Štrbanović, Ratibor

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Seed quality of red clover and italian ryegrass varieties during five-year period / kvaliteta semena sorata crvene deteline i italijanskog ljulja tokom petogodišnjeg perioda

Stanisavljević, Rade; Poštić, Dobrivoj; Štrbanović, Ratibor; Oro, Violeta; Tabaković, Marijenka; Jovanović, Snežana; Milenković, Jasmina

(Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Poštić, Dobrivoj
AU  - Štrbanović, Ratibor
AU  - Oro, Violeta
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Jovanović, Snežana
AU  - Milenković, Jasmina
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/895
AB  - Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) and Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) are in the
conditions of Serbia, according to many researches and experiences from practice, the most
productive and highest quality grass-leguminous mixture for fodder production on more fertile
soils. Both species can be sown as pure crops. But sowing and growing in a mixture is better
because of the well-known benefits of growing legumes (which are nitrogen fixers) and grasses
(which have a pronounced need for nitrogen). Studies have shown that these species grown in a
mixture also have a positive effect on soil biogenicity. They also have a positive effect on the
reduction of weeds in relation to the cultivation of these fodder plants in pure culture.
The initial crop density in all plants, especially dense plants, is achieved by the amount of
germinating seeds in the establishment. For sowing in a mixture, the ratio between the number of
leguminous plants and grasses is important for achieving the desired ratio in the mixture (legumes:
grass).. The ratio in the mixture determines the yield and quality of the feed. Namely, it is generally
known that the legume component is of better quality and that the grass component is more
productive. There is no doubt that seed germination is the most important indicator of seed quality.
And the goal is to maintain high quality seed germination for as long as possible during the seed
storage period. But it is also a reality that the seed achieves maximum germination quality during
storage and then follows the period of seed aging, which inevitably leads to a decrease in
germination, which is different for each species. Of course, the ambient conditions in which the
seeds are stored are also of great importance for preserving germination.
The aim of these tests was to examine the quality of seeds during five years of storage through
indicators: germination energy and total germination. The seeds of four varieties of red dateline
were used in the experiment: K-17, Viola, Kolubara, Sana and Italian ryegrass, three varieties: K13, Aubade, Draga, K-39 and one populations: P1.
Seeds of the red dateline variety after five years retained an average germination of 64%, with a
variation depending on the variety of 20% (Nike 55%, Una 75%). And with pronounced variability
expressed through a coefficient of variation of CV = 14.1%. Seeds of the Italian ryegrass variety also maintained an average germination of 70% after five years, with a variation depending on the variety of 13% (Aubade 67%, K-13 80%). And with pronounced variability expressed through a coefficient of variation of CV = 8.12%.
AB  - Crvena detelina (Trifolium pratense L.) i italijanski ljulj (Lolium multiflorum L.) su u uslovima
Srbije po mnogim istraživanjima i iskustvima iz prakse najproduktivnija i najkvalitetnija travaleguminozna smeša za proizvodnju krme na plodnijim zemljištima.Obe vrste mogu se sejati kao
čisti usevi. Ali je setva i gajenje u smeši bolja zbog dobro poznatih benefita gajanja leguminoza,
(koje su azotofiksataori) i trava, (koje imaju izražene zahteve za azotom). Ispitivanja su pokazala da
ove vrste gajene u smeši pozitivno utiču i na biogenost zemljišta. Takođe pozitivno utiču i na
smanjenje korova u odnosu na gajenje ovih krmnih biljka u čistoj kulturi.
Početna gustina useva se kod svih biljaka, a posebno gustorednih, postiže količinom klijavog
semena u zasnivanju. Za setvu u smeši udnos između broja biljaka leguminiza i trava je značajan za
ostvarenje željenog odnosa u smeši (leguminoza:trava). Odnos u smeši određuje prinos i kvalitet
krme. Naime opšte je poznato da je leguminozna komponenta kvalitetnija a da je travna
komponenta produktivnija. Ne sumljivo je da je klijavost semena najvažniji pokazatelj kvaliteta
semena. Te da je cilj da što je moguće duže se održi visok kvalitete semena-klijavost tokom perioda
čuvanja semen. Ali je i realnost da seme tokom čuvanja postiže maksimalni kvalitet-klijavosti a
zatim sledi perod starenja semena što neminovno vodi ka smanjenju klijavosti što je za svaku vrstu
različito. Naravno za očuvanje klijavosti od visog značaja su i anbijentalni uslovui u komjima je
seme čuvano.
