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New products based on cereals and pseudocereals from organic production

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info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Integrated and Interdisciplinary Research (IIR or III)/46005/RS//

New products based on cereals and pseudocereals from organic production (en)
Нови производи цереалија и псеудоцереалија из органске производње (sr)
Novi proizvodi cerealija i pseudocerealija iz organske proizvodnje (sr_RS)
Authors

Publications

In vitro removing of mycotoxins by using different inorganic adsorbents and organic waste materials from Serbia

Bočarov-Stančić, Aleksandra; Lopičić, Zorica R.; Bodroža-Solarov, Marija I.; Stanković, Slavica; Janković, Snežana; Milojković, Jelena V.; Krulj, Jelena A.

(Univerzitet u Novom Sadu - Naučni institut za prehrambene tehnologije, Novi Sad, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Bočarov-Stančić, Aleksandra
AU  - Lopičić, Zorica R.
AU  - Bodroža-Solarov, Marija I.
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Janković, Snežana
AU  - Milojković, Jelena V.
AU  - Krulj, Jelena A.
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/718
AB  - Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), ochratoxin A (OTA), zearalenone (ZON), deoxynivalenol (DON) and T-2 toxin are the most extensively studied toxic fungal metabolites. Once mycotoxins enter the food/feed production chain keeping their toxic characteristics, it is very difficult to remove or eliminate them. One of promising methods to reduce mycotoxins in contaminated food/feedstuffs is the use of mycotoxin binders. This paper presents the results of in vitro investigations of mineral mycotoxin binders (bentonite - BEN, diatomite - DIA and zeolite - ZEO), and organic mycotoxin binders - agricultural waste materials (Myriophillium spicatum, peach and sour cherry pits). Chemical compositions of the adsorbents have showed that they do not consist of elements toxic to the animals. Inorganic adsorbents (BEN, DIA and ZEO) tested in vitro were better binders of AFB1 (94.97% - 96.90%), while the biosorbents were more efficient in adsorption of OTA (19.98% - 66.66%), ZON (33.33% - 75.00%) and T-2 toxin (16.67% - 50.00%). Inorganic adsorbents and organic waste materials expressed similar binding capacity for DON in vitro, with the exception of M. spicatum that did not at all adsorb this type B trichothecene. Our results indicate that feed contamination with different types of mycotoxins might be diminished by a product that combines different inorganic and organic adsorbents with diverse mycotoxin binding properties.
AB  - Aflatoksin B1 (AFB1), ohratoksin A (OTA), zearalenon (ZON), dezoksinivalenol (DON) i T-2 toksin su najviše izučavani toksični metaboliti gljiva. Kada mikotoksini uđu u proizvodni lanac za hranu/hranu za životinje, zadržavajući svoje toksične karakteristike, teško ih je ukloniti ili eliminisati. Jedna od obećavajućih metoda za smanjenje nivoa mikotoksina u kontaminiranoj hrani/hrani za životinje je korišćenje mikotoksinskih veziva. Ovaj rad predstavlja rezultate in vitro istraživanja mineralnih mikotoksinskih veziva (bentonit - BEN, diatomit - DIA i zeolit - ZEO) i organskih veziva mikotoksina - poljoprivrednog otpadnog materijala (Myriophillium spicatum, koštice breskve i višnje). Hemijski sastavi adsorbenata pokazali su da ne sadrže elemente toksične za životinje. Neorganski adsorbenti (BEN, DIA i ZEO) testirani in vitro bolje su vezivali AFB1 (94,97% - 96,90%), dok su biosorbenti bili efikasniji u adsorpciji OTA (19,98% - 66,66%), ZON-a (33,33% - 75,00% ) i T-2 toksina (16,67% - 50,00%). Neorganski adsorbenti i organski otpadni materijali su pokazali sličan kapacitet in vitro vezivanja DON-a, sa izuzetkom M. spicatum koji uopšte nije adsorbovao ovaj trihotecen tipa B. Naši rezultati koji su prikazani ovde pokazuju da zagađivanje hrane i hrane za životinje različitim vrstama mikotoksina može biti smanjeno dodavanjem preparata dobijenog kombinacijom različitih neorganskih i organskih adsorbenata koji poseduju različite karakteristike vezivanja mikotoksina.
PB  - Univerzitet u Novom Sadu - Naučni institut za prehrambene tehnologije, Novi Sad
T2  - Food and Feed Research
T1  - In vitro removing of mycotoxins by using different inorganic adsorbents and organic waste materials from Serbia
T1  - In vitro uklanjanje mikotoksina korišćenjem različitih neorganskih adsorbenata i organskih otpadnih materijala iz Srbije
VL  - 45
IS  - 7
SP  - 87
EP  - 96
DO  - 10.5937/FFR1802087B
