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Uticaj citoplazmatske muške sterilnosti i ksenija na hemijski sastav zrna kukuruza

dc.creatorVančetović, Jelena
dc.creatorJankuloski, Ljupcho
dc.creatorBožinović, Sofija
dc.creatorDodig, Dejan
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-16T12:10:46Z
dc.date.available2019-05-16T12:10:46Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.issn0534-0012
dc.identifier.urihttp://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/286
dc.description.abstractSterile hybrids often outyield their fertile counterparts, especially if pollinated by a genetically unrelated pollinator. The combined effect of cms and xenia is referred to as the Plus-hybrid effect. The objective of this study was to determine the individual, as well as, combining effect of cms and xenia on the maize grain chemical composition. The percent of oil, protein and starch in the grain was also observed. Two sterile hybrids, their fertile counterparts and five fertile pollinator-hybrids were selected for the studies. The three-replicate trial set up according to the split-plot experimental design was performed at Zemun Polje in 2008. The obtained results show that the effects of cms on the oil percent was not significant in the studied hybrid ZP 341, while it increased at the significance level of P = 0.1 in the second observed hybrid ZP 360. The effect of this factor on the protein and starch percent was also significant (P = 0.01) in some hybrid combinations. Xenia effects on all three chemical parameters were significant (P = 0.01) in some hybrid combinations. The gained results indicate that the identification of a good combination of two hybrids, in which one would be a sterile female component, and the other a pollinator, would end up not only in the increased yield, but also in the improved maize grain quality.en
dc.description.abstractSterilni hibridi često imaju veći prinos od svojih fertilnih analoga, posebno ako su oprašeni sa genetski nesrodnim oprašivačem. Kombinovani uticaj cms-a i ksenija se naziva Plus hibrid efekat. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se utvrdi kakav je pojedinačni, kao i kombinovani uticaj cms-a i ksenija na hemijski sastav zrna kukuruza. Ispitivani su procenat ulja, proteina i skroba u zrnu. Za istraživanja su odabrana dva sterilna hibrida, njihovi fertilni analozi i pet fertilnih hibrida oprašivača. Ogled je izveden u Zemun Polju 2008. godine i bio je postavljen po slučajnom blok split-plot eksperimentalnom dizajnu u tri ponavljanja. Rezultati pokazuju da uticaj cms-a na udeo ulja nije bio značajan za ispitivani hibrid ZP 341, dok je drugi ispitivani hibrid ZP 360 imao povećanje udela ulja u zrnu na nivou značajnosti P = 0,1. Efekat ovog faktora na udeo proteina i skroba takođe je pokazivao značajnost (P = 0,01) u nekim hibridnim kombinacijama. Ksenije su značajno (P = 0,01) uticale na sva tri hemijska parametra u nekim hibridnim kombinacijama. Rezultati upućuju da bi se pronalaskom dobre kombinacije dva hibrida, u kojoj bi jedan bio sterilna majka, a drugi polinator, pored povećanja prinosa, mogao poboljšati i kvalitet zrna kukuruza.sr
dc.publisherDruštvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/MPN2006-2010/20017/RS//
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.sourceGenetika
dc.subjectcitoplasmic male sterilityen
dc.subjectgrain qualityen
dc.subjectmaizeen
dc.subjectplushybrid effecten
dc.subjectxeniaen
dc.titleThe effects of cytoplasmic male sterility and xenia on the chemical composition of maize grainen
dc.titleUticaj citoplazmatske muške sterilnosti i ksenija na hemijski sastav zrna kukuruzasr
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseBY-NC-ND
dc.citation.volume41
dc.citation.issue1
dc.citation.spage95
dc.citation.epage106
dc.citation.other41(1): 95-106
dc.citation.rankM51
dc.identifier.wos000268916100009
dc.identifier.doi10.2298/GENSR0901095V
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://rik.mrizp.rs//bitstream/id/2216/284.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubconv_431
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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