A simple SSR analysis for genetic diversity estimation of maize landraces
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A collection of 2217 landraces from western Balkan (former Yugoslavia) is maintained at Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje gene bank. Nine flint and nine dent accessions from six agro-ecological groups (races), chosen on the basis of diverse pedigrees, were analyzed for genetic relatedness using phenotypic and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. One of the aims was to establish a reliable set of SSR markers for a rapid diversity analysis using polyacrilamide gels and ethidium bromide staining. In the principal component analysis (PCA) the first three principal components accounted for 80.86% of total variation and separated most of the flint from dent landraces. Ten SSR primers revealed a total of 56 and 63 alleles in flint and dent landraces, respectively, with low stuttering and good allele resolution on the gels. High average PIC value (0.822) also supports informativeness and utility of the markers used in this study. Higher genetic variation was observed among flint genotypes,... as genetic distances between flint landraces covered a larger range of values (0.11-0.38) than between dent (0.22 - 0.33) genotypes. Both phenotypic and SSR analyses distinguished flint and dent landraces, but neither of them could abstract agro-ecological groups. The SSR method used gave clear, easy to read band patterns that could be used for reliable allele frequency determination. Genetic diversity revealed for both markers indicated that the landraces were highly adapted to specific environmental conditions and purposes and could be valuable sources of genetic variability.
Keywords:accessions / genetic diversity / phenotype / SSR / Zea mays L.
Source:Genetika, 2015, 47, 1, 53-62
- Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd