Simić, Milena

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Authority KeyName Variants
orcid::0000-0001-7790-1681
  • Simić, Milena (179)
  • Simic, Milena (19)
Projects
Integrated field crop production: conservation of biodiversity and soil fertility Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200040 (Maize Research Institute 'Zemun Polje', Belgrade-Zemun)
Improvment of maize and soybean traits by molecular and conventional breeding Razvoj tehnologije gajenja kukuruza sa ekološkim pristupom
Development of integrated management of harmful organisms in plant production in order to overcome resistance and to improve food quality and safety Structure-properties relationships of natural and synthetic molecules and their metal complexes
Razvoj organskih molekula kao abiotskih elicitora kukuruza - 391-00-16/2017-16/7-IP The synthesis of aminoquinoline-based antimalarials and botulinum neurotoxin A inhibitors
COST Action 'Mineral Improved Crop Production for Healthy Food and Feed' - FA 0905 FAO projekt: Enhancement of Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM) capacities and mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) practices into the Agricultural Sector in the Western Balkans’ (TCP/RER/3504)
Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200022 (Institute for Animal Husbandry, Belgrade-Zemun) Mogućnosti iskorišćavanja brdsko-planinskog područja Srbije za organsku ratarsku proizvodnju
Improvement of field forage crops agronomy and grassland management Status, trends and possibilities to increase the fertility of agricultural land in the Vojvodina Province
Ministarstvo nauke Republike Srbije Ministarstvo nauke Republike Srbije, projekat br. TR2007: Development of Ecologically-Friendly Technologies of Maize Cultivation
Ministarstvo nauke Republike Srbije, projekat br. TR-6825B Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Serbia

Author's Bibliography

Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality

Dragičević, Vesna; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Tolimir, Miodrag; Travlos, Ilias; Simić, Milena

(Lausanne : Frontiers, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Travlos, Ilias
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1059
AB  - Maize is an important staple crop and a significant source of various nutrients.
We aimed to determine the macronutrients, antioxidants, and essential
elements in maize genotypes (white, yellow, and red kernel) using three
different fertilizers, which could be used as a basis to increase the nutrient
density of maize. The fertilizer treatments used bio- and organic fertilizers as a
sustainable approach, urea, as a commonly used mineral fertilizer, and the
control (no fertilization). We evaluated the yield, concentration of
macronutrient (protein, oil, and starch), nonenzymatic antioxidants
(phenolics, yellow pigment, total glutathione (GSH), and phytic phosphorus),
and reduction capacity of the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, as
well as essential elements that are commonly deficient in the diet (Mg, Ca, Fe,
Mn, Zn, Cu, and S) and their relationships with phytic acid. The genotype
expressed the strongest effect on the variability of grain yield and the analyzed
grain constituents. The red-kernel hybrid showed the greatest accumulation of
protein, oil, phenolics, and essential elements (Ca, Fe, Cu, and S) than a yellow
and white hybrid, especially in the biofertilizer treatment. The yellow kernel had
the highest concentrations of yellow pigment, GSH, phytic phosphorous, Mg,
Mn, and Zn (19.61 µg g−1
, 1,134 nmol g−1
, 2.63 mg g−1
, 1,963 µg g−1
, 11.7 µg g−1
,
and 33.9 µg g−1
, respectively). The white kernel had a greater starch
concentration (2.5% higher than that in the red hybrid) and the potential
bioavailability of essential metals, particularly under no fertilization. This
supports the significance of white maize as a staple food in many traditional
diets across the world. Urea was important for the enhancement of the
antioxidant status (with 88.0% reduction capacity for the DPPH radical) and
increased potential Zn bioavailability in the maize kernels (13.3% higher than
that in the biofertilizer treatment). This study underlines the differences in the
yield potential and chemical composition of red, yellow, and white-kernel
maize and their importance as a necessary part of a sustainable human diet.
This information can help determine the most appropriate genotype based on
the antioxidants and/or essential elements targeted for kernel improvement.
PB  - Lausanne : Frontiers
T2  - Frontiers in plant science
T1  - Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality
SP  - 1
EP  - 13
DO  - 10.3389/fpls.2022.1027618
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Tolimir, Miodrag and Travlos, Ilias and Simić, Milena",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Maize is an important staple crop and a significant source of various nutrients.
We aimed to determine the macronutrients, antioxidants, and essential
elements in maize genotypes (white, yellow, and red kernel) using three
different fertilizers, which could be used as a basis to increase the nutrient
density of maize. The fertilizer treatments used bio- and organic fertilizers as a
sustainable approach, urea, as a commonly used mineral fertilizer, and the
control (no fertilization). We evaluated the yield, concentration of
macronutrient (protein, oil, and starch), nonenzymatic antioxidants
(phenolics, yellow pigment, total glutathione (GSH), and phytic phosphorus),
and reduction capacity of the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, as
well as essential elements that are commonly deficient in the diet (Mg, Ca, Fe,
Mn, Zn, Cu, and S) and their relationships with phytic acid. The genotype
expressed the strongest effect on the variability of grain yield and the analyzed
grain constituents. The red-kernel hybrid showed the greatest accumulation of
protein, oil, phenolics, and essential elements (Ca, Fe, Cu, and S) than a yellow
and white hybrid, especially in the biofertilizer treatment. The yellow kernel had
the highest concentrations of yellow pigment, GSH, phytic phosphorous, Mg,
Mn, and Zn (19.61 µg g−1
, 1,134 nmol g−1
, 2.63 mg g−1
, 1,963 µg g−1
, 11.7 µg g−1
,
and 33.9 µg g−1
, respectively). The white kernel had a greater starch
concentration (2.5% higher than that in the red hybrid) and the potential
bioavailability of essential metals, particularly under no fertilization. This
supports the significance of white maize as a staple food in many traditional
diets across the world. Urea was important for the enhancement of the
antioxidant status (with 88.0% reduction capacity for the DPPH radical) and
increased potential Zn bioavailability in the maize kernels (13.3% higher than
that in the biofertilizer treatment). This study underlines the differences in the
yield potential and chemical composition of red, yellow, and white-kernel
maize and their importance as a necessary part of a sustainable human diet.
This information can help determine the most appropriate genotype based on
the antioxidants and/or essential elements targeted for kernel improvement.",
publisher = "Lausanne : Frontiers",
journal = "Frontiers in plant science",
title = "Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality",
pages = "1-13",
doi = "10.3389/fpls.2022.1027618"
}
Dragičević, V., Brankov, M., Stoiljkovic, M., Tolimir, M., Travlos, I.,& Simić, M.. (2022). Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality. in Frontiers in plant science
Lausanne : Frontiers., 1-13.
https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.1027618
Dragičević V, Brankov M, Stoiljkovic M, Tolimir M, Travlos I, Simić M. Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality. in Frontiers in plant science. 2022;:1-13.
doi:10.3389/fpls.2022.1027618 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Tolimir, Miodrag, Travlos, Ilias, Simić, Milena, "Kernel color and fertilization as factors of enhanced maize quality" in Frontiers in plant science (2022):1-13,
https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.1027618 . .

Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for improved quality of agricultural products

Dragičević, Vesna; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Šenk, Milena; Dolijanović, Željko; Tolimir, Miodrag; Simić, Milena

(Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of agriculture, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1056
AB  - Human health is dependent not just on diet, but mainly on quality of agricultural products as a 
part of diet. If crops were grown on poorly fertile soils, or they are exposed to severe stresses, 
lesser amount of mineral elements, particularly essential elements, such as zinc, copper, 
manganese, magnesium, calcium, iron, and even sulphur, will be absorbed and accumulated, 
resulting in their deficiency in diets and increased incidence of various chronic diseases. 
Together with naturally low soil fertility, climate change, intensive agriculture is one of the 
main contributors of soil depletion. Thus, various long-term strategies, which are sustainable 
for agricultural plants and soils, at the same time, must be developed. It is of particular 
importance to increase a level of organic matter, as a source of mineral nutrients from the soil. 
The application through soil, as well as via plant foliage of various complex and organic 
fertilizers, containing macro- and micro-elements, and many stimulating compounds, enables 
better absorption and metabolisation of nutrients required for plants and nutrients essential for 
humans. Besides, bio-fertilizers, containing beneficial microorganisms have an important role 
in nutrients mobilization in soils, particularly from poorly accessible forms. Many bio fertilizers contain microorganisms that are able to absorb atmospheric nitrogen, thus enriching 
soil, delivering it to the plants, enabling reduction in amount and costs of nitrogen addition 
into the soil. Promoting microorganisms are also able to enhance plants ability to absorb 
water and nutrients by their synergy with roots, resulting in stable and better growth 
performances of agricultural plants, thus increasing yield and its quality. Some other cropping 
practices, such as crop rotation, intercropping and use of cover crops, enriches soil with 
organic matter, reduces losses of nutrients through recycling of harvest residues, therefore 
increasing soil fertility, as well as quantity and quality of crop yield, at the same time.
PB  - Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of agriculture
C3  - 1. European symposium on phytochemicals in medicine and food, Belgrade, 7-9.09.2022. godine -  Book of abstracts
T1  - Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for  improved quality of agricultural products
SP  - 32
EP  - 32
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Šenk, Milena and Dolijanović, Željko and Tolimir, Miodrag and Simić, Milena",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Human health is dependent not just on diet, but mainly on quality of agricultural products as a 
part of diet. If crops were grown on poorly fertile soils, or they are exposed to severe stresses, 
lesser amount of mineral elements, particularly essential elements, such as zinc, copper, 
manganese, magnesium, calcium, iron, and even sulphur, will be absorbed and accumulated, 
resulting in their deficiency in diets and increased incidence of various chronic diseases. 
Together with naturally low soil fertility, climate change, intensive agriculture is one of the 
main contributors of soil depletion. Thus, various long-term strategies, which are sustainable 
for agricultural plants and soils, at the same time, must be developed. It is of particular 
importance to increase a level of organic matter, as a source of mineral nutrients from the soil. 
The application through soil, as well as via plant foliage of various complex and organic 
fertilizers, containing macro- and micro-elements, and many stimulating compounds, enables 
better absorption and metabolisation of nutrients required for plants and nutrients essential for 
humans. Besides, bio-fertilizers, containing beneficial microorganisms have an important role 
in nutrients mobilization in soils, particularly from poorly accessible forms. Many bio fertilizers contain microorganisms that are able to absorb atmospheric nitrogen, thus enriching 
soil, delivering it to the plants, enabling reduction in amount and costs of nitrogen addition 
into the soil. Promoting microorganisms are also able to enhance plants ability to absorb 
water and nutrients by their synergy with roots, resulting in stable and better growth 
performances of agricultural plants, thus increasing yield and its quality. Some other cropping 
practices, such as crop rotation, intercropping and use of cover crops, enriches soil with 
organic matter, reduces losses of nutrients through recycling of harvest residues, therefore 
increasing soil fertility, as well as quantity and quality of crop yield, at the same time.",
publisher = "Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of agriculture",
journal = "1. European symposium on phytochemicals in medicine and food, Belgrade, 7-9.09.2022. godine -  Book of abstracts",
title = "Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for  improved quality of agricultural products",
pages = "32-32"
}
Dragičević, V., Brankov, M., Stoiljkovic, M., Šenk, M., Dolijanović, Ž., Tolimir, M.,& Simić, M.. (2022). Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for  improved quality of agricultural products. in 1. European symposium on phytochemicals in medicine and food, Belgrade, 7-9.09.2022. godine -  Book of abstracts
Belgrade : University of Belgrade, Faculty of agriculture., 32-32.
Dragičević V, Brankov M, Stoiljkovic M, Šenk M, Dolijanović Ž, Tolimir M, Simić M. Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for  improved quality of agricultural products. in 1. European symposium on phytochemicals in medicine and food, Belgrade, 7-9.09.2022. godine -  Book of abstracts. 2022;:32-32..
Dragičević, Vesna, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Šenk, Milena, Dolijanović, Željko, Tolimir, Miodrag, Simić, Milena, "Sustainable fertilization systems as a prerequisite for  improved quality of agricultural products" in 1. European symposium on phytochemicals in medicine and food, Belgrade, 7-9.09.2022. godine -  Book of abstracts (2022):32-32.

The impact of crop density on grain filling and water retention in maize grains

Dragičević, Vesna; Tabaković, Marijenka; Brankov, Milan; Simić, Milena

(Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1055
AB  - Sowing density affects not only crop growth, but also grain filling, including grain dry-down. 
Maize hybrids with upper-standing leaves allow to be grown in higher densities, what could 
affect some traits during ripening. An experiment with six maize hybrids (ZP388, ZP5550, 
ZP5601, ZP6263, ZP6364, ZP707), grown at 59,523 (D1) and 89,286 plants ha-1
(D2), during 
2019 and 2020 was established. Maize cobs were sampled 15 days after pollination (DAP), 
according to 10 day time-schedule (five times), up to the harvesting. Fresh weight of grains, 
water percentage, as well as grain yield and shelling percentage at the end of vegetative cycle 
were determined. 
Gradual and significant increase in grain fresh weight was noticed at D1, while at D2 greater 
values were obtained between 15th and 25th day, as well as between 45th and 55th DAP. At D1, 
continual increase in grain weight was observable for all hybrids, except for ZP6364, where 
drop 45th55th day was observable. For ZP388, significantly higher values were noticeable at 
D1, at 55th DAP (31.83 g) and also at D2, 15th45th DAP (from 24.06 to 32.02 g), including 
steeper drop to the 55th day (24.39 g), in regard to other hybrids. Significant and continual 
decrease in water content were noticed in grains of all of examined hybrids at D2, while at 
D1trend was slowed 45th55th DAP, having the lowest values for ZP5550, ZP5601, and 
ZP6263. Significantly higher average grain yield achieved ZP6364 (10.05 and 11.35 t ha-1
, at 
D1 and D2, respectively), and D2, compared to D1 (>830 kg ha-1
). Similar trend was observable 
for shelling percentage with 0.71% greater value obtained at D2. ZP707 had the highest value, 
82.80% and 90.11% for D1 and D2, respectively. 
It could be concluded that, up to the 55th DAP, maize grain gained greater weight and retained 
higher water amounts at D1, while grain dry-down started from the 45th day and was greater at 
D2. This was followed with greater grain yield and shelling percentage. From this standpoint, 
ZP6263 expressed the best features, according to yield potential and grain dry-down.
PB  - Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
C3  - 25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum  breeding, Belgrade, 30.05-02.06.2022. godine - Book of abstracts
T1  - The impact of crop density on grain filling and water retention in maize grains
SP  - 49
EP  - 49
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Tabaković, Marijenka and Brankov, Milan and Simić, Milena",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Sowing density affects not only crop growth, but also grain filling, including grain dry-down. 
Maize hybrids with upper-standing leaves allow to be grown in higher densities, what could 
affect some traits during ripening. An experiment with six maize hybrids (ZP388, ZP5550, 
ZP5601, ZP6263, ZP6364, ZP707), grown at 59,523 (D1) and 89,286 plants ha-1
(D2), during 
2019 and 2020 was established. Maize cobs were sampled 15 days after pollination (DAP), 
according to 10 day time-schedule (five times), up to the harvesting. Fresh weight of grains, 
water percentage, as well as grain yield and shelling percentage at the end of vegetative cycle 
were determined. 
Gradual and significant increase in grain fresh weight was noticed at D1, while at D2 greater 
values were obtained between 15th and 25th day, as well as between 45th and 55th DAP. At D1, 
continual increase in grain weight was observable for all hybrids, except for ZP6364, where 
drop 45th55th day was observable. For ZP388, significantly higher values were noticeable at 
D1, at 55th DAP (31.83 g) and also at D2, 15th45th DAP (from 24.06 to 32.02 g), including 
steeper drop to the 55th day (24.39 g), in regard to other hybrids. Significant and continual 
decrease in water content were noticed in grains of all of examined hybrids at D2, while at 
D1trend was slowed 45th55th DAP, having the lowest values for ZP5550, ZP5601, and 
ZP6263. Significantly higher average grain yield achieved ZP6364 (10.05 and 11.35 t ha-1
, at 
D1 and D2, respectively), and D2, compared to D1 (>830 kg ha-1
). Similar trend was observable 
for shelling percentage with 0.71% greater value obtained at D2. ZP707 had the highest value, 
82.80% and 90.11% for D1 and D2, respectively. 
It could be concluded that, up to the 55th DAP, maize grain gained greater weight and retained 
higher water amounts at D1, while grain dry-down started from the 45th day and was greater at 
D2. This was followed with greater grain yield and shelling percentage. From this standpoint, 
ZP6263 expressed the best features, according to yield potential and grain dry-down.",
publisher = "Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum  breeding, Belgrade, 30.05-02.06.2022. godine - Book of abstracts",
title = "The impact of crop density on grain filling and water retention in maize grains",
pages = "49-49"
}
Dragičević, V., Tabaković, M., Brankov, M.,& Simić, M.. (2022). The impact of crop density on grain filling and water retention in maize grains. in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum  breeding, Belgrade, 30.05-02.06.2022. godine - Book of abstracts
Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje., 49-49.
Dragičević V, Tabaković M, Brankov M, Simić M. The impact of crop density on grain filling and water retention in maize grains. in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum  breeding, Belgrade, 30.05-02.06.2022. godine - Book of abstracts. 2022;:49-49..
Dragičević, Vesna, Tabaković, Marijenka, Brankov, Milan, Simić, Milena, "The impact of crop density on grain filling and water retention in maize grains" in 25. EUCARPIA Maize and sorghum conference Current challenges and new methods for maize and sorghum  breeding, Belgrade, 30.05-02.06.2022. godine - Book of abstracts (2022):49-49.

Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Brankov, Milan; Tolimir, Miodrag; Jovanović, Života

(Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Jovanović, Života
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/994
AB  - Višegodišnja istraživanja su imala za cilj da ukažu na značaj gajenja
kukuruza u tropoljnom plodoredu u odnosu na monokulturu, u pogledu smanjenja
brojnosti korova kao i formiranja veće lisne površine i prinosa zrna kukuruza.
Rezultati su pokazali da je smena useva u tropoljnom plodoredu K-P-S značajno
doprinela da brojnost korova u kukuruzu bude manja (za 51,19%), a lisna površina
i prinos zrna veći (za 13,98% i 45,87%) u odnosu na monokulturu kukuruza.
Razlike u brojnosti korova, lisnoj površini i prinosu zrna kukuruza između varijanti
sa punom količinom herbicida i polovinom od pune količine nisu bile značajne, što
ukazuje na prednosti kombinovane primene hemijskih i agrotehničkih mera za
poizvodnju kukuruza i smanjenje zagađenja agroekosistema.
AB  - Maize cultivation in a crop rotation, especcially when legumes are
incorporated, contribute to the high yield achievement and a reduction of weed
infestation. In such a crop rotation system, the lower rates of herbicides could be
applied in order to achive reduction of weed species distribution. The
investigations were aimed to underline the importance of crop rotation in
comparision to maize continuous cropping for weed distribution reduction and
increase of maize leaf area and grain yield.
The results of long-term investigation showed that crop rotation contibuted to
the significant decrease of weed number (51,19%) and increase of leaf area and
grain yield of maize (13,98% and 45,87%, respectively) in comparision to maize
continuous cropping. Differences in weed number, maize leaf area and grain yield
between herbicide treatments in the recommended and half of recomended rate
were not significant, underlining the importance and high efficiency of combined
application of cultural and chemical measures in maize cultivation and
agroecosystem prevention.
PB  - Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet
C3  - 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova
T1  - Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu
SP  - 59
EP  - 66
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Brankov, Milan and Tolimir, Miodrag and Jovanović, Života",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Višegodišnja istraživanja su imala za cilj da ukažu na značaj gajenja
kukuruza u tropoljnom plodoredu u odnosu na monokulturu, u pogledu smanjenja
brojnosti korova kao i formiranja veće lisne površine i prinosa zrna kukuruza.
Rezultati su pokazali da je smena useva u tropoljnom plodoredu K-P-S značajno
doprinela da brojnost korova u kukuruzu bude manja (za 51,19%), a lisna površina
i prinos zrna veći (za 13,98% i 45,87%) u odnosu na monokulturu kukuruza.
Razlike u brojnosti korova, lisnoj površini i prinosu zrna kukuruza između varijanti
sa punom količinom herbicida i polovinom od pune količine nisu bile značajne, što
ukazuje na prednosti kombinovane primene hemijskih i agrotehničkih mera za
poizvodnju kukuruza i smanjenje zagađenja agroekosistema., Maize cultivation in a crop rotation, especcially when legumes are
incorporated, contribute to the high yield achievement and a reduction of weed
infestation. In such a crop rotation system, the lower rates of herbicides could be
applied in order to achive reduction of weed species distribution. The
investigations were aimed to underline the importance of crop rotation in
comparision to maize continuous cropping for weed distribution reduction and
increase of maize leaf area and grain yield.
The results of long-term investigation showed that crop rotation contibuted to
the significant decrease of weed number (51,19%) and increase of leaf area and
grain yield of maize (13,98% and 45,87%, respectively) in comparision to maize
continuous cropping. Differences in weed number, maize leaf area and grain yield
between herbicide treatments in the recommended and half of recomended rate
were not significant, underlining the importance and high efficiency of combined
application of cultural and chemical measures in maize cultivation and
agroecosystem prevention.",
publisher = "Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet",
journal = "27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova",
title = "Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu",
pages = "59-66"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Brankov, M., Tolimir, M.,& Jovanović, Ž.. (2022). Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu. in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova
Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet., 59-66.
Simić M, Dragičević V, Brankov M, Tolimir M, Jovanović Ž. Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu. in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova. 2022;:59-66..
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Brankov, Milan, Tolimir, Miodrag, Jovanović, Života, "Kombinovana primena plodoreda i herbicida za unapređenje suzbijanja korova u kukuruzu" in 27. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 25 -26. mart 2022. godine - Zbornik radova (2022):59-66.

Weed management practices for redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed (A. hybridus L.) control in maize

Brankov, Milan; Simić, Milena; Tabaković, Marijenka; Vukadinovic, Jelena; Đurić, Nenad; Brankovic-Radojcic, Dragana; Dragičević, Vesna

(Chillan : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Ministerio de agricultura, 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Vukadinovic, Jelena
AU  - Đurić, Nenad
AU  - Brankovic-Radojcic, Dragana
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1039
AB  - Redroot (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed (A. hybridus L.) are troublesome weeds in row crops in 
Serbia. Both species are very competitive, hosts for pathogens and insects, produce pollen which is highly allergenic; 
and the most recent research reported herbicide resistance in some populations across Serbia. An integrated approach 
for the control of both Amaranthus species must be evaluated and presented in order to reduce their negative potential 
in agriculture. In this paper, 9 yr results on redroot pigweed and smooth pigweed weed control are presented. In three 
different experiments, weed density and biomass of redroot and smooth pigweed were recorded: a) Crop rotation, b) row 
spacing and time of herbicide application, c) influence of nozzles and adjuvants. The influence of crop rotation and PRE 
herbicide mixture, PRE and POST mixture, and impact of nozzles and adjuvants were evaluated. PRE herbicide mix of 
S-metolachlor and isoxaflutole influenced 98.1% and 100% efficacy in the maize (Zea mays L.) continuous and in maize 
rotated with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), respectively. The mixture of two herbicides, applied either in PRE or 
POST, resulted in 100% of control of both species. Finally, similar results were obtained for nicosulfuron application with 
extended range (XR) or turbo TeeJet induction (TTI) nozzles, and combined with nonionic surfactant (NIS) or ammonium 
sulphate (AMS) adjuvants. The novelty of obtained results indicates that only holistic approach based on different weed 
management practices can contribute to sustainable Amaranthus control.
PB  - Chillan : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Ministerio de agricultura
T2  - Chilean Journal of agricultural research
T1  - Weed management practices for redroot pigweed  (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed  (A. hybridus L.) control in maize
VL  - 82
IS  - 4
SP  - 611
EP  - 618
DO  - 10.4067/S0718-58392022000400611
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Simić, Milena and Tabaković, Marijenka and Vukadinovic, Jelena and Đurić, Nenad and Brankovic-Radojcic, Dragana and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Redroot (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed (A. hybridus L.) are troublesome weeds in row crops in 
Serbia. Both species are very competitive, hosts for pathogens and insects, produce pollen which is highly allergenic; 
and the most recent research reported herbicide resistance in some populations across Serbia. An integrated approach 
for the control of both Amaranthus species must be evaluated and presented in order to reduce their negative potential 
in agriculture. In this paper, 9 yr results on redroot pigweed and smooth pigweed weed control are presented. In three 
different experiments, weed density and biomass of redroot and smooth pigweed were recorded: a) Crop rotation, b) row 
spacing and time of herbicide application, c) influence of nozzles and adjuvants. The influence of crop rotation and PRE 
herbicide mixture, PRE and POST mixture, and impact of nozzles and adjuvants were evaluated. PRE herbicide mix of 
S-metolachlor and isoxaflutole influenced 98.1% and 100% efficacy in the maize (Zea mays L.) continuous and in maize 
rotated with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), respectively. The mixture of two herbicides, applied either in PRE or 
POST, resulted in 100% of control of both species. Finally, similar results were obtained for nicosulfuron application with 
extended range (XR) or turbo TeeJet induction (TTI) nozzles, and combined with nonionic surfactant (NIS) or ammonium 
sulphate (AMS) adjuvants. The novelty of obtained results indicates that only holistic approach based on different weed 
management practices can contribute to sustainable Amaranthus control.",
publisher = "Chillan : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Ministerio de agricultura",
journal = "Chilean Journal of agricultural research",
title = "Weed management practices for redroot pigweed  (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed  (A. hybridus L.) control in maize",
volume = "82",
number = "4",
pages = "611-618",
doi = "10.4067/S0718-58392022000400611"
}
Brankov, M., Simić, M., Tabaković, M., Vukadinovic, J., Đurić, N., Brankovic-Radojcic, D.,& Dragičević, V.. (2022). Weed management practices for redroot pigweed  (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed  (A. hybridus L.) control in maize. in Chilean Journal of agricultural research
Chillan : Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Ministerio de agricultura., 82(4), 611-618.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392022000400611
Brankov M, Simić M, Tabaković M, Vukadinovic J, Đurić N, Brankovic-Radojcic D, Dragičević V. Weed management practices for redroot pigweed  (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed  (A. hybridus L.) control in maize. in Chilean Journal of agricultural research. 2022;82(4):611-618.
doi:10.4067/S0718-58392022000400611 .
Brankov, Milan, Simić, Milena, Tabaković, Marijenka, Vukadinovic, Jelena, Đurić, Nenad, Brankovic-Radojcic, Dragana, Dragičević, Vesna, "Weed management practices for redroot pigweed  (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and smooth pigweed  (A. hybridus L.) control in maize" in Chilean Journal of agricultural research, 82, no. 4 (2022):611-618,
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392022000400611 . .

Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize

Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Dragičević, Vesna

(2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/997
AB  - Crop rotation is an essential part of IWM system proposed to be implemented in maize weed 
control. It is especially appropriate to be used in sustainable maize production in order to suppress weed abundance on ecological and low-pesticide way. In comparison to maize continuous cropping, which is not suggestible, two- and three-years crop rotation with legume crop 
is more efficient in weed biomass reduction, including basic herbicide application. The aim 
of the study was to investigate the efficacy of combined application of crop rotation and mixture of soil (PRE) herbicides on weed species distribution. A long-term field trial organized as split-plot experiment has started in 2009 with maize sown in all four fields at the Maize Research Institute, Belgrade, Serbia. The basic treatment was a rotation system: maize continuous cropping (MC), maize-winter wheat rotation (MW), maize-soybean - w. wheat (MSW) and maize - w. wheat - soybean rotation (MWS). A pre-emergence herbicide mixture of isoxaflutole and metolachlor (Merlin 750-WG+Dual Gold 960 EC) in recommended rates (105 g a.i. ha-1 + 672 g a.i. ha-1) was applied immediately after drilling with a CO2 backpack sprayer with a four nozzle boom, using extended range nozzles (XR11002-SS, Tee Jet Spraying Systems, Wheaton, IL, USA) calibrated to deliver a spray volume of 140 L ha-1 of solution at 275.8 kPa. Herbicides were not applied in the control plot. After twelve years and completion of four rotations, maize was present again in all fields in 2021. Weed infestation level was estimated six to seven weeks after the application of herbicides. Samples were drawn randomly by the one square meter and number of weed individuals (WI) and their biomass (WB) were calculated. The data were processed by ANOVA. Our results indicated that in comparison to 2009, WI were increased in 2021 in untreated control by 44.2% in MC, 23.6% in MW, 24.6% in MSW and 18.6% in MWS. On the other hand, in treated plots WI have increased only in MC, by 62.5% and lowered by 7.7% in MW, 29.4% in MSW and 60.0% in MWS. WB has been reduced in 2021 significantly on treated as well as untreated plots in all rotation systems. The highest reduction of WB was achieved in untreated control of MWS (42.6%) and treated plot in MC (45.6%). Conclusively, it was proved that even with basic herbicide treatment with soil herbicides crop rotation could be very effec tive in weed control. On the other hand, maize continuous cropping has to be avoided in order to reduce potentials for weed infestation.
C3  - 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts
T1  - Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize
SP  - 215
EP  - 215
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Crop rotation is an essential part of IWM system proposed to be implemented in maize weed 
control. It is especially appropriate to be used in sustainable maize production in order to suppress weed abundance on ecological and low-pesticide way. In comparison to maize continuous cropping, which is not suggestible, two- and three-years crop rotation with legume crop 
is more efficient in weed biomass reduction, including basic herbicide application. The aim 
of the study was to investigate the efficacy of combined application of crop rotation and mixture of soil (PRE) herbicides on weed species distribution. A long-term field trial organized as split-plot experiment has started in 2009 with maize sown in all four fields at the Maize Research Institute, Belgrade, Serbia. The basic treatment was a rotation system: maize continuous cropping (MC), maize-winter wheat rotation (MW), maize-soybean - w. wheat (MSW) and maize - w. wheat - soybean rotation (MWS). A pre-emergence herbicide mixture of isoxaflutole and metolachlor (Merlin 750-WG+Dual Gold 960 EC) in recommended rates (105 g a.i. ha-1 + 672 g a.i. ha-1) was applied immediately after drilling with a CO2 backpack sprayer with a four nozzle boom, using extended range nozzles (XR11002-SS, Tee Jet Spraying Systems, Wheaton, IL, USA) calibrated to deliver a spray volume of 140 L ha-1 of solution at 275.8 kPa. Herbicides were not applied in the control plot. After twelve years and completion of four rotations, maize was present again in all fields in 2021. Weed infestation level was estimated six to seven weeks after the application of herbicides. Samples were drawn randomly by the one square meter and number of weed individuals (WI) and their biomass (WB) were calculated. The data were processed by ANOVA. Our results indicated that in comparison to 2009, WI were increased in 2021 in untreated control by 44.2% in MC, 23.6% in MW, 24.6% in MSW and 18.6% in MWS. On the other hand, in treated plots WI have increased only in MC, by 62.5% and lowered by 7.7% in MW, 29.4% in MSW and 60.0% in MWS. WB has been reduced in 2021 significantly on treated as well as untreated plots in all rotation systems. The highest reduction of WB was achieved in untreated control of MWS (42.6%) and treated plot in MC (45.6%). Conclusively, it was proved that even with basic herbicide treatment with soil herbicides crop rotation could be very effec tive in weed control. On the other hand, maize continuous cropping has to be avoided in order to reduce potentials for weed infestation.",
journal = "19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts",
title = "Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize",
pages = "215-215"
}
Simić, M., Brankov, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2022). Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize. in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts, 215-215.
Simić M, Brankov M, Dragičević V. Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize. in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts. 2022;:215-215..
Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Dragičević, Vesna, "Contribution of long-term crop rotation to weed control in maize" in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts (2022):215-215.

Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming

Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Dragičević, Vesna

(2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/996
AB  - Sustainability in agricultural systems is largely based on increasing biodiversity and reduc ing the input of agrochemicals. Weed species occurrence and distribution in fields is driven by 
anthropogenic factor and cropping measures applied for high yield achievement. In sustainable 
cropping systems with cultivation of specific maize varieties such as sweet maize, special at tention has been usually paid to weed control because these genotypes are additionally sen sitive to herbicides. Sweet maize is mainly consumed directly by humans and its cultivation is 
supposed to be conducted without chemical control of weeds, giving advantage to cover crops. 
Cover crops influence weed infestation level through competition for space, light, water, and 
minerals. The aim of the investigation was to identify the most effective species or mixtures of 
cover crops in weed control of sweet maize in the present agro-ecological conditions. The ex periment was conducted at the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje, Belgrade, Serbia during 
2014-2016. Sweet maize was grown after different cover crops: V1-common vetch (Vicia sativa 
L.), V2-field pea (Pisum sativum L.), V3-winter oats (Avena sativa L.), V4-fodder kale (Brassica 
oleracea convar. acephala L.), V5-common vetch+oats and V6-field pea+oats, V7- straw and 
V8- bare soil as a control. The preceding crop was winter wheat and each treatment had three 
repetitions. Sowing of cover crops was done in autumn while incorporation by ploughing was 
performed in spring, one week before sweet maize sowing (hybrid ZP SC 421su)in a density of 
65.000 plants ha-1. Six weeks after sowing, the weed association composition was analysed 
by weed species, number of individuals, and biomass determination per m2. After that, weeds 
were removed by hand hoeing and herbicides were not applied. The 19 weed species were 
determined during the investigation while seven species were present in each year and made 
a base of association: Solanum nigrum L., Sorghum halepense (Pers.) L., Chenopodium album
L., C. hybridum L., Amaranthus retroflexus L., A. hybridusL. and A. albus L.. Number of weed 
species, weed individuals and their biomass were significantly affected by year, cover crop, and 
their interaction. The highest number of individuals was detected in 2016 which was favourable 
regarding sum and distribution of precipitation. V1, V2 and V3 were the most efficient cover 
crop treatments in weed control, with the lowest number of weed species and individuals. In 
average for three years, weed biomass was significantly reduced after cultivation of field pea, 
V2 (820.2 g m-2) and its mixture with oats, V6 (794.3 g m-2) in comparison to control, bare soil, 
V8 (1582.6 g m-2).
C3  - 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts
T1  - Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming
SP  - 132
EP  - 132
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Sustainability in agricultural systems is largely based on increasing biodiversity and reduc ing the input of agrochemicals. Weed species occurrence and distribution in fields is driven by 
anthropogenic factor and cropping measures applied for high yield achievement. In sustainable 
cropping systems with cultivation of specific maize varieties such as sweet maize, special at tention has been usually paid to weed control because these genotypes are additionally sen sitive to herbicides. Sweet maize is mainly consumed directly by humans and its cultivation is 
supposed to be conducted without chemical control of weeds, giving advantage to cover crops. 
Cover crops influence weed infestation level through competition for space, light, water, and 
minerals. The aim of the investigation was to identify the most effective species or mixtures of 
cover crops in weed control of sweet maize in the present agro-ecological conditions. The ex periment was conducted at the Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje, Belgrade, Serbia during 
2014-2016. Sweet maize was grown after different cover crops: V1-common vetch (Vicia sativa 
L.), V2-field pea (Pisum sativum L.), V3-winter oats (Avena sativa L.), V4-fodder kale (Brassica 
oleracea convar. acephala L.), V5-common vetch+oats and V6-field pea+oats, V7- straw and 
V8- bare soil as a control. The preceding crop was winter wheat and each treatment had three 
repetitions. Sowing of cover crops was done in autumn while incorporation by ploughing was 
performed in spring, one week before sweet maize sowing (hybrid ZP SC 421su)in a density of 
65.000 plants ha-1. Six weeks after sowing, the weed association composition was analysed 
by weed species, number of individuals, and biomass determination per m2. After that, weeds 
were removed by hand hoeing and herbicides were not applied. The 19 weed species were 
determined during the investigation while seven species were present in each year and made 
a base of association: Solanum nigrum L., Sorghum halepense (Pers.) L., Chenopodium album
L., C. hybridum L., Amaranthus retroflexus L., A. hybridusL. and A. albus L.. Number of weed 
species, weed individuals and their biomass were significantly affected by year, cover crop, and 
their interaction. The highest number of individuals was detected in 2016 which was favourable 
regarding sum and distribution of precipitation. V1, V2 and V3 were the most efficient cover 
crop treatments in weed control, with the lowest number of weed species and individuals. In 
average for three years, weed biomass was significantly reduced after cultivation of field pea, 
V2 (820.2 g m-2) and its mixture with oats, V6 (794.3 g m-2) in comparison to control, bare soil, 
V8 (1582.6 g m-2).",
journal = "19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts",
title = "Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming",
pages = "132-132"
}
Simić, M., Brankov, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2022). Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming. in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts, 132-132.
Simić M, Brankov M, Dragičević V. Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming. in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts. 2022;:132-132..
Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Dragičević, Vesna, "Weed control in sweet maize (Zea mays var. succharata) eco-farming" in 19. EWRS Symposium 2022 “Lighting the future of weed science”, Athens, 20-23.06.2022. - Book of abstracts (2022):132-132.

Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean

Dragičević, Vesna; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Brankov, Milan; Tolimir, Miodrag; Tabaković, Marijenka; Dodevska, Margarita; Simic, Milena

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2022)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Dodevska, Margarita
AU  - Simic, Milena
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/981
AB  - Organic agriculture offers many benefits through the increased nutritional quality of produced crops, agro-ecosystem preservation, and climate change mitigation. The development of an efficient nutrient management strategy in low-input systems, such as organic agriculture, which supports soil fertility and essential nutrients absorption by crops, is continually exploring. Thus, a study with maize–spelt–soybean rotation during a 5-year period in organic production was established to evaluate the variability in soil organic matter (SOM) and the status of available elements: N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Si from the soil, as well as grain yield (GY) and the content of protein, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Si concentration in the grain of spelt, maize, and soybean. Significant variations in mineral elements in the soil, GY, and grain composition were detected. Spelt achieved the highest average GY, while soybean grain was the richest in a majority of examined nutrients. The soil Ca content was important for GY, while the protein level in grain was generally tied to the Mn level in the soil. It was recognized that soil–crop crosstalk is an important strategy for macro- and micro-nutrients management in the soil and grain of organically produced spelt, maize, and soybean. While a reduction in the GY and protein concentration in grain was present over time, it was established that a low-input system under dry-farming conditions supports nutrient availability and accumulation in grain, under semi-arid agro-ecological conditions of central Serbia.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Agriculture
T1  - Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean
VL  - 12
IS  - 5
SP  - 702
DO  - https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Brankov, Milan and Tolimir, Miodrag and Tabaković, Marijenka and Dodevska, Margarita and Simic, Milena",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Organic agriculture offers many benefits through the increased nutritional quality of produced crops, agro-ecosystem preservation, and climate change mitigation. The development of an efficient nutrient management strategy in low-input systems, such as organic agriculture, which supports soil fertility and essential nutrients absorption by crops, is continually exploring. Thus, a study with maize–spelt–soybean rotation during a 5-year period in organic production was established to evaluate the variability in soil organic matter (SOM) and the status of available elements: N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Si from the soil, as well as grain yield (GY) and the content of protein, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and Si concentration in the grain of spelt, maize, and soybean. Significant variations in mineral elements in the soil, GY, and grain composition were detected. Spelt achieved the highest average GY, while soybean grain was the richest in a majority of examined nutrients. The soil Ca content was important for GY, while the protein level in grain was generally tied to the Mn level in the soil. It was recognized that soil–crop crosstalk is an important strategy for macro- and micro-nutrients management in the soil and grain of organically produced spelt, maize, and soybean. While a reduction in the GY and protein concentration in grain was present over time, it was established that a low-input system under dry-farming conditions supports nutrient availability and accumulation in grain, under semi-arid agro-ecological conditions of central Serbia.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Agriculture",
title = "Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean",
volume = "12",
number = "5",
pages = "702",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702"
}
Dragičević, V., Stoiljkovic, M., Brankov, M., Tolimir, M., Tabaković, M., Dodevska, M.,& Simic, M.. (2022). Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean. in Agriculture
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 12(5), 702.
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702
Dragičević V, Stoiljkovic M, Brankov M, Tolimir M, Tabaković M, Dodevska M, Simic M. Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean. in Agriculture. 2022;12(5):702.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Brankov, Milan, Tolimir, Miodrag, Tabaković, Marijenka, Dodevska, Margarita, Simic, Milena, "Status of essential elements in soil and grain of organically produced maize, spelt, and soybean" in Agriculture, 12, no. 5 (2022):702,
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050702 . .

ZP7122 K hibrid kokičar FAO 700

Srdić, Jelena; Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna

(2022)

TY  - PAT
AU  - Srdić, Jelena
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/991
T2  - Rešenje broj 320-44-02150/2/2020-11
T1  - ZP7122 K hibrid kokičar FAO 700
ER  - 
@misc{
author = "Srdić, Jelena and Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2022",
journal = "Rešenje broj 320-44-02150/2/2020-11",
title = "ZP7122 K hibrid kokičar FAO 700"
}
Srdić, J., Simić, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2022). ZP7122 K hibrid kokičar FAO 700. in Rešenje broj 320-44-02150/2/2020-11.
Srdić J, Simić M, Dragičević V. ZP7122 K hibrid kokičar FAO 700. in Rešenje broj 320-44-02150/2/2020-11. 2022;..
Srdić, Jelena, Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, "ZP7122 K hibrid kokičar FAO 700" in Rešenje broj 320-44-02150/2/2020-11 (2022).

The most important crop measures in organic production of winter wheat

Dolijanović, Željko; Simić, Milena; Oljača, Snežana; Dragičević, Vesna; Gršić, Nemanja; Jovanović, Zoran

(Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture, 2022)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Oljača, Snežana
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Gršić, Nemanja
AU  - Jovanović, Zoran
PY  - 2022
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/993
AB  - Organic products of winter wheat are believed to be more nutritious and safer
foods compared to the conventional alternatives by consumers, despite the
higher price of these products. The experiment with organic technology of
winter wheat was conducted at the research and study field "Radmilovac",
Faculty of Agriculture Belgrade in 2016/17 and 2017/18 year on the luvic
chernozem soil type. Organic cropping system included tillage with a disc
harrow at 20 cm with the complete maize crop residues incorporation and the
pre-sowing tillage with a harrow. The basic fertilization was conducted in
autumn with 3.000 kg ha-1 biohumus (commercial name „Biohumus Royal
offert“, producer „Altamed“ Serbia) and top dressing in spring with 5.0 l ha-1
biofertilizer („Slavol“, producer „Agrounik“ Serbia). The common (cv. 'NS
40S') and durum (cv. 'Dolap') winter wheat cultivars were used, both developed
and adapted for organic growing system. It was important to underline that
organic cropping system, after 17 years of experiment (from the beginning of
the establishment of the organic four-field crop rotation until 2017/18)
increased soil organic matter, due to the application of organic fertilizer in
combination with other practices as a part of this system (application of biofertilizers,
incorporation of crop residues, etc.). Statistical analysis confirmed
that year and genotype have greater impact on wheat productivity than their
interactions. More favorable meteorological conditions in the first year led to
obtaining significantly higher grain yields (4.84 and 4.45 kg ha-1) and a greater
1000-grain weight (41.6 and 40.2 g). There were also significant differences in
the productivity of the studied wheat cultivars. The grain yield of common soft
wheat (4.34 kg ha-1) was significantly higher than that of durum wheat (3.050
kg ha-1). The inclusion of high yielding genotypes, with enhanced utilization
efficiency into low-input technology based on careful choice of cultural
practices, could be the important step in organic farming systems.
PB  - Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture
C3  - 11. International symposium of the agricultural sciences, AgroRes, 26-28. Maj 2022., Trebinje Republic of Srpska - Book of abstracts
T1  - The most important crop measures in organic production of winter wheat
SP  - 78
EP  - 79
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dolijanović, Željko and Simić, Milena and Oljača, Snežana and Dragičević, Vesna and Gršić, Nemanja and Jovanović, Zoran",
year = "2022",
abstract = "Organic products of winter wheat are believed to be more nutritious and safer
foods compared to the conventional alternatives by consumers, despite the
higher price of these products. The experiment with organic technology of
winter wheat was conducted at the research and study field "Radmilovac",
Faculty of Agriculture Belgrade in 2016/17 and 2017/18 year on the luvic
chernozem soil type. Organic cropping system included tillage with a disc
harrow at 20 cm with the complete maize crop residues incorporation and the
pre-sowing tillage with a harrow. The basic fertilization was conducted in
autumn with 3.000 kg ha-1 biohumus (commercial name „Biohumus Royal
offert“, producer „Altamed“ Serbia) and top dressing in spring with 5.0 l ha-1
biofertilizer („Slavol“, producer „Agrounik“ Serbia). The common (cv. 'NS
40S') and durum (cv. 'Dolap') winter wheat cultivars were used, both developed
and adapted for organic growing system. It was important to underline that
organic cropping system, after 17 years of experiment (from the beginning of
the establishment of the organic four-field crop rotation until 2017/18)
increased soil organic matter, due to the application of organic fertilizer in
combination with other practices as a part of this system (application of biofertilizers,
incorporation of crop residues, etc.). Statistical analysis confirmed
that year and genotype have greater impact on wheat productivity than their
interactions. More favorable meteorological conditions in the first year led to
obtaining significantly higher grain yields (4.84 and 4.45 kg ha-1) and a greater
1000-grain weight (41.6 and 40.2 g). There were also significant differences in
the productivity of the studied wheat cultivars. The grain yield of common soft
wheat (4.34 kg ha-1) was significantly higher than that of durum wheat (3.050
kg ha-1). The inclusion of high yielding genotypes, with enhanced utilization
efficiency into low-input technology based on careful choice of cultural
practices, could be the important step in organic farming systems.",
publisher = "Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture",
journal = "11. International symposium of the agricultural sciences, AgroRes, 26-28. Maj 2022., Trebinje Republic of Srpska - Book of abstracts",
title = "The most important crop measures in organic production of winter wheat",
pages = "78-79"
}
Dolijanović, Ž., Simić, M., Oljača, S., Dragičević, V., Gršić, N.,& Jovanović, Z.. (2022). The most important crop measures in organic production of winter wheat. in 11. International symposium of the agricultural sciences, AgroRes, 26-28. Maj 2022., Trebinje Republic of Srpska - Book of abstracts
Banja Luka : University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture., 78-79.
Dolijanović Ž, Simić M, Oljača S, Dragičević V, Gršić N, Jovanović Z. The most important crop measures in organic production of winter wheat. in 11. International symposium of the agricultural sciences, AgroRes, 26-28. Maj 2022., Trebinje Republic of Srpska - Book of abstracts. 2022;:78-79..
Dolijanović, Željko, Simić, Milena, Oljača, Snežana, Dragičević, Vesna, Gršić, Nemanja, Jovanović, Zoran, "The most important crop measures in organic production of winter wheat" in 11. International symposium of the agricultural sciences, AgroRes, 26-28. Maj 2022., Trebinje Republic of Srpska - Book of abstracts (2022):78-79.

The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food

Dragičević, Vesna; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Šenk, Milena; Dodevska, Margarita

(Belgrade : Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade-National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Dodevska, Margarita
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1060
AB  - Industrialization of agriculture, as the main food source, resolved the problem 
of food quantity, but other problems, present in environment degradation and 
hidden malnutrition (deficiency in essential minerals and vitamins) were 
upraised. The situation is aggravating when climate change was taken into 
account, whereas conventional agriculture is highly contributing to climate 
change. Thus, a shift to sustainability paradigm and systems are a necessary 
solution. Sustainable systems combine various measures to achieve a high and 
nutrient dense yield of agricultural crops and to preserve or improve agro ecosystem. Soil recovery could be realized by increasing soil organic matter, 
diversity of soil microbiota and other organisms, as a part of the agro ecosystem balance, thus contributing to the increased productivity and food 
quality. Together, sustainable agriculture and sustainable food systems, have an 
important role in the health enhancement of humankind and the agro ecosystem.
PB  - Belgrade : Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade-National Institute of the Republic of Serbia
C3  - 7. Workshop Specific methods for food safety and quality, Belgrade, 22.09.2021. godine - Proceedings
T1  - The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food
SP  - 157
EP  - 163
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Šenk, Milena and Dodevska, Margarita",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Industrialization of agriculture, as the main food source, resolved the problem 
of food quantity, but other problems, present in environment degradation and 
hidden malnutrition (deficiency in essential minerals and vitamins) were 
upraised. The situation is aggravating when climate change was taken into 
account, whereas conventional agriculture is highly contributing to climate 
change. Thus, a shift to sustainability paradigm and systems are a necessary 
solution. Sustainable systems combine various measures to achieve a high and 
nutrient dense yield of agricultural crops and to preserve or improve agro ecosystem. Soil recovery could be realized by increasing soil organic matter, 
diversity of soil microbiota and other organisms, as a part of the agro ecosystem balance, thus contributing to the increased productivity and food 
quality. Together, sustainable agriculture and sustainable food systems, have an 
important role in the health enhancement of humankind and the agro ecosystem.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade-National Institute of the Republic of Serbia",
journal = "7. Workshop Specific methods for food safety and quality, Belgrade, 22.09.2021. godine - Proceedings",
title = "The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food",
pages = "157-163"
}
Dragičević, V., Stoiljkovic, M., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Šenk, M.,& Dodevska, M.. (2021). The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food. in 7. Workshop Specific methods for food safety and quality, Belgrade, 22.09.2021. godine - Proceedings
Belgrade : Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade-National Institute of the Republic of Serbia., 157-163.
Dragičević V, Stoiljkovic M, Simić M, Brankov M, Šenk M, Dodevska M. The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food. in 7. Workshop Specific methods for food safety and quality, Belgrade, 22.09.2021. godine - Proceedings. 2021;:157-163..
Dragičević, Vesna, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Šenk, Milena, Dodevska, Margarita, "The role of sustainable agriculture in production of nutrient dense food" in 7. Workshop Specific methods for food safety and quality, Belgrade, 22.09.2021. godine - Proceedings (2021):157-163.

Adaptation of food production systems to global changes

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Mladenović Drinić, Snežana; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Kravic, Natalija

(Belgrade : Serbian nutrition society, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Mladenović Drinić, Snežana
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Kravic, Natalija
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1054
AB  - Agricultural plants, mainly for food production are prone to variability of agro-ecolog ical conditions, particularly to meteorological conditions.Relatively frequent meteo rological extremes are reflecting negatively on agro-ecosystem, depleting soil fertility and 
raising its erosion, spreading invasive weeds, hard to control, thus reducing rapidly arable 
areas. At the same time, meteorological extremes are diminishing production of agricultural 
plants, their yields, as well as quality, reflecting negative on food security. It is well known 
that reduced yields of staple crops, like wheat, maize, rice and others are present in drier 
seasons, while increased concentration of protein, some vitamins and antioxidants is pres ent at the same time. However, in the most of the cases higher infestation with pathogenic 
fungus is present, thus increasing mycotoxines level. Meteorological extremes are mainly 
driven by anthropogenic factors, which are also responsible for reduced quality of agri cultural products. For example, globalisation trends mirrored through “Green revolution” 
were conceptualised to resolve worldwide hunger, by introducing of high yield genotypes, 
prone to stressful conditions, together with high inputs of water, mineral fertilizers (mainly 
based on nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) and other toxic agro-chemicals, impairing 
agro-ecosystem by reduction of biodiversity, depleting of soil fertility through decrease of 
organic matter, microbiome diversity and particularly micro-elements, important for both, 
plants and humans, thus contributing to the low quality of produced food, i.e. hidden mal nutrition. Worldwide present malnutrition with essential minerals and vitamins contrib utes to the rapid increase of chronic diseases, such as inflammation, metabolic syndrome, 
diabetes, cardio-vascular diseases, cancer, variety of auto-immune conditions, etc. even to 
the pandemic level.One of the important facts lies in depletion of phosphorus deposits, 
leaving agriculture without the main source of this essential mineral. Novel trends that in troduce recycling, usage of alternative, renewable and less used sources of plant nutrients 
and energy, from the point of rationalisation, together with breeding of genotypes tolerant 
to various abiotic and biotic stressors, such as meteorological extremes, plant pathogens and 
low inputs could contribute not just to increased security of plant production, but also to 
increased quality of agricultural products
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian nutrition society
C3  - 14. International congress on nutrition "A place where science meets practice", Belgrade, 8-10.11.2021. godine - Book of abstracts
T1  - Adaptation of food production systems to global changes
SP  - 67
EP  - 67
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Mladenović Drinić, Snežana and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Kravic, Natalija",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Agricultural plants, mainly for food production are prone to variability of agro-ecolog ical conditions, particularly to meteorological conditions.Relatively frequent meteo rological extremes are reflecting negatively on agro-ecosystem, depleting soil fertility and 
raising its erosion, spreading invasive weeds, hard to control, thus reducing rapidly arable 
areas. At the same time, meteorological extremes are diminishing production of agricultural 
plants, their yields, as well as quality, reflecting negative on food security. It is well known 
that reduced yields of staple crops, like wheat, maize, rice and others are present in drier 
seasons, while increased concentration of protein, some vitamins and antioxidants is pres ent at the same time. However, in the most of the cases higher infestation with pathogenic 
fungus is present, thus increasing mycotoxines level. Meteorological extremes are mainly 
driven by anthropogenic factors, which are also responsible for reduced quality of agri cultural products. For example, globalisation trends mirrored through “Green revolution” 
were conceptualised to resolve worldwide hunger, by introducing of high yield genotypes, 
prone to stressful conditions, together with high inputs of water, mineral fertilizers (mainly 
based on nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) and other toxic agro-chemicals, impairing 
agro-ecosystem by reduction of biodiversity, depleting of soil fertility through decrease of 
organic matter, microbiome diversity and particularly micro-elements, important for both, 
plants and humans, thus contributing to the low quality of produced food, i.e. hidden mal nutrition. Worldwide present malnutrition with essential minerals and vitamins contrib utes to the rapid increase of chronic diseases, such as inflammation, metabolic syndrome, 
diabetes, cardio-vascular diseases, cancer, variety of auto-immune conditions, etc. even to 
the pandemic level.One of the important facts lies in depletion of phosphorus deposits, 
leaving agriculture without the main source of this essential mineral. Novel trends that in troduce recycling, usage of alternative, renewable and less used sources of plant nutrients 
and energy, from the point of rationalisation, together with breeding of genotypes tolerant 
to various abiotic and biotic stressors, such as meteorological extremes, plant pathogens and 
low inputs could contribute not just to increased security of plant production, but also to 
increased quality of agricultural products",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian nutrition society",
journal = "14. International congress on nutrition "A place where science meets practice", Belgrade, 8-10.11.2021. godine - Book of abstracts",
title = "Adaptation of food production systems to global changes",
pages = "67-67"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Mladenović Drinić, S., Brankov, M., Stoiljkovic, M.,& Kravic, N.. (2021). Adaptation of food production systems to global changes. in 14. International congress on nutrition "A place where science meets practice", Belgrade, 8-10.11.2021. godine - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Serbian nutrition society., 67-67.
Dragičević V, Simić M, Mladenović Drinić S, Brankov M, Stoiljkovic M, Kravic N. Adaptation of food production systems to global changes. in 14. International congress on nutrition "A place where science meets practice", Belgrade, 8-10.11.2021. godine - Book of abstracts. 2021;:67-67..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Mladenović Drinić, Snežana, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Kravic, Natalija, "Adaptation of food production systems to global changes" in 14. International congress on nutrition "A place where science meets practice", Belgrade, 8-10.11.2021. godine - Book of abstracts (2021):67-67.

Energy distribution between maize and weeds

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan

(Belgrade : Society of physical chemists of Serbia, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1049
AB  - The aim of the study was to investigate the variations in accumulation of dry substance and water in 
maize and weeds, induced by two herbicide types (applied pre- and post-emergence). Weeds tend to 
captivate higher energy amounts than crop plants. Greater free energy of water indicated increased 
energy consumption for non-spontaneous processes in weeds. Relatively unchanged net heat of 
combustion of maize and lower net heat of combustion of weeds indicated herbicide ability to reduce 
energy accumulation by weeds and to remain it constant in maize plants.
PB  - Belgrade : Society of physical chemists of Serbia
C3  - 15. International conference on fundamental and applied aspects of physical chemistry, Belgrade, 20-24.09.2021. godine - Book of abstracts
T1  - Energy distribution between maize and weeds
VL  - 2
SP  - 681
EP  - 684
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The aim of the study was to investigate the variations in accumulation of dry substance and water in 
maize and weeds, induced by two herbicide types (applied pre- and post-emergence). Weeds tend to 
captivate higher energy amounts than crop plants. Greater free energy of water indicated increased 
energy consumption for non-spontaneous processes in weeds. Relatively unchanged net heat of 
combustion of maize and lower net heat of combustion of weeds indicated herbicide ability to reduce 
energy accumulation by weeds and to remain it constant in maize plants.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Society of physical chemists of Serbia",
journal = "15. International conference on fundamental and applied aspects of physical chemistry, Belgrade, 20-24.09.2021. godine - Book of abstracts",
title = "Energy distribution between maize and weeds",
volume = "2",
pages = "681-684"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M.,& Brankov, M.. (2021). Energy distribution between maize and weeds. in 15. International conference on fundamental and applied aspects of physical chemistry, Belgrade, 20-24.09.2021. godine - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Society of physical chemists of Serbia., 2, 681-684.
Dragičević V, Simić M, Brankov M. Energy distribution between maize and weeds. in 15. International conference on fundamental and applied aspects of physical chemistry, Belgrade, 20-24.09.2021. godine - Book of abstracts. 2021;2:681-684..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, "Energy distribution between maize and weeds" in 15. International conference on fundamental and applied aspects of physical chemistry, Belgrade, 20-24.09.2021. godine - Book of abstracts, 2 (2021):681-684.

Rasprskivači i adjuvanti: mogućnosti za povećanje efikasnosti herbicida i smanjenje zanošenja

Brankov, Milan; Simić, Milena

(Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1043
AB  - Primena herbicida u sklopu integrisanog sistema suzbijanja korova mora biti 
urađena tako da se postigne najviša moguća efikasnost i smanji potencijalan 
negativan uticaj na životnu sredinu i susedne biljke. Na taj način je moguće 
produžiti životni vek herbicida, s obzirom na veoma mali broj novih herbicida na 
tržištu. Izborom odgovarajućeg ađuvanta menjaju se fizičko-hemijske osobine 
rastvora, čime se povećava usvajanje herbicida od strane biljke preko smanjenja 
površinskog napona ili interakcijom sa kutikulom. Pojedini ađuvanti ukrupnjavaju 
kapljice herbicida ujedno smanjujući drift. Rasprskivači, kao završni elementi u 
primeni herbicida, određuju pokrovnost i zanošenje herbicida. Ukoliko su 
proizvedene kapljice manje od 100 mikrometara, one su veoma podložne odnošenju sa 
primarnog mesta pod uticajem vetra i obrnuto. Brojni literaturni podaci ukazuju na 
značajno povećanje efikasnosti herbicida ukoliko primenu prati dodavanje 
adjuvanata. Ukoliko rasprskivači nemaju uticaja na efikasnost herbicida, moguće je 
da se koriste oni rasprskivači koji proizvode grube kapljice (veće od 600μm), čime se 
sprečava zanošenje herbicida na susedne useve. 
Rezultati naših istraživanja u kontrolisanim uslivima ukazuju da dodatak 
ađuvanata u herbicidni rastvor povećava efikasnost od 18,7 do 38,3 % u odnosu iste 
herbicidne tretmane bez adjuvanata. Isto tako, u dvogodišnjem poljskom ogledu 
povećana je efikasnost nikosulfurona kada je primenu pratio dodatak nejonskog 
surfaktanta kao adjuvanta za 6,8 %. Da zanošenje herbicida predstavlja potencijalnu 
opasnost po susedne biljke pokazao je ogled u kontrolisanim uslovima u kome je 
simuliran drift. Mikro doze dikambe, glifosata, mezotriona i nikosulfurona 
značajno su oštetile suncokret, soju, uljanu tikvu, uljanu repicu, paradajz, papriku i 
zelenu salatu. Izbor rasprskivača nije značajno uticao na efikasnost mezotriona i 
rimsulfruona sa tifensulfuron-metilom kod četiri od šest testiranih korova u 
kontrolisanim uslovima. Sa druge strane, u poljskom dvogodišnjem ogledu kada je 
nikosulfuron primenjen gotovo da nije postojala razlika u smanjenu biomase korova 
bilo XR (proizvodi fine kapljice) ili TTI diznom (veoma krupne kapljice). Dobijeni 
podaci ukazuju da postoji mogućnost primene herbicida i rasprskivačima koji 
proizvode krupne kapljice, s tim da je njih potrebno koristiti kada su pojačana 
vazdušna strujanja.
AB  - Herbicide application as a part of an Integrated Weed Management system must be done 
correctly in order to achieve the highest possible efficacy and decrease potentially negative 
effects on the environment and neighbour crops. This approach makes it possible to prolong 
herbicide usage, because of a limited portfolio for weed control on the market. The choice of 
the appropriate adjuvant may changes the physico-chemical properties of the solution, which 
increases the uptake of the herbicide by the plant through a reduction in surface tension or 
interaction with the cuticle. Some adjuvants enlarge the herbicide droplets while reducing 
drift. Nozzles, as the final elements in the applications, determine the coverage and drift. If 
the produced droplets are smaller than 100 μm, they are prone to an off-target movement 
from the primary site under the influence of wind and vice versa. Numerous literature data 
indicate a significant increase in the effectiveness of herbicides if the application is 
accompanied by the addition of adjuvants. If the nozzles do not affect the effectiveness of the 
herbicide, it is possible to use those nozzles that produce coarse droplets (larger than 600μm), 
which prevents the herbicide from spreading to neighbouring crops.
The results of our research in controlled conditions indicate that the addition of adjuvants to 
the herbicidal solution increases the efficiency by 18.7 to 38.3% in relation to the same 
herbicide treatment without adjuvants. In a two-year field trial, the efficiency of nicosulfuron 
was increased when the application was accompanied by the addition of a non-ionic 
surfactant as an adjuvant by 6.8%. That herbicide drift represents a potential danger to 
neighbouring plants was shown by an experiment in controlled conditions in which drift was 
simulated. Micro doses of dicamba, glyphosate, mesotrione and nicosulfuron significantly 
damaged sunflower, soybean, pumpkin, canola, tomato, paprika and lettuce. The nozzle 
selection did not significantly affect the efficacy of mesotrione and rimsulfuron with 
thifensulfuron-methyl in four out of six weeds tested under controlled conditions. On the 
other hand, in a two-year field trial when nicosulfuron was applied, there was no difference in 
the weed biomass reduction with either XR (fine droplet products) or TTI nozzle (very coarse 
droplets). The obtained data indicate that there is a possibility of application of herbicides 
with nozzles that produce large droplets, when wind velocity is higher.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Zbornik radova
T1  - Rasprskivači i adjuvanti: mogućnosti za povećanje efikasnosti herbicida i smanjenje zanošenja
T1  - Nozzles and Adjuvants: the possibilities to increase herbicide efficacy and reduce drift
SP  - 27
EP  - 28
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Simić, Milena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Primena herbicida u sklopu integrisanog sistema suzbijanja korova mora biti 
urađena tako da se postigne najviša moguća efikasnost i smanji potencijalan 
negativan uticaj na životnu sredinu i susedne biljke. Na taj način je moguće 
produžiti životni vek herbicida, s obzirom na veoma mali broj novih herbicida na 
tržištu. Izborom odgovarajućeg ađuvanta menjaju se fizičko-hemijske osobine 
rastvora, čime se povećava usvajanje herbicida od strane biljke preko smanjenja 
površinskog napona ili interakcijom sa kutikulom. Pojedini ađuvanti ukrupnjavaju 
kapljice herbicida ujedno smanjujući drift. Rasprskivači, kao završni elementi u 
primeni herbicida, određuju pokrovnost i zanošenje herbicida. Ukoliko su 
proizvedene kapljice manje od 100 mikrometara, one su veoma podložne odnošenju sa 
primarnog mesta pod uticajem vetra i obrnuto. Brojni literaturni podaci ukazuju na 
značajno povećanje efikasnosti herbicida ukoliko primenu prati dodavanje 
adjuvanata. Ukoliko rasprskivači nemaju uticaja na efikasnost herbicida, moguće je 
da se koriste oni rasprskivači koji proizvode grube kapljice (veće od 600μm), čime se 
sprečava zanošenje herbicida na susedne useve. 
Rezultati naših istraživanja u kontrolisanim uslivima ukazuju da dodatak 
ađuvanata u herbicidni rastvor povećava efikasnost od 18,7 do 38,3 % u odnosu iste 
herbicidne tretmane bez adjuvanata. Isto tako, u dvogodišnjem poljskom ogledu 
povećana je efikasnost nikosulfurona kada je primenu pratio dodatak nejonskog 
surfaktanta kao adjuvanta za 6,8 %. Da zanošenje herbicida predstavlja potencijalnu 
opasnost po susedne biljke pokazao je ogled u kontrolisanim uslovima u kome je 
simuliran drift. Mikro doze dikambe, glifosata, mezotriona i nikosulfurona 
značajno su oštetile suncokret, soju, uljanu tikvu, uljanu repicu, paradajz, papriku i 
zelenu salatu. Izbor rasprskivača nije značajno uticao na efikasnost mezotriona i 
rimsulfruona sa tifensulfuron-metilom kod četiri od šest testiranih korova u 
kontrolisanim uslovima. Sa druge strane, u poljskom dvogodišnjem ogledu kada je 
nikosulfuron primenjen gotovo da nije postojala razlika u smanjenu biomase korova 
bilo XR (proizvodi fine kapljice) ili TTI diznom (veoma krupne kapljice). Dobijeni 
podaci ukazuju da postoji mogućnost primene herbicida i rasprskivačima koji 
proizvode krupne kapljice, s tim da je njih potrebno koristiti kada su pojačana 
vazdušna strujanja., Herbicide application as a part of an Integrated Weed Management system must be done 
correctly in order to achieve the highest possible efficacy and decrease potentially negative 
effects on the environment and neighbour crops. This approach makes it possible to prolong 
herbicide usage, because of a limited portfolio for weed control on the market. The choice of 
the appropriate adjuvant may changes the physico-chemical properties of the solution, which 
increases the uptake of the herbicide by the plant through a reduction in surface tension or 
interaction with the cuticle. Some adjuvants enlarge the herbicide droplets while reducing 
drift. Nozzles, as the final elements in the applications, determine the coverage and drift. If 
the produced droplets are smaller than 100 μm, they are prone to an off-target movement 
from the primary site under the influence of wind and vice versa. Numerous literature data 
indicate a significant increase in the effectiveness of herbicides if the application is 
accompanied by the addition of adjuvants. If the nozzles do not affect the effectiveness of the 
herbicide, it is possible to use those nozzles that produce coarse droplets (larger than 600μm), 
which prevents the herbicide from spreading to neighbouring crops.
The results of our research in controlled conditions indicate that the addition of adjuvants to 
the herbicidal solution increases the efficiency by 18.7 to 38.3% in relation to the same 
herbicide treatment without adjuvants. In a two-year field trial, the efficiency of nicosulfuron 
was increased when the application was accompanied by the addition of a non-ionic 
surfactant as an adjuvant by 6.8%. That herbicide drift represents a potential danger to 
neighbouring plants was shown by an experiment in controlled conditions in which drift was 
simulated. Micro doses of dicamba, glyphosate, mesotrione and nicosulfuron significantly 
damaged sunflower, soybean, pumpkin, canola, tomato, paprika and lettuce. The nozzle 
selection did not significantly affect the efficacy of mesotrione and rimsulfuron with 
thifensulfuron-methyl in four out of six weeds tested under controlled conditions. On the 
other hand, in a two-year field trial when nicosulfuron was applied, there was no difference in 
the weed biomass reduction with either XR (fine droplet products) or TTI nozzle (very coarse 
droplets). The obtained data indicate that there is a possibility of application of herbicides 
with nozzles that produce large droplets, when wind velocity is higher.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Zbornik radova",
title = "Rasprskivači i adjuvanti: mogućnosti za povećanje efikasnosti herbicida i smanjenje zanošenja, Nozzles and Adjuvants: the possibilities to increase herbicide efficacy and reduce drift",
pages = "27-28"
}
Brankov, M.,& Simić, M.. (2021). Rasprskivači i adjuvanti: mogućnosti za povećanje efikasnosti herbicida i smanjenje zanošenja. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Zbornik radova
Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet., 27-28.
Brankov M, Simić M. Rasprskivači i adjuvanti: mogućnosti za povećanje efikasnosti herbicida i smanjenje zanošenja. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Zbornik radova. 2021;:27-28..
Brankov, Milan, Simić, Milena, "Rasprskivači i adjuvanti: mogućnosti za povećanje efikasnosti herbicida i smanjenje zanošenja" in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Zbornik radova (2021):27-28.

