Nikolić, Valentina

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The effect of genotype on grain properties of different maize hybrids from Serbia

Nikolić, Valentina; Simić, Marijana; Žilić, Slađana; Sarić, Beka; Milovanović, Danka; Vasić, Marko G.; Jovanović, Snežana

(Kiev : Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination, 2023)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nikolić, Valentina
AU  - Simić, Marijana
AU  - Žilić, Slađana
AU  - Sarić, Beka
AU  - Milovanović, Danka
AU  - Vasić, Marko G.
AU  - Jovanović, Snežana
PY  - 2023
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1181
AB  - Maize (Zea mays L.) is, along with wheat and
rice, one of the most important cereal crops in
the world. The five basic groups of commercially
available maize hybrids are dent, flint, floury,
popping, and sweet maize. The grain color can
also vary from white, yellow, and orange, to red,
blue, purple and brown. The aim of this study
was to investigate the effect of genotype on grain
quality of 33 maize hybrids, including physical
properties and grain chemical composition. The
hybrids were grown in 2022 at the location of Zemun
Polje, Serbia and tested in in the laboratory
of the Department of Food Technology and Biochemistry
of the Maize Research Institute “Zemun
Polje“. Manual dissection of the grains indicated
that the highest content of pericarp fraction
was present in the popcorn genotype ZP 611k
(10.38%), and the lowest in yellow dent genotype
ZP 6066 (5.77%), the germ fraction was predominant
in the sweet hybryd ZP 504su (16,09%),and the endosperm (84.13%) in popcirn genotype
ZP 6119k. The 1000-kernel weight, an important
physical indicator of grain quality, ranged from
120.98 g (popcorn hybrid ZP 617k) to 398.13 g
(yellow dent ZP 7072). Higher 1000-kernel weight
is a preferred wet-milling characteristic because
it is associated with greater starch and protein
yield and lesser yields of fiber. The findings indicate
that the starch, protein, oil, crude fiber,
and ash contents of 33 different maize genotypes
varied between intervals: from 56.79% (sweet
hybrid ZP 504su) to 70.38% (yellow dent hybrid
ZP 4123); from 10.95% (yellow dent ZP 6566) to
13.28% (ZP 504su); from 3.14% (yellow popcorn
ZP 611k) to 7.37 % (ZP 504su); from 1.89% (yellow
dent ZP 457) to 3.45% (early ripening yellow
dent ZP 161); and from 1.39% (yellow dent
ZP 7777) to 1.80% (ZP 161), respectively. The
investigated red kernel genotypes: ZP 3027r and
ZP 5048r, as well as white kernel hybrid ZP 553w
did not stand out significantly regarding the basic
chemical composition, even though our previous
studies showed that red genotypes contain
health-promoting antioxidants – anthocyanins
that provide the red color of the grain. These
findings can be of great importance for future
breeding programs directed toward creating new
and improved genotypes of maize hybrids with
superior grain quality traits intended for different
purposes.
PB  - Kiev : Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination
C3  - XI International applied science conference of young scientists and experts "Breeding, genetics and growing technology for agricultural crops" - Book of proceedings
T1  - The effect of genotype on grain properties of different maize hybrids from Serbia
SP  - 89
EP  - 90
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1181
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Nikolić, Valentina and Simić, Marijana and Žilić, Slađana and Sarić, Beka and Milovanović, Danka and Vasić, Marko G. and Jovanović, Snežana",
year = "2023",
abstract = "Maize (Zea mays L.) is, along with wheat and
rice, one of the most important cereal crops in
the world. The five basic groups of commercially
available maize hybrids are dent, flint, floury,
popping, and sweet maize. The grain color can
also vary from white, yellow, and orange, to red,
blue, purple and brown. The aim of this study
was to investigate the effect of genotype on grain
quality of 33 maize hybrids, including physical
properties and grain chemical composition. The
hybrids were grown in 2022 at the location of Zemun
Polje, Serbia and tested in in the laboratory
of the Department of Food Technology and Biochemistry
of the Maize Research Institute “Zemun
Polje“. Manual dissection of the grains indicated
that the highest content of pericarp fraction
was present in the popcorn genotype ZP 611k
(10.38%), and the lowest in yellow dent genotype
ZP 6066 (5.77%), the germ fraction was predominant
in the sweet hybryd ZP 504su (16,09%),and the endosperm (84.13%) in popcirn genotype
ZP 6119k. The 1000-kernel weight, an important
physical indicator of grain quality, ranged from
120.98 g (popcorn hybrid ZP 617k) to 398.13 g
(yellow dent ZP 7072). Higher 1000-kernel weight
is a preferred wet-milling characteristic because
it is associated with greater starch and protein
yield and lesser yields of fiber. The findings indicate
that the starch, protein, oil, crude fiber,
and ash contents of 33 different maize genotypes
varied between intervals: from 56.79% (sweet
hybrid ZP 504su) to 70.38% (yellow dent hybrid
ZP 4123); from 10.95% (yellow dent ZP 6566) to
13.28% (ZP 504su); from 3.14% (yellow popcorn
ZP 611k) to 7.37 % (ZP 504su); from 1.89% (yellow
dent ZP 457) to 3.45% (early ripening yellow
dent ZP 161); and from 1.39% (yellow dent
ZP 7777) to 1.80% (ZP 161), respectively. The
investigated red kernel genotypes: ZP 3027r and
ZP 5048r, as well as white kernel hybrid ZP 553w
did not stand out significantly regarding the basic
chemical composition, even though our previous
studies showed that red genotypes contain
health-promoting antioxidants – anthocyanins
that provide the red color of the grain. These
findings can be of great importance for future
breeding programs directed toward creating new
and improved genotypes of maize hybrids with
superior grain quality traits intended for different
purposes.",
publisher = "Kiev : Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination",
journal = "XI International applied science conference of young scientists and experts "Breeding, genetics and growing technology for agricultural crops" - Book of proceedings",
title = "The effect of genotype on grain properties of different maize hybrids from Serbia",
pages = "89-90",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1181"
}
Nikolić, V., Simić, M., Žilić, S., Sarić, B., Milovanović, D., Vasić, M. G.,& Jovanović, S.. (2023). The effect of genotype on grain properties of different maize hybrids from Serbia. in XI International applied science conference of young scientists and experts "Breeding, genetics and growing technology for agricultural crops" - Book of proceedings
Kiev : Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination., 89-90.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1181
Nikolić V, Simić M, Žilić S, Sarić B, Milovanović D, Vasić MG, Jovanović S. The effect of genotype on grain properties of different maize hybrids from Serbia. in XI International applied science conference of young scientists and experts "Breeding, genetics and growing technology for agricultural crops" - Book of proceedings. 2023;:89-90.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1181 .
Nikolić, Valentina, Simić, Marijana, Žilić, Slađana, Sarić, Beka, Milovanović, Danka, Vasić, Marko G., Jovanović, Snežana, "The effect of genotype on grain properties of different maize hybrids from Serbia" in XI International applied science conference of young scientists and experts "Breeding, genetics and growing technology for agricultural crops" - Book of proceedings (2023):89-90,
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_rik_1181 .