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Bočarov-Stančić, Aleksandra and Lopičić, Zorica R. and Bodroža-Solarov, Marija I. and Stanković, Slavica and Janković, Snežana and Milojković, Jelena V. and Krulj, Jelena A.",
year = "2018",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/718",
abstract = "Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), ochratoxin A (OTA), zearalenone (ZON), deoxynivalenol (DON) and T-2 toxin are the most extensively studied toxic fungal metabolites. Once mycotoxins enter the food/feed production chain keeping their toxic characteristics, it is very difficult to remove or eliminate them. One of promising methods to reduce mycotoxins in contaminated food/feedstuffs is the use of mycotoxin binders. This paper presents the results of in vitro investigations of mineral mycotoxin binders (bentonite - BEN, diatomite - DIA and zeolite - ZEO), and organic mycotoxin binders - agricultural waste materials (Myriophillium spicatum, peach and sour cherry pits). Chemical compositions of the adsorbents have showed that they do not consist of elements toxic to the animals. Inorganic adsorbents (BEN, DIA and ZEO) tested in vitro were better binders of AFB1 (94.97% - 96.90%), while the biosorbents were more efficient in adsorption of OTA (19.98% - 66.66%), ZON (33.33% - 75.00%) and T-2 toxin (16.67% - 50.00%). Inorganic adsorbents and organic waste materials expressed similar binding capacity for DON in vitro, with the exception of M. spicatum that did not at all adsorb this type B trichothecene. Our results indicate that feed contamination with different types of mycotoxins might be diminished by a product that combines different inorganic and organic adsorbents with diverse mycotoxin binding properties., Aflatoksin B1 (AFB1), ohratoksin A (OTA), zearalenon (ZON), dezoksinivalenol (DON) i T-2 toksin su najviše izučavani toksični metaboliti gljiva. Kada mikotoksini uđu u proizvodni lanac za hranu/hranu za životinje, zadržavajući svoje toksične karakteristike, teško ih je ukloniti ili eliminisati. Jedna od obećavajućih metoda za smanjenje nivoa mikotoksina u kontaminiranoj hrani/hrani za životinje je korišćenje mikotoksinskih veziva. Ovaj rad predstavlja rezultate in vitro istraživanja mineralnih mikotoksinskih veziva (bentonit - BEN, diatomit - DIA i zeolit - ZEO) i organskih veziva mikotoksina - poljoprivrednog otpadnog materijala (Myriophillium spicatum, koštice breskve i višnje). Hemijski sastavi adsorbenata pokazali su da ne sadrže elemente toksične za životinje. Neorganski adsorbenti (BEN, DIA i ZEO) testirani in vitro bolje su vezivali AFB1 (94,97% - 96,90%), dok su biosorbenti bili efikasniji u adsorpciji OTA (19,98% - 66,66%), ZON-a (33,33% - 75,00% ) i T-2 toksina (16,67% - 50,00%). Neorganski adsorbenti i organski otpadni materijali su pokazali sličan kapacitet in vitro vezivanja DON-a, sa izuzetkom M. spicatum koji uopšte nije adsorbovao ovaj trihotecen tipa B. Naši rezultati koji su prikazani ovde pokazuju da zagađivanje hrane i hrane za životinje različitim vrstama mikotoksina može biti smanjeno dodavanjem preparata dobijenog kombinacijom različitih neorganskih i organskih adsorbenata koji poseduju različite karakteristike vezivanja mikotoksina.",
publisher = "Univerzitet u Novom Sadu - Naučni institut za prehrambene tehnologije, Novi Sad",
journal = "Food and Feed Research",
title = "In vitro removing of mycotoxins by using different inorganic adsorbents and organic waste materials from Serbia, In vitro uklanjanje mikotoksina korišćenjem različitih neorganskih adsorbenata i organskih otpadnih materijala iz Srbije",
volume = "45",
number = "7",
pages = "87-96",
doi = "10.5937/FFR1802087B"
}
Bočarov-Stančić, A., Lopičić, Z. R., Bodroža-Solarov, M. I., Stanković, S., Janković, S., Milojković, J. V.,& Krulj, J. A. (2018). In vitro uklanjanje mikotoksina korišćenjem različitih neorganskih adsorbenata i organskih otpadnih materijala iz Srbije.
Food and Feed ResearchUniverzitet u Novom Sadu - Naučni institut za prehrambene tehnologije, Novi Sad., 45(7), 87-96.
https://doi.org/10.5937/FFR1802087B
Bočarov-Stančić A, Lopičić ZR, Bodroža-Solarov MI, Stanković S, Janković S, Milojković JV, Krulj JA. In vitro uklanjanje mikotoksina korišćenjem različitih neorganskih adsorbenata i organskih otpadnih materijala iz Srbije. Food and Feed Research. 2018;45(7):87-96
Bočarov-Stančić Aleksandra, Lopičić Zorica R., Bodroža-Solarov Marija I., Stanković Slavica, Janković Snežana, Milojković Jelena V., Krulj Jelena A., "In vitro uklanjanje mikotoksina korišćenjem različitih neorganskih adsorbenata i organskih otpadnih materijala iz Srbije" 45, no. 7 (2018):87-96,
https://doi.org/10.5937/FFR1802087B .

