2) derived at the Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje and produced in
two locations. Seeds for laboratory testing were divided into six fractions (SP, SO, SSP, SSO, KP,
KO) and after that working samples of 10x100 seeds were formed. Under laboratory conditions, the
following seed traits were analysed: 1000-seed dry weight prior to germination (M2), seedling dry
waight (M3), ensosperm dry weight afret to germination (M1), seed emergence (IV), germination
rate. The aim of this study was to determine the difference in seedling dry weight and endosperm
dry weight after to germination according to seeds fraction and hybrid combination. The averge of
1000- seed dry weight in both hybrids is 315.0 g. The weight of the M3 ranged between 17.7 g. and
19.9 g. The difference in M3 between seeds of different sizes is significant for SP and all other
fractions except for KP. M1 ranged from 235.5g. do 360.0 g. M1 differed significantly between SP,
SO, KP, and KO. M1 and M2 did not influence the formation of the sedling dry weight. Ek differs
according to the shape of the seed, the seed of flat fractions has an energy> 80%, while the seed of
round fractions is <77%. The rate of seed germination ranged from 84-100%. Flat fractions had
more affected rate germination than round ones. The hybrid combination and seed fraction was
statistically significant for all observed traits. The effect of genotype x location and genotype x
fraction interactions was the most important on the formation of seed weight. Sedling seed is the
first stage in the formation of a seed crop. The rate of seed sedling formation and its weight are
important aspects of the success of further production
AB  - Ispoljavanje morfoloških i fizioloških osobina zavise u prvom redu od hibidne kombinacije a potom
od ekoloških uslova sredine. Materijal korišćen u ovim istraživanjima su hibridi kukuruza iz grupe
zrenja (FAO 600), u okviru grupe imali smo dva hibrida (H1, H2) Instituta za kukuruz Zemun
Polje, na dve lokacije. Seme za laboratorijska ispitivnja podeljeno je na šest frakcija (SP, SO, SSP,
SSO, KP, KO), radni uzorci su formirani veličine 10x100 semena. U ovom radu prikazani su
rezultati za: suvu masu semena pre klijanja (M2), masu suvog klijanca (M3), masu suvog
endosperma posle klijanja (M1), energiju klijanja (Eg), brzina klijanja. Cilj rada je bio utvrđivanje
razlika u masi klice i masi endosperma posle klijanja prema krupnoći semena i hibridnoj
kombinaciji. Prosek apsolutne mase semena kod oba hibrida iznosi 315,0 gr. Masa suve klice M3
kretala se između 17,7g. i 19,9 g. Razlika u M3 između semena različite krupnoće značajno je za SP
i sve ostale frakcije sem za KP. Masa M1 kretala se od 235,5g. do 360,0 g. M1 razlikovala se
značajno između SP, SO, KP i KO. Na formiranje M3 nije imala uticaj M1 i M2. Ek se razlikuje
prema obliku semena, seme pljosnatih frakcija ima energiju > 80%, dok je seme okruglih frakcija
<77%. Pljosnate frakcije imale su veći značaj za energiju sklijanja i brzinu klijanja od okruglih.
Posmatrani faktori, hibridna kombinacija i frakcija značajne su za ne faktore. Brzina nicanja i težina
klijanaca važni su aspekti za dalju stabilnu proizvodnju.
PB  - Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture
PB  - Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku u poljoprivredi
C3  - Seventh Internacional conference sustainable postharvest and food technologies – INOPTEP 2021 and XXXIII National conference processing and energy in agriculrure – PTEP, Vršac. 18 – 23. April, Book of abstracts,
T1  - Relationship between structural elements of seeds and physiological traites of maize hybrid seeds
T1  - Odnos strukturnih elemenata semena i fizioloških osobina semena hibrida kukuruza
SP  - 129
EP  - 130
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_894
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Tabaković, Marijenka and Simic, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Brankov, Milan and Milenković, Milena and Stanisavljević, Rade and Štrbanović, Ratibor",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The exepression of morphological and physiological traits depends primarily on the hybrid
combination and then on the ecological conditions of the environment. The material used in these
studies were performed with maize hybrids from the maturity group (FAO 600), within the groups
we had two hybrids (H1, H2) derived at the Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje and produced in
two locations. Seeds for laboratory testing were divided into six fractions (SP, SO, SSP, SSO, KP,
KO) and after that working samples of 10x100 seeds were formed. Under laboratory conditions, the
following seed traits were analysed: 1000-seed dry weight prior to germination (M2), seedling dry
waight (M3), ensosperm dry weight afret to germination (M1), seed emergence (IV), germination
