Kandić, Vesna

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Authority KeyName Variants
orcid::0000-0003-1999-2030
  • Kandić, Vesna (38)
Projects
Biotechnological approaches for overcoming effects of drought on agricultural production in Serbia Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200040 (Maize Research Institute 'Zemun Polje', Belgrade-Zemun)
Study of the genetic basis of improving yield and quality of small grains in different environmental conditions Utilization of plant sources of protein, dietary fiber and antioxidants in food production
Advancing research in agricultural and food sciences at Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade CREDIT Vibes—Twinning Green Editing Vibes for FuuD (grant no. 101059942)
EU-FP7 Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship award - 254064 Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 200054 (Research and Development Institute TAMIS)
Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200189 (University of Priština - Kosovska Mitrovica, Faculty of Agiculture, Lešak) Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200216 (Institute for Vegetable Crops, Smederevska Palanka)
Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200222 (Institute for Food Technology, Novi Sad) Identifikacija genotipova kukuruza i soje za proizvodnju hrane i biogorivo
Exploitation of maize diversity to improve grain quality and drought tolerance Ministry of Science, Technological Development and Innovation of the Republic of Serbia (grant no. 451-03-47/2023-01/200040)

Author's Bibliography

Molekularna identifikacija vrste Fusarium verticillioides patogena zrna strnih žita

Savić, Iva; Lucev, Milica; Nikolić, Ana; Kandić, Vesna; Vico, Ivana; Duduk, Natasa; Stanković, Slavica

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Lucev, Milica
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Vico, Ivana
AU  - Duduk, Natasa
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1326
AB  - Gljive roda Fusarium spadaju u grupu ekonomski značajnih prouzrokovača fuzarioze klasa strnih žita. Vrsta Fusarium verticillioides je kosmopolitski rasprostranjena, ekonomski značajna i toksigena vrsta. Primarni domaćin ove vrste je kukuruz, ali je njeno prisustvo zabeleženo i na pšenici, durum pšenici i ječmu.
Za potrebe izolacije DNK zasejano je 36 izolata Fusarium spp. koji su gajeni na KDA podlozi, 7 dana u termostatu pri temperaturi od 25°C.
Molekularna identifikacija i karakterizacija izvršena je primenom prajmera specifičnih za vrstu F. verticillioides. Specifični prajmeri koji su korišćeni za identifikaciju su VER1/VER2, zasnovani na genu za kalmodulin, i FV-F2/FV-FR, zasnovani na gaoB genu. Odabranih 14 izolata je okarakterisano na osnovu tri regiona: ITS regiona primenom prajmera ITS1 i ITS4. ITS region je univerzalni region za identifikaciju gljiva. Zatim, izolati su okarakterisani i na osnovu delu gena za elongacioni faktor (TEF 1-α regiona) pomoću prajmera EF1/EF2. TEF 1-α region je primarni region za identifikaciju vrste F. verticillioides. Takođe identifikacija je izvršena i na osnovu delu gena za RNK polimerazu (RPB2) primenom 7cf/11ar prajmera. RPB2 region je sekundarni barkod marker za identifikaciju vrste F. verticillioides. Sekvenciranjem tri regiona dobijene su sekvence na osnovu kojih su rekonstruisana filogenetska stabla za svaki region posebno. 
Od 36 izolata, kod 14 izolata dobijeni su amplikoni očekivanih veličina sa prajmerima VER1/VER2 i FV-F2/FV-R. Identifikacija ovih izolata potvrđena je i na osnovu sva tri regiona (ITS, TEF1-α i RPB2).
AB  - Fungi of the genus Fusarium belong to the group of economically important species that cause fusariosis on small grain cereals. The species Fusarium verticillioides is a cosmopolitan, economically important and toxigenic species. The primary host of this species is maize, but its presence has also been detected on wheat, durum wheat and barley.
For the purposes of DNA isolation, 36 isolates of Fusarium spp. were grown on PDA medium, for 7 days in a thermostat at a temperature of 25°C.
Molecular identification and characterization was performed using primers specific for the species F. verticillioides. The specific primers used for identification were VER1/VER2, based on the calmodulin gene, and FV-F2/FV-FR, based on the gaoB gene. The selected 14 isolates were characterized based on three regions: ITS region using primers ITS1 and ITS4. The ITS region is a universal region for fungal identification. Then, the isolates were characterized based on part of the elongation factor gene (TEF 1-α region) using EF1/EF2 primers. The TEF 1-α region is the primary region for identification F. verticillioides. Identification was also performed based on part of the gene for RNA polymerase (RPB2) using the 7cf/11ar primer. The RPB2 region is a secondary barcode marker for species identification of F. verticillioides. By sequencing three regions, sequences were obtained on the basis of which phylogenetic trees were reconstructed for each region separately.
Out of 36 isolates, 14 isolates obtained amplicons of expected sizes with primers VER1/VER2 and FV-F2/FV-R. The identification of these isolates was confirmed based on all three regions (ITS, TEF1-α and RPB2).
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije
C3  - 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
T1  - Molekularna identifikacija vrste Fusarium verticillioides patogena zrna strnih žita
T1  - Molecular identification of Fusarium verticillioides pathogen of small grain kernels
SP  - 69
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1326
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Savić, Iva and Lucev, Milica and Nikolić, Ana and Kandić, Vesna and Vico, Ivana and Duduk, Natasa and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Gljive roda Fusarium spadaju u grupu ekonomski značajnih prouzrokovača fuzarioze klasa strnih žita. Vrsta Fusarium verticillioides je kosmopolitski rasprostranjena, ekonomski značajna i toksigena vrsta. Primarni domaćin ove vrste je kukuruz, ali je njeno prisustvo zabeleženo i na pšenici, durum pšenici i ječmu.
Za potrebe izolacije DNK zasejano je 36 izolata Fusarium spp. koji su gajeni na KDA podlozi, 7 dana u termostatu pri temperaturi od 25°C.
Molekularna identifikacija i karakterizacija izvršena je primenom prajmera specifičnih za vrstu F. verticillioides. Specifični prajmeri koji su korišćeni za identifikaciju su VER1/VER2, zasnovani na genu za kalmodulin, i FV-F2/FV-FR, zasnovani na gaoB genu. Odabranih 14 izolata je okarakterisano na osnovu tri regiona: ITS regiona primenom prajmera ITS1 i ITS4. ITS region je univerzalni region za identifikaciju gljiva. Zatim, izolati su okarakterisani i na osnovu delu gena za elongacioni faktor (TEF 1-α regiona) pomoću prajmera EF1/EF2. TEF 1-α region je primarni region za identifikaciju vrste F. verticillioides. Takođe identifikacija je izvršena i na osnovu delu gena za RNK polimerazu (RPB2) primenom 7cf/11ar prajmera. RPB2 region je sekundarni barkod marker za identifikaciju vrste F. verticillioides. Sekvenciranjem tri regiona dobijene su sekvence na osnovu kojih su rekonstruisana filogenetska stabla za svaki region posebno. 
Od 36 izolata, kod 14 izolata dobijeni su amplikoni očekivanih veličina sa prajmerima VER1/VER2 i FV-F2/FV-R. Identifikacija ovih izolata potvrđena je i na osnovu sva tri regiona (ITS, TEF1-α i RPB2)., Fungi of the genus Fusarium belong to the group of economically important species that cause fusariosis on small grain cereals. The species Fusarium verticillioides is a cosmopolitan, economically important and toxigenic species. The primary host of this species is maize, but its presence has also been detected on wheat, durum wheat and barley.
For the purposes of DNA isolation, 36 isolates of Fusarium spp. were grown on PDA medium, for 7 days in a thermostat at a temperature of 25°C.
Molecular identification and characterization was performed using primers specific for the species F. verticillioides. The specific primers used for identification were VER1/VER2, based on the calmodulin gene, and FV-F2/FV-FR, based on the gaoB gene. The selected 14 isolates were characterized based on three regions: ITS region using primers ITS1 and ITS4. The ITS region is a universal region for fungal identification. Then, the isolates were characterized based on part of the elongation factor gene (TEF 1-α region) using EF1/EF2 primers. The TEF 1-α region is the primary region for identification F. verticillioides. Identification was also performed based on part of the gene for RNA polymerase (RPB2) using the 7cf/11ar primer. The RPB2 region is a secondary barcode marker for species identification of F. verticillioides. By sequencing three regions, sequences were obtained on the basis of which phylogenetic trees were reconstructed for each region separately.
Out of 36 isolates, 14 isolates obtained amplicons of expected sizes with primers VER1/VER2 and FV-F2/FV-R. The identification of these isolates was confirmed based on all three regions (ITS, TEF1-α and RPB2).",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije",
journal = "10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta",
title = "Molekularna identifikacija vrste Fusarium verticillioides patogena zrna strnih žita, Molecular identification of Fusarium verticillioides pathogen of small grain kernels",
pages = "69",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1326"
}
Savić, I., Lucev, M., Nikolić, A., Kandić, V., Vico, I., Duduk, N.,& Stanković, S.. (2023). Molekularna identifikacija vrste Fusarium verticillioides patogena zrna strnih žita. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbije., 69.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1326
Savić I, Lucev M, Nikolić A, Kandić V, Vico I, Duduk N, Stanković S. Molekularna identifikacija vrste Fusarium verticillioides patogena zrna strnih žita. in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta. 2023;:69.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1326 .
Savić, Iva, Lucev, Milica, Nikolić, Ana, Kandić, Vesna, Vico, Ivana, Duduk, Natasa, Stanković, Slavica, "Molekularna identifikacija vrste Fusarium verticillioides patogena zrna strnih žita" in 10. simpozijum Društva selekcionera i semenara Republike Srbije i 7. simpozijum Sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama Društva genetičara Srbije, Vrnjačka Banja, 16-18. oktobar 2023, Zbornik apstrakta (2023):69,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1326 .

First report of Aspergillus welwitschiae causing maize ear rot in Serbia

Nikolić, Milica; Savić, Iva; Nikolić, Ana; Stevanović, Milan; Kandić, Vesna; Stanković, Goran; Stanković, Slavica

(The American Phytopathological Society, 2023)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Stevanović, Milan
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Stanković, Goran
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1315
AB  - In recent years, countries in Southeast Europe are facing climate changes characterized by extreme hot weather, which contribute to the increased frequency of Aspergillus species. Because of these changes, Aspergillus  parasiticus  was  isolated,  for  the  first  time,  from  maize  grain  in  Serbia (Nikolic et al, 2018). The presence of black powdery mycelia on maize ears indicated occurrence of species of the genus Aspergillus section Nigri, which led to the need for detailed identification of these fungi. Disease incidence ranged from 10 and 15% in August 2013. Maize ears with black powdery symptoms were collected from field in Zemun Polje, Serbia. Symptomatic kernels were surface  sterilized  with  1%  sodium  hypochlorite  solution  for  3  min,  rinsed  three  times  with sterilized  water,  then  incubated  at  25°C  in  the  dark  for  7  days  on  potato  dextrose  agar  (PDA). Twenty  isolates  were  identified  as  genus Aspergillus section Nigri.  Monospore  cultures  formed black cottony colonies with a yellowish border on PDA. The average colony diameter was 50 mm. In  order  to  reliably  identify,  isolates  were  transferred  to  Malt  Extract  agar  (MEA)  and  Czapek Yeast Autolysate agar (CYA) (Samson et al, 2014). On CYA fungal colonies consisted of a white mycelium, covered by a layer of black conidiophores. On MEA fungal colonies were dense, black, with  yellowish  border.  The  reverse  side  was  colorless  to  pale  yellow,  with  a  yellow  ring  in  the middle. The average size of conidia was 4.3 μm. The conidia were globose to sub-globose, smooth to  roughened,  which  coincides  with  previous  research  (Silva  et  al,  2020).  Given  that  the  fungi Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus welwitschiae are morphologically indistinguishable (Susca et al, 2016), species level identification was completed by analysis of a partial sequence of the internal Page 1 of 5transcribed spacer (ITS) region (ITS1/ITS4 primers) and calmodulin gene (CMD5/CMD6 primers) (Samson et al., 2014).  The sequences were compared with the sequences of A. welwitschiae strains registered in the GenBank database based on nucleotide similarity, and results showed 99,64 and 100% similarity with ITS (OL711714) and calmodulin (KX894585), respectively. The sequence was deposited in GenBank with accession numbers OQ456471 (ITS) and OQ426518 (calmodulin). We also confirmed the presence of this species with specific primers (AWEL1/AWEL2) designed by Susca et al. 2020. Pathogenicity test was performed in Zemun Polje on the same maize hybrid from which the fungal species was isolated. Using artificial inoculations by the injecting conidial suspension into the silk channel, three days after 50% of plants reached the silking stage. Twenty ears were inoculated with each isolate, in four replicates (Reid et al, 1996). Inoculum was prepared from 7-day-old colonies on PDA, and 2 ml of a conidial suspension (1×106 spores/ml) was used. Control plants were inoculated with sterile water. All inoculated ears showed symptoms, similar to those from field infections. Control ears were symptomless. The fungus was reisolated and was morphologically  identical  to  the  original  isolates,  thus  completing  Koch’s  postulates.  Based  on molecular,   morphological   and   pathogenic   properties,   the   isolates   were   identified   as A. welwitschiae. This is the first report of A. welwitschiae as the causal agent of black maize ear rot not only in Serbia, but also in the other countries of the Western Balkans. Given that the fungus A. welwitschiae  synthesizes  both  ochratoxin  A  (OTA)  (Battilani  et  al,  2006)  and  fumonisin  (FB) (Frisvad  et  al,  2011),  further  studies  should  be  focused  on  assessment  its  aggressiveness  and toxicological profile.
PB  - The American Phytopathological Society
T2  - Plant Disease
T1  - First report of Aspergillus welwitschiae causing maize ear rot in Serbia
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1315
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Milica and Savić, Iva and Nikolić, Ana and Stevanović, Milan and Kandić, Vesna and Stanković, Goran and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2023",
abstract = "In recent years, countries in Southeast Europe are facing climate changes characterized by extreme hot weather, which contribute to the increased frequency of Aspergillus species. Because of these changes, Aspergillus  parasiticus  was  isolated,  for  the  first  time,  from  maize  grain  in  Serbia (Nikolic et al, 2018). The presence of black powdery mycelia on maize ears indicated occurrence of species of the genus Aspergillus section Nigri, which led to the need for detailed identification of these fungi. Disease incidence ranged from 10 and 15% in August 2013. Maize ears with black powdery symptoms were collected from field in Zemun Polje, Serbia. Symptomatic kernels were surface  sterilized  with  1%  sodium  hypochlorite  solution  for  3  min,  rinsed  three  times  with sterilized  water,  then  incubated  at  25°C  in  the  dark  for  7  days  on  potato  dextrose  agar  (PDA). Twenty  isolates  were  identified  as  genus Aspergillus section Nigri.  Monospore  cultures  formed black cottony colonies with a yellowish border on PDA. The average colony diameter was 50 mm. In  order  to  reliably  identify,  isolates  were  transferred  to  Malt  Extract  agar  (MEA)  and  Czapek Yeast Autolysate agar (CYA) (Samson et al, 2014). On CYA fungal colonies consisted of a white mycelium, covered by a layer of black conidiophores. On MEA fungal colonies were dense, black, with  yellowish  border.  The  reverse  side  was  colorless  to  pale  yellow,  with  a  yellow  ring  in  the middle. The average size of conidia was 4.3 μm. The conidia were globose to sub-globose, smooth to  roughened,  which  coincides  with  previous  research  (Silva  et  al,  2020).  Given  that  the  fungi Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus welwitschiae are morphologically indistinguishable (Susca et al, 2016), species level identification was completed by analysis of a partial sequence of the internal Page 1 of 5transcribed spacer (ITS) region (ITS1/ITS4 primers) and calmodulin gene (CMD5/CMD6 primers) (Samson et al., 2014).  The sequences were compared with the sequences of A. welwitschiae strains registered in the GenBank database based on nucleotide similarity, and results showed 99,64 and 100% similarity with ITS (OL711714) and calmodulin (KX894585), respectively. The sequence was deposited in GenBank with accession numbers OQ456471 (ITS) and OQ426518 (calmodulin). We also confirmed the presence of this species with specific primers (AWEL1/AWEL2) designed by Susca et al. 2020. Pathogenicity test was performed in Zemun Polje on the same maize hybrid from which the fungal species was isolated. Using artificial inoculations by the injecting conidial suspension into the silk channel, three days after 50% of plants reached the silking stage. Twenty ears were inoculated with each isolate, in four replicates (Reid et al, 1996). Inoculum was prepared from 7-day-old colonies on PDA, and 2 ml of a conidial suspension (1×106 spores/ml) was used. Control plants were inoculated with sterile water. All inoculated ears showed symptoms, similar to those from field infections. Control ears were symptomless. The fungus was reisolated and was morphologically  identical  to  the  original  isolates,  thus  completing  Koch’s  postulates.  Based  on molecular,   morphological   and   pathogenic   properties,   the   isolates   were   identified   as A. welwitschiae. This is the first report of A. welwitschiae as the causal agent of black maize ear rot not only in Serbia, but also in the other countries of the Western Balkans. Given that the fungus A. welwitschiae  synthesizes  both  ochratoxin  A  (OTA)  (Battilani  et  al,  2006)  and  fumonisin  (FB) (Frisvad  et  al,  2011),  further  studies  should  be  focused  on  assessment  its  aggressiveness  and toxicological profile.",
publisher = "The American Phytopathological Society",
journal = "Plant Disease",
title = "First report of Aspergillus welwitschiae causing maize ear rot in Serbia",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1315"
}
Nikolić, M., Savić, I., Nikolić, A., Stevanović, M., Kandić, V., Stanković, G.,& Stanković, S.. (2023). First report of Aspergillus welwitschiae causing maize ear rot in Serbia. in Plant Disease
The American Phytopathological Society..
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1315
Nikolić M, Savić I, Nikolić A, Stevanović M, Kandić V, Stanković G, Stanković S. First report of Aspergillus welwitschiae causing maize ear rot in Serbia. in Plant Disease. 2023;.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1315 .
Nikolić, Milica, Savić, Iva, Nikolić, Ana, Stevanović, Milan, Kandić, Vesna, Stanković, Goran, Stanković, Slavica, "First report of Aspergillus welwitschiae causing maize ear rot in Serbia" in Plant Disease (2023),
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1315 .