The role of Paecilomyces lilacinus (Thom) Samson and other fungal species in biodegradation of ochratoxin A

Bočarov-Stančić, Aleksandra; Lević, Jelena; Salma, Nataša M.; Stanković, Slavica; Pantić, Vladimir R.; Dolić, Bisera J.

(Matica srpska, Novi Sad, 2011)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Bočarov-Stančić, Aleksandra
AU  - Lević, Jelena
AU  - Salma, Nataša M.
AU  - Stanković, Slavica
AU  - Pantić, Vladimir R.
AU  - Dolić, Bisera J.
PY  - 2011
UR  - http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/386
AB  - Nine isolates of fungi of genera Aspergillus, Fusarium, Paecilomyces and Penicillium were cultured on the modified Vogel's medium with the addition of crude ochratoxin A (OTA) extract. This crude OTA extract was derived from a natural solid substrate on which Aspergillus ochraceus strain CBS 108.08 was cultivated. OTA was isolated, partially purified, dried by evaporating and dissolved in ethanol (1 mg ml-1), and added to the test medium up to the final concentration of 10 μg ml-1. The presence of OTA residues was determined after 7 and 14 day cultivation of fungi in the test medium at 27±1°C. The Paecilomyces lilacinus isolate (Inf. 2/A), which completely degraded OTA (150 μg) after only seven days, was selected for further studies. Wet sterile rice grains (50 g + 25 ml distilled water) were inoculated with individual isolates of fungi A. ochraceus (strain CBS 108.08) and P. lilacinus (isolate Inf. 2/A), and with their combination. In the case of P. lilacinus monoculture, 0.9 mg of crude OTA was also added into cultivation substrate. Each test was done in three replications. After the four week cultivation of individual and combined fungi at 27±1°C, inoculated rice grains were dried to the constant weight and pulverized. OTA was determined in these samples by the application of standard TLC method for fodder analysis. OTA in the amount of 61.310 μg kg-1 dry matter (DM) was determined only in the samples inoculated with a producer of ochratoxin A (A. ochraceus, strain CBS 108.08). On the other hand, a much smaller amount of OTA (80 μg kg-1 DM) was detected in samples inoculated with combined cultures of A. ochraceus and P. lilacinus isolates. Gained results indicate that P. lilacinus degraded, on average, 99.8% of OTA. After four week cultivation, the same fungal isolate in the samples of wet sterile rice kernels with the addition of 0.9 mg of crude OTA, completely degraded added crude OTA ( lt 8 μg kg-1).
AB  - Devet izolata gljiva iz rodova Aspergillus, Fusarium, Paecilomyces i Penicillium gajeno je na modifikovanoj Vogelovoj podlozi sa dodatkom sirovog ekstrakta ohratoksina A (OTA). Sirovi ekstrakt OTA je dobijen iz čvrstog prirodnog supstrata na kojem je gajen soj Aspergillus ochraceus CBS 108.08. Izolovan i delimično prečišćen OTA, uparen do suvog ostatka i rastvoren u etanolu (1 mg ml-1), dodat je u test podlogu do finalne koncentracije 10 μg ml-1. Nakon sedam i 14 dana gajenja kultura gljiva u test podlozi na 27 ± 1°C de terminisano je prisustvo rezidua OTA primenom modifikovane metode Filtenborg-a i sar. (1983). Od devet testiranih izolata za dalja ispitivanja je odabran izolat Paecilomyces lilacinus (Inf. 2/A), koji je već posle sedam dana u potpunosti razgradio inicijalnu količinu OTA (150 μg). U drugom delu eksperimenta vlažno sterilno zrno pirinča (50 g + 25 ml destilovane vode) zasejano je sa pojedinačnim izolatima A. ochraceus (CBS 108.08) i P. lilacinus (Inf. 2-A), kao i kombinacijom oba izolata. U slučaju mono-kulture P. lilacinus u podlogu je dodat i sirovi OTA (0,9 mg). Svaki od testova je urađen u 3 ponavljanja. Nakon četiri nedelje gajenja monokultura i mešanih kul tura gljiva na 27±1°C, inokulisana zrna su osušena do konstantne težine i sa mlevena do finog praha. U ovim uzorcima izvršena je determinacija OTA primenom standardne metode tankoslojne hromatografije za analizu stočne hrane. U uzorcima koji su bili zasejani samo sa producentom OTA (A. ochraceus, soj CBS 108.08) detektovan je OTA u prosečnoj količini od 61.310 μg kg-1 suvog ostatka. U uzorcima koji su bili zasejani kombinovanim kulturama izolata A. ochraceus i P. lilacinus utvrđena je znatno manja prosečna količina OTA (80 μg kg-1). Ovi rezultati ukazuju da je izolat P. lilacinus razgradio prosečno 99,8% OTA prisutnog u podlozi za kultivaciju. U uzorcima vlažnog sterilnog zrna pirinča sa dodatkom 0,9 mg sirovog OTA isti gljivični izolat je posle četiri nedelje kultivacije kompletno biorazgradio dodat sirovi OTA ( lt 8 μg kg-1).
PB  - Matica srpska, Novi Sad
T2  - Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke
T1  - The role of Paecilomyces lilacinus (Thom) Samson and other fungal species in biodegradation of ochratoxin A
T1  - Uloga Paecilomyces lilacinus (Thom) Samson i drugih vrsta gljiva u biodegradaciji ohratoksina A
IS  - 120
SP  - 103
EP  - 110
DO  - 10.2298/ZMSPN1120103B
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Bočarov-Stančić, Aleksandra and Lević, Jelena and Salma, Nataša M. and Stanković, Slavica and Pantić, Vladimir R. and Dolić, Bisera J.",
year = "2011",
url = "http://rik.mrizp.rs/handle/123456789/386",
abstract = "Nine isolates of fungi of genera Aspergillus, Fusarium, Paecilomyces and Penicillium were cultured on the modified Vogel's medium with the addition of crude ochratoxin A (OTA) extract. This crude OTA extract was derived from a natural solid substrate on which Aspergillus ochraceus strain CBS 108.08 was cultivated. OTA was isolated, partially purified, dried by evaporating and dissolved in ethanol (1 mg ml-1), and added to the test medium up to the final concentration of 10 μg ml-1. The presence of OTA residues was determined after 7 and 14 day cultivation of fungi in the test medium at 27±1°C. The Paecilomyces lilacinus isolate (Inf. 2/A), which completely degraded OTA (150 μg) after only seven days, was selected for further studies. Wet sterile rice grains (50 g + 25 ml distilled water) were inoculated with individual isolates of fungi A. ochraceus (strain CBS 108.08) and P. lilacinus (isolate Inf. 2/A), and with their combination. In the case of P. lilacinus monoculture, 0.9 mg of crude OTA was also added into cultivation substrate. Each test was done in three replications. After the four week cultivation of individual and combined fungi at 27±1°C, inoculated rice grains were dried to the constant weight and pulverized. OTA was determined in these samples by the application of standard TLC method for fodder analysis. OTA in the amount of 61.310 μg kg-1 dry matter (DM) was determined only in the samples inoculated with a producer of ochratoxin A (A. ochraceus, strain CBS 108.08). On the other hand, a much smaller amount of OTA (80 μg kg-1 DM) was detected in samples inoculated with combined cultures of A. ochraceus and P. lilacinus isolates. Gained results indicate that P. lilacinus degraded, on average, 99.8% of OTA. After four week