Brankov, Milan

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  • Brankov, Milan (97)
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Author's Bibliography

Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Brankov, Milan; Tolimir, Miodrag; Jovanović, Života

(Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Jovanović, Života
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/994
AB  - Višegodišnja istraživanja su imala za cilj da ukažu na značaj gajenja
kukuruza u tropoljnom plodoredu u odnosu na monokulturu, u pogledu smanjenja
brojnosti korova kao i formiranja veće lisne površine i prinosa zrna kukuruza.
Rezultati su pokazali da je smena useva u tropoljnom plodoredu K-P-S značajno
doprinela da brojnost korova u kukuruzu bude manja (za 51,19%), a lisna površina
i prinos zrna veći (za 13,98% i 45,87%) u odnosu na monokulturu kukuruza.
Razlike u brojnosti korova, lisnoj površini i prinosu zrna kukuruza između varijanti
sa punom količinom herbicida i polovinom od pune količine nisu bile značajne, što
ukazuje na prednosti kombinovane primene hemijskih i agrotehničkih mera za
poizvodnju kukuruza i smanjenje zagađenja agroekosistema.
AB  - Maize cultivation in a crop rotation, especcially when legumes are
incorporated, contribute to the high yield achievement and a reduction of weed
infestation. In such a crop rotation system, the lower rates of herbicides could be
applied in order to achive reduction of weed species distribution. The
investigations were aimed to underline the importance of crop rotation in
comparision to maize continuous cropping for weed distribution reduction and
increase of maize leaf area and grain yield.
The results of long-term investigation showed that crop rotation contibuted to
the significant decrease of weed number (51,19%) and increase of leaf area and
grain yield of maize (13,98% and 45,87%, respectively) in comparision to maize
continuous cropping. Differences in weed number, maize leaf area and grain yield
between herbicide treatments in the recommended and half of recomended rate
were not significant, underlining the importance and high efficiency of combined
application of cultural and chemical measures in maize cultivation and
agroecosystem prevention.
PB  - Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet
C3  - 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova
T1  - Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu
SP  - 59
EP  - 66
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Brankov, Milan and Tolimir, Miodrag and Jovanović, Života",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Višegodišnja istraživanja su imala za cilj da ukažu na značaj gajenja
kukuruza u tropoljnom plodoredu u odnosu na monokulturu, u pogledu smanjenja
brojnosti korova kao i formiranja veće lisne površine i prinosa zrna kukuruza.
Rezultati su pokazali da je smena useva u tropoljnom plodoredu K-P-S značajno
doprinela da brojnost korova u kukuruzu bude manja (za 51,19%), a lisna površina
i prinos zrna veći (za 13,98% i 45,87%) u odnosu na monokulturu kukuruza.
Razlike u brojnosti korova, lisnoj površini i prinosu zrna kukuruza između varijanti
sa punom količinom herbicida i polovinom od pune količine nisu bile značajne, što
ukazuje na prednosti kombinovane primene hemijskih i agrotehničkih mera za
poizvodnju kukuruza i smanjenje zagađenja agroekosistema., Maize cultivation in a crop rotation, especcially when legumes are
incorporated, contribute to the high yield achievement and a reduction of weed
infestation. In such a crop rotation system, the lower rates of herbicides could be
applied in order to achive reduction of weed species distribution. The
investigations were aimed to underline the importance of crop rotation in
comparision to maize continuous cropping for weed distribution reduction and
increase of maize leaf area and grain yield.
The results of long-term investigation showed that crop rotation contibuted to
the significant decrease of weed number (51,19%) and increase of leaf area and
grain yield of maize (13,98% and 45,87%, respectively) in comparision to maize
continuous cropping. Differences in weed number, maize leaf area and grain yield
between herbicide treatments in the recommended and half of recomended rate
were not significant, underlining the importance and high efficiency of combined
application of cultural and chemical measures in maize cultivation and
agroecosystem prevention.",
publisher = "Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet",
journal = "27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova",
title = "Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu",
pages = "59-66"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Brankov, M., Tolimir, M.,& Jovanović, Ž.. (2022). Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu. in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova
Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet., 59-66.
Simić M, Dragičević V, Brankov M, Tolimir M, Jovanović Ž. Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu. in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova. 2022;:59-66..
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Brankov, Milan, Tolimir, Miodrag, Jovanović, Života, "Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu" in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova (2022):59-66.

Weed management practices for redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed (A. hybridus L.) control in maize

Brankov, Milan; Simić, Milena; Tabaković, Marijenka; Vukadinovic, Jelena; Đurić, Nenad; Brankovic-Radojcic, Dragana; Dragičević, Vesna

(Chillan : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Ministerio de agricultura, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Vukadinovic, Jelena
AU  - Đurić, Nenad
AU  - Brankovic-Radojcic, Dragana
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1039
AB  - Redroot (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed (A. hybridus L.) are troublesome weeds in row crops in 
Serbia. Both species are very competitive, hosts for pathogens and insects, produce pollen which is highly allergenic; 
and the most recent research reported herbicide resistance in some populations across Serbia. An integrated approach 
for the control of both Amaranthus species must be evaluated and presented in order to reduce their negative potential 
in agriculture. In this paper, 9 yr results on redroot pigweed and smooth pigweed weed control are presented. In three 
different experiments, weed density and biomass of redroot and smooth pigweed were recorded: a) Crop rotation, b) row 
spacing and time of herbicide application, c) influence of nozzles and adjuvants. The influence of crop rotation and PRE 
herbicide mixture, PRE and POST mixture, and impact of nozzles and adjuvants were evaluated. PRE herbicide mix of 
S-metolachlor and isoxaflutole influenced 98.1% and 100% efficacy in the maize (Zea mays L.) continuous and in maize 
rotated with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), respectively. The mixture of two herbicides, applied either in PRE or 
POST, resulted in 100% of control of both species. Finally, similar results were obtained for nicosulfuron application with 
extended range (XR) or turbo TeeJet induction (TTI) nozzles, and combined with nonionic surfactant (NIS) or ammonium 
sulphate (AMS) adjuvants. The novelty of obtained results indicates that only holistic approach based on different weed 
management practices can contribute to sustainable Amaranthus control.
PB  - Chillan : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Ministerio de agricultura
T2  - Chilean Journal of agricultural research
T1  - Weed management practices for redroot pigweed  (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed  (A. hybridus L.) control in maize
VL  - 82
IS  - 4
SP  - 611
EP  - 618
DO  - 10.4067/S0718-58392022000400611
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Simić, Milena and Tabaković, Marijenka and Vukadinovic, Jelena and Đurić, Nenad and Brankovic-Radojcic, Dragana and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Redroot (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed (A. hybridus L.) are troublesome weeds in row crops in 
Serbia. Both species are very competitive, hosts for pathogens and insects, produce pollen which is highly allergenic; 
and the most recent research reported herbicide resistance in some populations across Serbia. An integrated approach 
for the control of both Amaranthus species must be evaluated and presented in order to reduce their negative potential 
in agriculture. In this paper, 9 yr results on redroot pigweed and smooth pigweed weed control are presented. In three 
different experiments, weed density and biomass of redroot and smooth pigweed were recorded: a) Crop rotation, b) row 
spacing and time of herbicide application, c) influence of nozzles and adjuvants. The influence of crop rotation and PRE 
herbicide mixture, PRE and POST mixture, and impact of nozzles and adjuvants were evaluated. PRE herbicide mix of 
S-metolachlor and isoxaflutole influenced 98.1% and 100% efficacy in the maize (Zea mays L.) continuous and in maize 
rotated with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), respectively. The mixture of two herbicides, applied either in PRE or 
POST, resulted in 100% of control of both species. Finally, similar results were obtained for nicosulfuron application with 
extended range (XR) or turbo TeeJet induction (TTI) nozzles, and combined with nonionic surfactant (NIS) or ammonium 
sulphate (AMS) adjuvants. The novelty of obtained results indicates that only holistic approach based on different weed 
management practices can contribute to sustainable Amaranthus control.",
publisher = "Chillan : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Ministerio de agricultura",
journal = "Chilean Journal of agricultural research",
title = "Weed management practices for redroot pigweed  (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed  (A. hybridus L.) control in maize",
volume = "82",
number = "4",
pages = "611-618",
doi = "10.4067/S0718-58392022000400611"
}
Brankov, M., Simić, M., Tabaković, M., Vukadinovic, J., Đurić, N., Brankovic-Radojcic, D.,& Dragičević, V.. (2022). Weed management practices for redroot pigweed  (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed  (A. hybridus L.) control in maize. in Chilean Journal of agricultural research
Chillan : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Ministerio de agricultura., 82(4), 611-618.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392022000400611
Brankov M, Simić M, Tabaković M, Vukadinovic J, Đurić N, Brankovic-Radojcic D, Dragičević V. Weed management practices for redroot pigweed  (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed  (A. hybridus L.) control in maize. in Chilean Journal of agricultural research. 2022;82(4):611-618.
doi:10.4067/S0718-58392022000400611 .
Brankov, Milan, Simić, Milena, Tabaković, Marijenka, Vukadinovic, Jelena, Đurić, Nenad, Brankovic-Radojcic, Dragana, Dragičević, Vesna, "Weed management practices for redroot pigweed  (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed  (A. hybridus L.) control in maize" in Chilean Journal of agricultural research, 82, no. 4 (2022):611-618,
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392022000400611 . .

Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize

Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Dragičević, Vesna

(2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/997
AB  - Crop rotation is an essential part of IWM system proposed to be implemented in maize weed 
control. It is especially appropriate to be used in sustainable maize production in order to suppress weed abundance on ecological and low-pesticide way. In comparison to maize continuous cropping, which is not suggestible, two- and three-years crop rotation with legume crop 
is more efficient in weed biomass reduction, including basic herbicide application. The aim 
of the study was to investigate the efficacy of combined application of crop rotation and mixture of soil (PRE) herbicides on weed species distribution. A long-term field trial organized as split-plot experiment has started in 2009 with maize sown in all four fields at the Maize Research Institute, Belgrade, Serbia. The basic treatment was a rotation system: maize continuous cropping (MC), maize-winter wheat rotation (MW), maize-soybean - w. wheat (MSW) and maize - w. wheat - soybean rotation (MWS). A pre-emergence herbicide mixture of isoxaflutole and metolachlor (Merlin 750-WG+Dual Gold 960 EC) in recommended rates (105 g a.i. ha-1 + 672 g a.i. ha-1) was applied immediately after drilling with a CO2 backpack sprayer with a four nozzle boom, using extended range nozzles (XR11002-SS, Tee Jet Spraying Systems, Wheaton, IL, USA) calibrated to deliver a spray volume of 140 L ha-1 of solution at 275.8 kPa. Herbicides were not applied in the control plot. After twelve years and completion of four rotations, maize was present again in all fields in 2021. Weed infestation level was estimated six to seven weeks after the application of herbicides. Samples were drawn randomly by the one square meter and number of weed individuals (WI) and their biomass (WB) were calculated. The data were processed by ANOVA. Our results indicated that in comparison to 2009, WI were increased in 2021 in untreated control by 44.2% in MC, 23.6% in MW, 24.6% in MSW and 18.6% in MWS. On the other hand, in treated plots WI have increased only in MC, by 62.5% and lowered by 7.7% in MW, 29.4% in MSW and 60.0% in MWS. WB has been reduced in 2021 significantly on treated as well as untreated plots in all rotation systems. The highest reduction of WB was achieved in untreated control of MWS (42.6%) and treated plot in MC (45.6%). Conclusively, it was proved that even with basic herbicide treatment with soil herbicides crop rotation could be very effec tive in weed control. On the other hand, maize continuous cropping has to be avoided in order to reduce potentials for weed infestation.
C3  - 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts
T1  - Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize
SP  - 215
EP  - 215
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Crop rotation is an essential part of IWM system proposed to be implemented in maize weed 
control. It is especially appropriate to be used in sustainable maize production in order to suppress weed abundance on ecological and low-pesticide way. In comparison to maize continuous cropping, which is not suggestible, two- and three-years crop rotation with legume crop 
is more efficient in weed biomass reduction, including basic herbicide application. The aim 
of the study was to investigate the efficacy of combined application of crop rotation and mixture of soil (PRE) herbicides on weed species distribution. A long-term field trial organized as split-plot experiment has started in 2009 with maize sown in all four fields at the Maize Research Institute, Belgrade, Serbia. The basic treatment was a rotation system: maize continuous cropping (MC), maize-winter wheat rotation (MW), maize-soybean - w. wheat (MSW) and maize - w. wheat - soybean rotation (MWS). A pre-emergence herbicide mixture of isoxaflutole and metolachlor (Merlin 750-WG+Dual Gold 960 EC) in recommended rates (105 g a.i. ha-1 + 672 g a.i. ha-1) was applied immediately after drilling with a CO2 backpack sprayer with a four nozzle boom, using extended range nozzles (XR11002-SS, Tee Jet Spraying Systems, Wheaton, IL, USA) calibrated to deliver a spray volume of 140 L ha-1 of solution at 275.8 kPa. Herbicides were not applied in the control plot. After twelve years and completion of four rotations, maize was present again in all fields in 2021. Weed infestation level was estimated six to seven weeks after the application of herbicides. Samples were drawn randomly by the one square meter and number of weed individuals (WI) and their biomass (WB) were calculated. The data were processed by ANOVA. Our results indicated that in comparison to 2009, WI were increased in 2021 in untreated control by 44.2% in MC, 23.6% in MW, 24.6% in MSW and 18.6% in MWS. On the other hand, in treated plots WI have increased only in MC, by 62.5% and lowered by 7.7% in MW, 29.4% in MSW and 60.0% in MWS. WB has been reduced in 2021 significantly on treated as well as untreated plots in all rotation systems. The highest reduction of WB was achieved in untreated control of MWS (42.6%) and treated plot in MC (45.6%). Conclusively, it was proved that even with basic herbicide treatment with soil herbicides crop rotation could be very effec tive in weed control. On the other hand, maize continuous cropping has to be avoided in order to reduce potentials for weed infestation.",
journal = "19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts",
title = "Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize",
pages = "215-215"
}
Simić, M., Brankov, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2022). Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize. in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts, 215-215.
Simić M, Brankov M, Dragičević V. Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize. in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts. 2022;:215-215..
Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Dragičević, Vesna, "Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize" in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts (2022):215-215.

Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming

Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Dragičević, Vesna

(2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/996
AB  - Sustainability in agricultural systems is largely based on increasing biodiversity and reduc ing the input of agrochemicals. Weed species occurrence and distribution in fields is driven by 
anthropogenic factor and cropping measures applied for high yield achievement. In sustainable 
cropping systems with cultivation of specific maize varieties such as sweet maize, special at tention has been usually paid to weed control because these genotypes are additionally sen sitive to herbicides. Sweet maize is mainly consumed directly by humans and its cultivation is 
supposed to be conducted without chemical control of weeds, giving advantage to cover crops. 
Cover crops influence weed infestation level through competition for space, light, water, and 
minerals. The aim of the investigation was to identify the most effective species or mixtures of 
cover crops in weed control of sweet maize in the present agro-ecological conditions. The ex periment was conducted at the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje, Belgrade, Serbia during 
2014-2016. Sweet maize was grown after different cover crops: V1-common vetch (Vicia sativa 
L.), V2-field pea (Pisum sativum L.), V3-winter oats (Avena sativa L.), V4-fodder kale (Brassica 
oleracea convar. acephala L.), V5-common vetch+oats and V6-field pea+oats, V7- straw and 
V8- bare soil as a control. The preceding crop was winter wheat and each treatment had three 
repetitions. Sowing of cover crops was done in autumn while incorporation by ploughing was 
performed in spring, one week before sweet maize sowing (hybrid ZP SC 421su)in a density of 
65.000 plants ha-1. Six weeks after sowing, the weed association composition was analysed 
by weed species, number of individuals, and biomass determination per m2. After that, weeds 
were removed by hand hoeing and herbicides were not applied. The 19 weed species were 
determined during the investigation while seven species were present in each year and made 
a base of association: Solanum nigrum L., Sorghum halepense (Pers.) L., Chenopodium album
L., C. hybridum L., Amaranthus retroflexus L., A. hybridusL. and A. albus L.. Number of weed 
species, weed individuals and their biomass were significantly affected by year, cover crop, and 
their interaction. The highest number of individuals was detected in 2016 which was favourable 
regarding sum and distribution of precipitation. V1, V2 and V3 were the most efficient cover 
crop treatments in weed control, with the lowest number of weed species and individuals. In 
average for three years, weed biomass was significantly reduced after cultivation of field pea, 
V2 (820.2 g m-2) and its mixture with oats, V6 (794.3 g m-2) in comparison to control, bare soil, 
V8 (1582.6 g m-2).
C3  - 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts
T1  - Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming
SP  - 132
EP  - 132
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Sustainability in agricultural systems is largely based on increasing biodiversity and reduc ing the input of agrochemicals. Weed species occurrence and distribution in fields is driven by 
anthropogenic factor and cropping measures applied for high yield achievement. In sustainable 
cropping systems with cultivation of specific maize varieties such as sweet maize, special at tention has been usually paid to weed control because these genotypes are additionally sen sitive to herbicides. Sweet maize is mainly consumed directly by humans and its cultivation is 
supposed to be conducted without chemical control of weeds, giving advantage to cover crops. 
Cover crops influence weed infestation level through competition for space, light, water, and 
minerals. The aim of the investigation was to identify the most effective species or mixtures of 
cover crops in weed control of sweet maize in the present agro-ecological conditions. The ex periment was conducted at the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje, Belgrade, Serbia during 
2014-2016. Sweet maize was grown after different cover crops: V1-common vetch (Vicia sativa 
L.), V2-field pea (Pisum sativum L.), V3-winter oats (Avena sativa L.), V4-fodder kale (Brassica 
oleracea convar. acephala L.), V5-common vetch+oats and V6-field pea+oats, V7- straw and 
V8- bare soil as a control. The preceding crop was winter wheat and each treatment had three 
repetitions. Sowing of cover crops was done in autumn while incorporation by ploughing was 
performed in spring, one week before sweet maize sowing (hybrid ZP SC 421su)in a density of 
65.000 plants ha-1. Six weeks after sowing, the weed association composition was analysed 
by weed species, number of individuals, and biomass determination per m2. After that, weeds 
were removed by hand hoeing and herbicides were not applied. The 19 weed species were 
determined during the investigation while seven species were present in each year and made 
a base of association: Solanum nigrum L., Sorghum halepense (Pers.) L., Chenopodium album
L., C. hybridum L., Amaranthus retroflexus L., A. hybridusL. and A. albus L.. Number of weed 
species, weed individuals and their biomass were significantly affected by year, cover crop, and 
their interaction. The highest number of individuals was detected in 2016 which was favourable 
regarding sum and distribution of precipitation. V1, V2 and V3 were the most efficient cover 
crop treatments in weed control, with the lowest number of weed species and individuals. In 
average for three years, weed biomass was significantly reduced after cultivation of field pea, 
V2 (820.2 g m-2) and its mixture with oats, V6 (794.3 g m-2) in comparison to control, bare soil, 
V8 (1582.6 g m-2).",
journal = "19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts",
title = "Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming",
pages = "132-132"
}
Simić, M., Brankov, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2022). Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming. in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts, 132-132.
Simić M, Brankov M, Dragičević V. Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming. in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts. 2022;:132-132..
Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Dragičević, Vesna, "Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming" in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts (2022):132-132.

Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean

Dragičević, Vesna; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Brankov, Milan; Tolimir, Miodrag; Tabaković, Marijenka; Dodevska, Margarita; Simic, Milena

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Dodevska, Margarita
AU  - Simic, Milena
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/981
AB  - Organic agriculture offers many benefits through the increased nutritional quality of produced crops, agro-ecosystem preservation, and climate change mitigation. The development of an efficient nutrient management strategy in low-input systems, such as organic agriculture, which supports soil fertility and essential nutrients absorption by crops, is continually exploring. Thus, a study with maize–spelt–soybean rotation during a 5-year period in organic production was established to evaluate the variability in soil organic matter (SOM) and the status of available elements: N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Si from the soil, as well as grain yield (GY) and the content of protein, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Si concentration in the grain of spelt, maize, and soybean. Significant variations in mineral elements in the soil, GY, and grain composition were detected. Spelt achieved the highest average GY, while soybean grain was the richest in a majority of examined nutrients. The soil Ca content was important for GY, while the protein level in grain was generally tied to the Mn level in the soil. It was recognized that soil–crop crosstalk is an important strategy for macro- and micro-nutrients management in the soil and grain of organically produced spelt, maize, and soybean. While a reduction in the GY and protein concentration in grain was present over time, it was established that a low-input system under dry-farming conditions supports nutrient availability and accumulation in grain, under semi-arid agro-ecological conditions of central Serbia.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Agriculture
T1  - Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean
VL  - 12
IS  - 5
SP  - 702
DO  - https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Brankov, Milan and Tolimir, Miodrag and Tabaković, Marijenka and Dodevska, Margarita and Simic, Milena",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Organic agriculture offers many benefits through the increased nutritional quality of produced crops, agro-ecosystem preservation, and climate change mitigation. The development of an efficient nutrient management strategy in low-input systems, such as organic agriculture, which supports soil fertility and essential nutrients absorption by crops, is continually exploring. Thus, a study with maize–spelt–soybean rotation during a 5-year period in organic production was established to evaluate the variability in soil organic matter (SOM) and the status of available elements: N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Si from the soil, as well as grain yield (GY) and the content of protein, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Si concentration in the grain of spelt, maize, and soybean. Significant variations in mineral elements in the soil, GY, and grain composition were detected. Spelt achieved the highest average GY, while soybean grain was the richest in a majority of examined nutrients. The soil Ca content was important for GY, while the protein level in grain was generally tied to the Mn level in the soil. It was recognized that soil–crop crosstalk is an important strategy for macro- and micro-nutrients management in the soil and grain of organically produced spelt, maize, and soybean. While a reduction in the GY and protein concentration in grain was present over time, it was established that a low-input system under dry-farming conditions supports nutrient availability and accumulation in grain, under semi-arid agro-ecological conditions of central Serbia.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Agriculture",
title = "Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean",
volume = "12",
number = "5",
pages = "702",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702"
}
Dragičević, V., Stoiljkovic, M., Brankov, M., Tolimir, M., Tabaković, M., Dodevska, M.,& Simic, M.. (2022). Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean. in Agriculture
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 12(5), 702.
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702
Dragičević V, Stoiljkovic M, Brankov M, Tolimir M, Tabaković M, Dodevska M, Simic M. Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean. in Agriculture. 2022;12(5):702.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Brankov, Milan, Tolimir, Miodrag, Tabaković, Marijenka, Dodevska, Margarita, Simic, Milena, "Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean" in Agriculture, 12, no. 5 (2022):702,
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702 . .

Rasprskivači i adjuvanti: mogućnosti za povećanje efikasnosti herbicida i smanjenje zanošenja

Brankov, Milan; Simić, Milena

(Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1043
AB  - Primena herbicida u sklopu integrisanog sistema suzbijanja korova mora biti 
urađena tako da se postigne najviša moguća efikasnost i smanji potencijalan 
negativan uticaj na životnu sredinu i susedne biljke. Na taj način je moguće 
produžiti životni vek herbicida, s obzirom na veoma mali broj novih herbicida na 
tržištu. Izborom odgovarajućeg ađuvanta menjaju se fizičko-hemijske osobine 
rastvora, čime se povećava usvajanje herbicida od strane biljke preko smanjenja 
površinskog napona ili interakcijom sa kutikulom. Pojedini ađuvanti ukrupnjavaju 
kapljice herbicida ujedno smanjujući drift. Rasprskivači, kao završni elementi u 
primeni herbicida, određuju pokrovnost i zanošenje herbicida. Ukoliko su 
proizvedene kapljice manje od 100 mikrometara, one su veoma podložne odnošenju sa 
primarnog mesta pod uticajem vetra i obrnuto. Brojni literaturni podaci ukazuju na 
značajno povećanje efikasnosti herbicida ukoliko primenu prati dodavanje 
adjuvanata. Ukoliko rasprskivači nemaju uticaja na efikasnost herbicida, moguće je 
da se koriste oni rasprskivači koji proizvode grube kapljice (veće od 600μm), čime se 
sprečava zanošenje herbicida na susedne useve. 
Rezultati naših istraživanja u kontrolisanim uslivima ukazuju da dodatak 
ađuvanata u herbicidni rastvor povećava efikasnost od 18,7 do 38,3 % u odnosu iste 
herbicidne tretmane bez adjuvanata. Isto tako, u dvogodišnjem poljskom ogledu 
povećana je efikasnost nikosulfurona kada je primenu pratio dodatak nejonskog 
surfaktanta kao adjuvanta za 6,8 %. Da zanošenje herbicida predstavlja potencijalnu 
opasnost po susedne biljke pokazao je ogled u kontrolisanim uslovima u kome je 
simuliran drift. Mikro doze dikambe, glifosata, mezotriona i nikosulfurona 
značajno su oštetile suncokret, soju, uljanu tikvu, uljanu repicu, paradajz, papriku i 
zelenu salatu. Izbor rasprskivača nije značajno uticao na efikasnost mezotriona i 
rimsulfruona sa tifensulfuron-metilom kod četiri od šest testiranih korova u 
kontrolisanim uslovima. Sa druge strane, u poljskom dvogodišnjem ogledu kada je 
nikosulfuron primenjen gotovo da nije postojala razlika u smanjenu biomase korova 
bilo XR (proizvodi fine kapljice) ili TTI diznom (veoma krupne kapljice). Dobijeni 
podaci ukazuju da postoji mogućnost primene herbicida i rasprskivačima koji 
proizvode krupne kapljice, s tim da je njih potrebno koristiti kada su pojačana 
vazdušna strujanja.
AB  - Herbicide application as a part of an Integrated Weed Management system must be done 
correctly in order to achieve the highest possible efficacy and decrease potentially negative 
effects on the environment and neighbour crops. This approach makes it possible to prolong 
herbicide usage, because of a limited portfolio for weed control on the market. The choice of 
the appropriate adjuvant may changes the physico-chemical properties of the solution, which 
increases the uptake of the herbicide by the plant through a reduction in surface tension or 
interaction with the cuticle. Some adjuvants enlarge the herbicide droplets while reducing 
drift. Nozzles, as the final elements in the applications, determine the coverage and drift. If 
the produced droplets are smaller than 100 μm, they are prone to an off-target movement 
from the primary site under the influence of wind and vice versa. Numerous literature data 
indicate a significant increase in the effectiveness of herbicides if the application is 
accompanied by the addition of adjuvants. If the nozzles do not affect the effectiveness of the 
herbicide, it is possible to use those nozzles that produce coarse droplets (larger than 600μm), 
which prevents the herbicide from spreading to neighbouring crops.
The results of our research in controlled conditions indicate that the addition of adjuvants to 
the herbicidal solution increases the efficiency by 18.7 to 38.3% in relation to the same 
herbicide treatment without adjuvants. In a two-year field trial, the efficiency of nicosulfuron 
was increased when the application was accompanied by the addition of a non-ionic 
surfactant as an adjuvant by 6.8%. That herbicide drift represents a potential danger to 
neighbouring plants was shown by an experiment in controlled conditions in which drift was 
simulated. Micro doses of dicamba, glyphosate, mesotrione and nicosulfuron significantly 
damaged sunflower, soybean, pumpkin, canola, tomato, paprika and lettuce. The nozzle 
selection did not significantly affect the efficacy of mesotrione and rimsulfuron with 
thifensulfuron-methyl in four out of six weeds tested under controlled conditions. On the 
other hand, in a two-year field trial when nicosulfuron was applied, there was no difference in 
the weed biomass reduction with either XR (fine droplet products) or TTI nozzle (very coarse 
droplets). The obtained data indicate that there is a possibility of application of herbicides 
with nozzles that produce large droplets, when wind velocity is higher.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Zbornik radova
T1  - Rasprskivači i adjuvanti: mogućnosti za povećanje efikasnosti herbicida i smanjenje zanošenja
T1  - Nozzles and Adjuvants: the possibilities to increase herbicide efficacy and reduce drift
SP  - 27
EP  - 28
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Simić, Milena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Primena herbicida u sklopu integrisanog sistema suzbijanja korova mora biti 
urađena tako da se postigne najviša moguća efikasnost i smanji potencijalan 
negativan uticaj na životnu sredinu i susedne biljke. Na taj način je moguće 
produžiti životni vek herbicida, s obzirom na veoma mali broj novih herbicida na 
tržištu. Izborom odgovarajućeg ađuvanta menjaju se fizičko-hemijske osobine 
rastvora, čime se povećava usvajanje herbicida od strane biljke preko smanjenja 
površinskog napona ili interakcijom sa kutikulom. Pojedini ađuvanti ukrupnjavaju 
kapljice herbicida ujedno smanjujući drift. Rasprskivači, kao završni elementi u 
primeni herbicida, određuju pokrovnost i zanošenje herbicida. Ukoliko su 
proizvedene kapljice manje od 100 mikrometara, one su veoma podložne odnošenju sa 
primarnog mesta pod uticajem vetra i obrnuto. Brojni literaturni podaci ukazuju na 
značajno povećanje efikasnosti herbicida ukoliko primenu prati dodavanje 
adjuvanata. Ukoliko rasprskivači nemaju uticaja na efikasnost herbicida, moguće je 
da se koriste oni rasprskivači koji proizvode grube kapljice (veće od 600μm), čime se 
sprečava zanošenje herbicida na susedne useve. 
Rezultati naših istraživanja u kontrolisanim uslivima ukazuju da dodatak 
ađuvanata u herbicidni rastvor povećava efikasnost od 18,7 do 38,3 % u odnosu iste 
herbicidne tretmane bez adjuvanata. Isto tako, u dvogodišnjem poljskom ogledu 
povećana je efikasnost nikosulfurona kada je primenu pratio dodatak nejonskog 
surfaktanta kao adjuvanta za 6,8 %. Da zanošenje herbicida predstavlja potencijalnu 
opasnost po susedne biljke pokazao je ogled u kontrolisanim uslovima u kome je 
simuliran drift. Mikro doze dikambe, glifosata, mezotriona i nikosulfurona 
značajno su oštetile suncokret, soju, uljanu tikvu, uljanu repicu, paradajz, papriku i 
zelenu salatu. Izbor rasprskivača nije značajno uticao na efikasnost mezotriona i 
rimsulfruona sa tifensulfuron-metilom kod četiri od šest testiranih korova u 
kontrolisanim uslovima. Sa druge strane, u poljskom dvogodišnjem ogledu kada je 
nikosulfuron primenjen gotovo da nije postojala razlika u smanjenu biomase korova 
bilo XR (proizvodi fine kapljice) ili TTI diznom (veoma krupne kapljice). Dobijeni 
podaci ukazuju da postoji mogućnost primene herbicida i rasprskivačima koji 
proizvode krupne kapljice, s tim da je njih potrebno koristiti kada su pojačana 
vazdušna strujanja., Herbicide application as a part of an Integrated Weed Management system must be done 
correctly in order to achieve the highest possible efficacy and decrease potentially negative 
effects on the environment and neighbour crops. This approach makes it possible to prolong 
herbicide usage, because of a limited portfolio for weed control on the market. The choice of 
the appropriate adjuvant may changes the physico-chemical properties of the solution, which 
increases the uptake of the herbicide by the plant through a reduction in surface tension or 
interaction with the cuticle. Some adjuvants enlarge the herbicide droplets while reducing 
drift. Nozzles, as the final elements in the applications, determine the coverage and drift. If 
the produced droplets are smaller than 100 μm, they are prone to an off-target movement 
from the primary site under the influence of wind and vice versa. Numerous literature data 
indicate a significant increase in the effectiveness of herbicides if the application is 
accompanied by the addition of adjuvants. If the nozzles do not affect the effectiveness of the 
herbicide, it is possible to use those nozzles that produce coarse droplets (larger than 600μm), 
which prevents the herbicide from spreading to neighbouring crops.
The results of our research in controlled conditions indicate that the addition of adjuvants to 
the herbicidal solution increases the efficiency by 18.7 to 38.3% in relation to the same 
herbicide treatment without adjuvants. In a two-year field trial, the efficiency of nicosulfuron 
was increased when the application was accompanied by the addition of a non-ionic 
surfactant as an adjuvant by 6.8%. That herbicide drift represents a potential danger to 
neighbouring plants was shown by an experiment in controlled conditions in which drift was 
simulated. Micro doses of dicamba, glyphosate, mesotrione and nicosulfuron significantly 
damaged sunflower, soybean, pumpkin, canola, tomato, paprika and lettuce. The nozzle 
selection did not significantly affect the efficacy of mesotrione and rimsulfuron with 
thifensulfuron-methyl in four out of six weeds tested under controlled conditions. On the 
other hand, in a two-year field trial when nicosulfuron was applied, there was no difference in 
the weed biomass reduction with either XR (fine droplet products) or TTI nozzle (very coarse 
droplets). The obtained data indicate that there is a possibility of application of herbicides 
with nozzles that produce large droplets, when wind velocity is higher.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Zbornik radova",
title = "Rasprskivači i adjuvanti: mogućnosti za povećanje efikasnosti herbicida i smanjenje zanošenja, Nozzles and Adjuvants: the possibilities to increase herbicide efficacy and reduce drift",
pages = "27-28"
}
Brankov, M.,& Simić, M.. (2021). Rasprskivači i adjuvanti: mogućnosti za povećanje efikasnosti herbicida i smanjenje zanošenja. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Zbornik radova
Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet., 27-28.
Brankov M, Simić M. Rasprskivači i adjuvanti: mogućnosti za povećanje efikasnosti herbicida i smanjenje zanošenja. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Zbornik radova. 2021;:27-28..
Brankov, Milan, Simić, Milena, "Rasprskivači i adjuvanti: mogućnosti za povećanje efikasnosti herbicida i smanjenje zanošenja" in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Zbornik radova (2021):27-28.