Assessing the Potential of Old and Modern Serbian Wheat Genotypes: Yield Components and Nutritional Profiles in a Comprehensive Study

Urošević, Dušan; Knežević, Desimir; Đurić, Nenad; Matković Stojšin, Mirela; Kandić, Vesna; Mićanović, Danica; Stojiljković, Jelena; Zečević, Veselinka

(MDPI, 2023)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Urošević, Dušan
AU  - Knežević, Desimir
AU  - Đurić, Nenad
AU  - Matković Stojšin, Mirela
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Mićanović, Danica
AU  - Stojiljković, Jelena
AU  - Zečević, Veselinka
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1173
AB  - Creating wheat genotypes characterized by high grain yield, high protein content, and favorable amino acid composition is the main goal of breeders, especially in developing countries where wheat is a staple food. An experiment with 20 wheat genotypes, released through breeding activities in the Serbian region at different periods and adapted to its pedoclimatic conditions, was conducted with the aim of determining the genetic potential of the analyzed genotypes for grain yield and quality. Due to the divergence of the examined wheat germplasm, the factor of genotype had the largest share in the variation of all yield parameters (>66%). The genotypes Zadruga and Agrounija exhibited superior abilities for overall grain yield. Also, genotype Zadruga stood out in a distinct cluster group due to high values of both thousand grain weight and grain yield per plant. A continuous improvement in protein content was found, with newer genotypes having 17.13% higher protein content compared with older genotypes. Genotype Sloga stood out with the highest protein content (13.93%). On the other hand, the old genotype Balkan was distinguished by the highest content of nonessential amino acids (61.5 g 100 g−1 protein), which makes it a good genetic resource. Genotypes Agrounija (32.62 g 100 g−1 protein) and Tanjugovka (32.47 g 100 g−1 protein) had the highest content of essential amino acids. The highest AAS value was established for tryptophan (1.81) and the lowest for lysine (0.61). Genotypes Tanjugovka and Zadruga had the highest AAS, i.e., protein completeness. The genotypes Zadruga, Tanjugovka, Agrounija, and Sloga have demonstrated high-yield capacity and possess a favorable amino acid profile, making them promising candidates for enhancing the nutritional quality of wheat and potentially benefiting human health.
PB  - MDPI
T2  - Agronomy (Special Issue Genetic Potentials and Breeding Progress in Cereal Grains)
T1  - Assessing the Potential of Old and Modern Serbian Wheat Genotypes: Yield Components and Nutritional Profiles in a Comprehensive Study
VL  - 13
IS  - 9
SP  - 2426
DO  - 10.3390/agronomy13092426
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Urošević, Dušan and Knežević, Desimir and Đurić, Nenad and Matković Stojšin, Mirela and Kandić, Vesna and Mićanović, Danica and Stojiljković, Jelena and Zečević, Veselinka",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Creating wheat genotypes characterized by high grain yield, high protein content, and favorable amino acid composition is the main goal of breeders, especially in developing countries where wheat is a staple food. An experiment with 20 wheat genotypes, released through breeding activities in the Serbian region at different periods and adapted to its pedoclimatic conditions, was conducted with the aim of determining the genetic potential of the analyzed genotypes for grain yield and quality. Due to the divergence of the examined wheat germplasm, the factor of genotype had the largest share in the variation of all yield parameters (>66%). The genotypes Zadruga and Agrounija exhibited superior abilities for overall grain yield. Also, genotype Zadruga stood out in a distinct cluster group due to high values of both thousand grain weight and grain yield per plant. A continuous improvement in protein content was found, with newer genotypes having 17.13% higher protein content compared with older genotypes. Genotype Sloga stood out with the highest protein content (13.93%). On the other hand, the old genotype Balkan was distinguished by the highest content of nonessential amino acids (61.5 g 100 g−1 protein), which makes it a good genetic resource. Genotypes Agrounija (32.62 g 100 g−1 protein) and Tanjugovka (32.47 g 100 g−1 protein) had the highest content of essential amino acids. The highest AAS value was established for tryptophan (1.81) and the lowest for lysine (0.61). Genotypes Tanjugovka and Zadruga had the highest AAS, i.e., protein completeness. The genotypes Zadruga, Tanjugovka, Agrounija, and Sloga have demonstrated high-yield capacity and possess a favorable amino acid profile, making them promising candidates for enhancing the nutritional quality of wheat and potentially benefiting human health.",
publisher = "MDPI",
journal = "Agronomy (Special Issue Genetic Potentials and Breeding Progress in Cereal Grains)",
title = "Assessing the Potential of Old and Modern Serbian Wheat Genotypes: Yield Components and Nutritional Profiles in a Comprehensive Study",
volume = "13",
number = "9",
pages = "2426",
doi = "10.3390/agronomy13092426"
}
Urošević, D., Knežević, D., Đurić, N., Matković Stojšin, M., Kandić, V., Mićanović, D., Stojiljković, J.,& Zečević, V.. (2023). Assessing the Potential of Old and Modern Serbian Wheat Genotypes: Yield Components and Nutritional Profiles in a Comprehensive Study. in Agronomy (Special Issue Genetic Potentials and Breeding Progress in Cereal Grains)
MDPI., 13(9), 2426.
https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy13092426
Urošević D, Knežević D, Đurić N, Matković Stojšin M, Kandić V, Mićanović D, Stojiljković J, Zečević V. Assessing the Potential of Old and Modern Serbian Wheat Genotypes: Yield Components and Nutritional Profiles in a Comprehensive Study. in Agronomy (Special Issue Genetic Potentials and Breeding Progress in Cereal Grains). 2023;13(9):2426.
doi:10.3390/agronomy13092426 .
Urošević, Dušan, Knežević, Desimir, Đurić, Nenad, Matković Stojšin, Mirela, Kandić, Vesna, Mićanović, Danica, Stojiljković, Jelena, Zečević, Veselinka, "Assessing the Potential of Old and Modern Serbian Wheat Genotypes: Yield Components and Nutritional Profiles in a Comprehensive Study" in Agronomy (Special Issue Genetic Potentials and Breeding Progress in Cereal Grains), 13, no. 9 (2023):2426,
https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy13092426 . .

Occurrence of toxigenic fungi on spelt grain with special reference to Aspergillus species

Nikolić, Milica; Savić, Iva; Kandić, Vesna; Stevanovic, Milan; Stanković, Slavica

(University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Stevanovic, Milan
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1313
AB  - In recent years, public attention has increasingly focused on the production and
consumption of high quality safe food. Changes in the dietary trend have
influenced the formation of specific market requirements that have led to the
fact that in the diet are increasingly used alternative cereals of high nutritional
value, in addition to conventional. The ancient wheat species spelt [Triticum
aestivum subsp. spelta (L.) Thell.] has a growing interest due to its various
health benefits. Due to its biological and agronomic characteristics, spelt takes
an important place among alternative cereals. The aim of this study was to
investigate the natural occurrence of pathogenic and toxigenic fungi on seven
breeding lines of spelt grains in 2021 grown in Zemun Polje, Serbia. Based on
morphological properties (colony and spore appearance) it was determined that
breeding line 6337 was the least infected (2,2%) and that the peeled grains had
a lower degree of infection compared to grains with glumes. Glumes have been
shown to be a physical protection against pathogens. Mycological analyses
confirmed the presence Aspergillus spp., Alternaria spp., Fusarium spp. which
were the most prevalent. Considering the average values, the most frequent
were Aspergillus section Nigri (1,64%). Significance of Aspergillus section
Nigri is reflected not only in the deterioration of spelt grain yield, quality and
large economic losses but also in the fact that many species of this genus
produce toxic metabolites (mycotoxins), which are harmful to human and
animal health. Climate change and high adaptability and resistance of toxigenic
Aspergillus species are cited as the reason for this phenomenon.
PB  - University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture
C3  - Book of Abstracts of the XI International Symposium of Agricultural Sciences  "Agrores 2022"
T1  - Occurrence of toxigenic fungi on spelt grain with special  reference to Aspergillus species
SP  - 92
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1313
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Nikolić, Milica and Savić, Iva and Kandić, Vesna and Stevanovic, Milan and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2022",
abstract = "In recent years, public attention has increasingly focused on the production and
consumption of high quality safe food. Changes in the dietary trend have
influenced the formation of specific market requirements that have led to the
fact that in the diet are increasingly used alternative cereals of high nutritional
value, in addition to conventional. The ancient wheat species spelt [Triticum
aestivum subsp. spelta (L.) Thell.] has a growing interest due to its various
health benefits. Due to its biological and agronomic characteristics, spelt takes
an important place among alternative cereals. The aim of this study was to
investigate the natural occurrence of pathogenic and toxigenic fungi on seven
breeding lines of spelt grains in 2021 grown in Zemun Polje, Serbia. Based on
morphological properties (colony and spore appearance) it was determined that
breeding line 6337 was the least infected (2,2%) and that the peeled grains had
a lower degree of infection compared to grains with glumes. Glumes have been
shown to be a physical protection against pathogens. Mycological analyses
confirmed the presence Aspergillus spp., Alternaria spp., Fusarium spp. which
were the most prevalent. Considering the average values, the most frequent
were Aspergillus section Nigri (1,64%). Significance of Aspergillus section
Nigri is reflected not only in the deterioration of spelt grain yield, quality and
large economic losses but also in the fact that many species of this genus
produce toxic metabolites (mycotoxins), which are harmful to human and
animal health. Climate change and high adaptability and resistance of toxigenic
Aspergillus species are cited as the reason for this phenomenon.",
publisher = "University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture",
journal = "Book of Abstracts of the XI International Symposium of Agricultural Sciences  "Agrores 2022"",
title = "Occurrence of toxigenic fungi on spelt grain with special  reference to Aspergillus species",
pages = "92",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1313"
}
Nikolić, M., Savić, I., Kandić, V., Stevanovic, M.,& Stanković, S.. (2022). Occurrence of toxigenic fungi on spelt grain with special  reference to Aspergillus species. in Book of Abstracts of the XI International Symposium of Agricultural Sciences  "Agrores 2022"
University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture., 92.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1313
Nikolić M, Savić I, Kandić V, Stevanovic M, Stanković S. Occurrence of toxigenic fungi on spelt grain with special  reference to Aspergillus species. in Book of Abstracts of the XI International Symposium of Agricultural Sciences  "Agrores 2022". 2022;:92.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1313 .
Nikolić, Milica, Savić, Iva, Kandić, Vesna, Stevanovic, Milan, Stanković, Slavica, "Occurrence of toxigenic fungi on spelt grain with special  reference to Aspergillus species" in Book of Abstracts of the XI International Symposium of Agricultural Sciences  "Agrores 2022" (2022):92,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1313 .

Cereal grain with low acrylamide formation potential as a raw material for safer cereal-based food products in Serbia

Nikolić, Valentina; Žilić, Slađana; Simić, Marijana; Kravić, Natalija; Kandić, Vesna; Brankov, Milan; Vasić, Marko G.

(Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Kravić, Natalija
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Vasić, Marko G.
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1120
AB  - The presence of acrylamide, a mutagen and a Group 2A carcinogen, in food, is a health concern
that might raise cancer risk. Acrylamide is mainly formed in the Maillard reaction between free
asparagine and reducing sugars, during industrial thermal food processing or home cooking, at
a temperature over 120°C. The European Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/2158 established
mitigation measures and benchmarks for acrylamide levels in some food categories, which
were incorporated into the Serbian regulation. Research shows that cereal-based products may
bring about 20-60% of acrylamide intake. In Serbia, there are no guidelines for the cultivation
of cereals with a reduced potential for acrylamide formation. Knowing that the amount of free
asparagine is proportional to the formation of acrylamide in the majority of food products,
one of the key approaches is to select the ingredients with a lower level of asparagine. Studies
indicate that applying foliar fertilizers with increased sulfur content in some cereals influences
the decrease of free asparagine synthesis in grain, lowering the acrylamide potential in cerealbased foods. Furthermore, the choice of the appropriate raw material and production parameters
can significantly influence the formation of acrylamide in food products. This review aims to
provide insight into current strategies for the mitigation of acrylamide in cereal-based foods, as
the status of acrylamide in Serbian regulations
AB  - Prisustvo akrilamida, mutagena i kancerogena grupe 2A, u hrani, predstavlja zdravstveni problem koji može povećati rizik od raka. Akrilamid se uglavnom formira u Majarovoj reakciji između slobodnog asparagina i redukujuc'ih šec'era, tokom industrijske termičke obrade hrane ili kuvanja kod kuće, na temperaturi iznad 120°C. Uredbom Evropske komisije (EU) 2017/2158 su utvrđene mere ublažavanja i granične vrednosti za sadržaj akrilamida u nekim kategorijama hrane, koje su uvršćene u srpsku regulativu. Istraživanja pokazuju da proizvodi na bazi žitarica mogu dovesti do 20-60% unosa akrilamida. U Srbiji ne postoje smernice za gajenje žitarica sa smanjenim potencijalom za stvaranje akrilamida. S' obzirom na to da je količina slobodnog asparagina proporcionalna formiranju akrilamida u većini prehrambenih proizvoda, jedan od ključnih pristupa predstavlja odabir sastojaka nižeg sadržaja asparagina. Istraživanja pokazuju da kod nekih žitarica, primena folijarnog đubriva sa povec'anim sadržajem sumpora utiče na smanjenje sinteze slobodnog asparagina u zrnu, smanjujuc'i potencijal akrilamida u namirnicama na bazi žitarica. Takođe, izbor odgovarajuće sirovine i proizvodnih parametara može značajno uticati na formiranje akrilamida u prehrambenim proizvodima.Ovaj pregledni rad ima za cilj da pruži uvid u aktuelne strategije za snižavanje akrilamida u namirnicama na bazi žitarica i status akrilamida u srpskim propisima.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije
T2  - Selekcija i semenarstvo
T1  - Cereal grain with low acrylamide formation potential as a raw material for safer cereal-based food products in Serbia
T1  - Zrno žitarica sa niskim potencijalom za formiranje akrilamida kao sirovina za bezbednije prehrambene proizvode na bazi žitarica u Srbiji
VL  - 28
IS  - 2
SP  - 13
EP  - 21
DO  - 10.5937/SelSem2202013N
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Žilić, Slađana and Simić, Marijana and Kravić, Natalija and Kandić, Vesna and Brankov, Milan and Vasić, Marko G.",
year = "2022",
abstract = "The presence of acrylamide, a mutagen and a Group 2A carcinogen, in food, is a health concern
that might raise cancer risk. Acrylamide is mainly formed in the Maillard reaction between free
asparagine and reducing sugars, during industrial thermal food processing or home cooking, at
a temperature over 120°C. The European Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/2158 established
mitigation measures and benchmarks for acrylamide levels in some food categories, which
were incorporated into the Serbian regulation. Research shows that cereal-based products may
bring about 20-60% of acrylamide intake. In Serbia, there are no guidelines for the cultivation
of cereals with a reduced potential for acrylamide formation. Knowing that the amount of free
asparagine is proportional to the formation of acrylamide in the majority of food products,
one of the key approaches is to select the ingredients with a lower level of asparagine. Studies
indicate that applying foliar fertilizers with increased sulfur content in some cereals influences
the decrease of free asparagine synthesis in grain, lowering the acrylamide potential in cerealbased foods. Furthermore, the choice of the appropriate raw material and production parameters
can significantly influence the formation of acrylamide in food products. This review aims to
provide insight into current strategies for the mitigation of acrylamide in cereal-based foods, as
the status of acrylamide in Serbian regulations, Prisustvo akrilamida, mutagena i kancerogena grupe 2A, u hrani, predstavlja zdravstveni problem koji može povećati rizik od raka. Akrilamid se uglavnom formira u Majarovoj reakciji između slobodnog asparagina i redukujuc'ih šec'era, tokom industrijske termičke obrade hrane ili kuvanja kod kuće, na temperaturi iznad 120°C. Uredbom Evropske komisije (EU) 2017/2158 su utvrđene mere ublažavanja i granične vrednosti za sadržaj akrilamida u nekim kategorijama hrane, koje su uvršćene u srpsku regulativu. Istraživanja pokazuju da proizvodi na bazi žitarica mogu dovesti do 20-60% unosa akrilamida. U Srbiji ne postoje smernice za gajenje žitarica sa smanjenim potencijalom za stvaranje akrilamida. S' obzirom na to da je količina slobodnog asparagina proporcionalna formiranju akrilamida u većini prehrambenih proizvoda, jedan od ključnih pristupa predstavlja odabir sastojaka nižeg sadržaja asparagina. Istraživanja pokazuju da kod nekih žitarica, primena folijarnog đubriva sa povec'anim sadržajem sumpora utiče na smanjenje sinteze slobodnog asparagina u zrnu, smanjujuc'i potencijal akrilamida u namirnicama na bazi žitarica. Takođe, izbor odgovarajuće sirovine i proizvodnih parametara može značajno uticati na formiranje akrilamida u prehrambenim proizvodima.Ovaj pregledni rad ima za cilj da pruži uvid u aktuelne strategije za snižavanje akrilamida u namirnicama na bazi žitarica i status akrilamida u srpskim propisima.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije",
journal = "Selekcija i semenarstvo",
title = "Cereal grain with low acrylamide formation potential as a raw material for safer cereal-based food products in Serbia, Zrno žitarica sa niskim potencijalom za formiranje akrilamida kao sirovina za bezbednije prehrambene proizvode na bazi žitarica u Srbiji",
volume = "28",
number = "2",
pages = "13-21",
doi = "10.5937/SelSem2202013N"
}
Nikolić, V., Žilić, S., Simić, M., Kravić, N., Kandić, V., Brankov, M.,& Vasić, M. G.. (2022). Cereal grain with low acrylamide formation potential as a raw material for safer cereal-based food products in Serbia. in Selekcija i semenarstvo
Beograd : Društvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije., 28(2), 13-21.
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2202013N
Nikolić V, Žilić S, Simić M, Kravić N, Kandić V, Brankov M, Vasić MG. Cereal grain with low acrylamide formation potential as a raw material for safer cereal-based food products in Serbia. in Selekcija i semenarstvo. 2022;28(2):13-21.
doi:10.5937/SelSem2202013N .
Nikolić, Valentina, Žilić, Slađana, Simić, Marijana, Kravić, Natalija, Kandić, Vesna, Brankov, Milan, Vasić, Marko G., "Cereal grain with low acrylamide formation potential as a raw material for safer cereal-based food products in Serbia" in Selekcija i semenarstvo, 28, no. 2 (2022):13-21,
https://doi.org/10.5937/SelSem2202013N . .

