Desiccation, postharvest maturity and seed aging of tall oat-grass
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The objectives of this work were to determine whether and at which seed physiological maturity stage the diquat desiccant affects the tall oat-grass (Arrhenatherum elatius) seed quality and yield, as well as the proper storage period between harvest and sowing. Diquat desiccation was evaluated in applications during milk or dough seed maturation stages. Seeds conventionally produced and stored under traditional storage conditions were used for the analyses. Seed samples were drawn every 30(th) day after harvest (DAH). After the 240(th) DAH, samples were drawn every 90(th) day up the to 690(th) DAH. The highest yield were obtained by desiccation applied at the beginning of the seed dough stage, with a satisfactory seed quality. Both final germination and seedling growth parameters achieved their maximum values between 180(th) and 240(th) DAH. Oat-grass seeds preserved satisfactory level of final germination (75%) up to 420(th) DAH. The application of diquat desiccant at the beginning of... seed dough maturity stage can be a good solution for seed production of tall oat-grass. Early spring is the best sowing period for freshly harvested seeds of tall oat-grass regarding germination and seedling growth.
Keywords:Arrhenatherum elatius / germination / seed dormancy
Source:Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira, 2010, 45, 11, 1297-1302
- Empresa Brasil Pesq Agropec, Brasilia Df
- Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of Serbia