Reakcija paradajza, paprike, suncokreta i soje na niske količine nikosulfurona

Brankov, Milan; Dragičević, Vesna; Tabaković, Marijenka; Simić, Milena

(Beograd : Herbološko društvo Srbije, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1042
AB  - Drift predstavlja zanošenje kapljica sredstava za zaštitu bilja kroz vazduh, pri čemu mikro 
količine tih sredstava mogu uticati na bilo koji neciljni organizam ili životnu sredinu. Postoje 
tri moguća scenarija neciljnog kretanja pri kojima se mogu očekivati oštećenja biljaka mikro 
količinama herbicida, a to su: drift čestica (Eng. particle drift) koji nastaje kretanjem sa vazdušnim 
strujama/vetrom, zanošenjem koje nastaje kao posledica isparavanja (volatility) i kao posledica 
kontaminacije rezorvoara prskalice. Značajna oštećenja koja mogu nastati kao posledica driftu su 
oštećenja susednih useva, zagađenje životne sredine, niži nivo efikasnosti primenjenog herbicida, 
dok u slučaju kontaminacije rezorvoara oštećenja mogu nastati samo u tretiranom polju. U cilju 
ispitivanja negativnih posledica zanošenja nikosulfurona, biljke paradajza, paprike, suncokreta 
i soje su gajene u stakleniku i tretirane niskim količinama primene herbicida, a nakon 21. dana 
ocenjeni su efekti primenjenih tretmana vizuelnom ocenom, kao i merenjem suve mase, visine i 
površine listova. Soja se pokazala kao najtolerantnija na nikosulfuron za razliku od paprike koja je 
bila najsotljivija na niske količine herbicida. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata može se zaključiti da 
su niske količine primene herbicida različito uticale na ispitivane biljke i da je potrebno preduzeti 
mere opreza da se spreči zanošenje herbicida na susedne biljke.
AB  - Drift is the movement of plant protection product droplets through the air and can affect any 
non-target organism or the environment. In fact, there are three possible scenarios that can be 
considered as an off-target movement: particle drift, volatility, and contamination of the spray 
tank. Significant damages that can occur as a consequence of drift are damages to neighbouring 
crops, environmental pollution, lower level of efficiency of the applied herbicide. Meanwhile, in 
the case of tank contamination, injuries can occur only in the treated field. In order to examine 
the negative consequences of nicosulfuron drift, four crops were grown in a greenhouse and 
treated with low doses of herbicide, after which they were returned to cultivation. After 21 days, 
the effects of applied treatments were assessed through visual assessment of injury, dry weight, 
leaf height, and leaf area. Based on the obtained results, it can be concluded that low doses of 
nicosulfuron expressed different effects on the tested plants and that it is necessary to take 
precautionary measures to prevent herbicides from spreading to neighbouring plants.
PB  - Beograd : Herbološko društvo Srbije
T2  - Acta herbologica
T1  - Reakcija paradajza, paprike, suncokreta i soje na niske količine nikosulfurona
T1  - Reaction of tomato, pepper, sunflower and soybean plants to low doses of nicosulfuron
VL  - 30
IS  - 2
SP  - 129
EP  - 135
DO  - https://doi.org/10.5937/30actaherb-35003
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Dragičević, Vesna and Tabaković, Marijenka and Simić, Milena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Drift predstavlja zanošenje kapljica sredstava za zaštitu bilja kroz vazduh, pri čemu mikro 
količine tih sredstava mogu uticati na bilo koji neciljni organizam ili životnu sredinu. Postoje 
tri moguća scenarija neciljnog kretanja pri kojima se mogu očekivati oštećenja biljaka mikro 
količinama herbicida, a to su: drift čestica (Eng. particle drift) koji nastaje kretanjem sa vazdušnim 
strujama/vetrom, zanošenjem koje nastaje kao posledica isparavanja (volatility) i kao posledica 
kontaminacije rezorvoara prskalice. Značajna oštećenja koja mogu nastati kao posledica driftu su 
oštećenja susednih useva, zagađenje životne sredine, niži nivo efikasnosti primenjenog herbicida, 
dok u slučaju kontaminacije rezorvoara oštećenja mogu nastati samo u tretiranom polju. U cilju 
ispitivanja negativnih posledica zanošenja nikosulfurona, biljke paradajza, paprike, suncokreta 
i soje su gajene u stakleniku i tretirane niskim količinama primene herbicida, a nakon 21. dana 
ocenjeni su efekti primenjenih tretmana vizuelnom ocenom, kao i merenjem suve mase, visine i 
površine listova. Soja se pokazala kao najtolerantnija na nikosulfuron za razliku od paprike koja je 
bila najsotljivija na niske količine herbicida. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata može se zaključiti da 
su niske količine primene herbicida različito uticale na ispitivane biljke i da je potrebno preduzeti 
mere opreza da se spreči zanošenje herbicida na susedne biljke., Drift is the movement of plant protection product droplets through the air and can affect any 
non-target organism or the environment. In fact, there are three possible scenarios that can be 
considered as an off-target movement: particle drift, volatility, and contamination of the spray 
tank. Significant damages that can occur as a consequence of drift are damages to neighbouring 
crops, environmental pollution, lower level of efficiency of the applied herbicide. Meanwhile, in 
the case of tank contamination, injuries can occur only in the treated field. In order to examine 
the negative consequences of nicosulfuron drift, four crops were grown in a greenhouse and 
treated with low doses of herbicide, after which they were returned to cultivation. After 21 days, 
the effects of applied treatments were assessed through visual assessment of injury, dry weight, 
leaf height, and leaf area. Based on the obtained results, it can be concluded that low doses of 
nicosulfuron expressed different effects on the tested plants and that it is necessary to take 
precautionary measures to prevent herbicides from spreading to neighbouring plants.",
publisher = "Beograd : Herbološko društvo Srbije",
journal = "Acta herbologica",
title = "Reakcija paradajza, paprike, suncokreta i soje na niske količine nikosulfurona, Reaction of tomato, pepper, sunflower and soybean plants to low doses of nicosulfuron",
volume = "30",
number = "2",
pages = "129-135",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.5937/30actaherb-35003"
}
Brankov, M., Dragičević, V., Tabaković, M.,& Simić, M.. (2021). Reakcija paradajza, paprike, suncokreta i soje na niske količine nikosulfurona. in Acta herbologica
Beograd : Herbološko društvo Srbije., 30(2), 129-135.
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.5937/30actaherb-35003
Brankov M, Dragičević V, Tabaković M, Simić M. Reakcija paradajza, paprike, suncokreta i soje na niske količine nikosulfurona. in Acta herbologica. 2021;30(2):129-135.
doi:https://doi.org/10.5937/30actaherb-35003 .
Brankov, Milan, Dragičević, Vesna, Tabaković, Marijenka, Simić, Milena, "Reakcija paradajza, paprike, suncokreta i soje na niske količine nikosulfurona" in Acta herbologica, 30, no. 2 (2021):129-135,
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.5937/30actaherb-35003 . .

Adjuvants and nozzles effects in Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) control using nicosulfuron

Brankov, Milan; Dragičević, Vesna; Tabaković, Marijenka; Šenk, Milena; Simić, Milena

(Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1041
AB  - Johnsongrass is one of the most troublesome weed species to control, since it 
belongs to the same family as maize. The sulfonylureas have been the first 
selective herbicides for Johnsongrass control in maize. Non-proper use of 
sulfonylureas had led to herbicide resistance development, and weed control 
failures. However, an optimization of herbicide performance through 
different adjuvants and spraying nozzles application can improve 
Johnsongrass control. Adjuvants are able to change physico-chemical 
properties of herbicide solution, while nozzles influence coverage rate and 
potential drift. A field trial regarding the influence of adjuvants and nozzles 
on Johnsongrass control started 2020 at the experimental field of the Maize 
Research Institute “Zemun Polje”. Nicosulfuron (OD formulation) was 
applied at 5-6-leaf stage, tank-mixed with NIS (non-ionic surfactant) or 
AMS (ammonium-sulphate) using XR11002 or TTI11002 nozzles. 
Sprayings were done when maize developed 5-6 leaves (15-16 BBCH) using 
CO2 backpack sprayer calibrated to deliver a spray volume of 140 l ha-1
of 
solution at 275.8 kPa. Following applications, weed density and biomass 
were evaluated on the 28th day. After harvest, maize grain yield was 
measured. According to obtained data, the highest Johnsongrass suppression 
was obtained using XN nozzle when nicosulfuron was tank-mixed with NIS 
adjuvant. Spraying with XR nozzle provided 96.3% of the biomass reduction 
compared to the untreated check, while spaying with TTI nozzle provided 
87.5% of biomass reduction. Addition of AMS as adjuvant reduced to 70% 
of biomass, as it was noticed in the treatment without adjuvant. 
Consequently, the highest grain yield of 12.3 t ha-1 was recorded when 
nicosulfuron was tank-mixed with NIS adjuvant and sprayed with XR 
nozzle, while the yield of 11.7 t ha-1 was recorded when the TTI nozzle was 
used. The lowest yield, ranging from 10.6 to 11.4 t ha-1
, was recorded in 
treatments without adjuvants.
PB  - Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
C3  - International conference "The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference", Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of abstracts
T1  - Adjuvants and nozzles effects in Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) control using nicosulfuron
SP  - 64
EP  - 64
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Dragičević, Vesna and Tabaković, Marijenka and Šenk, Milena and Simić, Milena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Johnsongrass is one of the most troublesome weed species to control, since it 
belongs to the same family as maize. The sulfonylureas have been the first 
selective herbicides for Johnsongrass control in maize. Non-proper use of 
sulfonylureas had led to herbicide resistance development, and weed control 
failures. However, an optimization of herbicide performance through 
different adjuvants and spraying nozzles application can improve 
Johnsongrass control. Adjuvants are able to change physico-chemical 
properties of herbicide solution, while nozzles influence coverage rate and 
potential drift. A field trial regarding the influence of adjuvants and nozzles 
on Johnsongrass control started 2020 at the experimental field of the Maize 
Research Institute “Zemun Polje”. Nicosulfuron (OD formulation) was 
applied at 5-6-leaf stage, tank-mixed with NIS (non-ionic surfactant) or 
AMS (ammonium-sulphate) using XR11002 or TTI11002 nozzles. 
Sprayings were done when maize developed 5-6 leaves (15-16 BBCH) using 
CO2 backpack sprayer calibrated to deliver a spray volume of 140 l ha-1
of 
solution at 275.8 kPa. Following applications, weed density and biomass 
were evaluated on the 28th day. After harvest, maize grain yield was 
measured. According to obtained data, the highest Johnsongrass suppression 
was obtained using XN nozzle when nicosulfuron was tank-mixed with NIS 
adjuvant. Spraying with XR nozzle provided 96.3% of the biomass reduction 
compared to the untreated check, while spaying with TTI nozzle provided 
87.5% of biomass reduction. Addition of AMS as adjuvant reduced to 70% 
of biomass, as it was noticed in the treatment without adjuvant. 
Consequently, the highest grain yield of 12.3 t ha-1 was recorded when 
nicosulfuron was tank-mixed with NIS adjuvant and sprayed with XR 
nozzle, while the yield of 11.7 t ha-1 was recorded when the TTI nozzle was 
used. The lowest yield, ranging from 10.6 to 11.4 t ha-1
, was recorded in 
treatments without adjuvants.",
publisher = "Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "International conference "The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference", Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of abstracts",
title = "Adjuvants and nozzles effects in Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) control using nicosulfuron",
pages = "64-64"
}
Brankov, M., Dragičević, V., Tabaković, M., Šenk, M.,& Simić, M.. (2021). Adjuvants and nozzles effects in Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) control using nicosulfuron. in International conference "The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference", Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of abstracts
Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje., 64-64.
Brankov M, Dragičević V, Tabaković M, Šenk M, Simić M. Adjuvants and nozzles effects in Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) control using nicosulfuron. in International conference "The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference", Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of abstracts. 2021;:64-64..
Brankov, Milan, Dragičević, Vesna, Tabaković, Marijenka, Šenk, Milena, Simić, Milena, "Adjuvants and nozzles effects in Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) control using nicosulfuron" in International conference "The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference", Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of abstracts (2021):64-64.

The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity

Brankov, Milan; Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna

(Elsevier, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1037
AB  - Crop rotation is a simple and effective part of an Integrated Weed Management (IWM) system. This approach 
makes it possible to rotate herbicides with different modes of action (MOA), avoiding or postponing herbicide 
resistance. Besides all the known advantages and benefits, it is still not widely used in maize (Zea mays L.) 
production. In Serbia, about 20% of total maize production is a continuous cropping. The aim of this research 
was to test the benefits of growing maize in crop rotation with winter wheat (Triticum vulgare L.) compared with a 
continuous cropping, combined with pre-emergence herbicide application. Field trials started in 2009, and five 
maize-winter wheat rotations have been completed. Weeds were controlled with a herbicide mixture of isoxa flutole and S-metolachlor, applied at either the full label rate or half rate, while one plot was kept weed free 
(manually), and one was a control. Integrating crop rotation and PRE herbicides decreased the biomass of weeds 
and their density by 98% and 99%, respectively. In continuous maize, perennial weeds became dominant after 
the first rotation. Crop rotation significantly influenced maize productive parameters, decreasing the variation in 
leaf area index and grain yield, increasing values with the number of cycles. The biggest differences in the 
analyzed parameters were observed in 2015, 2017 and 2019, indicating many positive long-term benefits of crop 
rotation on maize leaf area index and grain yield.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Crop protection
T1  - The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence  herbicides on weeds and maize productivity
VL  - 143
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Crop rotation is a simple and effective part of an Integrated Weed Management (IWM) system. This approach 
makes it possible to rotate herbicides with different modes of action (MOA), avoiding or postponing herbicide 
resistance. Besides all the known advantages and benefits, it is still not widely used in maize (Zea mays L.) 
production. In Serbia, about 20% of total maize production is a continuous cropping. The aim of this research 
was to test the benefits of growing maize in crop rotation with winter wheat (Triticum vulgare L.) compared with a 
continuous cropping, combined with pre-emergence herbicide application. Field trials started in 2009, and five 
maize-winter wheat rotations have been completed. Weeds were controlled with a herbicide mixture of isoxa flutole and S-metolachlor, applied at either the full label rate or half rate, while one plot was kept weed free 
(manually), and one was a control. Integrating crop rotation and PRE herbicides decreased the biomass of weeds 
and their density by 98% and 99%, respectively. In continuous maize, perennial weeds became dominant after 
the first rotation. Crop rotation significantly influenced maize productive parameters, decreasing the variation in 
leaf area index and grain yield, increasing values with the number of cycles. The biggest differences in the 
analyzed parameters were observed in 2015, 2017 and 2019, indicating many positive long-term benefits of crop 
rotation on maize leaf area index and grain yield.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Crop protection",
title = "The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence  herbicides on weeds and maize productivity",
volume = "143",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558"
}
Brankov, M., Simić, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence  herbicides on weeds and maize productivity. in Crop protection
Elsevier., 143.
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558
Brankov M, Simić M, Dragičević V. The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence  herbicides on weeds and maize productivity. in Crop protection. 2021;143.
doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558 .
Brankov, Milan, Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, "The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence  herbicides on weeds and maize productivity" in Crop protection, 143 (2021),
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558 . .

Značaj održivih sistema gajenja za kvalitet prinosa kukuruza i očuvanje biodiverziteta

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Dolijanović, Željko; Brankov, Milan

(Beograd : Akademija inženjerskih nauka Srbije - AINS, Odeljenje biotehničkih nauka, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1029
AB  - Tokom poslednjih nekoliko dekada postalo je evidentno da različiti načini industrijalizacije i intenzifikacije polјoprivredne proizvodnje negativno utiču na životnu sredinu. Sada u 21. veku uočavamo posledice dugogodišnje upotrebe pesticida, intenzivne obrade zemlјišta uz povećanje površina koje ostaju neobrađene zbog uprošćavanja plodoreda, veće upotrebe fosilnih goriva, specifikacije sistema gajenja i dr. Zbog navedenog, polјoprivreda je uzročnik ali takođe trpi posledice klimatskih- promena, zagađenja zemlјišta i voda i smanjenja biodiverziteta. Zbog toga su potrebe za gajenjem useva u održivim sistemima proizvodnje koji su jednako produktivni, sve veće. Održiva polјoprivreda podrazumeva gajenje useva uz manju upotrebu herbicida i davanje prednosti drugim merama - fizičkim, biološkim i ekološkim. Takođe, u održivoj polјoprivredi su ulaganja kontrolisana, određena potrebama useva, zajedno sa održavanjem sadržaja azota i organske materije u zemlјištu. Tako, plodoredi i gajenje pokrovnih i združenih useva kao i gajenje u organskoj proizvodnji, doprinosi produktivnosti kukuruza i smanjenju zakorovlјenosti, kao i ostvarenju prinosa pobolјšanog kvaliteta što je značajno za ishranu i zdravlјe lјudi i životinja.
U radu će se analizirati doprinos održivih sistema gajenja kukuruza kvalitetu prinosa i očuvanju biodiverziteta.
PB  - Beograd : Akademija inženjerskih nauka Srbije - AINS, Odeljenje biotehničkih nauka
PB  - Beograd :  Akademska misao
C3  - Naučni skup "Održivi sistemi proizvodnje hrane i očuvanje biodiverziteta i životne sredine", Beograd, 24.11.2021. - Tematski zbornik radova
T1  - Značaj održivih sistema gajenja za kvalitet prinosa kukuruza i očuvanje biodiverziteta
SP  - 54
EP  - 68
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Dolijanović, Željko and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Tokom poslednjih nekoliko dekada postalo je evidentno da različiti načini industrijalizacije i intenzifikacije polјoprivredne proizvodnje negativno utiču na životnu sredinu. Sada u 21. veku uočavamo posledice dugogodišnje upotrebe pesticida, intenzivne obrade zemlјišta uz povećanje površina koje ostaju neobrađene zbog uprošćavanja plodoreda, veće upotrebe fosilnih goriva, specifikacije sistema gajenja i dr. Zbog navedenog, polјoprivreda je uzročnik ali takođe trpi posledice klimatskih- promena, zagađenja zemlјišta i voda i smanjenja biodiverziteta. Zbog toga su potrebe za gajenjem useva u održivim sistemima proizvodnje koji su jednako produktivni, sve veće. Održiva polјoprivreda podrazumeva gajenje useva uz manju upotrebu herbicida i davanje prednosti drugim merama - fizičkim, biološkim i ekološkim. Takođe, u održivoj polјoprivredi su ulaganja kontrolisana, određena potrebama useva, zajedno sa održavanjem sadržaja azota i organske materije u zemlјištu. Tako, plodoredi i gajenje pokrovnih i združenih useva kao i gajenje u organskoj proizvodnji, doprinosi produktivnosti kukuruza i smanjenju zakorovlјenosti, kao i ostvarenju prinosa pobolјšanog kvaliteta što je značajno za ishranu i zdravlјe lјudi i životinja.
U radu će se analizirati doprinos održivih sistema gajenja kukuruza kvalitetu prinosa i očuvanju biodiverziteta.",
publisher = "Beograd : Akademija inženjerskih nauka Srbije - AINS, Odeljenje biotehničkih nauka, Beograd :  Akademska misao",
journal = "Naučni skup "Održivi sistemi proizvodnje hrane i očuvanje biodiverziteta i životne sredine", Beograd, 24.11.2021. - Tematski zbornik radova",
title = "Značaj održivih sistema gajenja za kvalitet prinosa kukuruza i očuvanje biodiverziteta",
pages = "54-68"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Dolijanović, Ž.,& Brankov, M.. (2021). Značaj održivih sistema gajenja za kvalitet prinosa kukuruza i očuvanje biodiverziteta. in Naučni skup "Održivi sistemi proizvodnje hrane i očuvanje biodiverziteta i životne sredine", Beograd, 24.11.2021. - Tematski zbornik radova
Beograd : Akademija inženjerskih nauka Srbije - AINS, Odeljenje biotehničkih nauka., 54-68.
Simić M, Dragičević V, Dolijanović Ž, Brankov M. Značaj održivih sistema gajenja za kvalitet prinosa kukuruza i očuvanje biodiverziteta. in Naučni skup "Održivi sistemi proizvodnje hrane i očuvanje biodiverziteta i životne sredine", Beograd, 24.11.2021. - Tematski zbornik radova. 2021;:54-68..
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Dolijanović, Željko, Brankov, Milan, "Značaj održivih sistema gajenja za kvalitet prinosa kukuruza i očuvanje biodiverziteta" in Naučni skup "Održivi sistemi proizvodnje hrane i očuvanje biodiverziteta i životne sredine", Beograd, 24.11.2021. - Tematski zbornik radova (2021):54-68.

Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja

Simić, Milena; Dolijanović, Željko; Pejović, Marija; Brankov, Milan; Filipovic, Milomir; Dragičević, Vesna

(Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Pejović, Marija
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Filipovic, Milomir
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1001
AB  - Održivi sistemi gajenja useva su alternativa intenzivnoj, industrijalizovanoj poljoprivredi u kojoj je dudgogodišnja primena pesticida ugrozila životnu sredinu. U održivim sistemima gajenja, prioritet je smanjiti upotrebu herbicida i đubriva i povećati efikasnost proizvodnje uz korišćenje postojećih resursa radi zaštite agroekosistema. U tom smislu, pokrovni usevi i sistemi obrade zemljišta mogu 
doprineti značajnom smanjenju zakorovljenosti kukuruza, održanju kvaliteta zemljišta uz ostvarenje visokog i kvalitetnog prinosa. Istraživanja su sprovedena u Institutu za kukuruz Zemun Polje, Beograd, sa ciljem da se utvrdi koliki je doprinos održivog sistema gajenja (sa pokrovnim usevima) u poređenju sa konvencionalnim/intenzivnim sistemom gajenja, plodnosti zemljišta i produktivnosti kukuruza. Ogled je postavljen 2020. godine i čine ga tri sistema gajenja kukuruza:- ekstenzivni sistem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), zemljište je ostalo neobrađeno, krajem leta je primenjen totalni herbicid radi suzbijanja izniklih korova, u proleće je direktnom setvom posejan kukuruz
- intenzivni sistem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), strnište je plitko zaorano (ljuštenje strništa), kasnije su primenom totalnog herbicida suzbijeni iznikli korovi, u jesen je zemljište duboko uzorano a u proleće je obavljena predsetvena priprema zemljišta frezom i setva kukuruza -održivi sitem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), strnište je plitko zaorano (ljuštenje strništa) nakon čega su posejani ozimi pokrovni usevi – ozimi ovas, ozimi stočni kelj i ozimi stočni grašak; pokrovni usevi su u proleće pokošeni i kada je biomasa svela i delom se razgradila, direktnom setvom je posejan kukuruz.Setva visokorodnog hibrida kukuruza najnovije generacije, ZP5601 je obavljena 6. maja 
2021. u gustini od 60 606 biljka po ha. U navedenim sistemima gajenja kukuruza analiziran je sadržaj ukupnog N i C, kao i odnos C:N iz uzoraka zemljišta uzetih pre setve kukuruza kao i prinos kukuruza, obračunat na 14% vlage u zrnu. Na početku vegetacione sezone 2021. godine, najveći sadržaj organskog C je imala varijanta sa konvencionalnim sistemom gajenja, najveći sadržaj ukupnog N je utvrđen takođe u ovoj i varijanti sa ekstenzivnim sistemom gajenja, dok su najpovoljniji odnos C:N imale varijante sa pokrovnim usevima od ozimog stočnog kelja i stočnog graška. Na kraju vegetacionog perioda u promenljivoj i, za kukuruz, nepovoljnoj 2021. godini, 
najveći prinos je imao ekstenzivni sistem gajenja (6,70 t ha-1) a nešto niži konvencionalni sistem (6,38 t ha-1) dok je od pokrovnih useva najproduktivnije bilo gajenje kukuruza nakon stočnog graška (5,61 t ha-1).Sistemi gajenja kukuruza, posebno kada se radi o proizvodnji za ljudsku ishranu, će ubuduće sve više težiti održivosti i upotrebi alternativnih mera kad je u pitanju upotreba pesticida.
AB  - Sustainable systems of crop cultivation are an alternative to intensive, industrialised agriculture in which a long-term application of pesticides has endangered the environment. The priority in these systems is to reduce the use of herbicides and fertilisers and to increase the production efficiency while using existing resources to protect agro-ecosystems. In this sense, cover crops and tillage systems can contribute to a significant reduction in maize weediness, maintenance of soil quality while achieving high and quality yields. Studies were conducted at the Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, Belgrade, with the aim to determine the contribution of the sustainable cultivation system (with cover crops) in comparison to the conventional/intensive cultivation system, soil fertility and maize productivity. The trial was set up in 2020 and encompassed three maize growing systems:- extensive system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, soil remained untilled and at the end of summer a total herbicide was applied to control emerged weeds, while in spring, maize 
was sown by direct sowing - intensive system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, stubble was shallowly ploughed (shallow ploughing), later the total herbicide was applied to suppress emerged weeds; in autumn, soil was deeply ploughed up, while seedbed preparation with a cultivator and maize sowing were done in spring -sustainable system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, stubble was shallowly ploughed (shallow ploughing) and then winter cover crops (winter oats, winter fodder kale and winter field pea) were sown; cover crops were mowed in spring and when biomass was wilted and partially decomposed, maize was sown by direct sowing. Sowing of a high-yielding maize hybrid of the latest generation, ZP5601, was performed on May 6, 2021 at the sowing density of 60,606 plants ha-1. In the stated maize cultivation systems, the contents of total N and C, as well as the C:N ratio were analysed in soil samples drawn prior to maize sowing and maize yield was calculated at 14% grain moisture. At the beginning of the 2021 growing season, the highest content of organic C was recorded in the variant with the conventional cultivation system, whereas the highest content of total N was also determined in this variant but with the extensive cultivation system; the most favourable the C:N ratio was established in variants with cover crops consisted of winter fodder kale and field pea. At the end of the 2021 growing season that was variable and unfavourable for maize, the highest yield (6.70 t ha-1) was recorded in the extensive cultivation system; a slightly lower yield (6.38 t ha-1) was achieved in the conventional 
system, while the most productive (5.61 t ha-1) in the cover crop system was maize cultivation after field pea. Maize cultivation systems, especially when it comes to the production for human 
consumption, will increasingly tend to sustainability and the use of alternative measures instead of the pesticide application.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Znornik radova
T1  - Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja
T1  - Maize productivity in sustainable system of cultivation
SP  - 72
EP  - 73
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dolijanović, Željko and Pejović, Marija and Brankov, Milan and Filipovic, Milomir and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Održivi sistemi gajenja useva su alternativa intenzivnoj, industrijalizovanoj poljoprivredi u kojoj je dudgogodišnja primena pesticida ugrozila životnu sredinu. U održivim sistemima gajenja, prioritet je smanjiti upotrebu herbicida i đubriva i povećati efikasnost proizvodnje uz korišćenje postojećih resursa radi zaštite agroekosistema. U tom smislu, pokrovni usevi i sistemi obrade zemljišta mogu 
doprineti značajnom smanjenju zakorovljenosti kukuruza, održanju kvaliteta zemljišta uz ostvarenje visokog i kvalitetnog prinosa. Istraživanja su sprovedena u Institutu za kukuruz Zemun Polje, Beograd, sa ciljem da se utvrdi koliki je doprinos održivog sistema gajenja (sa pokrovnim usevima) u poređenju sa konvencionalnim/intenzivnim sistemom gajenja, plodnosti zemljišta i produktivnosti kukuruza. Ogled je postavljen 2020. godine i čine ga tri sistema gajenja kukuruza:- ekstenzivni sistem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), zemljište je ostalo neobrađeno, krajem leta je primenjen totalni herbicid radi suzbijanja izniklih korova, u proleće je direktnom setvom posejan kukuruz
- intenzivni sistem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), strnište je plitko zaorano (ljuštenje strništa), kasnije su primenom totalnog herbicida suzbijeni iznikli korovi, u jesen je zemljište duboko uzorano a u proleće je obavljena predsetvena priprema zemljišta frezom i setva kukuruza -održivi sitem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), strnište je plitko zaorano (ljuštenje strništa) nakon čega su posejani ozimi pokrovni usevi – ozimi ovas, ozimi stočni kelj i ozimi stočni grašak; pokrovni usevi su u proleće pokošeni i kada je biomasa svela i delom se razgradila, direktnom setvom je posejan kukuruz.Setva visokorodnog hibrida kukuruza najnovije generacije, ZP5601 je obavljena 6. maja 
2021. u gustini od 60 606 biljka po ha. U navedenim sistemima gajenja kukuruza analiziran je sadržaj ukupnog N i C, kao i odnos C:N iz uzoraka zemljišta uzetih pre setve kukuruza kao i prinos kukuruza, obračunat na 14% vlage u zrnu. Na početku vegetacione sezone 2021. godine, najveći sadržaj organskog C je imala varijanta sa konvencionalnim sistemom gajenja, najveći sadržaj ukupnog N je utvrđen takođe u ovoj i varijanti sa ekstenzivnim sistemom gajenja, dok su najpovoljniji odnos C:N imale varijante sa pokrovnim usevima od ozimog stočnog kelja i stočnog graška. Na kraju vegetacionog perioda u promenljivoj i, za kukuruz, nepovoljnoj 2021. godini, 
najveći prinos je imao ekstenzivni sistem gajenja (6,70 t ha-1) a nešto niži konvencionalni sistem (6,38 t ha-1) dok je od pokrovnih useva najproduktivnije bilo gajenje kukuruza nakon stočnog graška (5,61 t ha-1).Sistemi gajenja kukuruza, posebno kada se radi o proizvodnji za ljudsku ishranu, će ubuduće sve više težiti održivosti i upotrebi alternativnih mera kad je u pitanju upotreba pesticida., Sustainable systems of crop cultivation are an alternative to intensive, industrialised agriculture in which a long-term application of pesticides has endangered the environment. The priority in these systems is to reduce the use of herbicides and fertilisers and to increase the production efficiency while using existing resources to protect agro-ecosystems. In this sense, cover crops and tillage systems can contribute to a significant reduction in maize weediness, maintenance of soil quality while achieving high and quality yields. Studies were conducted at the Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, Belgrade, with the aim to determine the contribution of the sustainable cultivation system (with cover crops) in comparison to the conventional/intensive cultivation system, soil fertility and maize productivity. The trial was set up in 2020 and encompassed three maize growing systems:- extensive system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, soil remained untilled and at the end of summer a total herbicide was applied to control emerged weeds, while in spring, maize 
was sown by direct sowing - intensive system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, stubble was shallowly ploughed (shallow ploughing), later the total herbicide was applied to suppress emerged weeds; in autumn, soil was deeply ploughed up, while seedbed preparation with a cultivator and maize sowing were done in spring -sustainable system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, stubble was shallowly ploughed (shallow ploughing) and then winter cover crops (winter oats, winter fodder kale and winter field pea) were sown; cover crops were mowed in spring and when biomass was wilted and partially decomposed, maize was sown by direct sowing. Sowing of a high-yielding maize hybrid of the latest generation, ZP5601, was performed on May 6, 2021 at the sowing density of 60,606 plants ha-1. In the stated maize cultivation systems, the contents of total N and C, as well as the C:N ratio were analysed in soil samples drawn prior to maize sowing and maize yield was calculated at 14% grain moisture. At the beginning of the 2021 growing season, the highest content of organic C was recorded in the variant with the conventional cultivation system, whereas the highest content of total N was also determined in this variant but with the extensive cultivation system; the most favourable the C:N ratio was established in variants with cover crops consisted of winter fodder kale and field pea. At the end of the 2021 growing season that was variable and unfavourable for maize, the highest yield (6.70 t ha-1) was recorded in the extensive cultivation system; a slightly lower yield (6.38 t ha-1) was achieved in the conventional 
system, while the most productive (5.61 t ha-1) in the cover crop system was maize cultivation after field pea. Maize cultivation systems, especially when it comes to the production for human 
consumption, will increasingly tend to sustainability and the use of alternative measures instead of the pesticide application.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Znornik radova",
title = "Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja, Maize productivity in sustainable system of cultivation",
pages = "72-73"
}
Simić, M., Dolijanović, Ž., Pejović, M., Brankov, M., Filipovic, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Znornik radova
Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet., 72-73.
Simić M, Dolijanović Ž, Pejović M, Brankov M, Filipovic M, Dragičević V. Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Znornik radova. 2021;:72-73..
Simić, Milena, Dolijanović, Željko, Pejović, Marija, Brankov, Milan, Filipovic, Milomir, Dragičević, Vesna, "Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja" in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Znornik radova (2021):72-73.

IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides

Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Dragičević, Vesna; Tolimir, Miodrag; Šenk, Milena; Tabaković, Marijenka

(Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/998
AB  - The Integrated Weed Management System has been applied with variable success in many crops since its establishment in 1991. Environmental awareness, growing problems with herbicide resistance and a lack of new active ingredients, resulted in weed control not only with chemicals but also other measures. The aim of the study was to examine long-term IWM
measures - combined application of crop rotation and herbicides on weed biomass and maize yield. The trial has been conducted since 2009, encompassing maize continuous cropping (MC), maize-winter wheat (MW), maize-soybean-winter wheat (MSW) and maize-winter wheat-soybean 
(MWS) rotations. The isoxaflutole + acetochlor mixture at recommended (RR), half of the recommended rate (0.5RR) and no-herbicides (C) were preemergence treatments applied in maize. Weed biomass was recorded from two randomly selected sites in the middle of each plot by square meter method, 6-7 weeks after the application of herbicides. Maize grain yield was calculated at 14% moisture at the end of the growing season. The data were processed by 
ANOVA and LSD-test (α = 0.05). According to the 10-year average, weed biomass had decreased with the application of herbicide 0.5RR by 69.2%, 90.0%, 83.2% and 70.9% and of RR by 79.2%, 94.2%, 93.9% and 81.3% in MC, MW, MSW and MWS rotation, respectively. Herbicide RR was in 
average more effective than 0.5RR by 8.8% while the most effective in weed biomass reduction in average for both herbicide rates were MW and MSW rotations - 94.2% and 93.9%, respectively. Herbicide weed control contributed to the grain yield increase even in MC by 31.0% and 43.1% with 0.5RR and RR, respectively, while MSW was the most effective rotation and increased 
yield by 36.1% and 30.5% with 05.RR and RR, respectively. This indicates a significant correlation between the weed biomass decrease and the maize yield increase, as well as the importance of a preceding crop for maize productivity in integrated crop production systems with reduced herbicide use.
PB  - Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
C3  - International Conference The Frontiers of Science and  Technology in Crop Breeding and  Production Conference, Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of Abstracts
T1  - IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides
SP  - 61
EP  - 61
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Dragičević, Vesna and Tolimir, Miodrag and Šenk, Milena and Tabaković, Marijenka",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The Integrated Weed Management System has been applied with variable success in many crops since its establishment in 1991. Environmental awareness, growing problems with herbicide resistance and a lack of new active ingredients, resulted in weed control not only with chemicals but also other measures. The aim of the study was to examine long-term IWM
measures - combined application of crop rotation and herbicides on weed biomass and maize yield. The trial has been conducted since 2009, encompassing maize continuous cropping (MC), maize-winter wheat (MW), maize-soybean-winter wheat (MSW) and maize-winter wheat-soybean 
(MWS) rotations. The isoxaflutole + acetochlor mixture at recommended (RR), half of the recommended rate (0.5RR) and no-herbicides (C) were preemergence treatments applied in maize. Weed biomass was recorded from two randomly selected sites in the middle of each plot by square meter method, 6-7 weeks after the application of herbicides. Maize grain yield was calculated at 14% moisture at the end of the growing season. The data were processed by 
ANOVA and LSD-test (α = 0.05). According to the 10-year average, weed biomass had decreased with the application of herbicide 0.5RR by 69.2%, 90.0%, 83.2% and 70.9% and of RR by 79.2%, 94.2%, 93.9% and 81.3% in MC, MW, MSW and MWS rotation, respectively. Herbicide RR was in 
average more effective than 0.5RR by 8.8% while the most effective in weed biomass reduction in average for both herbicide rates were MW and MSW rotations - 94.2% and 93.9%, respectively. Herbicide weed control contributed to the grain yield increase even in MC by 31.0% and 43.1% with 0.5RR and RR, respectively, while MSW was the most effective rotation and increased 
yield by 36.1% and 30.5% with 05.RR and RR, respectively. This indicates a significant correlation between the weed biomass decrease and the maize yield increase, as well as the importance of a preceding crop for maize productivity in integrated crop production systems with reduced herbicide use.",
publisher = "Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "International Conference The Frontiers of Science and  Technology in Crop Breeding and  Production Conference, Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of Abstracts",
title = "IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides",
pages = "61-61"
}
Simić, M., Brankov, M., Dragičević, V., Tolimir, M., Šenk, M.,& Tabaković, M.. (2021). IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides. in International Conference The Frontiers of Science and  Technology in Crop Breeding and  Production Conference, Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of Abstracts
Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje., 61-61.
Simić M, Brankov M, Dragičević V, Tolimir M, Šenk M, Tabaković M. IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides. in International Conference The Frontiers of Science and  Technology in Crop Breeding and  Production Conference, Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of Abstracts. 2021;:61-61..
Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Dragičević, Vesna, Tolimir, Miodrag, Šenk, Milena, Tabaković, Marijenka, "IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides" in International Conference The Frontiers of Science and  Technology in Crop Breeding and  Production Conference, Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of Abstracts (2021):61-61.

Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Dolijanović, Željko; Brankov, Milan; Jovanović, Života

(Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Jovanović, Života
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/995
AB  - Prednosti tropoljnog i četvoropoljnog plodoreda u odnosu na dvopoljni 
su smanjena učestalost obrade zemljišta i time ušteda u energentima, manji unos 
mineralnih azotnih đubriva i količine primenjenih herbicida. Istraživanja su imala za 
cilj da ukažu na značaj pravilne smene useva u tropoljnom plodoredu i uporede 
prednosti gajenja kukuruza nakon ozime pšenice ili soje u pogledu smanjenja 
zakorovljenosti, formiranja žetvenog indeksa i prinosa zrna. Rezultati višegodišnjih 
ispitivanja su pokazali da je smena useva u plodoredu značajno doprinela da sveža masa 
korova bude manja a žetveni indeks i prinos zrna kukuruza veći u plodosmeni kukuruz ozima pšenica-soja u odnosu na kukuruz-soja-ozima pšenica.
AB  - The advantages of the three- and four-crop rotations in relation to the two crop rotation are reduced frequency of soil tillage, and thus savings in energy 
sources, lower intake of mineral nitrogen fertilisers and the amount of applied 
herbicides. The aim of the present study was to indicate the importance of a proper 
alternation of crops in the three-crop rotation system and to compare the 
advantages of cultivation of maize after winter wheat or soybean in terms of 
reducing weediness, formation of the harvest index and grain yield. Results of 
long-term studies have shown that the crop sequence significantly contributed to 
the decrease in fresh biomass of weed and the increase in the harvest index and 
grain yield in the maize-winter wheat-soybean rotation in relation to the maize-soybean-winter wheat rotation
PB  - Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet
C3  - 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova
T1  - Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza
T1  - The importance of crop sequence for maize productivity
SP  - 85
EP  - 91
DO  - 10.46793/SBT26.085S
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Dolijanović, Željko and Brankov, Milan and Jovanović, Života",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Prednosti tropoljnog i četvoropoljnog plodoreda u odnosu na dvopoljni 
su smanjena učestalost obrade zemljišta i time ušteda u energentima, manji unos 
mineralnih azotnih đubriva i količine primenjenih herbicida. Istraživanja su imala za 
cilj da ukažu na značaj pravilne smene useva u tropoljnom plodoredu i uporede 
prednosti gajenja kukuruza nakon ozime pšenice ili soje u pogledu smanjenja 
zakorovljenosti, formiranja žetvenog indeksa i prinosa zrna. Rezultati višegodišnjih 
ispitivanja su pokazali da je smena useva u plodoredu značajno doprinela da sveža masa 
korova bude manja a žetveni indeks i prinos zrna kukuruza veći u plodosmeni kukuruz ozima pšenica-soja u odnosu na kukuruz-soja-ozima pšenica., The advantages of the three- and four-crop rotations in relation to the two crop rotation are reduced frequency of soil tillage, and thus savings in energy 
sources, lower intake of mineral nitrogen fertilisers and the amount of applied 
herbicides. The aim of the present study was to indicate the importance of a proper 
alternation of crops in the three-crop rotation system and to compare the 
advantages of cultivation of maize after winter wheat or soybean in terms of 
reducing weediness, formation of the harvest index and grain yield. Results of 
long-term studies have shown that the crop sequence significantly contributed to 
the decrease in fresh biomass of weed and the increase in the harvest index and 
grain yield in the maize-winter wheat-soybean rotation in relation to the maize-soybean-winter wheat rotation",
publisher = "Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet",
journal = "26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova",
title = "Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza, The importance of crop sequence for maize productivity",
pages = "85-91",
doi = "10.46793/SBT26.085S"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Dolijanović, Ž., Brankov, M.,& Jovanović, Ž.. (2021). Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza. in 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova
Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet., 85-91.
https://doi.org/10.46793/SBT26.085S
Simić M, Dragičević V, Dolijanović Ž, Brankov M, Jovanović Ž. Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza. in 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova. 2021;:85-91.
doi:10.46793/SBT26.085S .
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Dolijanović, Željko, Brankov, Milan, Jovanović, Života, "Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza" in 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova (2021):85-91,
https://doi.org/10.46793/SBT26.085S . .
3

Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer

Dragičević, Vesna; Dolijanović, Željko; Janosevic, Biljana; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljković, Milovan M.; Dodevska, Margarita; Simic, Milena

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Janosevic, Biljana
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljković, Milovan M.
AU  - Dodevska, Margarita
AU  - Simic, Milena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/984
AB  - Cover crops (CC) are an important low-input strategy in sustainable agricultural systems. The impact of different CC (common vetch, field pea, winter oats, fodder kale, common vetch + winter oats and field pea + winter oats), organic mulch, control treatment-fallow, and bio-fertilizer (BF) application, on yield and quality of sweet maize kernel was evaluated. CC biomass was higher in mixtures: field pea + winter oats, and common vetch + winter oats, as well as in fodder kale. Kernel yield and its chemical composition varied significantly by CC, BF, year, and their interaction. Organic mulch enhanced the concentration of sugars and glutathione in maize kernel. BF increased kernel yield, the concentration of sugars, vitamin C, Mg, Fe, Zn, and reduced phytate concentration. The highest Mg and Mn concentration in maize kernel was achieved with fodder kale, Zn concentration with common vetch + winter oats + BF, and Fe concentration with winter oats. The same treatments expressed the highest impact on variability in concentration of the phytate, phenolics, and yellow pigment, thus affecting further bio-availability of essential elements. Results indicate that in a semi-arid climate, under rain-fed conditions, CC such as fodder kale and winter oats + common vetch could enhance sweet maize productivity and kernel quality, serving as an important part of a sustainable cropping system, to facilitate food security.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Agronomy
T1  - Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer
VL  - 11
IS  - 5
SP  - 981
DO  - https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Dolijanović, Željko and Janosevic, Biljana and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljković, Milovan M. and Dodevska, Margarita and Simic, Milena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Cover crops (CC) are an important low-input strategy in sustainable agricultural systems. The impact of different CC (common vetch, field pea, winter oats, fodder kale, common vetch + winter oats and field pea + winter oats), organic mulch, control treatment-fallow, and bio-fertilizer (BF) application, on yield and quality of sweet maize kernel was evaluated. CC biomass was higher in mixtures: field pea + winter oats, and common vetch + winter oats, as well as in fodder kale. Kernel yield and its chemical composition varied significantly by CC, BF, year, and their interaction. Organic mulch enhanced the concentration of sugars and glutathione in maize kernel. BF increased kernel yield, the concentration of sugars, vitamin C, Mg, Fe, Zn, and reduced phytate concentration. The highest Mg and Mn concentration in maize kernel was achieved with fodder kale, Zn concentration with common vetch + winter oats + BF, and Fe concentration with winter oats. The same treatments expressed the highest impact on variability in concentration of the phytate, phenolics, and yellow pigment, thus affecting further bio-availability of essential elements. Results indicate that in a semi-arid climate, under rain-fed conditions, CC such as fodder kale and winter oats + common vetch could enhance sweet maize productivity and kernel quality, serving as an important part of a sustainable cropping system, to facilitate food security.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Agronomy",
title = "Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer",
volume = "11",
number = "5",
pages = "981",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981"
}
Dragičević, V., Dolijanović, Ž., Janosevic, B., Brankov, M., Stoiljković, M. M., Dodevska, M.,& Simic, M.. (2021). Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer. in Agronomy
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 11(5), 981.
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981
Dragičević V, Dolijanović Ž, Janosevic B, Brankov M, Stoiljković MM, Dodevska M, Simic M. Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer. in Agronomy. 2021;11(5):981.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Dolijanović, Željko, Janosevic, Biljana, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljković, Milovan M., Dodevska, Margarita, Simic, Milena, "Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer" in Agronomy, 11, no. 5 (2021):981,
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981 . .

Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljković, Milovan; Delić, Nenad; Tolimir, Miodrag; Šenk, Milena

(Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljković, Milovan
AU  - Delić, Nenad
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Šenk, Milena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/942
AB  - Зрно кукуруза је важан извор минералних елемената у људској исхрани. Разлике у
садржају минерала у зрну кукуруза могу зависити од генотипа, система гајења,
примене ђубрива, као и метеоролошких услова. Циљ експеримента је био да се испита
утицај различитих система ђубрења (минерално ђубриво – уреа, органско ђубриво –
Fertor, микробиолошко ђубриво – Team micoriza plus, контрола – без ђубрења) на
принос и промене у садржају P, S, Ca, Mg и Fe у кукурузу белог, жутог и црвеног зрна,
током вегетационе сезоне 2017. и 2018. године. У погледу метеоролошких услова,
уочен је сушан период током јуна–августа 2017., док је 2018. имала равномеран
распоред падавина. Зато је у 2017. просечан принос зрна био скоро двоструко мањи, за
4,6 t ha-1, у односу на 2018. годину, али је у 2017. била знатно виша просечна
концентрација Ca, Mg, S и Fе. Зрно црвеног кукуруза је уз просечно већи принос, било
богатије у садржају Cа, Fе и P, док је, органско ђубриво у највећој мери утицало на
повећање приноса и акумулацију Mg, P и S. Код кукуруза црвеног зрна примена
органског ђубрива је у највећем степену довела до већег приноса, као и концентрације
Mg и P, док је микробиолошко ђубриво повећало концентрацију Ca, а уреа Fе. Једино
је већи ниво S био забележен у контроли код кукуруза жуте боје зрна. Највећа
варирања вредности приноса била су код жутог кукуруза (третман са органским
ђубривом и контрола) и црвеног у третману са уреом, док су највећа варирања P, S, Mg
и Fе била код кукуруза црвеног зрна (третман са микробилошким и органским
ђубривом), као и кукуруза жутог зрна у контроли. Приказани резултати указују да се
преко услова гајења може утицати на накупљање важних минерала у зрну кукуруза и
то посебно црвене боје, које би се стога могло сматрати важним извором P, Cа, Mg и
Fе, док би жуто зрно кукуруза могло представљати значајан извор S.
AB  - Maize kernel is an important source of mineral elements in human nutrition. Differences in
mineral content in maize kernel depend on genotype, cropping systems, fertilization, and
meteorological conditions. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of different
fertilization systems (mineral fertilizer – urea, organic fertilizer – Fertor, biofertilizer – Team
micoriza plus, control – without fertilization) on kernel yield and variations in content of P, S,
Ca, Mg, and Fe in kernel of white, yellow and red maize, during 2017 and 2018.
Meteorological conditions indicated dry period during June–August 2017, while in 2018
precipitations were equally distributed. Therefore, the average yield was almost double lower
in 2017 (to 4.6 t ha-1), compared to 2018, while higher average concentration of Ca, Mg, S,
and Fe in maize kernels was recorded in 2017. With higher average yield, red maize kernel
was richer in Ca, Fe, and P. Organic fertilizer increased average yield, and accumulation of
Mg, P, and S in kernels. In regard to combinations, application of organic fertilizer in red
maize resulted in increase of yield, Mg and P, while the biofertilizer increased Ca and urea
increased Fe concentration in kernel. S concentration achieved the highest value in the
control in yellow maize kernel. The greatest variations of kernel yield were in yellow maize
(treatment with the organic fertilizer and control) and in red maize with the urea treatment,
while the greatest variability of P, S, Mg, and Fe concentration was in red maize kernel
(treatment with the bio- and organic fertilizer), as well as yellow maize kernel in the control.
Presented results indicated that adjustments in growing conditions could impact accumulation
of important minerals in kernel, particularly in red maize, which could be considered as a
significant source of P, CA, Mg, and Fe, while yellow maize kernel could be referred as a
significant source of S.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda
T1  - Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна
T1  - Status of some macro-elements in maize kernel with different colour
SP  - 66
EP  - 67
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljković, Milovan and Delić, Nenad and Tolimir, Miodrag and Šenk, Milena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Зрно кукуруза је важан извор минералних елемената у људској исхрани. Разлике у
садржају минерала у зрну кукуруза могу зависити од генотипа, система гајења,
примене ђубрива, као и метеоролошких услова. Циљ експеримента је био да се испита
утицај различитих система ђубрења (минерално ђубриво – уреа, органско ђубриво –
Fertor, микробиолошко ђубриво – Team micoriza plus, контрола – без ђубрења) на
принос и промене у садржају P, S, Ca, Mg и Fe у кукурузу белог, жутог и црвеног зрна,
током вегетационе сезоне 2017. и 2018. године. У погледу метеоролошких услова,
уочен је сушан период током јуна–августа 2017., док је 2018. имала равномеран
распоред падавина. Зато је у 2017. просечан принос зрна био скоро двоструко мањи, за
4,6 t ha-1, у односу на 2018. годину, али је у 2017. била знатно виша просечна
концентрација Ca, Mg, S и Fе. Зрно црвеног кукуруза је уз просечно већи принос, било
богатије у садржају Cа, Fе и P, док је, органско ђубриво у највећој мери утицало на
повећање приноса и акумулацију Mg, P и S. Код кукуруза црвеног зрна примена
органског ђубрива је у највећем степену довела до већег приноса, као и концентрације
Mg и P, док је микробиолошко ђубриво повећало концентрацију Ca, а уреа Fе. Једино
је већи ниво S био забележен у контроли код кукуруза жуте боје зрна. Највећа
варирања вредности приноса била су код жутог кукуруза (третман са органским
ђубривом и контрола) и црвеног у третману са уреом, док су највећа варирања P, S, Mg
и Fе била код кукуруза црвеног зрна (третман са микробилошким и органским
ђубривом), као и кукуруза жутог зрна у контроли. Приказани резултати указују да се
преко услова гајења може утицати на накупљање важних минерала у зрну кукуруза и
то посебно црвене боје, које би се стога могло сматрати важним извором P, Cа, Mg и
Fе, док би жуто зрно кукуруза могло представљати значајан извор S., Maize kernel is an important source of mineral elements in human nutrition. Differences in
mineral content in maize kernel depend on genotype, cropping systems, fertilization, and
meteorological conditions. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of different
fertilization systems (mineral fertilizer – urea, organic fertilizer – Fertor, biofertilizer – Team
micoriza plus, control – without fertilization) on kernel yield and variations in content of P, S,
Ca, Mg, and Fe in kernel of white, yellow and red maize, during 2017 and 2018.
Meteorological conditions indicated dry period during June–August 2017, while in 2018
precipitations were equally distributed. Therefore, the average yield was almost double lower
in 2017 (to 4.6 t ha-1), compared to 2018, while higher average concentration of Ca, Mg, S,
and Fe in maize kernels was recorded in 2017. With higher average yield, red maize kernel
was richer in Ca, Fe, and P. Organic fertilizer increased average yield, and accumulation of
Mg, P, and S in kernels. In regard to combinations, application of organic fertilizer in red
maize resulted in increase of yield, Mg and P, while the biofertilizer increased Ca and urea
increased Fe concentration in kernel. S concentration achieved the highest value in the
control in yellow maize kernel. The greatest variations of kernel yield were in yellow maize
(treatment with the organic fertilizer and control) and in red maize with the urea treatment,
while the greatest variability of P, S, Mg, and Fe concentration was in red maize kernel
(treatment with the bio- and organic fertilizer), as well as yellow maize kernel in the control.
Presented results indicated that adjustments in growing conditions could impact accumulation
of important minerals in kernel, particularly in red maize, which could be considered as a
significant source of P, CA, Mg, and Fe, while yellow maize kernel could be referred as a
significant source of S.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda",
title = "Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна, Status of some macro-elements in maize kernel with different colour",
pages = "66-67"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Stoiljković, M., Delić, N., Tolimir, M.,& Šenk, M.. (2021). Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda
Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet., 66-67.
Dragičević V, Simić M, Brankov M, Stoiljković M, Delić N, Tolimir M, Šenk M. Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda. 2021;:66-67..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljković, Milovan, Delić, Nenad, Tolimir, Miodrag, Šenk, Milena, "Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна" in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda (2021):66-67.

Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains

Dragičević, Vesna; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Simic, Milena; Tabaković, Marijenka; Milenković, Milena; Brankov, Milan

(Belgrade : University of Belgrade, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Milenković, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/938
AB  - Frequent variations and extremes in meteorological factors, affect not just yield, but also grain composition of produced crops. Organic crop production has many challenges, particularly under the rain-fed conditions, when water supply is limited and crops could be additionally subjected to the harsh environment. Aim of the research was to follow variations in grain composition of organically produced spelt wheat (var. Nirvana) and red grain maize (var. Rumenka) during 2011-2017 period, which included meteorologically different seasons. Analysed grain components included essential elements: Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe and Mn (determined by ICP-OES), as well as antioxidants, such as polyphenols, yellow pigments (YP), total glutathione (GSH) and phytate (Phy) (determined spectrophotometrically). Results revealed that the lowest concentrations of polyphenols, YP and GSH and slightly reduced Phy in the grains of both, spelt and maize were present during the season with extremely high precipitation, as 2014 was. Nevertheless, drier seasons had positive impact on the accumulation of all examined antioxidants and the highest values were obtained during meteorologically optimal years. Based on the content of essential elements, 2014 was also important for reduced Mg, Fe, Zn and Mn accumulation in spelt grain. For maize, seasons with drought (2012 and 2013) were significant for reduced accumulation of all examined elements. The highest values of all essential elements were noticed in 2016 and 2017, seasons with relative uniform precipitation distribution and optimal temperature during grain filling periods of spelt and maize. Principal component analysis revealed that drier periods present during grain filling induced high variations of GSH, Phy and Mg concentrations in spelt grain, as well as high variations of YP, Mg, Fe, Mn and Zn concentrations in maize grain. It could be assumed that growing season is an important factor affecting nutritional quality of organically produced crops, such as spelt and maize.
PB  - Belgrade : University of Belgrade
C3  - Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
T1  - Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains
SP  - 92
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Simic, Milena and Tabaković, Marijenka and Milenković, Milena and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Frequent variations and extremes in meteorological factors, affect not just yield, but also grain composition of produced crops. Organic crop production has many challenges, particularly under the rain-fed conditions, when water supply is limited and crops could be additionally subjected to the harsh environment. Aim of the research was to follow variations in grain composition of organically produced spelt wheat (var. Nirvana) and red grain maize (var. Rumenka) during 2011-2017 period, which included meteorologically different seasons. Analysed grain components included essential elements: Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe and Mn (determined by ICP-OES), as well as antioxidants, such as polyphenols, yellow pigments (YP), total glutathione (GSH) and phytate (Phy) (determined spectrophotometrically). Results revealed that the lowest concentrations of polyphenols, YP and GSH and slightly reduced Phy in the grains of both, spelt and maize were present during the season with extremely high precipitation, as 2014 was. Nevertheless, drier seasons had positive impact on the accumulation of all examined antioxidants and the highest values were obtained during meteorologically optimal years. Based on the content of essential elements, 2014 was also important for reduced Mg, Fe, Zn and Mn accumulation in spelt grain. For maize, seasons with drought (2012 and 2013) were significant for reduced accumulation of all examined elements. The highest values of all essential elements were noticed in 2016 and 2017, seasons with relative uniform precipitation distribution and optimal temperature during grain filling periods of spelt and maize. Principal component analysis revealed that drier periods present during grain filling induced high variations of GSH, Phy and Mg concentrations in spelt grain, as well as high variations of YP, Mg, Fe, Mn and Zn concentrations in maize grain. It could be assumed that growing season is an important factor affecting nutritional quality of organically produced crops, such as spelt and maize.",
publisher = "Belgrade : University of Belgrade",
journal = "Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts",
title = "Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains",
pages = "92"
}
Dragičević, V., Stoiljkovic, M., Simic, M., Tabaković, M., Milenković, M.,& Brankov, M.. (2021). Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains. in Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : University of Belgrade., 92.
Dragičević V, Stoiljkovic M, Simic M, Tabaković M, Milenković M, Brankov M. Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains. in Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts. 2021;:92..
Dragičević, Vesna, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Simic, Milena, Tabaković, Marijenka, Milenković, Milena, Brankov, Milan, "Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains" in Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts (2021):92.

Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture

Dragičević, Vesna; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Šenk, Milena; Tabaković, Marijenka; Kresović, Branka

(Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Kresović, Branka
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/939
AB  - Maize monoculture is still present worldwide. It is an adverse practice, with
high input of agro-chemicals and weed and pathogens infestation. At the
Maize Research Institute, a trial with maize monoculture has started in 1972
and from then it has been progressed into a system designed to maintain soil
fertility, improve grain yield and quality. Experiment (period 2013-2018,
hybrid ZP 427) comprised: treatment with farmyard manure (M -
incorporation of 60 t ha-1 in 2011, 2014, and 2017) and no manure
application (MØ); bio-fertilizer Bioplug (accelerating decomposition of crop
residues) applied at: 5 l ha-1 (BF), 2.5 l ha-1 (1/2BF) and without it (BFØ);
mineral fertilization with N:P:K= 15:15:15 (1709 kg ha-1) in autumn + Urea
(320 kg ha-1), in spring (F1); only Urea (237 kg ha-1) in spring (F2) and no
mineral fertilizers (F3). Measurements included: soil organic matter (OM),
grain yield (after harvest), as well as the content of protein, P, Mg, Ca, Fe
and Zn in grain. Higher soil OM was present in M, F1, and F2 treatments,
particularly in combination with 1/2BF (> 5%, averagely). Greater grain
yield followed the increased level of fertilization: M, BF, and F2 (8.85, 9.17,
and 9.05 t ha-1, respectively, on average). The average protein level, and the
content of mineral nutrients were higher in the S variant, while content of the
protein, P, Mg, and Fe had greater values in the 1/2BF treatment and Ca and
Zn had greater values in BF. Moreover, F1 had positive impact on protein, P,
Ca, and Mg content, while F2 increased the content of Fe and Zn. Results
indicate that proper fertilizer combination: farmyard manure, bio-, and
mineral fertilizer maintained not just soil fertility, but contributed to the
higher grain yield and grain quality, by enhancing the level of protein and
mineral nutrients, even in monoculture, as an adverse practice.
PB  - Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
C3  - International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts
T1  - Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture
SP  - 62
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Šenk, Milena and Tabaković, Marijenka and Kresović, Branka",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Maize monoculture is still present worldwide. It is an adverse practice, with
high input of agro-chemicals and weed and pathogens infestation. At the
Maize Research Institute, a trial with maize monoculture has started in 1972
and from then it has been progressed into a system designed to maintain soil
fertility, improve grain yield and quality. Experiment (period 2013-2018,
hybrid ZP 427) comprised: treatment with farmyard manure (M -
incorporation of 60 t ha-1 in 2011, 2014, and 2017) and no manure
application (MØ); bio-fertilizer Bioplug (accelerating decomposition of crop
residues) applied at: 5 l ha-1 (BF), 2.5 l ha-1 (1/2BF) and without it (BFØ);
mineral fertilization with N:P:K= 15:15:15 (1709 kg ha-1) in autumn + Urea
(320 kg ha-1), in spring (F1); only Urea (237 kg ha-1) in spring (F2) and no
mineral fertilizers (F3). Measurements included: soil organic matter (OM),
grain yield (after harvest), as well as the content of protein, P, Mg, Ca, Fe
and Zn in grain. Higher soil OM was present in M, F1, and F2 treatments,
particularly in combination with 1/2BF (> 5%, averagely). Greater grain
yield followed the increased level of fertilization: M, BF, and F2 (8.85, 9.17,
and 9.05 t ha-1, respectively, on average). The average protein level, and the
content of mineral nutrients were higher in the S variant, while content of the
protein, P, Mg, and Fe had greater values in the 1/2BF treatment and Ca and
Zn had greater values in BF. Moreover, F1 had positive impact on protein, P,
Ca, and Mg content, while F2 increased the content of Fe and Zn. Results
indicate that proper fertilizer combination: farmyard manure, bio-, and
mineral fertilizer maintained not just soil fertility, but contributed to the
higher grain yield and grain quality, by enhancing the level of protein and
mineral nutrients, even in monoculture, as an adverse practice.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts",
title = "Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture",
pages = "62"
}
Dragičević, V., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Stoiljkovic, M., Šenk, M., Tabaković, M.,& Kresović, B.. (2021). Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture. in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje., 62.
Dragičević V, Simic M, Brankov M, Stoiljkovic M, Šenk M, Tabaković M, Kresović B. Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture. in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts. 2021;:62..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Šenk, Milena, Tabaković, Marijenka, Kresović, Branka, "Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture" in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts (2021):62.

Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production

Dragičević, Vesna; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Šenk, Milena; Krnjaja, Vesna; Mandić, Violeta; Kresović, Branka

(Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Kresović, Branka
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/941
AB  - Malnutrition is a global problem, hitting both, people and
animals. Due to the many factors, such as climate change, soil depletion,
anthropogenic impact, including irresponsible soil management, high fertilization
rates with macro-nutrients, crops lack in essential nutrients, particularly minerals,
Mg, Fe, Zn, etc., as well as important vitamins, like carotenoids, vitamins from B
group. Also, some arable soils have naturally low fertility. All of that negatively
affect production of domestic animal, including animal health and quality of
livestock products. To mitigate malnutrition, a bio-fortification strategy was
developed. It is based on increase in the concentration of essential nutrients in food
and feed, and also to promote further bio-availability from digestive organs. Biofortification implies various practices. Two main types of bio-fortification were
developed: genetic bio-fortification, and agronomic bio-fortification. The first one
uses standard breeding techniques, marker assistant selection, transgenic
approaches, genome editing, etc., to develop highly-efficient genotypes, that are
able to absorb and accumulate higher concentrations of essential nutrients in
biomass and grains. Agronomic bio-fortification uses different practices, such is
special fertilizers, enriched with essential minerals, foliar fertilizers, bio-fertilizers,
growth hormones and enhancers, and some lesser known sustainable practices, like
inter-cropping, cover cropping, in order to increase crop yields, as well as the
concentration of essential nutrients. The bio-fortification approach, based on the
development and commercialisation of highly efficient genotypes, as well as
agricultural practices that enable and support better absorption and accumulation of
essential nutrients option that is safer for both, people and domestic animals.
Mutual increase in concentration of essential minerals, vitamins, and other
promoting substances is of a particular importance for bio-fortification programs,
increasing efficiency and success of applied practices, thus positively reflecting on
animal health and wellbeing.
AB  - Neishranjenost predstavlja globalni problem, pogađajući i ljude i domaće životinje,
paralelno. Zahvaljujući broujnim faktorima, kao što su promena klime,
ispošćavanje zemljišta, uticaj antropogenog faktora preko neodgovornog
upravljanja zemljištem, visokih unosa mineralnih đubriva baziranih na makroelementima, u usevima se javlja se nedostatak esencijalnih hraniva, kao što su Mg,
Fe, Zn, itd., kao i važnih vitamina, kao što su karotenoidi i vitamini iz B grupe.
Takođe, neke obradive površine imaju prirodno nisku plodnost. Sve navedeno se
negativno odražava na proizvodnju domaćih životinja, uključujući zdravlje
životinja, kao i kvalitet životinjskih proizvoda. Kao odgovor u borbi protiv
neishranjenosti, razvijena je strategija bio-fortifikacije, koja se bazira na povećanju
koncentracije esencijalnih hraniva u hrani i hranivima, kao i većoj pristupačnosti iz
organa za varenje. Bio-fortifikacija koristi različite mere. Dva osnovna tipa biofortifikacije su razvijena: genetička i agronomska bio-fortifikacija. Prva koristi
stndardne tehnike selekcije, marker asastiranu selekciju, transgene pristupe,
editovanje genoma, i dr. u dobijanju vioko-efikasnih genotipova koji su sposobni
da apsorbuju i akumuliraju esencijana hraniva u većim koncentracijama u biomasi i
zrnu. Agrnonomska bio-fortifikacija koristi različite tehnike, kao što je primena
specijalnih đubriva obogaćenih sa esencijalnim mineralima, folijarnih đubriva, hormona i poboljšivača rasta, kao i nekih manje poznatih mera koje se koriste u
održivoj poljoprivredi, kao što su kombinovani i pokrovni usevi, koji su
prvenstveno namenjeni povećanju prinosa, kao i koncentracije esencijalnih hraniva.
Strategija bio-fortifikacije, bazirana na razvijanju i komercijalizaciji visoko
efikasnih genotipova, kao i agronomskih tehnika, koje omogućavaju i podržavaju
bolje usvajanje i akumulaciju esencijanih hraniva je bezbednija opcija i za ljude i
za domaće životinje. Paralelno povećanje koncentracije esentijalnih minerala,
vitamina i drugih supstanci koje pomažu usvajanje je od posebnog značaja za
programe bio-fortifikacije, povećavajući efikasnost i uspešnost primenjenih mera, i
odražavajući se pozitivnona zdravlje i blagostanje domaćih životinja.
PB  - Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry
C3  - 13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings
T1  - Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production
T1  - Biofortifikacija, kao način proizvodnje nutritivno bogate hrane za domaće životinje
SP  - 287
EP  - 307
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Šenk, Milena and Krnjaja, Vesna and Mandić, Violeta and Kresović, Branka",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Malnutrition is a global problem, hitting both, people and
animals. Due to the many factors, such as climate change, soil depletion,
anthropogenic impact, including irresponsible soil management, high fertilization
rates with macro-nutrients, crops lack in essential nutrients, particularly minerals,
Mg, Fe, Zn, etc., as well as important vitamins, like carotenoids, vitamins from B
group. Also, some arable soils have naturally low fertility. All of that negatively
affect production of domestic animal, including animal health and quality of
livestock products. To mitigate malnutrition, a bio-fortification strategy was
developed. It is based on increase in the concentration of essential nutrients in food
and feed, and also to promote further bio-availability from digestive organs. Biofortification implies various practices. Two main types of bio-fortification were
developed: genetic bio-fortification, and agronomic bio-fortification. The first one
uses standard breeding techniques, marker assistant selection, transgenic
approaches, genome editing, etc., to develop highly-efficient genotypes, that are
able to absorb and accumulate higher concentrations of essential nutrients in
biomass and grains. Agronomic bio-fortification uses different practices, such is
special fertilizers, enriched with essential minerals, foliar fertilizers, bio-fertilizers,
growth hormones and enhancers, and some lesser known sustainable practices, like
inter-cropping, cover cropping, in order to increase crop yields, as well as the
concentration of essential nutrients. The bio-fortification approach, based on the
development and commercialisation of highly efficient genotypes, as well as
agricultural practices that enable and support better absorption and accumulation of
essential nutrients option that is safer for both, people and domestic animals.
Mutual increase in concentration of essential minerals, vitamins, and other
promoting substances is of a particular importance for bio-fortification programs,
increasing efficiency and success of applied practices, thus positively reflecting on
animal health and wellbeing., Neishranjenost predstavlja globalni problem, pogađajući i ljude i domaće životinje,
paralelno. Zahvaljujući broujnim faktorima, kao što su promena klime,
ispošćavanje zemljišta, uticaj antropogenog faktora preko neodgovornog
upravljanja zemljištem, visokih unosa mineralnih đubriva baziranih na makroelementima, u usevima se javlja se nedostatak esencijalnih hraniva, kao što su Mg,
Fe, Zn, itd., kao i važnih vitamina, kao što su karotenoidi i vitamini iz B grupe.
Takođe, neke obradive površine imaju prirodno nisku plodnost. Sve navedeno se
negativno odražava na proizvodnju domaćih životinja, uključujući zdravlje
životinja, kao i kvalitet životinjskih proizvoda. Kao odgovor u borbi protiv
neishranjenosti, razvijena je strategija bio-fortifikacije, koja se bazira na povećanju
koncentracije esencijalnih hraniva u hrani i hranivima, kao i većoj pristupačnosti iz
organa za varenje. Bio-fortifikacija koristi različite mere. Dva osnovna tipa biofortifikacije su razvijena: genetička i agronomska bio-fortifikacija. Prva koristi
stndardne tehnike selekcije, marker asastiranu selekciju, transgene pristupe,
editovanje genoma, i dr. u dobijanju vioko-efikasnih genotipova koji su sposobni
da apsorbuju i akumuliraju esencijana hraniva u većim koncentracijama u biomasi i
zrnu. Agrnonomska bio-fortifikacija koristi različite tehnike, kao što je primena
specijalnih đubriva obogaćenih sa esencijalnim mineralima, folijarnih đubriva, hormona i poboljšivača rasta, kao i nekih manje poznatih mera koje se koriste u
održivoj poljoprivredi, kao što su kombinovani i pokrovni usevi, koji su
prvenstveno namenjeni povećanju prinosa, kao i koncentracije esencijalnih hraniva.
Strategija bio-fortifikacije, bazirana na razvijanju i komercijalizaciji visoko
efikasnih genotipova, kao i agronomskih tehnika, koje omogućavaju i podržavaju
bolje usvajanje i akumulaciju esencijanih hraniva je bezbednija opcija i za ljude i
za domaće životinje. Paralelno povećanje koncentracije esentijalnih minerala,
vitamina i drugih supstanci koje pomažu usvajanje je od posebnog značaja za
programe bio-fortifikacije, povećavajući efikasnost i uspešnost primenjenih mera, i
odražavajući se pozitivnona zdravlje i blagostanje domaćih životinja.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry",
journal = "13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings",
title = "Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production, Biofortifikacija, kao način proizvodnje nutritivno bogate hrane za domaće životinje",
pages = "287-307"
}
Dragičević, V., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Šenk, M., Krnjaja, V., Mandić, V.,& Kresović, B.. (2021). Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production. in 13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings
Belgrade : Institute for Animal Husbandry., 287-307.
Dragičević V, Simic M, Brankov M, Šenk M, Krnjaja V, Mandić V, Kresović B. Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production. in 13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings. 2021;:287-307..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Šenk, Milena, Krnjaja, Vesna, Mandić, Violeta, Kresović, Branka, "Biofortification as a way of nutrient dense feed production" in 13. International symposium “Modern trends in livestock production”, 6-8. October 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Proceedings (2021):287-307.

Relationship between structural elements of seeds and physiological traites of maize hybrid seeds

Tabaković, Marijenka; Simic, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Brankov, Milan; Milenković, Milena; Stanisavljević, Rade; Štrbanović, Ratibor

(Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Milenković, Milena
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Štrbanović, Ratibor
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/894
AB  - The exepression of morphological and physiological traits depends primarily on the hybrid
combination and then on the ecological conditions of the environment. The material used in these
studies were performed with maize hybrids from the maturity group (FAO 600), within the groups
we had two hybrids (H1, H2) derived at the Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje and produced in
two locations. Seeds for laboratory testing were divided into six fractions (SP, SO, SSP, SSO, KP,
KO) and after that working samples of 10x100 seeds were formed. Under laboratory conditions, the
following seed traits were analysed: 1000-seed dry weight prior to germination (M2), seedling dry
waight (M3), ensosperm dry weight afret to germination (M1), seed emergence (IV), germination
rate. The aim of this study was to determine the difference in seedling dry weight and endosperm
dry weight after to germination according to seeds fraction and hybrid combination. The averge of
1000- seed dry weight in both hybrids is 315.0 g. The weight of the M3 ranged between 17.7 g. and
19.9 g. The difference in M3 between seeds of different sizes is significant for SP and all other
fractions except for KP. M1 ranged from 235.5g. do 360.0 g. M1 differed significantly between SP,
SO, KP, and KO. M1 and M2 did not influence the formation of the sedling dry weight. Ek differs
according to the shape of the seed, the seed of flat fractions has an energy> 80%, while the seed of
round fractions is <77%. The rate of seed germination ranged from 84-100%. Flat fractions had
more affected rate germination than round ones. The hybrid combination and seed fraction was
statistically significant for all observed traits. The effect of genotype x location and genotype x
fraction interactions was the most important on the formation of seed weight. Sedling seed is the
first stage in the formation of a seed crop. The rate of seed sedling formation and its weight are
important aspects of the success of further production
AB  - Ispoljavanje morfoloških i fizioloških osobina zavise u prvom redu od hibidne kombinacije a potom
od ekoloških uslova sredine. Materijal korišćen u ovim istraživanjima su hibridi kukuruza iz grupe
zrenja (FAO 600), u okviru grupe imali smo dva hibrida (H1, H2) Instituta za kukuruz Zemun
Polje, na dve lokacije. Seme za laboratorijska ispitivnja podeljeno je na šest frakcija (SP, SO, SSP,
SSO, KP, KO), radni uzorci su formirani veličine 10x100 semena. U ovom radu prikazani su
rezultati za: suvu masu semena pre klijanja (M2), masu suvog klijanca (M3), masu suvog
endosperma posle klijanja (M1), energiju klijanja (Eg), brzina klijanja. Cilj rada je bio utvrđivanje
razlika u masi klice i masi endosperma posle klijanja prema krupnoći semena i hibridnoj
kombinaciji. Prosek apsolutne mase semena kod oba hibrida iznosi 315,0 gr. Masa suve klice M3
kretala se između 17,7g. i 19,9 g. Razlika u M3 između semena različite krupnoće značajno je za SP
i sve ostale frakcije sem za KP. Masa M1 kretala se od 235,5g. do 360,0 g. M1 razlikovala se
značajno između SP, SO, KP i KO. Na formiranje M3 nije imala uticaj M1 i M2. Ek se razlikuje
prema obliku semena, seme pljosnatih frakcija ima energiju > 80%, dok je seme okruglih frakcija
<77%. Pljosnate frakcije imale su veći značaj za energiju sklijanja i brzinu klijanja od okruglih.
Posmatrani faktori, hibridna kombinacija i frakcija značajne su za ne faktore. Brzina nicanja i težina
klijanaca važni su aspekti za dalju stabilnu proizvodnju.
PB  - Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture
PB  - Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku u poljoprivredi
C3  - Seventh Internacional conference sustainable postharvest and food technologies – INOPTEP 2021 and XXXIII National conference processing and energy in agriculrure – PTEP, Vršac. 18 – 23. April, Book of abstracts,
T1  - Relationship between structural elements of seeds and physiological traites of maize hybrid seeds
T1  - Odnos strukturnih elemenata semena i fizioloških osobina semena hibrida kukuruza
SP  - 129
EP  - 130
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Tabaković, Marijenka and Simic, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Brankov, Milan and Milenković, Milena and Stanisavljević, Rade and Štrbanović, Ratibor",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The exepression of morphological and physiological traits depends primarily on the hybrid
combination and then on the ecological conditions of the environment. The material used in these
studies were performed with maize hybrids from the maturity group (FAO 600), within the groups
we had two hybrids (H1, H2) derived at the Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje and produced in
two locations. Seeds for laboratory testing were divided into six fractions (SP, SO, SSP, SSO, KP,
KO) and after that working samples of 10x100 seeds were formed. Under laboratory conditions, the
following seed traits were analysed: 1000-seed dry weight prior to germination (M2), seedling dry
waight (M3), ensosperm dry weight afret to germination (M1), seed emergence (IV), germination
rate. The aim of this study was to determine the difference in seedling dry weight and endosperm
dry weight after to germination according to seeds fraction and hybrid combination. The averge of
1000- seed dry weight in both hybrids is 315.0 g. The weight of the M3 ranged between 17.7 g. and
19.9 g. The difference in M3 between seeds of different sizes is significant for SP and all other
fractions except for KP. M1 ranged from 235.5g. do 360.0 g. M1 differed significantly between SP,
SO, KP, and KO. M1 and M2 did not influence the formation of the sedling dry weight. Ek differs
according to the shape of the seed, the seed of flat fractions has an energy> 80%, while the seed of
round fractions is <77%. The rate of seed germination ranged from 84-100%. Flat fractions had
more affected rate germination than round ones. The hybrid combination and seed fraction was
statistically significant for all observed traits. The effect of genotype x location and genotype x
fraction interactions was the most important on the formation of seed weight. Sedling seed is the
first stage in the formation of a seed crop. The rate of seed sedling formation and its weight are
important aspects of the success of further production, Ispoljavanje morfoloških i fizioloških osobina zavise u prvom redu od hibidne kombinacije a potom
od ekoloških uslova sredine. Materijal korišćen u ovim istraživanjima su hibridi kukuruza iz grupe
zrenja (FAO 600), u okviru grupe imali smo dva hibrida (H1, H2) Instituta za kukuruz Zemun
Polje, na dve lokacije. Seme za laboratorijska ispitivnja podeljeno je na šest frakcija (SP, SO, SSP,
SSO, KP, KO), radni uzorci su formirani veličine 10x100 semena. U ovom radu prikazani su
rezultati za: suvu masu semena pre klijanja (M2), masu suvog klijanca (M3), masu suvog
endosperma posle klijanja (M1), energiju klijanja (Eg), brzina klijanja. Cilj rada je bio utvrđivanje
razlika u masi klice i masi endosperma posle klijanja prema krupnoći semena i hibridnoj
kombinaciji. Prosek apsolutne mase semena kod oba hibrida iznosi 315,0 gr. Masa suve klice M3
kretala se između 17,7g. i 19,9 g. Razlika u M3 između semena različite krupnoće značajno je za SP
i sve ostale frakcije sem za KP. Masa M1 kretala se od 235,5g. do 360,0 g. M1 razlikovala se
značajno između SP, SO, KP i KO. Na formiranje M3 nije imala uticaj M1 i M2. Ek se razlikuje
prema obliku semena, seme pljosnatih frakcija ima energiju > 80%, dok je seme okruglih frakcija
<77%. Pljosnate frakcije imale su veći značaj za energiju sklijanja i brzinu klijanja od okruglih.
Posmatrani faktori, hibridna kombinacija i frakcija značajne su za ne faktore. Brzina nicanja i težina
klijanaca važni su aspekti za dalju stabilnu proizvodnju.",
publisher = "Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture, Novi Sad : Nacionalno društvo za procesnu tehniku u poljoprivredi",
journal = "Seventh Internacional conference sustainable postharvest and food technologies – INOPTEP 2021 and XXXIII National conference processing and energy in agriculrure – PTEP, Vršac. 18 – 23. April, Book of abstracts,",
title = "Relationship between structural elements of seeds and physiological traites of maize hybrid seeds, Odnos strukturnih elemenata semena i fizioloških osobina semena hibrida kukuruza",
pages = "129-130"
}
Tabaković, M., Simic, M., Dragičević, V., Brankov, M., Milenković, M., Stanisavljević, R.,& Štrbanović, R.. (2021). Relationship between structural elements of seeds and physiological traites of maize hybrid seeds. in Seventh Internacional conference sustainable postharvest and food technologies – INOPTEP 2021 and XXXIII National conference processing and energy in agriculrure – PTEP, Vršac. 18 – 23. April, Book of abstracts,
Novi Sad : National Society of Processing and Energy in Agriculture., 129-130.
Tabaković M, Simic M, Dragičević V, Brankov M, Milenković M, Stanisavljević R, Štrbanović R. Relationship between structural elements of seeds and physiological traites of maize hybrid seeds. in Seventh Internacional conference sustainable postharvest and food technologies – INOPTEP 2021 and XXXIII National conference processing and energy in agriculrure – PTEP, Vršac. 18 – 23. April, Book of abstracts,. 2021;:129-130..
Tabaković, Marijenka, Simic, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Brankov, Milan, Milenković, Milena, Stanisavljević, Rade, Štrbanović, Ratibor, "Relationship between structural elements of seeds and physiological traites of maize hybrid seeds" in Seventh Internacional conference sustainable postharvest and food technologies – INOPTEP 2021 and XXXIII National conference processing and energy in agriculrure – PTEP, Vršac. 18 – 23. April, Book of abstracts, (2021):129-130.

Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности

Šenk, Milena; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Tabaković, Marijenka; Dragičević, Vesna

(Универзитет у Београду – Пољопривредни факултет, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/884
AB  - Због интезивне примене минералних ђубрива и пестицида, који повољно утичу на
повећање продуктивности али штетно на животну средину, све већи изазов у свету
представља проналажење еколошки прихватљивог начина гајења усева, који ће
обезбедити одрживи и задовољавајући принос. Једна од алтернативних метода која се
успешно користи у ту сврху јесте гајење два или више усева истовремено на истом
пољу. Циљ овог истраживања био је да се процени агрономска вредност, тј. принос
соје и проса комбинованих на различите начине (наизменични редови и наизменичне
траке) и упореди са самостално гајеним усевима. Експеримент је постављен на
огледном пољу Института за кукуруз “Земун Поље”, током 2018. и 2020. године. Соја
(сорта Селена) и просо (сорта Бисерка) су посејани у три различите комбинације (С-П,
СС-ПП, СС-ПППП), као и контролни усеви, док је истовремено испитиван и утицај
био-ђубрива Coveron (садржи микоризне гљиве и ризосферне бактерије). Добијени
приноси су изражени преко односа еквивалента земљишта (ЛЕР), док је компетиција
између соје и проса описана помоћу компетитивне способности (ЦР) и агресивности
(А). Резултати су показали да све три испитиване комбинације здруживања повољно
утичу на продуктивност. Просечне ЛЕР вредности су у свим комбинацијама веће од 1,
указујући на већу продуктивност соје и проса у здруженим у односу на чисте усеве.
Највише ЛЕР вредности су постигнуте у СС-ММ комбинацијама (1.48 и 1.28 са и без
Coveron-а, респективно). Разматрајући компетицију, соја се истакла као
компетитивнија и доминантнија врста, посебно у комбинацијама наизменичних трака,
где је у СС-ММММ комбинацији са био-ђубривом забележена ЦР вредност од 3.19 и А
вредност од 1.34. На основу наведених резултата може се закључити да је изражена
компетитивност соје у односу на просо повољна за здруживање наведених врста и има
агрономску вредност у одрживој пољопривреди.
AB  - Due to the intensive application of mineral fertilizers and pesticides, which have a favorable 
effect on increasing productivity but are harmful to the environment, finding an ecological 
way of growing crops, which will provide a sustainable and satisfactory yield, is a growing 
challenge in the world. One of alternative methods that is successfully used for this purpose is 
growing two or more crops simultaneously in the same field. The aim of this study was to 
assess the agronomic value, ie. yield of soybean and common millet intercropped in different 
ways (alternating rows and alternating strips) and compare with monocrops. The experiment 
was set up on the experimental field of the Maize Research Institute "Zemun Polje", during 
2018 and 2020. Soybean (var. Selena) and common millet (var. Biserka) were sown in three 
different combinations (SP, SS-PP, SS-PPPP), as well as control crops, while at the same 
time the influence of bio-fertilizer Coveron (containing mycorrhizal fungi and rhizosphere 
bacteria) was examined. The obtained yields are expressed through the land equivalent ratio 
(LER), while the competition between soybean and millet is described by competitive ratio 
(CR) and aggressivity (A). The results showed that all three examined combinations have 
favorable effect on productivity. The average LER values in all intercrops are greater than 1, 
indicating higher productivity of soybean and millet in intercropping compared to pure crops. 
The highest LER values were achieved in SS-MM combinations (1.48 and 1.28 with and 
without Coveron, respectively). Considering competition, the soybean stood out as more 
competitive and dominant specie, especially in the combinations of alternating strips, where 
CR value of 3.19 and A value of 1.34 were calculated for SS-MMMM combination treated 
with bio-fertilizer. Based on the above results, it can be concluded that expressed 
competitiveness of soybean in relation to millet is favorable for intercropping of these species 
and has agronomic value in sustainable agriculture.
PB  - Универзитет у Београду – Пољопривредни факултет
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i  povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. - Zbornik izvoda
T1  - Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности
T1  - Intercropping of soybean-common millet in combination with bio-fertilizer as an ecological method for increasing productivity
SP  - 80
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Šenk, Milena and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Tabaković, Marijenka and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Због интезивне примене минералних ђубрива и пестицида, који повољно утичу на
повећање продуктивности али штетно на животну средину, све већи изазов у свету
представља проналажење еколошки прихватљивог начина гајења усева, који ће
обезбедити одрживи и задовољавајући принос. Једна од алтернативних метода која се
успешно користи у ту сврху јесте гајење два или више усева истовремено на истом
пољу. Циљ овог истраживања био је да се процени агрономска вредност, тј. принос
соје и проса комбинованих на различите начине (наизменични редови и наизменичне
траке) и упореди са самостално гајеним усевима. Експеримент је постављен на
огледном пољу Института за кукуруз “Земун Поље”, током 2018. и 2020. године. Соја
(сорта Селена) и просо (сорта Бисерка) су посејани у три различите комбинације (С-П,
СС-ПП, СС-ПППП), као и контролни усеви, док је истовремено испитиван и утицај
био-ђубрива Coveron (садржи микоризне гљиве и ризосферне бактерије). Добијени
приноси су изражени преко односа еквивалента земљишта (ЛЕР), док је компетиција
између соје и проса описана помоћу компетитивне способности (ЦР) и агресивности
(А). Резултати су показали да све три испитиване комбинације здруживања повољно
утичу на продуктивност. Просечне ЛЕР вредности су у свим комбинацијама веће од 1,
указујући на већу продуктивност соје и проса у здруженим у односу на чисте усеве.
Највише ЛЕР вредности су постигнуте у СС-ММ комбинацијама (1.48 и 1.28 са и без
Coveron-а, респективно). Разматрајући компетицију, соја се истакла као
компетитивнија и доминантнија врста, посебно у комбинацијама наизменичних трака,
где је у СС-ММММ комбинацији са био-ђубривом забележена ЦР вредност од 3.19 и А
вредност од 1.34. На основу наведених резултата може се закључити да је изражена
компетитивност соје у односу на просо повољна за здруживање наведених врста и има
агрономску вредност у одрживој пољопривреди., Due to the intensive application of mineral fertilizers and pesticides, which have a favorable 
effect on increasing productivity but are harmful to the environment, finding an ecological 
way of growing crops, which will provide a sustainable and satisfactory yield, is a growing 
challenge in the world. One of alternative methods that is successfully used for this purpose is 
growing two or more crops simultaneously in the same field. The aim of this study was to 
assess the agronomic value, ie. yield of soybean and common millet intercropped in different 
ways (alternating rows and alternating strips) and compare with monocrops. The experiment 
was set up on the experimental field of the Maize Research Institute "Zemun Polje", during 
2018 and 2020. Soybean (var. Selena) and common millet (var. Biserka) were sown in three 
different combinations (SP, SS-PP, SS-PPPP), as well as control crops, while at the same 
time the influence of bio-fertilizer Coveron (containing mycorrhizal fungi and rhizosphere 
bacteria) was examined. The obtained yields are expressed through the land equivalent ratio 
(LER), while the competition between soybean and millet is described by competitive ratio 
(CR) and aggressivity (A). The results showed that all three examined combinations have 
favorable effect on productivity. The average LER values in all intercrops are greater than 1, 
indicating higher productivity of soybean and millet in intercropping compared to pure crops. 
The highest LER values were achieved in SS-MM combinations (1.48 and 1.28 with and 
without Coveron, respectively). Considering competition, the soybean stood out as more 
competitive and dominant specie, especially in the combinations of alternating strips, where 
CR value of 3.19 and A value of 1.34 were calculated for SS-MMMM combination treated 
with bio-fertilizer. Based on the above results, it can be concluded that expressed 
competitiveness of soybean in relation to millet is favorable for intercropping of these species 
and has agronomic value in sustainable agriculture.",
publisher = "Универзитет у Београду – Пољопривредни факултет, Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i  povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. - Zbornik izvoda",
title = "Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности, Intercropping of soybean-common millet in combination with bio-fertilizer as an ecological method for increasing productivity",
pages = "80"
}
Šenk, M., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Tabaković, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i  povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. - Zbornik izvoda
Универзитет у Београду – Пољопривредни факултет., 80.
Šenk M, Simić M, Brankov M, Tabaković M, Dragičević V. Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i  povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. - Zbornik izvoda. 2021;:80..
Šenk, Milena, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Tabaković, Marijenka, Dragičević, Vesna, "Здруживање соје и проса у комбинацији са био-ђубривом као еколошка метода за повећање продуктивности" in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i  povrtarskoj proizvodnji", Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. - Zbornik izvoda (2021):80.

Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain

Šenk, Milena V.; Simić, Milena; Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka; Tešić, Živoslav Lj.; Brankov, Milan; Kodranov, Igor; Dragičević, Vesna