The overview on the fumonisins presence in durum wheat in Serbia during the period 2015-2019

Savić, Iva; Nikolić, Milica; Kandić, Vesna; Stevanovic, Milan; Stanković, Slavica

(Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Stevanovic, Milan
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1320
AB  - Durum wheat is a cereal with high range of vitamins, minerals and other nutritional compounds
which are important in human nutrition. Durum wheat selection programs in Serbia are smaller in
scope compared to bread wheat, but this does not diminish their importance. Good grain quality
is essential for the grinding and food industry. Therefore, it is important that durum wheat is safe
to consume. Fumonisins are mycotoxins synthesized mainly by fungi of the genus Fusarium.
These toxins occur usually in maize and maize products, although their presence has also been
reported in other cereals such as wheat and barley. In a five years period, 2015-2019, durum
wheat samples were tested for the presence of fumonisin. Samples were collected from different
plots in the Zemun Polje. Each year, 10 randomly selected durum wheat grain samples were
tested. The grains were dried, ground and analyzed for the presence of fumonisin. The analysis
was performed by ELISA (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) using a kit for fumonisin,
Tecna, Italy. The highest concentrations of fumonisin were recorded in 2016 when the values
ranged 30.602-43.930 ppm. Medium concentrations (8.872-18.477 ppm) of synthesized
fumonisin were recorded in 2015, while in other years (2017, 2018 and 2019) fumonisins were
observed in low concentrations (0.024-6.124 ppm). Since previous analyzes have shown that
fumonisins are present in durum wheat every year, it is necessary to continue monitoring their
appearance in durum wheat, as well as in other small grains.
PB  - Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture
C3  - 12. international scientific agriculture symposium "Agrosym 2021" - Book of abstracts
T1  - The overview on the fumonisins presence in durum wheat in Serbia during the period 2015-2019
SP  - 357
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1320
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Savić, Iva and Nikolić, Milica and Kandić, Vesna and Stevanovic, Milan and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Durum wheat is a cereal with high range of vitamins, minerals and other nutritional compounds
which are important in human nutrition. Durum wheat selection programs in Serbia are smaller in
scope compared to bread wheat, but this does not diminish their importance. Good grain quality
is essential for the grinding and food industry. Therefore, it is important that durum wheat is safe
to consume. Fumonisins are mycotoxins synthesized mainly by fungi of the genus Fusarium.
These toxins occur usually in maize and maize products, although their presence has also been
reported in other cereals such as wheat and barley. In a five years period, 2015-2019, durum
wheat samples were tested for the presence of fumonisin. Samples were collected from different
plots in the Zemun Polje. Each year, 10 randomly selected durum wheat grain samples were
tested. The grains were dried, ground and analyzed for the presence of fumonisin. The analysis
was performed by ELISA (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) using a kit for fumonisin,
Tecna, Italy. The highest concentrations of fumonisin were recorded in 2016 when the values
ranged 30.602-43.930 ppm. Medium concentrations (8.872-18.477 ppm) of synthesized
fumonisin were recorded in 2015, while in other years (2017, 2018 and 2019) fumonisins were
observed in low concentrations (0.024-6.124 ppm). Since previous analyzes have shown that
fumonisins are present in durum wheat every year, it is necessary to continue monitoring their
appearance in durum wheat, as well as in other small grains.",
publisher = "Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture",
journal = "12. international scientific agriculture symposium "Agrosym 2021" - Book of abstracts",
title = "The overview on the fumonisins presence in durum wheat in Serbia during the period 2015-2019",
pages = "357",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1320"
}
Savić, I., Nikolić, M., Kandić, V., Stevanovic, M.,& Stanković, S.. (2021). The overview on the fumonisins presence in durum wheat in Serbia during the period 2015-2019. in 12. international scientific agriculture symposium "Agrosym 2021" - Book of abstracts
Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture., 357.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1320
Savić I, Nikolić M, Kandić V, Stevanovic M, Stanković S. The overview on the fumonisins presence in durum wheat in Serbia during the period 2015-2019. in 12. international scientific agriculture symposium "Agrosym 2021" - Book of abstracts. 2021;:357.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1320 .
Savić, Iva, Nikolić, Milica, Kandić, Vesna, Stevanovic, Milan, Stanković, Slavica, "The overview on the fumonisins presence in durum wheat in Serbia during the period 2015-2019" in 12. international scientific agriculture symposium "Agrosym 2021" - Book of abstracts (2021):357,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1320 .

Effects of ascorbic acid and sugar on instrumental and sensory properties of composite breads

Simić, Marijana; Šimurina, Olivera; Nježić, Zvonko; Vančetović, Jelena; Kandić, Vesna; Nikolić, Valentina; Žilić, Slađana

(Novi Sad : University of Novi Sad, Institute of Food Technology (FINS), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Šimurina, Olivera
AU  - Nježić, Zvonko
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/859
AB  - The present study was carried out to demonstrate the combined effects of different maize flour, ascorbic acid and sugar on the physical, textural and sensory properties of composite breads. The composite flour was prepared using 70% of wheat flour and 30% of flour obtained from grain of differently colored maize-light blue, blue, red and yellow maize flour. Chemical characterization of composite flours made with four different types of maize was also assessed. Furthermore, the content of total phenolics, flavonoids, anthocyanins, phenolic acids and antioxidant capacity in composite flours was determined. A total of 12 breads were prepared, four of which were control composite breads, four breads with ascorbic acid, and four were breads with ascorbic acid and sugar. The content of total phenolic compounds showed clear differences among all composite flours. The anthocyanins content determined in composite flours was in the following descending order: blue>red>light blue, while in the yellow maize composite flour anthocyanins were not detected. The results showed that the addition of AsA (0.025%) and sugar (5%) negatively affected the volume as well as the specific volume of composite wheat-maize breads. The texture analysis showed that the addition of AsA in the amount of 0.025% had no impact on springiness, cohesiveness and resilience of bread crumb, while it increased crumb hardness. However, composite breads made with AsA and AsA/sugar showed a more compact structure, with a larger number of cells and smaller mean cell areas. AsA/sugar bread samples within the tested doses had the lowest springiness, which is indicative of brittleness and reflects the tendency of the bread to crumble when slicing. Results of the sensory evaluation revealed that the AsA and sugar addition had a generally positive effect on the investigated sensory attributes.
AB  - U ovom radu, ispitivan je zajednički uticaj brašna kukuruza različite boje zrna,
askorbinske kiseline i šećera na fizička, teksturna i senzorna svojstva mešanog pšenično-
kukuruznog hleba. Smeša brašna je pripremljena od 70% pšeničnog brašna i 30% brašna
dobijenog od različito obojenog kukuruznog zrna – svetloplavog, plavog, crvenog i žutog.
Izvršena je i hemijska karakterizacija pšenično-kukuruznih smeša brašna. U pšenično-
kukuruznim smešama brašna određen je sadržaj ukupnih fenola, flavonoida, antocijana,
fenolnih kiselina i antioksidativni kapacitet. Ukupno je pripremljeno 12 hlebova, od kojih
su četiri bila kontrolna, četiri sa askorbinskom kiselinom i četiri hleba sa askorbinskom
kiselinom i šećerom. Sadržaj ukupnih fenolnih jedinjenja pokazao je jasne razlike između
svih pšenično-kukuruznih smeša brašna. Sadržaj antocijana je u smešama pšenično-
kukuruznog brašna imao sledeći opadajući redosled: smeša sa plavim
kukuruzom>crvenim kukuruzom>svetlo plavim kukuruzom, dok u smeši pšeničnog
brašna i brašna žutog kukuruza antocijani nisu detektovani. Rezultati su pokazali da je
dodatak askorbinske kiseline (0,025%) i šećera (5%) negativno uticao na zapreminu kao i
na specifičnu zapreminu mešanih pšenično-kukuruznih hlebova. Analiza teksture je
pokazala da dodatak askorbinske kiseline u količini od 0,025% nije uticao na elastičnost,
kohezivnost i elastičnost sredine hleba, ali je povećao tvrdoću sredine. Međutim, mešani
pšenično-kukuruzni hlebovi sa dodatkom askorbinske kiseline i askorbinske kiseline i
šećera, su pokazali kompaktniju strukturu sa većim brojem pora. Uzorci hleba sa
askorbinskom kiselinom i šećerom u ispitivanim dozama imali su najmanju elastičnost,
što ukazuje na krtost i odražava se na mrvljenje hleba prilikom sečenja. Rezultati
senzorne analize pokazali su da je dodatak askorbinske kiseline i šećera generalno imao
pozitivan uticaj na ispitivana senzorna svojstva.
PB  - Novi Sad : University of Novi Sad, Institute of Food Technology (FINS)
PB  - Novi Sad : Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Naučni institut za prehrambene tehnologije
T2  - Food and Feed Research
T1  - Effects of ascorbic acid and sugar on instrumental and sensory properties of composite breads
T1  - Uticaj askorbinske kiseline i šećera na fizička, teksturna i senzorna svojstva mešanih pšenično-kukuruznih hlebova
VL  - 48
IS  - 2
SP  - 185
EP  - 200
DO  - 10.5937/ffr48-34944
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Simić, Marijana and Šimurina, Olivera and Nježić, Zvonko and Vančetović, Jelena and Kandić, Vesna and Nikolić, Valentina and Žilić, Slađana",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The present study was carried out to demonstrate the combined effects of different maize flour, ascorbic acid and sugar on the physical, textural and sensory properties of composite breads. The composite flour was prepared using 70% of wheat flour and 30% of flour obtained from grain of differently colored maize-light blue, blue, red and yellow maize flour. Chemical characterization of composite flours made with four different types of maize was also assessed. Furthermore, the content of total phenolics, flavonoids, anthocyanins, phenolic acids and antioxidant capacity in composite flours was determined. A total of 12 breads were prepared, four of which were control composite breads, four breads with ascorbic acid, and four were breads with ascorbic acid and sugar. The content of total phenolic compounds showed clear differences among all composite flours. The anthocyanins content determined in composite flours was in the following descending order: blue>red>light blue, while in the yellow maize composite flour anthocyanins were not detected. The results showed that the addition of AsA (0.025%) and sugar (5%) negatively affected the volume as well as the specific volume of composite wheat-maize breads. The texture analysis showed that the addition of AsA in the amount of 0.025% had no impact on springiness, cohesiveness and resilience of bread crumb, while it increased crumb hardness. However, composite breads made with AsA and AsA/sugar showed a more compact structure, with a larger number of cells and smaller mean cell areas. AsA/sugar bread samples within the tested doses had the lowest springiness, which is indicative of brittleness and reflects the tendency of the bread to crumble when slicing. Results of the sensory evaluation revealed that the AsA and sugar addition had a generally positive effect on the investigated sensory attributes., U ovom radu, ispitivan je zajednički uticaj brašna kukuruza različite boje zrna,
askorbinske kiseline i šećera na fizička, teksturna i senzorna svojstva mešanog pšenično-
kukuruznog hleba. Smeša brašna je pripremljena od 70% pšeničnog brašna i 30% brašna
dobijenog od različito obojenog kukuruznog zrna – svetloplavog, plavog, crvenog i žutog.
Izvršena je i hemijska karakterizacija pšenično-kukuruznih smeša brašna. U pšenično-
kukuruznim smešama brašna određen je sadržaj ukupnih fenola, flavonoida, antocijana,
fenolnih kiselina i antioksidativni kapacitet. Ukupno je pripremljeno 12 hlebova, od kojih
su četiri bila kontrolna, četiri sa askorbinskom kiselinom i četiri hleba sa askorbinskom
kiselinom i šećerom. Sadržaj ukupnih fenolnih jedinjenja pokazao je jasne razlike između
svih pšenično-kukuruznih smeša brašna. Sadržaj antocijana je u smešama pšenično-
kukuruznog brašna imao sledeći opadajući redosled: smeša sa plavim
kukuruzom>crvenim kukuruzom>svetlo plavim kukuruzom, dok u smeši pšeničnog
brašna i brašna žutog kukuruza antocijani nisu detektovani. Rezultati su pokazali da je
dodatak askorbinske kiseline (0,025%) i šećera (5%) negativno uticao na zapreminu kao i
na specifičnu zapreminu mešanih pšenično-kukuruznih hlebova. Analiza teksture je
pokazala da dodatak askorbinske kiseline u količini od 0,025% nije uticao na elastičnost,
kohezivnost i elastičnost sredine hleba, ali je povećao tvrdoću sredine. Međutim, mešani
pšenično-kukuruzni hlebovi sa dodatkom askorbinske kiseline i askorbinske kiseline i
šećera, su pokazali kompaktniju strukturu sa većim brojem pora. Uzorci hleba sa
askorbinskom kiselinom i šećerom u ispitivanim dozama imali su najmanju elastičnost,
što ukazuje na krtost i odražava se na mrvljenje hleba prilikom sečenja. Rezultati
senzorne analize pokazali su da je dodatak askorbinske kiseline i šećera generalno imao
pozitivan uticaj na ispitivana senzorna svojstva.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : University of Novi Sad, Institute of Food Technology (FINS), Novi Sad : Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Naučni institut za prehrambene tehnologije",
journal = "Food and Feed Research",
title = "Effects of ascorbic acid and sugar on instrumental and sensory properties of composite breads, Uticaj askorbinske kiseline i šećera na fizička, teksturna i senzorna svojstva mešanih pšenično-kukuruznih hlebova",
volume = "48",
number = "2",
pages = "185-200",
doi = "10.5937/ffr48-34944"
}
Simić, M., Šimurina, O., Nježić, Z., Vančetović, J., Kandić, V., Nikolić, V.,& Žilić, S.. (2021). Effects of ascorbic acid and sugar on instrumental and sensory properties of composite breads. in Food and Feed Research
Novi Sad : University of Novi Sad, Institute of Food Technology (FINS)., 48(2), 185-200.
https://doi.org/10.5937/ffr48-34944
Simić M, Šimurina O, Nježić Z, Vančetović J, Kandić V, Nikolić V, Žilić S. Effects of ascorbic acid and sugar on instrumental and sensory properties of composite breads. in Food and Feed Research. 2021;48(2):185-200.
doi:10.5937/ffr48-34944 .
Simić, Marijana, Šimurina, Olivera, Nježić, Zvonko, Vančetović, Jelena, Kandić, Vesna, Nikolić, Valentina, Žilić, Slađana, "Effects of ascorbic acid and sugar on instrumental and sensory properties of composite breads" in Food and Feed Research, 48, no. 2 (2021):185-200,
https://doi.org/10.5937/ffr48-34944 . .
2

Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia

Nikolić, Milica; Savić, Iva; Nikolić, Ana; Jauković, Marko; Kandić, Vesna; Stevanović, Milan; Stanković, Slavica

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Jauković, Marko
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Stevanović, Milan
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/836
AB  - In Serbia, aspergillus ear rot caused by the disease pathogen Aspergillus parasiticus
(A. parasiticus) was first detected in 2012 under both field and storage conditions. Global climate
shifts, primarily warming, favour the contamination of maize with aflatoxins in temperate climates,
including Serbia. A five-year study (2012–2016) comprising of 46 A. parasiticus strains isolated from
maize kernels was performed to observe the morphological, molecular, pathogenic, and toxigenic
traits of this pathogen. The HPLC method was applied to evaluate mycotoxin concentrations in this
causal agent. The A. parasiticus isolates synthesised mainly aflatoxin AFB1 (84.78%). The percentage
of isolates synthesising aflatoxin AFG1 (15.22%) was considerably lower. Furthermore, the concen-
tration of AFG1 was higher than that of AFB1 in eight isolates. The polyphase approach, used to
characterise isolates, showed that they were A. parasiticus species. This identification was verified by
the multiplex RLFP-PCR detection method with the use of restriction enzymes. These results form an
excellent baseline for further studies with the aim of application in the production, processing, and
storage of cereal grains and seeds, and in technological processes to ensure the safe production of
food and feed.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Toxins
T1  - Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia
VL  - 13
SP  - 847
DO  - 10.3390/toxins13120847
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Milica and Savić, Iva and Nikolić, Ana and Jauković, Marko and Kandić, Vesna and Stevanović, Milan and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2021",
abstract = "In Serbia, aspergillus ear rot caused by the disease pathogen Aspergillus parasiticus
(A. parasiticus) was first detected in 2012 under both field and storage conditions. Global climate
shifts, primarily warming, favour the contamination of maize with aflatoxins in temperate climates,
including Serbia. A five-year study (2012–2016) comprising of 46 A. parasiticus strains isolated from
maize kernels was performed to observe the morphological, molecular, pathogenic, and toxigenic
traits of this pathogen. The HPLC method was applied to evaluate mycotoxin concentrations in this
causal agent. The A. parasiticus isolates synthesised mainly aflatoxin AFB1 (84.78%). The percentage
of isolates synthesising aflatoxin AFG1 (15.22%) was considerably lower. Furthermore, the concen-
tration of AFG1 was higher than that of AFB1 in eight isolates. The polyphase approach, used to
characterise isolates, showed that they were A. parasiticus species. This identification was verified by
the multiplex RLFP-PCR detection method with the use of restriction enzymes. These results form an
excellent baseline for further studies with the aim of application in the production, processing, and
storage of cereal grains and seeds, and in technological processes to ensure the safe production of
food and feed.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Toxins",
title = "Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia",
volume = "13",
pages = "847",
doi = "10.3390/toxins13120847"
}
Nikolić, M., Savić, I., Nikolić, A., Jauković, M., Kandić, V., Stevanović, M.,& Stanković, S.. (2021). Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia. in Toxins
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 13, 847.
https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13120847
Nikolić M, Savić I, Nikolić A, Jauković M, Kandić V, Stevanović M, Stanković S. Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia. in Toxins. 2021;13:847.
doi:10.3390/toxins13120847 .
Nikolić, Milica, Savić, Iva, Nikolić, Ana, Jauković, Marko, Kandić, Vesna, Stevanović, Milan, Stanković, Slavica, "Toxigenic species Aspergillus parasiticus originating from Maize Kernels grown in Serbia" in Toxins, 13 (2021):847,
https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13120847 . .
4

Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability

Perić, Sanja; Stevanović, Milan; Prodanović, Slaven; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Grčić, Nikola; Kandić, Vesna; Pavlov, Jovan

(Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Perić, Sanja
AU  - Stevanović, Milan
AU  - Prodanović, Slaven
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Grčić, Nikola
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Pavlov, Jovan
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/834
AB  - A panel of seven maize inbred lines belonging to Zemun Polje commercial pool were
genotypized using SNPs bead chip. 21 hybrids, developed according to the half dialel
mating design, were tested in the field together with inbred lines per se. The goal of the
study was to determine the genetic distance among seven maize inbred lines and to
establish whether there was a significant correlation between the genetic distance among
parental inbreds and grain yield, specific combining abilities (SCA) and high-parent (HP)
heterosis for the grain yield. The inbred lines ZPL2 and ZPL4 with the genetic distance of
0.487 were the most genetically distant parents, while inbred lines ZPL1 and ZPL2 with
the genetic distance of 0.191 were the closest ones. Three subclusters of inbred lines were
distinguished in the dendrogram. Inbred lines ZPL5, ZPL6, ZPL3 and ZPL7 were
grouped into the first subcluster, while inbred lines ZPL1 and ZPL2, i.e. the inbred line
ZPL4 were grouped in the second, i.e. the third subcluster, respectively. The values of the
Spearman's rank correlation coefficient between the genetic distance among inbred lines
based on the SNP markers, and grain yield, specific combining abilities (SCA) and high-
parent (HP) heterosis were positive and statistically significant. The highest correlation
coefficient was exhibited between the grain yield and high-parent (HP) heterosis (0.93),
and then between the genetic distance and the grain yield (0.92) as well as between the
genetic distance and high-parent (HP) heterosis (0.91).
AB  - Panel od sedam inbred linija kukuruza koje pripadaju komercijalnom pulu Instituta za kukuruz u
Zemun Polju je analiziran pomoću SNP čipa. Hibridi dobijeni po metodu nepotpunog dialela su
ispitivani u polju zajedno sa inbred linijama per se. Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da se utvrdi
genetička distanca između inbred linija kukuruza i da se ispita da li postoji značajna korelacija
između genetičke distance roditeljskih linija, posebnih kombinacionih sposobnosti (PKS) i
heterozisa u odnosu na boljeg roditelja (HPH) za osobinu prinos zrna. Genetički najudaljenije
linije su bile ZPL2 i ZPL4 sa genetičkom distancom 0.487, dok su najbliže bile inbred linije
ZPL1 i ZPL2 sa genetičkom distancom 0.191, kao i inbred linije ZPL5 i ZPL6 sa genetičkom
distancom 0.196. Dendrogram je podelio inbred linije u tri različita subklastera. Prvom
subklasteru pripadaju inbred linije ZPL5, ZPL6, ZPL3 i ZPL7, drugom inbred linije ZPL1 i
ZPL2 i trećem inbred linija ZPL4. Vrednosti Sperman-ovog koeficijenta korelacije ranga između
genetičke distance zasnovane na SNP markerima, prinosa zrna, posebnih kombinacionih
sposobnosti (PKS) i heterozisa u odnosu na boljeg roditelja (HPH) su bile pozitivne i statistički
značajne. Najviši koeficijent korelacije je bio između prinosa zrna i HPH (0,93), zatim između
genetičke distance i prinosa (0.92) i između genetičke distance i HPH (0.91).
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability
VL  - 53
IS  - 3
SP  - 1219
EP  - 1228
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2103219P
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Perić, Sanja and Stevanović, Milan and Prodanović, Slaven and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Grčić, Nikola and Kandić, Vesna and Pavlov, Jovan",
year = "2021",
abstract = "A panel of seven maize inbred lines belonging to Zemun Polje commercial pool were
genotypized using SNPs bead chip. 21 hybrids, developed according to the half dialel
mating design, were tested in the field together with inbred lines per se. The goal of the
study was to determine the genetic distance among seven maize inbred lines and to
establish whether there was a significant correlation between the genetic distance among
parental inbreds and grain yield, specific combining abilities (SCA) and high-parent (HP)
heterosis for the grain yield. The inbred lines ZPL2 and ZPL4 with the genetic distance of
0.487 were the most genetically distant parents, while inbred lines ZPL1 and ZPL2 with
the genetic distance of 0.191 were the closest ones. Three subclusters of inbred lines were
distinguished in the dendrogram. Inbred lines ZPL5, ZPL6, ZPL3 and ZPL7 were
grouped into the first subcluster, while inbred lines ZPL1 and ZPL2, i.e. the inbred line
ZPL4 were grouped in the second, i.e. the third subcluster, respectively. The values of the
Spearman's rank correlation coefficient between the genetic distance among inbred lines
based on the SNP markers, and grain yield, specific combining abilities (SCA) and high-
parent (HP) heterosis were positive and statistically significant. The highest correlation
coefficient was exhibited between the grain yield and high-parent (HP) heterosis (0.93),
and then between the genetic distance and the grain yield (0.92) as well as between the
genetic distance and high-parent (HP) heterosis (0.91)., Panel od sedam inbred linija kukuruza koje pripadaju komercijalnom pulu Instituta za kukuruz u
Zemun Polju je analiziran pomoću SNP čipa. Hibridi dobijeni po metodu nepotpunog dialela su
ispitivani u polju zajedno sa inbred linijama per se. Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da se utvrdi
genetička distanca između inbred linija kukuruza i da se ispita da li postoji značajna korelacija
između genetičke distance roditeljskih linija, posebnih kombinacionih sposobnosti (PKS) i
heterozisa u odnosu na boljeg roditelja (HPH) za osobinu prinos zrna. Genetički najudaljenije
linije su bile ZPL2 i ZPL4 sa genetičkom distancom 0.487, dok su najbliže bile inbred linije
ZPL1 i ZPL2 sa genetičkom distancom 0.191, kao i inbred linije ZPL5 i ZPL6 sa genetičkom
distancom 0.196. Dendrogram je podelio inbred linije u tri različita subklastera. Prvom
subklasteru pripadaju inbred linije ZPL5, ZPL6, ZPL3 i ZPL7, drugom inbred linije ZPL1 i
ZPL2 i trećem inbred linija ZPL4. Vrednosti Sperman-ovog koeficijenta korelacije ranga između
genetičke distance zasnovane na SNP markerima, prinosa zrna, posebnih kombinacionih
sposobnosti (PKS) i heterozisa u odnosu na boljeg roditelja (HPH) su bile pozitivne i statistički
značajne. Najviši koeficijent korelacije je bio između prinosa zrna i HPH (0,93), zatim između
genetičke distance i prinosa (0.92) i između genetičke distance i HPH (0.91).",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability",
volume = "53",
number = "3",
pages = "1219-1228",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2103219P"
}
Perić, S., Stevanović, M., Prodanović, S., Mladenović Drinić, S., Grčić, N., Kandić, V.,& Pavlov, J.. (2021). Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability. in Genetika
Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society., 53(3), 1219-1228.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2103219P
Perić S, Stevanović M, Prodanović S, Mladenović Drinić S, Grčić N, Kandić V, Pavlov J. Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability. in Genetika. 2021;53(3):1219-1228.
doi:10.2298/GENSR2103219P .
Perić, Sanja, Stevanović, Milan, Prodanović, Slaven, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, Grčić, Nikola, Kandić, Vesna, Pavlov, Jovan, "Genetic distance of maize inbreds for prediction of heterosis and combining ability" in Genetika, 53, no. 3 (2021):1219-1228,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2103219P . .
3

The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids

Nikolić, Milica; Srdić, Jelena; Savić, Iva; Žilić, Slađana; Stevanović, Milan; Kandić, Vesna; Stanković, Slavica

(Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Stevanović, Milan
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/833
AB  - The objective of the present study was to investigate the susceptibility of maize hybrids to the
natural mycotoxins contamination: aflatoxin total (AFLA), deoxynivalenol (DON),
zearalenon (ZEA) and fumonisins (FB). Hybrids were grown during two production years
(2019 and 2020) in two locations. Mycotoxin contamination of maize grains was evaluated in
five sweet maize hybrids. Contamination level of investigated hybrids of first cluster was
mainly by below average values of ZEA (all equal to zero) and DON. Hybrids PK4 (S) 2020,
PK6 (MS) 2020 and PK4 (MS) 2020 had below average values for AFLA, while remaining
treatments of this cluster have mostly elevated values of this mycotoxin. Contamination level
of investigated hybrids of second cluster mostly had increased values of mycotoxins ZEA
and DON and below average values of AFLA. Samples did not contain fumonisins.
Mycotoxin contamination were significantly affected by hybrids and years. We have
established that DON and ZEA levels were influenced by the environmental conditions.
There were no significant effects of location on the level of AFLA in the sweet maize
hybrids. The variation in the properties of mycotoxin content (DON) was significantly
influenced by hybrids, and there was no significance of hybrids x location interaction.
Differences were more expressed for the content of ZEA and AFLA compared to the content
of DON. Hybrid PK1 had the lowest content of DON, while it had the highest content of
ZEA. Mycotoxin analyses showed that in all tested hybrids, levels of AFLA, DON, ZEA and
FBs were below the maximum permissible levels stipulated by the legislation of the
European Union and the Republic of Serbia in maize intended for direct human consumption.
These results confirmed that the susceptibility of hybrids is one of the important risks, in addition to climatic factors, for the appearance of toxigenic fungi and their mycotoxins.
Genotype tolerance is very important as a preventive measure, which indicates that breeders
have to pay attention to it in sweet maize breeding programs.
AB  - Cilj ovog rada bio je da se prouči osteljivost hibrida kukuruza na prirodnu kontaminaciju
mikotoksinima (aflatoksin B1 (AFB1), deoksnivalenol (DON), zearalenol (ZEA) i fumonizini
(FB)). Hibrdi su gajeni tokom dve proizvodne godine (2019. i 2020) u dve lokacije.
Kontaminacija zrna kukuruza mikotoksinima ispitivana je na pet hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Nivo
kontaminacije proučavanih hibrida prvog klastera bio je uglavnom ispod prosečnih vrednosti
ZEA (sve vrednosti su bile nula) i DON. Vrednosti AFLA kod hibrida PK4 (S) 2020, PK6 (MS)
2020 i PK4 (MS) 2020 su bile ispod prosečne vrednosti, dok su vrednosti ovog mikotoksina bile
više od prosečnih vrednosti za ostale tretmane ovog klastera. Nivoi kontaminacije proučavanih
hibrida drugog klastera su uglavnom bili viši za mikotoksine ZEA i DON i niži za AFLA.
Fumnonizni nisu utrvđreni u uzorcima. Na kontaminaciju mikotoksinima značajno su uticali
hibiridi i godine. Utvrđeno je da su uslovi sredine uticali na nivoe DON i ZEA. Lokacija nije
značajno uticala na nivo AFLA kod hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Hibridi su značajno uticali na
variranje sadržaja mikotoksina (DON), dok hibrid × lokacija interakcija nije bila značajna.
Razlike su bile izraženije za sadržaj ZEA i ALFA nego za sadržaj DON. Najniži sadržaj DON
utvrđen je kod hibrida PK1, kod koga je sadržaj ZEA bio najviši. Analize mikotoksina pokazuju
da su nivoi AFLA, DON, ZEA i FB u svim ispitivanim hibridima bili ispod maksimalno
dozvoljenih nivoa koji su propisani zankonima Evropske Unije i Republike Srbije za kukuruz
koji je namenjen za direktnu ljudsku konzumaciju. Ovi rezultati potvrđuju da je osetljivost
hibrida jedan od važnih rizika pored klimatskih faktora za pojavu toksigenih gljiva i njihovih
mikotoksima. Tolerantnost genotipa je veoma važna preventivna mera, na koju oplemenjivači
moraju da obrate pažnju u programima oplemenjivanja kukuruza šećerca.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society
T2  - Genetika
T1  - The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids
VL  - 53
IS  - 3
SP  - 1311
EP  - 1320
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2103311N
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Milica and Srdić, Jelena and Savić, Iva and Žilić, Slađana and Stevanović, Milan and Kandić, Vesna and Stanković, Slavica",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The objective of the present study was to investigate the susceptibility of maize hybrids to the
natural mycotoxins contamination: aflatoxin total (AFLA), deoxynivalenol (DON),
zearalenon (ZEA) and fumonisins (FB). Hybrids were grown during two production years
(2019 and 2020) in two locations. Mycotoxin contamination of maize grains was evaluated in
five sweet maize hybrids. Contamination level of investigated hybrids of first cluster was
mainly by below average values of ZEA (all equal to zero) and DON. Hybrids PK4 (S) 2020,
PK6 (MS) 2020 and PK4 (MS) 2020 had below average values for AFLA, while remaining
treatments of this cluster have mostly elevated values of this mycotoxin. Contamination level
of investigated hybrids of second cluster mostly had increased values of mycotoxins ZEA
and DON and below average values of AFLA. Samples did not contain fumonisins.
Mycotoxin contamination were significantly affected by hybrids and years. We have
established that DON and ZEA levels were influenced by the environmental conditions.
There were no significant effects of location on the level of AFLA in the sweet maize
hybrids. The variation in the properties of mycotoxin content (DON) was significantly
influenced by hybrids, and there was no significance of hybrids x location interaction.
Differences were more expressed for the content of ZEA and AFLA compared to the content
of DON. Hybrid PK1 had the lowest content of DON, while it had the highest content of
ZEA. Mycotoxin analyses showed that in all tested hybrids, levels of AFLA, DON, ZEA and
FBs were below the maximum permissible levels stipulated by the legislation of the
European Union and the Republic of Serbia in maize intended for direct human consumption.
These results confirmed that the susceptibility of hybrids is one of the important risks, in addition to climatic factors, for the appearance of toxigenic fungi and their mycotoxins.
Genotype tolerance is very important as a preventive measure, which indicates that breeders
have to pay attention to it in sweet maize breeding programs., Cilj ovog rada bio je da se prouči osteljivost hibrida kukuruza na prirodnu kontaminaciju
mikotoksinima (aflatoksin B1 (AFB1), deoksnivalenol (DON), zearalenol (ZEA) i fumonizini
(FB)). Hibrdi su gajeni tokom dve proizvodne godine (2019. i 2020) u dve lokacije.
Kontaminacija zrna kukuruza mikotoksinima ispitivana je na pet hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Nivo
kontaminacije proučavanih hibrida prvog klastera bio je uglavnom ispod prosečnih vrednosti
ZEA (sve vrednosti su bile nula) i DON. Vrednosti AFLA kod hibrida PK4 (S) 2020, PK6 (MS)
2020 i PK4 (MS) 2020 su bile ispod prosečne vrednosti, dok su vrednosti ovog mikotoksina bile
više od prosečnih vrednosti za ostale tretmane ovog klastera. Nivoi kontaminacije proučavanih
hibrida drugog klastera su uglavnom bili viši za mikotoksine ZEA i DON i niži za AFLA.
Fumnonizni nisu utrvđreni u uzorcima. Na kontaminaciju mikotoksinima značajno su uticali
hibiridi i godine. Utvrđeno je da su uslovi sredine uticali na nivoe DON i ZEA. Lokacija nije
značajno uticala na nivo AFLA kod hibrida kukuruza šećerca. Hibridi su značajno uticali na
variranje sadržaja mikotoksina (DON), dok hibrid × lokacija interakcija nije bila značajna.
Razlike su bile izraženije za sadržaj ZEA i ALFA nego za sadržaj DON. Najniži sadržaj DON
utvrđen je kod hibrida PK1, kod koga je sadržaj ZEA bio najviši. Analize mikotoksina pokazuju
da su nivoi AFLA, DON, ZEA i FB u svim ispitivanim hibridima bili ispod maksimalno
dozvoljenih nivoa koji su propisani zankonima Evropske Unije i Republike Srbije za kukuruz
koji je namenjen za direktnu ljudsku konzumaciju. Ovi rezultati potvrđuju da je osetljivost
hibrida jedan od važnih rizika pored klimatskih faktora za pojavu toksigenih gljiva i njihovih
mikotoksima. Tolerantnost genotipa je veoma važna preventivna mera, na koju oplemenjivači
moraju da obrate pažnju u programima oplemenjivanja kukuruza šećerca.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids",
volume = "53",
number = "3",
pages = "1311-1320",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2103311N"
}
Nikolić, M., Srdić, J., Savić, I., Žilić, S., Stevanović, M., Kandić, V.,& Stanković, S.. (2021). The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids. in Genetika
Belgrade : Serbian Genetics Society., 53(3), 1311-1320.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2103311N
Nikolić M, Srdić J, Savić I, Žilić S, Stevanović M, Kandić V, Stanković S. The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids. in Genetika. 2021;53(3):1311-1320.
doi:10.2298/GENSR2103311N .
Nikolić, Milica, Srdić, Jelena, Savić, Iva, Žilić, Slađana, Stevanović, Milan, Kandić, Vesna, Stanković, Slavica, "The occurrence of mycotoxins in sweet maize hybrids" in Genetika, 53, no. 3 (2021):1311-1320,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2103311N . .
1

Genotypic variability of root and shoot traits of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at seedling stage

Blažić, Milica; Dodig, Dejan; Kandić, Vesna; Đokić, Dragoslav; Živanović, Tomislav

(Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbija, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Blažić, Milica
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Đokić, Dragoslav
AU  - Živanović, Tomislav
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/831
AB  - The evaluation of the embryonic root and stem of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the early stage of development (seedling stage) can be a powerful tool in wheat breeding aimed at obtaining progenies with a greater early vigour. It is revealed that genotypes with faster early vigour have produced higher biomass and grain yield. In this study, the evaluation of traits of the embryonic root and the embryonic stem of 101 bread wheat genotypes was preformed at the 10-day old seedlings. The following eight morphological traits of roots and stems were analysed: primary root length, branching interval, the number of roots, total length of lateral roots, angle of seminal roots, stem length, root dry weight and the stem dry weight. Analysed lateral roots included seminal roots. The greatest, i.e. the smallest variability of observed traits was detected in the branching interval, i.e. the stem length, respectively. The highest positive correlation was determined between the primary root length and the total length of lateral roots. The cluster analysis, based on observed traits, shows that genotypes were clearly divided into two main clusters, A and B. The two clusters essentially differed from each other in the values of the following traits: primary root length, total length of lateral roots, root dry weight, stem dry weight and the stem length. Genotypes with shorter primary and lateral roots, lower root and stem dry weight and a shorter stem were grouped in the cluster B. On the other hand, the cluster A encompassed genotypes with values of these traits above or around the average. The values of the remaining analysed traits: the angle of seminal roots, the number of lateral roots and the branching interval varied greatly between obtained clusters. The cluster analysis showed the homogeneity of genotypes originating from Serbia and the region; their values of the root and stem length and weight were mostly around and below the average. However, the values of the angle of seminal roots, number of lateral roots and the branching interval were above average.
AB  - Ocena svojstava korena i stabla hlebne pšenice (Triticum aestivum L.) u ranoj fazi razvića, na stupnju klijanaca, može biti moćan alat u oplemenjivanju pšenice sa ciljem dobijanja potomstva sa bržim ranim porastom. Pokazano je da su genotipovi sa bržim ranim porastom proizveli veću biomasu i prinos zrna. U ovoj studiji izvršena je ocena svojstava korena i stabla 101 genotipa hlebne pšenice u fazi klijanaca starosti 10 dana. Analizirano je 8 morfoloških svojstava korena i stabla: dužina primarnog korena, distanca do prve grane na primarnom korenu, broj bočnih korenova, ukupna dužina bočnih korenova, ugao seminalnih korenova, dužina stabla, suva masa korena i suva masa stabla. Analizirani bočni korenovi podrazumevali su seminalne korenove. Najveću varijabilnost od ispitivanih osobina imala je distanca do prve grane na primarnom korenu, a najmanju dužina stabla. Najveća pozitivna korelacija je utvrđena između dužine primarnog korena i ukupne dužine bočnih korenova. Klaster analiza pokazala je homogenost genotipova poreklom iz Srbije i regiona; njihove vrednosti dužine i težine korena i stabla bile su uglavnom oko i ispod proseka. Međutim, vrednosti za osobine: ugao seminalnih korenova, broj bočnih korenova i distanca do prve grane na primarnom korenu, bile su iznad proseka.
PB  - Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbija
T2  - Genetika
T1  - Genotypic variability of root and shoot traits of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at seedling stage
VL  - 52
IS  - 2
SP  - 687
EP  - 702
DO  - 10.2298/GENSR2102687B
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Blažić, Milica and Dodig, Dejan and Kandić, Vesna and Đokić, Dragoslav and Živanović, Tomislav",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The evaluation of the embryonic root and stem of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the early stage of development (seedling stage) can be a powerful tool in wheat breeding aimed at obtaining progenies with a greater early vigour. It is revealed that genotypes with faster early vigour have produced higher biomass and grain yield. In this study, the evaluation of traits of the embryonic root and the embryonic stem of 101 bread wheat genotypes was preformed at the 10-day old seedlings. The following eight morphological traits of roots and stems were analysed: primary root length, branching interval, the number of roots, total length of lateral roots, angle of seminal roots, stem length, root dry weight and the stem dry weight. Analysed lateral roots included seminal roots. The greatest, i.e. the smallest variability of observed traits was detected in the branching interval, i.e. the stem length, respectively. The highest positive correlation was determined between the primary root length and the total length of lateral roots. The cluster analysis, based on observed traits, shows that genotypes were clearly divided into two main clusters, A and B. The two clusters essentially differed from each other in the values of the following traits: primary root length, total length of lateral roots, root dry weight, stem dry weight and the stem length. Genotypes with shorter primary and lateral roots, lower root and stem dry weight and a shorter stem were grouped in the cluster B. On the other hand, the cluster A encompassed genotypes with values of these traits above or around the average. The values of the remaining analysed traits: the angle of seminal roots, the number of lateral roots and the branching interval varied greatly between obtained clusters. The cluster analysis showed the homogeneity of genotypes originating from Serbia and the region; their values of the root and stem length and weight were mostly around and below the average. However, the values of the angle of seminal roots, number of lateral roots and the branching interval were above average., Ocena svojstava korena i stabla hlebne pšenice (Triticum aestivum L.) u ranoj fazi razvića, na stupnju klijanaca, može biti moćan alat u oplemenjivanju pšenice sa ciljem dobijanja potomstva sa bržim ranim porastom. Pokazano je da su genotipovi sa bržim ranim porastom proizveli veću biomasu i prinos zrna. U ovoj studiji izvršena je ocena svojstava korena i stabla 101 genotipa hlebne pšenice u fazi klijanaca starosti 10 dana. Analizirano je 8 morfoloških svojstava korena i stabla: dužina primarnog korena, distanca do prve grane na primarnom korenu, broj bočnih korenova, ukupna dužina bočnih korenova, ugao seminalnih korenova, dužina stabla, suva masa korena i suva masa stabla. Analizirani bočni korenovi podrazumevali su seminalne korenove. Najveću varijabilnost od ispitivanih osobina imala je distanca do prve grane na primarnom korenu, a najmanju dužina stabla. Najveća pozitivna korelacija je utvrđena između dužine primarnog korena i ukupne dužine bočnih korenova. Klaster analiza pokazala je homogenost genotipova poreklom iz Srbije i regiona; njihove vrednosti dužine i težine korena i stabla bile su uglavnom oko i ispod proseka. Međutim, vrednosti za osobine: ugao seminalnih korenova, broj bočnih korenova i distanca do prve grane na primarnom korenu, bile su iznad proseka.",
publisher = "Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbija",
journal = "Genetika",
title = "Genotypic variability of root and shoot traits of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at seedling stage",
volume = "52",
number = "2",
pages = "687-702",
doi = "10.2298/GENSR2102687B"
}
Blažić, M., Dodig, D., Kandić, V., Đokić, D.,& Živanović, T.. (2021). Genotypic variability of root and shoot traits of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at seedling stage. in Genetika
Beograd : Društvo genetičara Srbija., 52(2), 687-702.
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2102687B
Blažić M, Dodig D, Kandić V, Đokić D, Živanović T. Genotypic variability of root and shoot traits of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at seedling stage. in Genetika. 2021;52(2):687-702.
doi:10.2298/GENSR2102687B .
Blažić, Milica, Dodig, Dejan, Kandić, Vesna, Đokić, Dragoslav, Živanović, Tomislav, "Genotypic variability of root and shoot traits of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at seedling stage" in Genetika, 52, no. 2 (2021):687-702,
https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2102687B . .
4