Reakcija paradajza, paprike, suncokreta i soje na niske količine nikosulfurona

Brankov, Milan; Dragičević, Vesna; Tabaković, Marijenka; Simić, Milena

(Beograd : Herbološko društvo Srbije, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1042
AB  - Drift predstavlja zanošenje kapljica sredstava za zaštitu bilja kroz vazduh, pri čemu mikro 
količine tih sredstava mogu uticati na bilo koji neciljni organizam ili životnu sredinu. Postoje 
tri moguća scenarija neciljnog kretanja pri kojima se mogu očekivati oštećenja biljaka mikro 
količinama herbicida, a to su: drift čestica (Eng. particle drift) koji nastaje kretanjem sa vazdušnim 
strujama/vetrom, zanošenjem koje nastaje kao posledica isparavanja (volatility) i kao posledica 
kontaminacije rezorvoara prskalice. Značajna oštećenja koja mogu nastati kao posledica driftu su 
oštećenja susednih useva, zagađenje životne sredine, niži nivo efikasnosti primenjenog herbicida, 
dok u slučaju kontaminacije rezorvoara oštećenja mogu nastati samo u tretiranom polju. U cilju 
ispitivanja negativnih posledica zanošenja nikosulfurona, biljke paradajza, paprike, suncokreta 
i soje su gajene u stakleniku i tretirane niskim količinama primene herbicida, a nakon 21. dana 
ocenjeni su efekti primenjenih tretmana vizuelnom ocenom, kao i merenjem suve mase, visine i 
površine listova. Soja se pokazala kao najtolerantnija na nikosulfuron za razliku od paprike koja je 
bila najsotljivija na niske količine herbicida. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata može se zaključiti da 
su niske količine primene herbicida različito uticale na ispitivane biljke i da je potrebno preduzeti 
mere opreza da se spreči zanošenje herbicida na susedne biljke.
AB  - Drift is the movement of plant protection product droplets through the air and can affect any 
non-target organism or the environment. In fact, there are three possible scenarios that can be 
considered as an off-target movement: particle drift, volatility, and contamination of the spray 
tank. Significant damages that can occur as a consequence of drift are damages to neighbouring 
crops, environmental pollution, lower level of efficiency of the applied herbicide. Meanwhile, in 
the case of tank contamination, injuries can occur only in the treated field. In order to examine 
the negative consequences of nicosulfuron drift, four crops were grown in a greenhouse and 
treated with low doses of herbicide, after which they were returned to cultivation. After 21 days, 
the effects of applied treatments were assessed through visual assessment of injury, dry weight, 
leaf height, and leaf area. Based on the obtained results, it can be concluded that low doses of 
nicosulfuron expressed different effects on the tested plants and that it is necessary to take 
precautionary measures to prevent herbicides from spreading to neighbouring plants.
PB  - Beograd : Herbološko društvo Srbije
T2  - Acta herbologica
T1  - Reakcija paradajza, paprike, suncokreta i soje na niske količine nikosulfurona
T1  - Reaction of tomato, pepper, sunflower and soybean plants to low doses of nicosulfuron
VL  - 30
IS  - 2
SP  - 129
EP  - 135
DO  - https://doi.org/10.5937/30actaherb-35003
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Dragičević, Vesna and Tabaković, Marijenka and Simić, Milena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Drift predstavlja zanošenje kapljica sredstava za zaštitu bilja kroz vazduh, pri čemu mikro 
količine tih sredstava mogu uticati na bilo koji neciljni organizam ili životnu sredinu. Postoje 
tri moguća scenarija neciljnog kretanja pri kojima se mogu očekivati oštećenja biljaka mikro 
količinama herbicida, a to su: drift čestica (Eng. particle drift) koji nastaje kretanjem sa vazdušnim 
strujama/vetrom, zanošenjem koje nastaje kao posledica isparavanja (volatility) i kao posledica 
kontaminacije rezorvoara prskalice. Značajna oštećenja koja mogu nastati kao posledica driftu su 
oštećenja susednih useva, zagađenje životne sredine, niži nivo efikasnosti primenjenog herbicida, 
dok u slučaju kontaminacije rezorvoara oštećenja mogu nastati samo u tretiranom polju. U cilju 
ispitivanja negativnih posledica zanošenja nikosulfurona, biljke paradajza, paprike, suncokreta 
i soje su gajene u stakleniku i tretirane niskim količinama primene herbicida, a nakon 21. dana 
ocenjeni su efekti primenjenih tretmana vizuelnom ocenom, kao i merenjem suve mase, visine i 
površine listova. Soja se pokazala kao najtolerantnija na nikosulfuron za razliku od paprike koja je 
bila najsotljivija na niske količine herbicida. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata može se zaključiti da 
su niske količine primene herbicida različito uticale na ispitivane biljke i da je potrebno preduzeti 
mere opreza da se spreči zanošenje herbicida na susedne biljke., Drift is the movement of plant protection product droplets through the air and can affect any 
non-target organism or the environment. In fact, there are three possible scenarios that can be 
considered as an off-target movement: particle drift, volatility, and contamination of the spray 
tank. Significant damages that can occur as a consequence of drift are damages to neighbouring 
crops, environmental pollution, lower level of efficiency of the applied herbicide. Meanwhile, in 
the case of tank contamination, injuries can occur only in the treated field. In order to examine 
the negative consequences of nicosulfuron drift, four crops were grown in a greenhouse and 
treated with low doses of herbicide, after which they were returned to cultivation. After 21 days, 
the effects of applied treatments were assessed through visual assessment of injury, dry weight, 
leaf height, and leaf area. Based on the obtained results, it can be concluded that low doses of 
nicosulfuron expressed different effects on the tested plants and that it is necessary to take 
precautionary measures to prevent herbicides from spreading to neighbouring plants.",
publisher = "Beograd : Herbološko društvo Srbije",
journal = "Acta herbologica",
title = "Reakcija paradajza, paprike, suncokreta i soje na niske količine nikosulfurona, Reaction of tomato, pepper, sunflower and soybean plants to low doses of nicosulfuron",
volume = "30",
number = "2",
pages = "129-135",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.5937/30actaherb-35003"
}
Brankov, M., Dragičević, V., Tabaković, M.,& Simić, M.. (2021). Reakcija paradajza, paprike, suncokreta i soje na niske količine nikosulfurona. in Acta herbologica
Beograd : Herbološko društvo Srbije., 30(2), 129-135.
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.5937/30actaherb-35003
Brankov M, Dragičević V, Tabaković M, Simić M. Reakcija paradajza, paprike, suncokreta i soje na niske količine nikosulfurona. in Acta herbologica. 2021;30(2):129-135.
doi:https://doi.org/10.5937/30actaherb-35003 .
Brankov, Milan, Dragičević, Vesna, Tabaković, Marijenka, Simić, Milena, "Reakcija paradajza, paprike, suncokreta i soje na niske količine nikosulfurona" in Acta herbologica, 30, no. 2 (2021):129-135,
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.5937/30actaherb-35003 . .

Adjuvants and nozzles effects in Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) control using nicosulfuron

Brankov, Milan; Dragičević, Vesna; Tabaković, Marijenka; Šenk, Milena; Simić, Milena

(Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Simić, Milena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1041
AB  - Johnsongrass is one of the most troublesome weed species to control, since it 
belongs to the same family as maize. The sulfonylureas have been the first 
selective herbicides for Johnsongrass control in maize. Non-proper use of 
sulfonylureas had led to herbicide resistance development, and weed control 
failures. However, an optimization of herbicide performance through 
different adjuvants and spraying nozzles application can improve 
Johnsongrass control. Adjuvants are able to change physico-chemical 
properties of herbicide solution, while nozzles influence coverage rate and 
potential drift. A field trial regarding the influence of adjuvants and nozzles 
on Johnsongrass control started 2020 at the experimental field of the Maize 
Research Institute “Zemun Polje”. Nicosulfuron (OD formulation) was 
applied at 5-6-leaf stage, tank-mixed with NIS (non-ionic surfactant) or 
AMS (ammonium-sulphate) using XR11002 or TTI11002 nozzles. 
Sprayings were done when maize developed 5-6 leaves (15-16 BBCH) using 
CO2 backpack sprayer calibrated to deliver a spray volume of 140 l ha-1
of 
solution at 275.8 kPa. Following applications, weed density and biomass 
were evaluated on the 28th day. After harvest, maize grain yield was 
measured. According to obtained data, the highest Johnsongrass suppression 
was obtained using XN nozzle when nicosulfuron was tank-mixed with NIS 
adjuvant. Spraying with XR nozzle provided 96.3% of the biomass reduction 
compared to the untreated check, while spaying with TTI nozzle provided 
87.5% of biomass reduction. Addition of AMS as adjuvant reduced to 70% 
of biomass, as it was noticed in the treatment without adjuvant. 
Consequently, the highest grain yield of 12.3 t ha-1 was recorded when 
nicosulfuron was tank-mixed with NIS adjuvant and sprayed with XR 
nozzle, while the yield of 11.7 t ha-1 was recorded when the TTI nozzle was 
used. The lowest yield, ranging from 10.6 to 11.4 t ha-1
, was recorded in 
treatments without adjuvants.
PB  - Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
C3  - International conference "The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference", Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of abstracts
T1  - Adjuvants and nozzles effects in Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) control using nicosulfuron
SP  - 64
EP  - 64
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Dragičević, Vesna and Tabaković, Marijenka and Šenk, Milena and Simić, Milena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Johnsongrass is one of the most troublesome weed species to control, since it 
belongs to the same family as maize. The sulfonylureas have been the first 
selective herbicides for Johnsongrass control in maize. Non-proper use of 
sulfonylureas had led to herbicide resistance development, and weed control 
failures. However, an optimization of herbicide performance through 
different adjuvants and spraying nozzles application can improve 
Johnsongrass control. Adjuvants are able to change physico-chemical 
properties of herbicide solution, while nozzles influence coverage rate and 
potential drift. A field trial regarding the influence of adjuvants and nozzles 
on Johnsongrass control started 2020 at the experimental field of the Maize 
Research Institute “Zemun Polje”. Nicosulfuron (OD formulation) was 
applied at 5-6-leaf stage, tank-mixed with NIS (non-ionic surfactant) or 
AMS (ammonium-sulphate) using XR11002 or TTI11002 nozzles. 
Sprayings were done when maize developed 5-6 leaves (15-16 BBCH) using 
CO2 backpack sprayer calibrated to deliver a spray volume of 140 l ha-1
of 
solution at 275.8 kPa. Following applications, weed density and biomass 
were evaluated on the 28th day. After harvest, maize grain yield was 
measured. According to obtained data, the highest Johnsongrass suppression 
was obtained using XN nozzle when nicosulfuron was tank-mixed with NIS 
adjuvant. Spraying with XR nozzle provided 96.3% of the biomass reduction 
compared to the untreated check, while spaying with TTI nozzle provided 
87.5% of biomass reduction. Addition of AMS as adjuvant reduced to 70% 
of biomass, as it was noticed in the treatment without adjuvant. 
Consequently, the highest grain yield of 12.3 t ha-1 was recorded when 
nicosulfuron was tank-mixed with NIS adjuvant and sprayed with XR 
nozzle, while the yield of 11.7 t ha-1 was recorded when the TTI nozzle was 
used. The lowest yield, ranging from 10.6 to 11.4 t ha-1
, was recorded in 
treatments without adjuvants.",
publisher = "Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "International conference "The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference", Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of abstracts",
title = "Adjuvants and nozzles effects in Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) control using nicosulfuron",
pages = "64-64"
}
Brankov, M., Dragičević, V., Tabaković, M., Šenk, M.,& Simić, M.. (2021). Adjuvants and nozzles effects in Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) control using nicosulfuron. in International conference "The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference", Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of abstracts
Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje., 64-64.
Brankov M, Dragičević V, Tabaković M, Šenk M, Simić M. Adjuvants and nozzles effects in Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) control using nicosulfuron. in International conference "The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference", Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of abstracts. 2021;:64-64..
Brankov, Milan, Dragičević, Vesna, Tabaković, Marijenka, Šenk, Milena, Simić, Milena, "Adjuvants and nozzles effects in Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) control using nicosulfuron" in International conference "The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference", Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of abstracts (2021):64-64.

The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence herbicides on weeds and maize productivity

Brankov, Milan; Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna

(Elsevier, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1037
AB  - Crop rotation is a simple and effective part of an Integrated Weed Management (IWM) system. This approach 
makes it possible to rotate herbicides with different modes of action (MOA), avoiding or postponing herbicide 
resistance. Besides all the known advantages and benefits, it is still not widely used in maize (Zea mays L.) 
production. In Serbia, about 20% of total maize production is a continuous cropping. The aim of this research 
was to test the benefits of growing maize in crop rotation with winter wheat (Triticum vulgare L.) compared with a 
continuous cropping, combined with pre-emergence herbicide application. Field trials started in 2009, and five 
maize-winter wheat rotations have been completed. Weeds were controlled with a herbicide mixture of isoxa flutole and S-metolachlor, applied at either the full label rate or half rate, while one plot was kept weed free 
(manually), and one was a control. Integrating crop rotation and PRE herbicides decreased the biomass of weeds 
and their density by 98% and 99%, respectively. In continuous maize, perennial weeds became dominant after 
the first rotation. Crop rotation significantly influenced maize productive parameters, decreasing the variation in 
leaf area index and grain yield, increasing values with the number of cycles. The biggest differences in the 
analyzed parameters were observed in 2015, 2017 and 2019, indicating many positive long-term benefits of crop 
rotation on maize leaf area index and grain yield.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Crop protection
T1  - The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence  herbicides on weeds and maize productivity
VL  - 143
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Brankov, Milan and Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Crop rotation is a simple and effective part of an Integrated Weed Management (IWM) system. This approach 
makes it possible to rotate herbicides with different modes of action (MOA), avoiding or postponing herbicide 
resistance. Besides all the known advantages and benefits, it is still not widely used in maize (Zea mays L.) 
production. In Serbia, about 20% of total maize production is a continuous cropping. The aim of this research 
was to test the benefits of growing maize in crop rotation with winter wheat (Triticum vulgare L.) compared with a 
continuous cropping, combined with pre-emergence herbicide application. Field trials started in 2009, and five 
maize-winter wheat rotations have been completed. Weeds were controlled with a herbicide mixture of isoxa flutole and S-metolachlor, applied at either the full label rate or half rate, while one plot was kept weed free 
(manually), and one was a control. Integrating crop rotation and PRE herbicides decreased the biomass of weeds 
and their density by 98% and 99%, respectively. In continuous maize, perennial weeds became dominant after 
the first rotation. Crop rotation significantly influenced maize productive parameters, decreasing the variation in 
leaf area index and grain yield, increasing values with the number of cycles. The biggest differences in the 
analyzed parameters were observed in 2015, 2017 and 2019, indicating many positive long-term benefits of crop 
rotation on maize leaf area index and grain yield.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Crop protection",
title = "The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence  herbicides on weeds and maize productivity",
volume = "143",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558"
}
Brankov, M., Simić, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence  herbicides on weeds and maize productivity. in Crop protection
Elsevier., 143.
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558
Brankov M, Simić M, Dragičević V. The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence  herbicides on weeds and maize productivity. in Crop protection. 2021;143.
doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558 .
Brankov, Milan, Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, "The influence of maize – winter wheat rotation and pre-emergence  herbicides on weeds and maize productivity" in Crop protection, 143 (2021),
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105558 . .