rate. The aim of this study was to determine the difference in seedling dry weight and endosperm
dry weight after to germination according to seeds fraction and hybrid combination. The averge of
1000- seed dry weight in both hybrids is 315.0 g. The weight of the M3 ranged between 17.7 g. and
19.9 g. The difference in M3 between seeds of different sizes is significant for SP and all other
fractions except for KP. M1 ranged from 235.5g. do 360.0 g. M1 differed significantly between SP,
SO, KP, and KO. M1 and M2 did not influence the formation of the sedling dry weight. Ek differs
according to the shape of the seed, the seed of flat fractions has an energy> 80%, while the seed of
round fractions is <77%. The rate of seed germination ranged from 84-100%. Flat fractions had
more affected rate germination than round ones. The hybrid combination and seed fraction was
statistically significant for all observed traits. The effect of genotype x location and genotype x
fraction interactions was the most important on the formation of seed weight. Sedling seed is the
first stage in the formation of a seed crop. The rate of seed sedling formation and its weight are
important aspects of the success of further production, Ispoljavanje morfoloških i fizioloških osobina zavise u prvom redu od hibidne kombinacije a potom
od ekoloških uslova sredine. Materijal korišćen u ovim istraživanjima su hibridi kukuruza iz grupe
zrenja (FAO 600), u okviru grupe imali smo dva hibrida (H1, H2) Instituta za kukuruz Zemun
Polje, na dve lokacije. Seme za laboratorijska ispitivnja podeljeno je na šest frakcija (SP, SO, SSP,
SSO, KP, KO), radni uzorci su formirani veličine 10x100 semena. U ovom radu prikazani su
rezultati za: suvu masu semena pre klijanja (M2), masu suvog klijanca (M3), masu suvog
endosperma posle klijanja (M1), energiju klijanja (Eg), brzina klijanja. Cilj rada je bio utvrđivanje
razlika u masi klice i masi endosperma posle klijanja prema krupnoći semena i hibridnoj
kombinaciji. Prosek apsolutne mase semena kod oba hibrida iznosi 315,0 gr. Masa suve klice M3
kretala se između 17,7g. i 19,9 g. Razlika u M3 između semena različite krupnoće značajno je za SP
i sve ostale frakcije sem za KP. Masa M1 kretala se od 235,5g. do 360,0 g. M1 razlikovala se
značajno između SP, SO, KP i KO. Na formiranje M3 nije imala uticaj M1 i M2. Ek se razlikuje
prema obliku semena, seme pljosnatih frakcija ima energiju > 80%, dok je seme okruglih frakcija
<77%. Pljosnate frakcije imale su veći značaj za energiju sklijanja i brzinu klijanja od okruglih.
Posmatrani faktori, hibridna kombinacija i frakcija značajne su za ne faktore. Brzina nicanja i težina
klijanaca važni su aspekti za dalju stabilnu proizvodnju.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku u poljoprivredi",
journal = "Seventh Internacional conference sustainable postharvest and food technologies – INOPTEP 2021 and XXXIII National conference processing and energy in agriculrure – PTEP, Vršac. 18 – 23. April, Book of abstracts,",
title = "Relationship between structural elements of seeds and physiological traites of maize hybrid seeds, Odnos strukturnih elemenata semena i fizioloških osobina semena hibrida kukuruza",
pages = "129-130",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_894"
}
Tabaković, M., Simic, M., Dragičević, V., Brankov, M., Milenković, M., Stanisavljević, R.,& Štrbanović, R.. (2021). Relationship between structural elements of seeds and physiological traites of maize hybrid seeds. in Seventh Internacional conference sustainable postharvest and food technologies – INOPTEP 2021 and XXXIII National conference processing and energy in agriculrure – PTEP, Vršac. 18 – 23. April, Book of abstracts,
Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture., 129-130.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_894
Tabaković M, Simic M, Dragičević V, Brankov M, Milenković M, Stanisavljević R, Štrbanović R. Relationship between structural elements of seeds and physiological traites of maize hybrid seeds. in Seventh Internacional conference sustainable postharvest and food technologies – INOPTEP 2021 and XXXIII National conference processing and energy in agriculrure – PTEP, Vršac. 18 – 23. April, Book of abstracts,. 2021;:129-130.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_894 .
Tabaković, Marijenka, Simic, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Brankov, Milan, Milenković, Milena, Stanisavljević, Rade, Štrbanović, Ratibor, "Relationship between structural elements of seeds and physiological traites of maize hybrid seeds" in Seventh Internacional conference sustainable postharvest and food technologies – INOPTEP 2021 and XXXIII National conference processing and energy in agriculrure – PTEP, Vršac. 18 – 23. April, Book of abstracts, (2021):129-130,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_894 .