Pasting properties and the baking functionality of whole-grain wheat flour with different amylose and dietary fibers content

Nikolić, Valentina; Simić, Marijana; Kandić, Vesna; Dodevska, Margarita; Titan, Primož; Dodig, Dejan; Žilić, Slađana

(New York : Wiley, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Dodevska, Margarita
AU  - Titan, Primož
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/841
AB  - Twenty-five varieties of wheat were used in this study in order to determine the effect of amylose and amylopectin, as well as dietary fibers on the pasting properties and baking functionality of the whole-grain flour. The results were compared to the properties of refined wheat flour. The analyzed samples were divided into six groups based on the amylose content: (1) 11%–14%, (2) 15%–17%, (3) 18%–19%, (4) high amylose (36.5% and 41%), (5) waxy (0%), and 6) refined flour (22%). Amylose influenced viscosity by large, however, variations in pasting properties can as well be attributed to the differences in the non-starch structural components. Variations in solvent retention capacities (SRC) of flours depended primarily on the content of different fiber fractions and proteins. The starch and amylose content had a positive effect on SRC for lactic acid and sucrose, respectively. Furthermore, pasting and functionality are complex properties conditioned by different flour constituents.
PB  - New York : Wiley
T2  - Journal of Food Processing and Preservation
T1  - Pasting properties and the baking functionality of whole-grain wheat flour with different amylose and dietary fibers content
SP  - 15805
DO  - 10.1111/jfpp.15805
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Simić, Marijana and Kandić, Vesna and Dodevska, Margarita and Titan, Primož and Dodig, Dejan and Žilić, Slađana",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Twenty-five varieties of wheat were used in this study in order to determine the effect of amylose and amylopectin, as well as dietary fibers on the pasting properties and baking functionality of the whole-grain flour. The results were compared to the properties of refined wheat flour. The analyzed samples were divided into six groups based on the amylose content: (1) 11%–14%, (2) 15%–17%, (3) 18%–19%, (4) high amylose (36.5% and 41%), (5) waxy (0%), and 6) refined flour (22%). Amylose influenced viscosity by large, however, variations in pasting properties can as well be attributed to the differences in the non-starch structural components. Variations in solvent retention capacities (SRC) of flours depended primarily on the content of different fiber fractions and proteins. The starch and amylose content had a positive effect on SRC for lactic acid and sucrose, respectively. Furthermore, pasting and functionality are complex properties conditioned by different flour constituents.",
publisher = "New York : Wiley",
journal = "Journal of Food Processing and Preservation",
title = "Pasting properties and the baking functionality of whole-grain wheat flour with different amylose and dietary fibers content",
pages = "15805",
doi = "10.1111/jfpp.15805"
}
Nikolić, V., Simić, M., Kandić, V., Dodevska, M., Titan, P., Dodig, D.,& Žilić, S.. (2021). Pasting properties and the baking functionality of whole-grain wheat flour with different amylose and dietary fibers content. in Journal of Food Processing and Preservation
New York : Wiley., 15805.
https://doi.org/10.1111/jfpp.15805
Nikolić V, Simić M, Kandić V, Dodevska M, Titan P, Dodig D, Žilić S. Pasting properties and the baking functionality of whole-grain wheat flour with different amylose and dietary fibers content. in Journal of Food Processing and Preservation. 2021;:15805.
doi:10.1111/jfpp.15805 .
Nikolić, Valentina, Simić, Marijana, Kandić, Vesna, Dodevska, Margarita, Titan, Primož, Dodig, Dejan, Žilić, Slađana, "Pasting properties and the baking functionality of whole-grain wheat flour with different amylose and dietary fibers content" in Journal of Food Processing and Preservation (2021):15805,
https://doi.org/10.1111/jfpp.15805 . .
5

Determination of the fumonisins content in different small grains

Savić, Iva; Nikolić, Milica; Kandić, Vesna; Dodig, Dejan; Obradović, Ana; Ristic, Danijela; Stanković, Slavica

(Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture, 2020)


                                            

                                            
Savić, I., Nikolić, M., Kandić, V., Dodig, D., Obradović, A., Ristic, D.,& Stanković, S.. (2020). Determination of the fumonisins content in different small grains. in 9. international symposium on agricultural sciences - AgroRes 2020 - Book of abstracts
Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture., 36.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1318
Savić I, Nikolić M, Kandić V, Dodig D, Obradović A, Ristic D, Stanković S. Determination of the fumonisins content in different small grains. in 9. international symposium on agricultural sciences - AgroRes 2020 - Book of abstracts. 2020;:36.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1318 .
Savić, Iva, Nikolić, Milica, Kandić, Vesna, Dodig, Dejan, Obradović, Ana, Ristic, Danijela, Stanković, Slavica, "Determination of the fumonisins content in different small grains" in 9. international symposium on agricultural sciences - AgroRes 2020 - Book of abstracts (2020):36,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1318 .

The presence of toxigenic genera of fungi and their mycotoxins in durum wheat in Serbia during 2018 and 2019

Savić, Iva; Stanković, Slavica; Nikolić, Milica; Kandić, Vesna; Jauković, Marko

(East Sarajevo : Faculty of agriculture, 2020)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Savić, Iva
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Nikolić, Milica
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Jauković, Marko
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1316
AB  - The aim of the present study was to determine the presence of toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins 
in the durum wheat spikes. Their occurrence was observed in the location of Zemun Polje 
during two production years (2018 and 2019). Samples of two different durum wheat varieties 
were drawn from several plots and surface-sterilised (solution of diluted bleach and water in 
the ratio 1:3). Kernels were placed on potato dextrose agar (PDA) in Petri dishes. One 
hundred kernels were taken from each sample (10 dishes with 10 kernels). After the 7-day 
growth in the thermostat at the temperature of 25oC, the identification of pathogens was 
initiated. The following genera of fungi were established in 2018 samples: Alternaria (52.7% 
of the total number of kernels), Fusarium (34.16%), Aspergillus (5.88%), Nigrospora (4.5%), 
Acremoniella (1.25%), and others (1.51%). During 2019, the highest percentage (62.6%) of 
identified fungi belonged to the genus Fusarium, and then to genera Alternaria (29.3 %),
Epicoccum (2.8%), Aspergillus (1.7%), and others (3.6%). The drawn samples were used to 
perform the analysis of mycotoxins for the presence of fumonisins and aflatoxins. The ELISA 
was applied in this analysis. The results obtained from 2018 samples showed low values for 
fumonisin. The values of synthesised fumonisin ranged from 0.214 to 1.316 ppm, but the 
values of synthesised aflatoxin were much higher and ranged from 6.052 to 15.728 ppb. The 
values of synthesised fumonisin were little higher in 2019 (1.066 - 4.652 ppm), but the values 
of aflatoxin were lower than year before (0-2.334 ppb).
PB  - East Sarajevo : Faculty of agriculture
C3  - Book of Abstracts of the XI International Scientific Agriculture Symposium "Agrosym 2020"
T1  - The presence of toxigenic genera of fungi and their mycotoxins in durum wheat in Serbia during 2018 and 2019
SP  - 262
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1316
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Savić, Iva and Stanković, Slavica and Nikolić, Milica and Kandić, Vesna and Jauković, Marko",
year = "2020",
abstract = "The aim of the present study was to determine the presence of toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins 
in the durum wheat spikes. Their occurrence was observed in the location of Zemun Polje 
during two production years (2018 and 2019). Samples of two different durum wheat varieties 
were drawn from several plots and surface-sterilised (solution of diluted bleach and water in 
the ratio 1:3). Kernels were placed on potato dextrose agar (PDA) in Petri dishes. One 
hundred kernels were taken from each sample (10 dishes with 10 kernels). After the 7-day 
growth in the thermostat at the temperature of 25oC, the identification of pathogens was 
initiated. The following genera of fungi were established in 2018 samples: Alternaria (52.7% 
of the total number of kernels), Fusarium (34.16%), Aspergillus (5.88%), Nigrospora (4.5%), 
Acremoniella (1.25%), and others (1.51%). During 2019, the highest percentage (62.6%) of 
identified fungi belonged to the genus Fusarium, and then to genera Alternaria (29.3 %),
Epicoccum (2.8%), Aspergillus (1.7%), and others (3.6%). The drawn samples were used to 
perform the analysis of mycotoxins for the presence of fumonisins and aflatoxins. The ELISA 
was applied in this analysis. The results obtained from 2018 samples showed low values for 
fumonisin. The values of synthesised fumonisin ranged from 0.214 to 1.316 ppm, but the 
values of synthesised aflatoxin were much higher and ranged from 6.052 to 15.728 ppb. The 
values of synthesised fumonisin were little higher in 2019 (1.066 - 4.652 ppm), but the values 
of aflatoxin were lower than year before (0-2.334 ppb).",
publisher = "East Sarajevo : Faculty of agriculture",
journal = "Book of Abstracts of the XI International Scientific Agriculture Symposium "Agrosym 2020"",
title = "The presence of toxigenic genera of fungi and their mycotoxins in durum wheat in Serbia during 2018 and 2019",
pages = "262",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1316"
}
Savić, I., Stanković, S., Nikolić, M., Kandić, V.,& Jauković, M.. (2020). The presence of toxigenic genera of fungi and their mycotoxins in durum wheat in Serbia during 2018 and 2019. in Book of Abstracts of the XI International Scientific Agriculture Symposium "Agrosym 2020"
East Sarajevo : Faculty of agriculture., 262.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1316
Savić I, Stanković S, Nikolić M, Kandić V, Jauković M. The presence of toxigenic genera of fungi and their mycotoxins in durum wheat in Serbia during 2018 and 2019. in Book of Abstracts of the XI International Scientific Agriculture Symposium "Agrosym 2020". 2020;:262.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1316 .
Savić, Iva, Stanković, Slavica, Nikolić, Milica, Kandić, Vesna, Jauković, Marko, "The presence of toxigenic genera of fungi and their mycotoxins in durum wheat in Serbia during 2018 and 2019" in Book of Abstracts of the XI International Scientific Agriculture Symposium "Agrosym 2020" (2020):262,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1316 .

Grain yield, agronomic traits, and protein content of two-and six-row barley genotypes under terminal drought conditions

Kandić, Vesna; Dodig, Dejan; Sečanski, Mile; Prodanović, Slaven; Branković, Gordana; Titan, Primož

(Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA, 2019)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Sečanski, Mile
AU  - Prodanović, Slaven
AU  - Branković, Gordana
AU  - Titan, Primož
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/773
AB  - Small grain cereals in lower latitude areas usually mature under terminal drought conditions that affect their agronomic performance. An experiment was conducted to compare agronomic traits, grain yield, and protein content under control and terminal drought conditions of 15 two-row and 10 six-row barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotypes. The experiment was set up at two locations for two growing seasons (2011, 2012) and two treatments. One treatment was terminal drought (D) simulated by the mechanical removal of all leaf blades 7 d after the heading of each genotype, and a control (C) treatment in which plants were left intact. On average, defoliation caused a greater reduction in grain yield and protein content of the six-row genotypes (37.6% and 12.3%, respectively) than the two-row genotypes (28.8% and 7.1%, respectively). On the other hand, test weight of six-row genotypes showed better tolerance to terminal drought. According to the multivariate function analysis, the genotypes of both types of barley with a high test weight, a longer uppermost internode, and a longer grain filling period had high protein content under terminal drought stress. In contrast to six-row genotypes, it is possible to breed two-row genotypes that not only have high grain yield but also high protein content under both optimal and drought stress conditions. © 2019, Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA. All rights reserved.
PB  - Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA
T2  - Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
T1  - Grain yield, agronomic traits, and protein content of two-and six-row barley genotypes under terminal drought conditions
VL  - 79
IS  - 4
SP  - 648
EP  - 657
DO  - 10.4067/S0718-58392019000400648
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Kandić, Vesna and Dodig, Dejan and Sečanski, Mile and Prodanović, Slaven and Branković, Gordana and Titan, Primož",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Small grain cereals in lower latitude areas usually mature under terminal drought conditions that affect their agronomic performance. An experiment was conducted to compare agronomic traits, grain yield, and protein content under control and terminal drought conditions of 15 two-row and 10 six-row barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotypes. The experiment was set up at two locations for two growing seasons (2011, 2012) and two treatments. One treatment was terminal drought (D) simulated by the mechanical removal of all leaf blades 7 d after the heading of each genotype, and a control (C) treatment in which plants were left intact. On average, defoliation caused a greater reduction in grain yield and protein content of the six-row genotypes (37.6% and 12.3%, respectively) than the two-row genotypes (28.8% and 7.1%, respectively). On the other hand, test weight of six-row genotypes showed better tolerance to terminal drought. According to the multivariate function analysis, the genotypes of both types of barley with a high test weight, a longer uppermost internode, and a longer grain filling period had high protein content under terminal drought stress. In contrast to six-row genotypes, it is possible to breed two-row genotypes that not only have high grain yield but also high protein content under both optimal and drought stress conditions. © 2019, Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA. All rights reserved.",
publisher = "Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA",
journal = "Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research",
title = "Grain yield, agronomic traits, and protein content of two-and six-row barley genotypes under terminal drought conditions",
volume = "79",
number = "4",
pages = "648-657",
doi = "10.4067/S0718-58392019000400648"
}
Kandić, V., Dodig, D., Sečanski, M., Prodanović, S., Branković, G.,& Titan, P.. (2019). Grain yield, agronomic traits, and protein content of two-and six-row barley genotypes under terminal drought conditions. in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA., 79(4), 648-657.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392019000400648
Kandić V, Dodig D, Sečanski M, Prodanović S, Branković G, Titan P. Grain yield, agronomic traits, and protein content of two-and six-row barley genotypes under terminal drought conditions. in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 2019;79(4):648-657.
doi:10.4067/S0718-58392019000400648 .
Kandić, Vesna, Dodig, Dejan, Sečanski, Mile, Prodanović, Slaven, Branković, Gordana, Titan, Primož, "Grain yield, agronomic traits, and protein content of two-and six-row barley genotypes under terminal drought conditions" in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 79, no. 4 (2019):648-657,
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392019000400648 . .
7
2
6

The influence of plant cutting on grain yield traits in maize

Vančetović, Jelena; Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana; Božinović, Sofija; Nikolić, Ana; Dodig, Dejan; Kandić, Vesna; Đorđević-Melnik, Olivera

(Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia, 2019)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Vančetović, Jelena
AU  - Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana
AU  - Božinović, Sofija
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Đorđević-Melnik, Olivera
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1123
AB  - In this research an influence of the strong source restriction meaning cutting off the whole
plants at the first internodes 5 (5DAPt), 10 (10DAPt) and 15 (15DAPt) days after pollination
on grain yield and its corresponding traits in maize were tested. Control represented plants
harvested at full maturity. Four inbred lines were used, two historical ones (Mo17 and B73)
and two commercial ZP inbreds (ZPL and ZPB). The experiment was conducted at Zemun
Polje, Serbia, in 2014 and 2015. The trait of particular importance was the number of kernels
per ear and its average values were 37.73 at 5DAPt, 115.14 at 10DAPt and 175.20 at 15DAPt,
being sufficient for planting next generation of breeding. According to the results obtained,
ZPL represented an improved Lancaster line over Mo17 regarding drought tolerance, that
could not be stated for ZPB over B73. Hybrid among these two lines is drought tolerant due to
heterosis (epistatic effects) or dominant origin of ZPLs good response to drought stress.
Values for seed set and eventually for grain yield per plant were 0.00 for line B73 at 5DAPt in
2015. An improved breeding scheme for increased drought tolerance could be proposed,
namely self-pollination of border plants on high density sown selfing progenies or dihaploid
(DH) lines, cutting off selfed plants at 15 DAP and evaluating their kernel properties. Openpollinated progeny would serve to estimate other important traits for selection. From the
chosen progenies kernels of selfed and cut-off plants should be used for the next generation of
breeding.
PB  - Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia
C3  - 10. international Scientific Agriculture Symposium "Agrosym 2019", 03-06.10.2019., Jahorina, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Book of proceedings
T1  - The influence of plant cutting on grain yield traits in maize
SP  - 580
EP  - 585
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1123
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Vančetović, Jelena and Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana and Božinović, Sofija and Nikolić, Ana and Dodig, Dejan and Kandić, Vesna and Đorđević-Melnik, Olivera",
year = "2019",
abstract = "In this research an influence of the strong source restriction meaning cutting off the whole
plants at the first internodes 5 (5DAPt), 10 (10DAPt) and 15 (15DAPt) days after pollination
on grain yield and its corresponding traits in maize were tested. Control represented plants
harvested at full maturity. Four inbred lines were used, two historical ones (Mo17 and B73)
and two commercial ZP inbreds (ZPL and ZPB). The experiment was conducted at Zemun
Polje, Serbia, in 2014 and 2015. The trait of particular importance was the number of kernels
per ear and its average values were 37.73 at 5DAPt, 115.14 at 10DAPt and 175.20 at 15DAPt,
being sufficient for planting next generation of breeding. According to the results obtained,
ZPL represented an improved Lancaster line over Mo17 regarding drought tolerance, that
could not be stated for ZPB over B73. Hybrid among these two lines is drought tolerant due to
heterosis (epistatic effects) or dominant origin of ZPLs good response to drought stress.
Values for seed set and eventually for grain yield per plant were 0.00 for line B73 at 5DAPt in
2015. An improved breeding scheme for increased drought tolerance could be proposed,
namely self-pollination of border plants on high density sown selfing progenies or dihaploid
(DH) lines, cutting off selfed plants at 15 DAP and evaluating their kernel properties. Openpollinated progeny would serve to estimate other important traits for selection. From the
chosen progenies kernels of selfed and cut-off plants should be used for the next generation of
breeding.",
publisher = "Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia",
journal = "10. international Scientific Agriculture Symposium "Agrosym 2019", 03-06.10.2019., Jahorina, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Book of proceedings",
title = "The influence of plant cutting on grain yield traits in maize",
pages = "580-585",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1123"
}
Vančetović, J., Ignjatović-Micić, D., Božinović, S., Nikolić, A., Dodig, D., Kandić, V.,& Đorđević-Melnik, O.. (2019). The influence of plant cutting on grain yield traits in maize. in 10. international Scientific Agriculture Symposium "Agrosym 2019", 03-06.10.2019., Jahorina, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Book of proceedings
Sarajevo : University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia., 580-585.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1123
Vančetović J, Ignjatović-Micić D, Božinović S, Nikolić A, Dodig D, Kandić V, Đorđević-Melnik O. The influence of plant cutting on grain yield traits in maize. in 10. international Scientific Agriculture Symposium "Agrosym 2019", 03-06.10.2019., Jahorina, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Book of proceedings. 2019;:580-585.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1123 .
Vančetović, Jelena, Ignjatović-Micić, Dragana, Božinović, Sofija, Nikolić, Ana, Dodig, Dejan, Kandić, Vesna, Đorđević-Melnik, Olivera, "The influence of plant cutting on grain yield traits in maize" in 10. international Scientific Agriculture Symposium "Agrosym 2019", 03-06.10.2019., Jahorina, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Book of proceedings (2019):580-585,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1123 .

Genetic parameters of Triticum aestivum and Triticum durum for technological quality properties in Serbia

Branković, Gordana; Pajić, Vesna; Zivanović, Tomislav; Dodig, Dejan; Kandić, Vesna; Knežević, Desimir; Đurić, Nenad

(Lithuanian Research Centre Agriculture & Forestry, Kedainiu R, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Branković, Gordana
AU  - Pajić, Vesna
AU  - Zivanović, Tomislav
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Knežević, Desimir
AU  - Đurić, Nenad
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/710
AB  - Proteins are important in determining the nutritional value of wheat, and among them gluten determines the baking quality of bread wheat and pasta-making technological properties of wheat. By assessing genetic parameters of wheat quality traits, it is possible to elucidate potential for improvement. The plant material consisted of 30 genotypes of bread and durum wheat of worldwide origin. The trials were sown at three locations in Serbia during two vegetation seasons 2010-2011 and 2011-2012. Protein content, wet gluten content, Zeleny sedimentation volume and deformation energy were determined by near infrared spectrometry. The objectives of this investigation were to assess: i) variability, components of variance, heritability in a broad sense(h(b)(2))ected genetic advance for protein content, wet gluten content, Zeleny sedimentation volume and deformation energy; ii) associations between agronomic characteristics and protein content, wet gluten content, Zeleny sedimentation volume and deformation energy in order to determine indirect selection feasibility. In durum wheat, the highest coefficients of genetic and phenotypic variation (CVg and CVph) were recorded for deformation energy in bread wheat (18% and 18.4%, respectively), whereas the lowest values of 4.1% and 4.6% were shown for protein content. The relation genetic component of variance (sigma(2)(g)) component of variance due to genotype x environment interaction (sigma(2)(g)) > 1 was observed for protein content (3.2), wet gluten content (2.9) and deformation energy (3.9), and equal to one for Zeleny sedimentation volume, in bread wheat. In durum wheat, sigma(2)(ge) /sigma(2)(g) > 1 was detected for protein content (1.4), wet gluten content (1.5), Zeleny sedimentation volume (2.1) and deformation energy (1.4). Considering very high and high h(b)(2) observed for deformation energy and Zeleny sedimentation volume (95.8% and 86.2%, respectively) in bread wheat, coupled with high genetic advance (36.3% and 28.1%, respectively), success from classical breeding can be anticipated. Grain thickness was strongly associated with Zeleny sedimentation volume, and to a lesser extent with protein content, wet gluten content and deformation energy in bread and durum wheat, and along with grain vitreousness in durum wheat, can serve for indirect selection.
PB  - Lithuanian Research Centre Agriculture & Forestry, Kedainiu R
T2  - Zemdirbyste-Agriculture
T1  - Genetic parameters of Triticum aestivum and Triticum durum for technological quality properties in Serbia
VL  - 105
IS  - 1
SP  - 39
EP  - 48
DO  - 10.13080/z-a.2018.105.006
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Branković, Gordana and Pajić, Vesna and Zivanović, Tomislav and Dodig, Dejan and Kandić, Vesna and Knežević, Desimir and Đurić, Nenad",
year = "2018",
abstract = "Proteins are important in determining the nutritional value of wheat, and among them gluten determines the baking quality of bread wheat and pasta-making technological properties of wheat. By assessing genetic parameters of wheat quality traits, it is possible to elucidate potential for improvement. The plant material consisted of 30 genotypes of bread and durum wheat of worldwide origin. The trials were sown at three locations in Serbia during two vegetation seasons 2010-2011 and 2011-2012. Protein content, wet gluten content, Zeleny sedimentation volume and deformation energy were determined by near infrared spectrometry. The objectives of this investigation were to assess: i) variability, components of variance, heritability in a broad sense(h(b)(2))ected genetic advance for protein content, wet gluten content, Zeleny sedimentation volume and deformation energy; ii) associations between agronomic characteristics and protein content, wet gluten content, Zeleny sedimentation volume and deformation energy in order to determine indirect selection feasibility. In durum wheat, the highest coefficients of genetic and phenotypic variation (CVg and CVph) were recorded for deformation energy in bread wheat (18% and 18.4%, respectively), whereas the lowest values of 4.1% and 4.6% were shown for protein content. The relation genetic component of variance (sigma(2)(g)) component of variance due to genotype x environment interaction (sigma(2)(g)) > 1 was observed for protein content (3.2), wet gluten content (2.9) and deformation energy (3.9), and equal to one for Zeleny sedimentation volume, in bread wheat. In durum wheat, sigma(2)(ge) /sigma(2)(g) > 1 was detected for protein content (1.4), wet gluten content (1.5), Zeleny sedimentation volume (2.1) and deformation energy (1.4). Considering very high and high h(b)(2) observed for deformation energy and Zeleny sedimentation volume (95.8% and 86.2%, respectively) in bread wheat, coupled with high genetic advance (36.3% and 28.1%, respectively), success from classical breeding can be anticipated. Grain thickness was strongly associated with Zeleny sedimentation volume, and to a lesser extent with protein content, wet gluten content and deformation energy in bread and durum wheat, and along with grain vitreousness in durum wheat, can serve for indirect selection.",
publisher = "Lithuanian Research Centre Agriculture & Forestry, Kedainiu R",
journal = "Zemdirbyste-Agriculture",
title = "Genetic parameters of Triticum aestivum and Triticum durum for technological quality properties in Serbia",
volume = "105",
number = "1",
pages = "39-48",
doi = "10.13080/z-a.2018.105.006"
}
Branković, G., Pajić, V., Zivanović, T., Dodig, D., Kandić, V., Knežević, D.,& Đurić, N.. (2018). Genetic parameters of Triticum aestivum and Triticum durum for technological quality properties in Serbia. in Zemdirbyste-Agriculture
Lithuanian Research Centre Agriculture & Forestry, Kedainiu R., 105(1), 39-48.
https://doi.org/10.13080/z-a.2018.105.006
Branković G, Pajić V, Zivanović T, Dodig D, Kandić V, Knežević D, Đurić N. Genetic parameters of Triticum aestivum and Triticum durum for technological quality properties in Serbia. in Zemdirbyste-Agriculture. 2018;105(1):39-48.
doi:10.13080/z-a.2018.105.006 .
Branković, Gordana, Pajić, Vesna, Zivanović, Tomislav, Dodig, Dejan, Kandić, Vesna, Knežević, Desimir, Đurić, Nenad, "Genetic parameters of Triticum aestivum and Triticum durum for technological quality properties in Serbia" in Zemdirbyste-Agriculture, 105, no. 1 (2018):39-48,
https://doi.org/10.13080/z-a.2018.105.006 . .
22
11
27

Grain filling parameters of two- and six-rowed barley genotypes in terminal drought conditions

Kandić, Vesna; Dodig, Dejan; Nikolić, Ana; Kaitović, Željko; Zorić, Miroslav; Šurlan-Momirović, Gordana; Aleksić, Goran; Đurić, Nenad

(Patron Editore S R L, Bologna, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Kaitović, Željko
AU  - Zorić, Miroslav
AU  - Šurlan-Momirović, Gordana
AU  - Aleksić, Goran
AU  - Đurić, Nenad
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/730
AB  - After the kernel number per spike has been formed during the vegetative stage, grain weight depends on the rate and duration of grain filling. Drought and high temperatures during the grain filling stage frequently occurs in the majority of barley growing regions worldwide. To investigate impact of terminal drought stress on grain filling parameters and grain yield, 15 two- and 10 six-rowed barley genotypes were tested in two-year field trials, set in two locations with two treatments. One treatment was control (C), while in the other treatment (D) terminal drought was simulated by mechanical removal of all leaf blades 7 days after heading of each genotype. In average, defoliation caused reduction of yield (33%), grain filling rate (12%) and 1000-kernel weight (11%). In both treatments, grain yield and the absolute grain filling rate were higher in two-rowed barley genotypes than in six-rowed ones. In both treatments, the correlation was stronger between yield and grain filling duration than between yield and the grain filling rate. The correlation between average yield and grain filling duration was stronger in the D than in the C treatment. According to the results obtained for terminal drought conditions, breeders should create early maturing genotypes of two-rowed type, with a longer grain filling duration and the gradual accumulation of dry matter.
PB  - Patron Editore S R L, Bologna
T2  - Italian Journal of Agrometeorology-Rivista Italiana Di Agrometeorologia
T1  - Grain filling parameters of two- and six-rowed barley genotypes in terminal drought conditions
VL  - 23
IS  - 2
SP  - 5
EP  - 14
DO  - 10.19199/2018.2.2038-5625.005
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Kandić, Vesna and Dodig, Dejan and Nikolić, Ana and Kaitović, Željko and Zorić, Miroslav and Šurlan-Momirović, Gordana and Aleksić, Goran and Đurić, Nenad",
year = "2018",
abstract = "After the kernel number per spike has been formed during the vegetative stage, grain weight depends on the rate and duration of grain filling. Drought and high temperatures during the grain filling stage frequently occurs in the majority of barley growing regions worldwide. To investigate impact of terminal drought stress on grain filling parameters and grain yield, 15 two- and 10 six-rowed barley genotypes were tested in two-year field trials, set in two locations with two treatments. One treatment was control (C), while in the other treatment (D) terminal drought was simulated by mechanical removal of all leaf blades 7 days after heading of each genotype. In average, defoliation caused reduction of yield (33%), grain filling rate (12%) and 1000-kernel weight (11%). In both treatments, grain yield and the absolute grain filling rate were higher in two-rowed barley genotypes than in six-rowed ones. In both treatments, the correlation was stronger between yield and grain filling duration than between yield and the grain filling rate. The correlation between average yield and grain filling duration was stronger in the D than in the C treatment. According to the results obtained for terminal drought conditions, breeders should create early maturing genotypes of two-rowed type, with a longer grain filling duration and the gradual accumulation of dry matter.",
publisher = "Patron Editore S R L, Bologna",
journal = "Italian Journal of Agrometeorology-Rivista Italiana Di Agrometeorologia",
title = "Grain filling parameters of two- and six-rowed barley genotypes in terminal drought conditions",
volume = "23",
number = "2",
pages = "5-14",
doi = "10.19199/2018.2.2038-5625.005"
}
Kandić, V., Dodig, D., Nikolić, A., Kaitović, Ž., Zorić, M., Šurlan-Momirović, G., Aleksić, G.,& Đurić, N.. (2018). Grain filling parameters of two- and six-rowed barley genotypes in terminal drought conditions. in Italian Journal of Agrometeorology-Rivista Italiana Di Agrometeorologia
Patron Editore S R L, Bologna., 23(2), 5-14.
https://doi.org/10.19199/2018.2.2038-5625.005
Kandić V, Dodig D, Nikolić A, Kaitović Ž, Zorić M, Šurlan-Momirović G, Aleksić G, Đurić N. Grain filling parameters of two- and six-rowed barley genotypes in terminal drought conditions. in Italian Journal of Agrometeorology-Rivista Italiana Di Agrometeorologia. 2018;23(2):5-14.
doi:10.19199/2018.2.2038-5625.005 .
Kandić, Vesna, Dodig, Dejan, Nikolić, Ana, Kaitović, Željko, Zorić, Miroslav, Šurlan-Momirović, Gordana, Aleksić, Goran, Đurić, Nenad, "Grain filling parameters of two- and six-rowed barley genotypes in terminal drought conditions" in Italian Journal of Agrometeorology-Rivista Italiana Di Agrometeorologia, 23, no. 2 (2018):5-14,
https://doi.org/10.19199/2018.2.2038-5625.005 . .
6
9

Comparative kernel growth and yield components of two- and six-row barley (Hordeum vulgare) under terminal drought simulated by defoliation

Dodig, Dejan; Kandić, Vesna; Nikolić, Ana; Zorić, Miroslav; Nikolic-Dorić, Emilija; Mutavdzić, Beba; Perović, Dragan; Šurlan-Momirović, Gordana

(Csiro Publishing, Clayton, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Nikolić, Ana
AU  - Zorić, Miroslav
AU  - Nikolic-Dorić, Emilija
AU  - Mutavdzić, Beba
AU  - Perović, Dragan
AU  - Šurlan-Momirović, Gordana
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/707
AB  - Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is often grown in sites with low rainfall and high temperature during grain filling. Because spike architecture is one of basic footprints of barley domestication, the importance of spikes in adaptation to different environments or abiotic stresses can be hypothesised. In order to compare different barley spike types in terms of kernel growth and yield components, we tested 15 two-row and 10 six-row winter genotypes in eight environments where terminal drought was simulated by defoliation at 7 days after heading (7 DAH). Control plants were grown intact. On average, two-row genotypes outyielded six-row genotypes by 17% under control conditions and 33% under simulated late drought. Observations of kernel dry weights from 7 DAH through to harvest maturity at 5-day intervals were regressed onto a measure of thermal time. After preliminary evaluation of four nonlinear (S-shaped) models for kernel dry-weight accumulation, the ordinary logistic model was deemed the most appropriate in most cases and was finally applied to all plant-growth curves. Four parameters were estimated from the logistic model. Whereas two earliness estimators (inflection point and thermal time needed to reach maximum kernel weight) were similar for the two barley types, maximum kernel weight (Y-max) and mean rate of kernel growth (RG) were higher (P lt 0.05) in two-row than in six-row barleys. Differences in Y-max and RG among six-row barley genotypes were greater between control and defoliation treatments than between years, whereas among two-row barley genotypes, differences between years were greater, suggesting better stability of six-row types and better drought tolerance of two-row types in the tested barley set.
PB  - Csiro Publishing, Clayton
T2  - Crop & Pasture Science
T1  - Comparative kernel growth and yield components of two- and six-row barley (Hordeum vulgare) under terminal drought simulated by defoliation
VL  - 69
IS  - 12
SP  - 1215
EP  - 1224
DO  - 10.1071/CP18336
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dodig, Dejan and Kandić, Vesna and Nikolić, Ana and Zorić, Miroslav and Nikolic-Dorić, Emilija and Mutavdzić, Beba and Perović, Dragan and Šurlan-Momirović, Gordana",
year = "2018",
abstract = "Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is often grown in sites with low rainfall and high temperature during grain filling. Because spike architecture is one of basic footprints of barley domestication, the importance of spikes in adaptation to different environments or abiotic stresses can be hypothesised. In order to compare different barley spike types in terms of kernel growth and yield components, we tested 15 two-row and 10 six-row winter genotypes in eight environments where terminal drought was simulated by defoliation at 7 days after heading (7 DAH). Control plants were grown intact. On average, two-row genotypes outyielded six-row genotypes by 17% under control conditions and 33% under simulated late drought. Observations of kernel dry weights from 7 DAH through to harvest maturity at 5-day intervals were regressed onto a measure of thermal time. After preliminary evaluation of four nonlinear (S-shaped) models for kernel dry-weight accumulation, the ordinary logistic model was deemed the most appropriate in most cases and was finally applied to all plant-growth curves. Four parameters were estimated from the logistic model. Whereas two earliness estimators (inflection point and thermal time needed to reach maximum kernel weight) were similar for the two barley types, maximum kernel weight (Y-max) and mean rate of kernel growth (RG) were higher (P lt 0.05) in two-row than in six-row barleys. Differences in Y-max and RG among six-row barley genotypes were greater between control and defoliation treatments than between years, whereas among two-row barley genotypes, differences between years were greater, suggesting better stability of six-row types and better drought tolerance of two-row types in the tested barley set.",
publisher = "Csiro Publishing, Clayton",
journal = "Crop & Pasture Science",
title = "Comparative kernel growth and yield components of two- and six-row barley (Hordeum vulgare) under terminal drought simulated by defoliation",
volume = "69",
number = "12",
pages = "1215-1224",
doi = "10.1071/CP18336"
}
Dodig, D., Kandić, V., Nikolić, A., Zorić, M., Nikolic-Dorić, E., Mutavdzić, B., Perović, D.,& Šurlan-Momirović, G.. (2018). Comparative kernel growth and yield components of two- and six-row barley (Hordeum vulgare) under terminal drought simulated by defoliation. in Crop & Pasture Science
Csiro Publishing, Clayton., 69(12), 1215-1224.
https://doi.org/10.1071/CP18336
Dodig D, Kandić V, Nikolić A, Zorić M, Nikolic-Dorić E, Mutavdzić B, Perović D, Šurlan-Momirović G. Comparative kernel growth and yield components of two- and six-row barley (Hordeum vulgare) under terminal drought simulated by defoliation. in Crop & Pasture Science. 2018;69(12):1215-1224.
doi:10.1071/CP18336 .
Dodig, Dejan, Kandić, Vesna, Nikolić, Ana, Zorić, Miroslav, Nikolic-Dorić, Emilija, Mutavdzić, Beba, Perović, Dragan, Šurlan-Momirović, Gordana, "Comparative kernel growth and yield components of two- and six-row barley (Hordeum vulgare) under terminal drought simulated by defoliation" in Crop & Pasture Science, 69, no. 12 (2018):1215-1224,
https://doi.org/10.1071/CP18336 . .
12
6
10

Water-soluble carbohydrates accumulation in peduncle of wheat and its relationship to morpho-anatomical and productive traits

Šešlija, Aleksandra; Vucelic-Radović, Biljana; Stanojević, Slađana; Savić, Jasna; Rancić, Dragana; Pećinar, Ilinka; Kandić, Vesna; Dodig, Dejan

(Lithuanian Research Centre Agriculture & Forestry, Kedainiu R, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Šešlija, Aleksandra
AU  - Vucelic-Radović, Biljana
AU  - Stanojević, Slađana
AU  - Savić, Jasna
AU  - Rancić, Dragana
AU  - Pećinar, Ilinka
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/686
AB  - Water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC) accumulating in internodes of the wheat stem can be a consequential contributor to grain filling, especially under stress conditions. In this study the WSC content and the WSC specific content (WSCSC) per unit of length were determined in the uppermost internode (peduncle) of the main stem at 10 days after anthesis across 44 wheat genotypes in two-year field trials. The defoliation was done at 10 days after anthesis by cutting off all leaf blades and defoliated plants were grown along with the intact control plants. Among 16 morphological, anatomical and developmental traits, the area of pith intercellular of peduncle, chlorophyll content in flag leaf and the flag leaf area appeared to be most important for WSC accumulation in peduncle. High WSCSC genotypes tended to have higher grain weight per spike than low WSCSC genotypes both in defoliated and control plants.
PB  - Lithuanian Research Centre Agriculture & Forestry, Kedainiu R
T2  - Zemdirbyste-Agriculture
T1  - Water-soluble carbohydrates accumulation in peduncle of wheat and its relationship to morpho-anatomical and productive traits
VL  - 104
IS  - 2
SP  - 165
EP  - 172
DO  - 10.13080/z-a.2017.104.021
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Šešlija, Aleksandra and Vucelic-Radović, Biljana and Stanojević, Slađana and Savić, Jasna and Rancić, Dragana and Pećinar, Ilinka and Kandić, Vesna and Dodig, Dejan",
year = "2017",
abstract = "Water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC) accumulating in internodes of the wheat stem can be a consequential contributor to grain filling, especially under stress conditions. In this study the WSC content and the WSC specific content (WSCSC) per unit of length were determined in the uppermost internode (peduncle) of the main stem at 10 days after anthesis across 44 wheat genotypes in two-year field trials. The defoliation was done at 10 days after anthesis by cutting off all leaf blades and defoliated plants were grown along with the intact control plants. Among 16 morphological, anatomical and developmental traits, the area of pith intercellular of peduncle, chlorophyll content in flag leaf and the flag leaf area appeared to be most important for WSC accumulation in peduncle. High WSCSC genotypes tended to have higher grain weight per spike than low WSCSC genotypes both in defoliated and control plants.",
publisher = "Lithuanian Research Centre Agriculture & Forestry, Kedainiu R",
journal = "Zemdirbyste-Agriculture",
title = "Water-soluble carbohydrates accumulation in peduncle of wheat and its relationship to morpho-anatomical and productive traits",
volume = "104",
number = "2",
pages = "165-172",
doi = "10.13080/z-a.2017.104.021"
}
Šešlija, A., Vucelic-Radović, B., Stanojević, S., Savić, J., Rancić, D., Pećinar, I., Kandić, V.,& Dodig, D.. (2017). Water-soluble carbohydrates accumulation in peduncle of wheat and its relationship to morpho-anatomical and productive traits. in Zemdirbyste-Agriculture
Lithuanian Research Centre Agriculture & Forestry, Kedainiu R., 104(2), 165-172.
https://doi.org/10.13080/z-a.2017.104.021
Šešlija A, Vucelic-Radović B, Stanojević S, Savić J, Rancić D, Pećinar I, Kandić V, Dodig D. Water-soluble carbohydrates accumulation in peduncle of wheat and its relationship to morpho-anatomical and productive traits. in Zemdirbyste-Agriculture. 2017;104(2):165-172.
doi:10.13080/z-a.2017.104.021 .
Šešlija, Aleksandra, Vucelic-Radović, Biljana, Stanojević, Slađana, Savić, Jasna, Rancić, Dragana, Pećinar, Ilinka, Kandić, Vesna, Dodig, Dejan, "Water-soluble carbohydrates accumulation in peduncle of wheat and its relationship to morpho-anatomical and productive traits" in Zemdirbyste-Agriculture, 104, no. 2 (2017):165-172,
https://doi.org/10.13080/z-a.2017.104.021 . .
4
2
5

Response of wheat plants under post-anthesis stress induced by defoliation: II. Contribution of peduncle morpho-anatomical traits and carbon reserves to grain yield

Dodig, Dejan; Kandić, Vesna; Rancić, D.; Vucelic-Radović, Bijana; Savić, J.; Pećinar, Ilinka; Stanojević, Slađana; Šešlija, Aleksandra; Pekic-Quarrie, Sofija; Zorić, Miroslav; Vassilev, D.

(Cambridge Univ Press, New York, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Rancić, D.
AU  - Vucelic-Radović, Bijana
AU  - Savić, J.
AU  - Pećinar, Ilinka
AU  - Stanojević, Slađana
AU  - Šešlija, Aleksandra
AU  - Pekic-Quarrie, Sofija
AU  - Zorić, Miroslav
AU  - Vassilev, D.
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/677
AB  - Assimilated carbon during vegetative and early reproductive growth in wheat is temporarily stored in stem internodes and leaf sheaths (LSs), and can later be remobilized and transported to developing grain. The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of several peduncle (the uppermost internode) morpho-anatomical and biochemical traits on grain weight, and to assess the contribution of the peduncle water-soluble carbohydrate (WSC) reserves shortly after anthesis to its variation. In 2-year field trials, 61 wheat genotypes were used (27 F-4:5 families, 17 parents used for the crosses and the 17 current best standards), comparing intact control plants (CP) with plants that were defoliated (DP) by cutting off all leaf blades 10 days after anthesis. Estimated contributions of peduncle (culm (C) and flag LS) assimilate reserves to grain weight/spike were from 006 to 031 and from 011 to 045 in CP and DP plants, respectively. In both CP and DP plants, a higher contribution was from the LS than from the C. High peduncle reserve mobilization efficiency, a longer exposed part of the peduncle and larger C storage capacity (through higher parenchyma and/or lower lignified area) were of specific benefit for maintaining grain weight in defoliated plants. F-4:5 families had higher transport capacity in the peduncle, but without any improvement in WSC-related traits compared with the best standards.
PB  - Cambridge Univ Press, New York
T2  - Journal of Agricultural Science
T1  - Response of wheat plants under post-anthesis stress induced by defoliation: II. Contribution of peduncle morpho-anatomical traits and carbon reserves to grain yield
VL  - 155
IS  - 3
SP  - 475
EP  - 493
DO  - 10.1017/S0021859616000551
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dodig, Dejan and Kandić, Vesna and Rancić, D. and Vucelic-Radović, Bijana and Savić, J. and Pećinar, Ilinka and Stanojević, Slađana and Šešlija, Aleksandra and Pekic-Quarrie, Sofija and Zorić, Miroslav and Vassilev, D.",
year = "2017",
abstract = "Assimilated carbon during vegetative and early reproductive growth in wheat is temporarily stored in stem internodes and leaf sheaths (LSs), and can later be remobilized and transported to developing grain. The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of several peduncle (the uppermost internode) morpho-anatomical and biochemical traits on grain weight, and to assess the contribution of the peduncle water-soluble carbohydrate (WSC) reserves shortly after anthesis to its variation. In 2-year field trials, 61 wheat genotypes were used (27 F-4:5 families, 17 parents used for the crosses and the 17 current best standards), comparing intact control plants (CP) with plants that were defoliated (DP) by cutting off all leaf blades 10 days after anthesis. Estimated contributions of peduncle (culm (C) and flag LS) assimilate reserves to grain weight/spike were from 006 to 031 and from 011 to 045 in CP and DP plants, respectively. In both CP and DP plants, a higher contribution was from the LS than from the C. High peduncle reserve mobilization efficiency, a longer exposed part of the peduncle and larger C storage capacity (through higher parenchyma and/or lower lignified area) were of specific benefit for maintaining grain weight in defoliated plants. F-4:5 families had higher transport capacity in the peduncle, but without any improvement in WSC-related traits compared with the best standards.",
publisher = "Cambridge Univ Press, New York",
journal = "Journal of Agricultural Science",
title = "Response of wheat plants under post-anthesis stress induced by defoliation: II. Contribution of peduncle morpho-anatomical traits and carbon reserves to grain yield",
volume = "155",
number = "3",
pages = "475-493",
doi = "10.1017/S0021859616000551"
}
Dodig, D., Kandić, V., Rancić, D., Vucelic-Radović, B., Savić, J., Pećinar, I., Stanojević, S., Šešlija, A., Pekic-Quarrie, S., Zorić, M.,& Vassilev, D.. (2017). Response of wheat plants under post-anthesis stress induced by defoliation: II. Contribution of peduncle morpho-anatomical traits and carbon reserves to grain yield. in Journal of Agricultural Science
Cambridge Univ Press, New York., 155(3), 475-493.
https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859616000551
Dodig D, Kandić V, Rancić D, Vucelic-Radović B, Savić J, Pećinar I, Stanojević S, Šešlija A, Pekic-Quarrie S, Zorić M, Vassilev D. Response of wheat plants under post-anthesis stress induced by defoliation: II. Contribution of peduncle morpho-anatomical traits and carbon reserves to grain yield. in Journal of Agricultural Science. 2017;155(3):475-493.
doi:10.1017/S0021859616000551 .
Dodig, Dejan, Kandić, Vesna, Rancić, D., Vucelic-Radović, Bijana, Savić, J., Pećinar, Ilinka, Stanojević, Slađana, Šešlija, Aleksandra, Pekic-Quarrie, Sofija, Zorić, Miroslav, Vassilev, D., "Response of wheat plants under post-anthesis stress induced by defoliation: II. Contribution of peduncle morpho-anatomical traits and carbon reserves to grain yield" in Journal of Agricultural Science, 155, no. 3 (2017):475-493,
https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859616000551 . .
10
3
9

Association of agronomical, morphological and anatomical traits with compensatory effect of stem reserve mobilization in common wheat genotypes under drought stress

Savić, Jasna; Rancić, Dragana; Pećinar, Ilinka; Šešlija, Aleksandra; Ivanović, Dragana; Kandić, Vesna; Dodig, Dejan; Bratković, Kamenko

(Patron Editore S R L, Bologna, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Savić, Jasna
AU  - Rancić, Dragana
AU  - Pećinar, Ilinka
AU  - Šešlija, Aleksandra
AU  - Ivanović, Dragana
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Bratković, Kamenko
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/660
AB  - Enhanced dry matter remobilization from vegetative tissues under terminal drought contributes to wheat grain yield. Two-year field study was conducted with aim to determine the range of compensatory effect (CE) based on stem dry matter remobilization in defoliated (10 days after anthesis) and intact plants of 61 wheat (Triticum aestivum L) genotypes included three groups: 17 standard genotypes, 27 F4: 5 families and 17 parent genotypes (only second season) used to make F4: 5 families. Agronomical, morphological and anatomical traits which influence the CE were analysed. Over two seasons CE was affected by environmental conditions. On average across standards and F4: 5 families CE was higher in the first season when mean stress intensity index of 0.145 (quantified as mild stress) was lower than 0.278 (quantified as moderate stress) obtained for the second season. Genotypes with higher number of spikelets and grains per spike, as well later flowering showed be yield loss compensation. Stem biomass and peduncle anatomical traits which determine potential for accumulation and remobilization of dry matter, such as stem wall thickness, photosynthetically not active parenchyma and number of large vascular bundles, showed positive correlation with CE. Although compensation of yield loss might be improved through breeding process (our F4: 5 families had slightly higher mean CE than their parents under moderate stress), it does not mitigate the effect of post-anthesis drought in great extent (up to 38.4%).
PB  - Patron Editore S R L, Bologna
T2  - Italian Journal of Agrometeorology-Rivista Italiana Di Agrometeorologia
T1  - Association of agronomical, morphological and anatomical traits with compensatory effect of stem reserve mobilization in common wheat genotypes under drought stress
VL  - 22
IS  - 3
SP  - 5
EP  - 12
DO  - 10.19199/2017.3.2038-5625.005
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Savić, Jasna and Rancić, Dragana and Pećinar, Ilinka and Šešlija, Aleksandra and Ivanović, Dragana and Kandić, Vesna and Dodig, Dejan and Bratković, Kamenko",
year = "2017",
abstract = "Enhanced dry matter remobilization from vegetative tissues under terminal drought contributes to wheat grain yield. Two-year field study was conducted with aim to determine the range of compensatory effect (CE) based on stem dry matter remobilization in defoliated (10 days after anthesis) and intact plants of 61 wheat (Triticum aestivum L) genotypes included three groups: 17 standard genotypes, 27 F4: 5 families and 17 parent genotypes (only second season) used to make F4: 5 families. Agronomical, morphological and anatomical traits which influence the CE were analysed. Over two seasons CE was affected by environmental conditions. On average across standards and F4: 5 families CE was higher in the first season when mean stress intensity index of 0.145 (quantified as mild stress) was lower than 0.278 (quantified as moderate stress) obtained for the second season. Genotypes with higher number of spikelets and grains per spike, as well later flowering showed be yield loss compensation. Stem biomass and peduncle anatomical traits which determine potential for accumulation and remobilization of dry matter, such as stem wall thickness, photosynthetically not active parenchyma and number of large vascular bundles, showed positive correlation with CE. Although compensation of yield loss might be improved through breeding process (our F4: 5 families had slightly higher mean CE than their parents under moderate stress), it does not mitigate the effect of post-anthesis drought in great extent (up to 38.4%).",
publisher = "Patron Editore S R L, Bologna",
journal = "Italian Journal of Agrometeorology-Rivista Italiana Di Agrometeorologia",
title = "Association of agronomical, morphological and anatomical traits with compensatory effect of stem reserve mobilization in common wheat genotypes under drought stress",
volume = "22",
number = "3",
pages = "5-12",
doi = "10.19199/2017.3.2038-5625.005"
}
Savić, J., Rancić, D., Pećinar, I., Šešlija, A., Ivanović, D., Kandić, V., Dodig, D.,& Bratković, K.. (2017). Association of agronomical, morphological and anatomical traits with compensatory effect of stem reserve mobilization in common wheat genotypes under drought stress. in Italian Journal of Agrometeorology-Rivista Italiana Di Agrometeorologia
Patron Editore S R L, Bologna., 22(3), 5-12.
https://doi.org/10.19199/2017.3.2038-5625.005
Savić J, Rancić D, Pećinar I, Šešlija A, Ivanović D, Kandić V, Dodig D, Bratković K. Association of agronomical, morphological and anatomical traits with compensatory effect of stem reserve mobilization in common wheat genotypes under drought stress. in Italian Journal of Agrometeorology-Rivista Italiana Di Agrometeorologia. 2017;22(3):5-12.
doi:10.19199/2017.3.2038-5625.005 .
Savić, Jasna, Rancić, Dragana, Pećinar, Ilinka, Šešlija, Aleksandra, Ivanović, Dragana, Kandić, Vesna, Dodig, Dejan, Bratković, Kamenko, "Association of agronomical, morphological and anatomical traits with compensatory effect of stem reserve mobilization in common wheat genotypes under drought stress" in Italian Journal of Agrometeorology-Rivista Italiana Di Agrometeorologia, 22, no. 3 (2017):5-12,
https://doi.org/10.19199/2017.3.2038-5625.005 . .
3

Expected genetic advance for thousand grain weight and grain number per spike of bread wheat and durum wheat

Branković, Gordana; Dodig, Dejan; Knežević, Desimir; Kandić, Vesna; Pavlov, Jovan

(Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet, Beograd, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Branković, Gordana
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Knežević, Desimir
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Pavlov, Jovan
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/632
AB  - The research was aimed at examining variability, variance components, broad-sense heritability (h2), expected genetic advance of thousand grain weight (TGW) and grain number per spike (GNS) of 15 genotypes of bread wheat and 15 genotypes of durum wheat. Field trials were carried out during 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 growing seasons at the three sites: Rimski Šančevi, Zemun Polje and Padinska Skela. Results of this investigation showed that the genetic component of variance (σ2g) was predominant for TGW of bread and durum wheat and for GNS of bread wheat. The genotype × environment interaction (σ2ge) component of phenotypic variance was 8.72 times higher than σ2g for GNS of durum wheat and pointed to the greater instability of durum wheat genotypes. h2 was very high (>90%) for TGW and GNS of bread wheat, high for TGW of durum wheat - 87.3% and low for GNS of durum wheat - 39.5%. Considering the high values obtained for h2 - 96.4% and the highest value for expected genetic advance as percent of mean (GAM) - 19.3% for TGW of bread wheat, the success of selection for desired values of this yield component can be anticipated. The success of selection cannot be predicted for GNS of durum wheat due to low values obtained for h2 and GAM of 39.5% and 2.8%, respectively.
AB  - Ciljevi ovog istraživanja su bili da se prouči varijabilnost, komponente varijanse, heritabilnost u širem smislu (h2) i očekivana genetička dobit mase hiljadu zrna (MHZ) i broja zrna po klasu (BZK) za 15 genotipova hlebne pšenice i 15 genotipova durum pšenice. Poljski ogledi su izvedeni tokom 2010-2011. i 2011-2012. godine na tri lokaliteta: Rimski Šančevi, Zemun Polje i Padinska Skela. Rezultati istraživanja su pokazali da je genetička komponenta varijanse (σ2g) bila dominantna u fenotipskoj ekspresiji MHZ hlebne i durum pšenice i BZK hlebne pšenice. Komponenta fenotipske varijanse usled interakcije genotip × sredina (σ2ge) je bila 8,72 puta veća od σ2g za BZK durum pšenice i ukazala je na veću nestabilnost genotipova durum pšenice za tu osobinu. Koeficijent heritabilnosti je bio veoma visok (> 90%) za MHZ i BZK hlebne pšenice, visok za MHZ durum pšenice - 87,3% i nizak za BZK durum pšenice - 39,5%. Uzimajući u obzir visoke ostvarene vrednosti za h2 - 96,4% i za očekivanu genetičku dobit izraženu u procentima od proseka (GAM) - 19,3% za MHZ hlebne pšenice, moguće je predvideti uspeh selekcije pri oplemenjivanju navedene komponente prinosa. Uspeh selekcije se ne može predvideti za BZK durum pšenice zbog dobijenih niskih vrednosti za h2 i GAM od 39,5% odnosno 2,8%.
PB  - Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet, Beograd
T2  - Journal of Agricultural Sciences
T1  - Expected genetic advance for thousand grain weight and grain number per spike of bread wheat and durum wheat
T1  - Očekivana genetička dobit mase hiljadu zrna i broja zrna po klasu hlebne i durum pšenice
VL  - 61
IS  - 2
SP  - 113
EP  - 125
DO  - 10.2298/JAS1602113B
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Branković, Gordana and Dodig, Dejan and Knežević, Desimir and Kandić, Vesna and Pavlov, Jovan",
year = "2016",
abstract = "The research was aimed at examining variability, variance components, broad-sense heritability (h2), expected genetic advance of thousand grain weight (TGW) and grain number per spike (GNS) of 15 genotypes of bread wheat and 15 genotypes of durum wheat. Field trials were carried out during 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 growing seasons at the three sites: Rimski Šančevi, Zemun Polje and Padinska Skela. Results of this investigation showed that the genetic component of variance (σ2g) was predominant for TGW of bread and durum wheat and for GNS of bread wheat. The genotype × environment interaction (σ2ge) component of phenotypic variance was 8.72 times higher than σ2g for GNS of durum wheat and pointed to the greater instability of durum wheat genotypes. h2 was very high (>90%) for TGW and GNS of bread wheat, high for TGW of durum wheat - 87.3% and low for GNS of durum wheat - 39.5%. Considering the high values obtained for h2 - 96.4% and the highest value for expected genetic advance as percent of mean (GAM) - 19.3% for TGW of bread wheat, the success of selection for desired values of this yield component can be anticipated. The success of selection cannot be predicted for GNS of durum wheat due to low values obtained for h2 and GAM of 39.5% and 2.8%, respectively., Ciljevi ovog istraživanja su bili da se prouči varijabilnost, komponente varijanse, heritabilnost u širem smislu (h2) i očekivana genetička dobit mase hiljadu zrna (MHZ) i broja zrna po klasu (BZK) za 15 genotipova hlebne pšenice i 15 genotipova durum pšenice. Poljski ogledi su izvedeni tokom 2010-2011. i 2011-2012. godine na tri lokaliteta: Rimski Šančevi, Zemun Polje i Padinska Skela. Rezultati istraživanja su pokazali da je genetička komponenta varijanse (σ2g) bila dominantna u fenotipskoj ekspresiji MHZ hlebne i durum pšenice i BZK hlebne pšenice. Komponenta fenotipske varijanse usled interakcije genotip × sredina (σ2ge) je bila 8,72 puta veća od σ2g za BZK durum pšenice i ukazala je na veću nestabilnost genotipova durum pšenice za tu osobinu. Koeficijent heritabilnosti je bio veoma visok (> 90%) za MHZ i BZK hlebne pšenice, visok za MHZ durum pšenice - 87,3% i nizak za BZK durum pšenice - 39,5%. Uzimajući u obzir visoke ostvarene vrednosti za h2 - 96,4% i za očekivanu genetičku dobit izraženu u procentima od proseka (GAM) - 19,3% za MHZ hlebne pšenice, moguće je predvideti uspeh selekcije pri oplemenjivanju navedene komponente prinosa. Uspeh selekcije se ne može predvideti za BZK durum pšenice zbog dobijenih niskih vrednosti za h2 i GAM od 39,5% odnosno 2,8%.",
publisher = "Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet, Beograd",
journal = "Journal of Agricultural Sciences",
title = "Expected genetic advance for thousand grain weight and grain number per spike of bread wheat and durum wheat, Očekivana genetička dobit mase hiljadu zrna i broja zrna po klasu hlebne i durum pšenice",
volume = "61",
number = "2",
pages = "113-125",
doi = "10.2298/JAS1602113B"
}
Branković, G., Dodig, D., Knežević, D., Kandić, V.,& Pavlov, J.. (2016). Expected genetic advance for thousand grain weight and grain number per spike of bread wheat and durum wheat. in Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet, Beograd., 61(2), 113-125.
https://doi.org/10.2298/JAS1602113B
Branković G, Dodig D, Knežević D, Kandić V, Pavlov J. Expected genetic advance for thousand grain weight and grain number per spike of bread wheat and durum wheat. in Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2016;61(2):113-125.
doi:10.2298/JAS1602113B .
Branković, Gordana, Dodig, Dejan, Knežević, Desimir, Kandić, Vesna, Pavlov, Jovan, "Expected genetic advance for thousand grain weight and grain number per spike of bread wheat and durum wheat" in Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 61, no. 2 (2016):113-125,
https://doi.org/10.2298/JAS1602113B . .

Responses of wheat plants under post-anthesis stress induced by defoliation: i. Contribution of agro-physiological traits to grain yield

Dodig, Dejan; Kandić, Vesna; Savić, Jasna; Vucelic-Radović, Bijana; Zorić, Miroslav; Popović, Aleksandra; Quarrie, Steve

(Cambridge Univ Press, New York, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dodig, Dejan
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
AU  - Savić, Jasna
AU  - Vucelic-Radović, Bijana
AU  - Zorić, Miroslav
AU  - Popović, Aleksandra
AU  - Quarrie, Steve
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/648
AB  - When water stress develops post-anthesis, wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) plants have to rely increasingly on remobilization of previously stored assimilates to maintain grain filling. In two-year field trials, we studied more than 20 agronomic and developmental traits in 61 wheat genotypes (27 F4:5 families, 17 parents used for the crosses and 17 standards), comparing plants that were defoliated (DP) by cutting off all leaf blades 10 days after anthesis with intact control plants (CP). Estimated contributions of stem and sheath assimilate reserves to grain weight/spike were from 10-54% and from 24-84% in CP and DP plants, respectively. Stem-related traits were among key traits determining stem reserve contribution (SRC). The most important genetic variables in differentiating genotypes for stress tolerance were biomass/stem, stem reserves mobilization efficiency and grain filling rate (GFR). Balance among traits related to yield maintenance in DP were more important than their high values. In general F4: 5 families (FAM), that had been crossed to combine typical breeding traits such as biomass and yield components, showed better tolerance under moderate stress than standards and parents.
PB  - Cambridge Univ Press, New York
T2  - Experimental Agriculture
T1  - Responses of wheat plants under post-anthesis stress induced by defoliation: i. Contribution of agro-physiological traits to grain yield
VL  - 52
IS  - 2
SP  - 203
EP  - 223
DO  - 10.1017/S0014479715000034
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dodig, Dejan and Kandić, Vesna and Savić, Jasna and Vucelic-Radović, Bijana and Zorić, Miroslav and Popović, Aleksandra and Quarrie, Steve",
year = "2016",
abstract = "When water stress develops post-anthesis, wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) plants have to rely increasingly on remobilization of previously stored assimilates to maintain grain filling. In two-year field trials, we studied more than 20 agronomic and developmental traits in 61 wheat genotypes (27 F4:5 families, 17 parents used for the crosses and 17 standards), comparing plants that were defoliated (DP) by cutting off all leaf blades 10 days after anthesis with intact control plants (CP). Estimated contributions of stem and sheath assimilate reserves to grain weight/spike were from 10-54% and from 24-84% in CP and DP plants, respectively. Stem-related traits were among key traits determining stem reserve contribution (SRC). The most important genetic variables in differentiating genotypes for stress tolerance were biomass/stem, stem reserves mobilization efficiency and grain filling rate (GFR). Balance among traits related to yield maintenance in DP were more important than their high values. In general F4: 5 families (FAM), that had been crossed to combine typical breeding traits such as biomass and yield components, showed better tolerance under moderate stress than standards and parents.",
publisher = "Cambridge Univ Press, New York",
journal = "Experimental Agriculture",
title = "Responses of wheat plants under post-anthesis stress induced by defoliation: i. Contribution of agro-physiological traits to grain yield",
volume = "52",
number = "2",
pages = "203-223",
doi = "10.1017/S0014479715000034"
}
Dodig, D., Kandić, V., Savić, J., Vucelic-Radović, B., Zorić, M., Popović, A.,& Quarrie, S.. (2016). Responses of wheat plants under post-anthesis stress induced by defoliation: i. Contribution of agro-physiological traits to grain yield. in Experimental Agriculture
Cambridge Univ Press, New York., 52(2), 203-223.
https://doi.org/10.1017/S0014479715000034
Dodig D, Kandić V, Savić J, Vucelic-Radović B, Zorić M, Popović A, Quarrie S. Responses of wheat plants under post-anthesis stress induced by defoliation: i. Contribution of agro-physiological traits to grain yield. in Experimental Agriculture. 2016;52(2):203-223.
doi:10.1017/S0014479715000034 .
Dodig, Dejan, Kandić, Vesna, Savić, Jasna, Vucelic-Radović, Bijana, Zorić, Miroslav, Popović, Aleksandra, Quarrie, Steve, "Responses of wheat plants under post-anthesis stress induced by defoliation: i. Contribution of agro-physiological traits to grain yield" in Experimental Agriculture, 52, no. 2 (2016):203-223,
https://doi.org/10.1017/S0014479715000034 . .
14
8
13

Ocena genotipova ječma na otpornost prema suši u fazi nalivanja zrna

Kandić, Vesna

(Универзитет у Београду, Пољопривредни факултет, 2015)

TY  - THES
AU  - Kandić, Vesna
PY  - 2015
UR  - http://eteze.bg.ac.rs/application/showtheses?thesesId=2309
UR  - https://fedorabg.bg.ac.rs/fedora/get/o:10215/bdef:Content/download
UR  - http://vbs.rs/scripts/cobiss?command=DISPLAY&base=70036&RID=47516431
UR  - http://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/123456789/4195
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/752
AB  - Nakon formiranja broja zrna po klasu u toku vegetativne faze, masa zrnazavisi od intenziteta i duţine nalivanja zrna. Međutim, u većini regiona u svetu ukojima se gaji ječam, pa i u Srbiji, česta je pojava suše i visokih temperatura tokomnalivanja zrna. Cilj ovog istraţivanja je bio da se identifikuju genotipovi dvoredog išestoredog ječma koji mogu da postignu relativno visoke prinose u uslovimaterminalne suše, kao i utvrđivanje korelacionih veza između ispitivanih osobinaradi utvrđivanja kriterijuma za indirektnu selekciju na otpornost na sušu u periodunakon cvetanja.Genetički materijal korišćen u ovom istraţivanju činilo je 15 genotipovadvoredog i 10 genotipova šestoredog ječma. Ogled je postavljen po potpunoslučajnom blok sistemu, na lokalitetima Zemun Polje i Školsko dobro, u dvaponavljanja, dva tretmana i dve godine (2010/2011 i 2011/2012). Jedan tretman jebio kontrolni, dok je u drugom izvršena mehanička defolijacija listova sedmogdana nakon cvetanja svakog genotipa. Na taj način su putem inhibicije tekućefotosinteze simulirani uslovi suše u periodu nalivanja zrna. Uzorci klasova suuzimani na svakih pet dana, od momenta defolijacije do pune zrelosti.Defolijacija je uticala da se kod većine osobina srednje vrednosti značajnorazlikuju (P<0.05) u odnosu na kontrolu, a do najvećeg smanjenja je došlo kodukupnog prinosa zrna za 33%, ukupne biomase za 31%, prinosa po klasu za 14% iintenziteta nalivanja za 12%. Analiza varijanse je pokazala da je u uslovima stresa,u proseku za sve osobine, uticaj faktora genotip na variranje osobina nešto veći uodnosu na kontrolne uslove (36,5% prema 34,2%), dok je uticaj faktora sredine većiu kontrolnim u odnosu na uslove defolijacije (41,4% prema 34%)...
AB  - After the kernel number per spike has been formed during the vegetativestage, grain weight depends on the rate and duration of grain filling. However,drought and high temperatures during the grain filling stage frequently occurs inthe majority og barley growing regions world wide, and Serbia too.The aim of this study was to identify two- and six- rowed barley genotypeswith capacity to have comparatively high yields in terminal drought conditions,and to determine correlations among investigated traits in order to define criteriafor indirect selection for resistance to drought in the period after flowering.The genetic material used in this study encompassed 15 and 10 genotypes oftwo-rowed and six-rowed barley, respectively. Genotypes were grown in arandomised complete block design trial with two replications, two treatments attwo locations (Zemun Polje and Školsko dobro) in the period 2010-2011 and againin 2011-2012. One treatment was control, while in the other treatment mechanicaldefoliation was performed, 7 days after flowering of each genotype. Through theinhibition of current photosynthesis (as result of defoliation), the treatmentsimulated drought conditions during grain filling. Spike sampling was initiated atthe moment of defoliation, and continued at 5 day interval until full maturity.Defoliation resulted in significant (P <0.05) difference in mean values in themajority of traits in comparison with the control, and the largest reduction wasrecorded in the total grain yield (33%), the total biomass (31%), the yield per spike(14%) and the grain filling rate (12%).The analysis of variance showed that under conditions of stress, on averagefor all traits, effects of genotypes on variation in traits were somewhat higher thanin the control (36.5% vs. 34.2%)...
PB  - Универзитет у Београду, Пољопривредни факултет
T2  - Универзитет у Београду
T1  - Ocena genotipova ječma na otpornost prema suši u fazi nalivanja zrna
T1  - Evaluation of barley genotypes for drought tolerance during grain filling stage
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_nardus_4195
ER  - 
@phdthesis{
author = "Kandić, Vesna",
year = "2015",
abstract = "Nakon formiranja broja zrna po klasu u toku vegetativne faze, masa zrnazavisi od intenziteta i duţine nalivanja zrna. Međutim, u većini regiona u svetu ukojima se gaji ječam, pa i u Srbiji, česta je pojava suše i visokih temperatura tokomnalivanja zrna. Cilj ovog istraţivanja je bio da se identifikuju genotipovi dvoredog išestoredog ječma koji mogu da postignu relativno visoke prinose u uslovimaterminalne suše, kao i utvrđivanje korelacionih veza između ispitivanih osobinaradi utvrđivanja kriterijuma za indirektnu selekciju na otpornost na sušu u periodunakon cvetanja.Genetički materijal korišćen u ovom istraţivanju činilo je 15 genotipovadvoredog i 10 genotipova šestoredog ječma. Ogled je postavljen po potpunoslučajnom blok sistemu, na lokalitetima Zemun Polje i Školsko dobro, u dvaponavljanja, dva tretmana i dve godine (2010/2011 i 2011/2012). Jedan tretman jebio kontrolni, dok je u drugom izvršena mehanička defolijacija listova sedmogdana nakon cvetanja svakog genotipa. Na taj način su putem inhibicije tekućefotosinteze simulirani uslovi suše u periodu nalivanja zrna. Uzorci klasova suuzimani na svakih pet dana, od momenta defolijacije do pune zrelosti.Defolijacija je uticala da se kod većine osobina srednje vrednosti značajnorazlikuju (P<0.05) u odnosu na kontrolu, a do najvećeg smanjenja je došlo kodukupnog prinosa zrna za 33%, ukupne biomase za 31%, prinosa po klasu za 14% iintenziteta nalivanja za 12%. Analiza varijanse je pokazala da je u uslovima stresa,u proseku za sve osobine, uticaj faktora genotip na variranje osobina nešto veći uodnosu na kontrolne uslove (36,5% prema 34,2%), dok je uticaj faktora sredine većiu kontrolnim u odnosu na uslove defolijacije (41,4% prema 34%)..., After the kernel number per spike has been formed during the vegetativestage, grain weight depends on the rate and duration of grain filling. However,drought and high temperatures during the grain filling stage frequently occurs inthe majority og barley growing regions world wide, and Serbia too.The aim of this study was to identify two- and six- rowed barley genotypeswith capacity to have comparatively high yields in terminal drought conditions,and to determine correlations among investigated traits in order to define criteriafor indirect selection for resistance to drought in the period after flowering.The genetic material used in this study encompassed 15 and 10 genotypes oftwo-rowed and six-rowed barley, respectively. Genotypes were grown in arandomised complete block design trial with two replications, two treatments attwo locations (Zemun Polje and Školsko dobro) in the period 2010-2011 and againin 2011-2012. One treatment was control, while in the other treatment mechanicaldefoliation was performed, 7 days after flowering of each genotype. Through theinhibition of current photosynthesis (as result of defoliation), the treatmentsimulated drought conditions during grain filling. Spike sampling was initiated atthe moment of defoliation, and continued at 5 day interval until full maturity.Defoliation resulted in significant (P <0.05) difference in mean values in themajority of traits in comparison with the control, and the largest reduction wasrecorded in the total grain yield (33%), the total biomass (31%), the yield per spike(14%) and the grain filling rate (12%).The analysis of variance showed that under conditions of stress, on averagefor all traits, effects of genotypes on variation in traits were somewhat higher thanin the control (36.5% vs. 34.2%)...",
publisher = "Универзитет у Београду, Пољопривредни факултет",
journal = "Универзитет у Београду",
title = "Ocena genotipova ječma na otpornost prema suši u fazi nalivanja zrna, Evaluation of barley genotypes for drought tolerance during grain filling stage",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_nardus_4195"
}
Kandić, V.. (2015). Ocena genotipova ječma na otpornost prema suši u fazi nalivanja zrna. in Универзитет у Београду
Универзитет у Београду, Пољопривредни факултет..
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_nardus_4195
Kandić V. Ocena genotipova ječma na otpornost prema suši u fazi nalivanja zrna. in Универзитет у Београду. 2015;.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_nardus_4195 .
Kandić, Vesna, "Ocena genotipova ječma na otpornost prema suši u fazi nalivanja zrna" in Универзитет у Београду (2015),
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_nardus_4195 .