(Belgrade : University of Belgrade, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Šenk, Milena V.
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka
AU  - Tešić, Živoslav Lj.
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Kodranov, Igor
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/885
AB  - Intercropping, as sustainable agricultural practice effectively uses environmental resources,
affecting the nutritive quality of crops by modifying the concentration of macro- and microelements
in grain. In order to improve the availability of nutrients from the soil, bio-fertilizers could
also be used successfully in elements management. A field experiment was conducted with soybean (var. Selena) and proso millet (var. Biserka) to examine the integrated influence of intercropping and bio-fertilizer on Ca, Mg, S, Fe and Zn accumulation in grain. Mono-crops (T1 - soybean, T2 - millet), as well as tree planting patterns of intercrop, including alternating rows of soybean and proso millet (T3), alternating strips of two rows of soybean and two rows of millet (T4) and alternating strips of two rows of soybean and four rows of millet (T5), were set up in 2018 and
2020. The same combinations, as subplots, were treated with bio-fertilizer Coveron (C) (containing
mycorrhizal fungi, Trichoderma and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria). After harvest, grains
were dried and milled and preparation of samples was performed using wet digestion procedure
with HClO4 + HNO3. The concentration of Ca, Mg and S were determined by ICP-OES, while Fe
and Zn concentration was measured on ICP-MS. Results showed that Coveron reduced S
concentration in soybean grain, while the status of other elements mainly remained unchanged. In
terms of intercropping, soybean from T5 combination had a significantly higher level of Fe in
comparison to T1 and T3, and higher but not significantly than T4, emphasizing alternating strips as
more effective for accumulation of this element in grain. Combination T3 + C provided the highest
accumulation of Ca, while T5 + C significantly raised Fe concentration. In terms of proso millet,
bio-fertilizer expressed a greater impact on Ca, Fe and Zn by increasing their concentration. On the
other side, all intercrop combinations expressed a positive impact on Fe concentration and
simultaneously reduced Zn concentration. When mutual influence is considered, T4 + C
significantly increased Ca and Fe values, while T2 + C increased Zn value, pointing positive effect
of integrated and sustainable agricultural practices on an accumulation of essential elements in a
grain of proso millet. In conclusion, different intercrop combinations combined with bio-fertilizer
could be successfully used to improve the nutritional quality of soybean and millet grains in terms
of sustainable food production, but further investigations are required to highlight other aspects of
potentially enhanced nutritional quality.
PB  - Belgrade : University of Belgrade
C3  - Unifood conference, Belgrade, 24 - 25 September 2021 - Book of Abstracts
T1  - Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain
SP  - 169
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Šenk, Milena V. and Simić, Milena and Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka and Tešić, Živoslav Lj. and Brankov, Milan and Kodranov, Igor and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Intercropping, as sustainable agricultural practice effectively uses environmental resources,
affecting the nutritive quality of crops by modifying the concentration of macro- and microelements
in grain. In order to improve the availability of nutrients from the soil, bio-fertilizers could
also be used successfully in elements management. A field experiment was conducted with soybean (var. Selena) and proso millet (var. Biserka) to examine the integrated influence of intercropping and bio-fertilizer on Ca, Mg, S, Fe and Zn accumulation in grain. Mono-crops (T1 - soybean, T2 - millet), as well as tree planting patterns of intercrop, including alternating rows of soybean and proso millet (T3), alternating strips of two rows of soybean and two rows of millet (T4) and alternating strips of two rows of soybean and four rows of millet (T5), were set up in 2018 and
2020. The same combinations, as subplots, were treated with bio-fertilizer Coveron (C) (containing
mycorrhizal fungi, Trichoderma and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria). After harvest, grains
were dried and milled and preparation of samples was performed using wet digestion procedure
with HClO4 + HNO3. The concentration of Ca, Mg and S were determined by ICP-OES, while Fe
and Zn concentration was measured on ICP-MS. Results showed that Coveron reduced S
concentration in soybean grain, while the status of other elements mainly remained unchanged. In
terms of intercropping, soybean from T5 combination had a significantly higher level of Fe in
comparison to T1 and T3, and higher but not significantly than T4, emphasizing alternating strips as
more effective for accumulation of this element in grain. Combination T3 + C provided the highest
accumulation of Ca, while T5 + C significantly raised Fe concentration. In terms of proso millet,
bio-fertilizer expressed a greater impact on Ca, Fe and Zn by increasing their concentration. On the
other side, all intercrop combinations expressed a positive impact on Fe concentration and
simultaneously reduced Zn concentration. When mutual influence is considered, T4 + C
significantly increased Ca and Fe values, while T2 + C increased Zn value, pointing positive effect
of integrated and sustainable agricultural practices on an accumulation of essential elements in a
grain of proso millet. In conclusion, different intercrop combinations combined with bio-fertilizer
could be successfully used to improve the nutritional quality of soybean and millet grains in terms
of sustainable food production, but further investigations are required to highlight other aspects of
potentially enhanced nutritional quality.",
publisher = "Belgrade : University of Belgrade",
journal = "Unifood conference, Belgrade, 24 - 25 September 2021 - Book of Abstracts",
title = "Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain",
pages = "169"
}
Šenk, M. V., Simić, M., Milojković-Opsenica, D., Tešić, Ž. Lj., Brankov, M., Kodranov, I.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain. in Unifood conference, Belgrade, 24 - 25 September 2021 - Book of Abstracts
Belgrade : University of Belgrade., 169.
Šenk MV, Simić M, Milojković-Opsenica D, Tešić ŽL, Brankov M, Kodranov I, Dragičević V. Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain. in Unifood conference, Belgrade, 24 - 25 September 2021 - Book of Abstracts. 2021;:169..
Šenk, Milena V., Simić, Milena, Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka, Tešić, Živoslav Lj., Brankov, Milan, Kodranov, Igor, Dragičević, Vesna, "Effect of soybean/proso millet intercropping combined with bio-fertilizer on accumulation of essential elements in grain" in Unifood conference, Belgrade, 24 - 25 September 2021 - Book of Abstracts (2021):169.

Impact of soybean-proso millet intercropping on productivity and micronutrient accumulation in biomass

Šenk, Milena; Simic, Milena; Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka; Brankov, Milan; Djurdjic, Sladjana; Dragičević, Vesna

(Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Djurdjic, Sladjana
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/940
AB  - Intercropping, as one of the most beneficial sustainable agriculture practices that increase biodiversity, includes planting of two or more crops simultaneously at the same field. Advantages of intercropping are reflected through the more efficient use of natural resources by the complementary crops, resulting in increased yield and improved biomass quality. One of the most useful ways to express the impact of intercropping is land equivalent ratio (LER) as well as nutrient land equivalent ratio (NLER). The aim of this research was to examine the influence of different intercrop combinations of soybean and proso millet on biomass yield and concentration of essential minerals (Fe, Zn), shown as LER, Fe-LER and Zn-LER. Soybean and proso millet were sown in three combinations (S-M, SS-MM and SS-MMMM), as well as sole crops, in 2018 and 2020. The effect of bio-fertilizer Coveron (containing Glomus sp. and Trichoderma) was also investigated. The results showed that SS-MM and SS-MMMM combinations contributed to greater accumulation of Fe in biomass of soybean and proso millet. In regard to Zn concentration, situation was opposite. While all intercrop combinations expressed positive effect on the accumulation of this element in soybean, more Zn was absorbed by proso grown as sole crop in relation to the intercrops. Fe-LER and Zn-LER values showed that year had no significant impact, while the influence of intercropping had significantly highlighted SS-MM combination (the highest values were 1.20 and 1.25 for Fe and Zn, respectively). The effect of bio-fertilizer could be observed just in the case of Fe-LER, where Coveron expressed negative impact. Similarly, the LER value for yield was only in the SS-MM combination >1. Based on these results, it can be concluded that soybean-proso millet intercropping had beneficial effect on productivity and micronutrient absorption by biomass, emphasizing SS-MM combination as the most efficient.
PB  - Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
C3  - International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts
T1  - Impact of soybean-proso millet intercropping on productivity and micronutrient accumulation in biomass
SP  - 79
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Šenk, Milena and Simic, Milena and Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka and Brankov, Milan and Djurdjic, Sladjana and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Intercropping, as one of the most beneficial sustainable agriculture practices that increase biodiversity, includes planting of two or more crops simultaneously at the same field. Advantages of intercropping are reflected through the more efficient use of natural resources by the complementary crops, resulting in increased yield and improved biomass quality. One of the most useful ways to express the impact of intercropping is land equivalent ratio (LER) as well as nutrient land equivalent ratio (NLER). The aim of this research was to examine the influence of different intercrop combinations of soybean and proso millet on biomass yield and concentration of essential minerals (Fe, Zn), shown as LER, Fe-LER and Zn-LER. Soybean and proso millet were sown in three combinations (S-M, SS-MM and SS-MMMM), as well as sole crops, in 2018 and 2020. The effect of bio-fertilizer Coveron (containing Glomus sp. and Trichoderma) was also investigated. The results showed that SS-MM and SS-MMMM combinations contributed to greater accumulation of Fe in biomass of soybean and proso millet. In regard to Zn concentration, situation was opposite. While all intercrop combinations expressed positive effect on the accumulation of this element in soybean, more Zn was absorbed by proso grown as sole crop in relation to the intercrops. Fe-LER and Zn-LER values showed that year had no significant impact, while the influence of intercropping had significantly highlighted SS-MM combination (the highest values were 1.20 and 1.25 for Fe and Zn, respectively). The effect of bio-fertilizer could be observed just in the case of Fe-LER, where Coveron expressed negative impact. Similarly, the LER value for yield was only in the SS-MM combination >1. Based on these results, it can be concluded that soybean-proso millet intercropping had beneficial effect on productivity and micronutrient absorption by biomass, emphasizing SS-MM combination as the most efficient.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts",
title = "Impact of soybean-proso millet intercropping on productivity and micronutrient accumulation in biomass",
pages = "79"
}
Šenk, M., Simic, M., Milojković-Opsenica, D., Brankov, M., Djurdjic, S.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). Impact of soybean-proso millet intercropping on productivity and micronutrient accumulation in biomass. in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje., 79.
Šenk M, Simic M, Milojković-Opsenica D, Brankov M, Djurdjic S, Dragičević V. Impact of soybean-proso millet intercropping on productivity and micronutrient accumulation in biomass. in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts. 2021;:79..
Šenk, Milena, Simic, Milena, Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka, Brankov, Milan, Djurdjic, Sladjana, Dragičević, Vesna, "Impact of soybean-proso millet intercropping on productivity and micronutrient accumulation in biomass" in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts (2021):79.

Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production

Tabaković, Marijenka; Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Oro, Violeta; Stanisavljević, Rade; Brankov, Milan; Živanović, Ljubiša

(Quilamapu : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Oro, Violeta
AU  - Stanisavljević, Rade
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Živanović, Ljubiša
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/844
AB  - The environment protection, energy, and resources preservation are especially pronounced under present climate changes. In agriculture, these changes are recognised as drought, high temperatures, occurrence of stormy winds and hail. The aim of this study was to determine variations in seed morphology that are a result of different sowing dates in relation with agro- ecological conditions of maize (Zea mays L.) cultivation. The material used for the study encompassed three inbred lines (G1, G2, G3) sown every 10 d on five sowing dates (T1, T2, T3, T4, T5) starting from 1 April to 10 May, during 2 yr (Y1: 2018, Y2: 2019). The following physical properties of seeds were estimated: width (W), length (L), thickness (Tk), ratio of small (SF) to large fraction (LF) and grain yield (GY). The width was the highest in all three inbreeds on T4 (1.00, 1.03, 0.99 cm, respectively); T5 was the least favourable date for L (1.09, 1.12, 1.09 cm, respectively) while Tk was the lowest in G1 (0.51 cm) and G2 (0.51 cm) sown on T1. The most significant differences in the formation of physical properties occurred in seeds sown on T5 (p ≤ 0.05). The highest differences were observed in width between T5-T4 (-0.223 cm), in length between T5-T2 (-0.309 cm) and in thickness between T5-T3 (-0.129 cm). Later sowing dates favoured LF (85.2%) in comparison to SF (14.7%). Seed size variability participated with 50% in yield formation (R2 ≥ 0.5).
PB  - Quilamapu :  Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA)
T2  - Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
T1  - Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production
VL  - 81
IS  - 4
SP  - 481
EP  - 490
DO  - 10.4067/S0718-58392021000400481
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Tabaković, Marijenka and Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Oro, Violeta and Stanisavljević, Rade and Brankov, Milan and Živanović, Ljubiša",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The environment protection, energy, and resources preservation are especially pronounced under present climate changes. In agriculture, these changes are recognised as drought, high temperatures, occurrence of stormy winds and hail. The aim of this study was to determine variations in seed morphology that are a result of different sowing dates in relation with agro- ecological conditions of maize (Zea mays L.) cultivation. The material used for the study encompassed three inbred lines (G1, G2, G3) sown every 10 d on five sowing dates (T1, T2, T3, T4, T5) starting from 1 April to 10 May, during 2 yr (Y1: 2018, Y2: 2019). The following physical properties of seeds were estimated: width (W), length (L), thickness (Tk), ratio of small (SF) to large fraction (LF) and grain yield (GY). The width was the highest in all three inbreeds on T4 (1.00, 1.03, 0.99 cm, respectively); T5 was the least favourable date for L (1.09, 1.12, 1.09 cm, respectively) while Tk was the lowest in G1 (0.51 cm) and G2 (0.51 cm) sown on T1. The most significant differences in the formation of physical properties occurred in seeds sown on T5 (p ≤ 0.05). The highest differences were observed in width between T5-T4 (-0.223 cm), in length between T5-T2 (-0.309 cm) and in thickness between T5-T3 (-0.129 cm). Later sowing dates favoured LF (85.2%) in comparison to SF (14.7%). Seed size variability participated with 50% in yield formation (R2 ≥ 0.5).",
publisher = "Quilamapu :  Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA)",
journal = "Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research",
title = "Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production",
volume = "81",
number = "4",
pages = "481-490",
doi = "10.4067/S0718-58392021000400481"
}
Tabaković, M., Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Oro, V., Stanisavljević, R., Brankov, M.,& Živanović, L.. (2021). Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production. in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research
Quilamapu :  Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA)., 81(4), 481-490.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392021000400481
Tabaković M, Simić M, Dragičević V, Oro V, Stanisavljević R, Brankov M, Živanović L. Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production. in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 2021;81(4):481-490.
doi:10.4067/S0718-58392021000400481 .
Tabaković, Marijenka, Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Oro, Violeta, Stanisavljević, Rade, Brankov, Milan, Živanović, Ljubiša, "Sowing date as a response to ecological conditions in maize seed production" in Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 81, no. 4 (2021):481-490,
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392021000400481 . .

The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity

Brankov, Milan; Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna

(Elsevier, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/837
AB  - Crop rotation is a simple and effective part of an Integrated Weed Management (IWM) system. This approach makes it possible to rotate herbicides with different modes of action (MOA), avoiding or postponing herbicide resistance. Besides all the known advantages and benefits, it is still not widely used in maize (Zea mays L.) production. In Serbia, about 20% of total maize production is a continuous cropping. The aim of this research was to test the benefits of growing maize in crop rotation with winter wheat (Triticum vulgare L.) compared with a continuous cropping, combined with pre-emergence herbicide application. Field trials started in 2009, and five maize-winter wheat rotations have been completed. Weeds were controlled with a herbicide mixture of isoxaflutole and S-metolachlor, applied at either the full label rate or half rate, while one plot was kept weed free (manually), and one was a control. Integrating crop rotation and PRE herbicides decreased the biomass of weeds and their density by 98% and 99%, respectively. In continuous maize, perennial weeds became dominant after the first rotation. Crop rotation significantly influenced maize productive parameters, decreasing the variation in leaf area index and grain yield, increasing values with the number of cycles. The biggest differences in the analyzed parameters were observed in 2015, 2017 and 2019, indicating many positive long-term benefits of crop rotation on maize leaf area index and grain yield.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Crop protection
T1  - The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity
VL  - 143
SP  - 105558
DO  - 10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Crop rotation is a simple and effective part of an Integrated Weed Management (IWM) system. This approach makes it possible to rotate herbicides with different modes of action (MOA), avoiding or postponing herbicide resistance. Besides all the known advantages and benefits, it is still not widely used in maize (Zea mays L.) production. In Serbia, about 20% of total maize production is a continuous cropping. The aim of this research was to test the benefits of growing maize in crop rotation with winter wheat (Triticum vulgare L.) compared with a continuous cropping, combined with pre-emergence herbicide application. Field trials started in 2009, and five maize-winter wheat rotations have been completed. Weeds were controlled with a herbicide mixture of isoxaflutole and S-metolachlor, applied at either the full label rate or half rate, while one plot was kept weed free (manually), and one was a control. Integrating crop rotation and PRE herbicides decreased the biomass of weeds and their density by 98% and 99%, respectively. In continuous maize, perennial weeds became dominant after the first rotation. Crop rotation significantly influenced maize productive parameters, decreasing the variation in leaf area index and grain yield, increasing values with the number of cycles. The biggest differences in the analyzed parameters were observed in 2015, 2017 and 2019, indicating many positive long-term benefits of crop rotation on maize leaf area index and grain yield.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Crop protection",
title = "The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity",
volume = "143",
pages = "105558",
doi = "10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558"
}
Brankov, M., Simić, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity. in Crop protection
Elsevier., 143, 105558.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558
Brankov M, Simić M, Dragičević V. The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity. in Crop protection. 2021;143:105558.
doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558 .
Brankov, Milan, Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, "The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity" in Crop protection, 143 (2021):105558,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558 . .
2
11

Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize

Mandić, Violeta; Bijelić, Zorica; Krnjaja, Vesna; Đorđević, Snežana; Brankov, Milan; Mićić, Nenad; Stanojković, Aleksandar

(Lahore : Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mandić, Violeta
AU  - Bijelić, Zorica
AU  - Krnjaja, Vesna
AU  - Đorđević, Snežana
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Mićić, Nenad
AU  - Stanojković, Aleksandar
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/811
AB  - Maize silage is source of palatable and high-energy forage for ruminants. Therefore, production of high quality forage maize represents an essential strategy for stable production of milk and meat on livestock farms. This study examined the effect of harvest date (early dent, at half milk line, at three quarters milk line and black layer) on the quantitative and qualitative parameters of whole maize plant under contrasting climatic conditions in the Srem - Serbia. A 2 × 4 factorial (two years and the four cutting times) randomized blocks design was used, with three replications. The plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves per plant, forage yield, dry matter yield and dry matter content were higher in 2014 probably due to favorable weather conditions. With the delay of the harvest the forage yield, crude protein content, acid detergent fiber (ADF) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) decreased, and dry matter yield, dry matter content and ear percentage increased. Sufficiently high dry matter content and ear percentage were achieved at the third harvest. However, the delay of harvested time reduces the quality parameters of the biomass, but this loss in the entire plant is moderated by grain filling.
PB  - Lahore : Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum
T2  - Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences
T1  - Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize
VL  - 31
IS  - 1
SP  - 103
EP  - 107
DO  - 10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0198
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mandić, Violeta and Bijelić, Zorica and Krnjaja, Vesna and Đorđević, Snežana and Brankov, Milan and Mićić, Nenad and Stanojković, Aleksandar",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Maize silage is source of palatable and high-energy forage for ruminants. Therefore, production of high quality forage maize represents an essential strategy for stable production of milk and meat on livestock farms. This study examined the effect of harvest date (early dent, at half milk line, at three quarters milk line and black layer) on the quantitative and qualitative parameters of whole maize plant under contrasting climatic conditions in the Srem - Serbia. A 2 × 4 factorial (two years and the four cutting times) randomized blocks design was used, with three replications. The plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves per plant, forage yield, dry matter yield and dry matter content were higher in 2014 probably due to favorable weather conditions. With the delay of the harvest the forage yield, crude protein content, acid detergent fiber (ADF) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) decreased, and dry matter yield, dry matter content and ear percentage increased. Sufficiently high dry matter content and ear percentage were achieved at the third harvest. However, the delay of harvested time reduces the quality parameters of the biomass, but this loss in the entire plant is moderated by grain filling.",
publisher = "Lahore : Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum",
journal = "Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences",
title = "Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize",
volume = "31",
number = "1",
pages = "103-107",
doi = "10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0198"
}
Mandić, V., Bijelić, Z., Krnjaja, V., Đorđević, S., Brankov, M., Mićić, N.,& Stanojković, A.. (2021). Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize. in Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences
Lahore : Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum., 31(1), 103-107.
https://doi.org/10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0198
Mandić V, Bijelić Z, Krnjaja V, Đorđević S, Brankov M, Mićić N, Stanojković A. Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize. in Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences. 2021;31(1):103-107.
doi:10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0198 .
Mandić, Violeta, Bijelić, Zorica, Krnjaja, Vesna, Đorđević, Snežana, Brankov, Milan, Mićić, Nenad, Stanojković, Aleksandar, "Harvest time effect on quantitative and qualitative parameters of forage maize" in Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 31, no. 1 (2021):103-107,
https://doi.org/10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0198 . .
1