Zombor

Filipović, Milomir; Čamdžija, Zoran; Obradović, Ana; Brankov, Milan

(2021)

TY  - PAT
AU  - Filipović, Milomir
AU  - Čamdžija, Zoran
AU  - Obradović, Ana
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1075
T2  - Rešenje:320-04-02298/2/2019-11
T1  - Zombor
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1075
ER  - 
@misc{
author = "Filipović, Milomir and Čamdžija, Zoran and Obradović, Ana and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2021",
journal = "Rešenje:320-04-02298/2/2019-11",
title = "Zombor",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1075"
}
Filipović, M., Čamdžija, Z., Obradović, A.,& Brankov, M.. (2021). Zombor. in Rešenje:320-04-02298/2/2019-11.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1075
Filipović M, Čamdžija Z, Obradović A, Brankov M. Zombor. in Rešenje:320-04-02298/2/2019-11. 2021;.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1075 .
Filipović, Milomir, Čamdžija, Zoran, Obradović, Ana, Brankov, Milan, "Zombor" in Rešenje:320-04-02298/2/2019-11 (2021),
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1075 .

The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food

Dragičević, Vesna; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Šenk, Milena; Dodevska, Margarita

(Belgrade : Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade-National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Dodevska, Margarita
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1060
AB  - Industrialization of agriculture, as the main food source, resolved the problem 
of food quantity, but other problems, present in environment degradation and 
hidden malnutrition (deficiency in essential minerals and vitamins) were 
upraised. The situation is aggravating when climate change was taken into 
account, whereas conventional agriculture is highly contributing to climate 
change. Thus, a shift to sustainability paradigm and systems are a necessary 
solution. Sustainable systems combine various measures to achieve a high and 
nutrient dense yield of agricultural crops and to preserve or improve agro ecosystem. Soil recovery could be realized by increasing soil organic matter, 
diversity of soil microbiota and other organisms, as a part of the agro ecosystem balance, thus contributing to the increased productivity and food 
quality. Together, sustainable agriculture and sustainable food systems, have an 
important role in the health enhancement of humankind and the agro ecosystem.
PB  - Belgrade : Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade-National Institute of the Republic of Serbia
C3  - 7. Workshop Specific methods for food safety and quality, Belgrade, 22.09.2021. godine - Proceedings
T1  - The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food
SP  - 157
EP  - 163
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1060
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Šenk, Milena and Dodevska, Margarita",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Industrialization of agriculture, as the main food source, resolved the problem 
of food quantity, but other problems, present in environment degradation and 
hidden malnutrition (deficiency in essential minerals and vitamins) were 
upraised. The situation is aggravating when climate change was taken into 
account, whereas conventional agriculture is highly contributing to climate 
change. Thus, a shift to sustainability paradigm and systems are a necessary 
solution. Sustainable systems combine various measures to achieve a high and 
nutrient dense yield of agricultural crops and to preserve or improve agro ecosystem. Soil recovery could be realized by increasing soil organic matter, 
diversity of soil microbiota and other organisms, as a part of the agro ecosystem balance, thus contributing to the increased productivity and food 
quality. Together, sustainable agriculture and sustainable food systems, have an 
important role in the health enhancement of humankind and the agro ecosystem.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade-National Institute of the Republic of Serbia",
journal = "7. Workshop Specific methods for food safety and quality, Belgrade, 22.09.2021. godine - Proceedings",
title = "The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food",
pages = "157-163",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1060"
}
Dragičević, V., Stoiljkovic, M., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Šenk, M.,& Dodevska, M.. (2021). The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food. in 7. Workshop Specific methods for food safety and quality, Belgrade, 22.09.2021. godine - Proceedings
Belgrade : Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade-National Institute of the Republic of Serbia., 157-163.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1060
Dragičević V, Stoiljkovic M, Simić M, Brankov M, Šenk M, Dodevska M. The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food. in 7. Workshop Specific methods for food safety and quality, Belgrade, 22.09.2021. godine - Proceedings. 2021;:157-163.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1060 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Šenk, Milena, Dodevska, Margarita, "The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food" in 7. Workshop Specific methods for food safety and quality, Belgrade, 22.09.2021. godine - Proceedings (2021):157-163,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1060 .