cultivation, the same fungal isolate in the samples of wet sterile rice kernels with the addition of 0.9 mg of crude OTA, completely degraded added crude OTA ( lt 8 μg kg-1)., Devet izolata gljiva iz rodova Aspergillus, Fusarium, Paecilomyces i Penicillium gajeno je na modifikovanoj Vogelovoj podlozi sa dodatkom sirovog ekstrakta ohratoksina A (OTA). Sirovi ekstrakt OTA je dobijen iz čvrstog prirodnog supstrata na kojem je gajen soj Aspergillus ochraceus CBS 108.08. Izolovan i delimično prečišćen OTA, uparen do suvog ostatka i rastvoren u etanolu (1 mg ml-1), dodat je u test podlogu do finalne koncentracije 10 μg ml-1. Nakon sedam i 14 dana gajenja kultura gljiva u test podlozi na 27 ± 1°C de terminisano je prisustvo rezidua OTA primenom modifikovane metode Filtenborg-a i sar. (1983). Od devet testiranih izolata za dalja ispitivanja je odabran izolat Paecilomyces lilacinus (Inf. 2/A), koji je već posle sedam dana u potpunosti razgradio inicijalnu količinu OTA (150 μg). U drugom delu eksperimenta vlažno sterilno zrno pirinča (50 g + 25 ml destilovane vode) zasejano je sa pojedinačnim izolatima A. ochraceus (CBS 108.08) i P. lilacinus (Inf. 2-A), kao i kombinacijom oba izolata. U slučaju mono-kulture P. lilacinus u podlogu je dodat i sirovi OTA (0,9 mg). Svaki od testova je urađen u 3 ponavljanja. Nakon četiri nedelje gajenja monokultura i mešanih kul tura gljiva na 27±1°C, inokulisana zrna su osušena do konstantne težine i sa mlevena do finog praha. U ovim uzorcima izvršena je determinacija OTA primenom standardne metode tankoslojne hromatografije za analizu stočne hrane. U uzorcima koji su bili zasejani samo sa producentom OTA (A. ochraceus, soj CBS 108.08) detektovan je OTA u prosečnoj količini od 61.310 μg kg-1 suvog ostatka. U uzorcima koji su bili zasejani kombinovanim kulturama izolata A. ochraceus i P. lilacinus utvrđena je znatno manja prosečna količina OTA (80 μg kg-1). Ovi rezultati ukazuju da je izolat P. lilacinus razgradio prosečno 99,8% OTA prisutnog u podlozi za kultivaciju. U uzorcima vlažnog sterilnog zrna pirinča sa dodatkom 0,9 mg sirovog OTA isti gljivični izolat je posle četiri nedelje kultivacije kompletno biorazgradio dodat sirovi OTA ( lt 8 μg kg-1).",
publisher = "Matica srpska, Novi Sad",
journal = "Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke",
title = "The role of Paecilomyces lilacinus (Thom) Samson and other fungal species in biodegradation of ochratoxin A, Uloga Paecilomyces lilacinus (Thom) Samson i drugih vrsta gljiva u biodegradaciji ohratoksina A",
number = "120",
pages = "103-110",
doi = "10.2298/ZMSPN1120103B"
}
Bočarov-Stančić, A., Lević, J., Salma, N. M., Stanković, S., Pantić, V. R.,& Dolić, B. J. (2011). Uloga Paecilomyces lilacinus (Thom) Samson i drugih vrsta gljiva u biodegradaciji ohratoksina A.
Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne naukeMatica srpska, Novi Sad.(120), 103-110.
https://doi.org/10.2298/ZMSPN1120103B
Bočarov-Stančić A, Lević J, Salma NM, Stanković S, Pantić VR, Dolić BJ. Uloga Paecilomyces lilacinus (Thom) Samson i drugih vrsta gljiva u biodegradaciji ohratoksina A. Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke. 2011;(120):103-110
Bočarov-Stančić Aleksandra, Lević Jelena, Salma Nataša M., Stanković Slavica, Pantić Vladimir R., Dolić Bisera J., "Uloga Paecilomyces lilacinus (Thom) Samson i drugih vrsta gljiva u biodegradaciji ohratoksina A", no. 120 (2011):103-110,
https://doi.org/10.2298/ZMSPN1120103B .
1