Cilj ovih ispitavanja je bio da se tokom pet godina čuvanja ispita kvalitet semena preko pokazatelja:
energije klijanja i ukupne klijavosti. U ogledi je korišćeno seme četiri sorte crvene dateline : K-17,
Viola, Kolubara, Sana i italijanskog ljulja, tri sorte: K-13, Aubade, Draga, i jedna populacija P-1.
Seme sorte crvene dateline nakon pet godina zadržalo je prosečnu klijavost 64%, sa variranjem
zavisno od sote od 20% (Nike 55%, Una 75%). I sa izraženiom varijabilnošću izkazanu kroz
koefijent varijacije od CV=14,1%. Seme sorata italijanskog ljulja takođe nakon pet godina zadržalo je prosečnu klijavost 70%, sa variranjem zavisno od sote od 13% (Aubade 67%, K-13 80%). I sa izraženiom varijabilnošću zavisno od sorti izkazanu kroz koefijent varijacije od CV=8,12%.
PB  - Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture
PB  - Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku u poljoprivredi
C3  - Seventh Internacional conference sustainable postharvest and food technologies – INOPTEP 2021 and XXXIII National conference processing and energy in agriculrure – PTEP,  Vršac. 18 – 23. April, 2021, Book of abstracts
T1  - Seed quality of red clover and italian ryegrass varieties during five-year period / kvaliteta semena sorata crvene deteline i italijanskog ljulja tokom petogodišnjeg perioda
T1  - Kvaliteta semena sorata crvene deteline i italijanskog ljulja tokom petogodišnjeg perioda
SP  - 118
EP  - 119
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Stanisavljević, Rade and Poštić, Dobrivoj and Štrbanović, Ratibor and Oro, Violeta and Tabaković, Marijenka and Jovanović, Snežana and Milenković, Jasmina",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) and Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) are in the
conditions of Serbia, according to many researches and experiences from practice, the most
productive and highest quality grass-leguminous mixture for fodder production on more fertile
soils. Both species can be sown as pure crops. But sowing and growing in a mixture is better
because of the well-known benefits of growing legumes (which are nitrogen fixers) and grasses
(which have a pronounced need for nitrogen). Studies have shown that these species grown in a
mixture also have a positive effect on soil biogenicity. They also have a positive effect on the
reduction of weeds in relation to the cultivation of these fodder plants in pure culture.
The initial crop density in all plants, especially dense plants, is achieved by the amount of
germinating seeds in the establishment. For sowing in a mixture, the ratio between the number of
leguminous plants and grasses is important for achieving the desired ratio in the mixture (legumes:
grass).. The ratio in the mixture determines the yield and quality of the feed. Namely, it is generally
known that the legume component is of better quality and that the grass component is more
productive. There is no doubt that seed germination is the most important indicator of seed quality.
And the goal is to maintain high quality seed germination for as long as possible during the seed
storage period. But it is also a reality that the seed achieves maximum germination quality during
storage and then follows the period of seed aging, which inevitably leads to a decrease in
germination, which is different for each species. Of course, the ambient conditions in which the
seeds are stored are also of great importance for preserving germination.
The aim of these tests was to examine the quality of seeds during five years of storage through
indicators: germination energy and total germination. The seeds of four varieties of red dateline
were used in the experiment: K-17, Viola, Kolubara, Sana and Italian ryegrass, three varieties: K13, Aubade, Draga, K-39 and one populations: P1.
Seeds of the red dateline variety after five years retained an average germination of 64%, with a
variation depending on the variety of 20% (Nike 55%, Una 75%). And with pronounced variability
expressed through a coefficient of variation of CV = 14.1%. Seeds of the Italian ryegrass variety also maintained an average germination of 70% after five years, with a variation depending on the variety of 13% (Aubade 67%, K-13 80%). And with pronounced variability expressed through a coefficient of variation of CV = 8.12%., Crvena detelina (Trifolium pratense L.) i italijanski ljulj (Lolium multiflorum L.) su u uslovima
Srbije po mnogim istraživanjima i iskustvima iz prakse najproduktivnija i najkvalitetnija travaleguminozna smeša za proizvodnju krme na plodnijim zemljištima.Obe vrste mogu se sejati kao
čisti usevi. Ali je setva i gajenje u smeši bolja zbog dobro poznatih benefita gajanja leguminoza,
(koje su azotofiksataori) i trava, (koje imaju izražene zahteve za azotom). Ispitivanja su pokazala da
ove vrste gajene u smeši pozitivno utiču i na biogenost zemljišta. Takođe pozitivno utiču i na
smanjenje korova u odnosu na gajenje ovih krmnih biljka u čistoj kulturi.