Značaj održivih sistema gajenja za kvalitet prinosa kukuruza i očuvanje biodiverziteta

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Dolijanović, Željko; Brankov, Milan

(Beograd : Akademija inženjerskih nauka Srbije - AINS, Odeljenje biotehničkih nauka, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1029
AB  - Tokom poslednjih nekoliko dekada postalo je evidentno da različiti načini industrijalizacije i intenzifikacije polјoprivredne proizvodnje negativno utiču na životnu sredinu. Sada u 21. veku uočavamo posledice dugogodišnje upotrebe pesticida, intenzivne obrade zemlјišta uz povećanje površina koje ostaju neobrađene zbog uprošćavanja plodoreda, veće upotrebe fosilnih goriva, specifikacije sistema gajenja i dr. Zbog navedenog, polјoprivreda je uzročnik ali takođe trpi posledice klimatskih- promena, zagađenja zemlјišta i voda i smanjenja biodiverziteta. Zbog toga su potrebe za gajenjem useva u održivim sistemima proizvodnje koji su jednako produktivni, sve veće. Održiva polјoprivreda podrazumeva gajenje useva uz manju upotrebu herbicida i davanje prednosti drugim merama - fizičkim, biološkim i ekološkim. Takođe, u održivoj polјoprivredi su ulaganja kontrolisana, određena potrebama useva, zajedno sa održavanjem sadržaja azota i organske materije u zemlјištu. Tako, plodoredi i gajenje pokrovnih i združenih useva kao i gajenje u organskoj proizvodnji, doprinosi produktivnosti kukuruza i smanjenju zakorovlјenosti, kao i ostvarenju prinosa pobolјšanog kvaliteta što je značajno za ishranu i zdravlјe lјudi i životinja.
U radu će se analizirati doprinos održivih sistema gajenja kukuruza kvalitetu prinosa i očuvanju biodiverziteta.
PB  - Beograd : Akademija inženjerskih nauka Srbije - AINS, Odeljenje biotehničkih nauka
PB  - Beograd :  Akademska misao
C3  - Naučni skup "Održivi sistemi proizvodnje hrane i očuvanje biodiverziteta i životne sredine", Beograd, 24.11.2021. - Tematski zbornik radova
T1  - Značaj održivih sistema gajenja za kvalitet prinosa kukuruza i očuvanje biodiverziteta
SP  - 54
EP  - 68
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Dolijanović, Željko and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Tokom poslednjih nekoliko dekada postalo je evidentno da različiti načini industrijalizacije i intenzifikacije polјoprivredne proizvodnje negativno utiču na životnu sredinu. Sada u 21. veku uočavamo posledice dugogodišnje upotrebe pesticida, intenzivne obrade zemlјišta uz povećanje površina koje ostaju neobrađene zbog uprošćavanja plodoreda, veće upotrebe fosilnih goriva, specifikacije sistema gajenja i dr. Zbog navedenog, polјoprivreda je uzročnik ali takođe trpi posledice klimatskih- promena, zagađenja zemlјišta i voda i smanjenja biodiverziteta. Zbog toga su potrebe za gajenjem useva u održivim sistemima proizvodnje koji su jednako produktivni, sve veće. Održiva polјoprivreda podrazumeva gajenje useva uz manju upotrebu herbicida i davanje prednosti drugim merama - fizičkim, biološkim i ekološkim. Takođe, u održivoj polјoprivredi su ulaganja kontrolisana, određena potrebama useva, zajedno sa održavanjem sadržaja azota i organske materije u zemlјištu. Tako, plodoredi i gajenje pokrovnih i združenih useva kao i gajenje u organskoj proizvodnji, doprinosi produktivnosti kukuruza i smanjenju zakorovlјenosti, kao i ostvarenju prinosa pobolјšanog kvaliteta što je značajno za ishranu i zdravlјe lјudi i životinja.
U radu će se analizirati doprinos održivih sistema gajenja kukuruza kvalitetu prinosa i očuvanju biodiverziteta.",
publisher = "Beograd : Akademija inženjerskih nauka Srbije - AINS, Odeljenje biotehničkih nauka, Beograd :  Akademska misao",
journal = "Naučni skup "Održivi sistemi proizvodnje hrane i očuvanje biodiverziteta i životne sredine", Beograd, 24.11.2021. - Tematski zbornik radova",
title = "Značaj održivih sistema gajenja za kvalitet prinosa kukuruza i očuvanje biodiverziteta",
pages = "54-68"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Dolijanović, Ž.,& Brankov, M.. (2021). Značaj održivih sistema gajenja za kvalitet prinosa kukuruza i očuvanje biodiverziteta. in Naučni skup "Održivi sistemi proizvodnje hrane i očuvanje biodiverziteta i životne sredine", Beograd, 24.11.2021. - Tematski zbornik radova
Beograd : Akademija inženjerskih nauka Srbije - AINS, Odeljenje biotehničkih nauka., 54-68.
Simić M, Dragičević V, Dolijanović Ž, Brankov M. Značaj održivih sistema gajenja za kvalitet prinosa kukuruza i očuvanje biodiverziteta. in Naučni skup "Održivi sistemi proizvodnje hrane i očuvanje biodiverziteta i životne sredine", Beograd, 24.11.2021. - Tematski zbornik radova. 2021;:54-68..
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Dolijanović, Željko, Brankov, Milan, "Značaj održivih sistema gajenja za kvalitet prinosa kukuruza i očuvanje biodiverziteta" in Naučni skup "Održivi sistemi proizvodnje hrane i očuvanje biodiverziteta i životne sredine", Beograd, 24.11.2021. - Tematski zbornik radova (2021):54-68.

Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja

Simić, Milena; Dolijanović, Željko; Pejović, Marija; Brankov, Milan; Filipovic, Milomir; Dragičević, Vesna

(Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Pejović, Marija
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Filipovic, Milomir
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/1001
AB  - Održivi sistemi gajenja useva su alternativa intenzivnoj, industrijalizovanoj poljoprivredi u kojoj je dudgogodišnja primena pesticida ugrozila životnu sredinu. U održivim sistemima gajenja, prioritet je smanjiti upotrebu herbicida i đubriva i povećati efikasnost proizvodnje uz korišćenje postojećih resursa radi zaštite agroekosistema. U tom smislu, pokrovni usevi i sistemi obrade zemljišta mogu 
doprineti značajnom smanjenju zakorovljenosti kukuruza, održanju kvaliteta zemljišta uz ostvarenje visokog i kvalitetnog prinosa. Istraživanja su sprovedena u Institutu za kukuruz Zemun Polje, Beograd, sa ciljem da se utvrdi koliki je doprinos održivog sistema gajenja (sa pokrovnim usevima) u poređenju sa konvencionalnim/intenzivnim sistemom gajenja, plodnosti zemljišta i produktivnosti kukuruza. Ogled je postavljen 2020. godine i čine ga tri sistema gajenja kukuruza:- ekstenzivni sistem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), zemljište je ostalo neobrađeno, krajem leta je primenjen totalni herbicid radi suzbijanja izniklih korova, u proleće je direktnom setvom posejan kukuruz
- intenzivni sistem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), strnište je plitko zaorano (ljuštenje strništa), kasnije su primenom totalnog herbicida suzbijeni iznikli korovi, u jesen je zemljište duboko uzorano a u proleće je obavljena predsetvena priprema zemljišta frezom i setva kukuruza -održivi sitem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), strnište je plitko zaorano (ljuštenje strništa) nakon čega su posejani ozimi pokrovni usevi – ozimi ovas, ozimi stočni kelj i ozimi stočni grašak; pokrovni usevi su u proleće pokošeni i kada je biomasa svela i delom se razgradila, direktnom setvom je posejan kukuruz.Setva visokorodnog hibrida kukuruza najnovije generacije, ZP5601 je obavljena 6. maja 
2021. u gustini od 60 606 biljka po ha. U navedenim sistemima gajenja kukuruza analiziran je sadržaj ukupnog N i C, kao i odnos C:N iz uzoraka zemljišta uzetih pre setve kukuruza kao i prinos kukuruza, obračunat na 14% vlage u zrnu. Na početku vegetacione sezone 2021. godine, najveći sadržaj organskog C je imala varijanta sa konvencionalnim sistemom gajenja, najveći sadržaj ukupnog N je utvrđen takođe u ovoj i varijanti sa ekstenzivnim sistemom gajenja, dok su najpovoljniji odnos C:N imale varijante sa pokrovnim usevima od ozimog stočnog kelja i stočnog graška. Na kraju vegetacionog perioda u promenljivoj i, za kukuruz, nepovoljnoj 2021. godini, 
najveći prinos je imao ekstenzivni sistem gajenja (6,70 t ha-1) a nešto niži konvencionalni sistem (6,38 t ha-1) dok je od pokrovnih useva najproduktivnije bilo gajenje kukuruza nakon stočnog graška (5,61 t ha-1).Sistemi gajenja kukuruza, posebno kada se radi o proizvodnji za ljudsku ishranu, će ubuduće sve više težiti održivosti i upotrebi alternativnih mera kad je u pitanju upotreba pesticida.
AB  - Sustainable systems of crop cultivation are an alternative to intensive, industrialised agriculture in which a long-term application of pesticides has endangered the environment. The priority in these systems is to reduce the use of herbicides and fertilisers and to increase the production efficiency while using existing resources to protect agro-ecosystems. In this sense, cover crops and tillage systems can contribute to a significant reduction in maize weediness, maintenance of soil quality while achieving high and quality yields. Studies were conducted at the Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, Belgrade, with the aim to determine the contribution of the sustainable cultivation system (with cover crops) in comparison to the conventional/intensive cultivation system, soil fertility and maize productivity. The trial was set up in 2020 and encompassed three maize growing systems:- extensive system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, soil remained untilled and at the end of summer a total herbicide was applied to control emerged weeds, while in spring, maize 
was sown by direct sowing - intensive system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, stubble was shallowly ploughed (shallow ploughing), later the total herbicide was applied to suppress emerged weeds; in autumn, soil was deeply ploughed up, while seedbed preparation with a cultivator and maize sowing were done in spring -sustainable system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, stubble was shallowly ploughed (shallow ploughing) and then winter cover crops (winter oats, winter fodder kale and winter field pea) were sown; cover crops were mowed in spring and when biomass was wilted and partially decomposed, maize was sown by direct sowing. Sowing of a high-yielding maize hybrid of the latest generation, ZP5601, was performed on May 6, 2021 at the sowing density of 60,606 plants ha-1. In the stated maize cultivation systems, the contents of total N and C, as well as the C:N ratio were analysed in soil samples drawn prior to maize sowing and maize yield was calculated at 14% grain moisture. At the beginning of the 2021 growing season, the highest content of organic C was recorded in the variant with the conventional cultivation system, whereas the highest content of total N was also determined in this variant but with the extensive cultivation system; the most favourable the C:N ratio was established in variants with cover crops consisted of winter fodder kale and field pea. At the end of the 2021 growing season that was variable and unfavourable for maize, the highest yield (6.70 t ha-1) was recorded in the extensive cultivation system; a slightly lower yield (6.38 t ha-1) was achieved in the conventional 
system, while the most productive (5.61 t ha-1) in the cover crop system was maize cultivation after field pea. Maize cultivation systems, especially when it comes to the production for human 
consumption, will increasingly tend to sustainability and the use of alternative measures instead of the pesticide application.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Znornik radova
T1  - Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja
T1  - Maize productivity in sustainable system of cultivation
SP  - 72
EP  - 73
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dolijanović, Željko and Pejović, Marija and Brankov, Milan and Filipovic, Milomir and Dragičević, Vesna",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Održivi sistemi gajenja useva su alternativa intenzivnoj, industrijalizovanoj poljoprivredi u kojoj je dudgogodišnja primena pesticida ugrozila životnu sredinu. U održivim sistemima gajenja, prioritet je smanjiti upotrebu herbicida i đubriva i povećati efikasnost proizvodnje uz korišćenje postojećih resursa radi zaštite agroekosistema. U tom smislu, pokrovni usevi i sistemi obrade zemljišta mogu 
doprineti značajnom smanjenju zakorovljenosti kukuruza, održanju kvaliteta zemljišta uz ostvarenje visokog i kvalitetnog prinosa. Istraživanja su sprovedena u Institutu za kukuruz Zemun Polje, Beograd, sa ciljem da se utvrdi koliki je doprinos održivog sistema gajenja (sa pokrovnim usevima) u poređenju sa konvencionalnim/intenzivnim sistemom gajenja, plodnosti zemljišta i produktivnosti kukuruza. Ogled je postavljen 2020. godine i čine ga tri sistema gajenja kukuruza:- ekstenzivni sistem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), zemljište je ostalo neobrađeno, krajem leta je primenjen totalni herbicid radi suzbijanja izniklih korova, u proleće je direktnom setvom posejan kukuruz
- intenzivni sistem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), strnište je plitko zaorano (ljuštenje strništa), kasnije su primenom totalnog herbicida suzbijeni iznikli korovi, u jesen je zemljište duboko uzorano a u proleće je obavljena predsetvena priprema zemljišta frezom i setva kukuruza -održivi sitem: posle žetve strnine (oz. pšenica), strnište je plitko zaorano (ljuštenje strništa) nakon čega su posejani ozimi pokrovni usevi – ozimi ovas, ozimi stočni kelj i ozimi stočni grašak; pokrovni usevi su u proleće pokošeni i kada je biomasa svela i delom se razgradila, direktnom setvom je posejan kukuruz.Setva visokorodnog hibrida kukuruza najnovije generacije, ZP5601 je obavljena 6. maja 
2021. u gustini od 60 606 biljka po ha. U navedenim sistemima gajenja kukuruza analiziran je sadržaj ukupnog N i C, kao i odnos C:N iz uzoraka zemljišta uzetih pre setve kukuruza kao i prinos kukuruza, obračunat na 14% vlage u zrnu. Na početku vegetacione sezone 2021. godine, najveći sadržaj organskog C je imala varijanta sa konvencionalnim sistemom gajenja, najveći sadržaj ukupnog N je utvrđen takođe u ovoj i varijanti sa ekstenzivnim sistemom gajenja, dok su najpovoljniji odnos C:N imale varijante sa pokrovnim usevima od ozimog stočnog kelja i stočnog graška. Na kraju vegetacionog perioda u promenljivoj i, za kukuruz, nepovoljnoj 2021. godini, 
najveći prinos je imao ekstenzivni sistem gajenja (6,70 t ha-1) a nešto niži konvencionalni sistem (6,38 t ha-1) dok je od pokrovnih useva najproduktivnije bilo gajenje kukuruza nakon stočnog graška (5,61 t ha-1).Sistemi gajenja kukuruza, posebno kada se radi o proizvodnji za ljudsku ishranu, će ubuduće sve više težiti održivosti i upotrebi alternativnih mera kad je u pitanju upotreba pesticida., Sustainable systems of crop cultivation are an alternative to intensive, industrialised agriculture in which a long-term application of pesticides has endangered the environment. The priority in these systems is to reduce the use of herbicides and fertilisers and to increase the production efficiency while using existing resources to protect agro-ecosystems. In this sense, cover crops and tillage systems can contribute to a significant reduction in maize weediness, maintenance of soil quality while achieving high and quality yields. Studies were conducted at the Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, Belgrade, with the aim to determine the contribution of the sustainable cultivation system (with cover crops) in comparison to the conventional/intensive cultivation system, soil fertility and maize productivity. The trial was set up in 2020 and encompassed three maize growing systems:- extensive system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, soil remained untilled and at the end of summer a total herbicide was applied to control emerged weeds, while in spring, maize 
was sown by direct sowing - intensive system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, stubble was shallowly ploughed (shallow ploughing), later the total herbicide was applied to suppress emerged weeds; in autumn, soil was deeply ploughed up, while seedbed preparation with a cultivator and maize sowing were done in spring -sustainable system: after stubble (winter wheat) harvest, stubble was shallowly ploughed (shallow ploughing) and then winter cover crops (winter oats, winter fodder kale and winter field pea) were sown; cover crops were mowed in spring and when biomass was wilted and partially decomposed, maize was sown by direct sowing. Sowing of a high-yielding maize hybrid of the latest generation, ZP5601, was performed on May 6, 2021 at the sowing density of 60,606 plants ha-1. In the stated maize cultivation systems, the contents of total N and C, as well as the C:N ratio were analysed in soil samples drawn prior to maize sowing and maize yield was calculated at 14% grain moisture. At the beginning of the 2021 growing season, the highest content of organic C was recorded in the variant with the conventional cultivation system, whereas the highest content of total N was also determined in this variant but with the extensive cultivation system; the most favourable the C:N ratio was established in variants with cover crops consisted of winter fodder kale and field pea. At the end of the 2021 growing season that was variable and unfavourable for maize, the highest yield (6.70 t ha-1) was recorded in the extensive cultivation system; a slightly lower yield (6.38 t ha-1) was achieved in the conventional 
system, while the most productive (5.61 t ha-1) in the cover crop system was maize cultivation after field pea. Maize cultivation systems, especially when it comes to the production for human 
consumption, will increasingly tend to sustainability and the use of alternative measures instead of the pesticide application.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Znornik radova",
title = "Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja, Maize productivity in sustainable system of cultivation",
pages = "72-73"
}
Simić, M., Dolijanović, Ž., Pejović, M., Brankov, M., Filipovic, M.,& Dragičević, V.. (2021). Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Znornik radova
Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet., 72-73.
Simić M, Dolijanović Ž, Pejović M, Brankov M, Filipovic M, Dragičević V. Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Znornik radova. 2021;:72-73..
Simić, Milena, Dolijanović, Željko, Pejović, Marija, Brankov, Milan, Filipovic, Milomir, Dragičević, Vesna, "Produktivnost kukuruza u održivom sistemu gajenja" in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji, Beograd, 21-22.10.2021. godine - Znornik radova (2021):72-73.

IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides

Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Dragičević, Vesna; Tolimir, Miodrag; Šenk, Milena; Tabaković, Marijenka

(Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/998
AB  - The Integrated Weed Management System has been applied with variable success in many crops since its establishment in 1991. Environmental awareness, growing problems with herbicide resistance and a lack of new active ingredients, resulted in weed control not only with chemicals but also other measures. The aim of the study was to examine long-term IWM
measures - combined application of crop rotation and herbicides on weed biomass and maize yield. The trial has been conducted since 2009, encompassing maize continuous cropping (MC), maize-winter wheat (MW), maize-soybean-winter wheat (MSW) and maize-winter wheat-soybean 
(MWS) rotations. The isoxaflutole + acetochlor mixture at recommended (RR), half of the recommended rate (0.5RR) and no-herbicides (C) were preemergence treatments applied in maize. Weed biomass was recorded from two randomly selected sites in the middle of each plot by square meter method, 6-7 weeks after the application of herbicides. Maize grain yield was calculated at 14% moisture at the end of the growing season. The data were processed by 
ANOVA and LSD-test (α = 0.05). According to the 10-year average, weed biomass had decreased with the application of herbicide 0.5RR by 69.2%, 90.0%, 83.2% and 70.9% and of RR by 79.2%, 94.2%, 93.9% and 81.3% in MC, MW, MSW and MWS rotation, respectively. Herbicide RR was in 
average more effective than 0.5RR by 8.8% while the most effective in weed biomass reduction in average for both herbicide rates were MW and MSW rotations - 94.2% and 93.9%, respectively. Herbicide weed control contributed to the grain yield increase even in MC by 31.0% and 43.1% with 0.5RR and RR, respectively, while MSW was the most effective rotation and increased 
yield by 36.1% and 30.5% with 05.RR and RR, respectively. This indicates a significant correlation between the weed biomass decrease and the maize yield increase, as well as the importance of a preceding crop for maize productivity in integrated crop production systems with reduced herbicide use.
PB  - Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
C3  - International Conference The Frontiers of Science and  Technology in Crop Breeding and  Production Conference, Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of Abstracts
T1  - IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides
SP  - 61
EP  - 61
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Dragičević, Vesna and Tolimir, Miodrag and Šenk, Milena and Tabaković, Marijenka",
year = "2021",
abstract = "The Integrated Weed Management System has been applied with variable success in many crops since its establishment in 1991. Environmental awareness, growing problems with herbicide resistance and a lack of new active ingredients, resulted in weed control not only with chemicals but also other measures. The aim of the study was to examine long-term IWM
measures - combined application of crop rotation and herbicides on weed biomass and maize yield. The trial has been conducted since 2009, encompassing maize continuous cropping (MC), maize-winter wheat (MW), maize-soybean-winter wheat (MSW) and maize-winter wheat-soybean 
(MWS) rotations. The isoxaflutole + acetochlor mixture at recommended (RR), half of the recommended rate (0.5RR) and no-herbicides (C) were preemergence treatments applied in maize. Weed biomass was recorded from two randomly selected sites in the middle of each plot by square meter method, 6-7 weeks after the application of herbicides. Maize grain yield was calculated at 14% moisture at the end of the growing season. The data were processed by 
ANOVA and LSD-test (α = 0.05). According to the 10-year average, weed biomass had decreased with the application of herbicide 0.5RR by 69.2%, 90.0%, 83.2% and 70.9% and of RR by 79.2%, 94.2%, 93.9% and 81.3% in MC, MW, MSW and MWS rotation, respectively. Herbicide RR was in 
average more effective than 0.5RR by 8.8% while the most effective in weed biomass reduction in average for both herbicide rates were MW and MSW rotations - 94.2% and 93.9%, respectively. Herbicide weed control contributed to the grain yield increase even in MC by 31.0% and 43.1% with 0.5RR and RR, respectively, while MSW was the most effective rotation and increased 
yield by 36.1% and 30.5% with 05.RR and RR, respectively. This indicates a significant correlation between the weed biomass decrease and the maize yield increase, as well as the importance of a preceding crop for maize productivity in integrated crop production systems with reduced herbicide use.",
publisher = "Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "International Conference The Frontiers of Science and  Technology in Crop Breeding and  Production Conference, Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of Abstracts",
title = "IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides",
pages = "61-61"
}
Simić, M., Brankov, M., Dragičević, V., Tolimir, M., Šenk, M.,& Tabaković, M.. (2021). IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides. in International Conference The Frontiers of Science and  Technology in Crop Breeding and  Production Conference, Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of Abstracts
Belgrade - Zemun : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje., 61-61.
Simić M, Brankov M, Dragičević V, Tolimir M, Šenk M, Tabaković M. IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides. in International Conference The Frontiers of Science and  Technology in Crop Breeding and  Production Conference, Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of Abstracts. 2021;:61-61..
Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Dragičević, Vesna, Tolimir, Miodrag, Šenk, Milena, Tabaković, Marijenka, "IWMS in maize weed control - the role of crop rotation and herbicides" in International Conference The Frontiers of Science and  Technology in Crop Breeding and  Production Conference, Belgrade, 8-9 June 2021 - Book of Abstracts (2021):61-61.

Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza

Simić, Milena; Dragičević, Vesna; Dolijanović, Željko; Brankov, Milan; Jovanović, Života

(Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Jovanović, Života
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/995
AB  - Prednosti tropoljnog i četvoropoljnog plodoreda u odnosu na dvopoljni 
su smanjena učestalost obrade zemljišta i time ušteda u energentima, manji unos 
mineralnih azotnih đubriva i količine primenjenih herbicida. Istraživanja su imala za 
cilj da ukažu na značaj pravilne smene useva u tropoljnom plodoredu i uporede 
prednosti gajenja kukuruza nakon ozime pšenice ili soje u pogledu smanjenja 
zakorovljenosti, formiranja žetvenog indeksa i prinosa zrna. Rezultati višegodišnjih 
ispitivanja su pokazali da je smena useva u plodoredu značajno doprinela da sveža masa 
korova bude manja a žetveni indeks i prinos zrna kukuruza veći u plodosmeni kukuruz ozima pšenica-soja u odnosu na kukuruz-soja-ozima pšenica.
AB  - The advantages of the three- and four-crop rotations in relation to the two crop rotation are reduced frequency of soil tillage, and thus savings in energy 
sources, lower intake of mineral nitrogen fertilisers and the amount of applied 
herbicides. The aim of the present study was to indicate the importance of a proper 
alternation of crops in the three-crop rotation system and to compare the 
advantages of cultivation of maize after winter wheat or soybean in terms of 
reducing weediness, formation of the harvest index and grain yield. Results of 
long-term studies have shown that the crop sequence significantly contributed to 
the decrease in fresh biomass of weed and the increase in the harvest index and 
grain yield in the maize-winter wheat-soybean rotation in relation to the maize-soybean-winter wheat rotation
PB  - Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet
C3  - 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova
T1  - Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza
T1  - The importance of crop sequence for maize productivity
SP  - 85
EP  - 91
DO  - 10.46793/SBT26.085S
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Simić, Milena and Dragičević, Vesna and Dolijanović, Željko and Brankov, Milan and Jovanović, Života",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Prednosti tropoljnog i četvoropoljnog plodoreda u odnosu na dvopoljni 
su smanjena učestalost obrade zemljišta i time ušteda u energentima, manji unos 
mineralnih azotnih đubriva i količine primenjenih herbicida. Istraživanja su imala za 
cilj da ukažu na značaj pravilne smene useva u tropoljnom plodoredu i uporede 
prednosti gajenja kukuruza nakon ozime pšenice ili soje u pogledu smanjenja 
zakorovljenosti, formiranja žetvenog indeksa i prinosa zrna. Rezultati višegodišnjih 
ispitivanja su pokazali da je smena useva u plodoredu značajno doprinela da sveža masa 
korova bude manja a žetveni indeks i prinos zrna kukuruza veći u plodosmeni kukuruz ozima pšenica-soja u odnosu na kukuruz-soja-ozima pšenica., The advantages of the three- and four-crop rotations in relation to the two crop rotation are reduced frequency of soil tillage, and thus savings in energy 
sources, lower intake of mineral nitrogen fertilisers and the amount of applied 
herbicides. The aim of the present study was to indicate the importance of a proper 
alternation of crops in the three-crop rotation system and to compare the 
advantages of cultivation of maize after winter wheat or soybean in terms of 
reducing weediness, formation of the harvest index and grain yield. Results of 
long-term studies have shown that the crop sequence significantly contributed to 
the decrease in fresh biomass of weed and the increase in the harvest index and 
grain yield in the maize-winter wheat-soybean rotation in relation to the maize-soybean-winter wheat rotation",
publisher = "Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet",
journal = "26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova",
title = "Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza, The importance of crop sequence for maize productivity",
pages = "85-91",
doi = "10.46793/SBT26.085S"
}
Simić, M., Dragičević, V., Dolijanović, Ž., Brankov, M.,& Jovanović, Ž.. (2021). Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza. in 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova
Čačak : Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet., 85-91.
https://doi.org/10.46793/SBT26.085S
Simić M, Dragičević V, Dolijanović Ž, Brankov M, Jovanović Ž. Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza. in 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova. 2021;:85-91.
doi:10.46793/SBT26.085S .
Simić, Milena, Dragičević, Vesna, Dolijanović, Željko, Brankov, Milan, Jovanović, Života, "Značaj preduseva za produktivnost kukuruza" in 26. savetovanje o biotehnologiji sa međunarodnim učešćem, Čačak, 12-13. mart 2021. godine - Zbornik radova (2021):85-91,
https://doi.org/10.46793/SBT26.085S . .
3

Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer

Dragičević, Vesna; Dolijanović, Željko; Janosevic, Biljana; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljković, Milovan M.; Dodevska, Margarita; Simic, Milena

(Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Dolijanović, Željko
AU  - Janosevic, Biljana
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljković, Milovan M.
AU  - Dodevska, Margarita
AU  - Simic, Milena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/984
AB  - Cover crops (CC) are an important low-input strategy in sustainable agricultural systems. The impact of different CC (common vetch, field pea, winter oats, fodder kale, common vetch + winter oats and field pea + winter oats), organic mulch, control treatment-fallow, and bio-fertilizer (BF) application, on yield and quality of sweet maize kernel was evaluated. CC biomass was higher in mixtures: field pea + winter oats, and common vetch + winter oats, as well as in fodder kale. Kernel yield and its chemical composition varied significantly by CC, BF, year, and their interaction. Organic mulch enhanced the concentration of sugars and glutathione in maize kernel. BF increased kernel yield, the concentration of sugars, vitamin C, Mg, Fe, Zn, and reduced phytate concentration. The highest Mg and Mn concentration in maize kernel was achieved with fodder kale, Zn concentration with common vetch + winter oats + BF, and Fe concentration with winter oats. The same treatments expressed the highest impact on variability in concentration of the phytate, phenolics, and yellow pigment, thus affecting further bio-availability of essential elements. Results indicate that in a semi-arid climate, under rain-fed conditions, CC such as fodder kale and winter oats + common vetch could enhance sweet maize productivity and kernel quality, serving as an important part of a sustainable cropping system, to facilitate food security.
PB  - Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
T2  - Agronomy
T1  - Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer
VL  - 11
IS  - 5
SP  - 981
DO  - https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Dolijanović, Željko and Janosevic, Biljana and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljković, Milovan M. and Dodevska, Margarita and Simic, Milena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Cover crops (CC) are an important low-input strategy in sustainable agricultural systems. The impact of different CC (common vetch, field pea, winter oats, fodder kale, common vetch + winter oats and field pea + winter oats), organic mulch, control treatment-fallow, and bio-fertilizer (BF) application, on yield and quality of sweet maize kernel was evaluated. CC biomass was higher in mixtures: field pea + winter oats, and common vetch + winter oats, as well as in fodder kale. Kernel yield and its chemical composition varied significantly by CC, BF, year, and their interaction. Organic mulch enhanced the concentration of sugars and glutathione in maize kernel. BF increased kernel yield, the concentration of sugars, vitamin C, Mg, Fe, Zn, and reduced phytate concentration. The highest Mg and Mn concentration in maize kernel was achieved with fodder kale, Zn concentration with common vetch + winter oats + BF, and Fe concentration with winter oats. The same treatments expressed the highest impact on variability in concentration of the phytate, phenolics, and yellow pigment, thus affecting further bio-availability of essential elements. Results indicate that in a semi-arid climate, under rain-fed conditions, CC such as fodder kale and winter oats + common vetch could enhance sweet maize productivity and kernel quality, serving as an important part of a sustainable cropping system, to facilitate food security.",
publisher = "Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
journal = "Agronomy",
title = "Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer",
volume = "11",
number = "5",
pages = "981",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981"
}
Dragičević, V., Dolijanović, Ž., Janosevic, B., Brankov, M., Stoiljković, M. M., Dodevska, M.,& Simic, M.. (2021). Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer. in Agronomy
Basel : Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)., 11(5), 981.
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981
Dragičević V, Dolijanović Ž, Janosevic B, Brankov M, Stoiljković MM, Dodevska M, Simic M. Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer. in Agronomy. 2021;11(5):981.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981 .
Dragičević, Vesna, Dolijanović, Željko, Janosevic, Biljana, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljković, Milovan M., Dodevska, Margarita, Simic, Milena, "Enhanced nutritional quality of sweet maize kernel in response to cover crops and bio-fertilizer" in Agronomy, 11, no. 5 (2021):981,
https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050981 . .

Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна

Dragičević, Vesna; Simić, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljković, Milovan; Delić, Nenad; Tolimir, Miodrag; Šenk, Milena

(Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simić, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljković, Milovan
AU  - Delić, Nenad
AU  - Tolimir, Miodrag
AU  - Šenk, Milena
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/942
AB  - Зрно кукуруза је важан извор минералних елемената у људској исхрани. Разлике у
садржају минерала у зрну кукуруза могу зависити од генотипа, система гајења,
примене ђубрива, као и метеоролошких услова. Циљ експеримента је био да се испита
утицај различитих система ђубрења (минерално ђубриво – уреа, органско ђубриво –
Fertor, микробиолошко ђубриво – Team micoriza plus, контрола – без ђубрења) на
принос и промене у садржају P, S, Ca, Mg и Fe у кукурузу белог, жутог и црвеног зрна,
током вегетационе сезоне 2017. и 2018. године. У погледу метеоролошких услова,
уочен је сушан период током јуна–августа 2017., док је 2018. имала равномеран
распоред падавина. Зато је у 2017. просечан принос зрна био скоро двоструко мањи, за
4,6 t ha-1, у односу на 2018. годину, али је у 2017. била знатно виша просечна
концентрација Ca, Mg, S и Fе. Зрно црвеног кукуруза је уз просечно већи принос, било
богатије у садржају Cа, Fе и P, док је, органско ђубриво у највећој мери утицало на
повећање приноса и акумулацију Mg, P и S. Код кукуруза црвеног зрна примена
органског ђубрива је у највећем степену довела до већег приноса, као и концентрације
Mg и P, док је микробиолошко ђубриво повећало концентрацију Ca, а уреа Fе. Једино
је већи ниво S био забележен у контроли код кукуруза жуте боје зрна. Највећа
варирања вредности приноса била су код жутог кукуруза (третман са органским
ђубривом и контрола) и црвеног у третману са уреом, док су највећа варирања P, S, Mg
и Fе била код кукуруза црвеног зрна (третман са микробилошким и органским
ђубривом), као и кукуруза жутог зрна у контроли. Приказани резултати указују да се
преко услова гајења може утицати на накупљање важних минерала у зрну кукуруза и
то посебно црвене боје, које би се стога могло сматрати важним извором P, Cа, Mg и
Fе, док би жуто зрно кукуруза могло представљати значајан извор S.
AB  - Maize kernel is an important source of mineral elements in human nutrition. Differences in
mineral content in maize kernel depend on genotype, cropping systems, fertilization, and
meteorological conditions. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of different
fertilization systems (mineral fertilizer – urea, organic fertilizer – Fertor, biofertilizer – Team
micoriza plus, control – without fertilization) on kernel yield and variations in content of P, S,
Ca, Mg, and Fe in kernel of white, yellow and red maize, during 2017 and 2018.
Meteorological conditions indicated dry period during June–August 2017, while in 2018
precipitations were equally distributed. Therefore, the average yield was almost double lower
in 2017 (to 4.6 t ha-1), compared to 2018, while higher average concentration of Ca, Mg, S,
and Fe in maize kernels was recorded in 2017. With higher average yield, red maize kernel
was richer in Ca, Fe, and P. Organic fertilizer increased average yield, and accumulation of
Mg, P, and S in kernels. In regard to combinations, application of organic fertilizer in red
maize resulted in increase of yield, Mg and P, while the biofertilizer increased Ca and urea
increased Fe concentration in kernel. S concentration achieved the highest value in the
control in yellow maize kernel. The greatest variations of kernel yield were in yellow maize
(treatment with the organic fertilizer and control) and in red maize with the urea treatment,
while the greatest variability of P, S, Mg, and Fe concentration was in red maize kernel
(treatment with the bio- and organic fertilizer), as well as yellow maize kernel in the control.
Presented results indicated that adjustments in growing conditions could impact accumulation
of important minerals in kernel, particularly in red maize, which could be considered as a
significant source of P, CA, Mg, and Fe, while yellow maize kernel could be referred as a
significant source of S.
PB  - Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet
C3  - 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda
T1  - Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна
T1  - Status of some macro-elements in maize kernel with different colour
SP  - 66
EP  - 67
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simić, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljković, Milovan and Delić, Nenad and Tolimir, Miodrag and Šenk, Milena",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Зрно кукуруза је важан извор минералних елемената у људској исхрани. Разлике у
садржају минерала у зрну кукуруза могу зависити од генотипа, система гајења,
примене ђубрива, као и метеоролошких услова. Циљ експеримента је био да се испита
утицај различитих система ђубрења (минерално ђубриво – уреа, органско ђубриво –
Fertor, микробиолошко ђубриво – Team micoriza plus, контрола – без ђубрења) на
принос и промене у садржају P, S, Ca, Mg и Fe у кукурузу белог, жутог и црвеног зрна,
током вегетационе сезоне 2017. и 2018. године. У погледу метеоролошких услова,
уочен је сушан период током јуна–августа 2017., док је 2018. имала равномеран
распоред падавина. Зато је у 2017. просечан принос зрна био скоро двоструко мањи, за
4,6 t ha-1, у односу на 2018. годину, али је у 2017. била знатно виша просечна
концентрација Ca, Mg, S и Fе. Зрно црвеног кукуруза је уз просечно већи принос, било
богатије у садржају Cа, Fе и P, док је, органско ђубриво у највећој мери утицало на
повећање приноса и акумулацију Mg, P и S. Код кукуруза црвеног зрна примена
органског ђубрива је у највећем степену довела до већег приноса, као и концентрације
Mg и P, док је микробиолошко ђубриво повећало концентрацију Ca, а уреа Fе. Једино
је већи ниво S био забележен у контроли код кукуруза жуте боје зрна. Највећа
варирања вредности приноса била су код жутог кукуруза (третман са органским
ђубривом и контрола) и црвеног у третману са уреом, док су највећа варирања P, S, Mg
и Fе била код кукуруза црвеног зрна (третман са микробилошким и органским
ђубривом), као и кукуруза жутог зрна у контроли. Приказани резултати указују да се
преко услова гајења може утицати на накупљање важних минерала у зрну кукуруза и
то посебно црвене боје, које би се стога могло сматрати важним извором P, Cа, Mg и
Fе, док би жуто зрно кукуруза могло представљати значајан извор S., Maize kernel is an important source of mineral elements in human nutrition. Differences in
mineral content in maize kernel depend on genotype, cropping systems, fertilization, and
meteorological conditions. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of different
fertilization systems (mineral fertilizer – urea, organic fertilizer – Fertor, biofertilizer – Team
micoriza plus, control – without fertilization) on kernel yield and variations in content of P, S,
Ca, Mg, and Fe in kernel of white, yellow and red maize, during 2017 and 2018.
Meteorological conditions indicated dry period during June–August 2017, while in 2018
precipitations were equally distributed. Therefore, the average yield was almost double lower
in 2017 (to 4.6 t ha-1), compared to 2018, while higher average concentration of Ca, Mg, S,
and Fe in maize kernels was recorded in 2017. With higher average yield, red maize kernel
was richer in Ca, Fe, and P. Organic fertilizer increased average yield, and accumulation of
Mg, P, and S in kernels. In regard to combinations, application of organic fertilizer in red
maize resulted in increase of yield, Mg and P, while the biofertilizer increased Ca and urea
increased Fe concentration in kernel. S concentration achieved the highest value in the
control in yellow maize kernel. The greatest variations of kernel yield were in yellow maize
(treatment with the organic fertilizer and control) and in red maize with the urea treatment,
while the greatest variability of P, S, Mg, and Fe concentration was in red maize kernel
(treatment with the bio- and organic fertilizer), as well as yellow maize kernel in the control.
Presented results indicated that adjustments in growing conditions could impact accumulation
of important minerals in kernel, particularly in red maize, which could be considered as a
significant source of P, CA, Mg, and Fe, while yellow maize kernel could be referred as a
significant source of S.",
publisher = "Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet",
journal = "10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda",
title = "Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна, Status of some macro-elements in maize kernel with different colour",
pages = "66-67"
}
Dragičević, V., Simić, M., Brankov, M., Stoiljković, M., Delić, N., Tolimir, M.,& Šenk, M.. (2021). Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda
Beograd : Univerzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet., 66-67.
Dragičević V, Simić M, Brankov M, Stoiljković M, Delić N, Tolimir M, Šenk M. Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна. in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda. 2021;:66-67..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simić, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljković, Milovan, Delić, Nenad, Tolimir, Miodrag, Šenk, Milena, "Статус појединих макроелемената у кукурузу различите боје зрна" in 10. Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem "Inovacije u ratarskoj i povrtarskoj proizvodnji", 21-22. oktobar 2021., Beograd - Zbornik izvoda (2021):66-67.

Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains

Dragičević, Vesna; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Simic, Milena; Tabaković, Marijenka; Milenković, Milena; Brankov, Milan

(Belgrade : University of Belgrade, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Milenković, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/938
AB  - Frequent variations and extremes in meteorological factors, affect not just yield, but also grain composition of produced crops. Organic crop production has many challenges, particularly under the rain-fed conditions, when water supply is limited and crops could be additionally subjected to the harsh environment. Aim of the research was to follow variations in grain composition of organically produced spelt wheat (var. Nirvana) and red grain maize (var. Rumenka) during 2011-2017 period, which included meteorologically different seasons. Analysed grain components included essential elements: Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe and Mn (determined by ICP-OES), as well as antioxidants, such as polyphenols, yellow pigments (YP), total glutathione (GSH) and phytate (Phy) (determined spectrophotometrically). Results revealed that the lowest concentrations of polyphenols, YP and GSH and slightly reduced Phy in the grains of both, spelt and maize were present during the season with extremely high precipitation, as 2014 was. Nevertheless, drier seasons had positive impact on the accumulation of all examined antioxidants and the highest values were obtained during meteorologically optimal years. Based on the content of essential elements, 2014 was also important for reduced Mg, Fe, Zn and Mn accumulation in spelt grain. For maize, seasons with drought (2012 and 2013) were significant for reduced accumulation of all examined elements. The highest values of all essential elements were noticed in 2016 and 2017, seasons with relative uniform precipitation distribution and optimal temperature during grain filling periods of spelt and maize. Principal component analysis revealed that drier periods present during grain filling induced high variations of GSH, Phy and Mg concentrations in spelt grain, as well as high variations of YP, Mg, Fe, Mn and Zn concentrations in maize grain. It could be assumed that growing season is an important factor affecting nutritional quality of organically produced crops, such as spelt and maize.
PB  - Belgrade : University of Belgrade
C3  - Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
T1  - Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains
SP  - 92
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Simic, Milena and Tabaković, Marijenka and Milenković, Milena and Brankov, Milan",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Frequent variations and extremes in meteorological factors, affect not just yield, but also grain composition of produced crops. Organic crop production has many challenges, particularly under the rain-fed conditions, when water supply is limited and crops could be additionally subjected to the harsh environment. Aim of the research was to follow variations in grain composition of organically produced spelt wheat (var. Nirvana) and red grain maize (var. Rumenka) during 2011-2017 period, which included meteorologically different seasons. Analysed grain components included essential elements: Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe and Mn (determined by ICP-OES), as well as antioxidants, such as polyphenols, yellow pigments (YP), total glutathione (GSH) and phytate (Phy) (determined spectrophotometrically). Results revealed that the lowest concentrations of polyphenols, YP and GSH and slightly reduced Phy in the grains of both, spelt and maize were present during the season with extremely high precipitation, as 2014 was. Nevertheless, drier seasons had positive impact on the accumulation of all examined antioxidants and the highest values were obtained during meteorologically optimal years. Based on the content of essential elements, 2014 was also important for reduced Mg, Fe, Zn and Mn accumulation in spelt grain. For maize, seasons with drought (2012 and 2013) were significant for reduced accumulation of all examined elements. The highest values of all essential elements were noticed in 2016 and 2017, seasons with relative uniform precipitation distribution and optimal temperature during grain filling periods of spelt and maize. Principal component analysis revealed that drier periods present during grain filling induced high variations of GSH, Phy and Mg concentrations in spelt grain, as well as high variations of YP, Mg, Fe, Mn and Zn concentrations in maize grain. It could be assumed that growing season is an important factor affecting nutritional quality of organically produced crops, such as spelt and maize.",
publisher = "Belgrade : University of Belgrade",
journal = "Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts",
title = "Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains",
pages = "92"
}
Dragičević, V., Stoiljkovic, M., Simic, M., Tabaković, M., Milenković, M.,& Brankov, M.. (2021). Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains. in Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : University of Belgrade., 92.
Dragičević V, Stoiljkovic M, Simic M, Tabaković M, Milenković M, Brankov M. Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains. in Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts. 2021;:92..
Dragičević, Vesna, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Simic, Milena, Tabaković, Marijenka, Milenković, Milena, Brankov, Milan, "Variation in some essential elements and antioxidants content in organically produced spelt and maize grains" in Unifood conference, 24-25. September 2021., Belgrade - Book of abstracts (2021):92.

Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture

Dragičević, Vesna; Simic, Milena; Brankov, Milan; Stoiljkovic, Milovan; Šenk, Milena; Tabaković, Marijenka; Kresović, Branka

(Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje, 2021)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dragičević, Vesna
AU  - Simic, Milena
AU  - Brankov, Milan
AU  - Stoiljkovic, Milovan
AU  - Šenk, Milena
AU  - Tabaković, Marijenka
AU  - Kresović, Branka
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/939
AB  - Maize monoculture is still present worldwide. It is an adverse practice, with
high input of agro-chemicals and weed and pathogens infestation. At the
Maize Research Institute, a trial with maize monoculture has started in 1972
and from then it has been progressed into a system designed to maintain soil
fertility, improve grain yield and quality. Experiment (period 2013-2018,
hybrid ZP 427) comprised: treatment with farmyard manure (M -
incorporation of 60 t ha-1 in 2011, 2014, and 2017) and no manure
application (MØ); bio-fertilizer Bioplug (accelerating decomposition of crop
residues) applied at: 5 l ha-1 (BF), 2.5 l ha-1 (1/2BF) and without it (BFØ);
mineral fertilization with N:P:K= 15:15:15 (1709 kg ha-1) in autumn + Urea
(320 kg ha-1), in spring (F1); only Urea (237 kg ha-1) in spring (F2) and no
mineral fertilizers (F3). Measurements included: soil organic matter (OM),
grain yield (after harvest), as well as the content of protein, P, Mg, Ca, Fe
and Zn in grain. Higher soil OM was present in M, F1, and F2 treatments,
particularly in combination with 1/2BF (> 5%, averagely). Greater grain
yield followed the increased level of fertilization: M, BF, and F2 (8.85, 9.17,
and 9.05 t ha-1, respectively, on average). The average protein level, and the
content of mineral nutrients were higher in the S variant, while content of the
protein, P, Mg, and Fe had greater values in the 1/2BF treatment and Ca and
Zn had greater values in BF. Moreover, F1 had positive impact on protein, P,
Ca, and Mg content, while F2 increased the content of Fe and Zn. Results
indicate that proper fertilizer combination: farmyard manure, bio-, and
mineral fertilizer maintained not just soil fertility, but contributed to the
higher grain yield and grain quality, by enhancing the level of protein and
mineral nutrients, even in monoculture, as an adverse practice.
PB  - Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje
C3  - International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts
T1  - Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture
SP  - 62
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Dragičević, Vesna and Simic, Milena and Brankov, Milan and Stoiljkovic, Milovan and Šenk, Milena and Tabaković, Marijenka and Kresović, Branka",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Maize monoculture is still present worldwide. It is an adverse practice, with
high input of agro-chemicals and weed and pathogens infestation. At the
Maize Research Institute, a trial with maize monoculture has started in 1972
and from then it has been progressed into a system designed to maintain soil
fertility, improve grain yield and quality. Experiment (period 2013-2018,
hybrid ZP 427) comprised: treatment with farmyard manure (M -
incorporation of 60 t ha-1 in 2011, 2014, and 2017) and no manure
application (MØ); bio-fertilizer Bioplug (accelerating decomposition of crop
residues) applied at: 5 l ha-1 (BF), 2.5 l ha-1 (1/2BF) and without it (BFØ);
mineral fertilization with N:P:K= 15:15:15 (1709 kg ha-1) in autumn + Urea
(320 kg ha-1), in spring (F1); only Urea (237 kg ha-1) in spring (F2) and no
mineral fertilizers (F3). Measurements included: soil organic matter (OM),
grain yield (after harvest), as well as the content of protein, P, Mg, Ca, Fe
and Zn in grain. Higher soil OM was present in M, F1, and F2 treatments,
particularly in combination with 1/2BF (> 5%, averagely). Greater grain
yield followed the increased level of fertilization: M, BF, and F2 (8.85, 9.17,
and 9.05 t ha-1, respectively, on average). The average protein level, and the
content of mineral nutrients were higher in the S variant, while content of the
protein, P, Mg, and Fe had greater values in the 1/2BF treatment and Ca and
Zn had greater values in BF. Moreover, F1 had positive impact on protein, P,
Ca, and Mg content, while F2 increased the content of Fe and Zn. Results
indicate that proper fertilizer combination: farmyard manure, bio-, and
mineral fertilizer maintained not just soil fertility, but contributed to the
higher grain yield and grain quality, by enhancing the level of protein and
mineral nutrients, even in monoculture, as an adverse practice.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje",
journal = "International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts",
title = "Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture",
pages = "62"
}
Dragičević, V., Simic, M., Brankov, M., Stoiljkovic, M., Šenk, M., Tabaković, M.,& Kresović, B.. (2021). Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture. in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts
Belgrade : Maize Research Institute, Zemun Polje., 62.
Dragičević V, Simic M, Brankov M, Stoiljkovic M, Šenk M, Tabaković M, Kresović B. Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture. in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts. 2021;:62..
Dragičević, Vesna, Simic, Milena, Brankov, Milan, Stoiljkovic, Milovan, Šenk, Milena, Tabaković, Marijenka, Kresović, Branka, "Production of maize grain enriched with mineral nutrients in monoculture" in International conference “The frontiers of science and technology in crop breeding and production conference”, 8-9. June 2021., Belgrade, Serbia - Book of abstracts (2021):62.