Početna gustina useva se kod svih biljaka, a posebno gustorednih, postiže količinom klijavog
semena u zasnivanju. Za setvu u smeši udnos između broja biljaka leguminiza i trava je značajan za
ostvarenje željenog odnosa u smeši (leguminoza:trava). Odnos u smeši određuje prinos i kvalitet
krme. Naime opšte je poznato da je leguminozna komponenta kvalitetnija a da je travna
komponenta produktivnija. Ne sumljivo je da je klijavost semena najvažniji pokazatelj kvaliteta
semena. Te da je cilj da što je moguće duže se održi visok kvalitete semena-klijavost tokom perioda
čuvanja semen. Ali je i realnost da seme tokom čuvanja postiže maksimalni kvalitet-klijavosti a
zatim sledi perod starenja semena što neminovno vodi ka smanjenju klijavosti što je za svaku vrstu
različito. Naravno za očuvanje klijavosti od visog značaja su i anbijentalni uslovui u komjima je
seme čuvano.
Cilj ovih ispitavanja je bio da se tokom pet godina čuvanja ispita kvalitet semena preko pokazatelja:
energije klijanja i ukupne klijavosti. U ogledi je korišćeno seme četiri sorte crvene dateline : K-17,
Viola, Kolubara, Sana i italijanskog ljulja, tri sorte: K-13, Aubade, Draga, i jedna populacija P-1.
Seme sorte crvene dateline nakon pet godina zadržalo je prosečnu klijavost 64%, sa variranjem
zavisno od sote od 20% (Nike 55%, Una 75%). I sa izraženiom varijabilnošću izkazanu kroz
koefijent varijacije od CV=14,1%. Seme sorata italijanskog ljulja takođe nakon pet godina zadržalo je prosečnu klijavost 70%, sa variranjem zavisno od sote od 13% (Aubade 67%, K-13 80%). I sa izraženiom varijabilnošću zavisno od sorti izkazanu kroz koefijent varijacije od CV=8,12%.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku u poljoprivredi",
journal = "Seventh Internacional conference sustainable postharvest and food technologies – INOPTEP 2021 and XXXIII National conference processing and energy in agriculrure – PTEP,  Vršac. 18 – 23. April, 2021, Book of abstracts",
title = "Seed quality of red clover and italian ryegrass varieties during five-year period / kvaliteta semena sorata crvene deteline i italijanskog ljulja tokom petogodišnjeg perioda, Kvaliteta semena sorata crvene deteline i italijanskog ljulja tokom petogodišnjeg perioda",
pages = "118-119"
}
Stanisavljević, R., Poštić, D., Štrbanović, R., Oro, V., Tabaković, M., Jovanović, S.,& Milenković, J.. (2021). Seed quality of red clover and italian ryegrass varieties during five-year period / kvaliteta semena sorata crvene deteline i italijanskog ljulja tokom petogodišnjeg perioda. in Seventh Internacional conference sustainable postharvest and food technologies – INOPTEP 2021 and XXXIII National conference processing and energy in agriculrure – PTEP,  Vršac. 18 – 23. April, 2021, Book of abstracts
Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture., 118-119.
Stanisavljević R, Poštić D, Štrbanović R, Oro V, Tabaković M, Jovanović S, Milenković J. Seed quality of red clover and italian ryegrass varieties during five-year period / kvaliteta semena sorata crvene deteline i italijanskog ljulja tokom petogodišnjeg perioda. in Seventh Internacional conference sustainable postharvest and food technologies – INOPTEP 2021 and XXXIII National conference processing and energy in agriculrure – PTEP,  Vršac. 18 – 23. April, 2021, Book of abstracts. 2021;:118-119..
Stanisavljević, Rade, Poštić, Dobrivoj, Štrbanović, Ratibor, Oro, Violeta, Tabaković, Marijenka, Jovanović, Snežana, Milenković, Jasmina, "Seed quality of red clover and italian ryegrass varieties during five-year period / kvaliteta semena sorata crvene deteline i italijanskog ljulja tokom petogodišnjeg perioda" in Seventh Internacional conference sustainable postharvest and food technologies – INOPTEP 2021 and XXXIII National conference processing and energy in agriculrure – PTEP,  Vršac. 18 – 23. April, 2021, Book of abstracts (2021):118-119.